Sunday, 31 May 2020

June 1, 2020

350 years ago
1670


Diplomacy
Kings Charles II of England and Louis XIV of France signed the Secret Treaty of Dover. It required that King Charles II would convert to the Roman Catholic Church at some future date and that he would assist Louis XIV with 60 warships and 4,000 soldiers to help in France's war of conquest against the Dutch Republic. In exchange, Charles II would secretly receive a yearly pension of £230,000, as well as an extra sum of money when he informed the English people of his conversion, and France would send 6,000 French troops if there was ever a rebellion against Charles in England.

130 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Frank Morgan
. U.S. actor. Mr. Morgan, born Francis Phillip Wuppermann, was a character actor on stage and in movies from 1916 until his death from a heart attack at the age of 59 on September 18, 1949. He was best known for playing the title role in The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Technology
The United States Census Bureau began using Herman Hollerith's tabulating machine to count census returns.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
Gyula Kállai
. Hungarian politician. Mr. Kállai joined the Hungarian Communist Party in 1931, and advanced through the ranks, holding various positions, including Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the People's Republic of Hungary (1965-1967); Speaker of the National Assembly of Hungary (1967–1971); and President of National Council of the Patriotic People's Front (1957-1989). He died on March 12, 1996 at the age of 85.

Exploration
Robert Falcon Scott's second South Pole expedition left Cardiff.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Robert Clarke
. U.S. actor. Mr. Clarke appeared in numerous movies and television programs, but was best known for appearing in low-budget science fiction and monster movies such as The Astounding She-Monster (1957) and The Incredible Petrified World (1959). He wrote, directed, produced, and starred in The Hideous Sun Demon (1958). Mr. Clarke died of complications from diabetes on June 11, 2005, 10 days after his 85th birthday.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals of the National League announced that they would begin playing all their home games at Sportsman's Park, occupying the facility when the Browns of the American League were on the road. The Cardinals' previous home, League Park, was in deteriorating condition.

Austin McHenry led off the 15th inning with a double, advanced to third on a bunt, and scored on a throwing error on an attempted pickoff at first base by Elmer Ponder to break a 4-4 tie as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-4 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

Hi Myers doubled home 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Brooklyn Robins a 10-9 win over the New York Giants before 6,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. The Giants scored 4 runs in the top of the 8th to take a 9-6 lead, but the Robins scored 2 in the bottom of the 8th. Brooklyn first baseman Clarence Mitchell and New York shortstop Art Fletcher each batted 4 for 5, with 4 runs batted in.

The New York Yankees defeated the Washington Nationals 14-7 before 12,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York for their 9th straight win. Babe Ruth (1-0) started his first game as a pitcher for the Yankees, and moved to right field after 4 innings. Roger Peckinpaugh hit an inside-the-park home run, and Ping Bodie hit one out of the park for the Yankees, and drove in 5 runs.

Harry Heilmann batted 5 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and a run batted in for the Detroit Tigers as they edged the Cleveland Indians 11-10 at Dunn Field in Cleveland, outhitting the Indians 17-16. Joe Evans had 3 doubles for the Indians.

90 years ago
1930


Transportation
The Deccan Queen is introduced as the first intercity train between Bombay VT (Now Mumbai CST) and Poona (Pune) to run on electric locomotives.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox beat the New York Yankees 7-4 at Yankee Stadium to end a 14-game losing streak. Dusty Cooke had 4 hits for the Yankees, including a home run, and Babe Ruth also homered. The Red Sox made a triple play to help their cause.

Hack Wilson hit his 15th and 16th home runs of the season, added a double and single, and batted in 5 runs as the Chicago Cubs whipped the Pittsburgh Pirates 16-4 at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Johnny Frederick and Babe Herman hit back-to-back home runs twice as the Brooklyn Robins beat the Philadelphia Phillies 10-2 at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Dolf Luque pitched an 11-hit complete game victory.

Bill Walker (6-3) pitched a 6-hitter and hit a 2-run home run to help the New York Giants defeat the Boston Braves 9-4 in the first game of a doubleheader at Braves Field. The Giants scored 12 runs in the 3rd inning en route to a 16-3 win in the second game, which was called after 7 innings because of a curfew. Boston left fielder Wally Berger homered in both games.

Clyde Sukeforth singled home Joe Stripp with the bases loaded and 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 5-4 win over the St. Louis Cardinals in the first game of a doubleheader at Redland Field. Cincinnati first baseman Harry Heilmann batted 3 for 3 with a base on balls, home run, and 2 runs. He recorded identical statistics in the second game, which the Reds won 7-1 in a game that was called after 7 innings in order to allow the Cardinals to catch a train.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



War
Because of heavy losses to German aircraft, the British Admiralty ordered that all embarkations from Dunkirk, France must take place after dark. German forces carried the war to southern France with bombing raids in the Rhone River Valley. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler ordered the release of Dutch prisoners of war.

Diplomacy
Chinese Communist leader Chou En-lai returned to Chungking from Moscow.

Defense
U.S. Army General George Marshall suggested that, because of defense developments, U.S. troops may have to be stationed outside the country.

Law
The New Zealand parliament passed a law granting the government full power over all persons and property for the duration of World War II.

Politics and government
The Communist Party U.S.A.'s platform condemned U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's foreign policy as imperialistic.

Technology
Paul Schlack received a patent on a process that made wool mothproof by treatment with alkalyne oxide and imine.

Labour
At its annual meeting in New York, the U.S. National Lawyers Guild adopted a resolution opposing any change or amendment to the National Labor Relations Act.

75 years ago
1945


War
U.S. President Harry Truman told Congress that fighting forces in the Pacific theatre would be doubled, with the addition of 3.5 million men from Germany. More than 450 U.S. planes dropped 3,000 tons of incendiary bomb on Osaka. U.S. troops took the town of Shuri and moved along the north bank of the Kokuba River in Okinawa. U.S. officials claimed that up to 30,000 Japanese troops in the Philippines were trapped between American forces moving north through the Cagayan Valley on Luzon and powerful guerrilla units to the north.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman said he would meet soon with U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin.

The U.S.S.R. sent a note to the French, British, Chinese, and American governments asking that France cease fighting against rebel forces in Syria and Lebanon because such activities were contrary to the principles of the United Nations. The Soviets, however, backed the French contention that the Franco-Soviet alliance and other alliances directed against Germany should be completely independent of the new world organization.

Journalism
Louis Fischer, noted author and foreign correspondent, resigned from the editorial board of The Nation after protesting the magazine's favourable view of Soviet foreign policy.

Economics and finance
U.S. Office of Price Administration Administrator Chester Bowles ordered all commercial slaughterers to follow the geographical pattern of meat distribution used in 1944 to bring some relief from the meat shortage.

70 years ago
1950


War
The Japanese Foreign Ministry formally requested a separate peace treaty with the Western Allies.

Europeana
Poland established three new provinces--Koszalin, Zielonogora, and Opole--in border territory taken from Germany.

Defense
U.S. President Harry Truman sent Congress a request for $1.22 billion in second-year military aid to governments resisting "Communist imperialism."

Politics and government
Peruvian President Manuel Odria, who had seized power 19 months earlier, resigned to run for President in the July 2 election.

Seven liberal Republican U.S. Senators, led by Margaret Chase Smith (Maine), denounced Sen. Joseph McCarthy's (Wisconsin) tactics in a "Declaration of Conscience," attacking "character assassinations, trial by accusation," and "political smears."

Energy
Argentina disclosed the formation of a National Atomic Energy Commission to safeguard uranium deposits and plan an atomic war defense.

Transportation
The Irish Republic nationalized its railroad, trucking, and canal shipping systems.

Environment
Mauna Loa, the world's most active volcano, erupted, sending streams of lava pouring 25 miles across the island of Hawaii to the Pacific Ocean.

Economics and finance
The South Korean government began a program of land redistribution and sale of formerly Japanese-owned industries to landholders.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Communications Workers of America announced a wage settlement with eight Bell System telephone companies, ending a dispute that threatened a nationwide strike.

Disasters
The Chinchaga River fire, a forest fire in northern British Columbia and Alberta, ignited; by September, it would become the largest single fire on record in North America.

Baseball
The first grand slam of Marty Marion’s 11-year major league career gave the St. Louis Cardinals a 5-2 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers before 32,180 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis to move into a tie with the Dodgers for first place in the National League. St. Louis catcher Joe Garagiola, who was hitting .347, suffered a shoulder separation when he tripped over Brooklyn’s Jackie Robinson on a play at first base, and was out for the next three months.

Sid Gordon hit a grand slam in the 1st inning to help the Boston Braves rout the Pittsburgh Pirates 14-2 before 5,468 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

The New York Giants scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th inning to overcome a 7-4 deficit and defeat the Cincinnati Reds 8-7 in the first game of a doubleheader before 7,727 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. The Reds had runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Peanuts Lowrey grounded out to end the game. The Reds scored 3 runs in the 4th inning as they won the second game 5-2.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning en route to an 8-4 win over the Chicago Cubs before 9,812 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Hank Bauer scored when center fielder Dave Philley made an error after a single by Jerry Coleman with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the New York Yankees a 6-5 win over the Chicago White Sox before 17,554 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees trailed 5-2, but scored a run in the 8th and 2 in the 9th.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 12th inning, Don Lenhardt, Hank Arft, and Bill Sommers hit consecutive singles, with Mr. Lenhardt scoring to break a 4-4 tie as the St. Louis Browns edged the Washington Nationals 5-4 before 9,295 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

60 years ago
1960


Died on this date
Lester Patrick, 76
. Canadian hockey player, coach, and executive. Mr. Patrick, nicknamed "The Silver Fox" in middle age, was a native of Drummondville, Quebec who played rover and defence for several teams in a career spanning 1903-26. He helped the Montreal Wanderers to Stanley Cup championships in 1906 and '07. Mr. Patrick and his brother Frank moved to British Columbia in 1911 and founded the professional Pacific Coast Hockey Association, competing for the Stanley Cup, and devising new rules, many of which still exist. Lester Patrick played in the PCHA from 1911-22, mostly with the Victoria Aristocrats and Cougars. He moved to the National Hockey League as the first coach and general manager of the New York Rangers in 1926, leading them through the 1938-39 season, compiling a regular season record of 281-216-107 and leading them to Stanley Cup championships in 1928 and 1933. Mr. Patrick was most famous for coming out of retirement as a player during the second game of the 1928 Stanley Cup finals, replacing injured Lorne Chabot in goal with 8 minutes remaining in the 2nd period of a 0-0 game against the Montreal Maroons. He allowed just 1 goal--with just over a minute remaining in regulation time--and stopped 18 of 19 shots as the Rangers won 2-1 in overtime. Mr. Patrick remained the Rangers' general manager through the 1945-46 season, leading them to another Stanley Cup championship in 1940. He remained as general manager of Madison Square Garden until 1950, and eventually moved back to Victoria, where he died of a heart attack while suffering from cancer. Mr. Patrick was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1947; the championship trophy of the Western Hockey League was renamed the Lester Patrick Cup in 1960, and the Lester Patrick Trophy for outstanding contributions to hockey in the United States was first presented in 1966.

Harry Dean, 45. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Dean posted a 0-0 record with an earned run average of 4.50 in 2 games with the Washington Nationals in 1941. He was 44-33 with a 3.26 ERA in 100 games in 3 seasons in the minor leagues (1939-1941), beginning his professional career with a 21-4 record and 2.33 ERA with the Sanford Lookouts of the Class D Florida State League. Mr. Dean died 20 days after his 45th birthday.

Transportation
Trans-Canada Air Lines began DC-8 jetliner service from Montreal to London, reducing transatlantic flight time from 11 hours to 6. It was the first use of jet aircraft for non-military purposes.

Baseball
Mickey Mantle’s solo home run with 1 out in the 1st inning was the only hit off Hal Brown (4-1) as the Baltimore Orioles beat the New York Yankees 4-1 before 23,762 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore to move into first place in the American League.

Frank Baumann (2-2) pitched a 4-hitter for the Chicago White Sox as they shut out the Detroit Tigers 6-0 before 20,772 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. The White Sox put the game away with 4 runs in the 9th on home runs by Earl Torgeson and Gene Freese.

Bob Friend (6-2) pitched a 3-hitter and batted 1 for 2 with a sacrifice and a run for the Pittsburgh Pirates as they shut out the Cincinnati Reds 5-0 before 26,791 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th inning, Bob Schmidt singled and Sam Jones doubled him home to give the San Francisco Giants a 2-1 win over the Chicago Cubs before 10,751 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mr. Jones (6-4) pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Dick Ellsworth (2-2), who allowed 4 hits in a complete game.

50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Keiko no Yume wa--Yoru Hiraku (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Un Rayo De Sol--Los Diablos

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: Assignment for George

Died on this date
George Watkins, 69
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Watkins was an outfielder with the St. Louis Cardinals (1930-1933); New York Giants (1934); Philadelphia Phillies (1935-1936); and Brooklyn Dodgers (1936), batting .288 with 73 home runs and 420 runs batted in in 894 games. He hit .373 in his rookie year, which remains the National League record for highest batting average by a rookie. Mr. Watkins helped the Cardinals win the National League pennant in 1930 and the World Series in 1931, batting .231 with 2 homers and 3 RBIs in 9 World Series games, and becoming, in 1930, the first NL player to hit a home run in his first World Series plate appearance. He played 702 games in 6 seasons in the minor leagues (1925-1929, 1937), batting .313 with 83 home runs, beginning and ending his career with the Houston Buffaloes of the Texas League. Mr. Watkins drank himself to death, three days before his 70th birthday.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Soyuz 9, with a crew of Commander Andriyan Nikolayev and Flight Engineer Vitaly Sevastianov aboard. Liftoff took place at night.



Protest
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson, campaigning in north London, was hit by an egg thrown by a young Conservative Party supporter who was upset at the British government’s cancellation of the South African Springboks' cricket tour.

It was reported that seven Soviet scientists, in two unrelated incidents, had protested the detention of Russian biologist Z.A. Medvedev and dissident political leader General Pyotr G. Grigorenko. Sources said that the protests represented a rising wave of discontent with government repression of liberal intellectuals.

Defense
The Pentagon disclosed that the bulk of a Soviet flotilla was cruising in the Gulf of Mexico after a visit to Cuba, having earlier come within 50 miles of the Louisiana coast.

Disasters
All 13 aboard were killed in a crash of a Czechoslovakian jetliner at the Tripoli, Libya airport.

Baseball
Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn held a private meeting with Houston Astros’ pitcher Jim Bouton, where he reprimanded the pitcher for writing his new book Ball Four (1970).

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Stomp!--The Brothers Johnson

#1 single in Switzerland: Boat on the River--Styx (6th week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Sun of Jamaica--Goombay Dance Band (5th week at #1)
2 Der Nippel--Mike Krüger
3 Boat on the River--Styx
4 It's a Real Good Feeling--Peter Kent
5 Take that Look Off Your Face--Marti Webb
6 Atomic--Blondie
7 Give Me More--The Teens
8 Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)--Pink Floyd
9 Tired of Toein' the Line--Rocky Burnette
10 Hungaria--Fritz

Singles entering the chart were Take that Look Off Your Face; Hungaria; What's Another Year by Johnny Logan (#13); An American Dream by the Dirt Band (#16); and Stella stai by Umberto Tozzi (#19).

Died on this date
Arthur Nielsen, 82
. U.S. engineer. Mr. Nielsen was an electrical engineer who founded the ACNielsen marketing research company in 1923. He inaugurated a National Radio Index for broadcasters and advertisers in 1942, followed by a television ratings service in 1950.

On television today
Cable News Network began broadcasting.

Protest
Cuban refugees at the Fort Chaffee, Arkansas processing centre rioted out of frustration and anger over delays in processing. 200 Cubans burst through the front gate at the fort, but were forced back inside by police officers and soldiers who used tear gas and clubs to subdue them. Once back inside, the refugees went on a rampage, setting fire to some barracks. 35 Cubans were arrested for instigating the riot. U.S. officials said that 94,710 Cubans had recently arrived in the United States and 48% of them had been resettled. However, relatively few of the refugees in camps had been resettled because they had no relatives in the country.

Terrorism
Two synthetic petroleum plants and one of South Africa’s largest oil refineries were bombed in the most successful guerrilla action to date against the country’s white minority government. One of the oil-from-coal plants and the refinery were located at Sasolburg, 55 miles southwest of Johannesburg. The other plant was at Secunda, 75 miles southeast of Johannesburg. More than $7 million worth of damage resulted from the blasts and subsequent fires. Officials said that production at the three plants was not affected, since most of the damage was to storage tanks. The African National Congress, which was banned in South Africa, claimed responsibility.

Religion
Pope John Paul II continued his visit to France by conducting an outdoor mass in gusts of driving rain for a crowd of about 500,000 at Paris's Le Bourget airport.

30 years ago
1990


Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev met U.S. Congressional leaders for breakfast at the Soviet embassy in Washington, and then met with U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle. Afterward, Mr. Gorbachev and U.S. President George Bush signed more than a dozen documents at the White House. One agreement, spelling out broad details to be worked out in a treaty, would reduce long-range nuclear weapons arsenals, setting a limit of 1,600 strategic delivery vehicles per side, with a total of 6,000 warheads per side for these long-range vehicles. Another agreement called for an immediate end to chemical weapons production by both countries. A third agreement involved Mr. Bush signing the trade treaty that Mr. Gorbachev wanted, even though the U.S.S.R. had not met the condition previously stated, that of liberalizing emigration laws. Mr. Bush apparently put aside concerns over Lithuania in signing the treaty, which, if approved by Congress, would be a step toward granting most favoured nation status to the Soviet Union.

Raisa Gorbachev and Barbara Bush addressed the graduating class of Wellesley College in Wellesley, Massachusetts. Mrs. Gorbachev spoke on the role of women in Soviet society, and Mrs. Bush emphasized the importance of family and friends even for career women.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney appointed John Grace as federal Information Commissioner, replacing Inger Hansen. Mr. Grace was replaced as Privacy Commissioner by former CTV newsman Bruce Phillips.

Academia
Pauline Jewett was appointed Chancellor of Carleton University, replacing Gordon Robertson.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that unemployment edged downward by 0.1% in May, to 5.3%.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): This Ain't a Love Song--Bon Jovi

20 years ago
2000


Terrorism
Police in Luxembourg posing as journalists shot and critically wounded a hostage-taker holding a child and a grenade, freeing 25 children and three teachers who had been held captive during a 30-hour standoff.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Bill Clinton began a three-day visit to Berlin.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Dallas 2 @ New Jersey 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Brett Hull's second goal of the game, with 4:16 remaining in regulation time, broke a 1-1 tie at Continental Airlines Arena in East Rutherford.

Baseball
Trailing 8-2 in the 6th inning, the Kansas City Royals scored 9 runs, and held on for a 13-11 win over the Boston Red Sox before 32,661 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Red Sox made 4 errors, and the Royals scored 5 unearned runs.

Japanese righthander Tomokazu Ohka of the Pawtucket Red Sox needed only 76 pitches to throw the first 9-inning perfect game in the International League since Dick Marlowe of Buffalo in 1952. The Red Sox defeated the Charlotte Knights 2-0.

Saturday, 30 May 2020

May 31, 2020

610 years ago
1410


Died on this date
Martin, 53
. King of Aragon, Valencia, Sardinia and Corsica, 1396-1410; King of Sicily, 1409-1410. Martin, the second son of King Peter IV of Aragon and Eleanor of Sicily, was appointed lord and regent of Sicily by his father in 1380. He succeeded his older brother John I on the throne of Aragon, Valencia, Sardinia and Corsica, and had to deal with internal strife against the nobility, while launching crusades against the Moors in North Africa in 1398 and 1399. King Martin's son Martin the Younger became the king of Sicily through marriage, but died in 1609, and Martin the elder succeeded him. King Martin died in the monastery of Valldonzella, outside the city walls of Barcelona; his death has been attributed to various causes, including plague, uremic coma, and laughter at a joke while suffering from indigestion. King Martin died without successors, leading to a two-year interregnum.

380 years ago
1640


Born on this date
Michał I
. King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, 1669-1673. Michał I was the son of powerful border magnate and prince Jeremi Wiśniowiecki, and was elected king after the abdication of Jan II. He had to deal with internal strife, and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth lost territory in a war against the Ottoman Empire in 1672. King Michał was preparing for another campaign against the Ottomans when he died, ostensibly from a severe case of food poisoning, on November 10, 1673 at the age of 33.

280 years ago
1740


Died on this date
Friedrich Wilhelm I, 51
. King in Prussia and Elector of Brandenburg, 1713-1740. Friedrich Wilhelm (Frederick William) was preceded by his father Friedrich I. He was succeeded by his son Friedrich II, better known as Frederick the Great.

230 years ago
1790


Exploration
Alferez Manuel Quimper explored the Strait of Juan de Fuca; he claimed the area for Spain on August 1, 1790.

Law
The first U.S. copyright law--the Copyright Act of 1790--was enacted, protecting books, maps, and other original materials.

225 years ago
1795


Law
The French Revolutionary Tribunal was suppressed, after the elimination of most of those associated with the Reign of Terror.

160 years ago
1860


Born on this date
Walter Sickert
. German-born U.K. artist. Mr. Sickert, a native of Munich, moved to England with his family in 1868. He was a painter and printmaker who was a member of the Camden Town Group of Post-Impressionist artists in early 20th-century London, and an influence on distinctively British styles of avant-garde art in the mid- and late 20th century. Mr. Sickert painted ordinary people and urban scenes, as well as nude females. He took an interest in the Jack the Ripper murders in 1888, and believed that he had lodged in a room that had been used by the killer. Mystery writer Patricia Cornwell has accused Mr. Sickert of being Jack the Ripper, but she seems to be alone in that belief. Mr. Sickert died on January 22, 1842 at the age of 81.

130 years ago
1890


Baseball
George Gore, Buck Ewing, and Roger Connor hit consecutive home runs in the 8th inning as the New York Giants whipped the Pittsburgh Burghers 23-3 in a Players League game at Brotherhood Park in New York.

120 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Lucile Godbold
. U.S. athlete. Miss Godbold won a gold medal in shot put and a bronze medal in javelin at the 1922 Women's World Games in Paris. She died on April 5, 1981 at the age of 80.

110 years ago
1910


Died on this date
Elizabeth Blackwell, 89
. U.K.-born physician. Dr. Blackwell moved with her family to New York at the age of 11, and was a schoolteacher before deciding to pursue a medical career. She was accepted by Geneve Medical College in New York state, and in 1849 became the first woman in the United States to earn a medical degree. Dr. Blackwell practiced in Europe and the United States, organizing nurses during the American Civil War, and moving back to England in 1869. She retired from medicine in 1877, and spent the rest of her life promoting various social reforms. Dr. Blackwell was seriously incapacitated by a bad fall in 1907, and suffered a serious stroke three years later, which caused her death.

100 years ago
1920

Auto racing

Gaston Chevrolet won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 88.16 miles per hour.



Baseball
The Chicago Cubs and Cincinnati Reds split two games at Cubs Park. In the first game, Cubs’ pitcher Grover "Pete" Alexander (11-2) ended the game with a home run with 2 out in the 10th inning as the Cubs won 3-2; it was Mr. Alexander’s 11th straight win. The Reds won the second game 4-2 behind the pitching of Jimmy Ring (6-4), who pitched a 6-hitter and singled in a run.

Bob Meusel led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a single and came around to score when third baseman Frank Ellerbe made a throwing error on Wally Pipp's sacrifice bunt, giving the New York Yankees a 7-6 win over the Washington Nationals in the first game of a doubleheader before 36,688 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Leon Carlson, the second of three Washington pitchers, allowed 1 hit and no runs in 2.1 innings, striking out 1 batter and walking none in his first major league game. Babe Ruth hit a tremendous 2-run home run off Walter Johnson (4-6) as the Yankees scored 3 runs in the 8th inning to break a 7-7 tie and win the second game 10-7 to complete the sweep. Rip Collins (1-0) pitched 5.1 innings of scoreless relief to get the win, while shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh helped the New York cause by batting 4 for 4 with a base on balls, 2 doubles, a triple, 2 runs, and a run batted in.

90 years ago
1930


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Clint Eastwood!

Baseball
The St. Louis Browns scored the tying run against the Chicago White Sox and ace pitcher Red Faber with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis, and then Oscar Melillo stole home plate to give the Browns a 3-2 win at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. General Crowder (2-6) pitched a 5-hit complete game to get the win, while Mr. Faber (1-7) also pitched a 5-hitter.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



War
A record total of 68,000 Allied soldiers were evacuated from Dunkirk, France. The French were critical of the failure to evacuate more of their troops from Dunkirk. Japan announced near-agreement on peace terms with the government in central China led by Wang Ching-wei.

Diplomacy
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill and French Prime Minister Paul Reynaud met again in Paris.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress for $1 billion in supplemental defense funds and authority to call the National Guard and Army reserves to active duty.

U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau told the House and Representatives Ways and Means Committee that it was essential to raise the national debt limit to $45 billion to help finance the defense effort.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate approved the transfer of the Bureau of Naturalization and Immigration from the Labor Department to the Justice Department.

A Gallup Poll reported that 56% of Republican voters favoured New York City District Attorney Thomas Dewey over U.S. Senators Robert Taft (Ohio) and Arthur Vandenberg (Michigan) as the party's candidate for President of the United States in the November 1940 election.

Economics and finance
The U.S. liner Exeter docked at Jersey City, New Jersey with $4 million in gold bullion assigned to the New York Federal Reserve Bank by the Bank of International Settlements.

75 years ago
1945


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Long Ago (And Far Away)--Bing Crosby; Dinah Shore (1st month at #1)

Died on this date
Odilo Globocnik, 41
. Austrian SS officer. Gruppenführer Globocnik was an associate of Adolf Eichmann who had a leading role in Operation Reinhard, which saw the murder of over one million mostly Polish Jews in Nazi extermination camps Majdanek, Treblinka, Sobibor, and Belzec. He committed suicide by biting on a suicide capsule shortly after being arrested with seven other Austrian Nazis.

War
U.S. Undersecretary of War Robert Patterson said that lowering the Army discharge age would further increase front line service of men in the Pacific theatre. The 4th Queen's Own Hussars, a British armoured cavalry unit, captured Austrian Nazis Odilo Globocnik, Georg Michalsen, Friedrich Rainer, Ernst Lerch, Hermann Höfle, Karl Hellesberger, Hugo Herzog and Friedrich Plöbat at the Möslacher Alm in Austria. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill ordered his commander-in-chief in the Middle East, General Sir Bernard Paget, to intervene in Syria to halt the bloodshed between French forces and those of Syria and Lebanon who were fighting for their independence. French troops in Syria and Lebanon agreed to a cease-fire at the demand of the British government.

Diplomacy
At the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco, the Big Four powers--U.S.A.; U.S.S.R.; U.K.; and China--warned France that her continued conflict with Syria jeopardized her request for changes in the security charter.

Representatives of 16 nations gathered in London for the first meeting of the United Nations War Crimes Commission.

In a memorandum to U.S. President Harry Truman, Bernard Baruch said that the most important factor in making peace was the "earliest definite settlement of what is to be done with Germany and Japan," saying that both must be kept from re-establishing themselves as industrial nations capable of mass production of military arms.

U.S. Senator Bob La Follette, Jr. (Progressive--Wisconsin) criticized the Dumbarton Oaks plan for creation of a United Nations organization, attacking the right of the Big Five powers--U.S.A.; U.S.S.R.; U.K.; France; and China--in the Security Council.

Politics and government
Chiang Kai-shek resigned as Premier of Nationalist China and was succeeded by acting Premier T.V. Soong.

The Norwegian government of Prime Minister Johann Nygarrdvold arrived in Oslo after five years of exile in Britain.

French leader General Charles de Gaulle announced that the French people would vote later in the year to determine what type of government they wanted.

The government of Argentina proclaimed its "Organic Statute of Political Parties," which laid down rules for approval of parties and made voting compulsory. Observers charged that the document was an abridgement of domestic political freedom.

70 years ago
1950


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Ben Wright and Eric Snowden, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: Command Performance

The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Martin Gabel, on ABC

This was the last episode of the season.

World events
A new trial began as Prague as former conservative politician Milada Horakova confessed to collaborating with 12 other Czechs in treason, espionage, and sabotage.

Politics and government
Panamanian acting Attorney General Carlos Popez overruled a cabinet resolution outlawing the Communist Party as unconstitutional.

U.S. President Harry Truman submitted to Congress two new plans to reorganize the Treasury Department and the Federal Security Administration.

U.S. Navy Captain John Crommelin, an opponent of armed forces unification, resigned from the Navy in order to run as an independent in the Florida senatorial contest.

Crime
Accused spy Harry Gold told a court in Philadelphia that he would plead guilty of acting as a courier for a Soviet atomic bomb spy ring when his case came to trial.

Labour
A week-long wildcat strike of 4,500 construction workers employed on Oak Ridge atomic installations ended when an arbitrration board promised to consider their wage demands.

60 years ago
1960


On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Lonely Room, starring Carl Esmond, Maurice Marsac, Fabrizio Mioni, and Lisa Montell



Died on this date
Walther Funk, 69
. German journalist and politician. Mr. Funk edited the newspaper Berliner Börsenzeitung from 1924-1931. He joined the Nazi Party in 1931, and was elected a Reichstag deputy in 1932. Shortly after the Nazis came to power in 1933, Mr. Funk left his position in the Reichstag to serve as State Secretary at the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda (1933-1937). He was Reichsminister of Economics (1938-1945) and President of the Reichsbank (1939-1945). Mr. Funk was convicted of crimes against humanity by the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg in 1946, and was sentenced to life imprisonment. He was released in 1957 on grounds of ill health, and died of diabetes.

50 years ago
1970


Died on this date
George "Zip" Zabel, 79
. U.S. baseball pitcher. George Washington Zabel played with the Chicago Cubs (1913-1915), compiling a record of 12-14 with an earned run average of 2.71 in 66 games. He won at least 47 games and lost at least 27 in 4 seasons in the minor leagues from 1912-1917. Mr. Zabel was best known for his performance on June 17, 1915, when he relieved injured starter Bert Humphries with 2 out in the 1st inning and pitched 18.1 innings of relief, coming out as the winning pitcher when the Cubs defeated the Brooklyn Robins 4-3 in 19 innings in what remains the longest relief performance in major league history. Mr. Zabel allowed just 9 hits and 2 runs, but the outing hurt his arm, and he was never the same afterward. Mr. Zabel worked as a metallurgist for the manufacturing firm Fairbanks Morse in Beloit, Wisconsin for 32 years.

Terry Sawchuk, 40. Canadian hockey goaltender. Mr. Sawchuk, a native of Winnipeg, played 21 seasons in the National Hockey League, with the Detroit Red Wings (1949-55, 1957-64, 1969); Boston Bruins (1955-57); Toronto Maple Leafs (1964-67); Los Angeles Kings (1967-68); and New York Rangers (1969-70). He won 447 regular season games and 54 playoff games. Mr. Sawchuk recorded 103 regular season shutouts--the first on January 15, 1950, and the last on February 1, 1970-and 12 playoff shutouts. His shutout total stood as a league record until it was broken by Martin Brodeur in 2009. Mr. Sawchuk played on Stanley Cup championship teams (not counting his brief time with the Red Wings in 1950) with Detroit in 1952, 1954, and 1955, and with Toronto in 1967. His best season was probably 1951-52, when he played in every game, posting a 1.90 goals against average with 12 shutouts during the regular season. He followed that with 4 shutouts in the playoffs, giving up just 5 goals as the Red Wings swept to the Stanley Cup in the minimum 8 games. Mr. Sawchuk struggled with untreated depression over the years, and was a heavy drinker and womanizer. Shortly after the Rangers were eliminated from the Stanley Cup playoffs in the first round, Mr. Sawchuk and teammate Ron Stewart, who had both been drinking, got into a fight over expenses on the house they shared on Long Island. Mr. Sawchuk fell on top of Mr. Stewart’s bent knee and suffered severe internal injuries. While in hospital, Mr. Sawchuk told police that he accepted full responsibility for the incident. Several operations on his liver were unsuccessful, and he died of a blood embolism.

Labour
2,500 employees in 54 private hospitals in Quebec went on strike for higher wages.

Disasters
An earthquake hit Peru’s northern Andes and coastline; more than 50,000 were killed, 150,000-200,000 were injured, and 20,000 were missing. The quake destroyed 80% of all structures in the area. With dams weakened by the tremor, Llanganuca Lake in the Andes burst its dams and swept away the towns of Yungay and Caras, with a combined population of 80,000.

Baseball
Luis Aparicio and Walt Williams each had 5 hits and Mr. Williams scored 5 runs for the Chicago White Sox as they outlasted the Boston Red Sox 22-13 before 21,952 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. For Gary Peters, the former White Sox' ace starting on the mound for Boston, it was his second straight game in which he failed to make it through the 1st inning.

Ken McMullen and Jim Fregosi hit home runs for the California Angels as they beat the Baltimore Orioles 6-1 before 15,183 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Clyde Wright (7-3) and Ken Tatum combined to defeat Dave McNally (8-3), but Mr. Tatum hit Baltimore center fielder Paul Blair in the face with a pitch in the 8th inning. Mr. Blair was taken off the field with a broken nose and other fractures, and required plastic surgery. He remained an excellent center fielder, but was never as good a hitter again.

The Milwaukee Brewers rallied for 3 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning and 2 in the 9th to defeat the Detroit Tigers 7-6 before 10,132 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Ted Savage doubled home Mike Hegan and Hank Allen with 1 out in the 9th to end the game.

Harmon Killebrew led off the bottom of the 10th inning with his second home run of the game to give the Minnesota Twins a 7-6 win over the New York Yankees, completing a comeback from an early 4-0 deficit before 15,752 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

Rico Carty batted 4 for 4 with a base on balls, 3 home runs, 4 runs, and 6 runs batted in to lead the Atlanta Braves over the Philadelphia Phillies 9-1 before 18,482 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Jim Nash (7-1) pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.

Ron Swoboda drove in 5 runs with a pair of 2-run home runs and a bases-loaded walk to help the New York Mets rout the Houston Astros 14-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 47,193 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Ken Boswell reached first base on an error by second baseman Joe Morgan to lead off the bottom of the 14th inning and scored from second base on a 2-out single by pinch hitter Duffy Dyer to give the Mets a 4-3 win in the second game to complete the sweep. Houston center fielder Jim Wynn homered in both games.

Wes Parker led off the top of the 11th inning with an infield single and Billy Grabarkewitz followed with a home run to break a 6-6 tie as the Los Angeles Dodgers came back from a 6-1 deficit to beat the St. Louis Cardinals 8-6 before 17,166 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Video Killed the Radio Star--The Buggles (12th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): What's Another Year--Johnny Logan

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): What's Another Year--Johnny Logan (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Theme from M*A*S*H (Suicide is Painless)--The Mash

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Funkytown--Lipps Inc.
2 Sun of Jamaica--Goombay Dance Band
3 Working My Way Back to You--Spinners
4 I'm in the Mood for Dancing--Nolan Sisters
5 What's Another Year--Johnny Logan
6 Buzz Buzz a Diddle It--Matchbox
7 I See a Boat on the River--Boney M.
8 Crazy Guitar--Hank the Knife & the Crazy Cats
9 Call Me--Blondie
10 Dance Yourself Dizzy--Liquid Gold

Singles entering the chart were Relight My Fire by Dan Hartman (#28); So Long by Fischer-Z (#32); Girls and Cadillacs by Albert West (#34); Zondag by Rob De Nijs (#38); and You'll Always Find Me in the Kitchen at Parties by Jona Lewie (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Funkytown--Lipps Inc.
2 Call Me--Blondie
3 Coming Up (Live at Glasgow)--Paul McCartney & Wings
4 Don't Fall in Love with a Dreamer--Kenny Rogers with Kim Carnes
5 Sexy Eyes--Dr. Hook
6 Biggest Part of Me--Ambrosia
7 Stomp!--The Brothers Johnson
8 Hurt So Bad--Linda Ronstadt
9 Against the Wind--Bob Seger
10 Cars--Gary Numan

Singles entering the chart were More Love by Kim Carnes (#75); Gimme Some Lovin' by the Blues Brothers (#77); In America by the Charlie Daniels Band (#82); Shotgun Rider by Joe Sun (#87); and Take Your Time (Do it Right) by the S.O.S. Band (#88). Gimme Some Lovin' was from the movie The Blues Brothers (1980).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Funkytown--Lipps Inc.
2 Call Me--Blondie
3 Biggest Part of Me--Ambrosia
4 Don’t Fall in Love With a Dreamer--Kenny Rogers and Kim Carnes
5 Lost in Love--Air Supply
6 Cars--Gary Numan
7 Sexy Eyes--Dr. Hook
8 Coming Up (Live at Glasgow)--Paul McCartney & Wings
9 Hurt So Bad--Linda Ronstadt
10 The Rose--Bette Midler

Singles entering the chart were Gimme Some Lovin' by the Blues Brothers (#64); More Love by Kim Carnes (#66); In America by the Charlie Daniels Band (#80); Take Your Time (Do it Right) by the S.O.S. Band (#86); A Lover's Holiday by Change (#88); The Very Last Time by Utopia (#89); and Back Together Again by Roberta Flack with Donny Hathaway (#96).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Funkytown--Lipps Inc.
2 Biggest Part of Me--Ambrosia
3 Call Me--Blondie
4 Don't Fall in Love with a Dreamer--Kenny Rogers with Kim Carnes
5 The Rose--Bette Midler
6 Sexy Eyes--Dr. Hook
7 Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)--Pink Floyd
8 Cars--Gary Numan
9 Hurt So Bad--Linda Ronstadt
10 Lost in Love--Air Supply

Singles entering the chart were Gimme Some Lovin' by the Blues Brothers (#53); More Love by Kim Carnes (#66); In America by the Charlie Daniels Band (#74); Everything Works if You Let It by Cheap Trick (#83); Back Together Again by Roberta Flack with Donny Hathaway (#89); and Clouds by Chaka Khan (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Call Me--Blondie
2 Rock Lobster--The B-52's
3 Another Brick in the Wall (Part II)--Pink Floyd
4 Ride Like the Wind--Christopher Cross
5 Cars--Gary Numan
6 Working My Way to You/Forgive Me, Girl--Spinners
7 You May Be Right--Billy Joel
8 Don't Fall in Love with a Dreamer--Kenny Rogers with Kim Carnes
9 Pilot of the Airwaves-Charlie Dore
10 Fire Lake--Bob Seger

Singles entering the chart were Misunderstanding by Genesis (#85); The Seduction (Love Theme) by the James Last Band (#90); I'm Alive by Electric Light Orchestra (#93); Clones (We're All) by Alice Cooper (#95); New Romance by Spider (#97); Good Clean Fun by Trooper (#99); and Young and Restless by Prism (#100).

Died on this date
Henry Viney, 69
. Canadian sportscaster. Mr. Viney was an amateur basketball referee for many years, and officiated major competitions of the Edmonton Grads. He spent 35 years with CFCN radio and television in Calgary, appearing for many years on broadcasts of Calgary Stampeders’ football games, and doing television editorials under the title As I See It on the late news every weeknight ("That’s the way I see it; I’m Henry Viney."). Mr. Viney regularly contributed articles to the programs for Stampeders’ home games from the 1950s through 1979. He was inducted into the Alberta Sports Hall of Fame in 1983. An arena in northeast Calgary is named in his honour.

Sonny Burke, 66. U.S. musician. Mr. Burke worked as an arranger with big bands, including those of Charlie Spivak and Jimmy Dorsey. He wrote music for popular songs, including those from the movie Lady and the Tramp (1955). Mr. Burke became musical director of Warner Brothers Records/Reprise Records, and produced some of Frank Sinatra's later albums, including the three-record Trilogy: Past Present Future, which was released two months before Mr. Burke's death from cancer.

Diplomacy
Pope John Paul II continued his visit to France as he met with French President Valery Giscard d'Estaing in Paris to discuss world problems. The pontiff later met with 15,000 Polish immigrants and their descendants at the Eiffel Tower and said mass for 2,500 workers at the Basilica of St. Denis in a working-class suburb of Paris.

Baseball
The Milwaukee Brewers beat the Boston Red Sox 19-8 before 30,381 fans at Fenway Park in Boston despite giving up 6 home runs. The Brewers scored 8 runs in the 3rd inning, 6 in the 7th, and 4 in the 8th. 4 of the Boston home runs came in the 4th inning, including consecutive homers by Tony Perez, Carlton Fisk, and Butch Hobson.

Lou Piniella single with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning and Reggie Jackson followed with a home run to give the New York Yankees an 8-6 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 25,158 fans at Yankee Stadium.

J.R. Richard (6-3) pitched a 3-hitter and singled in a run to lead the Houston Astros over the San Francisco Giants 5-0 before 11,649 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

An unearned run in the top of the 9th inning provided the winning margin for the Atlanta Braves as they edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 6-5 before 40,161 fans at Dodger Stadium. Gary Matthews reached first base on an error by second baseman Dave Lopes to lead off the inning, and advanced to second base on a single by Jeff Burroughs. Bill Nahorodny was hit by a pitch, and Luis Gomez drew a base on balls to score Mr. Matthews, giving the Braves a 6-3 lead. After the first two batters were retired in the bottom of the 9th, pinch hitter Pedro Guerrero singled and advanced to second on a single by Mr. Lopes, Garry Thomasson walked to load the bases, and Reggie Smith singled home Messrs. Guerrero and Lopes, with Mr. Thomasson stopping at second. Gene Garber then relieved Larry Bradford on the mound, and Steve Garvey flied out to left field to end the game.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Vogue--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Put 'em Under Pressure--The Republic of Ireland Football Squad

On television tonight
Seinfeld, premiered on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Stake Out

This was the first regular episode of the series.

Died on this date
Charlie Shoemaker, 50
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Shoemaker was a second baseman who played at the University of Arizona (1959-1961), earning All-America honours in all three seasons. He played with the Kansas City Athletics (1961-1962, 1964), batting .258 with no home runs and 4 runs batted in in 28 games. Mr. Shoemaker played 1,146 games in 11 seasons in the minor leagues (1961-1971), with 7 homers and 275 RBIs. He committed suicide by shooting himself.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev and his entourage, which included his wife Raisa, were welcomed at the White House by U.S. President George Bush and his wife Barbara. The leaders and their aides met twice, focusing on the issue of German reunification, but failed to resolve the question of a united Germany’s membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which Mr. Gorbachev opposed. Mrs. Gorbachev helped to open an exhibit of Russian religious texts at the Library of Congress, and a number of leaders in the arts, entertainment, and politics attended a reception hosted by the Gorbachevs at the Soviet embassy.

Terrorism
Palestine Liberation Organization chairman Yasser Arafat denied that the PLO had any official connection with the previous day's raid on the coast of Israel by guerrillas in speedboats, which resulted in the capture of both boats and the deaths of four guerrillas. A radical faction of the PLO had claimed responsibility. Israeli leaders called on the United States to end its diplomatic contacts with the PLO.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney invited provincial premiers to Ottawa for a meeting on June 3 to try and save the Meech Lake constitutional accord, but refused a full First Ministers Conference. Mr. Mulroney said that Senate reform was the main obstacle.

Law
Assembly of First Nations Chief George Erasmus said that First Nations were pleased with the Supreme Court of Canada's ruling requiring governments to bargain on native rights and land claims, and not ignore treaty obligations.

Crime
Two Colombians and a New Yorker were convicted by the Quebec Superior Court of attempting to smuggle and traffic $200 million worth of cocaine through New Brunswick in April 1988; they were given sentences of 10-25 years.

Business
Alberta Premier Don Getty announced that Alberta would privatize 50% of the $3-billion giant, Alberta Government Telephones (AGT); Albertans were given the first right to buy shares.

25 years ago
1995


Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at a record high of 4,465.14.

20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Tito Puente, 77
. U.S. musician. Mr. Puente was a jazz percussionist and vibraphonist, composer, and bandleader who was known as "The King of Latin Music" in a career spanning more than 50 years. He promoted Latin American musical genres such as mambo, son, and cha-cha-chá, with his most famous composition being Oye Como Va (1962). Mr. Puente died of a heart attack after a performance in Puerto Rico.

Petar Mladenov, 63. 1st President of Bulgaria, 1990. Mr. Mladenov joined the Bulgarian Communist Party in 1964, and served as Bulgaria's Foreign Minister from 1971 until his abrupt resignation on October 24, 1989 after a sharp disagreement with dictator Todor Zhivkov. Mr. Mladenov supported the coup that toppled Mr. Zhivkov shortly thereafter, and succeeded him as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party on November 10, 1989. Mr. Mladenov announced several weeks later that the Communist Party was surrendering its guaranteed right to rule, and he resigned as General Secretary on February 2, 1990. As Bulgaria transitioned to democracy, Mr. Mladenov served as its first President from April 3-July 6, 1990, resigning after it became known that he had advocated the use of tanks against anti-government protesters in 1989. He dropped out of public life thereafter, and died after several years of failing health.

War
Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi declared that Ethiopia had recovered all the territory it had lost in earlier fighting with Eritrea, and that the war was over. Eritrea said that the war would continue.

Health
Ontario government ordered a public inquiry into the E. coli drinking water contamination that had killed 7 people and sickened 2,300 in Walkerton.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
William A. Fraker, 86
. U.S. cinematographer. Mr. Fraker worked in television and film for almost 50 years, and was nominated for five Academy Awards for cinematography and another for visual effects. He died of cancer.

World events
Israeli Shayetet 13 commandos boarded the Gaza Freedom Flotilla while still in international waters, trying to break the ongoing blockade of the Gaza Strip; nine Turkish citizens on the flotilla were killed in the ensuing violent affray.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Philadelphia 1 @ Chicago 2 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Marian Hossa and Ben Eager scored within a 28-second span with less than 3 minutes remaining in the 2nd period to break a 0-0 tie as the Blackhawks edged the Flyers at United Center.

Friday, 29 May 2020

May 30, 2020

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nettee Sly!

1,950 years ago
70


War
Titus and his Roman legions breached the Second Wall of Jerusalem. Jewish defenders retreated to the First Wall. The Romans built a circumvallation, cutting down all trees within 10 miles.

1,010 years ago
1010


Born on this date
Renzong
. Emperor of China, 1022-1063. The son of Emperor Zhenzong of the Song dynasty, Renzong's reign was characterized by a foreign policy of pacifism. He died without an heir on April 30, 1063, a month before his 53rd birthday, and was succeeded on the throne by Yingzong.

510 years ago
1510


World events
During the reign of Emperor Zhengde, Ming dynasty rebel leader Zhu Zhifan was defeated by commander Qiu Yue, ending the Prince of Anhua rebellion.

380 years ago
1640


Died on this date
Peter Paul Rubens, 62
. Flemish painter. Sir Peter Paul was known for paintings of religious and historical subjects, and especially for paintings of fat "voluptuous" women. He'd have a field day in modern Edmonton.

210 years ago
1810


Law
The Quebec Bar/Barreau du Québec was founded.

200 years ago
1820


Born on this date
Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau
. Canadian politician. Mr. Chauveau, a Conservative, was a member of the Legislative Assembly in the Province of Canada from 1844-1867 and in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867-1873. While sitting in the House of Commons he served as the first Premier of Quebec from 1867-1873. Mr. Chauveau was appointed to the Canadian Senate in 1873, but resigned a year later to return to electoral politics, where he failed to be re-elected to the House of Commons. He died on April 4, 1890 at the age of 69.

175 years ago
1845


Born on this date
Amadeo I
. King of Spain, 1870-1873. Amadeo I, the second son of King Vittorio Emanuele II of Italy, was elected King of Spain by the Cortes following the deposition of Queen Isabella II. In the midst of growing republican sentiment, King Amadeo abdicated, resulting in the declaration of the short-lived First Spanish Republic. He resumed his title Duke of Aosta, and died of pneumonia on January 18, 1890 at the age of 44.

130 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Roger Salengro
. French politician. Mr. Salengro served with the French Army in World War I, and was a German prisoner of war from 1915-1918. He was elected Mayor of Lille in 1925, and was re-elected in 1929 and 1935. Mr. Salengro also sat in the French National Assembly, first winning election in 1928, and re-election in 1932 and 1936. He was appointed Minister of the Interior in the leftist National Front cabinet of Prime Minister Léon Blum when they came to power in 1936. Right-wing groups accused Mr. Salengro of having been a deserter in World War I. Despite the fact that the charges were refuted by a military commission and condemned in a vote of the Assembly, Mr. Salengro committed suicide on November 17, 1936 at the age of 46.

125 years ago
1895


Environment
The Canadian Parliament declared the core of what would become Waterton Park, a protected "Dominion Forest Park." The 54-square-mile area, situated in the southwestern corner of Alberta on the Canada–U.S. border, was united with Montana's Glacier National Park in 1932 to create the world's first international peace park.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
Franklin J. Schaffner
. Japanese-born U.S. film director. Mr. Schaffner won the Academy Award for Best Director for Patton (1970). His other movies included The Best Man (1964); Planet of the Apes (1968); Nicholas and Alexandra (1971); and Papillon (1973). He died of lung cancer on July 2, 1989 at the age of 69.

Auto racing
AAA
Championship Car Series
Two days after winning the 200-mile Wheeler-Schebler Trophy Race, Ray Harroun won the 50-mile Remy Brassard Trophy race at Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first of two races in 1910 with that name. Joe Dawson finished second and Frank Fox third in the 10-car field.

90 years ago
1930


Environment
Canada's National Parks Act was given royal assent; the parks were "dedicated to the people of Canada for their benefit, education and enjoyment, subject to the provisions of this Act and Regulations, and such Parks shall be maintained and made use of so as to leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations." The Act excluded industrial activities from parks; boundaries were made permanent; the category of Historical Parks was formally recognized.

Auto racing
Billy Arnold led for 198 of 200 laps and won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 100.448 miles per hour. 38 drivers participated in the race.





Baseball
The New York Yankees traded pitcher Waite Hoyt and shortstop Mark Koenig to the Detroit Tigers for pitcher Ownie Carroll, infielder Yats Wuestling, and outfielder Harry Rice. Mr. Hoyt was 2-2 with an earned run average of 4.53 in 8 games with New York in 1930, while Mr. Koenig was batting .230 with no home runs and 9 runs batted in in 21 games with the Yankees. Mr. Carroll was 0-5 with a 10.63 ERA in 6 games with Detroit in 1930, while Mr. Wuestling was batting 0 for 9 with no RBIs in 4 games with Detroit, and Mr. Rice was hitting .305 with 2 homers and 21 RBIs in 37 games with the Tigers in 1930.

The Philadelphia Athletics released pitcher Howard Ehmke, ending his career. He had been the hero of the first game of the 1929 World Series as a surprise starter, striking out 13 Chicago Cubs in a 3-1 win. Mr. Ehmke was 0-1 with an earned run average of 11.70 in 3 games in 1930; for his major league career, he was 166-166 with a 4.47 ERA in 427 games, batting .208 with no home runs and 73 runs batted in in 429 games.

Heroics by Al Simmons enabled the Philadelphia Athletics to sweep a doubleheader from the Washington Nationals at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. by scores of 7-6 in 13 innings and 15-11. The Nationals were leading 6-3 with 2 out in the 9th inning of the first game, but Washington catcher Muddy Ruel neglected to chase a pop foul that could have been the final out. Two singles followed, and Mr. Simmons hit a home run to tie the game. He doubled in the 13 and scored the winning run, but injured a knee and didn’t start the second game. In the 5th inning, the Athletics were trailing 7-3 but had the bases loaded. Mr. Simmons came to bat as a pinch hitter and hit a grand slam off Bump Hadley to tie the game.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



War
Allied forces continued their escape from Dunkirk, France to Dover, England under harassment by the Germans.

Politics and government
The Belgian government-in-exile in Paris approved an order depriving King Leopold III of his throne.

The civil administration of the Netherlands was turned over to Arthur Seiss-Inquart, the Reich Commissioner.

Economics and finance
The Toronto Stock Exchange declined 25% after German military victories in Europe.

The U.S. Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives the Hospital Construction Act, appropriating $10 million annually for rural hospital construction.

Auto racing
Wilbur Shaw won the Indianapolis 500, becoming the first driver to win the race in consecutive years, and winning for the third time in four years. Mr. Shaw’s average speed was 114.277 miles per hour; rain slowed the race, and the last 50 laps were run under caution. First prize money was $31,875.



Baseball
The New York Giants swept a Memorial Day doubleheader from the Brooklyn Dodgers 7-0 and 12-5 in 12 innings before 34,548 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn to knock the Dodgers out of first place in the National League. Carl Hubbell gave up just a single by Johnny Hudson in the 2nd inning to win the first game, while Bill Lohrman went the distance to win the second game.

75 years ago
1945


War
American University researchers estimated the total expenditures of World War II had exceeded $1 trillion so far. U.S. Marines captured Shuri Castle, the key defense point in the centre of the Japanese line in southern Okinawa. French troops took over the Syrian parliament building in Damascus as street fighting continued.

Diplomacy
The U.S. delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco agreed to some type of interim machinery to deal with functions of the League of Nations until a new world body was in operation.

Iran asked that British, Soviet, and American troops leave the country now that the war in Europe was over.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Price Administration estimated that the civilian meat supply would be 75% less in June than it was in May.

70 years ago
1950

On the radio

Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Whirlaround Murder Case

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Listen, Listen, starring Mildred Natwick

Politics and government
Independent candidates won 126 of 210 seats in the National Assembly in the South Korean legislative election. The Democratic Nationalist Party and Korean Nationalist Party each won 24 seats to lead the parties. The political orientation of the forthcoming National Assembly was unclear.

Defense
The Mid-Century Conference for Peace, founded a year earlier by a group (including physicist Albert Einstein and author Thomas Mann) opposed to the Atlantic pact, called for "negotiations within the United Nations" to end the Cold War.

Environment
The New York Times reported that a "dust bowl" even more extensive than that of the 1930s threatened the southwestern United States, where a drought was already nine months old.

Disasters
A record 671 accidental deaths were recorded for the May 26-30 Memorial Day holiday weekend in the United States.

Auto racing
Johnnie Parsons won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 124.002 miles per hour. The race was stopped because of rain after 345 miles (138 of 200 scheduled laps).

Baseball
The Brooklyn Dodgers swept the Philadelphia Phillies in a doubleheader by scores of 7-6 in 10 innings and 6-4 before 34,700 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn to move past the Phillies into first place in the National League. Bobby Morgan drew a base on balls with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning, and eventually scored on an error by Philadelphia shortstop Granny Hamner. Duke Snider of the Dodgers hit 3 consecutive home runs in the second game and narrowly missed a fourth when his drive hit the top of the right field screen and he was held to a single.

The St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the Pittsburgh Pirates 17-13 and 8-5 before 33,182 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, as Gerry Staley won both games in relief. Stan Musial’s only hit of the doubleheader was an inside-the-park home run in the 9th inning of the second game. Pittsburgh right fielder Gus Bell made his major league debut, batting 2 for 5 in each game, with a run and 2 runs batted in in the first game.

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): 16 Toneladas (Sixteen Tons)--José Guardiola

#1 single in France (IFOP): Mustapha--Bob Azzam (10th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Cathy's Clown--The Everly Brothers (2nd week at #1)
2 Stuck on You--Elvis Presley
3 Good Timin'--Jimmy Jones
4 He'll Have to Stay--Jeanne Black
5 Greenfields--The Brothers Four
6 Night--Jackie Wilson
7 Paper Roses--Anita Bryant
8 Sixteen Reasons--Connie Stevens
9 Burning Bridges--Jack Scott
10 Cradle of Love--Johnny Preston

Singles entering the chart were I'm Sorry by Brenda Lee (#76); Down Yonder by Johnny and the Hurricanes (#81); River, Stay 'Way from My Door by Frank Sinatra (#82); Alley-Oop by the Hollywood Argyles (#85); Spring Rain by Pat Boone (#86); Heartbreak (It's Hurtin' Me) by Little Willie John (#90); Alley-Oop by Dante and the Evergreens (#94); Comin' Down with Love by Mel Gadson (#95); When Will I Be Loved by the Everly Brothers (#96); Something Happened by Paul Anka (#98); Ain't Gonna Be That Way by Marv Johnson with the Rayber Voices (#99); and Maria by Johnny Mathis (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 My Old Man's a Dustman--Lonnie Donegan
2 Cathy's Clown--The Everly Brothers
3 Stuck on You/Fame and Fortune--Elvis Presley
4 Paper Roses--Anita Bryant
5 Good Timin'--Jimmy Jones
6 Ding-A-Ling/Swingin' School--Bobby Rydell
7 Everybody's Somebody's Fool/Jealous of You (Tango Della Gelosia)--Connie Francis
8 Burning Bridges/Oh, Little One--Jack Scott
9 Happy-Go-Lucky-Me--Paul Evans
10 He'll Have to Stay--Jeanne Black

Singles entering the chart were That's All You Gotta Do/I'm Sorry by Brenda Lee (#47); Pennies from Heaven by the Skyliners (#50); Down Yonder by Johnny and the Hurricanes (#53); Pink Chiffon by Mitchell Torok (#54); La Montana (If She Should Come To You), with versions by Frank DeVol and his Rainbow Strings; and Roger Williams (#57); My Tani by the Brothers Four (#58); Mule Skinner Blues by the Fendermen (#59); and Mission Bell by Donnie Brooks (#60).

Died on this date
George Hildebrand, 81
. U.S. baseball player and umpire. Mr. Hildebrand was a left fielder who played 11 games with the Brooklyn Superbas in 1902, batting .220 with no home runs and 5 runs batted in. He played more than 1,000 games in 12 seasons in the minor leagues (1898-1909), and was credited with discovering the spitball. Mr. Hildebrand was an umpire in the American League (1913-1934), working 3,330 regular season games and 22 games in 4 World Series. He was behind the plate for the second game of the 1922 World Series between the New York Yankees and New York Giants, and called the game because of darkness with the game tied 3-3 after 10 innings. There appeared to be at least half an hour of sunlight remaining, and his decision was widely criticized.

Boris Pasternak, 70. Russian author and poet. Mr. Pasternak was best known for his novel Doctor Zhivago (1957) and his collection of poems, My Sister, Life (1917). Doctor Zhivago was smuggled out of the Soviet Union and first published in Milan in an Italian translation in 1957, and Mr. Pasternak was awarded the 1958 Nobel Prize in Literature in 1958 "for his important achievement both in contemporary lyrical poetry and in the field of the great Russian epic tradition." Mr. Pasternak was denounced by U.S.S.R. authorities and threatened with deportation, but the Soviet authorities backed off in the face of international criticism.

Auto racing
Jim Rathmann won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 138.767 miles per hour. He had finished second in the race in 1952, 1957, and 1959.







40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Carol OK--Chris Andrews (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Instant Karma! (We All Shine On)--John Ono Lennon with the Plastic Ono Band (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): It's Five O'Clock--Aphrodite's Child

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Du--Peter Maffay

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Back Home--England World Cup Squad '70 (3rd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
2 Let it Be--The Beatles
3 Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum
4 Travelin' Band/Who'll Stop the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
5 Instant Karma (We All Shine On)--John Ono Lennon (with the Plastic Ono Band)
6 Love Grows (Where My Rosemary Goes)--Edison Lighthouse
7 A Little Ray of Sunshine--Axiom
8 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
9 Tennessee Bird Walk--Jack Blanchard & Misty Morgan
10 Knock Knock Who's There--Mary Hopkin

Singles entering the chart were Cecilia by Simon & Garfunkel (#26); Something's Burning by Kenny Rogers and the First Edition (#28); Boom-Sha-La-La-Lo by Hans Poulsen (#29); One Tin Soldier, with versions by Karen Young; and the Original Caste (#32); Hello by Normie Rowe (#33); Curly by Jimmy Hannan (#35); American Woman by the Guess Who (#36); What is Truth by Johnny Cash (#38); Love Moth by Liv Maesson (#39); and Honey Come Back by Glen Campbell (#40).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
2 Cecilia--Simon and Garfunkel
3 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel (Instrumental track by Los Incas)
4 Ruby is the One--Earth and Fire
5 Huilen Ii Voor Jou Te Laat--Corry en De Rekels
6 Sympathy--Steve Rowland & the Family Dogg
7 Mademoiselle Ninette--The Soulful Dynamics
8 Question--Moody Blues
9 Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum
10 I Can't Tell the Bottom from the Top--The Hollies

Singles entering the chart were Question; Gedeelten Uit Het Radio Wedstrijdverslag Feyenoord Celtic - Finale by Theo Koomen & Wim Hoogendoorn (#23); Yellow River by Christie (#31); She was Naked by Super Sister (#36); Without You by the Shuffles (#37); The Green Manalishi (With the Two Prong Crown) by Fleetwood Mac (#39); and Kitsch by Barry Ryan (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
2 American Woman/No Sugar Tonight--The Guess Who
3 Love on a Two-Way Street--The Moments
4 Cecilia--Simon & Garfunkel
5 Up Around the Bend/Run Through the Jungle--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Which Way You Goin' Billy?--The Poppy Family
7 The Letter--Joe Cocker with Leon Russell and the Shelter People
8 Turn Back the Hands of Time--Tyrone Davis
9 Vehicle--The Ides of March
10 Let it Be--The Beatles

Singles entering the chart were The Love You Save/I Found That Girl by the Jackson 5 (#45); Are You Ready? by Pacific Gas & Electric (#73); You, Me and Mexico by Edward Bear (#75); Don't it Make You Want to Go Home by Brook Benton with the Dixie Flyers (#88); Friends by Feather (#90); Some Beautiful by Jack Wild (#92); Lay a Little Lovin' on Me by Robin McNamara (#93); Heighdy-Ho Princess by Neon Philharmonic (#94); You Keep Me Hangin' On/Hurt So Bad by Jackie DeShannon (#96); Feelings by Barry Mann (#97); I Think I Love You Again by Brenda Lee (#98); Primrose Lane by O.C. Smith (#99); and I Can't Tell the Bottom from the Top by the Hollies (#100). Feelings was from the movie Getting Straight (1970).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Cecilia--Simon & Garfunkel
2 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 American Woman--The Guess Who
4 Turn Back the Hands of Time--Tyrone Davis
5 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
6 Which Way You Goin' Billy?--The Poppy Family
7 The Letter--Joe Cocker with Leon Russell and the Shelter People
8 Get Ready--Rare Earth
9 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles
10 Reach Out and Touch (Somebody's Hand)--Diana Ross

Singles entering the chart were Trying to Make a Fool of Me by the Delfonics (#77); Man of Constant Sorrow by Ginger Baker's Air Force (#87); Spill the Wine by Eric Burdon and War (#91); Move Me, O Wondrous Music by the Ray Charles Singers (#94); Freedom Blues by Little Richard (#97); and Tighter, Tighter by Alive and Kicking (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Turn Back the Hands of Time--Tyrone Davis (2nd week at #1)
2 Up Around the Bend/Run Through the Jungle--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Vehicle--The Ides of March
4 Cecilia--Simon & Garfunkel
5 American Woman/No Sugar Tonight--The Guess Who
6 Love on a Two-Way Street--The Moments
7 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
8 For the Love of Him--Bobbi Martin
9 Get Ready--Rare Earth
10 Reach Out and Touch (Somebody's Hand)--Diana Ross

Singles entering the chart were Ball of Confusion (That's What the World is Today) by the Temptations (#66); The Love You Save by the Jackson 5 (#72); Don't it Make You Want to Go Home by Brook Benton with the Dixie Flyers (#80); Ain't That Loving You (For More Reasons than One) by Luther Ingram (#82); I Can't Tell the Bottom from the Top by the Hollies (#91); Tighter, Tighter by Alive and Kicking (#92); Steal Away by Johnnie Taylor (#93); Passport to the Future by Jean Jacques Perrey (#98); Trying to Make a Fool of Me by the Delfonics (#99); and If Love Rules the World by Bobby Bland (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
2 Cecilia--Simon & Garfunkel
3 Woodstock--Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young
4 Mr. Monday--The Original Caste
5 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
6 My Baby Loves Lovin'--White Plains
7 American Woman/No Sugar Tonight--The Guess Who
8 Vehicle--The Ides of March
9 For the Love of Him--Bobbi Martin
10 A Song of Joy (Himno a la Alegria)--Miguel Rios

Singles entering the chart included I Want to Take You Higher by Sly & the Family Stone (#73); Dangling on a String by the Chairmen of the Board (#75); Are You Ready? by Pacific Gas & Electric (#80); Brother Rapp (Part 2) by James Brown (#93); Sympathy by Rare Bird (#94); (How Bout a Little Hand For) The Boys in the Band by the Boys in the Band (#96); Band of Gold by Freda Payne (#97); and Sugar Sugar by Wilson Pickett (#98).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
2 Little Green Bag--George Baker Selection
3 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles
4 American Woman--The Guess Who
5 My Baby Loves Lovin'--White Plains
6 Cecilia--Simon & Garfunkel
7 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
8 Let it Be--The Beatles
9 Puppet Man--The 5th Dimension
10 Mr. Monday--The Original Caste
Pick hit of the week: Hitchin' a Ride--Vanity Fare

Died on this date
Howie Gregory, 83
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Gregory posted a 0-1 record with an earned run average of 5.14 in 3 games with the St. Louis Browns in 1911. He won at least 225 games and lost at least 161 in 17 seasons in the minor leagues from 1909-1926, with four seasons of at least 22 wins in the Class A Western League.

War
U.S. casualties in Vietnam for the week were 165 dead and 757 wounded, most from increased Communist shelling.

Disasters
A crippled plane carrying 32 people fell on a car on a highway after takeoff in Atlanta, killing 5 in the car and 1 in the plane.

2 people were killed and 40 injured when a tank truck carrying liquid oxygen exploded in a Brooklyn hospital yard.

Auto racing
Al Unser led 190 of 200 laps and won the Indianapolis 500 for the first time, at an average speed of 155.749 miles per hour.





Baseball
Computerized punch-card ballots appeared in stores and ballparks as voting for the major league all-star game was returned to fans for the first time since 1957.

Roberto Pena’s inside-the-park grand slam off Les Cain in the 1st inning led the Milwaukee Brewers to a 9-7 win over the Detroit Tigers before 11,704 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

Lee May singled to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning, advanced to third base on a double by Bernie Carbo, and scored on a 1-out single by Darrel Chaney to give the Cincinnati Reds a 5-4 win over the Montreal Expos before 23,839 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. The Expos scored all their runs in the top of the first; after the first 2 batters were retired, Rusty Staub hit a solo home run, and John Bateman added a 3-run homer. Mr. Staub batted 5 for 5, with a double in addition to his homer.

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): What's Another Year--Johnny Logan

#1 single in France (IFOP): One Step Beyond--Madness (6th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Sun of Jamaica--Goombay Dance Band (2nd week at #1)
2 Fly Too High--Janis Ian
3 Please Don't Go--KC and the Sunshine Band
4 Computer Games--MS
5 Brass in Pocket--Pretenders
6 I'm in the Mood for Dancing--The Nolans
7 Message in a Bottle--The Police
8 American Dream--The Dirt Band
9 We Belong to the Night--Ellen Foley
10 Together We are Beautiful--Fern Kinney

Singles entering the chart were Walking on the Moon by the Police (#18); and Crying by Don McLean (#20).

Religion
Pope John Paul II arrived in Paris to begin the first visit to France by a pope since 1814. He met the mayor of Paris, and addressed a crowd at the Place de la Concorde on the issue of religious drift. The Roman Catholic Church in France had seen its practicing participants in France decline to 15% of its professed membership.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Black Velvet--Alannah Myles (2nd week at #1)

Edmontonia
City Council's executive committee voted unanimously to force motorcycles to park behind the Commercial Hotel on Whyte Avenue, and not in front.

War
Palestinian guerrillas in speedboats sought to attack the coast of Israel. Israeli security forces captured one boat and its five-man crew, which surrendered. 11 men landed in a second boat, but four were killed and the rest captured. A radical faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization claimed responsibility for the raid, saying that it was intended as revenge for the seven Palestinians killed on May 20 by a former Israeli soldier who had gone on a rampage.

Diplomacy
U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev and Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney concluded two days of meetings in Ottawa, during which they discussed a unified Germany in NATO, Soviet security concerns, and the U.S.S.R.s sanctions against Lithuania. Canadian officials announced that they would extend a line of credit to the U.S.S.R. to facilitate the purchase of goods and services by the Soviet Union. Mr. Gorbachev and his entourage, which included his wife Raisa, then flew to Washington.

Politics and government
The Croatian Parliament was constituted after the first free, multi-party elections; today it's celebrated as the National Day of Croatia.

Health
The French banned imports of British beef and live cattle because of fears of mad cow disease.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that that the leading economic indicators had declined 0.2% in April. The Dow-Jones industrial average closed at its highest point for the month: 2878.56.

Disasters
An earthquake struck northern Peru, killing at least 101 people.

25 years ago
1995


War
The United States had 7 warships and 12,000 Marines and sailors in the Adriatic Sea in order for possible service in Bosnia.

Crime
The Supreme Court of Chile unanimously upheld the sentences imposed in the 1976 bombing deaths in Washington, D.C. of Chilean opposition leader Orlando Letelier and his secretary Ronni Moffitt. In 1993, a Chilean court had sentenced General Manuel Contreras Sepulveda, former head of the secret police, to 7 years in prison, and his assistant, Brigadier General Pedro Espinoza Bravo, to 6 years, for their roles in directing the murders. It was the first time that top officials from the military regime of former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte had faced prison terms for abuses of human rights.

Politics and government
Luis Correa Mena, the National Action Party (PAN) candidate who had recently lost the Yucatan gubernatorial election to Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) candidate Victor Cervera Pacheco, said that he would challenge the result as fraudulent.

20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Tex Beneke, 86
. U.S. musician. Mr. Beneke, born Gordon Lee Beneke, was a saxophonist and vocalist with the Glenn Miller Orchestra from 1938-1942, until Mr. Miller dissolved the band to enter the U.S. Army Air Force. Mr. Miller's plane disappeared on December 15, 1944; Mr. Beneke led a new version of the Glenn Miller Orchestra from 1946-1950, and then led bands under his own name.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Bill Clinton began a European trip with a stop in Portugal, where he and Portuguese President Jorge Sampaio signed several pacts. Mr. Clinton also met with European Union officials to discuss trade.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Dallas 3 @ New Jersey 7 (New Jersey led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Jason Arnott and Petr Sykora each scored 2 goals as the Devils scored 7 goals on 26 shots to defeat the defending champion Stars at Continental Airlines Arena in East Rutherford.



10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Duff Roblin, 92
. Canadian politician. Mr. Roblin, a Progressive Conservative and the grandson of Manitoba Premier Sir Rodmond Roblin, was a member of the Manitoba Legislative Assembly from 1949-1968, and was Premier from 1958-1967. As Premier, Mr. Roblin led a government that increased spending on social welfare and education. He campaigned unsuccessfully for federal office, but represented the Manitoba region of Red River in the Senate from 1978-1992, serving as Government Leader in the Senate from 1984-1986. He died 18 days before his 93rd birthday.

Defense
Brigadier General Daniel Menard, Canadian commandant in Kandahar, Afghanistan, was relieved of command after it was alleged that he was involved in an inappropriate relationship with a female subordinate. He left the military, was fined, and symbolically demoted to the rank of colonel.

Auto racing
Dario Franchitti won the Indianapolis 500 for the second time, at an average speed of 161.623 miles per hour. Mr. Franchitti, who won the race in 2007, led for 155 of 200 laps.