Sunday, 8 November 2020

November 8, 2020

500 years ago

World events
The Stockholm Bloodbath concluded with the execution of 84 Swedish leaders, following the successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces under King Christian II.

400 years ago

The 27,000-man combined armies of Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor led by Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy and the German Catholic League under Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly defeated an army of 15,000 Bohemians and mercenaries under Christian of Anhalt in the Battle of White Mountain near Prague.

280 years ago

G.F. Handel’s Organ Concerto No. 13, "The Cuckoo and the Nightingale," was published.

275 years ago

Charles Edward Stuart invaded England with an army of about 5,000 that would later participate in the Battle of Culloden.

250 years ago

Born on this date
Friedrich Witt
. German composer. Mr. Witt is perhaps best known as the likely author of a symphony in C major known as the Jena Symphony. He died on January 3, 1836 at the age of 65.

130 years ago

Died on this date
César Franck, 67
. Belgian composer. Mr. Franck was a church organist and teacher whose compositions included Symphony in D minor and works for organ and piano. He died of a severe respiratory illness, several months after suffering a head injury in a carriage collision.

Dominion Final
Montreal 12 @ Ottawa College 11

Under the rules then in effect, a team had to outscore its opponent by at least two points in order to win the game. The result was ruled a draw.

125 years ago

While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Röntgen discovered the X-ray.

110 years ago

Politics and government
In elections for the U.S. House of Representatives, the Democratic Party gained 55 seats, taking control of the House for the first time in 16 years. The results left the Democrats with 227 of 435 seats; the Republicans lost 57 seats to drop to 161, while Victor Berger, Wisconsin's 5th District, became the first Socialist Party candidate to get elected, and two independent candidates were also elected. In gubernatorial elections, the Democrats gained six, the Republicans lost 5, and Denver Dickerson, who had been elected in Nevada in 1908 as the candidate of the Silver Party and was now running as a Democrat, was defeated by Republican challenger Tasker Oddie. The results gave the Democrats a 25-21 lead in state governorships.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Esther Rolle
. U.S. actress. Miss Rolle was best known for playing Florida Evans as a supporting character in the television comedy series Maude (1972-1974) and as the lead character in the spinoff series Good Times (1974-1977, 1978-1979). She won an Emmy Award for her supporting performance in the made-for-television movie Summer of My German Soldier (1979). Miss Rolle died of complications from diabetes on November 17, 1998, nine days after her 78th birthday.

90 years ago

Toronto (4-1) 9 @ Ottawa (0-6) 1
Montreal (2-3-1) 1 @ Hamilton (4-0-1) 29

The Rough Riders' loss at Lansdowne Park was their 13th straight going back to 1928. They scored just 7 points in 1930 and gave up 90, compared with 12 points for and 128 against in 1929.

NFL Providence (5-3) 7 @ Frankford (3-10) 20

80 years ago

On the radio

The Italian invasion of Greece failed as outnumbered Greek units repulsed Italian forces in the Battle of Elaia–Kalamas. Yugoslavia made representations to the British, Italian, and Greek governments regarding the November 5 bombing of Bitolj in southern Macedonia by "unknown planes." Germany claimed the sinking of an entire British convoy of 15-20 ships. Speaking in Munich, German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler emphasized his "unalterable determination to continue the struggle to a clear decision...[and]...reject any compromise." U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden returned from Cairo and presented Prime Minister Winston Churchill with General Archibald Wavell's plans for a major offensive against Italian forces.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt disclosed that he had established a rule of thumb under which the United Kingdom and Canada would get 50% of all new American warplanes and war materials. He denied that any arrangements had been made with the U.K. for use of the naval base at Singapore. The U.S. War Department announced that about 400,000 men, who would be called into service by March 15, 1941, would be sent directly to regular Army or National Guard units.

Politics and government
Pollster George Gallup, analyzing the November 5 U.S. presidential and congressional elections had resulted in a reduction of the Democratic Party majority throughout the nation, from 62.5% in 1936 to 54.5% in 1940, with the Midwest becoming the new Republican Party stronghold.

Oren Root, Jr., head of the Associated Willkie Clubs of America, indicated that the unsuccessful 1940 Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate was laying plans for the creation of a strong opposition party to act as a check on President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal economic policies.

The U.S. Agriculture Department announced that a 23-year campaign had practically eradicated bovine tuberculosis in the United States.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations New York State Industrial Union Council described the national presidential and congressional elections as a "complete repudiation" of John L. Lewis, and demanded that he resign as President of the CIO.

75 years ago

Died on this date
August von Mackensen, 95
. German military officer. Field Marshal Mackensen served in the Franco-Prussian War and had success as a commander during World War I. He retired from the army in 1920. Field Marshal Mackensen was a monarchist and was suspected of disloyalty toward Germany's Nazi regime, but nothing was ever proven against him.

British commander in eastern Java Major General E.C. Mansergh issued an ultimatum to the Indonesians at Surabaya and other areas to surrender their arms by 6 A.M. November 10 or face all-out attack.

Chinese Communists reported that the government in Chungking had massed 90 divisions for a drive into Manchuria.

An Iranian deputy claimed that the U.S.S.R. had stationed 12,000 troops at Bandar Shak on the Caspian Sea and two new divisions in Azerbaijan.

Romanian troops fired into a crowd of rioting Communists and supporters of King Michael in front of the royal palace, killing 13 and wounding 80.

The United Kingdom appointed Lieutenant General Sir Alan Cunningham as High Commissioner for Palestine and Transjordan.

Politics and government
Splitting from the radicals, Peronists in Argentina set up a new political party in Buenos Aires in support of President Juan Peron.

Bell Aircraft reported the successful testing of remote-controlled jet planes.

Bell Laboratories demonstrated a new "visual" language of phonetic sounds for the deaf, which were projected through microphones on screens that the deaf could read.

Minnesota Governor Harold Stassen proposed that atomic bomb production be outlawed and its control be given to the United Nations Security Council.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology President Karl Compton, who had recently returned from Japan, said that Japanese scientists had tried to split uranium atoms to make a substitute for coal after deciding that an atomic bomb wasn't feasible.

United Auto Workers of America filed complaints of unfair labor practices against General Motors with the National Labor Relations Board, charging the company with refusing to bargain collectively.

70 years ago

U.S. B-29s and fighter planes bombed Sinuiju, temporay North Korean capital and main Communist supply centre across the Yalu River near Antung, Manchuria.

The Baseball Writers Association of America named Boston Red Sox' first baseman Walt Dropo as the American League Rookie of the Year. Mr. Dropo batted .322 with 34 home runs and 144 runs batted in in 136 games, tying teammate Vern Stephens for the leagur lead in RBIs.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Frøken Johansen og jeg--Inger Jacobsen

Died on this date
Subroto Mukerjee, 49
. Indian military officer. Air Marshal Mukerjee began his career with the British Royal Air Force, and became of the first members of the Indian Air Force in 1932. He was a squadron commander and station commander in World War II, and was appointed Deputy Air Commander of the Royal Indian Air Force upon India's independence in 1947. Air Marshal Mukerjee was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the IAF in 1954, and was known as the "Father of the Indian Air Force." He was having dinner with a friend at a restaurant in Tokyo, and choked to death on a piece of food that lodged in his windpipe.

Politics and government
The U.S. presidential election took place, with the result in doubt into the wee hours of the next day. Official results had U.S. Senator and Democratic Party candidate John F. Kennedy with 303 electoral votes to 219 electoral votes for Vice-President and Republican Party candidate Richard Nixon. The popular vote was closer, with Mr. Kennedy taking 34,227,096 votes (49.9%), and Mr. Nixon 34,108,546 (49.6%)--a difference of just 118,550 (0.1735%). Allegations of vote fraud in Illinois and southern Texas--both of which areas went to Mr. Kennedy--have always called into question the legitimacy of the result. 15 electors--8 in Mississippi, 6 in Alabama, 1 in Oklahoma--refused to vote for Mr. Kennedy and voted for U.S. Senator Harry Byrd of Virginia, a conservative Democrat who wasn’t running for President. Republicans gained 2 seats at the expense of the Democrats in U.S. Senate elections, but the Democrats still maintained a healthy 64-36 majority. In House of Representatives elections, the Republicans gained 22 seats, reducing the Democrats' lead to 262-175. In gubernatorial elections, the Democrats gained 1, giving them a 34-16 lead.

50 years ago

Leaders of Egypt, Libya, and Sudan announced plans to federate their countries in "a move to create greater Arab unity." Syria later announced its intention to join them.

Montreal 1 @ Boston 6

A bench-clearing brawl near the end of the game at Boston Garden marred (or made, depending on your point of view) the evening. This was one of a number of brawls during the 1970-71 season that led the NHL to adopt, in time for the 1971-72 season, the rule (66 (a)) that the first identifiable player leaving the bench to enter a brawl would receive a 5-minute major penalty and an automatic game misconduct (and an automatic 1-game suspension if the action occurred during the playoffs). The game was broadcast on CBC radio. Mickey Redmond scored the Canadiens' only goal.

Western Semi-Final
Calgary 16 @ Edmonton 9

Hugh McKinnis rushed 5 yards for a touchdown late in the 4th quarter to break a 9-9 tie and give the Stampeders the win. The touchdown drive was prolonged by a pass interference call against Edmonton defensive back Mike Law, a call which was hotly disputed by the Eskimos. Eskimo coach Ray Jauch was very critical of the officiating crew headed by referee Paul Dojack, calling one of his last games. The back judge who flagged Mr. Law was Ken Stein of Vancouver, who never officiated again in the CFL after 1970. Mr. Jauch commented, "Stein should be run out of the league." The score was tied 0-0 at halftime, but the Stampeders scored after Edmonton’s Joe Hernandez fumbled the second-half kickoff and was stopped at the Eskimo 4-yard line. A short punt by Fred Dunn gave the Stampeders good field position, and Jerry Keeling completed a 16-yard touchdown pass to Herm Harrison to put Calgary ahead 6-0. Larry Robinson, who missed 2 field goal attempts, missed the convert, but kicked a field goal later in the quarter to give his team a 9-0 lead. The Eskimos came back in the 4th quarter with field goals by Dave Cutler of 21, 53, and 20 yards. The second field goal was the longest ever kicked in a CFL post-season game to that time. Mr. Robinson was successful in converting Mr. McKinnis’s touchdown. Mr. McKinnis led all rushers with 79 yards on 19 carries. Alan Pitcaithley led the Eskimos with 27 yards on 8 carries. Mr. Harrison caught 4 passes for 76 yards, and teammate Gerry Shaw caught 4 for 72. Mike Eben led the Eskimos with 3 catches for 48 yards. Mr. Keeling and backup Larry Lawrence completed 13 of 28 passes for 199 yards, while Don Trull and Rusty Clark of the Eskimos combined to complete 12 of 26 for 141 yards. The Eskimos managed just 8 first downs and 161 yards net offense, while the Stampeders picked up 14 first downs and 249 yards net offense. 23,105 were in attendance at Clarke Stadium to witness the first CFL playoff game in Edmonton in 9 years.

Dallas (5-3) 20 @ New York Giants (5-3) 23
Cincinnati (2-6) 43 @ Buffalo (3-5) 14
Minnesota (7-1) 19 @ Washington (4-4) 10
Miami (4-4) 17 @ Philadelphia (1-7) 24
New York Jets (1-7) 17 @ Pittsburgh (4-4) 21
Detroit (5-3) 17 @ New Orleans (2-5-1) 19
San Francisco (6-1-1) 37 @ Chicago (3-5) 16
Boston (1-7) 0 @ St. Louis (6-2) 31
Houston (2-5-1) 9 @ Kansas City (4-3-1) 24
Cleveland (4-4) 20 @ Oakland (4-2-2) 23
Atlanta (3-4-1) 10 @ Los Angeles (5-2-1) 10
Denver (4-4) 21 @ San Diego (3-3-2) 24

Tom Dempsey set a professional football record with a 63-yard field goal on the last play of the game to give the Saints the victory over the Lions before 66,910 fans at Tulane Stadium. The kick came just 11 seconds after Errol Mann had kicked a field goal to give Detroit the lead.

George Blanda replaced injured starting quarterback Daryle Lamonica, drove the Raiders on a drive for the tying touchdown with less than 2 minutes remaining, and then kicked a 52-yard field goal in the final seconds to give the Raiders their win over the Browns at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Upside Down--Diana Ross

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (4th week at #1)
2 Upside Down--Diana Ross
3 Master Blaster - Jammin'--Stevie Wonder
4 Feels Like I'm in Love--Kelly Marie
5 Don't Stand So Close to Me--The Police
6 Give Me Back My Love--Maywood
7 What You're Proposing--Status Quo
8 Never Knew Love Like This Before--Stephanie Mills
9 Release--Patti Labelle
10 De Vogeltjesdans--De Electronica's

Singles entering the chart were Il Jouait Du Piano Debout by France Gall (#30); Children of Paradise by Boney M. (#31); Lady by Kenny Rogers (#32); Time Ran Out on You by Leo Sayer (#33); Same Old Story by Randy Crawford (#34); and Drivin' My Life Away by Eddie Rabbitt (#35).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (3rd week at #1)
2 Lady--Kenny Rogers
3 He's So Shy--Pointer Sisters
4 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
5 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
6 I'm Coming Out--Diana Ross
7 Never Knew Love Like This Before--Stephanie Mills
8 Master Blaster (Jammin')--Stevie Wonder
9 Real Love--The Doobie Brothers
10 Upside Down--Diana Ross

Singles entering the chart were Hungry Heart by Bruce Springsteen (#30); Together by Tierra (#80); Could I Be Dreaming by the Pointer Sisters (#81); Stop this Game by Cheap Trick (#84); Morning Man by Rupert Holmes (#85); Blues Power by Eric Clapton and his Band (#86); Help Me! by Marcy Levy and Robin Gibb (#87); I Love a Rainy Night by Eddie Rabbitt (#89); and The Horizontal Bop by Bob Seger (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (2nd week at #1)
2 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
3 He's So Shy--Pointer Sisters
4 Lady--Kenny Rogers
5 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
6 Upside Down--Diana Ross
7 I'm Coming Out--Diana Ross
8 Never Knew Love Like This Before--Stephanie Mills
9 Jesse--Carly Simon
10 Master Blaster (Jammin')--Stevie Wonder

Singles entering the chart were Hungry Heart by Bruce Springsteen (#37); Together by Tierra (#80); The Horizontal Bop by Bob Seger (#83); Stop this Game by Cheap Trick (#84); Could I Be Dreaming by the Pointer Sisters (#85); I Love a Rainy Night by Eddie Rabbitt (#86); Morning Man by Rupert Holmes (#89); and Gotta Have More Love by Climax Blues Band (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
2 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
3 Lady--Kenny Rogers
4 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
5 Upside Down--Diana Ross
6 He's So Shy--Pointer Sisters
7 Jesse--Carly Simon
8 Never Knew Love Like This Before--Stephanie Mills
9 Dreaming--Cliff Richard
10 You've Lost that Lovin' Feeling--Daryl Hall & John Oates

Singles entering the chart were Hungry Heart by Bruce Springsteen (#29); Sherry by Robert John (#80); Together by Tierra (#83); Could I Be Dreaming by the Pointer Sisters (#88); Help Me! by Marcy Levy and Robin Gibb (#89); and Remote Control by the Reddings (#99).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen (3rd week at #1)
2 All Out of Love--Air Supply
3 Sailing--Christopher Cross
4 Don't Ask Me Why--Billy Joel
5 Boulevard--Jackson Browne
6 Upside Down--Diana Ross
7 Magic--Olivia Newton-John
8 You'll Accomp'ny Me--Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band
9 Xanadu--Olivia Newton-John/Electric Light Orchestra
10 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand

Singles entering the chart were Suddenly by Olivia Newton-John and Cliff Richard (#65); Hungry Heart by Bruce Springsteen (#70); Johnny and Mary by Robert Palmer (#80); (Just Like) Starting Over by John Lennon (#83); Generals and Majors by XTC (#94); One and Only by Burton Cummings (#95); The Winner Takes it All by ABBA (#98); and Weekend Rock by Puzzle (#100).

A 15th moon of Saturn was discovered from photographs sent back by the probe Voyager 1.

Iran and Iraq announced that their armies had clashed in several cities in the Iranian province of Khuzistan, and Iran announced that it had repelled an Iraqi advance outside Abadan. Iraq claimed that 30 Iranian troops had been killed and two tanks destroyed at Abadan and two gunboats sunk in the Shatt-al-Arab waterway. Iran claimed that it had halted the flow of Iraqi oil through the Persian Gulf by destroying Iraq’s major oil-export platforms.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that total personal income for the April-June quarter of 1980 had risen 1.1% from the January-March quarter. However, inflation had risen 2.6%, more than outpacing the rise in wages.

Auto racing
Tom Sneva won the Miller High Life 150 at Phoenix International Raceway. Mario Andretti finished second and Gary Bettenhausen third in the last race of the season. Only 8 of the 25 cars finished the race.

Eastern Semi-Final
Ottawa 21 @ Montreal 25

The Alouettes narrowly escaped with a victory when Condredge Holloway, playing his last game in an Ottawa uniform, missed a wide-open Bruce Walker in the Montreal end zone with a pass on a play that began at the Montreal 15-yard line on the last play of the game. Skip Walker had rushed 5 yards for a touchdown, converted by Gerry McGrath, to give the Alouettes a 25-12 lead with just 3:32 remaining. The Rough Riders quickly struck back with a 10-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Holloway to Bruce Walker, converted by Gerry Organ, with 1:42 remaining. Mr. McGrath conceded a safety touch 37 seconds later to make the score 25-21. The Rough Riders scored first when defensive end Greg Marshall recovered a blocked punt in the Montreal end zone in the 1st quarter. Mr. Organ converted and kicked a 43-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter to give Ottawa a 10-0 lead. Montreal hit the scoreboard with 1:52 remaining until halftime when, on a third down-and 1 yard-to-go gamble, Skip Walker rushed 73 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. McGrath. 51 seconds later, Mr. Organ missed a field goal that went for a single point, giving the Rough Riders an 11-7 halftime lead. The teams exchanged singles on missed field goals in the 3rd quarter, and another single by Mr. McGrath early in the 4th quarter reduced Montreal’s deficit to 12-9. Montreal quarterback Gerry Dattilio rushed 2 yards for a touchdown at 6:37, converted by Mr. McGrath. Mr. Organ conceded a safety touch 1 minute and 17 seconds later, giving the Alouettes an 18-12 lead. Skip Walker rushed for 116 yards on just 12 carries, while teammate David Green rushed 15 times for 51 yards and caught 4 passes for 64. Richard Crump led the Rough Riders with 125 yards on 20 carries and caught 4 passes for 21. Mike Murphy and Tony Gabriel also caught 4 passes each for Ottawa, whith Mr. Murphy leading in yards with 57. Mr. Dattilio completed 13 of 27 passes for 196 yards; Mr. Holloway and backup Jordan Case combined for 18 completions in 29 passes for 198 yards. Only 17,420 fans attended the game at Olympic Stadium.

St. Francis Xavier 31 Mount Allison 18
Acadia 41 New Brunswick 24

Kevin Aver caught 2 touchdown passes in the 3rd quarter as the X-Men defeated the Mounties.

Larry Priestnall rushed for 216 yards, including a 28-yard touchdown, to lead the Axemen over the Red Bombers. Hubert Walsh ran 41 yards for another Axemen touchdown, while Don Clow and George Watkinson caught touchdown passes from Steve Repic, and Mark Hickey scored an Acadia touchdown on a fumble recovery. Steve White added 5 converts and 2 field goals. New Brunswick quarterback Greg Clarke completed 2 touchdown passes to Mike Washburn, one of them covering 77 yards. Steve Corscadden rushed 1 yard for the Red Bombers’ other touchdown.

Yates Cup
Wilfrid Laurier 28 @ Western Ontario 51

Greg Marshall rushed 29 times for 273 yards and 4 touchdowns to lead the Mustangs to victory at J.W. Little Memorial Stadium in London. He also threw an 82-yard touchdown pass to Dave McCann, while Ryan Potter rushed for the other Western Ontario touchdown. Kevin Rydeard kicked 6 converts and 3 field goals.

Hardy Trophy
Calgary 14 @ Alberta 22

Peter Eshenko caught 9 passes for 196 yards and 2 touchdowns, and Sean Kehoe rushed 57 yards for a touchdown to lead the Golden Bears to their second straight WIFL championship before 4,000 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Frank Boehres converted all 3 touchdowns. Mr. Kehoe rushed for 141 yards on 25 carries, while Tim Petros led the Dinosaurs with 101 yards. Darcy Krogh led the Calgary receivers with 5 receptions for 63 yards. Alberta quarterback Forrest Kennerd completed 12 of 23 passes. The game was the first playoff match between the two Alberta teams.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers

20 years ago

Politics and government
The leaders of the major Canadian political parties--Prime Minister Jean Chretien (Liberal); Stockwell Day (Canadian Alliance); Alexa McDonough (New Democratic Party); and Gilles Duceppe (Bloc Quebecois)--engaged in their French-language debate. The federal election was scheduled for November 27.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Emilio Eduardo Massera, 85
. Argentine military officer. Admiral Massera occupied several positions during a career of more than 30 years with the Argentine Navy, and was Commander-in-Chief of the Navy when he was one of the three members of the military junta that deposed President Isabel Martínez de Perón and ruled the country from 1976-1978. After the military dictatorship ended in 1983, Adm. Massera was convicted of human rights violations and sentenced to life imprisonment. He was pardoned by President Carlos Menem at the end of 1990, but imprisoned again in 1998. Adm. Massera suffered a debilitating stroke in 2004, and died after another stroke.

Quintin Dailey, 49. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Dailey was a guard with the University of San Francisco (1979-82), averaging 20.5 points per game and earning consensus First Team All-American honours in his last season. He was drafted in the first round by the Chicago Bulls, and played in the National Basketball Association with the Bulls (1982-86); Los Angeles Clippers (1986-89); and Seattle SuperSonics (1990-91), scoring 7,470 points (14.1 per game), with 1,307 rebounds (1.5 per game) and 1,188 assists (2.3 per game). He averaged 15.1 points per game during his first season and was named to the NBA's All-Rookie First Team. Controversy dogged his college and professional career: he was sentenced to probation in a plea bargain on a sexual assault charge in 1982 and admitted during the investigation to receiving payment for a no-show job. The former led to protests from women's groups and others against his addition to the Bulls, while the latter resulted in the USF's cancellation of its basketball program. Mr. Dailey violated the NBA's drug policy on two occasions, and in a game in 1985, had a ballboy bring him food on the bench during the game. He eventually matured, and worked as a recreation and cultureal program supervisor in Las Vegas, while serving as a basketball referee. Mr. Dailey died in his sleep from hypertensive cardiovascular disease.

An engine fire aboard the Carnival Splendor cruise ship left nearly 4,500 aboard without electricity during a three-day tow to San Diego.

Angela James of Canada and Cammi Granato of the Untied States became the first women inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame; the Hall also inducted NHL player Dino Ciccarelli and builders Jim Devellano and Daryl "Doc" Seaman.

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