Tuesday, 31 October 2017

October 31, 2017

500 years ago
1517


Religion
Martin Luther reportedly posted his 95 Theses on the door of All Saints' Church in Wittenberg, Saxony, beginning the Protestant Reformation.

150 years ago
1867


Economics and finance
Bavaria and Wurtemburg joined the Zollverein.

130 years ago
1887


Born on this date
Chiang Kai-shek
. Chinese military and political leader. Mr. Chiang was the major military and political leader of China from 1928 until his Nationalist forces were defeated by Communists in 1949. Mr. Chiang and his forces fled the Chinese mainland and relocated on the island of Taiwan, where he served as President of the Republic of China until his death on April 5, 1975 at the age of 87.

125 years ago
1892


Born on this date
Aleksandr Alekhine
. Russian-born French chess player. Mr. Alekhine was a Grandmaster who emigrated to France in 1921. He defeated José Raúl Capablanca to win the world championship in 1927, and dominated tournament play until losing his title to Max Euwe in 1935. Mr. Alekhine regained the championship in the rematch against Mr. Euwe in 1937, and cooperated with occupying Nazi authorities in France during World War II in order to protect his French wife's assets. Mr. Alekhine's wartime activities resulted in his not being invited to tournaments outside the Iberian peninsula. He was preparing to defend his title in Estoril, Portugal when he was found dead in his hotel room on March 24, 1946 at the age of 53; his death was attributed to a heart attack, although one reported witness to the autopsy said that Mr. Alekhine had choked on a piece of meat. Mr. Alekhine was opposed to Communism and the Soviet government, and conspiracy theories assert that he was murdered and the evidence altered.

Transportation
The Norfolk and Western Railroad was opened for traffic to Portsmouth, Ohio.

Boxing
Joe Choynski (19-4) knocked out George Godfrey (22-5-11) in the 15th round of a light heavyweight bout at Coney Island Athletic Club, Coney Island, New York.

110 years ago
1907


Track and field
117 competitors each carried a 200-pound bag of salt over the greatest possible distance in the streets of Montreal. The race was organized by Dr. Joseph-Pierre Gadbois in order to discover elite athletes among the French-Canadian population. Hundreds of thousands of Montrealers witnessed the test, won by Joseph Ouellette, covering nearly 5 miles in a time of 3 hours and 5 minutes.

Football
IRFU
Ottawa (1-3) 8 @ Hamilton (3-1) 20
Montreal (4-1) 9 @ Toronto (1-4) 7

ORFU
Peterboro (2-1) 15 @ (Toronto) Victorias (1-2) 6

Canadian university
Toronto (2-2) 10 @ Ottawa (3-0-1) 13

ARU
Strathcona (0-2) 0 @ Calgary (1-0) 15

500 fans at the Western college grounds saw the first game for Calgary City Rugby Football Club.

100 years ago
1917


Died on this date
Gilbert Ganong, 66
. Canadian confectioner and politician. Mr. Ganong, a native of Springfield, New Brunswick, moved to St. Stephen, N.B. and entered into a partnership with his brother James to establish Ganong Bros. in 1873, which became the largest manufacturer of confectionary products in Canada. Gilbert Ganong was a Liberal-Conservative and represented the New Brunswick riding of Charlotte in the Canadian House of Commons (1896-1908). He took office as Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick on June 29, 1917, but died of "intestinal toxemia complications with nephritis" after just four months in office.

War
British Empire forces led by General Edmund Allenby won a tactical victory over Ottoman and German forces in the Battle of Beersheba in Syria, the "last successful cavalry charge in history."

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Don't Want to Set the World on Fire--Horace Heidt and his Orchestra; The Ink Spots (1st month at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): White Christmas--Bing Crosby

War
About 30 German planes bombed Canterbury in an afternoon raid. American fliers caused heavy damage to several Japanese ships in a night attack on Buin, Bouganville Island.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll reported that the Democratic Party would win 256-276 seats and the Republican Party 158-178 seats in November 3 U.S. Congressional elections.

Labour
U.S. Labor Secretary Frances Perkins said that at least 3 million more women and 1.5 million more men must be employed during the next year to avert a serious labour shortage.

Football
Ottawa Senior City Football League
Uplands RCAF (2-1) 13 Rough Riders (2-1) 6

2,500 fans were in attendance at Lansdowne Park.

ORFU
Kitchener-Waterloo (0-7) 5 @ HMCS York (4-2-1) 18
Toronto RCAF Hurricanes (6-0-1) 20 Toronto Balmy Beach (4-3) 10
Toronto Oakwood Indians (2-5) 5 @ Hamilton (4-3) 20

WSCFL
Finals (1st game of 2-game total points series)
RCAF 18 Bombers 14

Johnny Lake scored a touchdown, 2 converts, and 2 field goals as the Bombers scored all their points in the 2nd half to beat the Flyers at Osborne Stadium. Wally “Chick” Chikowski scored the other RCAF touchdown. Bud Moorhouse and Ken Preston scored touchdowns for the Bombers; Frank Mathers kicked a convert and Ches McCance added a field goal.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mam'selle--Frank Sinatra; Dick Haymes (1st month at #1)

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly approved a headquarters agreement with the United States that gave UN delegates diplomatic immunity in New York, but allowed the U.S. to deport delegates and UN employees who broke American laws outside their official duties. The Assembly rejected a Soviet proposal giving colonial territories associate membership on the UN Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East.

The 1947 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to the American Friends Service Committee and the British Society of Friends Service Council for "compassion for others and the desire to help them."

World events
Romanian National Peasant Party leader Juliu Maniu denied at his trial in Bucharest that he had plotted to overthrow the state, but admitted giving information to U.S. and U.K. agents while seeking their aid in removing Romania's Communist-dominated government.

Politics and government
A predominantly military cabinet headed by Navy Minister Admiral Roque Saldias took office in Peru.

The Slovak National Council, dominated by the centrist Democratic Party, was dissolved by its Communist chairman, Gustav Husak.

Defense
The U.S. Navy accepted delivery of its first transport helicopter, the Piasecki HRP 1 Rescuer, capable of carrying a one-ton load and eight passengers at more than 100 miles per hour.

Economics and finance
The Greek government announced a $120-million program of emergency taxes on business, property, and luxury goods for military and relief purposes.

Labour
American Federation of Labor Secretary-Treasurer George Meany signed a National Labor Relations Board affidavit affirming that he was not a Communist.

Boxing
World light heavyweight champion Gus Lesnevich (59-11-5) scored a technical knockout of Tami Mauriello (75-11-1) at 33 seconds of the 7th round of their heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York. The two had fought three months earlier, with Mr. Lesnevich winning a 10-round unanimous decision.

European middleweight champion Marcel Cerdan (103-2) survived 3 knockdowns in the final round to win a 10-round unanimous decision over Anton Raadik (19-7); the decision was booed by many of the 9,172 fans at Chicago Stadium.

Basketball
PBLA
Tulsa (3-1) 46 @ Kansas City (0-2) 38
Chicago (1-0) 59 @ St. Paul (1-1) 49
New Orleans (1-1) 75 @ Chattanooga (0-1) 57

60 years ago
1957


Diplomacy
The Arab League Council, meeting in Cairo, unanimously approved a resolution renewing pledges that "any attack against Syria will be considered an attack against all Arab countries."

Defense
The U.S. Air Force successfully test-launched a Snark guided missile, which delivered a simulated nuclear warhead over a distance of 5,000 miles.

Politics and government
Swedish Prime Minister Tage Erlander took office as the head of a new, all-Socialist cabinet.

Labour
The Teamsters union Executive Board decided in Washington not to oust President Jimmy Hoffa or take any of the other clean-up steps ordered by the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations Executive Council.

50 years ago
1967


On television tonight
The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Summit Meeting: Part I

Politics and government
Lieutenant General Nguyen Van Thieu was inaugurated as President of South Vietnam; he appointed a civilian, Nguyen Van Loc, as Prime Minister.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Wanted (Shimei Tehai)--Pink Lady (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Rockollection--Laurent Voulzy (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council demanded an end to "violence and repression against the black people" of South Africa.

Politics and government
The James Bay Land Claims Agreement, Canada's first modern First Nations treaty, was signed into law in Montreal. The agreement between the Government of Canada and New Québec Cree and Inuit transferred aboriginal rights and lands in return for $225 million, hunting and fishing rights and greater self-government, paving the way for construction of the James Bay Hydroelectric Project, which would flood ancestral land.

Scandal
Former U.S. Central Intelligence Agency Director Richard Helms, in a plea bargain, pled no contest to two misdemeanor counts of failing to testify fully and accurately at two Senate committee hearing in 1973. Mr. Helms had twice denied that the CIA had provided money to opponents of Chilean President Salvador Allende, but it was later revealed that the agency had given over $8 million to Mr. Allende's opponents. Mr. Helms was allowed to get away with the plea bargain because the administration of President Jimmy Carter believed that a public trial of Mr. Helms for perjury would have required the release of classified information.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Bad--Michael Jackson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Bamba--Los Lobos (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): You Win Again--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): You Win Again--Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): You Win Again--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bad--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bad--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)
2 I Think We're Alone Now--Tiffany
3 Causing a Commotion--Madonna
4 U Got the Look--Prince
5 Casanova--Levert
6 Mony Mony (Live)--Billy Idol
7 Brilliant Disguise--Bruce Springsteen
8 Let Me Be the One--Expose
9 Little Lies--Fleetwood Mac
10 Breakout--Swing Out Sister

Singles entering the chart were So Emotional by Whitney Houston (#49); If You Let Me Stay by Terence Trent D'Arby (#89); and System of Survival by Earth, Wind and Fire (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 Mony Mony (Live)--Billy Idol
2 Here I Go Again--Whitesnake
3 Paper in Fire--John Cougar Mellencamp
4 I Heard a Rumour--Bananarama
5 Only in My Dreams-Debbie Gibson
6 La Bamba--Los Lobos
7 Causing a Commotion--Madonna
8 Bad--Michael Jackson
9 Lost in Emotion--Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
10 When Smokey Sings--ABC

Singles entering the chart were Got My Mind Set on You by George Harrison (#89); Boy's Night Out by Timothy B. Schmit (#92); Shake Your Love by Debbie Gibson (#94); Candle in the Wind by Elton John (#95); Don't You Want Me by Jody Watley (#96); and Valerie by Steve Winwood (#97).

Politics and government
Motivated by the need for democratic reforms and by discontent with the Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, delegates at a convention in Winnipeg officially founded the Reform Party of Canada.

Football
CIAU
AUAA
St. Mary’s 26 Acadia 25
Mount Allison 24 St. Francis Xavier 23

OQIFC
Semi-Finals
Bishop’s 39 Carleton 0
McGill 27 Queen’s 24

OUAA
Semi-Finals
Guelph 22 @ Western Ontario 20
Windsor 13 @ Wilfrid Laurier 32

WIFL
Saskatchewan (2-6) 15 @ British Columbia (8-0) 27

The previously-unbeaten Mustangs gave up 3 interceptions and lost 2 fumbles as they lost to the Gryphons before 3,000 fans at J.W. Little Memorial Stadium in London. Carl Ljunberg converted 1 of 2 Guelph touchdowns and kicked 3 field goals, including 2 in the last 5 minutes of the game to provide the margin of victory. Mr. Ljunberg’s 21-yard field goal with 2:13 remaining in the 4th quarter gave the Gryphons a 22-19 lead. Western had a chance to send the game into overtime, but Ray Macoritti missed a 25-yard field goal attempt and it went for a single point with 6 seconds left. Jeff Feagan rushed 2 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Ljunberg, to open the scoring midway through the 1st quarter. A single by Mr. Macoritti got UWO on the scoreboard before the quarter was over, and the Mustangs took an 8-7 lead in the 2nd quarter on a 9-yard touchdown rush by John Wright, converted by Mr. Macoritti. The touchdown came after the Western defense had stopped Guelph on a third-down-and-2-yards-to-go gamble. Mr. Ljunberg kicked a 33-yard field goal, and the Gryphons led 10-8 at halftime. Another single by Mr. Macoritti made the score 10-9. A fumble on a handoff from Mr. Jurus to Mr. Wright was recovered by Guelph, and quarterback Mike Shoemaker fired a 37-yard touchdown pass to Brian Campbell; the convert attempt was unsuccessful. Mr. Macoritti kicked a 27-yard field goal, and the Gryphons led 16-12 after 3 quarters. Early in the 4th quarter, the Gryphons had the ball at the Western 3-yard line, but fumbled on a rushing play, and defensive back Paul Josephs recovered for the Mustangs in their end zone, resulting in UWO taking possession at its own 25. On the first play, Rob Stewart rushed 79 yards; Brendan Lenko then rushed 6 yards for a touchdown, and Mr. Macoritti’s convert gave the Mustangs a 19-16 lead with exactly 10 minutes remaining. However, the Gryphons drove for the tying field goal and got the winning field goal after making an interception off Mr. Jurus. Mr. Stewart led all rushers with 107 yards on 9 carries, while Mr. Wright rushed 13 times for 81 yards. Mr. Campbell led all receivers with 151 yards on 8 receptions.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Achy Breaky Heart--Billy Ray Cyrus (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Zero--B'z (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Erotica--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Don't You Want Me--Felix (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Heading for a Fall--Vaya con Dios (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Dur dur d'être bébé!--Jordy (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): End of the Road--Boyz II Men

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (12th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 End of the Road--Boyz II Men (7th week at #1)
2 Sometimes Love Just Ain't Enough--Patty Smyth with Don Henley
3 Erotica--Madonna
4 I'd Die Without You--PM Dawn
5 Jump Around--House of Pain
6 How Do You Talk to an Angel--The Heights
7 When I Look Into Your Eyes--Firehouse
8 Free Your Mind--En Vogue
9 Please Don't Go--K.W.S.
10 She's Playing Hard to Get--Hi-Five

Singles entering the chart were Saving Forever for You by Shanice (#63); Keep the Faith by Bon Jovi (#65); Rump Shaker by Wreckx-N-Effect (#66); Slow and Sexy by Shabba Ranks (featuring Johnny Gill) (#82); and No One Else on Earth by Wynonna (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sometimes Love Just Ain't Enough--Patty Smyth with Don Henley (7th week at #1)
2 Layla--Eric Clapton
3 End of the Road--Boyz II Men
4 Walking on Broken Glass--Annie Lennox
5 Nothing Broken But My Heart--Celine Dion
6 Song Instead of a Kiss--Alannah Myles
7 Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad--Def Leppard
8 Digging in the Dirt--Peter Gabriel
9 Not Enough Time--INXS
10 Washed Away--Tom Cochrane

Singles entering the chart were Who's Gonna Ride Your Wild Horses by U2 (#50); Never Saw a Miracle by Curtis Stigers (#75); Hotel Illness by the Black Crowes (#86); Twister by the Northern Pikes (#92); An Emotion Away by Alanis (#93); My Name is Prince by Prince (#95); Little Miss Can't Be Wrong by Spin Doctors (#96); Money Love by Neneh Cherry (#97); and What About Your Friends by TLC (#99).

Abominations
It was announced that five American nuns in Liberia had been shot to death near the capital city of Monrovia; the killings were blamed on rebels loyal to Charles Taylor.

Religion
Pope John Paul II admitted that the Roman Catholic Church had erred in convicting Galileo Galilei of heresy 350 years earlier for saying that the Earth revolved around the sun.

Football
CFL
Toronto (6-11) 12 @ Ottawa (9-8) 31
Winnipeg (10-7) 29 @ British Columbia (3-14) 26

Quarterback Tom Burgess passed to James Ellingson for a touchdown, rushed for a touchdown of his own, and handed off to Darren Joseph for another as the Rough Riders eliminated the Argonauts from playoff contention before 24,694 fans at Lansdowne Park in the last game there before it was renamed Frank Clair Stadium. Joe Sardo scored the other Ottawa touchdown on a 57-yard return of a blocked punt in the 2nd quarter. Raghib “Rocket” Ismail rushed 4 yards for the only Toronto touchdown in the 1st quarter. Mr. Joseph finished with 89 yards on 15 carries. The Argonauts became the first team to miss the playoffs the year after winning the Grey Cup since the Hamilton Tiger-Cats in 1973, and the first CFL team to lose all of its road games in a season since the Montreal Concordes in 1982.

Michael Richardson rushed 28 times for 161 yards and Danny McManus completed touchdown passes to Rob Crifo in the 1st quarter and Larry Thompson in the 3rd quarter as the Blue Bombers held on to beat the Lions before 18,183 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. B.C. quarterback Mike Johnson threw touchdown passes to offensive lineman Carl Coulter, Darren Flutie, and Mike Trevathan. Mr. Coulter, normally an offensive lineman, was playing tight end on a short-yardage play from the Winnipeg 3-yard line when he caught his touchdown pass in the 2nd quarter.

CIAU
AUAA
St. Mary’s 56 St. Francis Xavier 17
Mount Allison 32 Acadia 29

OQIFC
Semi-Finals
Bishop’s 21 Ottawa 13
Queen’s 24 McGill 21

OUAA
Semi-finals
Western Ontario 34 Wilfrid Laurier 31
Guelph 31 Toronto 17 (OT)

CWUAA
Manitoba (3-4-1) 18 Saskatchewan (3-5) 15

CWUAA-U.S. (Exhibition)
Western Washington 24 British Columbia 14

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Something About the Way You Look Tonight/Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John (6th week at #1)

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Erdal İnönü, 81
. Prime Minister of Turkey, 1993. Dr. İnönü was a theoretical physicist who led the Social Democracy party from 1983-1985 and the Social Democratic Populist Party from 1986-1993. He was Deputy Prime Minister from 1991-1993 and interim Prime Minister from May 16-June 25, 1993.

Politics and government
The Conservative Party of Canada dropped Mark Warner as its candidate in the pending Toronto Centre federal byelection, citing unspecified policy differences.

Business
Rogers Communications officially took ownership of Citytv in Toronto.

Monday, 30 October 2017

October 30, 2017

200 years ago
1817


Politics and government
Simón Bolívar proclaimed the Third Republic of Venezuela, with himself as President.

150 years ago
1867


Died on this date
John A. Andrew, 49
. U.S. politician. Mr. Andrew, a Republican, was Governor of Massachusetts from 1861-1866, and was a prominent supporter of the abolition of slavery. He died of apoplexy after drinking a cup of tea at his home.

War
The Italian Army crossed Papal frontiers; General Giuseppe Garibaldi was ordered to disarm and disband his forces.

Disasters
The San Narciso hurricane struck the Dominican Republic capital of Santo Domingo, killing 200 people.

120 years ago
1897


Football

ORFU
Round 2
Hamilton 22 @ Toronto Athletic Club-Lornes 10 (Hamilton won 2-game total points series 47-17)

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Maurice Trintignant
. French auto racing driver. Mr. Trintignant competed in 84 Formula One races from 1950-1964, winning the Monaco Grand Prix in 1955 and 1958. He also won the 24 Hours of Le Mans with José Froilán González in 1954. Mr. Trintignant died on February 13, 2005 at the age of 87.

Bobby Bragan. U.S. baseball player, manager, and executive. Mr. Bragan was a shortstop and catcher with the Philadelphia Phillies (1940-1942) and Brooklyn Dodgers (1943-1944, 1947-1948), batting .240 with 15 home runs and 172 runs batted in in 597 games. He managed the Pittsburgh Pirates (1956-1957); Cleveland Indians (1958); and Milwaukee and Atlanta Braves (1963-1966), compiling a record of 443-478-6. Mr. Bragan led Fort Worth to consecutive pennants in the AA Texas League in 1948-1949, and managed the Hollywood Stars to the Pacific Coast League pennant in 1953. He was among the Dodger players who opposed the signing of Jackie Robinson in 1947, but soon changed his mind, and supported Negro players. Mr. Bragan was President of the Texas League from 1969-1976, and President of the National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues from 1976-1978. He later served in the front office of the Texas Rangers. Mr. Bragan died on January 21, 2010 at the age of 92.

War
With two British divisions, General Arthur Currie's Canadians began their final assault on the Belgian village of Passchendaele, and reached the ruined outskirts in a heavy rainstorm and gale. Four more Victoria Crosses were awarded for valour this day, to: Cecil John Kinross; Hugh McKenzie (killed in action); Harry Mullin; and George Randolph Pearkes.

Politics and government
Charles Stewart was sworn in as Premier of Alberta, replacing Arthur Sifton as head of the province's Liberal government.

Economics and finance
The Montreal Stock Exchange and Toronto Stock Exchange adopted minimum pricing system to drive out penny stocks to the curb exchanges.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
Sir Barton, 21
. Canadian-born U.S. racehorse. Sir Barton was raised in Kentucky and raced from 1918-1920; he became the first horse to win the Triple Crown in 1919. Sir Barton died of colic.

Football
Canadian university
British Columbia 3 @ Alberta (1-4) 2

Jim Harmer's field goal in the 1st quarter held up for the winning score as the Thunderbirds held on to edge the Polar Bears before 4,000 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton.

75 years ago
1942


War
Royal Canadian Air Force planes of the Eastern Air Command destroyed two German U-Boats in the North Atlantic Ocean in one day. The British Royal Navy destroyer HMS Petard sank the German submarine U-559; after forcing it to the surface, Lieutenant Tony Fasson, Able Seaman Colin Grazier, and canteen assistant Tommy Brown boarded the U-boat, retrieving material which led to the decryption of the German Enigma code. The British 8th Army made a further advance through the El Alamein line under intense German artillery barrage. German and Romanian ground forces split the Russian lines in the Natchik area of the Caucasus. Australian troops captured Alola, eight miles from the Japanese base of Kokoda in the Owen Stanley Mountains in New Guinea. British troops captured Fianarantoso, the most important town in southern Madagascar.

Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that compulsory registration of women aged 18-65 was being studied to ascertain the number of war workers.

Oil
A report from Mexico City claimed that the United States would buy 10-15 million barrels of oil annually from Mexico.

Medicine
Dr. Henry McCarroll told the American Public Health Association that the Kenny method of treating polio was hopeless for controlling the "aftereffects" of the disease, and suggested that the answer lay in immunology.

70 years ago
1947


Defense
U.S. Army General Leslie Groves, head of armed forces special weapons research, claimed that the U.S.S.R. would need 15-20 years to develop the atomic bomb without outside help.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly's Political and Security Committee approved a U.S. plan for creation of a temporary UN commission to supervise election of representatives in Korea, who would then negotiate with the UN on terms of independence.

Politics and government
The French National Assembly gave Prime Minister Paul Ramadier's centre-left government a vote of confidence after conservative gains in recent municipal elections.

Czech Vice Premier Jan Ursiny, chief representative of the Slovak Democratic Party in Prague, resigned at the urging of Premier Klement Gottwald.

Economics and finance
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the foundation of the World Trade Organization (WTO), was founded as the closing act of the 23-nation Geneva Trade Conference.

The U.S. Justice Department filed an antitrust suit in New York against 17 investment banking firms controlling 69% of the securities issued over the past nine years. Among the firms named were Morgan Stanley and Company, and Lehman Brothers.

Basketball
PBLA
Atlanta (4-0) 60 St. Joseph (0-2) 44 @ Salina, Kansas
Louisville (0-1) 36 @ Springfield (1-0) 57
New Orleans (0-1) 42 @ Birmingham (1-0) 51

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Fred Beebe, 77
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Beebe played with the Chicago Cubs (1906); St. Louis Cardinals (1906-1909); Cincinnati Reds (1910); Philadelphia Phillies (1911); and Cleveland Indians (1916), compiling a record of 62-83 with an earned run average of 2.86 in 202 games. He led the National League in strikeouts in his rookie year with 171--55 with the Cubs, and 116 with the Cardinals.

José Patricio Guggiari Corniglione, 73. 32nd President of Paraguay, 1928-1931, 1932. Mr. Guggiari founded the liberal Constitutional Party, and was first elected to Congress in 1912. He was elected President of the National Chamber in 1924, and President of Paraguay in 1928. Because of his suppression of a student demonstration, Mr. Guggiari was replaced as President by Vice President Emiliano González Navero from October 23, 1931-January 27, 1932.

War
Nine leaders of the Algerian nationalist Committee of Coordination and Execution ended a meeting in Tunis, issuing a communique reaffirming nationalist demands for United Nations intervention in Algeria, and French recognition of Algerian independence prior to cease-fire talks.

Politics and government
The British government of Prime Minister Harold Macmillan revealed details of plans to reform the House of Lords, which included creating the first life peerages for women.

West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer named Economic Minister Ludwig Erhard as deputy Chancellor.

California Attorney General Edmund "Pat" Brown announced his candidacy for the 1958 California Democratic gubernatorial nomination.

Crime
The U.S. Army announced that espionage charges had been filed against Sergeant Roy Rhodes following his admission that he had sold information to the U.S.S.R.

Society
A referendum in Alberta resulted in votes for a greater variety of liquor outlets.

Economics and finance
The British government drew half of the $500 million credit established with the U.S. Export-Import Bank during the 1956 Suez Canal crisis to bolster its gold and dollar reserves.

Disasters
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed an executive order specifying that states would not get federal disaster relief until they gave assurance that they would spend "a reasonable amount" of their own money.

Football
ORFU
Sarnia (5-5-1) 20 @ London (7-2-2) 35

Dave Doane scored 2 touchdowns and Ed Dearmon, Ron King, and Bob Fiveash also scored TDs for the Lords as they beat the Golden Bears at Labatt Park, with Don Wright kicking 5 converts. Dick Gregory, Jim Waddell, and Archie McAffer scored the Sarnia touchdowns, 2 of which were converted by Gene Lekenta.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 188; it docked with Cosmos 186, launched two days earlier, in the first Soviet docking feat and the first docking of two unmanned spacecraft.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Heaven on the 7th Floor--Paul Nicholas

Hockey
WHA
Edmonton 2 @ Winnipeg 5

Football
CFL
Toronto (6-9) 4 @ Ottawa (7-8) 14
British Columbia (10-5) 28 @ Saskatchewan (8-7) 38
Edmonton (9-6) 23 @ Calgary (3-12) 21

The Rough Riders lost staring middle linebacker Ken Moore with a broken ankle and backup linebacker Tim Berryman with another injury in their win over the Argonauts at Lansdowne Park.

Eric Guthrie quarterbacked the Roughriders to their win over the Lions before 22,173 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mike Nott dressed for his first CFL game as the back up to Mr. Guthrie, as starter Ron Lancaster had suffered a season-ending knee injury two weeks earlier, missing his first game in 11 years.

Dave Cutler's third field goal of the game, a 48-yard kick with 27 seconds remaining in the game before 25,058 fans at McMahon Stadium, broke a 20-20 tie, and Calgary's Cyril McFall missed a field goal attempt on the last play and it went for a single, allowing the Eskimos to win and clinch a playoff spot, eliminating the Roughriders from playoff contention for the first time in 16 years. The Stampeders led 9-3 late in the 2nd quarter before Edmonton quarterback Bruce Lemmerman connectd with Waddell Smith for a 45-yard gain to the Calgary 1-yard line; Mr. Lemmerman sneaked over for the touchdown on the next play, and Mr. Cutler's convert gave the Eskimos a 10-9 lead. The other Edmonton touchdown was scored by linebacker Tom Towns in the 3rd quarter when he recovered a Willie Burden fumble and returned it 71 yards.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You Win Again--Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Joseph Campbell, 83
. U.S. mythologist. Professor Campbell specialized in comparative mythology and comparative religion. He was best known for the book The Hero with a Thousand Faces, and his saying "Follow your bliss." Professor Campbell was influenced by theorists such as Abraham Maslow, Sigmund Freud, and especially Carl Jung, whose symbolic dream interpretation and ideas on archetypes contributed to Professor Campbell's belief in the psychic unity of mankind and its expression through mythology.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-14) 12 @ Saskatchewan (5-11-1) 9

Joe Paopao completed 22 of 34 passes for 250 yards, including a 36-yard touchdown pass to Gerald Alphin in the 1st quarter, as the Rough Riders held on to defeat the Roughriders before 21,773 fans at Taylor Field in Regina, ending a 13-game losing streak. In the final minutes, Saskatchewan drove from their own 12-yard line, but Ray Elgaard fumbled at the Ottawa 15 after catching a pass, and the Rough Riders recovered. Former Edmonton Eskimo Tom Dixon, playing his first game for Ottawa, converted Mr. Alphin’s touchdown and added a field goal and a single. Dave Ridgway kicked 3 field goals for the Roughriders, who were shut out in the 2nd half.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle (6th week at #1)

Abominations
Canadian Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development Tom Siddon signed an accord in Iqaluit with Inuit leaders for the creation of a self-governing territory before 2000, to be taken from the Northwest Territories and called Nunavut. The federal government would finance 2.2 million square kilometres of the eastern Arctic territory, with the Inuit to get clear title to 350,000 square kilometres and $1.15 billion in grants over 14 years.

Politics and government
Prince Edward Island Premier Joe Ghiz announced that he would be stepping down as Premier, and called for a leadership convention to be held in January 1993.

Hockey
NHL
Detroit 7 Toronto 1

Football
CIAU
Calgary (4-4) 11 @ Alberta (3-4-1) 22

Jay Hamilton rushed 10 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter and Mike Weiss rushed 15 yards for a TD in the 4th quarter as the Golden Bears upset the Dinosaurs before 1,002 fans—including this blogger—at Clarke Stadium in Edmonton. John Cutler converted both touchdowns and added a pair of 20-yard field goals. The Golden Bears also scored a safety touch in the 2nd quarter. Calgary’s only touchdown came in the 2nd quarter on a 1-yard pass from Sasha Blaskovich to Remo Cardone. Calgary running back Craig Kittelson finished the regular season with 1,248 yards rushing, breaking the Canadian record of 1,208 set by Tim Tindale of Western Ontario the previous year.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): The Memory Remains--Metallica

Died on this date
Samuel Fuller, 85
. U.S. writer and movie director. Mr. Fuller was a journalist and pulp novelist before directing movies such as The Steel Helmet (1951); Pickup on South Street (1953); and The Big Red One (1980).

Crime
A jury in Cambridge, Massachusetts convicted British au pair Louise Woodward of second-degree murder in the death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen on February 9, 1997. The judge later reduced the verdict to manslaughter and set Miss Woodward free.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled 7-2 that nothing in Canadian law permitted the courts to force a woman to take drug treatment to save the fetus she is carrying. The ruling came after Winnipeg Social Services tried to detain a woman in a detox centre; lawyer Martha Jackman stated that the law could not be changed without infringing on women's rights.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Robert Goulet, 73
. U.S. actor and singer. Mr. Goulet was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, but spent much of his youth in Alberta, including a stint as an announcer at Edmonton radio station CKUA. He was best known for playing Sir Lancelot in the stage musical Camelot (1960). Mr. Goulet died of pulmonary fibrosis, less than a month before his 74th birthday.

Washoe, 42. West African-born U.S. chimpanzee. Washoe was the first non-human to learn to communicate using American Sign Language; she learned approximately 350 signs.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Jim Flaherty announced that the Goods and Services Tax would be reduced from 6% to 5%, effective January 1, 2008.

Sunday, 29 October 2017

October 29, 2017

550 years ago
1467


War

Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, led his forces to victory over those of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège in the Battle of Brustem in what is now Belgium.

230 years ago
1787


Opera
Don Giovanni by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart received its premiere performance at the National Theater in Prague.

225 years ago
1792


Americana
Mount Hood in Oregon was named after Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, by Lieutenant William E. Broughton, who sighted the mountain near the mouth of the Willamette River.

150 years ago
1867


Disasters
The San Narciso hurricane struck Sankt Thomas in the Danish Virgin Islands, killing 1,014 people, sinking or driving ashore 85 ships, and causing $8 million damage to property on land.

130 years ago
1887


Football
ORFU
Final
Ottawa College 15 @ Hamilton 0

125 years ago
1892


Football
ORFU
Round 3
Hamilton 5 @ Toronto 1
Ottawa 29 @ Queen’s University 9

120 years ago
1897


Politics and government
Henry Emmerson was sworn in as Premier of New Brunswick, replacing James Mitchell.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Eddie Constantine
. U.S.-born French actor. Mr. Constantine, born Edward Constantinowsky, settled in Europe in the 1950s, where he made his name playing secret agent Lemmy Caution in a series of French films. Perhaps his best-known performance was in Alphaville (1965). Mr. Constantine died on February 25, 1993 at the age of 75.

Politics and government
The Canadian House of Commons passed the Immigration and Settlement Office Act, elevating the former Immigration Branch of the Department of the Interior into a completely independent department. The measure occurred in a very particular context, since in the event of an early end to World War I, the Union government headed by Prime Minister Robert Borden anticipated an increase in immigration.

90 years ago
1927


Football
IRFU
Montreal (1-4) 3 @ Ottawa (3-1-1) 6
Toronto (0-3-1) 6 @ Hamilton (4-0) 21

ORFU
Camp Borden (1-4) 15 @ University of Toronto II (2-2) 7

Canadian university
Queen's (2-1) 12 @ Toronto (0-3) 6
Manitoba 14 Alberta 0

ORFU-university
Exhibition
Toronto Balmy Beach 14 @ McGill University 11

MRU
Final
Winnipeg Tammany Tigers 10 Winnipeg Victorias 1

BCRU
University of British Columbia 21 Victoria 1
Vancouver 31 New Westminster 6

Mr. Baker scored 2 touchdowns and Mr. McKelvey added another as the Tigers scored 3 touchdowns and a field goal in the 1st quarter to take an 18-2 lead and coast to victory over the Argonauts before 5,000 fans at the Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds.

The Senators scored 3 singles in the 3rd quarter and another in the 4th to defeat the Winged Wheelers at Lansdowne Park.

The Tricolor scored a touchdown on a return of a fumbled punt in the 4th quarter to defeat University of Toronto before 18,504 fans at Varsity Stadium, a then-record crowd for a football game in Canada. Mr. Harrison scored a touchdown and Mr. Sinclair added a single in the 1st quarter, giving Toronto a 6-0 lead that held at halftime. Harry Batstone kicked a field goal for Queen's in the 3rd quarter, and another in the 4th that tied the score. The team scored upon kicked off in those days, and Mr. Sinclair's kickoff was caught by Mr. Warren of Queen's, who punted back to Mr. Sinclair; the Toronto player fumbled, and the ball was recovered by Mr. Howard of Queen's, who was tackled by Mr. Trimble of Toronto, but lateralled to Mr. Walker, who ran the remaining 25 yards for the touchdown to give the Tricolor an 11-6 lead. The convert was unsuccessful, but Queen's later added a single.

Balmy Beach defeated McGill before a record crowd at Molson Stadium in Montreal in a game that featured a demonstration of the forward pass, which had yet to be legalized in Canadian football. Balmy Beach completed 2 of 5 passes and McGill 1 of 2, all in the 1st half. Balmy Beach star lineman Ted Reeve suffered a broken right leg in the 3rd quarter.

75 years ago
1942


War
German counterattacks upon Allied positions at El Alamein were repulsed, while Allied planes continued to assault enemy positions.

Protest
Leading British clergymen and politicians held a public meeting to protest the treatment of Jews in Germany by the Nazi regime.

Communications
Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho signed a decree establishing censorship over mail and telegrams, effective November 1.

Baseball
Branch Rickey, who had built the St. Louis Cardinals into a powerhouse, left the World Series champions to become president and general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers. He succeeded Larry MacPhail, who had joined the U.S. Army.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston, 83
. U.S. First Lady, 1886-1889, 1893-1897. Miss Folsom married President Grover Cleveland on June 2, 1886 when she was 21 and he was 49; she became the youngest First Lady in U.S. history. The couple had three sons and two daughters before Mr. Cleveland died in 1908. Mrs. Cleveland married archaeology professor Thomas Preston in 1913, and was still married to him when she died.

World events
Romanian National Peasant Party leader Juliu Maniu and 14 aides went on trial in Bucharest on charges of treason and espionage.

Society
The President's Committee on Civil Rights, headed by General Electric President Charles E. Wilson, submitted a 178-page report on racial discrimination in the United States to U.S. President Harry Truman. Among the report's recommendations were creation of special federal and state investigative units for civil rights cases; elimination of poll taxes; and specific laws against bias in housing, education, health, and public services.

Economics and finance
Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg formally ratified the Benelux Customs Union, due to go into effect on January 1, 1948.

Basketball
PBLA
Tulsa (2-1) 46 @ St. Joseph (0-1) 41

Baseball
Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler suspended the Chicago White Sox and general manager Leslie O'Connor from professional baseball for refusing to pay a $500 fine for signing high school student George Zoeterman.

60 years ago
1957


Died on this date
Louis B. Mayer, 72
. Russian-born U.S. movie producer. Mr. Mayer, born Lazar Meir, moved to Rhode Island with his family at the age of 13, and lived for a time in Saint John, New Brunswick. He moved to Boston, opening his first movie theatre in 1907. Mr. Mayer moved to Los Angeles in 1918 and founded Louis B. Mayer Pictures Corporation. In 1924 he and Marcus Loew combined to form Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, which became Hollywood's most prestigious studio over the next two decades. The studio's profits declined in the late 1940s, and Mr. Mayer was forced into retirement in 1951. He died of leukemia.

War
South Vietnamese Prime Minister Ngo Dinh Diem estimated North Vietnamese Communist forces at 450,000-500,000 men, while listing his own government's troop strength at 150,000 men.

Crime
Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, Foreign Minister Golda Meir, and Transport Minister Moshe Carmel were slightly injured, and Rabbi Haim-Moshe Shapira of the National Religious Party was seriously injured when Moshe Dwek threw a grenade from the balcony in the Knesset. The grenade was apparently intended for Mr. Ben-Gurion and Mrs. Meir.

World events
The U.S. government filed suit before the World Court, seeking damages from the Bulgarian government for Israeli and American citizens killed in an Israeli airliner shot down over Bulgaria in 1955.

Politics and government
The French National Assembly rejected the attempt of Socialist leader Guy Mollet to form a new cabinet.

Society
In an address before the 62-tribe National Congress of American Indians, U.S. Indian Affairs Commissioner Glenn Emmons reported that the U.S. Indian population had increased from 200,000 in 1900 to 500,000, and had outgrown its economic base on reservations.

Football
ORFU
Kitchener-Waterloo (8-2-1) 49 @ Toronto (0-11) 4

Mike Norcia scored a touchdown, 6 converts and a single, and Buck McCoy scored 2 touchdowns as the Dutchmen routed Balmy Beach. Mr. Pagnan, Al Romine, Tex Robinson, and Don Loucks scored the other K-W touchdowns. George Ellis kicked a field goal and single for what turned out to be the last points ever scored by Balmy Beach in their 34-year history.

50 years ago
1967


Canadiana
The Expo 67 world's fair closed after playing host to 40,300,000 visitors since April 28.

Football
CFL
Montreal (2-11) 4 @ Hamilton (9-4) 26
British Columbia (3-11-1) 14 @ Saskatchewan (11-4) 24

Bill Redell returned an interception for a touchdown, Dick Gibbs rushed for his only CFL touchdown, and Tommy-Joe Coffey caught a touchdown pass from Joe Zuger as the Tiger-Cats beat the Alouettes before 16,127 fans at Civic Stadium. Mr. Zuger completed 14 of 31 passes for 218 yards, while Montreal quarterback Carroll Williams completed 11 of 26 passes for 196 yards.

George Reed rushed 32 times for 104 yards and a touchdown, and Gord Barwell and Henry Dorsch also scored touchdowns for the Roughriders as they beat the Lions before 13,936 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tomorrow--Amanda Lear

#1 single in Switzerland: Ti Amo'--Umberto Tozzi (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Do You Remember--Long Tall Ernie and the Shakers (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Silver Lady--David Soul (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone (4th week at #1)
2 Nobody Does it Better--Carly Simon
3 Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band--Meco
4 Boogie Nights--Heatwave
5 That's Rock 'n' Roll--Shaun Cassidy
6 I Feel Love--Donna Summer
7 Brick House--Commodores
8 Keep it Comin' Love--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
9 Don't it Make My Brown Eyes Blue--Crystal Gayle
10 Swayin' to the Music (Slow Dancin')--Johnny Rivers

Singles entering the chart were Gettin' Ready for Love by Diana Ross (#85); Closer to the Heart by Rush (#94); Don't Let the Flame Burn Out by Jackie DeShannon (#98); and Any Way You Want Me by the Sylvers (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 That's Rock 'n' Roll--Shaun Cassidy
2 Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band--Meco
3 Swayin' to the Music (Slow Dancin')--Johnny Rivers
4 Nobody Does it Better--Carly Simon
5 Boogie Nights--Heatwave
6 Keep it Comin' Love--K.C. and the Sunshine Band
7 I Feel Love--Donna Summer
8 It was Almost Like a Song--Ronnie Milsap
9 You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone
10 Cold as Ice--Foreigner

Singles entering the chart were You Make Lovin' Fun by Fleetwood Mac (#74); Draw the Line by Aerosmith (#76); Baby Come Back by Player (#78); Money, Money, Money by ABBA (#91); Swingtown by the Steve Miller Band (#92); Slip Slidin' Away by Paul Simon (#93); You're in My Heart (The Final Acclaim) by Rod Stewart (#97); Hard Times by Boz Scaggs (#98); Goin' Places by the Jacksons (#99); and Second Thoughts by Frankie Valli (#100).

Hockey
NHL
Detroit 4 @ Toronto 7
Los Angeles 5 @ Montreal 3

Football
CFL
Hamilton (5-11) 11 @ Montreal (11-5) 18

Sonny Wade completed an 89-yard touchdown pass to Bob Gaddis to help the Alouettes defeat the Tiger-Cats at Olympic Stadium.

CIAU
St. Mary's 13 @ Acadia 47
Alberta (4-3-1) 21 @ Manitoba (4-4) 22

Les Oakes punted for a single with 41 seconds remaining in the game to give the Bisons their win at Pan-Am Stadium in Winnipeg, handing the Golden Bears their third straight loss and eliminating them from playoff contention. Alberta led 21-14 at halftime on touchdown passes from Dan McDermid to Pat Barry, Lee McFadden, and Joe Poplawski, all converted by Mr. Poplawski. Manitboa quarterback Bud Harden completed touchdown passes to Al Bowness and Mike Kashty in the 1st half. The Bisons scored a touchdown late in the 3rd quarter, but Mr. Oakes' convert attempt was blocked, leaving Alberta ahead 21-20 after 3 quarters. Mr. Oakes punted for the tying single in the 4th quarter and then punted for the winner. Among those playing their last game of unversity football were Manitoba offensive tackle Ted Milian and Alberta defensive tackle Leon Lyszkiewicz, as well as Mr. Poplawski.

30 years ago
1987


Died on this date
Woody Herman, 74
. U.S. musician. Mr. Herman was a jazz clarinetist, saxophonist, and vocalist who led various bands known as "The Herd." Mr. Herman's bands were known for performing experimental music, including blues and progressive jazz, recording numerous hit singles from the late 1930s through the late '40s, with their biggest hit being Blues in the Night, which reached #1 on the Billboard chart in January 1942. Mr. Herman continued to record and perform with new versions of his band until his death.

War
Nicaraguan Sandanista leaders reaffirmed their commitment not to discuss a cease-fire with leaders of the opposition Contras.

Law
Six days after the nomination of Robert Bork to the Supreme Court of the United States had been rejected by the Senate, U.S. President Ronald Reagan announced Judge Douglas Ginsburg of the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia to fill the Supreme Court vacancy. Mr. Reagan described Judge Ginsburg, 41, as a law-and-order judge who believed in judicial restraint.

Politics and government
Roland Morin was elected leader of the Quebec New Democratic Party.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Sleeping Satellite--Tasmin Archer (3rd week at #1)

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Anton LaVey, 67
. U.S. Satanist. Mr. LaVey, born Howard Stanton Levey, founded the Church of Satan in 1966 and published The Satanic Bible in 1969. He was mainly a showman, and often seemed to do things in order to generate publicity. Many aspects of his biography that he claimed for himself appear to be untrue.

Saturday, 28 October 2017

October 28, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Mona Bernales and Kerry Hoffer!

525 years ago
1492


Exploration
Christopher Columbus landed in Cuba on his first voyage to the New World.

310 years ago
1707


Disasters
The 1707 Hōei earthquake caused more than 5,000 deaths in Honshu, Shikoku and Kyūshū, Japan.

150 years ago
1867


War
French troops from Toulon landed at Civita Vecchia, Italy.

A 12-ship British Abyssinian expedition left Aden for Zolla.

125 years ago
1892


At the movies
Pantomimes Lumineuses, animated films produced by Charles-Émile Reynaud using his Théâtre Optique system, received their premiere screening in Paris.

Disasters
The Anchor Line steamship Roumania was wrecked on the coast of Portugal, with a loss of over 100 lives.

A fire in Milwaukee burned over 26 acres and caused $5 million in damage.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Jack Soo
. U.S. actor. Mr. Soo, born Goro Suzuki, was a character actor on stage, screen, and television, and was best known for playing Detective Nick Yemana in the television comedy series Barney Miller (1975-1978), making his last appearance two months before his death from esophageal cancer on January 11, 1979 at the age of 61.

75 years ago
1942


War
On the 68th day of the Battle of Stalingrad, German forces reportedly took 200 yards and two streets, with a reported loss of 2,400 men. British forces defeated attacking German units in a major clash of armoured units at El Alamein. Allied planes raided Buka Island in the northern Solomon Islands and Rabaul, New Britain.

Transportation
Canadian Health Minister Ian Mackenzie and Alaska Secretary E.L. Bartlett cut a ribbon at Kluane Lake, Yukon to open the Alcan Military Highway, now known as the Alaska Highway. The 2,575-kilometre road, from Dawson Creek, British Columbia to Fairbanks Alaska, was built to move supplies and munitions rapidly north in case of Japanese invasion.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Earl Snell, 52
; Marshall Cornett, 48; Robert Farrell, Jr., 41. U.S. politicians. Mr. Snell, a Republican, was Oregon Secretary of State from 1935-1943 and Governor of Oregon from 1943 until his death. Mr. Cornett, also a Republican, began serving in the Oregon State Senate in 1941, and was Senate President at the time of his death. Mr. Farrell, another Republican, was Speaker of the Oregon House of Representatives from 1941-1942, and was Oregon Secretary of State from 1943 until his death. The three men, with pilot Cliff Hogue, were killed when their small plane crashed while they were on their way to southern Oregon for a hunting trip.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly's Political and Security Committee began debate on Korea, with Soviet representative Andrei Gromyko demanding immediate withdrawal of occupation troops from both zones and settlement of the Korean question in direct U.S.-U.S.S.R. negotiations.

World events
The Chilean government arrested 170 Communist union leaders in the Antofagasta and Iquique mining areas.

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities recommended contempt of Congress charges for screenwriters Dalton Trumbo, Albert Maltz, and Alva Bessie when they refused to testify on whether they were Communists.

Economics and finance
Representatives of France, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg signed an accord in Paris for free exchange of their currencies, allowing any participant to use a trade surplus with one member state to cover a trade deficit with another.

Britannica
Former British Viceroy of India Lord Louis Mountbatten was given the title Baron Romsey by King George VI.

Academia
Several personalities, including Quebec Minister of Agriculture Laurent Barré, participated in the inauguration of the Saint-Hyacinthe School of Veterinary Medicine. The school replaced that of Oka, which existed for several years. The choice of Saint-Hyacinthe, a major agricultural centre, seemed appropriate for the school, which hosted 90 students and 24 teachers.

Basketball
PBLA
Tulsa (1-1) 46 @ Omaha (0-1) 41
Atlanta (3-0) 48 Kansas City (0-1) 38 @ Wichita

Baseball
The Mexican League promised to discontinue raiding major league teams for players.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jailhouse Rock/Treat Me Nice--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1; Top 100--2nd week at #1)

Music
The Big Show, produced by Irvin Feld and headlined by Fats Domino, performed at the campus of the University of Idaho in Moscow.

Diplomacy
U.S. Special Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. William Lacey and U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the U.S. Georgi Zarubin began negotiations on a proposed program of Soviet-American exchanges in the fields of radio and television.

Defense
U.S. Defense Secretary Neil McElroy cancelled the economy cuts ordered by his predecessor, Charles Wilson, to restore "basic research" funds.

Politics and government
Taking advantage of the Union Nationale's electoral machine, Sarto Fournier, leader of the Ralliement du Grand Montréal, was elected Mayor of Montréal, taiking 83,229 votes to 79,384 for incumbent Jean Drapeau. The result was contested by the Ligue d'action civique de Jean Drapeau, who also expressed reservations about the legality of the tactics used by the Ralliement du Grand-Montréal during the campaign and during the day of the vote. Former deputy of Maisonneuve-Rosemont County Fournier was defeated in the 1954 municipal election by Mr. Drapeau. The election of 1957 marked the only defeat of Mr. Drapeau in his nine candidacies for Mayor of Montreal.

Aviation
Boeing's first production-model 707 jet airliner was completed in Seattle.

Economics and finance
Syrian and U.S.S.R. officials signed an economic and technical assistance agreement in Damascus providing for $400 million of Soviet aid in the construction of 19 Syrian development projects.

Fortune magazine listed U.S. oil magnate J. Paul Getty as the richest American, with a fortune in American and Arabian real estate estimated at $1 billion.

Football
WIFU
Calgary (6-10) 13 @ Winnipeg (11-4) 30

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Une Larme aux Nuages--Salvatore Adamo (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): A Whiter Shade of Pale--Procol Harum (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)--Scott McKenzie (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Whiskey on a Sunday--Danny Doyle

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): To Sir with Love--Lulu (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Sir with Love--Lulu (2nd week at #1)
2 How Can I Be Sure--The Young Rascals
3 The Letter--The Box Tops
4 Soul Man--Sam & Dave
5 Hey Baby (They're Playing Our Song)--The Buckinghams
6 Never My Love--The Association
7 Gimme Little Sign--Brenton Wood
8 Your Precious Love--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell
9 It Must Be Him--Vikki Carr
10 Expressway to Your Heart--Soul Survivors

Singles entering the chart were Get it Together (Part 1) by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#57); Watch the Flowers Grow by the 4 Seasons (#60); She is Still a Mystery by the Lovin' Spoonful (#64); This Town by Frank Sinatra (#70); Skinny Legs and All by Joe Tex (#77); You Better Sit Down Kids by Cher (#81); You are My Sunshine by Mitch Ryder (#82); Stag-O-Lee by Wilson Pickett (#87); Go-Go Girl by Lee Dorsey (#93); Get Down by Harvey Scales and the Seven Sounds (#96); Next Plane to London by the Rose Garden (#97); Alligator Boogaloo by Lou Donaldson (#98); and Different Strokes by Syl Johnson (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 How Can I Be Sure--The Young Rascals
2 Never My Love--The Association
3 Hey Baby (They're Playing Our Song)--The Buckinghams
4 Soul Man--Sam & Dave
5 Hole in My Shoe--Traffic
6 Your Precious Love--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell
7 Little Ole Man (Uptight–Everything’s Alright)--Bill Cosby
8 People are Strange--The Doors
9 I Had a Dream--Paul Revere and the Raiders
10 The Boat that I Row--Lulu

Singles entering the chart were Everlasting Love by Robert Knight (#65); Karate Boo-Ga-Loo by Jerry O (#78); Glad to Be Unhappy by the Mamas and the Papas (#79); Homburg by Procol Harum (#82); Heigh-Ho by the Fifth Estate (#83); She is Still a Mystery by the Lovin' Spoonful (#84); You Can Lead Your Woman to the Altar by Oscar Toney, Jr. (#86); Like an Old Time Movie by Scott McKenzie (#87); I Say a Little Prayer by Dionne Warwick (#88); What've I Done by Linda Jones (#89); When I Fall in Love by Bartholomew Plus Three (#91); I Heard it Through the Grapevine by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#93); Lady Bird by Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood (#94); Flying on the Ground is Wrong by the Guess Who? (#95); Shout Bama Lama by Mickey Murray (#97); Mr. Dream Merchant by Jerry Butler (#98); Brink of Disaster by Lesley Gore (#99); and Keep the Ball Rollin' by Jay and the Techniques (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 I Can See for Miles--The Who
2 Hole in My Shoe--Traffic
3 Get Together--The Youngbloods
4 I'll Never Fall in Love Again--Tom Jones
5 How Can I Be Sure--The Young Rascals
6 Let it All Hang Out--The Hombres
7 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
8 People are Strange--The Doors
9 (You Made Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman--Aretha Franklin
10 Holiday--The Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were Reflections of Charles Brown by Rupert's People (#25); Next Plane to London by the Rose Garden (#27); Lady Bird by Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood (#28); Get on Up by the Esquires (#29); and It Must Be Him by Vikki Carr (#30).

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 187.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson was in Mexico, where he formally transferred to Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz the El Chamizal area at the Texas-Mexico border as provided for in a 1963 treaty.

Boxing
In the World Boxing Association elimination tournament to determine a world heavyweight champion to replace Muhammad Ali, who had been stripped of the title earlier in the year for refusing induction into the United States Army, Jerry Quarry (25-1-4) won a 12-round majority decision over former world champion Floyd Patterson (46-6-1) at Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles.



Football
CFL
Toronto (5-7-1) 18 @ Ottawa (8-4-1) 28
Edmonton (8-6-1) 20 @ Calgary (11-4) 11

Bo Scott caught 2 touchdown passes and rushed 18 yards for another TD to help the Rough Riders overcome an early 14-0 deficit and defeat the Argonauts before 21,358 fans at Lansdowne Park. Mr. Scott fumbled on the first play from scrimmage, and Toronto defensive end Ed Harrington returned it 15 yards for a touchdown to open the scoring.

John Wydareny returned an interception 107 yards for a touchdown to help the Eskimos defeat the Stampeders for their first win at McMahon Stadium since 1961. Garry Lefebvre scored the other Edmonton touchdown, while Peter Kempf added 2 converts, and a single, and Randy Kerbow punted for 2 singles. The only Calgary touchdown came on a pass from Peter Liske to Terry Evanshen in the last minute of the game. Mr. Wydareny's return remains the Edmonton club record for the longest interception return. The Eskimos' win prompted The Edmonton Journal to run the front page headline on Monday, October 30, reading Grey Cup Fever Arrives!--definitely the only time such a headline appeared in the paper during the years 1962-1971.

CIAU
Alberta (5-1) 23 @ Manitoba (1-6) 16

The Golden Bears scored 20 points in the 2nd half to overcome a 16-3 halftime deficit to defeat the Bisons at Pan-Am Stadium in Winnipeg. Trailing 3-0 after the 1st quarter, John Milne got Manitoba on the scoreboard with a 63-yard fumble return in the 2nd quarter. Another Alberta fumble led to a short touchdown run by Kirk Kuppers and a 2-point convert by Mr. Milne, with a subsequent single giving the Bisons a 13-point lead. A 65-yard touchdown pass from Terry Lampert to Hart Cantelon on the last play of the 3rd quarter was converted by Dave Benbow, who kicked 2 field goals in the 4th quarter to tie the game. A 6-yard touchdown rush by Mr. Lampert with 2 minutes remaining, converted by Mr. Benbow, provided the winning margin. The Bisons drove to the Golden Bears' 25-yard line, but 2 consecutive quarterback sacks ended the game.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (11th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Belfast--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Java de Broadway--Michel Sardou (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly "strongly deplored" Israel's occupation of Arab lands and her establishment of settlements in occupied regions.

U.S. President Jimmy Carter signed legislation to allow the transfer of U.S. citizens in Mexican or Canadian jails to American jails.

Scandal
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau confirmed to the House of Commons that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police had entered a Montréal office in 1973 without a warrant to copy the membership lists of the Parti Québécois.

Baseball
The Milwaukee Brewers released outfielder-designated hitter Jim Wynn, ending his 15-year major league career. "The Toy Cannon" had begun the 1977 season with the New York Yankees, batting .143 with 1 home run and 3 runs batted in in 30 games, with his homer coming in his first plate appearance on opening day. He was released by the Yankees in June and signed by the Brewers on July 26, and batted .197 with no homers and 10 RBIs in 36 games with Milwaukee, for 1977 combined statistics of 175 with 1 home run and 13 RBIs in 66 games. Mr. Wynn played with the Houston Colt .45s and Astros (1963-1973); Los Angeles Dodgers (1974-1975); and Atlanta Braves (1976), and left the major leagues after batting .250 with 291 home runs and 964 runs batted in in 1,920 games. He drew 1,224 bases on balls, and led the National League in that category in 1969 (148) and 1976 (127).

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley (5th week at #1)

World events
The Congress of Guatemala approved an amnesty law to comply with the peace treaty that Guatemala and other Central American countries had signed.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Just Another Day--Jon Secada

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: White Lies

Society
Statistics Canada reported more children studying the French language: two million anglophones, plus 300,000 in immersion courses.

Transportation
The Leif Erickson Tunnel opened in Duluth, Minnesota, officially completing U.S. Interstate Highway 35.

20 years ago
1997


Born on this date
Paul Jarrico, 82
. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Jarrico, born Israel Shapiro, was a Communist Party member who wrote screenplays for movies such as Tom, Dick and Harry (1941); Song of Russia (1943); Thousands Cheer (1943); The Search (1948); and The Las Vegas Story (1952). He was blacklisted from Hollywood in the early 1950s, and wrote the screenplay for Salt of the Earth (1954), the only Hollywood movie to be blacklisted. Mr. Jarrico used the pseudonym Peter Achilles to write screenplays in later years, including Call Me Bwana (1963). He was killed in a car accident.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Porter Wagoner, 80
. U.S. musician. Mr. Wagoner was a country singer, songwriter, and guitarist who had 81 singles on the Billboard country chart from 1954-1983; his hits included A Satisfied Mind (1955); Misery Loves Company (1962); and The Green, Green Grass of Home (1965). He hosted his own television program from 1960-1981; Dolly Parton began appearing on the show in 1967, and the duo sang many duets through the mid-1970s before Miss Parton achieved fame as a solo artist. Mr. Wagoner was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 2002; he died of lung cancer.

Politics and government
Justicialist Party candidate Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner was elected Argentina's first female President, taking 45.27% of the vote to 23.05% for Support for an Egalitarian Republic candidate Elisa Carrió.

Baseball
World Series
Boston Red Sox 4 @ Colorado Rockies 3 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Pinch hitter Bobby Kielty led off the top of the 8th inning with a home run to give the Red Sox a 4-1 lead, but the Rockies replied with a 2-run homer by Garrett Atkins with 1 out in the bottom of the inning. Colorado was unable to get anymore baserunners, and Jonathan Papelbon struck out pinch hitter Seth Smith to end the series and earn his third consecutive save as the Red Sox completed the sweep before 50,041 fans at Coors Field in Denver for their second World Series championship in the last four years.

Friday, 27 October 2017

October 27, 2017

230 years ago
1787


Journalism
The first of 85 essays which became known as the Federalist Papers was published in the Independent Journal, a New York newspaper.

175 years ago
1842


Born on this date
Giovanni Giolitti
. Prime Minister of Italy, 1892-1893, 1903-1905, 1906-1909, 1911-1914, 1920-1921. Mr. Giolitti, a member of the Historical Left, Liberal Union, and Liberal Parties, held various cabinet posts before and during his terms as Prime Minister. He was regarded as a centrist politician, and was criticized by those on the left and the right. Mr. Giolitti was a member of the Chamber of Deputies from 1881 until his death on July 17, 1928 at the age of 85.

150 years ago
1867


Married on this date
King George I of Greece and Grand Duchess Olga Constantinovna of Russia were wed in St. Petersburg.

War
The French fleet at Cherbourg departed for Italy.

120 years ago
1897


Politics and government
Alexander Warburton was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island when his predecessor, Frederick Peters, resigned to move to British Columbia.

110 years ago
1907


World events
During a protest against the the consecration of a church in the Hungarian village of Černová, gendarme leader sergeant Ján Ladiczky, an ethnic Slovak, ordered his squad to open fire into the crowd without prior warning, killing 15 of the protesting villagers, seriously wounding 12, and lightly injuring 40. The incident led to protests over the treatment of minorities in Austria-Hungary.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Oliver Tambo
. South African politician. Mr. Tambo, an anti-apartheid activist, co-founded the African National Congress Youth League in 1943 and rose through the ranks, serving as the ANC's president from the late 1960s to the 1990s. He died on April 24, 1993 at the age of 75.

Died on this date
Arthur Rhys-Davids, 20
. U.K. military aviator. Lieutenant Rhys-Davids was an ace with the Royal Flying Corps who gained 27 combat victories before disappearing over Roselaere, Belgium. He was likely shot down by German ace Karl Gallwitz.

Football
Ottawa Patriotic Football League
Civil Service (1-1) 8 Ottawa Rough Riders (1-1) 5

80 years ago
1937


Football
Canadian university
Alberta (1-3) 0 @ British Columbia 6

Jim Harmer plunged for a short touchdown run and kicked the convert in the 2nd quarter as the Thunderbirds shut out the Polar Bears on a rainy night at Athletic Park in Vancouver. The B.C. defense stopped the Alberta offense from scoring on three diferent possessions inside the B.C. 5-yard line.

75 years ago
1942


War
German forces struck a blow at the "Red October" plant near Stalingrad, and captured the northwest part of the factory's territory. U.K. and other Allied troops continued their advance into enemy lines at El Alamein. U.S. troops repulsed several small-scale Japanese attacks upon their positions on Guadalcanal.

Economics and finance
U.S. Economic Stabilization Director James Byrnes issued regulations limiting individual salaries in 1943 to $25,000 after payment of federal income taxes, customary charitable contributions, and fixed obligations.

Business
Associated Press charged that the U.S. government suit against it was really an attack upon freedom of the press, claiming that the membership system had fostered competition with United Press and International News Service.

Labour
U.S. War Manpower Director Paul McNutt announced a plan to freeze all "necessary" skilled dairy, livestock, and poultry workers.

Baseball
The Baseball Writers Association of America named pitcher Mort Cooper of the St. Louis Cardinals as the National League's Most Valuable Player for 1942. Mr. Cooper posted a record of 22-7, leading the league in wins, earned run average (1.77), and shutouts (10) as the Cardinals won the NL pennant and then the World Series.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Near You--Francis Craig and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)
--Larry Green and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters
--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Elliot Lawrence and his Orchestra
2 I Wish I Didn't Love You So--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Betty Hutton
--Dinah Shore
--Dick Haymes
3 When You were Sweet Sixteen--Perry Como and the Satisfiers
4 Feudin' and Fightin'--Dorothy Shay
--Jo Stafford
--Bing Crosby and the Jesters
5 I Have But One Heart (O Marinariello)--Vic Damone
6 The Lady from 29 Palms--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters
7 You Do--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Margaret Whiting
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
8 I Wonder Who's Kissing Her Now--Ted Weems and his Orchestra with Perry Como
--Perry Como
9 Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That Cigarette)--Tex Williams and his Western Caravan
--Phil Harris and his Orchestra
10 Tallahassee--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters

Singles entering the chart were Lazy Countryside by Margaret Whiting (#20); A Fellow Needs a Girl, with versions by Frank Sinatra, and Perry Como (#23); Julie by Tony Martin (#36); and Save the Bones for Henry Jones (’Cause Henry Don’t Eat No Meat) by Johnny Mercer and the King Cole Trio (#37). Lazy Countryside and both versions of A Fellow Needs a Girl were the other sides of the artists' versions of So Far, charting at #31.

On the radio
You Bet Your Life hosted by Groucho Marx, on ABC

This was the first regular broadcast of the long-running game show; an audition broadcast had aired on September 15, 1947.

Politics and government
Lucien Borne was elected Mayor of Québec for the fifth time.

U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities Chairman J. Parnell Thomas Republican--New Jersey) ordered screenwriter John Howard Lawson removed from the witness stand when he refused to testify whether he was or had been a Communist. Rep. Thomas and two other Committee members recommended that Mr. Lawson be cited for contempt of Congress.

Labour
21 Negro locomotive firemen filed suit in Washington against 20 southern railroads and the Independent Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen, charging them with violating two 1944 U.S. Supreme Court decisions banning racial discrimination in railway employment.

Crime
A U.S. federal district court in Washington dropped charges of treason against Edward Delaney, Jane Anderson, and Max Koischwitz for insufficient evidence. All were accused of making radio broadcasts for the Axis during World War II.

Basketball
PBLA
Oklahoma City (1-1) 35 @ Grand Rapids (0-1) 34
St. Paul (1-0) 55 @ Waterloo (0-1) 49 (OT)
Atlanta (2-0) 43 Tulsa (0-1) 36 @ Hutchinson, Kansas

Football
WIFU
Calgary (4-4) 5 @ Winnipeg (5-3) 15

Bob Sandberg threw touchdown passes of 85 yards to Don Smith and 35 yards to Johnny Westrum in the last 7 minutes of the game as the Blue Bombers defeated the Stampeders 15-5 before 4,000 fans at Osborne Stadium to finish in first place in the Western Interprovincial Football Union. Wally Stephens scored a touchdown for the Stampeders in the 2nd quarter, and they led 5-2 after 3 quarters. Calgary was without star backs Darrell Wardien and Fritz Hanson, who had been injured in their 6-5 win over the Saskatchewan Roughriders in Regina two days earlier.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Heart of Gold, starring Mildred Dunnock, Darryl Hickman, Nehemiah Persoff, and Edward Binns

Died on this date
James McGirr, 67
. Australian politician. Mr. McGirr, a member of the Labour Party, was Premier of New South Wales from 1947-1952. He died of a heart attack.

Politics and government
The Democratic Party, led by Prime Minister Adnan Menderes, won 424 of 602 seats in the Grand National Assembly in the Turkish general election. The Democrats' total was a decrease of 78 seats from the most recent election in 1954. The Republican People's Party (CHP), led by İsmet İnönü, was second with 178 seats, an increase of 147 from 1954.

Transportation
The Canadian Pacific Railway discontinued the Kootenay Express and Kettle Valley Express on the Kettle Valley Line.

Disasters
49 Vietnamese, mostly women and children, were trampled to death in a stampede on two bridges by crowds gathered for a holiday fair near Saigon's Botanical Gardens.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Itchycoo Park--Small Faces

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 The Letter--The Box Tops (5th week at #1)
2 I Can See for Miles--The Who
3 Run, Run, Run--The Third Rail
4 To Sir with Love--Lulu
5 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
6 Sunshine Games--The Music Explosion
7 Gimme Little Sign--Brenton Wood
8 Let it All Hang Out--The Hombres
9 Lightning's Girl--Nancy Sinatra
10 Holiday--The Bee Gees
Pick hit of the week: Kentucky Woman--Neil Diamond
New this week: Wild Honey--The Beach Boys
Mr. Dream Merchant--Jerry Butler
The Thinking Animal--The Sons of Adam
Hush--Billy Joe Royal
Glad to Be Unhappy--The Mamas and the Papas

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the satellite Cosmos 186.

Protest
U.S. Roman Catholic priest Philip Berrigan and others of the "Baltimore Four" protested U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War by pouring blood on Selective Service records.

40 years ago
1977


On television tonight
James at 15, starring Lance Kerwin, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Friends

This was the first regular episode of the series.



Died on this date
James M. Cain, 85
. U.S. writer. Mr. Cain was a journalist with several magazines and newspapers before beginning his career as an author of fiction. He was known for his "hardboiled" crime fiction, and his novels The Postman Always Rings Twice (1934); Mildred Pierce (1941); and Double Indemnity (1936/1943) were made into successful films noir.

Crime
Charles Marion was released by his kidnappers in Sherbrooke, Québec after payment of $50,000 ransom. The credit union loans manager was held captive for 82 days in Canada's longest kidnapping-for-ransom.

Scandal
Former U.K. Liberal Party leader Jeremy Thorpe denied any involvement in a plot to kill former friend Norman Scott and suggestions that he had a homosexual relationship with the former model.

30 years ago
1987


World events
The national assembly of El Salvador voted 45-0 in favour of an amnesty for left-wing guerrillas and members of right-wing death squads and military men linked to massacres. An exception was made for those who had murdered Roman Catholic Archbishop Oscar Romero in 1980. Those eligible for the amnesty would include the killers of four U.S. churchwomen in 1980 and those who killed four U.S. Marines and nine others in San Salvador in 1985.

Diplomacy
Costa Rican President Oscar Arias said that Nicaraguan intransigence on peace talks was threatening the Central American peace process.

Politics and government
Frank McKenna sworn in as Premier of New Brunswick, replacing Richard Hatfield.

Baseball
The Baseball Writers Association of America named Buck Rodgers of the Montréal Expos as Manager of the Year in the National League for 1987. Mr. Rodgers led the Expos to a 91-71 record, good enough for third place in the NL East Division, 4 games behind the pennant-winning St. Louis Cardinals, and a 17-game improvement over the team's 1986 record.

25 years ago
1992


Died on this date
Allen Schindler, 22
. U.S. sailor. U.S. Navy Radioman Petty Officer Third Class Schindler was a sodomite who served on the assault ship USS Belleau Wood. He complained of harassment and was in the process of leaving the Navy when he was brutally beaten to death by shipmate Airman Apprentice Terry Helvey in a toilet in a park in Sasebo, Nagasaki, Japan. Mr. Helvey should have been executed, but a plea bargain resulted in a sentence of life imprisonment.

Abominations
Following a Federal Court ruling on the rights of sodomites in the Canadian Armed Forces, Chief of Staff John de Chastelain announced that all barriers to enlistment and promotion of sodomites in the military would be dropped.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Anybody Seen My Baby?--The Rolling Stones
2 Fly--Sugar Ray
3 The Sound Of--Jann Arden
4 Foolish Games--Jewel
5 I Don't Want to Wait--Paula Cole
6 Building a Mystery--Sarah McLachlan
7 On My Own--Peach Union
8 Walkin' on the Sun--Smash Mouth
9 Show Me Love--Robyn
10 Tubthumping--Chumbawumba

Singles entering the chart were Surrender by Sarah McLachlan (#29); I've Just Seen a Face by Holly Cole (#35); Spice Up Your Life by Spice Girls (#46); Whatever I Fear by Toad the Wet Sprocket (#51); I Believe by Jai (#54); Wake Up, My Love by Claymen (#57); and Please by U2 (#76).

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average tumbled 554.26 points, forcing the stock market to shut down for the first time since the 1981 assassination attempt on U.S. President Ronald Reagan.

Labour
Five unions representing 126,000 Ontario teachers went on strike to protest budget cuts and reforms put forward by Premier Mike Harris's Progressive Conservative government. The largest teachers' strike ever in North America was settled on November 7, and teachers went back to work on November 10.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Moira Lister, 84
. S.A.-born U.K. actress. Miss Lister began her career on stage in South Africa and moved to London at the age of 18. She appeared in numerous plays, radio, and television programs. Her films included So Evil My Love (1948); The Cruel Sea (1953); and The Yellow Rolls-Royce (1964).

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (10-6-1) 8 @ Toronto (10-7) 16
Montreal (8-9) 33 @ Calgary (7-9-1) 32

Toronto defensive end Ray Fontaine set up one touchdown with a blocked punt and set up another with a forced fumble as the Argonauts defeated the Blue Bombers before 40,116 fans at Rogers Centre.

Marcus Brady passed for 260 yards and a touchdown to help the Alouettes edge the Stampeders before 29,247 fans at McMahon Stadium.

Baseball
World Series
Boston Red Sox 10 @ Colorado Rockies 5 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-0)

The Red Sox opened the scoring with 6 runs in the top of the 3rd inning and appeared to be coasting to victory, but the Rockies scored 2 runs in the 6th and 3 in the 7th, only to see the Red Sox respond with 3 runs in the 8th and another run in the 9th. Boston leadoff hitter Jacoby Ellsbury had 3 doubles and a single in 5 at bats, with 2 runs and 2 runs batted in. 49,983 fans at Coors Field in Denver not only witnessed the first World Series game ever played in Colorado, but the longest 9-inning World Series game yet played--4 hours 19 minutes.