Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Lee & Lois Morrow!
140 years ago
Born on this date
Maria Montessori. Italian physician and educator. Dr. Montessori specialized in working with mentally retarded children, which led her to adopt a philosophy of education that regards children as being naturally eager for knowledge and capable of initiating learning in a supportive, thoughtfully prepared learning environment. She died of a cerebral hemorrhage on May 6, 1852 at the age of 81.
130 years ago
Born on this date
Wilhelmina. Queen of the Netherlands, 1890-1948. Wilhelmina, the daughter of King Willem III and Queen Emma, acceded to the throne at the age of 10 upon the death of her father, serving under her mother's regency until she turned 18. Queen Wilhelmina married Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in 1901, and they remained together until his death in 1934. She maintained Dutch neutrality during World War I; after the German invasion and occupation of the Netherlands in 1940, Queen Wilhelmina fled to Britain, leading the government-in-exile and serving as a symbol of resistance against Nazi rule. She and the government returned home after the country was liberated, but declining health led her to abdicate in favour of her daughter Juliana. Known henceforth as Her Royal Highness Princess Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, she died on November 28, 1962 at the age of 82.
110 years ago
Born on this date
Gino Lucetti. Italian anarchist. Mr. Lucetti attempted to assassinate Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini on September 11, 1926, launching a bomb toward Mr. Mussolini's car as it was being driven from Mr. Mussolini's home to his office in Rome. The bomb ricocheted off the top edge of the car's right rear window and, a few seconds later, exploded to the ground, injuring eight bystanders and leaving the car unharmed. Mr. Lucetti was sentenced in 1927 to 30 years in prison; he was freed in 1943 by Allied forces who had recently invaded Naples, but was killed in a German bombing raid on September 17, 1943, 17 days after his 43rd birthday.
100 years ago
Died on this date
Emīls Dārziņš, 34. Latvian composer. Mr. Dārziņš was best known for writing vocal music; he wrote orchestral music, but only one such work survived. He destroyed his remaining orchestral works after receiving criticism from other Latvian composers. Mr. Dārziņš increasingly took to drink, and his only opera was unfinished at the time of his death, an apparent suicide by throwing himself under a moving train.
90 years ago
Died on this date
Wilhelm Wundt, 88. German physician, psychologist, and philosopher. Dr. Wundt was the first person to call himself a psychologist, and is regarded as the "father of experimental psychology." He distinguished psychology as a science from philosophy and biology, and founded the first formal laboratory for psychological research at the University of Leipzig in 1879. Dr. Wundt founded Philosophische Studien, the first academic journal for psychological research, published from 1881-1902. He believed that psychology was concerned with conscious processes, and he rejected making subconscious mental processes a topic of scientific psychology for epistemological and methodological reasons.
John Ricks, 52. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Ricks was a third baseman with the St. Louis Browns (1891, 1894), batting .158 with no home runs or runs batted in in 6 games. He died 26 days before his 53rd birthday.
Polish forces won a decisive victory over Russian forces in the Battle of Komarów.
Heavy betting was reported on the baseball game between the Chicago Cubs and Philadelphia Phillies at Cubs Park, which shifted the odds in favour of the Phillies. Cubs’ owner Bill Veeck withdrew his scheduled starting pitcher, Claude Hendrix, in favour of veteran and former Phillies’ ace Grover Cleveland Alexander and offered Mr. Alexander $500 if he won. The Phillies won 3-0, with Lee Meadows (14-10) pitching a 5-hit shutout. Mr. Alexander (22-13) allowed 8 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 8 innings. Mr. Hendrix, who had made 23 starts for the Cubs during 1920, made none during the rest of the season, and was released after the season was over.
The Boston Braves scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 1-1 tie as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 3-1 at Redland Field. Hugh McQuillan (9-12) pitched an 8-hitter to outduel Hod Eller (9-9), who allowed 9 hits.
The Pittsburgh Pirates scored all their runs in the bottom of the 7th inning as they erased a 5-0 deficit and defeated the New York Giants 6-5 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.
Joe Dugan batted 5 for 7 with a double, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in for the Philadelphia Athletics as they overcame a 5-0 1st-inning deficit and tied the Detroit Tigers 8-8 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia in a game that was called because of darkness after 15 innings. Detroit center fielder Ty Cobb was 4 for 7 with a double, 3 runs, an RBI, and a stolen base. Roy Moore relieved Philadelphia starting pitcher Slim Harriss in the 2nd inning and allowed 13 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 14 innings.
80 years ago
The New York Giants scored all their runs in the 4th inning as they defeated the Boston Braves 4-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 40,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Joe Heving (7-3) allowed 2 hits in 5 scoreless innings in relief of Hub Pruett to get the win. New York right fielder Mel Ott hit a double in his first at bat in the second game and followed with home runs in each of his next 3 at bats, driving in 6 runs, but it wasn’t enough as the Braves won 14-10, with every Boston starter getting at least 1 hit. Wally Berger hit 2 home runs for the Braves and George Sisler added another for Boston in the second game.
Rube Bressler batted 4 for 4 with a sacrifice, double, home run, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in to help the Brooklyn Robins rout the Philadelphia Phillies 14-3 before 10,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Dolf Luque (12-7) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory and batted 3 for 5 with a run and an RBI.
The Cleveland Indians scored 10 runs in the 7th inning of a 17-6 win over the St. Louis Browns before 2,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Cleveland first baseman Ed Morgan batted 4 for 4 with a sacrifice, home run, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in, while second baseman Johnny Hodapp was 4 for 5 with a home run, 2 doubles, 3 runs, and 5 RBIs.
75 years ago
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Neutrality Act, prohibiting the export of U.S. arms to belligerents.
Vern Kennedy pitched the first no-hitter in the American League in 4 years and the first ever in Comiskey Park as the Chicago White Sox blanked the visiting Cleveland Indians 5-0. Mr. Kennedy was also the batting star, driving in 3 runs in the 6th inning with a bases-loaded triple. He struck out 5, including Joe Vosmik, the AL’s leading hitter, to end the game.
70 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Till the Lights of London Shine Again--Joe Loss Orchestra (1st month at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'll Never Smile Again--Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra (vocal refrain by Frank Sinatra and the Pied Pipers) (6th week at #1)
On the radio
At the movies
Night Train to Munich, directed by Carol Reed, and starring Margaret Lockwood, Rex Harrison, and Paul Hernreid (Henreid), opened in theatres in the United Kingdom.
Married on this date
Vince and Marie Lombardi. The head coach of the Washington Redskins died of cancer at the age of 57 on September 3, 1970, just three days after his and Mrs. Lombardi’s 30th anniversary.
Died on this date
Ernest Lundeen, 62. U.S. politician. Mr. Lundeen, a Republican, represented Minnesota in the United States House of Representatives from 1917-1919 and 1933-1937, and in the Senate from 1937-1940. He was one of those killed in the crash of Pennsylvania Central Airlines Trip 19.
Canadians joined the British Royal Air Force in the first bombing attack on the centre of Berlin. After months of negotiations, a peace treaty was announced in Nanking between Japan and its puppet government in China led by Wang Ching-wei. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered 26 units of the National Guard, mostly dealing with coastal defense, on active duty for one year.
Rebellion broke out in French West Africa following the action of Equatorial Africa in support of the Free French movement. The French government reported that rebellion had broken out in Indochina in support of the Allied effort.
Pennsylvania Central Airlines Trip 19, a Douglas DC-3A, crashed near Lovettsville, Virginia, killing all 21 passengers and crew members. The CAB investigation of the accident was the first investigation to be conducted under the Bureau of Air Commerce Act of 1938.
The Pan-Am Sports Congress announced that the first Pan-Am Olympic Games would be held in Buenos Aires in 1942.
60 years ago
Died on this date
Alfred Bulwinkle, 67. U.S. politician. Mr. Bulwinkle, a Democrat, represented North Carolina's 9th (1921-1929, 1931-1933); 10th (1933-1943); and 11th (1943-1950) Districts in the U.S. House of Representatives, and was still in office when he died from multiple myeloma.
North Korean forces broke through U.S. defense positions on the Naktong River in southeastern Korea.
U.S. President Harry Truman said that the U.S. 7th Fleet would withdraw from Taiwanese waters after the Korean War.
Politics and government
New York Mayor William O'Dwyer resigned his office, the day after his nomination as U.S. Ambassador to Mexico went to the Senate.
Gil Hodges hit a major league record-tying 4 home runs and drove in 9 runs as the Brooklyn Dodgers whipped the Boston Braves 19-3 before 14,226 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Every Brooklyn starter had at least 1 hit. Carl Erskine (2-3) pitched an 8-hit complete game victory and batted 4 for 5 with a run, and was hit by a pitch. Warren Spahn (16-15) took the loss.
Johnny Mize, Cliff Mapes, Yogi Berra, and Phil Rizzuto hit home runs for the New York Yankees, with Mr. Rizzuto's homer leading off the bottom of the 8th inning proving to be the deciding run as the Yankees beat the Cleveland Indians 7-5 before 21,020 fans at Yankee Stadium. Tommy Byrne (14-7) was the winning pitcher over Bob Lemon (20-8).
Clyde Vollmer drew a bases-loaded base on balls with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to score Fred Hatfield, giving the Boston Red Sox a 4-3 win over the Chicago White Sox before 5,578 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Buddy Rosar led off the inning with a single and Mr. Hatfield pinch ran for him, making his major league debut. Ellis Kinder (13-12) pitched 2 scoreless innings in relief of Walt Masterson to get the win over Billy Pierce (9-14), who allowed 8 hits and 4 earned runs in a complete game.
50 years ago
London (1-0) 39 @ Sarnia (1-1) 20
The Lords took advantage of Sarnia turnovers, making 6 interceptions and recovering 3 fumbled punts. Ron King led the Lords with 2 touchdowns, with other London touchdowns coming from Mike Norcia, Clarence Willis, Sien O’Brien, and Jim Reynolds. Lamar Lee added 3 converts. Ray Sine scored 2 touchdowns for the Golden Bears. Ed Vernes scored the other Sarnia major and added 2 converts. The Lords built up a 27-7 halftime lead in front of 4,500 fans at Norm Perry Park.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ai wa Kizutsuki Yasuku--Hide & Rosanna (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Un Rayo De Sol--Los Diablos (14th week at #1)
On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: The Neglected Factor
The Beach Boys’ album Sunflower was released ; it was their first album for the Brother/Reprise label, and was one of their best. Notable songs included the singles Add Some Music to Your Day; Slip on Through; Tears in the Morning; and Cool, Cool Water. My favourite track is All I Wanna Do. The British release of the album included Cottonfields, which had been released in North America as their last single on the Capitol label earlier in 1970. Despite the album’s high quality, it didn’t sell well, reaching only #151 on the Billboard chart in the U.S. In the U.K., the album received critical raves.
The U.S. administration of President Richard Nixon made the first public acknowledgement that the U.S. had been shipping arms to Israel during the current Middle East cease-fire.
After six days of deliberation, a Superior Grand Jury in New Haven, Connecticut convicted Black Panther Lonnie McLucas, 24, of conspiracy to murder for his role in the torture death of fellow Black Panther Alex Rackley in May 1969. Mr. McLucas was acquitted of three other charges. He was sentenced to 12-15 years in prison.
General Motors reported the formation of a "public policy committee" to advise the corporation on matters affecting the general public. This was apparently GM’s answer to critics at the previous stockholders’ meeting who had demanded changes in the company concerning issues such as pollution, safety, and mass transportation.
There was no violence reported as most children in southern U.S. states returned to school, 280,000 of them in 200 newly racially-integrated districts.
30 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Locomotion--Ritz (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: Donna Musica--Collage (5th week at #1)
Economics and finance
Chinese Finance Minister Wang Bingqain announced the launch of a major program to change the country's financial and economic practices. The program emphasized profits and local control in order to promote economic growth.
Bobby Unser won the California 500 at Ontario Motor Speedway in Ontario, California, with Johnny Rutherford finishing second and Rick Mears third in the 37-car field. It was Mr. Unser's fourth win of the season, and the last Indy car race held at the facility, which was demolished in 1981.
Giorgio Chinaglia scored seven goals, a North American Soccer League single-game record, in leading the New York Cosmos over the Tulsa Roughnecks 8-1 in the NASL playoff quarterfinals before a crowd of 40,285 at Giants Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey.
25 years ago
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Into the Groove--Madonna
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Tarzan Boy--Baltimora (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I Got You Babe--UB40 with Chrissie Hynde
#1 single in the U.K.: I Got You Babe--UB40 with Chrissie Hynde
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Power of Love--Huey Lewis and the News (2nd week at #1)
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Power of Love--Huey Lewis and the News (2nd week at #1)
2 St. Elmo’s Fire (Man in Motion)--John Parr
3 Freeway of Love--Aretha Franklin
4 Shout--Tears for Fears
5 We Don’t Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)--Tina Turner
6 Never Surrender--Corey Hart
7 Summer of ‘69--Bryan Adams
8 If You Love Somebody Set Them Free--Sting
9 Don’t Lose My Number--Phil Collins
10 Money for Nothing--Dire Straits
Singles entering the chart were Dancing in the Street by Mick Jagger and David Bowie (#43); The Way You Do the Things You Do/My Girl by Daryl Hall John Oates with David Ruffin and Eddie Kendrick (#56); Sunset Grill by Don Henley (#69); You Wear it Well by El DeBarge with DeBarge (#80); Wise Up by Amy Grant (#87); Weird Science by Oingo Boingo (#88); Test of Time by the Romantics (#89); and All of Me for All of You by 9.9 (#90). Weird Science was the title song of the movie.
Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 We Don't Need Another Hero (Thunderdome)--Tina Turner
2 Crying Over You--Platinum Blonde
3 You Spin Me Around (Like a Record)--Dead or Alive
4 The Power of Love--Huey Lewis and the News
5 Never Surrender--Corey Hart
6 Everytime You Go Away--Paul Young
7 You Give Good Love--Whitney Houston
8 What About Love--Heart
9 Who's Holding Donna Now--DeBarge
10 Head Over Heels--Tears for Fears
Singles entering the chart were Lonely Ol' Night by John Cougar Mellencamp (#70); Money for Nothing by Dire Straits (#72); I Got You Babe by UB40 with Chrissie Hynde (#74); Fortress Around Your Heart by Sting (#85); Just Like You by FM (#88); and Can't Get There from Here by R.E.M. (#95).
Died on this date
Frank Macfarlane Burnet, 85. Australian virologist. Dr. Burnet shared the 1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Peter Medawar of the United Kingdom "for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance." He died three days before his 86th birthday.
California's "Night Stalker" killer Richard Ramirez was captured by residents of an East Los Angeles neighbourhood.
30 years ago
Canadian Pacific Rail sued the Pays Plat Ojibwa Band at Schreiber, Ontario for $37 million for blockading rail lines from August 21-23 in sympathy with the Oka occupation in Quebec. CP Rail also filed suit against the Pic Mobert band at White River, Ontario.
Ken Griffey, Sr. and Jr. became the first father-and-son combination to play as teammates in a major league game. Ken Griffey, Jr. played center field and Ken Griffey, Sr., recently acquired after being waived by the Cincinnati Reds, played left field for the Seattle Mariners as they beat the Kansas City Royals 5-2 before 27,166 fans at the Kingdome. They each batted 1 for 4.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Lucille Fletcher, 88. U.S. writer. Miss Fletcher wrote novels, screenplays and teleplays, but was best known for her radio scripts, particularly the suspense programs The Hitch-Hiker (1941) and Sorry, Wrong Number (1943), both of which were broadcast in several versions. She was married to film composer Bernard Herrmann from 1939-1948 and to writer Douglas Wallop from 1949 until his death in 1985.
Dolores Moore, 67. U.S. baseball player. Miss Moore was a first baseman and secodn baseman with the Grand Rapids Chicks (1953-1954) in the last two seasons of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, batting .239 with 3 home runs and 57 runs batted in in 149 games.
Montreal (7-2) 35 @ British Columbia (4-5) 25
Mike Pringle rushed 22 times for 163 yards, including a 43-yard touchdown, and Anthony Calvillo threw touchdown passes to Jock Climie and Ben Cahoon to lead the Alouettes. Terry Baker added 3 converts and 4 field goals for Montreal. Sean Millington and Chuck Levy rushed for B.C. touchdowns and backup quarterback Doug Nussmeier, who relieved starter Damon Allen in the second half, threw a touchdown pass to Darnell Graham. Mr. Climie led all receivers with 113 yards on 6 receptions. 19,621 were in attendance at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.
Mayor William Paulding, the very respectable brother - We’re just a couple months away from a new mayor in New York City so we think it is time that you Know Your Mayors! Become familiar with other men who’ve...
12 hours ago