Saturday, 31 March 2018

March 31, 2018

300 years ago
1718


Born on this date
Mariana Victoria of Spain
. Queen consort of Portugal, 1750-1777. Mariana Victoria, the daughter of King Philip V of Spain, married the future King Joseph I of Portugal in 1729, and was his Queen consort from his accession to the throne in 1750 until his death on February 24, 1777. She served as regent during the last few months of her husband's reign and the first few months of the reign of their daughter, Queen Maria I. Queen Mariana Victoria died on January 15, 1781 at the age of 62.

125 years ago
1893


Transportation

New Brunswick's first electric trolley cars appeared on the streets of Saint John.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Charles Russell
. U.S. actor. Mr. Russell appeared in 17 movies from 1943-1950, but was best known as the first actor to regularly play the title character of the radio series Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar (1949-1950). He died on January 18, 1985 at the age of 66.

Ted Post. U.S. film and television director. Mr. Post directed movies such as Hang 'Em High (1968) and Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970), but was best know for directing numerous television programs from the 1950s through the 1980s. He died on August 20, 2013 at the age of 95.

Died on this date
Gordon Flowerdew, 33
. U.K.-born Canadian military officer. Lieutenant Flowerdew, a native of Norfolk, England who emigrated to British Columbia, died the day after being wounded while leading C Squadron of Lord Strathcona's Horse in the Canadian Cavalry Brigade in the "Last Great Cavalry Charge" against German forces in the Battle of Moreuil Wood in France. Lt. Flowerdew was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously for valour during the battle.

Economics and finance
Daylight saving time went into effect in the United States for the first time, as a cost-saving measure during World War I.

90 years ago
1928


Britannica
King George V created his third son Prince Henry Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster, and Baron Culloden, titles that linked him with England, Northern Ireland, and Scotland.

Disasters
Earthquakes in Turkey killed 38 in Smyrna and vicinity, and destroyed many buildings there, including those at Tourboli.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals (First games of 2-game total goals series)
Montreal Canadiens 2 Montreal Maroons 2
Boston 1 @ New York Rangers 1

80 years ago
1938


Hockey
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Americans 0 @ Chicago 1 (2OT)

Cully Dahlstrom scored at 13:01 of the 2nd overtime period to give the Black Hawks the win over the Americans at Chicago Stadium.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Don't Want to Walk Without You--Harry James and his Music Makers (2nd month at #1)

Theatre
The musical Oklahoma! by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II opened at the St. James Theatre on Broadway in New York.

War
Soviet forces captured Anastasevsk, an important German defense base north of Novorossiisk on the Black Sea.

Music
Erich Leinsdorf, 32, a conductor of the Metropolitan Opera Company Orchestra, was appointed to succeed Artur Rodzinski as conductor of the Cleveland Orchestra for three years.

Aviation
Bendix Aviation President Ernest Breech said that a revolutionary device had been developed that would conquer the hazards of blind flying and fog in commercial aviation.

Labour
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations leaders resumed peace negotiations that had begun six years earlier, discussing the 1942 proposed agreement covering jurisdictional disputes and "no raiding."

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration placed ceiling prices on all used commercial motor vehicles in roder to curb speculators.

Disasters
At least 400 people were killed and 2,000 injured when an ammunition depot exploded in the harbour area of Naples.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Anniversary Song--Al Jolson; Bing Crosby (5th month at #1)

Theatre
The New York Drama Critics' Circle announced its awards for 1947-48. A Streetcar Named Desire was named Best American Play, while The Winslow Boy by Terrence Rattigan was Best Foreign Play.

War
Land mines destroyed an Arab train near Haifa, killing 40 people and injuring 60.

Chinese Nationalist forces announced plans to withdraw from all ports on the Shantung peninsula except Chefoo.

Labour
A presidential inquiry board investigating the current coal miners' strike issued a report pinning responsibility for the walkout on United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis.

Basketball
BAA
Quarter-Finals
Chicago 77 @ Boston 81 (Best-of-three series tied 1-1)

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Tequila--The Champs (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1; Top 100--3rd week at #1)

War
The Israeli-Syrian Mixed Armistice Commission imposed a cease-fire in the border area east of Lake Huleh.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. proclaimed a unilateral halt in its atomic and hydrogen weapons tests and appealed to the U.S.A. and U.K. for similar action as a step toward an international agreement banning future tests.

Politics and government
In the biggest landslide in Canadian history, the Progressive Conservatives, led by Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, took 208 of 265 seats in the House of Commons in the federal election. The Liberals, who had held power for 22 years prior to losing a close election in June 1957, were reduced to 49 seats in Lester Pearson’s first campaign as party leader. The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation took 8 seats, and Social Credit none.

The Supreme Soviet approved Premier Nikita Khrushchev's cabinet revision which reestablished the post of First Deputy Premier, to be filled by Anastas Mikoyan and Frol Kozlov. Former Premier Nikolai Bulganin retained his position in the Supreme Soviet presidium.

Pakistani President Iskander Mirza dismissed East Pakistan Governor A.K. Fazlul Huq for the unconstitutional dismissal of East Pakistan Chief Minister Ataur Rahman Khan.

The Cuban Congress voted President Fulgencio Batista "extraordinary powers" over industry, transportation, and communications for 45 days.

Basketball
NBA
The first all-star team chosen by a poll of sportswriters and broadcasters consisted of center Bob Pettit (St. Louis Hawks); forwards George Yardley (Detroit Pistons); and Dolph Schayes (Syracuse Nationals); and guards Bob Cousy and Bill Sharman (Boston Celtics). The second team was composed of center Bill Russell (Boston Celtics); forwards Cliff Hagan (St. Louis Hawks) and Maurice Stokes (Cincinnati Royals); and guards Tom Gola (Philadelphia Warriors) and Slater Martin (St. Louis Hawks).

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Delilah--Tom Jones

Died on this date
Grover Lowdermilk, 83
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Lowdermilk played with five major league teams from 1909-1920, compiling a record of 23-39 with an earned run average of 3.58 in 122 games, and batted .131 with no home runs and 6 runs batted in. He was 5-5 with a 2.79 ERA in 20 games with the Chicago White Sox when they won the American League pennant in 1919, and finished the first game of the World Series, allowing 1 earned run in 1 inning. Mr. Lowedermilk played at least 12 seasons in the minor leagues from 1907-1922, compiling a 181-121 record. He was 33-10 in 44 games with the Mattoon Giants of the Class D Eastern Illinois League as a rookie in 1907, and was 25-14 with a 1.70 ERA in 50 games with the Columbus Senators of the American Association in 1917.

Politics and government
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson delivered a nationally-televised address on the war in Vietnam. During the 40-minute address, Mr. Johnson announced the unilateral halting of bombing of 90% of the territory of North Vietnam, and asked North Vietnam to make some movement toward the peace conference table. President Johnson dropped a bombshell of his own at the end of his speech when he announced, "I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President." The President’s decision was believed to have been sparked by his relatively poor showing in the New Hampshire showing against war opponent Eugene McCarthy on March 12, and the officially announced candidacy of Senator Robert F. Kennedy four days later.



Golf
Tony Jacklin won the Greater Jacksonville Open with a score of 273. First prize money was $20,000.

Hockey
CPHL
Adams Cup
Semi-Finals
Oklahoma City 2 @ Tulsa 3 (Tulsa led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Division Semi-Finals
New York 105 @ Philadelphia 123 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Detroit 96 @ Boston 110 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Western Division Semi-Finals
Chicago 99 @ Los Angeles 122 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-1)
San Francisco 103 @ St. Louis 129 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 3-2)

ABA
Western Division Semi-Finals
New Orleans 100 @ Denver 108 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): It's a Heartache--Bonnie Tyler (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Lied der Schlümpfe--Vader Abraham & Die Schlümpfe (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: We Will Rock You/We are the Champions--Queen (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Charles H. Best, 79
. U.S.-born Canadian physiologist and biochemist. Dr. Best, born in Maine to parents from Nova Scotia, moved to Toronto in 1915. As a medical student at the University of Toronto, he assisted Dr. Frederick Banting in the discovery of Insulin in 1921.

Music
Stompin' Tom Connors held a press conference two days after the Juno Awards, and said he was returning his six awards because they were not supporting artists who lived and worked in Canada, and too often went to people who had left Canada.

Diplomacy
In Brazil, U. S. President Jimmy Carter met with six prominent Brazilians, some of whom had publicly opposed the military regime of President Ernesto Geisel. However, President Carter also publicly stressed the American need for stronger ties with Brazil, and seemed to have eased tensions slightly. Later, President Carter flew to Nigeria, where he was joined by United Nations Ambassador Andrew Young. Mr. Carter called for withdrawal of the 16,000 to 17,000 Cuban troops in Ethiopia and for majority-rule governments in Rhodesia and Namibia.

Defense
British troops withdrew from Malta, leaving Malta fully independent.

Politics and government
French President Valery Giscard d’Estaing reappointed Premier Raymond Barre to head the government.

Law
The Ontario Provincial Parliament passed an Ontario law reform providing for equal division of family assets following marriage break-up.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Commerce Department announced that imports in February had exceeded exports by $4.52 billion, giving the United States the largest trade deficit in its history and putting the figure in the red for the 21st consecutive month.

Scandal
David Begelman, former head of Columbia Pictures, was charged with embezzling $40,000 from the company. He had resigned on February 9 amid controversy over financial practices in the movie industry. Mr. Begelman was said to have accomplished the theft by illegally endorsing cheques made out to director Martin Ritt, actor Cliff Robertson, and Los Angeles restaurateur Pierre Groleau. In fact, it was Mr. Robertson who blew the whistle, after Mr. Begelman had forged his signature.

Hockey
CHL
Salt Lake City 1 @ Dallas 3
Kansas City 8 @ Tulsa 2

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): I Should Be So Lucky--Kylie Minogue (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
William McMahon, 80
. Prime Minister of Australia, 1971-1972. Mr. McMahon, a Liberal, was a member of parliament from 1949-1982. He became Prime Minister on March 10, 1971 when John Gorton resigned. Mr. McMahon's government was defeated by the Labour Party in the general election of December 2, 1972.

Politics and government
15-year school board member Dianne Cunningham won an Ontario provincial by-election in the riding of London North. Ms. Cunningham’s win gave the Progressive Conservatives 20 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, far behind the governing Liberals and opposition New Democrats. London North was held by Ron Van Horne of the Liberals from 1977-1987; Mr. Van Horne was named to the cabinet of Premier David Peterson as minister in charge of seniors’ services when the Liberals came to power in 1985, and had easily retained his seat in the election of September 10, 1987. However, Premier Peterson dropped him from cabinet, and Mr. Van Horne resigned his seat effective December 31, 1987. Of the seven candidates in the by-election, five (including those of all three major parties) were women.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate approved $47.9 million in humanitarian aid for the Contras in Nicaragua and for children injured in the war between the Contras and the Sandanistas.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): No Limit--2 Unlimited (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Little Women

Died on this date
Mitchell Parish, 92
. Lithuanian-born U.S. songwriter. Mr. Parish, born Michael Pashelinsky, emigrated to the United States with his family as an infant. He wrote lyrics to such songs as Stardust; Stars Fell on Alabama; Deep Purple; Sweet Lorraine; and Volare.

Brandon Lee, 28. U.S. actor. Mr. Lee, the son of martial artist and actor Bruce Lee, also became a martial artist, and was on the verge of movie stardom. He landed the starring role in The Crow (1994); with just eight days of filming remaining, Mr. Lee was killed in a shooting accident while filming a scene. Oddly, Bruce Lee had died (of a cerebral edema) at the young age of 32 in 1973.

Diplomacy
Former U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance announced his intention to resign as United Nations mediator in the Balkans.

Hockey
NHL
The National Hockey League announced a realignment of teams and divisions, and adopted a playoff format in which teams in each conference were seeded from first place through eighth.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Bella Abzug, 77
. U.S. politician. Mrs. Abzug, a Democrat, was a lawyer and activist, known for supporting liberal causes and for wearing large hats. She represented New York's 19th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1971-1973 and New York's 20th District from 1973-1977. Mrs. Abzug had numerous unsuccessful electoral campaigns in later years, but remained influential as an activist until her death from heart disease.

Tim Flock, 73. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Flock was a stock car driver during the early years of NASCAR, and was Grand National Series Champion in 1952 and 1955. He drove in 1987 NASCAR races, winning 39, and finishing in the top 10 129 times. Mr. Flock died of throat and liver cancer.

Joel Ryce-Menuhin, 64. U.S. musician and psychologist. Mr. Ryce-Menuhin, born Joel Rice, married Yaltah Menuhin, the sister of violinist Yehudi Menuhin, and the two performed together as pianists from 1960 until illness forced him to retire. He then became a Jungian psychotherapist, writing and editing books on Jungian psychology and books with his wife on music.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Jules Dassin, 96
. U.S.-born film director. Mr. Dassin was known for film noir dramas such as Brute Force (1947); The Naked City (1948); and Night and the City (1950), but went to Europe in the early 1950s after being blacklisted in Hollywood. He achieved success in France and Greece, directing movies such as Rififi (1955) and Never on Sunday (1960).

Thursday, 29 March 2018

March 30, 2018

1,075 years ago
943


Died on this date
Li Bian, 54
. Emperor of Southern Tang, 937-943. Li Bian founded the Empire of Southern Tang, one of the Ten Kingdoms in Southern China created following the Tang dynasty. Li Bian died after taking alchemists' medicines that he believed would lengthen his life, but instead, made him ill. He was succeeded on the throne by his son Li Jing.

225 years ago
1793


Born on this date
Juan Manuel de Rosas
. Argentine military officer and politician. Brigadier General Rosas, nicknamed "Restorer of the Laws," was a member of the Unitarian Party from 1820-1826 and the Federalist Party from 1826-1852. He was Governor of Buenos Aires Province from 1829-1832 and 1835-1852. Gov. Rosas started the Platine War in August 1851 against an alliance of Brazil, Uruguay, and the Argentine provinces of Entre Ríos and Corrientes; the war ended in defeat for Buenos Aires in February 1852, and Gov. Rosas fled to England, where he lived in exile until his death from pneumonia on March 14, 1877, 16 days before his 84th birthday.

200 years ago
1818


Science
Physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel read a memoir on optical rotation to the French Academy of Sciences, reporting that when polarized light was "depolarized" by a Fresnel rhomb, its properties were preserved in any subsequent passage through an optically-rotating crystal or liquid.

180 years ago
1838


Politics and government
John Lambton, Lord Durham was appointed Governor-in-Chief of Lower Canada and Governor General of British North America, with his term to begin May 29.

170 years ago
1848


Canadiana
The City of Fredericton was incorporated.

130 years ago
1888


Born on this date
J. R. Williams
. Canadian-born U.S. cartoonist. James Robert Williams, a native of Nova Scotia, moved to Detroit at the age of 15. He created the comic panel Out Our Way, which began running in newspapers on March 30, 1922. Mr. Williams was active until his death on June 17, 1957 at the age of 68; Out Our Way was continued by others until 1977.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Dennis Hoey
. U.K.-born U.S. actor. Mr. Hoey, born Samuel David Hyams, began acting on stage in his native Britain in 1918. He moved to Hollywood in 1931, becoming a character actor in movies until 1952. Mr. Hoey was best known for playing Inspector Lestrade in six Sherlock Holmes movies (1942-1946). He played Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in the episode of the television series Omnibus titled The Fine Art of Murder (December 9, 1956). Mr. Hoey died of kidney disease on July 25, 1960 at the age of 67.

100 years ago
1918


War
C Squadron of Lord Strathcona's Horse in the Canadian Cavalry Brigade, led by Lieutenant Gordon Flowerdew, conducted the "Last Great Cavalry Charge" against German forces in the Battle of Moreuil Wood in France. The squadron suffered atrocious casualties, but the action was one of the keys of halting the German advance in Operation Michael. Lt. Flowerdew was wounded and died the next day; he was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously, for valour during the battle.

World events
Four days of fighting between Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutiun)-supported Bolshevkiks and the Azerbaijani Musavat Party began during the March Days revolt in Baku, Azerbaijan, resulting in over 12,000 deaths.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Vancouver 1 @ Toronto 2 (Toronto won best-of-five series 3-2)

Corb Denneny's goal at 12:30 of the 3rd period broke a 1-1 tie as the Arenas edged the Millionaires at Arena Gardens to become the first National Hockey League team to win the Stanley Cup. Mr. Denneny's goal came 2 minutes after Cyclone Taylor had tied the game with his 9th goal of the series.

90 years ago
1928

Died on this date
Frank B. Willis, 56
. U.S. politician. Mr. Willis served in the Ohio House of Representatives (1900-1904) and the United States House of Representatives (1911-1915) before becoming the first Republican to be elected Governor of Ohio. He defeated incumbent James M. Cox to win the 1914 gubernatorial election and served from 1915-1917. He lost his bid for re-election to Mr. Cox in 1916 and again in 1918. Mr. Willis placed Warren G. Harding’s name in nomination at the 1920 Republican National Convention. Mr. Willis was elected to the United States Senate in 1920 the same day that Mr. Harding won the presidential election. Mr. Harding promptly resigned his Senate seat, allowing Mr. Willis to assume his seat early, on January 14, 1921. During his Senate tenure, Mr. Willis served from 1923 to 1928 as Chairman of the Senate Committee on Territories and Insular Possessions, which had jurisdiction over territories including Alaska, Hawaii, the Philippines, and Puerto Rico. Senator Willis dropped dead in Delaware, Ohio as the Republican Glee Club was singing the chorus of The End of a Perfect Day, and thousands of fellow townsmen were pledging him their support in the coming presidential primaries.

World events
In Rome, Italian Premier Benito Mussolini published a decree abolishing all Catholic youth organizations (such as the Catholic Boy Scouts) that were at all educational. The decree abolished all educational organizations for Italian youth except the official fascist training groups: the Bililla and the Avanguardista.

Britannica
King George V of Great Britain revived the title of Duke of Gloucester (previously in use from 1385-1834) and conferred it upon his third son, Prince Henry, who was to turn 28 on March 31. The title gave Prince Henry a seat in the House of Lords.

Crime
In Berlin, Julius Barmot and his brother Henry were given jail sentences for bribing officials of banks from whom they obtained loans running into millions of marks. Julius was sentenced to 11 months; Henry got 6 months.

80 years ago
1938


Disasters
Five coal miners were killed and five injured in a gas explosion and fire in the Hinton Collieries at Hinton, Alberta.

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Maciej Aleksy Dawidowski, 22
; Jan Bytnar, 21. Polish resistance fighers. Mr. Bytnar was a second lieutenant in the Home Army during World War II, engaging in small acts of sabotage against the occupying German forces. He was arrested on March 23, 1943, and was rescued three days later in an operation led by Second Lieutenant Dawidowski, who was seriously wounded in the stomach during the attack. Lt. Dawidowski died of his wounds, while Lt. Bytnar died from injuries suffered from injures suffered during interrogation by the Gestapo during his captivity.

War
Reports from Stockholm stated that Lithuanian and Latvian peasants and students were waging guerrilla warfare against the Germans. British forces occupied Metouia and Oudref, 8 and 12 miles, respectively, northwest of Gabes in southeastern Tunisia, while in northern Tunisia, U.K. and French troops took Sedjenane, 25 miles southwest of the Bizerte naval base.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's Championship
Final @ Madison Square Garden, New York
Wyoming 46 Georgetown 34

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Montreal 4 @ Boston 5 (OT) (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Detroit 3 @ Toronto 2 (OT) (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Ab DeMarco scored 3:41 into overtime to give the Bruins their win over the Canadiens at Boston Garden.

Adam Brown scored 9:21 into overtime to give the Red Wings their win over the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

War
The Jewish Agency and Arab Higher Committee agreed to adhere to the Geneva conventions on the treatment of wounded and prisoners in Palestine fighting and to let the International Red Cross work in war-damaged areas.

Diplomacy
The International Conference of American States met in Bogota for a detailed review of hemispheric problems.

World events
The U.S.S.R. moved to restrict ground traffic to the western zones of Berlin, announcing plans to inspect all motor vehicles and trains moving between Berlin and western Germany. The action was justified as a hunt for spies and "illegal" shipments of machinery to the West.

Protest
The Italian government put its security forces on alert to prevent a breakdown of the ban on campaign violence after political riots had caused seven deaths in 24 hours.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate approved a $463-million appropriation for the Chinese Nationalist government, while the House of Representatives voted to make Spain eligible for Marshall Plan aid.

U.S. and U.K. military authorities in Germany suspended most price controls in their zones and fixed the Reichsmark at U.S. 30c for most foreign trade. The order was seen as a forerunner of bizonal currency reform.

The Canadian Board of Transport Commissioners authorized a general 21% increase in rail freight rates.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 5 @ Boston 1 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-0)
Detroit 1 @ New York 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Basketball
BAA
Semi-Finals
St. Louis 56 @ Philadelphia 51 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

60 years ago
1958


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Bull in a China Shop, starring Dennis Morgan, Estelle Winwood, Elizabeth Patterson, Ellen Corby, and Ida Moore

Died on this date
Javier Pereira, 168 or 169 (?)
. Colombian supercentenarian. Mr. Pereira was a Zenú Indian who was 4' 4" and weighed 75 pounds. He was illiterate, but was able to provide details on events in Colombian history from as far back as 1815. According to one physician who examined him in the mid-1950s, Mr. Pereira had the appearance of someone "more than 150 years old."

War
Sumatran insurgents mined roads and dug up airfield runways near Padang in expectation of an imminent government attack on the rebel capital.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Montreal 2 @ Detroit 1 (OT) (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Andre Pronovost scored at 11:52 of the 1st overtime period to give the Canadiens their win over the Red Wings at Olympia Stadium. Jacques Plante won the goaltending duel over Terry Sawchuk.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
St. Louis 112 @ Boston 136 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Riquita--Georgette Plana

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): La tramontana--Antoine (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Cinderella Rockefella--Esther and Abi Ofarim
2 Kom Uit De Bedstee Mijn Liefste--Egbert Douwe
3 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
4 De Kat Van Ome Willem--Wim Sonneveld with Hetty Blok, Leen Jongewaard, De Jonkies, and the Orchestra of Harry Bannink
5 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
6 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
7 Delilah--Tom Jones
8 Words--The Bee Gees
9 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
10 Prikkebeen--Boudewijn De Groot en Elly Norman

Singles entering the chart were Congratulations by Cliff Richard (#35); Kiss Me Goodbye by Petula Clark (#36); What a Wonderful World by Louis Armstrong (#38); and Jennifer Juniper by Donovan (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Valleri--The Monkees
2 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
3 (Sittin' On) The Dock of the Bay--Otis Redding
4 La-La - Means I Love You--The Delfonics
5 Young Girl--The Union Gap
6 (Sweet Sweet Baby) Since You've Been Gone--Aretha Franklin
7 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
8 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame
9 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
10 Just Dropped In (To See What Condition My Condition was In)--The First Edition

Singles entering the chart were Look to Your Soul by Johnny Rivers (#69); Take Good Care of My Baby by Bobby Vinton (#72); Mony Mony by Tommy James and the Shondells (#84); Goodbye Baby (I Don’t Want to See You Cry) by Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart (#86); Me, the Peaceful Heart by Lulu (#87); Every Man Oughta Have a Woman by William Bell (#91); I Truly, Truly Believe by the Temptations (#93); Baby You're So Right for Me by Brenda and the Tabulations (#96); Funky Talk (Part 1) (East) by Dyke and the Blazers (#97); and Unwind by Ray Stevens (#99). I Truly, Truly Believe was the B-side of I Wish it Would Rain, charting at #27.

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame (2nd week at #1)
2 Valleri--The Monkees
3 La-La - Means I Love You--The Delfonics
4 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
5 Simon Says--1910 Fruitgum Company
6 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
7 Just Dropped In (To See What Condition My Condition was In)--The First Edition
8 Walk Away Renee--Four Tops
9 (Sweet Sweet Baby) Since You've Been Gone--Aretha Franklin
10 Kiss Me Goodbye--Petula Clark

Singles entering the chart were 100 Years by Nancy Sinatra (#77); Honey by Bobby Goldsboro (#80); You've Still Got a Place in My Heart by Dean Martin (#81); The Unknown Soldier by the Doors (#82); Goodbye Baby (I Don’t Want to See You Cry) by Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart (#84); Sherry Don't Go by the Lettermen (#86); Red Red Wine by Neil Diamond (#88); Can't Find the Time by Orpheus (#90); Cowboys to Girls by the Intruders (#91); She'll Be There by Vikki Carr (#93); In Some Time by Ronnie Dove (#94); Lonely is the Name by Sammy Davis, Jr. (#95); I Love You by People (#97); Wind Song by Wes Montgomery (#99); and The Bonnie and Clyde by the New Vaudeville Band (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Lady Madonna/The Inner Light--The Beatles
2 The Son of Hickory Holler's Tramp--O.C. Smith
3 Too Much Talk--Paul Revere and the Raiders
4 Simon Says--1910 Fruitgum Company
5 Kiss Me Goodbye--Petula Clark
6 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
7 Bottle of Wine--The Fireballs
8 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
9 Cry Like a Baby--The Box Tops
10 Little Green Apples--Roger Miller

Singles entering the chart were Call Me Lightning by the Who (#23); Rice is Nice by the Lemon Pipers (#24); Black Day in July by Gordon Lightfoot (#25); The Good, the Bad and the Ugly by Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus (#27); Forever Came Today by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#28); Young Girl by the Union Gap (#29); and Alone Again Or by Love (#30).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Valleri--The Monkees
2 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann
3 Young Girl--The Union Gap
4 Summertime Blues--Blue Cheer
5 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
6 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
7 The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus
8 Just Dropped In (To See What Condition My Condition was In)--The First Edition
9 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
10 Too Much Talk--Paul Revere and the Raiders
Pick hit of the week: Playboy--Gene and Debbe

Died on this date
Bobby Driscoll, 31
. U.S. actor. Mr. Driscoll was one of the most talented child actors ever to appear on screen, and one of the first to become a casualty. He made his movie debut at the age of 6 in an uncredited bit part in Lost Angel (1943). He made enough of an impression to be given another uncredited bit role in The Fighting Sullivans (1944). Other bit parts followed for the next two years, until Walt Disney signed young Bobby in 1946 as his first live-action star. Bobby’s first movie with Disney, released in 1946, was Song of the South. The film was a major hit, and made Bobby Driscoll a star. Bobby starred with Burl Ives in So Dear to My Heart (1948), another Disney success. The Window (1949), featured Bobby as a boy who has trouble convincing his parents that he’s just seen a murder. His performance was so remarkable that he was given a special Academy Award as the outstanding juvenile actor of 1949. Bobby followed this performance with another Disney hit, playing Jim Hawkins in Treasure Island (1950), which resulted in Bobby receiving a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. While Bobby was making successful movies in the late 1940s and early ‘50s, he was also making occasional radio appearances (usually on Family Theater), and appeared in a few television shows during TV’s so-called "Golden Age." He was a guest on Walt Disney’s first television Christmas special in 1950. Bobby’s last notable movie success was as the model and voice for Disney’s animated version of Peter Pan in 1953. By this time he was in his teens, and adolescence wasn’t kind to Bobby Driscoll. He suffered from severe acne, which necessitated a lot of makeup, when he could get roles on screen at all. His parents took him out of the Hollywood Professional School, and enrolled him in the public Westwood University High, where he graduated n 1955. In this setting, his fame was more of a liability than an asset, and Bobby was the frequent target of derision. He was unable to fit in with the popular kids, and ended up associating with others. He began experimenting with drugs; his first brush with the law came in 1956, when a marijuana bust resulted in the charge being dismissed. A rash marriage in 1957 produced three children, before ending in divorce in 1960. Despite his personal problems, Mr. Driscoll was still able to land the occasional acting assignment. His last feature film, The Party Crashers (1958), also marked the final screen appearance for Frances Farmer, who had been a promising young actress in the 1930s. Mr. Driscoll last appeared on television in 1960, when he appeared in episodes of two different series--The Best of the Post and The Brothers Brannagan--that both aired on November 5. Mr. Driscoll’s drug use had escalated into a heroin habit, resulting in a criminal conviction in 1961. He served his sentence in the Narcotic Rehabilitation Center of the California State Penitentiary at Chino. Paroled in 1962, he was clean and ready to go, but no one would hire him because of his drug record. In 1964 he moved to New York in an attempt to get a fresh start, but found Broadway no more willing to hire him than Hollywood. He ended up at The Factory, Andy Warhol’s counterculture headquarters, where he indulged his talent (apparently considerable) for painting. In 1965 Bobby Driscoll made his final film appearance in a Factory production, a 12-minute underground short called Dirt. In late 1967 or very early 1968 Mr. Driscoll left The Factory and disappeared into Manhattan’s underground, broke and disillusioned. On March 30, 1968, two boys playing in a deserted East Village tenement on East 10th Street discovered Mr. Driscoll’s body. He was unidentified and unclaimed, and was buried in an unmarked pauper’s grave in the New York City Potter’s Field on Hart’s Island. Cause of death was listed as heart failure from hardening of the arteries caused by long-time drug abuse. In the fall of 1969 Mr. Driscoll’s mother, hoping for a reconciliation between Bobby and his father, enlisted Disney studio personnel to help her find her long-lost son. A fingerprint match at the New York Police Department led to the identification of the body in the pauper’s grave on Hart’s Island as that of Bobby Driscoll. The sad details of Mr. Driscoll’s end didn’t become public until Song of the South was re-released in 1971-1972, and reporters interested in Bobby’s whereabouts interviewed his mother.

Defense
Canada and the United States extended the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) for another five years for the operation of the underground air defense base at Colorado Springs, Colorado and northern headquarters at North Bay, Ontario. The extension was effective from May 12, 1968.

Tennis
The International Lawn Tennis Federation, meeting at Place de la Concorde in Paris, voted unanimously in favour of open tennis, meaning that professionals would be allowed to compete against amateurs in a limited number of tournaments.

Hockey
CPHL
Adams Cup
Quarter-Finals
Memphis 2 @ Kansas City 4 (Kansas City led best-of-five series 1-0)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Division Semi-Finals
Philadelphia 98 @ New York 107 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

ABA
Eastern Division Semi-Finals
Kentucky 108 @ Minnesota 114 (Minnesota won best-of-five series 3-2)

Western Division Semi-Finals
New Orleans 98 @ Denver 105 (New Orleans led best-of-five series 2-1)

40 years ago
1978


Society
The government of Ontario banned advertising portraying the drinking of alcohol as desirable, and cut the amount of beer and wine advertising a company could place on radio or television stations.

Crime
A United States federal judge ordered the Olin Corporation to set up a $510,000 charity fund as a penalty for illegal firearms sales to South Africa.

Hockey
CHL
Dallas 5 @ Salt Lake City 3

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Allt som jag känner--Tone Norum & Tommy Nilsson (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Edgar Faure, 79
. Prime Minister of France, 1952; 1955-1956. Mr. Faure, a member of the Radical party, was Prime Minister of France from January 20-March 8, 1952 and February 23, 1955-February 1, 1956, when no party was able to gain a majority in parliament.

Defense
The United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted 17-2 to endorse a treaty with the Soviet Union on intermediate-range nuclear forces, two days after the Senate Armed Services Committee had approved the deal. The Foreign Relations Committee’s approval came with a condition requiring that any interpretation of the treaty would be in accord with an understanding of its meaning shared by both the executive branch and the Senate at the time of Senate ratification. Also, the President could not adopt an interpretation different from the common understanding without Senate approval. Many senators had criticized the broad interpretation applied by the Reagan administration to the 1972 SALT treaty, which established a basis for proceeding with Strategic Defense Initiative.

Protest
On Land Day, the day that Palestinians in the occupied territories observed the anniversary of the 1976 deaths of six Arabs who were protesting Israel's seizure of land, four Arabs were shot to death and scores were wounded by Israeli soldiers, bringing the numbe of Palestinians killed since December 1987 to at least 112.

25 years ago
1993


World events
A military court in Sarajevo sentenced two Serbian men to death by firing squad for genocide against Muslims.

20 years ago
1998


Canadiana
Bernard and Krista Nauss of Parkhill, Ontario won $22.5 million in the Super 7 lottery, the biggest single lottery prize in Canadian history to that date.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Dith Pran, 65
. Cambodian-born U.S. photojournalist. Mr. Dith chronicled the Cambodian genocide under the Khmer Rouge in the mid-late 1970s; he was the subject of the movie The Killing Fields (1984), and Haing S. Ngor won an Academy Award for his performance. New York Times reporter Sydney Schanberg, who had met Mr. Dith in Cambodia before the country's fall, was able to get him into the United States, where he settled in New Jersey, worked for the New York Times, and became an American citizen. Mr. Dith died of pancreatic cancer.

Politics and government
Federation of Newfoundland Indians members endorsed an agreement-in-principle that gave the provincial Mi'kmaq status as the Qalipu Mi'kmaq First Nation Band. There was no territory or a reserve, but status under the Indian Act meant funding for education, health, economic development and other programs.

Curling
Jennifer Jones' Canadian rink won the gold medal in the World Women's Championship at the Wesbild Centre in Vernon, British Columbia.

Wednesday, 28 March 2018

March 29, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Alexandra Duenas Mejia!

650 years ago
1368


Died on this date
Go-Murakami, 39 or 40
. Emperor of Japan, 1339-1368. Go-Murakami, born Noriyoshi, succeeded to the throne upon the death of his father, Emperor Go-Daigo. Emperor Go-Murakami reigned from various temporaty locations; he was succeeded by his son Emperor Chōkei.

380 years ago
1638


Americana
Swedish colonists established the first European settlement in Delaware, naming it New Sweden.

230 years ago
1788


Died on this date
Charles Wesley, 80
. U.K. clergyman and hymnist. Mr. Wesley, the younger brother of Methodist founder John Wesley, was an Anglican minister who wrote the lyrics for over 6,000 hymns, including Hark! The Herald Angels Sing; O for a Thousand Tongues to Sing; and Christ the Lord is Risen Today.

160 years ago
1848


Weather
An ice jam formed at the source of the Niagara River on the eastern shore of Lake Erie, temporarily stopping the flow of water down Niagara Falls for the first time in recorded history.

130 years ago
1888


Died on this date
Charles-Valentin Alkan, 74
. French composer. Mr. Alkan was a child prodigy who began playing piano in public at age 7 and began composing at 14. His compositions included Symphony for Solo Piano; Concerto for Solo Piano; and the Grande sonate Les quatre âges. It was long believed that he had been killed when his bookcase had fallen on him, but that has recently been debunked.

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Arthur O'Connell
. U.S. actor. Mr. O'Connell appeared in numerous movies and television programs in a career spanning more than 40 years, usually in supporting roles. He was best known for his supporting performances in Picnic (1955) and Anatomy of a Murder (1959), for which he received Academy Award nominations. Mr. O'Connell suffered from Alzheimer's disease in later years, appearing only in television commercials for Crest toothpaste. He died on May 18, 1981 at the age of 73.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Pearl Bailey
. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Bailey had a successful career as a nightclub singer before branching out into recordings, theatre, films, and television. She won a special Tony Award for her performance in an all-black production of Hello Dolly! (1968), and hosted The Pearl Bailey Show (1971), a summer replacement television program. Miss Bailey died on August 17, 1990 at the age of 72.

Sam Walton. U.S. business magnate. Mr. Walton operated several Ben Franklin variety stores before opening the first Wal-Mart store in 1962 in Rogers, Arkansas. He died of cancer on April 5, 1992, a week after his 74th birthday.

90 years ago
1928

Politics and government

It was reported that threats of bombing by gangs had put a crimp in political rallies in the primary campaign at Chicago.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals
Ottawa 1 @ Montreal Maroons 2 (Montreal won 2-game total goals series 3-1)
Pittsburgh 4 @ New York Rangers 2 (New York won 2-game total goals series 6-4)

80 years ago
1938


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 3 @ Boston 2 (OT) (Toronto won best-of-five series 3-0)

Gord Drillon scored 10:04 into overtime to give the Maple Leafs the win over the Bruins at Boston Garden.

75 years ago
1943


War
After ceremonies in Honolulu attended by nearly 20,000 people, more than 2,600 Japanese-American volunteers left Hawaii to train at Camp Shelby in Hattiesburg, Mississippi. British forces overran the Mareth Line in southern Tunisia and drove German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps troops toward Gabes in the northwest. Chinese troops recaptured Tiaoyenkow and Hwangchangchiawan, south of the Yangtze River.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Jonathan Daniels, son of former Navy Secretary Josephus Daniels, as a White House administrative assistant.

Labour
At the call of the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway and Transportation Workers, 3,000 streetcar workers in Montreal went on strike. The conflict caused much inconvenience to Montrealers before a special act of the federal Parliament put an end to it, after 11 days.

Basketball
NCAA
NIT @ Madison Square Garden, New York
Final
St. John's 48 Toledo 27

70 years ago
1948


Politics and government
China's National Assembly convened in Nanking as 60 dissident Kuomintang members refused President Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's demand that they yield their seats to represetatives of smaller parties.

General Dwight D. Eisenhower announced through the U.S. Army Public Information Office that we would not accept a Democratic Party draft as their 1948 U.S. presidential candidate.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Winters v. New York that a New York state ban on publications devoted to "bloodshed, lust or crime" was unconstitutional, because it was too vague.

Journalism
The New York Herald Tribune won the N.W. Ayre & Son typography award as the best-looking newspaper in the United States.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Twelfth of Never--Johnny Mathis

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der lachende Vagabund--Fred Bertelmann (10th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Hello, le soleil brille--Annie Cordy (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Magic Moments/Catch a Falling Star--Perry Como (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tequila--The Champs (3rd week at #1)
2 Sweet Little Sixteen--Chuck Berry
3 Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis
4 Lollipop--The Chordettes
--Ronald and Ruby
5 Catch a Falling Star--Perry Como
6 26 Miles (Santa Catalina)--The Four Preps
7 It's Too Soon to Know--Pat Boone
8 Are You Sincere--Andy Williams
9 Sail Along Silvery Moon--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
10 Breathless--Jerry Lee Lewis

Singles entering the chart were Believe What You Say (#43)/My Bucket's Got a Hole in It (#59) by Ricky Nelson; Tumbling Tumbleweeds by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#45); Bluebirds Over the Mountain by Ersel Hickey (#46); Return to Me by Dean Martin (#50); Every Night (I Pray) by the Chantels (#51); Let's Be Lovers by the Playmates (#55); and Walkin' the Low Road by Randy Sparks (#60).

Diplomacy
Czechoslovakia sent notes to Argentina, Australia, Austria, Canada, and France demanding the extradition of Czech Hlinka Guardsmen for the massacre of Slvakian partisans during World War II.

Politics and government
Joseph Bech resigned as Prime Minister of Luxembourg, but remained as Foreign Minister; he was succeeded as Prime Minister by Pierre Frieden.

The North Dakota Republican Party convention in Bismarck rejected U.S. Senator William Langer's candidacy for renomination, voting to endorse North Dakota Lieutenant Governor for the Senate.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York 0 @ Boston 5 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Basketball
NBA
Finals
St. Louis 104 @ Boston 102 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 1-0)

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Why or Where or When--Mr. Lee Grant

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Lady Madonna--The Beatles
2 Valleri--The Monkees
3 Playboy--Gene and Debbe
4 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
5 Too Much Talk--Paul Revere and the Raiders
6 Young Girl--The Union Gap
7 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
8 Just Dropped In (To See What Condition My Condition was In)--The First Edition
9 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame
10 Thank U Very Much--The Scaffold
Pick of the Week: Maybe Came Today--Diana Ross & the Supremes
New this week: Rainbow Woman--Lee Hazlewood
Soul Serenade--Willie Mitchell
Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day--Stevie Wonder

The McCartney brothers were prominently featured in the top 10. Paul wrote and sang lead on Lady Madonna, while Mike, who wrote and recorded under the name Mike McGear, was a member of The Scaffold, and co-wrote Thank U Very Much.

At the movies
Madigan, directed by Don Siegel and starring Richard Widmark, Henry Fonda, and Steve Ihnat, received its premiere screening in New York City.

War
Israeli and Jordanian forces fought an eight-hour artillery duel, in which Israel used airplanes, along the Jordan River.

Hockey
CPHL
Adams Cup
Quarter-Finals
Dallas 2 @ Fort Worth 4 (Fort Worth led best-of-five series 1-0)

Basketball
NBA
Western Division Semi-Finals
Los Angeles 93 @ Chicago 87 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-1)
St. Louis 107 @ San Francisco 108 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 3-1)

ABA
Eastern Division Semi-Finals
Minnesota 86 @ Kentucky 94 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Denis--Blondie

Diplomacy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter, on a tour of South America, arrived in Brazil, and immediately raised the two issues that had brought U.S.-Brazilian relations to a "30-year low"--human rights and nuclear proliferation. Brazil had abrogated the U.S.-Brazil military assistance treaty the previous year after Mr. Carter had criticized the human rights record of the Brazilian military government under President Ernesto Geisel. The United States had also opposed a Brazilian plan to import a West German uranium-reprocessing plant that could be used in the production of nuclear weapons. Mr. Carter was given a cool reception by the Brazilian government.

Hockey
NHL
Vancouver 1 @ St. Louis 3

30 years ago
1988


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: My Father's Office

Died on this date
Maurice Blackburn, 73
. Canadian composer. Mr. Blackburn worked with the National Film Board of Canada. He and animator Norman McLaren invented the technique of etching sound and image directly onto film.

Ted Kluszewski, 63. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Kluszewski was a first baseman with the Cincinnati Reds/Redlegs from 1947-1957; Pittsburgh Pirates (1958-1959); Chicago White Sox (1959-1960); and Los Angeles Angels (1961), batting .298 with 279 home runs and 1,028 runs batted in in 1,718 games. "Big Klu" was famous for cutting the sleeves off his jerseys in order not to restrict his massive biceps. His best season was 1954, when he hit .326 and led the National League with 49 home runs and 141 RBIs. He drew only 492 bases on balls in his career, but struck out only 365 times. In his only World Series, Mr. Kluszewski batted .391 with 3 homers and 10 RBIs for the White Sox as they lost to the Los Angeles Dodgers in 6 games in 1959. He also led NL first basemen in fielding percentage for five straight seasons (1951-1955). Mr. Kluszewski was inducted into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1962 and had his jersey #18 retired by the team in 1998. He was a batting coach with the Reds during their World Series championship years of 1975 and 1976, and owned a downtown steak house that was a local landmark in Cincinnati.

Politics and government
In the contest for the U.S. presidential nominations, Michael Dukakis won the Democratic Party primary in Connecticut, while Vice President George Bush won the Connecticut Republican Party primary. Senator Bob Dole dropped out of the race for the Republican nomination, leaving only Pat Robertson to challenge Mr. Bush.

World events
Two Israeli soldiers who had buried four Arab youths alive were sentenced to prison terms.

Scandal
U.S. Deputy Attorney General Arnold Burns and William Weld, head of the U.S. Justice Department's criminal division, resigned, apparently in displeasure with the legal and ethical controversies surrounding Attorney General Edwin Meese. The two had reportedly informed White House Chief of Staff Howard Baker that prolonged investigations of Mr. Meese had paralyzed the department and undermined its credibility.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.9% in February.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): All that She Wants--Ace of Base (4th week at #1)

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1992 were presented at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles. The winners included: Picture--Unforgiven; Director--Clint Eastwood (Unforgiven); Actor--Al Pacino (Scent of a Woman); Actress--Emma Thompson (Howards End); Supporting Actor--Gene Hackman (Unforgiven); Supporting Actress--Marisa Tomei (My Cousin Vinny).

Politics and government
The Russian Congress of People's Deputies agreed to President Boris Yeltsin's call for a national vote of confidence on his leadership, but accepted it with conditions that threatened an indecisive result.

Catherine Callbeck led her Liberal Party to a landslide victory in the Prince Edward Island provincial election, becoming the first female premier in Canada to win an election as the Liberals won 31 of 32 seats in the Legislative Assembly. Progressive Conservative leader Pat Mella won the only opposition seat in the legislature.

Society
Major league baseball owners announced new initiatives, to be enforced by sanctions, to increase hiring of members of minority groups.

10 years ago
2008


Business
The Book Room, Canada's oldest bookstore, closed its doors in Halifax after 169 years.

Disasters
Four Cape Breton sealers died when their disabled fishing trawler, under tow by a Coast Guard icebreaker, capsized off Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia.

Tuesday, 27 March 2018

March 28, 2018

1,825 years ago
193


Died on this date
Pertinax, 66
. Roman Emperor, January 1-March 28, 193. Publius Helvius Pertinax the first of five emperors in 193, was assassinated in his palace by a mob of 300 Praetorian Guards, who then sold the throne in an auction to Didius Julianus.

200 years ago
1818


Born on this date
Wade Hampton III
. C.S. military officer and U.S. politician. Mr. Hampton, a Democrat, represented Richland District in the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1852-1858 and in the S.C. Senate from 1858-1861. He served in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War, reaching the rank of lieutenant general. Mr. Hampton was Governor of South Carolina from 1876-1879 and represented the state in the United States Senate from 1879-1891. His gubernatorial campaign in 1876 was aided by the paramilitary group known as the Red Shirts, who used violence to suppress Negro Republican voters, and killed an estimated 150 Negroes during the campaign. Mr. Hampton died on April 11, 1902 at the age of 84.

Died on this date
Antonio Capuzzi, 62
. Italian composer. Mr. Capuzzi wrote string quintets, but is mainly known today for his concerto for double bass.

175 years ago
1843


Politics and government
John A. Macdonald was elected as an alderman in Kingston, Canada West.

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
Maxim Gorky
. Russian author. Mr. Gorky, born Alexei Maximovich Peshkov, was a founder of the literary method known as socialist realism, which he used in various novels, short stories, and poems. He died on June 18, 1936 at the age of 68.

Died on this date
James Brudenell, 7th Earl of Cardigan, 70
. U.K. military officer and politician. Mr. Brudenell, a Tory, represented the pocket borough of Marlborough in the House of Commons from 1818 until he succeeded his father as Earl of Cardigan in 1837 and entered the House of Lords. As a British Army officer, Lieutenant General Cardigan was known for his gross incompetence, particularly during the Crimean War. He was most notorious for leading the Charge of the Light Brigade on October 25, 1854, which cost the lives of more than 100 of the 674 men under his command. The Earl of Cardigan died of injuries from a fall from his horse, possibly the result of a stroke.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Spyros Skouras
. Greek-born U.S. motion picture executive. Mr. Skouras emigrated to the United States with his brothers in 1910, and the brothers opened their first movie theatre in 1914. Mr. Skouras was general manager of the Warner Brothers Theater Circuit from 1929-1931, and the brothers took over management of the Fox West Coast Theater chain in 1932. Mr. Skouras initiated ther merger of Fox with Twentieth Century Pictures in 1935, and served as President of 20th Century Fox from 1942-1962, and as chairman of the company for several years thereafter. He died of a heart attack on August 16, 1971 at the age of 78.

Died on this date
Edmund Kirby Smith, 68
. U.S. and C.S. military general. General Smith served in the U.S. Army during the Mexican-American War, but resigned to join the Confederate States Army when Texas seceded from the Union in 1861. In the American Civil War, Gen. Smith commanded the Trans-Mississippi Department from 1863 until June 2, 1865, becoming the last Confederate general to surrender to Union forces. After the war, Mr. Smith ran a telegraph company before serving as a professor of mathematics and botany at the University of the South at Sewanee, Tennessee, teaching there until his death from pneumonia.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Robert J. Serling
. U.S. writer. Mr. Serling, the older brother of famed television writer and personality Rod Serling, was a journalist with United Press International (1945-1966), specializing in aviation. He wrote eight novels and 16 non-fiction books on aviation; his second novel, The President's Plane is Missing (1967), was a bestseller, which enabled him to pursue a full-time career writing books. Mr. Serling received numerous awards before his death from pancreatic cancer on May 6, 2010 at the age of 92.

Edward Amy. Canadian military officer. Brigadier-General Amy, a native of Newcastle, New Brunswick, was one of Canada's most-decorated soldiers, winning the Distinguished Service Order; Officer of the Order of the British Empire; Military Cross; Canadian Forces Decoration; American Bronze Star; and French Légion d'honneur for his actions in battle in France during World War II in 1943 and 1944. He died in Halifax on February 2, 2011 at the age of 92.

Protest
Anti-conscription riots broke out in Québec City.

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Robert Borden abolished the offices of Yukon Commissioner and Administrator, with all powers vested in the Gold Commissioner.

Ottawana
Ottawa's first automatic street light system went into operation.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Vancouver 8 @ Toronto 1 (Best-of-five series tied 2-2)

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Sergei Rachmaninoff, 69
. Russian composer and pianist. Mr. Rachmaninoff was one of the greatest composers of the late Romantic era and early 20th century. Works of his such as Prelude in C Sharp Minor (1892); Piano Concerto No. 2 (1901); Symphony No. 2 (1908); and Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini (1934) are among the most popular and most-performed in the classical repertoire. He died four days before his 70th birthday.

War
American troops in Tunisia captured Fopndouk, 52 miles from the Mediterranean coast at Sousse, while to the south, British forces smashed Axis defenses at El Hamma. In their 59th raid of World War II on Berlin, U.K. Royal Air Force planes dropped a record 900 tons of bombs.

Disasters
At least 400 people were killed and 2,000 injured when an ammunition depot exploded in the harbour area of Naples.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax

Theatre
The Tony Awards for 1947-48 were presented at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York City. Winners included: Play--Mister Roberts; Director--Joshua Logan (Mister Roberts); Actor (Play)--Henry Fonda (Mister Roberts); Paul Kelly--Command Decision); Basil Rathbone (The Heiress); Actress (Play)--Judith Anderson (Medea); Katharine Cornell (Antony and Cleopatra); Jessica Tandy (A Streetcar Named Desire).

War
Fighting between Jews and Arabs curtailed Easter observances in Jerusalem and Bethlehem.

Rightist rebels in Costa Rica advanced against government forces, taking the San Isidro del General airfield near San Jose.

Politics and government
The Communist-dominated Popular Democratic Front (FDP), led by Petru Groza, won 405 of 414 seats in the National Assembly in the Romanian general election. It was the first election held under undisguised Communist rule, three months after the abdication of King Michael I.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Detroit 2 @ New York 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Basketball
NBA
Quarter-Finals
Baltimore 69 @ New York 79 (Best-of-three series tied 1-1)

Chicago 79 @ Boston 72 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Magic Moments--Perry Como (5th week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Right to Die

Died on this date
W.C. Handy, 84
. U.S. musician and composer. William Christopher Handy was a cornetist who became known as the "Father of the Blues," leading his own bands and writing works such as Memphis Blues (1912); Saint Louis Blues (1914); and Beale Street Blues (1916).

Defense
Japanese Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi told the Diet that Japanese self-defense forces would regard any attack on U.S. bases in Japan as an attack on Japan itself.

Australian Ambassador to the United States Howard Beale disclosed that the U.K. and Australia had begun joint development of long-range "ballistic missiles" at the Woomera rocket range in central Australia.

World events
Muslim leaders of the French West African province of Mauritania pledged loyalty to King Mohammed V of Morocco at a public audience in Rabat.

Health
Former U.S. National Bureau of Standard chief Edward Condon predicted that continued atomic tests would cause thousands of cases of bone cancer.

50 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1968, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Big Problem

This was the last episode of the season.



Died on this date
Edson Luís de Lima Souto, 18
. Brazilian student. Mr. de Lima Souto, a high school student, was shot to death by Military Police officer Aloísio Raposo during a protest in Rio de Janeiro for cheaper meals at a restaurant for low-income students. He was one of the first students to be killed by Brazil's military government; his death marked the beginning of national turbulence, leading to decree AI-5 in December 1968, restricting most human rights guarantees. Another student, Benedito Frazão Dutra, was injured, and later died in hospital.

Disasters
60 were reported drowned when a boat capsized near Chapra, India.

Skiing
Rossland, British Columbia hosted the du Maurier International, the first World Cup event ever held in Canada. Hometown heroine Nancy Greene fell in the second run of the slalom (Marielle Goitschel of France won the event), but thrilled the 10,000 spectators when she won the giant slalom, finishing 1.56 seconds ahead of runner-up Florence Steurer of France. Miss Greene clinched the World Cup Giant Slalom title, and put her in position to win the overall championship. France’s Jean-Claude Killy clinched the men’s World Cup title by winning the slalom.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Division Semi-Finals
Boston 135 @ Detroit 110 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

40 years ago
1978


Diplomacy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter began a tour of South America with a visit to Venezuela, where he made a positive impression on his hosts by delivering two short speeches in Spanish. President Carter and Venezuelan President Carlos Andres Perez issued a joint statement emphasizing strong agreement on the importance of the Panama Canal treaties, the seriousness of human rights abuses in Nicaragua, and the problem of Cuban military involvement in Africa.

Terrorism
A letter in former Italian Prime Minister (and current kidnapping victim) Aldo Moro's handwriting was delivered to the government. Mr. Moro appealed to the interior minister to negotiate with the terrorists, or he might be forced to reveal state secrets. The government and Mr. Moro's ruling Christian Democratic party refused to negotiate.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5–3 in Stump v. Sparkman that "A judge will not be deprived of immunity because the action he took was in error, was done maliciously, or was in excess of his authority. He will be subject to liability only when he has acted in the clear absence of all jurisdiction." The case involved Linda Sparkman, who had been involuntarily sterilized in 1971 on the order of Judge Harold Stump of the DeKalb County Circuit Court in Indiana.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): I Should Be So Lucky--Kylie Minogue (3rd week at #1)

World events
Panamanian troops and plainclothes police entered a hotel in Panama City and seized suspected opponents of the regime of President Manuel Noriega, as well as some foreign journalists. Most of those arrested were soon released.

The Israeli army said it would seal off the occupied territories for three days to frustrate Palestinian demonstrations planned for Land Day, the anniversary of the deaths of six Arabs killed in 1976 when they had protested the seizure of land by the Israeli government.

Diplomacy
The government of Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega began negotiations with the opposition Contras, as the United States began withdrawing troops from neighbouring Honduras.

Defense
The United States Senate Armed Services Committee voted 18-2 to endorse a treaty with the Soviet Union on intermediate-range nuclear forces.

Politics and government
Representative Dick Gephardt of Missouri suspended active campaigning for the 1988 Democratic Party nomination for President of the United States.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: In the Still of the Nite (I'll Remember)--Boyz II Men

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): All that She Wants--Ace of Base

#1 single in Switzerland: No Limit--2 Unlimited (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): No Limit--2 Unlimited (5th week at #1)

Terrorism
Five men were in custody and another was sought in connection with the February 26 bomb explosion at the World Trade Center in New York, which had injured hundreds of people. One major suspect, an Egyptian-born taxi driver, was returned to New York after capture in Cairo. A letter to The New York Times ascribed the bombing to deep resentment against U.S. policy in the Middle East.

World events
A food convoy reached the Bosnian town of Srebrenica, relieving the threat of starvation for thousands, virtually all of them Muslims.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 4 @ Calgary 0

20 years ago
1998


Hockey
NHL
New York Islanders 3 @ Toronto 4 (OT)

March 27, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Denise Best and Beth Nyambura!

180 years ago
1838


Politics and government
An act of the British Parliament, passed February 10, suspended the Constitution of 1791 in Lower Canada; the Governor was empowered to appoint a Special Council to make laws. A Special Council was proclaimed on March 29.

175 years ago
1843


Born on this date
George Frederick Leycester Marshall
. U.K. entomologist. Colonel Marshall served in the Indian Army, and became an expert on the butterflies of India. He died on March 7, 1934, 20 days before his 91st birthday.

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
Patty Hill
. U.S. teacher and songwriter. Miss Hill was a leader in the progressive education movement in the late 19th-early 20th century, and developed Patty Hill blocks--large blocks with which children could make giant constructions. She was best known for writing, with her sister Mildred, the song that became Happy Birthday to You. Miss Hill died on May 25, 1946 at the age of 78.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Karl Mannheim
. Austro-Hungarian born U.K. sociologist. Dr. Mannheim began his career in his native Budapest before moving to Germany, and fleeing to England after the Nazi takeover of Germany in 1933. He was one of the founding fathers of classical sociology as well as a founder of the sociology of knowledge, with his best-known book being Ideology and Utopia (1936). Dr. Mannheim died on January 9, 1947 at the age of 53.

George Beranger. Australian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Beranger, born George Beringer, emigrated to California in 1912 and began appearing in silent movies, including The Birth of a Nation (1915) and The Big Parade (1925). He worked as a draftsman in Los Angeles in later years, and died on March 8, 1973, 19 days before his 80th birthday.

G. Lloyd Spencer. U.S. politician. Mr. Spencer, a Democrat, was an officer in the U.S. Naval Reserve and a banker when he was appointed to fill the remainder of the term of U.S. Senator John E. Miller, who had resigned to take a judicial appointment. Mr. Spencer represented Arkansas in the Senate from 1941-1943; he declined to run for election in 1942, choosing instead to return to the Navy for service in World War II. Mr. Spencer died on January 14, 1981 at the age of 87.

Hockey
The Stanley Cup, a silver bowl that cost its owner 10 guineas ($50), was donated as an annual award for Canada's amateur hockey champions by Governor General Frederick Arthur, Lord Stanley of Preston.

100 years ago
1918


Died on this date
Henry Adams, 80
. U.S. writer. Mr. Adams, the great-grandson of U.S. President John Adams and grandson of President John Quincy Adams, was best known for his nine-volume History of the United States During the Administrations of Thomas Jefferson and James Madison (1889-1891) and his autobiography The Education of Henry Adams (1907).

Martin Sheridan, 36. Irish-born U.S. athlete. Mr. Sheridan, representing the United States, won the gold medal in the discus throw in the Summer Olympic Games in 1904 and 1908 and in the Intercalated Games in 1906. In the 1908 Olympics he also won the gold medal in Greek discus and the silver medal in the standing long jump. In the 1906 Intercalated Games he won the gold medal in the shot put and silver medals in standing high jump, standing long jump, and stone throw. Mr. Sheridan was an early casualty of the 1918 influenza epidemic, and died the day before his 37th birthday.

War
Canadian fighter pilot Alan McLeod of Stonewall, Manitoba became the youngest man ever to be awarded the Victoria Cross.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Leslie Stuart, 65
. U.K. composer. Mr. Stuart, born Thomas Barrett, was a music hall composer who was best known for the comedy Floradora (1899).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-Finals (First games of 2-game total goals series)
Montreal Maroons 1 @ Ottawa 0
Pittsburgh 0 @ New York Rangers 4

80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
William Stern, 66
. German psychologist. Dr. Stern was a pioneer in the field of intelligence, and coined the term "intelligence quotient" (IQ).

War
The Battle of Taierzhuang began, resulting several weeks later in the war's first major Chinese victory over Japan.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Quarter-finals
New York Americans 3 New York Rangers 2 (4OT) (Americans won best-of-three series 2-1)

Lorne Carr scored 40 seconds into the 4th overtime period to give the Americans the win over the Rangers at Madison Square Garden.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I've Heard that Song Before--Harry James and his Music Makers with Helen Forrest (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
George Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway, 61
. Governor-General of New Zealand, 1935-1941. Viscount Galway was a career British Army officer who served in World War I. He died in England three days after his 61st birthday.

War
U.S. Army Chief of Ordnance Major General Levin Campbell reported that the Army was now using a short-range anti-tank gun called a bazooka. Brazil announced that she would send 500 aviators to train in the United States. The Battle of the Komandorski Islands began in the Aleutian Islands when United States Navy forces intercepted Japanese forces attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska. Soviet forces wiped out a German wedge driven into their Donets River line. U.S. troops began a new assault toward Fondouk in central Tunisia. Chinese forces recaptured Chuchiachuan in the Icheng section of Hupeh Province.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden concluded two weeks of talks in Washington on war and postwar strategy.

Scandal
Boston Police Commissioner Joseph Timilty and six of his chief subordinates were indicted by a Suffolk County, Massachusetts grand jury on charges of conspiracy to permit the operation of gambling houses and the registration of bets.

Swimming
NCAA
Championships @ Columbus, Ohio
Ohio State University won the U.S. national title with 81 points.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Mañana (Is Soon Enough for Me)--Peggy Lee (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Now is the Hour (Maori Farewell Song)--Bing Crosby (2nd week at #1)
--Gracie Fields
--Margaret Whiting
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
2 Mañana (Is Soon Enough for Me)--Peggy Lee
3 Beg Your Pardon--Francis Craig and his Orchestra
--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--Larry Green and his Orchestra
4 I'm Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
--The Three Suns
--Uptown String Band
5 Ballerina--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with the Rhythmaires
--Buddy Clark
6 Serenade of the Bells--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Jo Stafford
--Kay Kyser and his Orchestra
7 But Beautiful--Frank Sinatra
--Margaret Whiting
8 Golden Earrings--Peggy Lee
9 How Soon (Will I Be Seeing You)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Jack Owens
--Dinah Shore
10 I'm My Own Grandpaw--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians

Singles entering the chart were St. Louis Blues March by Tex Beneke and his Orchestra (#23); Worry Worry Worry by Hal Derwin and his Orchestra (#26); and Humpty Dumpty Heart by Hank Thompson and the Brazos Valley Boys (#35).

At the movies
All My Sons, directed by Irving Reis and starring Edward G. Robinson and Burt Lancaster, received its premiere screening in New York City.

Died on this date
Handi Pachachi, 65
. Iraqi politician. Mr. Pachachi was Foreign Minister in the Iraqi cabinet of Prime Minister Sayyid Muhammad as-Sadr. Mr. Pachachi died of a heart attack.

Ernest Gunther, 60. U.S. military officer. Admiral Gunther was commander of the U.S. Navy Pacific Fleet during World War II. He died of a heart attack.

War
Haganah used aircraft for the first time in Palestine, fighting against Arabs who were raiding a Jewish truck convoy near Bethlehem. A second Arab attack on a Jewish convoy resulted in 45 Jewish casualties at Kabiri in northern Palestine. The raids were part of an Arab effort to disrupt the movement of food and supplies between Jewish communities.

World events
General Lucius Clay of the U.S. military government in Germany approved the dismissal of denazification cases against 300,000 "lesser" Nazi Party members.

Politics and government
Chinese President Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek ordered 300 Kuomintang members who had been elected to the National Assembly as independents to give up their seats, which were promised to lesser parties. He also ordered the removal of 400 independents who had defeated regular Kuomintang nominees.

Scandal
A U.S. federal jury in Kansas City acquitted eight defendants on charges of vote fraud in the 1946 congressional election.

Labour
A U.S. presidential board recommended a 15 1/2c hourly raise for 125,000 locomotive engineers, firemen, and switchmen, retroactive to November 1, 1947.

Swimming
NCAA
Championships @ Ann Arbor, Michigan
The University of Michigan won the U.S. national title.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 3 @ Toronto 5 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Basketball
BAA
Quarter-Finals
New York 81 @ Baltimore 85 (Baltimore led best-of-three series 1-0)

Semi-Finals
St. Louis 56 @ Philadelphia 84 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-1)

60 years ago
1958


Died on this date
Leon C. Phillips, 67
. U.S. politician. Mr. Phillips, a Democrat, was a member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives from 1933-1938 and was House Speaker from 1935 until he resigned after being elected Governor of Oklahoma in 1938. He served as Governor from 1939-1943; he was unsuccessful in attempts to balance the state's budget, but succeeded in being acquitted in a second trial on a charge of accepting a bribe. Mr. Phillips returned to the practice of law in later years, and died of a heart attack in the post office in Okmulgee, Oklahoma while waiting for a client.

Francisco Duran-Reynals, 58. U.S. biochemist. Dr. Duran-Reynals was a researcher at the Rockefeller Institute in New York and later at Yale University. He was the first researcher to propose that cancer was caused by a virus.

Politics and government
Nikita Khrushchev became Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union (Premier) in addition to First Secretary of the Communist Party.

Law
The Israeli Knesset passed a law permitting the eviction of peasants, particularly Galilean Arabs, from lands unregistered and occupied after March 1, 1943.

Labour
500,000 Japanese transport and industrial workers staged a one-day strike in a wage dispute, stranding an estimated 11 million commuters.

The U.S. Labor Department reported that 149 major employment areas in the United States had a "substantial labor surplus," with 6% or more of the labour force unemployed.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Detroit 1 @ Montreal 5 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Boston 4 @ New York 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Rocket Richard scored 2 goals to lead the Canadiens over the Red Wings at the Montreal Forum.

Jerry Toppazzini scored at 4:46 of the 1st overtime period to give the Bruins their win over the Rangers at Madison Square Garden. Don McKenney's second goal of the game tied the score for the Bruins with 8:47 remaining in the 3rd period.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Division Finals
Philadelphia 88 @ Boston 93 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Western Division Finals
Detroit 96 @ St. Louis 120 (St. Louis won best-of-seven series 4-1)

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Lady Madonna--The Beatles

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Love is Blue (L'Amour est Bleu)--Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra
2 Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)--John Fred and his Playboy Band
3 Bottle of Wine--The Fireballs
4 Sadie (The Cleaning Lady)--Johnny Farnham
5 The Ballad of Bonnie and Clyde--Georgie Fame
6 Green Tambourine--The Lemon Pipers
7 Simon Says--1910 Fruitgum Company
8 Woman, Woman--The Union Gap
9 Tin Soldier/I Feel Much Better--Small Faces
10 The Mighty Quinn (Quinn the Eskimo)--Manfred Mann

Singles entering the chart were Underneath the Arches/Friday Kind of Monday by Johnny Farnham (#24); Cinderella Rockefella by Johnny and Ann Hawker (#28); Everlasting Love by the Town Criers (#29); Walk Away Renee by the Four Tops (#31); Magical Mystery Tour (EP) by the Beatles (#34); and Born to Be Loved by You by Roy Orbison (#39).

Died on this date
Yuri Gagarin, 34
. U.S.S.R. cosmonaut. Mr. Gagarin became famous as the first man in space when he made one orbit around the earth aboard Vostok 1 on April 12, 1961. An experienced Soviet Air Force pilot, Mr. Gagarin was one of 20 men chosen as cosmonauts in 1960. Yuri Gagarin and Gherman Titov were the best performers in training; the last-minute selection of Mr. Gagarin is believed by some to have been the result of his more modest upbringing, genial personality, and ability to handle media attention. Also, his height of 5’2" made it possible for him to fit into the Vostok spacecraft. Although Mr. Gagarin’s flight was cut short after one orbit because of technical difficulties (unreported at the time), it gave the Soviet system a major propaganda victory. Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev claimed the success as a vindication of his program of building up the U.S.S.R.’s missile defense at the expense of conventional weapons. The emphasis on space spectaculars antagonized much of the Soviet military leadership, and contributed to Mr. Khrushchev’s downfall several years later. For years it was reported that Mr. Gagarin had denied seeing any evidence of God while he was in space, but this was refuted in 2006 by a close friend of his, Colonel Valentin Petrov. In an interview, Colonel Petrov claimed that it was actually Mr. Khrushchev who had commented in a speech soon after Vostok 1, "Gagarin flew into space, but didn’t see any God there." According to Colonel Petrov, Mr. Gagarin had been baptized into the Orthodox Church as a child. After his flight, Mr. Gagarin spent the next seven years in "Star City," the cosmonaut headquarters, working on designs for a reusable spacecraft. He then decided to requalify as a pilot, and was killed, along with his instructor, test pilot Vladimir Seryogin, 45, in a routine training flight in a MiG-15UTI near Kirzhach. The weather was poor, and another jet apparently came very close to the MiG, perhaps causing enough turbulence to send the MiG out of control. Cosmonaut Alexei Leonov, in his memoirs, recounts that he was flying a helicopter in the vicinity and heard two loud booms in the distance. He concluded that a Sukhoi jet (which he identifies as a Su-15 'Flagon'), flying below its minimum allowed altitude, accidentally passed within 10 or 20 meters of the MiG while breaking the sound barrier. The resulting turbulence would have sent the MiG into an uncontrolled spin. Mr. Leonov believes the first boom he heard was that of the jet breaking the sound barrier, and the second was Mr. Gagarin's plane crashing.

Music
The Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra performed the opening concert at the Manitoba Centennial Concert Hall in Winnipeg.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Division Semi-Finals
New York 132 @ Philadelphia 138 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Detroit 109 @ Boston 98 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Western Division Semi-Finals
Los Angeles 98 @ Chicago 104 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-1)

ABA
Eastern Division Semi-Finals
Minnesota 116 @ Kentucky 107 (Minnesota led best-of-five series 2-1)
Pittsburgh 133 @ Indiana 114 (Pittsburgh won best-of-five series 3-0)

Western Division Semi-Finals
Denver 93 @ New Orleans 105 (New Orleans led best-of-five series 2-0)

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Isn't it Time--The Babys

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Hohoemi Gaeshi--The Candies (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Te Amo--Umberto Tozzi (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Nat Bailey, 76
. U.S.-born Canadian businessman. Mr. Bailey, a native of St. Paul Minnesota, moved to Vancouver, British Columbia at the age of 11. He opened Canada's first drive-in restaurant, White Spot Barbecue Sandwiches, in Vancouver in 1928, and developed the first car-hop tray. Mr. Bailey was a part owner of the Vancouver Mounties baseball team in the Pacific Coast League, and their home park, Capilano Stadium, was renamed Nat Bailey Stadium shortly after his death.

Clemens Kapuo. Namibian tribal chief. Chief Kapuo, leader of the Herero tribe, was murdered by gunmen in Windhoek, the territory’s capital. Chief Kapuo was president of the Democratic Turnhalle Alliance, a multiracial party favouring cooperation with South Africa in working toward Namibian independence.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department denounced the Rhodesian internal settlement to transfer power to the black majority. The State Department regarded the settlement as illegal because it regarded the Ian Smith government as illegal, and also regarded the settlement as ineffective, because it would not end fighting.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's Championship
Final @ Checkerdome, St. Louis
Kentucky 94 Duke 88

Forward Jack "Goose" Givens scored 41 points to lead the Wildcats over the Blue Devils for their fifth national title, but their first in 20 years, and the first for Kentucky coach Joe B. Hall.

Hockey
CHL
Dallas 4 @ Salt Lake City 6

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): One Tree Hill--U2

#1 single in Switzerland: Tell it to My Heart--Taylor Dayne (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Charles Willeford, 69
. U.S. author. Mr. Willeford began writing novels in the 1950s, but was best known for crime novels in the 1980s featuring hard-boiled detective Hoke Moseley. He died of a heart attack.

War
The Sandanista government of Nicaragua freed 100 prisoners as part of a truce agreed to with the Contras four days earlier.

World events
Three days after being convicted of espionage, transmission of information, and aiding the nation's enemies, Mordechai Vanunu was sentenced by an Israeli court to 18 years in prison.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Cat's in the Cradle--Ugly Kid Joe

#1 single in Italy: La Solitudine--Laura Pausini (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Feel You--Depeche Mode

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): No Limit--2 Unlimited (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Alison--Jordy

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): No Limit--2 Unlimited (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Oh Carolina--Shaggy (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Informer--Snow (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Informer--Snow
2 Nothin' But a "G" Thang--Dr. Dre
3 I'm Every Woman--Whitney Houston
4 Ordinary World--Duran Duran
5 Bed of Roses--Bon Jovi
6 Don't Walk Away--Jade
7 A Whole New World (Aladdin's Theme)--Peabo Bryson and Regina Belle
8 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston
9 That's What Love Can Do--Boy Krazy
10 Two Princes--Spin Doctors

Singles entering the chart were Looking Through Patient Eyes by PM Dawn (#67); Shoop Shoop (Never Stop Givin' You Love) by Michael Cooper (#71); Down with the King by Run-D.M.C. (#73); The Morning Papers by Prince and the New Power Generation (#82); and What You Won't Do for Love by Go West (#88).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Ordinary World--Duran Duran (4th week at #1)
2 Bed of Roses--Bon Jovi
3 I'm Every Woman--Whitney Houston
4 If I Ever Lose My Faith in You--Sting
5 Man on the Moon--R.E.M.
6 Hope of Deliverance--Paul McCartney
7 Two Princes--Spin Doctors
8 Angel--Jon Secada
9 That's What Love Can Do--Boy Krazy
10 Simple Life--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were The Crying Game by Boy George (#60); Living on a Memory by Alannah Myles (#70); Driven by You by Brian May (#85); You Bring on the Sun by Londonbeat (#88); Morning Papers by Poison (#96); Running on Faith by Eric Clapton (#97); Candy Everybody Wants by 10,000 Maniacs (#98); and Buddy X by Neneh Cherry (#99).

Died on this date
Kamal Hassan Aly, 71
. Prime Minister of Egypt, 1984-1985. Colonel General Aly served with the British Army during World War II and in the Arab-Israeli War in 1948. He was head of the Egyptian Intelligence Service (1975-1978); Defense Minister (1978-1980); and head of the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate (1986-1989).

Clifford Jordan, 61. U.S. musician and bandleader. Mr. Jordan was a jazz saxophonist who performed with a number of bands, including those of Max Roach and Sonny Stitt.

Politics and government
Jiang Zemin was appointed President of the People's Republic of China.

15 political parties in Somalia reached a fragile accord on a transitional national council pending formation of a national government within two years.

Scandal
Former Italian Prime Minister and Christian Democratic party leader Giulio Andreotti was accused by a tribunal in Palermo of allegiance to the Mafia.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 6 @ Edmonton 2

This game at Edmonton Coliseum was the last hockey game attended by this blogger to date.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
David McClelland, 80
. U.S. psychologist. Dr. McClelland was credited with developing Achievement Motivation Theory, commonly referred to as "need for achievement" or n-achievement theory.

Medicine
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the male impotence pill sildenafil citrate, better known as Viagra. It was the first pill to be approved for this condition in the United States.

Health
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien agreed to compensate Hepatitis C victims of tainted blood.