Wednesday, 23 January 2019

January 24, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Diana Ganske!

340 years ago

Politics and government
King Charles II of England dissolved the Cavalier Parliament.

280 years ago

Peshva warrior Chimnaji Appa defeated Portuguese forces and captured Tarapur Fort, India.

160 years ago

The United Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia (later named Romania) was formed as a personal union under the rule of Domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Hoyt Vandenberg
. U.S. military officer. General Vandenberg, the nephew of U.S. Senator Arthur Vandenberg, saw action in World War II before serving as Director of Central Intelligence (1946-1947) and Chief of Staff of the Air Force (1948-1953). Gen. Vandenberg died of prostate cancer on April 2, 1954 at the age of 55. Vandenberg Air Force Base in California was named in his honour in 1958.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Coleman Francis
. U.S. movie actor and director. Mr. Francis appeared, usually uncredited, in various low-budget movies from the late 1940s through the early 1970s. He directed several television programs and the movies The Beast of Yucca Flats (1961); The Skydivers (1963); and Night Train to Mundo Fine (aka Red Zone Cuba) (1966). Mr. Francis died on January 15, 1973, nine days before his 54th birthday; the cause of death was officially listed as arteriosclerosis, but producer Tony Cardoza said that Mr. Francis' body was found in the back of a station wagon in Hollywood with "a plastic bag over his head and a tube going into his mouth or around his throat." Mr. Francis has been compared to legendary screenwriter/director/actor Edward D. Wood, Jr.

Leon Kirchner. U.S. composer. Mr. Kirchner wrote contemporary classical music, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Music in 1967 for his String Quartet No. 3. He died of congestive heart failure on September 17, 2009 at the age of 90.

Died on this date
Ismail Qemali, 75
. Prime Minister of Albania, 1912-1914. Mr. Qemali was a founding father of modern Albania; he wrote the country's Declaration of Independence in 1912, and served as Albania's first Prime Minister, while also serving as Foreign Minister (1912-1913). Mr. Qemali died eight days after his 75th birthday.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Maximilian Bircher-Benner, 71
. Swiss physician. Dr. Bircher-Benner ran a sanatorium in Zurich, where he encouraged people to eat raw foods. He was credited with popularizing muesli, a dish based on raw oats, fruits, and nuts.

Approximately 28,000 people were killed when the deadliest earthquake in Chilean history struck Chillán, in the south-central part of the country.

75 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Amateur Mendicant Society

Soviet forces continued their advance on the Leningrad front and took Smolkovo, thus severing the rail line to Narva, Estonia. Allied forces in Italy captured Neturno, south of Rome, and nearby Anzio. Allied bombers and fighters attacked Japanese installations in the Admiralty Islands, 240 miles north of New Guinea.

The United States announced that official recognition would not be given to the Bolivian revolutionary government, and recalled Ambassador Pierre de Lagarde Boal.

The U.S. District Court of Appeals in Cincinnati ruled that newspaper reporters were not "professional" workers and were covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act.

70 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Bloomsbury Ballad

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

Died on this date
Orlando Miller, 89
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Miller was a leading paper merchant; he co-founded the National Association of Manufacturers.

The trial of Mildred Gillars, accused of treason for making radio propaganda broadcasts from Germany as "Axis Sally" during World War II, opened in Washington, D.C.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Julia--Johnny Dorelli

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): La Paloma--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (10th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): One Night/I Got Stung--Elvis Presley

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (2nd week at #1)
2 My Happiness--Connie Francis
3 16 Candles--The Crests
4 Donna--Ritchie Valens
5 Stagger Lee--Lloyd Price
6 Gotta Travel On--Billy Grammer
7 The Chipmunk Song--The Chipmunks with David Seville
8 Lonely Teardrops--Jackie Wilson
9 Whole Lotta Loving--Fats Domino
10 To Know Him, is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears

Singles entering the chart were There Must Be a Way by Joni James (#60); I Got a Wife by the Mark IV (#70); Evening Rain by Earl Grant (#73); She Say (Oom Dooby Doom) by the Diamonds (#75); It's Only the Beginning by the Kalin Twins (#79); Who Cares by Don Gibson (#82); It's Just a Matter of Time by Brook Benton (#86); Miss You by the Keymen (#93); The Lonely One by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#94); Bye Bye Blackbird by Art Mooney and his Orchestra (#95); The Shag (Is Totally Cool) by Billy Graves (#96); Rummy Polka by the Matys Brothers (#97); The Tipsy Piano by Helmut Zacharias and his Magic Violins (#98); You Can't Get to Heaven on Roller Skates by Betty Johnson (#99); and Eso es el Amor (This is Love) by Morty Palitz and his Orchestra (#100). It's Just a Matter of Time was the B-side of Hurtin' Inside.

The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission recommended to President Dwight D. Eisenhower that any nuclear test ban agreement be limited to atmospheric tests, with underground tests excluded.

Pakistani President Mohammed Ayub Khan proclaimed land reform measures limiting West Pakistan holdings to 500 acres of irrigated land or 1,000 acres of unirrigated land.

32 people were killed when a movie theatre collapsed in Kucuk Yali, Turkey.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes (2nd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 Going Up the Country--Canned Heat
3 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Marvin Gaye
4 Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette
5 If I Can Dream--Elvis Presley
6 Everyday People--Sly & the Family Stone
7 Son-of-a Preacher Man--Dusty Springfield
8 I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees
9 Touch Me--The Doors
10 Bella Linda--The Grass Roots

Singles entering the chart were But You Know I Love You by the First Edition (#27); Proud Mary by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#28); Crossroads by Cream (#29); and Baby, Baby Don't Cry by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
2 I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees
3 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
4 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
5 Cinnamon--Derek
6 Going Up the Country--Canned Heat
7 Bella Linda--The Grass Roots
8 Chewy Chewy--Ohio Express
9 If I Can Dream--Elvis Presley
10 Electric Stories--The 4 Seasons

Politics and government
The Spanish government of Generalissimo Francisco Franco declared a "state of exception," suspending five articles of the Constitution, in the face of continuing civil unrest.

Northern Ireland Deputy Prime Minister Brian Faulkner resigned in protest against the government's decision to set up an independent commission to investigate the brawls that had interrupted marches by Roman Catholics demanding civil rights earlier in the month. Mr. Faulkner charged that the probe was "a political maneuver."

FLQ terrorists set off a bomb in a branch of the Bank of Nova Scotia in Montréal.

Students protesting the installation of steel security gates at the London School of Economics went on a rampage with crowbars, pickaxes and sledgehammers. 25 students were arrested, and the school was closed for three weeks.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hit Me with Your Rhythm Stick--Ian Dury and the Blockheads

Politics and government
Former Texas Governor, former U.S. Treasury Secretary, and former Democrat John Connally announced his candidacy for the 1980 Republican Party U.S. presidential nomination.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics announced that consumer prices had risen again in December to give the nation a 9% average rate of inflation for 1978.

Another storm hit the midwestern United States, dropping 8 inches of snow.

Toronto 2 @ Minnesota 2
Chicago 5 @ Vancouver 0

Tony Esposito made 34 saves to earn the shutout in goal for the Black Hawks, who scored 5 goals on just 15 shots to blank the Canucks at Pacific Coliseum. Stan Mikita scored his 10th goal of the season with 5:21 remaining in the 2nd period to close the scoring. Glen Hanlon took the loss in goal for Vancouver.

30 years ago

Died on this date
George Knudson, 51
. Canadian golfer. Mr. Knudson, a native of Winnipeg, was regarded by many as having the best natural swing in golf during the 1960s and 1970s. He won 8 PGA tournaments and at least 19 other tournaments in a career that lasted from 1958-1980, and tied for second place in the 1969 Masters. Mr. Knudson died of lung cancer.

Ted Bundy, 42. U.S. criminal. Mr. Bundy had been convicted of killing a 12-year-old girl from Lake City Florida and two female students from Florida State University, but had actually killed dozens of others. He had fought his death sentence for 10 years, insisting on his innocence. In the last days of his life, Mr. Bundy had confessed to at least 16 other murders, but Florida Governor Bob Martinez had refused to stay his execution in order to learn further details. The day before his death, Mr. Bundy granted an interview to Christian psychologist James Dobson, claiming that his life of crime had begun with an early attraction to pornography. Some questioned the sincerity of Mr. Bundy's statements in the interview. Mr. Bundy was executed in the electric chair at Florida State Prison in Starke.

As part of the University of Alberta's Christian Awareness Week, Campus Crusade for Christ speaker Michael Horner debated U of A professor David Wangler on the subject of humanism. The part I remember is where Mr. Horner argued that such values as love and compassion are Christian values, and that humanists took the values from Christianity, but didn't say "Thank you."

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): The Sign--Ace of Base

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (2nd week at #1)
2 The Power of Love--Celine Dion
3 Said I Loved You...But I Lied--Michael Bolton
4 5 Days in May--Blue Rodeo
5 I'll Always Be There--Roch Voisine
6 Hero--Mariah Carey
7 Found Out About You--Gin Blossoms
8 Mary Jane's Last Dance--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
9 Breathe Again--Toni Braxton
10 Because the Night--10,000 Maniacs

Singles entering the chart were Queen of the Night by Whitney Houston (#73); Because of Love by Janet Jackson (#75); Shape of My Heart by Sting (#76); Rubberband Girl by Kate Bush (#79); Swimming in Your Ocean by Crash Test Dummies (#81); Rainbow's Cadillac by Bruce Hornsby (#83); Hey Girl by Michael McDonald (#85); The Wayward Wind by Anne Murray (#87); and Shakey Ground by Elton John and Don Henley (#88).

U.S. Federal District Court Judge Thomas Jackson upheld a request from the U.S. Senate Ethics Committee for the diaries of Senator Bob Packwood (Republican--Oregon), who was facing accusations of sexual harassment and other possible misconduct. The subpoena sought access to all entries made from 1989 on. Judge Jackson had taken custody of the diaries in December 1993. after Sen. Packwood had sued to block the subpoena. Judge Jackson held that the subpoena did not unduly violate Sen. Packwood's privacy, since the ethics committee would allow a mediator to examine the diaries to make sure that only information relevant to the investigation would be seen by the investigators.

Politics and government
U.S. President Bill Clinton nominated Deputy Defense Secretary William Perry as his new Secretary of Defense to replace Les Aspin, who had recently resigned. Mr. Perry had served as undersecretary of defense undder President Jimmy Carter and had played a major role in the development of cruise missiles, laser-guided bombs, and stealth aircraft. Retired U.S. Navy Admiral Bobby Ray Inman had been Mr. Clinton's first choice for the position, but he had withdrawn his candidacy on January 14.

20 years ago

Pope John Paul II continued his visit to Mexico, holding mass at a racetrack and visiting a hospital.

David Duval shot the third 59 in the history of PGA Tour competition, at the Bobe Hope Chrysler Classic in La Quinta, California. The others were by Al Geiberger (1977, Colonial Country Club, Memphis) and Chip Beck (1991, Sunrise Country Club, Las Vegas).

All-Star Game @ Ice Palace, Tampa
North America 8 World 6

Rob Blake's goal with 5:37 remaining in the 2nd period proved to be the winner as the North Americans defeated the World before 19,758 fans. Wayne Gretzky of the New York Rangers, playing in his last All-Star Game, had 3 assists, and was named the game's most valuable player.

10 years ago

Cyclone Klaus made landfall near Bordeaux, France, causing 26 deaths as well as extensive disruptions to public transport and power supplies.

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