Saturday, 5 January 2019

January 5, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Laura-Belle Robinson and Nadia!

430 years ago

Died on this date
Catherine de' Medici, 69
. Queen consort of France, 1547-1559. Catherine, the daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, married the future King Henry II of France in 1533, and became queen consort when he acceded to the throne in 1547. She was the mother of kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III, serving as regent for Charles IX from 1560-1563. Queen Catherine was perhaps the most powerful woman in Europe in the 16th century.

240 years ago

Born on this date
Stephen Decatur
. U.S. naval officer. Mr. Decatur, a hero of the Tripolitan War in 1804-1805, was one of the judges at the court-martial of James Barron, whose ship Chesapeake had been stopped and bombarded by the British warship Leopard in 1807. Mr. Barron had been found guilty in 1808 of neglecting to clear his ship for action, and had been suspended from duty for five years. Mr. Barron nursed a grudge against Mr. Decatur, and finally challenged him to a duel. The duel took place in Bladensburg, Maryland on the morning of March 22, 1820, and Mr. Decatur, 41, was mortally wounded, dying that night.

140 years ago

Born on this date
Jack Norworth
. U.S. songwriter and singer. Mr. Norworth, born John Godfey Knauff, performed as a singer in vaudeville, but was best known for writing music for such songs as Take Me Out to the Ball Game (1908) and Shine On, Harvest Moon (1908). He died of a heart attack on September 1, 1959 at the age of 80.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Herb Peterson
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Peterson owned several McDonald's restaurants, and devised the Egg McMuffin in 1972, which became the company's signature breakfast item. He died on March 25, 2008 at the age of 89.

Politics and government
The German Workers' Party, the forerunner to the Nazi Party, was founded by Anton Drexler.

75 years ago

The Soviet 2nd Ukrainian Army opened a new offensive and forced a breakthrough on a front 62 miles long to a depth of 25 miles. After five days of fighting, Soviet troops took Berdichev, an important rail centre 100 miles west-southwest of Kiev. U.S. forces in Italy gained approximately one mile along a 10-mile front between Venafro and Rocca d'Evandro and extended their holdings in San Vittore. Chinese troops reportedly advanced on the suburbs of Owchihkow, a Yangtze River port north of Tungting Lake, after capturing all surrounding villages.

Politics and government
U.S. Representative Jessie Sumner (Republican--Illinois) said that she would not be a candidate for re-election in 1944 because "practically all the major questions of policy are now decided in the White House rather than by Congress."

Argentina established strict control of the press, and forbade publication of news "contrary to the general interest of the nation."

Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board recommended to the Defense Plant Corporation in Washington further cutbacks in the steel production expansion program.

American Federation of Labor Vice President Matthew Wolf announced the union's refusal to send delegates to the U.K.-sponsored international meeting of trade union representatives in June 1944 because of Soviet participation.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Joseph McNabb, 61
. U.S. businessman. Mr. McNabb was the president of the motion picture equipment firm Bell & Howell.

Dutch forces declared their "police action" in Sumatra at an end.

Nationalist Chinese General Pai Chung-hsi withdrew his troops from a defense perimeter around the central Chinese industrial city of Wuhan without government authorization.

Politics and government
Major Oscar Osorio succeeded Colonel Manuel de Jesus Cordova as head of El-Salvador's five-man military junta.

South African Negroes broke off all political relations with whites, due to government plans to disband the advisory Negroes' Representative Council and refusal to restore the Negro franchise.

U.S. President Harry Truman delivered his State of the Union address, recommending economic measures that he referred to as the "Fair Deal." The measures included including national health insurance; raising the minimum wage; strengthening the position of organized labour; and guaranteeing the civil rights of all Americans.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Las Chicas De La Cruz Roja--Ana María Parra

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 The Chipmunk Song--The Chipmunks with David Seville (3rd week at #1)
2 Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters
3 To Know Him, Is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
4 Problems--The Everly Brothers
5 One Night--Elvis Presley
6 My Happiness--Connie Francis
7 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
8 A Lover's Question--Clyde McPhatter
9 Gotta Travel On--Billy Grammer
10 Whole Lotta Loving--Fats Domino

Singles entering the chart were You are Beautiful (#73)/Let's Love (#82) by Johnny Mathis; Peter Gunn by Ray Anthony and his Orchestra (#78); Yellow Bird by the Mills Brothers (#81); The Girl on Page 44 by the Four Lads (#83); May You Always by the McGuire Sisters (#84); The Little Space Girl by Jesse Lee Turner (#86); The One Rose (That's Left in My Heart) by Teresa Brewer (#88); Teach Me Tonight Cha Cha by the DeCastro Sisters (#89); That's Why I Cry by Buddy Knox (#95); Tall Paul by Annette with the Afterbeats (#98); Sermonette by Della Reese (#99); and Gazachstahagen by the Wild-Cats (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 The Chipmunk Song--The Chipmunks with David Seville (4th week at #1)
2 Gotta Travel On--Billy Grammer
3 To Know Him is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
4 I Got Stung/One Night--Elvis Presley
5 Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters
6 Queen of the Hop--Bobby Darin
7 Problems/Love of My Life--The Everly Brothers
8 I Got a Feeling/Lonesome Town--Ricky Nelson
9 Bimbombey--Jimmie Rodgers
10 Donna--Ritchie Valens

Singles entering the chart were I'm a Man by Fabian (#44); The Children's Marching Song (Nick Nack Paddy Whack) by Cyril Stapleton and his Orchestra (#46); I've Had It by the Bell Notes (#50); Trust in Me by Patti Page (#51); With the Wind and the Rain in Your Hair by Pat Boone (#52); Land of You and Me by the Four Esquires (#56); Little Space Girl by Jesse Lee Turner (#57); Ambrose (Part Five) by Linda Laurie (#58); and Teach Me Tonight Cha Cha by the DeCastro Sisters (#60).

U.S.S.R. First Deputy Premier Anastas Mikoyan met in Washington with U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles for talks on Berlin and other world problems.

Arriving in Havana to begin 18 months of provisional rule until general elections could be held, provisional President Manuel Urrutia declared that his new Cuban government would not open relations with the U.S.S.R.

The U.S. administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower issued a statement expressing doubt that nuclear test detection methods recommended by the Geneva conference of nuclear experts could reliably pinpoint underground atomic explosions.

World events
Congolese Governor General Henri Bosmans declared a state of alert in the Belgian Congo and cut off Leopoldville from Brazzaville, the French Equatorial African capital across the Congo River.

Politics and government
The U.K. Colonial Office announced plans to revoke the Maltese constitution and vest authority in an interim regime, to be headed by Governor Sir Robert Laycock.

50 years ago

Died on this date
Patrick Flynn, 74
. U.K.-born U.S. runner. Mr. Flynn, a native of Ireland, won the Irish Four Mile championship in 1912, and moved to the United States a year later. He was wounded in the arm while serving in World War I, but recovered, and competed in the 1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp, winning the silver medal in the men’s 3,000-metre steeplechase. Mr. Flynn retired from competitive running in 1925.

The U.S.S.R. launched Venera 5, a probe aimed to descend to the night-side surface of Venus in mid-May 1969.

U.S. forces set up a 150-mile naval patrol along the South Vietnam-Cambodia border.

At least 52 people were killed when an Afghan jetliner crashed while approaching Gatwick Airport, south of London, and demolished a house.

Playoff Bowl @ Orange Bowl, Miami
Dallas 17 Minnesota 13

Don Meredith, playing the last game of his 9-year professional career--all with Dallas--completed touchdown passes to Bob Hayes in the 2nd quarter and Craig Baynham in the 4th quarter to lead the Cowboys to a come-from-behind victory. Bobby Bryant returned a punt for a touchdown in the 1st quarter as the Vikings opened the scoring. Only 22,961 fans showed up to see the Cowboys, losers of the Eastern Conference championship game, defeat the Vikings, losers of the Western Conference championship game. The lack of interest in the game was probably influenced by the fact that Super Bowl III between the National Football League champion Baltimore Colts and American Football League champion New York Jets was to be held at the Orange Bowl a week later.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (12th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Mary's Boy Child--Boney M.

#1 single in France (IFOP): Y.M.C.A.--Village People (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Happy Birthday, Charlie Brown, on CBS

This was an hour-long special celebrating the 30th anniversary of Peanuts as a comic strip, and the 15th anniversary of the first Peanuts television special--although both anniversaries didn't occur until late in 1980.

Died on this date
Billy Bletcher, 84
. U.S. actor. Mr. Bletcher appeared in silent films, but was best known as a voice actor, providing the voice of Mickey Mouse in cartoons from 1932-1954.

Les Lear, 60. U.S.-born football player and coach. Mr. Lear, a native of Grafton, North Dakota, grew up in Manitoba and played tackle for the University of Manitoba before playing with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers (1938-1941) and Winnipeg RCAF-Bombers (1942-1943), helping his team to Grey Cup victories in 1939 and 1941. He jumped to the Cleveland Rams in 1944, becoming the National Football League's first Canadian-trained player. Mr. Lear helped the Rams win the NFL championship in 1945, and played with them during their first season in Los Angeles in 1946. He was with the Detroit Lions in 1947, and returned to Canada in 1948 as playing coach of the Calgary Stampeders. Mr. Lear led the Stampeders to a 12-0 regular season record and the team's first Grey Cup championship in 1948, which was followed by a 13-1 record and a Western championship in 1949. The Stampeders missed the playoffs in the next two seasons, and Mr. Lear was fired after they blew a 19-point lead in the 2-game total points Western semi-finals against the Edmonton Eskimos in 1952. Mr. Lear eventually returned to the United States, where he became a successful owner and trainer of race horses in the 1960s and early '70s. He was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1974 as a player, and died of kidney failure.

Charles Mingus, 56. U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Mingus was a jazz double bassist and pianist who became one of the most influential jazz musicians in history, performing on his own, leading his own band, and performing in other bands and in combos with other prominent musicians. He died after a long battle with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

The album Armed Forces by Elvis Costello and the Attractions was released on Radar Records in the U.K. and on Columbia Records in North America.

A new dinosaur gallery, housing three skeletons from Drumheller, opened at the Provincial Museum in Edmonton.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): Back to the Stone Age--Stone (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Especially for You--Kylie Minogue and Jason Donovan

Independent counsel Lawrence Walsh moved to dismiss charges of conspiring to defraud the U.S. government and stealing government property against former National Security Council member Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North, who had contended that he needed thousands of pages of documents to defend himself against the charges. Judge Gerhard Gesell had supported Lt. Col. North's right to gain access to at least some of the documents, but the administration of President Ronald Reagan had refused to provide some of the secret documents, citing national security.

Politics and government
U.S. President Ronald Reagan gave his approval to the recommendations of the President's Commission on Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Salaries that salaries of U.S. government leaders be raised by at least 50%. By law, the increases would take effect within a month after the president approved the recommendation, unless rejected by both houses of Congress.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Elmar Lipping, 87
. Estonian politician. Mr. Lipping was Estonian Minister of Foreign Affairs in exile from 1982-1990.

Thomas "Tip" O'Neill, 81. U.S. politician. Mr. O'Neill, a Democrat, represented Massachusetts in the United States House of Representatives from 1953-1987 and was Speaker of the House from 1977-1987.

A U.S. State Department official said that the U.S. and North Korea had agreed in principle that the latter would allow inspections of its seven declared nuclear facilities, and that officials of the International Atomic Energy Agency would be allowed to replace film and batteries in surveillance cameras. North Korea also promised to resume a dialogue with South Korea, and the U.S., in return, would cancel its annual military exercise with South Korea.

Politics and government
Juvenal Habyarimana was sworn in as President of Rwanda, to lead an interim government slated to serve for 22 months, with multi-party elections scheduled for October 1995.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Griffin Bell, 90
. U.S. judge and politician. Mr. Bell was a Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit from 1961-1976, and served as Attorney General in the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter from 1977-1979. He died from pancreatic cancer and kidney disease.

Thomas Cromwell was sworn in as a Puisne Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada, after Prime Minister Stephen Harper abandoned plans for public selection hearings.

A bomber destroyed a pipeline metering shed near the community of Tomslake, British Columbia; it was the fourth explosion in B.C. during 2008-09.

Canada defeated Sweden 5-1 to win the World Junior Hockey Championship for a fifth straight year; Canada's 15th gold tied Russia/Soviet Union for the all-time lead.

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