Thursday, 26 November 2020

November 26, 2020

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Joyce Malombe!

125 years ago

Born on this date
Bill Wilson
. U.S. social reformer. Mr. Wilson, better known as Bill W., was a drunkard who co-founded Alcoholics Anonymous with Bob Smith in 1935. Mr. Wilson and AA were enormously influential in changing the view of drunkenness from a sin to an illness. John Lanagan, in his blog The Word Like Fire, provides much useful information on the occult roots of AA. Mr. Wilson practiced necromancy and was a heavy smoker who died of emphysema complicated by pneumonia on January 24, 1971 at the age of 75.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Cyril Cusack
. S.A.-born Irish actor. Mr. Cusack appeared in numerous plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 70 years. He died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis on October 7, 1993 at the age of 82.

Grey Cup @ Cricket Grounds, Hamilton
University of Toronto 16 Hamilton Tigers 7

Reddy Dixon scored a touchdown and 2 singles, while Jack Maynard scored a touchdown, convert, and single to lead the Varsity Blues to their second straight Grey Cup victory. Hugh Gall punted for 2 singles to complete the University of Toronto scoring. Kid Smith kicked a field goal and single for the Tigers, and Ben Simpson added 3 singles. It was the only game as Hamilton head coach for Seppi DuMoulin, who had played for the Tigers from 1894-1906 before moving west to Moose Jaw to pursue a banking career. The Tigers in 1910 had been led by captain Bob Isbister, and had hired Mr. DuMoulin, assisted by Chaucer Elliott of the Toronto Argonauts, to coach them in the Grey Cup game. Attendance was listed as 12,000, but this probably included several thousand fans who had come from Toronto and had crashed the fences. Postgame celebrations by the Toronto fans became so boisterous that the Hamilton police had to call for order.

Navy 3 Army 0 @ Franklin Field, Philadelphia

100 years ago

Born on this date
Daniel Petrie
. Canadian-born U.S. film director. Mr. Petrie, a native of Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Mr. Petrie, a native of Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, had a career spanning more than 40 years and was best known for directing the movie A Raisin in the Sun (1961). He died on August 22, 2004 at the age of 83.

Died on this date
Eddie O'Donnell, 33
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. O'Donnell participated in 36 races in the American Automobile Association Championship Series (1914-1916, 1919-1920), with three victories, all in 1915. He finished 5th in the 1915 Indianapolis 500 and 4th in the championship standings. Mr. O'Donnell died the day after being injured in a crash with Gaston Chevrolet on lap 146 of the 200-lap Thanksgiving Day race at Los Angeles Motor Speedway in Beverly Hills; Mr. Chevrolet and Mr. O'Donnell's riding mechanics had been killed instantly in the crash.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Ponnambalam Ramanathan, 79
. Ceylonese politician. Sir Ponnambalam was a lawyer who was an unofficial member (1879-1892, 1911-1924) and an official member (1924-1930) of the Legislative Council of Ceylon and Solicitor-General of Ceylon (1892-1906).

80 years ago

Died on this date
Harold Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, 72
. U.K. newspaper magnate. Lord Rothermere and his brother Alfred, Lord Northcliffe, developed the Daily Mail and Daily Mirror, among other papers. Lord Rothermere was known for his support of the German Nazi regime.

Allan A. Ryan, 60. U.S. financier. Mr. Ryan cornered the stock of Stutz Motor Company in 1920, and went bankrupt as a result.

Divorced on this date
Actress Elaine Barrie divorced actor John Barrymore in Los Angeles on ground of cruelty.

Pierre Ryckmans, Governor-General of the Belgian Congo, announced that Italy had committed hostile acts against the Congo, and that he considered the Congo at war against Italy.

Members of the Romanian Iron Guard massacred 64 political prisoners at Jilava Penitentiary, near Bucharest.

Japanese Ambassador-designate to the United States Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura said, "the fate of the world hangs on American actions just now. If the United States becomes involved in conflict either in Europe or in the Pacific, civilization will go up in flames..." He stated that there was no issue between Japan and the United States that could not be solved peacefully.

The New York Times' correspondent in London reported that Japan was making new demands for bases in Indochina, asking for control of Saigon, Tonkin, and Indochina's South China Sea coast.

The Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies issued a statement calling for all-out aid for Britain; revision of American neutrality laws; and the use of American sea power to protect shipping in the Atlantic Ocean. Former Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Alf Landon told the Cooperative Club in Kansas City: "If we modify the Neutrality Act to permit our ships to enter the war, then it will be a case of 'Johnnie, get your gun'..."

The 12-day-old strike at the Vultee Aircraft plant in Downey, California ended when the company and the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Automobile Workers union negotiated a 16-month contract.

The American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans adopted a resolution condemning racketeering in labour unions, and authorized the executive council to apply "all of its influence" to force action should unions evade their "responsibilities."

Politics and government
General Juan Almazan, self-styled President-elect of Mexico, returned by plane to Mexico City after a voluntary exile of four months in the United States.

Panamanian President Arnulfo Arias decreed a referendum on December 15, 1940 to decide whether the new constitution approved recently by the National Assembly should become effective in 1941.

75 years ago

Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It's Been a Long Long Time--Harry James and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
--Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Stan Kenton and his Orchestra
2 I'll Buy that Dream--Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes
--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Hal McIntyre and his Orchestra
3 Till the End of Time--Perry Como
--Dick Haymes
--Les Brown and his Orchestra
4 Chickery Chick--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra with Nancy Norman, Billy Williams and the Kaye Choir
5 That's for Me--Dick Haymes
--Jo Stafford
6 If I Loved You--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
--Frank Sinatra
7 On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Bing Crosby
--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Judy Garland and the Merry Macs
8 I Can't Begin to Tell You--Bing Crosby with Carmen Cavallaro
--Andy Russell
--Harry James and his Orchestra
9 Hong Kong Blues--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
10 It's Only a Paper Moon--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Ella Fitzgerald and the Delta Rhythm Boys

Singles entering the chart were all three versions of I Can't Begin to Tell You; Fishin' for the Moon by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra (#17); Just a Little Fond Affection by Gene Krupa and his Orchestra (#19); Buelah's Boogie by Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra (#21); Nancy (With the Laughing Face) (#25)/Cradle Song (#50) by Frank Sinatra; Cool Water by Sons of the Pioneers (#36); Clair de Lune (Moonlight) by Jose Iturbi (#37); Drip, Drip, Drip (Sloppy Lagoon) by Spike Jones and his City Slickers (#39); and Memphis in June by Harry James and his Orchestra (#40).

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Accidental Murderess

At least 9 Jews were killed and 75 injured in clashes with 10,000 British troops in the Sharon Valley in Palestine.

The U.S.S.R. proposed that the Arab-Jewish problem be submitted to the Big Five--U.S.S.R.; U.S.A.; U.K.; France; and China.

The United States Senate opened debate on the United Nations Participation Act, whereby the U.S. would become an active member.

U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal urged adoption of a universal military training bill.

Economics and finance
U.S. Representative Hugh De Lacy (Democrat--Washington) introduced a resolution asking President Harry Truman to recall all U.S. aid to China immediately.

The Retail Workers union's "national demonstration" against Montgomery Ward began in branches throughout the United States, and the union claimed 75%-80% effectiveness, while the company reported that 92% of its employees were at work.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Hedwig Courths-Mahler, 83
. German authoress. Mrs. Courths-Mahler wrote romantic novels under her own name and several pseudonyms. By the time of her death, 80 million copies of her books had been sold, making Mrs. Courths-Mahler the best-selling German female writer.

China entered the Korean War, launching a massive counterattack in North Korea against South Korean and United Nations forces, breaking through South Korean lines at Tokchon and threatening to isolate American and South Korean forces above Pyongyang.

Politics and government
The Partido Colorado (Colorado Party), with 52.3% of the vote, captured the Uruguayan presidential election. The ticket of Andrés Martínez Trueba and Alfeo Brum led among Colorado Party tickets with 19.3%, making Mr. Martínez President-elect and Mr. Brum Vice President-elect. The Partido Colorado also won 53 of 99 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, 17 of 30 seats in the Senate, and 12 of 19 departmental elections.

The National Lawyers Guild, responding to a U.S. House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee report which labelled the Guild as a "legal bulwark" of the Communist Party USA, denied that it had consistently followed the Communist line, and charged that the committee had made no attempt to discuss the merits of the issues.

30 veteran members of Sweden's Communist Party broke away to establish their own organization, following a stormy two-day meeting in Stockholm. Criticizing Communist leader Fritlof Lager and other members for giving party jobs to relatives, the rebels charged that the party had "abandoned its purely revolutionary course and degenerated into a family clique for the purpose of self-admiration."

Philadelphia (6-4) 3 @ New York Giants (8-2) 7
Baltimore (1-9) 28 @ Washington (2-8) 38
San Francisco (2-9) 21 @ Green Bay (3-7) 25
Los Angeles (8-3) 14 @ Chicago Bears (8-2) 24

Nippon Series
Shochiku Robins 5 @ Mainichi Orions 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Yoshiyuki Iwamoto hit a home run and Nobuo Oshima (1–1) pitched a complete game victory over Tadashi Wakabayashi (1–1) as the Robins withstood a 2-run 9th inning rally and defeated the Orions before 35,518 fans at Hankyu Nishinomiya Stadium.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters

#1 single in Italy: Il cielo in una stanza--Mina (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Schiff wird kommen--Lale Andersen (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): It’s Now or Never--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
2 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
3 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
4 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
5 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
6 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles
7 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
8 New Orleans--U.S. Bonds
9 He Will Break Your Heart--Jerry Butler
10 Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go--Hank Ballard and the Midnighters

Singles entering the chart were Main Theme from Exodus (Ari's Theme) by Mantovani & his Orchestra (#41, charting with the version by Ferrante and Teicher); I Gotta Know by Elvis Presley (#78); Come Rain or Come Shine by Ray Charles (#83); Doll House by Donnie Brooks (#85); Bumble Bee by LaVern Baker (#90); Hardhearted Hannah by Ray Charles (#92); The Bells by James Brown & the Famous Flames (#97); Jaguar and Thunderbird by Chuck Berry (#99); and Sweet Dreams by Don Gibson (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
2 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
3 The Hucklebuck--Chubby Checker
4 Billy, Billy Went a Walking--The Beau Marks
5 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette
6 Doll House--Donnie Brooks
7 And the Heavens Cried--Ronnie Savoy
8 The Sock--The Valentines
9 Like Strangers--The Everly Brothers
10 Perfidia--The Ventures

Singles entering the chart were Rubber Ball by Bobby Vee (#30); Lonely Teenager by Dion (#32); Happy, Happy Birthday Baby by Wanda Jackson (#37); Flamingo Express by the Royaltones (#40); My Southern Belle by Frankie Ford (#44); Gee by Jan & Dean (#46); He Will Break Your Heart by Jerry Butler (#47); Angel on My Shoulder by Shelby Flint (#48); Always, Always by Johnny Cymbal (#49); and The Mansion You Stole by Johnny Horton (#50). The Mansion You Stole was the B-side of North to Alaska, charting at #14.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
3 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette
4 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
5 And the Heavens Cried--Ronnie Savoy
6 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
7 Perfidia--The Ventures
8 Dear John/Alabam--Pat Boone
9 The Sock--The Valentines
10 Am I Losing You--Jim Reeves

Singles entering the chart were Wonderland by Night, with versions by Louis Prima; Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra; and Anita Bryant (#19); Doll House by Donnie Brooks (#27); Sweet Molly Malone by Evan Kemp (#28); Rubber Ball by Bobby Vee (#32); Happy, Happy Birthday Baby by Wanda Jackson (#37); The Magnificent Seven by Al Caiola and his Orchestra (#39); and Lonely Teenager by Dion (#40).

On television tonight
The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Judge Seward's Secret

Died on this date
Ralph Anderson, 23-25
. U.S. football player. Mr. Anderson played split end at California State University, Los Angeles before beginning his professional career with the Chicago Bears of the National Football League in 1958, playing all 12 games and catching 11 passes for 177 yards and 1 touchdown. He played 1 game with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League in 1959, but lost out in a competition with Farrell Funston and Dave Kocourek for an import receiver position. Mr. Anderson joined the Los Angeles Chargers of the new American Football League, and led them with 44 pass receptions for 614 yards and 5 touchdowns in 10 games despite missing a game on November 4 because of diabetes. He went to a movie with his girlfriend Virginia Hunt and teammate Ron Botchan, and decided to spend the night in a spare bedroom of Miss Hunt's apartment. When she went to wake him up in the morning, Mr. Anderson was dead of an apparent diabetes attack.

CHAK began broadcasting in Inuvik, Northwest Territories at 860 on the AM dial as part of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's northern service.

Mike DeJohn (41-7-1) knocked out Billy Hunter (18-8-3) at 2:51 of the 9th round of a heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York.

Grey Cup @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Ottawa 16 Edmonton 6

The Eskimos were the first western team to go into a Grey Cup game as favourites, but they had been beaten up in the course of playing 5 playoff games, and a flu bug was affecting a number of players, resulting in a poor showing. The Rough Riders recovered a fumble by Edmonton punt returner Rollie Miles early in the game inside the Eskimos’ 10-yard line, and Gary Schreider kicked a 15-yard field goal to give Ottawa a 3-0 lead. The Eskimos’ only scoring play came in the 2nd quarter on a 65-yard pass from Jackie Parker to Jim Letcavits. Tommy-Joe Coffey missed the convert and the Eskimos led 6-3. Ottawa promptly replied when Russ Jackson, who split the quarterbacking with Ron Lancaster, moved the team downfield and completed a 31-yard touchdown pass to Bill Sowalski. Mr. Schreider missed the convert, leaving the Rough Riders with a 9-6 lead. Mr. Parker returned the ensuing kickoff 74 yards--then a Grey Cup record--to the Ottawa 40-yard line, but were unable to capitalize on the opportunity. After a scoreless third quarter, the Eskimos mounted a couple of threats, but Joe Poirier and Doug Daigneault made interceptions. The Rough Riders put the game away when Joe-Bob Smith fumbled a punt on the Edmonton goal line, and Kaye Vaughan recovered in the end zone for the only touchdown of his Hall of Fame career. Mr. Schreider converted to give Ottawa a 10-point lead. The Rough Riders were in possession of the ball at their own 33 with a second down and 7 yards to go for a first down with 41 seconds remaining in regulation time when fans began invading the field. A youth ran off with the ball, and the Vancouver police did nothing as the mob swelled to 5,000. CFL Commissioner Sydney Halter finally ordered the game to be called. The Ottawa defense did such a good job of smothering the Edmonton attack that Johnny Bright was held to 15 yards on 5 rushing attempts, and Normie Kwong, playing the final game of a 13-year Hall of Fame career, gained just 7 yards on 7 carries. Backup Jim Shipka led the Eskimos with 5 carries for 22 yards. Mr. Parker completed 10 of 22 passes for 179 yards and an interception, and Don Getty was 2 for 3 for 18 yards and an interception. Mr. Letcavits was the only Eskimo to catch more than one pass, with 6 receptions for 132 yards. Mr. Coffey, playing in his first Grey Cup, caught 1 pass for 7 yards. Vic Chapman of the Eskimos was forced to punt 13 times for an average of 42.8 yards per punt. Official attendance at Empire Stadium was 38,102.

Navy (9-1) 17 Army (6-3-1) 12 @ Municipal Stadium, Philadelphia

50 years ago

In Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, 1.5 inches (38.1 millimetres) of rain fell in a minute, the heaviest rainfall ever recorded.

Pope Paul VI began a 10-day, 30,000-mile tour of Asia with a visit to Tehran.

The Canadian Football Hall of Fame added Ken Montgomery, Johnny Bright, and Gordon Perry. Mr. Montgomery was president of the Edmonton Eskimos for several years in the 1950s, and also served as president of the Canadian Rugby Union and Western Interprovincial Football Union. Mr. Bright was a fullback with the Calgary Stampeders and Edmonton Eskimos from 1952-1964, and was the CFL's career leader in yards rushing at the time of his selection. Mr. Perry played for the Montreal Winged Wheelers, and was a member of their unbeaten Grey Cup championship team of 1931.

Oakland (6-3-2) 14 @ Detroit (7-4) 28
Green Bay (5-6) 3 @ Dallas (7-4) 16

40 years ago

Economics and finance
A new Bank Act went into effect in Canada, replacing the Bank Act 1967. The new act set up new operating rules for chartered banks, and let foreign banks open branches.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ihminen ei voi elää vetämättä--MC Nikke T (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sadeness Part I--Enigma (3rd week at #1)

The Delta II rocket made its maiden flight.

Politics and government
Polish Premier Tadeusz Mazowiecki announced his resignation after finishing third in a field of six candidates in the previous day’s election for the office of president. He said that he and his cabinet would remain in office until a new premier was appointed by the next president.

Lee Kuan Yew announced that he would be stepping down after 31 years as Prime Minister of Singapore, to be replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong. Under Mr. Lee, Singapore had become economically powerful, but at the cost of freedom.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Knockin'--Double Vision (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (4th week at #1)

20 years ago

Politics and government
Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris certified Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate George W. Bush as the winner of the November 7 election in her state by 537 votes, including over 100 votes from military absentee ballots that had previously been rejected. Palm Beach County failed to completed its manual recount by the 5 P.M. deadline. The result in Florida would determine whether Mr. Bush or Vice President and Democratic Party nominee Al Gore would be the next president of the United States.

Fanmi Lavalas candidate Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who had previously been elected President before being removed from office, regained the presidency with 92% of the vote in a national election that was boycotted by political opponents.

Grey Cup @ McMahon Stadium, Calgary
British Columbia 28 Montreal 26

Lui Passaglia, playing the final game of a brilliant 25-year CFL career, kicked a 29-yard field goal with 1:35 remaining in regulation time that proved to be the winning margin as the Lions withstood a late Montreal rally to win their first Grey Cup in 6 years before 43,822 fans at McMahon Stadium. The Lions led 12-3 after an uneventful first half. Mr. Passaglia, who missed 3 of his first 4 field goal attempts, missed from 47 yards early in the 1st quarter, but managed to get a single point for the game’s first score. B.C. quarterback Damon Allen scored on a 1-yard rush and Mr. Passaglia converted to give the Lions an 8-0 lead. Terry Baker responded with a 19-yard field goal to cut the lead to 8-3 after the 1st quarter. Mr. Passaglia missed a 39-yard field goal on the first play of the 2nd quarter, but the resulting single made the score 9-3 in favour of B.C. He finally succeeded on a 23-yard field goal attempt with 3:50 remaining in the 2nd quarter to complete scoring in the 1st half. The Alouettes scored the only points of the 3rd quarter on a 1-yard pass from Anthony Calvillo to Jock Climie, converted by Mr. Baker, to make the score 12-10 in favour of the Lions. B.C. running back Robert Drummond then broke a 44-yard touchdown run, converted by Mr. Passaglia, to increase the Lions’ lead to 19-10 just 55 seconds into the 4th quarter. Mr. Baker connected on a 51-yard field goal at 4:30 to make the score 19-13, but Mr. Allen rushed 1 yard for his second touchdown of the game at 8:38. A 2-point convert attempt was unsuccessful, but the Lions had an apparently-secure 25-13 lead. Mr. Calvillo brought the Alouettes back, and Mike Pringle rushed 5 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Baker, to cut the B.C. lead to 25-20 with 3:49 remaining. Mr. Allen then drove the Lions downfield for Mr. Passaglia’s second field goal to make the score 28-20. However, the Alouettes weren’t finished, and Mr. Calvillo connected with Ben Cahoon for a 59-yard touchdown with 44 seconds remaining. Mr. Calvillo looked for Mr. Cahoon in the B.C. end zone for a 2-point convert that would have tied the game, but B.C. defensive back Chuck Levy was covering Mr. Cahoon closely in a way that many thought should have been ruled pass interference, but no penalty was called, and the pass was incomplete. The Alouettes were unsuccessful in attempting to recover a short kickoff, and the Lions ran out the clock. Mr. Allen, who had quarterbacked the Edmonton Eskimos to Grey Cup wins in 1987 and 1993, completed 18 of 31 passes for 234 yards, and rushed 9 times for 39. Mr. Drummond, who was named the game’s most valuable player, rushed 10 times for 122 yards and added 41 yards on 3 pass receptions. His backfield mate Sean Millington rushed for 99 yards on 17 carries, caught 3 passes for 38, and was named the game’s outstanding Canadian player. Don Blair led the Lions’ receivers with 87 yards on 6 receptions. Mr. Pringle rushed for 115 yards on 20 carries and caught 1 pass for 7 yards. Jock Climie, playing in the only Grey Cup of his 12-year CFL career, led all receivers with 97 yards on 6 receptions. Mr. Cahoon caught 2 for 73. Mr. Calvillo completed 13 of 26 passes for 242 yards and 2 interceptions. Steve Buratto, who had assumed the position of head coach in mid-season, was the winning head coach over Charlie Taaffe, who departed the Montreal organization after this game for a U.S. university position.

10 years ago

Somali native Mohamed Osman Mohamud, 19, was arrested by U.S. federal agents during a sting in Portland, Oregon, accused of planning to detonate a van of explosives during a Christmas tree lighting ceremony.

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