Sunday, 25 April 2021

April 24, 2021

170 years ago

Politics and government
Reform Party leader George Coles was asked by Lieutenant-Governor Sir Alexander Bannerman to form a government; Prince Edward Island thus obtained responsible government.

130 years ago

Died on this date
Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, 90
. Prussian military officer. Graf Generalfeldmarschall Moltke had a military career that spanned almost 70 years. He modernized the Ottoman Army in the mid-late 1830s, and was Chief of the Prussian General Staff, and later the Imperial German General Staff from 1857-1888. Graf Moltke was a disciple of Carl von Clausewitz and regarded strategy as a practical art of adapting means to ends. He planned and led the successful Prussian campaigns in the Austro-Prussian War (1866) and Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871). Graf Moltke died after a short illness. He's referred to as "the Elder" to distinguish him from his nephew Helmuth von Moltke, who commanded the German Army at the outbreak of World War I.

125 years ago

Donald Smith, Lord Strathcona was appointed Canadian High Commissioner to Britain, replacing Sir Charles Tupper, who had been recalled by the governing Conservative Party to replace Sir Mackenzie Bowell as party leader and Prime Minister.

120 years ago

The Chicago White Stockings defeated the Cleveland Blues 8-2 before 9,000 fans at South Side Park in Chicago in the American League's first official game as a major league. Cleveland second baseman Erve Beck hit the AL's first major league home run off Chicago's Roy Patterson (1-0), who pitched a 7-hit complete game victory over Bill Hoffer (0-1). Three other scheduled AL openers were rained out.

110 years ago

The Canadian Pacific Railway launched the steamship Bonnington (1,700 tons) at Nakusp, British Columbia. It was retired in 1931 and dismantled in 1948.

90 years ago

Died on this date
David Kldiashvili, 68
. Georgian author and playwright. Mr. Kldiashvili was known for his humourous social satires in the 1890s and early 1900s about the degeneration of Georgia's gentry and the miseries of the peasantry, boldly exposing the antagonisms of Georgian society.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Karin Boye, 40
. Swedish authoress and poetess. Miss Boye is best known in her native Sweden for her poetry, but elsewhere she's best known for her dystopian novel Kallocain (1940). Miss Boye was a lesbian who committed suicide with an overdose of sleeping pills.

Heavy fighting at Thermopylae and German aerial attacks on evacuation ships continued; 400-500 lives were lost when the Greek steam yacht Hellas was bombed and sunk. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill postponed a House of Commons debate on the situation in the eastern Mediterranean region until the situation was clarified.

Japanese Emperor Hirohito formally ratified the U.S.S.R.-Japan neutrality pact after it was unanimously approved by the Privy Council. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered American warships to report movements of German vessels west of Iceland, but not to fire unless fired upon. U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox said in a speech in New York, "We cannot allow our goods to be sunk in the Atlantic--we shall be beaten if they do." Mr. Knox said, "we must see the job through," be delivering war materials to Britain. The Mexico City newspaper Excelsior reported that the Mexican government had approved an initial expenditure of $14 million for improving the harbours on the Gulf and Pacific coasts as naval bases.

Harvard University anthropologist Professor Ernest Hooton said that medical science must regenerate mankind biologically by checking human degeneration through birth control, sterlization, and euthanasia.

The New School for Social Research of New York, popularly known as the "University in Exile," received a permanent charter from the Board of Regents.

Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau urged a cut of $1 billion in ordinary expenditures by reducing agriculture, Civilian Conservation Corps, National Youth Administration, and soil conservation appropriations.

U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins certified the 24-day coal strike to the National Defense Mediation Board.

75 years ago

Leon Trotsky's biography of U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin, Mr. Trotsky's rival for leadership of the Soviet Union, was published by Harper & Bros. Mr. Trotsky had been assassinated in exile in Mexico in 1940.

Brazilian Foreign Minister Joao Neves de Fontura announced that the Pan-American Peace and Security Conference would be held in Rio de Janeiro on September 7, 1946.

Politics and government
Nationalist Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek indefinitely postponed the constitutional assembly scheduled to convene May 5 because of Communist refusal to participate.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Export-Import Bank lent $40 million to Poland.

The Argentine government of President Juan Peron placed all banks including private deposits under its control.

The French Constituent Assembly voted to nationalize 50 large insurance companies, with shareholders receiveing 3% government bonds.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Murderers’ Meeting, starring Jackie Cooper, Wally Cox, Sally Hester, and Mildred Natwick

Died on this date
Dennis Fielden
. N.Z. military officer. Second Lieutenant Fielden was a seven-year veteran of the Royal Artillery and the Royal Air Force before joining the 1,056-man Kayforce in Korea. He was killed in the Battle of Kapyong, becoming New Zealand's first combat fatality in the Korean War.

Canadian troops, including Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI), successfully defended the Kapyong Valley in Korea against a two-day Chinese attack, suffering 10 dead and 23 wounded. The Australians bore the brunt of the original attack and had to retreat.

The U.S. Defense Department disclosed plans to send 500-600 military advisers to Taiwan to help train Nationalist Chinese forces.

The Iraniain government announced the end of two weeks of anti-British strikes and violence in the oil city of Abadan as 17,000 workers returned to their jobs.

Politics and government
Democratic Party U.S. congressional leaders announced that the Senate Foreign Relations and Armed Services Committees would hold joint hearings on the dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur from his commands and on U.S. Far Eastern policy.

Prospects of a split in the British Labour Party diminished when the left-wing Aneurin Bevan faction agreed not to oppose Prime Minister Clement Attlee's government in key votes which might cause the downfall of Mr. Attlee's cabinet.

The University of North Carolina admitted its first Negro student, Edward Diggs, who entered the medical school.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Stabilization issued a new price control system for durale consumer goods, limiting manufacturers to pre-Korean War prices plus increases in labour and materials costs.

A fire on an electric train in Yokohama caused 104 deaths, including 3 American soldiers.

The U.S.S.R., which had never participated in the Olympic Games, announced the formation of a national Olympic committee and applied to compete in the 1952 Olympics.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Quince Años Tiene Mi Amor--Dúo Dinámico (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Non, je ne regrette rien--Édith Piaf (15th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Runaway--Del Shannon
2 Blue Moon--The Marcels
3 Mother-in-Law--Ernie K-Doe
4 But I Do--Clarence "Frogman" Henry
5 On the Rebound--Floyd Cramer
6 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
7 I've Told Every Little Star--Linda Scott
8 You Can Depend on Me--Brenda Lee
9 Take Good Care of Her--Adam Wade
10 One Mint Julep--Ray Charles

Singles entering the chart were Travelin' Man by Ricky Nelson (#71); A Dollar Down by the Limeliters (#73); The Touchables in Brooklyn by Dickie Goodman (#78); (Dance the) Mess Around by Chubby Checker (#79); Peanut Butter by the Marathons (#81); That's the Way with Love by Piero Soffici (#83); What a Surprise by Johnny Maestro (#84); Lullaby of the Leaves by the Ventures (#85); The Bilbao Song by Andy Williams (#86); Tossin' and Turnin' by Bobby Lewis (#91); Better Tell Him No by the Starlets (#92); Shy Away by Jerry Fuller (#93); I'm a Fool to Care by Oscar Black (#94); Jura (I Swear I Love You) by Les Paul and Mary Ford (#95); Little Egypt (Ying-Yang) by the Coasters (#96); (A Ship Will Come) Ein Schiff Wird Kommen by Lale Anderson (#97); Won'cha Come Home, Bill Bailey by Della Reese (#98); I'm a Fool to Care by Joe Barry (#99); and Nobody Cares (About Me) by Jeanette (Baby) Washington (#100). The Touchables in Brooklyn was a "break-in" record, a comedy record featuring excerpts from recent hits, and was a sequel to Mr. Goodman's recent hit The Touchables.

Died on this date
Lee Moran, 72
. U.S. actor, director and screenwriter. Mr. Moran appeared in 462 films, directed 109, and wrote for 92 from 1912-1935. He was was often paired with actor Eddie Lyons and the two made several comedic films together.

The Royal York Hotel's Hotel & Club Employees Union members walked off the job in Toronto, rejecting a contract that would give management the right to cancel shifts with just 48 hours’ notice. The strike was big news--Saskatchewan Premier Tommy Douglas, carrying his own bags, predicted a swift victory for the union--but after a bitter 11 month strike, they accepted the original offer and went back to work on April 9, 1962.

National Boxing Association world light heavyweight champion Harold Johnson (64-8) retained his title with a technical knockout of Von Clay (13-4-2) at 2:28 of the 2nd round at Philadelphia Arena. Mr. Clay was knocked down once in the 1st round and 3 times in the 2nd round, forcing a technical knockout under a rule that mandated a TKO if a fighter was knocked down 3 times in the same round.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): My Sweet Lord--George Harrison

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Il cuore e' uno zingaro--Nicola Di Bari (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Hot Love--T. Rex (6th week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 The Pushbike Song--The Mixtures (5th week at #1)
2 I'll Be Gone--Spectrum
3 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
4 Knock Three Times--Dawn
5 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
6 Have You Ever Seen the Rain/Hey Tonight--Creedence Clearwater Revival
7 Band of Gold--Freda Payne
8 Eleanor Rigby--Zoot
9 Armstrong--Reg Lindsay
10 Your Song--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were If You Could Read My Mind by Gordon Lightfoot (#51); Ruby Tuesday by Melanie (#57); and Watching Scotty Grow by Bobby Goldsboro (#59).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Mozart - First Movement Symphony No. 40--Waldo De Los Rios (3rd week at #1)
2 Funny, Funny--The Sweet
3 True Love that's a Wonder--Sandy Coast
4 Du--Peter Maffray
5 Those Words--Sandra & Andres
6 What is Life--George Harrison
7 Power to the People--John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
8 Underneath the Blanket Go--Gilbert O'Sullivan
9 Waarheen, Waarvoor...--Mieke Telkamp en De Hi-Five
10 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road

Singles entering the chart were Un Banc, Un Arbre, Une Rue by Severine (#25); Hot Love by T. Rex (#26); Kleine Liefdesmelodie by De Kermis Klanten (#30); Joy to the World by Three Dog Night (#32); Ich Hab' Nur Dich by Peter Maffay (#33); Theme From Love Story by Francis Lai (#35); and Acapulco Gold by Mason-Dixon (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 What's Going On--Marvin Gaye
3 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
4 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
5 Another Day/Oh Woman, Oh Why--Paul McCartney
6 I Am...I Said/Done Too Soon--Neil Diamond
7 Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)--The Temptations
8 If--Bread
9 She's a Lady--Tom Jones
10 Stay Awhile--The Bells

Singles entering the chart were Battle Hymn of Lt. Calley by C Company featuring Terry Nelson (#41); I Don't Know How to Love Him by Yvonne Elliman (#80); Be Nice to Me by Runt (#84); Funky Music Sho Nuff Turns Me On by Edwin Starr (#87); Brownsville by the Joy of Cooking (#88); House at Pooh Corner by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#89); Ajax Liquor Store by Hudson and Landry (#90); Be My Baby by Cissy Houston (#92); I Wanna Be Free by Loretta Lynn (#94); Don't Knock My Love - Pt. I by Wilson Pickett (#96); That Evil Child by B.B. King (#98); Red Eye Blues by Red Eye (#99); and Happy by Hog Heaven (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
3 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
4 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
5 What’s Going On--Marvin Gaye
6 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
7 Another Day--Paul McCartney
8 One Toke Over the Line--Brewer and Shipley
9 Just My Imagination (Running Away With Me)--The Temptations
10 (Where Do I Begin) Love Story--Andy Williams

Singles entering the chart were Brown Sugar by the Rolling Stones (#53); It Don’t Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#64); Don’t Knock My Love - Pt. I by Wilson Pickett (#66); Funky Music Sho Nuff Turns Me On by Edwin Starr (#71); The Good Book by Melanie (#82); When You’re Hot, You’re Hot by Jerry Reed (#84); Reach Out Your Hand by the Brotherhood of Man (#86); California Blues by Redwing (#88); That’s the Way I've Always Heard it Should Be by Carly Simon (#93); Be My Baby by Cissy Houston (#95); Music is Love by David Crosby (#96); Help Me Make it Through the Night by Joe Simon (#98); Michigan Harry Slaughter by Wadsworth Mansion (#99); and Brownsville by the Joy of Cooking (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 What’s Going On--Marvin Gaye
3 Just My Imagination (Running Away with Me)--The Temptations
4 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
5 Another Day/Oh Woman, Oh Why--Paul McCartney
6 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
7 She's a Lady--Tom Jones
8 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
9 (Where Do I Begin) Love Story--Andy Williams
10 One Toke Over the Line--Brewer and Shipley

Singles entering the chart were It Don’t Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#78); Don't Knock My Love by Wilson Pickett (#80); Music is Love by David Crosby (#84); Nevada Fighter by Michael Nesmith & the First National Band (#86); We were Always Sweethearts by Boz Scaggs (#89); Married to a Memory by Arlene Harden (#92); Red Eye Blues by Red Eye (#96); I'll Erase Your Pain by the Whatnaughts (#97); and Can't Find the Time by Rose Colored Glass (#99).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
2 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
3 Carry Me--Stampeders
4 (Where Do I Begin) Love Story--Andy Williams
5 Jodie--Joey Gregorash
6 One Toke Over the Line--Brewer and Shipley
7 Another Day--Paul McCartney
8 Eighteen--Alice Cooper
9 What is Life--George Harrison
10 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones

Singles entering the chart were Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It) by Daddy Dewdrop (#73); We Can Work it Out by Stevie Wonder (#74); Going to the Country by Young (#80); Live Till You Die by Emitt Rhodes (#81); Nevada Fighter by Michael Nesmith & the First National Band (#83); Way Down Deep by Bpbby Curtola (#94);Whistling Away the Dark by Henry Mancini and his Orchestra (#96); Melting Pot by Booker T. & the M.G.’s (#98); Rock 'n Roll Lover Man by Northwest Company (#99); and Do Me Right by the Detroit Emeralds (#100). Whistling Away the Dark was from the movie Darling Lili (1970).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
3 Another Day--Paul McCartney
4 Tillicum--Syrinx
5 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
6 Where Evil Grows--The Poppy Family
7 Snow Blind Friend--Steppenwolf
8 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
9 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
10 A Country Boy Named Willy--Spring
Pick hit of the week: If--Bread

The Soyuz 10 spacecraft, manned by Vladimir Shatalov, Aleksei Yeliseyev, and Nikolai Rukavishnikov, achieved soft docking for 5½ hours with the Soviet space station Salyut, which had been launched five days earlier, marking the first linkup between a spacecraft and a space station. The spacecraft, however, failed to achieve hard docking (full link), and returned to Earth later in the day, landing in Kazakhstan.

San Marco 3, a satellite that was a collaboration between the U.S.A. and Italy, was launched with the mission of conducting atmospheric studies.

Politics and government
David Lewis was elected leader of Canada's federal New Democratic Party, receiving 1,046 votes on the fourth ballot to 612 for runner-up James Laxer at the party's leadership convention at Ottawa Civic Centre. Mr. Lewis declared his opposition to the party's left-wing faction known as the "Waffles," of whom Mr. Laxer was regarded as the leader. Mr. Lewis, 61, replaced Tommy Douglas, who had led the party since its founding in 1961.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 6 @ Minnesota 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

40 years ago

Hit parade #1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Stop the Cavalry--Jona Lewie (4th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre (8th week at #1)
2 I am the Beat--Look
3 Give Me Back My Love--Maywood
4 Spend the Night in Love--The Four Seasons
5 Here is My Love--Tommy Dee
6 Woman--John Lennon
7 Gypsy Girl--David Scobie
8 Song for You--Chicago
9 Twilight Café--Susan Fassbender
10 Rapture--Blondie

Singles entering the chart were Antmusic by Adam & the Ants (#14); Banana Republic by the Boomtown Rats (#17); and Johnny and Mary by Robert Palmer (#20).

Politics and government
The Canadian Parliament passed amendments to Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's constitutional proposals; eight Liberals abstained from voting.

Stanley Cup
St. Louis 4 @ New York Rangers 7 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)
New York Islanders 5 @ Edmonton 2 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Philadelphia 3 @ Calgary 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Tacoma 11 @ Edmonton 2

Only 660 fans braved cold temperatures on a Friday afternoon at Renfrew Park to see the Tigers hammer the Trappers. Gary Holle hit a 2-run home run in the bottom of the 9th inning to avert a shutout.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Joyride--Roxette (7th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Accident

Stanley Cup
Division Finals
St. Louis 4 @ Minnesota 8 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Los Angeles 2 @ Edmonton 4 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Darryl Kile of the Houston Astros pitched 6 hitless innings against the Cincinnati Reds in his first major league start. Houston manager Art Howe removed him at that point rather than risk injury to his arm. Curt Schilling finally gave up a single in the 9th inning, but the Astros edged the Reds 1-0 when pinch hitter Ken Oberkfell singled home Rafael Ramirez with 2 out in the bottom of the 13th before 10,869 fans at the Astrodome.

25 years ago

Shania Twain won the top album trophy for The Woman in Me and was named Best New Female Singer at the annual Academy of Country Music Awards.

Politics and government
The main assembly of the Palestine Liberation Organization voted to revoke clauses in its charter that called for an armed struggle to destroy Israel.

The U.S. Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 was signed into law by President Bill Clinton.

British officials announced plans for the selective slaughter of 42,000 head of cattle that were potential carriers of mad cow disease.

Stanley Cup
Conference Quarter-Finals
Florida 4 @ Boston 2 (Florida led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Pittsburgh 3 @ Washington 2 (4 OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Petr Nedved, who had scored the tying goal with 21 minutes remaining in regulation time, scored with 45 seconds remaining in the 4th overtime period to give the Penguins their win over the Capitals at USAir Arena in Landover, Maryland in what was the third-longest game in NHL history to date.

The Women's National Basketball Association was founded, to begin play in June 1997 with eight teams: the Charlotte Sting, Cleveland Rockers, Houston Comets and New York Liberty in the Eastern Conference; and the Los Angeles Sparks, Phoenix Mercury, Sacramento Monarchs and Utah Starzz in the Western Conference. The WNBA was created by the National Basketball Association, presumably as a sop to feminists.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Johnny Valentine, 72
. U.S. wrestler. Mr. Valentine, born John Theodore Wisniski, held numerous heavyweight titles in a professional career from 1947-1975. His career ended when he was paralyzed in a plane crash in 1975, but he remained in wrestling as a manager. Mr. Valentine suffered serious injuries when he fell off his front porch in 2000, and never recovered. He was the father of professional wrestler Greg "The Hammer" Valentine.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Sathya Sai Baba, 84
. Indian guru. Sathya Sai Baba, born Ratnakaram Sathyanarayana Raju, was a Hindu guru who was best known for performing allegedly miraculous healings and materializations. Skeptics regarded him as a charlatan; his leading Western disciple, Tal Brooke, who later became a Christian, claimed that Sai Baba's miracles were real, but that the source was demonic. Sai Baba claimed that he would die at the age of 96 and that he would be reborn eight years later under the name Prema Sai Baba, but he failed to reach his predicted age, and no rebirth has yet been announced. After his death, accusations surfaced that Sai Baba had engaged in financial irregularities and homosexual abuse of his followers. The Sathya Sai Organisation claims to have nearly 2,000 Sri Sathya Sai Centers and Groups in over 120 countries, with followers numbered in the millions.

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