Saturday, 15 May 2021

May 14, 2021

260 years ago

Born on this date
Samuel Dexter
. U.S. politician. Mr. Dexter, a Federalist, represented Massachusetts' 1st District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1793-1795) and represented the state in the U.S. Senate (1799-1800) before serving in the cabinet of President John Adams as Secretary of War (1800-1801), and in the cabinets of Mr. Adams and his successor, Thomas Jefferson, as Secretary of the Treasury (January 1-May 13, 1801). Mr. Dexter became a Democratic-Republican and supported the War of 1812. He campaigned unsuccessfully for Governor of Massachusetts in 1814, 1815, and 1816, and died on May 4, 1816, 10 days before his 55th birthday.

250 years ago

Born on this date
Robert Owen
. U.K. businessman and social reformer. Mr. Owen, a native of Newtown, Wales, became a textile magnate in Scotland. He travelled to the United States in 1824 and invested most of his fortune in an experimental socialistic community at New Harmony, Indiana. The utopian socialist community collapsed in failure after less than three years, by which time Mr. Owen had returned to Britain. He continud to campaign for labour reforms and free co-educational schools, and died in his birthplace on November 17, 1858 at the age of 87.

225 years ago

British physician Edward Jenner administered the first smallpox vaccine, to 8-year-old James Phipps.

210 years ago

World events
Pedro Juan Caballero, Fulgencio Yegros and José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia started actions in Paraguay to depose Francisco Javier de Elío, Viceroy of the Rio de la Plata.

180 years ago

Politics and government
The first session of the first Parliament of the Province of Canada after the Act of Union opened in Kingston, Canada West.

140 years ago

Born on this date
George Murray Hulbert
. U.S. judge and politician. Mr. Hulbert, a Democrat, represented New York's 21st District in the U.S. House of Representatives (1915-1918) and was President of the Board of Aldermen of New York City (1921-1925) before sitting on the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York from 1934 until his death on April 26, 1950, 18 days before his 69th birthday.

Lionel Hill. Australian politician. Mr. Hill had a successful career as a football player before joining the South Australian Labour Party. He was first elected to the S.A. House of Assembly in 1915, and became party leader and Premier of South Australia in August 1926, serving as Premier until Labour's defeat in the 1927 state election. The Labour Party was returned to power in the 1930 South Australia state election, with Mr. Hill as Premier, but he had difficulty dealing with the economic conditions of the Depression, and he was expelled as leader of the S.A. Labour Party in August 1931. Mr. Hill then formed the splinter Parliamentary Labour Party, and remained as Premier until February 1933 with the support of the Liberal Federation. He resigned his offices in February 1933 to serve as South Australian Agent-General in London, but complaints about his performance led to his resignation in August 1934. Mr. Hill returned to electoral politics in 1958 as an alderman in Kensington and Norwood, serving until his death on March 19, 1963 at the age of 81.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Robert Ritter
. German psychologist and physician. Dr. Ritter earned a doctorate in educational psychology at the University of Munich in 1927, and a medical degree at Heidelberg University in 1930. He received his specialist certification in child psychology, studying the inheritability of criminality, in 1934, the same year he joined the Nazi Party. In 1936, Dr. Ritter was appointed head of the Racial Hygiene and Demographic Biology Research Unit of Nazi Germany's Criminal Police, to establish the genealogical histories of the German "Gypsies," and became the architect of the experiments performed on them, including sterilization, although he claimed to oppose killnig them. Dr. Ritter taught criminal biology at the University of Tübingen (1944-1946), and the process of denazification freed him from taking responsibility for his actions during the Nazi regime. He worked as a pediatrician with the Frankfurt Health Office in the late 1940s, but accusations surfaced that Dr. Ritter had been dishonest in his denazification hearing, and that he had been far more responsible for the fate of the Gypsies that he had acknowledged. Dr. Ritter suffered increasingly from illness, and was fired from his job by the city administration in Frankfurt, four days before his death on April 15, 1951, 29 days before his 50th birthday.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Richard Deacon
. U.S. actor. A character actor in many films and television shows, the bald and bespectacled Mr. Deacon was best-known for his role as Mel Cooley on the television comedy series The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961-1966). His most memorable movie appearance was probably in Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956). Mr. Deacon died from cardiovascular disease on August 8, 1984 at the age of 63.

90 years ago

In an attempt to quell a demonstration by striking sawmill workers in Ådalen, Sweden, soldiers opened fire and killed five unarmed people. The troops claimed that they heard shots before opening fire themselves, and thus believed the strikers to be armed.

80 years ago

Sources in Cairo reported that German planes were beginning to land in Vichy-occupied Syria. Berlin sources stated that Rudolf Hess, deputy to German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, had flown to Scotland four days earlier with the "illusion" that he could promote peace before Britain was "destroyed," and that he expected British authorities to permit him to return within two days. British reports confirmed that Mr. Hess hoped to arrange a peace through the Duke of Hamilton. The Royal New Zealand Navy minesweeper HMS Puriri was sunk, becoming the second victim of mines laid off the Northland coast by the German raider Orion. Five of her crew were killed.

The U.S. War Department announced that 214 four-engine flying fortresses had been flown from California to Hawaii during the previous 24 hours to reinforce the heavy concentration of medium bombers and pursuit planes already there. U.S. Office of Production Management Director General William Knudsen announced the creation of the Material Coordinating Committee for the United States and Canada to exchange information on their supplies of strategic raw materials.

German Ambassador to Turkey Franz von Papen delivered a personal message of friendship from Adolf Hitler to Turkish President Ismet Inonu.

Politics and government
The Argentine Radical Party convention in Buenos Aires adopted a resolution affirming Argentine neutrality, denouncing totalitarian ideologies, and expressing sympathy for the Allies.

The U.S. Census Bureau reported that 62,958,703 people--47.8% of the population--lived in 140 metropolitan areas, an increase of more than 8 million since 1930.

The United States Senate passed a bill authorizing government loans of up to 85% of 1909-1914 parity prices to growers of five basic crops, and sent it to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Farm commodity prices soared on the Chicago markets.

Mark Ethridge, former president of the National Association of Broadcasters, resigned from a U.S. federal commission surveying the radio industry, and denounced the Federal Communications Commission for its recent anti-monopoly regulations.

Economics and finance
U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden said that the British government had rejected Japanese complaints of economic restrictions in British territories.

Employees at the Colt Fire Arms Manufacturing Company plant in Hartford, Connecticut ended their two-day strike, accepting wage increases of 5c-8c per hour.

The Chicago Cubs released veteran pitcher Dizzy Dean, who had pitched just 1 inning in 1 game in 1941 because of a sore arm, but retained him as a coach. The same day, the New York Giants sent Dizzy’s brother Daffy, 0-0 in 5 games in 1941, down to the minors.

75 years ago

U.S. Army Major Bruce Blakeney, U.S. defense counsel at the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals, opened his argument by claiming that the American atomic bombing of Japan in 1945 was as murderous as the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and that the Allies were setting a precedent under which "our own leaders may be on trial after the next war."

The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Harry Truman the House of Representatives-approved resolution extending the life of Selective Service until July 1, 1946, exempting fathers and all 18-and 19-year-olds.

The House of Commons passed the Canadian Citizenship Act 1946, creating a Canadian citizenship separate from the British; it was the first nationality statute in Canada to define its people as Canadians, with Canadian citizenship to be distinct and primary over being a British subject. The Act came into force on January 1, 1947.

The United Nations Commission on Human Rights Subcommittee on the Status of Women recommended a 13-point program to the Commission, declaring that "democracy is now the only social order in which women enjoy full rights."

The Canadian Library Association was established.

Economics and finance
Russian physicist Peter Kapitza said in Moscow that it would be 100 years before atomic energy fundamentally changed the world economic structure.

Gus Lesnevich (54-11-5) retained his world light heavyweight title with a technical knockout of Freddie Mills (67-13-6) in the 10th round before 11,000 fans at Harringay Arena in London.

70 years ago

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Inna!

Israel and Syria formally agreed with United Nations representatives in Palestine to obey the Security Council plea for a cease-fire in their border area.

Burma reported the capture of Launglon, a stronghold near the southern part of Tavoy.

The U.K. government threatened to send paratroops to Iran to guard British oil interests.

World events
The People's Republic of China reported the suppression of two rebel plots in Port Arthur and the execution of many "counter-revolutionaries" in other Manchurian cities.

The Organization of American States' special committee on Caribbean disputes disbanded after reporting that relations among countries in the area were good.

The U.S. Supreme Court refused for the second time to review the cases of seven Nazi war criminals sentenced to hang in Germany for ordering the death of concentration camp inmates.

Trains ran on the Talyllyn Railway in Wales for the first time since its preservation, making it the first railway in the world to be operated by volunteers.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Taft-Hartley Act required officers of "parent" labour federations such as the American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations to sign affidavits certifying they were not Communists before affiliated unions could use the National Labour Relations Board.

60 years ago

When the Trailways busload of the first Congress on Racial Equality (CORE) Freedom Riders stopped at Anniston, Alabama to get groceries, a mob of white people attacked and beat members of the group, which consisted of six whites and seven Negroes. The bus continued to Birmingham, where the group was attacked again. A Greyhound bus carrying another group of Freedom Riders arrived at Anniston, where an Alabama state investigator who had boarded the bus on a tip barred the door to a mob of whites attempting to board. The bus continued toward Birmingham, followed by cars. Six miles out of Anniston, a flat tire halted the bus, and a fire bomb was thrown into the vehicle, which was destroyed by the resulting fire. CORE officials sent a telegram to U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy, protesting and asking for "guarantees of freedom on the public highways."

Pope John XXIII, speaking at a celebration of the 70th anniversary of Pope Leo XIII’s encyclical Rerum Novarum, urged a worldwide war against hunger and poverty, saying, "The principle of solidarity between all human beings must be emphasized and exalted. It is necessary to recall and preach duty for communities and individuals and have an abundance of means of subsistence to aid those who are in difficult conditions." Rerum Novarum has been called the Magna Carta of Roman Catholic social principles.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (5th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity (2nd week at #1)
2 Understanding--Peanutbutter Conspiracy
3 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 What is Life--George Harrison
5 A Summer Prayer for Peace--The Archies
6 Amazing Grace--Judy Collins
7 Vicki--Lance James
8 Another Day--Paul McCartney
9 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
10 Home--Dave Mills

Singles entering the chart were Help Me Make it Through the Night by Percy Sledge (#16); and Joy to the World by Three Dog Night (#20).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
2 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
3 If--Bread
4 Jodie--Joey Gregorash
5 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
6 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
7 Here Comes the Sun--Richie Havens
8 Friends/Honey Roll--Elton John
9 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
10 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders

Singles entering the chart were Never Ending Song of Love by Delaney & Bonnie & Friends (#26); I Don't Know How to Love Him by Yvonne Elliman (#29); and Signs by the Five Man Electrical Band (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
2 Broken/Albert Flasher--The Guess Who
3 Love Her Madly--The Doors
4 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
5 Hot Love--T. Rex
6 Lucky Man--Emerson, Lake & Palmer
7 That's the Way--Carly Simon
8 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
9 Sweet Mary--Argent
10 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop

Singles entering the chart were It's Too Late/I Feel the Earth Move by Carole King (#28); Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian) by the Raiders (#29); and Try by Pepper Tree (#30).

The San Francisco Giants scored 5 runs--4 unearned as a result of 2 errors--with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th inning as they overcame a 4-3 deficit to defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 8-4 before 30,862 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. San Francisco shortstop Chris Speier hit his first major league home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 1st after the Dodgers scored 2 runs in the top of the 1st, and Willie Mays, eight days past his 40th birthday, followed with his 636th career major league home run and 8th of the season to tie the score. Willie Davis homered for Los Angeles in the 4th.

Duane Josephson tripled to lead off the bottom of the 5th inning and Doug Griffin followed with a sacrifice fly to score Mr. Josephson with what turned out to be the winning run as the Boston Red Sox shut out the Baltimore Orioles 2-0 before 33,941 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Sonny Siebert (6-0) pitched an 8-hitter to outduel Jim Palmer (5-2), who allowed just 5 hits in a complete game.

Toby Harrah doubled to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning, advanced to third base on a ground out by pinch hitter Richie Scheinblum, and scored on a sacrifice fly by pinch hitter Paul Casanova to give the Washington Senators a 3-2 win over the Detroit Tigers before 18,694 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. Denny McLain (4-5) pitched an 8-hit complete game victory against his former team, and took a shutout into the 9th inning before the Tigers scored 2 runs on a single by Ike Brown to tie the score. Washington catcher Jim French batted 0 for 4 and made 7 putouts and an assist, participating in a double play in the 234th and last game of his 7-year major league career.

Graig Nettles' solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 6th inning broke a 1-1 tie as the Cleveland Indians edged the New York Yankees 2-1 before 10,541 fans at Yankee Stadium. Ray Lamb (1-0) pitched a 7-hitter for his first American League win, outduelling Steve Kline (4-2).

Cesar Tovar led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a triple and scored on a bases-loaded fielder's choice ground ball by pinch hitter Rich Reese to give the Minnesota Twins a 4-3 win over the Chcicago White Sox before 8,322 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota.

In an International League game, the Syracuse Chiefs blew an 11-1 lead, but eventually defeated the Winnipeg Whips 15-13 in 12 innings. The Whips hit 9 home runs to tie the game 13-13.

40 years ago

Hit parade
Edmonton's Top 20 (CHED)
1 High School Confidential--Rough Trade
2 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
3 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
4 Her Town Too--James Taylor and J.D. Souther
5 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
6 I Missed Again--Phil Collins
7 It Just Occurred to Me--Peter Pringle
8 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
9 Sweetheart--Franke and the Knockouts
10 While You See a Chance--Steve Winwood
11 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
12 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
13 Somebody’s Knockin’--Terri Gibbs
14 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
15 Ain’t Even Done with the Night--John Cougar
16 You Better You Bet--The Who
17 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
18 Babe--Jack Green
19 Turning Japanese--The Vapors
20 I Love You--Climax Blues Band

Economics and finance
The Bank of Canada raised its lending rate to a further record high of 18.98%.

English FA Cup Final replay @ Wembley Stadium, London
Tottenham Hotspur 3 Manchester City 2

Ricardo Villa's second goal of the game, in the 76th minute, broke a 2-2 tie as Tottenham Hotspur edged Manchester City, five days after the teams had played to a 1-1 tie. The winning goal came six minutes after Garth Crooks scored the tying goal for Tottenham Hotspur.

Stanley Cup
Minnesota 3 @ New York Islanders 6 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Denis Potvin scored 2 goals and 2 assists and Mike Bossy scored 2 goals to lead the Islanders past the North Stars at Nassau County Coliseum in Uniondale. Bob Nystrom and Ken Morrow also scored for New York. Dino Ciccarelli, Brad Palmer, and Steve Payne for the North Stars, who used rookie Don Beaupre in goal after playing veteran Gilles Meloche in game 1. Billy Smith was again in goal for the Islanders.

Boston 102 @ Houston 91 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Larry Bird scored 27 points and grabbed 13 rebounds to lead the Celtics to their 14th National Basketball Association championship, defeating the Rockets before 16,121 fans at the Summit. Cedric Maxwell added 19 points for Boston, and was named the Finals' Most Valuable Player. Robert Reid led Houston scorers with 27 points, and Moses Malone added 23 points and 16 rebounds.

30 years ago

Died on this date
Aladár Gerevich, 81
. Hungarian fencer. Mr. Gerevich, the "greatest Olympic swordsman ever," won seven gold medals, a silver medal, and a bronze medal in sabre team and individual competition in six straight Summer Olympic Games from 1932-1960, as well as a bronze medal in the foil team event at Helsinki in 1952.

Winnie Mandela, wife of South African anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela, was sentenced to six months in prison for her part in the kidnapping of four youths.

Angry truckers blockaded Parliament Hill in Ottawa; they claimed they couldn't compete due to higher taxes in Canada than in the United States, and that diesel fuel was also 10-20¢ per litre cheaper in the U.S.

Politics and government
Canadian Immigration Minister Barbara McDougall reprimanded the Department of External Affairs for letting former Iraqi Ambassador to the United States Mohamed Al-Mashat into Canada on a fast-track.

25 years ago

Representatives of North Korea, South Korea, China, and the United States concluded two days of talks in an attempt to find a permanent Korean peace agreement.

World events
Four days after 3,000 of 8,000 Vietnamese boat people being held in a detention facility in Hong Kong had taken part in a riot, 114 were sent home. 17,500 remained in the camps.

Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference Semi-Finals
Philadelphia 1 @ Florida 4 (Florida won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Dwight Gooden (2-3) pitched a no-hitter and the New York Yankees scored 2 runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 6th inning and shut out the Seattle Mariners 2-0 before 20,786 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Gooden's no-hitter came three days after Al Leiter of the Florida Marlins had thrown a no-hitter.

John Valentin hit a 2-run home run in the bottom of the 7th inning and scored the winning run on a single by Jose Canseco with none out in the bottom of the 12th inning as the Boston Red Sox edged the California Angels 4-3 before 22,450 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

20 years ago

Alistair Macleod's novel No Great Mischief, set in Cape Breton, won the IMPAC Dublin award, worth $172,000, the world's richest literary prize for a single work of fiction.

New Brunswickers voted to keep the province's addictive video lottery terminals by a narrow majority; it was Canada's first provincial referendum on VLTs.

The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that there was no exception in federal law for people to use marijuana to ease their pain from cancer, AIDS, or other illnesses.

British experts on "mad cow disease" warned that the outbreak could get worse within a few years.

10 years ago

Dominique Strauss-Kahn, head of the International Monetary Fund and potential candidate for president of France, was charged with sexually assaulting a Manhattan hotel maid. He later resigned from the IMF; the charges against him were dropped.

English FA Cup Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Manchester City 1 Stoke City 0

Yaya Touré scored the game's only goal in the 74th minute before 88,643 fans; it was Manchester City's first win in the Finals since 1969, and Stoke City's first appearance in the Final.

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