Sunday, 23 September 2018

September 23, 2018

680 years ago

The Battle of Arnemuiden was fought in what is now in the Netherlands but was then part of the Kingdom of France, resulting in a French victory over English forces. It was the first naval battle of the Hundred Years' War and the first naval battle using artillery, as the English ship Christofer had three cannon and one hand gun.

510 years ago

Died on this date
Beatrice of Naples, 50
. Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia, 1476-1490, 1491-1502. Beatrice of Naples, aka Beatrice of Aragon, was twice Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia by her marriages to Kings Matthias Corvinus and Vladislaus II. The legality of her second marriage was questioned, and was declared illegal by Pope Alexander VI in 1500.

450 years ago

Spanish naval forces routed an English fleet under the command of John Hawkins in the Battle of San Juan de Ulúa near what is now Veracruz, Mexico.

240 years ago

Born on this date
Mariano Moreno
. Argentine journalist, lawyer, and politician. Mr. Moreno began his career as a lawyer in Buenos Aires in the early 1800s, and founded the Gazeta de Buenos Ayres on June 7, 1810, earning recognition as Argentina's first journalist. He was Secretary of War and Government with the Prima Junta, which deposed Viceroy Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros in May 1810. Mr. Moreno was given a diplomatic mission to Britain, but he took ill aboard ship and died on March 4, 1811 at the age of 32, shortly after being given an emetic. He suspected he had been poisoned, but that popular view has been questioned more recently.

150 years ago

World events
Grito de Lares ("Lares Revolt") began in Lares, Puerto Rico against Spanish rule.

125 years ago

The Ottawa, Arnprior and Parry Sound Railway opened an extension to Madawaska, Ontario.

Elton Chamberlain of the Cincinnati Reds pitched a no-hitter for 7 innings as the Reds blanked the Boston Beaneaters 6-0 in the second game of a doubleheader at League Park in Cincinnati in a game that was called on account of darkness. The Reds won the first game 6-5.

110 years ago

45 students attended the first classes of the University of Alberta, held on the top floor of an elementary school in Strathcona, Alberta.

With the Chicago Cubs and New York Giants separated by only percentage points in the Nationl League pennant race and tied 1-1 in the bottom of the 9th inning before 20,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York, Moose McCormick was at third base and Fred Merkle at first base, with Al Bridwell at bat. Mr. Bridwell singled home Mr. McCormick with the apparent winning run. Mr. Merkle, however, took off for the clubhouse before touching second base. Chicago manager Frank Chance, playing first base, ran to second base to get a throw in an attempt to have Mr. Merkle forced out on the play, but New York pitcher Joe McGinnity, coaching at first base, was on the field and interfered with the throw, and many fans had swarmed onto the field, thinking the Giants had won. Umpire Hank O'Day called Mr. Merkle out, but ruled that the game could not be resumed because of the large number of fans on the field. National League President Harry Pulliam upheld Mr. O'Day's decision and ruled that the game would have to be replayed. Chicago's Jack Pfiester and New York's Christy Mathewson each pitched complete games.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 2 runs in the 4th inning and held on to defeat the Brooklyn Superbas 2-1 before 800 fans at Washington Park in Brooklyn, with Lefty Leifield pitching a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Kaiser Wilhelm. The Pirates' win moved them to within 1 game of the New York Giants and Chicago Cubs in the NL pennant race.

The Boston Doves scored 6 runs in the 2nd inning as they beat the St. Louis Cardinals 7-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 1,893 fans at South End Grounds in Boston. Bill Sweeney drove in 4 runs with a single and double. George Browne tripled in 2 runs in the 3rd inning as the Doves won the second game 4-1, with Patsy Flaherty winning the pitching matchup over Irv Higginbotham.

Bob Bescher scored the only run in the top of the 9th inning as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Philadelphia Phillies 1-0 at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Jack Rowan pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Harry Coveleski, who also pitched a 6-hitter, with 10 strikeouts.

Joe Birmingham drove in 4 runs with a single, double, and triple to lead the Cleveland Naps over the New York Highlanders 9-3 before 5,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland. The Naps scored 2 runs in the 6th inning and 6 in the 7th.

The Chicago White Sox scored a run with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 3-2 at South Side Park in Chicago, with Frank Smith winning the pitchers' duel over Jack Flater.

The Boston Red Sox scored 3 runs in the 3rd inning and another in the 4th to defeat the Detroit Tigers 4-1 before 2,710 fans at Bennett Park in Detroit, with Cy Young winning the pitchers' duel over Bill Donovan.

The St. Louis Browns scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Washington Nationals 5-4 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

90 years ago

A treaty of amity and conciliation between Italy and Greece was signed in Rome.

A fire destroyed the Novedades Theatres in Madrid, killing over 90 people and injuring 350.

80 years ago

The Czechoslovakian army mobilized in response to the Munich Crisis regarding German dictator Adolf Hitler's demand that Sudetenland, an area of Czechoslovakia mainly populated by ethnic Germans, be returned to Germany.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Elinor Glyn, 78
. U.K. author. Mrs. Glyn, born Elinor Sutherland, was known for writing risqué romantic fiction, and for coining the term "It" to refer to romantic and sexual appeal. She became famous in England for her novels and then moved to Hollywood in 1920 and wrote screenplays for movies starring actresses such as Clara Bow and Gloria Swanson.

Marija Bursać, 23. Yugoslavian resistance activist. Miss Bursać was a Communist who joined the 10th Krajina Brigade in February 1943, fighting against invading German forces and serving as a nurse. She was wounded in the leg while throwing grenades in September 1943, and died after her wound developed gangrene. Miss Bursać was proclaimed a People's Hero of Yugoslavia on October 15, 1943, becoming the first woman to be so honoured.

Salvo D'Acquisto, 22. Italian military officer. Mr. D'Acquisto was in temporary command of the Italian Carabinieri in the vicinity of Torre di Palidoro when a German soldier was killed and two others wounded on September 22 when an explosion occurred while the soldiers were inspecting boxes of abandoned munitions. When 22 innocent civilians were rounded up and were about to be executed despite Mr. D'Acquisto's protest that the explosion had been accidental, he confessed to the crime in order to save the lives of the civilians. Mr. D'Acquisto was executed by firing squad and was posthumously awarded Italy's Gold Medal of Military Valour.

860 aircraft passed through Edmonton's Blatchford Field, involved in the Commonwealth Air Training Plan (CATP) and building the Alaska Highway. Soviet troops captured Poltava, the last major German base in southern Ukraine.The aerodrome at Finschhafen, New Guinea was taken by Australian troops, placing them within 3/4 mile of the Japanese-held town. U.S. troops destroyed all remaining Japanese forces on the north shore of Arundel Island and on nearby Sagakarisa Island.

World events
The Republica Sociale Italiana (RSI) (Italian Social Republic) was founded as a puppet state of the Nazis, led by Duce Benito Mussolini and the reformed Republican Fascist Party. Only Germany and its satellites accorded diplomatic recognition to the new state.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., and China agreed on the creation of a United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration to function in liberated areas when the military asked for assistance.

Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers of America President R.J. Thomas and three CIO organizers were arrested in Pelly, Texas after addressing a meeting of the CIO without a license. Robert W. Johnson resigned as chairman of the U.S. War Production Board Smaller War Plants Corporation, charging that his agency had been a "political football."

70 years ago

Died on this date
E. Eastman Irvine, 65
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Eastman was editor of the World Almanac and Book of Facts.

Nelson Paquin; Paul-Émile Duranleau. Canadian policemen. Officers Paquin and Duranleau were shot to death during a robbery at a branch of the Canadian National Bank in Montreal. A manhunt led to the capture of one of the three men, Noël Cloutier. A week later, on October 2, the other two suspects, Donald and Douglas Perreault, were arrested by chance in Saskatchewan. The trial of the three men, which began on December 3, 1948, resulted in death sentences. The three criminals were executed in 1949.

Bell and Howell announced the development of the Foton, a $700 35-millimetre still camera that took 15 pictures, at five per second.

Ike Williams (95-10-4) retained his world lightweight title with a technical knockout of Jesse Flores (44-5-4) at 2:07 of the 10th round at Yankee Stadium in New York.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Jacob Nicol, 82
. Canadian publisher and politician. Mr. Nicol, a native of Roxton Pond, Quebec, owned several newspapers and radio stations, and held various cabinet post in provincial politics from 1921-1936. He represented the Quebec region of Bedford in the Canadian Senate from 1944 until his death.

The United Nations General Assembly accepted a Steering Committee recommendation against discussion of seating Communist Chinese delegates during the current Assembly session.

Politics and government
Taking office as President of Lebanon, General Fuad Chehab called upon the Lebanese people to help him "create conditions which will facilitate the withdrawal of foreign troops" from the country.

In Athens, Archbishop Makarios proposed that Cyprus exercise self-government under the United Kingdom for a limited time, then become independent under United Nations protection and unite with Greece by approval of two-thirds of the UN General Assembly. Britain and Turkey rejected the plan.

Willi Besmanoff (39-13-7) scored a knockout over Alex Miteff (16-2-1) in a heavyweight bout at Civic Auditorium in Seattle when Mr. Miteff failed to answer the bell for the 2nd round, citing a twisted knee. Mr. Besmanoff knocked down Mr. Miteff down twice in the 1st round.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi no Kisetsu--Pinky and the Killers

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Delilah--Tom Jones (16th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
2 Hey Jude--The Beatles
3 Hush--Deep Purple
4 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
5 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
6 Magic Bus--The Who
7 The Fool on the Hill--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
8 You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Vanilla Fudge
9 Baby, Come Back--The Equals
10 You're All I Need to Get By--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell

Singles entering the chart were Those were the Days by Mary Hopkin (#65); Sweet Blindness by the 5th Dimension (#67); Sour Milk Sea by Jackie Lomax (#68); Elenore by the Turtles (#69); I Found a True Love by Wilson Pickett (#72); Hole in My Pocket by the Barry Goldberg Reunion (#80); The Sun Ain't Gonna Shine Anymore by the Fuzzy Bunnies (#81); Chained by Marvin Gaye (#88); I've Got Dreams to Remember by Otis Redding (#89); I Just Can't Get Over You by Peter Kastner (#90); Heartache by Roy Orbison (#91); Greenburg, Glickstein, Charles, David Smith & Jones by the Cryan' Shames (#92); Sweet Young Thing Like You by Ray Charles (#93); I Ain't Got to Love Nobody Else by the Masqueraders (#94); Suzie Q (Part Two) by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#95); Love City (Postcards to Duluth) by Peter, Paul and Mary (#96); The Most Beautiful Thing in My Life by Herman's Hermits (#97); Poster Man by Carnival Connection (#98); Don't Ask Why by Andre Gagnon (#99); and Lalena by Donovan (#100).

On television tonight
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Peter Cushing and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: A Study in Scarlet

At the movies
Charly, produced and directed by Ralph Nelson and starring Cliff Robertson and Claire Bloom, received its premiere screening in New York City.

Politics and government
Republican Party U.S. vice presidential candidate Spiro Agnew apologized for using the terms "Jap" and "Polack," asserting that it was "ridiculous" to accuse him, "son of a Greek immigrant," of being "insensitive to the national pride and heritage of other people."

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu--Umberto Tozzi (13th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Summer Night City--ABBA

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Dreadlock Holiday--10cc

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Boogie Oogie Oogie--A Taste of Honey (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 You're the Greatest Lover--Luv' (4th week at #1)
2 Follow Me--Amanda Lear
3 The Eve of the War--Jeff Wayne
4 Grease--Frankie Valli
5 You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
6 Three Times a Lady--Commodores
7 I'm Gonna Love You Too--Blondie
8 Rasputin/Painter Man--Boney M.
9 Summer Night City--ABBA
10 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John

Singles entering the chart were Summer Nights by John Travolta, Olivia Newton-John & Cast (#17); I Love America by Patrick Juvet (#33); On the Strip by Paul Nicholas (#36); Oh What a Circus by David Essex (#37); and Got to Get You Into My Life by Earth, Wind & Fire (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Boogie Oogie Oogie--A Taste of Honey (2nd week at #1)
2 Kiss You All Over--Exile
3 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John
4 Three Times a Lady--Commodores
5 Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
6 Hot Blooded--Foreigner
7 An Everlasting Love--Andy Gibb
8 Don't Look Back--Boston
9 Reminiscing--Little River Band
10 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder

Singles entering the chart were Double Vision by Foreigner (#65); Don't Want to Live Without It by Pablo Cruise (#78); Raining in My Heart by Leo Sayer (#85); Wavelength by Van Morrison (#87); Crazy Feelin' by Jefferson Starship (#88); Searching for a Thrill by Starbuck (#90); Listen to Her Heart by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#94); and Forever Autumn by Justin Hayward (#95).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Grease--Frankie Valli
2 Three Times a Lady--Commodores
3 An Everlasting Love--Andy Gibb
4 Boogie Oogie Oogie--A Taste of Honey
5 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John
6 Hot Blooded--Foreigner
7 You Needed Me--Anne Murray
8 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder
9 Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
10 Break it to Them Gently--Burton Cummings

Singles entering the chart were Cry Out for the Sun by One Horse Blue (#81); Beast of Burden by the Rolling Stones (#83); Prisoner of Your Love by Player (#84); I Just Wanna Stop by Gino Vannelli (#91); Blue Collar Man (Long Nights) by Styx (#97); London Town by Wings (#98); Everybody Needs Love by Stephen Bishop (#99); and Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band by the Beatles (#100).

Montreal (6-5) 6 @ Hamilton (3-7-1) 17

Jimmy Edwards scored 2 touchdowns for the Tiger-Cats as they beat the Alouettes at Ivor Wynne Stadium. With starting quarterback Joe Barnes and backup Gerry Dattilio both injured, the Alouettes started former Hamilton backup Tom Shuman at quarterback.

St. Francis Xavier (1-1) 15 Prince Edward Island (0-2) 14
Acadia (2-0) 34 St. Mary's (1-1) 13
New Brunswick (1-1) 46 Mount Allison (1-1) 22
Bishop's (2-1) 46 Quebec @ Trois Rivieres (0-3) 9
Queen's (2-0) 52 Concordia (0-3) 0
Waterloo (2-1) 29 McMaster (0-3) 6
York (2-1) 13 Guelph (0-3) 8
Windsor (2-1) 34 Western Ontario (2-1) 27
Wilfrid Laurier (3-0) 31 Toronto (1-2) 16
Calgary (3-1) 10 @ Saskatchewan (2-2) 15
British Columbia (2-2) 16 @ Alberta (2-1) 34

The Cleveland Indians scored 8 runs from the 2nd through the 4th innings as they beat the New York Yankees 10-1 before 17,452 fans at Cleveland Stadium, with David Clyde pitching a 9-hit complete game victory.

Luis Tiant pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Jesse Jefferson as the Boston Red Sox defeated the Toronto Blue Jays 3-1 before 30,059 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto to move within 1 game of the American League East Division-leading New York Yankees.

Pinch hitter Johnny Wockenfuss singled home 2 runs with none out in the top of the 9th inning to enable the Detroit Tigers to defeat the Baltimore Orioles 4-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 13,036 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Jim Palmer pitched a 4-hitter to reach the 20-win plateau for the fourth straight season as the Orioles won the second game 6-1.

The Milwaukee Brewers scored 6 runs in the 4th and 5 in the 5th as they came back from an early 3-0 deficit to defeat the Oakland Athletics 13-4 before 14,450 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

Greg Pryor singled home Mike Squires with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 4-4 tie as the Chicago White Sox edged the California Angels 5-4 before 7,953 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The Angels had runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the 9th, but Lyman Bostock grounded out to pitcher Lerrin Lagrow to end the game. Mr. Bostock batted 2 for 4 with a double, and scored the tying run in the top of the 8th inning, while making 4 putouts in right field in the 526th and last game of his 4-year major league career; he was shot several hours later, and died early the next morning. Ron Fairly pinch hit for the Angels to lead off the 9th and grounded out in the 2,442nd and last game of his 21-year major league career.

Pinch hitter Del Unser singled home Larry Parrish with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 3-2 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 20,324 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Ross Grimsley pitched a 5-hit complete game to improve his 1978 record to 19-10, winning the pitchers' duel over Bert Blyleven.

Larry Christenson pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Bruhert as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the New York Mets 1-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 9,694 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Larry Bowa bunted for a single with 2 out in the top of the 6th inning and Garry Maddox followed with a double to drive him home with the only run. Mr. Bowa batted 5 for 5 with a double, triple, run, and 3 runs batted in as the Phillies won the second game 6-3 to complete the sweep, with Dick Ruthven pitching a 4-hit complete game victory.

The St. Louis Cardinals erupted for 5 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Chicago Cubs 5-1 before 16,790 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis, with John Denny getting the win over Rick Reuschel.

Pinch hitter Tom Heintzelman singled home pinch runner Vic Harris with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the San Francisco Giants edged the Houston Astros 3-2 before 6,433 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Heintzelman was batting for Skip James, who had been announced as a pinch hitter, but was replaced by Mr. Heintzelman when the Astros made a pitching change. For Mr. James, it was the 51st and last game of his 2-year major league career.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Girl You Know It's True--Milli Vanilli (6th week at #1)

Ben Johnson of Canada won the men's 100-metre run in a world record time of 9.79 seconds in Seoul, South Korea. Carl Lewis of the U.S.A. finished second. The race took place on September 24 in Seoul, but it was still September 23 in Canada.

British Columbia (5-7) 22 @ Calgary (5-7) 40

Calgary 44 @ Alberta 3

Felix José led off the top of the 14th inning with a single, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt, stole third, and scored on a sacrifice fly by Doug Jennings to break an 8-8 tie as the Oakland Athletics edged the Milwaukee Brewers 9-8 before 24,163 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Oakland right fielder José Canseco became the first member of the 40–40 club when he stole his 39th and 40th bases of the season and hit his 41st home run of the season. The player who had come closest to the club prior to Mr. Canseco was Bobby Bonds of the San Francisco Giants, who had stolen 43 bases and hit 39 home runs in 1973. Odell Jones, the second of four Milwaukee pitchers, allowed 4 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 3 1/3 innings, with no walks and 2 strikeouts, in the 201st and last game of his 9-year major league career.

Pinch hitter Spike Owen singled home 2 runs to climax a 3-run 9th-inning rally as the Boston Red Sox came back from a 9-5 deficit to defeat the New York Yankees 10-9 before 51,511 fans at Yankee Stadium.

The Baltimore Orioles gave up 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to fall behind 4-3, but scored 2 in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the Detroit Tigers 5-4 before 24,792 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. With the score tied 4-4 and the bases loaded with none out, Pete Stanicek grounded to Detroit third baseman Tom Brookens, who threw to catcher Matt Nokes to force Eric Davis out at home plate. Mr. Nokes threw wildly in an attempt to complete a double play at first base, allowing Jeff Stone to score the winning run. Mr. Nokes and Darrell Evans homered for the Tigers in the top of the 9th.

Jerry Reuss allowed 4 hits in 7 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Bret Saberhagen as the Chicago White Sox shut out the Kansas City Royals 2-0 before 11,548 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Mike Schooler walked 4 batters in the bottom of the 10th inning, the last of whom, Jerry Browne, forced home Bob Brower with the winning run as the Texas Rangers edged the Seattle Mariners 3-2 before 11,143 fans at Arlington Stadium. Charlie Hough pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.

Graig Nettles reached first base on a fielder's choice, driving in pinch runner Rex Hudler to break a 2-2 tie, as the Montreal Expos edged the Philadelphia Phillies 3-2 before 13,386 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Hudler was running for Tim Wallach, who led off the inning with a double. The Phillies had the potential tying run on second base with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Chris James flied out to right field and pinch hitter Greg Gross lined out to left field to end the game.

Vance Law and Darrin Jackson singled home runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Chicago Cubs beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-3 before 19,552 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

The Cincinnati Reds scored a run in the 2nd inning and 4 in the 3rd, and held on to defeat the Atlanta Braves 5-4 before 10,223 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. The Braves scored a run in the bottom of the 9th on a bases-loaded walk, and had the bases loaded with 1 out, but pinch hitter Lonnie Smith grounded into a force play at home plate and Gerald Perry lined out to shortstop Barry Larkin to end the game.

Dwight Gooden pitched a 4-hitter and carried a shutout into the 9th inning, but Ozzie Smith singled home Vince Coleman to tie the score and came around to score on a sacrifice fly by Pedro Guerrero as the St. Louis Cardinals scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the New York Mets 2-1 before 33,290 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Mickey Hatcher hit a 3-run home run off Atlee Hammaker with 2 out in the top of the 8th inning for the only scoring as the Los Angeles Dodgers shut out the San Francisco Giants 3-0 before 22,341 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Hatcher's homer was his first of the season. Orel Hershiser pitched a 5-hitter to improve his 1988 record to 23-8, earning his 8th shutout of the season.

Randy Ready singled home pinch runner Stan Jefferson with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the San Diego Padres a 4-3 win over the Houston Astros before 9,929 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Mr. Jefferson was running for Rob Nelson, who had walked to lead off the inning.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Got to Get It--Culture Beat (2nd week at #1)

The International Olympic Committee announced that Sydney, Australia would host the 2000 Summer Olympic Games, rebuffing Beijing because of China's record on human rights.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Mary Frann, 55
. U.S. actress. Miss Frann, born Mary Frances Luecke, was best known for playing Bob Newhart's wife in the television comedy series Newhart (1982-1990). She died of a heart attack.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Loren Pope, 98
. U.S. author and academic adviser. Mr. Pope founded the College Placement Bureau in 1965, and wrote several books advising prospective students on what colleges they should consider attending.

Peter Leonard, 66. Australian journalist. Mr. Leonard was a radio and television newscaster in Canberra, and was best known for presenting the news on the television network WIN News from 1991-2007. He died of cancer.

Matti Saari, 22, shot and killed 10 people at Seinäjoki University of Applied Sciences in Kauhajoki, Western Finland before committing suicide.

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