Thursday, 17 January 2019

January 17, 2019

650 years ago

Died on this date
Peter I, 40
. King of Cyprus and King of Jerusalem, 1358-1369. Peter I acceded to the throne upon the abdication of his father Hugh IV. Peter I achieved military success, but internal disputes led to his assassination in his bed by three of his knights. King Peter I was succeeded on the throne by his son Peter II.

220 years ago

Died on this date
Mikiel Xerri, 61
. Maltese clergyman and political activist. Dun Mikiel was a leader in a revolt against the occupying forces of Napoleon Bonaparte, who had taken over the islands from the Knights of Malta in June 1798, and had acted against the Maltese nobility and the Roman Catholic Church. Dom Mikiel and other patriots planned an attack against the French forces in Valletta and in Cottonera, but the plot was discovered, and Dom Mikiel and 49 others were executed by firing squad in Valletta.

180 years ago

Politics and government
John Colborne, Baron Seaton was appointed Governor of British North America.

150 years ago

Died on this date
Alexander Dargomyzhsky, 55
. Russian composer. Mr. Dargomyzhsky was known for his operas, especially The Stone Guest.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Al Capone
. U.S. gangster. Mr. Capone was boss of the Chicago Outfit during the 1920s, and became the most notorious gangster in the United States. His career ended when he was convicted of income tax evasion in 1931, and advancing syphilis, combined with cocaine addiction, turned him into a blithering idiot. Mr. Capone was paroled in 1939, and he died in Florida on January 25, 1947, eight days after his 48th birthday.

Nevil Shute. U.K. author. Nevil Shute Norway was an aeronautical engineer who was best known for his novels, especially On the Beach (1957). He moved to Australia in 1950 and died of a stroke on January 12, 1960, five days before his 61st birthday.

The United States took possession of Wake Island in the Pacific Ocean.

100 years ago

Estonian forces liberated northern Estonia, including Narva, from invading Soviet forces.

460 died when the French ship Chaonia was lost in the Straits of Messina.

90 years ago

Popular culture
Popeye the Sailor Man, a cartoon character created by E. C. Segar, first appeared in the comic strip Thimble Theatre.

75 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Departed Banker

Soviet troops in Poland seized Tuchin, 40 miles northeast of Rovno. Allied forces launched the first of four assaults on Monte Cassino, Italy with the intention of breaking through the Winter Line and seizing Rome, an effort that would ultimately take four months and cost 105,000 Allied casualties. U.S. Navy planes attacked installations on Kusaie Island, the easternmost of Japan's Caroline Islands, including the base on Truk.

Colombia became the 34th nation to adhere to the United Nations agreement.

Politics and government
Joseph Savage was elected national chairman of the MacArthur Clubs in order to seek the 1944 Republican Party U.S. presidential nomination for U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur.

U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle announced that gangster Louis (Lepke) Buchalter would be surrendered to New York State, where he was scheduled to be executed for murder.

Byron Nelson won the San Francisco Open with a 13-under-par total score of 275.

70 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Fabulous Celebrities

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

Died on this date
Grenville Baker
. U.S. banking heir. Mr. Baker, heir to the banking fortune created by George Fisher Baker in the 19th century, was shot to death on the family's palatial Horseshoe Plantation near Tallahassee, Florida.

Former U.S. Army aviator Martin Monti pled guilty to treason for defecting to the Axis during World War II, and was sentenced in New York to 25 years' imprisonment.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives passed a Senate-approved measure increasing the salaries of the President, Vice President, and Speaker of the House. U.S. President Harry Truman asked Congress for permanent power to reorganize executive departments and agencies.

The trial of 11 Communist Party U.S.A. leaders on charges of advocating the violent overthrow of the U.S. government began in New York.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that imprisoned former German-American Bund leader August Klaprott had not received a fair trial in 1941 and must be retried on charges leading to revocation of his American citizenship.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Io--Domenico Modugno (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): La Paloma--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters
2 The Chipmunk Song--The Chipmunks with David Seville
3 My Happiness--Connie Francis
4 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
5 One Night--Elvis Presley
6 To Know Him, is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
7 Gotta Travel On--Billy Grammer
8 16 Candles--The Crests
9 Donna--Ritchie Valens
10 The Little Drummer Boy--Harry Simeone Chorale

Singles entering the chart were Peter Gunn by Ray Anthony and his Orchestra (#70); Good Rockin' Tonight by Pat Boone (#72); My Man (#80)/Alright, Okay, You Win (#87) by Peggy Lee; Gazachstahagen by the Wild-Cats (#86); Raspberries, Strawberries (#90)/Sally (#94) by the Kingston Trio; First Anniversary by Cathy Carr (#93); and Don't Take Your Guns to Town by Johnny Cash (#95). Peter Gunn was a version of the theme from the television series. Good Rockin' Tonight was the other side of With the Wind and the Rain in Your Hair, charting at #45.

Laos formally protested to the United Nations that North Vietnamese troops had entered and occupied Laotian territory.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower conferred with U.S.S.R. First Deputy Premier Anastas Mikoyan on the problems of Berlin, disarmament, and increased Soviet-American trade.

World events
500 members of former Cuban President Fulgencio Batista's armed forces and Senator Roland Masferrer's private army were reported to have fled to the Escambray Mountains of Las Villas and the Sierra Maestre to escape trial and possible execution.

Economics and finance
Representatives of Chad, Gabon, French Congo, and the Central African Republic signed agreements in Paris establishing a customs union and common transport, postal, and communications administration.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Going Up the Country--Canned Heat
2 Son-of-a Preacher Man--Dusty Springfield
3 I Love How You Love Me--Bobby Vinton
4 I Heard it Through the Grapevine--Marvin Gaye
5 If I Can Dream--Elvis Presley
6 Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells
7 Everyday People--Sly & the Family Stone
8 Stand by Your Man--Tammy Wynette
9 Bella Linda--The Grass Roots
10 I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were Worst that Could Happen by Brooklyn Bridge (#22); Papa's Got a Brand New Bag by Otis Redding (#24); Sweet Cream Ladies by the Box Tops (#25); Build Me Up Buttercup by the Foundations (#26); You Showed Me by the Turtles (#27); This Magic Moment by Jay and the Americans (#28); and Long Line Rider by Bobby Darin (#29).

Died on this date
Alprentice "Bunchy" Carter, 26
; John Huggins, 23. U.S. terrorists. Messrs. Carter and Huggins were members of the Black Panther Party, the most prominent organization in the Black Power movement in the United States in the 1960s. During a meeting of the University of California at Los Angeles' Black Student Union at Campbell Hall, a dispute arose involving members of the Black Panther Party and the rival Organization US. Messrs. Carter and Huggins were reportedly shot by Organization US member Claude "Chuchessa" Hubert, 21. Mr. Hubert was never found, but Donald Hawkins and brothers George and Larry Stiner were convicted of conspiracy to commit murder and two counts of second-degree murder.

The Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 4, with Vladimir Shatalov aboard, landed in the U.S.S.R. after three days in space.

11 were presumed dead when a Panamanian freighter sank in heavy seas off Sardinia.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Y.M.C.A.--Village People (3rd week at #1)

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Tatiana Sokolova!

Politics and government
Former Manitoba Premier Ed Schreyer was installed as Governor General of Canada, succeeding Jules Léger.

U.S. National Urban League president Vernon Jordan said that Negro Americans were on "the brink of disaster" because of the reduced federal budget and the threatened recession. Releasing the NUL's annual "State of Black America Report," Mr. Jordan claimed that unemployment among Negro youth was the single most serious problem for Negro Americans, and placed most of the blame on the United States Congress, which he accused of being "recalcitrant, insensitive, callous."

Montreal 7 @ Los Angeles 3

30 years ago

Patrick Edward Purdy, a former student at Cleveland Elementary School in Stockton, California who was now in his mid-20s, returned to the school armed with a semiautomatic rifle and two pistols. He opened fire at the school grounds, killing 5 students and wounding 29 others and a teacher before shooting himself to death with a pistol. The dead children were all refugees from Cambodia and Vietnam.

An internal report issued by the U.S. Justice Department criticized Edwin Meese, who had led the department as Attorney General from 1985-1988. The report, prepared by the Office of Professional Responsibility, found that ethical breaches by Mr. Meese would have called for disciplinary action by the president if Mr. Meese were still in office. The report asserted that Mr. Meese had violated departmental standards of conduct and an executive order on ethics. It cited assistance to friend and sometime creditor E. Robert Wallach; a delay in paying income taxes; and his ownership of telecommunications stock while dealing with matters in the department related to telephone companies. Mr. Meese's lawyers said there was "no basis" for criticizing his conduct.

At least 51 people, including 35 schoolgirls, were killed when a train struck a bus in southern Sri Lanka.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That--Meat Loaf (9th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting
2 Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams
3 Said I Loved You...But I Lied--Michael Bolton
4 The Power of Love--Celine Dion
5 5 Days in May--Blue Rodeo
6 Hero--Mariah Carey
7 I'll Always Be There--Roch Voisine
8 Mary Jane's Last Dance--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
9 All About Soul--Billy Joel
10 Amazing--Aerosmith

Singles entering the chart were Streets of Philadelphia by Bruce Springsteen (#46); Mr. Jones by Counting Crows (#58); Choose by Color Me Badd (#59); Having a Party by Rod Stewart with Ronnie Wood (#68); Rock and Roll Dreams Come Through by Meat Loaf (#71); Missing You by Richard Samuels (#72); And the Song Goes (Doo Dit) by Carol Medina (#74); The Sign by Ace of Base (#82); Pincushion by ZZ Top (#84); and Life (Everybody Needs Somebody to Love) by Haddaway (#85). Streets of Philadelphia was from the movie Philadelphia (1993).

Died on this date
Helen Stephens, 75
. U.S. athlete. Miss Stephens participated in several track and field sports as well as baseball and basketball, but was best known as a sprinter, winning gold medals in the women's 100-metres competition and as the anchor in the women's 4 x 100-metres relay event.

Yevgeni Ivanov, 68. U.S.S.R. spy. Mr. Ivanov was a naval attaché at the Soviet Embassy in London during the early 1960s; he had an affair with British call girl Christine Keeler, who was also having an affair with U.K. Secretary of State for War John Profumo. Mr. Ivanov was recalled to Moscow in December 1962, three months before the scandal became public. He was found dead in his flat in Moscow, six days after his 68th birthday.

Politics and government
Russian President Boris Yeltsin reaffirmed his commitment to reform.

Gilbert Parent elected Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons.

Economics and finance
In Beijing, the United States and China reached an agreement on textiles under which the 1994 quota of imports into the U.S. from China would be frozen at the 1993 level and and would increase by only 1% in each of the following two years.

60 people were killed and 7,707 injured when an earthquake measuring 6.6 on the Richter scale struck Los Angeles.

20 years ago

NFC Championship
Atlanta 30 @ Minnesota 27 (OT)

Morten Andersen's 38-yard field goal with 3:08 remaining gave the Falcons their win over the Vikings before 64,060 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis in one of the most exciting playoff games in National Football League history. The Vikings led 27-20 late in the 4th quarter, but Gary Anderson, who hadn't missed a field goal or extra point attempt all year, missed a 39-yard field goal attempt with 2:07 remaining. The Falcons tied the game on a 16-yard touchdown pass by Chris Chandler to Terance Mathis, converted by Mr. Andersen, with 49 seconds remaining in regulation time.

AFC Championship
New York Jets 10 @ Denver 23

Terrell Davis rushed for 167 yards, including a 31-yard touchdown in the 3rd quarter, to help the Broncos defeat the Jets before 75,482 fans at Mile High Stadium. Denver quarterback John Elway, in the final home game of his career, completed just 13 of 34 passes, but connected with Howard Griffith for an 11-yard touchdown to begin a 20-point 3rd quarter for the Broncos.

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