Thursday, 30 November 2017

November 30, 2017

350 years ago
1667


Born on this date
Jonathan Swift
. U.K. writer. Very Rev. Swift, a native of Dublin, was an Anglican cleric who was appointed Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dubin in 1713. He has been described as "a Whig in politics and a Tory in religion." Dean Swift was a satirist, essayist, and poet who remains best known for his satires Gulliver's Travels (1726) and A Modest Proposal (1729). He suffered from severe physical and mental problems from the late 1730s until his death on October 19, 1745 at the age of 77.

310 years ago
1707


War
The second Siege of Pensacola ended with the failure of British forces and Creek Indians to capture Pensacola, Florida, then under Spanish rule.

200 years ago
1817


Born on this date
Theodor Mommsen
. German jurist, historian, and politician. Professor Mommsen was awarded the 1902 Nobel Prize in Literature as "the greatest living master of the art of historical writing, with special reference to his monumental work, A History of Rome." He was a delegate to the Prussian House of Representatives from 1863-1866 and 1873-1879, and a delegate to the Reichstag from 1881-1884. Professor Mommsen died on November 1, 1903, 29 days before his 86th birthday.

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Lower Canada Rebellion, Colonel George Wetherall and his troops made a triumphal return to Montréal with 30 prisoners and the Liberty Pole that had been erected at Saint-Charles. Patriote leaders Dr. Jean-Olivier Chénier and Amury Girod, with 200 men try to secure weapons at Oka, while Patriotes took control of Saint-Eustache.

125 years ago
1892


Died on this date
Dimitrios Valvis, 78
. Prime Minister of Greece, 1886. Judge Valvis was President of the Court of Cassation from 1872-1885, and served as a caretaker Prime Miniser from May 9-21, 1886, between the administrations of Theodoros Deligiannis and Charilaos Trikoupis.

110 years ago
1907


Football
CRU
Dominion Final @ Montreal Amateur Athletic Association Grounds
Peterboro 10 @ Montreal 75

The Winged Wheelers, champions of the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union in the IRFU's first year of existence, scored 13 touchdowns as they came from behind to rout Peterboro Football Club, champions of the Ontario Rugby Football Union. Peterboro took a 6-0 lead less than 2 minutes into the game on a touchdown by Mr. Hurtubise, converted by Mr. Colledge. Montreal then came back with a touchdown by Hammy Gordon, a pair by Mr. Kelly, and another by Mr. Craig to take a 23-6 lead after the 1st quarter. Mr. Colledge kicked a field goal to make the score 23-9, but Messrs. Lessor and Gillmor scored TDs to give the Winged Wheelers a 35-10 halftime lead. Messrs. Molson, Savage, Gillmor and Craig scored touchdowns in the 3rd quarter, and Messrs. Kelly, Reynolds, and Murphy added TDs in the 4th. In addition to his touchdown, Mr. Molson kicked 7 converts, while Mr. Stinson kicked a pair of singles and Mr. Mulhern added a single for the MAAA. It remains the most lopsided national championship game in Canadian history.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Don't Want to Set the World on Fire--Horace Heidt and his Orchestra; The Ink Spots (2nd month at #1)

Died on this date
Buck Jones, 50
. U.S. actor. Mr. Jones, born Charles Frederick Gebhart, was a star of Western movies--almost all of which have been forgotten--from 1914 until his death. He was at the Cocoanut Grove nightclub in Boston on November 28, 1942 when a fire broke out, and was one of 492 fatalities, dying 12 days before his 51st birthday; he reportedly escaped the fire, but was badly burned when he went back inside to help people.

War
Two Russian offensives on the central and Stalingrad fronts continued amidst snowstorms. Allied forces in Tunisia drove eastward from Djedeida to split Axis forces holding Tunis and Bizerte. A smaller squadron of Japanese destroyers led by Rear Admiral Raizō Tanaka defeated a U.S. cruiser force under Rear Admiral Carleton H. Wright in the Battle of Tassafaronga in Ironbottom Sound near the Tassafaronga area on Guadalcanal

Labour
U.S. Director of Economic Stabilization James Byrnes lifted the ceiling on agricultural wages and issued orders transferring control of farm labour pay rates under $2,400 per year to Agriculture Secretary Claude Wickard.

Baseball
Bill Terry announced his resignation as general manager of the New York Giants' farm system.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): (There's No Business Like) Show Business--Bing Crosby; Dick Haymes and the Andrews Sisters (1st month at #1)

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Cradle that Rocked Itself

Died on this date
Ernst Lubitsch, 55
. German-born U.S. movie director. Mr. Lubitsch began his career in Germany and moved to the United States in 1922. He was known for directing comedies of manners, such as Trouble in Paradise (1932); Ninotchka (1939); The Shop Around the Corner (1940); and To Be or Not to Be (1942). Mr. Lubitsch's films were said to have "the Lubitsch touch," but this blogger regards him as the most overrated director of Hollywood's golden age. He died of a heart attack.

War
In the aftermath of the previous day's United Nations resolution to partition Palestine into Jewish and Arab states, Jewish-Arab strife began in Palestine, resulting in the deaths of seven Jews. The Arab Mayor of Nablus proclaimed a jihad (holy war) against Palestinian Jews.

Chinese Communist forces took the Manchurian rail centre of Changtu.

Economics and finance
The Bavarian government invalidated the will of the late German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler as it applied to his Bavarian property, which was made subject to seizure under the denazification law.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Around the World--Bing Crosby; Nat "King" Cole (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Siebenmal in der Woche--Vico Torriani (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Mary's Boy Child--Harry Belafonte (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Send Me--Sam Cooke
2 Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley
3 Silhouettes--The Rays
4 Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers
5 Chances Are--Johnny Mathis
6 April Love--Pat Boone
7 Raunchy--Bill Justis and his Orchestra
--Ernie Freeman
8 Melodie d'Amour (Melody of Love)--The Ames Brothers
9 My Special Angel--Bobby Helms
10 Little Bitty Pretty One--Thurston Harris
--Bobby Day and the Satellites

Singles entering the chart were the version of Love Me Forever by Eydie Gorme (#34, charting with the version by the Four Esquires); Why Don't They Understand by George Hamilton IV (#38); At the Hop by Danny and the Juniors (#43); Put a Light in the Window by the Four Lads (#46); Wild is the Wind by Johnny Mathis (#48); If I Can Help Somebody by Billy Eckstine (#55); Everyday by Buddy Holly (#60); and When School Starts Again by Tony Perkins (also #60). Wild is the Wind was the title song of the movie.

Canada's top 18 (150 Listening Posts Coast-to-Coast)
1 You Send Me--Sam Cooke
2 April Love--Pat Boone
3 Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley
4 Silhouettes--The Rays
5 Wake Up Little Susie--The Everly Brothers
6 Chances Are--Johnny Mathis
7 Kisses Sweeter than Wine--Jimmie Rodgers
8 All the Way--Frank Sinatra
9 My Special Angel--Bobby Helms
10 You Send Me--Teresa Brewer
11 Melodie d'Amour (Melody of Love)--The Ames Brothers
12 Just Born--Perry Como
13 Little Bitty Pretty One--Thurston Harris
14 Be-Bop Baby--Ricky Nelson
15 Silhouettes--The Diamonds
16 I'm Available--Margie Rayburn
17 Raunchy--Bill Justis and his Orchestra
18 The Twelfth of Never--Johnny Mathis

Died on this date
Beniamino Gigli, 67
. Italian singer. Mr. Gigli was the most famous tenor of his generation, enjoying a career in opera from 1914-1955.

Politics and government
The Labour Party won 48.5% of the vote and 41 seats in the House of Representatives in the New Zealand general election.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Technical Assistance Administration announced a grant of $10 million to Jordan for economic development projects.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Hamilton 32 Winnipeg 7

Ray "Bibbles" Bawel returned a fumble 47 yards for a touchdown to open the scoring in the 1st quarter, and was deprived of a possible touchdown in a bizarre incident in the 4th quarter as he helped the Tiger-Cats rout the injury-riddled Blue Bombers before 27,051 fans in the last Gey Cup ever played at Varsity Stadium, and the first ever televised live coast-to-coast. Hamilton quarterback Bernie Faloney rushed 6 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter; the convert on Mr. Faloney's TD failed because of a high snap, and the Tiger-Cats led 13-0 at halftime. Winnipeg quarterback Kenny Ploen led his team downfield early in the 3rd quarter, but Gerry James, playing with a broken hand, lost a fumble at the Hamilton 5-yard line, and the Tiger-Cats took their 13-0 lead into the 4th quarter. Gerry McDougall and Cookie Gilchrist each ran for unconverted TDs to make the score 25-0. Mr. Bawel, playing his last game, intercepted a pass and appeared to be headed for another touchdown when a spectator on the sidelines tripped him as he went by. There was no specific rule covering such a play, but half the distance to the Winnipeg goal line was marched off from where Mr. Bawel went down, and Mr. Gilchrist rushed 16 yards for his second touchdown, converted by Mr. Oneschuk. Barry Roseborough replaced Mr. Ploen and completed a 15-yard touchdown pass to Dennis Mendyk, converted by Mr. Ploen to close the scoring.







50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Love You Tokyo--Los Primos (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Dragnet 1968, starring Jack Webb and Harry Morgan, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Pyramid Swindle



Asiatica
The People's Republic of South Yemen was founded, with Abdul Rahman al-Iryani as Republican Council President and Hassan al-Amri as Prime Minister. The former Federation of South Arabia was proclaimed an independent country by the United Kingdom on November 28.

Politics and government
The four-day Confederation of Tomorrow Conference of Canada's provincial premiers, hosted by Ontario Premier John Robarts at the Royal York Hotel in Toronto, concluded; the premiers agreed on the need to alter the Constitution.

The Pakistan Peoples Party was founded by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who became its first chairman.

Pro-Soviet communists in the Philippines established Malayang Pagkakaisa ng Kabataan Pilipino as its new youth wing.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Mull of Kintyre--Wings

Died on this date
Terence Rattigan, 66
. U.K. playwright. Sir Terence was known for plays such as French Without Tears (1936); The Winslow Boy (1946); The Browning Version (1948); and Separate Tables (1954). He died of bone cancer.

Politics and government
The National Party of Prime Minister John Vorster won 135 of 165 seats in the House of Assembly in the South African general election, taking 64.8% of the vote. The National Party's total was an increase of 15 from the most recent election in 1974. The Progressive Federal Party, led by Colin Eglin, won 17 seats in its first election, and became the official opposition. The New Republic Party, led by Radclyffe Cadman, finished third with 10 seats, a decline of 31 from 1974. The South African Party, led by Myburgh Streicher, won the remaining 3 seats.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Never Gonna Give You Up--Rick Astley

Television
The Canadian Radio-Television Telecommunication Commission approved several new Canadian specialty channels: YTV; VisionTV; CBC Newsworld; The Weather Network/MeteoMedia; and one pay-television channel, The Family Channel.

Defense
Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev acknowledged in an interview that the U.S.S.R. was working on its own version of the Strategic Defense Initiative being developed in the United States. Mr. Gorbachev said that a Soviet SDI would not be built or deployed, but that basic research would move forward.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 1,833.55, a decline for the month of 159.98 points.

Football
NFL
Los Angeles Raiders (4-7) 37 @ Seattle (7-4) 14

Bo Jackson rushed for 221 yards--a team single-game record--and 3 touchdowns as the Raiders ended a 7-game losing streak with their win over the Seahawks before 62,802 fans at the Kingdome in the Monday night game. One of Mr. Jackson's runs covered 91 yards. This blogger enjoyed seeing his old friend Chris Woods play wide receiver for the Raiders, wearing jersey #88.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Simo Goes Poing!--KCD (2nd week at #1)

Literature
Michael Ondaatje won the Governor-Genera of Canada's Award for English Fiction for the novel The English Patient.

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Barbie Girl--Aqua (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--N-Trance featuring Rod Stewart (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Something About the Way You Look Tonight/Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Barbie Girl--Aqua

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Evel Knievel, 69
. U.S. motorcyclist and stuntman. Robert Craig Knievel, Jr. was the most popular daredevil of the 1960s and '70s, and became famous for his risky motorcycle jumps. He died of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Disasters
Fire destroyed much of the beachfront shopping area in the resort town of Wasaga Beach, Ontario.

Wednesday, 29 November 2017

November 29, 2017

240 years ago
1777


Americana
San Jose, California, was founded as Pueblo de San José de Guadalupe by José Joaquín Moraga. It was the first civilian settlement, or pueblo, in Alta California.

210 years ago
1807


World events
King John VI of Portugal fled Lisbon from advancing Napoleonic forces during the Peninsular War, transferring the Portuguese court to Brazil.

170 years ago
1847


Died on this date
Marcus Whitman, 45
. U.S. physician and missionary. Dr. Whitman and his wife Narcissa, 39, were Protestant missionaries at Waiilatpu, near the present-day city of Walla Walla, Washington. They experienced years of cultural clashes with the Cayuse and Nez Perce Indians, and when many of the natives died during an outbreak of measles, Dr. Whitman was blamed. He, Narcissa, and 12 other white settlers were massacred by Cayuse under the leadership of Chief Tiloukaikt, while most of the buildings at Waiilatpu were destroyed, and another 53 women and children were held captive by the Cayuse for a month before being released through negotiations. The incident led to the Cayuse War and the establishment of Oregon Territory.

140 years ago
1877


Technology
Thomas Edison demonstrated his phonograph for the first time.

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Merle Travis
. U.S. musician. Mr. Travis was a country and western singer, songwriter, and guitarist whose career peaked in the 1940s and '50s. His compositions included Sixteen Tons and Dark as a Dungeon, while his guitar-picking style has been very influential. Mr. Travis was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1977, and died of a heart attack on October 20, 1983 at the age of 65.

75 years ago
1942


War
The Soviet Red Army broke through German defense lines on the east bank of the Don River northwest of Stalingrad. British forces in Tunisia occupied Djedeida on the Tunis-Bizerte railroad and aimed their guns at Tunis, 12 miles away.

Politics and government
Dr. Juan Jose Amezaga was elected to a four-year term as President of Uruguay, succeeding General Alfredo Baldomir.

Law
A committee of U.S. federal judges recommended to the Judicial Conference of Senior Circuit Judges of the United States that women be required to serve on all federal juries.

70 years ago
1947


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Near You--Francis Craig and his Orchestra (11th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Near You--Francis Craig and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)
--Larry Green and his Orchestra
--The Andrews Sisters
--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Elliot Lawrence and his Orchestra
2 I Wish I Didn't Love You So--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
--Dick Haymes
--Betty Hutton
3 You Do--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Margaret Whiting
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Dinah Shore
--Vic Damone
4 Civilization (Bongo, Bongo, Bongo)--Danny Kaye and the Andrews Sisters
--Louis Prima and his Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
--Ray McKinley and his Orchestra
5 I Have But One Heart (O Marinariello)--Vic Damone
6 Ballerina--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
7 How Soon (Will I Be Seeing You)--Jack Owens
--Bing Crosby and Carmen Cavallaro
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
--Dinah Shore
8 Feudin' and Fightin'--Dorothy Shay
--Jo Stafford
--Bing Crosby and the Jesters
9 Too Fat Polka (I Don’t Want Her) (You Can Have Her) (She’s Too Fat for Me)--Arthur Godfrey
10 When You were Sweet Sixteen--Perry Como and the Satisfiers

The only single entering the chart was Golden Earrings by Peggy Lee (#32).

According to the CBS radio program Your Hit Parade, the most popular songs in the United States were:
1. Near You
2. You Do
3. I Wish I Didn't Love You So
4. --And Mimi

Abominations
French forces burned 326 houses and massacred over 300 civilians, including women and children, at Mỹ Trạch, Vietnam.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly voted 33-13 with 10 abstentions, and 1 member absent, in favour of Resolution 181, partitioning Palestine into Jewish and Arab states by October 1, 1948. Six Arab delegations walked out of the session, declaring that they would not be bound by the decision. Jewish Agency leader Hillel Silver hailed the vote as "a turning point in Jewish history."

Politics and government
The 17-nation International Socialist Conference opened in Antwerp, with a U.S. delegation seated with observer status.

Labour
French Prime Minister Robert Schuman submitted a "national defense" bill to the National Assembly, intended to curb strikes by nationalizing key industries and penalizing agitators.

Journalism
Paris polics seized the plates of the Communist newspapers L'Humanite and Ce Soir for allegedly publishing "mobilization" orders against government anti-strike moves.

Religion
Pope Pius XII issued an encyclical urging bishops to admit modern art and music to their churches.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Toronto Argonauts 10 Winnipeg 9

Joe Krol's punt single through the Winnipeg end zone on the last play of regulation time completed the Argonauts' comeback from a 9-0 deficit as they edged the Blue Bombers before 18,885 fans to win their third straight Grey Cup, all against the Blue Bombers. Bob Sandberg was the outstanding Winnipeg player this day, and he opened the scoring with a touchdown in the 1st quarter. Don Hiney drop-kicked the convert, and added a field goal early in the 2nd quarter to increase the laed to 9-0. Toronto quarterback Bill Stukus led his team downfield, but was stopped on a quarterback sneak on a third-down gamble from inside the Winnipeg 3-yard line. Mr. Krol punted for a single to reduce the deficit to 9-1 at halftime. The Argonauts recovered a Blue Bomber fumble on the Winnipeg 38-yard line early in the 3rd quarter, and Mr. Krol threw a touchdown pass to Royal Copeland, converted by Mr. Krol, to make the score 9-7. The Blue Bombers appeared to score a touchdown when Mr. Sandberg completed a pass to Johnny Reagan on a fake punt, but head linesman Bill Rogin ruled that Mr. Reagan had not crossed the line of scrimmage before catching the pass, which was required under the rules then in force. The game film was inconclusive. The Argonauts tied the score in the 4th quarter on 2 singles by Mr. Krol--the first on a wide field goal attempt, the second on a quick kick. With less than a minute remaining in regulation time, the Blue Bombers were stopped on a third-down gamble inside their own 35-yard line, enabling Mr. Krol to kick the winning point. Winnipeg players later admitted that they were too tired to have prevented Toronto from winning if the game had gone into overtime. It was the last Grey Cup championship for a team composed of only Canadian players.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Only You (And You Alone)--The Platters (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Mary's Boy Child--Harry Belafonte (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Counterfeit Money

Died on this date
Erich Wolfgang Korngold, 60
. Austro-Hungarian-born U.S. composer. Mr. Korngold was a child prodigy who had success in Europe before moving to the United States in 1934, where he composed film scores for Warner Brothers, winning Academy Awards for Anthony Adverse (1936) and The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938). Mr. Korngold spent the last decade of his life composing concert pieces, and died more than a year after suffering a severe stroke.

War
Moroccan reports said that 63 Spaniards and 230 Ifni tribesmen and villagers had died in the first five days of fighting in the Spanish enclave.

Defense
U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff General Thomas D. White announced the transfer of the intermediate and long-range missile programs from the Air Research and Development Command to the Strategic Air Command.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Let the Heartaches Begin--Long John Baldry (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (6th week at #1)
2 (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees
3 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
4 The Letter--The Box Tops
5 Homburg--Procol Harum
6 Flowers in the Rain--The Move
7 The Two of Us--Jackie Trent and Tony Hatch
8 Lightning's Girl--Nancy Sinatra
9 My Prayer/Don't Let Your Left Hand Know--The Vibrants
10 Living in a Child's Dream--Masters Apprentices

Singles entering the chart were You've Not Changed by Sandie Shaw (#19); The Way They Play/Cathy Come Home by the Twilights (#33); and When Will the Good Apple Fall? by the Seekers (#37).

Died on this date
Ferenc Münnich, 81
. Prime Minister of Hungary, 1958-1961. Mr. Münnich, a Communist, was officially part of the government of Prime Minister Imre Nagy during the Hungarian Revolution in 1956, but fled to the U.S.S.R. and returned as part of the government of Prime Minister János Kádár, serving as Minister of Defense and Minister of the Interior before succeeding Mr. Kádár as Prime Minister. Mr. Münnich died 11 days after his 81st birthday.

Theo Marcuse, 47. U.S. actor. Mr. Marcuse was a character actor--usually in sinister roles--in several movies and numerous television programs in the 1950s and '60s; he was known for his shaved head and large ears. Mr. Marcuse was killed in a car accident.

Politics and government
U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara announced his resignation in order to accept the position as president of the International Bank of Reconstruction and Development. He continued in his post as Defense Secretary until early 1968.

Roy Jenkins replaced James Callaghan as U.K. Chancellor of the Exchequer in the cabinet of Prime Minister Harold Wilson, while Mr. Callaghan took Mr. Jenkins' former office of Secretary of State for the Home Department.

40 years ago
1977


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Labors of Love

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. rejected Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's invitation to send a representative to Cairo for talks aimed at removing obstacles to a conference in Geneva on Middle East peace.

Scandal
The U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on International Organizations disclosed the details of a plan created in 1976 by the South Korean Central Intelligence Agency to manipulate the U.S. administration of President Gerald Ford, Congress, American news organizations, and the clergy to South Korea's advantage. The plan included actions to implant "an intelligence network in the White House" during the final year of the Ford administration; to win over the Democratic Party's policy research committee in Congress; and to create U.S. policy favourable to South Korea through various lures, including invitations to influential U.S. journalists to visit South Korea.

Labour
Members of the International Longshoremen's Association voted by a 5-1 margin to accept the terms of a three-year contract negotiated with North Atlantic shipping employers, ending a strike that had paralyzed container shipping in the United States from Maine to Texas for 60 days. The contract provided for a job security program and for wage and benefit increase of 30% over the term of the contract.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Beds are Burning--Midnight Oil (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: You Win Again--Bee Gees (7th week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Bamba--Los Lobos (7th week at #1)

World events
Haiti’s first free election in 30 years was cancelled by the government after terrorist acts at polling places had resulted in widespread violence, with 34 reported killed and more than 70 injured. Many of the terrorists were members of the Tontons Macoutes, a paramilitary force that had supported the regime of ousted dictator Jean-Claude Duvalier. The United States immediately suspended all but humanitarian aid to Haiti.

Protest
A standoff at a U.S. federal detention centre in Oakdale, Louisiana ended when Cuban internees who had seized 30 hostages on November 21 released them. The Cubans had seized the hostages in protest against an announcement on November 20 that the U.S.A. and Cuba had reactivated a 1984 agreement under which Cuba would take back more than 2,000 “undesirables” who had come to the U.S. from the Cuban port of Mariel in 1980. The U.S. government now agreed to hold hearings for the detainees on their eligibility to remain in the United States. Cubans at a federal prison in Atlanta had been holding 100 hostages since November 23, and that standoff continued until December 4.

Politics and government
In what was believed to be an unprecedented repudiation of a Communist regime, Polish voters rejected, in two referenda, economic and political reforms supported by the regime. One referendum asked if voters would accept hardships as part of a “radical healing” of the economy, while the other supported democratization of political life, including more civil rights. An absolute majority of all eligible voters was necessary for approval, but only 68% turned out, and neither referendum carried, although both received a majority of votes cast. The trade union movement Solidarity had urged Poles not to vote.

Terrorism
All 115 people aboard Korean Air Lines Flight 858 perished when it exploded in midair upon the explosion of a bomb that had been planted by North Korean agents, who had boarded in Seoul and departed at Abu Dhabi, before the plane's next scheduled stop at Bangkok.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ B.C. Place Stadium, Vancouver
Edmonton 38 Toronto 36

Jerry Kauric’s 49-yard field goal with 45 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Eskimos the win over the Argonauts before 59,478 fans in one of the most exciting Grey Cups ever played. Toronto quarterback Danny Barrett, who had relieved starter Gilbert Renfroe, had rushed 25 yards for a touchdown to give the Argonauts a 36-35 lead with 2:43 remaining, but a 2-point convert attempt had been unsuccessful. Toronto kicker Lance Chomyc missed 2 field goals in the 1st quarter; both were returned out of the end zone by Henry “Gizmo” Williams; he returned the first kick 28 yards, and the second return went for a 115-yard touchdown at 9:53. It was—and remains—the longest play in Grey Cup history, and opened the scoring. Mr. Chomyc was successful on a 34-yard field goal less than 3 minutes later to reduce the Argonauts’ deficit to 7-3 after the 1st quarter. Mr. Kauric kicked a 34-yard field goal early in the 2nd quarter to give the Eskimos a 10-3 lead, but the Argonauts took control with 3 straight touchdowns. Less than a minute after Mr. Kauric’s field goal, Mr. Renfroe completed a 61-yard touchdown pass to Gill Fenerty. Mr. Fenerty rushed 4 yards for a touchdown with 4:16 remaining in the 2nd quarter, and Mr. Chomyc’s second convert of the game gave Toronto a 17-10 lead. Edmonton quarterback Matt Dunigan fumbled when hit hard, and Toronto linebacker Doug Landry returned it 54 yards for a touchdown, making the score 24-10 after Mr. Chomyc’s convert with 2:20 remaining. Mr. Dunigan left the game with a concussion, and Damon Allen replaced him. Mr. Allen drove the Eskimos downfield and completed a 6-yard touchdown pass to Marco Cyncar with 28 seconds remaining, reducing the Argonauts’ halftime lead to 24-17. Mr. Kauric kicked a 22-yard field goal and Mr. Chomyc responded with a 50-yard FG, before a single by Mr. Kauric made the score 27-21 in favour of Toronto after 3 quarters. Mr. Allen connected with Brian Kelly for a 15-yard touchdown on the first play of the 4th quarter, and Mr. Kauric’s convert put the Eskimos ahead 28-27. Mr. Chomyc kicked a 32-yard field goal at 3:20 to put the Argonauts ahead 30-28, but Mr. Allen rushed 17 yards for a touchdown with 6:39 remaining, and Mr. Kauric’s convert put Edmonton ahead 35-30 until Mr. Barrett put the Argonauts ahead yet again. Mr. Allen, who completed 15 of 20 passes for 255 yards and rushed 6 times for 46 yards, was named the game’s outstanding offensive player. Edmonton defensive end Stew Hill, who recorded 3 quarterback sacks, was named the outstanding defensive player, while teammate Milson Jones, who rushed 9 times for 76 yards and caught 4 passes for 52 yards, was named the outstanding Canadian player. Mr. Fenerty led all rushers with 17 carries for 106 yards, while Edmonton slotback Rick House led all receivers with 134 yards on 7 receptions. Mr. Dunigan completed 8 of 12 passes for 104 yards and an interception. Mr. Renfroe completed 9 of 19 passes for 153 yards, while Mr. Barrett was 4 for 12 for 60 yards. For Mr. Kelly, who caught 3 passes for 59 yards, it was the last game of his 9-year Canadian Football Hall of Fame career. He spiked the ball after his touchdown for the only time in his career, and he finished with at least 1 touchdown in each of his last 4 games. It was also the last game for Edmonton defensive tackle James Zachery after an 8-year CFL career. Also ending his career was veteran radio broadcaster Perc Allen; the longtime voice of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats retired after calling the play-by-play for this game.



25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Birthday Song--Power Pack (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Don't You Want Me--Felix (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Robert F. Simon, 83
. U.S. actor. Mr. Simon was a character actor who appeared in some movies, and many television programs, usually playing military officers or other authority figures. He died of a heart attack three days before his 84th birthday.

Tuck Stainback, 81. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Stainback was an outfielder with seven major league teams from 1934-1946, batting .259 with 17 home runs and 204 runs batted in in 817 games. He was with the New York Yankees when they won the World Series in 1943, and batted .176 while playing in all 5 games of the Series. After his retirement as a player, Mr. Stainback helped to develop the first pension plan for retired players, and later joined the Los Angeles Dodgers organization, where he pioneered ticket sales to fraternal and civic organizations.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Calgary 24 Winnipeg 10

Doug Flutie completed 33 of 49 passes for 480 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Stampeders to their first Grey Cup championship in 21 years as they defeated the Blue Bombers before 45,863 fans. Calgary took a 4-0 lead in the 1st quarter on a field goal and single by Mark McLoughlin before Mr.Flutie completed a 35-yard touchdown pass to Dave Sapunjis. Mr. McLoughlin’s convert gave the Stampeders an 11-0 lead after 1 quarter, and that’s all they needed. Mr. McLoughlin kicked 2 more field goals in the 2nd quarter to make the halftime score 17-0, and there was no further scoring until Mr. Flutie connected with Allen Pitts for a 15-yard touchdown with 12:34 remaining in regulation time. Mr. McLoughlin converted to make the score 24-0. Matt Dunigan, who had played a terrible game at quarterback for the Blue Bombers, was replaced by Danny McManus, who guided the team into Calgary territory, setting up Troy Westwood for a 36-yard field goal with 6:37 remaining to break the shutout. The Blue Bombers then scored a touchdown when Mr. McManus threw to Gerald Alphin for 27 yards. Mr. Westwood’s convert made the score 24-10 with 2:31 left. The Winnipeg offense got another chance and almost scored again in the last minute, but wide receiver Frank Pillow, playing his last CFL game, dropped a pass at the Calgary 5-yard line on third down on a play where he may have scored if he’d hung on to the ball. The Calgary defense limited CFL rushing leader Michael Richardson to 27 yards on 8 carries. Derrick Crawford of the Stampeders led all receivers with 162 yards on 6 receptions, while teammate Carl Bland caught 8 for 116. Mr. Sapunjis caught 7 for 85 and was named the game’s outstanding Canadian player. Mr. Flutie was named the game’s Most Valuable Player. Mr. Dunigan completed just 6 of 19 passes for 47 yards; Mr. McManus was 7 for 18 for 155 yards.



20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Barbie Girl--Aqua (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Candle in the Wind 1997--Elton John (10th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Savoir aimer--Florent Pagny (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Barbie Girl--Aqua (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Barbie Girl--Aqua (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Perfect Day--Various Artists

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Perfect Day--Various Artists

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John (8th week at #1)

10 years ago
2007


James Barber, 84. U.K.-born Canadian chef and author. Mr. Barber immigrated to Canada in 1952 and settled in British Columbia. He was best known as the host of the television program The Urban Peasant.

Ralph Beard, 79. U.S. basketball player. Mr. Beard was a guard with the University of Kentucky Wildcats from 1945-49, playing on national championship teams in his last two seasons and with the gold medal-winning team in the Summer Olympic Games in London in 1948. He played with the Indianapolis Olympians of the National Basketball Association from 1949-51, but he and teammate Alex Groza were banned for life by NBA Commissioner Murice Podoloff for having shaved points during their college careers. Mr. Beard died three days before his 80th birthday.

World events
The Armed Forces of the Philippines laid siege to the Peninsula Manila Hotel after soldiers led by Senator Antonio Trillanes staged a mutiny.

Disasters
A magnitude 7.4 earthquake struck Martinique, killing 6 people and injuring over 400 more.

Monday, 27 November 2017

November 28, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Chris Milner and Dede Hill!

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Lower Canada Rebellion, Êdouard Malhiot led Patriote rebels in a skirmish against George Wetherall's British troops; two were killed at Pointe-Olivier. Most Patriotes had fled on hearing of the defeat at St-Charles three days earlier.

150 years ago
1867


Died on this date
Julia Beckwith, 71
. Canadian authoress. Miss Beckwith, a native of Fredericton, New Brunswick, was credited as Canada's first novelist. Her first novel, St. Ursula's Convent or, The Nun of Canada; Containing Scenes from Real Life, was published in Kingston, Upper Canada in 1824, more than 10 years after it was written, and in an edition of only 165 copies. Miss Beckwith wrote two more novels, and died in Fredericton.

110 years ago
1907


Communications
Dial telephones, possibly the first in Canada, were first used at Sydney Mines, Nova Scotia.

100 years ago
1917


Politics and government

The Estonian Provincial Assembly declared itself the sovereign power of Estonia.

80 years ago
1937


Died on this date
Magnús Guðmundsson, 58
. Prime Minister of Iceland, 1926. Mr. Guðmundsson sat in the Althing as a member of the Conservative Party, and then as a founding member of the Independence Party, from 1916 until his death. He was Minister of Finance (1920-1922); Minister of Industrial Affairs (1924-1927); Minister of Justice (1932-1934); and interim Prime Minister from June 23-July 8, 1926.

75 years ago
1942


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): White Christmas--Bing Crosby (5th week at #1)

War
The first Axis prisoners of war were brought to Internment Camp No. 133, near Lethbridge, Alberta. German submarine U-177 torpedoed RMS Nova Scotia, serving as a troopship, off the coast of Africa, en route to Durban. The U-Boat commander, thinking she was a freighter, hit her with three torpedoes at 0715 hours; on board were 780 Italian civilian internees, and a total of 1,050 passengers; only 194 survived. British Master Alfred Hender and 96 of his ship's crew, 10 gunners, 88 South African Guards, 5 ordinary passengers, and 708 of the Italian internees were lost in the shark-infested seas. British supply ships sank 9 Axis supply ships and damaged 3 others which attempted to cross the Mediterranean Sea from Italy to Africa. The new Russian offensive in the Velikiye Luki-Rzhev front northwest of Moscow had reportedly smashed through several points of the German defense line and liberated 300 villages. The French island of Reunion, 400 miles east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, was occupied by Free French forces with little resistance.

Labour
The U.S. Office of War Information reported that 4 million women were now employed in war industries.

Medicine
The Journal of the American Medical Association reported that albumin in human blood could be injected or transfused in a highly concentrated form, providing an effective method for relieving shock.

Technology
International Harvester Company President Fowler McCormick announced the development of a mechanical cotton-picker which did the work of 50-80 hand-pickers.

Disasters
492 people were killed and hundreds more injured in a fire at the Cocoanut Grove in Boston in the deadliest nightclub fire in American history.

Football
CRU
Eastern Final
(Ottawa) Uplands RCAF 13 @ Toronto RCAF 18

Bill Stukus threw 2 touchdown passes as the Hurricanes defeated the Flyers before 10,000 fans at Varsity Stadium to advance to the Grey Cup. Toronto jumped to an early lead in the first quarter when Eddie Thompson returned a short punt 20 yards for a touchdown and converted to give the Hurricanes a 6-0 lead. In the 2nd quarter, Thain Simon took a lateral from quarterback Bobby Coulter and rushed 16 yards for a touchdown for Uplands. Buddy Hellyer kicked the convert and the game was tied 6-6. Mr. Coulter then lateralled to Mr. Hellyer on a punt return, and Mr. Hellyer covered 45 yards. However, Mr. Simon fumbled, and Toronto recovered. Mr. Stukus moved the Hurricanes downfield and threw a 20-yard touchdown pass to Fred Kijek. Don Crowe converted to give the Hurricanes a 12-6 lead. Ottawa's Tony Golab missed a field goal that went for a single to make the score 12-7. The Flyers then blocked one of Mr. Kijek's punts, and the ball bounced into the Toronto end zone. Mr. Buell of the Flyers insisted that he had recovered for an Ottawa touchdown, but Mr. Wilson, the referee, ruled that the ball had crossed the dead ball line before Mr. Buell had recovered it, and ejected Mr. Buell for objecting so strenuously. The Flyers were credited with a safety touch on the play, and the Hurricanes led 12-9 at halftime. Mr. Kijek punted for a single to give Toronto a 13-9 lead early in the 3rd quarter, and then Mr. Stukus completed a 35-yard touchdown pass to Jack Parry. The convert was unsuccessful, leaving the Hurricanes ahead 18-9. Mr. Golab punted for a single and then kicked a field goal to make the score 18-13 after 3 quarters, and the 4th quarter was scoreless.

NCAA
Holy Cross (5-4-1) 55 @ Boston College (8-1) 12

Quarterback Johnny Grigas rushed for 2 touchdowns and passed for 2 more as the Crusaders routed the Eagles at Fenway Park in one of the biggest upsets in college football history. Going into the game, Boston College had posted 5 shutouts, allowed only 19 points, had allowed an average of only 29 yards of offense per game, and had been chosen to play in the Sugar Bowl--a selection that was rescinded as a result of the loss. The Eagles had scheduled a post-game celebration at the Cocoanut Grove nightclub, but the party was cancelled, which probably saved their lives.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque, 45
. French military officer. General Leclerc led Free French forces in numerous battles during World War II and in Vietnam. He was killed in a plane crash on the Moroccan-Algerian border, six days after his 45th birthday. General Leclerc was posthumously promoted to Marshal of France in 1952.

Politics and government
James Curley returned to Boston and resumed his duties as Mayor. He was welcomed by a cheering crowd after his release from federal prison, where he had served five months for mail fraud.

Communications
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission authorized the recording of interstate telephone conversations with the knowledge of all participants.

Labour
The World Sugar Workers Congress in Havana demanded a $5 daily mimimum wage for sugar workers in Cuba, Puerto Rico, U.S.A., Hawaii, and the Philippines.

The Canadian Seamen's Union cancelled strike plans after winning a $20 Federation raise from the Shipping Federation of Canada.

60 years ago
1957


Theatre
Look Homeward, Angel, an adaptation by Ketti Frings of Thomas Wolfe's 1929 autobiographical novel, opened at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre on Broadway in New York. The play was directed by George Roy Hill and starred Jo Van Fleet, Anthony Perkins, Hugh Griffith, and Arthur Hill.

Diplomacy
Moroccan Army Chief of Staff Crown Prince Hassan accused Spain of "launching attacks on Moroccan territory" and killing two Moroccans in bombing raids on border villages near Ifni.

Chile severed relations with Venezuela in retaliation for the four-day detention of Chilean attache Jorge Basulto on charges of political agitation.

Defense
U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan assured Parliament that nuclear bombs carried by U.S. aircraft based in Britain were "not armed," and could not be activated without "considerable technical adjustments."

50 years ago
1967


On television tonight
The Invaders, starring Roy Thinnes, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Captive

Died on this date
Léon M'ba, 65
. Prime Minister of Gabon, 1957-1960; President of Gabon, 1960-1967. Mr. M'ba, a member of the Fang tribe, served time in prison for opposition to French colonial rule, but eventually rose in politics to become Prime Minister and then President when Gabon obtained her independence in 1960. He increasingly consolidated power in himself, surviving, with French help, a brief coup in 1964. Mr. M'ba died in Paris while being treated there for cancer; he was succeeded as President--constitutionally--by defense minister Omar Bongo.

Space
The first pulsar, known as PSR B1919+21 in the constellation of Vulpecula, was discovered by astronomers Jocelyn Bell Burnell and Antony Hewish.

Diplomacy
For the 17th time, the United Nations General Assembly voted to bar the People's Republic of China from membership.

Health
All horse racing in Britain was suspended indefinitely to help prevent the spread of foot-and-mouth disease.

Boxing
George "Scrap Iron" Johnson (14-16-4) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Ray "Windmill" White (8-6-1) in a heavyweight bout at Community Concourse in San Diego.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Just Want to Be Your Everything--Andy Gibb (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Wanted (Shimei Tehai)--Pink Lady (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Rockollection--Laurent Voulzy (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Bob Meusel, 81
. U.S. baseball player. "Long Bob" Meusel played left field and right field with the New York Yankees (1920-1929) and Cincinnati Reds (1930), batting .309 with 156 home runs and 1,067 runs batted in in 1,407 games, leading the American League in 1925 in games (156), home runs (33), and RBIs (138). Mr. Meusel was known for his strong throwing arm, and helped the Yankees win American League pennants in 1921-1923 and 1926-1928, winning the World Series in 1923, 1927, and 1928. He combined with Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig to form the famous "Murderer's Row" of sluggers.

Diplomacy
U.S. administration officials indicated that President Jimmy Carter had decided to accept Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's invitation to send a representative to Cairo for talks aimed at removing obstacles to a conference in Geneva on Middle East peace.

Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Takeo Fukuda formed a new cabinet to deal with economic recovery and worsening trade relations with the United States.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Commerce Department reported that the United States had registered a trade deficit of $3.1 billion in October, a record figure. The large deficit was chiefly blamed on a dockers' strike on the East and Gulf coasts that had begun on October 1.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy: La Bamba--Los Lobos

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Bad--Michael Jackson

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Faith--George Michael (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Faith--George Michael (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): China in Your Hand--T'Pau (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): China in Your Hand--T'Pau (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): China in Your Hand--T'Pau (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes
2 Mony Mony (Live)--Billy Idol
3 Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle
4 I Think We're Alone Now--Tiffany
5 Should've Known Better--Richard Marx
6 Faith--George Michael
7 Breakout--Swing Out Sister
8 Brilliant Disguise--Bruce Springsteen
9 We'll Be Together--Sting
10 Shake Your Love--Debbie Gibson

Singles entering the chart were Seasons Change by Expose (#64); Everywhere by Fleetwood Mac (#76); Push It by Salt-N-Pepa (#78); What's Too Much by Smokey Robinson (#81); Throwaway by Mick Jagger (#86); Criticize by Alexander O'neal (#87); Pump Up the Volume by M/A/R/R/S/ (#88); Could've Been by Tiffany (#89); and You and Me Tonight by Deja (#90).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
1 I Think We're Alone Now--Tiffany
2 Mony Mony (Live)--Billy Idol
3 (I've Had) The Time of My Life--Bill Medley and Jennifer Warnes
4 Heaven is a Place on Earth--Belinda Carlisle
5 Faith--George Michael
6 Try--Blue Rodeo
7 Causing a Commotion--Madonna
8 It's a Sin--Pet Shop Boys
9 Brilliant Disguise--Bruce Springsteen
10 Here I Go Again--Whitesnake

Singles entering the chart were Dude (Looks Like a Lady) by Aerosmith (#91); Hazy Shade of Winter by the Bangles (#92); I Do You by the Jets (#95); and I Could Never Take the Place of Your Man by Prince (#96).

Scandal
A Negro girl named Tawana Brawley was found covered with feces and wrapped in garbage bags in Wappingers Falls, New York, sparking a campaign of false accusations by race-baiter Al Sharpton and others.

Disasters
South African Airways Flight 295, a Boeing 747-200B Combi en route from Taipei to Johannesburg via Mauritius, suffered an in-flight cargo fire and crashed into the Indian Ocean east of Mauritius, killing all 159 people aboard.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ai no Wave--Yumi Matsutoya

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Don't You Want Me--Felix (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Because the Night--Co.Ro featuring Tarlisa (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle

#1 single in France (SNEP): Dur dur d'être bébé!--Jordy (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Would I Lie to You?--Charles & Eddie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 How Do You Talk to an Angel--The Heights (2nd week at #1)
2 If I Ever Fall in Love--Shai
3 I'd Die Without You--PM Dawn
4 End of the Road--Boyz II Men
5 Rhythm is a Dancer--Snap!
6 Rump Shaker--Wreckx-N-Effect
7 What About Your Friends--TLC
8 Layla--Eric Clapton
9 I Will Always Love You--Whitney Houston
10 The Letter--Wayne Newton

Singles entering the chart were 7 by Prince and the New Power Generation (#52); Wicked by Ice Cube (#56); Yesterdays by Guns N' Roses (#70); This Could Be the One by Bad Company (#82); Games by Chuckii Booker (#88); Love Can Move Mountains by Celine Dion (#90); Ain't Nobody Like You by Miki Howard (#95); and Something Good by Utah Saints (#96).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Song Instead of a Kiss--Alannah Myles (2nd week at #1)
2 How Do You Talk to an Angel--The Heights
3 Do You Believe in Us--Jon Secada
4 Layla--Eric Clapton
5 Would I Lie to You?--Charles & Eddie
6 Walking on Broken Glass--Annie Lennox
7 Drive--R.E.M.
8 To Love Somebody--Michael Bolton
9 I Will Be Here for You--Michael W. Smith
10 Washed Away--Tom Cochrane

Singles entering the chart were When She Cries by Restless Heart (#77); Tumbleweed by Alannah Myles (#82); My Temptation by Vivienne Williams (#90); Flesh and Blood by Wilson Phillips (#96); Empty House by In and Out (#97); Bed of Roses by Rockhead (#98); and Hold Me in Your Arms by Southern Sons (#99).

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Barbie Girl--Aqua (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Burnin'--Cue (3rd week at #1)

Sunday, 26 November 2017

November 27, 2017

100 years ago
1917


Born on this date
Dick Hogan
. U.S. actor. Mr. Hogan appeared in movies such as They Came to Blow Up America (1943) and Action in the North Atlantic (1943), but is perhaps best known as the murder victim in Rope (1948), where he had more screen time in the trailer than he did in the film. He died on August 18, 1995 at the age of 77.

Buffalo Bob Smith. U.S. television host. Mr. Smith, born Robert Schmidt, was a popular radio personality in his native Buffalo, New York before joining the National Broadcasting Company, where he hosted the children's show Howdy Doody from 1947-1960; he hosted a syndicated revival of the program from 1976-1977. Mr. Smith died of cancer on July 30, 1998 at the age of 80.

80 years ago
1937


On television tonight
Louis Hector and William Podmore starred as Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, respectively, in The Three Garridebs, the first television broadcast of a Sherlock Holmes story. The performance integrated film with scenes shot in a television studio at Radio City in New York. The audience consisted of members of the American Radio Relay League. The dramatic presentation wasn’t the only event on the program; Sylvia Bruce sang in the studio, as did another musical act known as Lucille and Lanny. Newsreel film footage of the recent Yale-Harvard and Fordham-St. Mary’s football games was also shown, and received the most positive comments in The New York Times on November 28.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Finals
Ottawa 1 @ Toronto 10 (Toronto won 2-game total points series 21-16)

Bob Isbister, playing with a painful side injury, threw a 20-yard pass to Wes Cutler for the game's only touchdown in the 1st quarter, made a great defensive play to knock down a potential touchdown pass late in the 4th quarter, and made several punts of 50-60 yards as the Argonauts defeated the Rough Riders before 12,300 fans at Maple Leaf Stadium. Bill Stukus converted Mr. Cutler's touchdown to give the Argonauts a 6-0 lead in the game and a 17-15 lead in the series. Tiny Herman scored the only Ottawa point in the 3rd quarter when he missed a field goal and the kick went for a single. In the 4th quarter, Ted Morris of the Argonauts scored a single when he blocked a punt into the Ottawa end zone, and Stan O'Neill of the Rough Riders got to the ball first, preventing a touchdown, but giving Toronto an 18-16 lead in the series. Annis Stukus then kicked a field goal to close the scoring. Mr. Herman was ejected in the 4th quarter for fighting.

Canadian university
Yates Cup
Final
Queen's 7 @ Toronto 6 (OT)

Cam Gray missed a 26-yard field goal attempt in the last minute of overtime, the kick going for a single point as the Tricolor held on to defeat the Varsity Blues at Varsity Stadium. Toronto led 3-0 after the 1st quarter on a field goal by Mr. Gray. Johnny Munro of Queen's punted for 2 singles to bring the Tricolor within 3-2 at halftime. Mr. Gray added 2 singles in the 3rd quarter to give the Varsity Blues a 5-2 lead, but the Tricolor tied the game on a field goal by Mr. Thornton late in the 4th quarter. The teams played two 10-minute halves of overtime; Mr. Munro punted for 2 singles in the 1st half to give Queen's a 7-5 lead, which appeared safe until a Toronto march late in the 2nd half set up Mr. Gray for the potential winning field goal.

75 years ago
1942


Born on this date
Jimi Hendrix
. U.S. musician. Regarded by many as the greatest guitarist in rock history, Mr. Hendrix was born in Seattle. He died in London on September 18, 1970 at the age of 27.

War
The French Navy at Toulon scuttled its 60 ships and submarines to keep them out of the hands of the Germans. British forces in Tunisia took Tebourba, 15 miles west of Tunis, while another column drove to Mateur, 25 miles south of Bizerte. Despite heavy losses since November 1, Japan was reported to have landed shock troops to reinforce their nearly-surrounded forces in the Buna-Gona area. U.S. fliers reported downing 23 Japanese planes, sinking two freighters and 100 barges and starting huge fires in an attack on Canton.

Diplomacy
Colombia and Venezuela severed relations with the Vichy French regime.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate approved a $5,000 investigation of economic and social conditions in Puerto Rico, after rejecting a proposal that Governor Rexford Tugwell's administration be investigated.

Economics and finance
Mexican Ambassador to the United States Dr. Francisco Castillo Najera gave U.S. State Secretary Cordell Hull a cheque for $2.5 million to pay property claims by U.S. citizens against Mexico.

70 years ago
1947


Exploration
Commodore Finn Ronne's South Polar Expedition mapped 100,000 miles of the Palmer Peninsula.

Diplomacy
Yugoslavian President Marshal Josip Broz Tito and Bulgarian Premier Georgi Dimitrov signed a mutual assistance pact in Sofia.

Politics and government
Camilien Houde was re-elected Mayor of Montréal by acclamation; he had spent part of World War II interned at Camp Petawawa, Ontario for his opposition to conscription.

Economics and finance
The Italian government devalued the lira 68% in an effort to end black market trading of dollars.

Australian Governor General W.J. McKell signed the recently-passed bank rationalization bill, following Prime Minister Joseph Chifley's announcement of drastic restrictions on dollar imports.

Baseball
Ted Williams of the Boston Red Sox, disliked by baseball writers who conducted the Most Valuable Player voting, was snubbed in favor of a New York Yankee for the second time after winning the triple crown for leading the league in batting average, home runs, and runs batted in. This year the winner was center fielder Joe DiMaggio, 202 votes to 201, with one writer not even mentioning Mr. Williams among his top ten candidates; in 1942, when Mr. Williams won his first triple crown, second baseman Joe Gordon won by 270-249. Mr. Williams batted .343 and slugged .634, with 32 home runs, 114 runs batted in, 125 runs, and 162 bases on balls in 156 games in 1947, leading the American League in all six of those batting categories. Mr. DiMaggio batted .315 and slugged .522, with 20 homers, 97 RBIs, 97 runs, and 64 bases on balls in 141 games as the Yankees won the World Series, while the Red Sox finished third in the AL, 14 games behind the Yankees.

60 years ago
1957


Defense
U.K. Foreign Secretary Selwyn Lloyd confirmded reports that U.S. bombers were carrying nuclear bombs in their patrols from British bases, but emphasized that actual use of the waepons would be "a matter for the joint decision of the two governments."

King Mohammed V of Morocco and U.S. State Secretary John Foster Dulles concluded two days of talks in Washington without reaching agreement on construction of American bases in Morocco. The United States delivered $15 million worth of arms to Libya under a June 20 arms agreement.

U.S. Defense Secretary Neil McElroy ordered full production of the Air Force Thor and the Army Jupiter, rival intermediate-range missiles.

Economics and finance
The Japanese government agreed to pay Indonesia $230 million in World War II reparations, and entered a $400-million economic cooperation program with the Indonesian government.

Society
The last of the 101st Airborne Division troops were withdrawn from Little Rock, Arkansas, leaving 900 National Guardsmen and city police to prevent disorders at Central High School.

Crime
New York U.S. Federal Judge Irving Kaufman revoked the probation of Vincente Squillante, alleged leader of racketeering in the New York private garbage collection industry, sentencing him to concurrent one-year jail sentences for failing to file 1948-1949 income tax returns.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Los Chicos con las Chicas--Los Bravos (5th week at #1)

Music
The album Magical Mystery Tour by the Beatles was released in North America on Capitol Records.

Politics and government
Canada's provincial premiers met in Toronto at the invitation of Ontario Premier John Robarts to discuss the future of Confederation.

Economics and finance
French President Charles de Gaulle said that he would veto the United Kingdom's application to join the European Common Market for a second time.

Boxing
Roger Russell (11-1-1) won a 10-round split decision over Leotis Martin (24-3) in a heavyweight bout at Philadelphia Arena.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Float On--The Floaters (3rd week at #1)

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Olympic Stadium, Montreal
Montreal 41 Edmonton 6

Sonny Wade threw touchdown passes to Peter Dalla Riva, John O'Leary, and Bob Gaddis in a 3 1/2-minute span from the late 3rd quarter-early 4th quarter as the Alouettes broke open a close game and routed the Eskimos before a Grey Cup-record crowd of 68,318, many of whom had difficulty getting to the game because of a transit strike in Montreal. The game became known as the "Ice Bowl" because of the disgraceful condition of the artificial turf; partway through the game, Montreal defensive back Tony Proudfoot took a staple gun and shot staples into the bottom of his shoes; he found that the staples improved his traction, and his teammates followed suit. The staples enabled the Alouettes to win in lopsided fashion, but they probably would have won, anyway. Mr. Wade completed 22 of 40 passes for 340 yards, and was named the game's Most Valuable Player on offense, an honour he had won in Montreal's Grey Cup wins in 1970 and 1974. Montral defensive tackle Glen Weir was named the Most Valuable Player on defense, and Montreal kicker Don Sweet, who set a Grey Cup record with 23 points on 6 field goals, 3 converts, and 2 singles, was awarded the Dick Suderman Memorial Trophy as the game's most valuable Canadian player. Among those whose careers ended with this game was Montreal guard Barry Randall, who was in his 13th season with the club. It was the final game for Marv Levy as head coach of the Alouettes, and his second Grey Cup championship in five years; he became head coach of the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League in 1978.





30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You Win Again--Bee Gees (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Babe Herman, 84
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Herman played right field for a minor professional team in Edmonton before embarking on a lengthy major league career with the Brooklyn Robins (1926-1931); Cincinnati Reds (1932, 1935-1936); Chicago Cubs (1933-1934); Pittsburgh Pirates (1935); Detroit Tigers (1937); and Brooklyn Dodgers (1945). In 1,552 games Mr. Herman batted .324 with 181 home runs and 997 runs batted in. His best season was probably 1930, when he hit .393 with 35 home runs and 130 RBIs. Mr. Herman was frequently derided for his defensive abilities, which is probably the main reason he's not in the Baseball Hall of Fame.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle (10th week at #1)

On television tonight
It's Christmastime Again, Charlie Brown, on CBS

This was the final Peanuts special to have its premiere broadcast on CBS.

World events
For the second time in a year, military forces tried to overthrow Venezuelan President Carlos Andrés Pérez.

Politics and government
Manitoba MLA Elijah Harper (NDP), whose refusal in the Manitoba legislature to give unanimous consent to approval of the Meech Lake constitutional accord in 1990 had helped to scuttle the deal, announced that he would be leaving provincial politics and would possibly try to obtain a seat in the House of Commons in the next federal election. Mr. Harper had been a member of the Manitoba legislature since 1981.

Hockey
NHL
Chicago 8 Edmonton 1

20 years ago
1997


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Candle in the Wind 1997/Something About the Way You Look Tonight--Elton John (11th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Smack My Bitch Up--The Prodigy (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Buck Leonard, 90
. U.S. baseball player. Walter Fenner Leonard was a first baseman who spent most of his career with the Homestead Grays (1934-1950) of the Negro National League, batting .320 and slugging .527, while being named to 13 all-star teams; he led the NNL with a .395 batting average in 1948, and was usually at or near the top of the league in home runs and runs batted in. Mr. Leonard played with Torreon in the Mexican League from 1951-1953, batting .326 with 27 home runs and 173 runs batted in in 227 games. He turned down an offer of a major league contract in 1952, believing that at the age of 45 he was too old for the majors, and might hurt the cause of racial integration. Mr. Leonard was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972 for his Negro League achievements.

Abominations
18 men, 3 women, and 4 children were killed in the second Souhane massacre in Algeria. The massacres were blamed on Islamist groups such as the Groupe Islamique Armé (Armed Islamic Group).

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Bill Willis, 86
. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Willis was a defensive tackle with the Ohio State University Buckeyes from 1942-1944 and with the Cleveland Browns from 1946-1953. He was one of the first Negro players in professional football; he made All-Pro every year of his career with the Browns, and helped the team win All-America Football Conference championships from 1946-1949 and the National Football League championship in 1950. Mr. Willis retired from football in order to work with troubled youth in Columbus and Cleveland, and did that for the rest of his life. He was inducted in the College Football Hall of Fame in 1971 and the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1977.

Robert Cade, 80. U.S. physician. Dr. Cade was a professor of medicine and nephrology at the University of Florida, and led the research team that created the sports drink Gatorade in the mid-1960s.

Sean Taylor, 24. U.S. football player. Mr. Taylor was a safety with the University of Miami Hurricanes from 2001-2003, and was a member of the Hurricanes' national championship team in his freshman year. He joined the Washington Redskins of the National Football League in 2004, becoming an outstanding player on the field and as one of the game's hardest hitters, but having off-field troubles including arrests for drunk driving and illegal use of firearms. In 2007, Mr. Taylor seemed to have matured on and off the field, and was among the league leaders in interceptions, but died the day after being shot in his home by an intruder; he was posthumously elected to the National Football Conference's Pro Bowl team.

November 26, 2017

175 years ago
1842


Academia
The University of Notre Dame was founded by Rev. Edward Sorin, of the Congregation of Holy Cross, as an all-male Roman Catholic institution in South Bend, Indiana.

160 years ago
1857


Politics and government
Canada East Premier George-Etienne Cartier formed the Macdonald-Cartier ministry with Canada West Premier John A. Macdonald, on the retirement of Canada East Premier Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché. Mr. Cartier, who was a rebel in 1837, was Attorney-General for Canada East; his French-Canadian "bleu" members held the balance of power in the Union.

100 years ago
1917


Diplomacy
The Manchester Guardian published the 1916 secret Sykes-Picot Agreement between the United Kingdom and France, defining their mutually agreed spheres of influence and control in Southwestern Asia.

Hockey
NHL
The National Hockey League was incorporated, and Frank Calder was elected its President, after National Hockey Association club owners were unable to resolve conflicts with Toronto Blueshirts' owner Eddie Livingstone. The new league thus replaced the NHA, and consisted of the Montréal Canadiens, Montréal Wanderers, Toronto Arenas, Ottawa Senators, and Québec Bulldogs. Québec decided not to operate for the 1917-18 season.

90 years ago
1927


Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Toronto Balmy Beach 9 Hamilton Tigers 6

Balmy Beach turned a blocked kick and a fumble into 6 points in the opening minutes of the game and held on to defeat the Tigers before 13,676 fans in one of the greatest upsets in Grey Cup history. Alex Ponton kicked off for Toronto to open the game; Mr. Languay of the Tigers attempted to return the kick--i.e., kick the ball back--but Eddie Crowhurst blocked the attempted return kick across the dead ball line, giving Balmy Beach a 1-0 lead just 10 seconds into the game. Balmy Beach recovered a Hamilton fumble on the next play, and Mr. Ponton rushed for a touchdown three plays later to make the score 6-0. The convert was unsuccessful, but Yip Foster punted for a single later in the 1st quarter and 2 more in the 2nd to give Toronto a 9-0 halftime lead. Pep Leadley got the Tigers on the scoreboard with a single in the 3rd quarter, and produced their only touchdown later in the quarter when he executed an onside kick, which was recovered by Tebor McKelvey for the major score. Mr. Leadley missed the convert, and was short on a 25-yard field goal attempt with less than 2 minutes remaining in regulation time that, if successful, would have tied the score. Balmy Beach won despite making just 3 first downs, to 17 for the Tigers. It was the first Grey Cup championship for Balmy Beach, who were in their fourth year of operation.



80 years ago
1937


Canadiana
Gustave Lanctôt was named Dominion Archivist.

75 years ago
1942


At the movies
Casablanca began a two-week run at the Hollywood Theatre in New York City.

War
British forces in Tunisia drove German forces from Medjez el Bab, 30 miles southwest of Tunis. Russian forces claimed to have taken several towns on the northwestern Stalingrad front, including Krasnoye Selo and Generalov on the Don River bend. Allied bombers sank two Japanese destroyers and heavily damaged a third, all apparently loaded with reinforcements, 150 miles north of the Buna-Gona area, where bitter hand-to-hand fighting entered its thirteenth day. Nine U.S. bombers flew 1,500 miles round-trip to bomb a Japanese-held oil refinery at Bangkok in the first American attack on Thailand.

Academia
The formation of the Engineering College Research Association to coordinate the war research activities of 73 engineering schools was announced in New York.

Politics and government
Yugoslav Partisans convened the first meeting of the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia at Bihać in northwestern Bosnia.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing, beginning December 1, 1942, in order to save rubber.

International Committee of Bankers on Mexico Chairman Thomas Lamont announced an agreement with Mexico whereby the committee would resume service on Mexico's external debt of $236 million.

70 years ago
1947


Defense
U.S. Air Force Secretary Stuart Symington told the President's Air Policy Committee that the United States must have at least 630 heavy bombers, and complained that current air strength was far blow this level.

Economics and finance
In a test vote on stop-gap aid to Western Europe, the U.S. Senate rejected a proposed $197-million cut in the $597-million French-Italian-Austrian aid bill.

Labour
French labour leaders rejected a government plea to end extensive walkouts in exchange for a $12 monthly cost-of-living increase.

Crime
U.S. President Harry Truman commuted the prison sentence of Boston Mayor James Curley for mail fraud to the five months already served.

Technology
U.S. Army Signal Corps Laboratories reported the development of the fastest known refracting photographic lens, with a speed of f/0.6.

60 years ago
1957


On television tonight
The Pied Piper of Hamelin, starring Van Johnson, Claude Rains, and Lori Nelson, on NBC

This Technicolor film was one of the first made-for-television movies.



Diplomacy
U.K. Prime Minister Harold Macmillan and French Prime Minister Felix Gaillard ended two days of talks in Paris aimed at reconciling differences over British arms shipments to North Africa.

Education
The Texas legislature approved a bill permitting the Governor to close any public school whose local board certified that it was threatened with violence that might result in the use of federal troops.

Labour
The Distillery, Rectifying, Wine and Allied Workers International Union split in a dispute over the dismissal of 13 officers accused by the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations of corruption.

50 years ago
1967


Football

CFL
Western Finals
Saskatchewan 17 @ Calgary 13 (Saskatchewan won best-of-three series 2-1)

Ron Lancaster threw touchdown passes to Jim Carphin in the 1st quarter and Gord Barwell in the 2nd, and George Reed rushed 35 times for 201 yards to help the Roughriders defeat the Stampeders before 21,036 fans at McMahon Stadium. Among those whose career ended with this game were Calgary guard Ron Allbright, defensive tackle Larry Anderson, and defensive back Bill Gaskins. It was the last game in a Calgary uniform for running back Lovell Coleman, defensive back Dick Dupuis and fullback and kicker Bill Goods.

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): L'angelo azzurro'--Umberto Balsamo (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Belfast--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): 't Smurfenlied--Vader Abraham (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Belfast--Boney M.

#1 single in the U.K (BMRB): The Name of the Game--ABBA (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone (8th week at #1)
2 Don't it Make My Brown Eyes Blue--Crystal Gayle
3 How Deep is Your Love--Bee Gees
4 Boogie Nights--Heatwave
5 Nobody Does it Better--Carly Simon
6 Heaven on the 7th Floor--Paul Nicholas
7 Baby, What a Big Surprise--Chicago
8 We're All Alone--Rita Coolidge
9 Just Remember I Love You--Firefall
10 Blue Bayou--Linda Ronstadt

Singles entering the chart were Desiree by Neil Diamond (#75); What's Your Name by Lynyrd Skynyrd (#85); Sometimes When We Touch by Dan Hill (#88); Peg by Steely Dan (#89); Don't Let it Show by Alan Parsons Project (#95); Never My Love by the Addrisi Brothers (#97); Still the Lovin' is Fun by B.J. Thomas (#99); and Wrap Your Arms Around Me by K.C. and the Sunshine Band (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You Light Up My Life--Debby Boone (3rd week at #1)
2 Boogie Nights--Heatwave
3 Nobody Does it Better--Carly Simon
4 I Feel Love--Donna Summer
5 Don't it Make My Brown Eyes Blue--Crystal Gayle
6 Baby, What a Big Surprise--Chicago
7 Just Remember I Love You--Firefall
8 We're All Alone--Rita Coolidge
9 Sometimes When We Touch--Dan Hill
10 Help is on the Way--Little River Band

Singles entering the chart were Turn to Stone by Electric Light Orchestra (#77); Hey Deanie by Shaun Cassidy (#90); Runaround Sue by Leif Garrett (#91); Dance, Dance, Dance (Yowsah, Yowsah, Yowsah) by Chic (#92); Short People by Randy Newman (#94); Your Backyard by Burton Cummings (#95); Sweet Music Man by Kenny Rogers (#96); As by Stevie Wonder (#98); What Would My Mama Say by Toulouse (#99); and Serpentine Fire by Earth, Wind & Fire (#100).

Television
An unidentified hijacker named Vrillon, claiming to be the representative of the "Ashtar Galactic Command," took over Britain's Southern Television for six minutes, starting at 5:12 pm., warning viewers that "All your weapons of evil must be destroyed."

Diplomacy
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat invited all parties involved, including Israel, U.S.S.R., U.S.A., and United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim to send representatives to Cairo to hold talks aimed at removing obstacles to a Middle East peace conference in Geneva. Israel promptly accepted the invitation, but Syrian Foreign Minister Abdel Halim Khaddam rejected the proposal, as did the Palestine Liberation Organization.

Politics and government
Bishop Abel Muzorewa, considered the major black nationalist spokesman in Rhodesia, said that he would negotiate majority rule if he were certain that Prime Minister Ian Smith's offer was genuine.

Hockey
NHL
Detroit 1 @ Montreal 3

CHL
Kansas City 2 @ Fort Worth 1
Salt Lake City 5 @ Phoenix 4

30 years ago
1987


Academia
Linda Frum spoke at the University of Western Ontario about her new book Linda Frum’s Guide to Canadian Universities, after some students at Western had taken exception to her comments about UWO. This blogger was part of the audience in London, and enjoyed meeting her. I thought her comments about Western were accurate.

Disasters
Officials said that as many as 650 people may have died when a typhoon carrying winds of 120 miles per hour struck the central Philippines.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): End of the Road--Boyz II Men (3rd week at #1)

Economics and finance
It was announced that Queen Elizabeth II would pay taxes on her 1993 personal income, while the civil list—the list of members of the royal family supported by the state—was trimmed to three: the Queen, Prince Philip, and Queen Mother Elizabeth.

Horse racing
Jockey Sandy Hawley rode Summer Commander to victory in the second race at Greenwood Racecourse in Toronto, becoming the ninth thoroughbred rider in history to win 6,000 races.

20 years ago
1997


Politics and government
Thelma Chalifoux, an active member of the Métis Nation of Alberta, took her seat in the Senate of Canada. She was appointed by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien as the first Métis woman to become a Senator.

Health
Canadian Health Minister Allan Rock released the final report of the Commission of Inquiry on the Blood System in Canada, led by Justice Horace Krever. The Krever Commission report on its tainted-blood inquiry laid blame on the Red Cross and federal and provincial governments, and called for government to compensate victims infected with HIV and hepatitis C by blood transfusions.

10 years ago
2007


Died on this date
Mel Tolkin, 94
. Russian-born U.S. television writer. Mr. Tolkin, born Shmuel Tolchinsky in what is now Ukraine, moved with his family to Montreal in 1926. He served in the Canadian Army during World War II, and then moved to New York. Mr. Tolkin was best known as head writer for the television comedy programs Your Show of Shows (1950-1954) and Caesar's Hour (1954-1957). His numerous awards included an Emmy, shared with Sam Denoff, Bill Persky, and Carl Reiner for The Sid Caesar, Imogene Coca, Carl Reiner, Howard Morris Special (1967).

Friday, 24 November 2017

November 25, 2017

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nancy Stella Usma Castro!

350 years ago
1667


Disasters
An earthquake struck Shemakha in what is now Azerbaijan, killing 80,000 people.

180 years ago
1837


War
In the Lower Canada Rebellion, Colonel George Wetherall and 350 British troops charged Thomas Storrow Brown's 100 Patriote rebels holed up in the Manoir of seigneur Pierre-Dominique Debartzch, south of the village of St. Charles, two days after the rebels declared a republic known as the Confederation of the Six Counties, and after Francis Gore's defeat at St. Denis. The British stormed the manor house, then burned the village before leaving; in two hours of fighting, they lost 7 dead and 23 wounded. The Patriotes lost about 30 wounded and 28 dead; some were shot as they swam across the Richelieu River. Mr. Brown fled the battle before it was over, and the spirit of the Patriote forces, elated after the victory of Saint-Denis, was crushed. At St. Eustache, over 1,200 rebels under Dr. Chenier and Girod, a Swiss, dwindled to 250.

150 years ago
1867


Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee reported in favour of the impeachment of President Andrew Johnson; there were two minority reports.

Disasters
Nine people were killed and several injured in a glycerine explosion in South Bergen, New Jersey.

120 years ago
1897


Football
CRU
Dominion Final @ Montreal
Ottawa College 14 Hamilton Tigers 10

100 years ago
1917


War
German troops invaded Portuguese East Africa in an attempt to escape superior British forces to the north and resupply from captured Portuguese materiel. The Germans defeated a Portuguese army of about 1,200 at Negomano on the border of modern-day Mozambique and Tanzania.

80 years ago
1937


Football
NCAA
Denver 7 @ Colorado 37

Byron "Whizzer" White rushed for 2 touchdowns and returned an interception for a third as the Buffaloes won in Boulder.

75 years ago
1942


Radio
Free French leader General Charles de Gaulle halted his broadcasts to the French people from London as long as Jean-Francois Darlan was recognized by the Allies as the leader of the French in North Africa.

War
The minesweeper HMCS Transcona was commissioned for the Royal Canadian Navy at Esquimalt, British Columbia. The U.S.S.R. claimed that an additional 6,000 Germans had been killed this day and another 15,000 prisoners taken in the Russian Stalingrad offensive.

Diplomacy
Addressing the United States Senate, Ecuadorian President Carlos Arroyo del Rio said that his country was doing all it could to facilitate an Allied victory in World War II.

Sultan of Morocco Sidi Mohommed said in a message to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt that Morocco "has no disagreement" with the United States.

Politics and government
Bolivian President Enrique Penaranda del Castillo announced a new cabinet which included representatives of Liberal and Republican-Socialist parties.

Labour
The Boston Symphony Orchestra, the only major non-union orchestra in the United States, signed an agreement with the American Federation of Musicians.

Football
ORFU
Final
Toronto RCAF Hurricanes 24 Toronto Balmy Beach 0

Don Crowe scored 2 touchdowns and Jake Gaudaur added another as the Hurricanes blanked Balmy Beach before 10,000 fans at Varsity Stadium. Eddie Thompson kicked a 37-yard field goal in the 1st quarter to give RCAF a 3-0 lead. Quarterback Bill Stukus completed a 10-yard pass to Mr. Crowe for the game's first touchdown in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Crowe kicked the convert to give the Hurricanes a 9-0 halftime lead. Mr. Gaudaur intercepted a pass by rookie Balmy Beach quarterback Joe Bailey and returned it 65 yards for a touchdown. Mr. Thompson's convert gave the Hurricanes a 15-0 lead after 3 quarters. After a punt single by Fred Kijek and a safety touch conceded by Balmy Beach punter Sammy Sward, halfback Charlie Prince threw a 12-yard touchdown pass to Mr. Crowe, who also converted to close the scoring in the 4th quarter.

70 years ago
1947


Died on this date
Murray Bowie, 37
. Canadian physician. Dr. Bowie was a pensions and medical examiner with the Canadian Department of Veterans Affairs. He was shot to death in his office at the Aylmer Building in Ottawa by World War I veteran Henry Page, 59, who then shot himself in the heart. Mr. Page had recently found out that his 40% pension for a war-related ailment had been reduced to 20%.

Politics and government
New Zealand ratified the Statute of Westminster and thus became independent of legislative control by the United Kingdom.

Siamese Prime Minister Khuang Aphaiwong extended the army's power to suppress anti-government elements until February 12, 1948.

Mikhail Suslov succeeded Georgi Aleksandrov as Soviet propaganda minister and became a Communist Party Central Committee secretary.

U.S. President Harry Truman appointed James Donaldson to succeed Robert Hannegan as U.S. Postmaster General, following Mr. Hannegan' assumption of the presidency of the St. Louis Cardinals baseball team.

Economics and finance
The Japanese House of Representatives passed the government's coal nationalization bill after raising the 1947-48 budget to $103.3 million.

Labour
A U.S. federal district court in Washington issued a temporary order barring the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen from racial discrimination in promotions.

Top officials of the United Auto Workers of America Allis Chalmers local in Milwaukee resigned in protest against signing National Labor Relations Board affidavits as required by the union's Atlantic City convention.

Business
U.S. Motion Picture Association President Eric Johnston announced that the "Hollywood Ten" screenwriters, directors, and producers who had been cited the previous day for contempt of Congress for failing to cooperate with the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities would be ousted from their jobs, and asked for laws enabling the entertainment industry "to rid itself of subversive, disloyal elements."

A St. Louis syndicate headed by U.S. Postmaster General Robert Hannegan bought Sam Breadon's 75% interest in the St. Louis Cardinals major league baseball team and its 16-team minor league farm system for an estimated $3 million.

60 years ago
1957


Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Jailhouse Rock/Treat Me Nice--Elvis Presley (Best Seller--6th week at #1); Jailhouse Rock--Elvis Presley (Disc Jockey--1st week at #1; Top 100--4th week at #1);

Diplomacy
The United Nations announced that Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold would fly to the Middle East for talks with Jordanian and Syrian leaders on current unrest in the region.

Defense
The U.S. Senate Armed Forces Preparedness subcommittee opened its inquiry into the apparent U.S. lag behind the U.S.S.R. in military science and technology.

Politics and government
Turkish Prime Minister Adrian Menderes announced the creation of new cabinet posts of Propaganda and Reconstruction ministers.

The U.S.S.R. announced that its 1957 Lenin Peace Prize was being awarded to French poet and author Louis Aragon for "service in the struggle for preserving and strengthening peace."

Technology
General Electric Research Laboratory in Schenectady, New York reported that it had succeeded experimentally in directly converting heat to electricity with a non-moving device.

50 years ago
1967


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Last Waltz--Engelbert Humperdinck (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France: La Dernière Valse--Mireille Mathieu (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Parole--Nico e i Gabbiani (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (The Lights Went Out In) Massachusetts--The Bee Gees

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Homburg--Procol Harum (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Whiskey on a Sunday--Danny Doyle (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Baby, Now that I've Found You--The Foundations (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Incense and Peppermints--Strawberry Alarm Clock

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
2 Incense and Peppermints--Strawberry Alarm Clock
3 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
4 To Sir with Love--Lulu
5 Soul Man--Sam & Dave
6 Please Love Me Forever--Bobby Vinton
7 Let it All Hang Out--The Hombres
8 I Say a Little Prayer--Dionne Warwick
9 I Can See for Miles--The Who
10 It Must Be Him--Vikki Carr

Singles entering the chart were Okolona River Bottom Band by Bobbie Gentry (#67); Since You Showed Me How to Be Happy by Jackie Wilson (#74); And Get Away by the Esquires (#87); Come See About Me by Jr. Walker & the All-Stars (#88); Too Much of Nothing by Peter, Paul and Mary (#89); Wanted: Lover, No Experience Necessary by Laura Lee (#95); Bend Me, Shape Me by the American Breed (#96); Windy by Wes Montgomery (#99); and More than a Miracle by Roger Williams (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills (2nd week at #1)
2 Soul Man--Sam & Dave
3 Please Love Me Forever--Bobby Vinton
4 I Can See for Miles--The Who
5 Your Precious Love--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell
6 Expressway to Your Heart--Soul Survivors
7 Holiday--The Gee Gees
8 It Must Be Him--Vikki Carr
9 She is Still a Mystery--The Lovin' Spoonful
10 Lazy Day--Spanky and Our Gang

Singles entering the chart were Itchycoo Park by Small Faces (#66); Summer Rain by Johnny Rivers (#67); Honey Chile by Martha Reeves and the Vandellas (#68); I'm So Proud by Keith (#69); Beautiful People by Kenny O'Dell (#75); Felicidad by Sally Field (#85); What's it Gonna Be by Dusty Springfield (#91); Freedom Bird by the Lewis & Clarke Expedition (#93); Pony with the Golden Mane by Every Mother's Son (#96); Paint it, Black by Chris Farlowe (#97); O-O I Love You by the Dells (#98); Love was Here Before the Stars by Brian Foley (#99); and Peace of Mind by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#100).

Vancouver's top 10 (CKLG)
1 Daydream Believer--The Monkees
2 Next Plane to London--The Rose Garden
3 Itchycoo Park--Small Faces
4 I Say a Little Prayer--Dionne Warwick
5 She is Still a Mystery--The Lovin' Spoonful
6 She's My Girl--The Turtles
7 Ten Little Indians--The Yardbirds
8 The Rain, the Park and Other Things--The Cowsills
9 Lady Bird--Nancy Sinatra & Lee Hazlewood
10 Love of the Common People--Wayne Newton

Singles entering the chart were Hello Goodbye/I Am the Walrus by the Beatles (#16); Beautiful People by Kenny O'Dell (#27); Do Unto Others by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#29); and Different Drum by the Stone Poneys (#30). Do Unto Others was the other side of Peace of Mind. I am the Walrus was from the made-for-television film Magical Mystery Tour (1967).

Politics and government
Walter Weir was sworn in as Premier of Manitoba, succeeding Duff Roblin.

Football
CFL
Eastern Finals
Ottawa 0 @ Hamilton 26 (Hamilton won 2-game total points series 37-3)

Joe Zuger threw touchdown passes of 32 yards to Dave Fleming and 60 yards to Willie Bethea in the first 6 minutes of the game, and the Tiger-Cats coasted to victory over the Rough Riders before 21,254 fans at Civic Stadium. The Rough Riders were without defensive back and kicker Don Sutherin because of injury, but his absence as a kicker wasn't noticed. It was the last game for Ottawa defensive back Bob O'Billovich, and the last game in an Ottawa uniform for defensive players such as linebackers Mike Blum and Jim Conroy. Former Hamilton assistant coach Kelley Mote had joined the Rough Riders as an assistant to head coach Frank Clair in 1967, replacing longtime assistant Bill Smyth, who had died suddenly in November 1966. Some of the Ottawa defensive players didn't take to Mr. Mote--including Mr. Conroy, who refused to go onto the field when ordered to late in this game--and retired or were traded after the season. This was the fifth straight game in which the Tiger-Cats didn't allow a touchdown.

CIAU
Canadian College Bowl @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Alberta 10 McMaster 9

Alberta linebacker John Wilson made his second interception of the game, on his own 3-yard line with 40 seconds remaining in regulation time, to preserve the Golden Bears' victory over the Marauders before 16,167 fans, as they became the first Western team to win the Vanier Cup. Alberta opened the scoring in the 1st quarter on a 7-yard touchdown rush by quarterback Terry Lampert, converted by Dave Benbow. McMaster tied the game just a minute later when quarterback Dick Waring completed a 25-yard touchdown pass to Jay Graydon, which was converted. The Marauders scored 2 singles in the 3rd quarter to take a 9-7 lead, but Alberta's Bob Baumback recovered a fumble by McMaster's John Watson at the Marauders' 37-yard line, and Mr. Benbow kicked an 18-yard field goal with 5 minutes remaining in the 4th quarter to provide the winning margin. Alberta linebacker and punter Val Schneider was awarded the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game's Most Valuable Player; he played a steady game on defense, punted for a 39.5-yard average, and filled in briefly in he offensive backfield, rushing twice for 25 yards.



Atlantic Coast League
Championship @ Mount Vernon, New York
Virginia Sailors 20 Westchester Bulls 14

40 years ago
1977


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Yes Sir, I Can Boogie--Baccara (15th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood--Santa Esmeralda (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Singin' in the Rain Part 1--Sheila and Black Devotion (2nd week at #1)

Americana
Shelley Griffiths, representing Anchorage, was named Miss Teenage America 1978. She was the second choice of this blogger; my first choice, Mary-Ann Jones, representing Akron, was a semi-finalist.

Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly condemned Israeli occupation of captured Arab lands. Syria ruled out participation in a Geneva conference on Middle East peace under present circumstances, saying that Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's visit to Israel had split the Arab world and encouraged Israel to be intransigent. But the Syrian government indicated that it might make a negotiated settlement with Israel and was not yet ready to join a group of rejectionist states consisting of Libya, Iraq, Algeria, and South Yemen.

West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt concluded his four-day visit to Poland, where he talked with Polish Communist Party First Secretary Edward Gierek.

World events
Former Philippine Senator Benigno Aquino, Jr., the leading political opponent of President Ferdinand Marcos, and New People's Army leaders Bernabe Buscayno (Commander Dante) and Lieutenant Victor Corpuz were found guilty by the Philippine Military Commission No. 2 of all charges on subversion, murder, and illegal possession of firearms, and were sentenced to death by firing squad. The death sentences were never carried out; Mr. Aquino was permitted to go to the United States for medical treatment in 1980, decided to stay, and then decided to return in 1983. He was assassinated as he left the plane upon arrival at Manila International Airport on August 21, 1983.

Politics and government
The African National Council and the Zimbabwean African People's Union stated that they were prepared to begin negotiations for black majority rule in Rhodesia.

30 years ago
1987


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Oh Mama--Lili & Susie

At the movies
Planes, Trains and Automobiles, written, produced, and directed by John Hughes, and starring Steve Martin and John Candy, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Harold Washington, 65
. U.S. politician. Mr. Washington, a Democrat was the first Negro to be Mayor of Chicago, serving from 1983 until his death of a heart attack in his office. Before that, he had served in the Illinois House of Representatives (1965-1976) and Senate (1977-1980), and had represented Illinois' 1st District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1981-1983.

Disasters
Typhoon Nina pummeled the Philippines with category 5 winds of 165 miles per hour and a surge that destroyed entire villages. At least 1,036 deaths were attributed to the storm.

25 years ago
1992


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): House of Love--East 17

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Kevin Delivers

At the movies
The Bodyguard, starring Kevin Costner and Whitney Houston, opened in theatres.

Aladdin, an animated film produced, directed, and co-written by Ron Clements and John Musker for Walt Disney Pictures, opened in theatres.

Europeana
The Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia voted to split the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, to take effect on January 1, 1993.

20 years ago
1997


Died on this date
Hastings Kamuzu Banda, 99
. Prime Minister of Nyasaland, 1963-1964; Prime Minister of Malawi, 1964-1966; President of Malawi, 1966-1994. Dr. Banda was a physician who practiced in the United Kingdom before returning to his native land--then known as the Central African Federation--in 1958. He was imprisoned for speaking against the colonial administration, but was released in 1960, and became de facto leader of Nyasaland in 1961, officially becoming Prime Minister in 1963, and Prime Minister of Malawi upon the colony's independence in 1964. In 1966, Malawi adopted a new constitution; the country was declared a republic, with Dr. Banda taking office as President. In 1970, the Malawi Congress Party made Dr. Banda President for Life; in 1971 Dr. Banda became President for Life of Malawi itself. Dr. Banda sided with the West in the Cold War and presided over better economic conditions than many black African nations, but he imposed a cult of personality, enriched himself, and was accused of murdering anywhere from 6,000-18,000 people. One of Dr. Banda's most notable achievements was the Decency Dress Act (1973), which prohibited women from wearing pants, and regulated the length of women's skirts, men's trousers, and hair. The end of the Cold War in the early 1990s resulted in a loss of financial support for Dr. Banda's regime, and he finally permitted a referendum in 1993 on whether to continue the one-party state. 64% voted in favour of a multiparty democracy, and Dr. Banda lost a free presidential election in 1994.

Protest
Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers pepper sprayed human rights protesters at the APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) Conference in Vancouver, British Columbia. When asked to comment, Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien said,: "For me, pepper, I put it on my plate." The protesters were peaceful, and had a permit to be there.

10 years ago
2007


Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Saskatchewan 23 Winnipeg 19

Kerry Joseph's 29-yard touchdown pass to Andy Fantuz with 11:30 remaining in regulation time provided the winning margin as the Roughriders held on to defeat the Blue Bombers before 52,230 fans. Mr. Joseph completed just 13 of 34 passes for 181 yards, but led all rushers with 101 yards on 10 carries. Saskatchewan defensive back James Johnson returned an interception 30 yards for the game's first touchdown with 2:34 remaining in the 2nd quarter. Mr. Johnson finished with 3 interceptions for 40 yards, and was named the game's Most Valuable Player, while Mr. Fantuz was the Most Valuable Canadian. Winnipeg quarterback Ryan Dinwiddie, making the first start of his CFL career in relief of injured regular starter Kevin Glenn, completed 15 of 33 passes for 225 yards and 3 interceptions, and a 50-yard pass to Derick Armstrong for the only Winnipeg touchdown at 4:03 of the 3rd quarter. Luca Congi converted both Saskatchewan touchdowns and added 3 field goals. Troy Westwood converted the Winnipeg TD and kicked 2 field goals, opening and closing the scoring. The Blue Bombers also scored 3 safety touches. The Saskatchewan defense limited Winnipeg running back Charles Roberts to 47 yards on 13 rushes and 8 yards on 2 pass receptions.