Monday, 30 November 2009

November 30, 2009

310 years ago
1699


Born on this date
Christian VI
. King of Denmark and Norway, 1730-1746. Christian VI acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Frederick IV. His reign was peaceful but absolutist, as he attempted to impose his Pietist views upon his subjects. King Christian VI always suffered from poor health, and died on August 6, 1746 at the age of 46. He was succeeded by his son Frederick V.

290 years ago
1719


Born on this date
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
. Princess of Wales, 1736-1751. Augusta, the daughter of Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, married Frederick, Prince of Wales in 1736, but never became queen consort, because Frederick, the eldest son of King George II, died in 1751, nine years before the death of his father. Her second child and eldest son succeeded his grandfather as King George III. Princess Augusta died of throat cancer on February 8, 1772 at the age of 52.

180 years ago
1829


Transportation
The First Welland Canal, connecting Lake Ontario with Lake Erie, opened for a trial run, five years to the day from the ground breaking.

150 years ago
1859


Born on this date
Sergei Lyapunov
. Russian musician and composer. Mr. Lyapunov had a successful career as a concert pianist in addition to composing two symphonies and numerous choral works, often incorporating Russian folk songs. He was best known for Douze études d'exécution transcendente, completing Franz Liszt's unfinished Transcendental Études. Mr. Lyapunov was a professor at the Petrograd Conservatory from 1910-1923, and then moved to Paris, where he directed a music school for Russian immigrants, and also acted as a conductor. He died in Paris of a heart attack on November 8, 1924, 22 days before his 65th birthday.

150 years ago
1869


Born on this date
Gustaf Dalén
. Swedish physicist and engineer. Dr. Dalén was awarded the 1912 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his invention of automatic valves designed to be used in combination with gas accumulators in lighthouses and buoys," but was unable to travel to Stockholm to accept the prize, as he was recovering from an acetylene explosion that permanently blinded him. He was an engineer with AGA (Gas Accumulator Company), and invented the AGA cooker and the Dalén light, and received over 100 patents. Dr. Dalén died on December 9, 1937, nine days after his 68th birthday.

James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn. U.K. politician. Mr. Hamilton, a member of the Irish Unionist Party, represented Londonderry City in the House of Commons from 1900 until he succeeded his father as Duke of Abercorn in 1913. He served as Governor of Northern Ireland from 1922-1945, and died on September 12, 1953 at the age of 83.

120 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Edgar Adrian
. U.K. physiologist. Dr. Adrian shared the 1932 Nobel Prize in Physiology with Charles Sherrington "for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons." Dr. Adrian died on August 4, 1977 at the age of 87.

80 years ago
1929

Football

CRU
Grey Cup @ Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds, Hamilton
Regina 3 @ Hamilton 14

The forward pass, which had been legalized in the west in 1929 but not in the east, was allowed in the Grey Cup game. The Roughriders, led by Jersey Jack Campbell, tried 11 passes and gained about 100 yards, but the only scoring they could manage came on 2 singles by Sol Bloomfield and another by Jerry Erskine. Jimmy Simpson scored a touchdown for the Tigers; Huck Welch punted for 6 singles and Pep Leadlay punted for 3 singles. The Tigers tried one pass late in the game: Huck Welch completed it to Jimmy Simpson for a touchdown, but it was disallowed--forward passes were illegal inside the opposition’s 25-yard line, and umpire Priestley of Winnipeg ruled that the play had taken place inside the 25. The game was played in some of the worst weather in Grey Cup history; attendance was listed at 1,906, but only about 100 were in the stands at the Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds when the game started. Hundreds more huddled under the stands and came up for brief glimpses of the action, and hundreds left the stadium before halftime. The game was played in driving snow and freezing temperatures, and the field was frozen. It was the Roughriders’ second straight loss to the Tigers in the Grey Cup, and the sixth loss for a western team without a win. However, the 3 points scored by Regina was the greatest total yet scored by a western team in a Grey Cup game, and the 11-point margin was the closest yet for an east-west Grey Cup.

70 years ago
1939


On the radio



War
The Winter War began when Soviet forces invaded Finland with 21 divisions, totaling some 450,000 men, and bombed Helsinki in an attack which violated three different non-aggression pacts: the Treaty of Tartu (signed in 1920); the non-aggression pact between Finland and the Soviet Union signed in 1932 and again in 1934; and also the Charter of the League of Nations, which the Soviet Union signed in 1934. C.G.E. Mannerheim was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Finnish Defence Forces after the Soviet attack. In further reshuffling, the Finnish government named Risto Ryti as the new Prime Minister and Väinö Tanner as Foreign Minister.

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC

At the movies
The Rocking Horse Winner, directed by Anthony Pelissier, and starring John Howard Davies, Valerie Hobson, and John Mills, opened in theatres in the United Kingdom.



War
Chinese Communist forces occupied the Nationalist capital of Chungking as Nationalist forces fell back on Chengtu.

World events
The Bulgarian government charged former Deputy Premier Traicho Kostov and 10 other deposed officials with espionage and sabotage on behalf of Yugoslavia and the Western powers.

Politics and government
The National Party, led by Sidney Holland, defeated the Labour Party government of Prime Minister Peter Fraser in the New Zealand general election. The National Party took 46 of 80 seats in the N.Z. Parliament, with Labour taking the remaining 34. The National total was an increase of 8 from the most recent election in 1946, with Labour losing 8.

Crime
Former Time magazine editor Whittaker Chambers completed seven days of testimony at former U.S. State Department employee Alger Hiss's perjury trial, reiterating his claim that Mr. Hiss had given him 47 secret State Department documents for transmission to the U.S.S.R. in 1938.

Scandal
U.S. Representative J. Parnell Thomas (Republican--New Jersey) withdrew his not guilty plea and pled no contest in his Washington trial on charges of payroll-padding. Judge Alexander Holtzoff dismissed charges against Helen Campbell, Rep. Thomas's secretary.

Energy
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission permitted the limited sale of uranium on the commercial market after an eight-year interval.

Labour
400,000 coal miners in the United States renewed their strike after the expiration of a three-week truce without a contract agreement. United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis ordered miners to begin a three-day work week on December 5 while the union sought to settle with individual companies.

The Czechoslovakian government forbade workers to take new jobs in private industry.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mare Nostrum (Ola, Ola, Ola)--Elder Berber (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Mack the Knife--Bobby Darin (8th week at #1)
2 Don't You Know--Della Reese
3 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods
4 Heartaches by the Number--Guy Mitchell
5 In the Mood--Ernie Fields Orchestra
6 So Many Ways--Brook Benton
7 Put Your Head on My Shoulder--Paul Anka
8 We Got Love--Bobby Rydell
9 Be My Guest--Fats Domino
10 Seven Little Girls Sitting in the Back Seat--Paul Evans

Singles entering the chart were I Wanna Be Loved (#50)/Mighty Good (#86) by Ricky Nelson; Tear Drop by Santo & Johnny (#76); Marina by Willy Alberti (#82); Symphony by Sammy Turner (#90); Shadows by the Five Satins (#95); Beyond the Sunset by Pat Boone (#96); Smokie--Part 2 by Bill Black's Combo (#98); and Teach Me Tiger by April Stevens (#99).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Heartaches by the Number--Guy Mitchell (3rd week at #1)
2 Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Drifters
--David Hill
3 In the Mood--Ernie Fields Orchestra
4 Mack the Knife--Bobby Darin
5 Deck of Cards--Wink Martindale
6 Teen Beat--Sandy Nelson
7 Don't You Know--Della Reese
8 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods
9 Just Ask Your Heart--Frankie Avalon
10 Morgen--Ivo Robic and the Song-Masters

Singles entering the chart were You Got What it Takes by Marv Johnson (#45); Way Down Yonder in New Orleans by Freddie Cannon (#46); Pretty Blue Eyes by Steve Lawrence (#48); Goodnight My Love (Pleasant Dreams) by Ray Peterson (#50); Beyond the Sunset by Pat Boone (#51); Ways of Love by Tommy Edwards (#54, charting with its other side, Honestly and Truly); CooCoo-U by the Kingston Trio (#55); The Little Drummer Boy by the Harry Simeone Chorale (#57); and The Happy Reindeer by Dancer, Prancer and Nervous (#58).

Protest
Panamanians celebrating the 138th anniversary of Panamanian independence marched on the Canal Zone border, stoning Panamanian National Guardsmen and U.S. troops.

Economics and finance
Mayor of seven major U.S. cities and the heads of leading commuter railroads urged a program of federal aid to save financially-ailing railroads.

Football
AFL
The American Football League announced in Chicago that former Air National Guard Brigadier General and South Dakota Governor Joe Foss would be the league's first Commissioner.

40 years ago
1969


Music
The Monkees, by now a threesome (Davy Jones, Micky Dolenz, Michael Nesmith) performed at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. It was their last concert during the first run of their existence as a group, and the last appearance in concert by Michael Nesmith as a Monkee until an encore appearance in 1986.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Autostade, Montreal
Ottawa 29 Saskatchewan 11

Ottawa quarterback Russ Jackson, who had announced that 1969 would be his last season, went out in style, completing 13 of 22 passes for 254 yards and 4 touchdowns, while also rushing 5 times for 31 yards. Ron Stewart caught 2 of Mr. Jackson’s passes for 112 yards, scoring touchdowns of 80 and 32 yards. Jay Roberts caught a 28-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Jackson, and Jim Mankins, who led all rushers with 10 carries for 72 yards, had a 12-yard touchdown reception among his 5 catches for 56 yards. Don Sutherin converted all 4 Rough Rider touchdowns and added a single on a missed field goal with 26 seconds remaining in the game. Saskatchewan jumped out to a 9-0 lead in the 1st quarter on a 28-yard touchdown pass from Ron Lancaster to Alan Ford, converted by Jack Abendschan, and a safety touch. The only points scored by the Roughriders after that came in the 3rd quarter on a 37-yard single off a missed field goal by Mr. Abendschan and a 67-yard punt by Mr. Ford. The Saskatchewan offense was hurt by the absence of receivers Gord Barwell, who had suffered a shoulder injury in the first game of the western finals, and Jim Worden, who dressed for what turned out to be his last game, but was unable to play. The game also marked the end of the line for Saskatchewan’s Hugh Campbell, who caught 4 passes for 57 yards. The Ottawa defense held Saskatchewan’s great fullback George Reed to 28 yards on 11 carries, although Mr. Reed was able to gain 55 yards on his only pass reception. Mr. Ford, who punted 9 times for a 39.8-yard average, was probably Saskatchewan’s best player. In addition to his punting, he caught 2 passes for 44 yards and returned 2 kickoffs for 101, including a then-Grey Cup record 78-yard return. Mr. Lancaster completed 15 of 30 passes for 239 yards. One oddity was the lack of production from Ottawa’s dynamic receiving duo of Margene Adkins and Whit Tucker, who had combined for 2,257 yards on 93 receptions in 14 regular season games. Mr. Adkins had led the CFL in receiving yardage during the regular season, but in his final CFL game before going to the NFL, he didn’t catch a pass. Mr. Tucker caught 1 for 34 yards. 33,172, including Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, were in attendance at the first Grey Cup played in Montreal since 1931 and the only Grey Cup played at Autostade. Ottawa head coach Frank Clair, who retired after this game to become the Rough Riders’ general manager, tied Lew Hayman’s record with his fifth Grey Cup win as a head coach.



NFL
Philadelphia (4-6-1) 20 @ New Orleans (4-7) 26
Atlanta (3-8) 6 @ Baltimore (7-4) 13
Los Angeles (11-0) 24 @ Washington (5-4-2) 13
Pittsburgh (1-10) 10 @ St. Louis (4-6-1) 47
Cleveland (8-2-1) 28 @ Chicago (1-10) 24
New York (3-8) 10 @ Green Bay (6-5) 20

AFL
Boston (4-8) 38 @ Miami (2-9-1) 23
Cincinnati (4-7-1) 13 @ Buffalo (4-8) 16
Oakland (10-1-1) 27 @ New York (8-4) 14

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Oh! Susie--Secret Service (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Maybe--Thom Pace (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Video Killed the Radio Star--The Buggles (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Zeppo Marx, 78
. U.S. comedian, actor, and inventor. Herbert Marx was the youngest of the Marx Brothers comedy team. He joined their stage act in 1918, replacing Gummo, who was drafted into the U.S. Army and preferred a role behind the scenes in show business. Zeppo was reportedly as funny as any of the other brothers when required to replace one, but otherwise played the role of a bland romantic lead and comic foil. He appeared in their first five films, but left after Duck Soup (1933), and, like Gummo, became a theatrical agent. Zeppo also invented several devices, including a wristwatch that monitored the pulse rate of cardiac patients and gave off an alarm if the heartbeat became irregular. He was the last surviving Marx brother, and died of lung cancer.

Music
The album The Wall by Pink Floyd was released on Harvest Records in the United Kingdom and Columbia Records in North America.

Diplomacy
The United States announced that the deposed Shah of Iran was expected to leave the country when his medical treatment was completed, and a behind-the-scenes search was begun to find him another refuge.

Religion
Pope John Paul II, concluded his visit to Turkey for the purpose of working toward the reconciliation of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, beginning the day in Istanbul and continuing to Izmir and Ephesus. He celebrated the feast of St. Andrew, patron of the Orthodox Church, with Dimitrios I, the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch. The two men announced the formation of a joint commission consisting of prelates and theologians of the two churches to discuss the remaining theological disagreements between them. The pope also made an appeal to Christians for greater understanding of Islam as a monotheistic religion that shared many beliefs and moral values with Christianity.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United States flew 282 embassy officials and dependents out of El Salvador, where fighting had renewed between the government and FMLN rebels.

10 years ago
1999


Protest
20,000 people participated in a labour-organized march in Seattle to protest the 135-nation ministerial meeting of the World Trade Organization. Protesters linked arms or laid down in the street to block traffic, and delegates were trapped in their hotels. Fires burned in the streets, and police used tear gas, pepper spray, and rubber bullets. Seattle Mayor Paul Schell declared a state of emergency. That night, Washington Governor Gary Locke called in the National Guard.

Health
The British government announced that the country’s beef-on-the-bone ban would be lifted, with T-bone steaks and ribs likely available by December 17. The ban had been imposed by the European Union in 1996 because of the risk of the beef being infected with BSE, which can cause brain disease in humans.

Business
The Exxon and Mobil oil corporations signed a U.S.$73.7-billion agreement to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world's largest company.

British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merged to form BAE Systems, Europe's largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.

Saturday, 28 November 2009

November 29, 2009

460 years ago
1549


Religion
The papal conclave of 1549–50 began.

280 years ago
1729


War
Natchez Indians massacred 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children at Fort Rosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi. The incident was sparked by French colonial commandant Sieur de Chépart demanded land from a Natchez village for his own plantation near Fort Rosalie.

210 years ago
1799

Born on this date
Amos Bronson Alcott
. U.S. educator and philosopher. Mr. Alcott, a philosopher in American Transcendentalism, was the father of the original "Little Women:" Anna, Louisa, Elizabeth, and May Alcott. At the basis of his educational theory was his belief that "early education is the enduring power" in the formation of the imagination and moral life of the human being. Mr. Alcott believed that learning should be a pleasant experience for children, and that the environment of the classroom should be beautiful. He died on March 4, 1888 at the age of 88.

200 years ago
1809


Politics and government
U.S. President James Madison delivered his State of the Union message to Congress.

160 years ago
1849


Born on this date
John Ambrose Fleming
. U.K. physicist and engineer. Sir John was an electrical engineer who taught at University College, London (1897-1927), and played an important role in the invention of radio. While under contract to Guglielmo Marconi, he designed the world's first large radio transmitter, which enabled the first transatlantic radio transmission in 1901. Mr. Marconi received all the credit because of the contractual arrangement, and later reneged on an agreement with Dr. Fleming to give him shares in the Marconi company. Sir John invented the thermionic vacuum tube in 1904--the two-electrode diode--and accused U.S. engineer Lee de Forest of infringing on his patents when Mr. de Forest added a control "grid" to make a triode. Court battles between the two men dragged on for years. Sir John promoted the new technology of television in his later years, and was the second president of the Royal Television Society. He was a devout Christian, and co-founded the Evolution Protest Movement (now the Creation Science Movement) in 1932. Sir John died on April 18, 1945 at the age of 95.

140 years ago
1869


Died on this date
Giulia Grisi, 58
. Italian singer. Miss Grisi was one of the leding operatic sopranos of the 19th century, performing in Europe, South America, and the United States from the late 1820s through the 1850s. She died in Berlin after being injured in a train accident while travelling to St. Petersburg.

130 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Jacob Gade
. Danish composer. Mr. Gade was a violinist who composed popular orchestral music, and was best known for writing the tune Jalousie (1925). He died on February 20, 1963 at the age of 63.

110 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Andrija Artuković
. Austro-Hungarian born Croatian politician and war criminal. Dr. Artuković, a member of the nationalist and fascist Ustaše organization, served in the government of the Independent State of Croatia as Minister of the Interior (1941-1942, 1943); Minister of Justice (1942-1943); and Secretary of State (1943-1945). He was responsible for signing racial laws against Serbs and Jews, and played a major role in the Porajmos, the genocide of the Romani people. Dr. Artuković was also responsible for the death and mistreatment of thousands of people in concentraion camps. He was detained in Austria by the Allies at the end of World War II, but was released, and used a forged passport to eventually make his way to California, where he stayed illegally after his tourist visa expired. An attempt by the Yugoslavian government to extradite Dr. Artuković in 1959 was unsuccessful, but the request was renewed in the 1980s, and Dr. Artuković was arrested in New York in 1984 and extradited to Yugoslavia for trial. He was convicted in 1986 of several mass killing and sentenced to death, but the sentence was not carried out because of Dr. Artuković's age and health. He died of natural causes in a prison hospital on January 16, 1988 at the age of 88.

Emma Morano. Italian supercentenarian. Miss Morano worked in a jute factory and then in a kitchen in a boarding school for much of her life. She was married from 1926-1978, but the couple separated in 1938, shortly after the death of their infant son. Miss Morano died on April 15, 2017 at the age of 117, becoming the oldest Italian person ever recorded, and the last person in the world verified to have been born before 1900.

Soccer
FC Barcelona was founded by Catalan, Spanish and Englishmen; it later developed into one of Spanish football's strongest teams.

80 years ago
1929


Exploration
U.S. Navy Admiral Richard Byrd led the first expedition to fly over the South Pole.

70 years ago
1939


On the radio



Died on this date
Philipp Scheidemann, 74
. Chancellor of Germany, 1919. Mr. Scheidermann, a member of the Social Democratic Party, proclaimed Germany a republic on the fall of the monarchy on November 9, 1918. He served as Chancellor from February 13-June 20, 1919, when he and his cabinet resigned in protest over the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Mr. Scheidermann fled to Denmark; he died in Copenhagen.

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight's episode: The Thundering Murder Case

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Man in the House, starring Alan Baxter, Kim Hunter, and Ruth McDevitt



Diplomacy
A United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization conference in Washington chose Rome for the group's permanent headquarters, and admitted Afghanistan as the 62nd member.

Defense
The U.S. Defense Department and Atomic Energy Commission announced plans for a new series of nuclear tests on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

Politics and government
U.S. authorities in Germany eliminated the requirement of American approval for German political parties operating in the U.S. zone.

Football
NCAA
University of Notre Dame end Leon Hart received the New York Athletic Club's Heisman Trophy as the top college football player in the United States in 1949. Mr. Hart helped the Fighting Irish to a 10-0 record and the national championship.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Le marchand de bonheur--Les Compagnons de la chanson (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Special Delivery, starring Steve Dunn, Beatrice Straight, Peter Lazer, and Frank Maxwell

Diplomacy
The Indonesian government barred all foreigners except diplomats from entering Jakarta.

Politics and government
The British Labour Party ended its annual convention in Blackpool after delegates split over appeals by party leader Hugh Gaitskell to de-emphasize the party's program for industrial nationalization.

Football
NFL
Washington (3-7) 14 @ New York (8-2) 45
San Francisco (7-3) 21 @ Cleveland (6-4) 20
Philadelphia (6-4) 0 @ Pittsburgh (5-4-1) 31
Los Angeles (2-8) 21 @ Baltimore (7-3) 35
Chicago Bears (6-4) 31 @ Chicago Cardinals (2-8) 7

The Cardinals’ loss was their last home game in Chicago. They finished the season with two road games and moved to St. Louis in 1960.

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Something/Come Together--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Adieu jolie Candy--Jean-François Michael

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Lo straniero--Georges Moustaki (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Sugar, Sugar--The Archies (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Sugar, Sugar--The Archies (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Sugar, Sugar--The Archies (6th week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Penny Arcade--Roy Orbison
2 Something/Come Together--The Beatles
3 The Star--Ross D. Wyllie
4 Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley
5 Jean--Oliver
6 Sweet Caroline--Neil Diamond
7 Without You/Hair--Doug Parkinson in Focus
8 Picking Up Pebbles--Matt Flinders
9 I'll Never Fall in Love Again--Bobbie Gentry
10 Natural Born Bugie--Humble Pie

Singles entering the chart were Jesus is a Soul Man by Lawrence Reynolds (#21); Sacha by Hank B. Marvin (#30); and He Ain't Heavy, He's My Brother by the Hollies (#32).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Oh Well!--Fleetwood Mac (2nd week at #1)
2 My Special Prayer--Percy Sledge
3 Cha-La-La, I Need You--The Shuffles
4 Maanserenade--Marty
5 Air--Ekseption
6 Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley
7 We zijn toch op de wereld om mekaar te helpen, niewaar?--Adèle Bloemendaal & Leen Jongewaard & Piet Römer
8 Pastorale--Liesbeth List met Ramses Shaffy
9 Little Green Bag--George Baker Selection
10 Bourée--Jethro Tull

Singles entering the chart were Mighty Joe by Shocking Blue (#29); (Call Me) Number One by the Tremeloes (#31); Oebele is Hupsakee by Oebeler Kinderkoor (#38); It was Yesterday Today by Pepper and Salt (#39); and Daylight by the Shoes (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Come Together/Something--The Beatles
2 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
3 Wedding Bell Blues--The 5th Dimension
4 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
5 Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye--Steam
6 Smile a Little Smile for Me--The Flying Machine
7 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary
8 Yester-Me, Yester-You, Yesterday--Stevie Wonder
9 Down on the Corner--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 Eli's Coming--Three Dog Night

Singles entering the chart were Don't Cry Daddy/Rubberneckin' by Elvis Presley (#73); What You Gave Me by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#77); I'm Tired by Savoy Brown (#81); Turn! Turn! Turn!/To Everything There is a Season by Judy Collins (#84); Je T'Aime...Moi Non Plus by Jane Birkin and Serge Gainsbourg (#87); Jingle Jangle by the Archies (#90); Tonight I'll Say a Prayer by Eydie Gorme (#91); I Love You by Otis Leavill (#92); No One Better than You by Petula Clark (#93); You Keep Me Hanging On by Wilson Pickett (#94); (One of These Days) Sunday's Gonna Come on Thursday by the New Establishment (#96); Feeling Alright by Mongo Sanatamaria (#97); Wichita Lineman by Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66 (#99); and Goin' Out of My Head/Forget to Remember by Frank Sinatra (#100). Rubberneckin' was from the movie Change of Habit (1969).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Come Together--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Wedding Bell Blues--The 5th Dimension
3 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
4 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
5 Smile a Little Smile for Me--The Flying Machine
6 Something--The Beatles
7 Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye--Steam
8 Eli's Coming--Three Dog Night
9 Fortunate Son--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary

Singles entering the chart were Don't Cry Daddy by Elvis Presley (#55); Jingle Jangle by the Archies (#69); Wonderful World, Beautiful People by Jimmy Cliff (#79); You Keep Me Hanging On by Wilson Pickett (#81); When Julie Comes Around by the Cuff Links (#85); Winter World of Love by Engelbert Humperdinck (#89); Trouble Maker by Lee Hazlewood (#91); Don't Let Him Take Your Love from Me by the Four Tops (#92); I'm Gonna Love You by the Intrigues (#93); Arizona by Mark Lindsay (#94); (When Johnny Comes Marching Home Again) I Can't See You No More by Joe Tex (#95); and Big in Vegas by Buck Owens and the Buckaroos (#97).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Something/Come Together--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
3 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
4 Eli's Coming--Three Dog Night
5 Smile a Little Smile for Me--The Flying Machine
6 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary
7 Holly Holy--Neil Diamond
8 Fortunate Son/Down on the Corner--Creedence Clearwater Revival
9 Cherry Hill Park--Billy Joe Royal
10 Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye--Steam

Singles entering the chart were Don't Cry Daddy by Elvis Presley (#79); Wonderful World, Beautiful People by Jimmy Cliff (#89); Winter World of Love by Engelbert Humperdinck (#90); Arizona by Mark Lindsay (#91); Silver Threads and Golden Needles by the Cowsills (#93); Don't Let Him Take Your Love from Me by the Four Tops (#95); You Keep Me Hanging On by Wilson Pickett (#98); and Jingle Jangle by the Archies (#99).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)
2 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
3 Something--The Beatles
4 Reuben James--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
5 Down on the Corner--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Cherry Hill Park--Billy Joe Royal
7 Holly Holy--Neil Diamond
8 Try a Little Kindness--Glen Campbell
9 Jesus is a Soul Man--Lawrence Reynolds
10 The Rainmaker--Tom Northcott
Pick hit of the week: Someday We'll Be Together--Diana Ross and the Supremes

The Rainmaker was written by Harry Nilsson, and Mr. Nilsson’s version was released several months before Mr. Northcott’s version as the B-side of Everybody’s Talkin’. Mr. Nilsson co-produced Mr. Northcott’s recording.

Someday We’ll Be Together was the last single released by Diana Ross and the Supremes. Miss Ross left the group to perform as a solo artist in 1970.

War
The Vietnam War casualty list for the week ending on this day showed 70 Americans killed and 1,049 wounded; 373 South Vietnamese killed and 953 wounded; and 2,177 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong killed. The U.S. casualty list since January 1, 1961 hit 300,029--39,642 killed; 1,359 missing; and 259,828 wounded.

Disasters
4 people died and 18 were injured in an 18-vehicle pileup on the New Jersey Turnpike in Woodbury, New Jersey after a tractor-trailer ran into a gas tank truck in a patch of fog.

30 years ago
1979


Diplomacy
Mexico announced that the deposed Shah of Iran would not be allowed to return there. The Shah had been in exile in Mexico after being forced to flee Iran early in the year, and had been allowed to enter the United States for medical treatment.

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his Turkish tour, beginning the day in Ankara and continuing to Istanbul.

Disasters
In the fourth-worst aviation disaster in history to that time, a DC-10 from New Zealand on a sightseeing flight over Antarctica crashed into a 12,400-foot mountain near McMurdo Station, killing all 257 people aboard. The third fatal DC-10 crash of 1979 was apparently caused by a navigational error by the pilot, who steered the plane around the side of the mountain that was notorious for high winds.

25 years ago
1984

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 30 (CHED)
1 The Wild Boys--Duran Duran
2 Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run)--Billy Ocean
3 Sea of Love--The Honeydrippers
4 Penny Lover--Lionel Richie
5 No More Lonely Nights--Paul McCartney
6 All Through the Night--Cyndi Lauper
7 Out of Touch--Daryl Hall John Oates
8 Run to You--Bryan Adams
9 We Belong--Pat Benatar
10 Valotte--Julian Lennon
11 The War Song--Culture Club
12 Stranger in Town--Toto
13 I Feel for You--Chaka Khan
14 Born in the U.S.A.--Bruce Springsteen
15 I Can't Hold Back--Survivor
16 Better Be Good to Me--Tina Turner
17 Walking on a Thin Line--Huey Lewis and the News
18 Tears--John Waite
19 I Do Wanna Know--REO Speedwagon
20 Had a Dream (Sleeping with the Enemy)--Roger Hodgson
21 Heaven (Must Be There)--Eurogliders
22 Teacher Teacher--.38 Special
23 I Need You Tonight--Peter Wolf
24 Lucky Star--Madonna
25 Pride (In the Name of Love)--U2
26 Like a Virgin--Madonna
27 The Boys of Summer--Don Henley
28 Hello Again--The Cars
29 Understanding--Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band
30 You're the Inspiration--Chicago

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Lambada--Kaoma (7th week at #1)

Music
Gordon Lightfooot performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. This blogger paid $22 for his ticket.

Politics and government
Three days after the governing Congress Party lost more than half of its seats in parliamentary elections, Rajiv Gandhi announced his resignation as Prime Minister of India, subject to the selection of a new Prime Minister.

Czechoslovakia’s parliament deleted from the Constitution a provision guaranteeing the Communist Party the "leading role" in society.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
John Berry, 82
. U.S. theatre and film director. Mr. Berry, born Jak Szold, directed plays for Orson Welles' Mercury Theatre in the late 1930s and early '40s, before going to Hollywood and directing movies such as From This Day Forward (1946); Casbah (1948); and He Ran All the Way (1951). Mr. Berry also directed the short documentary The Hollywood Ten (1950), a sympathetic look at the Communist directors, producers, and screenwriters who had been cited for contempt of Congress in 1947 for refusing to answer questions regarding Communist infiltration of the movie industry. Mr. Berry was identified as a Communist in 1951 by Hollywood Ten alumnus Edward Dmytryk and ex-Communist Frank Tuttle, and spent the next decade making movies in Europe. He returned to the United States in the 1960s, directing a few movies and television programs.

Gene Rayburn, 81. U.S. television game show host. Mr. Rayburn, born Eugene Jelyevich, was a successful actor and radio personality before becoming best known for hosting television game shows, particularly Match Game (1962-1969, 1973-1982, 1983). He died 23 days before his 82nd birthday.

Politics and government
Protestant and Roman Catholic adversaries in Northern Ireland joined forces to form the Northern Ireland Assembly, as 10 members, under the leadership of Unionist First Minister David Trimble, were voted onto the power-sharing executive.

Protest
2,000 people marched through the streets of downtown Seattle on the opening day of the 135-nation World Trade Organization ministerial meeting. Protesters included labour union members unhappy with the apparent loss of jobs for American workers, and environmentalists seeking stronger protections in backward nations. Complaints involved issues such as genetically engineered products, U.S. world domination, destruction of rain forests, and the growing gap between rich and poor nations.

Friday, 27 November 2009

November 28, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dede Hill and Chris Milner!

180 years ago
1829


Born on this date
Anton Rubinstein
. Russian musician, composer, and conductor. Mr. Rubinstein was a pianist who performed a successful series of recitals, toured internationally, and influenced later pianists such as Sergei Rachmaninoff. He wrote 20 operas, 6 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, and other piano works. Mr. Rubinstein is perhaps best known for his opera The Demon and Melody in F. He founded the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1862, and served as it first director. Mr. Rubinstein spent his later years in Dresden, and died of heart disease on November 20, 1894, eight days before his 65th birthday.

150 years ago
1859


Died on this date
Washington Irving, 76
. U.S. writer and diplomat. Mr. Irving wrote short stories, history, and biography, and has been credited as the U.S.A.'s first great man of letters. He is probably best known for the short stories Rip Van Winkle (1819) and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1820). Mr. Irving completed the five-volume The Life of George Washington (1855-1859) just before his death from a heart attack in his sleep.

120 years ago
1899


War
A British column was engaged by Boer forces at the Battle of Modder River in South Africa; although the Boers withdrew, the British suffered heavy casualties.

90 years ago
1919


Abominations
American-born Lady Astor became the first woman to take a seat in the British Parliament.

80 years ago
1929


At the movies
Show of Shows, a musical directed by John G. Adolfi and starring dozens of actors with Warner Brothers Pictures, opened in theatres.

Football
NFL
New York (9-1-1) 21 @ Staten Island (3-4-3) 7
Green Bay (10-0-1) 0 @ Frankford (9-2-4) 0
Chicago Bears (4-7-1) 6 @ Chicago Cardinals (5-5-1) 40

Ernie Nevers of the Cardinals scored all of his team's points, running for 6 touchdowns and kicking 4 extra points in their rout of the Bears at Comiskey Park. Mr. Nevers' total remains the longest-standing record in the NFL.

70 years ago
1939


On the radio



Died on this date
James Naismith, 78
. Canadian-born U.S. basketball pioneer. Dr. Naismith invented basketball in 1891 while working at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts.

60 years ago
1949


Diplomacy
South Africa quit the United Nations Trusteeship Commission for the rest of 1949 when the committee heard an Anglican minister describe alleged mistreatment of natives in South-West Africa.

Politics and government
New York City Council voted unanimously to expel Communist Party leader Benjamin Davis, Jr., recently convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the United States government.

Scandal
The trial of former U.S. House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee Chairman J. Parnell Thomas (Republican--New Jersey) on charges of payroll-padding began in Washington.

Education
The New York State Supreme Court voided a law directing the State Board of Regents to dismiss all Communist and other "subversive" teachers from the public school system.

Energy
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission reported the development of a "breeder" reactor which produced more nuclear fuel than it consumed.

Disasters
Heavy winds and flooding continued for the second say in the Pacific Northwestern United States, causing 29 deaths.

50 years ago
1959

Hit parade

#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Oh Yeah Uh Huh--Col Joye and the Joy Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Deguello--Nelson Riddle

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Unter fremden Sternen--Freddy Quinn (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Travellin' Light--Cliff Richard and the Shadows (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods (2nd week at #1)
2 Mack the Knife--Bobby Darin
3 Don't You Know--Della Reese
4 Heartaches by the Number--Guy Mitchell
5 Seven Little Girls Sitting in the Back Seat--Paul Evans
6 So Many Ways--Brook Benton
7 Danny Boy--Conway Twitty
8 In the Mood--Ernie Fields Orchestra
9 We Got Love--Bobby Rydell
10 Primrose Lane--Jerry Wallace with the Jewels

Singles entering the chart were Way Down Yonder in New Orleans by Freddie Cannon (#78); Pretty Blue Eyes by Steve Lawrence (#79); Honestly and Truly (#81)/(New In) The Ways of Love (#100) by Tommy Edwards; Wheel of Fortune by the Knightsbridge Strings (#98); Mighty Good by Ricky Nelson (#99); and Beyond the Sunset by Pat Boone (also #100). Mighty Good was the B-side of I Wanna Be Loved, charting at #50.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Hound Dog Man--Fabian
2 Danny Boy--Conway Twitty
3 First Name Initial--Annette with the Afterbeats
4 Believe Me--The Royal Teens
5 Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Drifters
6 Woo-Hoo--The Rock-A-Teens
7 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods
8 This Friendly World--Fabian
9 In the Mood--Ernie Fields Orchestra
10 We Got Love--Bobby Rydell

Singles entering the chart were That's All Right by Ray Smith (#18); Tear Drop/Long Walk Home by Santo & Johnny (#26); Earthquake/First Love, First Tears by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#28); The Great Duane by Ritchie Hart (#30); Boom Boom Baby/Don't Destroy Me by Crash Craddock (#36); Blue Christmas by Elvis Presley (#37); Say Man, Back Again by Bo Diddley (#39); It's Time to Cry by Paul Anka (#42); I Wanna Be Loved by Ricky Nelson (#44); Uh! Oh! (Part 1) by the Nutty Squirrels (#48); El Paso by Marty Robbins (#49); and Dance with Me by the Drifters (#50).

Died on this date
Roger Williams, 80
. U.S. shipping executive. Mr. Williams was the president of the North Carolina Shipbuilding Company when they built Liberty ships during World War II, and later served as chairman of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Corporation.

Diplomacy
The Shah of Iran warned that a 1937 border agreement giving Iraq sovereignty and toll rights over the Shatt al Arab was "intolerable" and may be abrogated.

Politics and government
U.K. Labour Party leader Hugh Gaitskell told the party's annual conference in Blackpool that the party's constitution must be revised to eliminate its stress on nationalization and prevent "another election defeat."

U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy (Democrat--Massachusetts) said in Denver that "the use of public finds...for birth control in other nations would not be a wise or good public policy."

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
Winnipeg 21 Hamilton 7

Muddy field conditions in the first Grey Cup game to be held at Toronto’s new CNE Stadium kept the score low as the Blue Bombers won their second straight Grey Cup over the Tiger-Cats. The Blue Bombers, behind the quarterbacking of Kenny Ploen, marched to the Hamilton 21-yard line in the 1st quarter, settling for a field goal by Gerry James. In the 2nd quarter, Hamilton’s Vince Scott blocked a Charlie Shepard punt and chased the ball into the Winnipeg end zone, but Jack Delveaux of the Blue Bombers beat him to the ball and fell on it. Under the rules in existence at the time, Mr. Scott was credited with a single point, leaving Winnipeg ahead 3-1 at halftime. The Blue Bombers continued to have trouble moving out of their end of the field in the 3rd quarter, but the Tiger-Cats, quarterbacked by Bernie Faloney, were unable to score a touchdown. Steve Oneschuk kicked 2 field goals to give Hamilton a 7-3 lead heading into the 4th quarter. Early in the quarter Mr. Faloney fumbled, and Bud Tinsley recovered for Winnipeg on the Hamilton 43-yard line. Mr. Ploen then threw long for Farrell Funston, who made the catch on the 2-yard line. Mr. Shepard ran for a touchdown from there, and Mr. James’ convert made the score 10-7 for Winnipeg. The Blue Bombers then hemmed the Tiger-Cats’ offense inside their own 35-yard line, and Mr. Shepard punted for 4 singles to increase the lead to 14-7. With less than a minute remaining, the Blue Bombers gained possession of the ball in Hamilton territory, and it looked as though they would just run out the clock. Instead, Mr. Ploen spotted Ernie Pitts open and hit him for a 35-yard touchdown. Mr. James converted to make the final score 21-7. Mr. Shepard became the first player to win an award as the Grey Cup’s most valuable player; his prize was a Triumph TR-6 sports car. Attendance was 33,133, the largest crowd to attend a Grey Cup in eastern Canada to that time.



40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Something--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Sugar Sugar--The Archies (3rd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Down on the Corner/Fortunate Son--Creedence Clearwater Revival (2nd week at #1)
2 Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye--Steam
3 The Rainmaker--Tom Northcott
4 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary
5 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
6 One Tin Soldier--The Original Caste
7 I Still Believe in Tomorrow--John and Anne Ryder
8 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
9 Holly Holy--Neil Diamond
10 Heaven Knows--The Grass Roots

Singles entering the chart were Jam Up Jelly Tight by Tommy Roe (#23); She Belongs to Me by Rick Nelson and the Stone Canyon Band (#26); Love Will Find a Way by Jackie DeShannon (#27); Early in the Morning by Vanity Fare (#28); and See Ruby Fall by Johnny Cash (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Something/Come Together--The Beatles (4th week at #1)
2 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
3 Jesus is a Soul Man--Lawrence Reynolds
4 Cherry Hill Park--Billy Joe Royal
5 Echo Park--Keith Barbour
6 Riverboat--Five Man Electrical Band
7 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
8 Eli's Coming--Three Dog Night
9 Suite: Judy Blue Eyes--Crosby, Stills & Nash
10 Down on the Corner--Creedence Clearwater Revival

And When I Die and Eli’s Coming were both written by Laura Nyro.

Defense
West Germany signed the nuclear non-proliferation treaty. The treaty was a matter of great controversy in West German politics.

Oil
The Quebec government of Premier Jean-Jacques Bertrand announced the creation of the Société québécoise d'iniatives pétrolières (Quebec Society of Petroleum Initiatives) (Soquip); its mandate was to explore, refine and distribute oil and natural gas in Quebec, in hopes that Quebec would eventually be able to reduce its energy dependence.

Football
Six members were elected to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame. Dr. Andrew Davies, who played for McGill and Ottawa, was an officer and physician with the Ottawa Rough Riders and Senators from 1915-1948. He and Art Chipman, who was responsible for reviving football in Winnipeg after World War II, were elected as builders. Elected as players were Art Stevenson, a halfback and quarterback with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers in the 1930s and early '40s; Abe Eliowitz, halfback and fullback with Ottawa and Montreal in the 1930s; Sam Etcheverry, the record-setting Montreal Alouettes' quarterback from 1952-1960; and Normie Kwong, fullback with the Calgary Stampeders from 1948-1950 and Edmonton Eskimos from 1951-1960. Mr. Kwong was the first player from the Eskimos to be elected to the Hall of Fame.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Iranian acting Foreign Minister Abolhassan Bani-Sadr, who had been attempting to find an international forum to investigate charges against deposed Shah Mohammed Riza Pahlevi, was dismissed and replaced by Sadegh Ghotbzadeh.

Science
The 100-year-old mystery of colour vision was reported solved by Professor Koji Nakanishi and co-workers at Columbia University. According to the scientists, retinal, the basic substance of vision, attaches itself to cone cells or rod cells in the retina of the eye. The three kinds of cone cells are sensitive to red, blue, or green; the rod cells are sensitive to black and white. All other colours and tones are combinations of these. Each type of cell binds the retinal with a different protein, each of which surrounds the retinal with a different pattern of electrical charges. Retinal’s sensitivity to different wavelengths of light is explained by the number and location of those electrical charges. The wavelength of blue light, for example, disrupts the specific pattern of charges in the blue cone cells and causes the cells to send a signal to the brain. The researchers suggested it was theoretically possible now to find a cure for colour blindness.

Religion
Pope John Paul II flew to Turkey to work toward the reconciliation of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. He arrived in Ankara to begin his tour.

Disasters
Air New Zealand Flight 901, a DC-10 sightseeing flight over Antarctica, crashed into Mount Erebus, killing all 257 people on board.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 4 Chicago 2

20 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Pimple

Politics and government
West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl proposed a plan for the confederation of West and East Germany.

Czechoslovakian Premier Ladislav Adamec opened talks on sharing power with the opposition group Civic Forum.

Law
Canada’s House of Commons approved in principle new legislation on abortion, but the bill appeared not to satisfy activists on either side of the debate. The bill would amend the Criminal Code to permit abortion at any stage of pregnancy, provided one doctor determined that the physical, mental, or psychological health of the mother was threatened. Canadian Justice Minister Doug Lewis admitted that the legislation, introduced November 3, was a compromise that satisfied neither pro-abortion advocates demanding equal access to abortion in all parts of the country nor pro-lifers who wanted the procedure abolished. However, Mr. Lewis said that it would survive a court challenge because it "balances the rights of the woman with society’s interest in the protection of the fetus." If given final approval, the bill would fill a legal void created by the Supreme Court’s decision of January 28, 1988 that struck down Canada’s existing abortion law.

10 years ago
1999


World events
Cuba’s Foreign Ministry said that Juan Miguel Gonzalez, the father of 5-year-old Elian Gonzalez, one of three survivors who had been rescued when their boat sank on the way to Florida from Cuba several days earlier, was alleging that the boy’s mother, who drowned when the boat sank, had kidnapped Elian.

Diplomacy
Talks were at an impasse over the fate of the Golan Heights; Syria demanded the territory back, and Israel refused to give it up.

Crime
11 people were injured, 4 critically, when a naked man wielding a Samurai sword burst into a church in south London and began indiscriminately attacking parishioners.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ B.C. Place Stadium, Vancouver
Hamilton 32 Calgary 21

The Tiger-Cats jumped to a 21-0 halftime lead and coasted to victory. Ronald Williams rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the first quarter, and after Joe Montford hit Calgary quarterback Dave Dickenson and forced a fumble, recovered by Tim Terry, Hamilton quarterback Danny McManus completed a 9-yard touchdown pass to Darren Flutie late in the second quarter for another touchdown. Paul Osbaldiston converted both and added 2 field goals and a single off a missed field goal. The Tiger-Cats rolled up 246 yards of net offense in the first half compared to 82 for the Stampeders. Mr. Osbaldiston punted for a 41-yard single in the third quarter to make it 22-0, and then the Stampeders came back with 2 touchdowns before the end of the quarter. Mr. Dickenson threw 7 yards to Vince Danielsen for the first Calgary score (set up by a 57-yard completion to Travis Moore on the previous play), and then Mr. Dickenson connected with Allen Pitts for an 18-yard major score. Mark McLoughlin converted both. Mr. Osbaldiston kicked a 20-yard field goal to give Hamilton a 25-14 lead heading into the fourth quarter. Mr. McManus hit Mr. Flutie with a 7-yard touchdown pass, converted by Mr. Osbaldiston to make it 32-14, and the Stampeders got a touchdown from fullback Duane Forde on a 1-yard run, converted by Mr. McLoughlin, to make the final score 32-21. Mr. McManus completed 22 of 34 passes for 347 yards. Mr. Dickenson, who played courageously with an injured left shoulder, completed 24 of 38 for 321, but most of Calgary’s yardage came when the Stampeders were playing from well behind. Darren Flutie led the Tiger-Cat receivers with 6 receptions for 109 yards. 7 different Hamilton players caught at least one pass, and many of the receptions were of spectacular quality. Mike Morreale, the game’s outstanding Canadian, caught 3 for 51. Travis Moore led the Stampeders with 3 catches for 101 yards. The win gave Hamilton its first Grey Cup since 1986, and meant that a Hamilton team had won a national championship at least once in every decade of the 20th Century. 45,118 were in attendance at B.C. Place Stadium.

November 27, 2009

400 years ago
1609


Literature
After spending a year in Acadia, Marc Lescarbot, North America’s first historian, published his three-volume History of New France in Paris.

250 years ago
1759


Born on this date
Franz Krommer
. Czech composer. Mr. Krommer was a violinist and organist who wrote more than 300 pieces, including at least nine symphonies, 70 string quartets, and many works for wind ensemble. He died on January 8, 1831 at the age of 71.

200 years ago
1809


Born on this date
Fanny Kemble
. U.K. actress and writer. Miss Kemble, a member of a famous acting family, had a successful career on stage spanning four decades, and also wrote plays, poems, and non-fiction. She was married to American planter Pierce Butler from 1834-1849, and spent much time in the United States. Miss Kemble died on January 15, 1893 at the age of 83.

Popular culture
The Berners Street hoax was perpetrated by Theodore Hook in the City of Westminster, London. Mr. Hook had bet his friend Samuel Beazley that he could make any house in London the most talked-about address in the city within a week. He did this by sending thousands of requests for deliveries, visitors, and assistance in the name of Mrs. Tottenham at 54 Berners Street.



170 years ago
1839


Americana
The American Statistical Association was founded in Boston.

150 years ago
1859


Born on this date
William Bliss Baker
. U.S. artist. Mr. Baker produced more than 130 paintings, mainly of landscapes. He died at his father's house in Hoosick Falls, New York on November 20, 1886, a week before his 27th birthday, after being injured while ice skating and subsequently catching a cold.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
James Agee
. U.S. writer. Mr. Agee won a posthumous Pulitzer Prize for his novel A Death in the Family (1957). His best-known work of non-fiction was probably Let Us Now Praise Famous Men (1941). Mr. Agee was one of the most influential film critics of the 1940s, and wrote screenplays for The African Queen (1951) and The Night of the Hunter (1955). He was a heavy drinker and smoker, and died of a heart attack on May 16, 1955 at the age of 45, while in a taxi en route to a doctor's appointment.

90 years ago
1919


Defense
The British Royal Commission on Awards to Inventors, conducted by Mr. Justice Charles Henry Sargant, issued its report on 11 claims for the invention of the tank; one of the eleven "claimants" was a team of two (thus there were 12 individuals involved). Sir William Tritton and Major W.G. Wilson were jointly awarded £15,000, and were recognized for "designing and producing a concrete practical shape the novel and efficient engine of warfare known as the "Tank";" Sir Eustace Tennyson d'Eyncourt, the Director of Naval Construction, and Chairman of the Landships Committee, and Major-General E.D. Swinton were each awarded £1,000 for their work in advocating the overall concept, setting design specifications, and overseeing the project; Mr. Albert Collinson Nesfield and Lieutenant Robert Francis Macfie were each awarded £500 for the separate and independent "conception, embodiment, and communication of the same set of ideas." The Royal Commission rejected the claims of Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Lewis Maitland Boothby, Commodore M.F. Sueter, Major Thomas Gerard Hetherington — the separate claims of Boothby, Sueter, and Hetherington were rejected on the grounds that the important services that they had rendered came within the scope of their military employmen — and that of Colonel R.E.B. Crompton and his assistant Mr. Lucien Alphonse Legros, on the basis that they had "worked loyally and very hard" at their allotted tasks, they had been well-paid as consulting engineers, and had neither invented nor discovered any of the special features that were ultimately incorporated in the tanks. The Royal Commission expressed sympathy for Australian engineer Lancelot de Mole, whose design, submitted to the British War Office in 1912, had been rejected. The Royal Commission was unable to recommend an award to Mr. de Mole because of the strict terms under which they were bound, but awarded him a sum to cover his expenses.

Academia
Kappa Kappa Psi, the first fraternity exclusively for collegiate band members, was founded on the campus of Oklahoma State University in Stillwater.

70 years ago
1939


On the radio



The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Creeping Man

60 years ago
1949


Defense
U.S. Defense Secretary Louis Johnson and Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman General Omar Bradley denied plans to permit German rearmament in the near future. The U.S. Defense Department established an Office of Military Assistance under General Lyman Lemnitzer to supervise military aid programs.

Politics and government
Conservative Party candidate Laureano Gómez was elected President of Colombia, receiving all but 23 of the 1.1 million votes cast. The Liberal Party withdrew from the election after their candidate, Darío Echandía was the victim of a failed assassination attempt.

The Czechoslovakian Communist Party recalled membership cards and began a purge of "unreliable" members.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor Building and Construction Trades Department filed with the National Labor Relations Board for exemption from the Taft-Hartley Act, claiming that high worker turnover on most construction sites prevented the holding of union representation elections required under the law.

Football
NFL
Pittsburgh (5-4-1) 17 @ Philadelphia (9-1) 34
Washington (3-6-1) 7 @ New York Giants (6-4) 23
New York Bulldogs (1-8-1) 20 @ Los Angeles (7-1-2) 42
Green Bay (2-8) 21 @ Chicago Cardinals (5-4-1) 41

AAFC
Buffalo (5-5-2) 38 @ Baltimore (1-11) 14
New York (8-4) 31 @ San Francisco (9-3) 35

Steve Van Buren of the Philadelphia Eagles became the second player in NFL history to run for 200 or more yards in a game when he piled up 205 in their victory over the Pittsburgh Steelers at Shibe Park.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Travellin' Light--Cliff Richard and the Shadows (5th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Perchance to Dream, starring Richard Conte, John Larch, and Suzanne Lloyd

This was the first episode of the series written by Charles Beaumont, based on his short story. The theremin is prominently featured in Nathan Van Cleave's spooky score.

Died on this date
Rufus Holman, 82
. U.S. politician. Mr. Holman, a Republican, was Oregon State Treasurer from 1931-1938, and represented Oregon in the U.S. Senate from 1939-1945. He supported an isolationist foreign policy and opposed liberalization of immigration laws to admit Jews and other persecuted Europeans during World War II, and his views likely contributed to his loss in the 1944 Republican Party primary to Wayne Morse, a candidate of more liberal views. Mr. Holman completely withdrew from politics after the end of his Senate term.

Diplomacy
Sir Leslie Munroe, special United Nations representative on Hungary, reported to the General Assembly that the Hungarian government had "conceded that sentences of death had recently been carried out in connection with alleged crimes against the uprising of 1956."

Protest
30,000 Japanse leftists demonstrating against U.S.-Japanese mutual security pact clashed with Tokyo police and broke into the grounds of the Diet. 200,000 leftists demonstrated elsewhere in Japan.

Politics and government
The Mali Federation of Senegal and Sudan formally informed French President Charles de Gaulle of its intention to become independent while maintaining ties with France.

U.S. Defense Secretary Neil McElroy, in a letter to President Dwight D. Eisenhower, announced that he was resigning his cabinet post for "urgent" personal reasons.

Labour
Acting U.S. Commerce Secretary Philip Ray, in a letter to the United Steel Workers of America, rejected a union suggestion that the government start stockpiling steel in the face of a possible resumption of the steel strike.

40 years ago
1969


On television tonight
Dragnet 1970, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Internal Affairs: Parolee



Terrorism
Arab terrorists threw a hand grenade into the Athens passenger terminal of the Israeli airline El Al, injuring 15 people--none of them Israelis--but fatally injuring a Greek boy. Greek police arrested two men carrying Jordanian passports.

Protest
Representatives of more than 100 tribes who were occupying Alcatraz Island celebrated Thanksgiving with Turkeys given by white men. The occupation group demanded that the U.S. government return the island to the Indians and provide money for an Indian cultural centre.

Football
NFL
Minnesota (10-1) 27 @ Detroit (7-4) 0
San Francisco (2-7-2) 24 @ Dallas (8-2-1) 24

AFL
Denver (4-7-1) 17 @ Kansas City (10-2) 31
San Diego (6-6) 21 @ Houston (5-5-2) 17

30 years ago
1979


Diplomacy
Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini attacked plans for a United Nations Security Council meeting to discuss the Iranian seizure of the U.S. embassy in Tehran as being part of a U.S. plan with a predetermined conclusion.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen by 1% in October or 13.2% at an adjusted annual rate. Leading the increase was housing costs, which rose 1.5% in October after the October 6 austerity measures of the Federal Reserve Board.

Hockey
NHL
Detroit 5 Montreal 5

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): If I Could Turn Back Time--Cher (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Carlos Arias Navarro, 80
. Prime Minister of Spain, 1973-1976. Mr. Arias, a member of the Falange party, took office as Prime Minister on December 31, 1973 after the assassination of Luis Carrero Blanco. Mr. Arias was in office when dictator Francisco Franco died in 1975, and remained as Prime Minister until his dismissal by King Juan Carlos I on July 1, 1976.

Terrorism
Avianca Flight 203, a Boeing 727 jetliner en route from Bogotá to Cali, exploded in mid-air over Colombia shortly after takeoff from Bogotá, killing all 107 people on board and 3 people on the ground. The Medellín Cartel claimed responsibility for the attack.

War
FMLN rebels in El Salvador resumed their offensive in San Salvador, and the homes of several American diplomats were seized.

Protest
Millions of workers joined a two-hour general strike in Czechoslovakia.

Politics and government
The Virginia Board of Elections certified Democratic Party candidate Douglas Wilder as the winner of the November 7 gubernatorial election.

10 years ago
1999


Diplomacy
Implementation of the April 1998 peace settlement in Northern Ireland became increasingly likely after the Ulster Unionist Party agreed to participation by its leaders in the government alongside members of its bitter adversaries in Sinn Fein, the political arm of the Irish Republican Army. Under the new agreement, the IRA would be required to name a representative to the commission on disarmament, and would have to begin the destruction of its weapons by the end of January.

Politics and government
The Labour Party, led by Helen Clark, won 49 of 120 seats in the House of Representatives in the New Zealand general election. Labour formed a coalition with the Alliance, led by Jim Anderton, who won 10 seats, and with the support of the Green Party, who won 7 seats, were able to form a government, unseating the National Party government of Prime Minister Jenny Shipley. Labour's total was an increase of 12 seats over their total in the most recent election in 1996. The National Party won 39 seats, a decrease of 5.

Health
McCain Foods of Florenceville, New Brunswick said it would refuse to accept genetically engineered potatoes for processing into French fries.

Football
CIAU
Vanier Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Laval 14 St. Mary’s 10

Stephane Lefebvre rushed 16 times for 119 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Rouge et Or to victory in front of a SkyDome crowd of 12,595. Laval’s triumph came in just the fourth year of their football program’s existence. Quarterback Mathieu Bertrand marched the Rouge et Or 65 yards in the 1st quarter, and Mr. Lefebvre finished the drive with a 7-yard touchdown run, converted by Michael Gagne. The Huskies got a drive going late in the quarter, and Luis Perez rushed 2 yards for a touchdown, converted by Jay Currie, 9 seconds into the 2nd quarter to tie the game 7-7. Later in the quarter the Rouge et Or were deep in their own end with a second down and 18 yards to go, and Mr. Bertrand connected with slotback Pascal Robitaille for a 50-yard gain. A few plays later, Mr. Lefebvre ran 41 yards for his second touchdown, converted by Mr. Gagne, to give Laval a 14-7 halftime lead. The 2nd half was scoreless except for a 23-yard field goal by Mr. Currie in the 3rd quarter to make the score 14-10. Mr. Currie and Mr. Gagne each missed 2 field goal attempts. Mr. Bertrand left the game after suffering a concussion in the 3rd quarter; he finished with 10 completions in 18 passes for 182 yards, and rushed 4 times for 29. His replacement, Francois Chapdelaine, completed 4 of 8 passes for 50 yards. St. Mary’s quarterback Ryan Jones completed 20 of 32 passes for 251 yards and rushed 10 times for 48. Mr. Perez carried 13 times for 70 yards. Mr. Lefebvre was voted the game’s most valuable player, while Rouge et Or lineman Francesco Pepe-Esposito, who recorded 1 of Laval’s 4 quarterback sacks, was chosen the outstanding defensive player. Jacques Chapdelaine was the winning head coach over Blake Nill.

Thursday, 26 November 2009

November 26, 2009

1,610 years ago
399


Died on this date
Siricius, 65
. Roman Catholic Pope, 384-399. Siricius acceded to the throne upon the death of Damasus I. He issued the oldest completely preserved papal decretals, on baptism, church discipline, on other matters. Siricius took severe measures against the Manichæans in Rome, and intervened the Meletian schism at Antioch. He was succeeded as pope by Anastasius I.

220 years ago
1789

Americana

The United States celebrated its first Thanksgiving since President George Washington had issued his Thanksgiving Proclamation on October 3.

180 years ago
1829


Died on this date
Bushrod Washington, 67
. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1798-1829. Justice Washington, the nephew of President George Washington, represented Westmoreland County in Virginia's House of Delegates (1787-1788) before being appointed to the Supreme Court, where he was an ally of Chief Justice John Marshall. Justice Washington died while on circuit, and his wife Julia died two days later while transporting him for burial.

Thomas Buck Reed, 42. U.S. politician. Mr. Reed, a Jacksonian, was Attorney General of Mississippi (1821-1825), and represented Mississippi in the United States Senate (1826-1827, 1829). He died in office, less than nine months into his second term in the Senate.

140 years ago
1869


Born on this date
Maud of Wales
. Queen consort of Norway, 1905-1938. Maud, the youngest daughter of King Edward VII, married her first cousin Prince Carl of Denmark, in 1896, who accepted the Norwegian throne in 1905, taking the name Haakon VII. While on a visit to England, she took ill, and died on November 20, 1938, four days after an abdominal operation, and six days before her 69th birthday. Queen Maud Land and the Queen Maud Mountains in Antarctica are named in her honour, as is the Queen Maud Gulf in Nunavut.

130 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Charles Goddard
. U.S. playwright and screenwriter. Mr. Goddard was best known for writing the silent film serials The Perils of Pauline (1914) and The Exploits of Elaine (1914). He died on January 11, 1951 at the age of 71.

120 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Albert Dieudonné
. French actor, director, and writer. Mr. Dieudonné appeared in more than 30 movies from 1908-1942, and was best known for starring as the title character in Napoléon (1927). He directed 11 movies, and wrote several novels and screenplays. Mr. Dieudonné died on March 19, 1976 at the age of 86.

110 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Richard Hauptmann
. German-born U.S. criminal. Mr. Hauptmann served in the German Army during World War I, and illegally entered the United States in 1923 by stowing away on an ocean liner. He worked as a carpenter until his arrest in 1934 for the 1932 kidnapping and murder of 1-year-old Charles Lindbergh, Jr., son of the famous aviator. Mr. Hauptmann was convicted in 1935, and was executed in the electric chair at New Jersey State Prison in Trenton on April 3, 1936 at the age of 36. Some insist that Mr. Hauptmann was framed, or at least not given the benefit of an adequate defense.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Eugène Ionesco
. Romanian-born French playwright. Mr. Ionesco spent much of his childhood in France, and moved there for good in 1942. He became a major figure in French Avant-garde theatre, with plays such as The Killer (1958) and Rhinoceros (1959). Mr. Ionesco died on March 28, 1994 at the age of 84.

Frances Dee. U.S. actress. Miss Dee was a popular actress in the early 1930s in movies such as Playboy of Paris (1930); An American Tragedy (1931); Little Women (1933); Of Human Bondage (1934); and Becky Sharp (1935). She married actor Joel McCrea in 1933, and they remained married until his death on their 57th wedding anniversary in 1990. Miss Dee died on March 6, 2004 at the age of 94.

90 years ago
1919


Died on this date
Felipe Ángeles Ramirez, 51
. Mexican military officer. Brigadier General Ángeles graduated from Heroico Colegio Militar (Heroic Military College) in 1892, and taught there for many years. He was studying in Paris during the Mexican Revolution in 1910, but returned to Mexico in 1912, and pioneered the use of aerial bombardment on Emiliano Zapata's forces who were rebelling against President Francisco Madero in 1913. General Victoriano Huerta seized power and convicted Br. Gen. Ángeles in a show trial of murdering a child, and exiled him to France. Br. Gen. Ángeles soon returned to Mexico, and joined the rebel forces of General Pancho Villa. After Gen. Villa's forces were defeated in 1915, Br. Gen. Ángeles fled to exile in Texas, returning to rejoin Gen. Villa in December 1918. Br. Gen. Ángeles departed Gen. Villa's Camp in mid-1919; he was arrested by forces of President Venustiano Carranza, convicted in a show court-martial, and executed by firing squad in front of the state penitentiary in Chihuahua, the day after being sentenced to death.

80 years ago
1929


Died on this date
John Cockburn, 79
. U.K.-born Australian politician. Sir John, a native of Scotland, trained as a physician, and emigrated to South Australia in the late 1870s. He represented Burra in the S.A. House of Assembly from 1884-1898, holding several cabinet posts and serving as Premier for 14 months from 1889-1890 before losing a non-confidence vote. Sir John moved to England after leaving politics, serving as Agent-General for South Australia until Federation in 1901, and unofficially continuing to represent Australia and South Australia afterward.

70 years ago
1939


On the radio



War
The Soviet Army shelled the Russian village of Mainila near the Finnish border, an incident which was used to justify the start of the Winter War with Finland four days later.

60 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Riders in the Sky--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra; Bing Crosby (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Mule Train--Frankie Laine and the Muleskinners

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That Lucky Old Sun--Frankie Laine (6th week at #1)
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
2 I Can Dream, Can't I?--The Andrews Sisters
3 Slipping Around--Margaret Whiting and Jimmy Wakely
4 Don't Cry, Joe (Let Her Go, Let Her Go, Let Her Go)--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
5 Jealous Heart--Al Morgan
6 You're Breaking My Heart--Vic Damone
--Buddy Clark
--The Ink Spots
7 Mule Train--Frankie Laine and the Muleskinners
--Bing Crosby
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Tennessee Ernie
8 Someday (You’ll Want Me to Want You)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--The Mills Brothers
9 I Never See Maggie Alone--Kenny Roberts
10 Hop-Scotch Polka (Scotch Hot)--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
--Art Mooney and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were the version of Mule Train by Tennessee Ernie; Dear Hearts and Gentle People, with versions by Dinah Shore; and Bing Crosby (#31); 'Way Back Home by Bing Crosby with Fred Waring and his Pennsylvanians (#32); A Thousand Violins by Tony Martin (#37); and Let's Harmonize by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (#38).

World events
The Hungarian government announced the arrest of International Telephone & Telegraph Assistant Vice President Robert Vogeler and two other company officials in Budapest on espionage charges.

Politics and government
Jordan joined Israel in rejecting the United Nations plan for the internationalization of Jerusalem.

India's Constituent Assembly adopted a new constitution establishing a two-chamber parliament, a figurehead presidency, and separate judiciary, with fundamental rights of citizens guaranteed regardless of caste.

The French National Assembly voted its approval of the West German-Western Allied agreement, and endorsed West German membership in a Western European federation.

Academia
The National Intrafraternity Conference, meeting in Washington, recommended that member organizations eliminate racial and religious restrictions on membership.

Economics and finance
U.S. Labor Secretary Maurice Tobin supported congressional proposals for a federal pension system guaranteeing $100 per month to all retired citizens.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Montreal 28 Calgary 15

Behind the quarterbacking of Frank Filchock, the Alouettes defeated the defending champion Stampeders on a frozen field before a crowd of 20,087. The Stampeders had the game’s first scoring opportunity when Montreal star Virgil Wagner, apparently not fully recovered from an illness that kept him out of the first game of the IRFU finals, fumbled a punt, and the Stampeders recovered on the Alouettes’ 40-yard line. They got as far as the 15-yard line, but were pushed back to the 25, and instead of going for a field goal, chose to gamble on third down, but Keith Spaith’s pass for Harry Hood was knocked down in the end zone. Mr. Filchock then marched the Alouettes 85 yards downfield; Mr. Wagner finished the drive with a 4-yard touchdown run. Ches McCance’s convert made the score 6-0. Mr. McCance then made a poor kickoff, but Montreal’s Herb Trawick recovered on the Calgary 34-yard line. Three plays later, Mr. Filchock passed for a touchdown to Bob Cunningham. The convert was nullified by a holding penalty, leaving the score 11-0. In the 2nd quarter, Calgary’s Vern Graham attempted a 35-yard field goal, but the kick was short and run out of the end zone by Mr. Cunningham. Mr. Spaith finally got Calgary on the scoreboard with a punt single. When the Stampeders next got the ball, they marched from midfield, and Harry Hood rushed 2 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Graham, to cut Montreal’s lead to 11-7. One of the game’s turning points came shortly after; Mr. Spaith dropped back to pass from his own 34-yard line, fumbled when hit, and Mr. Trawick returned it for a touchdown. Mr. McCance converted and the Alouettes led 17-7 at halftime. A questionable call against Calgary’s Rod Pantages on a pass from Mr. Filchock intended for Mr. Wagner prolonged a Montreal drive, and Mr. Wagner rushed 3 yards for a touchdown. Mr. McCance converted to make the score 23-7. The Stampeders drove back downfield before the end of the 3rd quarter, but Mr. Pantages was stopped on a third-down gamble at the Montreal 16-yard line. Mr. McCance kicked a 35-yard field goal to give the Alouettes a 26-7 lead at the end of the 3rd quarter. The Stampeders struck for 8 points on 2 plays in the fourth quarter; Johnny Aguirre nailed Mr. Cunningham in his own end zone for a safety touch to make the score 26-9, and when the Alouettes took possession on their own 25-yard line, Mr. Wagner fumbled on first down, and Sugarfoot Anderson returned it for a touchdown. Mr. Graham converted to make the score 26-15, but that was as close as the Stampeders got. Mr. McCance scored a single on a missed field goal, and Fred Kijek punted for a single to round out the scoring. Stampeder president Tom Brooks complained about the CRU’s failure to cover the field with a tarpaulin before the game: "We’ve just witnessed some bare-faced larceny. Fans don’t want to see a bunch of guys sliding around on their bellies or their backsides in a national final. The fans were robbed." For Montreal head coach Lew Hayman, it was his fifth Grey Cup win, a record that has been tied by several others but never surpassed. If I’m not mistaken, this was the first Grey Cup to be filmed in colour.



50 years ago
1959


On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Mexican Stake-Out, with guest stars Martin Landau and Vince Edwards



Died on this date
Albert Ketèlbey, 84
. U.K. composer. Mr. Ketèlbey was a pianist who wrote music for silent films, but was best known for writing light orchestral music in a career spanning more than 40 years. His works included In a Monastery Garden (1915); Bells Across the Meadows (1921); and Cockney Suite (1924). Mr. Ketèlbey died of heart and kidney failure.

Space
A U.S. Atlas-Able rocket failed to place a satellite in orbit around the Moon, falling into the Atlantic Ocean after its launch from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Politics and government
South Korea's opposition Democratic Party nominated former National Police Director Chough Pyong Ok to run against President Syngman Rhee in the 1960 election.

Health
U.S. Surgeon General Leroy Burney wrote in the Journal of the American Medical Association that smoking was the "principal" cause of the recent increase in lung cancer.

Agriculture
Italian Prime Minister Antonio Segni's cabinet adopted a five-year plan for reviving agriculture through increased farm credits; consolidation of small-strip farm holdings; loans for mechanization; and rural public works and housing projects.

Economics and finance
Major Ernesto "Che" Guevara was appointed president of the National Bank of Cuba.

Football
NFL
Green Bay (5-5) 24 @ Detroit (2-7-1) 17

40 years ago
1969


On television tonight
Then Came Bronson, starring Michael Parks, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Two Percent of Nothing

Abominations
The White House said that the March 16, 1968 massacre of at least 109 men, women, and children in the South Vietnamese hamlet of My Lai, currently breaking as a news story, "is in direct violation not only of U.S. military policy, but is also abhorrent to the conscience of all the American people." Army Secretary Stanley Resor brief the U.S. Senate and House Armed Services Committees, assuring them that the episode was not known to the Defense Department or the Army’s top command prior to April 1969.

Diplomacy
U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell rejected the advice of Secretary of State William Rogers and barred Dr. Ernest Mandel, a Belgian Marxist, from a brief lecture visit to the United States. Liberal academics protested the decision as barring someone because of his political views.

Politics and government
After a meeting with President Charles Helou, Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami, who had resigned when fighting between the Lebanese army and Palestinian commandos had broken out in October, formed a new government, ending a seven-month crisis that had brought the country to the brink of civil war.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Computer Games--Mi-Sex

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Oyaji no Ichiban Nagai Hi--Masashi Sada (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Agapimú--Ana Belén (2nd week at #1)

Music
The Beach Boys were scheduled to perform at Northlands Coliseum in Edmonton, but the concert was cancelled some time in advance of this date, probably because of the problems the band was having in dealing with drummer Dennis Wilson’s drinking.

World events
After suspending a news blackout that it had imposed, Saudi Arabia identified the people who had occupied the Grand Mosque in Mecca since November 20 as mostly members of the Oteiba tribe from the northern part of the country, although non-Saudis also participated in the attack.

Diplomacy
The United States told its embassies in about 10 Muslim countries to "voluntarily" evacuate dependents, nonessential diplomats, and private businessmen.

Weather
It was snowing in Edmonton.

Disasters
A Pakistani jetliner carrying Muslim pilgrims returning to Pakistan from Mecca crashed about 30 miles north of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, killing at least 156 people.

25 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder (6th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Guy Lafleur, in his 14th season with the Montreal Canadiens, announced his retirement from hockey after 518 goals and 728 assists in 962 games. In 19 games in 1984-85 he had scored just 2 goals and 3 assists as his playing time diminished.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Lambada--Kaoma (14th week at #1)

Died on this date
Ahmed Abdallah, 70
. President of the Comoros, 1975, 1978-1989. Mr. Abdallah was President of the Comoros General Council (1949-1953), and was a member of the French Senate (1959-1973). He founded the Comoros Democratic Union (UDC), and was President of the Government Council and Chief Minister of the Comoros (1972-1975), taking office as the country's first President upon achieving independence from France on July 6, 1975. Mr. Abdallah was overthrown by a coup on August 3, 1975 and went into exile in France, but returned to power with a coup of his own in 1978 and remained in office for the rest of his life. He survived three assassination attempts, but was assassinated during a coup led by Said Mohamed Djohar, who seized power the next day.

Politics and government
Four days of voting in parliamentary elections in India concluded with the governing Congress Party under the leadership of Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi losing more than half its seats; opposition parties won more than half of the seats.

In a national referendum, Hungarians voted in favour of letting their next parliament choose the president of the country. Opposition groups had favoured this approach, rather than the direct election of the president. Parliamentary elections were to take place in 1990.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Saskatchewan 43 Hamilton 40

Dave Ridgway’s 35-yard field goal with 2 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Roughriders the win over the Tiger-Cats in one of the most exciting Grey Cup games ever played. It was the second Grey Cup win for the Roughriders, and their first in 23 years. 54,088 were in attendance at the first Grey Cup to be played at SkyDome. Mr. Ridgway’s game-winning field goal, his fourth of the game, came just 42 seconds after Tony Champion had made a spectacular touchdown catch which, after Paul Osbaldiston’s convert, tied the game. Saskatchewan quarterback Kent Austin, who was chosen the game’s outstanding offensive player, completed 26 of 41 passes for 474 yards and touchdowns to Ray Elgaard, Jeff Fairholm, and Don Narcisse. Tim McCray ran 1 yard for the other Roughrider touchdown. Mr. Ridgway converted all 4 touchdowns, Terry Baker punted for a single, and the Roughriders scored a safety touch. Saskatchewan receiver Mark Guy caught 4 passes for 100 yards and returned 4 kickoffs for 127 and 1 punt for 6. Hamilton quarterback Mike Kerrigan completed 23 of 35 passes for 303 yards and 3 touchdowns. Mr. Champion led all receivers with 8 receptions for 106 yards and 2 touchdowns, while Hamilton running back Derrick McAdoo carried 21 times for 83 yards and a touchdown, caught 2 passes for 29 yards and another touchdown, and returned 3 kickoffs for 75. Mr. Osbaldiston added 4 converts and 4 field goals. Saskatchewan defensive tackle Chuck Klingbeil, who recorded 2 quarterback sacks, was named the game’s outstanding defensive player, and Mr. Ridgway was chosen the outstanding Canadian. The Tiger-Cats led 13-1 after the first quarter and 27-22 at halftime. The Roughriders led 34-30 after three quarters.



10 years ago
1999


World events
5-year-old Elian Gonzalez, one of three survivors of a boatload of refugees whose boat sank on the way to the United States from Cuba, was released into temporary custody of relatives in Miami.

Disasters
A 7.5 Mw  Ambrym earthquake shook Vanuatu, and a destructive tsunami followed; 10 people were killed and 40 injured.