Thursday, 31 January 2019

February 1, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Snejka!

220 years ago
1799


Canadiana
Royal Assent was given to change the name of Île St- Jean to Prince Edward Island.

170 years ago
1849


Law
The Amnesty Act came into effect, granting full immunity to participants in the Upper and Lower Canada Rebellions of 1837-1838 who had fled the Canadas. Upper Canada Rebellion leader William Lyon Mackenzie returned to Toronto from the United States that day, and told a Toronto newspaper that he was a reformed man, that "American democracy as it presented itself in the form of political corruption, crass materialism and human slavery, filled his soul with righteous indignation. He was convinced that the vaunted liberty of the United States was merely a sham; that neither the grandiloquent principles of the Declaration of Independence, nor the unctuous guarantees of the American Constitution assured to the private citizen the same measure of civil and political freedom as was enjoyed by the humblest Canadian subject under the British Constitution." In 1851, Mr. Mackenzie was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Canada.

160 years ago
1859


Born on this date
Victor Herbert
. U.K.-born U.S. composer. Mr. Herbert, born Victor Muspratt in Guernsey, moved to the United States in 1886. He was a cellist who turned to composing and conducting. Mr. Herbert wrote various works for cello, piano, and orchestra, but was best known for operettas such as Babes in Toyland (1903) and Naughty Marietta (1910). He died of a heart attack on May 26, 1924 at the age of 65, shortly after his last show, The Dream Girl, began its pre-Broadway run in Connecticut.

125 years ago
1894


Born on this date
James P. Johnson
. U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Johnson was a pioneering stride jazz pianist in New York who bridged the ragtime and jazz eras. He composed in various genres, but was best known for writing songs such as Charleston and I Could Be With You (One Hour Tonight). Mr. Johnson died on November 17, 1955 at the age of 61, four years after suffering a paralyzing stroke; he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1970, and the Downbeat Jazz Hall of Fame in 1973.

John Ford. U.S. film director. Mr. Ford, born John Feeney, was primarily known for directing westerns. He won the Academy Award for Best Director for The Informer (1935); The Grapes of Wrath (1940); How Green was My Valley (1941); and The Quiet Man (1952). Mr. Ford died on August 31,1973 at the age of 79 after years of declining health.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Roger Birkman
. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Birkman was an organizational psychologist who created the Birkman Method, a personality assessment aimed at enhancing performance. He died in his sleep on March 26, 2014 at the age of 95.

75 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Piet Mondrian, 71
. Dutch artist. Mr. Mondrian was known for a style of painting that he termed neoplasticism--a white ground, upon which was painted a grid of vertical and horizontal black lines and the three primary colors. He eventually settled in New York City, where he died of pneumonia.

Raymond Clapper, 51. U.S. journalist. Mr. Clapper was a political reporter with several newspapers, as well as with United Press, and eventually Scripps-Howard Newspapers. He also appeared on radio, first with the National Broadcasting Company and then with the Mutual Broadcasting System. Mr. Clapper was covering the U.S. invasion of the Marshall Islands when the plane in which he was an observer collided with another plane; both planes crashed into a lagoon, leaving no survivors.

War
Soviet units took the communications centre of Kingisepp, eight miles east of the Estonian frontier. Allied troops in Italy north and west of Cassino breached the German Gustav line over several miles, while American forces pushed to within a mile of Cassino from the rear. Chinese troops captured the village of Taihpa Ga in the Hukawng Valley of northern Burma.

Business
The New York Times announced that it had made an arrangement to buy, subsequent to Federal Communications Commission approval, the Interstate Broadcasting Company in New York, which operated radio station WQXR.

Disasters
An earthquake destroyed most of Gerede, Turkey and caused heavy damage elsewhere in the Ankara area.

70 years ago
1949


Died on this date
Herbert Stothart, 63
. U.S. conductor and composer. Mr. Stothart was a composer of film scores who was nominated for Academy Awards 12 times from 1935-1945, winning the Oscar for The Wizard of Oz (1939). He died of cancer.

War
King Abdullah of Transjordan agreed to join the Israeli-Egyptian armistice conference on Rhodes.

Acting Nationalist Chinese President Li Tsung-jen named an eight-man civilian delegation to arrange for an official peace conference in Peking.

Philippine security forces reported the capture of the Sierra Madre headquarters of the Hukbalahap guerrillas in central Luzon.

Defense
In a diplomatic note to the U.S.S.R., Norway announced that she must seek the protection of the projected North Atlantic security alliance, following the breakdown of Scandinavian regional defense negotiations.

World events
The Israeli cabinet announced plans to incorporate the new city of Jerusalem into Israel despite United Nations efforts to make Jerusalem an international city.

Crime
A British military court in Dusseldorf sentenced Communist leader Max Reimann to three months in prison for encouraging Germans to ostracize those cooperating with the Western Allies.

Society
The U.S. Displaced Persons Commission issued its first semi-annual report, complaining that restrictive provisions of the 1948 immigration law had severely hampered its ability to bring refugees into the United States. The report urged the elimination of provisions of the law discriminating against Jews and Catholics.

Economics and finance
New York Governor Thomas Dewey submitted a record state budget of $936.2 million for fiscal 1949-50, to be financed in part by a two-thirds increase in the state income tax.

Sport
World and Olympic figure skating champion Barbara Ann Scott was named the winner of the Lou Marsh Memorial Trophy as Canada's outstanding athlete of 1948.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Come Prima--Dalida (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Total Loss, starring Nancy Olson and Ralph Meeker

Died on this date
Madame Sul-Te-Wan, 85
. U.S. actress. Madame Sul-Te-Wan, born Nellie Crawford, was the first Negro actress to sign a film contract and be a featured performer. She was a character actress who appeared, often uncredited, in movies from the silent era into the 1950s; her films included The Birth of a Nation (1915); King Kong (1933); Maid of Salem (1937); and Carmen Jones (1954). Madame Sul-Te-Wan died of a stroke.

Willie Hoppe, 71. U.S. billiards player. Mr. Hoppe won 51 world titles in carom billiards from 1906-1952. He was inducted into the Billiard Congress of America Hall of Fame in 1966.

Music
The Winter Dance Party tour, featuring Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and the Big Bopper, continued with performances in Appleton, Wisconsin, and at the Riverside Ballroom in Green Bay, Wisconsin.

World events
The Moroccan High Court in Rabat sentenced to death former Governor Addi ou Bihi and three other leaders of an abortive 1957 plot against the government.

Agriculture
The Hungarian government ordered a speedup in agricultural collectivization.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Eloise--Barry Ryan (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Biplane Evermore--The Royal Guardsmen (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Casatchok--Dimitri Dourakine and his Orchestra (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Scende la pioggia--Gianni Morandi (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Eloise--Barry Ryan (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Lonely Woods of Upton--Sean Dunphy

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Albatross--Fleetwood Mac

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Ain't Got No--I Got Life--Nina Simone (2nd week at #1)
2 Hair--Zen
3 I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees
4 Albatross--Fleetwood Mac
5 Lily the Pink--The Scaffold
6 Kiele, Kiele, Kiele...--Toon Hermans en De Driedonken Blaaskapel
7 Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da--The Beatles
8 Antoinette--Leo Den Hop
9 Lea--The Cats
10 Ob-La-Di Ob-La-Da--The Marmalade

Singles entering the chart were Atlantis by Donovan (#22); Hey Jude by Wilson Pickett (#26); 't Saunabad by Tony Bass (#34); Crimson and Clover by Tommy James and the Shondells (#35); and Maybe Tomorrow by the Iveys (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 Everyday People--Sly & the Family Stone
3 Worst that Could Happen--Brooklyn Bridge
4 Touch Me--The Doors
5 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Marvin Gaye
6 I'm Gonna Make You Love Me--Diana Ross and the Supremes & the Temptations
7 I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees
8 Hooked on a Feeling--B.J. Thomas
9 Soulful Strut--Young-Holt Unlimited
10 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations

Singles entering the chart were Soul Shake by Peggy Scott and Jo Jo Benson (#46); Good Lovin' Ain't Easy to Come By by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#69); 30-60-90 by Willie Mitchell (#74); Dizzy by Tommy Roe (#86); Grits Ain't Groceries (All Around the World) by Little Milton (#89); Woman Helping Man by the Vogues (#90); This Girl's in Love with You by Dionne Warwick (#92); Do Your Thing by the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band (#95); My Special Prayer by Percy Sledge (#96); Someday Soon by Judy Collins (#97); Saturday Night at the World by Mason Williams (#99); and Cloud Nine by Mongo Santamaria (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 Touch Me--The Doors
3 I'm Gonna Make You Love Me--Diana Ross and the Supremes & the Temptations
4 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Marvin Gaye
5 Everyday People--Sly & the Family Stone
6 Worst that Could Happen--Brooklyn Bridge
7 I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees
8 Hooked on a Feeling--B.J. Thomas
9 If I Can Dream--Elvis Presley
10 You Showed Me--The Turtles

Singles entering the chart were This Girl's in Love with You by Dionne Warwick (#70); To Susan on the West Coast Waiting by Donovan (#71); Good Lovin' Ain't Easy to Come By by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#72); Great Balls of Fire by Tiny Tim (#85); Purple Haze by Dion (#88); Traces by Classics IV (#89); She's Not There by the Road (#93); Johnny One Time by Brenda Lee (#96); The Carroll County Accident by Porter Wagoner (#99); and Sophisticated Cissy by the Meters (#100). To Susan on the West Coast Waiting was the other side of Atlantis.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells (3rd week at #1)
2 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
3 Twilight Woman--The 49th Parallel
4 Sweet Cream Ladies--The Box Tops
5 This Magic Moment--Jay and the Americans
6 Baby Let's Wait--The Royal Guardsmen
7 Touch Me--The Doors
8 Beyond the Clouds--The Poppy Family
9 I'm Gonna Make You Love Me--Diana Ross and the Supremes & the Temptations
10 Son-of-a Preacher Man--Dusty Springfield
Pick hit of the week: Cruel War--Sugar n' Spice

World events
The International Committee of the Red Cross resumed relief flights to Biafra's starving refugees from Cotonou, Dahomey, following negotiations which had begun several weeks earlier when Equatorial Guinea banned all flights from the island of Fernando Po.

Protest
Northern Ireland Protestant leader Rev. Ian Paisley led a protest demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Terence O'Neill.

40 years ago
1979


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Sleeping Over

Died on this date
Abdi İpekçi, 49
. Turkish journalist. Mr. İpekçi joined the newspaper Milliyet in 1954, becoming editor-in-chief in 1959. He supported the separation of religon and state; human rights for various minorities in Turkey; and dialogue and conciliation with Greece. Mr. İpekçi was driving home from his office in Istanbul when he was murdered by Oral Çelik and Mehmet Ali Ağca, members of the ultra-nationalist Grey Wolves organization. Two years later, Mr. Ağca attempted to assassinate Pope John Paul II.

Ottawana
The National Capital Commission opened the first Winterlude, developed by NCC head Douglas Fullerton, and featuring a skateway along the Rideau Canal.

World events
Shi'ite Muslim leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returned to Iran after 15 years in exile, saying that he wanted to establish an Islamic republic, replacing the monarchy and the three-week-old civilian government of Prime Minister Shahpur Bakhtiar, and threatening to arrest Mr. Bakhtiar if he didn't resign. While the army put on a show of force in Tehran in Mr. Bakhtiar's support, he said that he would not let Iran "be governed by any force other than the legitimate authority."

Defense
Officials with the U.S. administration of President Jimmy Carter reported that the U.S.S.R. had begun to test their own version of the long-range cruise missile, with a range of 1,500 miles, but not as accurate as the American version.

Diplomacy
Chinese Deputy Premier Deng Xiaoping continued his visit to the United States, beginning five days of visits to Atlanta, Houston, and Seattle.

Religion
Pope John Paul II concluded his Latin American visit with a visit to the Bahamas before returning to Rome.

Crime
Almost five years after being kidnapped from her apartment in Berkeley, California, U.S. newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst was released from a federal prison under an executive clemency order from President Jimmy Carter after serving 22 months of a 7-year sentence for bank robbery. The clemency order imposed parole conditions on Miss Hearst.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Good Life--Inner City (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss (2nd week at #1)

Austria's top 10 (Ö3)
1 First Time--Robin Beck
2 Twist in My Sobriety--Tanita Tikaram
3 Stop!--Sam Brown
4 Kiss--The Art of Noise featuring Tom Jones
5 Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss
6 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin
7 Tango Korrupti--Rainhard Fendrich
8 Never Trust a Stranger--Kim Wilde
9 Put a Little Love in Your Heart--Annie Lennox and Al Green
10 Orinoco Flow--Enya

Singles entering the chart were Twist in My Sobriety; Put a Little Love in Your Heart; Big Fun by Inner City (#17); Smooth Criminal by Michael Jackson (#23); and Y tu by Peter Kent and Luisa Fernandez (#27).

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Pottery Will Get You Nowhere

Died on this date
Elaine de Kooning, 70
. U.S. artist. Mrs. de Kooning was married to artist Willem de Kooning, and became an abstract expressionist and figurative expressionist painter herself, but was perhaps better known for writing and teaching about art in the post-World War II period.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Senator John Tower, President George Bush's nominee to be Secretary of Defense, told the Senate Armed Services Committee that he did not have a drinking problem.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had risen 0.6% in December 1988.

25 years ago
1994


Crime
Jeff Gillooly, ex-husband of U.S. women's figure skating champion Tonya Harding, pled guilty in Multnomah County Circuit Court in Portland, Oregon to a charge of racketeering in the January 6 assault on Nancy Kerrigan, the defending champion, who was forced to withdraw from the 1994 championships after being clubbed on the leg after a practice. Mr. Gillooly testified that Ms. Harding had helped to plan the assault.

Business
There were angry clashes in the British House of Commons over the sale of Rover, the U.K.'s last major auto manufacturer, to the German firm BMW.

20 years ago
1999


Scandal
Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky gave a vidotaped deposition for U.S. Senators weighing impeachment charges against President Bill Clinton.

10 years ago
2009


Politics and government
The first cabinet of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir was formed in Iceland, making her the country's first female Prime Minister and the world's first openly lesbian or sodomite head of government.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XLIII @ Raymond James Stadium, Tampa
Pittsburgh 27 Arizona 23

Ben Roethlisberger's 6-yard touchdown pass to Santonio Holmes with 35 seconds remaining in regulation time, converted by Jeff Reed, gave the Steelers their then-record sixth Super Bowl championship, defeating the Cardinals before 70,774 fans. The Steelers led 20-7 after 3 quarters, aided by James Harrison's Super Bowl-record 100-yard interception return for a touchdown on the last play of the 1st half. With 7:33 remaining in the 4th quarter, Kurt Warner completed a 1-yard touchdown pass to Larry Fitzgerald, and Neil Rackers' convert reduced the Cardinals' deficit to 20-14. Arizona was awarded a safety touch with 2:58 remaining when Pittsburgh offensive tackle Justin Hartwig was penalized for holding in his own end zone. The Cardinals took possession on the subsequent Pittsburgh free kick, and two plays later, Mr. Warner completed a 64-yard TD pass to Mr. Fitzgerald, and Mr. Rackers. convert gave Arizona a 23-20 lead with 2:37 remaining. In the game's final seconds, Mr. Warner marched the Cardinals to the Pittsburgh 44-yard line, but fumbled when sacked by defensive end Brett Keisel, and the Steelers recovered with 5 seconds left.

January 31, 2019

250 years ago
1769


Born on this date
André-Jacques Garnerin
. French balloonist. Mr. Garnerin worked with his older brother Jean-Baptiste-Olivier in building and flying balloons; André-Jacques was eventually named Official Aeronaut of France. He invented the frameless parachute, first successfully demonstrating it in 1797. André-Jacques Garnerin was killed in a construction accident on August 18, 1823 at the age of 54 when he was hit by a wooden beam while making a balloon.

210 years ago
1809


Born on this date
Lemuel Allan Wilmot
. Canadian politician and judge. Mr. Wilmot, a native of Lincoln, New Brunswick, was a Reformer, and sat in the Legislative Assembly of New Brunswick from 1834-1851. He was a leader in the campaign for responsible government, and was the province's Attorney General from 1848-1851. Mr. Wilmot was a judge from 1851-1868, and then served as Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick from 1868-1873. He died in Fredericton on May 20, 1878 at the age of 69.

180 years ago
1839


Politics and government
John "Radical Jack" Lambton, Lord Durham, the outgoing Governor of Canada, handed his Report on the Affairs of British North America to British Prime Minister. Lord Durham blamed the power of the Family Compact and Chateau Clique ruling elites for the 1837 rebellions, and recommended uniting the Canadas under one responsible government, with English the only official language, so as to assimilate the French Canadians.

170 years ago
1849


Politics and government
Newly-appointed Lieutenant-Governor Sir Edmund Walker Head, New Brunswick's first civilian Lieutenant-Governor, addressed the New Brunswick Legislature for the first time.

125 years ago
1894


Born on this date
Isham Jones
. U.S. musician. Mr. Jones, a saxophonist, wrote the music for such songs as We're in the Army Now, I'll See You in My Dreams, and It Had to Be You, but was best known for leading one of the most popular "sweet" bands of the 1920s and '30s. He died of cancer on October 19, 1956 at the age of 62.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Jackie Robinson
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Robinson broke the colour line and became the first Negro to play baseball in the major leagues in the 20th century when he joined the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. Mr. Robinson batted .311 with 137 home runs and 734 runs batted in in 1,382 regular season games from 1947-1956, and played in 6 World Series. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962, his first year of eligibility. Other honours accorded Mr. Robinson are too numerous to list here. His final public appearance was at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati on October 15, 1972; he threw out the first ball and addressed the crowd prior to the second game of the World Series between the Cincinnati Reds and Oakland Athletics. Mr. Robinson suffered from diabetes and other health problems, and died on October 24, 1972 at the age of 53.

War
The Tartumaa Partisan Battalion and Finnish volunteer Sons of the North defeated Latvian Riflemen in the Battle of Paju in Estonia. Tartumaa Partisan Battalion commander Lieutenant Julius Kuperjanov was wounded, and died two days later.

Protest
Thousands of workers in Glasgow, Scotland, demanding that the 47-hour work week be shortened, clashed with police in the city's George Square. Six British tanks were brought in to surround the city, but the incident ended without fatalities.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ev'ry Night About This Time--The Ink Spots (1st month at #1)

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Dog that Howled at the Night

Died on this date
Jean Giraudoux, 61
. French author and playwright. Mr. Giraudoux wrote more than 20 novels, but was better known for his plays, including Ondine (1939) and The Madwoman of Chaillot (1945).

War
U.S.S.R. troops fought their way into the suburbs of Kingisepp, an important communications point only eight miles east of the Estonian frontier. During the Anzio campaign in Italy, the U.S. Army 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby's Rangers) was destroyed behind enemy lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at the Battle of Cisterna. American forces landed on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull revealed that 89 specific protests against the mistreatment of U.S. prisoners of war and war internees had been made to Japan from January 13, 1942-January 27, 1944, without result.

Health
George Adams, secretary of the American Advisory Committee for Southeast China, arrived in Chungking from Kwangtung Province and said that one million people had died there of starvation and cholera, which had wiped out 80% of the population of some villages.

Education
The New Jersey Supreme Court upheld the right of two Negro children to attend a public school near their home instead of being forced to go 16 blocks to an all-Negro school.

Economics and finance
U.S. Federal Works Administrator Major General Philip B. Fleming announced that the Works Progress Administration, which had ended eight years of operation on June 30, 1943, had expended $10.1 billion in federal funds.

70 years ago
1949


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Devil's Foot

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

On television today
These Are My Children, the first television daytime soap opera, received its premiere broadcast by the NBC station in Chicago; the program ended its brief run on February 25, 1949.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman granted full U.S. recognition to Israel and Transjordan.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate confirmed President Truman's appointment of Maurice Tobin as U.S. Secretary of Labor. Dean Rusk, director of the U.S. State Department's Office of United Nations Affairs, was named assistant Secretary of State.

The U.S. Supreme Court rejected former Texas Governor Coke Stevenson's plea for a review of his 1948 Texas Democratic primary dispute with Senator Lyndon Johnson. Mr. Johnson had won the primary by 87 votes over Mr. Stevenson, earning the nickname "Landslide Lyndon." There were disputes over the legitimacy of some of the votes recorded for Mr. Johnson.

Oil
The U.S. Senate Small Business Committee issued a report on its 1 1/2-year study of the U.S.oil industry, charging that 20 "large, integrated oil companies" dominated domestic petroleum production and marketing. The report claimed that the 1947 oil shortage had been induced by companies to increase prices.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Julia--Johnny Dorelli (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tom Dooley--Nilsen Brothers

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): One Night/I Got Stung--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (3rd week at #1)
2 My Happiness--Connie Francis
3 16 Candles--The Crests
4 Stagger Lee--Lloyd Price
5 Donna--Ritchie Valens
6 The Children's Marching Song (Nick Nack Paddy Whack)--Cyril Stapleton and his Orchestra
--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra
7 Gotta Travel On--Billy Grammer
8 Lonely Teardrops--Jackie Wilson
9 The Chipmunk Song--The Chipmunks with David Seville
10 A Lover's Question--Clyde McPhatter

Singles entering the chart were Try Me by James Brown and his Famous Flames (#65); Nola, with versions by Billy Williams; and the Morgan Brothers (#70); Oh Why (#76)/I Don't Need You Anymore (#96) by the Teddy Bears; Plain Jane by Bobby Darin (#77); It Takes So Long (To Say Goodbye) by Dean Martin (#81); Give Me Your Love by Nat "King" Cole (#85); (I’ll Be with You In) Apple Blossom Time by Tab Hunter (#87); The Story of My Love by Conway Twitty (#88); Here I Stand by Wade Flemons and the Newcomers (#99); and Blah, Blah, Blah by Nicola Paone (#100).

Died on this date
Pedro Morejon Caldes
. Cuban military officer. Captain Caldes was executed in Havana by firing squad after Cuba's Supreme War Tribunal rejected his appeal.

Music
The Winter Dance Party, featuring Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and the Big Bopper, performed at Duluth National Guard Armory in Duluth, Minnesota. 17-year-old Bob Dylan was in the audience, and years later remembered that Mr. Holly was three feet away from him, and looked at him.

Politics and government
Switzerland's male voters rejected proposed constitutional amendments giving women the right to vote in national elections and to hold federal office.

Amintore Fanfani resigned as political secretary of Italy's Christian Democratic Party, charging that conservative party members had deserted him in critical issues.

Education
The Virginia state legislature passed bills repealing the compulsory school attendance law and providing for state tuition grants to students leaving desegregated schools for all-white private schools.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed Vice President Richard Nixon to chair a permanent Cabinet Committee on Price Sustainability for Economic Growth.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Lily The Pink--The Scaffold

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells (2nd week at #1)
2 Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette
3 I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees
4 Touch Me--The Doors
5 Going Up the Country--Canned Heat
6 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Marvin Gaye
7 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
8 Star Crossed Lovers--Neil Sedaka
9 These Eyes/Lightfoot--The Guess Who?
10 Sweet Cream Ladies--The Box Tops

Singles entering the chart were To Susan on the West Coast Waiting by Donovan (#24); I'm Livin' in Shame by Diana Ross & the Supremes (#26); One Ring Jane by Mother Tucker's Yellow Duck (#28); Games People Play by Joe South (#29); and The Greatest Love by Dorsey Burnette (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees
2 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
3 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
4 Hooked on a Feeling--B.J. Thomas
5 Electric Stories--The 4 Seasons
6 Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette
7 Wichita Lineman--Glen Campbell
8 If I Can Dream--Elvis Presley
9 This Magic Moment--Jay and the Americans
10 Lo Mucho que te Queiro (The More I Love You)--Rene & Rene

Died on this date
Meher Baba, 74
. Indian religious leader. Meher Baba, born Merwan Sheriar Irani, claimed to be an avatar--a god in human form. He was born to Zoroastrian parents, and began his journey into Eastern mysticism at the age of 19. Meher Baba took a vow of silence at the age of 31 in 1925, and kept the vow, communicating through an alphabet board or hand gestures. He promoted typical Hindu doctrines such as reincarnation, and the unreality of the physical world, and began to attract followers in the West in 1931. Meher Baba suffered serious injuries in two car accidents in the 1950s that limited his mobility, but he continued to teach until his death.

Gail Miller. Canadian crime victim. Miss Miller, a nursing assistant in Saskatoon, was raped and murdered in a back lane. Saskatoon city police rounded up a young man named Albert "Shorty" Cadrain and questioned him about the murder; two weeks later, after hearing about a $2,000 reward, Mr. Cadrain implicated his friend David Milgaard, who was charged and convicted in January 1970. After 8,355 days in prison, Mr. Milgaard was released after a Supreme Court of Canada review of the case.

Environment
Oil leaking from an offshore rig in the Santa Barbara Channel off California spread an 800-square-mile slick, causing widespread destruction of marine life. The slick was capped on February 8.

Disasters
At least 35 people were killed when an express train crashed into the rear of another passenger train in a snowstorm in Chonan, South Korea.

An express train plowed into a stationary freight train in western Hungary, killing 9 people and injuring 69.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick--Ian Dury and the Blockheads (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Giulio Andreotti, resigned, amid fears of an increase in terrorist activity in Italy. After 10 months in office, Mr. Andreotti, leader of the Christian Democratic Party, felt that he had no choice but to resign, five days after the Communists had withdrawn their support of the government, having demanded full participation in the cabinet as the price of their continued support of the government.

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his Latin American visit, meeting with university students in Guadeloupe; addressing journalists in Mexico City; and delivering an address to peasants, employees, and workers in Monterrey, Mexico.

Hockey
NHL
St. Louis 1 @ Toronto 5

Borje Salming's 10th goal of the season in the 2nd period broke a 1-1 tie as the Maple Leafs came back from an early 1-0 deficit to defeat the Blues at Maple Leaf Gardens. Paul Harrison won the goaltending duel over Ed Staniowski. John Anderson, suffering from the flu, scored his 8th and 9th goals of the season in the 3rd period, and Darryl Sittler closed the scoring with a powerplay goal.

30 years ago
1989


Died on this date
William Stephenson, 92
. Canadian-born U.K. soldier and spy. Sir William, a native of Winnipeg, fought for Canada in World War I, and moved to England in the early 1920s. He founded and led British Security Coordination, relaying secrets between British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was known by his code name Intrepid, and is said to have been the real-life inspiration for Ian Fleming's fictional spy James Bond.

Music
The album Mystery Girl by Roy Orbison was released on Virgin Records. Shortly after recording the album, Mr. Orbison had died of a heart attack on December 6, 1988 at the age of 52.

Politics and government
Testifying before the United States Senate Armed Services Committee, conservative activist Paul Weyrich said that he had on several occasions observed former U.S. Senator (Republican--Texas) and Secretary of Defense nominee John Tower in a drunken condition and socializing with women who were not Mr. Tower's wife.

Scandal
The trial of former U.S. Marine Colonel and National Security Council member Oliver North on 12 charges related to the 1986 Iran-Contra arms-for-hostages scandal began.

Hockey
NHL
Vancouver 6 Edmonton 2
Calgary 8 Los Angeles 5

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): The Sign--Ace of Base (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (3rd week at #1)
2 The Power of Love--Celine Dion
3 Said I Loved You...But I Lied--Michael Bolton
4 Found Out About You--Gin Blossoms
5 Mary Jane's Last Dance--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
6 Hero--Mariah Carey
7 Breathe Again--Toni Braxton
8 Amazing--Aerosmith
9 Linger--The Cranberries
10 I'll Always Be There--Roch Voisine

Singles entering the chart were Since I Don't Have You by Guns 'N' Roses (#73); A Matter of Moments by Moneyhouse (#75); I Wouldn't Normally Do This Kind of Thing by Pet Shop Boys (#76); Creep by Stone Temple Pilots (#78); Day in the Sun by Peter Frampton (#81); Love, Love, Love by Hemingway Corner (#82); Cornflake Girl by Tori Amos (#85); and Under the Same Sun by the Scorpions (#86).

Diplomacy
The day after being issued a visa by the United States, Gerry Adams, leader of Sinn Fein--the political arm of the Irish Republican Army--arrived in New York City, but was limited to meetings and interviews in the metropolitan area. He appeared on the television show Larry King Live on CNN.

Economics and finance
The Dow-Jones industrial average closed at a record high of 3,978.36.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Norm Zauchin, 69
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Zauchin played first base with the Boston Red Sox (1951, 1955-1957) and Washington Senators (1958-1959), batting .233 with 50 home runs and 159 runs batted in in 346. His best year was his rookie year of 1955, when he hit .239 with 27 home runs and 93 RBIs in 130 games, and leading American League first basemen with a .995 fielding percentage. He became the Red Sox' first baseman when Harry Agganis fell ill early in the season, and died suddenly, soon after being hospitalized. The highlight of Mr. Zauchin's career was when he hit 3 homers and drove in 10 runs--all in the first 5 innings--for the Red Sox in a 16-0 rout of the Washington Nationals on May 27, 1955. Mr. Zauchin played at least 7 seasons from 1948-1960, hitting at least 126 homers and driving in at least 248 runs.

Giant Baba, 61. Japanese wrestler and promoter. Shohei Baba, who stood 6' 10" and weighed 283 pounds, won numerous titles as a professional wrestler, especially in the 1970s, but was best known for founding the promotion All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW) in 1972. He died of cancer eight days after his 61st birthday.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XXXIII @ Pro Player Stadium, Miami
Denver 34 Atlanta 19

John Elway, playing the final game of his 16-year Hall of Fame career, completed 18 of 29 passes for 336 yards, including an 80-yard touchdown to Rod Smith, while rushing for a touchdown of his own and handing off to Howard Griffith for 2 more TDs as he led the Broncos to their second straight Super Bowl championship, defeating the Falcons before 74,803 fans. The Falcons scored both their touchdowns in the 4th quarter on a 94-yard kickoff return by Tim Dwight and a 3-yard pass from Chris Chandler to Terance Mathis.



10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Clint Ritchie, 70
. U.S. actor. Mr. Ritchie was best known for playing Clint Buchanan in the television soap opera One Life to Live (1979-1998). He died several days after suffering a stroke following surgery to implant a pacemaker. Mr. Ritchie's One Life to Live co-star, Philip Carey, died six days later.

Disasters
At least 113 people were killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, Kenya.

Wednesday, 30 January 2019

January 30, 2019

370 years ago
1649


Died on this date
Charles I, 48
. King of England and Ireland; King of Scotland, 1625-1649. Charles I succeeded his father James I on the thrones, but spent much of his reign quarreling with Parliament over his royal prerogative. King Charles believed in the divine right of kings, levied taxes without parliamentary consent, and fought against the parliamentary armies of England and Scotland in a civil war from 1642-1645. He was captured, escaped in 1647, and was quickly recaptured. King Charles I was convicted of treason and publicly beheaded in London. While his son Charles II inherited the throne, the monarchy was overthrown in favour of a republic, and Charles II wasn't restored to the throne until 1660.

230 years ago
1789


War
Tây Sơn forces emerged victorious against Qing armies and liberated the capital Thăng Long in the Battle of Ngọc Hồi-Đống Đa in Vietnam.

175 years ago
1844


Born on this date
Richard T. Greener
. U.S. lawyer, academic, and diplomat. Mr. Greener was the first Negro to graduate from Harvard College, obtaining a bachelor's degree in 1870. He obtained a law degree from the University of South Carolina and practiced law before serving as dean of Howard University Law School from 1878-1880. Mr. Greener returned to the practice of law before accepting diplomatic posts in Bombay (1898-1901) and Vladivostok (1901-1905). He died on May 2, 1922 at the age of 78.

130 years ago
1889


Died on this date
Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, 30; Baroness Mary Vetsera, 17
. Prince Rudolf, eldest son of Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria-Hungary and heir apparent to the throne, was separated from his wife, Princess Stéphanie of Belgium, when he met and began an affair with Baroness Vetsera. The emperor demanded that the couple end their relationship, but in a suicide pact, Prince Rudolf shot Baroness Vetsera and then himself in the Imperial hunting lodge at Mayerling in the Vienna Woods.

Energy
Work began on the Capilano River Dam in British Columbia, to bring fresh water to Vancouver; the pipeline was to cross Burrard Inlet underwater.

100 years ago
1919


War
Estonian partisans captured Paju Manor from invading Soviet forces, but were soon pushed out.

75 years ago
1944


War
The Battle of Cisterna, part of Operation Shingle, began in central Italy. As Soviet troops made further advances into Estonia, German colonists were reported fleeing from the Baltic area. American troops landed on Majuro in the Marshall Islands. Chinese troops reportedly captured the Tanai River ferry station of Taro in northern Burma.

Diplomacy
The Polish government-in-exile in London asked the U.S.A. and U.K. to define the boundaries they though Poland should have after the end of World War II.

Society
U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Frank Murphy announced the formation of the National Committee Against Nazi Persecution and Extermination of the Jews.

70 years ago
1949


Literature
The New York Herald Tribune listed The Big Fisherman by Lloyd C. Douglas as the best-selling fiction book, and Crusade in Europe by Dwight D. Eisenhower as the best-selling non-fiction book.

Politics and government
A dissident faction of Paraguay's Colorado Party, led by Raimondo Rolon, forced the government of President Juan Natalicio Gonzales to resign after five months in office. The National Assembly elected Mr. Rolon as President and scheduled new elections for April.

Labour
The Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers suspended a strike scheduled to begin the next day against 15 western U.S. railroads, following the creation of an emergency board by U.S. President Harry Truman to investigate union demands for a second engineer on diesel locomotives.

Sport
Sverre Kongsgaard of Norway set a North American competitive ski jump record of 290 feet at Olympian Hill near Hyak, Washington.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Got Stung/One Night--Elvis Presley

Died on this date
Boyce Brown, 48
. U.S. musician. Mr. Brown was a jazz saxophonist who helped to create Chicago jazz in the late 1920s; he worked with Wingy Manone, Paul Mares, and Danny Alvin.

Defense
The U.S.S.R. news agency Tass announced a 300,000-man reduction in the Soviet armed forces.

U.S. Senators John F. Kennedy (Democrat--Massachusetts) and Joseph Clark (Democrat--Pennsylvania) introduced bills to repeal the loyalty oath requirement of the National Defense Education Act of 1958.

Abominations
The Cuban cabinet suspended four articles of the Constitution for 90 days in order to speed war crimes trials.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator William Fulbright (Democrat--Arkansas) resigned his position as chairman of the Senate Banking and Currency Committee to replace Sen. Theodore Green (Democrat--Rhode Island) as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, following Sen. Green's resignation because of ill health. Sen. A. Willis Robertson (Democrat--Virginia) then replaced Sen. Fulbright as Banking and Currency Committee chairman.

Protest
Belgian authorities in the Belgian Congo arrested 100 Africans in the Leopoldville suburb of Dendale in connection with recent anti-European rioting.

Economics and finance
Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba called for the dissolution of his country's economic and financial ties with France as a step toward free Tunisian economic association with other European Common Market states.

Disasters
The Danish passenger-freighter MS Hans Hedtoft, returning from its maiden voyage to Greenland, hit an iceberg off Cape Farewell, Greenland, and sank, killing all 55 passengers and 40 crewmen.

50 years ago
1969


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Narcotics: DR-21



Died on this date
Dominique Pire, 58
. Belgian clergyman. Father Pire was a Roman Catholic Dominican friar who was awarded the 1958 Nobel Peace Prize for his work as "...Leader of the relief organization for refugees "L'Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde."" He died 11 days before his 59th birthday, of complications following surgery.

Music
The Beatles performed live in "public" for the last time, putting on an impromptu performance on a cold day in London on the roof of the Abbey Road recording studio. Puzzled passersby looked up to see the sight, before police ordered the group to bring the concert to an end after 45 minutes. The Beatles were in the midst of recording the album that would eventually be released in 1970 under the title Let it Be.

Roy Orbison recorded the song Southbound Jericho Parkway.

Space
The International Satellite for Ionospheric Studies (ISIS)-1 was launched from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. A cooperative effort between the United States and Canada, ISIS-1 was the third in a series of five to continue ionospheric research from the Alouette series.

War
At the second plenary session of Vietnam War peace talks in Paris, the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong rejected the American proposal for the immediate restoration of the neutralization of the demilitarized zone, charging that it was a scheme to conceal "American aggressive designs."

Academia
Yale University joined other schools such as Johns Hopkins University, Fordham University, and Boston University in withdrawing academic standing from Reserve Officers Training Corps.

Medical school freshmen at Howard University boycotted anatomy courses, following the ouster of the department chairman; the boycott ended February 19.

40 years ago
1979


World events
The Iranian government of Prime Minister Shahpur Bakhtiar authorized the return of exiled Shi'ite Muslim leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, even though the Ayatollah had made no concessions and would be arriving on his own terms. The United States government ordered the evacuation of all dependents and non-essential American officials.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter and Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping concluded two days of talks at the White House in Washington.

Politics and government
In a referendum in Rhodesia, white voters overwhelmingly approved a constitutional plan that would give the country limited black rule, giving whites 28 of the 100 seats in the Assembly and a proportionate number of seats in the cabinet. The plan allowed for white control of the civil service, armed forces, and judiciary for 10 years after a black Prime Minister took over after elections in April 1979. The result of the referendum was considered a victory for Prime Minister Ian Smith and the three moderate black leaders who negotiated the plan with him.

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his Latin American visit with an address to Catholic students in Mexico City; various activities, including a public address to workers and their families at Jalisco Stadium in Guadalajara; and mass in Zapopán, Mexico.

Disasters
Varig Flight 967, a Boeing 707-323C freighter en route from Tokyo to Rio de Janeiro via Los Angeles, disappeared over the Pacific Ocean 30 minutes after taking off from Tokyo. The aircraft, all six crewmen, and 53 paintings by Manabu Mabu being returned from an exhibition, and valued at $1.24 million, were never seen again.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Kokomo--The Beach Boys (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Smooth Criminal--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)

Weather
At 5 A.M. in Edmonton it was raining, but the rain had changed to snow by 7 A.M., and by noon the snow was knee-high. The city ended up being hit by its biggest one-day snowfall in 104 years, as the temperature dropped from above freezing to almost -30 F. in the worst single day of weather that this blogger has experienced. People who worked downtown but lived elsewhere were offered free hotel accommodation, as they were unable to get home.

War
The U.S. government criticized increased Soviet bombing of Afghanistan as a "scorched-earth policy," while the Soviet commander insisted the attacks were necessary because rebels had not allowed safe passage for Soviet troops withdrawing from Afghanistan.

Diplomacy
The foreign ministers of Syria and Iran, meeting in Damascus, signed a peace pact aimed at ending fighting between rival Shiite Muslim militias in Lebanon. Syria had supported Amal, the more moderate group, while Iran had supported the more radical group Hezbollah. More than 500 people had been killed since violence between them had begun in April 1988. Under the new truce, Amal would control security in southern Lebanon, and Hezbollah could also remain in the area.

The United States closed its embassy in Kabul, Afghanistan, four days after being ordered to do so by U.S. Secretary of State James Baker.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney shuffled his cabinet, appointing six new ministers and re-assigning the responsibilities of 19 others; Lucien Bouchard was sworn in as Minister of the Environment.

Crime
Former criminal lawyer Joel Steinberg was found guilty in New York City of first-degree manslaughter in the death by beating of his 6-year-old illegally-adopted daughter Lisa. Damaging testimony against Mr. Steinberg had been given by his lover, Hedda Nussbaum.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: I Can See Clearly Now--Jimmy Cliff (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: U Got 2 Let the Music--Cappella (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Things Can Only Get Better--D: Ream (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Pierre Boulle, 81
. French author. Mr. Boulle was best known for his novels Le Pont de la rivière Kwaï (The Bridge over the River Kwai) (1952) and La planète des singes (Planet of the Apes) (1963).

Chess
Yugoslavian-born Péter Lékó became, at age 14, the youngest grandmaster in history.

Football
NFL
Super Bowl XXVIII @ Georgia Dome, Atlanta
Dallas 30 Buffalo 13

James Washington returned a fumble 46 yards for a touchdown and Emmitt Smith followed with 17- and 1-yard touchdown rushed as the Cowboys outscored the Bills 24-0 before 72,817 fans to defeat Buffalo in the Super Bowl for the second straight year. Thurman Thomas rushed 4 yards for the Bills' only touchdown in the 2nd quarter. In a duel of Canadian-born kickers, Eddie Murray of Dallas kicked 3 field goals and 3 converts, while Buffalo's Steve Christie kicked 2 field goals and a convert. Mr. Smith, who rushed 30 times for 132 yards and caught 4 passes for 26 yards, was named the game's most valuable player.



20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Ed Herlihy, 89
. U.S. broadcaster. Mr. Herlihy had a long career as an announcer for various NBC radio and television programs and Universal newsreels, and was also known for commercials for Kraft cheese products.

Huntz Hall, 78. U.S. actor. Henry Richard Hall was best known for starring as one of the Dead End Kids/East Side Kids/Bowery Boys in dozens of movies from 1937-1958. He died of congestive heart failure.

Football
NFL
New York Giants' linebacker Lawrence Taylor, considered by many to be among the greatest football players ever, was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility despite objections from some voters who felt his history of drug abuse should have kept him out.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
H. Guy Hunt, 75
. U.S. politician. Mr. Hunt, a Republican, was a Baptist pastor before entering politics. He was elected Governor of Alabama in 1986, becoming the first Republican to win the office in 113 years. Mr. Hunt took office in 1987 and narrowly won re-election in 1990; he was successful in achieving tort reform, but faced much opposition in the state legislature. Mr. Hunt was forced to resign in 1993 after being convicted of illegally using $200,000 from a 1987 inaugural account. He died after a long battle with lung cancer.

Tuesday, 29 January 2019

January 29, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ken Dies!

1,100 years ago
919


Born on this date
Shizong
. Emperor of China, 947-951. Shizong, born Wuyu, was the grandson of Emperor Tazu, founder of the Liao Dynasty. Shizong succeeded his uncle Taizong on the throne, and ruled until his death at the age of 32 on October 7, 951, when he was assassinated by an officer after a battle, and was succeeded by Muzong.

900 years ago
1119


Died on this date
Gelasius II, 54-59
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1118-1119. Gelasius II, born Giovanni Caetani, succeeded Paschall II, but spent much of his papacy in exile as a result of a dispute with Holy Roman Emperor Henry V over the issue of investiture. Gelasius II fled Rome in March 1118, but excommunicated Emperor Henry and Antipope Gregory VII, and returned to Rome in July 1118. He held a synod at Vienne in January 1119 and was planning to hold a general council to decide the issue of investiture when he died, one year and five days after taking office. Gelasius II was succeeded by Callixtus II.

270 years ago
1749


Born on this date
Christian VII
. King of Denmark and Norway, 1766-1808. Christian VII succeeded his father Frederick V on the throne, but was beset by severe mental problems--perhaps schizophrenia--and was king in name only for most of his reign. He died of a stroke on March 13, 1808 at the age of 59, and was succeeded by his son Frederick VI.

200 years ago
1819


Britannica
Lieutenant-Governor of Bencoolen Stamford Raffles made a brief survey of the Karamun Islands before landed on the island of Singapore, establishing a post at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula.

190 years ago
1829


Academia
McGill University, built with the legacy and property from fur trader James McGill, opened in Montréal.

120 years ago
1899


Died on this date
Alfred Sisley, 59
. French-born U.K. artist. Mr. Sisley, born in Paris to English parents, was an Impressionist landscape painter who spent most of his life in France, and died there of throat cancer.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): My Heart Tells Me (Should I Believe My Heart?)--Glen Gray and the Casa Loma Orchestra with Eugenie Baird (Best Seller--1st week at #1); Shoo-Shoo Baby--The Andrews Sisters with Vic Schoen and his Orchestra (Jukebox--3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
William Allen White, 75
. U.S. journalist and author. Mr. White bought the Emporia Gazette in Emporia, Kansas in 1895, and edited the paper until his death, 12 days before his 76th birthday. He became nationally known as a representative of the views of small-town middle America, and won a Pulitzer Prize in 1923 for an editorial in defense of free speech.

War
The last German hold on the Moscow-Leningrad railway was broken by the capture of Chudovo by Soviet forces. A 14-man British expedition departed the Falkland Islands aboard the minesweeper HMS William Scoresby and HMS Fitzroy for Deception Island in the South Shetland Islands as part of Operation Tabarin. U.S. troops in Italy fought their way to a point one mile north of Cassino. The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities reported that Japan had been carrying out an organized and systematic espionage plan in the United States since World War I.

Abominations
Approximately 38 civilian men, women, and children died in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland at the hands of Soviet and Jewish partisans.

Defense
The world's most powerful battleship, the USS Missouri, was launched at the Brooklyn Navy Yard.

Brazilian Foreign Minister Oswaldo Aranha announced that air bases in Brazil built by the United States "are ours 100% and will always be ours."

Diplomacy
Mexico and Canada announced that they would establish diplomatic relations and exchange ministers in the near future.

Politics and government
Wayne Morse resigned his position with the U.S. National War Labor Board and announced his candidacy for the 1944 Republican Party nomination for the United States Senate in Oregon.

Society
American Legion commander Warren Atherton said in a speech in Boston that all Japanese nationals in the United States should be deported "as soon as possible" because "50 years of trial has proved that they can never be assimilated."

Labour
R.J. Thomas and George Meany, Congress of Industrial Organizations and American Federation of Labor members, respectively, of the Presidential Committee on the Cost of Living, issued a statement claiming that living costs had increased 43.5% since January 1, 1941 instead of the 23.4% increase reported by the government.

70 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys; Gene Autry (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): A Little Bird Told Me--Evelyn Knight and the Stardusters (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys (12th week at #1)
--The Dinning Sisters
2 A Little Bird Told Me--Evelyn Knight and the Stardusters
--Blue Lu Barker
--Paula Watson
3 On a Slow Boat to China--Kay Kyser Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Art Lund
4 My Darling, My Darling--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae with the Starlighters
--Doris Day and Buddy Clark
5 Far Away Places--Margaret Whiting and the Crew Chiefs
--Bing Crosby
--Perry Como
6 You were Only Fooling (While I was Falling in Love)--Blue Barron and his Orchestra
--The Ink Spots
--Kay Starr
7 Lavender Blue (Dilly Dilly)--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
8 Cuanto la Gusta--Carmen Miranda and the Andrews Sisters
9 The Pussy Cat Song (Nyow! Nyot Nyow!)--Patty Andrews and Bob Crosby
--Perry Como with the Fontane Sisters
10 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Red Roses for a Blue Lady, with versions by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra; and Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#23); Wabash Blues by Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra (#29); and Tarra Ta-Larra Ta-Lar by Bing Crosby (#35).

On the radio
Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Frozen Forest

War
The Greek government rejected the peace discussion offer of Communist guerrillas.

Defense
The U.S. Navy's fastest and most powerful cruiser, the USS Newport News, was commissioned in Newport News, Virginia.

Labour
The administration of U.S. President Harry Truman issued its proposed National Labor Relations Act of 1949, to replace the Taft-Hartley Act. The measure eliminated several provisions of the existing law, including prohibition of the closed shop and affidavit requirements for union officials.

60 years ago
1959


Died on this date
Winifred Brunton, 78
. U.K. artist. Mrs. Brunton, the wife of Egyptologist Guy Brunton, accompanied him on his archaeological digs, and painted portraits of Egyptian monarchs, which were published in the books Kings and Queens of Ancient Egypt (1926) and Kings and Queens of Ancient Egypt (1926). She died in South Africa.

Music
The first Melodifestivalen, an annual Swedish music competition that determines the country's representative for the Eurovision Song Contest, was held in Stockholm.

Diplomacy
Liberia proposed the formation of a loosely-connected organization of independent African nations, to be known as the Associated States of Africa.

Politics and government
In the wake of the National Council's refusal to approve his 1959 budget, Prince Rainier III suspended the Monacan constitution and resumed full personal power.

Ignoring a suggestion by Rep. James Roosevelt that the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities be abolished, the House voted $327,000 for the committee's continued work.

Weather
Dense fog - the worst in seven years - brought road, rail, and air transport in many parts of England and Wales to a virtual standstill.

Agriculture
Arguing in a special message to Congress that "the price-support and production-control program has not worked," U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower disclosed plans for the United States and "other surplus-producing nations" to seek ways of "using [surplus] food for peace."

Business
Following a meeting in Washington with Canadian Justice Minister E. Davie Fulton, U.S. Attorney General William Rogers announced U.S. agreement to consult with the Canadian government before bringing anti-trust actions against American firms operating in Canada.

Basketball
NCAA
Adolph Rupp, who had been coach at the University of Kentucky since 1930, won his 600th game there, then an NCAA record. He coached until 1972, and retired with 876 victories and four national titles.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Albatross--Fleetwood Mac

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Eloise--Barry Ryan
2 Going Up the Country--Canned Heat
3 Lily the Pink--The Scaffold
4 White Room--Cream
5 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles
6 I Started a Joke/Kilburn Towers--The Bee Gees
7 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
8 Chewy Chewy--Ohio Express
9 Son-of-a Preacher Man--Dusty Springfield
10 Scarborough Fair--Sergio Mendes and Brasil '66

Singles entering the chart were Just Lovin' You by Lynn Rodgers (#33); I am the Urban Spaceman by the Bonzo Dog Doodah Band (#37); I'm Gonna Make You Love Me/A Place in the Sun by Diana Ross and the Supremes & the Temptations (#38); and A Minute of Your Time by Tom Jones (#39).

Died on this date
Allen Dulles, 75
. U.S. diplomat and spymaster. Mr. Dulles, the younger brother of U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, held various diplomatic posts before joining the office of Strategic Services at the beginning of World War II. The OSS eventually became the Central Intelligence Agency, and Mr. Dulles served as Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (1951-1953) and Director of Central Intelligence (1953-1961). He and other CIA officials were forced to resign on November 29, 1961, amid increasing criticism of the agency's performance. Mr. Dulles served on the Warren Commission (1963-1964) that investigated the November 22, 1963 assassination of President Kennedy, and died of influenza and pneumonia.

Protest
Canadian and West Indian students occupied the computer centre of Sir George Williams University (today part of Concordia University) in Montreal to protest alleged racism on campus by a biology professor. The protest ended on February 11, 1969, but not until computers had been vandalized.

Boxing
Zora Folley (77-10-6) scored a technical knockout of Sonny Moore (21-31-2) at 2:54 of the 4th round of a heavyweight bout at the Silver Slipper in Las Vegas when referee Harold Krause stopped the fight because of a cut inside Mr. Moore's mouth. Mr. Moore was a last-minute substitute for Tommy Fields.

Jose Gonzalez (35-14-2) won a 10-round decision over Tito Marshall (37-20-8) in a light heavyweight fight at Sunnyside Garden, Queens, New York.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Champion--Alice

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tú--Umberto Tozzi (9th week at #1)

Diplomacy
U.S. President Jimmy Carter welcomed Chinese Vice Premier Deng Xiaoping to the White House to begin two days of talks.

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his Latin American visit, visiting a children's hospital and addressing representatives of Roman Catholic organizations in Mexico City, and holding mass in Oaxaca.

Labour
The strike of British truckers ended when an arbitration panel recommended a pay increase of 20.75%, amid government fears of the inflationary precedent of such a wage settlement.

Football
NFL
Pro Bowl @ Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
NFC 13 AFC 7

Roger Staubach of the Dallas Cowboys completed a 19-yard touchdown pass to fellow Cowboy Tony Hill in the 3rd quarter to give the NFC its win before 38,333 fans. Mr. Staubach completed 9 of 15 passes for 125 yards.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Angel of Harlem--U2

#1 single in Switzerland: Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Mandel Kramer, 72
. U.S. actor. Mr. Kramer appeared in numerous radio programs, but was perhaps best known as the lat actor to play the title character in Yours Truly, Johnny Dollar (1961-1962). He played police chief Bill Marceau in the television soap opera The Edge of Night (1959-1979).

Diplomacy
Hungary became the first Eastern Bloc nation to establish diplomatic relations with South Korea.

Baseball
The game-winning run batted in was dropped as a statistic, after 9 seasons. The career leader in game-winning RBIs was Keith Hernandez, with 129.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Saturday Night--Whigfield (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ik wil niet dat je liegt/Waarheen waarvoor--Paul de Leeuw (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Things Can Only Get Better--D: Ream (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (2nd week at #1)
2 Hero--Mariah Carey
3 Breathe Again--Toni Braxton
4 The Power of Love--Celine Dion
5 Again--Janet Jackson
6 Said I Loved You...But I Lied--Michael Bolton
7 All that She Wants--Ace of Base
8 Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams
9 Shoop--Salt-n-Pepa
10 Can We Talk--Tevin Campbell

Singles entering the chart were Because of Love by Janet Jackson (#29); Rock and Roll Dreams Come Through by Meat Loaf (#48); Everyday by Phil Collins (#49); Without You/Never Forget You by Mariah Carey (#53); Loser by Beck (#75); Gin and Juice by Snoop Doggy Dogg (#77); Zunga Zeng by K7 (#86); Boom Shak A-Tack by Born Jamericans (#88); Come Clean by Jeru the Damaja (#89); Runaway Love by Johnny O (#90); and Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm by Crash Test Dummies (#91).

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Cash Box): All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ulrike Maier, 26
. Austrian skier. Miss Maier won the gold medal in the Super G event at the world championships in 1989 and 1991, and the silver medal in the giant slalom in 1991. She died after breaking her neck in a crash during the downhill race in the women's World Cup at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.

Politics and government
Both houses of the Japanese Diet overwhelmingly approved a political reform compromise devised by Prime Minister Morihiro Hosokawa and the opposition Liberal Democrats. The proposal provided for a 500-member lower house in which 300 members would be elected from single-seat districts, with the rest of the seats allocated according to the share of the vote obtained by each party. Representation from urban areas would be increased. Corporate contributions to individual candidates would be limited to 500,000 yen (about $4,500) per year, with state subsidies making up for the reduction in private donations.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Lili St. Cyr, 80
. U.S. stripper. Miss St. Cyr, born Willis Marie Van Schaack, was a popular burlesque performer from the late 1930s through the mid-'60s, achieving her greatest fame in the 1940s and '50s, when she was based in Montreal. Miss St. Cyr's act resulted in a couple of highly-publicized criminal trials, but she was acquitted both times of violating public morals.

10 years ago
2009


Politics and government
The Illinois Senate voted to remove Governor Rod Blagojevich (Democrat) from office, following his conviction of several corruption charges, including the alleged solicitation of personal benefit in exchange for an appointment to the United States Senate as a replacement for then-U.S. President-elect Barack Obama.

Law
The Supreme Constitutional Court of Egypt ruled that people who did not adhere to one of the three government-recognized religions were also eligible to receive government identity documents.

Labour
A strike at York University in Toronto by Canadian Union of Public Employees Local 3903, the union representing contract professors, teaching assistants, and graduate assistants, ended after members voted 42-8 to end the strike.

Monday, 28 January 2019

January 28, 2019

950 years ago
1069


Died on this date
Robert de Comines, Earl of Northumbria
. English nobleman. The Earl of Northumbria was burned to death in a house fire set by rebels in Durham, after many of his 700-man army had been killed in the streets. The incident led to the Harrying of the North by King William the Conqueror.

160 years ago
1859


Died on this date
Frederick J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, 76
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1827-1828. Mr. Robinson, a Tory, entered the House of Commons in 1806, and gradually rose through the ranks, serving as President of the Board of Trade (1818-1823) and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1823-1827) before being elevated to the peerage in 1827. When Prime Minister George Canning died in office, King George IV appointed Viscount Goderich to succeed him. However, Viscount Goderich had difficulty holding together Mr. Canning's coalition of Tories and Whigs. He was also troubled by his wife's precarious health, and King George mocked the Prime Minister as someone who was always crying in his presence. Viscount Goderich resigned on January 8, 1828 after just four months in office, and was succeeded by the Duke of Wellington. Viscount Goderich joined the Whig Party in 1830 and served as Colonial Secretary from 1830-1833, working for the emancipation of slaves within the British Empire. He again served as President of the Board of Trade from 1841-1843.

William H. Prescott, 62. U.S. historian. Mr. Prescott, credited as America's first scientific historian, specialized in political and military history of late Renaissance Spain and the early Spanish Empire. His books included The History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella the Catholic (1837); The History of the Conquest of Mexico (1843); A History of the Conquest of Peru (1847); and the unfinished History of the Reign of Phillip II (1856–1858). Mr. Prescott died from a stroke.

120 years ago
1899


Hockey
CAHL
Ottawa (2-1) 1 @ Montreal (3-2) 5
Montreal Victorias (2-1) 5 @ Quebec (0-4) 4

110 years ago
1909


Born on this date
John Thomson
. U.K. soccer goalkeeper. Mr. Thomson played 164 games for Celtic (1926-1931), and played on Scottish Cup championship teams in 1927 and 1931. He also played for the Scottish national team in 1930 and 1931. On September 5, 1931, Celtic played Old Firm rival Rangers at Ibrox Park in Glasgow. Early in the 2nd half, Mr. Thomson and Sam English of the Rangers dove for the ball; Mr. English's knee hit Mr. Thomson's skull, causing severe injuries to the goalkeeper. He was taken off on a stretcher, but died at the age of 22 in hospital hours later, after surgery to relieve swelling resulting from a fractured skull. Mr. Thomson was inducted into the Scottish Football Hall of Fame in 2008.

Defense
The United States ended direct control over Cuba, as American troops left the country with the exception of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, after being there since the Spanish–American War.

90 years ago
1929


Disasters
The bridge spanning Surprise Creek on the Canadian Pacific Railway Mainline at Golden, British Columbia collapseds at 7:45 am.

80 years ago
1939


Died on this date
William Butler Yeats, 73
. Irish poet. Mr. Yeats was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1923 for "inspired poetry, which in a highly artistic form gives expression to the spirit of a whole nation." His most frequently-quoted poem is probably The Second Coming (1920).

75 years ago
1944


War
Soviet troops extended their Estonian line by 36 miles, with a 13-mile advance south from Voloslovo to Repolka. U.S.S.R. troops were reported in control of all but 11 miles of the Moscow-Leningrad railway. The Allied beachhead south of Rome was again enlarged, this time to about 24 miles in length. Australian troops in New Guinea advanced up the coast beyond Sio to narrow the gap between them and the Americans in the Saidor area to 40 miles.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department disclosed that it was reviewing U.S. policy toward Spain and that oil shipments to Spain had been stopped.

Labour
David Nederlander of Lafayette Dramatic Productions, Inc. in Detroit filed suit in the New York State Supreme Court for $500,000 in damages against American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo, charging conspiracy to force the Lafayette Theatre to hire six musicians at $500 per week although its productions did not require music.

70 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Sire de Maletroit's Door, starring Morris Carnovsky, Dan O'Herlihy, and Allene Roberts

At the movies
Un homme et son péché (A Man and His Sin), directed by Paul Gury, and starring Hector Charland, Nicole Germain, and Guy Provost, opened in theatres in Quebec. The story of a greedy old man and those he influences in rural Quebec in 1889, Un homme et son péché is considered a classic example of French-Canadian cinema.



Died on this date
Jean-Pierre Wimille, 40
. French auto racing driver. Mr. Wimille won 20 Grand Prix races before and after World War II, while serving in the French Resistance during the war. He won the 24 Hours of Le Mans in 1937 and 1939. Mr. Wimille was killed while practicing for the 1949 Buenos Aires Grand Prix, a month before his 41st birthday.

Diplomacy
The foreign ministers of the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg concluded a conference in London by announcing plans to form a Council of Europe as the political basis of a European federation. The organization was to consist of a committee of ministers delegated by member states and an advisory parliament which would consider matters referred to it by the ministerial committee.

Defense
General Bryant Moore succeeded General Maxwell Taylor as superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York.

Journalism
The New York Star ceased publication after seven months. The Star had published its first edition on June 23, 1948, succeeding the liberal-leaning PM, which had begun publication in June 1940 and published its final edition on June 22, 1948.

60 years ago
1959


Died on this date
Walter Beall, 59
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Beall played with the New York Yankees (1924-1927) and Washington Nationals (1929), compiling a record of 5-5 with an earned run average of 4.43 and 1 save in 36 games. The Yankees purchased him from the Rochester Tribe of the AA International League, where he was 25-8 with a 2.76 ERA in 41 games in 1924. Mr. Beall played at least 7 seasons in the minor leagues from 1920-1931, with a record of 59-46. He was said to have an outstanding curveball, but poor control limited his success.

Diplomacy
Cambodian Prime Minister Norodom Sihanouk agreed to renew diplomatic relations with Thailand, following United Nations mediation efforts by Sweden's Baron Johann Beck Friis.

Defense
The Baghdad Pact Ministerial Council ended a three-day meeting in Karachi, Pakistan after failing to solve the problem of Iraq's dormant membership or to end members' fears that the United States would not support them in the event of an attack.

U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles told a closed session of the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee that the U.S.A. and her allies were in "complete agreement" on "standing firm in Berlin and, if need be, risking war, rather than being taken out of Berlin."

Protest
Colonial troops led by Belgian officers quelled renewed rioting in Leopoldville, Belgian Congo.

Law
Virginia Governor J. Lindsay Almond, Jr. told the state legislature that Virginia must bow to court decisions upholding desegregation, and that he would not use state troops or police to resist them.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and Yugoslavia signed a trade pact in Moscow calling for the exchange of $108 million worth of goods in 1959, down from 1958's figure of $124 million.

Labour
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent Congress a 20-point message requesting legislation to protect union members and the public from corrupt labour leaders.

Football
NFL
Vince Lombardi, the offensive assistant coach with the New York Giants since 1954 and one of Fordham University's "Seven Blocks of Granite" in the 1930's, was named head coach of the Green Bay Packers. He had helped the Giants win the National Football League championship in 1956.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da--The Beatles

Disasters
Iran reported 20 people killed, 50 villages inundated, and 30,000 people homeless after the worst floods to hit Khuzistan in more than a century.

Football
AFL-NFL
The American and National Football Leagues held a joint draft of college players. The AFL's Buffalo Bills had the first choice, and selected University of Southern California running back O.J. Simpson. The NFL's Atlanta Falcons had the second choice, and selected University of Notre Dame offensive tackle George Kunz.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Le Freak--Chic

#1 single in Switzerland: Y.M.C.A.--Village People (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Senior Communist Party Deputy Chairman Deng Xiaoping arrived in Washington to begin the first official visit to the United States by a top Chinese Communist leader.

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his Latin American visit in Puebla, Mexico, opening a Latin American bishops' conference.

Hockey
Toronto 2 @ Washington 2

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): C'è da spostare una macchina--Francesco Salvi (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): First Time--Robin Beck (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): High--David Hallyday (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart--Marc Almond featuring Gene Pitney

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Tonight - Live--Tina Turner (Duet with David Bowie)
2 Can't Stay Away from You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
3 Bring Me Edelweiss--Edelweiss
4 Good Life--Inner City
5 Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart--Marc Almond
6 First Time--Robin Beck
7 Especially for You--Kylie and Jason
8 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
9 Say a Little Prayer--Bomb the Bass featuring Maureen
10 The Way to Your Heart--Soulsister

Singles entering the chart were She Drives Me Crazy by Fine Young Cannibals (#26); Loco in Acapulco by the Four Tops (#27); Polonaise Hollandaise (Surinaamse Versie) by Johnny Camaro (#29); and Love Train by Holly Johnson (#31).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Two Hearts--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 When I'm with You--Sheriff
3 Armageddon It--Def Leppard
4 Don't Rush Me--Taylor Dayne
5 When the Children Cry--White Lion
6 Straight Up--Paula Abdul
7 Born to Be My Baby--Bon Jovi
8 The Way You Love Me--Karyn White
9 Wild Thing--Tone Loc
10 All This Time--Tiffany

Singles entering the chart were She Won't Talk to Me by Luther Vandross (#73); Walk the Dinosaur by Was (Not Was) (#74); Feels So Good by Van Halen (#79); Bring Down the Moon by Boy Meets Girl (#82); Cryin' by Vixen (#86); Superwoman by Karyn White (#87); Left to My Own Devices by Pet Shop Boys (#92); Into You by Giant Steps (#96); and She Drives Me Crazy by Fine Young Cannibals (#97).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Rush Me--Taylor Dayne
2 Armageddon It--Def Leppard
3 Two Hearts--Phil Collins
4 When I'm with You--Sheriff
5 Straight Up--Paula Abdul
6 Born to Be My Baby--Bon Jovi
7 The Way You Love Me--Karyn White
8 When the Children Cry--White Lion
9 I Remember Holding You--Boys Club
10 All This Time--Tiffany

Singles entering the chart were Cryin' by Vixen (#75); Dreamin' by Vanessa Williams (#77); Walk the Dinosaur by Was (Not Was) (#78); She Drives Me Crazy by Fine Young Cannibals (#80); Orinoco Flow by Enya (#82); Tell Her by Kenny Loggins (#85); Left to My Own Devices by Pet Shop Boys (#87); Heaven Knows by When in Rome (#89); and Got it Made by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (#92).

Died on this date
Choekyi Gyaltsen, 50
. Tibetan religious leader. Mr. Gyaltsen was the 10th Panchen Lama--the highest-ranking member of the Gelug School of Tibetan Buddhism--after the Dalai Lama. Mr. Gyaltsen supported China's claim to Tibet, but later expressed criticism of China's treatment of Tibet, and was imprisoned from 1964-1977. He was visiting Tibet when he died, reportedly of a heart attack. Conspiracy theories abound.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (2nd week at #1)

World events
The Mexican government of President Carlos Salinas de Gortari freed 38 prisoners accused of involvement in the Zapatista National Liberation Army in the state of Chiapas earlier in the month.

Politics and government
African National Congress President Nelson Mandela formally opened his campaign for President of South Africa.

Crime
A mistrial was declared in Los Angeles Superior Court in the murder trial of Lyle Menendez, 26, who, with his brother Erik, 23, had been accused of the August 20, 1989 murder of their parents in their Beverly Hills, California home in order to inherit their $14 million estate. The brothers had testified that they had endured years of sexual and emotional abuse from their parents. The brothers had been tried separately, and Erik's trial had also ended in a mistrial on January 13. The brothers had been tried separately, and both juries had been unable to reach verdicts. In one of the trials, the accused admitted killing his mother, but a typically stupid female juror stated afterward to a reporter that she didn't think he'd really done it, prompting conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh to say that women shouldn't be allowed to sit on a jury where the defendant is a hunk.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the initial figures for the gross domestic product had shown growth at an annual rate of 5.9% for the fourth quarter of 1993, the biggest quarterly surge in six years.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Valery Gavrilin, 59
. U.S.S.R. composer. Mr. Gavrilin composed works in various genres, but was perhaps best known for choral works and film scores. His work was characterized by melodies inspired by Russian folk songs. Mr. Gavrilin died after two severe heart attacks.

Crime
Missouri Governor Mel Carnahan, honoring a personal request for mercy from Pope John Paul II, spared a triple murderer from execution.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Billy Powell, 56
. U.S. musician. Mr. Powell played keyboards with the rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd from 1972-1977 and 1987 until his death from a heart attack. He was a member of the Christian rock group Vision from 1984-1987.

Economics and finance
In a swift victory for U.S. President Barack Obama, the Democratic-controlled House of Representatives approved an $819-billion stimulus bill.

Disasters
At least 29 people were killed and 47 reported missing when the Nakumatt supermarket in downtown Nairobi caught fire, trapping the victims on the second floor.