Wednesday, 28 April 2021

April 29, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, April Stevens and Ira Zabelina!

930 years ago

The combined forces of Byzantine Emperor Alexios I and his Cuman allies defeated an invading force of Pechenegs in the Battle of Levounion in what is now part of Turkey.

500 years ago

Swedish troops defeated a Danish force in the Battle of Västerås.

240 years ago

British and French ships clashed in the Battle of Fort Royal off the coast of Martinique. After four hours, the British squadron under Admiral Samuel Hood broke off and retreated.

160 years ago

Maryland's House of Delegates voted against seceding from the Union.

140 years ago

In the worst civilian shipwreck in New Zealand waters, 131 of 151 passengers and crew aboard the steamer Tararua died when it struck a reef at Waipapa Point, Southland en route from Port Chalmers to Melbourne.

130 years ago

The Canadian Pacific steamship Empress of India arrived in Vancouver from Yokohama to open regular service to the Far East, breaking the Pacific Ocean crossing record by two days. Mail arrived in New York via the Canadian Pacific Railway three and a half days later.

120 years ago

Born on this date
. Emperor of Japan, 1926-1989. Hirohito, now referred to in Japan as Emperor Shôwa, was named Regent of Japan on November 29, 1921 in place of his ailing father Emperor Taishô, and acceded to the throne upon his father's death on December 25, 1926. He was worshipped as a god by the Japanese people at the time he succeeded to the throne, and this worship helped to inspire Japanese aggression in World War II. When Japan surrendered to the Allies, Hirohito was forced to abandon his status as a deity, ruling as a constitutional monarch for the rest of his life, while avoiding prosecution as a war criminal. Hirohito died on January 7, 1989 at the age of 87, and was succeeded as Emperor by his son Akihito.

Horse racing
His Eminence, with Jimmy Winkfield up, won the 27th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:07.75. Sannazarro placed second and Driscoll finished third in the five-horse field.

110 years ago

Tsinghua University, one of mainland China's leading universities, was founded in Beijing.

90 years ago

Wes Ferrell (4-1) pitched the American League’s first no-hitter in five years to lead the Cleveland Indians past the St. Louis Browns 9-0 before 7,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland. Mr. Ferrell struck out 8 and also batted in 4 runs with a home run and a double. His brother Rick, catching for the Browns, almost got a hit when he beat out a grounder that was ruled an error. Sam Gray (1-3) took the loss.

80 years ago

Berlin sources claimed that German troops had reached the southern end of the Peloponnesus peninsula. Reports from Cairo stated that British Imperial troops aided by a furious sandstorm had halted an Axis advance from Libya just inside Egypt. The Japan Times Advertiser published exploratory peace terms to end the present war and establish a new world order with Germany dominating Europe; Germany and Italy controlling Africa; The U.S.A. dominating the Western Hemisphere; Japan ruling Asia; and the British Empire continuing in restricted form. The Mexican government revealed that Italy had seized three Mexican-owned, Italian-built tankers in reprisal for the Mexican seizure of 10 Italian ships.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that he had full authority to send the U.S. Navy on neutrality patrol into any war zone, including that around Britain if he deemed it necessary for the defense of the Western Hemisphere. U.S. Senator Gerald Nye (Republican--North Dakota) introduced a resolution requiring the President to obtain congressional permission before using the Navy to convoy ships to Britain. U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson accepted without comment the resignation of Colonel Charles Lindbergh from the United States Army; Col. Lindbergh was an outspoken opponent of possible U.S. entry into the European war.

Costa Rica expelled Karl Bayer as the first move of a government campaign to end Nazi propaganda.

Dr. Ernest Witebsky of the University of Buffalo Medical School reported a new test for diagnosing trichinosis in human beings.

Québec law was reformed to admit women to the Bar (Barreau du Québec).

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister J. L. Ilsley called special taxes "a temporary wartime expedient" in his budget speech to the House of Commons; he warned of a probable $500-million deficit.

U.S. Commerce Secretary Jesse Jones predicted a national debt of at least $90 million.

The National League’s Boston team changed its name from Bees back to Braves, the name it had had prior to 1936.

75 years ago

Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)
--Frank Sinatra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
2 One-zy, Two-zy (I Love You-zy)--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
3 You Won't Be Satisfied (Until You Break My Heart)--Les Brown and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
4 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
5 Personality--Johnny Mercer
--Bing Crosby
6 Shoo Fly Pie (And Apple Pan Dowdy)--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
7 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
8 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
9 Day by Day--Frank Sinatra
10 Doctor, Lawyer, Indian Chief--Betty Hutton
--Les Brown and his Orchestra

No new singles entered the chart.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Waltz of Death

Married on this date
Father Divine
, approximately 65 years of age, married his secretary, Edna Rose Ritchings, 21, in a secret ceremony in Washington, D.C. Father Divine, who claimed to be God, led the International Peace Mission Movement; he claimed that Miss Ritchings was the reincarnation of his first wife, Penniniah, who had died in 1943. The IPMM celebrates the anniversary of the marriage every year on April 29.

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East convened and indicted former Prime Minister of Japan Hideki Tojo and 28 former Japanese leaders on 55 counts of crimes against peace, "conventional war crimes," and "crimes against humanity." Italian Prime Minister Alcide de Gaspari telegraphed the conference in Paris of the foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France that Italy be heard before any final decision was made on the Italian peace treaty.

Chinese Nationalist leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek rejected U.S. Army General George Marshall's proposal that the Chinese Communists keep the city of Changchun and almost 90% of Manchuria, ending talks between the factions.

With the U.S.S.R. abstaining, the United Nations Security Council adopted an Australian resolution to investigate whether Spain was a menace to world peace. Former U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt was elected to lead the UN Commission on Human Rights, with Mrs. Bodil Begtrup chairman of the Subcommission on the Status of Women.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes urged the Paris foreign ministers' conference to consider an American proposal for a four-power treaty to keep Germany disarmed for 25 years, but he gained no support from British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin or Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov.

The British government reported that nearly two million soldiers had been demobilized since the end of World War II.

Politics and government
General Manuel Acuna Roxas' election as President of the Philippines was conceded by President Sergio Osmena.

The Argentine Chamber of Deputies met for the first time since it dissolution after the 1943 revolution.

Jouett Ross Todd resigned as treasurer of the U.S. Republican National Committee.

The U.S. Agriculture Department reported that as of April 15, 1946, prices received by farmers were at their highest level since July 1920, and that U.S. corn supplies were 19% above the 1945 level.

United Mine Workers of American President John L. Lewis and operators of soft coal mines met in Washington at the request of U.S. Labor Secretary Lewis Schwellenbach as the nation's coal reserves dropped to 31 million tons.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Ludwig Wittgenstein, 62
. Austro-Hungarian-born U.K. philosopher. Dr. Wittgenstein worked primarily in logic, and the philosophies of mathematics, mind, and language. He was a a contemporary of Bertrand Russell and Karl Popper, and taught at the University of Cambridge from 1939-1947. Dr. Wittgenstein died three days after his 62nd birthday. His book Philosophical Investigations, considered a classic in the field, was published in 1953.

Vijaysinhji, 61. Maharaja of Rajpila, 1915-1951. Vijaysinhji succeeded his father Chhatrasinhji as Maharana of the princely state of Rajpipla, and eventually received the title of Maharaja. He initiated numerous public works and political reforms, but was perhaps best known for his patronage of sports, especially horse racing. The maharaja owned horses that won the Indian Derby, Irish Derby, and Epsom Derby. Maharaja Vijaysinhji owned an estate in England at Old Windsor, where he died, three years after Rajpipla had merged with the Indian Union. Vijaysinhji was succeeded as Maharaja of Rajpipla by his eldest son Rajendrasinhji.

Politics and government
Nationalist Front leader Mohammed Mossadegh was named Prime Minister of Iran, two days after the resignation of Hussein Ala.

Tibetan delegates arrived in Beijing and signed a Seventeen Point Agreement for Chinese sovereignty and Tibetan autonomy.

Parliamentary supporters of new Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh enacted a law to nationalize the country's oil industry.

Economics and finance
West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer warned that companies trading illegally with Soviet bloc countries would be deprived of necessary raw materials.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Surrender--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Jealous of You--Connie Francis (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Babysitter-Boogie--Ralf Bendix (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Wooden Heart--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1); You're Driving Me Crazy--The Temperance Seven

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Runaway--Del Shannon (2nd week at #1)
2 Mother-in-Law--Ernie K-Doe
3 Blue Moon--The Marcels
4 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
5 (I Don’t Know Why) But I Do--Clarence "Frogman" Henry
6 I’ve Told Every Little Star--Linda Scott
7 You Can Depend on Me--Brenda Lee
8 On the Rebound--Floyd Cramer
9 One Mint Julep--Ray Charles
10 Take Good Care of Her--Adam Wade

Singles entering the chart were That Old Black Magic by Bobby Rydell (#77); He Needs Me by Gloria Lynne (#84); Little Egypt (Ying-Yang) by the Coasters (#89); Buzz Buzz A-Diddle-It by Freddy Cannon (#90); Little Devil by Neil Sedaka (#94); You’re Gonna Need Magic by Roy Hamilton (#96); The Bilbao Song by Andy Williams (#97); The Kissin’ Game by Dion (#99); Pick Me Up on Your Way Down by Pat Zill (#100); I'm a Fool to Care by Joe Barry (also #100); and Good Goodby by the Bob Knight Four (also #100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Runaway--Del Shannon (5th week at #1)
2 Running Scared--Roy Orbison
3 Shy Away--Jerry Fuller
4 Hello Mary Lou--Ricky Nelson
5 After the Hurricane--Paul Evans
6 Theme for a Dream--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
7 The Great Snow Man--Bob Luman
8 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
9 Tragedy--The Fleetwoods
10 On the Rebound--Floyd Cramer

Singles entering the chart were Little Devil by Neil Sedaka (#29); Moody River by Pat Boone (#37); Underwater by the Frogmen (#42); Louisiana Mama by Gene Pitney (#43); What'd I Say by Jerry Lee Lewis (#44); The Wayward Wind by Gogi Grant (#45); Triangle by Janie Grant (#46); Everyday by Bobby Lee (#47); Daddy's Home by Shep and the Limelites (#49); and Lullaby of the Leaves by the Ventures (#50). The Wayward Wind was a re-release of Miss Grant's hit from 1956.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Running Scared--Roy Orbison (3rd week at #1)
2 Runaway--Del Shannon
3 Little Devil--Neil Sedaka
4 Theme for a Dream--Cliff Richard and the Shadows
5 After the Hurricane--Paul Evans
6 Flaming Star--Elvis Presley
7 Little Egypt (Ying-Yang)--The Coasters
8 The Great Snow Man--Bob Luman
9 Hello Mary Lou/Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson
10 Peanut Butter--The Marathons

Singles entering the chart were She Wears My Ring by Jimmy Bell (#25); That Old Black Magic by Bobby Rydell (#34); Happy Ending by Teddy Randazzo (#38); Hello Walls by Faron Young (#39); and Triangle by Janie Grant (#40).

On television today
Wide World of Sports, produced by Roone Arledge and hosted by Jim McKay, debuted on ABC. The initial broadcast featured Bob Richards calling the Penn Relays from Franklin Field in Philadelphia, and Jim Simpson and Bill Flemming calling the Drake Relays from Drake Stadium in Des Moines, Iowa.

The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Mademoiselle from Armentieres

Doug Jones (18-0) knocked down Pete Rademacher (13-4-1) four times and finally knocked him out in the 5th round of a heavyweight bout at St. Nicholas Arena in New York City.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Non, non rien n'a changé--Les Poppys (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
Communications Minister Eric Kierans announced his resignation from the cabinet of Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau as a result of disagreement with Mr. Trudeau's policies on employment and foreign investment. Mr. Kierans supported a policy of full employment.

Stanley Cup
Chicago 2 @ New York 3 (3 OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Montreal 3 @ Minnesota 2 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Pete Stemkowski scored his second overtime goal of the series against Tony Esposito, this one at 1:29 of the 3rd overtime period, to give the Rangers their win over the Black Hawks at Madison Square Garden. Chicago had led 2-0, but the Rangers came back, with Jean Ratelle scoring the tying goal.

Rejean Houle scored the winning goal for the Canadiens at Metropolitan Sports Center in Bloomington as they defeated the North Stars to advance to the finals. Ken Dryden won the goaltending duel over Cesare Maniago.

The Montreal Expos scored 6 runs in the last 3 innings to edge the Chicago Cubs 7-6 before 7,889 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Cubs scored 5 runs in the bottom of the 6th to take a 6-1 lead.

Ken Henderson, Tito Fuentes, and Hal Lanier hit consecutive run-scoring singles in the top of the 13th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the San Francisco Giants defeated the Atlanta Braves 5-2 before 6,194 fans at Atlanta Stadium.

Duke Sims singled home Manny Mota with the bases loaded and none out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the Pittsburg Pirates 2-1 before 5,031 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. The teams combined for just 13 hits.

Nolan Ryan (2-0) and Danny Frisella combined to pitch a 3-hitter for the New York Mets as they shut out the St. Louis Cardinals 7-0 before 10,215 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Mets scored a run in the 6th innings and put the game away with 6 runs in the 7th.

Don Buford led off the 8th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie as the Baltimore Orioles edged the Oakland Athletics 3-2 before 3,320 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Boog Powell hit a 2-run homer with 2 out in the top of the 1st to give Baltimore an early lead, and Dave Duncan hit a 2-run homer to tie the score in the bottom of the 2nd. Jim Palmer (4-0) pitched an 8-hitter to outduel Rollie Fingers (1-3), who allowed just 5 hits, and struck out 10 batters.

The Chicago White Sox used 4 pinch hitters in the top of the 7th inning, resulting in 3 singles and an intentional walk, helping to produce 4 runs as they held on to defeat the Washington Senators 5-4 before 3,681 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. Bernie Allen hit a 2-run home run for the Senators with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Jim French grounded out to second base and pinch hitter Joe Foy struck out to end the game.

40 years ago

Popular culture
The first Drummondville Folklore Festival opened in Drummondville, Quebec, featuring dance troupes from more than 20 countries.

Truck driver Peter Sutcliffe admitted in a London court to being the "Yorkshire Ripper," the killer of 13 women in northern England over five years.

Steve Carlton (4-0) struck out 9 batters to become the first lefthanded major league pitcher to achieve 3,000 career strikeouts as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Montreal Expos 6-2 before 30,142 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Carlton reached the magic mark by striking out Tim Raines, Jerry Manuel, and Tim Wallach in the 1st inning.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Lady Navigation--B'z (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Se mustamies--Hausmylly (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Joyride--Roxette (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Hollywood Detective, on A&E
Tonight's episode: Blind Faith

Canadian Environment Minister Jean Charest announced a $100-million program to clean up toxic sites and contaminated waste dumps in the Arctic.

Denison Mines announced that it would close its uranium plant in Elliot Lake, Ontario, putting 1,000 people out of work. The company blamed high costs and cancellation of the Ontario Hydro supply contract.

A cyclone struck the Chittagong district of southeastern Bangladesh with winds of around 155 miles per hour (249 kilometres per hour), killing at least 138,000 people and leaving as many as 10 million homeless.

The 7.0 Mw Racha earthquake affected Georgia with a maximum MSK intensity of IX (Destructive),killing 270 people.

Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Montreal 1 @ Boston 2 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Fastlove--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Children--Robert Miles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Children--Robert Miles (6th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Ironic--Alanis Morissette (5th week at #1)
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Birmingham--Amanda Marshall
4 Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
5 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
6 Lucky Love--Joan Osborne
7 Only Love (The Ballad of...)--Sophie B. Hawkins
8 I Want to Come Over--Melissa Etheridge
9 1979--Smashing Pumpkins
10 Shoe Box--Barenaked Ladies

Singles entering the chart were Can I Get Close? by Gavin Hope (#80); Humans Being by Van Halen (#83); These are the Days by Soul Attorneys (#91); Fall from Grace by Amanda Marshall (#92); Shamaya by Susan Aglukark (#93); Fastlove by George Michael (#94); and Red by Elton John (#96).

The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien introduced legislation to outlaw discrimination against sodomites and lesbians.

British officials presented formal plans to cull their herds of cattle, and the European Union promised to lift its ban on British beef once the slaughter had been completed. The EU had imposed the ban six days earlier because of concern about mad cow disease.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Arthur Walker, 64
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Walker worked with the U.S. Air Force and the Aerospace Corporation before going to Stanford University, where he worked from 1974 until his death. He was most noted for having developed normal incidence multilayer XUV telescopes to photograph the solar corona. Dr. Walker died of cancer.

After getting 3 home runs and 6 runs batted in the day before, Geoff Jenkins batted 4 for 6 with 2 homers, a double, 3 runs, and 6 RBIs to lead the Milwaukee Brewers over the Montreal Expos 10-0 before 32,700 fans at Miller Park in Milwaukee. Jamey Wright (3-2) pitched a 2-hit shutout.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Lisa Stoufer, 33
. U.S. woman. Miss Stoufer, a native of Pine Bluff, Arkansas, was born with serious disabilities, but didn't let that prevent her from leading a normal life. She was known for her ability to sing in church, knew the Lord Jesus Christ, and is now in His presence, although she's greatly missed here.

Married on this date
Kate Middleton married Prince William in a lavish royal wedding at Westminster Abbey in London. It was estimated that more than 2 billion people watched the event.

The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that an Ontario ban on farm unions was constitutional; over 80,000 Ontario farm workers were denied the right to unionize.

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