Sunday, 22 November 2020

November 22, 2020

1,175 years ago

Troops of Nominoe, the first duke of Brittany, defeated those of Frankish king Charles the Bald at the Battle of Ballon near Redon.

330 years ago

Born on this date
François Colin de Blamont
. French musician and composer. Chevalier de Blamont was a pianist who became superintendent of music of the King's Chamber in 1719. He wrote motets, cantatas, and operas, including the "ballet héroïque" Les fêtes grecques et romaines. Chevalier de Blamont died on February 14, 1760 at the age of 69.

310 years ago

Born on this date
Wilhelm Friedemann Bach
. German musician and composer. Mr. Bach, the second child and eldest son of Johann Sebastian Bach, was an organist who wrote orchestral and keyboard works, and cantatas. He had trouble maintaining steady income and employment, and died in poverty on July 1, 1784 at the age of 73.

240 years ago

Born on this date
Conradin Kreutzer
. German composer. Mr. Kreutzer wrote orchestral, keyboard, chamber, and vocal works, but was best known for his operas, especially Das Nachtlager in Granada (1834). He became conductor of the opera in Cologne, and died on December 14, 1849, 22 days after his 69th birthday.

220 years ago

Politics and government
U.S. President John Adams delivered his fourth annual address to Congress.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Howard Brockway
. U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Brockway was a pianist and teacher who, with singer Loraine Wyman, collected Appalachian folk songs which they published in two volumes (1916, 1920) and which he recorded and wrote piano accompaniments. Mr. Brockway's works included a symphony, piano concerto, chamber works, and songs. He edited piano rolls for the American Piano Corporation (Ampico) (1911-1920), and recorded at least 155 works for the classical catalogue, in addition to popular works. Mr. Brockway died on February 20, 1951 at the age of 80.

140 years ago

Lillian Russell made her debut at Tony Pastor's Theatre in New York City.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Charles de Gaulle.. French military leader and 18th President of France, 1958-1969. General de Gaulle was the leader of the Free French forces during World War II. Shortly after the war he was elected provisional President of the Fourth Republic, but resigned after leftist parties withdrew their support. When the Fourth Republic was threatened with collapse in 1958 because of division over the war involving French troops in Algeria, Gen. de Gaulle was recalled to power. He engineered a new constitution vesting strong powers in the executive branch of government and establishing the Fifth Republic. Gen. de Gaulle negotiated independence for Algeria and withdrew French troops from NATO. He survived the upheavals caused by student protests in 1968, but resigned as President in 1969 after the defeat of a referendum for constitutional reform, and died on November 9, 1970 at the age of 79.

120 years ago

Died on this date
Arthur Sullivan, 58
. Mr. Sullivan was best known for the 14 comic operas that he composed with librettist W.S. Gilbert, including H.M.S. Pinafore (1878); The Pirates of Penzance (1879); and The Mikado (1885). He also wrote orchestral, choral works, and hymns, including Onward Christian Soldiers. Mr. Sullivan suffered from kidney disease for years, and finally died of heart failure after an attack of bronchitis.

The 1,000-ton Canadian steamship Saint-Olaf ran aground on reefs near Île Grande-Boule, Quebec, in the St. Lawrence River, during a storm, killing all 21 passengers.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Mary Jackson
. U.S. actress. Miss Jackson was a character actress who was best known for playing Emily Baldwin in the television series The Waltons (1972-1981). She died on December 10, 2005, 18 days after her 95th birthday.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Anne Crawford
. Palestinian-born U.K. actress. Miss Crawford, born Imelda Crawford, appeared in numerous movies from the 1930s through the 1950s before dying of leukemia on October 17, 1956 at the age of 35.

90 years ago

Chicago Bears (6-4-1) 13 @ Frankford (4-11-1) 6

80 years ago

On the radio

Following the initial Italian invasion, Greek troops counterattacked into Italian-occupied Albania and captured the town of Koritza, 12 miles inside Albania. A semi-official source in Belgrade said that Yugoslavia would not consider joining the axis because of Greece's success against Italy.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt indicated that U.S. aid to the U.K. had reached its peak and that additional aid had to wait for increased industrial expansion.

U.S. President Roosevelt confirmed that U.S. Army General John J. Pershing, 80, had refused to accept the post of ambassador to the Vichy regime in France because of his health. Washington reports indicated that U.S. Navy Admiral William Leahy had been selected for the post.

Politics and government
U.S. Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas), chairman of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, said that six million people in the United States were members of "foreign organizations" controlled by the U.S.S.R., Germany, and Italy.

The U.S. Senate Committee on Campaign Expenditures charged that ballot-box stuffing and other violations of election laws had occurred in Harlan, Bell, and Pike Counties, Kentucky.

After the Uruguayan Senate passed a resolution opposing the cession of bases to any foreign countries, President Alfredo Baldemir said that the executive would continue to conduct its own foreign policy.

American Federation of Labor President William Green said that he would ask Congress of Industrial Organizations President Philip Murray the following week to renew unity negotiations, but added that United Mine Workers of America President and recently-retired CIO President John L. Lewis stood in the way. U.S. Representative E.E. Cox (Democrat--Georgia) said in Washington that the strike at the Vultee Aircraft plant in California was "treason" against the government in time of emergency, and urged Congress to outlaw strikes in national defense industries.

Lew Jenkins (47-16-4) retained his world lightweight title, knocking out Pete Lello (41-7-6) 4 times and finally out at 2:37 of the 2nd round at Madison Square Garden in New York.

75 years ago

Nationalist Chinese troops captured Lienshan, 10 miles from the Mancuhrian port of Hulutao, while other units lifted the two-week Communist siege of Paotow, in the northeastern province of Suiyuan.

Politics and government
Greek Prime Minister Themistoklis Sophoulis formed a new cabinet.

Palestinian Arab leaders formed a 12-man committee to present their views to the Arab League.

Northrop Aircraft revealed its JBIA, a jet-propelled buzz bomb with a 30-foot wingspread, which, when catapulted, could travel at 220 miles per hour carrying two tons of explosives inside its wings.

U.S. and British Empire nations opened a conference in Hamilton, Bermuda on telecommunications.

Economics and finance
Allied Supreme Commander in Europe General Dwight Eisenhower pleaded to a U.S. House of Representatives committee for an appropriation of $1.35 billionn to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration if "our military victory is to have lasting significance."

Cleveland (8-1) 28 @ Detroit (6-3) 21

70 years ago

Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru announced that India would not recognize Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah, 4-year-old grandson of deposed King Tribhuvan, as the true King of Nepal. Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah had been announced and crowned as King of Nepal on November 7, as Tribhuvan was deposed by Prime Minister Sir Tin Maharaja, Mohan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana and was now living in exile in India.

The European Consultative Assembly's General Affairs Committee approved the use of German troops in a Western European defense force.

Because of the Suez-Sudan dispute, the United Kingdom postponed delivery of 16 new Centurion tanks to Egypt under the arms aid clause of the 1936 pact.

U.S. Secret Service agents in New York arrested Puerto Ricans Julio Pinto Gardia and Juan Bernardo Lebrun, accused of being the leaders of the plot to assassinate President Harry Truman.

A U.S. federal jury in New York convicted Abraham Brothman and Miriam Moskowitz of attempting to obstruct justice by influencing the testimony of defendants in their atomic secrets spy trials.

Politics and government
The French cabinet promised that the native governments of Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos would be granted almost complete authority over home affairs by January 1, 1951.

The U.S. Federal Trade Commission announced an investigation of the "child appeal" television advertising campaign sponsored by the American Television Dealers and Manufacturers Association, following numerous protests from churches, organizations, and individuals.

A train collision on the Long Island Railroad caused 77 deaths and 300 injuries, the U.S.A.'s most serious rail accident of the year.

Fort Wayne (7-5) 19 @ Minneapolis (5-5) 18

John Oldham led the Pistons with 5 points and Larry Foust scored the winning points on a field goal with 6 seconds remaining in the game as they edged the Lakers before 7,021 fans at Minneapolis Auditorium in the lowest-scoring game in National Basketball Association history. The Pistons held the ball to keep it away from the Lakers’ 6’ 10" center George Mikan, who scored 15 points. It was because "strategy" such as this became commonplace that the 24-second clock was adopted in 1954.

Nippon Series
Mainichi Orions 3 @ Shochiku Robins 2 (12 innings) (Mainichi led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Pacific League champion Orions scored 2 runs in the top of the 12th inning to break a 1-1 tie and held on to defeat the Central League champion Robins before 23,018 fans at Meiji Jingu Stadium in Shinjuku, Tokyo in the first Nippon Series game ever played. Winning pitcher Tadashi Wakabayashi (1–0) and losing pitcher Nobuo Oshima (0–1) both pitched complete games.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Frøken Johansen og jeg--Inger Jacobsen (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Voice, starring Robert Lansing, Paul Genge, and Luana Anders

Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on NBC
Tonight's episode: O Youth and Beauty!, starring Gary Merrill and Patricia Breslin

Thriller, hosted by Boris Karloff, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Prediction, starring Boris Karloff, Audrey Dalton, and Alex Davison

This was the first episode to feature Mr. Karloff as an actor.

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Maryori!

50 years ago

A joint U.S. Navy and South Vietnamese militia team attacked a Viet Cong prison camp in the Mekong Delta and freed 19 South Vietnamese prisoners of war, bringing to 48 the number of South Vietnamese released in such operations during 1970.

Western Finals
Calgary 15 @ Saskatchewan 14 (Calgary won best-of-three series 2-1)

Larry Robinson’s 32-yard field goal into a stiff wind as regulation time expired gave the Stampeders their second western title in three years. 18,385 fans at Taylor Field in Regina braved snow and a -40 windchill, the coldest playoff weather that anyone could remember. Renowned sportswriter Jim Coleman told me that this was the coldest game he’d ever attended, and I know another man who was in the stands that day who told me that a number of people were taken out of the stadium to be treated for frostbite. Saskatchewan quarterback Ron Lancaster, who had suffered injured ribs during the second game of the series in Calgary, got into the game for only a few plays, and Gary Lane quarterbacked the rest of the game. The Roughriders lost 3 fumbles going into the wind in the 1st quarter, but the Stampeders got only 2 singles on missed field goals by Mr. Robinson. They did score a touchdown later in the quarter on a 63-yard punt return by Jim Sillye. It was the only touchdown of Mr. Sillye’s CFL career; punt returners weren’t allowed to receive any blocks from their teammates prior to 1975, so touchdowns on punt returns were rare. Mr. Robinson’s convert gave Calgary a 9-0 lead. Larry Lawrence briefly replaced Jerry Keeling at quarterback for the Stampeders, and fumbled into his end zone. Guard Granny Liggins recovered for Calgary, but Saskatchewan was credited with a safety touch, making the score 9-2. Mr. Lane then hit Bob Pearce with a pass at midfield, and he broke it for a touchdown. Jack Abendschan converted to tie the game 9-9. The Roughriders added 2 singles to take an 11-9 halftime lead. Calgary took the wind in the 3rd quarter, and Mr. Robinson kicked a field goal to give them a 12-11 lead. However, they also turned over the ball on an interception on a third down-and-1 yard to go gamble, and allowed Saskatchewan punter Al Ford to recover his own punt. The Roughriders managed to move the ball against the wind deep into Calgary territory, but were twice denied touchdowns by the officials. Mr. Lane was ruled to have run out of bounds at the Calgary 12-yard line on a play where he appeared to have scored, and was stopped on the third of three rushing plays from the 1-yard line. Television replays apparently indicated that Mr. Lane had not gone out of bounds on the earlier play, and had carried the ball over the goal line on the gamble. The Roughriders received the advantage of the wind at their backs in the 4th quarter, and Mr. Abendschan kicked a field goal to put them ahead 14-12. In the last few minutes of the game, the Stampeder offense under Mr. Keeling, which hadn’t moved well all day, drove to the Saskatchewan 7-yard line, but Hugh McKinnis fumbled the ball away just when it seemed as though they were in position for a possible game-winning field goal. The Stampeder defense then stiffened again and forced a punt, giving Calgary the ball at the Saskatchewan 45-yard line. Mr. Keeling completed a screen pass to Mr. McKinnis, who got to the 24-yard line. Mr. Robinson, known more for missing kicks in big games than for making them, kicked into the wind. The ball appeared to be heading wide to the right of the goal posts, but the wind caught it, and it went over the crossbar to put the Stampeders into the Grey Cup.

Baltimore (7-2-1) 17 @ Miami (6-4) 34
Boston (1-9) 3 @ New York Jets (3-7) 17
Houston (2-7-1) 14 @ Cleveland (5-5) 28
Pittsburgh (4-6) 7 @ Cincinnati (4-6) 34
Dallas (6-4) 45 @ Washington (4-6) 21
Los Angeles (6-3-1) 17 @ Atlanta (3-5-2) 7
Denver (5-5) 31 @ New Orleans (2-7-1) 6
San Francisco (7-2-1) 7 @ Detroit (6-4) 28
Buffalo (3-6-1) 13 @ Chicago (4-6) 31
St. Louis (7-2-1) 6 @ Kansas City (5-3-2) 6
Green Bay (5-5) 3 @ Minnesota (9-1) 10
San Diego (4-4-2) 17 @ Oakland (6-2-2) 20

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Upside Down--Diana Ross (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Tide is High--Blondie

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): The Tide is High--Blondie (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (6th week at #1)
2 Never Knew Love Like This Before--Stephanie Mills
3 Upside Down--Diana Ross
4 Feels Like I'm in Love--Kelly Marie
5 Driver's Seat--Sniff 'n' the Tears
6 Release--Patti Labelle
7 Super Trouper--ABBA
8 The Tide is High--Blondie
9 De Vogeltjesdans--De Electronica's
10 Aquarius--Gary Fane

Singles entering the chart were Santa Maria by Roland Kaiser (#25); Ik Lig Op M'n Kussen Stil Te Dromen by Hepie en Hepie (#32); Passion by Rod Stewart (#33); (Just Like) Starting Over by John Lennon (#34); The Time is Now by Children of the World featuring Ellen Foley and Jimmy Hall (#35); and Mi Amor by Sommerset (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Lady--Kenny Rogers (2nd week at #1)
2 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
3 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
4 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
5 I'm Coming Out--Diana Ross
6 Never Knew Love Like This Before--Stephanie Mills
7 Master Blaster (Jammin')--Stevie Wonder
8 More than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
9 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon
10 Dreaming--Cliff Richard

Singles entering the chart were Tell it Like it Is by Heart (#41); Passion by Rod Stewart (#50); One Step Closer by the Doobie Brothers (#54); I Made it Through the Rain by Barry Manilow (#61); Time is Time by Andy Gibb (#65); You by Earth, Wind & Fire (#81); The Winner Takes it All by ABBA (#82); Teacher Teacher by Rockpile (#84); My Mother's Eyes by Bette Midler (#85); He Can't Love You by the Michael Stanley Band (#86); Killin' Time by Fred Knoblock & Susan Anton (#87); Easy Love by Dionne Warwick (#88); and I Need Your Lovin' by Teena Marie (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lady--Kenny Rogers (2nd week at #1)
2 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
3 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
4 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
5 Master Blaster (Jammin’)--Stevie Wonder
6 I’m Coming Out--Diana Ross
7 He’s So Shy--The Pointer Sisters
8 More Than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
9 Dreaming--Cliff Richard
10 Lovely One--The Jacksons

Singles entering the chart included Tell it Like it Is by Heart (#40); Passion by Rod Stewart (#49); I Made it Through the Rain by Barry Manilow (#54); Time is Time by Andy Gibb (#56); One Step Closer by the Doobie Brothers (#60); You by Earth, Wind & Fire (#84); My Mother's Eyes by Bette Midler (#86); Don't Say No by Billy Burnette (#87); I Need Your Lovin' by Teena Marie (#88); The Winner Takes it All by ABBA (#92); and Killin' Time by Fred Knoblock & Susan Anton (#95).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Lady--Kenny Rogers
2 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
3 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
4 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
5 He's So Shy--Pointer Sisters
6 More than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
7 Dreaming--Cliff Richard
8 Jesse--Carly Simon
9 Lovely One--The Jacksons
10 I’m Coming Out--Diana Ross

Singles entering the chart were Tell it Like it Is by Heart (#38); Passion by Rod Stewart (#43); I Made it Through the Rain by Barry Manilow (#45); One Step Closer by the Doobie Brothers (#51); Time is Time by Andy Gibb (#62); You by Earth, Wind & Fire (#83); My Mother's Eyes by Bette Midler (#84); Don't Say No by Billy Burnette (#85); Easy Love by Dionne Warwick (#86); Killin' Time by Fred Knoblock & Susan Anton (#88); Teacher Teacher by Rockpile (#89); and Kid Stuff by Lenny White (#97).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
2 Dreamer--Supertramp
3 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
4 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
5 Upside Down--Diana Ross
6 All Out of Love--Air Supply
7 Don't Stand So Close to Me--The Police
8 Don't Ask Me Why--Billy Joel
9 Xanadu--Olivia Newton-John/Electric Light Orchestra
10 Boulevard--Jackson Browne

Singles entering the chart were I’m Coming Out by Diana Ross (#68); Wasn't That a Party by the Rovers (#71); Lovely One by the Jacksons (#73); Ashes to Ashes by David Bowie (#80); More than I Can Say by Leo Sayer (#82); Real Life Ain't this Way by the Doobie Brothers (#84); Innocence by Harlequin (#86); The Breaks by Kurtis Blow (#87); Never Knew Love Like This Before by Stephanie Mills (#94); You've Lost that Lovin' Feeling by Daryl Hall & John Oates (#96); and Blue River Liquor Shine by Max Webster (#98).

Died on this date
Mae West, 87
. U.S. actress and playwright. Miss West was known for flaunting her sexuality and testing the limits of censorship in plays such as Sex (1926) and Diamond Lil (1928) and movies such as She Done Him Wrong (1933) and I'm No Angel (1933). She spent most of her later years as a stage and nightclub performer, and died several months after suffering a stroke.

Jules Léger, 67. Governor General of Canada, 1974-1979. Mr. Léger was a career diplomat with the Canadian Department of External Affairs before assuming the vice-regal post, succeeding Roland Michener. He carried out his duties despite suffering a stroke just six months after taking office. He was succeeded as Governor General by Ed Schreyer.

Iran denied that she had launched a rocket attack on an area of Kuwait that bordered Iraq, and accused Iraq of attacking civilians with surface-to-surface missiles in the town of Gilan.

Atlantic Bowl @ Halifax
Ottawa 28 Acadia 8

Mike Giftopoulos rushed 24 times for 192 yards and Brock Bundy added 92 yards on 22 carries to help the Gee-Gees defeat the Axemen at Huskies Stadium, advancing to the Canadian College Bowl against the University of Alberta Golden Bears.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ooh Aah Paul McGrath--Watch Your House

Politics and government
Margaret Thatcher announced her resignation as Prime Minister of Great Britain after her cabinet refused to support her in the second round of elections in the contest for the leadership of the Conservative Party. She said that she would leave office as soon as a successor was chosen.

25 years ago

On television tonight
The Beatles Anthology: Part II, on ABC

This episode concluded with the initial broadcast of the song Real Love.

As a result of the Dayton Accord the previous day, the United Nations Security Council announced the suspension of sanctions against Bosnia.

Marcel Masse was named Québec's Délégué général/Agent General in Paris.

Politics and government
Don Morin took office as Premier of the Northwest Territories, succeeding Nellie Cournoyea.

Britain's most prolific female serial killer, Rosemary West, 41, was sentenced to life imprisonment for the murders, with her husband Fred, of 10 young women and girls, including her 16-year-old daughter, over a period of 20 years.

The gun control law--including mandatory registration of all firearms--introduced by the Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien was passed by the Senate.

A 7.3 MW earthquake struck the Gulf of Aqaba between the Sinai Peninsula and Saudi Arabia, the largest tectonic event in the area for many decades.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Emil Zátopek, 78
. Czech runner. Mr. Zátopek, the "Czech Locomotive," won a silver medal in the Men's 5,000-metre run and a gold medal in the 10,000-metre run at the 1948 Summer Olympic Games in London, but was best known for winning gold medals in the same events as well as the marathon at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki. He'd never run a marathon before winning at the Olympics, and entered the event at the last minute; he remains the only person to win gold medals in all three events at the same Olympic Games. Mr. Zátopek was an influential figure in the Communist Party's liberal wing, but fell out of favour after the Prague Spring was suppressed in 1968, and was reduced to working at a series of menial jobs before being officially rehabilitated in 1990. He died from complications of a stroke.

Christian Marquand, 73. French actor. Mr. Marquand appeared in more than 50 movie and several television miniseries. His films included Et Dieu... créa la femme (And God Created Woman) (1956) and The Longest Day (1962). Mr. Marquand died of Alzheimer's disease.

Politics and government
The day after Peru’s Congress had passed a motion to remove Alberto Fujimori as President, Valentin Paniagua Corazao, the President of Congress, was sworn in as President of Peru. Mr. Paniagua took off ice because both vice-presidents had already resigned.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Frank Fenner, 93
. Australian virologist. Dr. Fenner was known for overseeing the eradication of smallpox and the control of Australia's rabbit plague through the introduction of Myxoma virus. He died 29 days before his 94th birthday.

Jean Cione, 82. U.S. baseball player. Miss Cione was a pitcher, first baseman, and outfielder with the Rockford Peaches (1945, 1947, 1954); Peoria Redwings (1946); Kenosha Comets (1948-1951); Battle Creek Belles (1952); and Muskegon Belles (1953) of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, batting .224 with 8 home runs and 247 runs batted in in 758 games, and compiling a pitching record of 75-65 with an earned run average of 2.31 in 169 games. She pitched a pair of no-hitters in August 1950, and once made an unassisted triple play. Miss Cione taught physical education and sports medicine at the university level for 29 years.

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