1,700 years ago
In the Battle of Tzirallum, Emperor Licinius defeated Maximinus II and unified the Eastern Roman Empire.
950 years ago
Died on this date
Renzong, 52. Emperor of China, 1022-1063. The son of Emperor Zhenzong of the Song dynasty, Renzong's reign was characterized by a foreign policy of pacifism. He died without an heir and was succeeded on the throne by Yingzong.
500 years ago
Died on this date
Edmund de la Pole, 41 (?). English nobleman. Mr. de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk, was a nephew of King Richard III, and after the death of Richard and Mr. de la Pole's brother John, Earl of Lincoln, the leading claimant to the throne from the House of York. Mr. de la Pole was imprisoned by King Henry VII and was executed on the orders of his successor, King Henry VIII.
210 years ago
The United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling the size of the nation.
175 years ago
Nicaragua declared its independence from the Central American Federation.
150 years ago
A 65-man French Foreign Legion infantry patrol fought a force of nearly 2,000 Mexican soldiers to nearly the last man in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico. Captain Jean Danjou, 35, the patrol's commander, was not one of their two survivors.
130 years ago
Died on this date
Édouard Manet, 51. French artist. Mr. Manet, whose paintings spanned the years 1860-1883, was a key figure in the transition from realism to impressionism in French painting. He died of rheumatism and untreated syphilis, 11 days after having his left foot amputated because of gangrene.
125 years ago
Hailstones killed about 250 in the Moradabad district of Delhi, India.
110 years ago
Died on this date
Emily Howard Stowe, 71. In 1880 Mrs. Stowe became the first woman admitted to practice medicine in Canada. She later campaigned for women's suffrage and died in Toronto the day before her 72nd birthday.
75 years ago
At the movies
The cartoon short Porky's Hare Hunt debuted in movie theatres, introducing Happy Rabbit (a prototype of Bugs Bunny).
English FA Cup Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Preston North End 1 Huddersfield Town 0 (ET)
George Mutch scored on a penalty kick in the final minute of extra time to give Preston North End the win before 93,497 fans in the first FA Cup Final ever televised, on BBC.
70 years ago
#1 single in Australia: I Don't Want to Walk Without You--Harry James and his Music Makers (3rd month at #1)
On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
This was the first broadcast of the program since March 1, 1942, and the first on the Mutual Broadcasting System after being on NBC from 1939-1942.
At the movies
Sherlock Holmes in Washington, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, opened in theatres in the United States.
Died on this date
Beatrice Webb, 85. U.K. economist and social reformer. Mrs. Webb, with her husband Sidney, helped to found the London School of Economics and was a member of the Fabian Society, which promoted the transition of society to socialism through gradual means.
Otto Jespersen, 82. Danish philologist. Dr. Jespersen specialized in the grammar of the English language and was a professor of English at the University of Copenhagen from 1893-1925.
U.S. and Canadian naval officials announced that Allied planes would provide a protective umbrella over the North Atlantic shipping lanes in an effort to combat German U-boats. The British submarine HMS Seraph surfaced in the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Spain to deposit a dead man planted with false invasion plans and dressed as a British military intelligence officer. The plan, known as Operation Mincemeat, was intended to convince the German high command that the Allies planned to invade Greece and Sardinia in 1943 instead of the actual target of Sicily. German troops, with heavy tank support, again counterattacked along the entire Tunisian front, but were repulsed, with heavy losses.
U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull announced the severance of political relations and the termination of all agreements with Martinique because of its close association with Vichy France and Nazi Germany.
The United Mine Workers of America rejected U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's ultimatum not to strike when its contract expired at midnight this night.
60 years ago
An F4 tornado killed 18 people in Warner Robins, Georgia.
50 years ago
The Bristol Bus Boycott was held in Bristol, England to protest the Bristol Omnibus Company's refusal to employ Black or Asian bus crews, drawing national attention to racial discrimination in the United Kingdom.
Flooding from the Mackenzie River forced the evacuation of 500 of the 1,800 residents of Hay River, Northwest Territories. Most of those evacuated were taken to Edmonton. The flood occurred when the river broke through an 11-mile-long ice jam, but was unable to empty into Great Slave Lake, which was still frozen.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Top of the World--Carpenters (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France: Un chant d'amour, un chant d'été--Frédéric François
U.S. President Richard Nixon delivered a televised address on the growing scandal concerning the June 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee in the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., in which he accepted, as "top man in the organization," full responsibility for "people whose zeal exceeded their judgment and who may have done wrong in a cause they deeply believed to be right." Also that day, Mr. Nixon accepted the resignations of chief of staff H.R. Haldeman, domestic affairs assistant John Ehrlichman, and presidential counsel John Dean. Messrs. Haldeman and Ehrlichman maintained their innocence, but stated that their ability to carry out their duties had been undermined. Mr. Nixon had asked for the resignation of Mr. Dean, who was immediately replaced by Leonard Garment, a special consultant to the President. Attorney General Richard Kleindienst resigned as well, saying "persons with whom I had close personal and professional associations could be involved in conduct violative of the laws of the United States" and "fair and impartial enforcement of the law requires that a person who has not had such intimate relationships be Attorney General of the United States." Mr. Kleindienst was immediately replaced by Defense Secretary Elliot Richardson, who was authorized to appoint a special prosecutor in the Watergate matter if it were deemed necessary.
A state of emergency was declared in five major cities in Argentina after the assassination in Buenos Aires of the former Chief of Staff of the armed forces.
Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary George Shultz submitted President Ricard Nixon's tax reform legislation to the House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee. Mr. Nixon's proposed changes would cost the government $900 million in revenue during the first year of operation.
The Southern Yemeni Foreign Minister and 24 of his envoys were killed in a plane crash 300 miles north of Aden.
30 years ago
#1 single in France: Do You Really Want to Hurt Me--Culture Club (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Let's Dance--David Bowie (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Words--F.R. David (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K.: True--Spandau Ballet
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Beat It--Michael Jackson
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mr. Roboto--Styx
2 Come On Eileen--Dexys Midnight Runners & the Emerald Express
3 Beat It--Michael Jackson
4 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson
5 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
6 Der Kommissar--After the Fire
7 One on One--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 Let's Dance--David Bowie
9 She Blinded Me with Science--Thomas Dolby
10 You Are--Lionel Richie
Singles entering the chart were Don't Let it End by Styx (#42); Family Man by Daryl Hall & John Oates (#61); All My Life by Kenny Rogers (#77); Love on Your Side by Thompson Twins (#83); Don't Pay the Ferryman by Chris DeBurgh (#84); Our House by Madness (#85); Ricky by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#86); Side by Side by Earth, Wind and Fire (#87); No Time for Talk by Christopher Cross (#88); Bang the Drum All Day by Todd Rundgren (#89); and Candy Girl by New Edition (#90). Ricky was a spoof of Toni Basil's recent hit Mickey.
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 She Blinded Me with Science--Thomas Dolby (2nd week at #1)
2 Let's Dance--David Bowie
3 Beat It--Michael Jackson
4 Jeopardy--Greg Kihn Band
5 Mr. Roboto--Styx
6 Billie Jean--Michael Jackson
7 Hungry Like the Wolf--Duran Duran
8 Midnight Blue--Louise Tucker
9 Sex (I'm a...)--Berlin
10 Back on the Chain Gang--Pretenders
Singles entering the chart were Time (Clock of the Heart) by Culture Club (#40); Puttin' on the Ritz by Taco (#44); She's a Beauty by the Tubes (#49); and Straight from the Heart by Bryan Adams (#50).
Died on this date
George Balanchine, 79. Russian-born U.S. choreographer. Mr. Balanchine began his career in Russia, but defected to England in 1924 while on tour; he then joined Sergei Diaghilev’s Ballet Russes, creating nine ballets for them between 1924 and 1929. In October 1933 Mr. Balanchine moved to the United States; he promptly created the School of American Ballet, which opened on January 2, 1934. Mr. Balanchine worked as a choreographer for musical theatre in the 1930s and 1940s. A company that he formed in 1935 called American Ballet lasted just a few years, but he had more success in the late 1940s, forming a company that eventually became known as the New York City Ballet. In 1954 Mr. Balanchine staged The Nutcracker for the first time; it quickly became a Christmas tradition in the United States and elsewhere. In 1978 Mr. Balanchine became one of the first people to receive a Kennedy Center Honors Award.
Muddy Waters, 70. U.S. blues musician. Mr. Waters, born McKinley Morganfield, was born in Mississippi, but moved to Chicago, where he became known as "the Father of Chicago blues." Mr. Waters’ sound was basically an electrified version of Mississippi Delta blues. He greatly inspired the blues-based British rock groups of the 1960s; for example, the Rolling Stones took their name from a line in Mr. Waters’ song Mannish Boy. Rollin’ Stone was the title of another hit by Mr. Waters. Other hit singles of his included Hoochie Coochie Man; I Just Want to Make Love to You; I’m Ready; Long Distance Call; Rock Me; and Got My Mojo Working. Muddy Waters’ albums won six Grammy Awards for Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording between 1971 and 1979.
On television tonight
Blood Feud, Part II, on ABC
This was the second half of a made-for-television movie about the feud between Robert F. Kennedy, then-Attorney General of the United States, and Jimmy Hoffa, president of the Teamsters Union in the 1960s. Cotter Smith turned in a fine performance as Mr. Kennedy, but Robert Blake's performance as Mr. Hoffa stole the show.
Politics and government
Thailand's Prime Minister, Prem Tinsulanonda, was reappointed to a new four-year term after reversing his April 26 decision to retire.
New York Islanders 7 Boston 3
25 years ago
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): L'Amore Rubato--Luca Barbarossa (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Gimme Hope Jo'anna--Eddy Grant (4th week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): One More Try--George Michael
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Theme from S-Express--S-Express
#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Theme from S-Express--S-Express
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston
2 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
3 Devil Inside--INXS
5 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
6 Anything for You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
7 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
9 Prove Your Love--Taylor Dayne
10 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
Singles entering the chart were The Valley Road by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#59); Alphabet St. by Prince (#68); Heart of Mine by Boz Scaggs (#77); Supersonic by J.J. Fad (#84); Pour Some Sugar on Me by Def Leppard (#87); Most of All by Jody Watley (#88); and Underneath the Radar by Underworld (#90).
Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean (4th week at #1)
2 Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley
3 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
4 Devil Inside--INXS
5 I Saw Him Standing There--Tiffany
6 Man in the Mirror--Michael Jackson
7 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
8 Endless Summer Nights--Richard Marx
9 Push It--Salt-N-Pepa
9 Where Do Broken Hearts Go--Whitney Houston
Singles entering the chart were The Valley Road by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#83); Breakaway by Big Pig (#87); We All Sleep Alone by Cher (#92); Rebel by Blue Rodeo (#95); and I Wasn't the One (Who Said Bye) by Agnetha Faltskog (#96).
Three days of peace talks between Nicaragua’s Sandanista government and opposition Contra rebels produced no agreement.
Prince of Wales Conference
New Jersey 3 @ Washington 2 (New Jersey won best-of-seven series 4-3)
John MacLean broke a 2-2 tie with 6:11 remaining in regulation time as the Devils eliminated the Capitals at Capital Center in Landover, Maryland.
The New York Knights beat the Los Angeles Cobras 60-52 before 10,157 fans in Los Angeles in the Arena Football League’s first game ever.
Washington 101 @ Detroit 102 (Detroit led best-of-five series 2-0)
Houston 119 @ Dallas 108 (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)
Utah 114 @ Portand 105 (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)
Dave Winfield drove in his 28th and 29th runs of the season in the Yankees’ 15-3 rout of the Texas Rangers, tying the major league record for RBIs in April.
The New York Mets and Cincinnati Reds hooked up in a wild game at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati that the Mets won 6-5, on a delayed call by first base umpire Dave Pallone. The call resulted in a $10,000 fine and 30-day suspension of Reds manager Pete Rose when Mr. Pallone accidentally poked Mr. Rose in the cheek and Mr. Rose shoved Mr. Pallone twice.
20 years ago
Monica Seles, the world's #1-ranked women's tennis player, was stabbed in the back by a fan named Gunter Parche as she sat at courtside during a Citizen Cup match against Steffi Graf in Hamburg.
The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) announced that World Wide Web protocols would be free.
IIHF World Men's Championship @ Munich
Russia 7 Canada 4
Sweden 4 Czech Republic 3 (OT)
Atlanta 90 @ Chicago 114 (Chicago led best-of-five series 1-0)
Indiana 104 @ New York 107 (New York led best-of-five series 1-0)
Los Angeles Lakers 107 @ Phoenix 103 (Los Angeles led best-of-five series 1-0)
Utah 85 @ Seattle 99 (Seattle led best-of-five series 1-0)
10 years ago
A Palestinian suicide bomber killed himself and three others, while wounding 50, outside a pub in Tel Aviv.
Pakistani authorities announced the arrests of six suspected al-Qaeda members, including Whalid ba Attash, aka Tawfiq bin Attash or Khallad, claimed to have been a key figure behind the 2000 bombing of the USS Cole and the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States.
Libya accepted responsibility for the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland.
U.S. troops fired into a crowd of anti-American demonstrators in Falluja, Iraq. Iraqis claimed two people had been shot dead.
U.S. President George W. Bush signed Amber Alert legislation, initiating a nationwide system aimed at promptly informing the public, using radio, television, and electronic highway signs, of abductions of children. The law was named after Amber Hagerman, a 9-year-old Texas girl who had been kidnapped and murdered in 1996.
Mayor William Paulding, the very respectable brother - We’re just a couple months away from a new mayor in New York City so we think it is time that you Know Your Mayors! Become familiar with other men who’ve...
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