Thursday, 12 November 2020

November 12, 2020

690 years ago

The Battle of Posada ended with a small Wallachian force led by Voievode Basarab I defeating the Hungarian army of King Charles I.

180 years ago

Born on this date
Auguste Rodin
. French sculptor. Mr. Rodin was best known for his bronze statue The Thinker, which originally appeared as part of the larger sculpture The Gates of Hell (1880). Mr. Rodin died on November 17, 1917, five days after his 77th birthday.

140 years ago

An explosion in Foord Pit of Drummond Coal Mine in Stellarton, Nova Scotia killed 44 miners.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Lily Kronberger
. Hungarian figure skater. Miss Kronberger won bronze medals in women's singles competition at the World Championships in 1906 and 1907, and won gold medals in four straight years (1908-1911), becoming the first Hungarian to win a world championship. She died on May 21, 1974 at the age of 83.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Stanley Graham
. N.Z. criminal. Mr. Graham shot and killed seven people, including two policemen, on October 8, 1941 on or near his farm at Kowhitirangi on the West Coast. The biggest manhunt in New Zealand history ensued, and he was spotted at his farm and shot by police on October 20, 1941, dying the following morning, 22 days before his 41st birthday.

110 years ago

Ottawa (3-3) 14 @ Montreal (2-4) 9
Hamilton (4-2) 6 @ Toronto (3-3) 7

Toronto (5-1) 11 @ Dundas (4-2) 7

Canadian university
McGill (3-3) 24 @ Ottawa (0-6) 6
Toronto (6-0) 9 @ Queen’s (3-3) 5

These games marked the end of regular season play in all three leagues, with the first place teams winning the championship of each league.

100 years ago

Italy and the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes signed the Treaty of Rapallo, intended to solve the dispute over some territories in the former Austrian Littoral in the upper Adriatic, and in Dalmatia.

U.S. District Court Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was named the first Commissioner of baseball by the 16 major league club owners.

90 years ago

Norway formally recognized Canadian sovereignty and relinquished its claim to the Sverdrup Islands in what is now Nunavut, after a $60,000 payment and negotiation with Otto Sverdrup and later his widow over title to the high Arctic islands.

80 years ago

On the radio

According to Greek reports, Italian forces were being routed all along the front. The Battle of Gabon ended as Free French Forces took the Gabonese capital of Libreville and all of French Equatorial Africa from Vichy French forces.

U.S.S.R. Premier Vyacheslav Molotov and German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler had a three-hour conference in Berlin to discuss the possibility of the Soviet Union joining the Axis Powers, although no official announcement was made.

U.S. and Canadian authorities completed a two-day conference in Ottawa on the simplification of border crossing for citizens of both countries.

The Canadian government banned importation of comic books; various Canadian wartime heroes like Johnny Canuck were subsequently developed to aid the war effort instead of U.S. imports.

Economics and finance
Japanese and Netherlands East Indies officials signed contracts to assure the supply of oil and other raw materials to Japan.

14 people were killed and 23 injured in three separate power plant explosions in the eastern United State; sabotage was suspected.

Politics and government
Oren Root, Jr., head of the 10,000 Associated Willkie Clubs, announced that the clubs would be continued as a part of the "loyal opposition." The clubs were formed to aid the campaign of Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie, who lost the November 5 election to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 6-2 that the National Labor Relations Board had no power to force Republic Steel Corporation to reimburse work relief agencies for wages paid to strikers in the 1937 "Little Steel" strike.

Restrictions placed in September by the government of Argentina on the export of wheat and wheat flour were lifted now that a surplus of 74 million bushels appeared probable.

U.S. women's amateur champion Alice Marble, unbeaten in three years, signed a $25,000 professional contract.

75 years ago

Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Till the End of Time--Perry Como (8th week at #1)
--Dick Haymes
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
2 I'll Buy that Dream--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
3 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
4 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
5 If I Loved You--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
--Frank Sinatra
6 Chopin's Polonaise--Carmen Cavallaro and his Orchestra
7 Chickery Chick--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra with Nancy Norman, Billy Williams and the Kaye Choir
8 Along the Navajo Trail--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Dinah Shore
9 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys
10 That's for Me--Dick Haymes
--Jo Stafford

Singles entering the chart were A Door Will Open by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#16); Honey (#21)/My Guy's Come Back (#30) by Dinah Shore; Put That Ring on My Finger by Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#26); My Guy's Come Back by Benny Goodman and his Orchestra (#30, charting with the version by Dinah Shore); Holiday for Strings by Spike Jones and his City Slickers (#41); Aren't You Glad You're You? by Bing Crosby (#44); and By the Old Corral by Dick Haymes and the Ken Darby Singers (#45).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Speckled Band

British destroyers shelled Indonesian positions in Surabaya as Indian troops occupied the northern half of the city.

Former U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull was awarded the 1945 Nobel Peace Prize "[for] his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the United Nations Organization."

Sudirman was elected the first commander-in-chief of the Indonesian Armed Forces.

The American League announced a record paid attendance for the 1945 season of 5,580,420.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Julia Marlowe, 85
. U.K.-born U.S. actress. Miss Marlowe, born Sarah Frances Frost, moved to the United States with her family at the age of 4. She became the leading American Shakespearean stage actress of her time, especially in partnership with actor E.H. Sothern in the 1900s; they married in 1911. Miss Marlowe retired from acting in 1924, and became somethng of a recluse in her later years.

Albert G. Feeney, 58. U.S. politician. Mr. Feeney, a Democrat, was Mayor of Indianapolis from January 1, 1948 until his death in office. He wa succeeded by Philip L. Bayt.

Investigations of widespread graft in the Egyptian Army resulted in the resignations of Commander-in-Chief General Mohammed Haider Pasha and the forced retirement of Chief of Staff General Osman El Mahdi Pasha.

Politics and government
Voting concluded in the Guatemalan presidential election, with Jacobo Árbenz, the candidate of four leftist parties, taking 65.44% of the vote. His closest challenger, Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes, the candidate of three rightist parties, received 18.69% of the vote.

Chicago Cardinals (3-5) 21 @ New York Giants (6-2) 51
Philadelphia (6-2) 33 @ Washington (1-7) 0
Baltimore (1-7) 7 @ Pittsburgh (4-5) 17
San Francisco (2-7) 14 @ Cleveland (7-2) 34
New York Yanks (6-2) 20 @ Chicago Bears (6-2) 28
Los Angeles (7-2) 45 Green Bay (2-6) 14 @ Milwaukee

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): It’s Now or Never--Elvis Presley (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Il cielo in una stanza--Mina (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Schiff wird kommen--Lale Andersen (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): It’s Now or Never--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters (5th week at #1)
2 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
3 I Want to Be Wanted--Brenda Lee
4 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles
5 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
6 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
7 Don't Be Cruel--Bill Black's Combo
8 Let's Think About Living--Bob Luman
9 My Heart Has a Mind of its Own--Connie Francis
10 Last Date--Floyd Cramer

Singles entering the chart were You're Sixteen by Johnny Burnette (#57); Perfidia by the Ventures (#64); Alabam by Pat Boone (#75, charting with the version by Cowboy Copas); Am I Losing You (#77)/I Missed Me (#86) by Jim Reeves; Send Me the Pillow You Dream On by the Browns (#78); Wonderland by Night by Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra (#84); Many Tears Ago by Connie Francis (#92); Goin' Out with the Tide by Jivin' Gene (#94); The Green Leaves of Summer by the Brothers Four (#97); Brand New Heartache by the Everly Brothers (#98); and Good News by Eugene Church (#100). Brand New Heartache was the other side of Like Strangers, charting at #76.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents (2nd week at #1)
2 And the Heavens Cried--Ronnie Savoy
3 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
4 China Doll--Bobby Swanson
5 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
6 Peter Gunn--Duane Eddy and the Rebels
7 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette
8 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
9 Billy, Billy Went a Walking--The Beau Marks
10 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were Are You Lonesome To-night?/I Gotta Know (#32) by Elvis Presley; Princess, Princess by Johnny Tillotson (#37); Doll House by Donnie Brooks (#40); Last Date by Floyd Cramer (#41); Sway by Bobby Rydell (#43); Pollyanne by Billy Saint (#47); Teenage Cinderella by Rodney and the Blazers (#49); and Don't Step on the Grass by Evan Kemp (#50). Princess, Princess was the B-side of Poetry in Motion.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette (2nd week at #1)
2 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
3 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
4 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
5 China Doll--Bobby Swanson
6 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
7 Sailor (Your Home is the Sea)--Lolita
8 Hushaby Little Guitar--Paul Evans
9 And the Heavens Cried--Ronnie Savoy
10 Alabam/Dear John--Pat Boone

The only single entering the chart was Fools Rush In (Where Angels Fear to Tread) by Brook Benton (#40).

On television tonight
The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Prairie Flower

The U.S.A. launched Discoverer 17, a satellite whose purpose was to obtain data on propulsion, communication, orbital performance, and recovery techniques.

Eastern Finals
Toronto 21 @ Ottawa 33 (First game of 2-game total points series)

Western Finals
Winnipeg 22 @ Edmonton 16 (Winnipeg led best-of-three series 1-0)

18,385 fans at Lansdowne Park saw the Rough Riders defeat the Argonauts.

17,500 fans at Clarke Stadium witnessed what many thought was the hardest-hitting game they’d ever seen. It was a costly victory for the Blue Bombers, as starting quarterback Kenny Ploen broke his right hand. Eskimo halfback Cowboy Woodruff, who had scored 3 touchdowns in the semi-finals, suffered a season-ending injury, and never returned to the CFL. Johnny Bright and Don Getty scored the Edmonton touchdowns, both converted by Tommy-Joe Coffey. Vic Chapman punted for 2 singles to complete the Eskimos’ scoring. It was the 10th time in 11 years that the Blue Bombers and Eskimos had met in the playoffs, and the 9th time in 11 years that they’d played each other in the western finals, but this was the last time the teams played a playoff game against each other in Edmonton until 1980.

50 years ago

The deadliest tropical cyclone in history made landfall on the coast of East Pakistan, killing at least 250,000 people.

Politics and government
Richard Hatfield was sworn in as Premier of New Brunswick, 17 days after his Progressive Conservative Party had defeated the Liberal government of Premier Louis Robichaud.

In the "exploding whale" incident, the Oregon Highway Division attempted to destroy a rotting beached sperm whale with explosives.

40 years ago

The U.S. probe Voyager 1 was within 77,000 miles of Saturn, and photographs suggested that the number of rings around the planet may run from 500 to 1,000, and that Saturn’s inner satellites were icy gray and white, many of them having craters similar to our own moon.

Algeria, acting as an intermediary between Iran and the United States, delivered a secret response from the U.S. to Iran’s latest conditions for the release of the 52 hostages from the U.S. embassy in Tehran. The four main Iranian demands were promises by the U.S. not to interfere in Iranian affairs; to unfreeze Iranian assets in the U.S.; to drop financial claims made against Iran; and to move to return the wealth of the late Shah Mohammed Riza Pahlevi.

Iraq stepped up attacks on Abadan in its war against Iran.

Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter told a press conference that he planned to return to Plains, Georgia after leaving the presidency, write his memoirs, and "live the life of a former president." He also intended "to become a very good fly fisherman," and not to overburden incoming President Ronald Reagan with advice on how to be President.

The United States House of Representatives approved and sent to the White House a Senate measure that would make more than 104 million acres of land in Alaska into national parks, wildlife refuges, and national conservation areas. The acreage, scattered trhoughout the state, included more land than was in the entire state of California. As a part of the bill, the William O. Douglas Arctic Wildlife Range on Alaska's North Slope was designated as wilderness in which no development would be permitted. This area was the breeding ground of the last large caribou herds.

Economics and finance
U.S. President-elect Ronald Reagan announced that he intended to cut the 1981 budget by $13 billion, and that Caspar Weinberger, his top budget adviser, was working on a plan for a $40-billion cut.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ihminen ei voi elää vetämättä--MC Nikke T (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sadeness Part I--Enigma

Died on this date
Eve Arden, 82
. U.S. actress. Miss Arden, born Eunice Mary Quedens, was best known as the star of the radio (1948-1957) and television comedy series (1952-1956) Our Miss Brooks.

Akihito was formally enthroned as Emperor of Japan, becoming the 125th monarch to sit on the Chrysanthemum Throne. His wife, Empress Michiko, was enthroned in the same ceremony. Breaking with tradition, Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu stood in the same room and at the same level as Akihito during the ceremony, and wore a formal coat rather than the traditional clothes of a vassal. The ceremony was stripped of most religious and Shinto rituals, to rule out the Emperor as an object of worship. Among the foreign dignitaries attending were United Nations Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar, U.S. Vice-President Dan Quayle, and the Prince and Princess of Wales.

Tim Berners-Lee published a formal proposal for the World Wide Web.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Knockin'--Double Vision (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (2nd week at #1)

The U.S. space shuttle Atlantis lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin the eight-day mission STS-74. The five-member crew was commanded by Kenneth Cameron, and included mission specialist Chris Hadfield, a Canadian making his first space flight.

World events
In defiance of the exiled Dalai Lama's announcement that a Panchem Lama had been found, Chinese officials proceeded with the selection of their own candidate for the position, in a bid to tighten their control over Tibet.

Southern Final
San Antonio 11 @ Baltimore 21

Northern Final
Edmonton 4 @ Calgary 37

The San Antonio defense held Baltimore without a touchdown, but Carlos Huerta set a CFL playoff single-game record with 7 field goals as the Stallions defeated the Texans before 30,217 fans at Memorial Stadium in the last Canadian Football League game to be played in the United States. It was the last game ever for the Texans, who were in their first season in San Antonio after two seasons as the Sacramento Gold Miners.

Doug Flutie completed 21 of 30 passes for 261 yards and a touchdown to Dave Sapunjis as the Stampeders routed the Eskimos before 30,871 fans at McMahon Stadium in one of the most embarrassing games in Eskimo history. Tony Stewart rushed 19 times for 92 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Calgary ground game, while Terry Vaughn led the Stampeder receivers with 4 receptions for 103 yards. Mark McLoughlin kicked 5 field goals for the Stampeders. Sean Fleming kicked a 15-yard field goal for the Eskimos in the 2nd quarter, which was the closest they came to scoring a touchdown. Glenn Harper punted for a 52-yard single--also in the 2nd quarter--to complete the scoring for an Edmonton team that seemed to want no part of the Stampeders as the game wore on. Edmonton running back Eric Blount caught 5 passes for just 21 yards, while returning 7 kickoffs for 164 yards. It was the last game in an Eskimo uniform for quarterbacks Kerwin Bell and Chris Vargas.

New England (4-6) 34 @ Miami (6-4) 17
Seattle (4-6) 47 @ Jacksonville (3-7) 30
Atlanta (6-4) 17 @ Buffalo (7-3) 23
Oakland (8-2) 17 @ New York Giants (3-7) 13
Denver (5-5) 13 @ Philadelphia (6-4) 31
Indianapolis (5-5) 14 @ New Orleans (4-6) 17
Tampa Bay (5-5) 24 @ Detroit (4-6) 17
Chicago (6-4) 28 @ Green Bay (6-4) 35
Carolina (4-6) 17 @ St. Louis (6-4) 28
San Francisco (6-4) 38 @ Dallas (8-2) 20
Cincinnati (4-6) 32 @ Houston (4-6) 25
Minnesota (5-5) 30 @ Arizona (3-7) 24 (OT)
Kansas City (9-1) 22 @ San Diego (4-6) 7

In the Dolphins' loss to the Patriots at Joe Robbie Stadium, Miami quarterback Dan Marino passed for 333 yards to break Fran Tarkenton's career league yardage record of 47,003.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Franck Pourcel, 87
. French conductor and composer. Mr. Pourcel was a violinist in his youth before becoming a conductor, arranger, and composer of popular and classical music, recording 250 albums and more than 3,000 songs in a career spanning four decades. His compositions included the instrumental Chariot, which, after lyrics were added, became known as the song I Will Follow Him. Mr. Pourcel also composed, at the request of Air France in 1975, an anthem for the Concorde. He died of Parkinson's disease.

U.S. President Bill Clinton met with Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak in the White House as part of an attempt to renew negotiations between Israeli and Palestinian authorities in order to end the recent outbreak of violence in their territories.

Eastern Semi-Final
Winnipeg 22 @ Hamilton 20

Western Semi-Final
British Columbia 34 @ Edmonton 32

Troy Westwood’s 33-yard field goal with 2 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Blue Bombers their upset win before just 15,105 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium and ended the Tiger-Cats’ reign as Grey Cup champions. The Tiger-Cats appeared to have won the game when quarterback Danny McManus completed a 5-yard touchdown pass to Archie Amerson with 2:10 remaining. A 2-point convert attempt was unsuccessful, leaving Hamilton in front 20-19. The Blue Bombers were going into a 30-kmh wind and had to punt four plays later, but Mr. Westwood punted 52 yards, and the Tiger-Cats took possession at their own 27-yard line. After a 2-yard gain on first down, an ill-advised pitchout to Mr. Amerson resulted in a 16-yard loss, and Paul Osbaldiston’s punt travelled just 35 yards, enabling Winnipeg quarterback Khari Jones to move the ball into field goal range. The Tiger-Cats led 11-5 at halftime on a 1-yard touchdown run by Ronald Williams and a convert, field goal, and single by Mr. Osbaldiston. Mr. Westwood kicked a 17-yard field goal in the 1st quarter, and Mr. Osbaldiston conceded a safety touch with 1:32 remaining in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Jones took advantage of the wind in the 3rd quarter and completed touchdown passes of 30 yards to Milt Stegall and 31 yards to Geroy Simon, both converted by Mr. Westwood, to give the Blue Bombers a 19-11 lead heading into the final quarter. Mr. Osbaldiston kicked a 12-yard field goal at 6:34 to reduce Winnipeg’s lead to 19-14. Mr. Williams was the Tiger-Cats’ main weapon, rushing 27 times for 103 yards. Andrew Grigg led Hamilton receivers with 5 receptions for 79 yards. Cory Philpot of the Blue Bombers rushed 13 times for 50 yards, and Mr. Jones added 46 on 7 carries. Mr. Stegall led the Blue Bombers with 90 yards on 5 receptions. Mr. McManus completed 16 of 30 passes for 210 yards, while Mr. Jones completed just 13 of 30 for 204 yards, but made the completions when his team needed them.

Sean Fleming missed a 29-yard field goal with 58 seconds remaining that would have tied the game, and B.C. quarterback Damon Allen was able to use up the remaining seconds as the Lions held off a late Eskimo rally before 25,103 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. The Lions outplayed the Eskimos for 3 quarters before Edmonton quarterback Nealon Greene almost completed a 4th-quarter comeback, but the Eskimo defense was unable to stop the B.C. running game, especially when a last-minute stand could have given Mr. Fleming another chance for a field goal. Mr. Allen had one of his best games, completing 20 of 27 passes for 284 yards and 4 touchdowns and rushing 6 times for 51 yards. He threw touchdown passes of 5 and 22 yards to Robert Drummond in the 1st quarter and 7 yards to Jimmy Cunningham and 12 yards to Alfred Jackson in the 3rd quarter. Lui Passaglia added 4 converts and 2 field goals. Mr. Greene completed an 8-yard touchdown pass to Nigel Williams in the 2nd quarter and another one of 8 yards to Kez McCorvey in the 4th quarter. Troy Mills rushed 1 yard for the last Eskimo touchdown with 2:29 remaining in regulation time. Mr. Fleming added 3 converts, 2 field goals, and 3 singles. The Lions gave up a safety touch with 1:45 remaining in the 4th quarter to make the score 34-31, and Mr. Greene marched the Eskimos into position for Mr. Fleming’s last field goal attempt. The Lions outrushed the Eskimos 239 yards to 129. Sean Millington led the B.C. ground came with 96 yards on 14 carries, while Mr. Drummond added 70 on 15 carries. Mr. Mills led the Eskimos with 12 carries for 83 yards, and Mr. Greene added 46 on 6 carries. Mr. Drummond led all receivers with 94 yards on 7 receptions; Ed Hervey led the Eskimos with 6 catches for 72 yards. Mr. Greene completed 25 of 35 passes for 314 yards.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Henryk Górecki, 76
. Polish composer. Mr. Górecki composed instrumental, chamber, and choral works in various styles, but was best known for Symphony No. 3 ("Symphony of Sorrowful Songs"), which premiered in 1977, but didn't become known until a recording of it was released in 1992. He died from a lung infection after several years of declining health.

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