Saturday, 30 November 2019

December 1, 2019

310 years ago
1709


Born on this date
Franz Xaver Richter, 79
. Moravian-born Austrian composer and conductor. Mr. Richter was a violinist who wrote symphonies, concertos for woodwinds and trumpet, chamber music, and church music. He is regarded as a transitional composer between the Baroque and Classical eras. Mr. Richter died on September 12, 1789 at the age of 79.

175 years ago
1844


Born on this date
Alexandra of Denmark
. Queen consort of the Union Kingdom and the British Dominions; Empress consort of India, 1901-1910. Alexandra, the daughter of the future King Christian IX of Denmark, married the Prince of Wales, the future King Edward VII, in 1863, and became queen consort when Edward acceded to the throne upon the death of his mother Queen Victoria. The couple had six children; upon Edward VII's death in 1910, their second son succeeded his father as King George V. Their fifth child and youngest daughter, Maud, became queen consort of Norway. As queen mother, Alexandra supported her son during World War I, and greatly distrusted her nephew Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany. Queen Mother Alexandra died of a heart attack on November 20, 1925, 11 days before her 81st birthday.

140 years ago
1879


Politics and government
U.S. President Rutherford B. Hayes delivered his State of the Union message to Congress.

100 years ago
1919


Radio
The Montreal station XWA was granted the first broadcasting license in North America.

Politics and government
Alexandru Vaida-Voevod, leader of the Romanian National Party, took office as Prime Minister of Romania.

Abominations
Three days after being elected in the riding of Plymouth Sutton, Lady Astor became the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

90 years ago
1929


Football
NFL
Chicago Cardinals (5-6-1) 21 @ New York (10-1-1) 24
Staten Island (3-4-3) 0 @ Orange (2-3-4) 3
Green Bay (11-0-1) 25 @ Providence (4-6-2) 0
Frankford (9-2-5) 0 @ Chicago Bears (4-7-2) 0

80 years ago
1939


On the radio



War
The first naval battle of the Winter War took place near the island of Russarö, 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of Hanko, Finland. Finnish guns damaged the Soviet cruiser Kirov, which suffered casualties totalling 17 dead and 30 wounded.

Politics and government
The day after Soviet forces invaded Finland to start the Winter War, the U.S.S.R. formed a puppet government intended to rule Finland once the war was over. Called the Finnish Democratic Republic, it was headed by O. W. Kuusinen. The government was also called "The Terijoki Government," named after the village of Terijoki, the first place captured by the advancing Soviet army.

75 years ago
1944


War
U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson and Navy Secretary James Forrestal announced that Army and Navy investigations of the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii had disclosed no evidence to justify courts martial of Admiral Husband Kimmel and General Walter Short. The government of Brazil reported that 19 people would receive a total of 254 years at hard labour upon conviction for being Nazi spies. U.S. forces in Germany driving at the Saar Basin engaged the main German defenses in the region. The Soviet drive through southwestern Hungary gained 15 miles, placing Soviet troops within 91 miles of the Austrian border. Japanese forces in Burma fell back toward Mandalay, yielding the railroad town of Pinwe without resistance to British forces.

Politics and government
Former Italian Prime Minister Ivanoe Bonomi, who, with his cabinet, had resigned on November 26, announced that he would try to form another government. Chinese Communist leader Chou En-lai left Chungking for Yenan with Nationalist leader Chiang Kai-shek's suggestions for solving political differences.

Economics and finance
U.S. officials halted reconversion to civilian production in 126 cities for 90 days.

Society
The World Jewish Congress concluded in Atlantic City with the adoption of a program calling for the Jewish people to seek peace, freedom, and equality.

The Utah Supreme Court upheld the convictions of 15 Mormon polygamists, who said that they would appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Football
NCAA
Ohio State back Leslie Horvath was named the winner of the Heisman Trophy for 1944 as the outstanding college football player in the United States. He rushed for 669 yards and amassed 1,200 yards in combined yardage in helping the Buckeyes post a 9-0 record.

70 years ago
1949


On the radio
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Mission Completed, starring James Stewart

World events
10 Soviet citizens, former anti-Communist refugees, went on trial in Yugoslavia on charges of spying for the U.S.S.R.

Defense
U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee member H. Alexander Smith (Republican--New Jersey), returning from a trip to the Far East, demanded the occupation of Taiwan by U.S. forces in order to save the island from Communist invasion.

Politics and government
The West German government formally applied for membership in the International Ruhr Authority.

The Brazilian government forbade meetings by Communist and Communist front groups.

Economics and finance
Western European countries agreed to reduce their Western Hemisphere food imports by $1.25 billion by 1956.

Labour
The U.S. National Conference on Labor Legislation ended a three-day meeting in Washington after calling for the repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act and urging a $1 hourly minimum wage.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations International Union of Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers completed a four-day founding convention in Philadelphia after adopting a provisional constitution barring Communists from union office and hearing messages of support from U.S. President Harry Truman and Labor Secretary Maurice Tobin. The new union claimed the support of more than half the membership of the old United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers union.

60 years ago
1959


On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Dead Ringer, starring Norma Crane, Grant Williams, and Ed Prentiss



Diplomacy
Representatives of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., Australia, Argentina, Belgium, China, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, and South Africa signed the Antarctic Treaty in Washington, setting aside the entire area of Antarctica as a scientific preserve free from military activities.

The United Kingdom and United Arab Republic formally resumed relations, three years after the Suez crisis.

The U.K. and U.S.S.R. signed an agreement in London establishing a cultural exchange program.

Politics and government
Queen Elizabeth II approved Yusuf Bin Ishak as Singapore's first Malaysian-born chief of state.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower gave Deputy Defense Secretary Thomas Gates, Jr. a recess appointment as Defense Secretary.

Labour
The International Longshoremen's Union and U.S. East Coast waterfront employers reached an agreement in New York on three-year contracts that would avert a resumption of the strike currently suspended by a Taft-Hartley Act injunction.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kuroneko no Tango--Osamu Minagawa (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Sugar, Sugar--The Archies (3rd week at #1)

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: Another Galaxy

On television tonight
The Joe Namath Show

New York Knickerbockers' basketball star Dave DeBusschere and Frank Beard, leading money-winner on the Professional Golfers Association tour in 1969, were the guests on this episode of Mr. Namath's local New York talk show.



War
The first draft lottery in the United States since 1942 was held at Selective Service headquarters in Washington. Every young man who was at least 19 by December 31, 1969 had his draft priority set by the drawing, both for the year and/or later. The random drawing was from a goldfish bowl holding all 366 calendar dates and the 26 letters of the alphabet. The alphabet determined the order of selection of those born on the specific date drawn. September 14 was the first date drawn, meaning those born on that date would be the first ones called for selective service in 1970. All present deferments were to be continued.

Crime
Los Angeles police said that the Sharon Tate murder case had been solved. A man and a woman were in custody, and another woman was sought. All three were described as nomads living in a commune near Miss Tate’s home.

George Sams, Jr. pled guilty in New Haven to second degree murder in the torture slaying of fellow Black Panther Alex Rackley of New York, an alleged police informer. Mr. Sams, one of 14 defendants, told police he was ordered by Bobby Seale, Black Panther national chairman, in Berkeley, California, to participate in a purge of Black Panther chapters in the eastern U.S.A. Legal moves for the extradition of Mr. Seale to Connecticut were being held up pending his trial with seven others in Chicago on charges of inciting to riot during the 1968 Democratic national Convention.

Scandal
Former U.S. Senator Daniel Brewster (Democrat--Maryland) was indicted by a federal grand jury on charges of having accepted money from the mail order firm Spiegel, Inc. to influence his votes on postal rate legislation.

Economics and finance
As a conference of leaders of the European Economic Community opened in The Hague, French President Georges Pompidou warned that the Common Market might be weakened if Britain were allowed to join.

Labour
The largest teachers’ strike in British history began when 4,500 teachers walked out at 300 selected schools for two weeks over salary demands.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Zimbabwe Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): I Don't Like Mondays--The Boomtown Rats (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Remi, Le Sue Avventure--Ragazzi Di Remi (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Crazy Little Thing Called Love--Queen (2nd week at #1)
2 Weekend--Earth and Fire
3 We Got the Whole World in Our Hands--Nottingham Forest with Paper Lace
4 Gimme! Gimme! Gimme! (A man after midnight)--ABBA
5 We Belong to the Night--Ellen Foley
6 Get Up and Boogie--Freddie James
7 Ooh, Yes I Do--Luv'
8 She's in Love with You--Suzi Quatro
9 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
10 It's All in the Bible--Snoopy

Singles entering the chart were Love and Understanding by Mac Kissoon and Family (#18); Gonna Get Along Without You Now by Viola Wills (#21); Quiereme by Julio Iglesias (#27); Rollerskating by Dolly Dots (#28); Wonderful Christmastime by Paul McCartney (#37); Asfalt-Rocker by Henk Wijngaard (#38); and You Treated Me Wrong by Maywood (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 No More Tears/Enough is Enough--Barbra Streisand/Donna Summer (2nd week at #1)
2 Babe--Styx
3 Still--Commodores
4 Please Don't Go--KC and the Sunshine Band
5 Heartache Tonight--Eagles
6 Escape (The Pina Colada Song)--Rupert Holmes
7 Send One Your Love--Stevie Wonder
8 Dim All the Lights--Donna Summer
9 Ships--Barry Manilow
10 Pop Muzik--M

Singles entering the chart were Romeo's Tune by Steve Forbert (#84); I Do Believe in You by the Pages (#89); and Money by the Flying Lizards (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Babe--Styx (2nd week at #1)
2 No More Tears/Enough is Enough--Barbra Streisand/Donna Summer
3 Still--Commodores
4 Heartache Tonight--Eagles
5 Please Don't Go--KC and the Sunshine Band
6 Escape (The Pina Colada Song)--Rupert Holmes
7 Dim All the Lights--Donna Summer
8 Ladies Night--Kool & The Gang
9 You're Only Lonely--J.D. Souther
10 Send One Your Love--Stevie Wonder

Singles entering the chart were The Long Run by the Eagles (#57); Forever Mine by the O'Jays (#79); Romeo's Tune by Steve Forbert (#80); Voices by Cheap Trick (#83); Last Train to London by Electric Light Orchestra (#84); Lonely Eyes by Robert John (#86); Move Your Boogie Body by the Bar-Kays (#89); Mistrusted Love by Mistress (#90); An American Dream by the Dirt Band (#97); and You're Gonna Get What's Coming by Bonnie Raitt (#98).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Babe--Styx
2 Heartache Tonight--Eagles
3 Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough--Michael Jackson
4 Lead Me On--Maxine Nightingale
5 Tusk--Fleetwood Mac
6 Rise--Herb Alpert
7 Good Girls Don't--The Knack
8 Dreaming--Blondie
9 Pop Muzik--M
10 Take the Long Way Home--Supertramp

Singles entering the chart were Say Hello by April Wine (#87); Half the Way by Crystal Gayle (#88); Head Games by Foreigner (#92); If You Remember Me by Chris Thompson (#96); I'd Rather Leave When I'm in Love by Rita Coolidge (#97); Pretty Girls by Melissa Manchester (#98); Rebound by Cano (#99); and Ladies Night by Kool & The Gang (#100).

Terrorism
The student terrorists holding the hostages captive at the U.S. embassy in Iran charged two of the captive diplomats with being undercover operatives for the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, based on a State Department cable that they said they had found in the embassy.

Hockey
NHL
Philadelphia 4 @ Toronto 4
Hartford 4 @ Montreal 4



30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Girl I'm Gonna Miss You--Milli Vanilli
2 Lambada--Kaoma
3 If Only I Could--Sydney Youngblood
4 Pump Up the Jam--Technotronic featuring Felly
5 The Best--Tina Turner
6 Trag meine Liebe wie einen Mantel--Boris Bukowski
7 That's What I Like--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers
8 Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers
9 This One--Paul McCartney
10 French Kiss--Lil Louis

Singles entering the chart were Listen to Your Heart by Roxette (#11); I Just Don't Have the Heart by Cliff Richard (#24); and Dançando Lambada by Kaoma (#25).

World events
Rebels within the Philippine army attacked military positions in suburban Manila and planes dropped a few bombs in the sixth coup attempt so far against President Corazon Aquino. One of the bombs struck the presidential palace, but Mrs. Aquino was unhurt. Responding to a request from Mrs. Aquino, U.S. President George Bush authorized two U.S. F-4 jet fighters from Clark Air Force Base to provide air support for the Philippine government. There were no reports that the U.S. planes fired any shots.

Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush arrived in the Maltese capital of Valletta the day before the beginning of his first summit with U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev, scheduled to take place aboard ship in Marsaxlokk Bay. Mr. Bush met with Maltese leaders before boarding the U.S.S. Belknap in the bay. Mr. Gorbachev, meanwhile, visited Pope John Paul II at the Vatican. The pope endorsed Mr. Gorbachev’s reforms in the Soviet Union, and the two agreed to work toward establishing diplomatic relations. In a statement, Mr. Gorbachev called the meeting "extraordinary," and promised a law that would guarantee to Soviet citizens the right to "satisfy their spiritual needs."

Politics and government
The East German parliament revoked a clause in the constitution guaranteeing the Communists a "leading role" in society.

Vishwanath Pratap Singh, a former minister in the cabinet of outgoing Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, was chosen as leader of the National Front coalition.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that its leading economic indicators had declined 0.4% in October.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Old Pop in an Oak--Rednex (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de Leon took office as President of Mexico.

Society
U.S. Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders, speaking at a United Nations-sponsored conference in New York, said that masturbation was "something that should be taught" to schoolchildren as part of the effort to curb the spread of AIDS.

Economics and finance
Two days after the United States House of Representatives had voted in favour of the tariff-setting proposals of the so-called Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the Senate voted 76-24 in favour.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Stephen Brooks, 57
. U.S. actor. Mr. Brooks co-starred in the television series The Doctors and the Nurses (1963-1964); The F.B.I. (1965-1967); and The Interns (1970-1971). He died of a heart attack.

Politics and government
The British Parliament completed legislative action that permitted the transfer of power in Northern Ireland from Britain to a new provisional government.

Protest
More than 400 people were arrested during demonstrations on the final day of the WTO meeting in Seattle.

Economics and finance
On the final day of the ministerial meeting of the World Trade Organization in Seattle, U.S. President Bill Clinton urged delegates from the 135 member nations to watch out for the environment and workers’ rights when drawing up trade agreements, and he criticized the secrecy with which the WTO functioned.

10 years ago
2009


War
U.S. President Barack Obama ordered 30,000 more U.S. troops into the war in Afghanistan, but promised to begin withdrawal in 18 months.

November 30, 2019

320 years ago
1699


Born on this date
Christian VI
. King of Denmark and Norway, 1730-1746. Christian VI acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Frederick IV. His reign was peaceful but absolutist, as he attempted to impose his Pietist views upon his subjects. King Christian VI always suffered from poor health, and died on August 6, 1746 at the age of 46. He was succeeded by his son Frederick V.

300 years ago
1719


Born on this date
Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
. Princess of Wales, 1736-1751. Augusta, the daughter of Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, married Frederick, Prince of Wales in 1736, but never became queen consort, because Frederick, the eldest son of King George II, died in 1751, nine years before the death of his father. Her second child and eldest son succeeded his grandfather as King George III. Princess Augusta died of throat cancer on February 8, 1772 at the age of 52.

190 years ago
1829


Transportation
The First Welland Canal, connecting Lake Ontario with Lake Erie, opened for a trial run, five years to the day from the ground breaking.

160 years ago
1859


Born on this date
Sergei Lyapunov
. Russian musician and composer. Mr. Lyapunov had a successful career as a concert pianist in addition to composing two symphonies and numerous choral works, often incorporating Russian folk songs. He was best known for Douze études d'exécution transcendente, completing Franz Liszt's unfinished Transcendental Études. Mr. Lyapunov was a professor at the Petrograd Conservatory from 1910-1923, and then moved to Paris, where he directed a music school for Russian immigrants, and also acted as a conductor. He died in Paris of a heart attack on November 8, 1924, 22 days before his 65th birthday.

150 years ago
1869


Born on this date
Gustaf Dalén
. Swedish physicist and engineer. Dr. Dalén was awarded the 1912 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his invention of automatic valves designed to be used in combination with gas accumulators in lighthouses and buoys," but was unable to travel to Stockholm to accept the prize, as he was recovering from an acetylene explosion that permanently blinded him. He was an engineer with AGA (Gas Accumulator Company), and invented the AGA cooker and the Dalén light, and received over 100 patents. Dr. Dalén died on December 9, 1937, nine days after his 68th birthday.

James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn. U.K. politician. Mr. Hamilton, a member of the Irish Unionist Party, represented Londonderry City in the House of Commons from 1900 until he succeeded his father as Duke of Abercorn in 1913. He served as Governor of Northern Ireland from 1922-1945, and died on September 12, 1953 at the age of 83.

130 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Edgar Adrian
. U.K. physiologist. Dr. Adrian shared the 1932 Nobel Prize in Physiology with Charles Sherrington "for their discoveries regarding the functions of neurons." Dr. Adrian died on August 4, 1977 at the age of 87.

90 years ago
1929

Football

CRU
Grey Cup @ Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds, Hamilton
Regina 3 @ Hamilton 14

The forward pass, which had been legalized in the west in 1929 but not in the east, was allowed in the Grey Cup game. The Roughriders, led by Jersey Jack Campbell, tried 11 passes and gained about 100 yards, but the only scoring they could manage came on 2 singles by Sol Bloomfield and another by Jerry Erskine. Jimmy Simpson scored a touchdown for the Tigers; Huck Welch punted for 6 singles and Pep Leadlay punted for 3 singles. The Tigers tried one pass late in the game: Huck Welch completed it to Jimmy Simpson for a touchdown, but it was disallowed--forward passes were illegal inside the opposition’s 25-yard line, and umpire Priestley of Winnipeg ruled that the play had taken place inside the 25. The game was played in some of the worst weather in Grey Cup history; attendance was listed at 1,906, but only about 100 were in the stands at the Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds when the game started. Hundreds more huddled under the stands and came up for brief glimpses of the action, and hundreds left the stadium before halftime. The game was played in driving snow and freezing temperatures, and the field was frozen. It was the Roughriders’ second straight loss to the Tigers in the Grey Cup, and the sixth loss for a western team without a win. However, the 3 points scored by Regina was the greatest total yet scored by a western team in a Grey Cup game, and the 11-point margin was the closest yet for an east-west Grey Cup.

80 years ago
1939


On the radio



War
The Winter War began when Soviet forces invaded Finland with 21 divisions, totaling some 450,000 men, and bombed Helsinki in an attack which violated three different non-aggression pacts: the Treaty of Tartu (signed in 1920); the non-aggression pact between Finland and the Soviet Union signed in 1932 and again in 1934; and also the Charter of the League of Nations, which the Soviet Union signed in 1934. C.G.E. Mannerheim was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Finnish Defence Forces after the Soviet attack. In further reshuffling, the Finnish government named Risto Ryti as the new Prime Minister and Väinö Tanner as Foreign Minister.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): No Other Love--Joe Loss; Vera Lynn (1st month at #1)

Died on this date
Albert B. Fall, 83
. U.S. politician. Mr. Fall, a Republican, represented New Mexico in the United States Senate from 1912-1921 before joining the cabinet of President Warren G. Harding as Secretary of the Interior. Mr. Fall was the first cabinet minister in U.S. history to be unanimously confirmed by the Senate, and became the first to be sent to prison. He resigned his office on March 4, 1923--one day short of two years after taking the position--because of allegations that he had given oil leases at the U.S. Naval Reserve at Teapot Dome, Wyoming to two of his friends, Harry Sinclair and Edward Doheny, without open bidding. Mr. Fall was convicted of conspiracy and bribery and spent a year in prison. He died four days after his 83rd birthday.

Paul Masson, 68. French cyclist. Mr. Masson won gold medals in the men's 2-kilometre sprint and 10-kilometre event at the 1896 Summer Olympic Games in Athens.

War
U.S. troops in Germany established a 7-mile front along the Roer River just west of Duren. Soviet troops in northeastern Hungary surrounded Miskolc with the capture of Eger and Szikszo.

Politics and government
The Polish government-in-exile in London formed a new cabinet headed by socialist Tomasz Arciszewski.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dismissed Assistant Attorney General Normal Littell, saying that his actions had substantiated charges of Attorney General Francis Biddle that Mr. Littell was insubordinate.

The United States Senate approved Edward Stettinius as Secretary of State, replacing the departed Cordell Hull.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated Alexander Kirk as U.S. Ambassador to Italy, while the Senate confirmed Patrick Hurley as Ambassador to China.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A. and U.K. reached a new Lend-Lease agreement providing for a 43% reduction in U.S. assistance to Britain.

70 years ago
1949


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC

At the movies
The Rocking Horse Winner, directed by Anthony Pelissier, and starring John Howard Davies, Valerie Hobson, and John Mills, opened in theatres in the United Kingdom.



War
Chinese Communist forces occupied the Nationalist capital of Chungking as Nationalist forces fell back on Chengtu.

World events
The Bulgarian government charged former Deputy Premier Traicho Kostov and 10 other deposed officials with espionage and sabotage on behalf of Yugoslavia and the Western powers.

Politics and government
The National Party, led by Sidney Holland, defeated the Labour Party government of Prime Minister Peter Fraser in the New Zealand general election. The National Party took 46 of 80 seats in the N.Z. Parliament, with Labour taking the remaining 34. The National total was an increase of 8 from the most recent election in 1946, with Labour losing 8.

Crime
Former Time magazine editor Whittaker Chambers completed seven days of testimony at former U.S. State Department employee Alger Hiss's perjury trial, reiterating his claim that Mr. Hiss had given him 47 secret State Department documents for transmission to the U.S.S.R. in 1938.

Scandal
U.S. Representative J. Parnell Thomas (Republican--New Jersey) withdrew his not guilty plea and pled no contest in his Washington trial on charges of payroll-padding. Judge Alexander Holtzoff dismissed charges against Helen Campbell, Rep. Thomas's secretary.

Energy
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission permitted the limited sale of uranium on the commercial market after an eight-year interval.

Labour
400,000 coal miners in the United States renewed their strike after the expiration of a three-week truce without a contract agreement. United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis ordered miners to begin a three-day work week on December 5 while the union sought to settle with individual companies.

The Czechoslovakian government forbade workers to take new jobs in private industry.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mare Nostrum (Ola, Ola, Ola)--Elder Berber (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Mack the Knife--Bobby Darin (8th week at #1)
2 Don't You Know--Della Reese
3 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods
4 Heartaches by the Number--Guy Mitchell
5 In the Mood--Ernie Fields Orchestra
6 So Many Ways--Brook Benton
7 Put Your Head on My Shoulder--Paul Anka
8 We Got Love--Bobby Rydell
9 Be My Guest--Fats Domino
10 Seven Little Girls Sitting in the Back Seat--Paul Evans

Singles entering the chart were I Wanna Be Loved (#50)/Mighty Good (#86) by Ricky Nelson; Tear Drop by Santo & Johnny (#76); Marina by Willy Alberti (#82); Symphony by Sammy Turner (#90); Shadows by the Five Satins (#95); Beyond the Sunset by Pat Boone (#96); Smokie--Part 2 by Bill Black's Combo (#98); and Teach Me Tiger by April Stevens (#99).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Heartaches by the Number--Guy Mitchell (3rd week at #1)
2 Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Drifters
--David Hill
3 In the Mood--Ernie Fields Orchestra
4 Mack the Knife--Bobby Darin
5 Deck of Cards--Wink Martindale
6 Teen Beat--Sandy Nelson
7 Don't You Know--Della Reese
8 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods
9 Just Ask Your Heart--Frankie Avalon
10 Morgen--Ivo Robic and the Song-Masters

Singles entering the chart were You Got What it Takes by Marv Johnson (#45); Way Down Yonder in New Orleans by Freddie Cannon (#46); Pretty Blue Eyes by Steve Lawrence (#48); Goodnight My Love (Pleasant Dreams) by Ray Peterson (#50); Beyond the Sunset by Pat Boone (#51); Ways of Love by Tommy Edwards (#54, charting with its other side, Honestly and Truly); CooCoo-U by the Kingston Trio (#55); The Little Drummer Boy by the Harry Simeone Chorale (#57); and The Happy Reindeer by Dancer, Prancer and Nervous (#58).

Protest
Panamanians celebrating the 138th anniversary of Panamanian independence marched on the Canal Zone border, stoning Panamanian National Guardsmen and U.S. troops.

Economics and finance
Mayor of seven major U.S. cities and the heads of leading commuter railroads urged a program of federal aid to save financially-ailing railroads.

Football
AFL
The American Football League announced in Chicago that former Air National Guard Brigadier General and South Dakota Governor Joe Foss would be the league's first Commissioner.

50 years ago
1969


Music
The Monkees, by now a threesome (Davy Jones, Micky Dolenz, Michael Nesmith) performed at the Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. It was their last concert during the first run of their existence as a group, and the last appearance in concert by Michael Nesmith as a Monkee until an encore appearance in 1986.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Autostade, Montreal
Ottawa 29 Saskatchewan 11

Ottawa quarterback Russ Jackson, who had announced that 1969 would be his last season, went out in style, completing 13 of 22 passes for 254 yards and 4 touchdowns, while also rushing 5 times for 31 yards. Ron Stewart caught 2 of Mr. Jackson’s passes for 112 yards, scoring touchdowns of 80 and 32 yards. Jay Roberts caught a 28-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Jackson, and Jim Mankins, who led all rushers with 10 carries for 72 yards, had a 12-yard touchdown reception among his 5 catches for 56 yards. Don Sutherin converted all 4 Rough Rider touchdowns and added a single on a missed field goal with 26 seconds remaining in the game. Saskatchewan jumped out to a 9-0 lead in the 1st quarter on a 28-yard touchdown pass from Ron Lancaster to Alan Ford, converted by Jack Abendschan, and a safety touch. The only points scored by the Roughriders after that came in the 3rd quarter on a 37-yard single off a missed field goal by Mr. Abendschan and a 67-yard punt by Mr. Ford. The Saskatchewan offense was hurt by the absence of receivers Gord Barwell, who had suffered a shoulder injury in the first game of the western finals, and Jim Worden, who dressed for what turned out to be his last game, but was unable to play. The game also marked the end of the line for Saskatchewan’s Hugh Campbell, who caught 4 passes for 57 yards. The Ottawa defense held Saskatchewan’s great fullback George Reed to 28 yards on 11 carries, although Mr. Reed was able to gain 55 yards on his only pass reception. Mr. Ford, who punted 9 times for a 39.8-yard average, was probably Saskatchewan’s best player. In addition to his punting, he caught 2 passes for 44 yards and returned 2 kickoffs for 101, including a then-Grey Cup record 78-yard return. Mr. Lancaster completed 15 of 30 passes for 239 yards. One oddity was the lack of production from Ottawa’s dynamic receiving duo of Margene Adkins and Whit Tucker, who had combined for 2,257 yards on 93 receptions in 14 regular season games. Mr. Adkins had led the CFL in receiving yardage during the regular season, but in his final CFL game before going to the NFL, he didn’t catch a pass. Mr. Tucker caught 1 for 34 yards. 33,172, including Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, were in attendance at the first Grey Cup played in Montreal since 1931 and the only Grey Cup played at Autostade. Ottawa head coach Frank Clair, who retired after this game to become the Rough Riders’ general manager, tied Lew Hayman’s record with his fifth Grey Cup win as a head coach.



NFL
Philadelphia (4-6-1) 20 @ New Orleans (4-7) 26
Atlanta (3-8) 6 @ Baltimore (7-4) 13
Los Angeles (11-0) 24 @ Washington (5-4-2) 13
Pittsburgh (1-10) 10 @ St. Louis (4-6-1) 47
Cleveland (8-2-1) 28 @ Chicago (1-10) 24
New York (3-8) 10 @ Green Bay (6-5) 20

AFL
Boston (4-8) 38 @ Miami (2-9-1) 23
Cincinnati (4-7-1) 13 @ Buffalo (4-8) 16
Oakland (10-1-1) 27 @ New York (8-4) 14

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Oh! Susie--Secret Service (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Maybe--Thom Pace (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Video Killed the Radio Star--The Buggles (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Zeppo Marx, 78
. U.S. comedian, actor, and inventor. Herbert Marx was the youngest of the Marx Brothers comedy team. He joined their stage act in 1918, replacing Gummo, who was drafted into the U.S. Army and preferred a role behind the scenes in show business. Zeppo was reportedly as funny as any of the other brothers when required to replace one, but otherwise played the role of a bland romantic lead and comic foil. He appeared in their first five films, but left after Duck Soup (1933), and, like Gummo, became a theatrical agent. Zeppo also invented several devices, including a wristwatch that monitored the pulse rate of cardiac patients and gave off an alarm if the heartbeat became irregular. He was the last surviving Marx brother, and died of lung cancer.

Music
The album The Wall by Pink Floyd was released on Harvest Records in the United Kingdom and Columbia Records in North America.

Diplomacy
The United States announced that the deposed Shah of Iran was expected to leave the country when his medical treatment was completed, and a behind-the-scenes search was begun to find him another refuge.

Religion
Pope John Paul II, concluded his visit to Turkey for the purpose of working toward the reconciliation of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches, beginning the day in Istanbul and continuing to Izmir and Ephesus. He celebrated the feast of St. Andrew, patron of the Orthodox Church, with Dimitrios I, the Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch. The two men announced the formation of a joint commission consisting of prelates and theologians of the two churches to discuss the remaining theological disagreements between them. The pope also made an appeal to Christians for greater understanding of Islam as a monotheistic religion that shared many beliefs and moral values with Christianity.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Another Day in Paradise--Phil Collins (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): Lambada--Kaoma (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Don't Know Much--Linda Ronstadt (featuring Aaron Neville) (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ahmadou Ahidjo, 65
. 1st President of Cameroon, 1960-1982. Mr. Ahidjo began his political career in territorial politics in 1946, eventually moving into higher positions in the later years of the French colonial regime. As Cameroon's first President, Mr. Ahidjo was re-elected several times, eventually outlawing opposition parties in 1976. He resigned in November 1982, allegedly because of ill health, and was succeeded in office by Paul Biya.

Alfred Herrhausen, 59. West German banker. Mr. Herrhausen was Chairman of Deutsche Bank and a member of the steering committee of the Bilderberg Group. He was killed by the detonation of a roadside bomb as he was being driven to work. The Red Army Faction terrorist organization was suspected of the murder, bu no one has ever been charged.

Diplomacy
The United States flew 282 embassy officials and dependents out of El Salvador, where fighting had renewed between the government and FMLN rebels.

25 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Lionel Stander, 86
. U.S. actor. Mr. Stander was a character actor in films and radio in the 1930s and early 1940s, but his career declined amid accusations that he was an active member of the Communist Party. He was blacklisted from Holywood for the better part of 25 years, worked in Europe, and eventually returned to the United States, where he played a regular supporting role in the television series Hart to Hart (1979-1984).

Music
The 2-CD album Live at the BBC by the Beatles, a compilation of 56 songs performed on BBC Light Programme broadcasts from 1963-1965, was released in the United Kingdom on Apple Records.

Economics and finance
The World Bank and 22 donor nations concluded two days of meetings in Brussels with participants agreeing to grant more than $200 million to the Palestinian National Authority quickly.

Politics and government
Democratic Party members of the U.S. House of Representatives elected Dick Gephardt (Missouri) as their leader for the 104th Congress, to convene in January 1995. David Bonior (Michigan) was elected Democratic party whip.

Disasters
The Italian-owned luxury liner MS Achille Lauro caught fire in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Somalia. Two people died and eight were injured during the transfer of 1,000 people from life rafts to the Panamanian tanker Hawaiian King.

20 years ago
1999


Protest
20,000 people participated in a labour-organized march in Seattle to protest the 135-nation ministerial meeting of the World Trade Organization. Protesters linked arms or laid down in the street to block traffic, and delegates were trapped in their hotels. Fires burned in the streets, and police used tear gas, pepper spray, and rubber bullets. Seattle Mayor Paul Schell declared a state of emergency. That night, Washington Governor Gary Locke called in the National Guard.

Health
The British government announced that the country’s beef-on-the-bone ban would be lifted, with T-bone steaks and ribs likely available by December 17. The ban had been imposed by the European Union in 1996 because of the risk of the beef being infected with BSE, which can cause brain disease in humans.

Business
The Exxon and Mobil oil corporations signed a U.S.$73.7-billion agreement to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world's largest company.

British Aerospace and Marconi Electronic Systems merged to form BAE Systems, Europe's largest defense contractor and the fourth largest aerospace firm in the world.

Friday, 29 November 2019

November 29, 2019

625 years ago
1394


Asiatica
Korean King Yi Seong-gye, founder of the Joseon dynasty, moved the capital from Kaesŏng to Hanyang, today known as Seoul.

475 years ago
1544


Died on this date
Jungjong, 56
. King of Korea, 1506-1544. Jungjong, born Yi Yeok, acceded to the throne of the Joseon dynasty as a result of a coup that deposed his half-brother Yeonsangun. Jungjong was regarded as a weak king; the Confucian scholar Jo Gwang-jo was the major governing influence during the early years of his reign, and the later years were marked by struggles among various conservative factions. Jungjong was succeeded on the throne by his son Injong.

470 years ago
1549


Religion
The papal conclave of 1549–50 began.

290 years ago
1729


War
Natchez Indians massacred 138 Frenchmen, 35 French women, and 56 children at Fort Rosalie, near the site of modern-day Natchez, Mississippi. The incident was sparked by French colonial commandant Sieur de Chépart demanded land from a Natchez village for his own plantation near Fort Rosalie.

220 years ago
1799

Born on this date
Amos Bronson Alcott
. U.S. educator and philosopher. Mr. Alcott, a philosopher in American Transcendentalism, was the father of the original "Little Women:" Anna, Louisa, Elizabeth, and May Alcott. At the basis of his educational theory was his belief that "early education is the enduring power" in the formation of the imagination and moral life of the human being. Mr. Alcott believed that learning should be a pleasant experience for children, and that the environment of the classroom should be beautiful. He died on March 4, 1888 at the age of 88.

210 years ago
1809


Politics and government
U.S. President James Madison delivered his State of the Union message to Congress.

170 years ago
1849


Born on this date
John Ambrose Fleming
. U.K. physicist and engineer. Sir John was an electrical engineer who taught at University College, London (1897-1927), and played an important role in the invention of radio. While under contract to Guglielmo Marconi, he designed the world's first large radio transmitter, which enabled the first transatlantic radio transmission in 1901. Mr. Marconi received all the credit because of the contractual arrangement, and later reneged on an agreement with Dr. Fleming to give him shares in the Marconi company. Sir John invented the thermionic vacuum tube in 1904--the two-electrode diode--and accused U.S. engineer Lee de Forest of infringing on his patents when Mr. de Forest added a control "grid" to make a triode. Court battles between the two men dragged on for years. Sir John promoted the new technology of television in his later years, and was the second president of the Royal Television Society. He was a devout Christian, and co-founded the Evolution Protest Movement (now the Creation Science Movement) in 1932. Sir John died on April 18, 1945 at the age of 95.

150 years ago
1869


Died on this date
Giulia Grisi, 58
. Italian singer. Miss Grisi was one of the leding operatic sopranos of the 19th century, performing in Europe, South America, and the United States from the late 1820s through the 1850s. She died in Berlin after being injured in a train accident while travelling to St. Petersburg.

140 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Jacob Gade
. Danish composer. Mr. Gade was a violinist who composed popular orchestral music, and was best known for writing the tune Jalousie (1925). He died on February 20, 1963 at the age of 63.

125 years ago
1894


Died on this date
Juan N. Méndez, 74
. President of Mexico, 1876-1877. Brigadier General Méndez defended Puebla against rebel forces in the 1850s and French forces in the 1860s, and was twice Governor of Puebla. He aided Porfirio Díaz in his successful revolt against President Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada in 1876, and served as interim President from December 1876-February 1877 while Gen. Díaz was fighting partisans of José María Iglesias, who claimed to be Mexico's legal President. Gen. Méndez sat in the Senate (1877-1880) and served a third term as Governor of Puebla (1880-1885) before serving as President of the Supreme Military Court from 1885 until his death.

120 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Andrija Artuković
. Austro-Hungarian born Croatian politician and war criminal. Dr. Artuković, a member of the nationalist and fascist Ustaše organization, served in the government of the Independent State of Croatia as Minister of the Interior (1941-1942, 1943); Minister of Justice (1942-1943); and Secretary of State (1943-1945). He was responsible for signing racial laws against Serbs and Jews, and played a major role in the Porajmos, the genocide of the Romani people. Dr. Artuković was also responsible for the death and mistreatment of thousands of people in concentraion camps. He was detained in Austria by the Allies at the end of World War II, but was released, and used a forged passport to eventually make his way to California, where he stayed illegally after his tourist visa expired. An attempt by the Yugoslavian government to extradite Dr. Artuković in 1959 was unsuccessful, but the request was renewed in the 1980s, and Dr. Artuković was arrested in New York in 1984 and extradited to Yugoslavia for trial. He was convicted in 1986 of several mass killing and sentenced to death, but the sentence was not carried out because of Dr. Artuković's age and health. He died of natural causes in a prison hospital on January 16, 1988 at the age of 88.

Emma Morano. Italian supercentenarian. Miss Morano worked in a jute factory and then in a kitchen in a boarding school for much of her life. She was married from 1926-1978, but the couple separated in 1938, shortly after the death of their infant son. Miss Morano died on April 15, 2017 at the age of 117, becoming the oldest Italian person ever recorded, and the last person in the world verified to have been born before 1900.

Soccer
FC Barcelona was founded by Catalan, Spanish and Englishmen; it later developed into one of Spanish football's strongest teams.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Joe Weider
. Canadian-born U.S. bodybuilder. Mr. Weider, a native of Montreal, co-founded the International Federation of BodyBuilding & Fitness with his brother Ben. Joe published several bodybuilding and fitness magazines, founded a sports nutrition company, and created the Mr. Olympia bodybuilding contest. He died on March 23, 2013 at the age of 93.

90 years ago
1929


Exploration
U.S. Navy Admiral Richard Byrd led the first expedition to fly over the South Pole.

80 years ago
1939


On the radio



Died on this date
Philipp Scheidemann, 74
. Chancellor of Germany, 1919. Mr. Scheidermann, a member of the Social Democratic Party, proclaimed Germany a republic on the fall of the monarchy on November 9, 1918. He served as Chancellor from February 13-June 20, 1919, when he and his cabinet resigned in protest over the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. When the Nazis came to power in Germany in 1933, Mr. Scheidermann fled to Denmark; he died in Copenhagen.

75 years ago
1944


War
German submarine U-1230, on war patrol in the North Atlantic Ocean, landed two German agents at Hancock Point, Maine. Four days later, she sank the Canadian merchant steamer Cornwallis in the Gulf of Maine, on route to Saint John, New Brunswick. U.S. troops in Germany advanced on the left flank, taking Beeck and Lindern. Albania was liberated from Nazi occupation by partisan forces. Soviet troops in Hungary captured the ancient fortress city of Pecs as they forded the Danube River 100 miles south of Budapest. U.S. forces in the Philippines repulsed another Japanese effort to reinforce Leyte Island. B-29s from Saipan made their first attack upon Tokyo's industrial targets. U.S. fliers in China revealed that Japanese forces had made startling gains in the province of Kweichow, outflanking some Chinese units expected to defend the provincial capital of Kweiyang.

Defense
Carl Norden, inventor of the bombsight and automatic pilot bearing his name, received the Holley Medal from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.

Medicine
The first surgery (on a human) to correct blue baby syndrome was performed by Alfred Blalock and Vivien Thomas at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore.

70 years ago
1949


On the radio
Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight's episode: The Thundering Murder Case

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Man in the House, starring Alan Baxter, Kim Hunter, and Ruth McDevitt



Diplomacy
A United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization conference in Washington chose Rome for the group's permanent headquarters, and admitted Afghanistan as the 62nd member.

Defense
The U.S. Defense Department and Atomic Energy Commission announced plans for a new series of nuclear tests on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.

Politics and government
U.S. authorities in Germany eliminated the requirement of American approval for German political parties operating in the U.S. zone.

Football
NCAA
University of Notre Dame end Leon Hart received the New York Athletic Club's Heisman Trophy as the top college football player in the United States in 1949. Mr. Hart helped the Fighting Irish to a 10-0 record and the national championship.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Le marchand de bonheur--Les Compagnons de la chanson (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Special Delivery, starring Steve Dunn, Beatrice Straight, Peter Lazer, and Frank Maxwell

Diplomacy
The Indonesian government barred all foreigners except diplomats from entering Jakarta.

Politics and government
The British Labour Party ended its annual convention in Blackpool after delegates split over appeals by party leader Hugh Gaitskell to de-emphasize the party's program for industrial nationalization.

Football
NFL
Washington (3-7) 14 @ New York (8-2) 45
San Francisco (7-3) 21 @ Cleveland (6-4) 20
Philadelphia (6-4) 0 @ Pittsburgh (5-4-1) 31
Los Angeles (2-8) 21 @ Baltimore (7-3) 35
Chicago Bears (6-4) 31 @ Chicago Cardinals (2-8) 7

The Cardinals’ loss was their last home game in Chicago. They finished the season with two road games and moved to St. Louis in 1960.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Something/Come Together--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Adieu jolie Candy--Jean-François Michael

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Lo straniero--Georges Moustaki (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Sugar, Sugar--The Archies (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Sugar, Sugar--The Archies (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Sugar, Sugar--The Archies (6th week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Penny Arcade--Roy Orbison
2 Something/Come Together--The Beatles
3 The Star--Ross D. Wyllie
4 Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley
5 Jean--Oliver
6 Sweet Caroline--Neil Diamond
7 Without You/Hair--Doug Parkinson in Focus
8 Picking Up Pebbles--Matt Flinders
9 I'll Never Fall in Love Again--Bobbie Gentry
10 Natural Born Bugie--Humble Pie

Singles entering the chart were Jesus is a Soul Man by Lawrence Reynolds (#21); Sacha by Hank B. Marvin (#30); and He Ain't Heavy, He's My Brother by the Hollies (#32).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Oh Well!--Fleetwood Mac (2nd week at #1)
2 My Special Prayer--Percy Sledge
3 Cha-La-La, I Need You--The Shuffles
4 Maanserenade--Marty
5 Air--Ekseption
6 Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley
7 We zijn toch op de wereld om mekaar te helpen, niewaar?--Adèle Bloemendaal & Leen Jongewaard & Piet Römer
8 Pastorale--Liesbeth List met Ramses Shaffy
9 Little Green Bag--George Baker Selection
10 Bourée--Jethro Tull

Singles entering the chart were Mighty Joe by the Shocking Blue (#29); (Call Me) Number One by the Tremeloes (#31); Oebele is Hupsakee by Oebeler Kinderkoor (#38); It was Yesterday Today by Pepper and Salt (#39); and Daylight by the Shoes (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Come Together/Something--The Beatles
2 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
3 Wedding Bell Blues--The 5th Dimension
4 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
5 Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye--Steam
6 Smile a Little Smile for Me--The Flying Machine
7 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary
8 Yester-Me, Yester-You, Yesterday--Stevie Wonder
9 Down on the Corner--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 Eli's Coming--Three Dog Night

Singles entering the chart were Don't Cry Daddy/Rubberneckin' by Elvis Presley (#73); What You Gave Me by Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell (#77); I'm Tired by Savoy Brown (#81); Turn! Turn! Turn!/To Everything There is a Season by Judy Collins (#84); Je T'Aime...Moi Non Plus by Jane Birkin and Serge Gainsbourg (#87); Jingle Jangle by the Archies (#90); Tonight I'll Say a Prayer by Eydie Gorme (#91); I Love You by Otis Leavill (#92); No One Better than You by Petula Clark (#93); You Keep Me Hanging On by Wilson Pickett (#94); (One of These Days) Sunday's Gonna Come on Thursday by the New Establishment (#96); Feeling Alright by Mongo Sanatamaria (#97); Wichita Lineman by Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66 (#99); and Goin' Out of My Head/Forget to Remember by Frank Sinatra (#100). Rubberneckin' was from the movie Change of Habit (1969).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Come Together--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Wedding Bell Blues--The 5th Dimension
3 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
4 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
5 Smile a Little Smile for Me--The Flying Machine
6 Something--The Beatles
7 Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye--Steam
8 Eli's Coming--Three Dog Night
9 Fortunate Son--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary

Singles entering the chart were Don't Cry Daddy by Elvis Presley (#55); Jingle Jangle by the Archies (#69); Wonderful World, Beautiful People by Jimmy Cliff (#79); You Keep Me Hanging On by Wilson Pickett (#81); When Julie Comes Around by the Cuff Links (#85); Winter World of Love by Engelbert Humperdinck (#89); Trouble Maker by Lee Hazlewood (#91); Don't Let Him Take Your Love from Me by the Four Tops (#92); I'm Gonna Love You by the Intrigues (#93); Arizona by Mark Lindsay (#94); (When Johnny Comes Marching Home Again) I Can't See You No More by Joe Tex (#95); and Big in Vegas by Buck Owens and the Buckaroos (#97).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Something/Come Together--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
3 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
4 Eli's Coming--Three Dog Night
5 Smile a Little Smile for Me--The Flying Machine
6 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary
7 Holly Holy--Neil Diamond
8 Fortunate Son/Down on the Corner--Creedence Clearwater Revival
9 Cherry Hill Park--Billy Joe Royal
10 Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye--Steam

Singles entering the chart were Don't Cry Daddy by Elvis Presley (#79); Wonderful World, Beautiful People by Jimmy Cliff (#89); Winter World of Love by Engelbert Humperdinck (#90); Arizona by Mark Lindsay (#91); Silver Threads and Golden Needles by the Cowsills (#93); Don't Let Him Take Your Love from Me by the Four Tops (#95); You Keep Me Hanging' On by Wilson Pickett (#98); and Jingle Jangle by the Archies (#99).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Suspicious Minds--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)
2 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
3 Something--The Beatles
4 Reuben James--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
5 Down on the Corner--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Cherry Hill Park--Billy Joe Royal
7 Holly Holy--Neil Diamond
8 Try a Little Kindness--Glen Campbell
9 Jesus is a Soul Man--Lawrence Reynolds
10 The Rainmaker--Tom Northcott
Pick hit of the week: Someday We'll Be Together--Diana Ross and the Supremes

War
The Vietnam War casualty list for the week ending on this day showed 70 Americans killed and 1,049 wounded; 373 South Vietnamese killed and 953 wounded; and 2,177 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong killed. The U.S. casualty list since January 1, 1961 hit 300,029--39,642 killed; 1,359 missing; and 259,828 wounded.

Disasters
4 people died and 18 were injured in an 18-vehicle pileup on the New Jersey Turnpike in Woodbury, New Jersey after a tractor-trailer ran into a gas tank truck in a patch of fog.

40 years ago
1979


Diplomacy
Mexico announced that the deposed Shah of Iran would not be allowed to return there. The Shah had been in exile in Mexico after being forced to flee Iran early in the year, and had been allowed to enter the United States for medical treatment.

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his Turkish tour, beginning the day in Ankara and continuing to Istanbul.

Disasters
In the fourth-worst aviation disaster in history to that time, a DC-10 from New Zealand on a sightseeing flight over Antarctica crashed into a 12,400-foot mountain near McMurdo Station, killing all 257 people aboard. The third fatal DC-10 crash of 1979 was apparently caused by a navigational error by the pilot, who steered the plane around the side of the mountain that was notorious for high winds.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Lambada--Kaoma (7th week at #1)

Music
Gordon Lightfoot performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. This blogger paid $22 for his ticket.

Politics and government
Three days after the governing Congress Party had lost more than half of its seats in parliamentary elections, Rajiv Gandhi announced his resignation as Prime Minister of India, subject to the selection of a new Prime Minister.

Czechoslovakia’s parliament deleted from the Constitution a provision guaranteeing the Communist Party the "leading role" in society.

25 years ago
1994


Economics and finance
The United States House of Representatives voted 288-146 in favour of the tariff-cutting provisions of the so-called Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
John Berry, 82
. U.S. theatre and film director. Mr. Berry, born Jak Szold, directed plays for Orson Welles' Mercury Theatre in the late 1930s and early '40s, before going to Hollywood and directing movies such as From This Day Forward (1946); Casbah (1948); and He Ran All the Way (1951). Mr. Berry also directed the short documentary The Hollywood Ten (1950), a sympathetic look at the Communist directors, producers, and screenwriters who had been cited for contempt of Congress in 1947 for refusing to answer questions regarding Communist infiltration of the movie industry. Mr. Berry was identified as a Communist in 1951 by Hollywood Ten alumnus Edward Dmytryk and ex-Communist Frank Tuttle, and spent the next decade making movies in Europe. He returned to the United States in the 1960s, directing a few movies and television programs.

Gene Rayburn, 81. U.S. television game show host. Mr. Rayburn, born Eugene Jelyevich, was a successful actor and radio personality before becoming best known for hosting television game shows, particularly Match Game (1962-1969, 1973-1982, 1983). He died 23 days before his 82nd birthday.

Politics and government
Protestant and Roman Catholic adversaries in Northern Ireland joined forces to form the Northern Ireland Assembly, as 10 members, under the leadership of Unionist First Minister David Trimble, were voted onto the power-sharing executive.

Protest
2,000 people marched through the streets of downtown Seattle on the opening day of the 135-nation World Trade Organization ministerial meeting. Protesters included labour union members unhappy with the apparent loss of jobs for American workers, and environmentalists seeking stronger protections in backward nations. Complaints involved issues such as genetically engineered products, U.S. world domination, destruction of rain forests, and the growing gap between rich and poor nations.

10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Greg Richards, 42
; Tina Griswold, 40; Mark Renninger, 39; Ronald Owens, 37. U.S. police officers. The four police officers were at a coffee shop in Lakewood, Washington, when they were gunned down by Maurice Clemmons, a career criminal originally from Arkansas, whose 95-year sentence for aggravated robbery had been commuted by Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee in 2000. Officer Richards shot Mr. Clemmons in the groin before being fatally shot; Mr. Clemmons was fatally shot by police two days later after a two-day manhunt.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ McMahon Stadium, Calgary
Montreal 28 Saskatchewan 27

The Alouettes, who trailed the Roughriders 10-0 after the 1st quarter, 17-3 at halftime, 20-10 after 3 quarters, and 27-11 halfway through the 4th quarter, but rallied for 2 touchowns and a 2-point convert to reduce the deficit to 27-25, and had an opportunity to win the game on the last play of regulation time with a 43-yard field goal by Damon Duval. Mr. Duval missed the field goal attempt, and Saskatchewan returner Jason Armstead returned the ball to his own 6-yard line to apparently end the game. However, the Roughriders were penalized for too many men on the field, and Mr. Duval was successful on a 33-yard field goal to give the Alouettes the win before 46,020 fans. Montreal running back Avon Cobourne rushed 16 times for 85 yards and a touchdown, and caught 6 passes for 64 yards, and was named the game's most valuable player, while Montreal slotback Ben Cahoon caught 5 passes for 57 yards, and was named the game's most valuable Canadian player.

Thursday, 28 November 2019

November 28, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dede Hill and Chris Milner!

190 years ago
1829


Born on this date
Anton Rubinstein
. Russian musician, composer, and conductor. Mr. Rubinstein was a pianist who performed a successful series of recitals, toured internationally, and influenced later pianists such as Sergei Rachmaninoff. He wrote 20 operas, 6 symphonies, 5 piano concertos, and other piano works. Mr. Rubinstein is perhaps best known for his opera The Demon and Melody in F. He founded the St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1862, and served as it first director. Mr. Rubinstein spent his later years in Dresden, and died of heart disease on November 20, 1894, eight days before his 65th birthday.

160 years ago
1859


Died on this date
Washington Irving, 76
. U.S. writer and diplomat. Mr. Irving wrote short stories, history, and biography, and has been credited as the U.S.A.'s first great man of letters. He is probably best known for the short stories Rip Van Winkle (1819) and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1820). Mr. Irving completed the five-volume The Life of George Washington (1855-1859) just before his death from a heart attack in his sleep.

125 years ago
1894


Born on this date
Brooks Atkinson
. U.S. theatre critic. Mr. Atkinson was probably the most influential theatre critic of his time, working with The New York Times from 1922-1960, with the exception of much of the 1940s, when he was a foreign correspondent in China and the U.S.S.R. He supported new kinds of theatre, and helped to boost the popularity of Off-Broadway productions. Mr. Atkinson was awarded the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for Correspondence for his work in Moscow. He died on January 14, 1984 at the age of 89.

Henry Hazlitt. U.S. journalist. Mr. Hazlitt wrote about economics and business for major New York newspapers and magazines in a career spanning 70 years. He promoted the works of Austrian School economists such as Ludwig von Mises and Friedrich Hayek, and influenced libertarian economics through his own works, such as the book Economics in One Lesson (1956). Mr. Hazlitt also served as literary editor for the New York Sun (1925-1929) and The Nation (1930-1933), and was co-editor and then editor-in chief of the libertarian magazine The Freeman (1950-1953). He died on July 9, 1993 at the age of 98.

120 years ago
1899


War
A British column was engaged by Boer forces at the Battle of Modder River in South Africa; although the Boers withdrew, the British suffered heavy casualties.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Keith Miller
. Australian cricket and football player. Mr. Miller played cricket from the late 1930s to the late '50s, and was regarded as Australia's greatest all-rounder, renowned as much for his carefree manner as his ability. He was inducted into the Australian Cricket Hall of Fame as a charter member in 1996. Mr. Miller played in the Victorian Football Association as a full back and full forward with Brighton (1937-1939) and St. Kilda (1940-1942, 1946), scoring 42 goals in 50 games with St. Kilda, including 8 in one game in 1941. Mr. Miller died on October 11, 2004 at the age of 84, after years of declining health.

Abominations
American-born Lady Astor became the first woman to take a seat in the British Parliament.

90 years ago
1929


At the movies
Show of Shows, a musical directed by John G. Adolfi and starring dozens of actors with Warner Brothers Pictures, opened in theatres.

Football
NFL
New York (9-1-1) 21 @ Staten Island (3-4-3) 7
Green Bay (10-0-1) 0 @ Frankford (9-2-4) 0
Chicago Bears (4-7-1) 6 @ Chicago Cardinals (5-5-1) 40

Ernie Nevers of the Cardinals scored all of his team's points, running for 6 touchdowns and kicking 4 extra points in their rout of the Bears at Comiskey Park. Mr. Nevers' total remains the longest-standing record in the NFL.

80 years ago
1939


On the radio



Died on this date
James Naismith, 78
. Canadian-born U.S. basketball pioneer. Dr. Naismith invented basketball in 1891 while working at the YMCA International Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts.

75 years ago
1944


War
The First Canadian convoy reached the newly-opened Dutch port of Antwerp after the channel is cleared of mines, and after capture of the island of Walcheren at the mouth. The Canadian House of Commons met secretly on the crisis over sending conscripts--popularly known as "Zombies"--abroad. U.S. forces in Germany continued to advance along the Saar Basin along a 26-mile front. Soviet troops in northern Hungary joined to force the Tisza River on a wide front.

Scandal
U.S. Assistant Attorney General Norman Littell, whose resignation had been demanded by Attorney General Francis Biddle, told the Senate War Investigating Committee that Mr. Biddle had intervened improperly in a Justice Department case on behalf of Thomas Corcoran, former New Deal "braintruster" now in private practice. Mr. Littell said that he refused "to cooperate with the conduct of the Attorney General which was contrary to principles of good government."

Economics and finance
The U.S. National Planning Association announced a report of its Committee on International Policy, which said that the U.S. must completely reverse its attitude on imports if it was to make the most of postwar trade opportunities and fulfill its obligations as the principal creditor nation.

Baseball
The Baseball Writers Association of America named Detroit Tigers' pitcher Hal Newhouser as the American League's Most Valuable Player for 1944. Mr. Newhouser had posted a record of 29-9 with an earned run average of 2.22 in 47 games, leading the AL in wins and strikeouts (187).

70 years ago
1949


Diplomacy
South Africa quit the United Nations Trusteeship Commission for the rest of 1949 when the committee heard an Anglican minister describe alleged mistreatment of natives in South-West Africa.

Politics and government
New York City Council voted unanimously to expel Communist Party leader Benjamin Davis, Jr., recently convicted of conspiracy to overthrow the United States government.

Scandal
The trial of former U.S. House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee Chairman J. Parnell Thomas (Republican--New Jersey) on charges of payroll-padding began in Washington.

Education
The New York State Supreme Court voided a law directing the State Board of Regents to dismiss all Communist and other "subversive" teachers from the public school system.

Energy
The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission reported the development of a "breeder" reactor which produced more nuclear fuel than it consumed.

Disasters
Heavy winds and flooding continued for the second say in the Pacific Northwestern United States, causing 29 deaths.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Oh Yeah Uh Huh--Col Joye and the Joy Boys (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Deguello--Nelson Riddle

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Unter fremden Sternen--Freddy Quinn (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Travellin' Light--Cliff Richard and the Shadows (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods (2nd week at #1)
2 Mack the Knife--Bobby Darin
3 Don't You Know--Della Reese
4 Heartaches by the Number--Guy Mitchell
5 Seven Little Girls Sitting in the Back Seat--Paul Evans
6 So Many Ways--Brook Benton
7 Danny Boy--Conway Twitty
8 In the Mood--Ernie Fields Orchestra
9 We Got Love--Bobby Rydell
10 Primrose Lane--Jerry Wallace with the Jewels

Singles entering the chart were Way Down Yonder in New Orleans by Freddie Cannon (#78); Pretty Blue Eyes by Steve Lawrence (#79); Honestly and Truly (#81)/(New In) The Ways of Love (#100) by Tommy Edwards; Wheel of Fortune by the Knightsbridge Strings (#98); Mighty Good by Ricky Nelson (#99); and Beyond the Sunset by Pat Boone (also #100). Mighty Good was the B-side of I Wanna Be Loved, charting at #50.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Hound Dog Man--Fabian
2 Danny Boy--Conway Twitty
3 First Name Initial--Annette with the Afterbeats
4 Believe Me--The Royal Teens
5 Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Drifters
6 Woo-Hoo--The Rock-A-Teens
7 Mr. Blue--The Fleetwoods
8 This Friendly World--Fabian
9 In the Mood--Ernie Fields Orchestra
10 We Got Love--Bobby Rydell

Singles entering the chart were That's All Right by Ray Smith (#18); Tear Drop/Long Walk Home by Santo & Johnny (#26); Earthquake/First Love, First Tears by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#28); The Great Duane by Ritchie Hart (#30); Boom Boom Baby/Don't Destroy Me by Crash Craddock (#36); Blue Christmas by Elvis Presley (#37); Say Man, Back Again by Bo Diddley (#39); It's Time to Cry by Paul Anka (#42); I Wanna Be Loved by Ricky Nelson (#44); Uh! Oh! (Part 1) by the Nutty Squirrels (#48); El Paso by Marty Robbins (#49); and Dance with Me by the Drifters (#50).

Died on this date
Roger Williams, 80
. U.S. shipping executive. Mr. Williams was the president of the North Carolina Shipbuilding Company when they built Liberty ships during World War II, and later served as chairman of the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Corporation.

Diplomacy
The Shah of Iran warned that a 1937 border agreement giving Iraq sovereignty and toll rights over the Shatt al Arab was "intolerable" and may be abrogated.

Politics and government
U.K. Labour Party leader Hugh Gaitskell told the party's annual conference in Blackpool that the party's constitution must be revised to eliminate its stress on nationalization and prevent "another election defeat."

U.S. Senator John F. Kennedy (Democrat--Massachusetts) said in Denver that "the use of public finds...for birth control in other nations would not be a wise or good public policy."

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
Winnipeg 21 Hamilton 7

Muddy field conditions in the first Grey Cup game to be held at Toronto’s new CNE Stadium kept the score low as the Blue Bombers won their second straight Grey Cup over the Tiger-Cats. The Blue Bombers, behind the quarterbacking of Kenny Ploen, marched to the Hamilton 21-yard line in the 1st quarter, settling for a field goal by Gerry James. In the 2nd quarter, Hamilton’s Vince Scott blocked a Charlie Shepard punt and chased the ball into the Winnipeg end zone, but Jack Delveaux of the Blue Bombers beat him to the ball and fell on it. Under the rules in existence at the time, Mr. Scott was credited with a single point, leaving Winnipeg ahead 3-1 at halftime. The Blue Bombers continued to have trouble moving out of their end of the field in the 3rd quarter, but the Tiger-Cats, quarterbacked by Bernie Faloney, were unable to score a touchdown. Steve Oneschuk kicked 2 field goals to give Hamilton a 7-3 lead heading into the 4th quarter. Early in the quarter Mr. Faloney fumbled, and Bud Tinsley recovered for Winnipeg on the Hamilton 43-yard line. Mr. Ploen then threw long for Farrell Funston, who made the catch on the 2-yard line. Mr. Shepard ran for a touchdown from there, and Mr. James’ convert made the score 10-7 for Winnipeg. The Blue Bombers then hemmed the Tiger-Cats’ offense inside their own 35-yard line, and Mr. Shepard punted for 4 singles to increase the lead to 14-7. With less than a minute remaining, the Blue Bombers gained possession of the ball in Hamilton territory, and it looked as though they would just run out the clock. Instead, Mr. Ploen spotted Ernie Pitts open and hit him for a 35-yard touchdown. Mr. James converted to make the final score 21-7. Mr. Shepard became the first player to win an award as the Grey Cup’s most valuable player; his prize was a Triumph TR-6 sports car. Attendance was 33,133, the largest crowd to attend a Grey Cup in eastern Canada to that time.



50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Something--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Sugar Sugar--The Archies (3rd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Down on the Corner/Fortunate Son--Creedence Clearwater Revival (2nd week at #1)
2 Na Na Hey Hey Kiss Him Goodbye--Steam
3 The Rainmaker--Tom Northcott
4 Leaving on a Jet Plane--Peter, Paul and Mary
5 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
6 One Tin Soldier--The Original Caste
7 I Still Believe in Tomorrow--John and Anne Ryder
8 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
9 Holly Holy--Neil Diamond
10 Heaven Knows--The Grass Roots

Singles entering the chart were Jam Up Jelly Tight by Tommy Roe (#23); She Belongs to Me by Rick Nelson and the Stone Canyon Band (#26); Love Will Find a Way by Jackie DeShannon (#27); Early in the Morning by Vanity Fare (#28); and See Ruby Fall by Johnny Cash (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Something/Come Together--The Beatles (4th week at #1)
2 Take a Letter Maria--R.B. Greaves
3 Jesus is a Soul Man--Lawrence Reynolds
4 Cherry Hill Park--Billy Joe Royal
5 Echo Park--Keith Barbour
6 Riverboat--Five Man Electrical Band
7 And When I Die--Blood, Sweat & Tears
8 Eli's Coming--Three Dog Night
9 Suite: Judy Blue Eyes--Crosby, Stills & Nash
10 Down on the Corner--Creedence Clearwater Revival

Defense
West Germany signed the nuclear non-proliferation treaty. The treaty was a matter of great controversy in West German politics.

Oil
The Quebec government of Premier Jean-Jacques Bertrand announced the creation of the Société québécoise d'iniatives pétrolières (Quebec Society of Petroleum Initiatives) (Soquip); its mandate was to explore, refine and distribute oil and natural gas in Quebec, in hopes that Quebec would eventually be able to reduce its energy dependence.

Football
Six members were elected to the Canadian Football Hall of Fame. Dr. Andrew Davies, who played for McGill and Ottawa, was an officer and physician with the Ottawa Rough Riders and Senators from 1915-1948. He and Art Chipman, who was responsible for reviving football in Winnipeg after World War II, were elected as builders. Elected as players were Art Stevenson, a halfback and quarterback with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers in the 1930s and early '40s; Abe Eliowitz, halfback and fullback with Ottawa and Montreal in the 1930s; Sam Etcheverry, the record-setting Montreal Alouettes' quarterback from 1952-1960; and Normie Kwong, fullback with the Calgary Stampeders from 1948-1950 and Edmonton Eskimos from 1951-1960. Mr. Kwong was the first player from the Eskimos to be elected to the Hall of Fame.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
Iranian acting Foreign Minister Abolhassan Bani-Sadr, who had been attempting to find an international forum to investigate charges against deposed Shah Mohammed Riza Pahlevi, was dismissed and replaced by Sadegh Ghotbzadeh.

Science
The 100-year-old mystery of colour vision was reported solved by Professor Koji Nakanishi and co-workers at Columbia University. According to the scientists, retinal, the basic substance of vision, attaches itself to cone cells or rod cells in the retina of the eye. The three kinds of cone cells are sensitive to red, blue, or green; the rod cells are sensitive to black and white. All other colours and tones are combinations of these. Each type of cell binds the retinal with a different protein, each of which surrounds the retinal with a different pattern of electrical charges. Retinal’s sensitivity to different wavelengths of light is explained by the number and location of those electrical charges. The wavelength of blue light, for example, disrupts the specific pattern of charges in the blue cone cells and causes the cells to send a signal to the brain. The researchers suggested it was theoretically possible now to find a cure for colour blindness.

Religion
Pope John Paul II flew to Turkey to work toward the reconciliation of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches. He arrived in Ankara to begin his tour.

Disasters
Air New Zealand Flight 901, a DC-10 sightseeing flight over Antarctica, crashed into Mount Erebus, killing all 257 people on board.

Hockey
NHL
Edmonton 4 Chicago 2

30 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Pimple

Politics and government
West German Chancellor Helmut Kohl proposed a plan for the confederation of West and East Germany.

Czechoslovakian Premier Ladislav Adamec opened talks on sharing power with the opposition group Civic Forum.

Law
Canada’s House of Commons approved in principle new legislation on abortion, but the bill appeared not to satisfy activists on either side of the debate. The bill would amend the Criminal Code to permit abortion at any stage of pregnancy, provided one doctor determined that the physical, mental, or psychological health of the mother was threatened. Canadian Justice Minister Doug Lewis admitted that the legislation, introduced November 3, was a compromise that satisfied neither pro-abortion advocates demanding equal access to abortion in all parts of the country nor pro-lifers who wanted the procedure abolished. However, Mr. Lewis said that it would survive a court challenge because it "balances the rights of the woman with society’s interest in the protection of the fetus." If given final approval, the bill would fill a legal void created by the Supreme Court’s decision of January 28, 1988 that struck down Canada’s existing abortion law.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex (4th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Secret--Madonna (3rd week at #1)
2 Always--Bon Jovi
3 Out of Tears--Rolling Stones
4 What's the Frequency, Kenneth--R.E.M.
5 Get Over It--Eagles
6 Insensitive--Jann Arden
7 Living in Danger--Ace of Base
8 Dance Naked--John Mellencamp
9 Motherless Child--Eric Clapton
10 When We Dance--Sting

Singles entering the chart were So Blind by Alan Frew (#71); How Do You Stop by Joni Mitchell (#77); She Picked on Me by Roch Voisine (#79); Landslide by Smashing Pumpkins (#87); Mental Picture by Jon Secada (#88); Nothing Behind Us by Richard Marx (#89); Dignity by Bob Dylan (#92); and The Strangest Party (These are the Times) by INXS (#94).

Died on this date
Buster Edwards, 63
. U.K. criminal. Mr. Edwards was one of the participants in the Great Train Robbery in 1963. He served nine years in prison and was released in 1975. Mr. Edwards was found hanging from a steel girder in a garage, but a panel recorded an open verdict.

Jerry Rubin, 56. U.S. social activist. Mr. Rubin was a prominent member of the American "New Left" in the 1960s as a founding member of the Youth International Party, popularly known as "Yippies." He died of a heart attack two weeks after being struck by a car while jaywalking.

Jeffrey Dahmer, 34. U.S. criminal. Mr. Dahmer was a homosexual serial killer and cannibal who was known to have killed 17 boys and young men between 1978-1991. He was beaten to death by a fellow inmate at Columbia Correctional Institution in Wisconsin.

Politics and government
Norwegians voted 52.4% to 47.6% to reject membership in the European Union.

20 years ago
1999


World events
Cuba’s Foreign Ministry said that Juan Miguel Gonzalez, the father of 5-year-old Elian Gonzalez, one of three survivors who had been rescued when their boat sank on the way to Florida from Cuba several days earlier, was alleging that the boy’s mother, who drowned when the boat sank, had kidnapped Elian.

Diplomacy
Talks were at an impasse over the fate of the Golan Heights; Syria demanded the territory back, and Israel refused to give it up.

Crime
11 people were injured, 4 critically, when a naked man wielding a Samurai sword burst into a church in south London and began indiscriminately attacking parishioners.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ B.C. Place Stadium, Vancouver
Hamilton 32 Calgary 21

The Tiger-Cats jumped to a 21-0 halftime lead and coasted to victory. Ronald Williams rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the first quarter, and after Joe Montford hit Calgary quarterback Dave Dickenson and forced a fumble, recovered by Tim Terry, Hamilton quarterback Danny McManus completed a 9-yard touchdown pass to Darren Flutie late in the second quarter for another touchdown. Paul Osbaldiston converted both and added 2 field goals and a single off a missed field goal. The Tiger-Cats rolled up 246 yards of net offense in the first half compared to 82 for the Stampeders. Mr. Osbaldiston punted for a 41-yard single in the third quarter to make it 22-0, and then the Stampeders came back with 2 touchdowns before the end of the quarter. Mr. Dickenson threw 7 yards to Vince Danielsen for the first Calgary score (set up by a 57-yard completion to Travis Moore on the previous play), and then Mr. Dickenson connected with Allen Pitts for an 18-yard major score. Mark McLoughlin converted both. Mr. Osbaldiston kicked a 20-yard field goal to give Hamilton a 25-14 lead heading into the fourth quarter. Mr. McManus hit Mr. Flutie with a 7-yard touchdown pass, converted by Mr. Osbaldiston to make it 32-14, and the Stampeders got a touchdown from fullback Duane Forde on a 1-yard run, converted by Mr. McLoughlin, to make the final score 32-21. Mr. McManus completed 22 of 34 passes for 347 yards. Mr. Dickenson, who played courageously with an injured left shoulder, completed 24 of 38 for 321, but most of Calgary’s yardage came when the Stampeders were playing from well behind. Darren Flutie led the Tiger-Cat receivers with 6 receptions for 109 yards. 7 different Hamilton players caught at least one pass, and many of the receptions were of spectacular quality. Mike Morreale, the game’s outstanding Canadian, caught 3 for 51. Travis Moore led the Stampeders with 3 catches for 101 yards. The win gave Hamilton its first Grey Cup since 1986, and meant that a Hamilton team had won a national championship at least once in every decade of the 20th Century. 45,118 were in attendance at B.C. Place Stadium.



10 years ago
2009


Died on this date
Gilles Carle, 81
. Canadian film director. Mr. Carle, a native of Maniwaki, Quebec, worked with the National Film Board of Canada before working independently. His movies included La vie heureuse de Léopold Z (The Merry World of Leopold Z) (1965); La vraie nature de Bernadette (The True Nature of Bernadette) (1972); Les Plouffe (The Plouffe Family) (1981); and Maria Chapdelaine (1983). Mr. Carle died in Granby, Quebec of complications from Parkinson's disease.