Monday, 30 November 2020

November 30, 2020

320 years ago
1700


War
Swedish forces led by King Charles XII defeated the Russian army in the Battle of Narva.

210 years ago
1810


Born on this date
Oliver Winchester
. U.S. businessman and politician. Mr. Winchester bought the Volcanic Repeating Arms Company, a division of Smith and Wesson, in 1855. The repeating rifle's design was improved, and the company was named the Winchester Repeating Arms Company in 1866. The Winchester rifles were tremendously successful with pioneers in the western United States, making Mr. Winchester a wealthy man. A Republican, he was a City Commissioner in New Haven, Connecticut, and was Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (1866-1867). Mr. Winchester died on December 10, 1880, 10 days after his 70th birthday.

180 years ago
1840


Born on this date
Henry Birks
. Canadian businessman. Mr. Birks, a native of Montreal, founded the jewellery firm Henry Birks and Sons in Montreal in 1879. He died on April 16, 1928 at the age of 87.

120 years ago
1900

Died on this date
Oscar Wilde, 46
. Irish author. The author of The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) died in Paris. His last words were reported as "I am dying beyond my means." Another account has it that his last words were, "Either that wallpaper goes or I do."

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Virginia Mayo
. U.S. actress. Miss Mayo, born Virginia Jones, was one of the biggest box office stars of the 1940s for such movies as The Princess and the Pirate (1944); The Best Years of Our Lives (1946); and White Heat (1949). She appeared in several movies with Danny Kaye, such as Up in Arms (1944); Wonder Man (1945); The Kid from Brooklyn (1946); The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (1947); and A Song is Born (1948). Miss Mayo died of pneumonia and complications of congestive heart failure on January 17, 2005 at the age of 84.

90 years ago
1930


Football
NFL
Brooklyn (7-3-1) 7 @ New York (11-4) 6
Green Bay (10-2) 37 @ Staten Island (5-5-2) 7
Portsmouth (4-6-2) 6 @ Chicago Bears (8-4-1) 14

80 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Woodpecker Song--Kate Smith; Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (1st month at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Only Forever--Bing Crosby with John Scott Trotter and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
George B. McClellan, Jr., 75
. U.S. politician. Mr. McClellan, son of U.S. Civil War Union Army General George McLellan, was a Democrat who represented New York's 12 District in the United States House of Representatives from 1895-1903, and served as Mayor of New York from 1904-1909. He later became a professorof economic history at Princeton University. Mr. McClellan died a week after his 75th birthday.

Married on this date
U.S. actress Lucille Ball married Cuban bandleader Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.

War
The Greek Army announced the capture of the Italian base of Pogradec in northeastern Albania. Italian Duce Benito Mussolini's newspaper Il Popole d'Italia stated that Italy would settle her quarrel with Greece alone and without the military help of Germany. Radio reports from Rome announced that the Axis powers had abandoned their plans for the defeat of Britain through actual invasion. Thailand announced the occupation of the French Indochinese districts of Banongkien, Bangkokekrabein, and Patruchai, as well as reprisal air raids on Thakhek and Savannakhet in the undeclared war.

Diplomacy
Japan officially recognized the Chinese government in Nanking in a treaty signed by Lieutenant General Noriyuki Abe and "President" Wang Ching-wei.

Politics and government
Paraguayan President Morinigo established a virtual dictatorship by signing a decree granting him full power to carry out the "Paraguayan revolution."

Economics and finance
The U.S. administration of President Harry Truman announced that a $50-million credit had been given to China and that an additional $50 million load would be made soon.

Society
The United States Census Bureau reported that the excess of males over females in the U.S.A. was being reduced by nearly 100,000 per year, and that in about five years there would be a female majority.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup
Ottawa Rough Riders 8 @ Toronto Balmy Beach 2 (First game of 2-game total points series)

Dave Sprague scored the game’s only touchdown, converted by Rick Perley, while Sammy Sward added 2 singles as the Rough Riders defeated Balmy Beach before 4,998 fans at Varsity Stadium. Bobby Porter’s 2 singles accounted for Balmy Beach’s scoring.

NCAA
Navy defeated Army 14-0 in the annual game between the two defense academies at Municipal Stadium in Philadelphia.

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Don't Fence Me In--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters (3rd month at #1)

Died on this date
Heinz-Wilhelm Eck, 29
. German military officer. Kapitänleutnant Eck was in command of the Kriegsmarine submarine U-852 when it sank the Greek merchant ship SS Peleus in the South Atlantic Ocean on March 13, 1944. Kapitänleutnant Eck ordered his crew to use hand grenades and fire automatic weapons into the ship in order to sink it, giving the crew of the Peleus no chance of survival. Kapitänleutnant Eck was captured soon after when U-852 was beached in Somaliland, and was taken prisoner. He was convicted as a war criminal and executed by firing squad at Lüneberg Heath, Germany.

War
At the hearings of the United States Senate committee on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, evidence was introduced that Admiral Harold Stark, then Chief of Naval Operations, sent warnings to Admiral Husband Kimmel on November 27 and December 3, 1941 regarding possible Japanese attacks. Former Nazi official Rudolf Hess announced that he was sane, that he had been faking amnesia, and that he was ready to go on trial for war crimes in Nuremberg. Field Marshal Count Juichi Terauchi, Japanese commander in Southeast Asia, surrendered to British Lord Louis Mountbatten in Rangoon.

Defense
The Allied Control Council banned military training, war veterans' organizations, and parades in Germany.

Politics and government
The six-party National Liberation Committee in Italy chose Alcide de Gasperi as Prime Minister.

Labour
A labour-management conference in Washington, D.C. ended with agreement on the use of arbitration in contracts with no-strike, no lockout clauses and the strengthening of the U.S. Conciliation Service.

Disasters
400 people were killed when an earthquake and tsunami struck Pasni, India.

34 people were killed and heavy property damage resulted from a two-day storm in New England.

70 years ago
1950


War
United Nations forces on the west coast of Korea withdrew to a line midway between Pyongyang and the Yalu River to avoid encirclement by Chinese Communist forces. In a formal statement, U.S. President Harry Truman denied any intention of abandoning [the UN] mission in Korea," and threatened to use atomic weapons if necessary to prevent Chinese forces from overrunning the peninsula.

Education
The New York State Court of Appeals upheld a state law barring Communists from teaching in public schools.

Technology
The first concentrated milk, maunfactured by Sealtest, was sold in Wilmington, Delaware.

Economics and finance
Argentina's first automobile factory was opened in Buenos Aires in ceremonies attended by President Juan Peron.

Labour
U.S. Steel and the United Steel Workers of America agreed on a 10% wage raise averaging 16c-18c per hour, an agreement expected to set the pattern for the one million-worker steel industry.

Business
The same day that it reached its agreement with the USW, U.S. Steel raised prices by 5½% ($5.50 per ton).

60 years ago
1960


Business
The last DeSoto rolled off the assembly line in Detroit, 12 days after Chrysler Corporation had announced the discontinuation of the passenger car marque, after more than 32 years of production. Only 3,034 1961 DeSotos were sold.



50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kyōto no Koi--Yūko Nagisa (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): N'A Veiriña Do Mar--María Ostiz (3rd week at #1)

Religion
Pope Paul VI departed Manila and visited Western Samoa before arriving in Sydney, Australia.

Football
NFL
Miami (7-4) 20 @ Atlanta (3-6-2) 7



40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): He's So Shy--The Pointer Sisters

#1 single in Switzerland: Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Edwin Meese, a senior adviser to U.S. President-elect Ronald Reagan, stated that the U.S. and U.S.S.R. would begin talks on a new arms limitation treaty within a few weeks of Mr. Reagan’s inauguration on Jaunuary 20.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

War
Operation Desert Storm, the U.S. campaign in the Persian Gulf, officially ended.

Diplomacy
Bill Clinton became the first U.S. President to visit Northern Ireland, where he spoke in favour of the Northern Ireland peace process to a huge rally at Belfast City Hall.

Movies
Walt Disney Studios announced that it would open animation studios in Toronto and Vancouver.

20 years ago
2000


Space
The U.S. space shuttle Endeavour, with a five-man crew comanded by Brent Jett, launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin mission STS-97, an 11-day mission aboard the International Space Station.



10 years ago
2010


Defense
U.S. Defense Department leaders called for scrapping the 17-year-old "don't ask, don't tell" ban after releasing a survey about the prospect of openly sodomite troops.

Politics and government
Doug Phillips was installed as Yukon Commissioner, succeeding Geraldine Van Bibber.

Sunday, 29 November 2020

November 29, 2020

275 years ago
1745


War
French soldiers burned Saratoga and later Albany, New York to retaliate for the efforts of Mohawk Valley Indian trader William Johnson to get the Iroquois on the warpath.

260 years ago
1760


War
Major Robert Rogers obtained the surrender of French forces to the British at Fort Detroit.

240 years ago
1780


Died on this date
Maria Theresa, 63
. Holy Roman Empress, 1745-1765. Maria Theresa, the daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, married the future Emperor Francis I in 1736. She became Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Croatia upon her father's death in 1740, and ruled as an absolute monarch rather then ceding power to he husband. Maria Theresa became Queen of Bohemia in 1743, and became Empress when Francis I was elected Holy Roman Emperor. She was a devout Roman Catholic, and was intolerant of Protestants and Jews. Empress Maria Theresa implemented military, bureaucratic, legal, and educational reforms. When Emperor Francis I died in 1765, their son Joseph acceded to the throne. Maria Theresa died three years after suffering an attack of smallpox, from which she apparently never recovered.

190 years ago
1830


War
An armed rebellion against Russia's rule in Poland began in Warsaw when the young Polish officers from the local Army of the Congress Poland's military academy, led by Lieutenant Piotr Wysocki, revolted.

170 years ago
1850


Diplomacy
The Punctation of Olmütz was signed, by which Prussia abandoned the Erfurt Union and accepted the revival of the German Confederation under Austrian leadership.

130 years ago
1890


Politics and government
The Meiji Constitution went into effect in Japan, and the first Diet convened.

Football
U.S. college
Charles "Red" Emerich scored 4 touchdowns--then worth 4 points each--to lead the United States Naval Academy Midshipmen to a 24-0 win over the United States Military Academy Cadets at West Point, New York, in the first annual Army-Navy game.

120 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Mildred Gillars
. U.S. broadcaster and traitor. Miss Gillars, born Mildred Sisk, failed in attempts at becoming an actress before moving to Germany in 1934 and obtaining work as a radio announcer. She married a German national, who was killed in action during World War II. Miss Gillars made propaganda broadcasts during the war, and was nicknamed "Axis Sally" by Allied soldiers. She was arrested and detained after the war, and was eventually returned to the United States and convicted of one count of treason in 1949. Miss Gillars was paroled after 12 years in prison, and lived in a convent in Columbus, Ohio until her death on June 25, 1988 at the age of 87.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Joseph Shivers
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Shivers was a textile chemist at DuPont in the 1950s when he helped to develop spandex. He died on September 1, 2014 at the age of 93.

90 years ago
1930


Football
CRU
Eastern Final
Hamilton Tigers 5 @ Toronto Balmy Beach 8

Balmy Beach, champions of the Ontario Rugby Football Union, advanced to the Grey Cup on December 7 against the western champion Regina Roughriders.

80 years ago
1940


At the movies
The Bank Dick, starring W.C. Fields, opened in theatres.

War
A Hungarian dispatch reported that fighting between the Romanian government of Prime Minister Ion Antonescu and the fascist Iron Guard was verging on civil war. Chinese guerrillas dynamited Shanghai-Nanking express train carrying Japanese and Chinese officials to Nanking for the signing of the "peace treaty" between Japan and the Japanese sponsored government led by Wang Ching-wei. Thailand ordered French nationals to evacuate frontier provinces within 24 hours, after Thai patrols clashed with Indochinese border guards at the Cambodian frontier.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt reappointed Major General Thomas Holcomb as commandant of the Marine Corps for another four years.

Politics and government
U.S. President Roosevelt conferred with Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas) on coordination of the work of the State and Justice Departments with the House Committee on Un-American Activities, chaired by Mr. Dies.

Economics and finance
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles reported that understandings had been reached in principle on aid to Greece.

A seat on the New York Stock Exchange was sold for $33,000, the lowest price since 1899.

75 years ago
1945


At the movies
The Lost Weekend, directed by Billy Wilder and starring Ray Milland and Jane Wyman, received its premiere screening in Los Angeles.



War
British Prime Minister Clement Attlee reported that British Empire battle casualties during World War II had totalled 1,246,025, with 353,652 killed. The U.S. Senate committee investigating the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii heard that Hawaii commanding General Walter Short had not received intercepted Japanese messages bearing on the forthcoming attack. Japanese Army General Tomoyuki Yamashita, on trial in Manila for war crimes, denied knowledge of atrocities committed under his command, and said that he would have punished the perpetrators if he had known. Films of 12 concntration camps were shown to the Nazi defendants at the war crimes trial in Nuremberg. Radio Moscow reported that the U.S.S.R. had agreed to the Chinese request that Soviet troop withdrawals from Manchuria be deferred until Nationalist forces were able to take over.

Europeana
The Constituent Assembly of Yugoslavia formally abolished the monarchy and declared the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia was declared. King Peter II was already in exile in the United Kingdom when he was deposed.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman told reporters that he didn't favour further Big Three (U.S.A.; U.S.S.R.; U.K.) conferences, since the United Nations would soon be in a position to take over issues growing out of World War II. Mr. Truman modified his earlier support for a Palestine Jewish commonwealth, favouring formation of an Anglo-American fact-finding commission to study the Palestinian issue.

Iranian Ambassador to the United States Hussein Ala said that the U.S.S.R. had rejected Iran's request to send troops into Azerbaijan to put down the rebellion.

The International Women's Congress in Paris established the Women's International Democratic Federation with permanent headquarters there.

70 years ago
1950


War
Chinese Communist forces extended their penetration of United Nations lines to Sinchang, 30 miles northeast of Pyongyang.

Religion
The National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States was formally established in Cleveland by 600 church leaders, representing 25 Protestant denominations and 4 Eastern Orthodox Churches, with 31 million members. The NCC replaced the Federal Council of Churches.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Joe Louis (59-2) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Argentine champion Cesar Brion (29-4) at Chicago Stadium.



60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Frøken Johansen og jeg--Inger Jacobsen (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Promise, starring William Shatner and Deirdre Owens



Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Money, starring Robert Loggia and Doris Dowling

Thriller, hosted by Boris Karloff, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Fatal Impulse, starring Robert Lansing, Elisha Cook, Jr., Whitney Blake, Conrad Nagel, and Mary Tyler Moore



50 years ago
1970


Religion
Pope Paul VI continued his tour of Asia with a final day in Manila, which included mass and a message to the poor.

Football
NFL
Boston (2-9) 14 @ Buffalo (3-7-1) 10
Minnesota (9-2) 10 @ New York Jets (4-7) 20
New York Giants (7-4) 27 @ Washington (4-7) 24
Chicago (4-7) 20 @ Baltimore (8-2-1) 21
Cleveland (5-6) 9 @ Pittsburgh (5-6) 28
New Orleans (2-8-1) 6 @ Cincinnati (5-6) 26
Philadelphia (2-8-1) 14 @ St. Louis (8-2-1) 23
San Diego (4-5-2) 14 @ Kansas City (6-3-2) 26
Denver (5-6) 21 @ Houston (3-7-1) 31
Los Angeles (7-3-1) 30 @ San Francisco (7-3-1) 13

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): You and Me--Spargo

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Super Trouper--ABBA

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Tide is High--Blondie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Super Trouper--ABBA

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Never Knew Love Like This Before--Stephanie Mills
2 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
3 Super Trouper--ABBA
4 Driver's Seat--Sniff 'n' the Tears
5 The Tide is High--Blondie
6 Release--Patti Labelle
7 Upside Down--Diana Ross
8 My Number One--Luv'
9 De Vogeltjesdans--De Electronica's
10 Aquarius--Gary Fane

Singles entering the chart were Lola (Live) by the Kinks (#28); Save the Whale by Kamahl (#31); Guilty by Barbra Streisand (#32); All Out of Love by Air Supply (#33); Baggy Trousers by Madness (#37); and Army Dreamers by Kate Bush (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Lady--Kenny Rogers (3rd week at #1)
2 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
3 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
4 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
5 I'm Coming Out--Diana Ross
6 More than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
7 Master Blaster (Jammin')--Stevie Wonder
8 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon
9 Love on the Rocks--Neil Diamond
10 Dreaming--Cliff Richard

Singles entering the chart were Hey Nineteen by Steely Dan (#65); 9 to 5 by Dolly Parton (#73); Need Your Loving Tonight by Queen (#76); Cold Love by Donna Summer (#81); Trickle Trickle by the Manhattan Transfer (#82); Smoky Mountain Rain by Ronnie Milsap (#83); Love T.K.O. by Teddy Pendergrass (#85); Miss Sun by Boz Scaggs (#87); Keep on Loving You by REO Speedwagon (#88); and Gypsy Spirit by Pendulum (#98). 9 to 5 was the title song of the movie.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lady--Kenny Rogers (3rd week at #1)
2 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
3 Master Blaster (Jammin’)--Stevie Wonder
4 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
5 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
6 More Than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
7 I’m Coming Out--Diana Ross
8 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon
9 Dreaming--Cliff Richard
10 Lovely One--The Jacksons

Singles entering the chart were Hey Nineteen by Steely Dan (#41); Miss Sun by Boz Scaggs (#83); Love T.K.O. by Teddy Pendergrass (#84); Keep on Loving You by REO Speedwagon (#86); Need Your Loving Tonight by Queen (#87); Trickle Trickle by the Manhattan Transfer (#88); Easy Love by Dionne Warwick (#89); Smoky Mountain Rain by Ronnie Milsap (#90); and Teacher Teacher by Rockpile (#94).

#1 single in Canada (RPM): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Dorothy Day, 83
. U.S. social activist and journalist. Miss Day was a socialist who converted to Roman Catholicism and incorporated Catholic doctrine into her socialist and anarchist beliefs. She co-founded the Catholic Worker Movement in 1933, the same year she co-founded the newspaper Catholic Worker. Miss Day supported pacifism and most of the usual leftist causes until her death from a heart attack, three weeks after her 83rd birthday.

Football
CIAU
Canadian College Bowl @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Alberta 40 Ottawa 21

Forrest Kennerd completed 16 of 29 passes for a record 316 yards and 4 touchdowns to lead the Golden Bears over the Gee-Gees before 11,000 fans for their third Vanier Cup championship. Peter Eshenko caught 3 of Mr. Kennerd’s touchdown passes as Alberta built a 35-0 halftime lead. Rick Zmich started at quarterback for the Gee-Gees, but it was backup quarterback Yvon Granger who completed 20 passes and produced 3 touchdowns for Ottawa in the second half. Mr. Kennerd, playing his final game, won the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game’s outstanding player.



NCAA
Georgia Tech (1-9-1) 20 @ Georgia (11-0) 38

Herschel Walker rushed for 205 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Bulldogs to their first perfect regular season record since they went 4-0 in 1896.

Navy 33 Army 7 @ Veterans Stadium, Philadelphia

This was the first Army-Navy game to be played at Veterans Stadium.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ooh Aah Paul McGrath--Watch Your House (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted 12-2 to authorize military action if Iraq did not withdraw its troops from Kuwait and release all foreign hostages by January 15, 1991.

Politics and government
Andrei Lukanov resigned as Premier of Bulgaria, saying that he had been unable to create a consensus behind solutions for the country’s economic difficulties.

In his first speech in the House of Commons since becoming Prime Minister of Great Britain the previous day, John Major said that the U.K.’s policy toward the European Community and a review of the controversial local government poll tax would be at the top of his agenda.

Baseball
An investment group led by Montréal Expos' president Claude Brochu agreed to acquire the National League club from financier Charles Bronfman.

25 years ago
1995


Politics and government
Members of the opposition NLD party withdrew from the national convention in Myanmar on drafting a new constitution, claiming that the people's needs would not be heard.

Economics and finance
Ontario Premier Mike Harris vowed to cut $6.2 billion in spending over 3 years and balance the budget by 2000, as part of the "Common Sense Revolution" of his Progressive Conservative government.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Mario Monicelli, 95
. Italian director and screenwriter. Mr. Monicelli was a leader in the genre of Commedia all'Italiana (Comedy Italian style) with movies such as I soliti ignoti (Big Deal on Madonna Street) (1958) and La Grande Guerra (The Great War) (1959), and was nominated for six Academy Awards. He was suffering from prostate cancer when he committed suicide by jumping from thew window of a hospital room in Rome.

Stephen Solarz, 70. U.S.politician. Mr. Solarz, a Democrat, represented the 45th District in the New York State Assembly (1969-1974) and New York's 13th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1975-1993). He was known for visiting various Southeast Asian countries. Mr. Solarz was one of many Congressmen who wrote hundreds of overdrafts on his House banking account, and the resulting scandal contributed to his defeat in the 1992 Democratic Party primary. He died of esophageal cancer.

Politics and government
Conservative Party candidates won Canadian federal by-elections in Dauphin-Swan River-Marquette (Manitoba) and Vaughan (Ontario), while the Liberals won in Winnipeg North (Manitoba).

Saturday, 28 November 2020

November 28, 2020

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dede Hill!

850 years ago
1170


Died on this date
Owain Gwynedd, 69-70 (?)
. King of Gwynedd, 1137-1170. Owain Gwynedd, born Owain ap Gruffudd, acceded to the throne of the North Wales kingdom of Gwynedd upon the death of his father Gruffydd ap Cynan. Owain became, in 1165, the first Welsh monarch to use the title "Prince of Wales." He achieved some military successes, but was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church for his defiance of the pope regarding his marriage to his first cousin Cristin. King Owain was succeeded by his son Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd.

730 years ago
1290


Died on this date
Eleanor of Castile, 49
. Queen consort of England, 1272-1290. Eleanor, the daughter of King Ferdinand III of Castile, married the future King Edward III of England, her second cousin once removed, in 1254. She accompanied him to Palestine during the Third Crusade (1270-1272), and became Queen consort upon his accession to the throne. Queen Eleanor was a promoter of literature and culture, and was known for her shrewd land deals. She died after a period of ill health, perhaps resulting from a strain of malaria.

550 years ago
1470


War
Đại Việt emperor Lê Thánh Tông launched a military expedition against Champa, beginning the Cham–Vietnamese War.

500 years ago
1520

Exploration

Three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan entered "The Sea of the South," having sailed from the Atlantic Ocean through the passage that came to be known as the Straits of Magellan in the first westward crossing of the Pacific Ocean.

360 years ago
1660


Academia
At Gresham College in London, 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray decided to found what was later known as the Royal Society.

320 years ago
1700


Born on this date
Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
. Queen consort of Denmark and Norway, 1730-1746. Sophie Magdalene, the daughter of Christian Heinrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach, married the future King Christian VI of Denmark and Norway in 1721, and was Queen consort from his accession to the throne until his death. She died on May 27, 1770 at the age of 69, after years of declining health.

200 years ago
1820


Born on this date
Friedrich Engels
. German-born U.K. philosopher. Mr. Engels was raised in a Christian Pietist family, but turned to atheism as a young man, and became a follower of the philosophy of G.W.F. Hegel. He moved to England at the age of 22, where he became known for his association with Karl Marx. Mr. Engels wrote The Condition of the Working Class in England (1845), and co-authored, with Mr. Marx, The Communist Manifesto (1848). After Mr. Marx's death in 1883, Mr. Engels edited the second and third volumes of Mr. Marx's work Das Kapital (1885; 1894). He died on August 5, 1895 at the age of 74.

125 years ago
1895


Born on this date
José Iturbi Báguena
. Spanish musician. Mr. Iturbi was a pianist, harpsichordist, and conductor who had a career spanning more than 60 years. He conducted the Rochester Philharmonic Orchestra and Valencia Symphony Orchestra for many years. Mr. Iturbi died from heart problems on June 28, 1980 at the age of 84.

Auto racing
The first American automobile race, sponsored by the Chicago Times-Herald, took place with 6 "moto-cycles" covering the 54 miles from Jackson Park in Chicago to Evanston, Illinois, and back--in snow. Frank Duryea, driving his brother Charles' Motorized Wagon, won in just over 10 hours, at an average speed of about 7.3 miles per hour.

100 years ago
1920


War
The Irish Republican Army ambushed a convoy of the Royal Irish Constabulary's Auxiliary Division near the village of Kilmichael in County Cork, killing 17.

FIDAC (The Interallied Federation of War Veterans Organisations), the first international organization of war veterans, was established in Paris.

Football
APFA
Cleveland (2-4-2) 0 @ Buffalo (8-1) 7
Akron (8-0-1) 14 @ Dayton (5-2-2) 0
Decatur (9-1-1) 6 @ Chicago Cardinals (6-1-1) 7
Rochester Scalpers 6 @ Rochester (6-3-1) 7
Lansing 0 @ Detroit (2-3-2) 0
Thorn 0 @ Chicago Tigers (2-5-1) 27
Washington & Jefferson College 7 @ Rock Island (6-2-2) 48

Wisconsin professional
(Milwaukee) Lapham Athletic Club 0 @ Green Bay (9-1-1) 26

The Packers' win over Lapham A.C. at Hagemeister Park was their last game as an independent club; they joined the Americn Professional Football Association in 1921.

90 years ago
1930


Died on this date
Constantine VI, 71
. Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, 1924-1925. Constantine VI held several bishoprics in the Eastern Orthodox Church from 1896 before succeeding Gregory VII as Ecumenical Patriarch on December 17, 1924. Constantine VI was exiled to Greece by the Turkish government on January 30, 1925, and resigned his office on May 22, 1925.

Music
Serge Koussevitsky conducted the Boston Symphony Orchestra in the premiere performance of Howard Hanson's Symphony No. 2 "Romantic" at Symphony Hall in Boston.



80 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Jesse Livermore, 63
. U.S. stock speculator. Mr. Livermore, known as the "Boy Plunger" and the "Great Bear of Wall Street," gained and lost several large fortunes. He sold stocks short just before the stock market crash in 1929, with his resulting worth being $100 million (the equivalent of $1.384 billion in 2014). He then began to lose money in investments, and instead of cutting his losses, he continued to invest, losing virtually his entire fortune. He shot himself to death in the cloakroom at the Sherry Netherland Hotel in New York City, leaving an eight-page suicide note in which he called himself a failure.

War
German soldiers in or near Bucharest were mobilized and ordered to stand ready for immediate action to intervene in the conflict between the Romanian government of Prime Minister Ion Antonescu and the fascist Iron Guardists. The United Kingdom reported a methodical and relentless bombing of Cologne by the Royal Air Force. Reports from Thailand announced the bombing of areas of Indochina after bombing by French planes of Thai positions around Nankorn Panom.

Defense
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau disclosed in Washington that the United Kingdom and the United States would make joint use of some of the Caribbean naval bases recently leased from the U.K.

Diplomacy
A hostile crowd marred the Mexico City welcome for U.S. Vice President-elect Henry Wallace.

John Cudahy resigned as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium to devote his time to writing.

Law
U.S. Representative Howard W. Smith (Democrat--Virginia) introduced a bill providing up to life imprisonment for persons convicted of sabotage. Rep. John Cochran (Democrat--Missouri) blocked House action on the Walter-Logan bill by refusing to agree to Senate amendments. The bill, if passed, would increase the authority of the courts to review and set aside decisions of government boards and agencies.

Scandal
The United States Justice Department denied parole to Martin Morton, former 10th-ranking federal judge, who had been sentenced on March 7 to two years in the Lewisburg, Pennsylvania prison for "conspiracy to obstruct justice and defraud the United States."

Medicine
The American Chemical Society reported that the wartime shortage of Indian monkeys may hamper research into human diseases.

Economics and finance
The United States signed a three-year contract with 14 Latin American nations to stabilize the coffee industry, with American import quotas being set for each country.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans re-elected William Green as President.

U.S. Attorney General Robert Jackson received a 1,000-page secret report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation on Australian-born West coast Congress of Industrial Organizations leader Harry Bridges.

Football
NFL
Pittsburgh (2-7-2) 0 @ Philadelphia (1-9) 7

75 years ago
1945


Died on this date
Dwight F. Davis, 66
. American tennis player and politician. Mr. Davis was a star amateur tennis player in the late 1890s and early 1900s, and founded the Davis Cup competition. He was a Republican who served as Assistant U.S. Secretary of War (1923-1925) and Secretary of War (1925-1929) in the administration of President Calvin Coolidge, and then as Governor-General of the Philippines from 1929-1932.

War
At hearings of the U.S. Senate Committee on the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, telegrams from U.S. diplomats in Latin America were introduced, showing that Japanese representatives there were predicting war with the United States between April and December 1941. John Amery, 33, son of former U.K. Conservative cabinet minister Leo Amery, pled guilty to eight counts of treason related to activities during World War II that included propaganda broadcasts and a proposal to raise a pro-Nazi British volunteer force (which became the British Free Corps). Mr. Amery's trial lasted just eight minutes.

Diplomacy
The day after Patrick J. Hurley's resignation as U.S. Ambassador to China, resolutions were introduced in both houses of Congress to investigate his charges that some State Department officials had sought to undermine U.S. policy in China.

The Panamanian National Assembly approved a resolution to begin intern-American discussions on breaking relations with the "authoritarian" governments of Nicaragua, Honduras, and Dominican Republic.

Politics and government
Austrian Chancellor Karl Renner's provisional government resigned.

U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal offered a substitute merger plan providing for a National Security Council, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and a "Chief of Staff" to the President, along with centralized research and intelligence agencies.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations United Steel Workers of America voted to strike against the steel industry to enforce their demand for a $2 daily wage increase.

70 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Hands of Mr. Ottermole, starring Royal Dano, Robert Emhardt, and Lawrence Fletcher

War
Chinese Communist forces advanced 25 miles southwest through the gap torn in South Korean lines at Tokchon. Commander-in-Chief of the United Nations Command General Douglas MacArthur, refuting the Chinese claim that only "volunteers" were fighting in Korea, claimed that United Nations forces now faced over 200,000 regular Chinese Army troops. U.S. President Harry Truman discussed the Korean situation with the National Security Council, Joint Chifs of Staff, and cabinet.

Crime
A U.S. federal court in New York sentenced Abraham Brothman to seven years in prison and fined him $15,000 for attempting to obstruct justice in atomic bomb spy cases. Miriam Moskowitz was setenced to two years in prison and fined $10,000.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Ceylon, India, New Zealand, and Pakistan announced the creation of the "Colombo Plan," a $5.2-billion aid fund for the economic development of South and Southeast Asia during the next six years, with the purpose of raising the living standards of 570 million Asians and counteracting the appeal of Communism.

Football
NCAA
An Associated Press poll of sportswriters named Oklahoma State University as the best college football team in the United States, followed by Army, University of Texas, University of Tennessee, and University of California.

Baseball
Chuck Dressen was named manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, replacing Burt Shotton.

Nippon Series
Shochiku Robins 7 @ Mainichi Orions 8 (11 innings) (Mainichi won best-of-seven series 4-2)

The Orions scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 3rd inning to take a 6-3 lead and led 7-3 after 4 innings, but the Robins came back to tie the score before the Orions scored the winning run in the bottom of the 11th before 22,035 fans at Osaka Stadium to win the first Nippon Series. Takeshi Nomura (3–0), who had pitched a complete game victory the day before, pitched 3.1 innings of relief to get the win over Nobuo Oshima (1–2). Yoshiyuki Iwamoto hit his 2nd and 3rd home runs of the Series, driving in 4 runs for Shochiku.

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Diavolo--Jimmy Fontana

#1 single in France (IFOP): Itsy Bitsy Petit Bikini--Dalida (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
2 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
3 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
4 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
5 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
6 New Orleans--U.S. Bonds
7 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
8 Alone at Last--Jackie Wilson
9 Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go--Hank Ballard and the Midnighters
10 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles

Singles entering the chart were Rubber Ball by Bobby Vee (#67); Blue Tango by Bill Black's Combo (#75); Wings of a Dove by Ferlin Husky (#79); Walk Slow by Little Willie John (#81); Doll House by Donnie Brooks (#86); Ramona by the Blue Diamonds (#87); Come Rain or Come Shine by Ray Charles (#95); and Have You Ever Been Lonely (Have You Ever Been Blue) by Teresa Brewer (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Music Vendor)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
2 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
3 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
4 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
5 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
6 Wonderland by Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
--Louis Prima
7 Many Tears Ago--Connie Francis
8 New Orleans--U.S. Bonds
9 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
10 He Will Break Your Heart--Jerry Butler

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Chris Milner!

Died on this date
Dirk Jan de Geer, 89
. Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1926-1929, 1939-1940). Jonkheer De Geer was a member of the Christian Historical Party/Christian Historical Union in the House of Representatives (1907-1921, 1922, 1933-1939), holding various cabinet posts, including three terms as Minister of Finance. He was Prime Minister when German forces invaded the Netherlands in May 1940, and fled with the government to London. Jhr. De Geer advocated negotiating a separate peace with Germany, and insisted that the war could not be won, which prompted his dismissal as Prime Minister, at the instigation of Queen Wilhelmina. He returned home with the permission of the Germans, and wrote a leaflet instructing his people how to cooperate with the Germans. Jhr. De Geer was convicted of treason after the war, and served a year in prison. He died of a stroke, 11 days before his 90th birthday.

Richard Wright, 52. U.S. writer. Mr. Wright, a Negro, wrote fiction, poetry and non-fiction, much of it about racial themes. He was a Communist for many years and wrote articles for Communist Party publications, but left the party in 1942. Mr. Wright was best known for his novel Native Son (1940) and his memoir Black Boy (1945). He became a permanent American expatriate in 1946, and died in Paris from a heart attack.

Africana
Mauritania became a nation, gaining full independence from France.

50 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Deux amis pour un amour--Johnny Hallyday (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Anna--Lucio Battisti

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival (2nd week at #1)
2 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters
3 Spill the Wine--Eric Burdon and War
4 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
5 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
--The Mixtures
6 Yellow River--Autumn
--Jigsaw
--Christie
--Leapy Lee
7 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
8 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
9 A Song of Joy--Miguel Rios
10 Candida--Dawn

Singles entering the chart were Fire and Rain by James Taylor (#45); Through the Eyes of Love by Bobby and Laurie (#51); Indiana Wants Me by R. Dean Taylor (#57); Goodbye Sam, Hello Samantha by Cliff Richard (#58); and The Lover's Song by Ned Miller (#60).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Where Have I Been Wrong--The Cats
2 To My Father's House--The Les Humphries Singers
3 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
4 She Likes Weeds--Tee-Set
5 Memo from Turner--Mick Jagger
6 Hello Darkness--Shocking Blue
7 Over and Over--George Baker Selection
8 Paranoid--Black Sabbath
9 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
10 Love is All Around--Sandra & Andres

Singles entering the chart were Only Love Can Break Your Heart by Neil Young (#21); Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#27); Woodstock by Matthews Southern Comfort (#31); Patches by Clarence Carter (#33); De Toreador (O, O, Signorita) by Jacques Herb (#35); and Cry Me a River by Joe Cocker (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
5 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
6 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
7 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
8 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
9 Heaven Help Us All--Stevie Wonder
10 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf

Singles entering the chart were River Deep - Mountain High by the Supremes & Four Tops (#51); My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity by George Harrison (#72); When the Party is Over by Robert John (#82); If I were Your Woman by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#86); Stealer by Free (#88); Your Song by Elton John (#89); Most of All by B.J. Thomas (#90); Silver Moon by Michael Nesmith & the First National Band (#92); Rose Garden by Lynn Anderson (#93); Paranoid by Black Sabbath (#94); and Can't Get Over Losing You by Donnie Elbert (#98).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
5 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
6 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
7 Share the Land--The Guess Who
8 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
9 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
10 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were My Sweet Lord (#37)/Isn't it a Pity (#62) by George Harrison; (Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below We're All Going to Go by Curtis Mayfield (#72); Most of All by B.J. Thomas (#76); Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#78); Silver Moon by Michael Nesmith & the First National Band (#80); Rose Garden by Lynn Anderson (#85); Help Me Find a Way (To Say I Love You) by Little Anthony and the Imperials (#92); Chestnut Mare by the Byrds (#95); Workin' Together by Ike & Tina Turner (#96); Thank God and Greyhound by Roy Clark (#99); and Amos Moses by Jerry Reed (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
3 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
4 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
5 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
6 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
7 5-10-15-20 (25-30 Years of Love)--The Presidents
8 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
9 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley
10 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom

Singles entering the chart were My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity by George Harrison (#48); River Deep - Mountain High by the Supremes & Four Tops (#59); Ruby Tuesday by Melanie (#65); Your Song by Elton John (#73); Most of All by B.J. Thomas (#74); Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#83); (Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below We're All Going to Go by Curtis Mayfield (#85); Timothy by the Buoys (#89); When the Party is Over by Robert John (#92); I Can't Get Next to You by Al Green (#95); For a Friend by the Bugaloos (#96); Think About Your Children by Mary Hopkin (#97); Burning Bridges by the Mike Curb Congregation (#99); and There T Goes Again by Barbara and the Uniques (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
3 Share the Land--The Guess Who
4 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
5 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
6 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
7 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
8 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
9 Beautiful Second Hand Man--Ginette Reno
10 Fly Little White Dove, Fly--The Bells

Singles entering the chart were River Deep - Mountain High by the Supremes & Four Tops (#67); Chains and Things by B.B. King (#76); For the Good Times by Ray Price (#78); Sacroiliac Boop by the Happy Feeling (#98); Give Us One More Chance by Pagliaro (#99); and Will the Real Jesus Please Stand Up by Sweet Revival (#100). Sacroiliac Boop was the B-side of Lord Come, which was not on the chart.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 Fly Little White Dove, Fly--The Bells
3 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation
4 Share the Land--The Guess Who
5 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
6 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
7 I Believe in Sunshine--Madrigal
8 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
9 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley
10 Lola--The Kinks
Pick hit of the week: Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland

Terrorism
FLQ terrorists Jacques Cossette, Jacques Lanctôt, Marc Charbonneau, and Pierre Séguin were allowed to leave for Cuba after they handed over British Trade Commissioner James Cross, whom they had kidnapped from his Montreal residence on October 5.

War
U.S. casualties for the week in Vietnam were 32 dead and 178 wounded. South Vietnamese casualties numbered 430 dead and 934 wounded, while North Vietnamese and Viet Cong dead were an estimated 1,300.

Religion
Pope Paul VI continued his tour of Asia with a full day in Manila, which included a plea for peace in Vietnam.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
Montreal 23 Calgary 10

Montreal quarterback Sonny Wade produced points when he had to, while the Alouettes’ defense succeeded in stifling the Calgary offense as they won their first Grey Cup in 21 years. 32,771 fans at the last Grey Cup to be played on a Saturday saw the grass at CNE Stadium come apart in big chunks in what became known as the "Sod Bowl." The Stampeders scored first when Bob Storey of the Alouettes fumbled a Ron Stewart punt and Rudy Linterman recovered for Calgary on the Montreal 17-yard line. Calgary quarterback Jerry Keeling completed a pass to fullback Hugh McKinnis for 10 yards and then handed off to Mr. McKinnis for a 7-yard touchdown. Larry Robinson converted to give the Stampeders a 7-0 lead 4:27 into the game. Mr. Wade marched the Alouettes into scoring position, and they gambled on a third-down short-yardage play at the Calgary 10-yard line. Running back Moses Denson was trapped by Calgary defensive back Terry Wilson for an apparent loss, but Mr. Denson improvised and threw a pass to Ted Alflen for a touchdown. It was the only pass of Mr. Denson’s CFL career and the only reception in the 3-game CFL career of Mr. Alflen. George Springate missed the convert, leaving the Stampeders with a 7-6 lead at 9:17 of the 1st quarter. The Stampeders fumbled a punt in the 2nd quarter, recovered by Montreal centre Gene Ceppetelli at the Calgary 16-yard line. The Alouettes failed to move the ball from there, but Mr. Springate kicked a 21-yard field goal at 5:36, and the Alouettes held a 9-7 halftime lead. Mr. Wade, who also doubled as the Alouettes’ punter, failed to hold a high snap from Mr. Ceppetelli in the 3rd quarter, and Dick Suderman recovered for the Stampeders at the Montreal 34. Larry Robinson followed with a 33-yard field goal at 7:27, giving the Stampeders a 10-9 lead. The Stampeders then turned the ball over on two consecutive possessions as Mr. Keeling gave up interceptions--on passes intended for Uriel Johnson--to Montreal defensive back Al Phaneuf, which he returned a total of 32 yards. The second interception, which Mr. Phaneuf returned from the Calgary 38-yard line to the 27, proved fatal. Montreal running back Bruce Van Ness completed a pass to Terry Evanshen for a 20-yard gain, and then end Tom Pullen rushed 7 yards on a reverse for a touchdown on the last play of the quarter. Mr. Springate converted to give the Alouettes a 16-10 lead. In the 4t quarter, Mr. Wade directed a 65-yard march that ended when he passed 10 yards to Garry Lefebvre for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Springate, at 10:22. Mr. Wade, who was named the game’s most valuable player, completed 16 of 34 passes for 159 yards, although giving up 3 interceptions. He also punted 12 times for a 36.7-yard average. Mr. Van Ness rushed 8 times for 30 yards and was 2 for 2 in passing for 46 yards. Mr. Denson rushed for 66 yards on 16 carries. Mr. Evanshen led all receivers with 95 yards on 6 receptions. Mr. McKinnis led the Stampeders with 48 yards rushing on 12 carries, 15 yards on 3 pass receptions, and 18 yards on 1 kickoff return. Mr. Keeling completed 16 of 37 passes for just 119 yards, while backup Larry Lawrence, who relieved Mr. Keeling late in the game, was 0 for 2. Gerry Shaw led the Calgary receivers with 28 yards on 2 receptions; Mr. Linterman caught 3 for 23 yards and Herm Harrison caught 3 for 22. Mr. Johnson, who was covered so well by Mr. Phaneuf, caught 2 passes for just 11 yards. The Montreal defense did such a good job of smothering the Calgary offense that the Stampeders’ longest offensive play covered 15 yards. Calgary punter Ron Stewart, playing his final game, punted 15 times for a 37.6-yard average. Frank Andruski made 2 of the Calgary interceptions for 28 yards in returns, and Gig Perez made the other Calgary interception, for 0 yards. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, gaudily dressed in a cape and fedora, performed the ceremonial kickoff



NCAA
Navy (1-10) 11 Army (1-9-1) 7 @ John F. Kennedy Stadium, Philadelphia

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand

#1 single in France (IFOP): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
2 Man on the Moon--Ballyhoo
3 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
4 Upside Down--Diana Ross
5 The Drunken Sailor--Babe
6 Rock Hard--Suzi Quatro
7 The Winner Takes it All--ABBA
8 Fame--Irene Cara
9 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
10 Don't Stand So Close to Me--The Police

Singles entering the chart were Shine On by Spirits Rejoice (#16); Hidin' from Love by Bryan Adams (#18); and 9 to 5 by Sheena Easton (#20). 9 to 5 was released in North America several months later under the title Morning Train (Nine to Five) in order to avoid confusion with Dolly Parton's recent hit 9 to 5.

War
In Operation Morvarid, the bulk of the Iraqi Navy was destroyed by the Iranian Navy in the Persian Gulf.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senator Charles Percy (Republican--Illinois), who was expected to be named chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, met with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko in Moscow. Sen. Percy reported that he had told Mr. Gromyko that the unratified SALT-II arms reduction agreement between the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. was "dead as a doornail." However, he suggested that a new start be made on an arms accord. In a visit with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, Mr. Percy warned Mr. Brezhnev that the use of troops in Poland would be a grave error.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): No Coke--Dr. Alban (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Sixth Man

Politics and government
John Major was sworn in as British Prime Minister, replacing fellow Conservative Margaret Thatcher. Mr. Major also named his cabinet.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had grown at an annual rate of 1.7% in the third quarter of 1990. U.S. Federal Reserve Board chairman Alan Greenspan said that the U.S. economy had entered a "meaningful downturn," but was unsure if a recession would result.

25 years ago
1995


Diplomacy
The United Kingdom and Ireland signed a joint declaration on Northern Ireland; the issue of decommissioning weapons belonging to Irish Republican Army members was delegated to an international committee that included Canadian General John de Chastelain.

Law
A national convention to coordinate the drafting of a new constitution for Myanmar was reconvened.

U.S. President Bill Clinton signed a bill that ended the federal 55 miles per hour speed limit.

20 years ago
2000


Abominations
The lower house of the Dutch parliament voted 104-40 to legalize physician-assisted suicide. The law still needed approval of the upper house to become law. Under the bill, doctors operated under fixed guidelines, including a stipulation that any euthanasia procedure had to be approved by a commission including a medical expert and a lawyer.

Politics and government
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, whose popularity was plummeting in the wake of renewed violence after his efforts at a peace settlement with the Palestinians, announced that he would dissolve the Knesset and call for new elections. Mr. Barak was just 17 months into a 4-year term.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Samuel T. Cohen, 89
. U.S. physicist. Mr. Cohen worked on the Manhattan Project during World War II, and then at RAND Corporation and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, where, in 1958, he devised the anti-tank thermonuclear weapon popularly known as the neutron bomb. Mr. Cohen died of stomach cancer.

Leslie Nielsen, 84. Canadian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Nielsen, a native of Regina, appeared in more than 100 movies and 150 television programs in a career spanning 60 years. He achieved success as a dramatic actor in movies such as Forbidden Planet (1956) and The Poseidon Adventure (1972), but gained his greatest fame for his deadpan comic performances in movies such as Airplane! (1980) and The Naked Gun trilogy (1988-1994), the latter of which was based on the television series Police Squad! (1982), in which he starred. Mr. Nielsen died in his sleep of pneumonia.

Politics and government
The first round of voting took place in the Haitian presidential election; Rally of Progressive National Democrats candidate Mirlande Manigat led with 31.37% of the vote, followed by Unity (INITE) candidate Jude Célestin at 22.48% and Peasant Response candidate Michel Martelly with 21.84%. Since no candidate had a majority, a runoff election was scheduled for January 16, 2011. Unity (INITE) led with 35 of 99 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and won 5 of 11 seats in the Senate, with Alternative for Progress and Democracy (ALTENATIV) also taking 5 Senate seats.

Disasters
Sun Way Flight 4112, an Ilyushin II-76 en route from Karachi to Khartoum, crashes after takeoff from Jinnah International Airport in Karachi, killing 12 people.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Commonwealth Stadium, Edmonton
Montreal 21 Saskatchewan 18

Avon Cobourne's second touchdown of the game, a 2-yard rush midway through the 4th quarter, provided the deciding points for the Alouettes as they held on to defeat the Roughriders before 63,317 fans, including this blogger. Montreal quarterback Anthony Calvillo completed 29 of 42 passes for 335 yards; Jamel Richardson caught 8 of Mr. Calvillo's passes for 109 yards, and was named the game's Most Valuable Player, with Saskatchewan defensive lineman Keith Shologan winning the Dick Suderman Memorial Trophy as the most valuable Canadian player.



Thursday, 26 November 2020

November 27, 2020

1,625 years ago
395


Died on this date
Rufinus, 60 (?)
. Roman statesman. Rufinus was appointed a consul and Praetorian prefect of the East in 392. He was murdered by Gothic mercenaries led by Gainas.

925 years ago
1095


War
Pope Urban II declared the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont.

150 years ago
1870


Born on this date
Juho Paasikivi
. Prime Minister of Finland, 1918, 1944-1946; President of Finland, 1946-1956. Mr. Paasikivi, born Johan Gustaf Hellsten, was a member of the Finnish Party for many years before becoming chairman of the National Coalition Party in 1934. He held various positions in a career spanning five decades, and as Prime Minister and President was the architect of the Finnish foreign policy of peaceful relations with the U.S.S.R. Mr. Paasikivi died on December 14, 1956, 17 days after his 86th birthday.

125 years ago
1895


Died on this date
Alexandre Dumas fils, 71
. French author and playwright. Mr. Dumas, the illegitimate son of novelist Alexandre Dumas père, wrote more than a dozen novels and more than two dozen plays, but was best known for the romantic novel (1848) and play (1852) La Dame aux Camélias (The Lady of the Camellias), which was adapted by Giuseppe Verdi into the opera La traviata (1853).

World events
At the Swedish–Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signed his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after his death.

110 years ago
1910


Transportation
New York’s Pennsylvania Station opened.

100 years ago
1920


Football
CRU
Grey Cup Semi-Final
Toronto Argonauts 5 Toronto Rugby & Athletic Association 2

The teams had played at Varsity Stadium on November 20, with the Argonauts winning 7-6. Toronto R&AA protested, and the Canadian Rugby Union upheld the protest on November 23, ruling that the 2nd half should be replayed on November 27, with the Argonauts leading 2-0 at halftime. The winner was to play the University of Toronto Varsity Blues on December 4 for the Grey Cup.

NCAA
Navy 7 Army 0 @ Franklin Field, Philadelphia

90 years ago
1930


Football
NFL
New York (11-3) 6 @ Staten Island (5-4-2) 7
Providence (6-4-1) 12 @ Brooklyn (6-3-1) 33
Green Bay (9-2) 25 @ Frankford (4-12-1) 7
Chicago Cardinals (5-6-2) 0 @ Chicago Bears (7-4-1) 6

80 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Nicolae Iorga, 69
. Prime Minister of Romania, 1931-1932. Mr. Iorga co-founded the Democratic Nationalist Party. He supported King Carol II and opposed the fascist Iron Guard, and was one of 64 of the arrested king's aides and other political dissidents executed by the Iron Guard in Jihlava military prison in Bucharest in reprisal for the killing of hundreds of Iron Guardists killed during the last years of King Carol's regime.

Jean Chiappe, 62. French civil servant and diplomat. Mr. Chiappe was director of the Sûreté générale in the 1920 and Préfet de police in the 1930s before being recalled in 1934. He was appointed France's High Commissioner in the Levant in the fall of 1940, and was killed when the plane taking him to Beirut was shot down by mistake by Italian planes taking part in the Battle of Taranto. Also killed were pilot Henri Guillaumet, 38, the other crew members, and the leader of the cabinet.

War
The British Royal Navy claimed victory over the Italian Regia Marina in the Battle of Cape Spartivento in the Mediterranean Sea. Greek reports claimed a steady advance against the southern Albanian bases of Argyrokastron and Tepeleni. The Australian Naval Ministry reported that two British freighters had been sunk in the Indian Ocean by a German surface raider during the last five days.

Defense
U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that President Franklin D. Roosevelt had allocated $50 million for construction of eight U.S. air and naval bases from Newfoundland to Trinidad on sited leased from the U.K.

The Uruguayan Chamber of Deputies voted 53-21 to approve an arrangment with the United States regarding construction of naval and air bases for mutual Western Hemisphere defense.

William Allen White, chairman of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies, received the fourth annual award of the National Association of Accredited Publicity Directors, Inc. for outstanding service in publicity.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Dr. Jose Miguel Gallardo as Governor of Puerto Rico.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities made public a "Red Paper" containing 281 instances in which violence to overthrow capitalism was advocated by Communist groups.

Economics and finance
The United States Treasury called on the 12 Federal Reserve banks for $107 million of Treasury deposits to replenish cash in the general fund.

The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted to defer consideration of legislation for financial aid to the United Kingdom until the next session of Congress.

Business
American Telephone & Telegraph annunced the largest single "private placement" deal ever negotiated: the sale to 14 insurance companies of $140 million of 2.75% debentures due in 30 years. The money was to pay for plant expansion.

Football
NCAA
University of Michigan halfback Tom Harmon was named the nation's outstanding college football player for 1940 in a national poll of sportswriters and broadcasters.

75 years ago
1945


Diplomacy
Patrick J. Hurley resigned as U.S. Ambassador to China, charging that U.S. global policy was failing because of weak foreign service officers. U.S. President Harry Truman named General George Marshall as Mr. Hurley's replacement.

U.S. Senator Burton K. Wheeler (Democrat--Montana) argued against the United Nations Participation Act, charging that the organization's principles had been compromised by appeasement of the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
Due to leftist opposition, Italian Prime Minister Vittorio Orlando failed to form a new cabinet.

Economics and finance
CARE (Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe) was founded to a send CARE Packages of food relief to Europe after World War II.

70 years ago
1950


Literature
The Hinge of Fate, the fourth volume of Winston Churchill's history of the Second World War, was published in Boston by Houghton Mifflin.

War
The Battle of Chosin Reservoir began as Chinese Communist forces attacked U.S. Marine units in North Korea.

Politics and government
German Suarez Flamerich, diplomat and jurist, took office as the first civilian President of the Venezuelan junta, succeeding Colonel Carlos Delgado Chalbaud.

Economics and finance
France promised economic autonomy for Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.

Baseball
Lou Boudreau signed as a player with the Boston Red Sox, after nine seasons as manager and shortstop with the Cleveland Indians. He led the Indians to a 92-62-1 record in 1950, 4th in the American League, while batting .269 with 1 home run and 29 runs batted in in 81 games.

Nippon Series
Mainichi Orions 3 @ Shochiku Robins 2 (Mainichi led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Orions scored a run in the top of the 9th inning to break a 2-2 tie as they edged the Robins before 12,630 fans at Nagoya Baseball Stadium. Winning pitcher Takeshi Nomura (2–0) and losing pitcher Shigeo Sanada (1–1) both pitched complete games.

60 years ago
1960


Died on this date
Jack Vainisi, 33
. U.S. football scout and executive. Mr. Vainisi played tackle at the University of Notre Dame (1945) and then served with the United States Army occupation forces in Japan, playing for a service team. While there, he contracted rheumatic fever, which seriously weakened his heart. Mr. Vainisi began working with the Green Bay Packers in 1950 as scout and director of personnel, and over the next decade recruited many of the players who helped the Packers win five National Football League championships from 1961-1967, and also persuaded Vince Lombardi to join the Packers as head coach and general manager in 1959. Mr. Vainisi died of a heart attack, several weeks before the Packers played in their first championship game during his time with team. He was inducted into the Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame in 1982.

Hockey
NHL
Gordie Howe scored his 1,000th career National Hockey League point with an assist as he helped the Detroit Red Wings beat the Toronto Maple Leafs.

Football
NFL
San Francisco (5-4) 30 @ Baltimore (6-3) 22
New York (5-3-1) 23 @ Philadelphia (8-1) 31
Washington (1-6-2) 10 @ Pittsburgh (4-5-1) 22
Cleveland (5-3-1) 17 @ St. Louis (5-4-1) 17
Dallas (0-10) 7 @ Chicago (5-3-1) 17

AFL
Buffalo (4-6-1) 38 @ Denver (4-6-1) 38
Oakland (5-6) 28 @ Los Angeles (7-4) 52

50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'll Forgive and I'll Try to Forget--Margo

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (2nd week at #1)
2 Cha-La-La, I Need You--Shuffles
3 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation
4 Looky Looky--Giorgio
5 All the Tears in the World--Dave Mills
6 Black Night--Deep Purple
7 Woodstock--Matthews Southern Comfort
8 Paranoid--Black Sabbath
9 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
10 Like I Do--Barbara Ray and the 5th Association

Singles entering the chart were Zanzibar by Wanda Arletti (#18); Green Mamba by Tidal Wave (#19); and Yo Yo by Chris Andrews (#20).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Fire and Rain--James Taylor (2nd week at #1)
2 Share the Land/Bus Rider--The Guess Who
3 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
4 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
5 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
6 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
7 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley
8 Be My Baby--Andy Kim
9 No Matter What--Badfinger
10 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul

Singles entering the chart were My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity by George Harrison (#17); and Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Share the Land/Bus Rider--The Guess Who (2nd week at #1)
2 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
3 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
4 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
5 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
6 No Matter What--Badfinger
7 Heaven Help Us All--Stevie Wonder
8 Does Anybody Really Know What Time it Is?--Chicago
9 Let's Work Together--Canned Heat
10 He Ain't Heavy...He's My Brother--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity by George Harrison (#20); Miss Ann by Delaney & Bonnie and Friends (#27); Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#28); Your Song by Elton John (#29); and One Less Bell to Answer by the 5th Dimension (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
3 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
4 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
5 He Ain't Heavy...He's My Brother--Neil Diamond
6 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
7 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
8 Share the Land--The Guess Who
9 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley
10 After Midnight--Eric Clapton

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Mondays Can Be Fatal

Died on this date
Helene Madison, 57
. U.S. swimmer. Miss Madison, a native of Madison, Wisconsin, set 16 world records at various distances in a 16-month period in 1930-1931, and won gold medals in the women's 100-metre freestyle, 400-metre freestyle, and 4 x 100-metre freestyle events at the 1932 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles. She was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1966, and died of throat cancer.

World events
Pope Paul VI continued his tour of Asia with a visit to Dacca, East Pakistan, followed by arrival in Manila, where he was attacked by a knife-wielding assailant in priest’s garb. The man, later identified as a Bolivian artist named Benjamin Mendoza y Amor Flores, was pushed back and could not hurt the pope. However, Stephen Cardinal Kim, Archbishop of Seoul, who was greeting the pope at the moment, was cut on the arm by the attacker, who was arrested and charged with attempted murder. The pope remained calm and composed, and continued his journey.



Terrorism
U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover told a Senate subcommittee that an antiwar group headed by Revs. Daniel and Philip Berrigan, brothers serving in jail for destroying draft records, were planning to kidnap a high U.S. government official and hold him for ransom to force a halt to U.S. air raids in Indochina, along with the release of "political prisoners" in the United States. The high government official was later identified as Henry Kissinger, an adviser to President Richard Nixon.

Defense
The Royal Canadian Navy destroyer HMCS Athabaskan was launched in Quebec City.

40 years ago
1980


Space
Soyuz T-3, with a crew of Leonid Kizim (Commander), Oleg Makarov (Flight Engineer), and Gennady Strekalov (Research Cosmonaut) aboard, lifted off from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to begin a 13-day mission aboard the Salyut 6 space station.



Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani refused to accept the resignation of Interior Minister Virginio Rognoni, who had offered to resign from the cabinet over criticism of the slowness and inefficiency of rescue operations after a wave of earthquakes had struck southern Italy on November 23-24. Mr. Forlani feared that the resignation of Mr. Rognoni might bring down the entire government.

30 years ago
1990


Died on this date
David White, 74
. U.S. actor. Mr. White was best known for playing Larry Tate in the television comedy series Bewitched (1964-1972).

Politics and government
John Major was chosen leader of the British Conservative Party on the second ballot, and was designated to replace Margaret Thatcher as the country’s next Prime Minister.

Society
Soviet Defense Minister Dmitri Yazov sanctioned the use of force to combat a "breakdown" of order as the U.S.S.R. was moving toward implementing a treaty to create a Union of Sovereign Socialist Republics.

Journalism
National Football League Commissioner Paul Tagliabue levied $72,500 in fines against the New England Patriots and three of their players for harassing behaviour toward Boston Herald reporter Lisa Olson while she tried to interview one of the players, Maurice Hurst, after a game in September.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I Don't Wanna Be a Star--Corona

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (5th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Fantasy--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 Runaway--Janet Jackson
3 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms
4 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
5 Hand in My Pocket--Alanis Morissette
6 Back for Good--Take That
7 Name--Goo Goo Dolls
8 Do You Sleep?--Lisa Loeb and Nine Stories
9 Let it Rain--Amanda Marshall
10 As I Lay Me Down--Sophie B. Hawkins

Singles entering the chart were Beautiful Life by Ace of Base (#81); Free as a Bird by the Beatles (#89); Freedom by Colin James (#92); The Ghost of Tom Joad by Bruce Springsteen (#93); GoldenEye by Tina Turner (#95); and Dear God by Sarah McLachlan (#96). GoldenEye was the title song of the movie.

World events
The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda opened in Tanzania.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien announced a plan to recognize Québec as a distinct society; give Québec, Ontario, the East and the West region a constitutional veto; and give the provinces more control over manpower and job training. The plan was based on promises made during the Québec sovereignty referendum campaign.

20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Damilola Taylor, 10
. U.K. schoolboy. The Negro boy, a victim of steady bullying, died from loss of blood from a stab wound in the leg when he was attacked by several Negro youths wearing hoodies in Peckham, south London.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party, under Prime Minister Jean Chretien, won a majority government in the Canadian federal election. The Liberals, who had also obtained majority governments in the elections of 1993 and 1997, won 41% of the vote and 172 of 301 seats in the House of Commons, an increase of 11 seats from the time of the dissolution of Parliament. The Canadian Alliance, under the "leadership" of the hapless and hopeless Stockwell Day, won only 66 seats, although Mr. Day himself was successful in being elected to Parliament for the first time. All but 2 of the CA’s seats came from the four western provinces, while the Liberals took 100 of 103 seats in Ontario. The Bloq Quebecois won 38 seats, the New Democratic Party 13, and the Progressive Conservatives, led by former Prime Minister Joe Clark, won 12. The election marked a low point in the history of Canadian politics. The Liberals waged a vicious campaign of hatred against the professed Christian beliefs of Mr. Day. For instance, Liberal backroom boy Warren Kinsella, who claims to be opposed to bigotry, went on television waving a stuffed "Barney" toy to ridicule Mr. Day’s belief in the Biblical account of creation. The anti-Christian hatred expressed by the Liberals was so bad that the Evangelical Fellowship of Canada, a non-partisan organization (in contrast to the Christian Coalition in the United States, which tends to be the religious wing of the Republican Party), publicly expressed concern over the campaign. Mr. Day, a former pastor, proved completely inept at defending the faith, and allowed the Liberals to define him and the campaign. David Kilgour, a former Progressive Conservative who joined the Liberals after the PCs got tired of him and kicked him out, was re-elected in Edmonton Mill Woods. He claims to be a Christian, but, in keeping with his career pattern of cowardice, refused to speak out against his party’s anti-Christian campaign.

Scandal
An inquest into the deaths of 12 babies at Winnipeg Health Sciences Centre blamed mismanagement, surgical error, and inexperienced doctors.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Irvin Kershner, 87
. U.S. movie and television director. Mr. Kershner directed independent movies such as The Hoodlum Priest (1961), but was better known in later years for blockbusters such as The Empire Strikes Back (1980) and Never Say Never Again (1983). He was nominated for an Emmy Award for the made-for-television movie Raid on Entebbe (1977). Mr. Kershner died after suffering from lung cancer for several years.

Football
CIS
Vanier Cup @ PEPS Stadium, Quebec
Laval 29 Calgary 2

Sébastien Lévesque rushed 41 yards for a touchdown 4:27 into the game and Bruno Prud'homme passed 40 yards to Yannick Morin-Plante for a TD at 7:43 of the 1st quarter to provide the necessary scoring for the Rouge et Or as they took a 26-2 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Dinos in a snowstorm before 16,237 fans. Chris Milo converted both touchdowns and added 5 field goals. The Laval defense allowed just 140 yards net offense, with the only Calgary points coming on an unecessarily conceded safety touch in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Lévesque rushed for 168 yards and was awarded the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game's Most Valuable Player.