Thursday, 29 April 2021

April 30, 2021

1,710 years ago
311


Religion
The Diocletianic Persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire ended.

150 years ago
1871


Abominations
6 Anglo Americans, 48 Mexican Americans, and 92 Tohono O'odham Indians massacred 144 Pinal and Aravaipa Apaches at Camp Grant, Arizona Territory. All but 8 of the victims were women and children.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Simon Kuznets
. Belarusian-born U.S. economist. Dr. Kuznets began his education in Ukraine before emigrating to the United States in 1922. He worked at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) (1927-1961); University of Pennsylvania (1930–1954); Johns Hopkins University (1954–1960); and Harvard University (1960–1971). Dr. Kuznets devised the Kuznets curve, an inverted U-shaped relation between income inequality and economic growth (1955, 1963). He was awarded the 1971 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development." He died on July 8, 1985 at the age of 84.

Died on this date
Thomas "Dude" Esterbrook, 43
. Mr. Esterbrook was an infielder who played with seven major league teams from 1880-1891, batting .261 with 6 home runs and 210 runs batted in. He was being transported by train to a mental hospital in Middletown, New York when he squeezed through a washroom window and fell to the rail bed below.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Roger L. Easton
. U.S. physicist. Mr. Easton co-wrote the Naval Research Laboratory's Project Vanguard proposal for a U.S. satellite program in 1955, and in 1959 designed the Naval Space Surveillance (NAVSPASUR) system, the first system to detect and track all types of Earth-orbiting objects. Along with Ivan Getting and Bradford Parkinson, Mr. Easton designed the Global Positioning System in the 1970s. He was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2010, and died on May 8, 2014, eight days after his 93rd birthday.

80 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ferryboat Serenade--The Tic-Toc Rhythm Orchestra; Dick Robertson (1st month at #1)

Died on this date
Edwin S. Porter, 71
. U.S. movie director, producer, and screenwriter. Mr. Porter was one of the most important figures in the early history of motion pictures, beginning his career as a projectionist and then as a cameraman. He produced, directed, wrote, and photographed numerous short films from 1901-1915; his most famous film was The Great Train Robbery (1903). Mr. Porter retired from moviemaking in 1915, and worked as an inventor and designer; he died nine days after his 71st birthday.

War
A German U-boat torpedoed the Canadian passenger ship Nerissa off Ireland, resulting in the loss of 73 Canadian Army personnel. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler fixed the date for the German invasion of Russia. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill reported that 45,000 of the 60,000 men of the British expeditionary force had successfully evacuated Greece.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee defeated, by votes of 13-10, two measures opposed to the U.S. Navy's convoying supply ships to Britain. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Rear Admiral Amory Land, chairman of the Maritime Commission, to procure two million tons of shipping, domestic and foreign, to carry supplies to Britain.

Labour
Operators of soft coal mines in the northern United States reopened their mines following a settlement of their 29-day strike, and southern operators ordered their mines reopened on May 1 after signing a temporary agreement with the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America.

70 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall--The Ink Spots and Ella Fitzgerald (1st month at #1)

War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, former Reichsbank head Hjalmar Schacht claimed that he aided the Nazis because he thought their sole motive was national defense.

Diplomacy
The Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry issued its report, recommending the termination of the British mandate in Palestine and its transfer to a United Nations trusteeship. It also called for the admission of 110,000 European Jews to Palestine and creation of a binational state. Both Jews and Arabs rejected the plan.

The foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France, at their conference in Paris, agreed to Italy's retention of the southern Tyrol, claimed by Austria.

Defense
The United Kingdom and France completed their evacuation from Syria 15 days ahead of schedule.

Crime
Allied headquarters in Tokyo announced the discovery of a plot, led by former Kamikaze pilot Hideo Tokayama, to assassinate Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur.

Society
The Florida Supreme Court ruled against Dade County zoning laws barring Negroes from certain areas of Miami.

Transportation
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Harry Truman a bill providing $523 million for aid in the development of muicipal airports.

Energy
University of California physicist Ernest Lawrence revealed the development of the synchrotron, a new atom smasher which could accelerate electrons to energies of 300 million volts.

Baseball
Bob Feller pitched his second career major league no-hitter, winning the pitchers' duel over Bill Bevens as the Cleveland Indians edged the New York Yankees 1-0 before 38,112 fans at Yankee Stadium. Catcher Frankie Hayes broke the tie with a solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning. Mr. Feller struck out 11 batters and walked 5, while Mr. Bevens allowed 7 hits, with 5 strikeouts and 5 bases on balls.

The Philadelphia Athletics took an 8-0 lead after 4 innings and held on to defeat the St. Louis Browns 12-8 before 5,192 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

70 years ago
1951


Scandal
A U.S. federal grand jury in Washington, D.C. convicted U.S. Representative Walter Brehm (Republican--Ohio) of illegally taking about $1,000 in salary kickbacks from former employee Mrs. Emma Craven as campaign contributions.

Oil
The United Kingdom offered to accept nationalization of the $560-million Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, which was 53% British-owned, provided Iran agreed to supply Britain with oil.

Labour
The United Labor Policy Committee officially ended its two-month boycott of U.S. government defense agencies because "considerable progress has been made in correcting unjust and unworkable procedures."

Boxing
Rocky Marciano (35-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Willis Applegate (11-15-2) in a heavyweight bout before 4,167 fans at Rhode Island Auditorium in Providence.

Baseball
In a three-way trade, the Philadelphia Athletics traded pitcher Lou Brissie to the Cleveland Indians for pitcher Sam Zoldak, catcher Ray Murray, and outfielder Minnie Minoso. The Athletics then traded Mr. Minoso and outfielder Paul Lehner to the Chicago White Sox for outfielders Gus Zernial and Dave Philley. Mr. Minoso, a rookie, was batting .429 in 8 games with the Indians in 1951, while Mr. Murray had hit safely in his only plate appearance with the Indians that year. Mr. Zoldak had yet to make an appearance in a major league game in 1951. Mr. Brissie was 0-2 in 2 games with the Athletics in 1951, while Mr. Lehner was batting .143 in 9 games. Mr. Philley was batting .240 in 7 games with the White Sox, while Mr. Zernial was batting .105 in 4 games.

60 years ago
1961


Defense
K-19, the first Soviet nuclear submarine equipped with nuclear missiles, was commissioned.

Baseball
Willie Mays borrowed the bat of teammate Joey Amalfitano and used it to hit 4 home runs and drive in 8 runs as the San Francisco Giants routed the Milwaukee Braves 14-4 before 13,114 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Mr. Mays, six days shy of his 30th birthday, became the ninth player in major league history to hit 4 home runs in a game. The most recent to do it before him was Rocky Colavito of the Cleveland Indians in 1959. Orlando Cepeda hit 2 homers for the Giants, and Felipe Alou and Jose Pagan also homered. Hank Aaron drove in all 4 runs for the Braves with a pair of home runs. Billy Loes (2-1) pitched an 8-hit complete game victory.



The Philadelphia Phillies scored 7 runs in the 8th inning and 4 in the 10th as they overcame a 6-0 deficit and defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 11-7 before 8,194 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Jack Meyer, the third of five Philadelphia pitchers, allowed 2 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 2 innings, walking 2 batters and strikng out 2 in the 202nd and last game of his 7-year major league career. George Crowe lined out as a pinch hitter for St. Louis in the 8th; it was the 702nd and last game of his 9-year major league career.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (3rd week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
2 A Summer Prayer for Peace--The Archies
3 Home--Dave Mills
4 Understanding--Peanutbutter Conspiracy
5 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
6 What is Life--George Harrison
7 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity
8 Knock Three Times--Dawn
9 Chirpy, Chirpy, Cheep, Cheep--Lally Stott
10 Vicki--Lance James

Singles entering the chart were Hot Love by T. Rex (#19); and Sunny Honey Girl by Cliff Richard (#20).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
3 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
4 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
5 If--Bread
6 A Country Boy Named Willy--Spring
7 Jodie--Joey Gregorash
8 Another Day--Paul McCartney
9 Friends/Honey Roll--Elton John
10 Timothy--The Buoys

Singles entering the chart were Brown Sugar by the Rolling Stones (#24); Me and My Arrow by Nilsson (#28); Freedom Train by the Trials of Jayson Hoover (#29); and It Don't Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 Broken/Albert Flasher--The Guess Who
3 A Country Boy Named Willy--Spring
4 Lucky Man--Emerson, Lake & Palmer
5 Friends--Elton John
6 Sweet Mary--Argent
7 I was Wondering--The Poppy Family
8 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
9 Who Do You Love--Tom Rush
10 C'mon--Poco

Singles entering the chart were Hot Love by T. Rex (#26); Freedom Train by the Trials of Jayson Hoover (#28); and It Don't Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#29).

Terrorism
The Canadian government allowed the anti-terrorist Public Order (Temporary Measures) Act to lapse at midnight; the FLQ was still illegal under the Criminal Code.

Energy
Québec Premier Robert Bourassa announced his James Bay project; Hydro Québec was to build a $6-billion hydroelectric power project in the James Bay region, the largest such development ever undertaken in the western hemisphere.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Milwaukee 118 @ Baltimore 106 (Milwaukee won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Oscar Robertson led the Bucks to their first--and so far, only--National Basketball Association championship with 30 points and 9 assists as they completed the sweep of the series before 11,842 fans at Baltimore Civic Center. Milwaukee’s Lew Alcindor, who scored 27 points and grabbed 12 rebounds, was named the finals’ Most Valuable Player. The Bucks won the championship in just their third season in the league.



40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Edmonton's Top 20 (CHED)
1 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
2 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
3 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
4 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
5 Ain’t Even Done with the Night--John Cougar
6 Her Town Too--James Taylor and J.D. Souther
7 High School Confidential--Rough Trade
8 While You See a Chance--Steve Winwood
9 Turning Japanese--The Vapors
10 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
11 Somebody’s Knockin’--Terri Gibbs
12 Crying--Don McLean
13 Thinking of You--Harlequin
14 Another One Rides the Bus--"Weird Al" Yankovic
15 Rapture--Blondie
16 It Just Occurred to Me--Peter Pringle
17 Sweetheart--Franke and the Knockouts
18 Limelight--Rush
19 Woman--John Lennon
20 I Can’t Stand It--Eric Clapton and his Band

Adventure
Canadians John Lauchlan and James Blench reached the summit of 7,454.5-metre Mt. Gangapurna in the Himalayas by a new south face route.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 3 @ New York Islanders 7 (Islanders led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Minnesota 2 @ Calgary 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

25 years ago
1996


Died on this date
David Opatoshu, 78
. U.S. actor. Mr. Opatoshu, born David Opatovsky, was a character actor in films and television for more than 50 years. His movies included The Naked City (1948); Exodus (1960); and Torn Curtain (1966).

Politics and government
Alberta Premier Ralph Klein announced the restoration of some funding to some of the province's hospitals, admitting that the cuts had caused too much discontent.

Hockey
IIHF Men's World Championship @ Turkuhali, Finland
Canada 3 Finland 1

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Dorjee Khandu, 56
. Indian politician. Mr. Khandu, a member of the Indian National Congress Party, was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Arunachal Pradesh in 1990, representing Thingbu-Mukto. He held several cabinet posts before taking office as Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh in April 2007. Mr. Khandu initiated numerous infrastructure programs, but was killed with four other people in a helicopter crash; the bodies weren't discovered until May 4. Mr. Khandu was succeeded as Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh by Jarbom Gamlin.

Wednesday, 28 April 2021

April 29, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, April Stevens and Ira Zabelina!

930 years ago
1091


War
The combined forces of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I and his Cuman allies defeated an invading force of Pechenegs in the Battle of Levounion in what is now part of Turkey.

500 years ago
1521


War
Swedish troops defeated a Danish force in the Battle of Västerås.

240 years ago
1781


War
British and French ships clashed in the Battle of Fort Royal off the coast of Martinique. After four hours, the British squadron under Admiral Samuel Hood broke off and retreated.

160 years ago
1861


Americana
Maryland's House of Delegates voted against seceding from the Union.

140 years ago
1881


Disasters
In the worst civilian shipwreck in New Zealand waters, 131 of 151 passengers and crew aboard the steamer Tararua died when it struck a reef at Waipapa Point, Southland en route from Port Chalmers to Melbourne.

130 years ago
1891


Transportation
The Canadian Pacific steamship Empress of India arrived in Vancouver from Yokohama to open regular service to the Far East, breaking the Pacific Ocean crossing record by two days. Mail arrived in New York via the Canadian Pacific Railway three and a half days later.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Hirohito
. Emperor of Japan, 1926-1989. Hirohito, now referred to in Japan as Emperor Shôwa, was named Regent of Japan on November 29, 1921 in place of his ailing father Emperor Taishô, and acceded to the throne upon his father's death on December 25, 1926. He was worshipped as a god by the Japanese people at the time he succeeded to the throne, and this worship helped to inspire Japanese aggression in World War II. When Japan surrendered to the Allies, Hirohito was forced to abandon his status as a deity, ruling as a constitutional monarch for the rest of his life, while avoiding prosecution as a war criminal. Hirohito died on January 7, 1989 at the age of 87, and was succeeded as Emperor by his son Akihito.

Horse racing
His Eminence, with Jimmy Winkfield up, won the 27th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:07.75. Sannazarro placed second and Driscoll finished third in the five-horse field.

110 years ago
1911


Academia
Tsinghua University, one of mainland China's leading universities, was founded in Beijing.

90 years ago
1931


Baseball
Wes Ferrell (4-1) pitched the American League’s first no-hitter in five years to lead the Cleveland Indians past the St. Louis Browns 9-0 before 7,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland. Mr. Ferrell struck out 8 and also batted in 4 runs with a home run and a double. His brother Rick, catching for the Browns, almost got a hit when he beat out a grounder that was ruled an error. Sam Gray (1-3) took the loss.

80 years ago
1941


War
Berlin sources claimed that German troops had reached the southern end of the Peloponnesus peninsula. Reports from Cairo stated that British Imperial troops aided by a furious sandstorm had halted an Axis advance from Libya just inside Egypt. The Japan Times Advertiser published exploratory peace terms to end the present war and establish a new world order with Germany dominating Europe; Germany and Italy controlling Africa; The U.S.A. dominating the Western Hemisphere; Japan ruling Asia; and the British Empire continuing in restricted form. The Mexican government revealed that Italy had seized three Mexican-owned, Italian-built tankers in reprisal for the Mexican seizure of 10 Italian ships.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that he had full authority to send the U.S. Navy on neutrality patrol into any war zone, including that around Britain if he deemed it necessary for the defense of the Western Hemisphere. U.S. Senator Gerald Nye (Republican--North Dakota) introduced a resolution requiring the President to obtain congressional permission before using the Navy to convoy ships to Britain. U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson accepted without comment the resignation of Colonel Charles Lindbergh from the United States Army; Col. Lindbergh was an outspoken opponent of possible U.S. entry into the European war.

Diplomacy
Costa Rica expelled Karl Bayer as the first move of a government campaign to end Nazi propaganda.

Medicine
Dr. Ernest Witebsky of the University of Buffalo Medical School reported a new test for diagnosing trichinosis in human beings.

Law
Québec law was reformed to admit women to the Bar (Barreau du Québec).

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister J. L. Ilsley called special taxes "a temporary wartime expedient" in his budget speech to the House of Commons; he warned of a probable $500-million deficit.

U.S. Commerce Secretary Jesse Jones predicted a national debt of at least $90 million.

Baseball
The National League’s Boston team changed its name from Bees back to Braves, the name it had had prior to 1936.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)
--Frank Sinatra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
2 One-zy, Two-zy (I Love You-zy)--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
3 You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart)--Les Brown and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
4 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
5 Personality--Johnny Mercer
--Bing Crosby
6 Shoo Fly Pie (And Apple Pan Dowdy)--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
7 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
8 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
9 Day by Day--Frank Sinatra
10 Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief--Betty Hutton
--Les Brown and his Orchestra

No new singles entered the chart.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Waltz of Death

Married on this date
Father Divine
, approximately 65 years of age, married his secretary, Edna Rose Ritchings, 21, in a secret ceremony in Washington, D.C. Father Divine, who claimed to be God, led the International Peace Mission Movement; he claimed that Miss Ritchings was the reincarnation of his first wife, Penniniah, who had died in 1943. The IPMM celebrates the anniversary of the marriage every year on April 29.

War
The International Military Tribunal for the Far East convened and indicted former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders on 55 counts of crimes against peace, "conventional war crimes," and "crimes against humanity." Italian Prime Minister Alcide de Gaspari telegraphed the conference in Paris of the foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France that Italy be heard before any final decision was made on the Italian peace treaty.

Chinese Nationalist leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek rejected U.S. Army General George Marshall's proposal that the Chinese Communists keep the city of Changchun and almost 90% of Manchuria, ending talks between the factions.

Diplomacy
With the U.S.S.R. abstaining, the United Nations Security Council adopted an Australian resolution to investigate whether Spain was a menace to world peace. Former U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt was elected to lead the UN Commission on Human Rights, with Mrs. Bodil Begtrup chairman of the Subcommission on the Status of Women.

Defense
U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes urged the Paris foreign ministers' conference to consider an American proposal for a four-power treaty to keep Germany disarmed for 25 years, but he gained no support from British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin or Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov.

The British government reported that nearly two million soldiers had been demobilized since the end of World War II.

Politics and government
General Manuel Acuna Roxas' election as President of the Philippines was conceded by President Sergio Osmena.

The Argentine Chamber of Deputies met for the first time since it dissolution after the 1943 revolution.

Jouett Ross Todd resigned as treasurer of the U.S. Republican National Committee.

Agriculture
The U.S. Agriculture Department reported that as of April 15, 1946, prices received by farmers were at their highest level since July 1920, and that U.S. corn supplies were 19% above the 1945 level.

Labour
United Mine Workers of American President John L. Lewis and operators of soft coal mines met in Washington at the request of U.S. Labor Secretary Lewis Schwellenbach as the nation's coal reserves dropped to 31 million tons.

70 years ago
1951


Died on this date
Ludwig Wittgenstein, 62
. Austro-Hungarian-born U.K. philosopher. Dr. Wittgenstein worked primarily in logic, and the philosophies of mathematics, mind, and language. He was a a contemporary of Bertrand Russell and Karl Popper, and taught at the University of Cambridge from 1939-1947. Dr. Wittgenstein died three days after his 62nd birthday. His book Philosophical Investigations, considered a classic in the field, was published in 1953.

Vijaysinhji, 61. Maharaja of Rajpila, 1915-1951. Vijaysinhji succeeded his father Chhatrasinhji as Maharana of the princely state of Rajpipla, and eventually received the title of Maharaja. He initiated numerous public works and political reforms, but was perhaps best known for his patronage of sports, especially horse racing. The maharaja owned horses that won the Indian Derby, Irish Derby, and Epsom Derby. Maharaja Vijaysinhji owned an estate in England at Old Windsor, where he died, three years after Rajpipla had merged with the Indian Union. Vijaysinhji was succeeded as Maharaja of Rajpipla by his eldest son Rajendrasinhji.

Politics and government
Nationalist Front leader Mohammed Mossadegh was named Prime Minister of Iran, two days after the resignation of Hussein Ala.

Tibetan delegates arrived in Beijing and signed a Seventeen Point Agreement for Chinese sovereignty and Tibetan autonomy.

Oil
Parliamentary supporters of new Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh enacted a law to nationalize the country's oil industry.

Economics and finance
West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer warned that companies trading illegally with Soviet bloc countries would be deprived of necessary raw materials.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Surrender--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Jealous of You--Connie Francis (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Babysitter-Boogie--Ralf Bendix (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Wooden Heart--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1); You're Driving Me Crazy--The Temperance Seven

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Runaway--Del Shannon (2nd week at #1)
2 Mother-in-Law--Ernie K-Doe
3 Blue Moon--The Marcels
4 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
5 (I Don’t Know Why) But I Do--Clarence "Frogman" Henry
6 I’ve Told Every Little Star--Linda Scott
7 You Can Depend on Me--Brenda Lee
8 On the Rebound--Floyd Cramer
9 One Mint Julep--Ray Charles
10 Take Good Care of Her--Adam Wade

Singles entering the chart were That Old Black Magic by Bobby Rydell (#77); He Needs Me by Gloria Lynne (#84); Little Egypt (Ying-Yang) by the Coasters (#89); Buzz Buzz A-Diddle-It by Freddy Cannon (#90); Little Devil by Neil Sedaka (#94); You’re Gonna Need Magic by Roy Hamilton (#96); The Bilbao Song by Andy Williams (#97); The Kissin’ Game by Dion (#99); Pick Me Up on Your Way Down by Pat Zill (#100); I'm a Fool to Care by Joe Barry (also #100); and Good Goodby by the Bob Knight Four (also #100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Runaway--Del Shannon (5th week at #1)
2 Running Scared--Roy Orbison
3 Shy Away--Jerry Fuller
4 Hello Mary Lou--Ricky Nelson
5 After the Hurricane--Paul Evans
6 Theme for a Dream--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
7 The Great Snow Man--Bob Luman
8 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
9 Tragedy--The Fleetwoods
10 On the Rebound--Floyd Cramer

Singles entering the chart were Little Devil by Neil Sedaka (#29); Moody River by Pat Boone (#37); Underwater by the Frogmen (#42); Louisiana Mama by Gene Pitney (#43); What'd I Say by Jerry Lee Lewis (#44); The Wayward Wind by Gogi Grant (#45); Triangle by Janie Grant (#46); Everyday by Bobby Lee (#47); Daddy's Home by Shep and the Limelites (#49); and Lullaby of the Leaves by the Ventures (#50). The Wayward Wind was a re-release of Miss Grant's hit from 1956.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Running Scared--Roy Orbison (3rd week at #1)
2 Runaway--Del Shannon
3 Little Devil--Neil Sedaka
4 Theme for a Dream--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
5 After the Hurricane--Paul Evans
6 Flaming Star--Elvis Presley
7 Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)--The Coasters
8 The Great Snow Man--Bob Luman
9 Hello Mary Lou/Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson
10 Peanut Butter--The Marathons

Singles entering the chart were She Wears My Ring by Jimmy Bell (#25); That Old Black Magic by Bobby Rydell (#34); Happy Ending by Teddy Randazzo (#38); Hello Walls by Faron Young (#39); and Triangle by Janie Grant (#40).

On television today
Wide World of Sports, produced by Roone Arledge and hosted by Jim McKay, debuted on ABC. The initial broadcast featured Bob Richards calling the Penn Relays from Franklin Field in Philadelphia, and Jim Simpson and Bill Flemming calling the Drake Relays from Drake Stadium in Des Moines, Iowa.

The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Mademoiselle from Armentieres

Boxing
Doug Jones (18-0) knocked down Pete Rademacher (13-4-1) four times and finally knocked him out in the 5th round of a heavyweight bout at St. Nicholas Arena in New York City.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Non, non rien n'a changé--Les Poppys (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
Communications Minister Eric Kierans announced his resignation from the cabinet of Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau as a result of disagreement with Mr. Trudeau's policies on employment and foreign investment. Mr. Kierans supported a policy of full employment.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Chicago 2 @ New York 3 (3 OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Montreal 3 @ Minnesota 2 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Pete Stemkowski scored his second overtime goal of the series against Tony Esposito, this one at 1:29 of the 3rd overtime period, to give the Rangers their win over the Black Hawks at Madison Square Garden. Chicago had led 2-0, but the Rangers came back, with Jean Ratelle scoring the tying goal.



Rejean Houle scored the winning goal for the Canadiens at Metropolitan Sports Center in Bloomington as they defeated the North Stars to advance to the finals. Ken Dryden won the goaltending duel over Cesare Maniago.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos scored 6 runs in the last 3 innings to edge the Chicago Cubs 7-6 before 7,889 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Cubs scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 6th to take a 6-1 lead.

Ken Henderson, Tito Fuentes, and Hal Lanier hit consecutive run-scoring singles in the top of the 13th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the San Francisco Giants defeated the Atlanta Braves 5-2 before 6,194 fans at Atlanta Stadium.

Duke Sims singled home Manny Mota with the bases loaded and none out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the Pittsburg Pirates 2-1 before 5,031 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. The teams combined for just 13 hits.

Nolan Ryan (2-0) and Danny Frisella combined to pitch a 3-hitter for the New York Mets as they shut out the St. Louis Cardinals 7-0 before 10,215 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Mets scored a run in the 6th innings and put the game away with 6 runs in the 7th.

Don Buford led off the 8th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie as the Baltimore Orioles edged the Oakland Athletics 3-2 before 3,320 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Boog Powell hit a 2-run homer with 2 out in the top of the 1st to give Baltimore an early lead, and Dave Duncan hit a 2-run homer to tie the score in the bottom of the 2nd. Jim Palmer (4-0) pitched an 8-hitter to outduel Rollie Fingers (1-3), who allowed just 5 hits, and struck out 10 batters.



The Chicago White Sox used 4 pinch hitters in the top of the 7th inning, resulting in 3 singles and an intentional walk, helping to produce 4 runs as they held on to defeat the Washington Senators 5-4 before 3,681 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. Bernie Allen hit a 2-run home run for the Senators with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Jim French grounded out to second base and pinch hitter Joe Foy struck out to end the game.

40 years ago
1981


Popular culture
The first Drummondville Folklore Festival opened in Drummondville, Quebec, featuring dance troupes from more than 20 countries.

Crime
Truck driver Peter Sutcliffe admitted in a London court to being the "Yorkshire Ripper," the killer of 13 women in northern England over five years.

Baseball
Steve Carlton (4-0) struck out 9 batters to become the first lefthanded major league pitcher to achieve 3,000 career strikeouts as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Montreal Expos 6-2 before 30,142 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Carlton reached the magic mark by striking out Tim Raines, Jerry Manuel, and Tim Wallach in the 1st inning.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Lady Navigation--B'z (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Se mustamies--Hausmylly (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Joyride--Roxette (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Hollywood Detective, on A&E
Tonight's episode: Blind Faith

Environment
Canadian Environment Minister Jean Charest announced a $100-million program to clean up toxic sites and contaminated waste dumps in the Arctic.

Energy
Denison Mines announced that it would close its uranium plant in Elliot Lake, Ontario, putting 1,000 people out of work. The company blamed high costs and cancellation of the Ontario Hydro supply contract.

Disasters
A cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 miles per hour (249 kilometres per hour), killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.

The 7.0 Mw Racha earthquake affected Georgia with a maximum MSK intensity of IX (Destructive),killing 270 people.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 1 @ Boston 2 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Fastlove--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Children--Robert Miles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Children--Robert Miles (6th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Ironic--Alanis Morissette (5th week at #1)
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Birmingham--Amanda Marshall
4 Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
5 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
6 Lucky Love--Joan Osborne
7 Only Love (The Ballad of...)--Sophie B. Hawkins
8 I Want to Come Over--Melissa Etheridge
9 1979--Smashing Pumpkins
10 Shoe Box--Barenaked Ladies

Singles entering the chart were Can I Get Close? by Gavin Hope (#80); Humans Being by Van Halen (#83); These are the Days by Soul Attorneys (#91); Fall from Grace by Amanda Marshall (#92); Shamaya by Susan Aglukark (#93); Fastlove by George Michael (#94); and Red by Elton John (#96).

Abominations
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien introduced legislation to outlaw discrimination against sodomites and lesbians.

Health
British officials presented formal plans to cull their herds of cattle, and the European Union promised to lift its ban on British beef once the slaughter had been completed. The EU had imposed the ban six days earlier because of concern about mad cow disease.

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Arthur Walker, 64
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Walker worked with the U.S. Air Force and the Aerospace Corporation before going to Stanford University, where he worked from 1974 until his death. He was most noted for having developed normal incidence multilayer XUV telescopes to photograph the solar corona. Dr. Walker died of cancer.

Baseball
After getting 3 home runs and 6 runs batted in the day before, Geoff Jenkins batted 4 for 6 with 2 homers, a double, 3 runs, and 6 RBIs to lead the Milwaukee Brewers over the Montreal Expos 10-0 before 32,700 fans at Miller Park in Milwaukee. Jamey Wright (3-2) pitched a 2-hit shutout.

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Lisa Stoufer, 33
. U.S. woman. Miss Stoufer, a native of Pine Bluff, Arkansas, was born with serious disabilities, but didn't let that prevent her from leading a normal life. She was known for her ability to sing in church, knew the Lord Jesus Christ, and is now in His presence, although she's greatly missed here.

Married on this date
Kate Middleton married Prince William in a lavish royal wedding at Westminster Abbey in London. It was estimated that more than 2 billion people watched the event.



Labour
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that an Ontario ban on farm unions was constitutional; over 80,000 Ontario farm workers were denied the right to unionize.

April 28, 2021

410 years ago
1611


Academia
The Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, was established by Miguel de Benavides, Archbishop of Manila, as the largest Roman Catholic university in the world.

240 years ago
1781


Died on this date
Cornelius Harnett, 58
. American politician. Mr. Harnett was a plantation owner who held various offices in the province of North Carolina; he represented North Carolina in the Continental Congress (1777-1779). When British forces occupied Wilmington, N.C. in January 1781, they captured and imprisoned Mr. Harnett; his health declined, and he died 18 days after his 58th birthday, shortly after being released on parole.

225 years ago
1796


War
The Armistice of Cherasco was signed by Napoleon Bonaparte and Vittorio Amedeo III, King of Sardinia, expanding French territory along the Mediterranean coast.

140 years ago
1881


Crime
Billy the Kid escaped from the Lincoln County, New Mexico jail, killing two deputies on guard.

130 years ago
1891


Transportation
RMS Empress of India, carrying 486 passengers and a cargo of tea and silk became the first of the Canadian Pacific Steamships "Empress" liners to arrive at Vancouver harbour, via the Suez Canal and Hong Kong. Canadian Pacific Steamships had signed a contract for subsidized mail service between Britain and Hong Kong via Canada.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Lee Falk
. U.S. cartoonist, director, and producer. Mr. Falk, born Leon Gross, was best known for creating the comic strips Mandrake the Magician and The Phantom. He produced about 300 plays, and directed about 100. Mr. Falk died on March 13, 1999 at the age of 87.

Aviation
The first aeroplane flight in Alberta was made in Edmonton by Bob St. Henry.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Rowland Evans
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Evans was a conservative political reporter in Washington, D.C. who partnered with Robert Novak to write a synidcated column, which began running in newspapers in 1963. The newsletter Evans-Novak Political Report began publication in 1967. The pair hosted the television panel program Evans & Novak on CNN from the early 1980s until Mr. Evans' death from esophageal cancer on March 23, 2001, just over a month before his 80th birthday.

Simin Dāneshvar. Iranian authoress. Miss Dāneshvar wrote short stories and novels in a career spanning more than 50 years, and was generally regarded as the first major Iranian woman novelist. She died after a bout of influenza at the age of 90 on March 8, 2012.

80 years ago
1941


War
The German advance continued in Greece. New Zealand Army Sergeant Jack Hinton earned the Victoria Cross for leading a counterattack against invading German troops in Kalamata.

Abominations
The Croatian nationalist organization Ustaše massacred nearly 200 Serbs in the village of Gudovac, the first massacre of their genocidal campaign against Serbs of the Independent State of Croatia.

Defense
Famed aviator Charles Lindbergh, an outspoken opponent of potential U.S. entry into the European war, wrote President Franklin D. Roosevelt that in view of Mr. Roosevelt's remarks "concerning my loyalty," he was resigning his commission as a colonel in the Army Air Corps.

Society
In a case brought by U.S. Representative Arthur Mitchell (Democrat--Illinois), the only Negro member of Congress, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that Negroes were entitled to Pullman car accommodation and other first-class services equal to those that white passengers received on passenger trains.

Labour
Operators of soft coal mines in the Southern United States accepted President Roosevelt's request to reopen the mines and continue wage discussions, ending the 28-day Appalachian coal strike of 400,000 miners. The U.S. National Association of Manufacturers condemned strikes as "a major bottleneck" in defense production, claiming that over three million man-days had been lost during the first three months of 1941 as a result of strikes, more than half of them in defense industries.

75 years ago
1946


Died on this date
François de la Rocque, 60
. French politician. Mr. de la Rocque led the fascist Croix de Feu movement from 1930-1936, and founded and led the more moderate nationalist Parti Social Français from 1936–1940, when he supported Vichy regime leader Marshal Philippe Petain, before turning against the principle of collaboration with the Nazis.

War
Chinese Communist forces seized Tsitsihar, an important Manchurian railway centre.

Diplomacy
Azerbaijani leader Mir Sayid Jafar Pishevari arrived in Tehran to discuss Iranian Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam Saltaneh's seven-point peace proposal under which the autonomous province of Azerbaijan would return to central government control.

Defense
The U.S. Army-Navy Munitions Board announced plans for a survey of the nation's caverns for underground military and industrial installations in the event of an atomic war.

Protest
More than 4,000 Germans engaged in a four-hour riot after an attack on civilians in Landsberg by Jews from the nearby displaced persons camp.

Religion
The Alliance for the Preservation of American Reform Judaism, opposed to Zionism and Jewish nationalism, was formed in Baton Rouge, Louisiana.

Economics and finance
The Russell Sage Foundation reported that low interest rates were reducing funds availabe to the nation's 505 social welfare foundations, which had an estimated $1.8 billion in capital assets.

70 years ago
1951


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Nevertheless (I'm in Love with You)--Paul Weston and his Orchestra with the Norman Luboff Choir (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); If--Perry Como (Jukebox--5th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mockin’ Bird Hill--Les Paul and Mary Ford (2nd week at #1)
--Patti Page
2 Be My Love--Mario Lanza
3 If--Perry Como
4 Aba Daba Honeymoon--Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter
5 On Top of Old Smoky--The Weavers and Terry Gilkyson
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
6 Would I Love You (Love You, Love You)--Patti Page
7 Beautiful Brown Eyes--Rosemary Clooney
8 My Heart Cries for You--Guy Mitchell
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
--Jimmy Wakely
9 You’re Just in Love--Perry Como
10 Sparrow in the Tree Top--Guy Mitchell
--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters

Singles entering the chart were We Kissed in a Shadow, with versions by Frank Sinatra; and Perry Como (#31); Too Late Now by Toni Arden (#32); Faithfully Yours by Tony Martin (#33); and I Love the Way You Say Goodnight by Dean Martin (#37).

War
U.S. and U.K. forces in Korea withdrew to a line four miles north of Seoul in the face of strong Chinese Communist attacks.

Diplomacy
The Hungarian government released International Telephone & Telegraph Vice President and alleged spy Robert Vogeler after 17 months' imprisonment in return for several U.S. concessions, incuding reopening of the Hungarian consulates in New York and Cleveland, and the return of $70 million in Hungarian property confiscated by the Nazis and still held in the American zone of Germany.

Politics and government
Prime Minister Robert Menzies led his Liberal Party/Country Party coalition to victory in the Australian federal election. The coalition won 69 of 121 seats in the House of Representatives--down from 74 in the most recent election in 1949--while the Labour Party, led by Ben Chifley, increased from 47 to 52 seats. The coalition achieved a majority in the Senate, taking 32 seats--an increase of 6--to 28 for Labour.



U.S. President Harry Truman authorized the dismissal of federal employees or denial of jobs to applicants on "reasonable doubt" as to their loyalty to the United States.

World events
The Paraguayan government announced the arrest in Asuncion of Captain Bartolome Araujo, leader of troops who rebelled in northern Paraguay during the 1947 civil war.

Science
California Institute of Technology physicist Robert Leighton reported the discovery of the long-sought negative proton, one of the rarest of fundamental cosmic ray particles.

Oil
Sheik Abdullah of Kuwait asked the U.S.- and U.K.-owned Kuwait Oil Company to raise his royalties to $200,000 per day.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): You're Driving Me Crazy--The Temperance Seven

On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: The Silence, starring Franchot Tone, Liam Sullivan, and Jonathan Harris

Died on this date
Tommy Connolly, 90
. U.K.-born U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Connolly, a native of Manchester, emigrated to the United States with his family in 1885, and soon became interested in baseball. He umpired in the New England League (1894-1897) and moved up to the National League in 1898. Unhappy with NL President Nicholas Young's reluctance to back up the league's umpires, Mr. Connolly resigned early in the 1900 season, and joined the American League when the AL began operating as a major league in 1901. He worked in the AL for the next 30 years, establishing a reputation as the league's best umpire. Mr. Connolly was removed from field duty in June 1931 by American League President Will Harridge, who was concerned about the quality of the league's umpires. Mr. Connolly was made the AL's supervisor of umpires, holding that position in 1954, coming out of retirement to work in one game in 1932. He worked 4,770 regular season major league games in 35 yers (1898-1932), and 45 World Series games in 8 years. Mr. Connolly was inducted into the Honor Rolls of Baseball in 1946; with Bill Klem of the National League, he was one of the first two umpires inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953.

Baseball
Warren Spahn (2-1), 40, pitched his second career no-hitter as the Milwaukee Braves edged the San Francisco Giants 1-0 before 8,518 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. His first no-hitter had come the previous September 16 at home against the Philadelphia Phillies. Hank Aaron singled home Frank Bolling with the game’s only run with 2 out in the bottom of the 1st inning off losing pitcher Sam Jones (2-1), who allowed 5 hits and struck out 10 batters.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Double Barrel--Dave and Ansel Collins

At the movies
Bananas, co-written and directed by Woody Allen, and starring Mr. Allen, Louise Lasser, Howard Cosell, and Carlos Montalban, opened in theatres.



Boxing
Cleveland Williams (75-11-1) won a 10-round majority decision over Ted Gullick (15-3) in a heavyweight bout at Cleveland Arena.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Baltimore 99 @ Milwaukee 107 (Milwaukee led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Bob Dandridge scored 29 points and grabbed 10 rebounds, while Lew Alcindor added 23 points and 21 rebounds for the Bucks as they defeated the Bullets before 10,746 fans at Milwaukee Arena. Jack Marin led Baltimore scorers with 21 points, while Wes Unseld scored 20 points and grabbed 23 rebounds.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates (5th week at #1)
2 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
3 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
4 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
5 While You See a Chance--Steve Winwood
6 Somebody's Knockin'--Terri Gibbs
7 I Can't Stand It--Eric Clapton and his Band
8 You Better You Bet--The Who
9 Ain't Even Done with the Night--John Cougar
10 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon

Singles entering the chart were Take it on the Run; and Bette Davis Eyes by Kim Carnes (#20).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 2 @ New York Islanders 5 (Islanders led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Minnesota 4 @ Calgary 1 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Trippin'--Push Push (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Joyride--Roxette (4th week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Joyride--Roxette (5th week at #1)
2 No Coke--Dr. Alban
3 Secret Love--Bee Gees
4 How to Dance--Bingoboys featuring Princessa
5 Should I Stay or Should I Go--The Clash
6 Sister Soul & Mr. Beat--Beat 4 Feet featuring Kim Cooper
7 Crazy--Seal
8 Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now)--C & C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams
9 Blue Hotel--Chris Isaak
10 (I Wanna Give You) Devotion--Nomad featuring MC Mikee Freedom

Singles entering the chart were Where the Streets Have No Name (I Can't Take My Eyes Off You) by Pet Shop Boys (#14); One More Try by Timmy T (#20); You Got the Love (Erens Bootleg Mix) by The Source featuring Candi Staton (#25); Too Late (True Love) by the Real Milli Vanilli (#26); Venedig im Regen by Thomas Forstner (#27); and Wiggle It by 2 in a Room (#30).

Died on this date
Ken Curtis, 74
. U.S. actor and singer. Mr. Curtis, born Curtis Gates, sang with the orchestras of Tommy Dorsey and Shep Fields before joining the Sons of the Pioneers from 1949-1953. He was best known for playing Festus Haggen in the television Western series Gunsmoke from 1963-1975.

Economics and finance
Ontario Treasurer Floyd Laughren presented a $52.8-billion spending budget that would triple the provincial deficit to a record $9.7 billion; Mr. Laughren went against the advice of the federal government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

Hockey
IIHF Men’s World Championship
Group A
Czechoslovakia (3-4) 4 Canada (4-2-1) 3
U.S.S.R. (6-0-1) 5 Sweden (3-0-4) 5
Switzerland (1-6) 5 Germany (0-6-1) 2
U.S.A. (3-2-2) 2 Finland (3-3-1) 1

NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
St. Louis 2 @ Minnesota 3 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 4-2)
Los Angeles 3 @ Edmonton 4 (OT) (Edmonton won best-of-series 4-2)

Baseball
The Minnesota Twins defeated the Seattle Mariners 8-2 before 18,039 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis as Jack Morris (2-3) allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 innings to get his 200th career major league win.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): California Love--2Pac featuring Dr. Dre

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Children--Robert Miles

#1 single in Switzerland: Children--Robert Miles (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Scotland (OCC): Ooh Aah...Just a Little Bit--Gina G (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lester Sumrall, 83
. U.S. clergyman. Mr. Sumrall was an Assemblies of God pastor who founded World Harvest Radio International in 1968 and World Harvest Television in 1972; he was known as the "Father of Christian television."

Music
This blogger, with enjoyable female company, attended a chamber music performance by members of the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra at the Citadel Theatre's Maclab Theatre.

Crime
Gunman Martin Bryant opened fire on a crowd at a popular tourist site in Port Arthur, Tasmania, killing 35 and wounding 18.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
New York Rangers 5 @ Montreal 3 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Pittsburgh 3 @ Washington 2 (Pittsburgh won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Detroit 4 @ Winnipeg 1 (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-2)

The Red Wings eliminated the Jets in the last National Hockey League game ever played at Winnipeg Arena, and the last game played by the Winnipeg Jets before they moved to Phoenix to become the Coyotes for the 1996-97 season.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos scored 7 runs in the 1st inning and 11 in the first 3 innings and went on to beat the Colorado Rockies 21-9 before 48,006 fans at Coors Field in Denver. Montreal shortstop and leadoff hitter Mark Grudzielanek batted 5 for 7 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

The Cleveland Indians scored 6 runs in the 1st inning and 3 in the 2nd as they routed the Toronto Blue Jays 17-3 before 31,143 fans at SkyDome in Toronto.

20 years ago
2001


Space
Dennis Tito, 60, a billionaire businessman and former NASA employee from California, became the first paying passenger to go into space, aboard Soyuz TM-32, a Russian mission with a crew of Talgat Musabayev (Commander) and Yuri Baturin (Flight Engineer).

Baseball
Geoff Jenkins hit 3 home runs and drove in 6 runs to lead the Milwaukee Brewers past the Montreal Expos 8-4 before 40,877 fans at Miller Park in Milwaukee.

10 years ago
2011


Politics and government
U.S. President Barack Obama reshuffled his national security team, with Central Intelligence Agency Director Leon Panetta succeeding Defense Secretary Robert Gates and General David Petraeus replacing Mr. Panetta at the CIA.

Crime
Phillip Garrido and his wife Nancy pleaded guilty to kidnapping and raping Jaycee Dugard, who was abducted in California in 1991 at age 11 and rescued 18 years later. The Garridos were sentenced to up to life in prison.

Figure Skating
Patrick Chan of Canada won his first men's world figure skating title, sweeping all three world records, with 93.02 points for his short program, 187.96 points for his long program and 280.98 points overall at Megasport Arena in Moscow. Mr. Chan won again in 2012 and 2013.

Tuesday, 27 April 2021

April 27, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rod Crossley!

1,310 years ago
711


War
Moorish troops led by Tariq ibn Ziyad landed at Gibraltar to begin their invasion of the Iberian Peninsula (Al-Andalus).

500 years ago
1521

Died on this date
Ferdinand Magellan, 40-41(?)
. Portuguese explorer. Mr. Magellan reached the Malay Archipelago in Southeast Asia travelling east (1505-1511/1512). King Manuel I of Portugal refused to support his plan to reach India by a new route, but King Carlos I of Spain hired Mr. Magellan to search for a westward route to the Maluku (Spice) Islands. He led an expedition to accomplish the first circumnavigation of the Earth, leaving Seville in August 1519. Mr. Magellan and his party arrived in the Philippines on March 16, 1521, and he converted as many as 2,200 locals to Christianity. Lapulapu, the Datu (leader) of Mactan, resisted conversion, and Mr. Magellan sailed to the island. In the resulting battle, he was hit by a bamboo spear and finished off by other weapons. Juan Sebastián Elcano completed the circumnavigation after Mr. Magellan's death.

War
The forces of Lapulapu defeated a Spanish force fighting for Rajah Humabon of Cebu under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in the Battle of Mactan, resulting in the death of Mr. Magellan and the departure of the Spanish crew from the archipelago.

230 years ago
1791


Born on this date
Samuel Morse
. U.S. artist and inventor. Mr. Morse was a portrait painter before he became famous for inventing the most widely-used version of the telegraph, and co-inventing the Morse code method of telegraphy. He died on April 2, 1872, 25 days before his 81st birthday.

180 years ago
1841


Politics and government
Sir William McBean George Colebrooke is appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick, having previously been Lieutenant-Governor of the Leeward Islands and Antigua.

175 years ago
1846


Politics and government
John A. Macdonald (Conservative--Kingston) delivered his maiden speech in the Assembly of the Province of Canada, advocating a repeal of the usury laws.

160 years ago
1861


Abominations
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus.

130 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Sergei Prokoviev
. Russian composer. Mr. Prokofiev, who had to put up with interference and restrictions imposed by Mr. Stalin's regime, wrote seven symphonies, five piano concertos, nine piano sonatas, and other compositions such as Peter and the Wolf and the score for the movie Alexander Nevsky (1938). He died on March 5, 1953 at the age of 61.

Politics and government
Frederick Peters was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, replacing Neil McLeod.

125 years ago
1896


Born on this date
Wallace Carothers
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Carothers taught at several universities before becoming a group leader of organic chemistry at the DuPont Experimental Station laboratory in Delaware. He was the leader of the project that was credited with the invention of nylon in 1935. Dr. Carothers suffered from depression through the 1930s, and committed suicide by drinking potassium cyanide on April 29, 1937, two days after his 41st birthday.

Rogers Hornsby. U.S. baseball player and manager. One of the greatest hitters in history, "Rajah" was a second baseman with the St. Louis Cardinals (1915-1926, 1933); New York Giants (1927); Boston Braves (1928); Chicago Cubs (1929-1932); and St. Louis Browns (1933-1937), batting .358 with 301 home runs and 1,584 runs batted in in 2,259 games. His career batting percentage is second only to Ty Cobb's .366. Mr. Hornsby won 6 straight National League batting titles with the Cardinals (1920-1925) and with the Braves in 1928. He also led the NL in home runs in 1922 and 1925. Mr. Hornsby was the manager of the Cardinals in 1925 and 1926, and managed the Giants and Braves while he played with them. He managed the Cubs from 1930-1932 and the Browns from 1933-1937. After years of playing and managing in the minor leagues, Mr. Hornsby returned to the Browns as manager in 1952, but was disliked by the players and fired by owner Bill Veeck in mid-season. Mr. Hornsby was then hired by the Cincinnati Reds, leading them through the end of the 1953 season. Mr. Hornsby compiled a record of 701-812 in 14 seasons as a majaor league manager, leading the Cardinals to their first World Series championship in 1926. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1942, and died of a heart attack at the age of 66 on January 5, 1963 after serving as third base coach for the legendarily-awful expansion New York Mets in 1962.

Died on this date
Henry Parkes, 80
. U.K.-born Australian politician. Sir Henry emigrated from England to New South Wales in 1839, and worked as a labourer, civil servant and businessman before entering politics. A member of the N.S.W. Legislative Council (1854-1870, 1871-1892) as a member of the Free Trade Party, he served five terms as Premier of New South Wales (1872-1875, 1877, 1878-1883, 1887-1889, 1889-1891). Sir Henry delivered the Tenterfield Oration in 1889, calling for a federation of the six Australian colonies; Federation finally went into effect in 1901. Sir Henry didn't live to see it, as he died a month before his 81st birthday.

Politics and government
Sir Mackenzie Bowell resigned as Prime Minister of Canada due to cabinet infighting, calling his opponents in the Cabinet "a nest of traitors" when they withdrew support over his handling of the issue of allowing Roman Catholic schools in Manitoba. Sir Mackenzie was unable to deal with religious factions in the Conservative Party, and was succeeded as party leader and Prime Minister by Sir Charles Tupper, who had been recalled from his position as High Commissioner to Great Britain. John Costigan was appointed Minister of Marine; A. R. Angers as President of the Council; and L. O. Taillon as Postmaster-General.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Bruno Beger
. German anthropologist and ethnologist. Mr. Beger worked for the SS think tank Ahnenerbe, participating in Ernst Schäfer's 1938–39 journey to Tibet, helping the Race and Settlement Office of the SS identify Jews, and later helping select human subjects to be killed to create an anatomical study collection of Jewish skeletons during World War II. In February 1948 he was exonerated by a denazification panel unaware of the skeletons, but after a decade-long investigation, was convicted in 1971 and served three years' probation for being an accomplice in the murder of 86 Jews. Mr. Beger died on October 12, 2009 at the age of 98.

Politics and government
Following the resignation of Senator William P. Frye (Republican--Maine), a compromise was reached to rotate the office of President pro tempore of the United States Senate.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Robert Dhéry
. French actor, director, and screenwriter. Mr. Dhéry, born Robert Fourrey, had a stage and screen career spanning more than 45 years. He died on December 3, 2004 at the age of 83.

90 years ago
1931


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Solitary Cyclist

80 years ago
1941


War
German troops entered Athens at 9:25 A.M. and hoisted the Nazi flag over the Acropolis; the last British Imperial forces defending the city had withdrawn from the Peloponnesus or evacuated to Egypt or Crete. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in a broadcast from London, hailed the extension of the U.S. neutrality patrol, declaring that now the "eventual defeat of Hitler and Mussolini is certain." He admitted the seriousness of the Allied defeat in Greece, and predicted a German attack on Russia or another country. U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana), adressing 9,000 people at an America First Committee rallly in Chicago, charged that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was preparing the nation for a declaration of war.

Defense
Former U.S. Ambassador to France William C. Bullitt told a United China Relief rally that the United States should aid China and the United Kingdom even at the cost of war.

Radio
General Electric Company announced that 1941-42 radio models would be virtually frozen and that the company's resources for research and development would be turned over to defense production.

Politics and government
The Communist Party of Slovenia, the Slovene Christian Socialists, the left-wing Slovene Sokols (also known as "National Democrats") and a group of progressive intellectuals established the Liberation Front of the Slovene Nation.

Baseball
Stockholders of the Boston Bees agreed to change the team's name back to Braves, the name it had had prior to 1936.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye & “Swing And Sway” Orchestra with Betty Barclay (Best Seller--1st week at #1); Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and His Orchestra with Marjorie Hughes (Airplay--6th week at #1; Juke Box--7th week at #1; Honor Roll of Hits--8th week at #1)

Defense
The foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France agreed at their conference in Paris on a strict limitation of the Italian fleet, with the U.K., U.S.S.R., U.S., Yugoslavia, and Greece sharing in the division of ships exceeding the limit. Icelandic Prime Minister Olafur Thors rejected an American bid for long-term leases of military bases there.

The U.S. Army Air Forces revealed the XB-35 flying wing bomber, with no fuselage, a wing span of 172 feet, and a range of over 10,000 miles.

Politics and government
Italy's strongest party, the Christian Democrats, voted at their congress in Rome in favour of a republic for Italy instead of a monarchy.

70 years ago
1951


On the radio
Hear it Now, hosted by Edward R. Murrow, on CBS

Tonight's program included news on the Communist offensive in Korea.

Defense
The U.S.A. and Denmark announced a new 20-year agreement on the defense of Greenland, leaving Denmark in control of Greenland's naval and air bases but permitting the United States and other Atlantic pact countries to use them. The U.S. could also station troops in Greenland and administer some vital districts jointly with the Danes.

Politics and governnment
Hussein Ala resigned as Prime Minister of Iran on the grounds that he lacked support n his efforts to promote a compromise between Iranians backing oil nationalization and British demands for protection.

Archaeology
University of Pennsylvania anthropologist Carleton Coon reported the discovery of evidence in Iran that true man lived as far back as 75,000 years ago.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Are You Sure--The Allisons

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Wooden Heart--Elvis Presley (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Death for Sale



At the movies
The Guns of Navarone, directed by J. Lee Thompson, and starring Gregory Peck, David Niven, and Anthony Quinn, received its premiere screening at the Odeon Leicester Square in London, with Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip among those in attendance.



Died on this date
Frank Gibson, 70
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Gibson was a catcher with the Detroit Tigers (1913) and Boston Braves (1921-1927), batting .274 with 8 home runs and 146 runs batted in in 471 games. He played at least 1,169 games in at least 14 seasons in the minor leagues (1911-1920, 1928-1931).

Roy Del Ruth, 67. U.S. film director, producer, and screenwriter. Mr. Del Ruth began his career as a writer for Mack Sennett's silent comedy films in 1915, and directed his first movie in 1919. His films included The Maltese Falcon (1931) and Blonde Crazy (1931). Mr. Del Ruth died of a heart attack.

Space
The U.S.A. launched Explorer 11, a satellite that orbited a special telescope for mapping gamma rays from cosmic sources, from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Africana
Sierra Leone became an independent nation after more than 150 years of British colonial rule.

Journalism
U.S. President John F. Kennedy spoke about the issues of information and secrecy in government in an address to the American Newspaper Publishers Association.



Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds traded catcher Ed Bailey to the San Francisco Giants for second baseman Don Blasingame, catcher Bob Schmidt, and a player to be named later; pitcher Sherman Jones was sent to the Reds on May 13 to complete the deal. Mr. Bailey was batting .302 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 12 games with Cincinnati in 1961; Mr. Schmidt was hitting .167 (1 for 6) with no homers and 1 RBI in 2 games with San Francisco, while Mr. Blasingame was 0 for 1 with 2 bases on balls and no RBIs in 3 games.

Only 11,931 were in attendance at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles for the first home game of the Los Angeles Angels of the American League. The Angels lost 4-2 to the Minnesota Twins, who were led by the pitching of Camilo Pascual (2-0). Detroit Tigers’ legend Ty Cobb threw out the first ball; it was his last appearance at a ballpark.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): (I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Park Chung-hee, the Democratic Republican candidate, was re-elected to a third four-year term as President of South Korea, taking 53.2% of the vote to 45.3% for New Democratic candidate Kim Dae-jung. It was the last contested presidential election in South Korea until 1981.

Protest
More than 40 people were forcibly removed from a courtrooom in Carmarthen, Wales after they disrupted preliminary hearings of eight members of the Welsh Language Society who were facing vandalism charges.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Minnesota 1 @ Montreal 6 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New York 2 @ Chicago 3 (OT) (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Jean Beliveau picked up 3 assists in the 3rd period of the Canadiens’ win over the North Stars at the Montreal Forum, giving him a record total of 94 career assists in Stanley Cup play, 3 more than Gordie Howe.

Bobby Hull scored the winning goal for the Black Hawks at 6:35 of the 1st overtime period against the Rangers at Chicago Stadium.



Baseball
Curt Flood, who had attempted a comeback after sitting out the 1970 season while challenging the legality of the reserve clause in baseball contracts, quit the Washington Senators after just 13 games (batting .200) and departed for Denmark.

Hank Aaron of the Atlanta Braves hit his 600th career major league home run, but the Braves lost 6-5 to the San Francisco Giants when Willie Mays, another member of the 600-homer club, singled home Hal Lanier with the winning run with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning before 13,494 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Mr. Mays finished the game batting 4 for 6 with a double, run, and 2 runs batted in.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored 4 runs in the 7th inning and 3 in the 8th as they defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-5 before 6,518 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Richie Hebner hit his first home run of the season as a pinch hitter for the Pirates in the 8th inning, and Pittsburgh left fielder Willie Stargell homered with 1 out in the 9th, setting a major league record with his 11th home run in the month of April.

Felipe Alou singled home Roy White from third base with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning to give the New York Yankees a 6-5 win over the Chicago White Sox before 7,009 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Pinch hitter John Stephenson scored Alex Johnson with a sacrifice fly to tie the score and Ken McMullen followed with a single to drive home Tony Conigliaro with the winning run as the California Angels scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Cleveland Indians 2-1 before 6,692 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Cleveland starting pitcher Ray Lamb allowed just 3 hits through 8.1 innings, but was relieved by Camilo Pascual (1-2) after Alex Johnson singled. Mr. Pascual gave up a double to Mr. Conigliaro and was then relieved by Steve Mingori. Ken Harrelson hit a home run for the Indians to lead off the 2nd inning; it was the only run off Andy Messersmith, who allowed 5 hits in 8 innings before being relieved by Lloyd Allen (2-0).

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): 9 to 5 (Morning Train)--Sheena Easton

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ruby no Yubiwa--Akira Terao (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Johnny & Mary--Robert Palmer (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre

Technology
Xerox PARC introduced the computer mouse.

Baseball
Rookie pitcher Fernando Valenzuela (5-0) pitched his fourth shutout of the season to lead the Los Angeles Dodgers to a 5-0 win over the San Francisco Giants before 49,478 fans at Dodger Stadium. The 7-hitter lowered Mr. Valenzuela’s earned run average to 0.20. He also batted 3 for 4 with a run and a run batted in.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Joyride--Roxette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Joyride--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Désenchantée--Mylène Farmer

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes (5th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 One More Try--Timmy T
4 You--Ten Sharp
5 Unfinished Sympathy--Massive
6 Should I Stay or Should I Go--The Clash
7 Let There Be Love--Simple Minds
8 Mega Mix--Snap!
9 Always on the Run--Lenny Kravitz
10 Highwire--Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were Cowboys and Angels by George Michael (#26); How to Dance by Bingoboys featuring Princessa (#31); Wind of Change by the Scorpions (#33); Vergeet M'n Naam by Corry Konings (#34); Grease: The Dream Mix by Frankie Valli, John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (#37); and Se Stiamo Insieme by Riccardo Cocciante (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 You're in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 I Like the Way (The Kissing Game)--Hi-Five
5 Here We Go--C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
6 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
7 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
8 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis
9 I Touch Myself--Divinyls
10 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp

Singles entering the chart were Playground by Another Bad Creation (#66); New Jack Hustler (Nino's Theme) by Ice-T (#78); Never Gonna Let You Down by Surface (#88); I Don't Want to Lose Your Love by B Angie B (#91); Good Heart by Starship (#93); and Does Anybody Really Fall in Love Anymore? by Kane Roberts (#95). New Jack Hustler (Nino's Theme) was from the movie New Jack City (1991).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Baby Baby--Amy Grant (2nd week at #1)
2 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 Joyride--Roxette
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma
7 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
8 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
9 Here We Go--C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
10 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis

Singles entering the chart were Couple Days Off by Huey Lewis and the News (#48) and Power of Love/Love Power by Luther Vandross (#75); Does Anybody Really Fall in Love Anymore? by Kane Roberts (#88); and Backyard by Pebbles (with Salt-N-Pepa) (#90).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
5 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
6 Mercy Mercy Me/I Want You--Robert Palmer
7 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
8 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
9 Animal Heart--Glass Tiger
10 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.

Singles entering the chart were Couple Days Off by Huey Lewis and the News (#68); Love is a Wonderful Thing by Michael Bolton (#70); Miracle by Whitney Houston (#76); Payin’ the Cost to Be the Boss by Pat Benatar (#81); Unbelievable by EMF (#85); I Touch Myself by Divinyls (#92); and Laying Down the Law by the Law (#94).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Boston 2 @ Montreal 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): How Bizarre--OMC (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Soirée disco--Boris (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Children--Robert Miles (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Hava Naquila--Party Animals

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Return of the Mack--Mark Morrison (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (6th week at #1)
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
4 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
5 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio
6 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly featuring Ronald Isley
7 You're the One--SWV
8 Woo-Hah!! Got You All in Check/Everything Remains Raw--Busta Rhymes
9 Count on Me--Whitney Houston & CeCe Winans
10 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy

Singles entering the chart were Old Man & Me (When I Get to Heaven) by Hootie & the Blowfish (#28); Tres Delinquentes by Delinquent Habits (#76); Feel the Music by Planet Soul featuring Brenda Dee (#78); Scarred by Luke (#80); Live and Die for Hip Hop by Kris Kross (#82); Mr. Ice Cream Man by Master P (#90); No More Games by Skin Deep featuring Li'l Kim of Junior M.A.F.I.A. (#92); and My Maria by Brooks & Dunn (#96). Scarred was from the movie Eddie (1996).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (2nd week at #1)
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
4 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
5 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio
6 Doin' It--LL Cool J
7 Woo-Hah!! (Got You All in Check)--Busta Rhymes
8 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
9 You're the One--SWV
10 Count on Me--Whitney Houston and CeCe Winans

Singles entering the chart were You're the One; Chains by Tina Arena (#47); Kissin' You by Total (#48); and I Don't Wanna Be Alone by Shai (#72).

Died on this date
Gilles Grangier, 84
. French film director and screenwriter. Mr. Grangier directed 55 movies and several television series from 1943-1985. He died eight days before his 85th birthday.

William Colby, 76. U.S. intelligence officer. Mr. Colby was Director of Central Intelligence from 1973-1976. He was Director during a perios of relative openness and reform of the Central Intelligence Agency. Mr. Colby was replaced by future President George H.W. Bush on January 30, 1976, and retired to a private law practice. He died while on a solo canoe trip near his Maryland home; his body was found face-down on a sandbar on May 6. The death was ruled accidental, with the coroner ruling that Mr. Colby was a good candidate for a heart attack, but there were suspicions of foul play or suicide.

War
Operation Grapes of Wrath, the campaign by the Israeli Defense Forces in Lebanon against Hezbollah terrorists, ended after 16 days.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Philadelphia 6 @ Tampa Bay 1 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Boston 3 @ Florida 4 (Florida won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Toronto 1 @ St. Louis 2 (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Colorado 3 @ Vancouver 2 (Colorado won best-of-seven series 4-2)

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Marian Mercer, 75
. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Mercer appeared in plays from the 1950s through the '70s, winning a Tony Award for her featured performance in the musical Promises, Promises (1968). She appeared in numerous television programs from 1972-2000, and died of Alzheimer's disease.

Politics and government
U.S. President Barack Obama produced a detailed Hawaii birth certificate in an extraordinary attempt to bury the issue of where he was born.

Disasters
More than 120 tornadoes raked the Southern and Midwestern United States, resulting in 316 deaths and hundreds of people injured across parts of Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, Virginia and Georgia.