Sunday, 31 May 2009

May 31, 2009

540 years ago
1469


Born on this date
Manuel I
. King of Portugal, 1495-1521. Manuel I, the grandson of King Duarte and nephew of King Afonso V, succeeded his first cousin João II on the throne. King Manuel I oversaw an era of prosperity and Portuguese imperial expansion. He died on December 13, 1521 at the age of 52, and was succeeded by his son João III.

340 years ago
1669


Literature
Citing poor eyesight as a reason, Samuel Pepys recorded the last event in his diary.

200 years ago
1809


Died on this date
Joseph Haydn, 77
. Austrian composer. Mr. Haydn was a major composer of the Classical Era , and has been nicknamed the "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet." He wrote over 100 symphonies, as well as numerous chamber works, masses, and operas. Mr. Haydn died after years of declining health.

190 years ago
1819


Died on this date
Walt Whitman, 72
. U.S. poet. Mr. Whitman was one of the most influential poets in American history, and has been called the "father of free verse." He was best known for the collection Leaves of Grass, which was published in several editions from 1855-1891. Mr. Whitman died of bronchial pneumonia on March 26, 1892 at the age of 72.

150 years ago
1859

Britannica

The clock in London whose bell is popularly known as Big Ben began ticking.

130 years ago
1879


Americana
Gilmore's Garden in New York City was renamed Madison Square Garden by William Henry Vanderbilt, and was opened to the public at 26th Street and Madison Avenue.

125 years ago
1884


Baseball
The Altoona Mountain Citys of the Union Association, with a record of 6-19, disbanded.

In the American Association, center fielder Oscar Walker went 6 for 6 at bat to lead the Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers to a 16-1 rout of the St. Louis Browns.

In another AA game, umpire Tom Connell needed a police escort to leave Athletic Park in Washington after calling a forfeit against the home team. With the Cincinnati Reds leading the Washington Nationals 6-0 in the 6th inning, Washington manager Holly Hollingshead, angry at Mr. Connell's calls, pulled his team off the field. Mr. Connell then forfeited the game in favour of the Reds. In the resulting discontent, the umpire was escorted to the Reds' team carriage parked behind the outfield fence.

120 years ago
1889

Disasters

An estimated 2,200 people died in a terrible flood in Johnstown, Pennsylvania when the South Fork Dam failed as a result of heavy rains. A 30-foot-high wall of water rushed through Conemaugh Valley, destroying everything in its path.



100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Art Coulter
. Canadian-born U.S. hockey player. Mr. Coulter, a native of Winnipeg, was a defenceman with the Chicago Black Hawks (1931-36) and New York Rangers (1936-42), scoring 112 points on 30 goals and 82 assists in 465 regular season games and 4 goals and 5 assists in 49 playoff games. He played on Stanley Cup championship teams in 1934 and 1940, and made the National Hockey League's second All-Star team four times. Mr. Coulter played with the United States Coast Guard Cutters from 1942-44, and was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1974. He died on October 14, 2000 at the age of 91.

Died on this date
Tom Price, 57
. Australian politician. Mr. Price, a member of the United Labour Party, was first elected to the South Australian House of Assembly in 1893, and became party leader in 1899. He served as Premier of South Australia from 1905 until his death from tuberculosis and diabetes, and was succeeded as Premier by Archibald Peake.

Society
The U.S. National Negro Committee, forerunner to the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), convened for the first time.

Baseball
The New York Giants swept a morning-afternoon pair of games from the Philadelphia Phillies at the Polo Grounds in New York. Hooks Wiltse won the opener 3-2, and 35,000 fans saw Christy Mathewson outduel Lew Moren 5-4 in the afternoon game. Mr. Mathewson won the game with a home run into the left field stands in the 8th inning.

In the Three I League, pitchers Otto Burns of Decatur and Ed Clarke of Bloomington both went the distance in a 26-inning game won by Decatur 2-1.

90 years ago
1919


Died on this date
Arthur Thurman, 39
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Thurman was killed in a crash on the 45th lap of the Indianapolis 500; his riding mechanic, Nicholas Molinaro, survived critical injuries.

Louis LeCocq, 27. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. LeCocq and his riding mechanic, Robert Bandini, were killed in a crash on lap 97 of the Indianapolis 500 when the car's fuel tank exploded.

Auto racing
Howdy Wilcox won the Indianapolis 500, at an average speed of 88.050 miles per hour. It was the first time the race had been held since 1916.



60 years ago
1949


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight's episode: Red Duck Murder

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Doors on the Thirteenth Floor, starring Louisa Horton, Anthony Ross, and Russell Collins



Diplomacy
The U.S.A. closed its Mukden consulate, but kept its missions open in other Communist-occupied Chinese cities, including Peking (Beijing) and Nanking.

Defense
The Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies ratified the North Atlantic Defense treaty.

In ceremonies a Fort Meyer, Virginia, General Lucius Clay retired from the United States Army after 31 years of service.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives a measure granting home rule to the District of Columbia.

Crime
The perjury trial of former U.S. State Department employee Alger Hiss began in a U.S. federal court in New York, with Judge Samuel Kaufman presiding.

Oddities
Cleveland druggist Charley Lupica boldly climbed to a 20-foot platform atop a flagpole after announcing that he was staying there until the Indians repeated as pennant winners. The seventh-place Indians moved up to fourth by the time Lupica descended on September 25‚ but the disappointed druggist was rewarded for his loyalty with a new car by Indians' owner Bill Veeck.

Economics and finance
The Japanese Diet completed action on a 700-billion yen balanced budget, calling for the dismissal of 400,000 government employees during the next year.

Argentina and the United Kingdom signed a five-year commercial treaty calling for at least $640 million in mutual trade each year.

Prices on the New York Stock Exchange took their sharpest drop so far in 1949, falling 1-3 points.

Golf
Sam Snead won the PGA Championship at Belmont Golf Course in Henrico, Virginia, defeating Johnny Palmer 3 and 2 in the final round. First prize money was $3,500.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Oui, oui, oui, oui--Jean Philippe (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Dusty Drawer, starring Dick York and Philip Coolidge

War
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru asked the U.K. and U.S.S.R. to reconvene the International Control Commission, charged with supervision of the Indochinese armistice in Laos.

Politics and government
20 Muslims and 12 Europeans were elected to fill 32 seats for Algeria in the French Senate.

The United Democratic Reform Front, formed by former Greek Cypriot guerrilla leaders, held in first Congress in Nicosia.

Baseball
Smoky Burgess and Don Hoak each hit 2 home runs in the first game and a homer in the second game as they helped the Pittsburgh Pirates sweep a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds 6-2 and 14-11 before 17,847 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Pittsburgh left fielder Bob Skinner drove in 7 runs in the second game with a grand slam and a 3-run homer. Al Jackson started on the mound for the Pirates in the second game, allowing 7 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 3 innings, with 1 base on balls and 1 strikeout in his first major league game.

The Philadelphia Phillies and Milwaukee Braves split a doubleheader before 28,590 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Robin Roberts pitched a 6-0 shutout for the Phillies in the opener, and Warren Spahn came back with a 4-hitter to win the second game for the Braves 2-1. The Phillies' run in the second game came on a pinch-hit home run by Gene Freese, his 5th pinch-hit home run of the season.

The Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 5-3 before 24,829 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, and the seven pitchers used by the two teams combined for a total of 23 strikeouts, tying the National League single-game record. Winning pitcher Sandy Koufax of the Dodgers led with 9 strikeouts.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 9th inning, Mickey Mantle doubled, Yogi Berra was intentionally walked, and Bill Skowron followed with a 3-run home run to break a 0-0 tie as the New York Yankees shut out the Washington Senators 3-0 before 8,721 fans at Griffith Stadium, with Bob Turley pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Camilo Pascual, who allowed just 4 hits.

40 years ago
1969

Hit parade

#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Get Back/Don't Let Me Down--The Beatles with Billy Preston

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston

#1 single in France: Le métèque--Georges Moustaki (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Tutta mia la città--Equipe 84 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (4th week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 The Real Thing--Russell Morris
2 Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)--Peter Sarstedt
3 Goodbye--Mary Hopkin
4 Get Back/Don't Let Me Down--The Beatles with Billy Preston
5 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
6 Gitarzan--Ray Stevens
7 Galveston--Glen Campbell
8 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
9 Sorry Suzanne--The Hollies
10 Dizzy--Tommy Roe

Singles entering the chart were Happy Heart by Andy Williams (#35); Funny Man by Ross D. Wylie (#36); Hooked on a Feeling by B.J. Thomas (#37); and Picture Book by the Kinks (#40).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces (2nd week at #1)
2 Get Back--The Beatles featuring Billy Preston
3 The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel
4 Suzanne--Herman Van Veen
5 Oh Happy Day--The Edwin Hawkins Singers
6 Let the Sun Shine In--Marva Hodge & the Moody Sec
7 Big Bamboo--The Merrymen
8 Harlem Shuffle--Bob and Earl
9 5th Symphony Beethoven--Ekseption
10 Goodbye--Mary Hopkin

Singles entering the chart were Stop the Machine by Swinging Soul Machine (#30); Freedom by the Motions (#35); Le Responsable by Jacques Dutronc (#37); and Good Times Bad Times by Led Zeppelin (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (2nd week at #1)
2 Love (Can Make You Happy)--Mercy
3 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
4 Oh Happy Day--The Edwin Hawkins Singers
5 Hair--The Cowsills
6 These Eyes--The Guess Who?
7 Atlantis--Donovan
8 Gitarzan--Ray Stevens
9 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
10 Grazing in the Grass--The Friends of Distinction

Singles entering the chart were Tomorrow Tomorrow by the Bee Gees (#60); No Matter What Sign You Are by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#61); I Turned You On by the Isley Brothers (#63); My Cherie Amour by Stevie Wonder (#70); Without Her by Herb Alpert (#71); Moody Woman by Jerry Butler (#72); Spinning Wheel by Blood, Sweat & Tears (#78); The Minotaur by Dick Hyman and his Electric Eclectics (#79); I Can't Quit Her by the Arbors (#80); The Popcorn by James Brown (#81); Sincerely by Paul Anka (#82); Hushabye by Jay and the Americans (#90); Brown Arms in Houston by Orpheus (#92); I Need You Now by Ronnie Dove (#94); Running Bear by Sonny James (#95); Hurt So Bad by the Lettermen (#96); and Son of a Travelin' Man by Ed Ames (#100). My Cherie Amour was the B-side of I Don't Know Why, which had peaked at #39 on March 22, 1969.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (2nd week at #1)
2 Love (Can Make You Happy)--Mercy
3 Oh Happy Day--The Edwin Hawkins Singers
4 These Eyes--The Guess Who?
5 Hair--The Cowsills
6 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
7 Gitarzan--Ray Stevens
8 Grazing in the Grass--The Friends of Distinction
9 Atlantis--Donovan
10 More Today than Yesterday--The Spiral Starecase

Singles entering the chart were I Turned You On by the Isley Brothers (#69); The Popcorn by James Brown (#74); So I Can Love You by the Emotions (#75); Moody Woman by Jerry Butler (#79); My Cherie Amour by Stevie Wonder (#80); Spinning Wheel by Blood, Sweat & Tears (#84); My Pledge of Love by the Joe Jeffrey Group (#87); It's My Thing (You Can’t Tell Me Who to Sock it To) by Marva Whitney (#88); Let's Dance by Ola and the Janglers (#92); Yesterday, When I was Young (Hier Encore) by Roy Clark (#95); and Funny Feeling by the Delfonics (#100). It's My Thing (You Can’t Tell Me Who to Sock it To) was an "answer" to It's Your Thing by the Isley Brothers, charting at #21.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (2nd week at #1)
2 Gitarzan--Ray Stevens
3 The Boxer--Simon and Garfunkel
4 Hair--The Cowsills
5 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In--The 5th Dimension
6 Medicine Man (Part I)--Buchanan Brothers
7 Love (Can Make You Happy)--Mercy
8 Hawaii 5-0--The Ventures
9 I’m a Drifter--Bobby Goldsboro
10 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
Pick hit of the week: Someday Man--The Monkees

Someday Man, written by Paul Williams and Roger Nichols, didn’t appear on a Monkees’ album until the 1980s. The B-side, Listen to the Band, was a Michael Nesmith composition, and ended up as the bigger hit.

Diplomacy
New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller drastically shortened his visit to Bolivia to avoid a violent political crisis as thousands of student demonstrators marched in La Paz to protest his presence.

Politics and government
Dr. Gustav Husak, the Czechoslovak Communist party leader, announced a purge of "opportunist elements." The victims included Professor Ota Sik, a former deputy premier and chief planner of the previous year’s tentative economic reform, and Dr. Frantisek Kriegel, former chairman of the National Front, who was also ousted from the party.

Baseball
Al Ferrara drove in 4 runs with a pair of 2-run home runs to help the San Diego Padres defeat the Montreal Expos 6-2 before 20,667 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal, handing the Expos their 15tjh straight loss. Coco Laboy hit a 2-run homer in the 7th inning for the Expos against winning pitcher Joe Niekro, who pitched a 5-hitter. Steve Shea, the third of four Montreal pitchers, allowed 1 hit and 3 bases on balls, but no runs in 1 2/3 innings in the 40th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

The Detroit Tigers edged the Seattle Pilots 3-2 before 15,395 fans at Sick's Stadium in Seattle, as Detroit pitcher Joe Sparma came within 2 outs of a ho-hitter. Seattle first baseman Don Mincher doubled with one out in the 9th inning for the Pilots' only hit.

30 years ago
1979


At the movies
The Muppet Movie, produced by Jim Henson and directed by James Frawley, opened in theatres in the United Kingdom.

War
Two days of fighting in the Iranian port city of Khurramshahr between ethnic Arabs seeking autonomy and government forces concluded with about 100-200 killed and 600 wounded.

World events
Former Khmer Rouge foreign minister Ieng Sary called for a coalition with former foes to roll back the Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia.

Aviation
An inspection of 37 DC-10s found "problems" in engine mounts similar to that thought responsible for the May 25 crash near Chicago that killed more than 270 people.

Baseball
Andre Dawson led off the bottom of the 1st inning with a double, advanced to third base on a sacrifice bunt by Rodney Scott, and scored on a sacrifice fly to center field by Warren Cromartie for the game's only run as the Montreal Expos completed a three-game sweep of the Philadelphia Phillies, all by shutouts, with a 1-0 win before 22,388 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Scott Sanderson pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Larry Christenson, who allowed 2 hits in 7 innings.

The Los Angeles Dodgers outslugged the San Francisco Giants 12-10 before 36,288 fans at Dodger Stadium, with the teams combining for 33 hits and 5 errors.

Pat Underwood, making his major league debut, pitched 8 1/3 innings, allowing just 3 hits in outduelling his older brother Tom, as the Detroit Tigers edged the Toronto Blue Jays 1-0 before 12,423 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. The only run of the game came on a home run by Detroit right fielder Jerry Morales leading off the 8th inning.

25 years ago
1984

Economics and finance

The United States Commerce Department reported that the Index of Leading Economic Indicators had risen only 0.5% in April, evidence that the economic recovery was slowing.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Minä olen muistanut--Kim Lönnholm (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Eternal Flame--Bangles

Died on this date
Owen Lattimore, 88
. U.S. scholar. Mr. Lattimore was a specialist on China and central Asia, with his best-known book being The Inner Asian Frontiers of China (1940). He edited the journal Pacific Affairs from 1934-1942, and served during World War II as an adviser to the U.S. State Department and Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. In 1950, Mr. Lattimore was accused by U.S. Senator Joe McCarthy (Republican--Wisconsin) of being a Soviet spy, but investigators failed to prove the allegation, although Mr. Lattimore did express sympathy for the U.S.S.R. and Soviet dictator Josef Stalin. Charges of perjury against Mr. Lattimore were eventually dismissed, but his academic career in the United States was ended; he established the Department of Chinese Studies at the University of Leeds, heading the department from 1963-1970.

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush met with West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl in Bonn. The main objective of the visit was to ease tensions between the allies that had been exacerbated by the dispute over short-range U.S. missiles based in West Germany.

Politics and government
United States House of Representatives speaker Jim Wright announced his resignation as speaker and from the House. In a long, impassioned speech to the House, Mr. Wright defended himself against 69 charges brought against him in April by the House Ethics Committee, and urged an end to the "period of mindless cannibalism" that prevailed in the House.

Medicine
United States Surgeon General C. Everett Koop called for a major effort against alcohol and drunk driving. He urged the alcoholic beverage industry to stop sponsoring entertainment events and using celebrities in advertising, and he asked restaurants and bars to end "happy hours" and other similar promotions. Dr. Koop proposed an increase in excise taxes on alcoholic beverages and tougher enforcement of laws suspending licenses of drivers who had been drinking.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the Index of Leading Economic Indicators had risen 0.8% in April.

Baseball
Cito Gaston was named manager of the Toronto Blue Jays on a permanent basis.

Deion Sanders threw out a baserunner, drove in a run, and ignited a 5-run 7th-inning rally with a single in his major league debut as the New York Yankees defeated the Seattle Mariners 9-5 before 22,946 fans at Yankee Stadium. Don Mattingly had 4 hits for the Yankees, and his 2-run home run in the 8th inning finished the Yankees' scoring.

Rick Cerone singled home Ellis Burks with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to climax a 2-run rally as the Boston Red Sox beat the Oakland Athletics 4-3 before 33,510 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Dave Parker had led off the top of the 10th to give Oakland a 3-2 lead.

10 years ago
1999


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Buffalo 4 Toronto 2

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference Finals
San Antonio 86 Portland 85

Baseball
Juan Gonzalez singled home Tom Goodwin with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Texas Rangers a 4-3 win over the Kansas City Royals before 28,962 fans at the Ballpark in Arlington. The Rangers had tied the game on a 3-run home run by Lee Stevens with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th.

The Seattle Mariners hit 4 home runs as they defeated the Baltimore Orioles 10-6 before 23,100 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. The home runs gave the Mariners a total of 58 for May, tying the major league record for homers in a month.

Matt Stairs hit a 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Oakland Athletics a 10-7 win over the Tampa Bay Devil Rays before 10,444 fans at Network Associates Coliseum in Oakland.

The St. Louis Cardinals defeated the Florida Marlins 5-2 before 21,943 fans at Pro Player Stadium in Miami. With St. Louis leading 4-1 in the 5th inning‚ Florida left fielder Cliff Floyd doubled off the scoreboard. When Florida argued that the ball cleared the wall‚ the umpires changed the call and ruled the hit a home run. The Cardinals then protested and the game was delayed for 5 minutes while umpires Frank Pulli and Greg Bonin studied replays of the hit on videotape. The call was eventually reversed and ruled a double. The Marlins played the game under protest‚ as there was no mention of replay in the rule books.

Kelly Stinnett hit a 2-run home run and pinch hitter Greg Colbrunn added a solo homer as the Arizona Diamondbacks scored 3 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 5-5 tie and defeat the Montreal Expos 8-5 before 5,048 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. The Expos had tied the game on a 3-run homer by Orlando Cabrera with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th.

Friday, 29 May 2009

May 30, 2009

470 years ago
1539


Exploration
Hernando de Soto landed at Tampa Bay, Florida with 600 soldiers, with the goal of finding gold.

190 years ago
1819


Born on this date
Constant Fornerod
. President of the Swiss Council of States, 1855; President of the Swiss Confederation, 1857, 1863, 1867. Mr. Fornerod, a member of the Free Democratic Party, was a member of the Swiss Federal Council from 1855-1867, and held various offices. He died on November 27, 1899 at the age of 80.

125 years ago
1884


Baseball
In Decoration Day action in the American Association, the New York Metropolitans and Brooklyn Trolley Dodgers played doubleheaders at home, but switched opponents between games. The Metropolitans defeated the St. Louis Browns 4-2 at Metropolitan Park in the morning, while the Trolley Dodgers blanked the Indianapolis Hoosiers 5-0 at Washington park in Brooklyn. The visiting teams then exchanged locations. The Hoosiers beat the Metropolitans 10-4 at Metropolitan Park, while the Browns beat the Trolley Dodgers 11-5 at Washington Park.

Also in the AA, the Washington Nationals defeated the Columbus Colts 10-1 in a morning game; the Nationals then lost 6-5 in an afternoon game against the Cincinnati Red Stockings. After losing to the Nationals in the morning, the Colts lost 10-2 to the Baltimore Orioles in the afternoon. Ed Morris, who pitched a no-hitter against Pittsburgh the day before, gave up 17 hits in losing to the Orioles.

It was also an unusual day's activity for the New York Maroons in the National League. In their first game of the day, the Maroons lost 12-9 to the Providence Grays at Messer Street Grounds in Providence. The teams, with the sun in their eyes, combined for 21 errors. Losing pitcher Johnny Ward, last major league start, gave up 16 hits. The Maroons then moved on to Boston, losing 5-1 to the Beaneaters before 14,000 fans at South End Grounds.

Elsewhere in the NL, Ed Williamson hit a major league record 3 home runs and added a double as the Chicago White Stockings beat the Detroit Wolverines 12-2 at Lakefront Park in Chicago in the completion of a Decoration Day twinbill.

120 years ago
1889


Baseball
In a Decoration Day double bill at Washington park in Brooklyn, the Bridegrooms lost 8-4 to the St. Louis Browns, and then won the second game 9-7. The afternoon game drew 22,122, the largest American Association attendance to date. Most of the spectators were standing, since only 3,000 seats had been erected since a fire 11 days earlier. 8,462 were at the morning game.

110 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Cornelia Otis Skinner
. U.S. actress and writer. Miss Skinner was best known for her one-woman stage performances, often based on her own writings. Her best-known book was Our Hearts Were Young and Gay (1942), co-written with Emily Kimbrough, and based on their European tour after college. Miss Skinner died on July 9, 1979 at the age of 80.

Died on this date
Irving Thalberg
. U.S. movie producer. Mr. Thalberg worked at Universal Pictures in the early 1920s and was head of production at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer studios, helping to make MGM the most prestigious studio from 1925 until his death from pneumonia, while burdened with a congenital heart condition, at the age of 37 on September 14, 1936. He was perhaps the most brilliant producer in the history of motion pictures, and his early death was a devastating loss to cinema.

Crime
Pearl Hart, a female outlaw of the Old West, robbed a stage coach 30 miles southeast of Globe, Arizona.

Horse racing
Half Time, with Richard Clawson up, won the 24th running of the Preakness Stakes at Gravesend Race Track in Coney Island, New York in a time of 1:47, 3/4 length ahead of Filigrane, with Lackland finishing third in the three-horse field. Mr. Clawson had ridden Jean Bereaud to victory in the Belmont Stakes five days earlier.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Benny Goodman
. U.S. musician. Mr. Goodman, one of the biggest names of the swing era, had a recording career as clarinetist and bandleader that started in 1926, and ended just before his death on June 13, 1986, two weeks after his 77th birthday. His band's concert in Carnegie Hall in 1938 is considered to be one of the major live music events of the 20th Century. A fictionalized account of his life was told in the movie The Benny Goodman Story (1956), with Steve Allen as Benny Goodman. Mark Steyn has written a recent article about Mr. Goodman and his performance of Sing, Sing, Sing.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates swept a doubleheader from the Chicago Cubs at West Side Park in Chicago. The Pirates came from behind to win the first game 5-4; in the second game, shortstop Honus Wagner broke up a 2-2 tie with a double in the 9th inning, and the Pirates won 4-2. The sweep gave the Pirates a 2-game lead over the Cubs for first place in the National League.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 11 runs in the first inning, cruising to a 12-2 win over the Cincinnati Reds at Palace of the Fans in Cincinnati. Bunny Pearce finished the game as the Cincinnati catcher, batting 0 for 1 and making 3 putouts in the 4th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

90 years ago
1919


Baseball
The Chicago White Sox swept a doubleheader from the Cleveland Indians by scores of 4-1 and 3-2 to take a 4-game lead over the Indians for first place in the American League.

The St. Louis Cardinals swept a National League doubleheader from the Chicago Cubs 5-4 and 4-1 at Robison Field in St. Louis. Grover Cleveland Alexander took the loss in game 1, dropping his 1919 record to 0-4. Sam Fishburn made his major league debut as a pinch runner for Verne Clemons in the 2nd inning of the first game.

The Boston Red Sox and Philadelphia Athletics split a doubleheader at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Babe Ruth pitched the Red Sox to a 10-6 win in the opener and added 3 hits. Mr. Ruth hit a home run over the right field wall in the second game, but the Athletics won 4-3 in 10 innings.

80 years ago
1929


Died on this date
Bill Spence, 22
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Spence started 16th in the Indianapolis 500, and died from a fractured skull, a week before his 23rd birthday, when his car crashed on turn 2 of the 10th lap. Footage of Mr. Spence's fatal crash was included in the movie Speedway (1929).

Auto racing
Ray Keech won the Indianapolis 500, with an average speed of 97.585 miles per hour.





75 years ago
1934


Auto racing
Bill Cummings won the Indianapolis 500.

Baseball
The New York Giants swept a doubleheader from the Brooklyn Dodgers at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn by scores of 5-2 and 8-6.

The Cleveland Indians swept a pair of games against the Chicago White Sox, 7-5 in 10 innings and 5-4. Indians' first baseman Hal Trosky hit 3 straight home runs in the second game.

The New York Yankees and Washington Nationals split a doubleheader. In the first game, Yankees' outfielder Ben Chapman broke up Earl Whitehill's no-hit bid with a 9th-inning single, but the Nationals prevailed 1-0, as Mr. Whitehill won over Lefty Gomez. The Yankees won the second game 5-4 in 11 innings, as Burleigh Grimes, in his first American League game, pitched the final 4 innings to get his 269th and last major league victory.

In the minor leagues, Lou Frierson hit 5 straight home runs, and amassed 8 runs batted in, for Paris in a 17-12 loss to Jacksonville in a West Dixie League game.

70 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Floyd Roberts, 39
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Roberts, winner of the 1938 Indianapolis 500, was killed in a crash on lap 109 of the 1939 race, which he had previously announced would be his last.



Auto racing
Wilbur Shaw, winner of the 1937 Indianapolis 500, won the Indianapolis 500 for the second time, with an average speed of 115.035 miles per hour.





Baseball
National League umpires wore white gabardine trousers with blue jackets in an attempt to spruce up their appearance.

The Chicago Cubs swept a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds before 18,875 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Larry French took the opener against Whitey Moore 6-0, while Vance Page outduelled Bucky Walters to win the second game 2-0. Wes Livengood made his major league debut on the mound for Cincinnati in the first game, allowing a base on balls but no other baserunners in 1 1/3 innings of relief as he finished the game.

Jimmy Brown batted 4 for 5 with 2 doubles and a run batted in, and Johnny Mize was 2 for 3 with a home run, double, base on balls, 2 runs, and 3 RBIS, to help the St. Louis Cardinals defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 14,178 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. The Pirates won the second game 14-8, as left fielder Johnny Rizzo batted 5 for 6 with 2 home runs, 2 doubles, 4 runs, and 9 runs batted in. Red Juelich made his major league debut with the Pirates as a pinch runner in the 9th inning of the first game, but was stranded at first base.

The Boston Red Sox beat the New York Yankees 8-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 35,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston, while the Yankees came back to win the second game 17-9. Boston right fielder Ted Williams hit a home run off Red Ruffing in the first game that he later said was the hardest ball he ever hit. Mr. Williams also homered in the second game.

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Adventure of the Curious Crypt

Died on this date
Charles Hutchison, 69
. U.S. actor and director. Mr. Hutchison was a popular star of silent movie serials from 1918-1926, doing his own stunts. He directed 33 movies from 1915-1938.

Diplomacy
At the Paris Foreign Ministers Conference, U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky rejected Western proposals for German unification.

Politics and government
The Communist-led German People's Congress ended a two-day session in East Berlin after proclaiming the German Democratic Republic in the Soviet zone, and adopting a constitution providing for a parliament chosen on geographical and occupational lines.

Syrian Prime Minister Husni Zayam abolished political parties, but promised that new parties would be permitted after upcoming legislative elections.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom signed an agreement allowing Israel to spend $28 million in Jewish assets frozen in Britain since February 1948.

Auto racing
Bill Holland won the Indianapolis 500, with an average speed of 121.327 miles per hour. Mr. Holland had finished second to teammate Mauri Rose in both the 1947 and 1948 Indianapolis 500s; he led for 146 laps, but Mr. Rose slowly closed in on him. Owner Lou Moore ordered the drivers to maintain their respective positions, but Mr. Rose closed rapidly on Mr. Holland. Mr. Rose was knocked out of the race because of a magneto failure with 8 laps to go, and was fired on the spot by Mr. Moore.



Baseball
The Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants split a Memorial Day doubleheader before 53,053 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Jackie Robinson hit a home run in the 13th inning to give the Dodgers a 2-1 win in game 1; the Giants scored 6 runs in the first 2 innings as they won the second game 7-4.

The St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds 8-6 and 9-2 before 28,992 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis, scoring 5 runs in the 6th inning as they overcame an early 5-0 deficit in the first game, and 5 runs in the 7th inning of the second game.

The Washington Nationals scored 2 runs in the 4th inning and 3 in the 5th as they beat the New York Yankees 6-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 33,081 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington, with Walt Masterson pitching a 6-hit complete game victory. Gene Woodling batted 4 for 4 with 3 doubles, a base on balls, and 4 runs to help the Yankees win the second game 13-3.

Thurman Tucker drew a base on balls with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning and came around to score on an outfield fly by Ken Keltner to give the Cleveland Indians a 2-1 win over the St. Louis Browns in the first game of a doubleheader before 33,809 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Gene Bearden pitched a 5-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Ned Garver, who also went the distance. Mike Garcia pitched a 6-hitter for the Indians as they won the second game 5-0 to complete the sweep.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): (Now and Then There’s) A Fool Such as I--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (10th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Die Gitarre und das Meer--Freddy Quinn (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): (Now and Then There’s) A Fool Such as I/I Need Your Love Tonight--Elvis Presley (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Battle of New Orleans--Johnny Horton
2 Kansas City--Wilbert Harrison
3 Quiet Village--Martin Denny
4 Kookie, Kookie (Lend Me Your Comb)--Edward Byrnes & Connie Stevens
5 Dream Lover--Bobby Darin
6 The Happy Organ--Dave "Baby" Cortez
7 Personality--Lloyd Price
8 A Teenager in Love--Dion and the Belmonts
9 Only You (Loin de Vous)--Franck Pourcel's French Fiddles
10 Sorry (I Ran All the Way Home)--The Impalas

Singles entering the chart were Bobby Sox to Stockings (#66)/A Boy Without a Girl (#100) by Frankie Avalon; Hushabye by the Mystics (#74); Ring-a-Ling-a-Lario by Jimmie Rodgers (#84); Yes-Sir-ee by Dodie Stevens (#89); Forty Days by Ronnie Hawkins (#90); This I Swear by the Skyliners (#91); I'm Confessin' (That I Love You) by Terri Dean (#92); La Strada Del' Amore (The Street of Love) by Caterina Valente (#94); Danny Boy by Sil Austin (#95); To a Soldier Boy by the Tassels (#97); Someone to Come Home To by the Ames Brothers (#98); One Love, One Heart by the Four Coins (#99); and Robbin' the Cradle by Tony Bellus (also #100).

On the radio
The Sign of Four: Part 3, starring Richard Hurndall as Sherlock Holmes and Bryan Coleman as Dr. Watson, on BBC

Died on this date
Doc Tonkin, 77
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Harry Glenville Tonkin played in 1 game with the Washington Nationals in 1907, with no decision and an earned run average of 6.75 in 2 2/3 innings.

World events
In the wake of political unrest, Nicaraguan President Luis Somoza Debayle imposed martial law throughout the nation, placed radio and press under censorship, and suspended freedom of assembly.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev rejected the West's seven-point proposal for reunification of Berlin, charging that it did not contain "a single element for negotiation."

Defense
The Iraqi Foreign Ministry terminated the 1954 militry assistance pact with the United States, the 1955 supplementary military aid agreement, and the 1957 Iraqi-American economic assistance agreement.

Politics and government
The People's Action Party, led by Lee Kuan Yew, won 43 of 51 seats in the Legislative Assembly in the first Singaporean general election under the British colony's new constitution, and the first in which all 51 seats were up for election. The Singaporean People's Alliance, led by Lim Yew Hock, were second with 4 seats, and the United Malays National Organisation won 3 seats, with 1 independent candidate elected.

Louisiana Governor Earl Long (Democrat) was flown in a National Guard plane to Galveston, Texas for psychiatric observation at John Sealy Hospital.

Transportation
The Auckland Harbour Bridge, crossing the Waitematā Harbour in Auckland, New Zealand, was officially opened by Governor-General Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham.

Auto racing
Rodger Ward won the Indianapolis 500 for the first time, with an average speed of 135.857 miles per hour.



Baseball
The Boston Red Sox swept a doubleheader from the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 and 8-3 before 19,403 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Boston left fielder Ted Williams hit his first home run of the season in the 7th inning of the second game, a 2-run blow that gave the Red Sox a 4-3 lead.

The New York Yankees scored 10 runs in the first 3 innings and coasted to an 11-2 win over the Washington Senators in the first game of a doubleheader before 26,046 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Elston Howard drove in 4 runs for New York with a pair of 2-run home runs, while Mickey Mantle batted 4 for 4 with a home run, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in. Don Larsen pitched a 4-hitter to improve his 1959 record to 5-0, and batted 1 for 3 with a double, 2 runs, and a run batted in as the Yankees won the second game 11-0. Tony Kubek led the New York attack in the second game, batting 4 for 5 with a double, sacrifice, 2 runs, and 5 RBIs.

Woodie Held singled home Minnie Minoso with none out in the bottom of the 9th to conclude a 3-run rally as the Cleveland Indians defeated the Kansas City Athletics 3-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 20,338 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Rip Coleman pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Cal McLish and post his first win of the season after 3 losses as the Athletics won the second game 3-1.

Gail Harris hit a 3-run home run in the 2nd inning and Frank Lary pitched a 9-hit complete game victory as the Detroit Tigers defeated the Chicago White Sox 4-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 23,621 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Nellie Fox doubled home Jim Rivera with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the score and beat shortstop Rocky Bridges' throw to home plate on a ground ball by Johnny Romano to give the White Sox a 4-3 win in the second game, in which the Tigers led 3-0 after 6 1/2 innings.

Ron Fairly led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a home run and Gil Hodges hit a solo homer with 1 out to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 7-6 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 22,692 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The Cardinals had taken a 6-5 lead with 1 out in the top of the 9th on a 2-run inside-the-park home run by Ken Boyer.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
2 Get Back/Don't Let Me Down--The Beatles with Billy Preston
3 Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet--Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus
4 Bad Moon Rising/Lodi--Creedence Clearwater Revival
5 Goodbye--Mary Hopkin
6 Heather Honey--Tommy Roe
7 Day is Done--Peter, Paul and Mary
8 Happy Heart--Andy Williams
9 Badge--Cream
10 Where's the Playground Susie--Glen Campbell

Singles entering the chart were Tomorrow Tomorrow by the Bee Gees (#21); Let Me by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#25); See by the Rascals (#27); My Pledge of Love by the Joe Jeffrey Group (#28); Medicine Man (Part I) by the Buchanan Brothers (#29); and Hands of the Clock by Life (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (3rd week at #1)
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
4 These Eyes--The Guess Who?
5 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
6 Goodbye--Mary Hopkin
7 Gitarzan--Ray Stevens
8 The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel
9 Pinball Wizard--The Who
10 Galveston--Glen Campbell

On the radio
Squad Cars, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: Kidnap

Died on this date
Bruce Mayrock, 20
. U.S. student. Mr. Mayrock, a Columbia University student, died the day after he set himself on fire on the lawn of the United Nations building in New York in full view of delegates and visitors. He was protesting what he called genocide in Biafra.

Protest
5,000 striking oil refinery workers went on a rampage in Willemstad, Curacao, concentrating their looting and burning on white-owned businesses. Dutch marines were called in to quell the disorders, which began as a demonstration over wages.

Labour
A nationwide strike virtually paralyzed Argentina in defiance of the limited state of siege that had been imposed two days earlier by President Juan Carlos Ongania.

Auto racing
Mario Andretti won the Indianapolis 500, with an average speed of 156.867 miles per hour. For owner Andy Granatelli, who had been entering cars in the Indianapolis 500 since 1946, it was his first win. The race, which took place on a Friday (the actual date of Memorial Day in the United States), wasn’t telecast until eight days later, when an edited version was broadcast on ABC’s Wide World of Sports.



Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals traded outfielder Jim Hicks to the California Angels for outfielder Vic Davalillo. Mr. Hicks was batting .182 with 1 home run and 3 runs batted in in 19 games with St. Louis in 1969; Mr. Davalillo was batting .155 with no home runs and 1 RBI in 33 games with California in 1969.

John Sipin's first major league home run, a leadoff homer in the 10th inning, broke a 2-2 tie as the San Diego Padres edged the Montreal Expos 3-2 before 14,320 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal, handing the Expos their 14th straight loss. Montreal starting pitcher Mike Wegener was removed for a pinch hitter after allowing just 4 hits in 9 innings, with both runs against him being unearned, resulting from 3 Montreal errors.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 6 runs in the 1st inning en route to a 13-6 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 10,737 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Los Angeles outfielder Andy Kosco drove in 5 runs with a home run, double, and ground out.

Clay Carroll pitched 3 innings of hitless relief and hit his only major league home run, off Bob Gibson with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning, breaking a 3-3 tie as the Cincinnati Reds edged the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 before 34,005 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The New York Yankees scored all their runs in the first 2 innings and Fritz Peterson pitched a 5-hit complete game as they beat the Kansas City Royals 6-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 22,335 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. The Yankees scored 2 unearned runs in the top of the 15th inning to break a 3-3 tie and held on to win the second game 5-4 to complete the sweep. The Royals scored a run in the bottom of the 15th and had the bases loaded with 2 out, but pinch hitter Jerry Adair grounded out to first baseman Joe Pepitone to end the game.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Sunday Girl--Blondie

Died on this date
Joe Smaza, 55
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Smaza was a right fielder who played 2 games with the Chicago White Sox in 1946, batting .200 (1 for 5) with no home runs or runs batted in. He played at least 510 games in 5 seasons in the minor leagues from 1946-1950.

War
Ethnic Arabs seeking independence from Iran began clashing with government forces in the port city of Khurramshahr on the Persian Gulf.

Defense
United States Defense Secretary Harold Brown said that the U.S.S.R. was continuing to seek a first-strike capability against American land-based missiles, and that the new missiles the Soviet Union was developing could, by the 1980s, enable the Soviets to destroy existing American intercontinental ballistic missiles.

Politics and government
Rhodesian Prime Minister Abel Muzorewa appointed a 17-member cabinet that included 17 Negroes and 5 whites. Former Prime Minister Ian Smith was retained in the cabinet as minister without portfolio.

Crime
Italian police arrested Valerio Morucci and Adriana Faranda for the 1978 murder of former Prime Minister Aldo Moro.

Medicine
A small connection between the brains of conjoined twins Lisa and Elisa Hansen was severed in a 16½ hour operation in Salt Lake City. It was not known if the girls, who had been linked at a small spot at the back of the head, had suffered any brain damage. The 19-month-old girls were in critical but stable condition after the operation.

Baseball
On the Wednesday CBC telecast, the Montreal Expos defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 2-0 at Olympic Stadium in Montreal, with Bill Lee pitching the Expos' second straight shutout over the Phillies. Mr. Lee pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Nino Espinosa, with Gary Carter's 2-run home run in the 2nd inning providing the scoring.

The New York Yankees scored 3 runs in the top of the 11th inning to break a 2-2 tie and defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 5-2 before 27,338 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. The fourth Yankee run was scored by Cliff Johnson, who crashed into home plate umpire Lou DiMuro and knocked him out. Mr. DiMuro was unconscious for 32 minutes, and was taken to hospital.

Richie Zisk singled home Al Oliver with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Texas Rangers a 3-2 win over the Boston Red Sox before 16,618 fans at Arlington Stadium.

25 years ago
1984


World events
A move toward unity among "Contras" opposing the Nicaraguan regime of Daniel Ortega was reported. The group based in Costa Rica voted to unite with the group in Honduras, but Eden Pastora Gomez, military leader of the Costa Rican group, opposed the union, which was supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, because of the influence of former Nicaraguan dictator Anastasio Somoza in the other group.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department said that the U.S. trade deficit set another record in April at $12.2 billion.

Football
Green defeated Gold 29-17 in the Edmonton Eskimos’ intrasquad game at Commonwealth Stadium. Rookie receiver Gord Bolstad was the game’s biggest star, with two touchdown receptions for the Green squad. Former Eskimo quarterback Warren Moon, who had recently signed with the Houston Oilers of the National Football League, was a spectator on the sidelines. His backup from 1983, Matt Dunigan, showed well in vying for the starting job. The game was taped for later broadcast on CFRN, with Al McCann calling the play-by-play. The broadcast served as a useful tuneup for former Calgary Stampeders’ head coach and general manager Jack Gotta, who had joined CTV as an analyst for the network’s 1984 CFL telecasts.

Baseball
Kirk Gibson's 9th-inning home run off Steve McCatty gave the Detroit Tigers a 2-1 win over the Oakland Athletics. Guillermo Hernandez was the winning pitcher in relief.

20 years ago
1989


Died on this date
Claude Pepper, 88
. U.S. politician. Mr. Pepper, a Democrat, was a member of the Florida House of Representatives (1929-1931); represented Florida in the U.S. Senate (1936-1951); and represented four different Florida districts in the U.S. House of Representatives (1963-1989), and chaired the House Rules Committee (1963-1989). He was nicknamed "Red Pepper" because of his pro-Soviet views in the 1930s and '40s, but became a staunch anti-Communist in the 1960s. Rep. Pepper became chairman of the House Select Committee on Aging in 1977, and became America's most prominent advocate for old people. He remained in office until his death.

Protest
The 33-foot high "Goddess of Democracy" statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.

Defense
Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze said that he welcomed the proposal of U.S. President George Bush for reduction of American and Soviet conventional military forces in Europe. At the conventional forces talks in Vienna, the Warsaw pact put forth its proposals for ceilings on personnel and weapons for both sides. At the North Atlantic Treaty Organization Summit in Brussels, a compromise was reached on the dispute about short-range U.S. missiles based in West Germany. Under the agreement, the two alliances would first reach an accord on reducing conventional forces. Then the United States, in consultation with its allies, would enter negotiations with the U.S.S.R. to achieve a partial reduction in land-based short-range missiles. Mr. Bush flew to Bonn, West Germany. Accepting the presidency of the U.S.S.R., Mikhail Gorbachev promised that defense spending would be cut by 14% in 1990-1991.

Politics and government
In other speeches at the assembly of the U.S.S.R. Congress of People’s Deputies, deputies denounced the slayings of demonstrations in Georgia ; the brutality of the KGB (Soviet secret police); and the restraints on nationalist autonomy.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos overcame a 4-1 deficit with 4 runs in the 9th inning to defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-4 before 25,336 fans at Dodger Stadium in a game televised on Radio Canada. The game ended when Mike Marshall struck out and Montreal catcher Mike Fitzgerald threw to shortstop Tom Foley to retire pinch runner John Shelby, who was attempting to steal second base.

The Cleveland Indians scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 5th inning to offset 2 runs in the top of the 5th as they defeated the Toronto Blue Jays 6-2 before 6,204 fans at Cleveland Stadium. John Farrell pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.

10 years ago
1999


War
Fighting erupted between two ethnic groups in an oil-producing region in the Niger River delta in Nigeria, which, within several days, took 200 lives.

Auto racing
Kenny Brack became the first Swedish driver to win the Indianapolis 500. Robby Gordon was leading late in the race, but opted to stay on the track instead of going in for a final pit stop, gambling that there might be a yellow flag to slow the race down, enabling him to conserve enough fuel to finish the race. The gamble didn’t pay off, and Mr. Gordon was forced to make a pit stop for fuel on lap 199 of 200, leaving Mr. Brack as the leader.

Thursday, 28 May 2009

May 29, 2009

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cathy Brown!

570 years ago
1439


Born on this date
Pius III
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1503. Pius III, born Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini, was the nephew of Pope Pius II, who made him a cardinal in 1460. He held various offices before succeeding Alexander VI as pope. Pius III was elected Pope on September 22 and consecrated on October 1, but died on October 15, 1503, just 14 days after his consecration. He was said to be suffering from gout and an ulcer on the leg, but it has been alleged that he was poisoned. Pius III was succeeded as pope by Julius II.

125 years ago
1884


Baseball
At Lakefront Park in Chicago, the Chicago White Stockings hit 5 home runs as they blasted the Detroit Wolverines 29-5 in their home opener. Chicago manager Cap Anson had (apparently unilaterally) enacted a ground-rule change, allowing balls hit over the left field fence, which was just 180 feet from home plate, to count as home runs instead of doubles. In 1885 the National League set a minimum distance for fences of 210' from home plate.

In the American Association, Ed Morris pitched a no-hitter, allowing just 1 base on balls, as the Columbus Colts blanked the Pittsburgh Alleghenys 5-0.

110 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Douglas Abbott
. Canadian politician and judge. Mr. Abbott, a Liberal, represented the Montreal riding of Saint-Antoine - Westmount from 1940-1954. He served as Minister of National Defence from 1945-1946 and Minister of Finance and Receiver General from 1946-1954 in the governments of Prime Ministers Mackenzie King and Louis St. Laurent. Mr. Abbott was probably one of the best Ministers of Finance the country ever had, as Canada was able to avoid a widely-anticipated economic slump after the end of World War II in 1945. Mr. Abbott was appointed directly from the cabinet to the Supreme Court of Canada, where he served as a Puisne Justice until 1973. His appointment was one of the most controversial in history, as no one had been appointed to the Supreme Court directly from the cabinet since 1911, and no such appointment has been made since. Mr. Abbott died on March 15, 1987 at the age of 87.

100 years ago
1909


Baseball
United States President William Howard Taft and his half-brother Charles, a part-owner of the Chicago Cubs, were among the 14,023 on hand to watch the Cubs play the Pittsburg Pirates at soon-to-be-vacated Exposition Park in Pittsburg. The Cubs scored 5 runs in the top of the 11th inning to break a 3-3 tie and win 8-3 behind the pitching of Three Finger Brown, and moved to within percentage points of the Pirates for first place in the National League.

Harry Krause and Eddie Plank were the respective winning pitchers as the Philadelphia Athletics swept a doubleheader from the Boston Red Sox, 6-2 and 6-4. Philadelphia third baseman Frank Baker hit a home run off Frank Arellanes in the first game that was the first ball to be hit over the right field wall at the recently-opened Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

90 years ago
1919


Died on this date
Robert Bacon, 58
. U.S. diplomat and politician. Mr. Bacon worked with U.S. Steel before leaving the business world and serving as U.S. Assistant Secretary of State under President Theodore Roosevelt from 1905-1909, and as Secretary of State from January 27-March 5, 1909, after Elihu Root resigned to take a Senate seat. Mr. Bacon served as U.S. Ambassador to France from 1909-1912, and was a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army during World War I, serving as Chief of the American Military Mission at British General Headquarters. Mr. Bacon returned to the United States in April 1919, and died of blood poisoning following surgery for mastoiditis.

Space
A total eclipse of the Sun took place, which at 6 minutes 51 seconds, was the longest in 503 years.

Science
Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity was tested--and later confirmed--by Arthur Eddington and Andrew Claude de la Cherois Crommelin during the total solar eclipse.

Labour
The Regina Trades and Labour Council and Moose Jaw Trades and Labour Council decided not to join the Winnipeg General Strike.

75 years ago
1934


Baseball
Left fielder Ray Pepper had 5 hits, including 2 home runs, to lead the St. Louis Browns past the Detroit Tigers 12-7 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Four other home runs were hit, two by Detroit. George Blaeholder went the distance to get the win for the Browns.

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
Pat Novak For Hire, starring Jack Webb, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Lola Madden

Died on this date
William Julian, 87
. U.S. Treasurer. Mr. Julian was killed in an automobile accident.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. announced plans to close its Shanghai consulate and maintain diplomatic missions only in Nationalist China.

Politics and government
Three weeks of local elections in Cyprus ended with a victrory for nationalist candidates who advocated a union of Cyprus with Greece and an end to the island's status as a British colony.

Economics and finance
Communist administrators took over the Chinese Central Bank in Shanghai and declared the Nationalist gold yuan void as of June 5.

Labour
A 25-day strike of Ford Motor Company workers ended when both sides accepted an agreement sending the dispute over work speed to arbitration.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): (Now and Then There's) A Fool Such As I/I Need Your Love Tonight--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

At the movies
Pork Chop Hill, directed by Lewis Milestone and Gregory Peck, and starring Mr. Peck and many others, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Dutch Ussat, 55
. U.S. baseball player. William August Ussat was an infielder who played 1 game with the Cleveland Indians in 1925 and 4 games in 1927, batting .176 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in. He played at least 594 games in 10 seasons in the minor leagues from 1924-1936.

World events
Sources in Amman reported the arrest of Jerusalem commander Adib Kassim and Engineers Brigade commander Khalid Tarawneh for plotting the overthrow the Jordanian government.

Disasters
16 miners died in an explosion in a condemned coal mine near Merlebach, France.

Baseball
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower and his White House staff were among the 3,030 in attendance at Griffith Stadium in Washington as the Senators defeated the Boston Red Sox 7-6 when Hal Naragon singled home Harmon Killebrew with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning with the winning run. The Red Sox had tied the game in the top of the 9th on a 3-run home run by Jackie Jensen. Mr. Killebrew hit a home run leading off the 3rd, and autographed the ball for Mr. Eisenhower's grandson David. Boston second baseman Pete Runnels batted 4 for 5 with 2 doubles, 2 runs, and a run batted in.

With runners on first and third bases and 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and the Philadelphia Phillies and Milwaukee Braves tied 5-5 before 20,334 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee, Philadelphia pitcher Gene Conley was attempting to intentionally walk Joe Adcock. Mr. Adcock reached across home plate and hit a ground ball to second baseman Sparky Anderson, who was playing behind Mr. Conley in order to prevent a return throw from catcher Carl Sawatzki getting past Mr. Conley. Mr. Anderson fielded the ball and threw home, but Hank Aaron beat the throw for the winning run as the Braves won 6-5, with Mr. Adcock's grounder being scored as as fielder's choice.

The Chicago Cubs scored 8 runs in the top of the 4th inning and coasted to a 9-4 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 18,297 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)?--Peter Sarstedt (2nd week at #1)

Defense
A United States House of Representatives armed services subcommittee reported that the Navy was guilty of "inexcusable carelessness" in the sinking of the nuclear submarine USS Guitarro in San Francisco Bay on May 16.

Baseball
Bobby Tolan hit a single, double, and home run, scoring 2 runs and batting in 3, while Johnny Bench hit a home run and 2 singles, scoring 2 runs, and driving in 2 to help the Cincinnati Reds beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 10-4 before 8,161 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

Reggie Smith batted 4 for 5 with 2 home runs, a double, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in to help the Boston Red Sox defeat the Kansas City Royals 8-6 before 9,355 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City.

Norm Cash drove in 3 runs with a pair of home runs, Willie Horton hit a home run and 2 singles, and Ron Woods added his first major league homer to help the Detroit Tigers beat the Oakland Athletics 8-4 before 4,059 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Denny McLain pitched a 7-hit complete game victory, walking 5 batters and striking out 12, to improve his 1969 record to 8-4, winning the matchup against Catfish Hunter.

30 years ago
1979


Died on this date
Mary Pickford, 87
. Canadian-born U.S. actress. Miss Pickford, born Gladys Smith, was a native of Toronto who began her career there on stage as a child actress. She moved to the United States and began acting in movies in 1909, and became known as "America's Sweetheart," usually playing ingenues in films such as Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm (1917) and Pollyanna (1920). Miss Pickford's career waned with the coming of sound to movies in the late 1920, although she won the Academy Award for Best Actress for Coquette (1929). Miss Pickford was married to actor Douglas Fairbanks from 1920-1936, and they, with Charlie Chaplin and D.W. Griffith, founded United Artists in 1919. Miss Pickford and Mr. Fairbanks divorced in 1936, and she was married to actor Charles "Buddy" Rogers from 1937 until her death from a cerebral hemorrhage.

Sig Jakucki, 69. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Jakucki played with the St. Louis Browns (1936, 1944-1945), compiling a record of 25-22 with an earned run average of 3.79 in 72 games, and batting .161 with 3 home runs and 14 runs batted in in 73 games. He was 13-9 with a 3.55 ERA in 1944, defeating the Detroit Tigers 5-3 in the last game of the season to enable the Browns to win their only American League pennant. Mr. Jakucki was the losing pitcher in his only World Series appearance. He was a heavy drinker, which led to his banishment from the Browns late in the 1945 season. Mr. Jakucki was reportedly destitute at the time of his death.

John H. Wood, Jr., 63 U.S. judge. Judge Wood sat on the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas from 1970 until his death. He was scheduled to preside over a major narcotics case and was fatally shot by Charles Harrelson as he left his home in San Antonio, Texas. Judge Wood was the first United States federal judge to be murdered.

Politics and government
Bishop Abel Muzorewa was sworn in as Rhodesia’s first Negro Prime Minister.

Aviation
Five days after 273 people were killed when a DC-10 crashed shortly after takeoff at Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport, the United States Federal Aviation Administration grounded all 135 DC-10 wide-bodied airliners owned by American companies until inspection of engine and pylon-mounting bolts on the aircraft could be completed. The order came after federal investigators discovered that the critical pylon bolt that gave way before the May 25 crash had not failed from metal fatigue. The head of an investigating team said that as the engine of the plane that crashed at O’Hare fell away from the wing, it damaged hydraulic controls in the wing. The damage caused the retraction of flaps on the leading edge of the wing. The unbalanced condition--a high takeoff lift on the right wing and no lift on the left wing--rolled the plane into an extreme left bank that could not be corrected by the controls.

Law
The United States Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that prison inmates were not entitled to the full protection of the 14th amendment to the United States Constitution in state parole proceedings.

Labour
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 that a worker could not collect punitive damages from a union that did not pursue the worker's grievance claim.

Soccer
NASL
Vancouver 3 @ Edmonton 1

Football
CFL
The defending Grey Cup champion Edmonton Eskimos began workouts at their training camp at Concordia College. Veteran receiver George McGowan showed no effects of a chronic knee condition.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Washington 112@ Seattle 114 (OT) (Seattle led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The SuperSonics outscored the Bullets 10-8 in overtime before 14,098 fans at Seattle Center Coliseum. Gus Williams led Seattle scorers with 36 points, while Dennis Johnson added 32 points and grabbed 10 rebounds. Elvin Hayes, Kevin Grevye, and Charles Johnson each scored 18 points for Washington, while Wes Unseld scored 16 points and grabbed 16 rebounds.





Baseball
Steve Rogers pitched a shutout as the Montreal Expos routed the Philadelphia Phillies 9-0 before 32,078 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Ellis Valentine's 3-run home run was the big blow of a 3-run 5th inning.

Pinch hitter Denny Walling singled home Craig Reynolds with none out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Houston Astros a 2-1 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 17,458 fans at the Astrodome. Randy Niemann, in his second major league game, allowed 8 hits and 1 earned run, striking out 6 batters and walking none, to get his first major league win, while losing pitcher Paul Moskau allowed just 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 8+ innings.

Dusty Baker singled home Reggie Smith with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to climax a 3-run rally as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the San Francisco Giants 6-5 before 35,845 fans at Dodger Stadium.

25 years ago
1984


Labour
For the first time in the three months since the beginning of the National Union of Miners’ strike in Great Britain, police used riot gear when at least 5,000 miners gathered outside Orgreave coking plant near Sheffield. The miners were met by police from 10 counties; 41 police officers and 28 strikers were injured, and 81 people were arrested.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Like a Prayer--Madonna (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ibiza--Amnesia (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM):
1 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
2 Real Love--Jody Watley
3 Like a Prayer--Madonna
4 Rock On--Michael Damian
5 After All--Cher and Peter Cetera
6 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
7 Second Chance--Thirty Eight Special
8 Pop Singer--John Mellencamp
9 Heaven Help Me--Deon Estus (with George Michael)
10 Everlasting Love--Howard Jones

Singles entering the chart were Boomtown by Andrew Cash (#76); Express Yourself by Madonna (#82); Dressed for Success by Roxette (#88); Trouble Me by 10,000 Maniacs (#94); It Doesn't Matter by Coleman Wilde (#96); Little Jackie Wants to Be a Star by Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam (#98); and I Hear a Symphony by Eric Fachia (#99).

Died on this date
George C. Homans, 78
. U.S. sociologist. Professor Homans was the founder of behavioural sociology and the Social Exchange Theory, which studies human interactions in terms of costs and benefits. His best-known book was The Human Group (1950). Prof. Homans died of a heart ailment.

Politics and government
Premier Joe Ghiz led his Liberal Party to a landslide win in the Prince Edward Island provincial election, taking 30 of 32 seats in the Legislative Assembly; the Liberals' total was an increase of 9 from the most recent election in 1986. The Progressive Conservatives, led by Mel Gass, won the remaining 2 seats, a decline of 9 from 1986.

U.S.S.R. leader Mikhail Gorbachev engineered the seating of reformer Boris Yeltsin on the Supreme Soviet, with one of the chosen members agreeing to step aside.

Defense
In Brussels, at the observance of the 40th anniversary of the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, U.S. President George Bush proposed that both NATO and the Warsaw pact cut back on their conventional forces in Europe. He proposed specific ceilings for each class of weaponry and also recommended that the United States reduce its combat forces in Europe to 275,000, or about 20%.

Baseball
Mike Schmidt, perhaps the greatest third baseman in baseball history, announced his retirement at the age of 39. He was hitting just .203 with 6 home runs in 42 games in 1989. In 18 major league seasons, all with the Philadelphia Phillies, Mr. Schmidt hit 548 home runs.

10 years ago
1999


Discovered dead on this date
Philip Taylor Kramer
. Mr. Kramer played bass guitar with the rock group Iron Butterfly in the mid-1970s, and then became a computer engineer. He worked on the MX missile guidance system as a contractor with the U.S. Defense Department, and in 1990 co-founded Total Multimedia Inc. with Randy Jackson of the Jackson 5 singing group. The company was reorganized under bankruptcy in 1994 and put under new leadership; Mr. Kramer continued working there, but was reportedly greatly affected by the bankruptcy and organization. Mr. Kramer was 42 when, on February 12, 1995, he drove to Los Angeles International Airport to pick up a business associate, but while on the way to the airport, phoned his wife to say that his plans had changed and that the associate should go directly to a hotel, where Mr. Kramer and his wife would meet them later. Mr. Kramer spent 45 minutes at the airport and then left, making a number of cell phone calls, threatening to commit suicide, and, in reference to video evidence that he had been asked to analyze related to the murder charge against former football star O.J. Simpson, claiming that Mr. Simpson was innocent. Mr. Kramer was never seen alive again; his minivan and skeletal remains were found at the bottom of Decker Canyon near Malibu, California. A forensic examination led authorities to conclude that Mr. Kramer had committed suicide on the day he was last heard from, but conspiracy theories abound.

Politics and government
Olusegun Obasanjo was sworn in as President of Nigeria, the country’s first democratically elected leader in 15 years.

David Vitter, a conservative Republican, won a runoff election for the Louisiana seat in the United States House of Representatives that had been vacated when Rep. Robert Livingston, also a Republican, had resigned amid reports of marital infidelity. Mr. Vitter won the runoff against fellow Republican David Conner Treen, a former governor and congressman, 51% to 49%.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Buffalo 5 Toronto 2

Baseball
Byung-Hyun Kim, a 20-year-old South Korean, made his major league debut as a pitcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks. He pitched a perfect 9th inning, striking out Mike Piazza to end the game, preserving an 8-7 win over the New York Mets before 35,167 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Jermaine Allensworth replaced the ejected Brian McRae in center field for New York, playing the 2nd-5th innings, batting 0 for 2, with no fielding chances, in the 342nd and last game of his 4-year major league career.

With 1 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th inning, pinch hitter Glenallen Hill hit a home run, Jose Hernandez followed with a single, and Mark Grace followed with a double to drive home Mr. Hermandez with the winning run as the Chicago Cubs edged the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 before 40,478 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

May 28, 2009

160 years ago
1849


Died on this date
Anne Brontë, 29
. U.K. authoress and poetess. Miss Brontë, the younger sister of authoresses Charlotte and Emily Brontë, was known for her novels Agnes Grey (1847) and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848). Anne Brontë died of what is now suspected to have been pulmonary tuberculosis.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Red Horner
. Canadian hockey player. George Reginald Horner was a defenceman with the Toronto Maple Leafs from 1928-1940, and was the team's captain in his last two seasons. He scored 42 goals and 110 assists in 490 regular season NHL games and 7 goals and 17 assists in 71 playoff games. His 1,264 minutes in penalties was the NHL career record at the time of Mr. Horner's retirement. Mr. Horner was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1965; he was the last surviving member of the Maple Leafs' 1932 Stanley Cup championship team, and died on April 27, 2005 at the age of 95.

75 years ago
1934


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Annette and Cecile Dionne!

Canadiana
The Dionne quintuplets--Annette, Cecile, Emilie, Marie, and Yvonne--were born to Elzire and Olivo Dionne in the family farmhouse near Corbeil, Ontario. They were the first quintuplets known to survive their infancy, and the only female identical set ever recorded.

Baseball
Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig hit back-to-back home runs in the 7th inning off Jack Knott as the New York Yankees defeated the St. Louis Browns 13-9 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. It was the last time the two hit consecutive home runs; Mr. Gehrig had hit an earlier home run in the 6th inning off Paul Andrews. Third baseman Jack Saltzgaver and second baseman Tony Lazzeri also homered for the Yankees.

70 years ago
1939


Baseball
George Selkirk hit 2 home runs off relief pitcher Robert Joyce as the New York Yankees defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 9-5 before 14,670 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Selkirk had also hit 2 home runs against Mr. Joyce the previous day, so he had 4 home runs in as many at bats against the same pitcher in 2 games. Atley Donald pitched a 10-hit complete game vctory, improving his 1939 record to 4-0.

Cookie Lavagetto hit a 2-run home run and a grand slam, driving in 7 runs to help the Brooklyn Dodgers beat the Boston Bees 16-12 before 16,921 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Boston third baseman Debs Garms hit a single, double, and triple with a run and 4 runs batted in. The teams combined for 28 hits and 13 bases on balls, but the game took only 1 hour 50 minutes to complete.

60 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): (I'd Like to Get You on a) Slow Boat to China--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Forever and Ever--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
--Perry Como
2 Again--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Mel Torme
--Vic Damone
--Doris Day and the Mellomen
3 "A" You're Adorable (The Alphabet Song)--Perry Como with the Fontane Sisters
--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
4 Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby
--Burl Ives
5 Cruising Down the River--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Blue Barron and his Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
6 Careless Hands--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Mel Torme
7 Once in Love with Amy--Ray Bolger
8 Some Enchanted Evening--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
8 Sunflower--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--Jack Fulton
9 Bali Ha'i--Perry Como
--Peggy Lee
10 So in Love--Gordon MacRae
--Dinah Shore

The only single entering the chart was Merry-Go-Round Waltz by Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#18).

On the radio
Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Time to Kill

Politics and government
General Chan Yi, commander of victorious Communist forces in Shanghai, was appointed head of a military control commission established to govern the city.

Diplomacy
At the Paris Foreign Ministers Conference, the Western Allies responded to Soviet proposals by urging extension of the West German Basic Law and the Western occupation statute to all of Germany and the creation of a four-power supervisory high commission which would make its decisions by majority vote. U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Vishinsky rejected the Western plan as "one-sided."

Brazilian President Eurico Dutra concluded his visit to the United States and returned home.

Protest
Striking tin miners in Catavi, Bolivia rioted when army troops moved in to operate the mines. The violence caused 52 deaths, including those of two U.S. mining engineers taken hostage by the strikers.

Education
Czechoslovakian Archbishop Josef Beran broke off negotiations for a state-church agreement on Catholic schools as "vain and hopeless."

Academia
The Oklahoma legislature passed a bill allowing Negroes to attend state uniersities on a segregated basis for courses not given in the state's Negro colleges.

Baseball
In his first home start, Don Newcombe staked the Brooklyn Dodgers to a 6-0 lead over the Boston Braves, only to see the Braves come back for a 7-6 win before 23,497 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. The big blow for the Braves was a grand slam in the 8th inning by former Dodger Pete Reiser.

Ken Raffensberger pitched a 7-hit complete game and began a 2-run game-winning rally with a single as the Cincinnati Red shut out the Chicago Cubs 2-0 before 15,779 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Losing pitcher Dutch Leonard pitched an 8-hit complete game.

Yogi Berra drove in the tying run in the 9th inning with a double, then scored the winning run from first base on a double by Billy Johnson with 1 out in the bottom of the 14th inning as the New York Yankees edged the Philadelphia Athletics 2-1 before 25,683 fans at Yankee Stadium. Joe Page pitched 6 scoreless innings in relief of Vic Raschi to get the win over Lou Brissie, who pitched a 6-hit complete game.

Early Wynn held the Chicago White Sox to 4 hits to win the pitchers' duel over Howie Judson as the Cleveland Indians defeated the White Sox 3-2 in 11 innings before 10,929 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Joe Gordon led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a single and came around to score on a single by Mickey Vernon. Chicago left fielder Gus Zernial broke his collarbone making a diving catch in the 10th inning, and was out for the next 2 months.

50 years ago
1959


On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: No Fare



Space
Two female monkeys, Abel and Baker, became the first living creatures to survive a space flight when they endured 9 minutes of weightlessness after being fired 300 miles above the earth in the nose cone of a Jupiter missile from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Diplomacy
A Communist Chinese mission headed by Defense Minister Peng Ten-huai arrived in Tirana, Albania for discussions with U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev and his Defense Minister Rodion Malinovsky.

Defense
U.S.S.R. Premier Khrushchev called for Greece's withdrawal from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and the creation of a "zone of peace" that would embrace the Balkans and the Mediterranean.

Scandal
A grand jury in Nassau County, New York indicted John J. O'Rourke, president of the New York Teamsters union Joint Council and 14 others on charges of conspiracy, coercion, and extortion in the juke box industry.

Disasters
85 passengers were killed and 47 others were injured when a train plunged into a ravine in the East Priangan region of West Java.

Olympics
The International Olympic Committee voted in Munich to expel Nationalist China as a step toward admitting Communist China to the Olympic Games.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Get Back--The Beatles with Billy Preston (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Gus Getz, 79
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Getz was a third baseman with five major league clubs from 1909-1918, batting .238 with 2 home runs and 93 runs batted in in 339 games. He played at least 1,297 games in at least 11 seasons in the minor leagues from 1908-1927.

Aviation
For the first time, Canada participated in the Paris Air and Space Show, running until June 8, with 28 exhibitors.

Transportation
Alberta Premier Harry Strom opened the Alberta Resources Railway, a 235-mile line north from Hinton, through Grande Cache to Grande Prairie; the Canadian National Railway completed the line from near Peace River to Hay River, Northwest Territories.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Richard Nixon asked Congress for a $2.8 billion foreign aid program for fiscal 1970. His bid was $138 million less than the amount asked by outgoing President Lyndon Johnson in January, and the smallest request in the program's history.

Baseball
Randy Hundley's grand slam off Ray Sadecki climaxed a 7-run 3rd inning for the Chicago Cubs as they held on to defeat the San Francisco Giants 7-6 before 4,447 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Sadecki hit his fifth and last career major league home run in the 4th inning.

Cleon Jones reached first base on an error by shortstop Tommy Dean to lead off the bottom of the 11th inning and scored on a 1-out single by Bud Harrelson to give the New York Mets a 1-0 win over the San Diego Padres before 11,860 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Jerry Koosman started on the mound for New York and allowed 4 hits in 10 innings, while San Diego starter Clay Kirby allowed 7 hits in 9 innings.

Tony Perez stole home plate and Johnny Bench stole second on the same play in the bottom of the 8th inning, breaking a 6-6 tie as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-6 before 7,458 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Cincinnati first baseman Lee May hit 2 home runs for the third straight game; his 6 home runs in 3 straight games tied a major league record.

Joe Morgan led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a base on balls, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt, stole third, and scored on a single by Doug Rader to give the Houston Astros a 7-6 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 17,928 fans at the Astrodome.

Frank Howard singled home pinch runner Ed Stroud with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Washington Senators a 4-3 win over the Minnesota Twins before 4,372 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. Mr. Stroud was running for Mike Epstein, who had drawn a base on balls with 1 out.

Aurelio Rodriguez led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a single, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt, stole third base on the front end of a double steal, and scored on a 2-out single by Jay Johnstone to give the California Angels a 5-4 win over the Cleveland Indians before 10,238 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Lay Your Love on Me--Racey (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Miserarete--Judy Ongg (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sólo Pienso en Tí--Víctor Manuel (5th week at #1)

Music
Elton John performed his first concert in Moscow, after a four-day stay in Leningrad. Mr. John said, "We wanted to try and come somewhere where we had not been before instead of just going again and again to North America and Europe...I think people here are not used to the sort of concert we give them." The audience of 3,000 never got carried away and sat politely in their seats throughout the performance.

Diplomacy
Israel released 16 Arab prisoners who would not endanger Israel's national security.

Economics and finance
Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis signed an agreement with representatives of the member nations of the European Economic Community that would make Greece the tenth member of the EEC on January 1, 1981. Mr. Caramanlis first applied for associate membership in the EEC for Greece in 1961, and lobbied to accelerate teh integration when he returned to power in 1974.

Baseball
George Brett hit for the cycle and led off the bottom of the 16th inning with his second home run of the game to give the Kansas City Royals a 5-4 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 34,677 fans at Royals Stadium. Larry Gura pitched 4 innings of 1-hit scoreless relief to get the win.

Mickey Rivers hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the New York Yankees edged the Milwaukee Brewers 2-1 before 39,291 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Losing pitcher Bill Travers allowed 9 hits and 2 earned runs in a complete game.

Ray Knight singled home 2 runs in the top of the 13th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Cincinnati Reds beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 3-2 before 49,114 fans at Dodger Stadium. With 1 out in the bottom of the 13th, Derrel Thomas doubled and Dave Lopes singled him home, but Bill Russell flied out to center field and Reggie Smith struck out to end the game.

25 years ago
1984


War
U.S. President Ronald Reagan observed Memorial Day with a tribute to the only unidentified U.S. serviceman to be killed in the Vietnam War. The unknown soldier was buried in a state funeral at Arlington National Cemetery alongside fallen soldiers from World Wars I and II and Korea. Mr. Reagan awarded the soldier the Medal of Honor. Advances in forensic medicine had resulted in the identification of almost all casualties of the war, and the Pentagon destroyed all records that might have provided clues to the identity of the man buried at Arlington.

Defense
The administration of United States President Ronald Reagan said that 400 Stinger antiaircraft missiles had been sent to Saudi Arabia as a result of attacks upon that country's shipping by Iran and Iraq.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): The Look--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: The Look--Roxette

Scandal
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police charged Global Television reporter Doug Small and four others with possession of stolen goods, and two others with theft, after they accepted a leaked federal budget before the budget lock-up.

Auto racing
Emerson Fittipaldi won the Indianapolis 500 for the first time, at an average speed of 167.581 miles per hour. Mr. Fittipaldi had been passed by teammate Al Unser, Jr. on lap 196 of the 200-lap race. Two laps later, Mr. Unser slowed as he approached traffic, and Mr. Fittipaldi came up beside him. The cars touched wheels, and Mr. Unser spun out, handing the win to Mr. Fittipaldi.





Baseball
George Bell hit a 2-run home run off Bobby Thigpen with nobody out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the Toronto Blue Jays a 7-5 win over the Chicago White Sox before 46,120 fans in the last game ever played at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. The White Sox had been the Blue Jays' first opponent at Exhibition Stadium on April 7, 1977.

The Cleveland Indians scored the game's only run with two out in the 9th inning and Greg Swindell pitched a 4-hitter as the Indians edged the Baltimore Orioles 1-0. Kirk McCaskill pitched a shutout as the California Angels blanked the Boston Red Sox 3-0.

The Montreal Expos defeated the San Diego Padres 10-2 at San Diego Stadium in a game that was followed by a Beach Boys' concert.

10 years ago
1999


Art
Leonardo da Vinci's masterpiece The Last Supper was put back on display in Milan, after 22 years of restoration work,.

Crime
New York Yankees' outfielder Darryl Strawberry pled no contest to cocaine possession and solicitation charges and was sentenced to 18 months' probation.

Baseball
Boston Red Sox' catcher Jason Varitek had difficulty handling Tim Wakefield's knuckleball, and allowed 5 passed balls, 3 in the first inning. Mr. Varitek was more successful at bat, making 3 hits, including a home run, as the Red Sox defeated the Cleveland Indians 12-5 before 43,287 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland. Mr. Wakefield allowed 9 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 5 runs--all earned--in 5 innings, and was still credited with the win, while Derek Lowe pitched 4 hitless innings to get the save.