Monday, 31 May 2021

May 31, 2021

700 years ago
1321


Died on this date
Birger, 40-41
. King of Sweden, 1290-1318. Birger acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Magnus III, and came of age during a civil war involving his brothers, who took him captive in 1306 and imprisoned him in Nyköping Castle. Pressure from King Erik VI of Denmark forced Birger's relase in 1308; he appealed to King Erik for help, and was forced to give up the Royal Domain, remaining King of Sweden in name only. The supporters of King Birger ousted him in 1318, and he died in exile in Denmark.

325 years ago
1696


Died on this date
Heinrich Schwemmer, 75
. German composer. Mr. Schwemmer wrote vocal works, especially sacred songs for weddings and funerals.

210 years ago
1811


Politics and government
Sir George Prevost took office as Governor of Lower Canada.

Exploration
James Ross discovered Bellot Strait, dividing Somerset Island from the mainland of Boothia Peninsula--the northernmost point of the North American continentin what is now Nunavut.

Transportation
The Clipper ship Marco Polo, launched April 19 by James Smith at Marsh Creek, Courtenay Bay, New Brunswick, left Saint John, N.B. for Liverpool; it set a record for the passage at 15 days.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Alfredo Antonini
. Italian-born U.S. conductor and composer. Mr. Antonini began his career as an organist and pianist in his native Italy before emigrating to the United States in 1929. He conducted various orchestras in radio broadcasts, recordings, and concerts from the 1940s through the '70s. His eight compositions included tone poems and chamber works. Mr. Antonini died during heart surgery on November 3, 1983 at the age of 82.

100 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Maurice Allais
. French economist and physicist. Professor Allais began his career as a physicist, publishing numerous works, notably on pendular oscillations and the laws of gravitation. He became an economist after a visit to the United States in 1933 during the Depression. Prof. Allais was awarded the 1988 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his pioneering contributions to the theory of markets and efficient utilization of resources." He died on October 9, 2010 at the age of 99.

World events
Mexican President Porfirio Díaz fled the country during the Mexican Revolution.

Transportation
The hull of the Royal Mail Steamer Titanic was launched in Belfast. At the ceremony, a White Star Line employee claimed, "Not even God himself could sink this ship."

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Alida Valli
. Italian actress. Miss Valli, born Baroness Alida Maria Laura Altenburger von Marckenstein-Frauenberg, starred in movies such as We the Living (1942); The Paradine Case (1947) and The Third Man (1949) in an international career that lasted for more than 60 years. She died on April 22, 2016 at the age of 84.

Howard Reig. U.S. broadcaster. Mr. Reeg worked for the National Broadcasting Company (1952-2005), and was best known for being the voice of NBC Nightly News. He died on November 10, 2008 at the age of 87.

Edna Doré. U.K. actress. Mrs. Doré appeared in plays, movies, radio, and television programs in a career spanning more than 50 years. Her movies included High Hopes (1988), while her best-known television role was as Mo Butcher in the soap opera EastEnders (1988-1990). Mrs. Doré died on April 11, 2014 at the age of 92.

Abominations
Mobs of white people attacked the Greenwood District in Tulsa, Oklahoma, killing as many as 300 Negroes, destroying Negro-owned businesses, and leaving 1,256 Negroes homeless.

80 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square--Vera Lynn; West End Players (1st month at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Amapola (Pretty Little Poppy)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra with Bob Eberly and Helen O'Connell (10th week at #1)

War
A Luftwaffe air raid on Dublin claimed 38 lives. The United Kingdom completed the re-occupation of Iraq, and returned 'Abd al-Ilah to power as regent for King Faisal II.

Horse racing
Whirlaway, with Eddie Arcaro aboard, won his second straight Triple Crown race, winning the 67th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:58 4/5. King Cole placed second and Our Boots finished third; only three horses participated.



75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Friend of Yours--Bing Crosby; Frank Sinatra (1st month at #1)

Society
The Cooperative Committee on Japanese Canadians, composed of over 30 organizations--including the major churches, labour unions, civil liberties and professional associations, the National Council of Women and the Canadian Jewish Congress--was founded to persuade the federal government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King to rescind its order to deport all Japanese-Canadians to Japan.

70 years ago
1951


Television
Moscow radio asserted that television had been invented by a Russian, Professor Boris Rosing, in 1907.

Diplomacy
Western powers at the stalemated Big Four conference in Paris invited the U.S.S.R. to a Big Four foreign ministers meeting, to begin July 23 in Washington.

Defense
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a $6.4-billion supplementary defense appropriation for fiscal 1951.

60 years ago
1961


Africana
The Union of South Africa became the Republic of South Africa, formally severed its affiliation with the Commonwealth of Nations, and inaugurated Charles Swart, its last governor general, as its first president. In his inaugural address, Mr. Swart implied that the racial separation policy of apartheid would continue.

World events
The Rokotov–Faibishenko show trial of financial speculators began in Moscow City Court, despite the Khrushchev Thaw to reverse Stalinist elements in Soviet society.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Another Day--Paul McCartney

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Mata Au Hi Made--Kiyohiko Ozaki (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Qué Será (Che Sará)--José Feliciano (3rd week at #1)

Americana
In accordance with the Uniform Monday Holiday Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1968, the observance of Memorial Day occurred on the last Monday in May for the first time, rather than on the traditional Memorial Day of May 30.

Law
Sandra Oxner was appointed the first female judge of Nova Scotia Magistrate's Court.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Being with You--Smokey Robinson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Barbara Ward, Baroness Jackson of Lodsworth, 67
. U.K. economist. Miss Ward was a lifelong Roman Catholic whose religious views influenced her economic views. She advised major Western leaders, urging them to share their countries' prosperity with backward countries. Miss Ward was an early advocate of sustainable development, and has been credited by some with coining the term "spaceship Earth." She was married to Sir Robert Jackson, an Australian administrator of the United Nations; they separated in the early 1970s, but she used his surname when she was given a life peerage in 1976.

Protest
An organized mob of police and government-sponsored Sinhalese paramilitary forces began three days of attacks that led to the burning of the Jaffna Public Library in Sri Lanka.

Environment
Parks Canada declared Carbonear Island, Newfoundland a National Historic Site. Fort Carbonear was an early British post, and was attacked by the French in 1696 and 1705.

Baseball
The Los Angeles Dodgers became the first team in major league history to pass one million in home attendance before the end of May, as 46,411 fans saw the Dodgers rout the Cincinnati Reds 16-4 at Dodger Stadium. Every Los Angeles starter had at least 1 hit and 1 run except pitcher Jerry Reuss, who left the game with a strained hamstring after Dave Collins singled to lead off the game.

30 years ago
1991


War
People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) President José Eduardo dos Santos and National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) President Jonas Savimbi signed the Bicesse Accords in Lisbon, ending a 16-year civil war and laying out a transition to multi-party democracy in Angola under the supervision of the United Nations' United Nations Angola Verification Mission II (UNAVEM II).

Politics and government
Chief George Martin of Kahnesatake Mohawk Reserve in Quebec failed to block members from voting 526-21 for direct election of a new band council.

Basketball
NBA
Pat Riley, who had coached the Los Angeles Lakers to four National Basketball Association titles in the 1980s, was named head coach of the New York Knickerbockers.

Baseball
The San Diego Padres traded shortstop Garry Templeton to the New York Mets for utility infielder Tim Teufel. Mr. Templeton, who had been traded to the Padres in 1982 for shortstop Ozzie Smith, was batting .193 with 1 home run and 6 runs batted in in 32 games with the Padres in 1991, while Mr. Teufel was batting just .118 in 20 games with the Mets.

Mike Hampton pitched a no-hitter for the San Bernardino Spirit of the Class A California League as they shut out the Visalia Oaks 6-0 in San Bernardino. Troy Mooney pitched a 7-inning no-hitter for the Augusta Pirates of the Class A South Atlantic League as they edged the Savannah Cardinals 1-0.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Until it Sleeps--Metallica

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Man Utd Man--Men Utd featuring the Absolutely's (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Timothy Leary, 75
. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Leary was a lecturer in clinical psychology at Harvard University when he began experimenting with psychedelic drugs, and urged their use in altering behaviour and reaching a higher state of consciousness. He was fired from Harvard in 1963--ostensibly for failing to deliver required lectures--and became one of the major figures of the 1960s counterculture. Dr. Leary was famous for uttering the slogan, "Turn on, tune in, drop out." He spent several years in prison, and then resumed his career as an advocate of psychedelic drugs. In later years, Dr. Leary was an avowed pagan, and advocated human colonization of space. He died of prostate cancer, and was cremated, after initially indicating interest in having his body cryogenically preserved.

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Arlene Francis, 93
. U.S. actress and television personality. Miss Francis, born Arline Francis Kazanjian, appeared in plays, and movies such as Murders in the Rue Morgue (1932) and All My Sons (1948), and hosted radio programs, but was best known for her work in television, particularly as a panelist on the quiz show What's My Line? (1950-1967, 1968-1975). She died of Alzheimer's disease and cancer.

Economics and finance
Sheila Fraser was appointed Auditor General of Canada, becoming the first woman to hold the position; she retired in May 2011.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Colorado 3 @ New Jersey 1 (Colorado led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Ray Bourque's powerplay goal 31 seconds into the 3rd period broke a 1-1 tie as the Avalanche defeated the Devils before 19,040 fans at Meadowlands Arena in East Rutherford. Patrick Roy made 21 saves to win the goaltending duel over Martin Brodeur.



10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
John Martin, 93
. U.K. military officer and politician. Vice Admiral Martin served in the Royal Navy (1938-1973); he participated in the evacuation of Dunkirk (1940) and the invasion of Sicily (1943). He was Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey (1974-1980).

Pauline Betz, 91. U.S. tennis player. Miss Betz was one of the best players in the world in the 1940s, winning five Grand Slam singles titles and reaching the final in three others. She turned professional and played into the 1950s.

Philip Rose, 89. U.S. theatrical producer. Mr. Rose, born Philip Rosenberg, produced Broadway plays expressing liberal social views. His productions included A Raisin in the Sun (1959); The Owl and the Pussycat (1964); Does a Tiger Wear a Necktie? (1969); and Shenandoah (1974).

Andy Robustelli, 85. U.S. football player. Mr. Robustelli was a defensive end with the Los Angeles Rams (1951-1955) and New York Giants (1956-1964); he helped his teams win National Football League championships in his first season with each team. He was a First Team All-Pro six times and a Second Team All-Pro four times, and was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 1971. Mr. Robustelli died from complications following gallbladder surgery.

Derek Hodge, 69. U.S.V.I. politician. Mr. Hodge, a Democrat, was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of the U.S. Virgin Islands in 1982, but was elected to the U.S.V.I. Senate in 1984, serving from 1985-1986, and then becoming Alexander Farrelly's running mate in 1986, and winning election as Lieutenant Governor of the United States Virgin Islands. Mr. Hodge served two terms (1987-1995), but was defeated in the 1994 gubernatorial election. He returned to the practice of law, and died of cancer.

Crime
The U.S. Supreme Court rejected an appeal from media magnate Conrad Black after challenging his two remaining convictions on fraud and obstruction of justice. He was resentenced in June to spend up to another 13 months behind bars, and was released and deported to Canada on May 4, 2012.

Business
National Hockey League Commissioner little Gary Bettman confirmed that the Atlanta Thrashers had been sold to True North Sports & Entertainment for $170 million, with $60 million going to the NHL as a relocation fee; the team would relocate to Winnipeg as the Winnipeg Jets for the 2011–12 season pending the approval of the sale and relocation by the NHL Board of Governors; approval was given on June 21. Winnipeg's original Jets had relocated in 1996 to become the Phoenix Coyotes.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Dallas 84 @ Miami 92 (Miami led best-of-seven series 1-0)

LeBron James scored 24 points, while Dwyane Wade added 22 and Chris Bosh 19 for the Heat as they defeated the Mavericks before 20,003 fans at American Airlines Arena. Dirk Nowitzki of Dallas led all scorers with 27 points, but suffered a torn tendon in a finger with 4 minutes left in the game.

Sunday, 30 May 2021

May 30, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nettee Sly!

640 years ago
1381


Protest
The Peasants' Revolt, led by Wat Tyler, began in England, triggered by royal official John Bampton's attempt to collect unpaid poll taxes in Brentwood, Essex.

590 years ago
1431

Died on this date
Jeanne d’Arc (Joan of Arc), 19
. French heroine. Jeanne d’Arc (anglicized as Joan of Arc) claimed to have received visions of the archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria instructing her to support King Charles VII and recover France from English domination late in the Hundred Years' War. King Charles sent her to the siege of Orléans in 1429 as part of a relief army, and the siege was lifted nine days later, earning Joan the nickname "The Maid of Orleans". King Charles VII was soon consecrated at Reims, and Joan was regarded as a booster of French morale. She was captured by Burgundians--French nobles allied with the English--in May 1430, and was later handed over to the English. Pro-English Bishop of Beauvais Pierre Cauchon convicted Joan of various charges and she was burned at the stake in Rouen, Normandy. A Roman Catholic inquisitorial court authorized by Pope Callixtus III pronounced Joan innocent in 1456 and declared her a martyr.

390 years ago
1631


Journalism
Gazette de France, the first French newspaper, published its first edition.

170 years ago
1851


Communications
A telegraph line from Saint John, New Brunswick to St. Andrew's, N.B. and the U.S. border opened as part of the Atlantic Cable link through to New York.

140 years ago
1881


Born on this date
Georg von Küchler
. German military officer. Generalfeldmarschall Küchler was from a noble family and joined the Imperial German Army in 1900, serving on the Western Front. He commanded troops in the invasion of Poland at the beginning of World War II, but was removed from command for refusing to use his forces to kill Polish or Jewish civilians. Generalfeldmarschall Küchler did support Nazi racial policy and the war against the Soviet Union. He commanded forces during the invasion of Russia, maintaining the siege of Leningrad from December 1941 until he was relieved of command at the end of January 1944. Generalfeldmarschall Küchler was directly involved in the murder of 240 mental patients in the U.S.S.R. in December 1941. He was arrested by American authorities after the war, and was sentenced in 1948 to 20 years in a Soviet prison for war crimes and crimes against humanity because of his treatment of Soviet prisoners of war. The sentence was reduced to 12 years in 1951, and Generalfeldmarschall Küchler was released in February 1953. He returned to West Germany, and died on May 25, 1968, five days before his 87th birthday.

125 years ago
1896


Born on this date
Howard Hawks
. U.S. movie director. Mr. Hawks directed some of the most memorable movies in history in a career spanning more than 40 years. His films included Sergeant York (1941); The Big Sleep (1946); Red River (1948); and Rio Bravo (1959). Mr. Hawks died on December 26, 1977 at the age of 81.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Alfred Karindi
. Estonian conductor and composer. Mr. Karindi was an organist who taught music for many years and conducted choirs. He wrote choral music as well as works for organ, orchestral music, and chamber pieces. Mr. Karindi died on April 13, 1969 at the age of 67.

New Zealandiana
A 10-man Royal Commission reported unanimously that New Zealand should not become a state of the new Commonwealth of Australia.

110 years ago
1911


Died on this date
Milton Bradley, 74
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Bradley was a draftsman and lithographer before founding the Milton Bradley Company, maunfacturer of board games, in Springfield, Massachusetts in 1860. He was inducted into the Toy Industry Hall of Fame in 2004 and the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2006.

Auto racing
Ray Harroun won the first Indianapolis 500, and then retired from auto racing.



100 years ago
1921


Auto racing
Tommy Milton won the Indianapolis 500.



90 years ago
1931


Auto racing
Lou Schneider won the Indianapolis 500.





80 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Rama VII, 47
. King of Siam, 1925-1935. King Rama VII, born Somdet Chaofa Prajadhipok Sakdidej, was the last absolute monarch of Siam and, after the revolution of 1932, its first constitutional monarch. He was also the only monarch to date of the Chakri Dynasty to abdicate, which he did after the National Assembly rejected his requests for certain reforms. Rama VII was succeeded on the throne by his 9-year-old nephew Rama VIII. Rama VII went into exile in England, and died there of heart failure.

War
The German command announced that Anglo-Greek resistance had collapsed everywhere in Crete. Greek resistance activists Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climbed on the Acropolis and tore down the German flag, which had been there since April 27, 1941, when Nazi forces had entered Athens. The British government announced that Iraqi Prime Minister Rashid Ali el Gailani had fled to Iran, while British forces advanced to the outskirts of Baghdad. The Vichy French government announced that French troops had crossed the Sahara Desert to the western shore of Lake Chad--the base of General Charles de Gaulle's Free French forces--in an attempt to recover French Equatorial Africa.

Defense
Japanese defense minister Yosuke Matsuoka said that Japan would carry out her obligations under the Tripartite Pact.

Guards were increased around U.S. defense installations and factories after the Federal Bureau of Investigation received reports that sabotage was planned for the Memorial Day weekend.

Diplomacy
U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom John G. Winant returned to Washington to report to President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Secretary of State Cordell Hull.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator George Norris (Independent--Nebraska) urged that U.S. presidential and vice presidential candidates be nominated by nationwide primary elections instad of by the current convention method.

Auto racing
Floyd Davis and Mauri Rose combined to win the Indianapolis 500. The two drove separate cars at the start of the race, with Mr. Rose starting from the pole position, and Mr. Davis starting 17th. Mr. Rose retired after 60 laps because of a problem with his spark plugs. When Mr. Davis came in for a pit stop on lap 72, he was relieved by Mr. Rose, who drove the rest of the way to victory. The two drivers were credited as co-winners, the second and last time that happened at the Indianapolis 500.





75 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Louis Slotin, 35
. Canadian-born U.S. physicist. Mr. Slotin, a native of Winnipeg, worked on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico during World War II. He was working there when he was irradiated in a criticality incident during an experiment with the demon core, and died nine days after the accident.

World events
The Bolivian junta led by President Gualberto Villarroel declared a state of siege after making many arrests on charges of plotting revolution.

Diplomacy
The Arab League announced in Cairo that its members had agreed on rejection of further Jewish immigration to Palestine, and freedom for Libya and other Arab countries in North Africa.

Society
Georgia Governor Ellis Arnall ordered legal action to revoke the state charter of the Ku Klux Klan.

Economics and finance
Argentine President Edelmiro Farrell placed the country's stock and commodity exchanges and export and insurance businesses under government control.

Labour
A strike of 75,000 hard coal miners in the United States began as negotiations continued in New York City, with United Mine Workers of America leaders demanding the same terms as those recently granted to soft coal miners.

Auto racing
George Robson won the Indianapolis 500 at an average speed of 114.82 miles per hour. It was the first time the race had been held since 1941, since Indianapolis Motor Speedway had been shut down during the years of U.S. involvement in World War II.



70 years ago
1951


Died on this date
Hermann Broch, 64
. Austrian-born author. Mr. Broch, a native of Vienna, was considered a major figure in Modernism, although he didn't begin his writing career until he was in his 40s. He emigrated to Britain and then to the United States after the Nazi Anschluss of Austria in 1938, and wrote on politics and worked on mass psychology. Mr. Broch was perhaps best known for his novel Der Tod des Vergil (The Death of Virgil) (1945).

Bernard de Lattre de Tassigny, 23. French military officer. Lieutenant de Lattre joined the French Army at the age of 16, fighting in the liberation of southern France and also in Germany, earning the Médaille militaire and the Croix de guerre. He served in the First Indochina War and won his second Croix de guerre for his actions in the Battle of Dien Mai. Lt. de Lattre was killed during the Battle of the Day River while obeying the orders of his father, General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, to hold the town of Ninh Binh at all costs.

War
Canadian troops in Korea suffered defeat in an operation to scale Hill 467 near Chail-li, not realizing that it was so well-defended; discovering the dangers of a direct assault, the Canadians retreated quickly, still suffering 6 killed and 54 wounded. United Nations forces retook Hwachon Dam in central Korea. Commander-in-Chief of the United Nations Command General Matthew Ridgway claimed in a Tokyo news conference that the Communists have suffered "a major, severe defeat" in their attempted spring offensive.

French Union forces commanded by General Jean de Lattre de Tassigny retook the stronghold of Ninh Binh, 65 miles south of Hanoi, from Viet Minh guerrillas during the Battle of the Day River.

Defense
Admiral Forrest Sherman, chief of U.S. Naval Operations, told the Senate Foreign Affairs and Armed Services Committees that the United Nations should join the United States in a naval blockade of Communist China to cut off an "unthinkable" money-making traffic in strategic materials.

Diplomacy
The West German government complained to the Western Allied high commissioners that France was trying to split the Saar from Germany without a plebiscite and in advance of a German peace treaty.

Politics and government
The Irish general election resulted in Fianna Fáil, led by Éamon de Valera, with 69 of 147 seats in the Dáil Éireann, with Prime Minister John Costello's Fine Gael next with 40 seats. Fine Gael improved their total by 8 seats from the most recent election in 1948, while Fianna Fáil improved by 3 seats. The Labour Party was third, dropping from 19 seats to 16. Mr. de Valera was able to obtain enough support from other Dáil Éireann deputies.

Auto racing
Lee Wallard won the Indianapolis 500.



Boxing
World heavyweight champion Ezzard Charles (69-5-1) retained his title with a lopsided 15-round unanimous decision over world light heavyweight champion Joey Maxim (75-17-4) at Chicago Stadium.



60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Are You Sure--The Allisons (5th week at #1)

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on NBC
Tonight's episode: A Secret Life, starring Ronald Howard, Mary Murphy, and Patricia Donahue

Thriller, hosted by Boris Karloff, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Dark Legacy, starring Harry Townes, Henry Silva, and Ilka Windish



Died on this date
Rafael Trujillo Molina, 69
. President of the Dominican Republic, 1930-1938, 1942-1952. Generalissimo Trujillo ruled the Dominican Republic as a dictator, either as President or as military strongman through puppet presidents, from 1930 until his assassination. He was responsible for the deaths of as many as 50,000 people.



Weather
A torrential storm around Buffalo Gap, Saskatchewan dropped 25 centimetres of rain in one hour; one of Canada's most intense rainstorms on record also created the greatest flash flood in Canadian history. A huge dust cloud preceded the storm, which had a black cloud tinged with what onlookers described as greenish, pinkish and brownish colours. Heavy hail also fell, and remained where it had drifted for days afterward.

Disasters
A Venezuelan DC-8 jetliner crashed shortly after takeoff from Lisbon, killing all 62 people aboard.

Auto racing
A.J. Foyt won the Indianapolis 500 for the first time. Eddie Sachs took the lead late in the race, but pitted on lap 197 because pressure in one tire was going down.







Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals traded shortstop Daryl Spencer to the Los Angeles Dodgers for shortstop Bob Lillis and outfielder Carl Warwick. Mr. Spencer was batting .254 with 4 home runs and 21 runs batted in in 37 games with St. Louis in 1961, while Mr. Lillis was hitting .111 (1 for 19) with 1 RBI in 19 games with Los Angeles, and Mr. Warwick was hitting .091 (1 for 11) with 1 RBI in 19 games with the Dodgers.

Roger Maris, Mickey Mantle, and Bill Skowron each hit 2 home runs for the New York Yankees as they routed the Boston Red Sox 12-3 before 19,582 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.



Pinch hitter Don Dillard singled home John Romano from second base with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Cleveland Indians a 4-3 win in the first game of a doubleheader before 13,861 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. The Indians trailed 3-0 before scoring 2 runs in the 7th and 1 in the 8th. The Twins scored 5 runs in the 6th inning of the second game, but still lost 7-5 as the Indians completed the sweep. Mudcat Grant (5-0) allowed 6 hits and 5 earned runs in 6 innings, but still got the win.

Steve Barber (7-3) pitched a 3-hitter and Hal Brown (5-1) allowed 2 hits in 8 scoreless innings for the Baltimore Orioles as they swept a Memorial Day doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox 6-0 and 2-1 before 28,550 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

The San Francisco Giants scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning on home runs by Hobie Landrith, Chuck Hiller, and Willie Mays, but still lost 7-6 to the Cincinnati Reds in the first game of a doubleheader before 41,692 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The teams combined for 7 homers, including the first major league home run for Cincinnati starting pitcher Jim Maloney (2-2), who pitched 5+ innings to get the win. The Reds scored 4 runs in the 3rd inning en route to a 6-4 win in the second game to complete the sweep.

50 years ago
1971


Died on this date
Marcel Dupré, 85
. French musician and composer. Mr. Dupré was professor of organ performance and improvisation at the Paris Conservatoire (1916-1954), and performed more than 2,000 international recitals. He composed more than 120 works, mainly for organ. Mr. Dupré died 27 days after his 85th birthday.

Space
The U.S.A. launched the probe Mariner 9, which was scheduled to reach Mars on November 14, 1971 to begin a 90-day orbit of the planet, intending to produce the best measurements and closest photographs of Mars yet taken. The Soviet probe Mars 2, launched May 19, was scheduled to reach Mars on or around the next day, with Mars 3, launched on May 28, scheduled to reach the planet about a week later.



40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sarà perché ti amo--Ricchi e Poveri (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Making Your Mind Up--Bucks Fizz (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: You Drive Me Crazy--Shakin' Stevens (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Stand and Deliver--Adam and the Ants (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Stand and Deliver--Adam and the Ants (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 How 'bout Us--Champaign
2 Making Your Mind Up--Bucks Fizz
3 Dance On--Doris D and the Pins
4 De Verzonken Stad--Frank & Mirella
5 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens
6 Chanson D'Amour--BZN
7 Can You Feel It--The Jacksons
8 Double Dutch Bus--Frankie Smith
9 Rain in May--Max Werner
10 Kids in America--Kim Wilde

Singles entering the chart were The River by Bruce Springsteen (#26); Klap Maar in Je Handen by Peter Koelewijn en Zijn Rockets (#28); Danny by Kit Hain (#33); Attention to Me by the Nolans (#34); Night Train by Steve Winwood (#35); and Merlijn by Bonnie St. Claire (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (3rd week at #1)
2 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
3 Medley--Stars on 45
4 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
5 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
6 Living Inside Myself--Gino Vannelli
7 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
8 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio
9 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
10 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon

Singles entering the chart were Queen of Hearts by Juice Newton (#76); Rock and Roll Dreams Come Through by Jim Steinman (#80); Slow Hand by the Pointer Sisters (#83); Give it to Me Baby by Rick James (#84); It's Now or Never by John Schneider (#85); Come to Me by Aretha Franklin (#86); Sign of the Gypsy Queen by April Wine (#87); In the Air Tonight by Phil Collins (#89); It Didn't Take Long by Spider (#90); and She Did It by Michael Damian (#91).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
2 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
3 Medley--Stars on 45
4 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
5 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
6 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
7 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
8 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
9 Living Inside Myself--Gino Vannelli
10 A Woman Needs Love--Ray Parker, Jr. and Raydio

Singles entering the chart were Queen of Hearts by Juice Newton (#77); Slow Hand by the Pointer Sisters (#84); It's Now or Never by John Schneider (#85); Rock and Roll Dreams Come Through by Jim Steinman (#86); It Didn't Take Long by Spider (#87); In the Air Tonight by Phil Collins (#88); Come to Me by Aretha Franklin (#89); Gotta Get Away by Randy Meisner (#91); and Double Dutch Bus by Frankie Smith (#93).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
2 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
3 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
4 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
5 Medley--Stars on 45
6 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
7 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio 8 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
9 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
10 Living Inside Myself--Gino Vannelli

Singles entering the chart were Slow Hand by the Pointer Sisters (#78); Queen of Hearts by Juice Newton (#84); It's Now or Never by John Schneider (#85); Come to Me by Aretha Franklin (#88); In the Air Tonight by Phil Collins (#89); Rain in May by Max Werner (#90); and Heartbeat by Taana Gardner (#92).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton (3rd week at #1)
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 Medley--Stars on 45
4 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
5 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
6 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
7 You Better You Bet--The Who
8 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
9 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
10 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx

Singles entering the chart were Is it You by Lee Ritenour (#46); Nobody Wins by Elton John (#48); Tom Sawyer by Rush (#49); and Lady of the 80's by Loverboy (#50). Nobody Wins was originally written in French by Jean-Paul Dreau under the title Je Veux d’la Tendresse; Gary Osborne wrote new lyrics in English and the title was changed. Mr. John also recorded the song in its original form, and that version was released as a single in France and Quebec.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (2nd week at #1)
2 Her Town Too--James Taylor and J.D. Souther
3 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
4 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
5 Living Inside Myself--Gino Vannelli
6 Say You'll Be Mine--Christopher Cross
7 Beatles Medley--Stars on 45
8 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
9 Sweetheart--Franke & the Knockouts
10 I Missed Again--Phil Collins

Singles entering the chart were Sukiyaki by A Taste of Honey (#22); Arc of a Diver by Steve Winwood (#24); America by Neil Diamond (#26); and Gemini Dream by the Moody Blues (#30).

Died on this date
Zia Rahman, 45
. President of Bangladesh, 1977-1981. Lieutenant General Rahman joined the Pakistani Army in 1955, and was in the Bangladeshi Army after East Pakistan declared its independence in 1971. He was Bangladesh's Army Chief of Staff (1975-1978) and founder and Chairman of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (1978-1981). Lt. Gen. Rahman reinstated civil and liberties and initiated economic and social reforms, but was the target of frequent assassination attempts. He was assassinated along with several other people when they were gunned down while they were inside a guest house in the city of Chittagong.

Don Ashby, 26. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Ashby, a native of Kamloops, British Columbia, was drafted in the first round (6th overall) by the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1975, but was something of a disappointment in the NHL, scoring 40 goals and 56 assists in 188 regular season games with the Maple Leafs, Colorado Rockies, and Edmonton Oilers from 1975-1981. His best season was 1976-77, when he scored 19 goals and 23 assists in 76 games with the Maple Leafs. Mr. Ashby spent most of the 1980-81 season with the Wichita Wind, a farm team of the Oilers in the Central Hockey League, and 9 scoring 36 goals and 60 assists in 70 games, and 9 goals and 16 assists in 18 playoff games. Shortly after the Wind were eliminated from the playoffs, Mr. Ashby and his wife Terry were driving home to Kamloops when they were hit head-on by a truck. Mr. Ashby suffered serious internal injuries and died in Kelowna several hours later.

Crime
In the wee hours, Edmonton police raided the Pisces Health Spa, a downtown sodomite club. Four men were charged with keeping a common bawdy house, and 56 were charged as found-ins.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher (5th week at #1)

Law
Canadian Justice Minister Kim Campbell introduced new gun control legislation, boosting penalties for some firearms offences while exempting competition shooters.

Economics and finance
Statistics Canada reported that unemployment insurance payouts were up 34.3% from April 1990; 1.22 million Canadians received benefits, and 10.2% were unemployed.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Until it Sleeps--Metallica (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): X-Files--DJ Dado (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Alo Mattiisen, 35
. Estonian composer. Mr. Mattiisen wrote a symphony and other classical works, but was best known for his patriotic songs that became part of the Singing Revolution that led to the independence of the Baltic Republics from the U.S.S.R. at the end of the Cold War.

Divorced on this date
The Duke and Duchess of York--Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson
--were granted an uncontested decree, ending their 10-year marriage.

New Zealandiana
A New Zealand Royal Honours System was established with the institution of the New Zealand Order of Merit, which replaced the various British State Orders of Chivalry.

Politics and government
The Alberta government of Premier Ralph Klein agreed to ban extra-billing at private clinics, starting July 1, 1996. The federal government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien had held back about $3.6 million in transfer payments under the Canada Health Act.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Pittsburgh 3 @ Florida 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Denis Whitaker, 86
. Canadian military officer and football player. Brigadier-General Whitaker was a quarterback with the Hamilton Tigers (1937-1939, 1945-1946). He won two Distinguished Service Orders with the Canadian Army during World War II, and led a team of Canadian football players to a 16-6 win over an American team in the Tea Bowl, played in England in 1944. Mr. Whitaker was inducted into the Canadian Sports Hall of Fame in 1990.

Scandal
Former French Foreign Minister Roland Dumas was sent to prison for six months for illegally receiving funds from the oil company Elf Aquitaine from 1989-1992.

Baseball
Felipe Alou, who had managed the Montreal Expos since 1992, was fired as manager and replaced with Jeff Torborg. The Expos had started the 2001 season with a 21-32 record when Mr. Alou was fired. He had guided the team to the best record in major league baseball in 1994 when the players’ strike ended the season in August.

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Clarice Taylor, 93
. U.S. actress. Miss Taylor was mainly a stage actress, but also acted in film and television, and was nominated for an Emmy Award in 1986 for her recurring supporting role as Anna Huxtable in the comedy series The Cosby Show.

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow, 89. U.S. physicist. Dr. Yalow was awarded a share of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for the development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones."

Isikia Savua, 59. Fijian military and police officer and diplomat. Lieutenant Colonel Savua served with the Fijian Army (1971-1988); Fijian Diplomatic Corps (1988-1992); and Fiji Police Force (1992-2002). He was Fiji's police commissioner (1993-2002), and was accused by deposed President Ratu Sir Kamisese Mara of being a part to the planning of the coup that toppled him in 2000. Mr. Savua denied the allegations, and was never charged with any crime. His last post was that of Fijian Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations, which he assumed on March 4, 2003.

Saleem Shahzad, 40. Pakistani journalist. Mr. Shahzad was Pakistan Bureau Chief of Asia Times Online (Hong Kong) and Italian news agency Adnkronos (AKI). He was found dead in a canal in North-east Pakistan, showing signs of torture, a day after he was kidnapped; Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) was accused of killing Mr. Shahzad, but a judicial commission neglected to name a suspect when it issued its report in January 2012.

Energy
Germany announced plans to abandon nuclear power over the next 11 years, outlining an ambitious strategy, in the wake of Japan's Fukushima disaster, to replace atomic power with renewable energy sources.

Saturday, 29 May 2021

May 29, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cathy Brown!

160 years ago
1861


Business
The Hong Kong General Chamber of Commerce was founded.

110 years ago
1911


Died on this date
W. S. Gilbert, 74
. U.K. writer. Sir William Schwenck Gilbert wrote plays, short stories, poems, and song lyrics, and was best known for writing the libretti for 14 comic operas with composer Arthur Sullivan (1871-1896), including H.M.S. Pinafore (1878); The Pirates of Penzance (1879); and The Mikado (1885). He was knighted in 1907, and was about to give a swimming less on to two young women in the lake of his home when one of them got into difficulty in the lake, and Sir W.S. suffered a fatal heart attack when he attempted to rescue her.

Transportation
A Pennsylvania Railroad train carrying the Chicago Cubs baseball team from St. Louis to Pittsburgh set a record by covering the 191 miles from Columbus, Ohio to Pittsburgh in 3 hours and 35 minutes.

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs arrived in Pittsburgh in time for the game after their record-setting train ride and defeated the Pirates 4-1 at Forbes Field, scoring all their runs in the 4th inning. Joe Tinker’s triple was the key hit. King Cole (4-0) pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.

90 years ago
1931


Died on this date
Michele Schirru, 31
. Italian-born anarchist. Mr. Schirru, a native of Sardinia, moved to the Italian mainland at a young age and became an anarchist before emigrating to New York in 1920, becoming an American citizen and becoming involved in anarchist circles. He returned to Europe, associating with anarchists in Paris before returning to Italy in January 1931 and going to Rome with the intention of assassinating Prime Minister Benito Mussolini. Mr. Schirru was arrested on February 3 and attempted suicide by shooting himself in the face at the police station, but the bullet went through both cheeks, and he surived. He was convicted by a Fascist Special Court of intending to assassinate Mr. Mussolini, and on May 28 was sentenced to death. Mr. Schirru was executed by a firing squad; his last words were, "Long live anarchy!"

80 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Léo-Pol Morin, 48
. Canadian musician and composer. Mr. Morin, a native of Cap-Saint-Ignace, Quebec, was a classical pianist who was known for his performances of music by modern French composers. Using the pseudonym James Callihou, he composed works based on French-Canadian and Inuit folklore and music. Mr. Morin's compositions included Suite canadienne (1945) and Trois Esquimaux pour piano. He was killed in a car accident in the Laurentian Mountains near Montreal.

War
Candia, Crete's second-largest city, fell to German troops. U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, in a speech in London, declared that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's "Four Freedoms" were the "keystone" of British war aims.

World events
Dr. Kurt Heinrich Reith, former German Minister to Austria, was arrested in New York pending deportation proceedings.

Defense
The U.S. Maritime Commission announced that it was requisitioning 13 more merchant vessels for the Navy. The U.S. War Department announced that 8,000 British pilots would be trained annually in the United States beginning June 7, 1941.

Economics and finance
Japanese officials revealed that they had made formal representations to the Netherlands and United Kingdom in an attempt to break the deadlock in the trade negotiations between Japan and the Netherlands East Indies.

U.S. Office of Production Management Priorities Director Edward Stettinius, Jr. signed a general preference order placing steel on a limited priorities basis in order to curb non-essential civilian consumption.

Business
U.S. Federal Judge James Proctor fined the American Medical Association $2,500 and the Medical Society of Washington $1,500 for antitrust law violations.

75 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Martin Gottfried Weiss, 40
. German SS officer. SS-Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel) Weiss was Commandant of the concentration camps at Neuengamme (1940-1942); Majdanek (1943-1944); and Dachau (1944-1945). He was convicted of war crimes and hanged at Landsberg Prison, five days before his 41st birthday.

War
Nationalist Chinese troops reported capturing the Manchurian city of Kirin from the Chinese Communists.

Diplomacy
Representatives of seven Palestinian Arab parties, meeting in Jerusalem, formed the Arab Higher Front, led by Hussein Khalidi and Auni Bey Abdul Hadi. The new group differed from the existing Arab Higher Commission in favouring submission of the Palestinian dispute to the United Nations.

The Iranian embassy in Washington disclosed that Prime Minister Ahmad Ghavam Saltaneh had ordered Ambassador Hussein Ala not to make any more statements to the United Nations Security Council, following Mr. Ala's contention that U.S.S.R. forces remained in Azerbaijan.

Defense
Canadian Army troops officially withdrew from Newfoundland.

The British Ministry of Supply revealed the development of the de Havilland DH-108 "Swallow," the world's first jet-propelled flying wing fighter plane. The first prototype had made its first flight on May 15 at Royal Air Force base Woodbridge, England.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes told the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee that the United States favoured the regulation of armaments to allow nations no more than was necessary to maintain internal order and international peace and security.

Aviation
The Montreal Assembly of the Provisional International Civil Aviation Organization voted to offer the seat held open for the U.S.S.R. to another country.

Labour
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) drafted an agreement with the International Labor Organization under which the latter would become a specialized UN agency.

The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to President Harry Truman the Case strike control bill, calling for a 60-day cooling-off period before strikes; increased federal mediation; and union and management liability for breach of contract.

The 59-day soft coal strike in the United States ended when United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis signed a U.S. government-sponsored agreement providing for an 18 1/2c hourly wage increase and a miners' "welfare and retirement fund" financed by a levy of 5c per ton.

A 22-hour general strike by 26,000 union members in Rochester, New York ended after the city agreed to allow its workers to join any organization "which does not claim the right to strike against the public."

70 years ago
1951


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Vamp Till Dead, starring Mary Sinclair

Died on this date
Dimitrios Levidis, 65 or 66
. Greek-born French soldier composer. Mr. Levidis moved to Paris in 1910, served with the French Army in World War I, and became a French citizen. His compositions often included novel combinations and new instruments, such as Poeme Symphonique, pour solo d'Ondes Musicales et Orchestre, op.43-B (1928). In 1934, Mr. Levidis founded the Phaleron Conservatory, which was eventually subsumed into the Hellenic Conservatory.

Fanny Brice, 59. U.S. entertainer. Miss Brice, born Fania Borach, was a singer, comedienne, and actress who made many appearances in plays and films, but was perhaps best know for playing the character Baby Snooks on radio from 1937-1951. She died five days after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage, which occurred two days after the latest episode of The Baby Snooks Show. Miss Brice was the subject of the play (1964) and film (1968) Funny Girl, and the film sequel Funny Lady (1975).

Aviation
Charles Blair, Jr., a Pan American Airways captain, made the first solo flight across the North Pole in a converted P-51.

Politics and government
The United Nations Security Council warned India against sponsoring elections in Kashmir before a UN-supervised plebiscite on the state's political future could be held.

Business
New York City department stores began a price-cutting war when Macy's announced a 6% cut on 5,987 items, following the U.S. Supreme Court's ruling against state "fair price" laws.

Disasters
A coal mine explosion in Easington, England killed 80 miners and a rescue worker.

Baseball
The Cleveland Indians signed high school star Billy Joe Davidson, reputed to be their best pitching prospect since Bob Feller, for a reported $150,000, a record figure at the time.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Quince Años Tiene Mi Amor--Dúo Dinámico (11th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Et maintenant--Gilbert Bécaud (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson
2 Daddy's Home--Shep and the Limelites
3 Running Scared--Roy Orbison
4 Mama Said--The Shirelles
5 Mother-in-Law--Ernie K-Doe
6 Runaway--Del Shannon
7 Breakin' in a Brand New Broken Heart--Connie Francis
8 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
9 I Feel So Bad--Elvis Presley
10 Tragedy--The Fleetwoods

Singles entering the chart were Dance on Little Girl by Paul Anka (#67); Yellow Bird by the Arthur Lyman Group (#71); How Many Tears by Bobby Vee (#77); My Kind of Girl by Matt Monro (#80); Jimmy Martinez by Marty Robbins (#83); I Like it Like That (Part 1) by Chris Kenner (#86); Rainin' in My Heart by Slim Harpo (#87); Who Else But You by Frankie Avalon (#89); Summertime by the Marcels (#90); Big Boss Man by Jimmy Reed (#93); Temptation by the Everly Brothers (#94); Sacred by the Castells (#95); Tonight (Could Be the Night) by the Velvets (#96); Ring of Fire by Duane Eddy (#98); and A Little Feeling (Called Love) by Jack Scott (#100).

Diplomacy
United Auto Workers President Walter Reuther, former U.S. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, and Johns Hopkins University President Milton Eisenhower, who had organized a group called the Tractors for Freedom Committee to buy 500 U.S. tractors to donate to Cuba, met in Washington with 10 Cuban rebels who had been paroled by Cuban dictator Fidel Castro after the Bay of Pigs invasion in April and had been sent to the U.S. to negotiate the exchange of tractors for prisoners.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Understanding--Peanut Butter Conspiracy (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Theme from Love Story--Francis Lai (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Un banc, un arbre, une rue--Séverine (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Knock Three Times--Dawn (3rd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Another Day--Paul McCartney
2 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin
3 She's a Lady--Tom Jones
4 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road
--Lally Stott
5 What is Life/Apple Scruffs--George Harrison
6 Amazing Grace--Judy Collins
7 Armstrong--Reg Lindsay
8 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
9 Doesn't Somebody Want to Be Wanted--The Partridge Family
10 Black and Blue--Chain

Singles entering the chart were Eagle Rock by Daddy Cool (#46); Strange Kind of Woman by Deep Purple (#47); Rags to Riches/Where Did They Go, Lord by Elvis Presley (#48); Bed of Rose's by the Statler Brothers (#54); One Toke Over the Line by Brewer and Shipley (#58); and Too Young to Be Married by the Hollies (#60).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
2 Soldiers Prayer--Oscar Harris and the Twinkle Stars
3 Underneath the Blanket Go--Gilbert O'Sullivan
4 Rosetta--Georgie Fame & Alan Price
5 Poetas Andaluces--Aguaviva
6 Funny, Funny--The Sweet
7 Loop di Love--J. Bastós
8 Proud Mary--Ike & Tina Turner
9 Love Her Madly--The Doors
10 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were Tuesday's Dead by Cat Stevens (#18); Double Barrel by Dave & Ansil Collins (#20); Che Sará by José Feliciano (#23); Mary in the Morning by Guy Fletcher (#24); Cry Baby by Janis Joplin (#25); He's Gonna Step on You Again by John Kongos (#29); Sing Sing Barbara by Laurent & Mardi Gras (#31); and Le Tournesol by Nana Mouskouri (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
2 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
3 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
4 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
5 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
6 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
7 Bridge Over Troubled Water/Brand New Me--Aretha Franklin
8 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
9 Me and a You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
10 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop

Singles entering the chart were Walk Away by the James Gang (#89); It's So Hard for Me to Say Good-Bye by Eddie Kendricks (#90); Mr. Big Stuff by Jean Knight (#92); I Know I'm in Love by Chee Chee and Peppy (#93); Your Love is So Doggone Good by the Whispers (#94); Signs by the Five Man Electrical Band (#96); If Not for You by Olivia Newton-John (#98); Love's Made a Fool of You by Cochise (#99); and Love Means (You Never Have to Say You’re Sorry) by Sounds of Sunshine (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
2 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Aretha Franklin
3 Brown Sugar--Rolling Stones
4 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
5 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
6 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
7 Love Her Madly--The Doors
8 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
9 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
10 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean

Singles entering the chart were You’ve Got a Friend by James Taylor (#72); Sooner or Later by the Grass Roots (#75); Bring the Boys Home by Freda Payne (#81); Chicago by Graham Nash (#82); Been Too Long on the Road by Mark Lindsay (#84); Get it On by Chase (#91); Mr. Big Stuff by Jean Knight (#93); Never Ending Song of Love by Delaney & Bonnie & Friends (#95); Don't Say You Don't Remember by Beverly Bremers (#96); You’ve Got a Friend by Roberta Flack & Donny Hathaway (#97); I’ve Found Someone of My Own by the Free Movement (#98); and Love Means (You Never Have to Say You’re Sorry) by Sounds of Sunshine (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)
2 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Aretha Franklin
3 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
4 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
5 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
6 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
7 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
8 Love Her Madly--The Doors
9 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
10 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond

Singles entering the chart were Mr. Big Stuff by Jean Knight (#69); I Know I'm in Love by Chee Chee and Peppy (#71); Day by Day (Every Minute of the Hour) by the Continental 4 (#73); I Don't Wanna Lose You by Johnnie Taylor (#75); Chicago by Graham Nash (#78); You've Got a Friend by Roberta Flack & Donny Hathaway (#83); What You See is What You Get by Stoney and Meatloaf (#88); Get it On by Chase (#89); Walk Away by the James Gang (#96); Double Barrel by Dave & Ansil Collins (#97); Stop, Look, Listen by the Stylistics (#98); Love's Made a Fool of You by Cochise (#99); and If Not for You by Olivia Newton-John (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (6th week at #1)
2 Brown Sugar--Rolling Stones
3 Love Her Madly--The Doors
4 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
5 Woodstock--Matthews’ Southern Comfort
6 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
7 The Drum--Bobby Sherman
8 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
9 Hats Off to the Stranger--Lighthouse
10 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond

Singles entering the chart were Puppet Man by Tom Jones (#77); Done Too Soon by Neil Diamond (#78); You’re My Man by Lynn Anderson (#79); Run, Run by James, John and Francois (#80); This is My Song by Gordon Lightfoot (#82); Funky Nassau by Beginning of the End (#83); Pretend by Rick Pearson (#93); Don’t Pull Your Love by Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds (#94); Sea Cruise by Johnny Rivers (#96); "709" by Bobby G. Griffith (#97); Then You Walk In by Sammi Smith (#98); Wishbone by Jackie Mittoo (#99); and Take Me Home, Country Roads by John Denver with Fat City (#100). This is My Song was from the album Early Lightfoot, a collection of singles and previously-unreleased songs recorded circa 1962-1963; This is My Song was one of the previously-unreleased tracks. The album was reportedly withdrawn at Mr. Lightfoot’s request, but this blogger has a copy. It appeared on the GRT label.

Calgary’s Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders (3rd week at #1)
2 Albert Flasher--The Guess Who
3 Garden of Ursh--Karen Young
4 Love Her Madly--The Doors
5 If--Bread
6 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
7 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
8 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
9 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
10 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
Pick hit of the week: It’s Too Late--Carole King

Auto racing
Al Unser won the Indianapolis 500 for the second straight year.



Football
CFL
The Hamilton Tiger-Cats announced the signing of running back Steve Worster, an All-American from the University of Texas.

Baseball
The San Francisco Giants traded outfielder George Foster to the Cincinnati Reds for shortstop Frank Duffy and pitcher Vern Geishert. Mr. Foster had played briefly with the Giants in 1969 and 1970, but was still considered a rookie; he was batting .267 with 3 home runs and 8 runs batted in in 36 games in 1971. Mr. Duffy was batting .188 with 1 RBI in 13 games with the Reds, while Mr. Geishert, who had appeared in 11 games with the California Angels in 1969, was 3-2 with an earned run average of 3.82 in 7 games with the Indianapolis Indians of the AAA American Association, and quit professional baseball after the trade.

Joe Torre tripled home Lou Brock, Matty Alou, and Ted Simmons with none out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals an 8-7 win over the Atlanta Braves before 47, 598 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Braves had scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th to break a 5-5 tie.

The New York Mets swept a doubleheader from the San Diego Padres 5-1 and 2-1 before 11,324 fans at San Diego Stadium. Tom Seaver (6-2) struck out 10 batters in the opener and singled home a run in the 3-run 8th inning, while Nolan Ryan (6-1) struck out 16 in the second game. New York batters struck out 15 times in the 2 games, and the 41 strikeouts set a major league record for a doubleheader.

Dick Green batted 3 for 3 with 2 home runs, a base on balls, 4 runs, and 3 runs batted in to help the Oakland Athletics defeat the Boston Red Sox 12-8 before 22,572 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Joe Rudi and Angel Mangual also homered for Oakland, while Rico Petrocelli and Carl Yastrzemski hit home runs for Boston.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade #1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Köppäbävisan--Bengt Pegefelt (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Pour le plaisir--Herbert Léonard

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens (2nd week at #1)
2 Antmusic--Adam & the Ants
3 Jealous Guy--Roxy Music
4 Woman--John Lennon
5 I am the Beat--Look
6 Twilight Café--Susan Fassbender
7 Here is My Love--Tommy Dee
8 Santa Maria--Alan Garrity
9 9 to 5--Dolly Parton
10 Spend the Night in Love--The Four Seasons

Singles entering the chart were Do You Feel My Love by Eddy Grant (#18); Love-Chain Reaction by Joy (#19); and When You Gonna Love Me by City Limits (#20).

Baseball
The Montreal Expos traded right fielder Ellis Valentine to the New York Mets for relief pitcher Jeff Reardon, outfielder Dan Norman, and a player to be named later. Mr. Valentine, in his seventh year with the Expos, was batting .211 with 3 home runs and 15 home runs in 22 games in 1981. Mr. Reardon was 1-0 with 2 saves in 18 games with the Mets in 1981, while Mr. Norman was in the minor leagues that season.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
India's Congress (I) Party named former Foreign Minister P.V. Narasimha Rao as its interim leader, succeeding former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, who had been assassinated eight days earlier.

25 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Tamara Toumanova, 77
. Russian-born U.S. ballerina and actress. Miss Toumanova, born Tamara Vladimirovna Khassidovitch, began her public career in ballet at the age of 10 as a guest performer with the Paris Opera Ballet. She joined Les Ballets Russes de Monte-Carlo in 1931 at the age of 12, and spent the rest of her career there. She appeared in several movies, including Days of Glory (1944); Invitation to the Dance (1956); Torn Curtain (1966); and The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970).

Politics and government
In Israeli elections, Likud Party leader Benjamin Netanyahu narrowly defeated incumbent Shimon Peres of the Labour Party for Prime Minister, 50.5%-49.5%; it was the first time that the Prime Minister was elected apart from the rest of the Knesset. In the parliamentary elections, Labour won 34 of the 120 seats, with a Likud-Gesher-Tzomet coalition taking 32 seats, followed by Shas (10); National Religious Party (9); Meretz (9); and six other parties accounting for the remaining 26 seats.

Crime
Royal Canadian Mounted Police officers in Halifax boarded the Taiwanese-registered ship Maersk Dubai and arrested the captain and five sailors on charges of murdering three Romanian stowaways who had been thrown overboard.

Economics and finance
Canada and the United States signed a softwood lumber agreement that set export quotas for British Columbia, Alberta, Ontario, and Quebec, and also put in place an export tax for any amounts exceeding that quota. The agreement came after 15 years of debate and legal proceedings concerning the issue.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference Finals
Detroit 1 @ Colorado 4 (Colorado won best-of-seven series 4-2)

The Avalanche eliminated the Red Wings at McNichols Sports Arena in Denver and advanced to the finals for the first time in their history. The game was marred by a dirty hit from Colorado forward Claude Lemieux on Detroit forward Kris Draper at 14:07 of the 1st period. Mr. Lemieux hit Mr. Draper from behind into the edge of the bench, giving him a broken jaw and a shattered cheek and orbital bone. Mr. Lemieux was given a 5-minute penalty and game misconduct.



20 years ago
2001


Art
Ken Thomson paid $2.2 million at auction in Toronto for Baffin Island by Group of Seven member Lawren Harris, more than double the previous record for a Canadian painting.

Terrorism
Four followers of Osama bin Laden were convicted in New York of a global conspiracy to murder Americans, including the 1998 bombings of two U.S. embassies in Africa that killed 224 people. All were sentenced to life in prison.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that golfer Casey Martin, who had a disability that made walking difficult, was entitled to use a cart to get around the course during PGA tournaments. The PGA had argued that being able to walk around the course was a requirement for participation.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
New Jersey 2 @ Colorado 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Joe Sakic scored on a powerplay to open the scoring, but Bob Corkum and Turner Stevenson scored to give the Devils a 2-1 lead at the end of the 1st period, and there was no further scoring before 18,007 fans at Pepsi Center in Denver. New Jersey goalie Martin Brodeur and Colorado goalie Patrick Roy each faced only 20 shots.



Baseball
The Arizona Diamondbacks edged the San Francisco Giants 1-0 in 18 innings as Erubial Durazo doubled home Steve Finley with the only run before 39,709 fans at Pacific Bell Park in San Francisco. Losing pitcher Ryan Vogelsong (0-1) doubled in his first major league at bat to lead off the bottom of the 18th inning. The Giants loaded the bases with 1 out, but Greg Swindell retired Armando Rios and Benito Santiago on outfield flies to end the game.

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Bill Clements, 94
. U.S. politician. Mr. Clements, a Republican, made a fortune in oil before entering politics. He was U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford (1973-1977), and was briefly acting Secretary of Defense in 1973. Mr. Clements served two terms as Governor of Texas (1979-1983, 1987-1991); he was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1982 as a result of a sluggish economy. His second term was marred by a scandal involving payments made to Southern Methodist University football players while Mr. Clements was chairman of the university's Board of Governors. Some called for his impeachment, and he decided not to run for another term in office.

Ferenc Mádl, 80. 14th President of Hungary, 2000-2005. Dr. Mádl was a law professor before entering politics. He was independent, and was Hungary's Minister of Education (1993-1994) before serving his term as President. Dr. Mádl declined to run for a second term.

Sergei Bagapsh, 62. Prime Minister of Abkhazia, 1997-1999. 2nd President of Abkhazia, 2005-2011. Mr. Bagapsh was a Communist before the fall of Communism, and a businessman afterward. He held various offices, including First Vice-Premier of Abkhazia (1995-1997). Mr. Bagapsh was managing director of the Abkhazian state-owned power company Chernomorenergo (2000-2004), and in 2004 was elected as the presidential candidate of both the United Abkhazia party--which he helped found--and Amtsakhara. Mr. Bagapsh and his opponent, Raul Khadjimba, fought a close contest with a disputed result that was resolved by the two combining in a national unity ticket in 2005, with Mr. Khadjimba serving as Vice President. Mr. Bagapsh was re-elected in 2009, but in May 2011 underwent surgery in Moscow for growths on his lungs. The surgery was successful, but complications followed, causing Mr. Bagapsh to die from heart failure. He was succeeded as President by Vice President Alexander Ankvab.

Auto racing
Dan Wheldon won the Indianapolis 500 for the second time, passing J.R. Hildebrand on the final turn after Mr. Hildebrand hit the wall as it looked like he was going to win. Mr. Wheldon had previously won the race in 2005.

Friday, 28 May 2021

May 28, 2021

1,400 years ago
621


War
Li Shimin, the son of the Chinese Emperor Gaozu, defeated the numerically superior forces of Dou Jiande in the Battle of Hulao near the Hulao Pass (Henan). This victory decided the outcome of the civil war that followed the Sui dynasty's collapse in favour of the Tang dynasty.

1,280 years ago
741


Died on this date
Ucha'an K'in B'alam
. King of Dos Pilas, 727-741. Uchaʼan Kʼin Bʼalam succeeded Itzamnaaj Kʼawiil as Mayan King of Dos Pilas, in what is now the Guatemelan department of Petén. Uchaʼan Kʼin Bʼalam was known for capturing Yichʼaak Bʼalam, king of Seibal, and was succeeded on the throne by Itzamnaaj Kʼawiil's son Kʼawiil Chan Kʼinich.

210 years ago
1811


Died on this date
Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, 69
. U.K. politician. Mr. Dundas, an "independent Whig," was the trusted lieutenant of Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger, and was the most powerful politician in Scotland in the latter decades of the 18th century. He held several cabinet posts, including Secretary of State for War (1794-1801) and First Lord of the Admiralty (1804-1805). Mr. Dundas was elevated to the House of Lords in 1802 as 1st Viscount Melville. He died a month after his 69th birthday.

170 years ago
1851


Society
The Ohio Woman's Rights Convention began a two-day conference in Akron. The conference called for women’s suffrage and for an improvement in the conditions of labouring women.

150 years ago
1871


World events
The Paris Commune fell after two months.

120 years ago
1901


Oil
Mozaffar ad-Din, Shah of Persia, granted exclusive rights to prospect for oil in the country to British investor William Knox D'Arcy.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Fritz Hochwälder
. Austrian playwright. Mr. Hochwälder wrote about two dozen plays in a career spanning more than 50 years; his works were characterized by moralistic themes. Mr. Hochwälder died on October 21, 1986 at the age of 75.

Thora Hird. U.K. actress. Dame Thora appeared in more than 100 movies and television programs in a career spanning more than 70 years, and won three BAFTA TV Awards. She died on March 15, 2003 at the age of 91.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Tom Uren
. Australian politician. Mr. Uren, a member of the Australian Labour Party, represented Reid in the Australian Parliament (1958-1990), holding several cabinet posts and helping to establish the heritage and conservation movement in Australia. He died on January 26, 2015 at the age of 93.

80 years ago
1941


War
British forces began the evacuation of Crete under heavy German pressure. The German command announced the capture by German and Italian troops of Halfaya Pass in Egypt southeast of Solum.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt told a special press conference that he had no intention of asking Congress to repeal or modify the Neutrality Act, and that he did not plan to institute convoys for war material being shipped to Britain. The U.S. Maritime Commission requisitioned the 26,454-ton liner America, the largest merchant ship ever built in the United States, which would be turned over to the Navy.

Aviation
A spinproof private plane designed by Dr. Otto Koppen for General Aircraft Corporation was demonstrated in Newark, New Jersey.

Scandal
Former Kansas City Democratic Party boss Tom Pendergast and two other men were found guilty of contempt for deceiving a U.S. federal court in a $10-million fire insurance settlement.

Economics and finance
U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes urged priorities on gasoline, oil, and electric power on the Eastern seaboard because of the increasing shortage.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor Executive Council pledged its support for U.S. President Roosevelt's plea for labour peace, and called upon its unions to refrain from striking against defense industries without first seeking mediation.

International Longshore and Warehouse Union (ILWU) President Harry Bridges, a native of Australia, testified at his U.S. deportation hearing that he now or ever was a member of the Communist Party. It wasn't until the 1990s that it was revealed that Mr. Bridges had lied.

Boxing
Tony Zale (48-15-2) retained his National Boxing Association world middleweight title with a knockout of Al Hostak (54-5-8) at 2:32 of the 2nd round at Chicago Stadium Outdoor Arena. Mr. Zale was knocked down for no count in the 1st round, but knocked Mr. Hostak down 8 times in the 2nd round.



Baseball
George Selkirk came to bat as a pinch hitter and hit a grand slam to climax a 5-run 8th inning to lead the New York Yankees past the Washington Nationals 6-5 before 25,000 fans in the first night game ever played at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

The Philadelphia Athletics scored 2 runs in the top of the 16th inning to defeat the Boston Red Sox 8-6 before 1,400 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Philadelphia third baseman Pete Suder batted 4 for 7 with a double, 3-run home run, and 4 runs batted in. Boston third baseman Jim Tabor also hit a 3-run homer, with both blasts coming in the 6th inning. Tom Ferrick allowed 8 hits and 1 earned run in 10 innings to get the win in relief of Bill Beckmann, who allowed 7 hits and 5 earned runs in 6 innings.

75 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Carter Glass, 88
. U.S. politician. Mr. Glass, a Democrat, represented Virginia in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1899-1918 and in the Senate from 1920 until his death. He was Secretary of the Treasury in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson from 1918-1920.

World events
Romanian police entered the U.S. military mission in Bucharest and arrested three Romanians employed there.

Diplomacy
Rulers of seven Arab states met on the estate of King Farouk of Egypt to discuss the Palestine problem.

Defense
U.S. Army General Dwight Eisenhower and U.S. Navy Admiral Chester Nimitz addressed the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee, where they urged military collaboration with Latin American nations and possibly Canada.

Politics and government
Manuel Roxas was inaugurated in Manila as President of the Philippines.

Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes and French Foreign Minister Leon Blum signed agreements in Washington settling Lend-Lease accounts and extending two credits to France totalling $137 billion.

The British House of Commons approved the government's notice of its intention to nationalize parts of the iron and steel industry.

Labour
American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo told reporters that he was ready to test the Lea Act after Chicago radio station WAAF refused to hire more musicians.

Disasters
Flooding along the Susquehanna River and its tributaries left 20 people dead or missing, and $3 million in damage in Pennsylvania, Ohio, and southern New York.

70 years ago
1951


War
United Nations forces in Korea retook Inje in the east and Hwachon and Yonchon on the central front, all north of the 38th Parallel. Soviet delegate to the United Nations Jacob Malik denied reports that the U.S.S.R. was making peace feelers in Korea. U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff General Hoyt Vandenberg testified before the Senate Foreign Affairs and Armed Services Committees, claiming that full-scale bombing of Communist China and Manchuria could not end the Korean War, as maintained by Gen. Douglas MacArthur.

India informed the U.S. State Department that it agreed with Britain's refusal to sign a Japanese peace treaty negotiated with Nationalist China.

Protest
South African police clashed with 50,000 Asians demonstrating in Cape Town against segregated voting registration lists, seriously injuring 28 people in the worst riot in the city's history.

Television
The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the right of the Federal Communications Commission to approve the CBS colour television system over its RCA competitor.

Britannica
Princess Elizabeth opened the Exhibition of Industrial Power in Glasgow, the latest show in the Festival of Britain.



Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the case of Samuel Hoffman of Philadelphia that witnesses who refused to testify for fear of self-incrimination did not have to show good faith by explaining how their testimony could incriminate them.

Oil
Iran refused to recognize the International Court of Justice's right to order arbitration in the oil nationalization dispute with the United Kingdom.

Baseball
Bob Elliott's 2-run home run climaxed a 3-run 1st inning for the Boston Braves as they beat the New York Giants 4-1 before 23,101 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. After going hitless in his first 12 at bats in the major leagues since being called up from the Minneapolis Millers of the American Association, Willie Mays of Giants broke the streak with a home run onto the left field roof in the bottom of the 1st. It was the only run Mr. Spahn (5-3) gave up in a 7-hit complete game.

Carl Furillo led off the top of the 9th inning with a home run to break a 3-3 tie as the Brooklyn Dodgers edged the Philadelphia Phillies 4-3 before 20,387 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Ralph Branca (2-1) pitched a 7-hit complete game to outduel Ken Heintzelman (1-5), who allowed 10 hits in a complete game.

Red Schoendienst singled home Del Rice with 2 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 6-5 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates before 9,757 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Paul LaPalme (0-1), the last of three Pittsburgh pitchers, allowed 2 hits and 1 earned run in 1.2 innings in taking the loss, walking 3 batters and striking out none in his first major league game.

60 years ago
1961


Died on this date
Fred Smith, 69
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Smith was a third baseman and shortstop with the Boston Braves (1913); Buffalo Blues (1914-1915); Brooklyn Tip-Tops (195); and St. Louis Cardinals (1917), batting .226 with 8 home runs and 158 runs batted in in 438 games. He hit .244 with at least 14 homers in 939 games in 8 seasons in the minor leagues (1909-1921).

Journalism
Peter Benenson's article The Forgotten Prisoners was published in the British newspaper The Observer. This was later thought of as the founding of the human rights organization Amnesty International.

Baseball
A total of 39 home runs were hit in 11 major league games, a record for a single day.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Butterfly--Danyel Gérard (2nd week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity (4th week at #1)
2 If Not for You--Olivia Newton-John
3 Understanding--Peanutbutter Conspiracy
4 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
5 Amazing Grace--Judy Collins
6 Vicki--Lance James
7 What is Life--George Harrison
8 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
9 Theme from Love Story--Francis Lai Orchestra
10 Another Day--Paul McCartney

Singles entering the chart were Funny Funny by the Sweet (#17); and When Love Comes Knocking at Your Door by the Dealians (#19).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
2 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
3 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
4 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
5 Here Comes the Sun--Richie Havens
6 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
7 Jodie--Joey Gregorash
8 Toast and Marmalade for Tea--Tin Tin
9 Superstar--Murray Head with the Trinidad Singers
10 It Takes Time--Anne Murray

Singles entering the chart were Double Lovin' by the Osmonds (#26); Done Too Soon by Neil Diamond (#27); Treat Her Like a Lady by Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose (#28); Nathan Jones by the Supremes (#29); and High Time We Went by Joe Cocker (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)
2 Love Her Madly--The Doors
3 Hot Love--T. Rex
4 Toast and Marmalade for Tea--Tin Tin
5 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
6 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
7 Never Ending Song of Love--Delaney & Bonnie & Friends
8 It's Too Late/I Feel the Earth Move--Carole King
9 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
10 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night

Singles entering the chart were High Time We Went by Joe Cocker (#28); Spaceship Races by Tom Northcott (#29); and Different Drum by Uproar (#30).

Died on this date
Audie Murphy, 45. U.S. soldier and actor. First Lieutenant Murphy was the most-decorated soldier in American history, earning every medal for valour, including the Medal of Honor, for his actions in Italy and southern France in World War II. He later had a successful acting career, which included playing himself in To Hell and Back(1955), based on his 1949 autobiography. Other notable films of his included The Red Badge of Courage (1951); Night Passage (1957); and No Name on the Bullet (1959). Mr. Murphy was a fan of country music, and co-wrote 18 songs. He suffered from what would today be described as post-traumatic stress disorder, sleeping with a loaded handgun under his pillow and consuming addictive sleeping pills. Mr. Murphy was one of six people killed in a plane crash near Roanoke, Virginia, 23 days before his 46th birthday.

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched the probe Mars 3, nine days after launching Mars 2. Mars 2 was expected to reach Mars about November 15, 1971, with Mars 3 following about a week later.

Baseball
Atlanta Braves’ third baseman Clete Boyer, who had hit safely in his last 9 games, with 5 home runs and 14 runs batted in, was released after disputes with general manager Paul Richards and manager Lum Harris over what Mr. Boyer charged were silly rules and mismanagement. He was batting .245 with 6 homers and 19 RBIs in 30 games with Atlanta in 1971. No major league team signed Mr. Boyer, but he was able to finish the season with the Hawaii Islanders of the Pacific Coast League, and played in Japan with the Taiyo Whales (1972-1975).

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Edmonton's Top 20 (CHED)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
2 High School Confidential--Rough Trade
3 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
4 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
5 You Better You Bet--The Who
6 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
7 I Love You--Climax Blues Band
8 Her Town Too--James Taylor and J.D. Souther
9 I Missed Again--Phil Collins
10 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
11 Babe--Jack Green
12 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
13 Medley--Stars on 45
14 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
15 Sweetheart--Franke and the Knockouts
16 It Just Occurred to Me--Peter Pringle
17 Lady of the '80s--Loverboy
18 What are We Doin’ in Love--Dottie West (with Kenny Rogers)
19 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
20 The Waiting--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers

Died on this date
Mary Lou Williams, 71
. U.S. musician. Mrs. Williams was a jazz pianist, arranger, and composer who became one of the first women to become successful in jazz. She was married to saxophonist John Overton Williams from 1927-1940, and they performed together in the group Twelve Clouds of Joy, with Mrs. Williams serving as the band's arranger. Her compositions included Zodiac Suite, which was first performed on December 31, 1945. Mrs. Williams withdrew from performing in the mid-1950s and converted to Roman Catholicism. She often performed sacred music after that, and contributed to Catholic and other charities. Mrs. Williams died of bladder cancer, 20 days after her 71st birthday.

Baseball
The California Angels, off to a 22-25 start and 7½ games out of first place in the American League West Division, fired Jim Fregosi as manager, and replaced him with Gene Mauch. Mr. Fregosi had taken over as Angels’ manager at approximately the same point in the 1978 season and had led them to their first divisional title in 1979.

30 years ago
1991


War
Addis Ababa fell to the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front, ending both the Derg regime in Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Civil War.

Business
Edmonton-based Mel Hurtig sold Hurtig Publishing Ltd.--with a 100-book backlist including the Canadian Encyclopedia--to Avie Bennett's McClelland & Stewart.

25 years ago
1996


Politics and government
Premier Glen Clark led his governing New Democratic Party to a reduced majority government in the British Columbia provincial election; the NDP won 39 of 75 seats in the legislature, down from 51 in the 1991 election. The Liberal Party, led by Gordon Campbell, won 33 seats, up from 17 in 1991. The Reform Party, led by Jack Weisgerber, won 2 seats, and Progressive Democratic Party leader Gordon Wilson, formerly the Liberal leader, was elected. The Social Credit Party, which had governed the province from 1975-1991, failed to elect any of its 38 candidates, and was on its way to oblivion. Although the NDP majority was considerably reduced, it was considered a major surprise that the NDP retained power at all, as the Liberals had been 20% ahead of the NDP in polls conducted at the time the election was called on April 30. Liberal Ida Chong and NDP member Jenny Kwan became B.C.’s first Chinese Canadian MLAs.

Scandal
U.S. President Bill Clinton's former business partners in the Whitewater land deal, Jim McDougal and Susan McDougal, and Arkansas Governor Jim Guy Tucker, were convicted of fraud.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Finals
Florida 0 @ Pittsburgh 3 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Joe Moakley, 74
. U.S. politician. Mr. Moakley, a Democrat, represented the 7th Suffolk District in the Massachusetts House of Representatives (1953-1963); the 4th Suffolk District in the Massachusetts Senate (1965-1971); and Massachusetts' 9th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1973 until his death from a form of blood cancer. He chaired the House Rules Committee (1989-1995), and led a panel that investigated the 1989 deaths of six Jesuit priests and two women in El Salvador.

Baseball
The Florida Marlins, with a record of 22-26, fired John Boles as manager and replaced him with Tony Perez.

10 years ago
2011


Society
Malta voted on the introduction of divorce; the proposal was approved by 53% of voters, resulting in a law allowing divorce under certain conditions being enacted later in the year.