Saturday, 21 November 2020

November 21, 2020

400 years ago

Politics and government
The Mayflower Compact, which provided the basis for all governments of the American colonies, was signed by 41 of the 100-102 pilgrims aboard the Mayflower. According to the Old Style of dating then in effect, the date on the document was November 11.

325 years ago

Died on this date
Henry Purcell, 36
. English composer. Mr. Purcell wrote Baroque music, and was England's most famous composer prior to the 20th century. He began composing in childhood, and wrote works in various genres until his death from illness.

310 years ago

Died on this date
Bernardo Pasquini, 72
. Italian composer. Mr. Pasquini was an organist and teacher of harpsichord who wrote numerous operas, oratorios, and cantatas, as well as works for harpsichord.

180 years ago

Born on this date
Victoria, Princess Royal
. U.K. Royal Family member and Empress of Germany. Victoria, the eldest child of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, was the wife of German Kaiser Frederick III and the mother of Wilhelm II. She died of breast cancer at the age of 60 on August 5, 1901, less than seven months after the death of her mother.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Alexander Berkman
. Russian-born anarchist and writer. Mr. Berkman, a native of what is now Lithuania, emigrated to New York in 1888, and became involved in the anarchist movement. In 1892 he attempted to assassinate businessman Henry Clay Frick, and spent 14 years in prison. Mr. Berkman was a lifelong friend and one-time lover of fellow anarchist Emma Goldman, and edited her journal Mother Earth, and his own journal, The Blast (1916-1917). They were both sentenced to two years in prison in 1917 for opposing military conscription, and were deported to Russia in 1919. The couple eventually became disenchanted with Soviet Russia, and left the country in December 1921. Mr. Berkman moved to Berlin and then to France, where he remained until committing suicide by shooting himself on June 28, 1936 at the age of 65.

125 years ago

Dominion Final
University of Toronto 20 @ Montreal 5

120 years ago

American League President Ban Johnson announced that the AL, which had operated as a minor league in 1900, would expand to eastern cities and would operate as a major league in 1901.

110 years ago

The University of Alberta student newspaper The Gateway published its first edition.

Sailors aboard Brazil's warships, including the Minas Gerais, São Paulo, and Bahia, violently rebelled in what became known as the Revolta da Chibata (Revolt of the Lash).

100 years ago

Born on this date
Ralph Meeker
. U.S. actor. Mr. Meeker, born Ralph Rathgeber, acted on stage, screen and television in a career of more than 30 years. He understudied Henry Fonda in the original Broadway production of Mister Roberts (1948-1951) and starred in the original Broadway production of Picnic (1953). Mr. Meeker was best known for playing Mike Hammer in the movie Kiss Me Deadly (1955). He had a severe stroke in 1980 that forced him into retirement, and died on August 5, 1988 at the age of 67.

Stan Musial. U.S. baseball player. "Stan the Man" was a first baseman and left fielder with the St. Louis Cardinals (1941-1944, 1946-1963), batting .331 with 475 home runs and 1,951 runs batted in in 3,026 games. He helped the Cardinals win four National League pennants (1942-1944, 1946) and three World Series championships (1942, 1944, 1946). Mr. Musial was the NL's Most Valuable Player in 1943, 1946, and 1948, leading the league in batting seven times, slugging four times, and runs batted in twice. He set numerous National League records, and his achievements are too numerous to mention here. Mr. Musial was the Cardinals' general manager in 1967, and they won the World Series in his only year in that position. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1969, his first year of eligibility. Mr. Musial died on January 19, 2013 at the age of 92.

On Bloody Sunday in Dublin, the Irish Republican Army assassinated 15 British intelligence agents and at least 2 civilians, and British forces responded by killing 14 civilians at a Gaelic football match at Croke Park.

Canton (6-2-1) 3 @ Buffalo (7-1) 0
Dayton (5-1-2) 0 @ Akron (7-0-1) 13
Hammond (2-5) 7 @ Decatur (9-0-1) 28
Rochester Scalpers 0 @ Rochester (5-3-1) 16
Columbus (1-6-2) 0 @ Zanesville 0
Toledo 0 @ Cleveland (2-3-2) 14
Lansing 0 @ Chicago Cardinals (5-1-1) 14

Wisconsin professional
Menominee Professionals 7 @ Green Bay (7-1-1) 19

90 years ago

At the movies
Min and Bill, directed by George Hill, and starring Marie Dressler and Wallace Beery, received its premiere screening in New York City.

80 years ago

On the radio

Married on this date
American novelist Ernest Hemingway and war correspondent Martha Gellhorn were wed by a justice of the peace in Cheyenne, Wyoming.

The Italian government announced the capture of British Air Marshal Owen Tudor Boyd when his plane, en route to Cairo, was forced down in Sicily.

World events
Nearly 1,800 Jewish immigrants who arrived in Palestine without legal status were being held on two ships, to be sent by British authorities to a British colony, since military interests precluded "illegal entry" into Palestine.

Removal of American women and children from the Netherlands East Indies was reported to be almost complete.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denied that the Norden bomb sight--America's best--had been released to the United Kingdom, but confirmed that the Sperry bomb sight had been released as more or less obsolete.

Economics and finance
The war budget introduced in the Australian House of Representatives showed that 20% of Australia's national income would be devoted to the war effort.

John L. Lewis resigned as President of the Congress of Industrial Organizations at the CIO's convention in Atlanta, as he said he would if Franklin D. Roosevelt were re-elected President of the United States. Mr. Lewis was replaced by Philip Murray. The convention, with only a few delegates refusing to vote, unanimously approved a resolution denouncing Nazism, Communism, and Fascism.

At the American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans, International Ladies' Garment Workers Union President David Dubinsky engaged in a protracted fistfight with Joseph Fay, vice-president of the International Union of Operating Engineers.

A Gallup Poll reported a majority of voters questioned favoured more regulations of labour unions and fewer restrictions on business.

New York (4-4) 16 @ Columbus (8-1-1) 17
Buffalo (1-8) 13 @ Milwaukee (7-2) 30

75 years ago

Ellen Glasgow, 72. U.S. author. Miss Glasgow, a native of Richmond, Virginia, was known for her novels about the contemporary southern United States. Her last novel, In This Our Life (1941), won the 1942 Pulitzer Prize for the Novel.

Robert Benchley, 56. U.S. humourist. Mr. Benchley was known for his essays in The New Yorker, his appearances in short films such as How to Sleep (1935), and his membership in the Algonquin Round Table. He drank himself to death.

Alexander Patch, 55. U.S. military officer. General Patch commanded the U.S. 7th Army in Europe during World War II. He died of pneumonia the day after his 30th wedding anniversary, and two days before his 56th birthday.

Al "Bummy" Davis, 25. U.S. boxer. Mr. Davis, born Albert Abraham Davidoff, was a lightweight and welterweight, who compiled a record of 65-10-4 in a professional career running from 1937-1945. He scored a 3-round technical knockout of former world lightweight champion Tony Canzoneri in 1939, and fought two non-title bouts against world welterweight champion Fritzie Zivic in 1940 and 1941. The first fight, on November 15, 1940, resulted in Mr. Davis's disqualification in the 2nd round; he had been thumbed in the eye, and responded with at least 10 low blows in a row, kicking referee Billy Cavanaugh after being disqualified. Mr. Davis was shot to death by armed robbers at Dudy's Bar in Brownsville, New York. Mr. Davis, who had recently sold the bar, chased the robbers after being shot three times, but a fourth shot proved fatal.

Robert H. Jackson, chief American prosecutor at the war crimes trials of Nazis in Nuremberg, made a four-hour opening statement, charging the Nazi defendants with responsibility for World War II. At the war crimes trials in Manila of Japanese leaders, defense of General Tomoyuki Yamashita opened with an explanation that he had commanded only 120,000 of the 300,000 troops on Luzon, and a denial that he knew of any atrocities.

Nationalist Chinese troops drove 30 miles deeper into Manchuria, claiming Hingcheng and threatening the port of Hulutao.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes and French Foreign Minister Maurice Couve de Murville concluded talks on French plans to internationalize the Ruhr and form a "sovereign" state in the Rhineland.

Politics and government
French President Charles de Gaulle created a coalition cabinet with the three major parties--Socialist, Communist, and Popular Republican--each receiving five posts.

Union Nationale candidate Georges-Octave Poulin won a Quebec provincial by-election in the riding of Beauce, succeeding Bloc populaire incumbent Edouard Lacroix, who had resigned. Mr. Poulin received 11,204 votes to 5,410 for Liberal Party candidate Henri-René Renault and 1,526 for Social Credit candidate Joseph-Ernest Grégoire.

Along with the banning of the Japanese classic The 47 Ronin (1941-1942)--which glorified death and revenge--Allied headquarters began screening other plays and music scores.

At its closing session in Chicago, the American Legion recommended a unified defense and universal military training.

Nikolai Krassilnikov, head of the Micro-Biological Inistitute of the Academy of Sciences in Moscow, reported the development of a new drug, "aspergillin," useful in treating diphtheria.

United Auto Workers struck at 92 General Motors plants in 50 cities in 20 states to back up worker demands for a 30-percent raise.

The United States House of Representatives released two bills for floor action to restrict unions. One would bar union political activity; release companines from contracts violated by a union strike; and allow companies to sue unions for damages suffered during strikes. The other bill would prevent labour interference with interstate transport.

Detroit Tigers' pitcher Hal Newhouser was named the American League's Most Valuable Player for 1945. Mr. Newhouser led the AL in wins (25); winning percentage (.735); starts (36); complete games (29); innings pitched (313); strikeouts (212); shutouts (8); and earned run average (1.81). He was less impressive in the World Series, but still posted a 2-1 record with 22 strikeouts in 20 2/3 innings and complete game victories in games 5 and 7 as the Tigers edged the Chicago Cubs 4 games to 3.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Death Cards, starring Francis L. Sullivan

U.S. troops reached the Manchurian border for the first time in the Korean War when the Army 7th Division captured Hyesanjin, a Yalu River town in northeastern Korea.

Canadian commander Harry Crerar was promoted to full General of the Canadian Army; he led the First Canadian Army in the invasion of France and commanded the field army throughout the north European campaign in World War II.

U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin told Parliament that British forces would remain in Sudan until the 1936 Anglo-Egyptian treaty was altered by "mutual consent."

Economics and finance
A four-week United Nations Tin Conference in Geneva ended without agreement on a proposed plan to stabilize the international tin market and prevent wide price fluctuations.

Two Canadian National Railway trains collided near Valemount in northeastern British Columbia; the death toll was 21, with 17 of them Canadian soldiers bound for Korea.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Itsy Bitsy Petit Bikini--Dalida (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
2 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
3 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
4 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
5 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles
6 Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go--Hank Ballard and the Midnighters
7 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
8 New Orleans--U.S. Bonds
9 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
10 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters

Singles entering the chart were Ruby (#64)/Hardhearted Hannah (#73) by Ray Charles; Gee Whiz by the Innocents (#67); Main Theme from Exodus (Ari's Theme) by Mantovani & his Orchestra (#71); Will You Love Me Tomorrow by the Shirelles (#87); Stranger from Durango by Richie Allen (#91); Corinna, Corinna by Ray Peterson (#96); Fallen Angel by Webb Pierce (#99); and Gloria's Theme by Adam Wade (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Music Vendor)
1 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
2 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
3 New Orleans--U.S. Bonds
4 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
5 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
6 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
7 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
8 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
9 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles
10 Many Tears Ago--Connie Francis

Mercury-Redstone 1, an attempt to launch an unmanned Mercury spacecraft aboard a Redstone rocket, lasted just 2 seconds, with the rocket rising just 4 inches, when the engine shut down. The spacecraft's escape tower then launched and landed 400 yards away, and the drogue parachutes deployed as they would have with a splashdown. The problem was caused by plugs at the base of the Redstone pulling out in the wrong order. The spacecraft was reused aboard a different Redstone booster for Mercury-Redstone 1A on December 19, 1960.

50 years ago

Hit parade

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival

#1 single in France: Deux amis pour un amour--Johnny Hallyday (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Spring summer winter and fall--Aphrodite's Child (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Voodoo Child--Jimi Hendrix Experience

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival
2 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters
3 Yellow River--Autumn
--Leapy Lee
4 Spill the Wine--Eric Burdon and War
5 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
6 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
7 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
--The Mixtures
8 Big Yellow Taxi--Joni Mitchell
9 Candida--Dawn
10 A Song of Joy--Miguel Rios

Singles entering the chart were Sunday Morning Coming Down by Johnny Cash (#42); Look What They've Done to My Song Ma by the New Seekers (#44); I Think I Love You by the Partridge Family (#46); I'll Be There by the Jackson 5 (#49); It Don't Matter to Me by Bread (#55); All I Have to Offer by Kamahl (#56); I Can't Let Go of Your Love by the Vibrants (#57); All of a Sudden by Matt Flinders (#58); and Green-Eyed Lady by Sugarloaf (#59).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 To My Father's House--The Les Humphries Singers (6th week at #1)
2 Where Have I Been Wrong--The Cats
3 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
4 Paranoid--Black Sabbath
5 She Likes Weeds--Tee-Set
6 Memo from Turner--Mick Jagger
7 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
8 I'm Your Little Boy--Heintje
9 My Way--Samantha Jones
10 Over and Over--George Baker Selection

Singles entering the chart were Hello Darkness by Shocking Blue (#13); Stop I Don't Wanna' Hear it Anymore by Melanie (#22); Victoria by Liesbeth List (#28); Comme J'ai Toujours Envie d' Aimer by Marc Hamilton (#30); After Midnight by Eric Clapton (#31); Movin' by the Mailer Mackenzie Band (#32); and Call Me Super Bad (Parts 1, 2 & 3) by James Brown (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
2 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
5 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
6 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
7 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
8 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
9 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
10 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom

Singles entering the chart were One Man Band by Three Dog Night (#55); Can't Stop Loving You by Tom Jones (#62); Border Song (Holy Moses)/You and Me by Aretha Franklin (#74); Immigrant Song by Led Zeppelin (#83); All I Have by the Moments (#84); (Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below We're All Going to Go by Curtis Mayfield (#87); Knock Three Times by Dawn (#90); Mr. Bojangles by the Nitty Gritty Dirt Band (#92); Help Me Find a Way (To Say I Love You) by Little Anthony and the Imperials (#96); Where Have All Our Heroes Gone by Bill Anderson (#97); I Can't Get Next to You by Al Green (#98); Think About Your Children by Mary Hopkin (#99); and Sweet Sweetheart by Bobby Vee (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
2 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
3 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
4 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
5 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
6 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
7 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
8 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
9 All Right Now--Free
10 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf

Singles entering the chart were If I were Your Woman by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#74); River Deep - Mountain High by the Supremes & Four Tops (#77); Your Song by Elton John (#82); Ace of Spade by O.V. Wright (#85); Immigrant Song by Led Zeppelin (#88); Silver Moon by Michael Nesmith & the First National Band (#91); Fifteen Years Ago by Conway Twitty (#94); I Gotta Let You Go by Martha Reeves & the Vandellas (#95); See the Light by the Flame (#96); Precious, Precious by Jackie Moore (#98); All I Have by the Moments (#99); and Something in You by Manitoba featuring Joe Dowen (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
2 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
3 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
4 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
5 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
6 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
7 Cry Me a River--Joe Cocker
8 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
9 Super Bad--James Brown
10 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom

Singles entering the chart were Can't Stop Loving You by Tom Jones (#58); Knock Three Times by Dawn (#73); If I were Your Woman by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#77); Brush a Little Sunshine by Tommy Roe (#82); Silver Moon by Michael Nesmith & the First National Band (#88); All I Have by the Moments (#91); This is My Love Song by the Intruders (#93); Morning by Jim Ed Brown (#95); Precious, Precious by Jackie Moore (#97); and Can't Get Over Losing You by Donnie Elbert (#98).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
2 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
3 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
4 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
5 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
6 It Don't Matter to Me--Bread
7 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
8 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
9 Share the Land--The Guess Who
10 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition

Singles entering the chart were Can't Stop Loving You by Tom Jones (#61); Sing High, Sing Low by Anne Murray (#64); Knock Three Times by Dawn (#76); Immigrant Song by Led Zeppelin (#83); Most of All by B.J. Thomas (#92); Games by Redeye (#94); Water Colour Days by Bobby Goldsboro (#95); Your Song by Elton John (#96); Brush a Little Sunshine by Tommy Roe (#97); and Something by Shirley Bassey (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
2 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
3 Lola--The Kinks
4 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
5 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
6 Fly Little White Dove, Fly--The Bells
7 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
8 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation
9 Share the Land--The Guess Who
10 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
Pick hit of the week: I Believe in Sunshine--Madrigal

Died on this date
Newsy Lalonde, 83
. Canadian lacrosse and hockey player. Édouard Cyrille Lalonde, a native of Cornwall, Ontario, played goal and then forward with eight professional lacrosse clubs (1905-1924), mainly in Montreal and Vancouver, scoring 363 goals in 205 games, playing on three Minto Cup championship teams (1911, 1918, 1920). He was named by a panel of journalists in 1950 as the best Canadian lacrosse player of the first half of the 20th century, and was a charter member of the Canadian Lacrosse Hall of Fame in 1965. Mr. Lalonde is best known today for his hockey achievements as a centre with the Montreal Canadiens (1909-11, 1912-22); Renfrew Creamery Kings (1909-10); Vancouver Millionaires (1911-12); Saskatoon Crescents/Sheiks (1922-26); and New York Americans (1926), with combined totals of 363 goals and 68 assists in 297 regular season games and 16 goals and 4 assists in 13 playoff games. He coached the Canadiens (1915-21, 1932-35); Americans (1926-27); and Ottawa Senators (1929-31), compiling a regular season record of 144-167-28, leading the Canadiens to their first Stanley Cup in 1916 and the National Hockey League championship in 1919. Mr. Lalonde was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1950.

C. V. Raman, 82. Indian physicist. Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, with his student K.S. Krishnan, discovered in 1928 that when light traverses a transparent material, some of the deflected light change wavelength and amplitude. He was awarded the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him." Sir C.V. died four days after suffering a heart attack.

In Operation Ivory Coast, 50 U.S. Green Berets helicoptered into and around the Sontay prisoner of war camp, 23 miles from Hanoi, in an attempt to rescue 50-100 of their comrades, only to find that the captives had been evacuated. After a battle in which one U.S. soldier was wounded and an estimated 25 guards were killed, all the Green Berets returned to their 10 craft and then back to their base in Thailand. While returning to their base, the commandos rescued a pilot who had been shot down while flying cover for their mission. In diversionary tactics, F-105s flying escort for their rescue helicopters broke away and attacked antiaircraft and troop sites near the camp. Bombing of North Vietnam intensified.

U.S. war casualties for the week numbered 65 dead--the highest total in 11 weeks--and 335 wounded, many of them injured by booby traps and mines. South Vietnamese casualties were 267 dead and 626 wounded, while North Vietnamese and Viet Cong dead numbered 1,073. U.S. Command in Saigon said that air strikes during the last week possibly set the Communist supply timetable by months.

Eastern Finals
Montreal 11 @ Hamilton 4 (Montreal won 2-game total points series 43-26)

The Alouettes intercepted 5 Hamilton passes and were successful in protecting and extending the lead that they carried into the game. Montreal quarterback Sonny Wade, who also doubled as the team’s punter, punted 70 yards for a single on the last play of the 1st quarter to give the Alouettes a 1-0 lead. The Tiger-Cats responded with a 53-yard gain on a pass from Wally Gabler to Gord Christian from the Hamilton 45-yard line to the Montreal 12. The Montreal defense held, and Tommy-Joe Coffey kicked a 13-yard field goal to give the Tiger-Cats a 3-1 lead. Hamilton increased its lead to 4-1--reducing Montreal’s lead in the series to 33-26--a few minutes later on a 70-yard punt single by Joe Zuger, who backed up Mr. Gabler at quarterback. The Alouettes scored the game’s only touchdown late in the 2nd quarter when Bobby Lee Thompson made his second interception of the game and then Hamilton defensive back John Williams was called for pass interference against Garry Lefebvre at the Tiger-Cats’ 2-yard line. Moses Denson rushed in from 3 yards for the touchdown and George Springate converted to give the Alouettes an 8-4 halftime lead. The Alouettes added a single in the 3rd quarter and scored a safety touch in the 4th quarter when Mike Widger sacked Mr. Zuger in the Hamilton end zone. Mr. Wade completed 12 of 26 passes for 163 yards and gave up an interception to defensive tackle John Barrow--playing the last game of a 14-year Hall of Fame career--who returned the ball 10 yards. Mr. Gabler completed just 12 of 29 passes for 199 yards; Larry Fairholm was the other Montreal player to make an interception off Mr. Gabler. Mr. Zuger completed 1 of 4 passes for 9 yards and gave up interceptions to Al Phaneuf and Mark Kosmos. Moses Denson led all rushers with 60 yards on 13 carries, while Bruce Van Ness added 31 on 10 carries. Mr. Gabler led the Tiger-Cats with 42 yards rushing. Mr. Lefebvre led all receivers with 73 yards on 4 receptions, and teammate Peter Dalla Riva caught 2 passes for 40. Dave Fleming led the Tiger-Cats with 62 yards on 4 receptions, while Garney Henley, who had caught just 3 passes during the regular season while being a full-time defensive back, caught 4 passes for 49 yards. Mr. Wade punted 13 times for a 47-yard average, while Mr. Zuger punted 10 times for a 44-yard average. Mr. Lefebvre and Mr. Williams had a running battle throughout the game which culminated in a fight early in the 4th quarter and the ejection of both players. 24,270 fans were in attendance at Civic Stadium in the last game played there under that name; in 1971 it was renamed Ivor Wynne Stadium.

Canadian College Bowl @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Manitoba 38 Ottawa 11

Manitoba quarterback Bob Kraemer completed touchdown passes of 3 yards to Henry Lodewyks and 4 yards to Kim Ziola and rushed 1 yard for a touchdown of his own to lead the Bisons as they captured the Vanier Cup for the second straight year. Mike Shylo rushed 3 yards for a touchdown and Dennis Hrycaiko added another on a 29-yard run as Manitoba amassed 280 yards rushing for the game. Walt McKee was successful on 3 of 4 convert attempts and added a 36-yard field goal; the Bisons were unsuccessful on a 2-point convert attempt. The Bisons also scored a safety touch in the 4th quarter. Claudio Valle kicked a 13-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter for the Gee-Gees, who didn’t hit the scoreboard again until the 4th quarter, when, on the first play after conceding a safety touch, Ottawa quarterback Paul Paddon, the 1970 winner of the Hec Crighton Trophy as the most outstanding player in Canadian university football, connected with Michel Leveille for an 85-yard touchdown pass and completed a pass to Greg Moses for a 2-point convert.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Master Blaster (Jammin')--Stevie Wonder (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Amoureux solitaires (Dis-moi que tu m'aimes)--Lio (6th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Man on the Moon--Ballyhoo
2 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
3 Upside Down--Diana Ross
4 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
5 The Winner Takes it All--ABBA
6 Rock Hard--Suzi Quatro
7 Fame--Irene Cara
8 Emotional Rescue--The Rolling Stones
9 The Drunken Sailor--Babe
10 Shouldn't Fall in Love--City Limits

The only single entering the chart was Don't Stand So Close to Me by the Police (#18).

On television tonight
Dallas, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Who Done It

This was the episode in which it was revealed who had shot J.R. Ewing in the final episode of the previous season. I was so disappointed by this episode that I never watched Dallas again.

A fire at the MGM Grand Hotel in Las Vegas killed 87 people and injured more than 500.

28 people were killed near Lamezia Terme, Italy when two passenger trains and the uncoupled cars of a freight train were involved in a crash.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): No Coke--Dr. Alban

Died on this date
Dean Hart, 36
. Canadian wrestler and referee. Mr. Hart was a son of legendary Calgary professional wrestling patriarch Stu Hart, and wrestled professionally in the 1970s and '80s before becoming a referee. He died of Bright's disease.

The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe concluded in Paris with the various national leaders signing the Charter of Paris for a New Europe, which declared an end to "the era of confrontation and division in Europe" and pledged a "new era of democracy, peace and unity." The agreement marked an official end to the Cold War.

In New York District Court, Judge Kimba Wood sentenced Michael Milken, a former employee of Drexel Burnham Lambert, Incorporated to 10 years in prison for securities fraud. Mr. Milken had helped to facilitate the corporate takeover boom of the 1980s through the promotion of high-risk, high-yield securities known as "junk bonds." He had pleaded guilty in April 1990 to six felony counts of fraud and agreed to pay fines and restitution totalling $600 million. Judge Wood said a prison term was necessary to deter others in the financial industry from engaging in similar practices.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: Boombastic--Shaggy (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Noel Jones, 54
. Indian-born U.K. diplomat. Mr. Jones was British Ambassador to Kazakhstan from 1993 until his death. He was the first British ambassador to come from an ethnic minority.

Bosnian, Serb, and Croat leaders initialled the Dayton Accord at the Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, near Dayton, Ohio, ending 3½ years of war in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The agreement was formally ratified in Paris, on December 14, 1985.

France conducted its fourth undergound nuclear test under Mururoa Atoll, Tahiti, despite international protest and local riots.

Politics and government
Lucien Bouchard announced that he would resign as leader of the Bloc Québecois to seek the leadership of the provincial Parti Québecois.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 5,000 for the first time.

20 years ago

Politics and government
Peru’s Congress voted 62-9 to reject the previous day’s resignation of President Alberto Fujimori and instead approved a motion to remove him from office. He faced a possible investigation for corruption and rights abuses.

Anik F1, Canada's most powerful communications satellite to date, was launched aboard an Ariane rocket from Kourou, French Guiana.

10 years ago

Died on this date
David Nolan, 66
. U.S. politician. Mr. Nolan was a member of the conservative organization Young Americans for Freedom in the 1960s, but left to become one of the founders of the Libertarian Party of the United States in December 1971. He was an unsuccessful candidate in Arizona for the U.S. House of Representatives (2006) and Senate (2010), expressing disenchantment in his later years with the party's emphasis on trying to win elections at the cost of its doctrine. Mr. Nolan died of a stroke, two days before his 67th birthday.

Eastern Final
Toronto 17 @ Montreal 48

Western Final
Saskatchewan 20 @ Calgary 16

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