Wednesday, 5 May 2021

May 4, 2021

550 years ago

Died on this date
Edward of Westminster, 17. English royal family member. Prince Edward, the only son of King Henry VI of England and Margaret of Anjou, was invested as Prince of Wales in 1454. He was killed in the Battle of Tewkesbury.

In the Wars of the Roses, Yorkist forces of Edward IV defeated a Lancastrian army in the Battle of Tewkesbury.

225 years ago

Born on this date
William H. Prescott
. U.S. historian. Mr. Prescott, credited as America's first scientific historian, specialized in political and military history of late Renaissance Spain and the early Spanish Empire. His books included The History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella the Catholic (1837); The History of the Conquest of Mexico (1843); A History of the Conquest of Peru (1847); and the unfinished History of the Reign of Phillip II (1856–1858). Mr. Prescott died from a stroke on January 28, 1859 at the age of 62.

Horace Mann. U.S. educator and politician. Mr. Mann was the foremost advocate of secular public schooling in the United States from the late 1830s through the 1850s. He was a member of the Massachusetts state legislature (1827-1833), and as a Whig, represented Massachusetts' 8th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1848-1853). Mr. Mann campaigned unsuccessfully as the Free Soil Party candidate for Governor of Massachusetts in 1852, and served as President of Antioch College from 1852 until his death from typhoid fever on August 2, 1859 at the age of 63.

William Pennington. U.S. politician. Mr. Pennington, a Republican, was a member of the New Jersey General Assembly (1828) and Governor of New Jersey (1837-1843). He represented New Jersey's 5th District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1859-1861), and was Speaker of the House (1860-1861). Mr. Pennington died from an accidental morphine overdose on February 16, 1862 at the age of 65.

170 years ago

Born on this date
Thomas Dewing
. U.S. artist. Mr. Dewing was known for his paintings of aristocratic American women at the turn of the 20th century. He died on November 5, 1938 at the age of 87.

150 years ago


The National Association, baseball’s first professional league, began play at Fort Wayne, Indiana with the home Kekiongas blanking the Cleveland Forest Citys 2-0. Bobby Mathews pitched the shutout. Deacon White of the Forest Citys doubled for the NA’s first hit.

120 years ago

Died on this date
John Jones Ross, 69
. Canadian politician. Mr. Ross, a native of Quebec City, was a Conservative who represented Champlain in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada (1861-1867); Quebec Legislative Assembly (September-November 1867); and Canadian House of Commons (1867-1874). He represented Shawinigan in the Legislative Council of Quebec (1867-1901) and the Quebec riding of De la Durantaye in the Canadian Senate (1887-1901). Mr. Ross was Premier of Quebec (1884-1887) and Speaker of the Senate (1891-1896), and was Minister Without Portfolio in the federal goverment for two months in 1896. He died in Quebec City.

The game between the St. Louis Cardinals and Cincinnati Reds was called with the game tied 4-4 in the 10th inning when fire destroyed the wooden grandstand at Robison Field in St. Louis. The 5,000 fans left in a leisurely manner.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Patsy Garrett
. U.S. actress and singer. Miss Garrett had her own radio show in Richmond, Virginia as a child, and was a comic singer on Fred Waring's program Pleasure Time (1938-1945). She appeared in several movies, including the Benji series, but was perhaps best known for her recurring roles in the television comedy series Nanny and the Professor (1970-1971) and Room 222 (1972-1973), and as commerical spokesman for Purina Cat Chow in the 1970s. Miss Garrett died on January 8, 2015 at the age of 93.

90 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Priory School

Henri Deglane of France defeated Ed "Strangler" Lewis at the Mont-Royal arena in Montreal to win the world heavyweight professional wrestling title. Mr. Lewis was disqualified by the referee for biting his opponent.

80 years ago

The British command in Cairo claimed that the German-Italian attack on the Libyan port of Tobruk had been brought to to a "standstill." 17 military, naval, defense production, economic, and political experts released a statement in New York saying that the United Kingdom could win the European war with American aid.

French Vice Premier François Darlan returned to Vichy from Paris with German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's purported demands for political collaboration with Germany as well as industrial and economic cooperation. Japanese Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuola rejected a proposal that he visit the United States.

University of Arizona anthropologist Dr. Emil Haury reported that excavations in a cave on Castle Mountain in Arizona proved that the southwestern United States was inhabited by man 5,000 years before Christ.

Economics and finance
A Bolivian spokesman in La Paz said that the government would not consider a Japanese proposal to buy tungsten.

1,400 American Federation of Labor drivers and other employees went on strike against Pennsylvania Greyhound Lines.

The worst floods ever recorded in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul left 60,000 people in Porto Alegre homeless.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Prisoner of Love--Perry Como with Russ Case and His Orchestra (Best Seller--1st week at #1); Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and His Orchestra with Marjorie Hughes (Airplay--7th week at #1; Juke Box--8th week at #1; Honor Roll of Hits--9th week at #1)

Chinese Nationalist General Tu Yu-ming said that his troops had "smashed" a surprise Communist attack against the Manchurian city of Mukden.

Iranian Army officers reported in Tehran that the Soviet Red Army had completed its evacuation of Iran.

At the Paris Conference of foreign ministers, U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes suggested that a plebiscite be held in the disputed Yugoslav-Italian border region.

The "Battle of Alcatraz" ended when U.S. Marines from the nearby Treasure Island Naval Base stopped a two-day riot by prisoners at Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary off San Francisco. Five people were killed in the riot.

Horse racing
Assault, with Warren Mehrtens up, won the 72nd running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:06 3/5. Spy Song placed second and Hampden finished third in the 17-horse field.

70 years ago

On the radio
Hear it Now, hosted by Edward R. Murrow, on CBS

Tonight's program included a look at America's divorce laws.

United Nations Secretary-General Trygve Lie returned to New York from a month-long tour of Europe and the Middle East.

Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion arrived in Washington to begin a visit to the United States, and was welcomed by U.S. President Truman.

The Canadian Department of National Defence formed the 27th Canadian Infantry Brigade Group for service in West Germany with NATO forces; it was created by volunteers from the militia who would enlist for three years in their specific units. The brigade was composed of three infantry battalions: the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion (formed on this day in Valcartier, Québec); the 1st Canadian Rifle Battalion; and the 1st Canadian Highland Battalion. The brigade was posted near Hanover.

The U.S. Senate unanimously approved a bill to raise the maximum strength of the Marine Corps to 400,000, double its present size.

The West German government asserted its claim to all German territory as of December 31, 1937, including East Prussia, the Oder-Neisse area, and the Soviet zone of Germany. The West German statement renounced only Austria and the Czech Sudetenland.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Are You Sure--The Allisons (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Blue Moon--The Marcels

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Stranglehold

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, John Dea!

The U.S. launch of Mercury-Redstone 3 with Alan Shepard aboard was scrubbed for the second time because of bad weather at Cape Canaveral, Florida. America’s first entry into the manned space race with the U.S.S.R. was rescheduled for the following day.

Malcolm Ross and Victor Prather attained a new altitude record for manned balloon flight ascending in the Strato-Lab V open gondola to 113,740 feet (34.67 kilometres).

The "Freedom Rides" began when U.S. civil rights activists left Washington, D.C. for New Orleans to challenge racial segregation on interstate buses and in bus terminals.

Federal Maple, the first of two passenger-cargo ships presented to the Federation of West Indies under the Canada-West Indies Aid Program, was launched at Halifax, Nova Scotia.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): (I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (4th week at #1)

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau set up 37 bilingual districts; government services were now available in both official languages.

Economics and finance
A speculative assault against the American dollar swept the European money markets and threatened the value of the dollar.

The Leda clay landslide opened a sinkhole after a rainstorm, and the resulting slide buried part of St. Jean Vianney, Quebec, killing 31 people and destroying 40 houses, with $1 million in damage.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 1 @ Chicago 2 (2 OT) (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Jim Pappin scored the winning goal for the Black Hawks at 1:11 of the 2nd overtime period as they edged the Canadiens at Chicago Stadium. Montreal goalie Ken Dryden was heroic in defeat, stopping 56 of 58 shots.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): 9 to 5 (Morning Train)--Sheena Easton (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ruby no Yubiwa--Akira Terao (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Everybody's Got to Learn Sometime--The Korgis

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Fade to Grey--Visage (7th week at #1)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Tingles (EP)--Ratcat

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Joyride--Roxette (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Désenchantée--Mylène Farmer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Losing My Religion--R.E.M. (2nd week at #1)
2 One More Try--Timmy T
3 You--Ten Sharp
4 Joyride--Roxette
5 Always on the Run--Lenny Kravitz
6 Mega Mix--Snap!
7 Should I Stay or Should I Go--The Clash
8 Going to the Run--Golden Earring
9 Love and Marriage--Frank Sinatra
10 Liefde is Lekker Maar Lekker is Niet Altijd Liefde--Hanny

Singles entering the chart were Ring Ring Ring (Ha Ha Hey) by De la Soul (#23); Future Love Paradise by Seal (#24); Ring My Bell by Monie Love vs Adeva (#31); Geef Het Op by Clouseau (#32); Allons a Lafayette by Captain Gumbo (#34); and What About Tomorrows Children by Maggie Reilly (#36).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Baby Baby--Amy Grant (2nd week at #1)
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 I Like the Way (The Kissing Game)--Hi-Five
4 Here We Go--C+C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
5 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis
6 I Touch Myself--Divinyls
7 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
8 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
9 You're in Love--Wilson Phillips
10 I Don't Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey

Singles entering the chart were We Want the Funk by Gerardo (#72); Place in This World by Michael W. Smith (#84); Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless) by Crystal Waters (#94); Life Goes On by Poison (#95); and Can I Call You My Girl by PC Quest (#96).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Baby Baby--Amy Grant (3rd week at #1)
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
4 Here We Go--C + C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams and Zelma Davis
5 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
6 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
7 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
8 Touch Me (All Night Long)--Cathy Dennis
9 I Touch Myself--Divinyls
10 I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey

Singles entering the chart were We Want the Funk by Gerardo (#71); Place in This World by Michael W. Smith (#79); How Can I Ease the Pain by Lisa Fischer (#81); I'll Never Let You Go (Angel Eyes) by Steelheart (#85); Why Should I Cry for You by Sting (#87); Do You Want Me by Salt-N-Pepa (#89); and Ooh La La by David Hallyday (#90).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Joyride--Roxette
2 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart
4 Cry for Help--Rick Astley
5 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
6 Mercy Mercy Me/I Want You--Robert Palmer
7 Animal Heart--Glass Tiger
8 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
9 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
10 Highwire--The Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were Walk My Way by Beth Nielsen Chapman (#61); Walking in Memphis by Marc Cohn (#63); On the Outside by Roch Voisine (#66); Too Hot by Alanis (#74); Voices that Care by Voices that Care (#76); Part of Me, Part of You by Glenn Frey (#78); Lift Me Up by Yes (#83); Dangerous by the Doobie Brothers (#88); What Comes Naturally by Sheena Easton (#89); Wash the Rain by World on Edge (#90); and I Rhyme the World in 80 Days by Kish (#93).

Horse racing
Strike the Gold, with Chris Antley aboard, won the 117th running of the Kentucky Derby before 135,554 fans at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:03 4/5. Best Pal placed second and Mane Minister finshed third in the 16-horse field.

Chris James hit 3-run home runs in each of the 1st and 2nd innings and batted in 9 runs as the Cleveland Indians routed the Oakland Athletics 20-6 before 35,028 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): How Bizarre--OMC (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Soirée disco--Boris (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Children--Robert Miles (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Hava Naquila--Party Animals (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Fastlove--George Michael

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
4 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
5 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio
6 You're the One--SWV
7 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly featuring Ronald Isley
8 Count on Me--Whitney Houston & CeCe Winans
9 Woo-Hah!! Got You All in Check/Everything Remains Raw--Busta Rhymes
10 Follow You Down/Til I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms

Singles entering the chart were The Earth, the Sun, the Rain by Color Me Badd (#46); Please Don't Go by Immature (#57); Kissin' You by Total (#59); Don't Rush by Silk (#91); Scary Kisses by Voice of the Beehive (#93); The World is a Ghetto by Geto Boys featuring Flaj (#94); and I Don't Wanna Be Alone by Shai (#96).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (3rd week at #1)
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
4 You're the One--SWV
5 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio
6 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
7 Woo-Hah!! (Got You All in Check)--Busta Rhymes
8 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
9 Count on Me--Whitney Houston and CeCe Winans
10 Doin' It--LL Cool J

Singles entering the chart were Old Man and Me (When I Get to Heaven) by Hootie & the Blowfish (#18); Can't Hang by Xscape featuring MC Lyte (charting with its A-side, Do You Want To, at #68); Tres Delinquentes by Delinquent Habits (#69); Live and Die for Hip Hop by Kris Kross (#74); No More Games by Skindeep featuring Li’l Kim of Junior M.A.F.I.A. (#87); Mr. Ice Cream Man by Master P (#90); and Scarred by Luke (#91).

Horse racing
Grindstone, with Jerry Bailey up, won the 122nd running of the Kentucky Derby before 142,668 fans at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:01 3/5. Cavonnier placed second and Prince of Thieves finished third in the 19-horse field.

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Semi-Finals
Florida 2 @ Philadelphia 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Western Conference Semi-Finals
Chicago 1 @ Colorado 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

20 years ago

Died on this date
Bonnie Lee Bakley, 44
. U.S. model. Miss Bakley was an unsuccessful model who made money selling nude photos of women, including herself. She was married 10 times, with four marriages ending in divorce and five in annulment. Miss Bakley pursued celebrities, including Marlon Brando's son Christian Brando, and actor Robert Blake. Mr. Blake married her after a paternity test showed that he and not Christian Brando was the father of her daughter. Mr. and Mrs. Blake went to dinner at Vitello's Restaurant in Studio City; she was shot in his car after he claimed to have gone back inside the restaurant to retrieve a gun he'd left behind. In March 2005, Mr. Blake was found not guilty of murder and of one count of hiring a former stuntman to murder Miss Bakley. A second charge of hiring the killer was dropped after the jury dealocked 11-1 in favour of acquittal. Eight months later, a civil suit brought by Miss Bakley's three eldest children resulted in Mr. Blake being found liable for her wrongful death.

Jean Pelletier, longtime Chief of Staff for Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, was appointed the head of VIA Rail.

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