Wednesday, 28 May 2014

May 21, 2014

170 years ago
1844


Born on this date
Henri Rousseau
. French artist. Mr. Rousseau was a post-Impressionist painter who was known for his many paintings of jungle scenes. He died of a gangrene infection on September 2, 1910 at the age of 66.

125 years ago
1894


Transportation
The Manchester Ship Canal in England was officially opened by Queen Victoria, who later knighted its designer, Sir Edward Leader Williams.

100 years ago
1914


Canadiana
The Japanese ship SS Komagata Maru, with 376 passengers from the Indian state of Punjab, arrived in Vancouver, but the ship was not allowed to dock. The passengers--340 Sikhs, 24 Muslims, and 12 Hindus--were all British subjects, but only 24 were admitted to Canada.

90 years ago
1924


Died on this date
Bobby Franks, 14
. U.S. murder victim. Young Mr. Franks was kidnapped and murdered by University of Chicago law students Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb in an attempt to commit a "perfect crime." It was one of the most sensational crimes of its time.

80 years ago
1939


Canadiana
The Canadian National War Memorial was unveiled in Ottawa by King George VI and Queen Elizabeth.



75 years ago
1944


War
Advance American elements entered Terracina, but were forced to pull out and set up a line three miles south of the city. Chinese troops captured Sinantien, Honan Province, the fifth town they had regained along the Peking-Hankow railway.

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister George Papandreou returned to Cairo from Beirut, where he agreed to fuse with Greek guerrillas to form a representative government.

Religion
Alexei, 67, Metropolitan of Leningrad and Novgorod, was named acting Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church with the announcement of the Holy Synod that the late Patriarch Sergius had directed "in his last will" that Alexei succeed him.

Business
The U.S. Army seized Hummer Manufacturing Company, the Springfield, Illinois subsidiary of Montgomery Ward & Company. Hummer had been strikebound since May 5 because of the company's refusal to include a union maintenance clause in its contract with the workers.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Secret Love--Doris Day (4th week at #1)

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I Believe--The Bachelors

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Juliet--The Four Pennies

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Waterloo--ABBA (4th week at #1)

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Footloose--Kenny Loggins (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lobo-Hombre en París--La Unión

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Fire Woman--The Cult

#1 single in Switzerland: Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (4th week at #1)

Protest
In Hong Kong, approximately one million people took to the streets to show their support for students protesting for democratic reforms in China.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Calgary 4 @ Montreal 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Sign--Ace of Base (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Eins, Zwei, Polizei--Mo-Do

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Hooked on a Feeling--Tony Wilson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Without You--Mariah Carey (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Je danse le mia--IAM (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Like to Move It--Reel 2 Real featuring the Mad Stuntman (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Come On You Reds--Manchester United F.C.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I Swear--All-4-One
2 The Sign--Ace of Base
3 I'll Remember--Madonna
4 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
5 Bump n' Grind--R. Kelly
6 Baby I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
7 Return to Innocence--Enigma
8 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
9 I'm Ready--Tevin Campbell
10 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton

Singles entering the chart were (Meet) The Flintstones by the B.C.-52's (#81); Whenever You Come Around by Vince Gill (#85); Can You Feel the Love Tonight by Elton John (#86); Sending My Love by Zhane (#89); Night in My Veins by the Pretenders (#94); Crazy by Aerosmith (#97); and Crooklyn by the Crooklyn Dodgers (#98). (Meet) The Flintstones was from the movie The Flintstones (1994). Can You Feel the Love Tonight was from the movie The Lion King (1994). Crooklyn was the title song of the movie.

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (5th week at #1)
2 I'll Remember--Madonna
3 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
4 The Sign--Ace of Base
5 Return to Innocence--Enigma
6 I Swear--All-4-One
7 I'm Ready--Tevin Campbell
8 Bump n' Grind--R. Kelly
9 You Mean the World to Me--Toni Braxton
10 Love Sneakin' Up on You--Bonnie Raitt

Singles entering the chart were (Meet) The Flintstones by the B.C.-52's (#68); Can You Feel the Love Tonight by Elton John (#70); Anytime You Need a Friend by Mariah Carey (#75); Crazy by Aerosmith (#77); Love on My Mind by Xscape (#80); Shine by Collective Soul (#82); Bizarre Love Triangle by Frente! (#83); Back and Forth by Aaliyah (#84); (She’s) Some Kind of Wonderful by Huey Lewis and the News (#85); Until I Fall Away by Gin Blossoms (#86); Wild Night by John Mellencamp with Me’shell Ndegeocello (#87); Ease My Mind by Arrested Development (#89); and Any Time, Any Place by Janet Jackson (#90).

Asiatica
The Democratic Republic of Yemen, led by President Ali Salim al-Beidh and Prime Minister Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas, declared its independence from the Republic of Yemen.

Politics and government
Bakili Muluzi, leader of the United Democratic Front, took office as President of Malawi, four days after winning the country's first multi-party election.

Horse racing
Tabasco Cat, with Pat Day aboard, won the 119th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:56 2/5, edging Kentucky Derby winner Go for Gin by 3/4 length. Concern finished third in the 10-horse field.

May 20, 2014

1,220 years ago
794


Died on this date
Æthelberht II
. King of East Anglia, 779 (?)-794. King Æthelberht II succeeded his father Æthelred I on the throne. Æthelberht II visited the royal Mercian court at Sutton Walls, with a view to marrying princess Ælfthryth, but was taken captive and beheaded. He was succeeded on the throne by Offa of Mercia.

240 years ago
1774


Canadiana
The British Parliament passed the Quebec Act, extending the boundaries of the province north to Hudson Bay and as far south as the junction of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers.

220 years ago
1794


Born on this date
Pedro María de Anaya
. President of Mexico, April-May 1847, November 1847-January 1848. General Anaya served in the Mexican-American War, and was known for leading a brave but unsuccessful fight in the Battle of Churubusco (1847). He was taken prisoner by the Americans, but was freed in time to serve two brief terms as President of Mexico. Gen. Anaya was Governor of the Federal District (1949-1853), and died of pneumonia on March 21, 1854 at the age of 59.

130 years ago
1884


Born on this date
Leon Schlesinger
. U.S. film producer. Mr. Schlesinger founded Leon Schlesinger Productions, and produced the Merrie Melodies and Looney Tunes cartoons from 1933-1944, when his company was purchased by Warner Brothers and became Warner Bros. Cartoons, Inc. Mr. Schlesinger died of a viral infection on December 25, 1949 at the age of 65.

125 years ago
1889


Baseball
The Kansas City Blues became the second team in American Association history to score in every inning of a game as they beat the Brooklyn Bridegrooms 18-12 at Exposition Park in Kansas City. Losing pitcher Mickey Hughes went the distance for the Bridegrooms.

75 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Joe Carr, 59
. U.S. sports executive. Mr. Carr co-founded and served as president of the American Basketball League (1925-1927), and served as the director of the promotional body for minor league baseball (1933-1939) and president of the Columbus Senators of the American Association (1926-1931), but was best known for his football activities. He was coach of the Columbus Panhandles of the Ohio League from 1901-1904. The team disbanded after the 1904 season, but Mr. Carr revived it in 1907, serving as coach through 1918 and as administrator until 1922. He took the team into the American Professional Football Association in 1920, taking office in 1921 as president of the APFA in 1921, which became the National Football League in 1922. Mr. Carr oversaw the expansion of the league; he was--and remains--heavily criticized for his handling of a dispute over the 1925 NFL championship, but oversaw the introduction of a championship game in 1933. He died several hours after suffering a heart attack, and was succeeded as NFL president by Carl Storck. Mr. Carr was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame as a charter member in 1963.

Ballet
Gweneth Lloyd and Betty Farrally founded the Winnipeg Ballet; Canada's first ballet was designated "Royal" in 1953.

Transportation
Regular trans-Atlantic air service began, as a Pan American Airways plane took off from Port Washington, New York, bound for Europe.

Horse racing
Challedon, with George Seabo aboard, won the 65th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in 1:59 4/5, 1 1/2 lengths ahead of Gilded Knight.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Love You--Bing Crosby with John Scott Trotter and His Orchestra (Best Seller--3rd week at #1); San Fernando Valley--Bing Crosby with John Scott Trotter and His Orchestra (Jukebox--4th week at #1)

War
A record force of about 6,000 U.K.-based planes dropped at least 8,000 tons of explosives on targets in a 150-mile strip between Brittany and Belgium. German forces set up a new defense line anchored at Pico in the north and at Terracina on the Tyrrhenian seacoast.

Diplomacy
Ecuador and Peru accepted the recommendations of a joint U.S.-Brazilian-Argentine committee to settle their border dispute.

U.S. Vice President Henry Wallace left for Asia as President Franklin D. Roosvelt's messenger to Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek and to report on transport problems in Siberia and China.

Politics and government
King Peter II of Yugoslavia removed Minister of War Draja Mikhailovich from his cabinet post.

New York Governor Thomas Dewey gained the Republican National Convention delegates from Utah and Oregon in his campaign for the party's 1944 presidential nomination. U.S. Senator Burnet Maybank (Democrat--South Carolina) said that Southern Democrats were prepared to fight for "white supremacy" at the party's national convention.

The national convention of the Communist Party U.S.A. voted to disband as a separate political unit but to recontinue as the Communist Political Association.

Society
A court in Salt Lake City convicted 15 Utah fundamentalist Mormon polygamists of "unlawful cohabitation." The defendants, with 2-6 wives each, offered no defense, and announced plans to appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Energy
The Commission on Palestine Surveys disclosed plans for a $150-million post-World War II irrigation and hydroelectric development in Palestine.

50 years ago
1964


Died on this date
Rudy Lewis, 27
. U.S. singer. Mr. Lewis, born Charles Rudolph Harrell, replaced Ben E. King as lead singer with the Drifters, performing with the group from 1960-1964, when he was found in his Harlem hotel room the day after dying of an apparent drug overdose. Hit singles on which Mr. Lewis sang lead included Up on the Roof (1962-1963) and On Broadway (1963). The day his body was found, Mr. Lewis was scheduled to perform lead vocals for Under the Boardwalk in a recording session. Johnny Moore replaced him for that song and subsequent hits.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Someday, Somewhere--Demis Roussos (3rd week at #1)

Religion
Guru Maharaj Ji, who had drawn a large crowd to the Astrodome in Houston the previous year, delivered a public address in the Turner Valley Room in the Palliser Hotel in Calgary.

Baseball
Frank Snook of the Alexandria Aces pitched a 7-inning no-hitter as the Aces blanked the Victoria Toros 3-0 in the second game of a Texas League doubleheader in Alexandria, Louisiana. Victoria won the first game 6-2.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Relax--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Hello--Lionel Richie

Politics and government
Bob Skelly was elected leader of the British Columbia New Democratic Party.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Like a Prayer--Madonna (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Eternal Flame--Bangles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Eternal Flame--Bangles (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Megamix--Boney M. (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Ferry 'Cross the Mersey--The Christians, Holly Johnson, Paul McCartney, Gerry Marsden and Stock Aitken Waterman

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
2 Real Love--Jody Watley
3 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
4 Soldier of Love--Donny Osmond
5 Rock On--Michael Damian
6 Patience--Guns n' Roses
7 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler
8 After All--Cher and Peter Cetera
9 Every Little Step--Bobby Brown
10 Like a Prayer--Madonna

Singles entering the chart were What You Don't Know by Expose (#59); The Doctor by the Doobie Brothers (#62); Toy Soldiers by Martika (#69); Hey Baby by Henry Lee Summer (#83); Moonlight on Water by Kevin Raleigh (#85); Yo No Se by Pajama Party (#91); and So Alive by Love and Rockets (#94).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Real Love--Jody Watley
2 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
3 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
4 Like a Prayer--Madonna
5 Rock On--Michael Damian
6 Soldier of Love--Donny Osmond
7 After All--Cher and Peter Cetera
8 Cult of Personality--Living Colour
9 Electric Youth--Debbie Gibson
10 Patience--Guns n' Roses

Singles entering the chart were The Doctor by the Doobie Brothers (#60); What You Don't Know by Expose (#65); Toy Soldiers by Martika (#73); Fire Woman by the Cult (#75); So Alive by Love and Rockets (#83); Once Bitten Twice Shy by Great White (#87); and Hey Baby by Henry Lee Summer (#90).

Died on this date
John Hicks, 85
. U.K. economist. Sir John shared the 1972 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences with Kenneth Arrow "for their pioneering contributions to general economic equilibrium theory and welfare theory." His best-known book was Value and Capital (1939).

Gilda Radner, 42. U.S. comedienne. Miss Radner, anative of Detroit, joined the Second City troupe in Toronto in 1973 and was a member of the cast of the awful CBC children's comedy television program Dr. Zonk and the Zunkins (1974-1975) before returning to the United States, where she achieved stardom as a member of the cast of the NBC sketch comedy program Saturday Night Live from 1975-1980, winning an Emmy Award in 1978. She died of ovarian cancer.

World events
In response to the presence of at least one million protesters in Beijing and other cities in recent days, the government of China imposed martial law.

Horse racing
Sunday Silence, with Pat Valenzuela, won the 114th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:53 4/5, edging Easy Goer by a nose in the closest Preakness in history.



Soccer
English FA Cup Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Arsenal 3 Manchester United 2 (ET)

Ian Rush scored 2 goals in extra time for Arsenal as they broke a 1-1 tie and defeated Liverpool before 82,800 fans. Mr. Rush's second goal came 2 minutes after Stuart McCall scored his second goal to tie the score. Mr. McCall's first goal had tied the score in the last minute of regulation time.



20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Without You--Mariah Carey (7th week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Toronto 0 @ Vancouver 4 (Vancouver led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Tuesday, 27 May 2014

May 19, 2014

270 years ago
1744


Born on this date
Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
. Queen consort of Great Britain and Ireland, 1761-1818. Charlotte was the wife of King George III from 1761 until her death. The couple had 15 children, including Kings George IV and William IV. Queen Charlotte died on November 17, 1818 at the age of 74. Canada's Queen Charlotte Islands were named in her honour.

175 years ago
1839


Born on this date
Alice Mary Smith
. U.K. composer. Miss Smith wrote two symphonies, two large works for stage, a clarinet sonata, and numerous chamber works. She died of typhoid fever on December 4, 1884 at the age of 45.

150 years ago
1864


Died on this date
Nathaniel Hawthorne, 59
. U.S. author. Mr. Hawthorne was best known for his collection of short stories Twice-Told Tales (1837) and the novels The Scarlet Letter (1850) and The House of the Seven Gables (1851).

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Henry B. Richardson
. U.S. archer. Dr. Richardson was a teenager when he won a bronze medal in the team round at the 1904 Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis, and another bronze medal in the Double York round at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London. He later graduated from Harvard Medical School, and died on November 19, 1963 at the age of 74.

75 years ago
1939


Politics and government
King George VI became the first reigning monarch to address the Canadian Parliament in person, and gave royal assent to several acts of Parliament.

70 years ago
1944


War
American troops completed the capture of the Wakde Islands, as the Japanese forces fought until wiped out.

Politics and government
Members of the right-wing faction of the American Labor Party, who had lost control of the organization in the recent New York state primary, met in New York and formed the Liberal Party.

Academia
The American Academy of Arts and Letters and the National Institute of Arts and Letters presented their 1944 awards to Willa Cather, S.S. McClure, Theodore Dreiser, and Paul Robeson.

Business
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull asked American business to avoid postwar production that called for heavy tariff protection or government subsidies.

Labour
The U.S. National War Labor Board approved a wage agreement between the United Mine Workers of America and operator representing 70% of the country's soft coal production.

60 years ago
1954


Died on this date
Charles Ives, 79
. U.S. composer. Mr. Ives was a full-time insurance sales man who composed music in his spare time. He wrote three symphonies and numerous tone poems and sonatas; many of his compositions were ignored during his lifetime, and it was only after his death that Mr. Ives was recognized as a notable modern American composer.

40 years ago
1974


Politics and government
Valery Giscard d'Estaing was elected President of France, defeating Francois Mitterand in the second round of elections, taking 50.7% of the vote to 49.3% for Mr. Mitterand.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 0 @ Philadelphia 1 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Rick MacLeish deflected teammate Andre Dupont's shot for the game's only goal at 14:48 of the 1st period as the Flyers edged the Bruins before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum to become the first NHL expansion team to win the Stanley Cup. Bernie Parent, who won the goaltending duel over Gilles Gilbert, won the Conn Smythe Trophy as the playoffs' most valuable player.

WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Chicago 2 @ Houston 6 (Houston won best-of-seven series 4-0)

The Aeros defeated the Cougars at Sam Houston Arena to win their first Avco World Trophy. For Gordie Howe, who had come out of retirement to play with his sons Mark and Marty, it was the first time he had played on a championsip team since the Detroit Red Wings' Stanley Cup championship in 1955.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Love of the Common People--Paul Young (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Hello--Lionel Richie (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ik voel me zo verdomd alleen--Danny de Munk (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Reflex--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: The Reflex--Duran Duran (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hello--Lionel Richie (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hello--Lionel Richie (2nd week at #1)
2 Let's Hear it for the Boy--Deniece Williams
3 To All the Girls I've Loved Before--Julio Iglesias and Willie Nelson
4 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins
5 Love Somebody--Rick Springfield
6 Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry
7 Hold Me Now--Thompson Twins
8 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper
9 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
10 Head Over Heels--Go-Go's

Singles entering the chart were Magic by the Cars (#68); Legs by ZZ Top (#74); Prime Time by the Alan Parsons Project (#83); If Ever You're In My Arms Again by Peabo Bryson (#84); Little Bit of Love by Dwight Twilley (#86); Love of the Common People by Paul Young (#89); and Darlin' by Frank Stallone (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 To All the Girls I've Loved Before--Julio Iglesias and Willie Nelson
2 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins
3 Hello--Lionel Richie
4 Hold Me Now--Thompson Twins
5 They Don't Know--Tracey Ullman
6 Time After Time--Cyndi Lauper
7 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
8 You Might Think--The Cars
9 Rockit--Herbie Hancock
10 Breakdance--Irene Cara

Singles entering the chart were Who's That Girl? by Eurythmics (#43); I Want to Break Free by Queen (#46); Whisper to a Scream (Birds Fly) by the Icicle Works (#48); Eyes Without a Face by Billy Idol (#49); and Strike by Eddie Schwartz (#50).

Labour
Workers at the Vancouver Sun and Vancouver Province newspapers ended a two-month strike.

Horse racing
Gate Dancer, with Angel Cordero, Jr. aboard, won the 109th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:53 3/5. Play On placed second, and Fight Over third. Swale, the Kentucky Derby winner and favourite, finished seventh.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
New York Islanders 2 @ Edmonton 5 (Edmonton won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Wayne Gretzky scored 2 goals in the 1st period and Ken Linseman's goal 38 seconds into the 2nd period proved to be the winner as the Oilers won their first Stanley Cup and ended the Islanders' four-year reign before a capacity crowd at Northlands Coliseum. Andy Moog was in goal for the Oilers, replacing the injured Grant Fuhr. Mike Zanier, who had yet to play an NHL game, dressed as Mr. Moog's backup for the last two games of the finals, qualifying him to get his name on the Stanley Cup.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Yiannis Papaioannou, 79
. Greek composer and teacher. Mr. Papaioannou had a long career as a music teacher, who wrote five symphonies and other orchestral, chamber, instrumental, and vocal works.

Weather
A freak snowstorm hit Edmonton in the morning, but it had melted by the afternoon, and it ended up as a nice, sunny day.

Scandal
The National Collegiate Athletic Association placed the University of Kentucky's men's basketball program on probation for three years for widespread recruiting and academic violations. The NCAA's investigation had led to the resignations months earlier of coach Eddie Sutton and athletic director Cliff Hagan.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 2500, a rise of nearly 425 points (20%) in six months.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Calgary 3 @ Montreal 4 (2 OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): The Real Thing--2 Unlimited

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
L.A. Law, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Finish Line

This was the last episode of the series, ending an eight-season run.



Twilight Zone: Rod Serling's Lost Classics, on CBS

This made-for-television movie, hosted by James Earl Jones, was based on two unpublished and previously unfilmed teleplays by Rod Serling: The Theater, starring Amy Irving and Gary Cole; and Where the Dead Are, starring Patrick Bergin, Julia Campbell, and Jack Palance.





Died on this date
Jacques Ellul, 82
. French sociologist, philosopher, and theologian. Professor Ellul was influenced by the teachings of Karl Marx in his early years, but had a religious experience in late adolescence that led him to profess himself a Christian. He claimed to be a Christian anarchist, criticizing the state as an expression of violence. Prof. Ellul's books included La technique ou l'enjeu du siècle (The Technological Society) (1954); Propagandes (Propaganda: The Formation of Men's Attitudes) (1962); and L'illusion politique (The Political Illusion) (1967). He died after a long illness.

Henry Morgan, 79. U.S. humourist. Mr. Morgan, born Henry Van Ost, Jr., was known for his acerbic wit, often targeting sponsors, especially on his own radio program in the 1940s and as a regular panelist on the television quiz show I've Got a Secret (1952-1967). He made frequent appearances on television game and talk shows until his death from lung cancer.

Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, 64. U.S. First Lady, 1961-1963. Mrs. Onassis, born Jacqueline Bouvier, married U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy in 1953, accompanied him to the White House in 1961, and was at his side when he was assassinated on November 22, 1963. She married Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis in 1968; the marriage ended with his death in 1975. Mrs. Onassis, who was widely admired for her style and grace, died of cancer.

Luis Ocaña, 48. Spanish cyclist. Mr. Ocaña won 110 races in a professional career from 1968-1977, including the 1973 Tour de France and the 1970 Vuelta a España. He committed suicide by shooting himself, reportedly depressed over financial matters, and also suffering from cirrhosis of the liver, hepatitis C, and cancer.

10 years ago
2004


War
U.S. Army Specialist Jeremy C. Sivits received a sentence of one year in prison and a bad conduct discharge in the first court-martial stemming from abuse of Iraqis at the Abu Ghraib prison.

Protest
Two members of the group Fathers 4 Justice pelted British Prime Minister Tony Blair with condoms full of flour in the House of Commons. The group was advocating equal rights of access to their children for divorced fathers.

May 18, 2014

220 years ago
1794


War
French forces commanded by General Joseph Souham defeated an Austrian, British, and Hanoverian Coalition army under Austrian Prince Josias of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany in the Battle of Tourcoing in France.

210 years ago
1804


Politics and government
Napoleon Bonaparte was proclaimed Emperor of France by the French Senate.

125 years ago
1889


Died on this date
Isabella Glyn, 65
. U.K. actress. Miss Glyn was one of Britain's leading Shakespearean actresses from the 1840s through the 1870s. She died of cancer, four days before her 66th birthday.

75 years ago
1939


Canadiana
King George VI, Queen Elizabeth, and the royal party boarded a 12-car train (five from Canadian Pacific, five from Canadian National, and the two vice-regal cars) in Québec City and departed for Montréal. The royal train was painted in royal blue and aluminum, and royal crowns are affixed to the running boards of both locomotives. A pilot train, carrying officials and the press, preceded the royal train by an hour and no other trains are permitted to travel within this period.



70 years ago
1944


On the radio
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Donovan's Brain, Part One, starring Orson Welles

Appointment with Fear
Tonight's episode: The Clock Strikes Eight

War
Allied troops captured the Italian town of Monte Cassino after a four-month battle against Nazi forces. German forces at the southern end of the front retreated in disorder after losing the port of Fornia on the Gulf of Gaeta, and abandoned Gaeta as indefensible. Field Marshal Gerd von Runstedt was named chief of the German anti-invasion forces in western Europe.

Abominations
The deportation by the U.S.S.R. government of several hundred thousand Crimean Tatars to Uzbekistan began; the deportation, ostensibly in reprisal for alleged collaboration of Crimean Tatars with Nazis, resulted in thousands of deaths.

Crime
A Mexican appeals court upheld a 20-year prison sentence for Ramon Mercader for the 1940 murder of exiled Soviet revolutionary leader Leon Trotsky, and directed him to pay a $7,000 indemnity to Mr. Trotsky's widow.

60 years ago
1954


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Breakout, starring Anthony Ross

The Motorola TV Hour, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Atomic Attack, starring Phyllis Thaxter, Robert Keith, Walter Matthau, and Patty McCormack

This episode is available on video.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Mamma--Charles Aznavour

On television tonight
Detective, on BBC
Tonight's episode: Sherlock Holmes: The Speckled Band, starring Douglas Wilmer and Nigel Stock

Detective was a series of programs each featuring a different fictional detective. The Speckled Band was well-received and served as a pilot for a subsequent series of 12 episodes, broadcast in 1965.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 30. The mission of Cosmos 11, launched October 20, 1962, ended.

Protest
Clashes between Mods and Rockers in the south coast of England resulted in scores of arrests.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Be My Day--The Cats (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Sugar Baby Love--The Rubettes

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks (2nd week at #1)
2 She Didn't Remember My Name--Osmosis
3 The Air That I Breathe--The Hollies
4 My Coo Ca Choo--Alvin Stardust
5 You Won't Find Another Fool Like Me--New Seekers
6 Daytona Demon--Suzi Quatro
7 The Way We Were--Barbra Streisand
8 Mockingbird--Johnny O'Keefe and Margaret McLaren
--Carly Simon and James Taylor
9 You're Sixteen--Ringo Starr
10 The Lord's Prayer--Sister Janet Mead

Singles entering the chart were Candle in the Wind/Bennie and the Jets by Elton John (#28); TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia) by MFSB featuring the Three Degrees (#30); Wild Thing by Fancy (#32); Over the Rainbow by Billy Thorpe (#34); Will I by Mississippi (#36); If I Didn't Care by David Cassidy (#37); and The Entertainer by Marvin Hamlisch (#40).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Streak--Ray Stevens

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Dancing Machine--The Jackson 5
2 The Streak--Ray Stevens
3 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
4 The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk
5 The Show Must Go On--Three Dog Night
6 Midnight at the Oasis--Maria Muldaur
7 You Make Me Feel Brand New--The Stylistics
8 Tubular Bells--Mike Oldfield
9 (I've Been) Searchin' So Long--Chicago
10 Band on the Run--Paul McCartney & Wings

Singles entering the chart were Train of Thought by Cher (#75); King of Nothing by Seals and Crofts (#83); Rock and Roll Heaven by the Righteous Brothers (#87); Radar Love by Golden Earring (#88); Rock the Boat by the Hues Corporation (#92); and It's Her Turn to Live by Smokey Robinson (#95).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk (2nd week at #1)
2 The Show Must Go On--Three Dog Night
3 Tubular Bells--Mike Oldfield
4 Let it Ride--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
5 The Entertainer--Marvin Hamlisch
6 TSOP (The Sound of Philadelphia)--MFSB featuring the Three Degrees
7 Just Don't Want to Be Lonely--The Main Ingredient
8 Dancing Machine--The Jackson 5
9 Midnight at the Oasis--Maria Muldaur
10 The Streak--Ray Stevens

Singles entering the chart were Billy, Don't be a Hero by Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods (#68); Haven't Got Time for the Pain by Carly Simon (#69); Son of Sagittarius by Eddie Kendricks (#70); Rikki Don't Lose That Number by Steely Dan (#74); I Don't See Me in Your Eyes Anymore by Charlie Rich (#76); Sleepin' by Diana Ross (#81); One Chain Don't Make No Prison by the Four Tops (#82); Daybreaker by Electric Light Orchestra (#83); The Golden Age of Rock 'N' Roll by Mott the Hoople (#84); Wildflower by New Birth (#85); This Heart by Gene Redding (#86); On and On by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#87); Teenage Love Affair by Rick Derringer (#88); Can You Handle It by Graham Central Station (#89); The Sound of Silence by Paul Simon (#91); My World by Craig Ruhnke (#94); 48 Crash by Suzi Quatro (#97); I Believe by Songbird (#98); Please Come to Boston by Dave Loggins (#99); and Already Gone by the Eagles (#100).

Calgary's top 10
1 The Show Must Go On--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 The Loco-Motion--Grand Funk
3 Midnight at the Oasis--Maria Muldaur
4 Dancing Machine--The Jackson 5
5 Hooked on a Feeling--Blue Swede
6 Werewolf--Five Man Electrical Band
7 Sundown--Gordon Lightfoot
8 Oh My My--Ringo Starr
9 Band on the Run--Paul McCartney & Wings
10 If You Love Me (Let Me Know)--Olivia Newton-John
Pick hit of the week: Rock Me Gently--Andy Kim

Defense
India became the sixth country to acquire nuclear weapons.

Horse racing
Little Current, with Miguel Rivera aboard, won the 99th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:54 3/5. Neapolitan Way placed second and Cannonade, the Kentucky Derby winner, finished third.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Girls Just Wanna Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Send Me an Angel--Real Life

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): The Look--Roxette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Shall Never Pass This Way Again--Various Artists

Theatre
After meeting with officials of the Canadian Jewish Congress, the Stratford Festival made two cuts in its production of William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice, removing two allegedly anti-Semitic references.

20 years ago
1994


World events
Israeli troops withdrew from the Gaza Strip after three decades of occupation as the Palestinian Authority took over responsibility for governing the area.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Vancouver 4 @ Toronto 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

10 years ago
2004


Politics and government
Sonia Gandhi of the Indian National Congress refused to accept the position of Prime Minister of India, to the shock of her party.

Baseball
Randy Johnson of the Arizona Diamondbacks pitched a perfect game as the Diamondbacks blanked the Atlanta Braves 2-0 at Bank One Ballpark in Phoenix. At age 40, Mr. Johnson became the oldest pitcher to accomplish the feat.

May 17, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Katya Semenova!

200 years ago
1814


World events
The Constitution of Norway was signed, and Crown Prince Christian Frederick of Denmark was elected King of Norway by the Norwegian Constituent Assembly.

Occupation of Monaco changed from French to Austrian.

125 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Dorothy Gibson
. U.S.-born French actress. Miss Gibson, born Dorothy Brown, appeared in silent films in the 1910s. She survived the sinking of RMS Titanic in 1912, and starred in Saved from the Titanic (1912), the first movie about the disaster. Miss Gibson moved to France following the dissolution of her marriage in 1919, eventually becoming a Nazi sympathizer and alleged spy. She renounced her sympathies in 1944 and was imprisoned in Italy as an anti-Fascist agitator, but escaped and returned to Paris, where she died of a heart attack on February 17, 1946 at the age of 56.

Alfonso Reyes. Mexican diplomat and author. Mr. Reyes served with the Mexican diplomatic service in France and Spain in the 1910s and '20s, and was Ambassador to Argentina (1927-1930, 1936-1937) and to Brazil (1930-1935, 1938). He wrote non-fiction, fiction, and poetry, and was nominated five times for the Nobel Prize in Literature. Mr. Reyes died on December 27, 1959 at the age of 70.

120 years ago
1894


Died on this date
Frank Goodale
. U.S. jockey. Mr. Goodale rode Chant to victory in the 1894 Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville just two days before his death, when he was riding a horse named Judge Payne in a race at Churchill Downs, and was fatally injured when the horse stumbled and fell on top of him.

75 years ago
1939


On television today
The Princeton University Tigers edged the Columbia University Lions 2-1 in 10 innings at Baker Field in New York City in the first sports event in the United States to be televised. The game was broadcast by W2XBS, an experimental station in Manhattan, and reached a handful of viewers in New York City.

Canadiana
King George VI and Queen Elizabeth disembarked at Wolfe's Cove, Quebec from the Canadian Pacific ship Empress of Australia to begin a month-long royal visit to Canada, the first by a reigning monarch.



Baseball
The Brooklyn Dodgers and Chicago Cubs tied 9-9 in a game called after 19 innings because of darkness before 4,500 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The last 10 innings were scoreless.

The Chicago White Sox scored 3 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 3-3 tie as they defeated the Boston Red Sox 6-3 before 5,200 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

70 years ago
1944


Hit parade
Variety reported the most popular songs in the U.S.A. as:
1 I Love You
2 Long Ago and Far Away
3 Love, Love, Love

Died on this date
Félix Éboué, 60
. French Guianan-born politician. Mr. Éboué served in several French colonial administrations, and was Governor of Guadeloupe (1936-1938) before being transferred to Chad--then part of French Equatorial Africa--where he served as Governor from 1940-1944. He was instrumental in developing Chadian support for the Free French movement, and died in office, suffering a stroke while in Cairo.

War
American and French troops reached the outposts of the Germans' Hitler Line at the southern end of their offensive between Cassino and the sea. U.S. amphibious forces, leapfrogging 125 miles up the Dutch New Guinea coast from Hollandia, landed unopposed at Tum and Arara, establishing a 7 1/2-mile beachhead. American troops gained control of the airstrip on Insumuar, the main island of the Wakde group. U.S. and Chinese troops captured the main airport of Myitkyina in northern Burma. The U.S. Selective Service announced revised regulations deferring students preparing for the ministry and priesthood.

Diplomacy
The Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand announced in London their agreement on war and postwar policies, favouring a world organization with power to prevent aggression.

Spain announced the closing of the Japanese and German consulates in Tangiers, Spanish Morocco.

Radio
The Argentine government tightened censorship of radio broadcasts and banned programs sponsored by firms and organizations friendly to the United Nations.

Journalism
Greta Palmer told the U.S. House of Representatives committee investigating the Federal Communications Commission that FCC Chairman James Ely had tried to persuade Reader's Digest not to publish a critical article that she had been assigned to write.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the bill extending Lend-Lease, and reported expenditures of $24.2 billion through March 1944. U.S. War Production Board Chairman Donald Nelson urged a program of American aid to industrialize Latin American countries.

Labour
The Foremen's Association of America ordered 3,300 members to return to work in Detroit war plants.

60 years ago
1954


Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously against segregation in schools in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, ruling that such segregation was inherently unequal.

Boxing
Canadian heavyweight champion Earl Walls (30-8) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Freddie Beshore (35-17-2) at Edmonton Gardens, two months after Mr. Walls had withdrawn from a scheduled bout against Mr. Beshore because of a broken left hand. It was the final fight for Mr. Beshore, who had the distinction of losing to a current world heavyweight champion (Ezzard Charles, 1950); a former world champion (Joe Louis, 1951); and a future world champion (Rocky Marciano, 1951).

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Air That I Breathe--The Hollies (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Seasons in the Sun--Terry Jacks (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Camilla Hall, 29
; Nancy Ling Perry, 26. U.S. terrorists. Miss Hall and Mrs. Perry were killed in a shootout with Los Angeles police, and were among six members of the Symbionese Liberation Army who were killed in the police raid on the SLA's headquarters.

Terrorism
33 people were killed and 100 injured when three car bombs placed by the Ulster Volunteer Force exploded in Dublin.

Labour
Joe Morris was elected president of the Canadian Labour Congress at its convention in Vancouver.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Chicago 4 @ Houston 7 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Baseball
Jackson Todd pitched a no-hitter as the Victoria Toros blanked the Arkansas Travelers 3-0 in a Texas League game in Victoria, Texas.

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Edmonton (CHED): Oh Sherrie--Steve Perry

Died on this date
Gordon Sinclair, 83
. Canadian journalist. Mr. Sinclair was a reporter with the Toronto Star in the 1920s and 1930s, travelling around the world. His books about his travels became best-sellers. Mr. Sinclair joined Toronto radio station CFRB in 1943, and remained there the rest of his life. An editorial of his from June 5, 1973, titled The Americans, became so popular that it was issued as a single and rose to #24 in the Billboard Hot 100 chart in 1974. Mr. Sinclair was a panelist on the CBC television program Front Page Challenge from 1957 until his death.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
New York Islanders 2 @ Edmonton 7 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Wayne Gretzky scored the game's first and last goals as the Oilers routed the Islanders for the second straight game at Northlands Coliseum.

Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds defeated the Chicago Cubs 5-3 at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Reds' starting pitcher Mario Soto tied a major league record with 4 strikeouts in one inning, fanning Tom Veryzer, Dick Ruthven, Bob Dernier, and Ryne Sandberg in the 3rd.

Alan Wiggins stole 5 bases to help the San Diego Padres defeat the Montreal Expos 5-4.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Minä olen muistanut--Kim Lönnholm

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Like a Prayer--Madonna (7th week at #1)

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 4 @ Calgary 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

20 years ago
1994


Politics and government
Bakili Muluzi, leader of the United Democratic Front, was elected President of Malawi in the country's first multi-party election, unseating Hastings Kamuzu Banda, who had been President since 1966. Mr. Muluzi took 47.15% of the vote to 33.44% for Dr. Banda, who was representing the Malawi Congress Party. Alliance for Democracy candidate Chakufwa Chihana was third with 18.89%. Dr. Banda, who was believed to be in his 90s, had led the effort to win independence for Nyasaland from Great Britain. Upon independence in 1964, the country became known as the Republic of Malawi. Dr. Banda was this blogger's favourite African dictator because of his passage in 1973 of the Decency Dress Act, which made it illegal for women to wear pants.

Auto racing
After failing to qualify for the 1994 Indianapolis 500, Al Unser, Sr. announced his retirement as a driver. Mr. Unser competed in the race 27 times from 1965-1993, winning in 1970, 1971, 1978, and 1987. His son Al, Jr. won the race in 1992 and went on to win the 1994 Indianapolis 500.

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
Tony Randall, 84
. U.S. actor. Mr. Randall, born Aryeh Leonard Rosenberg, appeared in plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning six decades. He was best known for co-starring as Felix Unger in the television comedy series The Odd Couple (1970-1975), winning a Primetime Emmy Award in 1975. Mr. Randall's movies included The Mating Game (1959); Pillow Talk (1959); and 7 Faces of Dr. Lao (1964). He founded the National Actors Theatre in 1991, and earned a reputation as the greatest talk show guest in the history of television. Mr. Randall underwent coronary bypass surgery in December 1993, but developed pneumonia after the operation, and never left the hospital.

Abominations
In Massachusetts, same-sex couples exchanged "marriage" vows for the first time in the United States.

May 16, 2014

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Jessie Larocque and Polly Pratt!

275 years ago
1739


War
The Battle of Vasai in India concluded as the Marathas defeated the Portuguese army.

160 years ago
1854


Economics and finance
The Reciprocity Treaty between Canada and the U.S.A. went into effect. The U.S. agreed to admit most Canadian products duty free, while U.S. fishermen were allowed to catch within the three-mile limit; to land to cure their fish; and to freely navigate the St. Lawrence River.

125 years ago
1889

Baseball

The Philadelphia Quakers outlasted the Chicago White Stockings 16-12 in a National League game. 4 of the Philadelphia runs came on a grand slam by Sam Thompson off Ad Gumbert, who had been brought in from the outfield just to face Mr. Thompson. After the blast, Will Hutchison returned to the mound for Chicago.

In the American Association, the Cincinnati Reds defeated the Baltimore Orioles 4-3 at League Park in Cincinnati. Mike Griffin led off the game with a home run for the Orioles, while Bug Griffin matched the feat for the Reds.

120 years ago
1894


Born on this date
Walter Yust
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Yust was editor-in-chief of Encyclopædia Britannica from 1938 until his death on February 29, 1960 at the age of 65.

75 years ago
1939


Baseball
The Boston Red Sox scored 3 runs in the 2nd inning, 5 in the 3rd, and 7 in the 5th as they routed the Chicago White Sox 18-4 before 5,800 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Joe Vosmik and Jim Tabor each drove in 5 runs for the Red Sox, and every man in the Boston lineup had at least 1 hit.

The Cleveland Indians scored 5 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 3-3 tie and beat the Philadelphia Athletics 8-3 in 10 innings before a crowd of 15,109 in the first night game at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Johnny Humphries was the winning pitcher over Roy Parmalee.

The Brooklyn Dodgers scored 7 runs in the 1st inning and 2 in the 2nd en route to a 12-2 win over the Chicago Cubs before 7,491 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Brooklyn third baseman Cookie Lavagetto batted 3 for 5 with a home run, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in. Whit Wyatt pitched a 4-hitter to improve his 1939 record to 4-0.

70 years ago
1944


Died on this date
George Ade, 75
. U.S. humourist. Mr. Ade, a native of Indiana who worked as a journalist in Chicago, was known for his short stories and plays about ordinary Americans, and often pointed out the ironies of those who grew up with traditional rural values and ended up in cities such as Chicago where the values weren't practiced.

War
U.S. troops pursued German forces fleeing up the Tyrrhenian coast. A new Japanese thrust at India was thrown back southwest of Imphal and Kohima.

Politics and government
The U.S.A. and U.K. signed agreements with the exiled government of Norway, Belgium, and the Netherlands defining terms of civil administration during the liberation of these countries.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and New York Governor and candidate for the 1944 Republican Party U.S. presidential nomination Thomas Dewey gained more delegates in state primaries and conventions in California, New Jersey, Montana, and Delaware.

Labour
After the U.S. Navy refused to accept work without supervision, the foremen's strike at the Briggs Manufacturing plant in Detroit idled 10,000 workers.

The U.S. National War Labor Board upheld the right of Borg Warner Corporation to discharge 41 employees who had quit work the previous December without following grievance procedures specified in their union contract.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Can't Buy Me Love/You Can't Do That--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Plus Belle Pour Aller Danser--Sylvie Vartan (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): E' l'uomo per me--Mina (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Oh My Darling Caroline--Ronny (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Juliet--The Four Pennies

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): My Guy--Mary Wells

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hello, Dolly!--Louis Armstrong
2 Love Me Do--The Beatles
3 Do You Want to Know a Secret--The Beatles
4 My Guy--Mary Wells
5 Bits and Pieces--The Dave Clark Five
6 Ronnie--The 4 Seasons
7 Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles
8 Don't Let the Rain Come Down (Crooked Little Man)--The Serendipity Singers
9 Shangri-La--Robert Maxwell and his Orchestra
--Vic Dana
10 White on White--Danny Williams

Singles entering the chart were Viva Las Vegas (#60)/What'd I Say (#70) by Elvis Presley; Tears and Roses by Al Martino (#72); Too Late to Turn Back Now by Brook Benton (#77); Giving Up by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#82); Milord by Bobby Darin (#86); Tell Me Mamma by Christine Quaite (#87); Spend a Little Time by Barbara Lewis (#94); My Boy Lollipop by Millie Small (#95); What Have I Got of My Own by Trini Lopez (#96); Beg Me by Chuck Jackson (#97); Kiko by Jimmy McGriff (#99); and Yesterday's Hero by Gene Pitney (#100).

Horse racing
Northern Dancer, with Bill Hartack up, won his second straight Triple Crown race, taking the 89th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:56 4/5. The Scoundrel placed second and Hill Rise third.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Any Dream Will Do--Joe Cuddy (2nd week at #1)

Terrorism
At least 27 people were killed and 138 injured when Israeli planes bombed seven Palestinian refugee camps in southern Lebanon in retaliation for the deaths of 18-21 Isreali schoolchildren in Ma'alot during a raid the previous day by Israeli troops against Popular Democratic Front terrorists, who had been holding the youths hostage.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Philadelphia 1 @ Boston 5 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)

30 years ago
1984


Baseball
The Baltimore Orioles released veteran pitcher Jim Palmer‚ who was 0-3 with a 9.17 earned run average in 1984. Mr. Palmer was asked to retire and accept a job with the organization‚ but he declined‚ hoping to find a roster spot on another major league team. He was unsuccessful.

Pitcher Steve Carlton helped his cause with a grand slam off Fernando Valenzuela to lead the Philadelphia Phillies to a 7-2 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Catcher Carlton Fisk hit for the cycle in a losing effort the Chicago White Sox lost 7-6 to the Kansas City Royals.

The Minnesota Twins sold 51‚863 tickets, but only 6‚346 fans showed up at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis to see them lose 8-7 to the Toronto Blue Jays. The skewed numbers were the result of a large ticket buyout plan organized by Minneapolis businessman Harvey Mackay to keep the Twins in Minnesota; if the club did not sell 2.41 million tickets this season it could break its lease with the Metrodome. Taking advantage of reduced prices on the Family Day promotion‚ Mr. Mackay paid $218‚718 for 44‚166 tickets.

25 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: How I'm Spending My Summer Vacation

This was the last episode of the season.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'll Remember--Madonna
2 Love Sneakin' Up on You--Bonnie Raitt
3 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
4 Return to Innocence--Enigma
5 Misled--Celine Dion
6 Sleeping in My Car--Roxette
7 Mr. Jones--Counting Crows
8 Swimming in Your Ocean--Crash Test Dummies
9 Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen
10 Keep Talking--Pink Floyd

Singles entering the chart were Shine by Collective Soul (#57); Take it Back by Pink Floyd (#83); Love Theme from Napoleon by Dan Hill and Rique Franks (#84); Boom Bapa Boom by Jimmie Vaughan (#85); Silent Scream by Richard Marx (#90); Bizarre Love Triangle by Frente! (#93); The Bonny Swans by Loreena McKennit (#94); and Rocks by Primal Scream (#97).

10 years ago
2004


Died on this date
June Taylor, 86
. U.S. dancer and choreographer. Miss Taylor danced in nightclubs before turning to choreography. She was best known for the June Taylor Dancers, who were featured on Jackie Gleason's television variety program in the 1950s and '60s. Miss Taylor won an Emmy Award in 1955. She choreographed the Miami Dolphins' cheerleaders from 1978-1990.

Monday, 26 May 2014

May 15, 2014

140 years ago
1874


Football
U.S.-Canadian university
Exhibition
McGill 0 @ Harvard 0

The day after Harvard had defeated McGill 3-0 playing under "Boston rules," the teams played to a tie at Jarvis Field in Cambridge, Massachusetts. This game was played under Canadian rules, with 13 men per side.

120 years ago
1894


Society
The Nova Scotia provincial legislature voted in favour of prohibition of alcoholic beverages.

Horse racing
Chant, with Frank Goodale up, won the 20th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:41. Pearl Song placed second and Sigurd finished third in the five-horse field. Mr. Goodale was killed a few days later when a horse he was riding stumbled and fell in a race.

100 years ago
1914


Born on this date
Walter "Turk" Broda
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Broda was a goaltender with the Toronto Maple Leafs from 1936-1943 and 1945-1952. He played on 5 Stanley Cup championship teams and won the Vezina Trophy in 1941 and 1948. Mr. Broda was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1967. He died on October 17, 1972 at the age of 58.

Norrie Paramor. U.K. composer, arranger, and conductor. Mr. Paramor was perhaps best known for producing and arranging the recordings of Cliff Richard and the Shadows in the 1960s. He died on September 9, 1979 at the age of 65.

Angus MacLean. Canadian politician. Mr. MacLean, a Progressive Conservative, was a member of the Canadian House of Commons from 1951-1976, serving as Minister of Fisheries in the government of Prime Minister John Diefenbaker from 1957-1963. He eventually turned to provincial politics, and served as Premier of Prince Edward Island from 1979-1981. Mr. MacLean died on February 15, 2000 at the age of 85.

70 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Missing Bloodstains

Died on this date
Sergius, 77
. Russian Orthodox Patriarch of Moscow and all the Rus', 1943-1944. Sergius, born Ivan Nikolayevich Stragorodsky, was consecrated a bishop in 1901 and became a member of the Russian Holy Synod in 1917. He was briefly imprisoned by the Bolsheviks in the 1920s, and in 1927 issued his Declaration where he professed absolute loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet Union and to its government's interests. Sergius was elected Patriarch on September 8, 1943, and enthroned four days later. He died after a period of declining health, and was succeeded by Alexy I.

Diplomacy
U.S. Ambassadors John Winant and Averell Harriman arrived in Washington from London and Moscow, respectively, for consultations with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the State Department.

Politics and government
The French Committee of National Liberation repudiated all agreements made by the regime of Prime Minister François Darlan, and recommended changing its name to the Provisional Government of the French Republic.

The Colombian Senate rejected the resignation of President Alfonso Pumarejo Lopez, offered after strikes had been called in oder to force him from office.

The U.S. Senate voted to repeal cloture in debate on the House of Representatives bill to repeal poll taxes in federal elections in eight Southern states, and then voted to delay action on the bill.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a state may assess personal property taxes on the entire fleet of airplanes operated by an airline having its "home port" within that state.

Baseball
Clyde Shoun pitched a no-hitter for the Cincinnati Reds as they edged the Boston Braves 1-0 before 1,014 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Chuck Aleno's second and last major league home run in the 5th inning accounted for the game's only run. Losing pitcher Jim Tobin allowed 5 hits in a complete game.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning but still lost 8-7 to the New York Giants before 1,699 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 9 runs in the 1st inning en route to an 11-6 win over the Philadelphia Blue Jays before 1,173 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

Luis Olmo singled twice in a 7-run 6th inning to help the Brooklyn Dodgers rout the Chicago Cubs 14-3 before 3,081 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Hank Miklos, the fourth and last Chicago pitcher, allowed 3 hits and 2 runs--earned--with 2 bases on balls and no strikeouts in 2 innings in his second and last major league game.

Frankie Hayes hit a grand slam with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Philadelphia Athletics a 6-2 win over the Detroit Tigers before 5,921 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

Pinch hitter Hillis Layne singled home Mike Guerra with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Washington Nationals a 4-3 win over the Cleveland Indians at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

60 years ago
1954


Hit Parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Oh My Pa-Pa (O Mein Papa)--Eddie Fisher (2nd week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Wanted--Perry Como (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Disc Jockey--3rd week at #1; Jukebox--2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Wanted--Perry Como (6th week at #1)
2 I Get So Lonely (When I Dream About You)--The Four Knights
3 Young at Heart--Frank Sinatra
4 Make Love to Me--Jo Stafford
5 Here--Tony Martin
6 Cross Over the Bridge--Patti Page
7 A Girl, A Girl (Zoom-Ba Di Alli Nella)--Eddie Fisher
8 Answer Me, My Love--Nat "King" Cole
9 Little Things Mean a Lot--Kitty Kallen
10 Secret Love--Doris Day

Singles entering the chart were Three Coins in the Fountain (#18)/Wedding Bells (Are Breaking Up That Old Gang Of Mine) (#21) by the Four Aces; Please Driver (Once Around The Park Again) by Tony Bennett (#22); Hernando's Hideaway, with versions by Archie Bleyer and Johnnie Ray (#25); and Twelfth Street Rag by Liberace (#33). Three Coins in the Fountain was the title song of the movie, and went on to win the 1954 Academy Award for Best Original Song. Please Driver (Once Around The Park Again) was the other side of Until Yesterday (Non E La Pioggia), which charted at #36. Hernando's Hideaway was from the musical The Pajama Game. Twelfth Street Rag was the B-side of Beer Barrel Polka, which charted at #32.

Britannica
Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Philip, Prince Charles, and Princess Anne arrived back in London aboard the royal yacht Britannia to conclude their six-month tour of the Commonwealth.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A World Without Love--Peter and Gordon (2nd week at #1)

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 All My Loving--The Beatles (10th week at #1)
2 Bits and Pieces--The Dave Clark Five
3 Viva Las Vegas--Elvis Presley
4 Do You Love Me--The Dave Clark Five
5 Little Children--Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas
6 Kiss Me Quick--Elvis Presley
7 You're Not a Goody Goody--Bobby Curtola
8 Twist and Shout--The Beatles
9 Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles
10 Don't Let the Rain Come Down (Crooked Little Man)--The Serendipity Singers
Pick hit of the week: Viva Las Vegas--Elvis Presley
New this week: Bad to Me--Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas
I'm Not Free--Dale & Grace
Tell Me Why--Bobby Vinton
Maybe Baby--Buddy Holly
Milord--Bobby Darin
Pink Panther Theme--Henry Mancini and his Orchestra

On television tonight
Twilight Zone, hosted by Rod Serling, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Brain Center at Whipple's, starring Richard Deacon, Paul Newlan, and Ted De Corsia

The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Who Needs an Enemy?, starring Steven Hill, Joanna Moore, and Richard Anderson

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: Waterloo--ABBA (4th week at #1)

Terrorism
18-21 schoolchildren were killed and 71 injured when Israeli troops stormed the school in Maa'alot where the children were being held hostage by Palestinian guerrillas. Three of the terrorists were killed in the raid.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Finals
Houston 6 @ Chicago 1 (Houston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Street Dance--Break Machine

Died on this date
Francis Schaeffer, 72
. U.S. theologian. Mr. Schaeffer, a Presbyterian pastor, was perhaps the most influential evangelical author and scholar of the second half of the 20th century. See my post here.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
New York Islanders 2 @ Edmonton 7 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-1)

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals

Austria's top 10 (Ö3)
1 Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff
2 The Look--Roxette
3 Like a Prayer--Madonna
4 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
5 Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart--Marc Almond featuring Gene Pitney
6 The Way to Your Heart--Soulsister
7 Das Phantom der Oper--Alexander Goebel & Luzia Nistler
8 You Got It--Roy Orbison
9 Nur ein Lied--Thomas Forstner
10 Eternal Flame--Bangles

Singles entering the chart were Nur ein Lied; Eternal Flame; Iko Iko by the Belle Stars (#14); Celebrate the World by Womack & Womack (#15); The Living Years by Mike + the Mechanics (#19); and Everything Counts by Depeche Mode (#27).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 Second Chance--Thirty Eight Special
3 The Look--Roxette
4 Heaven Help Me--Deon Estus (with George Michael)
5 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
6 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
7 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
8 Diamond Mine--Blue Rodeo
9 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
10 Funky Cold Medina--Tone Loc

Singles entering the chart were Beautiful White by The Pursuit of Happiness (#74); (Between A) Rock and a Hard Place by Cutting Crew (#77); The Doctor by the Doobie Brothers (#82); Precious Stone by the Fixx (#85); Closer to Fine by Indigo Girls (#87); I Want it All by Queen (#90); The Best Years of Our Lives by Neil Diamond (#95); A Little Lovin' by Chantal (#97); and Sister Madly by Crowded House (#99).

Died on this date
Johnny Green, 80
. U.S. songwriter and composer. Mr. Green wrote jazz standard songs such as Body and Soul and Out of Nowhere, and won Academy Awards for his scores for Easter Parade (1948); An American in Paris (1951); West Side Story (1961); and Oliver! (1968). He won another Oscar as the producer of Overture to The Merry Wives of Windsor (1953), which was named Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel.

Personal
This blogger began a job as librarian with the University of Alberta's School of Native Studies.

Baseball
The Toronto Blue Jays, off to a dismal 12-24 start, fired manager Jimy Williams and replaced him with Cito Gaston.

Devon White led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a single, stole second and third bases, and scored on a sacrifice fly by Wally Joyner to give the California Angels a 4-3 win over the New York Yankees before 25,959 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

First baseman Kent Hrbek hit his 7th home run of the season, but later dislocated his left shoulder diving for a ball as his Twins lost 4-3 to the Kansas City Royals before 18,404 fans at Hubet H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.

The San Diego Padres scored 2 runs in the top of the 11th inning to break a 4-4 tie and held on to defeat the Montreal Expos 6-5 before 12,110 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. The Expos scored a run in the bottom of the 11th and had runners on first and second bases with 1 out, but Tim Raines flied out to right field and Rex Hudler struck out to end the game.

Pinch hitter Mariano Duncan singled home 2 runs with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Los Angeles Dodgers beat the New York Mets 3-1 before 34,622 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Will Clark hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 12th to break a 0-0 tie, but Bob Dernier hit a 3-run inside-the-park homer with 2 out in the bottom of the inning to give the Philadelphia Phillies a 3-2 win over the San Francisco Giants before 15,703 fans at Veterans Stadium in St. Louis.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning and 3 in the 9th to defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 6-5 before 16,030 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The game ended when Herm Winningham singled home pinch runners Skeeter Barnes and Danny Jackson.

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: The Sign--Ace of Base (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Without You--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Without You--Mariah Carey (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Come On You Reds--Manchester United F.C.

Died on this date
Gilbert Roland, 88
. Mexican-born U.S. actor. Mr. Roland, born Luis Antonio Dámaso de Alonso, appeared in movies and television programs--often cast as a Latin lover-- in a career lasting about 60 years. His best-known movies included We Were Strangers (1949); Bullfighter and the Lady (1951); and The Bad and the Beautiful (1952).

10 years ago
2004


Horse racing
Smarty Jones, with Stewart Elliott aboard, won his second straight Triple Crown race, taking the 129th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:55.59. Rock Hard Ten placed second and Eddington third.

May 14, 2014

1,050 years ago
964


Died on this date
John XII, 37-44 (?)
. Roman Catholic Pope, 955-964. Born Octavianus, John XII succeeded Agapetus II as Pope. John XII was a secular prince as well as head of the Roman Catholic Church, and his reign is said to have been characterized by worldliness and immorality. He died while reportedly enjoying an adulterous sexual encounter, dying either from apoplexy or at the hands of a jealous husband. John XII was succeeded as Pope by Benedict V.

750 years ago
1264


War
In the Battle of Lewes in Sussex, King Henry III of England was captured and forced to sign the Mise of Lewes, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England.

210 years ago
1804


Exploration
The Lewis and Clark Expedition departed from Camp Dubois, Illinois and began its historic journey by travelling up the Missouri River.

200 years ago
1814


War
In the War of 1812, Americans landed a force of 600 at Port Dover, Upper Canada, burning settlements on Lake Erie.

140 years ago
1874


Football
U.S.-Canadian university
Exhibition
McGill 0 @ Harvard 3

The game before 500 fans at Jarvis Field in Cambridge, Massachusetts was played with 11 players per side. The game, perhaps the first game of modern football, resembled soccer, but players were permitted, under "Boston rules," to run with the ball if pursued. It was the first time that admission had been charged to a football game, and the first time that goalposts were used.

125 years ago
1889


Died on this date
Volney Howard, 79
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. Howard was a member of the Mississippi House of Representatives in 1836. He moved to the Republic of Texas in the 1840s and served as Attorney General of Texas for six months in 1846. Mr. Howard represented Texas' 2nd District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1849-1853, and then moved to California after being appointed to the state's Land Commission by President Franklin Pierce. He practiced law in San Francisco, Sacramento, and Los Angeles, serving as the latter's District Attorney from 1864-1867. Mr. Howard became a judge of the Los Angeles Superior Court in 1879; ill health led him to serve only one term and to decline a nomination to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Society
The U.K. children's charity National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children was founded in London.

Baseball
The Pittsburgh Alleghenys suspended sore-armed pitchers Ed Morris and Pete Conway so that the club wouldn't have to pay them while they were disabled. Mr. Morris returned to action on June 8, but Mr. Conway was through as a player because of his injury.

110 years ago
1904


Olympics
The Summer Olympic Games opened in St. Louis, becoming the first Olympics to be held in the United States.

100 years ago
1914


Economics and finance
The Calgary Stock Exchange--now the Alberta Stock Exchange--was founded.

Baseball
Jim Scott of the Chicago White Sox pitched a no-hitter through 9 innings, but gave up 2 hits in the bottom of the 10th inning and lost 1-0 to the Washington Nationals at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

80 years ago
1934


Died on this date
Lou Criger, 62
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Criger was a catcher with the Cleveland Spiders (1896-1898); St.Louis Perfectos (1899) and Cardinals (1900); Boston Americans (1901-1906) and Red Sox (1907-1908); St. Louis Browns (1909, 1912); and New York Highlanders (1910), batting .221 with 11 home runs and 342 runs batted in in 1,012 games. Mr. Criger caught most of Cy Young's 511 pitching wins, and played in all 8 games of the first modern World Series, batting .231 as the Americans defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 5 games to 3 in 1903.

Baikuntha Shukla, 27. Indian terrorist. Mr. Shukla, an Indian nationalist, was hanged for the murder of Phanindra Nath Ghosh, a supporter of the government.

75 years ago
1939


Medicine
Lina Medina of Peru became the youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of 5 years, 7 months, 17 days.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox scored 3 runs in the top of the 12th inning to break a 2-2 tie, and held on to defeat the Washington Nationals 5-4 before 17,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. The Nationals had runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th, but Buddy Myer grounded out to second base to end the game.

Red Ruffing pitched a 4-hitter to improve his 1939 record to 5-0 as the New York Yankees routed the Philadelphia Athletics 10-0 before 15,589 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Yankees scored 6 runs in the 6th inning.

Ben Chapman batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, a triple, 2 runs, and 7 runs batted in to lead the Cleveland Indians over the Chicago White Sox 9-4 before 28,000 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. It was the first time that Bob Feller's mother had ever seen her the Cleveland ace pitch in the majors, but she was knocked unconscious by a foul drive off the bat of Marv Owen of the White Sox. Fortunately, Mrs. Feller revived, and required only a few stitches. Mr. Feller pitched a 6-hit complete game to improve his 1939 record to 6-1.

The Detroit Tigers scored 3 runs in the 6th inning, 6 in the 7th, and 4 in the 8th as they overcame an early 4-0 deficit to crush the St. Louis Browns 14-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 15,328 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Hank Greenberg led the Detroit attack with 2 home runs, a single, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in. Pinch hitter Rudy York hit a grand slam with none out in the top of the 9th to enable the Tigers to complete the sweep with a 7-4 win in the second game.

Pinch hitter Ken O'Dea led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a home run to give the New York Giants a 2-1 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 22,485 fans at the Polo Grounds. Carl Hubbell, making his first appearance since elbow surgery the previous August, pitched an 11-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Max Butcher, who allowed 9 hits.

70 years ago
1944


War
French troops cut the Cassino-Formia road, a vital highway linking the two-main north-south routes out of Rome. Yugoslavian partisans reported the breaking of the enemy ring in Macedonia and the capture of the Stalingrad harbour in Dalmatia.

Crime
Harold R. Mason, 37, frequently a conductor on U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's special trains, was indicted by a federal grand jury in Washington on charges of threatening the President.

Literature
The U.S. Post Office banned Lillian Smith's novel Strange Fruit from the mails.

60 years ago
1954


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Secret Love--Doris Day (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Heinz Guderian, 65
. German military officer. General Guderian was the Wehrmacht's leading proponent of the use of tanks in World War II. He was Chief of the General Staff of the Army from July 21, 1944--the day after the failed assassination attempt on Adolf Hitler--until March 28, 1945, when he was dismissed by Mr. Hitler.

50 years ago
1964


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Can't Buy Me Love--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Don't Throw Your Love Away--The Searchers (2nd week at #1)

World events
Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev, Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser, Iraqi President Abdul Salam Arif, and Yemeni President Abdullah al-Sallal pushed buttons at a ceremony in southern Egypt to blow up a huge sand barrage and divert the Nile River into a canal, beginning the next stage of the Aswan High Dam project.

Politics and government
Ontario Premier John Robarts named William Davis Minister of University Affairs.

40 years ago
1974


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Waterloo--ABBA (3rd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 2 @ Philadelphia 4 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

30 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Footloose--Kenny Loggins

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell

Politics and government
Jeanne Sauvé took office as Canada's first female Governor General.

25 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): The Look--Roxette (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (3rd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 2 @ Calgary 3 (Calgary led best-of-seven series 1-0)

20 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): The Sign--Ace of Base (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Streets of Philadelphia--Bruce Springsteen (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Hooked on a Feeling--Tony Wilson

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Without You--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): It's Alright--East 17 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I Like to Move It--Reel 2 Real featuring the Mad Stuntman (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Inside--Stiltskin

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 The Sign--Ace of Base (6th week at #1)
2 Bump n' Grind--R. Kelly
3 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol)
4 I'll Remember--Madonna
5 Return to Innocence--Enigma
6 Baby I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
7 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
8 I Swear--All-4-One
9 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
10 I'm Ready--Tevin Campbell

Singles entering the chart were Your Body's Callin' by R. Kelly (#72); Objects in the Rear View Mirror May Appear Closer than They Are by Meat Loaf (#73); Ease My Mind by Arrested Development (#74); (She's) Some Kind of Wonderful by Huey Lewis and the News (#80); Leavin' by Tony Toni Tone (#85); Willing to Forgive by Aretha Franklin (#88); I Miss You by Aaron Hall (#95); and Old Times' Sake by Sweet Sable (#97). Old Times' Sake was from the movie Above the Rim (1994).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Most Beautiful Girl in the World--The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (4th week at #1)
2 Baby, I Love Your Way--Big Mountain
3 I'll Remember--Madonna
4 The Sign--Ace of Base
5 Return to Innocence--Enigma
6 I'm Ready--Tevin Campbell
7 Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm--Crash Test Dummies
8 Without You/Never Forget You--Mariah Carey
9 Bump n' Grind--R. Kelly
10 So Much in Love--All-4-One

The only single entering the chart was Until I Fall Away by Gin Blossoms (#92).

Died on this date
W. Graham Claytor, Jr., 82
. U.S. miltary officer and policitian. Mr. Claytor was commander of the U.S. Navy destroyer escort USS Doyle, whose actions resulted in the rescue of 316 sailors from the sinking of the USS Indianapolis in August, 1945. Mr. Claytor served in the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter as Secretary of the Navy (1977-1979) and Deputy Secretary of Defense (1981). He led the U.S. passenger rail service Amtrak from 1982-1993.

Soccer
English FA Cup Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Manchester United 4 Chelsea 0

Eric Cantona scored on penalty kicks in the 60th and 66th minutes to open the scoring and Mark Hughes scored in the 69th minute to clinch the victory for Manchester United before 79,634 fans.







10 years ago
2004


Politics and government
The Constitutional Court of South Korea overturned the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun and restored him to office, two months after the National Assembly had voted 193-2 to convict him on charges of illegal electioneering. Mr. Roh had expressed support for the new Uri Party, a technical violation of constitutional provisions for presidential impartiality.