Saturday, 19 June 2021

June 19, 2021

300 years ago
1721


Disasters
Fire destroyed 138 houses, about half the town of Montréal.

230 years ago
1791


Politics and government
King George III gave Royal Assent to the Constitutional Act, passed by Parliament on June 10; it divided the province of Québec into the new provinces of Lower Canada and Upper Canada, each with an appointed legislative council and an elected legislative assembly.

210 years ago
1811


Died on this date
Samuel Chase, 70
. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1796-1811. Justice Chase represented Maryland at the Continental Congress and signed the Declaration of Independence. He was appointed Chief Justice of the District Criminal Court in Baltimore in 1788 and Chief Justice of the Maryland General Court in 1791. Justice Chase was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President George Washington, but when Thomas Jefferson became President in 1801, he wanted to weaken Federalist influence over the courts. Justice Chase was impeached on the grounds that his political biases influenced his decisions, but he was acquitted by the Senate and remained on the Court until his death. His acquittal was regarded as an important precedent upholding the independence of the judiciary.

200 years ago
1821


War
Ottoman forces of Sultan Mahmud II decisively defeated forces of the Greek secret insurgent organization Filiki Etaireia in the Battle of Dragashani in Wallachia, Romania.

175 years ago
1846


Baseball
The New York Base Ball Club defeated the Knickerbockers 23–1 at Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey in the first officially recorded organized baseball game, under rules devised by Alexander Cartwright, who umpired.

160 years ago
1861


Born on this date
Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig
. U.K. military officer. Field Marshal Earl Haig served in the Mahdist War and the Boer War, but was best known for commanding the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) on the Western Front from late 1915 until the end of World War I in 1918. His offensives at the Somme (1916) and Passchendaele (1917) resulted in tremendous numbers of casualties, earning him the nickname "Butcher" Haig. Earl Haig died of a heart attack on January 29, 1928 at the age of 66, and his funeral was a day of national mourning. His reputation among historians is divided between those who regard him as a butcher and those who regard him as a great commander.

125 years ago
1896


Born on this date
R. Palme Dutt
. U.K. journalist and politician. Mr. Dutt joined the Communist Party of Great Britain (CPGB) in 1920; he founded their monthly magazine Labour Monthly in 1921, and became editor of Workers' Weekly in 1922. Mr. Dutt was on the Executive Committee of the CPGB from 1923-1965, and was the party's chief theorist for many years, while also supervising the Communist Party of India. He was a hard-line Stalinist until his death on December 20, 1974 at the age of 78.

Wallis Simpson. U.S.-born socialite. Mrs. Simpson, born Wallis Warfield, grew up in Baltimore. She married U.S. Navy officer Win Spencer in 1916, but they were divorced in 1927. Mrs. Spencer then had an affair with married shipbroker Ernest Simpson; he divorced his wife and married Mrs. Spencer in 1928. Mrs. Spencer first met Edward, Prince of Wales in 1931, and allegedly became his mistress in 1934. Mrs. Simpson obtained a divorce from her husband in October 1936, nine months after the Prince of Wales had acceded to the throne as King Edward VIII. Widespread opposition to the suitability of Mrs. Simpson as queen consort forced the king to make a decision between the throne and his lover, and he chose the latter, abdicating in December in favour of his younger brother, who became King George VI. The former king, who had been created Duke of Windsor by his brother, and Mrs. Simpson were married in France in June 1937. The Duke of Windsor served as Governor of the Bahamas from 1940-1945, and the couple returned to France after World War II, splitting their time between France and the United States as useless socialites. The Duke of Windsor died in 1972; the Duchess spent her remaining years in Paris, growing increasingly frail and dying from dementia at the age of 89 on April 24, 1986.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Doris Sands Johnson
. Bahamian politician. Dame Doris achieved many firsts for female politicians in the Bahamas: she was the first to contest an election (1961); the first appointed to the Senate (1967); the first to serve in the cabinet (1968-1973, as Minister of Transportation); the first to be elected President of the Senate (1974); and the first to serve as acting Governor General (1979). Dame Doris died on June 21, 1983, two days after her 62nd birthday.

Louis Jourdan. French-born actor. Mr. Jourdan, born Louis Gendre, began his career in France, taking time out to serve in the French Resistance during World War II. He moved to Hollywood after the war, appearing in plays, television programs, and movies such as The Paradine Case (1947); Gigi (1958); and The V.I.P.s (1963). Mr. Jourdan died on February 14, 2015 at the age of 93.

Abominations
The village of Knockcroghery, Ireland was burned by British forces.

80 years ago
1941


War
A Gallup Poll reported that 56% of Americans recently surveyed said that a vote of the people should be required before Congress could send men to fight overseas. Philippines President Manuel Quezon declared in a Loyalty Day celebration day in Manila that if the United States became involved in the European war, she would find the people of the Philippines on her side.

Defense
The Argentine Chamber of Deputies voted to appoint a seven-man committee to investigate Nazi activities in the country.

Diplomacy
The German and Italian governments ordered the United States to close all 31 of her consulates in the Axis and Axis-dominated countries and to remove their personnel by July 15, 1941.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Production Management ordered the rationing of rubber in an effort to reduce consumption from the present rate of 817,000 tons to 600,000 tons annually.

Labour
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt accepted the resignation of National Defense Mediation Board Chairman Clarence Dykstra. Soft-coal operators in the northern United States signed a two-year wage contract with the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America covering 250,000 coal miners. Lumber operators rejected the NDMB's proposals to settle the Washington lumber strike.

70 years ago
1946


Diplomacy
The U.S.A. led successful opposition at the United Nations to a Lebanese attempt to prevent the proposed International Refugee Organization from aiding immigration of Jews to Palestine.

The United States announced that it would return to Hungary $32 million in gold plundered by Germany during World War II and recovered by U.S. Army engineers.

Defense
U.S.S.R. delegate to the United Nations Andrei Gromyko presented the Soviet plan for nuclear arms control to the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, calling for the destruction of all existing bombs, but rejecting proposals to strip the U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., France, and China of their Security Council veto power in the field of atomic energy.

Chinese Premier T.V. Soong said in Nanking that his government was spending 80% of its revenues on its army, estimated at 250-300 divisions.

Politics and government
The French Constituent Assembly elected centrist leader Georges Bidault as President of the provisional government.

Boxing
Five years and one day after their first fight, Joe Louis defended his world heavyweight championship for the second time against Billy Conn. Mr. Louis (55-1) knocked out Mr. Conn (62-11-1) at 2:19 of the 8th round before 45,266 fans at Yankee Stadium in New York.



70 years ago
1951


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: A Killing in Abilene, starring William Prince

Died on this date
Wally Gerber, 59
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Gerber was a shortstop with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1914-1915); St. Louis Browns (1917-1928); and Boston Red Sox (1928-1929), batting .257 with 7 home runs and 476 runs batted in in 1,522 games. He batted .248 in 1,055 games in 8 seasons in the minor leagues (1910-1917, 1930). Mr. Gerber umpired in the Mid-Atlantic League (1935-1938), and was men's supervisor with the Columbus (Ohio) Recreation Department (1939-1949). He died after a heart attack.

Space
Astronomer Milton Humason reported observing a group of "runaway" stars from the Mount Palomar, California telescope. He estimated that the stars were receding from the Sun at 38,000 miles per second, evidence supporting the expanding universe theory.

Defense
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a billextending the draft to mid-1955. He also appointed a five-man National Security Training Commission to draw up and supervise the Universal Military Training progrem provided for in the bill.

Politics and government
A U.S. Senate Labor subcommittee headed by Senator Paul Douglas (Democrat--Illinois) began hearings on "ethics in government."

Journalism
The Cuban Communist newspaper Hoy, seized by the government 10 months earlier, was returned to the Communist Party on court order.

Oil
Talks between the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and the Iranian government collapsed when each side rejected the other's proposals.

Economics and finance
The British government ordered the licensing of all exports to Communist China and Hong Kong, but promised to permit continued shipments of non-strategic materials.

The U.S. Senate Banking Committee approved an eight-month extension of price, wage, and rent controls, but voted to ban price rollbacks.

Baseball
Bob Rush (5-3) pitched a 4-hitter for the Chicago Cubs as they shut out the Boston Braves 3-0 before 6,496 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Billy Southworth, who had managed the Braves since 1946 and had piloted them to the National League pennant in 1948, was fired after the game, which dropped them to 28-31, fifth in the standings. Former Braves’ star outfielder Tommy Holmes replaced Mr. Southworth as manager.

Ted Kluszewski hit a 3-run home run with none out in the bottom of the 9th inning and Johnny Pramesa hit a solo homer with 1 out, but relief pitcher Ralph Branca retired Connie Ryan and Bobby Adams to end the game as the Brooklyn Dodgers held on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 5-4 before 26,618 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

Yogi Berra hit a 3-run home run in the 1st inning and Mickey Mantle added a 3-run homer in the 3rd for the New York Yankees as they defeated the Chicago White Sox 11-9 in the first game of a doubleheader before 60,441 fans fans at Yankee Stadium. Jim Busby led off the 9th inning with a single and scored on a 1-out double by Bob Dillinger to break a 4-4 tie as the White Sox won the second game 5-4.

Wally Yonamine, an American of Japanese descent, played his first game with Tokyo’s Yomiuri Giants.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poesía En Movimiento (Poetry in Motion)--Dúo Dinámico (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Non, je ne regrette rien--Édith Piaf (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Moody River--Pat Boone
2 Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson
3 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
4 Stand by Me--Ben E. King
5 Raindrops--Dee Clark
6 The Writing on the Wall--Adam Wade
7 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis
8 Every Beat of My Heart--The Pips
9 The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton
10 Those Oldies But Goodies (Remind Me of You)--Little Caesar and the Romans

Singles entering the chart were You Can't Sit Down Part 2 by the Philip Upchurch Combo (#68); Dum Dum by Brenda Lee (#69); I've Got News for You (#84)/I'm Gonna Move to the Outskirts of Town (#87) by Ray Charles; Let's Twist Again by Chubby Checker (#85); I'm Gonna Knock on Your Door by Eddie Hodges (#91); The Float by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#92); Point of No Return by Adam Wade (#93); Dooley by the Olympics (#94); Sea of Heartbreak by Don Gibson (#95); The Charleston by Ernie Fields (#97); Never on Sunday by the Chordettes (#98); No, No, No by the Chanters (#99); and I'll Never Be Free by Kay Starr (#100).

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michael Martin!

Asiatica
Kuwait declared its independence from the United Kingdom.

Abominations
The U.S. Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland's constitution requiring state officeholders to profess a belief in God.

Scandal
Fred Portnoy, 19, testified before a grand jury in New York concerning accusations that he had participated in fixing four basketball games while he was playing for the men’s team at Columbia University during the 1960-61 season.

Baseball
The Kansas City Athletics, eighth in the American League with a record of 26-33, fired Joe Gordon as manager and replaced him with Hank Bauer. In that night's game against the New York Yankees before 16,715 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City, Roger Maris led off the 9th inning with his 25th home run of the season to give the Yankees a 3-2 lead. Norm Siebern hit an inside-the park home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th to tie the score. Luis Arroyo (2-3) then relieved New York starting pitcher Rollie Sheldon, and pinch hitter Wes Covington homered to give the Athletics a 4-3 win in Mr. Bauer's first game as manager. Jim Archer (5-1) pitched a 7-hit complete game for Kansas City.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Pensieri e parole--Lucio Battisti (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): O'Brien Has No Place to Go--Brendan Shine

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies
2 Another Day--Paul McCartney
3 Hot Love--T. Rex
4 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road
--Lally Stott
5 She's a Lady--Tom Jones
6 Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool
7 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Allison Durbin
--Ocean
8 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
9 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
10 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin

Singles entering the chart were Glory Glory by Johnny Chester (#46); I Play and Sing by Dawn (#47); Falling/Miracles by Autumn (#51); Seasons of Change by Fraternity (#52); I Don't Know How to Love Him by Helen Reddy (#54); Life is Getting Better by Flake (#58); He Gives Us All His Love/Life by Ross D. Wylie (#59); and Nickel Song by the New Seekers (#60).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Double Barrel--Dave & Ansil Collins
2 Rosetta--Georgie Fame & Alan Price
3 Che Sará--José Feliciano
4 Soldiers Prayer--Oscar Harris and the Twinkle Stars
5 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
6 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
7 Poetas Andaluces--Aguaviva
8 Zou Het Erg Zijn Lieve Opa--Wilma met Vader Abraham
9 Ein Mädchen für Immer--Peter Orloff
10 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were My Darling Helena! by the Walkers (#14); Co Co by the Sweet (#23); I Trust (Everything is Gonna Work Out Alright) by the Byrds (#30); Chicago by Graham Nash (#32); Kleine Sonja by De Makkers (#33); Black Lisa by Livin' Blues (#37); and Goodbye Yesterday by Jimmy Cliff (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 It's Too Late/I Feel the Earth Move--Carole King
2 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
3 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
4 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
5 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
6 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
7 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
8 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
9 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
10 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond

Singles entering the chart were Love the One You’re With by the Isley Brothers (#72); Summer Sand by Dawn (#78); Hey! Love/Over and Over by the Delfonics (#82); Rainy Jane by Davy Jones (#83); Resurrection Shuffle by Ashton, Gardner and Dyke (#84); Wild Horses by the Rolling Stones (#85); Never Dreamed You'd Leave in Summer by Stevie Wonder (#86); Talking in Your Sleep by Gordon Lightfoot (#87); Give Up Your Guns by the Buoys (#88); I Need Someone (To Love Me) by Z.Z. Hill (#89); I'm Sorry by Bobby Bland (#97); Day by Day (Every Minute of the Hour) by the Continental 4 (#98); Mozart Symphony No. 40 in G Minor K. 550, 1st Movement by Waldo De Los Rios (#99); and The Language of Love by the Intrigues (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
2 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
3 It’s Too Late—Carole King
4 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
5 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
6 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
7 Sweet and Innocent—Donny Osmond
8 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
9 Double Lovin’--The Osmonds
10 Don’t Knock My Love (Part 1)—Wilson Pickett

Singles entering the chart were Wild Horses by the Rolling Stones (#68); Moon Shadow by Cat Stevens (#74); How Can You Mend a Broken Heart by the Bee Gees (#76); Love the One You’re With by the Isley Brothers (#85); Rainy Jane by Davy Jones (#86); Deep Enough for Me by Ocean (#87); You're the Reason Why by the Ebonys (#89); Like an Open Door by the Fuzz (#90); She Didn’t Do Magic by Lobo (#92); I’m a Believer by Neil Diamond (#93); Talking in Your Sleep by Gordon Lightfoot (#97); and Love is Life by Earth, Wind & Fire (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Want Ads--The Honey Cone (2nd week at #1)
2 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
3 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
4 It’s Too Late—Carole King
5 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
6 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
7 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
8 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
9 Nathan Jones--The Supremes
10 Don't Knock My Love--Wilson Pickett

Singles entering the chart were Wild Horses by the Rolling Stones (#66); Summer Sand by Dawn (#81); Like an Open Door by the Fuzz (#87); Hey! Love/Over and Over by the Delfonics (#88); Follow Me by Mary Travers (#92); You're the Reason Why by the Ebonys (#95); Suspicious Minds by Dee Dee Warwick (#96); Mozart Symphony No. 40 in G Minor K. 550, 1st Movement by Waldo De Los Rios (#97); Give Up Your Guns by the Buoys (#98); Moon Shadow by Cat Stevens (#99); and L.A. International Airport by Susan Raye (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)
2 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
3 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
4 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
5 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
6 Superstar—Murray Head with the Trinidad Singers
7 It’s Too Late—Carole King
8 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
9 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
10 I Don’t Know How to Love Him—Helen Reddy

Singles entering the chart were Wild Horses by the Rolling Stones (#62); Deep Enough for Me by Ocean (#84); Wait for the Miracle by the Cycle (#85); Talking in Your Sleep by Gordon Lightfoot (#98); The Last Time I Saw Her by Glen Campbell (#99); and Wholesale Love by Buddy Miles (#100).

Calgary’s Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
2 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
3 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
4 When You’re Hot, You’re Hot—Jerry Reed
5 Sweet and Innocent—Donny Osmond
6 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
7 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
8 The Drum—Bobby Sherman
9 Sweet City Woman--Stampeders
10 Love Her Madly--The Doors
Pick hit of the week: Don’t Pull Your Love—Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hubba Hubba Zoot-Zoot--Caramba

#1 single in France (IFOP): Pour le plaisir--Herbert Léonard (4th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens (5th week at #1)
2 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins
3 More and More--Joe Dolan
4 Antmusic--Adam & the Ants
5 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
6 Santa Maria--Alan Garrity
7 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
8 Vienna--Ultravox
9 Gypsy Girl--David Scobie
10 Jealous Guy--Roxy Music

Singles entering the chart were Kids in America by Kim Wilde (#13); Turn Me Loose by Loverboy (#15); Stars on 45 by Star Sound (#16); and Bette Davis Eyes by Kim Carnes (#17).

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Senza una donna--Zucchero featuring Paul Young

Died on this date
Jean Arthur, 90
. U.S. actress. Miss Arthur, born Gladys Georgianna Greene, was a major star of screwball comedy movie such as Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936); You Can't Take It With You (1938); Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939); and The More the Merrier (1943). Her final film performance was in a dramatic role in the Western Shane (1953). Miss Arthur suffered from chronic stage fright, leading to her retirement.

World events
The U.S.S.R. occupation of Hungary ended after more than 40 years, as the final Soviet troops left the country.

Politics and government
The Canadian Parliament set up the Special Joint Committee on a Renewed Canada, a super-committee with 20 MPs and 10 senators, to make recommendations to Parliament on the proposals made public on September 24, 1991. The the Dobbie-Castonguay Committee--later known as the Beaudoin-Dobbie Committee--travelled across Canada to present federal proposals to provinces and interest groups.

Former Québec City mayor Jean Pelletier replaced Michel Fournier as Liberal Party of Canada Leader Jean Chrétien's chief of staff.

Business
Petro-Canada's public issue of 39.5 million shares almost sold out in one day; the federal government was distributing 19.5% of Petro-Canada in a partial privatization.

Scandal
Canadian sprinter Brian Morison was banned from competition for two years by Athletics Canada for steroid use.

25 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Betty Cook, 77
. U.S. nurse. Miss Cook was a member of the United States Army Nurse Corps in World War II, and became the first woman in the U.S. Army to receive both the Bronze Star Medal award and the Purple Heart.

G. David Schine, 68. U.S. businessman. Gerard David Schine achieved success as an executive in the hotel, music, and film industries, but was best known as a friend and adviser to Roy Cohn in the early 1950s when Mr. Cohn was chief counsel to U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy, during the time that Sen. McCarthy was investigating allegations of Communist infiltration of the United States government. Mr. Schine was drafted into the U.S. Army in 1953, and Sen. McCarthy and Mr. Cohn were accused of trying to obtain special privileges for Mr. Schine; Sen. McCarthy was exonerated.

Canadiana
Statistics Canada reported that Canada's population would be approximately 29,955,000 by July 1, 1996, and was expected to pass the 30 million mark in August, 1996.

Society
Statistics Canada reported that only 44.5% of all Canadian families were now composed of officially married couples with children, down from 55% in 1981.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (1-1) 34 @ Ottawa (0-1) 6

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Stanley Mosk, 88
. U.S. judge and politician. Mr. Mosk served on the California Superior Court from 1942 until his election as the state's Attorney General in 1958. He held that office until 1964, and was known for supporting the rights of minorities. Mr. Mosk served as Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court from September 1, 1964 until his death, being elected to three consecutive 12-year terms. He was known for his liberal views, but also showed an independent streak.

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Don Diamond, 90
. U.S. actor. Mr. Diamond was skilled at dialects, and played Spanish and Mexican characters in numerous radio programs. He played El Toro in the television Western series The Adventures of Kit Carson (1951-1955) and played Crazy Cat in the comedy seriers F Troop (1965-1967). Mr. Diamond died from heart failure, 15 days after his 90th birthday.

Golf
Rory McIlroy shot a 3-under-par 69 in the final round to win the U.S. Open at Congressional Country Club Blue Course in Bethesda, Maryland with a 16-under-par total score of 268, 8 strokes ahead of Jason Day. Mr. McIlroy became just the third golfer, after Lee Trevino in 1968 and Lee Janzen in 1993, to score under par in all four rounds. First prize money was $1,440,000.

Friday, 18 June 2021

June 18, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Paul McCartney and Irma Tovar!

1,280 years ago
741


Died on this date
Leo III, 55 or 56
. Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, 717-741. Leo the Isaurian, born Konon, was a military commander who forced the abdication of Emperor Theodosios III in 717 and founded the Isaurian dynasty. He successfully defended the Empire against the invading Umayyads and forbade the veneration of icons. Emperor Leo III died of dropsy, and was succeeded by his son Constantine V.

730 years ago
1291


Died on this date
Alfonso III, 25
. King of Aragon; King of Valencia, 1285-1291. Alfonso III acceded to his thrones upon the death of his father Peter III. King Alfonso conquered Majorca (1285), Ibiza (1286), and Menorca (1287), but his reign was marred by a constitutional struggle with the Aragonese nobility. A marriage was arranged for Alfonso III to Princess Eleanor, daughter of King Edward I of England, but King Alfonso died before the marriage could take place, and was succeeded on his throne by his younger brother James II.

175 years ago
1846


Communications
The Toronto, Hamilton and Niagara Electro-Magnetic Telegraph Company was founded by D.S Harris and associates; it opened Canada's first telegraph system, from Toronto to Hamilton and Niagara Falls, on December 19, 1846.

160 years ago
1861


Canadiana
Prince Alfred continued his tour, arriving at Montreal from Quebec aboard the steamer Queen Victoria, and was driven to Isle Dorval, near Lachine, the summer residence of the Commander of the forces, General Fenwick Williams.

150 years ago
1871


Canadiana
The British Columbia Legislature heard Canada’s terms for entering Confederation, passed in both the House of Commons and the Senate without amendment, with Royal Assent on May 16. British Columbia entered Confederation on July 20.

140 years ago
1881


Born on this date
Zoltán Halmay
. Hungarian swimmer. Mr. Halmay competed in the Olympic Games of 1900, 1904, and 1908, winning two gold medals, four silver medals, and a bronze medal, and won a gold and silver medal in the 1906 Intercalated Games. All of his medals came in freestyle competition. Mr. Halmay also participated in other sports, such as rowing, football, and roller-skating, and died on May 20, 1956, 29 days before his 75th birthday.

130 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Mae Busch
. Australian-born U.S. actress. Miss Busch appeared in about 130 movies, but was best known for playing Oliver Hardy's shrewish wife in 13 Laurel and Hardy films. She died of colon cancer on April 20, 1946 at the age of 54.

125 years ago
1896


Born on this date
Blanche Sweet
. U.S. actress. Miss Sweet appeared in numerous movies during the silent film era, including Judith of Bethulia (1913) and Anna Christie (1923). She retired from acting after marrying actor Raymond Hackett, and died on September 6, 1986 at the age of 90.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Anastasia Nikolaevna
. Russian royal family member. Grand Duchess Anastasia Nikolaevna, the fourth and youngest daughter of Czar Nikolai II and Czarina Alexandra, was murdered at the age of 17 by Bolsheviks with her parents and siblings on July 17, 1918.

Llewellyn Rees. U.K. actor. Mr. Rees appeared in plays, films, and television programs. He appeared in movies such as Cromwell (1970); The Dresser (1983); and A Fish Called Wanda (1988), and appeared in television programs such as Doctor Who and Coronation Street. Mr. Rees died on January 7, 1994 at the age of 92.

110 years ago
1911


Baseball
Down 13-1 after 5½ innings, the Detroit Tigers came back to defeat the Chicago White Sox 16-15 before 10,111 fans at Bennett Park in Detroit, scoring 5 runs in the 8th and 3 in the 9th. Ty Cobb led the Tigers with 4 hits and 5 runs batted in—including 2 runs to tie the game in the bottom of the 9th inning—and scored the winning run on a 1-out double by Sam Crawford.

80 years ago
1941


War
Allied troops attacked Damascus after French forces rejected an ultimatum to surrender the city. Juan Bautista Rossetti, Chile's new Foreign Minister, said in an interview in Santiago that he was neutral in his attitude toward the European war.

Diplomacy
German Ambassador to Turkey Franz von Papen and Turkish Foreign Minister Shukru Saracoglu signed a 10-year friendship pact in Ankara.

Defense
Brazilian exporters in Rio de Janeiro disclosed that the government had banned the export of rubber, manganese ore, industrial diamonds, quartz, crystal, mica, and other vital defense materials to all countries except the United States. The U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee declared that Communists were chiefly responsible for the "widespread stoppages and delays" in the defense program, and recommended giving the President additional authority to seize strike-bound plants. The New York State Parole Board refused to release former German-American Bund leader Fritz Kuhn from prison because he was "a hazard to the public peace and security."

Economics and finance
A Japanese spokesman revealed that Japan demanded a right to share in the economic exploitation of the Netherlands East Indies and said that the Dutch reply was "very unsatisfactory."

Labour
At a White House meeting with A. Philip Randolph and other Negro leaders, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed to have an executive order drafted barring discrimination in defense plants.

Boxing
Joe Louis (50-1) retained his world heavyweight title with a knockout of former world light heavyweight champion Billy Conn (59-11-1) at 2:58 of the 13th round at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Conn, who weighed 174 pounds to 199½ for Mr. Louis, was ahead on the scorecards of two of the officials and even on the scorecard of the third after 12 rounds, but made the mistake of trying to slug it out with the heavyweight champion in the 13th round. The Brown Bomber hit the challenger with a left hook and then a hard right to knock him out.



75 years ago
1946


War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, the defense counsel for former German Chancellor Franz von Papen introduced evidence to show that Mr. Papen had participated in the July 20, 1944 assassination plot against German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler.

Diplomacy
A four-member subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee, which had toured Europe the previous fall, recommended "immediate abandonment of any semblance of appeasement" in U.S. relations with the U.S.S.R.

Terrorism
Jewish terrorists kidnapped five British officers from a Tel Aviv club and held them as hostages to prevent the execution of two Irgun Zvai Leumi members who had been condemned for attacking a British camp.

Labour
American Federation of Labor Secretary-Treasurer George Meany told a California Federation of Labor convention that the World Federation of Trade Unions (WFTU) was a Communist "worldwide fifth column organization."

70 years ago
1951


Defense
NATO Supreme Commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower named U.S. Admiral Robert Carney commander-in-chief of Allied forces in southern Europe and commander of Allied naval forces in the Mediterranean.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Export-Import Bank granted Belgium a $15.5-million loan to help develop the Belgian Congo, a leading uranium source. Belgium would spend $160 million on the project.

Business
The U.S. Federal Trade Commission dropped a four-year-old anti-trust suit against the American Iron and Steel Institute and 90 member producers after they agreed not to "cooperate" in fixing steel prices.

60 years ago
1961


On the radio
Gunsmoke, starring William Conrad, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Letter of the Law

This was the last episode of the series, ending its nine-year run on radio.

Died on this date
Eddie Gaedel, 36
. U.S. midget. Mr. Gaedel, 3’ 7” tall and 65 pounds, became famous on August 19, 1951 when he was sent up to bat as a pinch hitter for the St. Louis Browns in an American League baseball game against the Detroit Tigers at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis, and drew a base on balls. He died of a heart attack, 10 days after his 36th birthday, and several days after suffering a beating while walking home. For more on Mr. Gaedel, go here; here; here; and here.

Space
The 300-pound capsule that had gone into Earth orbit aboard the U.S. satellite Discoverer 25 two days earlier was ejected on radio signal and was recovered from the Pacific Ocean north of Hawaii by U.S. Navy skin divers. The capsule carried rare and common metals to permit study of the effects of space environment on them, and instruments to measure radiation and micrometeorite effects. It was the fifth U.S. capsule to be retrieved from orbit.

Terrorism
Bernard Jerome Brous, 51, and Dale Chris Jensen, 33, were seized in Ensenada, Baja California with two companions on a yacht carrying machine guns and hand grenades. They were charged with conspiracy in connection with blowing up microwave relay stations at Wendover, Nevada and Cedar Mountain Utah, and a cable repeating station at Knolls, Utah on May 28. The stations were 30 miles apart. The accused men were quoted as saying that they favoured nationalizing American utilities and that they were members of the American Republican Army, which they claimed was a more activist organization than the John Birch Society. Messrs. Brous and Jensen were extradited to San Diego.

Archaeology
Professor Antonio Flova, director of the antiquities department of northern Italy, announced that a University of Milan expedition had found the name of Pontius Pilate carved on a stone on the Mediterranean coast of Israel near Caesarea—the ancient capital of Roman Palestine—about 10 miles south of Haifa. Professor Flova reported that the name had been found three days earlier on a stone 31” X 23” in the ruins of a Roman amphitheatre. The stone had apparently been placed there when the building had been dedicated.

Baseball
Trailing the Washington Senators 12-5 with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, the Boston Red Sox rallied with 8 runs to win 13-12 in the first game of a doubleheader before 17,645 fans at Fenway Park. Willie Tasby hit a grand slam for the Senators in the top of the 9th, while Jim Pagliaroni hit a grand slam for the Red Sox in the bottom of the 9th. Rip Repulski grounded into a force play as a pinch hitter for the Red Sox in the 5th in the 928th and last game of his 9-year major league career. Mr. Pagliaroni homered to lead off the bottom of the 13th inning to give the Red Sox a 6-5 win in the second game to complete the sweep.

Third baseman Gene Freese batted 7 for 8 for the Cincinnati Reds as they swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Phillies 7-2 and 10-0 before 16,389 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Butterfly--Danyel Gérard (5th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 Funny Funny--Sweet
3 If Not for You--Olivia Newton-John
4 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity
5 Mozart: Symphony No. 40 In G Minor K.550 1° Movement (Allegro Molto)--Waldo de Los Rios
6 The Seagull's Name was Nelson--Des & Dawn
7 Vicki--Lance James
8 Long Days and Lonely Nights--Lincoln
9 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr

Singles entering the chart were I Am...I Said by Neil Diamond (#17); and Me and You and a Dog Named Boo by Lobo (#18).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 It's Too Late--Carole King
2 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
3 Never Ending Song of Love--Delaney & Bonnie & Friends
4 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
5 Double Lovin'--The Osmonds
6 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
7 Rainy Days and Mondays--Carpenters
8 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
9 Signs--Five Man Electrical Band
10 I Don't Know How to Love Him--Yvonne Elliman

Singles entering the chart were You've Got a Friend by James Taylor (#25); Resurrection Shuffle by Ashton, Gardner & Dyke (#26); Sweet City Woman by the Stampeders (#28); Want Ads by the Honey Cone (#29); and Here Comes that Rainy Day Feeling Again by the Fortunes (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Never Ending Song of Love--Delaney & Bonnie & Friends (2nd week at #1)
2 It's Too Late--Carole King
3 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
4 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
5 Signs--Five Man Electrical Band
6 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
7 Done Too Soon--Neil Diamond
8 High Time We Went--Joe Cocker
9 Rainy Days and Mondays--Carpenters
10 You're Gonna Miss Me--Wishbone

Singles entering the chart were Suzanne by Tom Northcott (#16, charting with its other side, Spaceship Races); How Can You Mend a Broken Heart by the Bee Gees (#26); He's Gonna Step on You Again by John Kongos (#27); Draggin' the Line by Tommy James (#28); Wait for the Miracle by the Cycle (#29); and Deep Enough for Me by Ocean (#30).

Died on this date
Paul Karrer, 82
. Russian-born Swiss chemist. Dr. Karrer shared the 1937 Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Walter Haworth, both of whom had conducted research on vitamins.

Thomas Gomez, 65. U.S. actor. Mr. Gomez appeared in plays, movies, and television programs in a career spanning more than 40 years. He was a character actor, often playing villains, receiving an Academy Award nomination for his supporting performance in Ride the Pink Horse (1947). His other movies included Sherlock Holmes and the Voice of Terror (1942); Key Largo (1948); and Force of Evil (1948). Mr. Gomez died 22 days before his 66th birthday, from injuries sustained in a car accident.

40 years ago
1981


Defense
The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk, the first operational aircraft to be designed around stealth technology, made its maiden flight, from Groom Lake ("Area 51"), Nevada.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (2-1) 23 @ Toronto (1-2) 16

30 years ago
1991


Died on this date
Joan Caulfield, 69
. U.S. actress. Miss Caulfield appeared in plays, movies, and television programs in a career spanning 40 years. She appeared in movies such as Monsieur Beaucaire (1946); Dear Ruth (1947); Welcome Stranger (1947); and The Unsuspected (1947), but was perhaps best known for co-starring in the television comedy series My Favorite Husband (1953-1955). Miss Caulfield died of cancer.

Defense
Canadian Finance Minister Michael Wilson suspended further exports of automatic arms to the Middle East for six months, pending a policy review by a House of Commons committee.

Politics and government
Québec gave Barrière Lake Algonquins band control of ancestral lands on the La Vérendrye reserve at Maniwaki.

20 years ago
2001


Scandal
Major League Baseball fired veteran umpire Al Clark, reportedly for using his MLB credit card to upgrade coach airline tickets for his wife Cynthia and himself after a rain-delayed game had caused them to miss their original flight.

Golf
Retief Goosen shot an even par 70 to finish 2 strokes ahead of Mark Brooks in an 18-hole playoff to win the U.S. Open at Southern Hills Country Club in Tulsa.



Football
CFL
Two days before they were to play their first pre-season game of the year, the Edmonton Eskimos fired Don Matthews as head coach and replaced him with Tom Higgins. Mr. Matthews, an assistant coach with the Eskimos from 1977-1982 and in 1989, had been a successful head coach in British Columbia and Toronto, but had failed to get the Eskimos past the Western semi-final in two seasons as head coach. The Eskimos were holding their training camp in 2001 at Edmonton Garrison.

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Yelena Bonner, 88
. U.S.S.R. dissident. Ms. Bonner, born Lusik Georgievna Alikhanova, served as a Red Army Nurse in World War II, joined the Soviet Communist Party in 1964, and married nuclear physicist Andrei Sakharov in 1972. The couple began to oppose the Soviet system; Dr. Sakharov was exiled to Gorky in 1980, and Ms. Bonner was exiled there in 1984. The couple conducted hunger strikes, and were eventually allowed to return to Moscow. Dr. Sakharov died in 1989, and Ms. Bonner continued to advocate for human rights in post-Soviet Russia. She divided her time between Moscow and the United States, and died in Boston from heart failure.

Clarence Clemons, 69. U.S. musician. Mr. Clemons played saxophone with Bruce Springsteen's E Street Band from 1972 until his death, six days after suffering a stroke. He played a major role in Mr. Springsteen's concerts, and performed on his own and with other artists. This blogger saw him live as a member of Ringo Starr's All-Starr Band in Edmonton on August 25, 1989. Mr. Clemons appeared as an actor in several movies and television programs.

Frederick Chiluba, 68. 2nd President of Zambia, 1991-2002. Mr. Chiluba helped to found the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD), and as its candidate, defeated incumbent Kenneth Kaunda in the 1991 presidential election. Mr. Chiluba initiated economic reforms to undo the socialist policies of Mr. Kaunda, and helped to broker a peace agreement in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo. However, he was criticized for failing to stop escalating crime and poverty in Zambia. Mr. Chiluba was re-elected in 1996 and survived a coup attempt in 1997, to which he responded by declaring a state of emergency and jailing, without charges, political opponents suspected of involvement in the coup. He failed to get the constitution amended to allow him to run for a third term in office, and left office after two terms. Mr. Chiluba and several of his government officials were charged with theft in 2003; he was convicted by an English court in 2007, but acquitted by a Zambian court in 2009. Mr. Chiluba died after complaining of a stomach ache.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (0-1) 12 @ Toronto (1-0) 31

Wednesday, 16 June 2021

June 17, 2021

520 years ago
1501


Died on this date
Jan I, 41
. King of Poland, 1492-1501. Jan I acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Casimir IV; his reign included unsuccessful military efforts against the Ottoman Turks. King Jan I was succeeded by his brother Aleksander I.

425 years ago
1596


Exploration
Dutch explorer Willem Barentsz discovered the Arctic archipelago of Spitsbergen.

390 years ago
1631


Born on this date
Gauhar Ara Begum
. Mughal princess. Princess Gauhar Ara was the 14th and youngest child of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan and Empress Mumtaz Mahal. Princess Gauhar Ara died in 1706 at the age of 74 or 75.

Died on this date
Mumtaz Mahal, 38
. Empress consort of the Mughal Empire, 1628-1631. Mumtaz Mahal, born Arjumand Banu Begum, married the future Emperor Shah Jahan in 1612, and became Empress consort upon his accession to the throne in 1628. The couple had 14 children, but Empress Mumtaz Mahal died giving birth to Princess Gauhar Ara. A grieving Emperor Shah Jahan had the Taj Mahal built in Agra as a tomb for Empress Mumtaz Mahal.

250 years ago
1771


Died on this date
Daskalogiannis, 40-49
. Greek rebel leader. Daskalogiannis, born Ioannis Vlachos, was a wealthy shipbuilder and shipowner who led a Cretan revolt against Ottoman rule in the spring of 1770. The revolt was unsuccessful because promised Russian support failed to arrive, and Daskalogiannis surrendered with 70 of his men. He was tortured, skinned alive, and executed, reportedly suffering the torture in silence.

210 years ago
1811


Born on this date
Jón Sigurðsson
. Icelandic politician. Mr. Sigurðsson led the movement for Icelandic independence from Denmark in the 19th century. He represented Ísafjörður in the Althing from 1844 until his death, served several terms as President of the Althing, and was Speaker of the Althing from 1875-1877. Mr. Sigurðsson died on December 7, 1879 at the age of 68; his birthday, June 17, is Iceland's national holiday.

160 years ago
1861


Born on this date
Pete Browning
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Browning was an outfielder with seven major league clubs from 1882-1894, batting .341 with 46 home runs and 659 runs batted in in 1,183 games. He was a native of Louisville, and played with the Louisville Eclipse/Colonels of the American Association (1882-1889) and National League (1892-1893), and was the AA batting champion n 1882 and 1885. The Hillerich & Bradsby company made his bats; both Mr. Browning and the bats were nicknamed "Louisville Slugger." He won the Players League batting title with the Cleveland Infants in 1890, the only year of the PL's existence. Mr. Browning was a terrible defensive player, which may be why he isn't in the Baseball Hall of Fame. He suffered from lifelong mastoiditis, which resulted in near-total deafness and virtual illiteracy. Mr. Browning tried to numb the pain with alcohol, and was occasionally drunk on the field. He was also known to patronize prostitutes, which may have resulted in paresis. Mr. Browning was committed to a lunatic asylum in June 1905, but was released two weeks later. A month later, he was hospitalized, and died on September 10, 1905 at the age of 44 from "asthenia" (a general weakening of the body), which included mastoiditis; cirrhosis of the liver; cancer; and paresis.

War
Union Army forces suffered 8 dead and 4 killed, while the Confederate Army suffered no casualties in the Battle of Vienna, Virginia, a minor skirmish in the American Civil War.

150 years ago
1871


Born on this date
James Weldon Johnson
. U.S. writer and civil rights activist. Mr. Johnson was a major figure in the "Harlem Renaissance"-- a novelist, poet, songwriter, lawyer, and diplomat. He was involved with the National Assocation for the Advancement of Colored People from 1916 through the 1930s, and died nine on June 26, 1938, days after his 67th birthday.

Married on this date
P.T. Barnum Circus giants Anna Swan of Nova Scotia, 7'11" (2.41 metres) and Martin Bates of Kentucky, 7'11" (2.41 metres) became the world's tallest married couple, after becoming engaged during a translatlantic voyage. The wedding took place in St. Martins-in-the Fields Church in London, and Mr. Barnum's publicist told the press that Queen Victoria had provided the wedding dress, as well as two extra-large diamond-studded gold watches.

Education
The New Brunswick Assembly passed the Common Schools Act, establishing separate schools.

140 years ago
1881


Born on this date
Tommy Burns
. Canadian boxer. Born Noah Brusso near Hanover, Ontario, Mr. Burns won a 20-round decision over Marvin Hart on February 23, 1906 to become the first Canadian to win the world heavyweight championship. He succesfully defended the title 11 times before losing a one-sided match against American Negro Jack Johnson in Sydney, Australia on December 26, 1908. Mr. Burns posted a lifetime record as a professional of 46-4-8. He became an evangelist in later years and died of a heart attack in Vancouver, British Columbia on May 10, 1955 at the age of 73.

130 years ago
1891


Baseball
In an American Association game at Union Park in Baltimore, the Washington Statesmen scored 14 runs in the top of the 1st inning, and the Orioles scored 5 in the bottom of the inning. The Statesmen barely held on to win 20-19.

120 years ago
1901


Academia
The U.S. College Entrance Examination Board introduced its first standardized test, the forerunner to the Scholastic Aptitude Test.

Golf
Willie Anderson defeated Alex Smith 85-86 in an 18-hole playoff to win the U.S. Open at Myopia Hunt Club in South Hamilton, Massachusetts. First prize money was $200.

90 years ago
1931


Baseball
30 years after umpiring the American League’s first game as a major league, Tommy Connolly retired as an active umpire to become the AL’s supervisor of umpires.

80 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Johan Wagenaar, 78
. Dutch composer. Mr. Wagenaar was an organist, and he wrote works for organ, as well as operas, cantatas, and orchestral works.

War
British planes attacked Nazi air bases in the Boulogne area of France, and bombed the German Rhineland area for the seventh succesive night. British forces withdrew from the Fort Capuzzo-Solum area of Libya.

Diplomacy
Paraguayan Foreign Minister Luis Argana and Brazilian Foreign Minister Dr. Oswaldo Atanha signed 10 treaties in Rio de Janeiro covering commerce, transport, and cultural relations between the countries.

The U.S. Justice and Treasury Departments ordered customs officials to prevent any of the 330,000 German nationals in the United States from leaving the country "pending further instructions."

Defense
U.S. Defense Oil Coordinator Harold Ickes advised 32 Atlantic shippers to halt all shipments of petroleum products abroad without first consulting his office.

Religion
An agreement between the Vatican and the Spanish government was published in Madrid, under which the Roman Catholic Church regained virtually all of its former power to appoint the hierarchy and lower clergy.

Economics and finance
The German government reported that it had protested the closing of German consulates in the United States, and said that "necessary measures" had been ordered against $450 million in American property in Germany.

Japanese-Dutch trade negotiations in Batavia broke down.

Labour
Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies said that strikes and lockouts in war industries would be forbidden.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (5th week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
3 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
4 All Through the Day--Frank Sinatra
--Perry Como
5 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
6 Cement Mixer (Put-ti Put-ti)--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Charlie Barnet and his Orchestra
7 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
8 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
9 Sioux City Sue--Bing Crosby and the Jesters
10 It Couldn't Be True! (Or Could It?)--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra

No new singles entered the chart.

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Art Gilmore, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Murder of Gregory Hood

War
U.S. Prosecutor Joseph Keenan of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East said that a "high political level" decision had been made not to try Japanese Emperor Hirohito for war crimes during World War II. Maria Quisling, widow of Norwegian wartime Fascist leader Vidkun Quisling, was acquitted of collaboration with the Nazis during World War II.

Fighting between Zionists and British troops resulted in the deathsof nine Jews and the destruction of the Palestine Railway's central workshops in Haifa.

Diplomacy
The Thai parliament authorized the government to take the border dispute with French Indochina to the United Nations Security Council.

Politics and government
The Iranian government appointed Salamollah Javid, a Communist, as Governor of Azerbaijan.

Protest
Panamanian high school and university students went on strike, demanding educational reform and the resignation of Education Minister Jose Crespo.

Agriculture
The Allied Control Council agreed on a rural land reform program for Japan under which surplus lands would be made available to small farmers.

Academia
A Texas court ordered the University of Texas to admit Herman Sweatt, a Negro, as a law student, but suspended action for six months to allow the state to create a law school in the state-owned Negro university.

Disasters
A tornado hit Windsor, Ontario, killing 16 and injuring hundreds.

60 years ago
1951


On the radio
Mr. Moto, starring James Monks, on NBC (East Coast)
Tonight’s episode: The Bazaloff Papers

Four days earlier NBC’s west coast stations had broadcast the episode as The Kuriloff Papers.

War
U.S. forces abandoned the North Korean city of Pyongyang in the "Iron Triangle."

Politics and government
The Rassemblement du peuple français (Rally of the French People) (RPF), led by Jacques Soustelle, took the largest number of seats--121 of 625--in the National Assembly in the French general election. It was the first election for the RPF, which was founded by Charles de Gaulle in 1947. The Section française de l'Internationale ouvrière (French Section of the Workers' International) (SFIO), led by Guy Mollet, was next with 107 seats, an increase of 5 from the most recent election in 1946. The SFIO total was the largest for the four-party "Third Force" coalition, which remained in power with 388 seats. The Communist Party, led by Maurice Thorez, was third with 103 seats, and received the largest number of votes.

Labour
The U.S. Labor Department reported that 18,946,000 women were in the U.S. labour force, while 37,909,000 women of working age were not in the labour force. A U.S. Senate Small Business subcommittee reported that small companies unable to get defense work were the worst sufferers from the current labour shortage.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Runaway--Del Shannon (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Il mondo di Suzie Wong--Nico Fidenco

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wheels (Vier Schimmel, ein Wagen)--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Surrender--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Travelin’ Man--Ricky Nelson (2nd week at #1)
2 Running Scared--Roy Orbison
3 Stand by Me—Ben E. King
4 Moody River—Pat Boone
5 Raindrops—Dee Clark
6 The Boll Weevil Song—Brook Benton
7 Quarter to Three—U.S. Bonds
8 I Feel So Bad--Elvis Presley
9 Daddy’s Home—Shep and the Limelites
10 Hello Walls—Faron Young

Singles entering the chart were Hats Off to Larry by Del Shannon (#58); Te-Ta-Te-Ta-Ta by Ernie K-Doe (#66); I’m Comin’ on Back to You by Jackie Wilson (#69); Life is But a Dream by the Earls (#92); The Lonely Crowd by Teddy Vann (#97); San Antonio Rose by Floyd Cramer (#99); Right or Wrong by Wanda Jackson (#100); You Can’t Sit Down, Part 2 by the Phil Upchurch Combo (also #100); and Should I by the String-A-Longs (also #100). Should I was the other side of Take a Minute, which was not on the chart.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 I'm Gonna Knock on Your Door--Eddie Hodges (3rd week at #1)
2 Fallen Idol--Ken Lyon
3 Dance On Little Girl--Paul Anka
4 Barbara-Ann--The Regents
5 Girl of My Best Friend--Ral Donner
6 Ring of Fire--Duane Eddy
7 Heart and Soul--Jan and Dean
8 Love Hurts--Roy Orbison
9 Moody River--Pat Boone
10 Raindrops--Dee Clark

Singles entering the chart were Hats Off to Larry by Del Shannon (#15); Don't You Sweetheart Me by Bobby Curtola (#31); A Million Teardrops by Conway Twitty (#36); Classmate by the Beau-Marks (#39); Never on Sunday by the Chordettes (#43); Dum Dum by Brenda Lee (#44); Sad Eyes (Don't You Cry) by the Echoes (#46); Stand by Me by Ben E. King (#48); Skin Tight, Pin Striped, Purple Pedal Pushers by Sheb Wooley (#49); and Tossin' and Turnin' by Bobby Lewis (#50).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 I'm Gonna Knock on Your Door--Eddie Hodges (2nd week at #1)
2 Fallen Idol--Ken Lyon
3 Barbara-Ann--The Regents
4 Ring of Fire--Duane Eddy
5 Moody River--Pat Boone
6 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon
7 Temptation--The Everly Brothers
8 Sea of Heartbreak--Don Gibson
9 Lil' Ole Me--Cornbread and Jerry
10 The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton

Singles entering the chart were Daydreams by Jonny Crawford (#22); Dum Dum by Brenda Lee (#31); Yellow Bird, with versions by the Arthur Lyman Group; and Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra (#32); Skin Tight, Pin Striped, Purple Pedal Pushers by Sheb Wooley (#37); A Million Teardrops by Conway Twitty (#39); and Don't You Sweetheart Me by Bobby Curtola (#40).

Died on this date
Jeff Chandler, 42
. U.S. actor. Mr. Chandler, born Ira Grossel, was known for his gray hair and handsome features. He starred in The Adventures of Michael Shayne and played Mr. Boynton in the comedy series Our Miss Brooks (1948-1952) on radio, but was better known for movie roles. Mr. Chandler was nominated for an Academy Award for his supporting performance as Cochise in Broken Arrow (1950), and played Cochise again in The Battle at Apache Pass (1952). He injured his back while playing baseball during a break in filming Merrill's Marauders (1962), and later underwent surgery for a spinal disc herniation. Severe hemorrhaging resulted in death from a blood infection and pneumonia; an investigation ruled that Mr. Chandler's death was the result of malpractice.

World events
Rudolf Nureyev, 23, principal dancer of the Kirov Ballet, escaped Soviet guards at Paris’s Le Bourget Airport and asked for asylum in France.

Golf
Gene Littler won the U.S. Open at Oakland Hills Country Club (South Course) in Birmingham, Michigan, shooting a 2-under par 68 in the final round to finish with a 1-over par score of 281, one stroke better than Bob Goalby and Doug Sanders. First prize money was $14,000. Jack Nicklaus, still playing as an amateur, tied with Mike Souchak for fourth place, 3 strokes behind Mr. Littler.



50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Here's to You--Joan Baez (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
A U.S.-Japanese treaty was signed under which the U.S.A. agreed to return to Japan the island of Okinawa, the other islands in the Ryuku group, and the Daito islands.

Baseball
The Oakland Athletics sold first baseman Ramon Webster to the Chicago Cubs. Mr. Webster was batting 0 for 5 in 7 games with Oakland and 0 for 1 with a run batted in in 2 games with the Iowa Oaks of the AAA American Association in 1971.

Don Kessinger batted 6 for 6 and led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a single and scored from second base on a 1-out single by Ron Santo to give the Chicago Cubs a 7-6 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 22,749 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Burt Hooton made his major league debut as the Cubs' starting pitcher, allowing 3 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 3.1 innings, walking 5 batters and striking out 2, bunting into a force play in his only plate appearance. Danny Breeden caught the 8th and 9th innings for Chicago, making 1 putout in the 28th and last game of his 2-year major league career.

After giving up 3 runs in the top of the 11th inning, the Minnesota Twins came back with 4 in the bottom of the inning to edge the Chicago White Sox 7-6 before 11,072 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota. George Mitterwald singled home Tony Oliva with the winning run with his fourth hit of the game, with 2 out.

40 years ago
1981


Died on this date
Zerna Sharp, 91
. U.S. teacher and authoress. Miss Sharp was an elementary school teacher and principal who created the Dick and Jane series of readers for children that were published, with various revisions, from 1930-1965.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Anata ni aete yokatta (あなたに会えてよかった)--Kyōko Koizumi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ring Ring Ring (Ha Ha Hey)--De La Soul (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wind of Change--Scorpions (3rd week at #1)

Society
The South African Parliament repealed the Population Registration Act, which required racial classification of all South Africans at birth.

Golf
Payne Stewart defeated Scott Simpson in an 18-hole playoff to win the U.S. Open at Hazeltine National Golf Club in Chaska, Minnesota. Mr. Stewart shot a 3-over-par 75, two strokes ahead of Mr. Simpson. The two were tied with 6-under-par scores of 282 after 4 rounds, three strokes ahead of Fred Couples and Larry Nelson. First prize money was $235,000.



Baseball
Tim Wallach singled home Marquis Grissom with 1 out in the bottom of the 16th inning to give the Montreal Expos a 3-2 win over the Houston Astros before 10,523 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

Dale Murphy's solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning broke a 3-3 tie and gave the Philadelphia Phillies a 4-3 win over the Atlanta Braves before 18,517 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. The Phillies tied the game in the 5th inning when starting pitcher Tommy Greene led off with his first major league home run.

Randy Milligan doubled home Brady Anderson and Cal Ripken, Jr. with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to climax a 3-run rally and give the Baltimore Orioles a 6-5 win over the Minnesota Twins before 25,600 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Minnesota relief pitcher Rick Aguilera (2-3) intentionally walked Mr. Ripken in order to pitch to Mr. Milligan.

Don August (5-2) pitched a 5-hit shutout, and the Milwaukee Brewers scored all their runs in the 5th inning as they blanked the Oakland Athletics 5-0 before 20,431 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

Steve Buechele scored on an infield single by Gary Pettis with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Texas Rangers a 10-9 win over the Kansas City Royals before 30,448 fans at Arlington Stadium. The Royals led 9-4 after 7½ innings, but the Rangers rallied for 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th, and Ruben Sierra singled home 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to tie the game.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La danza de los 40 limones--Juan Antonio Canta (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Macarena--Los Del Rio (3rd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
2 Old Man & Me (When I Get to Heaven)--Hootie & the Blowfish
3 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip
4 The Only Thing that Looks Good on Me is You--Bryan Adams
5 You Learn--Alanis Morissette
6 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
7 Fastlove--George Michael
8 Everything Falls Apart--Dog's Eye View
9 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
10 Work it Out--Def Leppard

Singles entering the chart were Imelda by Mark Knopfler (#86); The Good Catches Up by Lawrence Gowan (#91); The Good in Everyone by Sloan (#93); Inside by Patti Rothberg (#94); Paste by Pluto (#95); Who Will Save Your Soul by Jewel (#96); Astroplane by BKS (#97); and All Along by Blessid Union of Souls (#98).

Politics and government
Sheila Copps (Liberal--Hamilton–Wentworth) was re-elected to the House of Commons in a by-election; she had resigned after promising to do so if the Liberal government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien reneged on its 1993 election campaign promise to abolish the Goods and Services Tax (GST).

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Donald J. Cram, 82
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Cram shared the 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Jean-Marie Lehn and Charles J. Pedersen "for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity." They founded of the field of host–guest chemistry.

Thomas Winning, 76. U.K. clergyman. Cardinal Winning was Roman Catholic Archbishop of Glasgow (1974-2001), and was elevated to the cardinalate in 1994. He died following a heart attack, and was succeeded by Mario Conti.

Golf
Mark Brooks and Retief Goosen were tied for the lead with 4-under-par total scores of 276 after four rounds of the U.S. Open at Southern Hills Country Club in Tulsa, necessitating an 18-hole playoff the following day.

10 years ago
2011


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Edmonton (0-1) 22 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 23

June 16, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Glory Bella and Oksana!

275 years ago
1746


War
Austrian and Sardinia forces defeated a Franco-Spanish army in the Battle of Piacenza in northern Italy.

210 years ago
1811


War
Survivors of an attack the previous day by Tla-o-qui-aht (Nootka) Indians on board the Pacific Fur Company's ship Tonquin intentionally detonated a powder magazine on the ship, destroying it and killing about 100 attackers.

175 years ago
1846


Religion
The Papal conclave of 1846 elected Cardinal Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, who took the name Pope Pius IX, beginning the longest reign (32 years) in the history of the papacy. He replaced Gregory XVI, who had died on June 1.

150 years ago
1871


Academia
The Universities Tests Act 1871 allowed students to enter the universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests (except for those intending to study theology).

125 years ago
1896


Born on this date
Murray Leinster
. U.S. author. Mr. Leinster, whose real name was William Fitzgerald Jenkins, wrote more than 1,500 short stories and novels, 14 movie scripts, and hundreds of radio and television scripts, mainly in the genre of science fiction, in a career spanning more than 50 years. He also invented the front projection process used in movie special effects. Mr. Jenkins died on June 8, 1975, eight days before his 79th birthday.

110 years ago
1911


Business
The forerunner of International Business Machines was incorporated in Endicott, New York as the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company.

80 years ago
1941


Television
The National Broadcasting Company applied to the U.S. Federal Communications Commission for permission to establish commercial stations in New York, Washington, and Philadelphia.

War
Allied forces drove north on the Lebanese coast to within 10 miles of Beirut; naval battles off the coast were reported.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. ordered Germany to close all 24 of her consulates in the United States in the United States, as well as the German Library of Information in New York; the German Railway and Tourist Agencies; and Transocean News Service by July 10, 1941, becaude they allegedly engaged in activities "of an improper and unwarranted character."

Defense
A Brazilian embassy official in Washington said that the United States and Brazil were negotiating in Rio de Janeiro for the construction of air bases on the Brazilian coast. Because of the current shortage, U.S. Defense Oil Coordinator Harold Ickes prevented the shipment of 252,000 gallons of lubricating oil to Japan. Mr. Ickes declared that if the European war was lost, "it may be because of the recalcitrance of the Aluminum Company of America." He accused Alcoa of seeking absolute control of all aluminum sources in the United States. U.S. Senator Patrick McCarran (Democrat--Nevada) introduced a bill providing for a separate air force.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Treasury Department revealed that the funds of the German-American Bund and other Fascist organizations had been frozen at the order of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Boxing
Lou Salica (54-11-12) retained his world bantamweight title with a unanimous 15-round decision over Tommy Forte (41-9-2) at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

75 years ago
1946


War
At his trial in Belgrade on war crimes charges, Yugoslavian Chetnik leader Draja Mikhailovich denied all personal responsibility for the 23,000 murders charged by the prosecution against the Chetniks.

Diplomacy
The Jewish Agency for Palestine declared that the Palestine Inquiry Commission's plan for Jewish immigration should be implemeted immediately, but that creation of a Jewish state was the only "just" solution to the Palestine problem.

Politics and government
British Viceroy of India Sir Archibald Wavell invited 14 Indian leaders representing all groups to serve in an interim government, as further negotiations for Indian independence broke down.

Science
The Federation of American Scientists announced the formation of a "Committee for Foreighin Correspondence" to promote "worldwide exchange of information."

Economics and finance
U.K. Food Minister John Strachey said that Britain had reached "the limit" in aiding starving nations.

Business
U.S. Attorney General Tom Clark approved the sale of a $200-million government steel plant in Geneva, Utah to U.S. Steel for about $47.5 million.

Labour
Ford Motor Company ended a five-week shutdown in Detroit, recalling 65,000 workers.

Golf
Lloyd Mangrum defeated Byron Nelson and Vic Ghezzi in two 18-hole playoff rounds to win the U.S. Open at Canterbury Golf Club in Beachwood, Ohio. The three were tied with 4-under-par scores of 284 after 4 rounds, and all shot even par 73s in the first playoff round on Sunday morning. On Sunday afternoon, Mr. Mangrum shot 72 again, one stroke ahead of Messrs. Nelson and Ghezzi. First prize money was $1,500, and each of the playoff competitors received a bonus of $333. For Mr. Mangrum, it was his only victory in a major tournament.



70 years ago
1951


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Aba Daba Honeymoon--Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford (Best Seller--8th week at #1; Disc Jockey--8th week at #1; Jukebox--7th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford
2 Too Young--Nat "King" Cole
3 On Top of Old Smoky--The Weavers and Terry Gilkyson
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
4 Mockin’ Bird Hill--Les Paul and Mary Ford
--Patti Page
5 Sound Off (The Duckworth Chant)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
6 Jezebel--Frankie Laine
7 I Apologize--Billy Eckstine
8 Mister and Mississippi--Patti Page
--Dennis Day
9 Rose, Rose, I Love You--Frankie Laine
10 Unless--Eddie Fisher
--Guy Mitchell

Singles entering the chart were My Resistance is Low by Hoagy Carmichael (#32); These Things I Offer You (For a Lifetime) by Sarah Vaughan (#34); and I’m in Love Again by Henri Rene and his Orchestra featuring April Stevens (#38).

Died on this date
Andy Strong, 23
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Strong was a rookie center fielder with the Crowley Millers of the Class C Evangeline League, batting .339 in 16 games. He had taken his position to begin the bottom of the 6th inning of a game at Alexandria, Louisiana against the Aces, when he was struck by lightning and killed instantly. The game had just resumed after a delay because of a thunderstorm.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. became the 12th nation to ratify the Organization of American States charter when President Harry Truman signed the document in Washington.

Health
The U.S. Public Health Service issued the report of a conference of state dental directors which claimed that fluoridation of public water reduced tooth decay by two-thirds.

Golf
Ben Hogan shot a 3-under-par 67 on the final round at Oakland Hills Country Club in Birmingham, Michigan to win the U.S. Open for the second straight year, finishing with a 7-over-par total score of 287, 2 strokes ahead of Clayton Heafner. First prize money was $4,000.





60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Surrender--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Louy K: Part 4 Heydays of the Organization

Died on this date
Benny Bowcock, 81
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Bowcock was a second baseman who played 14 games with the St. Louis Browns (1903), batting .320 with 1 home run and 10 runs batted in. He hit .269 in 1,524 games in 14 seasons in the minor leagues (1902-1915), including 10 years with the Fall River Indians of the New England League.

Chuck Miller, 71. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Miller was an outfielder who batted .188 with no home runs and 3 runs batted in in 40 games with the St. Louis Cardinals (1913-1914). He played at least 877 games in 10 seasons in the minor leagues (1909-1924).

Mack Hillis, 59. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hillis played second base with the New York Yankees (1924) and Pittsburgh Pirates (1928), batting .243 with 1 home run and 7 runs batted in in 12 games. He played at least 802 games in 10 seasons in the minor leagues (1922-1934).

Space
The U.S.A. launched Discoverer 25, a satellite and capsule whose mission was to test improvements of orbital period controls, from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California.

Baseball
Lew Krausse, Jr. (1-0), who had just graduated from high school, made his major league debut as a pitcher with the Kansas City Athletics, giving up just 3 hits, walking 5, striking out 6, and batting 2 for 3 with a sacrifice as the Athletics blanked the Los Angeles Angels 4-0 before 25,869 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Mr. Krausse's father had pitched in the major leagues and had ended his career with a shutout for the Philadelphia Athletics in 1932.

The Boston Red Sox scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 3rd inning and 8 in the 4th as they came back from a 6-0 deficit to defeat the Washington Senators 14-9 before 14,081 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Gary Geiger, Carl Yastrzemski, and Vic Wertz each drove in 3 runs for Boston.

The Cincinnati Reds scored all their runs in the 8th inning as they beat the Philadelphia Phillies 4-1 before 10,508 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Don Demeter hit a home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th to give Philadelphia a 1-0 lead. Ken Hunt (7-3) allowed 3 hits in 7 innings to get the win.

Billy Williams hit a grand slam in the 3rd inning and his Chicago Cubs scored 5 more runs in the 4th as they beat the San Francisco Giants 12-6 before 20,622 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

Lou Burdette (5-5) pitched a 5-hitter and hit a solo home run in the 5th inning to open the scoring, outduelling Sandy Koufax as the Milwaukee Braves edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-1 before 32,860 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Mr. Koufax (9-3) allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 6.1 innings, with 8 strikeouts.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Did What I Did for Maria--Tony Christie

Died on this date
John Reith, 1st Baron Reith, 81
. U.K. broadcast executive. Lord Reith joined the British Broadcasting Company, Ltd. as its general manager in 1922, and became its managing director in 1923. In 1927 he became Director-General of the British Broadcasting Corporation, and held the position until 1938. Lord Reith established the tradition of independent public broadcasting in the United Kingdom. He served as Britain's Minister of Information under Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, and as Minister of Transport under Prime Minister Winston Churchill during World War II.

Steve Partenheimer, 79. U.S. baseball player and businessman. Dr. Partenheimer played third base at Amherst College (1910-1913) before playing 1 game with the Detroit Tigers, batting 0 for 2 with a hit by pitch and making 3 assists and an error on June 28, 1913. He then played 3 years in the New York State League. Dr. Partenheimer obtained a doctorate from Columbia University and spent 50 years in the tire business. While working with Mansfield Tire & Rubber Company, he was credited with developing a "run flat" tire that allowed military combat vehicles to run at high speed even after being punctured by bullets or shellfire.

Politics and government
The Polynesian Panther Party was founded in Auckland by six young Pacific Islanders. The group included Samoans, Tongans, Cook Islanders, and a few Māori. Many were university students.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos traded infielder Jimy Williams to the New York Mets for infielder Tony Canzano. Mr. Williams had played in 43 games for the Winnipeg Whips of the AAA International League, but had been suspended for a week. Mr. Canzano had played in 19 games with the Tidewater Tides of the International League. Mr. Williams was assigned to Tidewater, Mr. Canzano to Winnipeg.

Bill Stoneman (9-4) allowed just 1 hit--a single by Cito Gaston with 1 out in the 7th inning--and singled home Clyde Mashore with the second run of a 2-run 5th inning as the Montreal Expos shut out the San Diego Padres 2-0 before 23,623 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. Mr. Stoneman struck out 14 batters and walked just 1. Losing pitcher Dave Roberts (5-6) allowed 8 hits in a complete game.

Pete Rose led off the game with a single, advanced to second base on a ground out by Hal McRae, and scored on a single by Lee May for the game's only run as the Cincinnati Reds edged the St. Louis Cardinals 1-0 before 19,232 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Don Gullett (7-2) pitched a 4-hitter to outduel Al Santorini (0-3), who allowed 6 hits in 8 innings.

After Rod Carew tripled to lead off the top of the 9th inning, Cesar Tovar singled him home and eventually scored on a sacrifice fly by Rich Reese as the Minnesota Twins broke a 1-1 tie and held on to defeat the Cleveland Indians 2-1 before 6,220 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The Indians scored a run in the bottom of the 9th and had runners on first and second bases with 1 out, but Stan Williams relieved Tom Hall (3-4) and retired pinch hitter Frank Baker on a popup to second base and Ray Fosse on a fly ball to left field to end the game.

Ed Brinkman scored Cesar Gutierrez with a sacrifice fly and Aurelio Rodriguez scored Gates Brown with a sacrifice bunt as the Detroit Tigers scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to offset the go-ahead run in the top of the 8th and defeated the Chicago White Sox 6-5 before 18,799 fans at Tiger Stadium. Walt Williams doubled with 2 out in the 9th, but pinch hitter Lee Richard flied out to right field to end the game.

The Oakland Athletics hit 5 solo home runs and Vida Blue (14-2) pitched a 6-hitter with 8 strikeouts as the Athletics beat the Washington Senators 5-1 before 19,893 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mike Epstein hit home runs his first 2 times at bat, giving him a record-tying 4 straight over 2 games. Joe Rudi also homered in his first 2 at bats, and Dave Duncan hit the other Oakland home run. The homers were the only hits against Denny McLain (4-12), who lasted just 3 innings. Washington second baseman Lenny Randle batted 1 for 4 and made 3 assists in his first major league game.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Medley--Stars on 45 (3rd week at #1)
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
4 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
5 Nobody Wins--Elton John
6 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
7 I Love You--Climax Blues Band
8 This Little Girl--Gary U.S. Bonds
9 Another One Rides the Bus--"Weird Al" Yankovic
10 Winning--Santana

Singles entering the chart were Modern Girl by Sheena Easton (#14); A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do) by Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio (#16); The One that You Love by Air Supply (#19); and She Wants to Know by Lisa Dal Bello (#20).

Americana
U.S. President Ronald Reagan awarded the Congressional Gold Medal to Ken Taylor, Canada's former Ambassador to Iran, for helping six Americans escape from Iran during the hostage crisis of 1979–1981; he was the first foreign citizen bestowed the honour.

Business
Chicago Cubs' owner Bill Wrigley announced his plan to sell the National League baseball team to the Chicago Tribune Company for $20.5 million, ending 65 years of ownership of the Cubs by the Wrigley family.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Saskatchewan (1-2) 1 @ Edmonton (3-0) 17

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I'll Do 4 U--Father MC featuring Mary J. Blige (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Ring Ring Ring (Ha Ha Hey)--De La Soul

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher
2 Jesus Loves You--Bow Down Mister
3 Joyride--Roxette
4 How to Dance--Bingoboys featuring Princessa
5 Bobby Brown--Frank Zappa
6 Secret Love--Bee Gees
7 Wind of Change--Scorpions
8 The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes
9 Last Train to Trancentral--The KLF
10 Blue System--Lucifer

Singles entering the chart were Last Train to Trancentral; and Ring Ring Ring (Ha Ha Hey) by De La Soul (#20).

Died on this date
Lanny Harris, 51
. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Harris came to the National League as a replacement umpire during the strike of regular umpires in 1979, and worked 851 games until he was fired after the 1985 season. He died of a brain tumour.

Leslie Mahaffy, 14. Canadian murder victim. Miss Mahaffy was a Grade 9 student at M.M. Robinson High School in Burlington, Ontario. She was kidnapped by Paul Bernardo, and strangled to death after 24 hours of rape and abuse by Mr. Bernardo and Karla Homolka.

Diplomacy
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney held a joint news conference in Deidesheim, Germany with German Chancellor Helmut Kohl. Mr. Mulroney wanted more aid to the U.S.S.R., and expressed concern over the possibility of Québec separatiing from Canada.

Golf
Payne Stewart and Scott Simpson were tied for the lead after four rounds of the U.S. Open at Hazeltine National Golf Club in Chaska, Minnesota, necessitating an 18-hole playoff round the following day.



Baseball
Otis Nixon of the Atlanta Braves stole 6 bases to tie the major league single-game record of Eddie Collins, who had done it twice in 1912. The Braves lost 7-6 to the Montreal Expos.

The Cincinnati Reds scored a run in the 8th inning and 2 unearned runs in the 9th to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 8-6 before 41,905 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

The Baltimore Orioles scored 5 runs in the top of the 7th inning to break an 8-8 tie as they defeated the Toronto Blue Jays 13-8 before 50,273 fans at SkyDome in Toronto.

Tom Bolton (6-4) and Jeff Reardon combined for a 6-hit shutout to win the pitching matchup over Kirk McCaskill as the Boston Red Sox defeated the California Angels 2-0 before 32,433 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. McCaskill allowed 7 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings in pitching a complete game. Boston third baseman Wade Boggs singled home both runs in the 5th inning.

The Minnesota Twins scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th inning to defeat the Cleveland Indians 4-2 before 20,725 fans at Cleveland Stadium.

The Kansas City Royals scored 8 runs in the top of the 2nd inning as they beat the Chicago White Sox 9-4 before 42,074 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Greg Vaughn hit a grand slam with none out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Milwaukee Brewers an 11-7 win over the Oakland Athletics before 28,774 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

Steve Buechele doubled to lead off the bottom of the 15th inning and scored on a 1-out double by Mario Diaz to give the Texas Rangers a 4-3 win over the New York Yankees before 37,691 fans at Arlington Stadium.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Coco Jamboo--Mr. President

#1 single in Switzerland: Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Scotland (OCC): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Mel Allen, 83
. U.S. sportscaster. Mr. Allen, born Melvin Allen Israel, was known as the radio--and later, television--voice of the New York Yankees from 1939-1964 (except for several years during World War II) and 1976-1985. He also broadcast home games of the New York Giants (1939-1940, 1942); Milwaukee Braves (1965); and Cleveland Indians (1968). Mr. Allen hosted the syndicated television program This Week in Baseball from its beginning in 1977 until his death, and also broadcast professsional and college football.

Politics and government
Russians voted in the country's first independent presidential election; the result was a runoff between President Boris Yeltsin, the eventual winner, and a Communist challenger.

Golf
Steve Jones won the U.S. Open at Oakland Hills Country Club in Birmingham, Michigan with a 2-under-par score of 278, one stroke ahead of Tom Lehman and Davis Love III. Mr. Love missed a 3-foot putt for par on the last hole. First prize money was $425,000.



Basketball
NBA
Finals
Seattle 75 @ Chicago 87 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Michael Jordan scored 22 points and added 7 assists as the Bulls defeated the SuperSonics before 24,544 fans at United Center to win their fourth title in six years. Dennis Rodman added 19 rebounds for the Bulls, and tied the Finals record he had set in the first game of the series with 11 offensive rebounds. Detlef Schrempf led the SuperSonics with 23 points.



20 years ago
2001


Edmontonia
The Hope Foundation of Alberta, where this blogger was employed as the librarian, held its fund-raising event known as the "Mega Auction" at the Universiade Pavillion. Unfortunately, attendance was low and the foundation barely broke even. It seemed like a good idea at the time.

Baseball
The University of Miami Hurricanes routed the Stanford University Cardinal 12-1 to win the College World Series at Johnny Rosenblatt Stadium in Omaha. Miami's Charlton Jimerson, a 5th-round draft choice of the Houston Astros, was voted the series' most valuable player.

10 years ago
2011


Scandal
U.S. Representative Anthony Weiner (Democrat--New York) announced his resignation from Congress, bowing to the furor caused by his sexually charged online dalliances with a former pornography actress and other women.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (0-1) 15 @ Montreal (1-0) 27