Monday, 17 May 2021

May 16, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Polly Pratt and Jessie Larocque!

1,075 years ago

Emperor Suzaku abdicated the throne in favor of his brother Murakami, who became the 62nd Emperor of Japan.

410 years ago

Born on this date
Innocent XI
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1676-1689. Born Benedetto Odescalchi, Innocent XI succeeded Clement X as Pope. He died on August 12, 1689 at the age of 78, and was succeeded by Alexander VIII.

330 years ago

Died on this date
Jacob Leisler, 50-51 (?)
. German-born American politician. Mr. Leisler arrived in New Amsterdam (later New York) in 1660 as a soldier, and remained to become a wealthy fur and tobacco merchant. After King James II was deposed in 1688, Mr. Leisler led a rebellion that took over New York in the name of Protestant monarchs William III and Mary II, and declared himself acting colonial Governor of New York. He refused to yield power until the newly-appointed Governor arrived, but when Henry Sloughter finally did arrive, Mr. Leisler and his son-in-law, N.Y. Attorney General Jacob Milborne, 42-43 (?), were convicted of treason, and hanged and decapitated.

325 years ago

Died on this date
Mariana of Austria, 61
. Queen consort of Spain, 1649-1665. Mariana, the daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III and Maria Anna of Spain, was betrothed in 1646 to her cousin and heir to the Spanish throne Balthasar Charles, Prince of Asturias, but he died before their marriage, so she married her widowed uncle King Felipe IV, who was 30 years her senior. The couple had five children, only two of whom survived to adulthood. Their son Carlos III acceded to the throne upon the death of his father, but he was incapacitated to the extent that Queen Mariana remained as regent until her death, which was likely the result of breast cancer.

250 years ago

The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called The "Regulators," occurred in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina, and resulted in a decisive defeat for the rebels.

220 years ago

Born on this date
William H. Seward
. U.S. politician. Mr. Seward began his political career as a member of the Anti-Masonic Party, but was a Whig from 1834-1855. He was Governor of New York (1839-1842) and represented New York in the U.S. Senate (1849-1861), and was a Republican when he served in the cabinet of Presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson (1861-1869) as Secretary of State, narrowly surviving an assassination attempt on April 14, 1865, the same night President Lincoln was assassinated. Mr. Seward was known for his opposition to slavery and for his work on behalf of the Union during the American Civil War. He negotiated the purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867, which was referred to at the time as "Seward's folly." Mr. Seward died on October 10, 1872 at the age of 71 after several months of declining health.

210 years ago

An alliance of Spain, Portugal and United Kingdom engaged French forces in the Battle of Albuera in Spain. Both sided suffered heavy losses, and the French withdrew two days later.

Commodore John Rodgers, captain of the American Naval frigate USS President, ordered his sailors to fire on the British sloop HMS Little Belt, off the North Carolina coast, killing 9 British sailors and wounding 23. Commodore Rodgers mistook Little Belt for HMS Guerrière, which, on May 1, had stopped the brig USS Spitfire off Sandy Hook, New Jersey and impressed Maine citizen John Diggio, the apprentice sailing master of Spitfire. In response, U.S. Secretary of the Navy Paul Hamilton ordered President, along with USS Argus, to patrol the coastal areas from the Carolinas to New York. The incident was a prelude to the War of 1812.

190 years ago

Born on this date
David Edward Hughes
. U.K. inventor. Mr. Hughes, a native of London or Wales who emigrated to the United States at the age of 7, became a professor of music at the University of Kentucky, and invented a printing telegraph system in 1855. He moved back to London in 1857, and invented a form of microphone in 1878, and apparently discovered radio waves a year later, nine years before Heinrich Hertz proved their existence. Mr. Hughes died on January 22, 1900 at the age of 68.

175 years ago

An attack by Māori forces upon the British outpost at Boulcott Farm in New Zealand killed six soldiers and two more Europeans.

Economics and finance
The British Parliament repealed the Corn Laws, replacing the old colonial mercantile trade system with free trade; it resulted in a depression in British North America.

170 years ago

Politics and government
James Douglas was appointed Governor and vice-admiral of the Colony of Vancouver Island; he served from September 1851 to 1858.

140 years ago

An Imperial Order-in-Council let British Columbia join the Dominion of Canada as its sixth province.

Politics and government
Premier William Annand led his Liberal Party to a second consecutive majority in the Nova Scotia provincial election, taking 24 of 38 seats in the House of Assembly, a decrease of 12 from their total in the 1867 election. The Liberals were opposed to Nova Scotia's confederation with Canada. The Conservatives, led by Hiram Blanchard, won the remaining 14 seats,an increase of 12 from 1867.

The Troy Haymakers defeated the Boston Red Stockings 29-14 in the National Association in the first professional game played in Boston.

130 years ago

Died on this date
Ion C. Brătianu, 69
. Prime Minister of Romania, 1876-1881; 1881-1888. Mr. Brătianu founded the National Liberal Party (PNL) in 1875; as Prime Minister, he steered the country away from Ottoman Empire vassalage and toward an alliance with Russia. Mr. Brătianu's long period of leadership of his party and country eventually caused resentment, and he averted an impeachment proceeding in 1890. Mr. Brătianu remained as leader of the PNL until 12 days before his death, which occurred 17 days before his 70th birthday.

The International Electrotechnical Exhibition opened in Frankfurt, Germany. It featured the world's first long distance transmission of high-power, three-phase electric current (the most common form today).

110 years ago

Politics and government
James Palmer was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, succeeding F. L. Haszard as leader of the province's Liberal government.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Harry Carey, Jr.
U.S. actor. Mr. Carey, the son of actors Harry Carey, Sr. and Olive Carey, appeared in more than 90 movies and numerous television programs. He was part of director John Ford's stock company, appearing in movies such as She Wore a Yellow Ribbon(1949); Rio Grande (1950); and The Searchers (1956). Mr. Carey died on December 27, 2012 at the age of 91.

90 years ago

Horse racing
Twenty Grand, with Charley Kurtzinger up, won the 57th running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a then-record time of 2:01 4/5, 4 lengths ahead of Sweep All. Mate, who had won the Preakness Stakes a week earlier, was third in the 12-horse field.

80 years ago

British forces occupied Solum and Halfaya Pass in Egypt and Musaid in Libya. Chinese sources reported that Japan had suffered a severe defeat in a 10-day battle in the province of Hupeh. The British command in Cairo announced that the Royal Air Force had attacked German aircraft at three Syrian airports on May 15. Iraq protested to Emir Abdullah of Trans-Jordan over hostilities on the frontier, where British troops were massed under the command of General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson.

U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox told Naval War College graduates that France had apparently fallen under the "complete subjugation" of Germany, and that "it is impossible to exaggerate the mortal danger oof our country in this moment of history." Bolivian Finance Minister Joaquin Espada announced in La Paz that Bolivia had agreed to sell her entire production of wolframite, a source of tungsten, to the United States.

Politics and government
Wisconsin Governor J.P. Hall signed a bill barring the Communist Party from state primary and election ballots.

The United States Senate approved the selection of Sen. Robert R. Reynolds (Democrat--North Carolina) as chairman of the Military Affairs Committee.

The National Association of Broadcasters directors demanded the removal of James L. Fly as chairman of the Federal Communications Commission.

The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board announced a settlement of the dispute between General Motors and Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers; GM agreed to a 10¢-per hour wage increase. Ford Motor Company announced a 5-15¢-per hour increase for 53,000 workers at the company's plant in River Rouge, Michigan.

National Hockey League governors elected Frank Calder as the league's president for the 25th consecutive season.

75 years ago

The musical comedy Annie Get Your Gun, with music and lyrics by Irving Berlin, directed by Joshua Logan, and starring Ethel Merman, opened at the Imperial Theatre on Broadway in New York.

Died on this date
Bruno Tesch, 55
. German chemist. Mr. Tesch owned the pest control company Tesch & Stabenow and invented the insecticide Zyklon-B, which was used to kill prisoners at Nazi camps during World War II. He was convicted of war crimes and hanged by Albert Pierrepoint at Hamelin Prison.

Karl Weinbacher, 47. German business executive. Mr. Weinbacher was director and deputy executive of Tesch & Stabenow under the leadership of Bruno Tesch during World War II. Mr. Weinbacher was convicted of war crimes because of his role in the use of Zyklon-B on prisoners in Nazi camps, and was hanged with Mr. Tesch by Albert Pierrepoint at Hamelin Prison.

General Josef "Sepp" Dietrich and 73 other German SS men went on trial before an American military court in Dachau for the murder of more than 500 American prisoners and 90 Belgian civilians near Malmedy, Belgium during the Battle of the Bulge in the winter of 1944-1945.

U.S. physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, speaking in Pittsburgh, urged creation of an international atomic development authority which might serve as the start toward setting up a world government.

Politics and government
Japanese Emperor Hirohito appointed conservative politician and former Foreign Minister Shigeru Yoshida as Prime Minister.

In the face of a deadlock in India between Hindus and Muslims, the British cabinet issued a White Paper recommending independence for a unified Indiaand immediate convocation of a constitutional assembly.

U.S. President Harry Truman submitted to Congress a plan for the reorganization of government, involving consolidation of some federal agencies and reform of the welfare system.

U.S.S.R. representative Andrei Gromyko ended his boycott of the United Nations Security Council as members reconvened to debate rules of procedure.

The United Nations Commission on Human Rights adopted a recommendation for a UN agency to enforce worldwide observance of an International Bill of Rights.

70 years ago

The newly-formed Canadian League of Composers hosted an introductory concert at the Royal Conservatory of Music Concert Hall in Toronto; a string orchestra and solists performed music by John Weinzweig, the League's president.

Chinese Communist forces launched a second spring offensive in eastern and central Korea, taking Inje and driving a deep wedge into South Korean lines.

World events
Bolivian President Mamerto Urriolagoiti resigned and turned the government over to a military junta in order to prevent exiled Victor Paz Estenssoro from taking over the presidency. The new regime declared a state of siege, banned strikes, and arrested a number of political suspects.

NATO Supreme Commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower designated Oslo and Fontainbleu (France) as sites of the European defense force's northern and southern commands.

Commander-in-Chief of the United Nations Command General Matthew Ridgway proposed a program for U.S.-Japanese economic cooperation under which Japanese industry would produce defense goods for anti-Communist nations.

The California State Senate voted to retain a law banning racially-mixed marriages despite a 1948 ruling of the state Supreme Court declaring the measure unconstitutional.

The first regularly-scheduled transatlantic flights began between Idlewild Airport (now John F Kennedy International Airport) in New York City and Heathrow Airport in London, operated by El Al Israel Airlines.

The world's most powerful atom-smasher, a $2.5-million synchrocyclotron, began operation at the University of Chicago.

The Swedish Parliament passed a law providing three-week annual paid vacations for all Swedish workers.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Are You Sure--The Allisons (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Blood Flower, starring Larry Gates, Eugene Iglesias, and Penny Stanton

Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Gloating Place, starring Susan Harrison, Henry Brandt, Erin O'Brien-Moore, and King Calder

Thriller, hosted by Boris Karloff, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Terror in Teakwood, starring Guy Rolfe, Hazel Court, and Charles Aidman

The Emmy Awards for 1960-61 were presented at the Moulin Rouge Nightclub in Los Angeles, and televised on NBC. The NBC anthology series Hallmark Hall of Fame production of Macbeth won five Emmys. Rod Serling won for the second straight year for his writing for The Twilight Zone.

Died on this date
George A. Malcolm, 79
. Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court, 1917-1936. Mr. Malcolm, a native of Michigan, obtained his law degree from the University of Michigan before working as a civil servant with the American colonial government in the Philippines. Mr. Malcolm founded the University of the Philippines' College of Law and served as its first dean from 1911 until accepting the appointmen to the Supreme Court. He wrote 3,340 opinions before being forced to resign as a result of a new constitution that restricted the Court to Filipinos. Mr. Malcolm was appointed Attorney General of Puerto Rico in 1939, but was fired in 1942 as a result of clashes with Governor Rexford Tugwell. Mr. Malcolm returned to the United States, and died in Los Angeles.

World events
Units of the South Korean armed forces led by General Park Chung-hee revolted and overthrew the government of Premier John F. Chang, turning control to a military junta headed by Lieutenant General Chang Do Young, Army Chief of Staff. U.S. Charges d'Affaires General Carter Magruder expressed strong support for the government of Mr. Chang, but U.S. forces were ordered not to intervene. Gen. Chang said the coup was intended to wipe out political corruption and incompetence and improve the economy, and said that the military junta would relinquish power once its objectives had been achieved.

A 14-nation conference on the future of Laos opened in Geneva.

U.S. President John F. Kennedy and Mrs. Kennedy arrived in Ottawa for a two-day state visit, his first since becomig president in January. The Kennedys were welcomed at the Ottawa airport by Canadian Governor General Georges Vanier and Prime Minister John Diefnbaker. 50,000 people lined the streets of downtown Ottawa to welcome the visitors. Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Diefenbaker participated in a tree-planting ceremony on the grounds of Government House, but Mr. Kennedy aggravated an old back injury while shovelling.

Cleveland Williams (50-4) scored a technical knockout over Alex Miteff (23-9-1) at 1:32 of the 5th round of a heavyweight bout at Sam Houston Coliseum in Houston.

50 years ago

Politics and government
Albanian voters approved a new constitution that replaced the Presidium of the National Assembly with a State Council.

Stanley Cup
Chicago 3 @ Montreal 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Frank Mahovlich of the Canadiens was stopped by Chicago goalie Tony Esposito on a penalty shot, but Mr. Mahovlich later scored the tying goal--his 14th of the playoffs, breaking Phil Esposito’s single-season record from the previous year--and his brother Pete scored the winning goal. Jean Beliveau picked up 2 assists for the Canadiens, giving him a single-season playoff record of 16.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Sarà perché ti amo--Ricchi e Poveri (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Making Your Mind Up--Bucks Fizz

#1 single in Ireland: Stars on 45--Starsound (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Stand and Deliver--Adam and the Ants

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Stand and Deliver--Adam and the Ants (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Making Your Mind Up--Bucks Fizz
2 Can You Feel It--The Jacksons
3 Angel of Mine--Frank Duval & Orchestra
4 Chanson D'Amour--BZN
5 How 'bout Us--Champaign
6 De Verzonken Stad--Frank & Mirella
7 Dance On--Doris D and the Pins
8 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens
9 Without Your Love--Roger Daltrey
10 't is Moeilijk Bescheiden te Blijven--Peter Blanker

Singles entering the chart were Stray Cat Strut by the Stray Cats (#29); He's Just a Runaway by Siser Sledge (#31); African Baby by G.G. Anderson (#34); and Bette Davis Eyes by Kim Carnes (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
2 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
3 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
4 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
5 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
6 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
7 Living Inside Myself--Gino Vannelli
8 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
9 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
10 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx

Singles entering the chart were The One that You Love by Air Supply (#59); Elvira by the Oak Ridge Boys (#78); Stronger than Before by Carole Bayer Sager (#83); The Stroke by Billy Squier (#84); Double Dutch Bus by Frankie Smith (#86); What Cha' Gonna Do for Me by Chaka Khan (#87); Two Hearts by Stephanie Mills featuring Teddy Pendergrass (#88); Jones vs. Jones by Kool & The Gang (#89); and Rain in May by Max Werner (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton (5th week at #1)
2 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
3 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
4 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
5 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
6 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
7 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
9 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
10 Living Inside Myself--Gino Vannelli

Singles entering the chart were The One that You Love by Air Supply (#58); Stronger than Before by Carole Bayer Sager (#80);The Stroke by Billy Squier (#83); Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not) by Joey Scarbury (#84); Arc of a Diver by Steve Winwood (#85); Lovin' the Night Away by the Dillman Band (#87); What Cha' Gonna Do for Me by Chaka Khan (#88); Rain in May by Max Werner (#89); and Almost Saturday Night by Dave Edmunds (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
2 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
3 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
4 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
5 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
6 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
7 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
8 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
9 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
10 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon

Singles entering the chart were The One that You Love by Air Supply (#54); Modern Girl by Sheena Easton (#72); Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not) by Joey Scarbury (#82); You're So Easy to Love by Tommy James (#83); Stronger than Before by Carole Bayer Sager (#85); Yearning by the Gap Band (#88); Double Dutch Bus by Frankie Smith (#94); Elvira by the Oak Ridge Boys (#96); and Give it to Me Baby by Rick James (#98).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
2 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
3 While You See a Chance--Steve Winwood
4 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
5 You Better You Bet--The Who
6 Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce
7 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 I Missed Again--Phil Collins
9 9 to 5--Dolly Parton
10 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon

Singles entering the chart were Jessie’s Girl by Rick Springfield (#42); I Love You by Climax Blues Band (#44); and Since I Don’t Have You by Don McLean (#50).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
2 I Missed Again--Phil Collins
3 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
4 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
5 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
6 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
7 You Better You Bet--The Who
8 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
9 Her Town Too--James Taylor and J.D. Souther
10 Sweetheart--Franke & the Knockouts

Singles entering the chart were Nobody Wins by Elton John (#24); The Waiting by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#25); and You Make My Dreams by Daryl Hall & John Oates (#29).

Died on this date
Ernie Freeman, 58
. U.S. musician. Mr. Freeman was a pianist, organist, bandleader, and arranger in several musical genres in a career spanning more than 40 years. He achieved several hit singles on the pop and rhythm and blues charts as a bandleader from the mid-1950s through the early '60s, most notably Raunchy, which reached #1 on the Billboard R&B chart and #4 on the Top 100 pop chart in 1957. Mr. Freeman won Grammy Awards for his string arrangements for Strangers in the Night by Frank Sinatra (1966) and Bridge Over Troubled Water by Simon and Garfunkel (1970). Mr. Freeman was reportedly a heavy drinker, and died of a heart attack.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher (3rd week at #1)

Queen Elizabeth II became the first British and Canadian monarch to address the United States Congress.

Dave Cochrane‚ Chuck Jackson‚ and Alonzo Powell each hit a grand slam as the Calgary Cannons routed the Tacoma Tigers 22-7 in a Pacific Coast League game. The three grand slams by teammates in a single game was believed to be a professional baseball first.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Children--Robert Miles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): X-Files--DJ Dado (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jeremy Boorda, 56
. U.S. military officer. Admiral Boorda was appointed U.S. Chief of Naval Operations in 1994, becoming the first American sailor to have risen through the enlisted ranks to achieve the highest office in the United States Navy. He committed suicide by shooting himself in the chest, amid a media investigating concerning whether he was qualified to wear on his uniform two service ribbons which were generally perceived to indicate heroism in combat.

Politics and government
The Zambian parliament passed constitutional changes, requiring presidential candidates to be second-generation Zambians. The move was seen as an attempt to disqualify former President Kenneth Kaunda from participating in upcoming elections.

Stanley Cup
Western Conference Semi-Finals
St. Louis 0 @ Detroit 1 (2 OT) (Detroit won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Steve Yzerman scored 1:15 into the 2nd overtime period to enable the Red Wings to eliminate the Blues at Joe Louis Arena in the first game 7 of a Stanley Cup series to be scoreless after regulation time since 1950, when the Red Wings eliminated the Toronto Maple Leafs.

20 years ago

Politics and government
The Liberal Party, led by Gordon Campbell, swept to power in the British Columbia provincial election, taking 77 of 79 seats in the Legislative Assembly. The governing New Democratic Party of Premier Ujjal Dosanjh was reduced to 2 seats, and Mr. Dosanjh was defeated in his riding of Vancouver-Kensington. The NDP total was 2 short of the number required for official party status.

U.K. Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott punched a man who had thrown an egg at him during a visit to Rhyl in northern Wales.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Ralph Barker, 83
. U.K. author. Mr. Barker wrote more than 25 non fiction books from 1955-2005, mainly about Royal Flying Corps and Royal Air Force operations in both world wars, and about cricket.

Bill Skiles, 79. U.S. comedian. Mr. Skiles was the funny half of the comedy team Skiles and Henderson, who performed live and on television from 1958-2010. They were known for incorporating sound effects into their act.

Edward Hardwicke, 78. U.K. actor. Mr. Hardwicke, the son of actor Sir Cedric Hardwicke, had a distinguished career on stage, screen and television spanning more than 50 years, but was best known for playing Dr. Jon Watson in the Granada television series Sherlock Holmes (1986-1994). He died of cancer.

Kiyoshi Kodama, 77. Japanese actor. Mr. Kodama appeared on stage, screen, and television in a career spanning more than 50 years, but was best known as the host of the television quiz program Panel Quiz Attack 25 (1975-2011). He stepped down from his hosting duties because of failing health two months before his death.

The U.S. space shuttle Endeavour launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin its 25th and final mission, 16-day STS-134 (ISS assembly flight ULF6), with a six-man crew commanded by Mark Kelly.

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