Friday, 31 July 2009

July 31, 2009

1,000 years ago
1009


Religion
Sergius IV took office as Roman Catholic Poe, shortly after the death of John XVIII.

170 years ago
1839


Born on this date
Ignacio Andrade
. 25th President of Venezuela, 1898-1899. Mr. Andrade was a member of the Great Liberal Party of Venezuela. He died on February 17, 1925 at the age of 85.

140 years ago
1869

Baseball

The Cincinnati Red Stockings defeated the Rockford Forest Citys 53-32 before 8,000 spectators at Ogden Park in Chicago for their third straight win over the Forest Citys.

130 years ago
1879


Aviation
In Montreal, Richard Cowan made the first flight in Canada in a hydrogen balloon, with Charles Grimely and Charles Page.

110 years ago
1899

Baseball

Christy Mathewson made his professional debut, pitching for Taunton against Manchester in the New England League. Mr. Mathewson lost 6-5.

100 years ago
1909

Baseball

Sleepy Bill Burns pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Walter Johnson, who allowed 3 hits, as the Chicago White Sox edged the Washington Nationals 1-0 in the first game of a doubleheader at American League Park in Washington. Frank Smith pitched a 5-hitter to improve his 1909 record to 18-11 as the White Sox won the second game 4-0 to complete the sweep.

Addie Joss pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Cy Morgan, who pitched a 6-hitter, as the Cleveland Naps defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 3-1 in the first game of a doubleheader at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Athletics scored a run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to win the second game 4-3, with Harry Krause allowing 3 hits and 1 run in 8 innings as he relieved Jack Coombs and won the pitching matchup over Cy Young.

90 years ago
1919


Politics and government
The German national assembly adopted the Weimar Constitution, which went into force on August 14.

Baseball
American League President Ban Johnson suspended pitcher Carl Mays indefinitely, and ordered umpires not to let Mr. Mays pitch for the New York Yankees.

19-year-old Waite Hoyt made his major league debut on the mound for the Boston Red Sox, allowing 10 hits and 1 earned run in defeating the Detroit Tigers 2-1 in 12 innings at Fenway Park in Boston. Babe Ruth, playing left field and first base, led the Boston attack, batting 4 for 6 with 2 doubles and a run batted in. Doc Ayers allowed 12 hits and 1 earned run in 11 2/3 innings, dropping to 0-7 for the year.

Bob Fisher and Dolf Luque were the respective winning pitchers as the Cincinnati Reds swept a doubleheader from the Boston Braves 5-0 and 2-0 at Redland Field in Cincinnati.

Gene Paulette hit a single, double, and triple, scoring a run and driving in 4, while Possum Whitted batted 4 for 5 with 3 runs, and Lena Blackburne was 3 for 3 with 2 bases on balls, a run, and 2 RBIs to help the Philadelphia Phillies beat the St. Louis Cardinals 11-4 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Mike Pasquella struck out as a pinch hitter for the Cardinals in the 4th inning of his second and last major league game, and his only game as a Cardinal.

80 years ago
1929

Baseball

The New York Yankees routed the Chicago White Sox 16-2 at Yankee Stadium. Lou Gehrig led the Yankee attack as he hit a home run and a double, and reached base 5 times, while Ed Wells pitched an 8-hit complete game to improve his 1929 record to 9-2.

The Philadelphia Athletics scored 9 runs in the 4th inning to beat the Detroit Tigers 10-1 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Rube Walberg pitched a 4-hitter to improve his record for the season to 15-5, and had a single and 3 runs batted in of his own.

Lance Richbourg hit 3 triples and scored 4 runs to lead the Boston Braves to a 7-1 win over the Chicago Cubs in the first game of a doubleheader at Wrigley Field in Chicago, with Socks Seibold pitching a 7-hit complete game victory. The Cubs won the second game 6-3 as Hack Wilson drove in 4 runs with his 29th and 30th home runs of the season, and Pat Malone pitched an 11-hit complete game victory to improve to 15-7 for 1929.

60 years ago
1949


Religion
The West German Roman Catholic hierarchy issued a pastoral letter instruting church members to vote for Christian Democratic candidates in upcoming parliamentary elections.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. announced the conclusion of a one-year trade agreement with Chinese Communist authorities in Manchuria.

Golf
Sam Snead finished with a 20-under-par total score of 268 to win the Western Open at Keller Golf Course in St. Paul, Minnesota, 4 strokes ahead of Cary Middlecoff.

Baseball
Larry Jansen and Adrian Zabala were the respecitve winning pitchers as the New York Giants swept a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds 10-0 and 9-0 before 19,513 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Sid Gordon hit 2 home runs in the 2nd inning of game 2, when all the scoring took place.

The Boston Braves, trailing 1-0 after 6 innings, erupted for 6 runs in the 7th, 1 in the 8th, and 2 in the 9th to beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 9-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 27,105 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. In the second game, pinch hitter Tom Saffell singled home Johnny Hopp and Ralph Kiner to climax a 3-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to give the Pirates a 6-5 win. The Braves had scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th to break a 3-3 tie.

Granny Hamner led off the 10th inning with a double and Dick Sisler followed with a run-scoring single to break a 4-4 tie as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the Chicago Cubs 5-4 before 18,926 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Don Newcombe pitched an 8-hitter and singled in a run to help the Brooklyn Dodgers defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 4-2 before 32,965 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

Ted Gray and Fred Hutchinson each pitched shutouts as the Detroit Tigers swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Athletics 3-0 and 6-0 before 20,357 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Alex Kellner and Lou Brissie were the respective losing pitchers.

Johnny Lindell led off the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the score and Tommy Henrich singled home Jack Phillips with the bases loaded later in the inning to give the New York Yankees a 3-2 win over the Chicago White Sox in the first game of a doubleheader before 40,719 fans at Yankee Stadium. Chicago third baseman Bobby Rhawn batted 1 for 4 with a double, and made 2 putouts and 3 assists, participating in a double play, in the 90th and last game of his 3-year major league career. In the second game, Dave Philley singled with 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 10th, and Luke Appling followed with a home run to break a 0-0 tie as the White Sox won the second game 2-1. Mr. Henrich homered to lead off the bottom of the 10th and Joe DiMaggio followed with a single, but was thrown out at second base trying to stretch it into a double. Billy Johnson then singled, but Mr. Lindell and Snuffy Stirnweiss made consecutive outs to third base to end the game. Bob Kuzava pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Duane Pillette.

Mickey McDermott pitched an 8-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Gene Bearden as the Boston Red Sox shut out the Cleveland Indians 3-0 before 28,802 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Tommy O'Brien singled home Ted Williams and Vern Stephens with 2 out in the bottom of the 4th inning to break a 0-0 tie. Mr. Stephens batted 3 for 3 with a base on balls.

Sherry Robertson batted 3 for 4 with 2 solo home runs and Eddie Robinson added a solo homer for the Washington Nationals as they beat the St. Louis Browns 7-3 before 4,057 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Sid Hudson pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Drifters

Defense
An experts' committee set up to examine technical problems standing in the way of an East-West accord on Germany adjourned after failing to agree on a definition of nuclear and missile weapons to be banned from Berlin.

Politics and government
Indian President Rajendra Prasad dismissed the Communist-led Kerala State government on grounds that it was unable to govern peaceably and in accordance with the Indian constitution.

Economics and finance
Estimates prepared for Printers' Ink revealed that the cost of advertising in the United States had dropped from $10,310,600,000 to $10,301,800,000 in 1958.

Labour
U.K. printing union members ended a seven-week strike after winning new contracts.

Baseball
Earl Wilson, the Boston Red Sox’ first Negro pitcher, made his first major league start. He gave up no hits but 9 bases on balls in 3 2/3 innings, and left with the Red Sox leading the Detroit Tigers 4-0 before 31,916 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Despite allowing 6 more walks, the Red Sox won 6-5, with Mike Fornieles the winning pitcher. Boston first baseman Pete Runnels batted 4 for 5 with a run batted in.

Pinch hitter Jack Harshman drew a bases-loades walk with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th to score George Strickland to tie the score, and Billy Martin followed with a single to score Jim Baxes as the Cleveland Indians scored 2 runs and edged the Baltimore Orioles 5-4 before 32,864 fans at Municipal Stadium in Pittsburgh.

Barry Latman pitched a 4-hitter and singled in a run to help the Chicago White Sox beat the Washington Senators 7-1 before 24,278 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The White Sox scored 3 runs in each of the 2nd and 3rd innings.

Yogi Berra, Elston Howard, and Hector Lopez hit home runs for the New York Yankees as they beat the Kansas City Athletics 11-2 before 29,592 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Bobby Shantz allowed 2 hits and no runs in 5 innings in relief of Don Larsen to get the win.

Pinch hitter John Powers hit a solo home run off Don Elston with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 5-4 win over the Chicago Cubs before 13,846 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Mr. Powers' homer was his second of the season, and the sixth and last of his major league career. Jim Brosnan pitched 2 innings and got the win in relief of Don Newcombe.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 8th inning, Willie Mays walked, stole second base, and scored on a single by Willie McCovey--playing his second major league game--to break a 3-3 tie as the San Francisco Giants edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-3 before 22,371 fans at Seals Stadium in San Francisco. Jack Sanford pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Harvey Haddix, who allowed 6 hits. The Giants' win left them in first place in the National League, 1/2 game ahead of the Los Angeles Dodgers and Milwaukee Braves.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning to take a 4-0 lead, but barely held on to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 5-4 before 21,900 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Don Drysdale pitched an 8-hit complete game victory to improve his 1959 record to 14-6.

Joe Adcock hit a 3-run home run to climax a 5-run 6th inning and Hank Aaron added a solo homer in the 8th as the Milwaukee Braves shut out the St. Louis Cardinals 6-0 before 29,287 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Winning pitcher Bob Buhl pitched a 3-hitter.

40 years ago
1969


Space
The United States probe Mariner 6, launched February 24, flew by Mars, photographing the planet's surface and making measurements of its temperatures and atmospheric characteristics. Mariner 6 concentrated on the equatorial regions of Mars, while Mariner 7, which flew by Mars eight days later, concentrated on the polar regions.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Richard Nixon was in India, where he expressed praise and support for the South Vietnamese government, and called South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu one of the best political leaders in the world.

Religion
Pope Paul VI became the first pontiff to visit Africa when he flew to Uganda to participate I the closing session of the all-Africa bishops’ parley, and to press for a settlement in the Nigeria-Biafra conflict. After a procession that included five African heads of state, the pope addressed the bishops in Rubaga Cathedral, Kampala, and warned them against altering church teaching in the name of Africanization. He urged them to become "missionaries to yourselves."

Crime
As Ted Kennedy returned to his U.S. Senate duties, Edward Dinis, United States District Attorney for southern Massachusetts, requested an inquest into the death of Mary Jo Kopechne.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (1-0) 34 @ Toronto (0-1) 28

The Tiger-Cats rushed for 245 yards, led by Dave Fleming, who picked up 113 yards on just 6 carries. Tommy-Joe Coffey caught 3 passes for 61 yards and scored 2 touchdowns--one on a pass from Joe Zuger and the other when he raced downfield to recover a fumble in the end zone after he'd missed a field goal--and added 4 converts. Willie Bethea and Ed Buchanan also scored Hamilton touchdowns. Tiger-Cat quarterback Joe Zuger completed 9 of 15 passes for 150 yards and 2 touchdowns. Tom Wilkinson, who had won the Argonauts' starting quarterback job during the pre-season, completed 23 of 35 passes for 435 yards and 3 touchdowns in his first CFL start. Bobby Taylor led the Toronto receivers with 6 receptions for 113 yards. Mike Eben, whose end-zone fumble was recovered by Mr. Coffey, scored his first CFL touchdown on a pass from Mr. Wilkinson. Bill Symons, who rushed 13 times for 55 yards, added a 1-yard touchdown run for the Argonauts. Toronto kicker Dave Mann missed 3 field goals and 2 converts, which proved costly. In the last 2 minutes of the game, the teams combined for 3 touchdowns in 48 seconds. Tom Wilkinson threw 14 yards to Bobby Taylor, converted by Dave Mann, at 13:06 of the 4th quarter, to reduce the Hamilton lead to 28-22. Mr. Mann's short kickoff went right into the hands of Hamilton linebacker Henry Sorrell, who returned the kick 56 yards for a touchdown at 13:10 to make the score 34-22 (The Globe and Mail summary recorded the time of the earlier touchdown as 13:05, but even a 5-second difference sounded too unbelievable for their reporter). Mr. Wilkinson then brought the Argonauts back, and threw a 53-yard touchdown strike to Jim Thorpe (playing his first CFL game) at 13:54, making the final score 34-28.

30 years ago
1979


World events
Former Iranian Prime Minister Shahpur Bakhtiar emerged from silent exile in Paris to denounce the rule of the Ayatollah Khomeini, saying that his Islamic regime had brought "chaos and dictatorship" to Iran.

Scandal
The United States House of Representatives unanimously censured Rep. Charles Diggs, Jr. (Democrat--Michigan) for padding his office payroll and making personal use of public funds. The senior Negro member of Congress stood silently in the well of the chamber as the censure resolution was read. He was ordered to deliver a $40,000 promissory note to the Treasury to cover his misdeeds. It was the first time a member of the House had been censured since 1921 and was the most severe punishment short of expulsion.

Energy
The U.S. House of Representatives voted to give President Jimmy Carter strong authority to draft a standby plan for gasoline rationing, reversing a July 25 vote calling for a Congressional veto over any such program.

Defense
Former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger appeared before the Senate hearings on the SALT-II arms limitation treaty with the U.S.S.R., and said that the Senators should approve the treaty only if President Carter made a binding commitment to increase military spending rapidly.

Business
Chrysler Corporation reported a record quarterly deficit of $207.1 million. Chrysler officials announced that they had asked the United States government for $1 billion in aid to see the company through its financial crisis.

Disasters
10 were killed and 78 others injured in a fire at a Holiday Inn in Cambridge, Ohio.

Football
CFL
Toronto (2-2) 18 @ Ottawa (2-1) 16
Calgary (2-1) 9 @ Edmonton (3-0) 44
Saskatchewan (0-4) 15 @ British Columbia (4-0) 24

25 years ago
1984

Theatre

Eleusinian Rites, Mysteries and Drama Soirees put on its first performance, a murder mystery at the Youth Emergency Shelter in Edmonton.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Look--Roxette (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Look--Roxette (5th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Express Yourself--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 Batdance--Prince
3 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
4 Toy Soldiers--Martika
5 So Alive--Love and Rockets
6 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
7 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli
8 Rock 'N' Roll Duty--Kim Mitchell
9 Rooms on Fire--Stevie Nicks
10 The End of the Innocence--Don Henley

Singles entering the chart were One by the Bee Gees (#76); I Like It by Dina (#85); Hangin' Tough by New Kids on the Block (#87); Once Bitten, Twice Shy by Great White (#89); Don't Look Back by Fine Young Cannibals (#91); Need a Little Taste of Love by the Doobie Brothers (#93); Shipwrecked at the Stable Door by Bruce Cockburn (#95); In My Eyes by Stevie B (#97); and That's the Way by Katrina and the Waves (#99). Don't Look Back and its B-side, As Hard as it Is, were from the movie Tin Men (1987).

Television
The Halifax-based cable station CBC Newsworld began broadcasting, being shown throughout Canada.

Baseball
The Minnesota Twins traded the previous year’s Cy Young Award winner, Frank Viola, to the New York Mets for five players: pitchers Rick Aguilera; David West; Tim Drummond; Kevin Tapani; and a player to be named later (pitcher Jack Savage). Mr. Viola was 8-12 with an earned run average of 3.79 in 24 games with the Twins in 1989, after going 24-7 in 1988. Mr. Aguilera was 6-6 with a 2.34 ERA in 36 games with New York in 1989; Mr. Drummond was 5-1 with a 3.27 ERA in 8 games with the Tidewater Tides of the AAA International League; Mr. Tapani was 0-0 with a 3.68 ERA in 3 games with the Mets and 7-5 with an ERA of 3.47 in 17 games with the Tides in 1989; and Mr. Savage, who wasn't assigned to the Twins until October 16, ended the 1989 season with a record of 3-2 and an ERA of 3.59 and 1 save in 33 games with Tidewater.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Henry Sawyer, 80
. U.S. lawyer and politician. Mr. Sawyer was known for successfully arguing for minorities in "establishment of religion"cases such as Abington School District v. Schempp (1963) and Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971). He was originally a Republican, but switched his allegiance to the Democratic Party in the late 1940s and served on Philadelphia's City Council from 1955-1959. Mr. Sawyer died of lung cancer, two months after the death of his wife.

Space
18 months after its launch, the U.S. unmanned lunar orbiting spacecraft Lunar Prospector, part of the Discovery Program, was deliberately crashed into a crater near the lunar south pole after the presence of water ice was successfully detected.



Baseball
The Chicago Cubs scored 7 runs in the 1st inning en rout to a 17-10 win over the New York Mets before 39,431 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Steroid Sammy Sosa hit his major league-leading 39th and 40th home runs of the season to lead the Chicago attack, while Jose Hernandez drove in 5 runs and Gary Gaetti added his 11th career grand slam. Robin Ventura went 4 for 5, with 2 home runs, a double, and 6 RBIs to lead the New York offense.

The Cleveland Indians scored 6 runs in the 4th inning and 5 in the 7th as they beat the Chicago White Sox 13-10 before 43,209 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland. Cleveland second baseman Roberto Alomar drove in 5 runs with a pair of home runs.

Thursday, 30 July 2009

July 30, 2009

1,430 years ago
579


Died on this date
Benedict I
. Roman Catholic Pope, 575-579. Benedict I, whose real name was Bonosus, succeeded John III on the papal throne, and apparently spent much of his papacy coping with difficulties arising from a famine. Pope Benedict I was succeeded by Pelagius II.

590 years ago
1419


World events
A crowd of Hussite protesters killed seven members of the Prague city council in the First Defenestration of Prague.

400 years ago
1609


War
Quebec colonial leader Samuel de Champlain joined the skirmish against the Iroquois at Crown Point near Ticonderoga, New York, killing two chiefs with his arquebus. This was the first French military action in America; Mr. Champlain became the first European to use firearms against the North American natives.

390 years ago
1619

Politics and government

The House of Burgesses, the first legislative assembly in English North America convened in Jamestown, Virginia.

280 years ago
1729

Americana

The city of Baltimore was founded.

220 years ago
1789


Died on this date
Giovanna Bonanno, 76 (?)
. Italian criminal. Mrs. Bonanno, a beggar in Palermo, Sicily, was hanged after confessing to selling poison to women who wanted to murder their husbands.

200 years ago
1809


Born on this date
Charles Chiniquy
. Canadian-born clergyman. Rev. Chiniquy, a native of Kamouraska, Quebec, was ordained a Roman Catholic priest in 1833 and led a successful campaign against drunkenness before moving to Illinois. He was sued by a Catholic layman and was defended by Abraham Lincoln in a case that was settled out of court. Rev. Chiniquy left the Roman Catholic Church in 1858, and eventually became a Presbyterian minister. He denounced the Roman Catholic Church as anti-Christian in tracts and books such as Fifty Years in the Church of Rome and The Priest, The Woman and The Confessional. Rev. Chiniquy died in Montreal on January 16, 1899 at the age of 89.

150 years ago
1859


Adventure
Charles Sainte-Claire Deville, with Daniel, Emmanuel and Gaspard Balleys, and Basile Dorsaz, made the first complete ascent of Grand Combin, one of the highest summits in the Alps.

110 years ago
1899

Baseball

The Louisville Colonels swept a doubleheader from the Cleveland Spiders at Eclipse Park in Louisville by scores of 9-2 and 16-13. Honus Wagner hit 2 inside-the-park home runs to lead the Colonels’ attack in the second game. The losses dropped the Spiders’ record to 15-74.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
C. Northcote Parkinson. U.K. historian. Professor Parkinson was a naval historian who wrote 60 books. He was most famous for devising Parkinson's Law: "Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion." Prof. Parkinson died on March 9, 1993 at the age of 83.

90 years ago
1919


Died on this date
Charles Henry Gould, 63
. Canadian librarian. Mr. Gould grew up in Montreal, served as the first librarian at McGill University, and founded McGill Library School. He participated in the founding of Canada's first library association--the Ontario Library Association--and was President of the American Library Association (1908-1909), and President of the Bibliographical Society of America (1912-1913). Mr. Gould created the modern system of interlibrary loan.

Baseball
The New York Yankees and Chicago White Sox split a doubleheader before 25,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Yankees won the first game 6-5 in 10 innings, scoring the winning run on a squeeze bunt by Truck Hannah. After Ping Bodie stole home plate for the Yankees in the bottom of the 9th to tie the second game 3-3, the White Sox scored 2 in the 10th to win 5-3.

Sam Rice tripled with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and Buzz Murphy followed with a single to score Mr. Rice with the only run of the game as the Washington Nationals edged the St. Louis Browns 1-0 at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Jim Shaw pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Dave Davenport, who allowed 6 hits.

Terry Turner singled home Fred Thomas with 2 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Philadelphia Athletics a 2-1 win over the Cleveland Indians at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Walt Kinney pitched an 8-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Hi Jasper, who allowed 5 hits.

Larry Cheney walked Heinie Groh with the bases loaded and 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to score Jimmy Smith and give the Cincinnati Reds a 7-6 win over the Boston Braves at Redland Field in Cincinnati.

60 years ago
1949


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Pussy Cat Song (Nyow! Nyot Nyow!)--Patty Andrews and Bob Crosby (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Some Enchanted Evening--Perry Como

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Some Enchanted Evening--Perry Como
--Bing Crosby
2 Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
3 Baby, it's Cold Outside--Margaret Whiting and Johnny Mercer
--Dinah Shore and Buddy Clark
--Don Cornell and Laura Leslie
--Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five
4 Again--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Mel Torme
--Doris Day and the Mellomen
--Vic Damone
5 Forever and Ever--Perry Como
--Russ Morgan and his Orchestra
6 I Don't See Me in Your Eyes Anymore--The Stardusters with Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
7 Bali Ha'i--Perry Como
8 The Huckle-Buck--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Frank Sinatra
9 "A" - You're Adorable (The Alphabet Song)--Perry Como with the Fontane Sisters
--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
10 A Wonderful Guy--Margaret Whiting

Singles entering the chart were Let's Take an Old-Fashioned Walk by Perry Como (#37) and Twenty-Four Hours of Sunshine by Art Mooney and his Orchestra (#38). Let's Take an Old-Fashioned Walk was the other side of (Just One Way to Say) I Love You, charting at #36.

On the radio
Tales of Fatima, starring Basil Rathbone, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Next of Kin

War
The U.K. sloop Amethyst, trapped on the Yangtze River by Communist fire since April 20, escaped and rejoined other British ships off the Chinese coast.

Defense
The French Council of the Republic and the Italian Senate voted approval of the North Atlantic Treaty.

Disasters
A collision between a U.S. Navy Hellcat fighter and an Eastern Airlines DC-3 near Fort Dix, New Jersey caused 16 deaths. It was the year's first fatal accident on a scheduled U.S. airline.

50 years ago
1959


On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Tony Morelli Story

At the movies
Blue Denim, directed by Philip Dunne, and starring Carol Lynley, Brandon deWilde, Macdonald Carey, and Marsha Hunt, opened in theatres.



Politics and government
Indonesian President Sukarno named a 45-member Supreme Advisory Council and a 77-member National Planning Council to carry out his plans for "guided democracy" under the 1945 constitution.

The U.S. Appeals Court for the District of Columbia upheld a 1953 Subversive Activities Control Board ruling that the Communist Party U.S.A. must register with the government as a subversive organization.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower nominated Robert Murphy as Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs, the department's number three post.

Scandal
National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues President George Trautman suspended Jesse Levan, a former major leaguer and current first baseman with the Chattanooga Lookouts of the Southern Association, permanently because of his involvement as a go-between for gamblers seeking to fix games. His teammate, shortstop Waldo Gonzalez, was suspended for one year. Mr. Levan was batting .337 with 7 home runs and 43 runs batted in in 75 games in 1959 at the time of the suspensions, while Mr. Gonzalez was batting .179 with no homers and 9 RBIs in 47 games.

Labour
The U.S. federal unemployment benefits program ended after payment of $600 million to more than two million unemployed workers.

Boxing
George Logan (11-0-1) knocked out former world heavyweight champion Ezzard Charles (95-24-1) at 1:50 of the 8th round at Faigrounds Arena in Boise.

Football
CFL
Pre-Season
British Columbia (2-1) 22 @ Ottawa (1-0) 24

CFL-ORFU
Pre-season
Calgary (1-3) 21 @ Kitchener-Waterloo 8

Baseball
Willie McCovey, playing his first major league game, batted 4 for 4 with 2 triples, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in to lead the San Francisco Giants to a 7-2 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 10,114 fans at Seals Stadium in San Francisco. Mike McCormick pitched a 7-hit complete game victory to win the pitching matchup with Robin Roberts.

Bob Gibson pitched an 8-hit shutout for his first major league win as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Cincinnati Reds 1-0 before 6,734 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Ken Boyer doubled to led off the 2nd inning and scored on a 1-out single by Joe Cunningham for the only run off Jim O'Toole, who allowed 8 hits in 7 innings.

Felix Mantilla, Hank Aaron, Johnny Logan, and Andy Pafko hit solo home runs for the Milwaukee Braves as they beat the Chicago Cubs 6-4 before 29,170 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Bobby Thomson hit a solo homer for the Cubs, who had just 5 hits off Warren Spahn, who pitched a complete game victory.

Roman Mejias singled home Dick Groat with 1 out and the bases loaded in the top of the 12th inning to break a 4-4 tie as the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 5-4 before 24,221 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

Bobby Locke drew a base on balls to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning and scored on a 1-out single by Minnie Minoso to give the Cleveland Indians a 4-3 win over the Boston Red Sox before 10,244 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Mr. Locke had entered the game in the top of the 9th and pitched a perfect inning in relief of Mudcat Grant, and was thus credited with the win.

Early Wynn pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Eli Grba as the Chicago White Sox defeated the New York Yankees 3-1 before 30,858 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago to remain 1 game ahead of the Indians in the American League pennant race.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)

World events
U.S. President Richard Nixon sandwiched a brief visit to South Vietnam between visits to Thailand and India on his world tour, telling American troops that he would do his job "to see that you don’t fight in vain."

Anatoly V. Kusnetsov, a young Soviet writer attacked for his liberal views, defected to the West and received permission to remain in Britain.

War
The Organization of American States approved a peace pact between El Salvador and Honduras.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Ted Kennedy announced that he would retain both his Senate seat and position as majority whip after receiving an overwhelming vote of confidence from the people of Massachusetts. He also announced that he would seek re-election in 1970 and would serve out the "entire six-year term," apparently ruling out a presidential run in 1972.

Football
CFL
Montreal (0-1) 15 @ Ottawa (1-0) 47
Calgary (1-0) 32 @ British Columbia (0-1) 7

Terry Evanshen caught 3 touchdown passes to lead the Stampeders’ attack and make a winner of Jim Duncan in his first game as a CFL head coach. It was also the first game in the Hall of Fame career of Calgary defensive end John Helton. For the Lions, it was the only CFL game for rookie running back Jim Nicholson. A sensation in training camp, he came down with a bad knee, and dressed for the season opener as the designated import, but saw no action. For the Montreal Alouettes, highly-touted 19-year-old rookie running back Danny Houston carried 4 times for 4 yards, left early with a knee injury, and never played again.

Baseball
The San Francisco Giants scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break a 3-3 tie as they defeated the Chicago Cubs 6-3 before 31,642 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Gaylord Perry (13-7) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory, and doubled and scored the winning run.

The Houston Astros swept a doubleheader from the New York Mets 16-3 and 11-5 before 28,922 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. In the first game, the Astros scored 11 runs in the 9th inning, which included grand slams by both Jimmy Wynn (off Cal Koonce) and Denis Menke (off Ron Taylor). Also contributing to the Houston attack was relief pitcher Fred Gladding, who singled off Mr. Taylor for his only hit in 63 career at bats, driving in a run. The Astros scored 10 runs in the 3rd inning of the second game, as Curt Blefary tripled with the bases loaded, and winning pitcher Larry Dierker (13-8) hit a home run with a runner on base.

Pinch hitter Ted Savage doubled home Alex Johnson and Tony Perez with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to climax a 3-run rally as the Cincinnati Reds overcame a 3-0 1st-inning deficit to defeat the Montreal Expos 5-3 before 9,733 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Wayne Granger pitched 2 scoreless innings to get the win in relief of Jim Maloney, who led off the bottom of the 6th inning with his second home run of the season to get the Reds on the scoreboard.

The St. Louis Cardinals broke open a 0-0 game with 5 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning and held on to defeat the San Diego Padres 5-2 before 19,594 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Bob Gibson pitched a 5-hitter and struck out 13 batters to improve his 1969 record to 13-8, and doubled home the final St. Louis run.

Bill Robinson beat out an infield single with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to drive home Roy White, breaking a 2-2 tie as the New York Yankees edged the Oakland Athletics 3-2 before 8,330 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. The Athletics had runners on first and second bases with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Jose Tartabull lined out to third base and Ted Kubiak grounded out to first to end the game.

Greg Goossen led off the bottom of the 7th inning with his second home run of the game to break a 3-3 tie as the Seattle Pilots edged the Washington Senators 4-3 before 5,721 fans at Sick's Stadium in Seattle.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Some Girls--Racey

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kanpaku Sengen--Masashi Sada

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Súper, Superman--Miguel Bosé (2nd week at #1)

Defense
U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance announced that the United States would honour a 1977 pledge to NATO to raise military spending by 3% annually. The statement was seen as an attempt to placate Senate critics of the SALT-II arms limitation treaty with the U.S.S.R., who sought to link the arms agreement to increased defense spending.

Politics and government
California Governor Jerry Brown authorized an "exploratory" campaign committee, his first formal challenge to U.S. President Jimmy Carter for the 1980 Democratic party presidential nomination.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Batdance--Prince (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Batdance--Prince

Died on this date
Lane Frost, 25
. U.S. rodeo cowboy. Mr. Frost died after being gored by a bull he had just been riding named "Taking Care of Business" at the Cheyenne Frontier Days Rodeo in Cheyenne, Wyoming. His life and death inspired the movie 8 Seconds (1994).

Terrorism
The Organization of the Oppressed of the World, a Shiite Muslim group that had kidnapped Lt. Col. William Higgins in Lebanon in February 1988, said they would execute Lt. Col. Higgins unless Israel freed Sheik Abdul Karim Obeid, leader of the Shiite Muslim group Party of God, who had been kidnapped by Israeli commandos in Lebanon on July 28.

10 years ago
1999


Scandal
A Maryland grand jury indicted Linda Tripp, who had secretly taped conversations between herself and then-friend Monica Lewinsky. The tapes were used in evidence against President Bill Clinton when he was impeached in 1998. Ms. Tripp was charged with illegally taping a conversation in December 1997 and also for disclosing the contents of that conversation to Newsweek magazine.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted 57-43 to approve a $792 billion tax cut, but with provisions that differed from the bill passed by the House of Representatives eight days earlier.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-3) 15 @ Saskatchewan (1-3) 20

The win was the first for Cal Murphy as head coach of the Roughriders.

Wednesday, 29 July 2009

July 29, 2009

910 years ago
1099


Died on this date
Urban II, 64 (?)
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1088-1099. Urban II, born in France as Eudes of Châtillon-sur-Marne, was from a noble family, and was named Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia circa 1080. He succeeded Victor III, and supported the reforms of his predecessors, and set up the modern Roman Curia. Pope Urban II initiated the First Crusade (1095-1099), and promised forgiveness and pardon for all of the past sins of those who would fight to reclaim the holy land, and free the eastern churches. He died two weeks after the crusaders had taken Jerusalem, but before the news reached Rome. Pope Urban II was succeeded by Paschal II.

400 years ago
1609


War
Quebec colonial leader Samuel de Champlain and his party encountered a large war party of Haudenosaunee Indians heading north near Ticonderoga, New York.

140 years ago
1869


Born on this date
Booth Tarkington
. U.S. author. Mr. Tarkington wrote novels, short stories, and plays, usually about his native Indiana. He won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for his novels The Magnificent Ambersons (1918) and Alice Adams (1921). Mr. Tarkington was also known for his humourous Penrod series of novels. He died on May 19, 1946 at the age of 76.

120 years ago
1889


Baseball
Matt Kilroy of the Baltimore Orioles had a no-hitter going after 7 innings in the second game of a doubleheader against the St. Louis Browns at Union Park in Baltimore when the game was called because of darkness with the scored tied 0-0. The Browns won the first game 4-3.

120 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Walter Beall
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Beall played with the New York Yankees (1924-1927) and Washington Nationals (1929), compiling a record of 5-5 with an earned run average of 4.43 and 1 save in 36 games. The Yankees purchased him from the Rochester Tribe of the AA International League, where he was 25-8 with a 2.76 ERA in 41 games in 1924. Mr. Beall played at least 7 seasons in the minor leagues from 1920-1931, with a record of 59-46. He was said to have an outstanding curveball, but poor control limited his success. Mr. Beall died on January 28, 1959 at the age of 59.

War
The First Hague Convention was signed.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Chester Himes
. U.S.-born author. Mr. Himes, a Negro, experienced racism in his youth and served 7 1/2 years in prison for armed robbery. He began writing in prison, and eventually succeeded in having his short stories and novels published. Mr. Himes' works included the novel If He Hollers Let Him Go (1945) and the nine-novel Harlem Detective series (1957-1993). He emigrated to France in the 1950s and eventually settled in Spain, where he died of Parkinson's disease on November 12, 1984 at the age of 75.

Died on this date
Harry Pulliam, 40
. U.S. baseball executive. Mr. Pulliam was a journalist who became secretary and then president of the Louisville Colonels in the 1890s, moving on to become president of the Pittsburg Pirates in 1899. He was unanimously elected President of the National League in December 1902, and oversaw the peace between the National and American Leagues. Mr. Pulliam eventually became convinced that team owners were conspiring against him, and suffered a nervous breakdown in February 1909 at a banquet for National League owners. He was granted an indefinite leave of absence, and returned to work on June 28. On July 28, Mr. Pulliam got up from the dinner table at the New York Athletic Club, walked up to his room on the third floor, stripped to his underwear, laid down on a sofa, and shot himself in the head. He was found alive, but was too severely wounded to be moved to a hospital, and died later that night.

90 years ago
1919


Politics and government
Liberal Party candidate Sarah Ramsland became the first woman ever elected to the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan when she won a by-election in Pelly, the riding that her husband Max had taken in the general election in 1917. Mr. Ramsland had died in the flu epidemic in November 1918, thus necessitating the by-election.

Baseball
In defiance of American League President Ban Johnson's order that no action be taken until Carl Mays was returned to good standing‚ Boston owner Harry Frazee traded the pitcher to the New York Yankees for pitchers Bob McGraw‚ Allan Russell‚ an unnamed third player to be chosen‚ and a reported $20‚000 (The New York Times listed $40‚000). Mr. Mays was 5-11 with an earned run average of 2.47 in 21 games with Boston in 1919, while Mr. Russell was 5-5 with a 3.47 ERA in 23 games, and Mr. McGraw was 1-0 with a 3.31 ERA in 6 games with New York in 1919.

The Yankees chased Chicago White Sox ace Eddie Cicotte (19-5) with 12 hits and 8 runs--all earned--in 5 innings and rolled to a 10-1 win before 4,500 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Hank Thormahlen (8-5) allowed 6 hits. Frank Baker had 4 hits‚ including 2 doubles and a triple‚ and Roger Peckinpaugh added 3 hits for the Yankees.

With 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning at Fenway Park in Boston‚ Detroit Tigers’ pitcher Dutch Leonard walked Braggo Roth in order to pitch to Babe Ruth‚ who already had hit 2 doubles off him. The two had had an argument in early June at Fenway Park. The Babe then hit his 9th home run of the month and his 16th of the year‚ a new American League record. Despite the homer‚ the Tigers topped the Red Sox 10-8.

Fred Toney (9-3) pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Babe Adams (11-6) as the New York Giants shut out the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 6,000 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Casey Stengel batted 3 for 4 with a run and 2 runs batted in, singling home Carson Bigbee with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to complete a 3-run rally as the Pirates overcame a 5-1 deficit to win the second game 7-6.

75 years ago
1934

Baseball

Schoolboy Rowe won his second game in as many days against the Chicago White Sox, pitching 1 2/3 innings of scoreless relief and hitting a game-winning home run to help the Detroit Tigers to a 16-15 win.

60 years ago
1949


At the movies
In the Good Old Summertime, directed by Robert Z. Leonard, and starring Judy Garland and Van Johnson, opened in theatres.

World events
The U.S.A. and U.K. announced plans to phase out the Berlin airlift by October 31, 1949.

Defense
U.S. Army Chief of Staff General Omar Bradley and Defense Secretary Louis Johnson testified before the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee, urging approval of President Harry Truman's request for military aid for Western Europe.

Politics and government
Argentina's Peronista Party, meeting in Buenos Aires, nominated Juan Peron as its 1952 presidential candidate despite assurances that he would not seek re-election.

U.S. Senator and 1948 Progressive Party U.S. vice presidential nominee Glen Taylor (Democrat--Idaho) quit the Progressive Party because of the poor showing of the Henry Wallace ticket in the 1948 U.S. presidential election.

Energy
The United Nations Atomic Energy Commission voted again to suspend its activity pending private consultations among the Big Five and Canada on atomic control.

Labour
Anti-Communist labour leaders, including American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations representatives, meeting in London, approved a draft constitution for a new international trade union organization.

Mexico signed its seventh short-term agreement with the U.S.A. allowing Mexican labourers to work in the U.S. harvest. The agreement ended Mexico's ban on the movement of Mexican migrant workers into Texas.

50 years ago
1959


At the movies
Last Train from Gun Hill, directed by John Sturges and starring Kirk Douglas and Anthony Quinn, opened in theatres.

Defense
The administration of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower announced that Boston lawyer Charles Coolidge would head a study of "comprehensive and partial measures of arms control and reduction" for the State and Defense Departments.

Politics and government
Iraqi Prime Minister Abdul Karim el-Kassem ordered the disbanding of the Communist-dominated Popular Resistance Organization.

Crime
Former New York bookmaker Harry Gross was arraigned in Los Angeles for the murder of his wife's grandfather Harry Black.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones

Space
The U.S. probe Mariner 6 began transmitting pictures of Mars, taken from the closest range yet achieved.



War
El Salvador, confronted with the threat of severe economic sanctions, told the Organization of American States that it would withdraw the troops that invaded Honduras two weeks earlier. The announcement was greeted with cheers by the regional foreign ministers meeting in Washington to discuss the emergency.

Politics and government
In a special election held in Greene County, Alabama, Negroes won four of five seats on the county commission and two seats on the five-member school board, which already included one Negro. The results were hailed by Rev. Ralph Abernathy, leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, as "the most significant achievement by black men since the Emancipation Proclamation."

Football
CFL
Edmonton (1-0) 33 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 0

Terry Swarn caught 3 touchdown passes in his first Canadian Football League game to lead the attack. Two of Mr. Swarn’s scores came on passes from quarterback Corey Colehour, while the third came on a pass from halfback Jim Thomas. Thermus Butler rushed 15 times for 123 yards, and scored the other Eskimo touchdown. Dave Cutler kicked 2 field goals in 4 attempts, and 2 converts in 4 attempts in his first CFL game. Few would have bet after the game that Mr. Cutler would end up in the Canadian Football Hall of Fame, while Mr. Swarn would be out of the CFL by the end of 1971. John Schneider, who had been the Winnipeg Blue Bombers’ starting quarterback in 1968, was pulled at halftime after completing just 3 of 10 passes for 13 yards in what turned out to be his last CFL game. Backup Don Weiss played the second half at quarterback for the Blue Bombers, but was no more successful than Mr. Schneider. This game marked the last time (as of the date of this post) that the Blue Bombers were shut out.

Baseball
Duke Sims led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a home run to give the Cleveland Indians a 4-3 win over the Chicago White Sox in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,061 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Pinch hitter Larry Brown hit a 2-run double and Eddie Leon added a 3-run home run--his first homer of the season--as the Indians scored 7 runs in the 7th and won the second game 9-5 to complete the sweep.

Jim Perry (12-4) allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings and singled and scored the game's first run in the 3rd inning, winning the pitching matchup against Mickey Lolich (14-3), as the Minnesota Twins beat the Detroit Tigers 5-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 38,441 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. The Twins scored 7 runs in the 5th inning en route to an 11-5 win in the second game to complete the sweep. Rod Carew, Rich Reese, and Leo Cardenas each had 3 hits for the Twins, who amassed 17 hits in the second game. Bob Miller (3-5) allowed 11 hits and 5 earned runs in 7 2/3 innings, but got the win over Denny McLain (15-6), who allowed 11 hits and 9 runs--all earned--in 4 1/3 innings.

The day after his 20th birthday, rookie pitcher Vida Blue received credit for his first major league win as the Oakland Athletics rallied for 3 runs in the botto of the 8th inning against relief pitcher Jack Aker and defeated the New York Yankees 6-5 before 9,167 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mr. Blue allowed 7 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 8 innings, walking 3 batters and striking out 4, batting 0 for 2 with a base on balls and a run.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 10th inning, Carl Taylor drew a base on balls and Willie Stargell followed with a home run to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 4-2 victory over the Los Angeles Dodgers in the first game of a doubleheader before 18,436 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Dodgers scored 4 runs in the 6th inning as they overcame a 4-2 deficit and won the second game 6-5.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Ring My Bell--Anita Ward

#1 single in Switzerland: Gloria--Umberto Tozzi (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Herbert Marcuse, 81
. German-born U.S. sociologist and political philosopher. Dr. Marcuse was a Marxist who was associated with the Institute for Social Research--later known as the Frankfurt School--and has been called the "Father of the New Left" because of the intellectuals and political activists in the 1960s and '70s who were inspired by his work. Dr. Marcuse emigrated to the United States in 1934, and worked for the U.S. government during World War II, first with the Office of War Information and then with the Office of Strategic Services (precursor to the Central Intelligence Agency) from 1943-1950. He taught at four universities, including Columbia and Harvard. Dr. Marcuse was known for incorporating the theories of Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx into his critique of capitalist society and advocacy of social change. His best-known books were Eros and Civilization (1955) and One-Dimensional Man (1964). Dr. Marcuse was visiting West Germany when he suffered a stroke and died, 10 days after his 81st birthday.

Bill Todman, 62. U.S. television producer. Mr. Todman and partner Mark Goodson formed Goodson-Todman Productions, beginning, in 1948, to produce game shows for radio. They were best known for producing television game and quiz shows, including What's My Line?, Beat the Clock, The Price is Right, and Family Feud. Mr. Todman died from a heart condition, two days before his 63rd birthday.

Diplomacy
Israel and Egypt both agreed to send representatives to Washington for talks on a United States proposal for an expanded United Nations truce-monitoring team in the Sinai Peninsula.

Terrorism
Basque separatists bombed the main airport and two railway stations in Madrid, killing 2 and injuring over 100 in a campaign to demand the release of political prisoners.

Disasters
A movie theatre fire in the town of Tuticorin, India killed at least 92 and injured 80.

Baseball
Rick Manning's grand slam highlighted a 7-run 2nd inning as the Cleveland Indians beat the Chicago White Sox 9-6 before 13,862 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago for their seventh straight win. Rick Wise was the winning pitcher, with Paul Reuschel getting the save.

An error by first baseman Bruce Bochte allowed Mitchell Page and Mike Heath to score unearned runs with 2 out in the 1st inning, which proved to be sufficient for the Oakland Athletics to defeat the Seattle Mariners 2-1 before 2,198 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mike Morgan pitched a 3-hitter for his first major league win, while losing pitcher Floyd Bannister, whose 1979 record dropped to 5-10, allowed just 4 hits and no earned runs in a complete game.

Rusty Staub singled and scored as part of a 4-run 1st inning and singled in a run in the 6th to help the Montreal Expos defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 5-3 before 35,245 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal to move back into first place in the National League East Division, 1/2 game ahead of the Pirates. Mr. Staub's hits were his first in a Montreal uniform since 1971, and his first since being acquired from the Detroit Tigers. Steve Rogers pitched an 8-hit complete game victory.

J.R. Richard singled with 1 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th inning and Cesar Cedeno followed with a run-scoring triple to give the Astros a 4-3 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 46,754 fans at the Astrodome. Mr. Richard pitched a 5-hit complete game victory, with 8 strikeouts.

25 years ago
1984


Died on this date
Fred Waring, 84
. U.S. bandleader. Mr. Waring and his band, Waring's Pennsylvanians, were among the most popular artists recording for Victor Records from 1923-1932. Mr. Waring was also a popular performer in person and on radio. He made the move to television in 1948; The Fred Waring Show aired on CBS from 1948-1954. Mr. Waring also achieved success promoting the Waring Blendor, which became an important tool in hospitals for the implementation of specific diets, and was used by Dr. Jonas Salk while developing his polio vaccine. Mr. Waring was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal, the U.S.A.'s highest civilian honour, by President Ronald Reagan in 1983.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (1-2-1) 46 @ Ottawa (3-2) 24

Dave Ridgway set a CFL record for a single game with 8 field goals in helping the Roughriders defeat the Rough Riders at Lansdowne Park.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la mamma--Edoardo Bennato (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): No More Boleros--Gerard Joling

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Back to Life (However Do You Want Me)--Soul II Soul

#1 single in France (SNEP): Lambada--Kaoma

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): You'll Never Stop Me Loving You--Sonia (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Toy Soldiers--Martika (2nd week at #1)
2 Batdance--Prince
3 Express Yourself--Madonna
4 So Alive--Love and Rockets
5 On Our Own--Bobby Brown
6 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
7 Lay Your Hands on Me--Bon Jovi
8 Once Bitten Twice Shy--Great White
9 I Like It--Dino
10 Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx

Singles entering the chart were One by the Bee Gees (#73); Bust a Move by Young M.C. (#81); Pride and Passion by John Cafferty and the Beaver Brown Band (#82); Put Your Mouth on Me by Eddie Murphy (#90); You Better Dance by the Jets (#92); Runnin' Down a Dream by Tom Petty (#93); Nature of Love by Waterfront (#95); Love Cries by Stage Dolls (#96); and Nightrain by Guns n' Roses (#97).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Batdance--Prince
2 If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red
3 Express Yourself--Madonna
4 Toy Soldiers--Martika
5 On Our Own--Bobby Brown
6 Lay Your Hands on Me--Bon Jovi
7 So Alive--Love and Rockets
8 What You Don't Know--Expose
9 Good Thing--Fine Young Cannibals
10 Baby Don't Forget My Number--Milli Vanilli

Singles entering the chart were Heaven by Warrant (#77); One by the Bee Gees (#79); That's the Way by Katrina and the Waves (#82); Forget Me Not by Bad English (#85); Don't Say You Love Me by Billy Squier (#89); and Put Your Mouth on Me by Eddie Murphy (#90).

Politics and government
Recently-elected Polish President Wojciech Jaruzelski resigned as Communist Party leader; he was replaced by Premier Mieczyslaw Rakowski.

Track and field
Javier Sotomayor of Cuba became the first high jumper to break the 8-foot barrier when he cleared that height, breaking his own world record of 7 feet 11½ inches, at the Caribbean Championships in San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Baseball
Texas Rangers’ owner George W. Bush made one of the worst trades in baseball history, obtaining outfielder-designated hitter Harold Baines and infielder Fred Manrique from the Chicago White Sox for shortstop Scott Fletcher, pitcher Wilson Alvarez, and outfielder Sammy Sosa. It was the "biggest mistake of my adulthood," the future President said in 2000. Mr. Baines was batting .321 with 13 home runs and 56 runs batted in in 96 games with the White Sox in 1989, while Mr. Manrique was batting .299 with 2 homer and 30 RBIs in 65 games with Chicago. Mr. Fletcher was batting .239 with no home runs and 22 runs batted in in 83 games with the Rangers in 1989, while Mr. Sosa was batting .238 with 1 homer and 3 RBIs in 20 games with Texas. Mr. Alvarez had made his major league debut with the Rangers just five days earlier in a game against the Toronto Blue Jays; he started and faced 5 batters, allowing, in order: a single, home run, home run, base on balls, and base on balls, with 3 of the runs scoring, leading to Mr. Alvarez being tagged with the loss as Toronto won 6-3.

10 years ago
1999

Scandal

United States District Court Judge Susan Webber Wright ordered U.S. President Bill Clinton to pay $89,000 in legal expenses because he had deliberately given false testimony about his relationship with White House intern Monica Lewinsky in the Paula Jones sexual harassment case. Most of the money went to lawyers representing Miss Jones, and about $9,480 went to the Rutherford Institute, which had helped to pay Miss Jones' legal expenses. Judge Wright wrote that she took "no pleasure in imposing contempt sanctions against this nation's president."

Crime
Mark Barton, a securities day-trader who had suffered heavy losses, shot 9 people to death and wounded 13 others in Atlanta. The bodies of his wife and two children were found, along with a note from Mr. Barton confessing to their murders, which apparently had occurred a few days earlier. Armed with a handgun and pistol, Mr. Barton entered the offices of two day-trading firms, Momentum Securities and All-Tech Investment Group, where he shot all of his victims. Several hours later, as police closed in on his van outside Atlanta. Mr. Barton stopped at a service station and shot himself to death.

World events
The Chinese government issued a warrant for the arrest of Li Hongzhi, leader of the Buddhist sect Falun Gong, who was living in the United States.

Football
CFL
Calgary (3-1) 38 @ Montreal (3-1) 17
Edmonton (1-3) 8 @ Hamilton (2-2) 54
Winnipeg (2-2) 30 @ British Columbia (3-1) 18

19,443 at Molson Stadium saw Henry Burris complete 19 of 28 passes for 269 yards and 2 touchdowns. Mr. Burris also rushed 6 times for 45 yards. Anthony Calvillo started at quarterback for the Alouettes, completing 12 of 19 passes for 125 yards. Tracy Ham came on in relief and completed 7 of 10 for 98 yards and a touchdown pass to Ben Cahoon.

The Eskimos’ loss to the Tiger-Cats at Ivor Wynne Stadium was their worst road loss ever, and the second-most lopsided loss in the history of the team. Rookie running back Saladin McCullough carried 3 times for 7 yards and returned 4 kickoffs for 74 yards in his only game as an Eskimo. It was also the only CFL appearance for Edmonton defensive lineman William Mayes, who made 3 defensive tackles. The only Eskimo touchdown came on a pass from Nealon Greene to Terry Vaughn. Former Eskimo Danny McManus completed 16 of 24 passes for 254 yards and 2 touchdown passes to Trevor Shaw. Backup Cody Ledbetter, also a former Eskimo, mopped up with a touchdown pass to Corey Grant. Ronald Williams rushed 14 times for 92 yards and 2 touchdowns. Hamilton defensive end Joe Montford returned a fumble 35 yards for his first CFL touchdown. The Tiger-Cats added Tommy-Joe Coffey to their Wall of Honour, 11 years after he was similarly honoured by the Eskimos.

24,441 at B.C. Place Stadium watched Deland McCullough rush 29 times for 136 yards and a touchdown, and Milt Stegall catch 11 passes for 233 yards--including a 99-yard touchdown reception from Kerwin Bell--to lead the Blue Bombers' attack. Mr. Bell completed 18 of 27 passes for 395 yards.

Labour
13 National League baseball umpires lost their jobs as the resignations they had tendered on July 14 were accepted.

Tuesday, 28 July 2009

July 28, 2009

200 years ago
1809


War
Sir Arthur Wellesley's British, Portuguese and Spanish army defeated a French force led by Joseph Bonaparte in the Battle of Talavera in Spain.

130 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Lucy Burns
. U.S. political activist. Miss Burns and Alice Paul worked together to promote the cause of women's suffrage, and co-founded the National Woman's Party in 1916. The suffragettes conducted repeated protests outside the White House and were repeatedly arrested and imprisoned, but their efforts were ultimately rewarded when the Nineteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution went into force on August 26, 1920. Miss Burns retired from public life and devoted her remaining years to the Roman Catholic Church and her orphaned niece; she died on December 22, 1966 at the age of 87.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Malcolm Lowry
. U.K. author and poet. Mr. Lowry was best known for the novel Under the Volcano (1947). He spent some time in Vancouver, British Columbia during World War II, but eventually returned to England, where he drank himself to death on June 26, 1957, just over a month before his 48th birthday.

Baseball
Marty Martel’s triple with 1 out in the 9th inning spoiled the no-hit bid of Jim Pastorius of the Brooklyn Superbas, but Mr. Pastorius still recorded a 4-0 win over the Philadelphia Phillies at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia for his first win of the season after 6 losses; it turned out to be the 31st and last win of his 4-year major league career.

80 years ago
1929

Born on this date
Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy Onassis
. U.S. First Lady. Mrs. Kennedy inhabited the White House while her husband, John F. Kennedy, was President of the United States from 1961-1963, and she became one of the most popular and admired First Ladies in American history. Five years after the assassination of her husband, Mrs. Kennedy married Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis. Mr. Onassis died in 1975; Mrs. Onassis died in 1994.

75 years ago
1934

Baseball

Chuck Dressen replaced Bob O’Farrell as manager of the Cincinnati Reds. For Mr. Dressen, it was the beginning of a 16-year managerial career that would total 1,990 regular season games.

70 years ago
1939


Archaeology
During an excavation of a ship burial at Sutton Hoo in Suffolk, England, archaeologists discovered a helmet likely belonging to King Rædwald of East Anglia.

Baseball
Ken Chase of the Washington Nationals gave up 2 hits in the 9th inning to lose his bid for a no-hitter, but held on to beat Bob Feller and the Cleveland Indians 2-0 before 5,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Skeeter Webb had the first Cleveland hit. Mr. Chase improved his record for the season to 5-13, while Mr. Feller fell to 15-5.

60 years ago
1949


Defense
The U.S. Senate passed a compromise measure on armed forces reorganization, increasing the authority of the defense secretary over the separate services but preventing the merger.

Politics and government
Panamanian First Vice President Daniel Chanis was sworn in as acting President following Domingo Diaz Arosemena's heart attack. Mr. Diaz died less than a month later, on August 23.

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan General Douglas MacArthur ordered the military government section of the U.S. occupation force dissolved at the end of the year, giving Japanese authorities unsupervised control over local affairs.

Law
U.S. President Harry Truman announced the nomination of Attorney General Tom Clark to fill the Supreme Court seat vacated by the death of Frank Murphy, and asked Senator James McGrath (Democrat--Rhode Island) to replace Mr. Clark as Attorney General.

Economics and finance
The U.K. House of Lords vetoed the government's steel nationalization bill, ensuring that the plan would become an issue in the 1950 election.

Business
U.S. Institute of Foreign Trade President Anthony Marcus, testifying before a Senate Judiciary subcommittee, accusing the Soviet foreign trade agency Amtorg of stealing technical and industrial secrets from U.S. firms.

Labour
Southern Coal Producers Association President Joseph Moody, testifying at the Senate Banking Committee inquiry on the coal industry, urged that the "monopoly power" of the United Mine Workers of America be curtailed by subjecting unions to antitrust laws.

Baseball
Dizzy Trout helped his cause with a 9th-inning grand slam off Al Gettel as the Detroit Tigers broke a 6-6 tie with 7 runs in the 9th to beat the Washington Nationals 13-7 before 1,485 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

The Boston Braves scored 9 runs in the last 4 innings as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 11-2 before 2,847 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati, with Warren Spahn pitching a 6-hit complete game victory.

50 years ago
1959


Died on this date
Frank Ragland, 55
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Ragland played with the Washington Nationals (1932) and Philadelphia Phillies (1933), compiling a 1-4 record with an earned run average of 7.11 in 23 games. He won at least 45 games in 7 seasons in the minor leagues from 1929-1936.

Diplomacy
Western and Soviet foreign ministers exchanged draft proposals in Geneva for an interim Berlin settlement and steps toward German reunification.

Politics and government
Prime Minister Norman Manley led his People's National Party to victory in the Jamaican general election, taking 29 of 45 seats in Parliament. The Labour Party won the remaining 16 seats. The most recent election, in 1955, had seen the PNP take 18 of 32 seats, with the Labour Party winning the remaining 14.

Hawaiians elected former Territorial House of Representatives Speaker Hiram Fong (Republican) and former Territorial Governor Oren Long (Democrat) to the U.S. Senate and Daniel Inouye (Democrat) to the United States House of Representatives. Territorial Governor William Quinn (Republican) defeated John Burns (Democrat) in the gubernatorial election. It was the first statewide election for Hawaii, which was still more than three weeks away from officially entering the union.

The Sicilian Parliament re-elected Silvio Miazzo, head of the dissident Sicilian Christian Social Union, as President of the Sicilian regional government.

Medicine
The British Medical Research Council reported that the virus causing trachoma had been isolated at a laboratory in Fajara, Gambia.

Economics and finance
Indian and Pakistani trade officials announced an agreement in Delhi on plans for increasing exchanges of essential commodities.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a compromise bill designed to ease reserve restrictions governing the Federal Reserve System's 6,331 member banks.

Football
CFL
Pre-Season
Calgary (0-3) 21 @ Montreal (1-0) 28
British Columbia (2-0) 15 @ Hamilton (0-1) 6

Baseball
Al Smith’s 2-run home run in the 8th inning provided the winning margin as the Chicago White Sox, behind the 10-hit pitching of Billy Pierce, edged the New York Yankees 4-3 before 43,829 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago to move into first place in the American League.

The Cleveland Indians scored all their runs in the 4th inning as they overcame a 2-0 deficit and defeated the Boston Red Sox 5-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 29,525 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Gary Bell pitched a 6-hit complete game victory; Earl Wilson, the third of four Boston pitchers, pitched a perfect 7th inning in his major league debut. Frank Malzone hit a 3-run home run to tie the score in the 4th inning as the Red Sox came back from a 3-0 deficit to win the second game 8-4. Boston shortstop Jim Mahoney batted 0 for 4 with 3 putouts and 4 assists, participating in a double play in his first major league game. The split left the Indians 1/2 game behind the White Sox.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 4 runs in the 7th inning and 2 in the 8th as they overcame a 4-0 deficit to defeat the St.Louis Cardinals 6-4 before 9,084 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kinjirareta Koi--Ryoko Moriyama (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): María Isabel--Los Payos (2nd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Crystal Blue Persuasion--Tommy James and the Shondells
2 In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)--Zager and Evans
3 Baby, I Love You--Andy Kim
4 Spinning Wheel--Blood, Sweat & Tears
5 Quentin’s Theme--The Charles Randolph Greane Sounde
6 My Pledge of Love--The Joe Jeffrey Group
7 Sweet Caroline (Good Times Never Seemed So Good)--Neil Diamond
8 Ruby, Don't Take Your Love to Town--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
9 I Can Sing a Rainbow/Love is Blue--The Dells
10 When I Die--Motherlode

Singles entering the chart were Goo Goo Barabajagal (Love is Hot) by Donovan with the Jeff Beck Group (#82); A Boy Named Sue by Johnny Cash (#85); Saved by the Bell by Robin Gibb (#86); Let Yourself Go by the Friends of Distinction (#88); The Young Folks by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#91); In the Time of Our Lives by Iron Butterfly (#92); Green River by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#93); Straight Ahead by Young-Holt Unlimited (#95); Sunrise to Sunset by Five Man Electrical Band (#96); Simple Song of Freedom by Tim Hardin (#97); Your Good Thing by Lou Rawls (#98); Share Your Love with Me by Aretha Franklin (#99); and Dynamite Woman by Sir Douglas Quintet (#100).

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: The Prints on the Moon

Died on this date
Ramón Grau San Martín, 87
. 6th President of Cuba, 1933-1934, 1944-1948. Dr. Grau was a physician who was a member of the Partido Auténtico (Authentic Party) who served as President during the reformist One Hundred Days Government following the Cuban Revolution of 1933. He was instrumental in passing the Constitution of 1940, and was elected President in 1944. Dr. Grau's presidency was tainted by accusations of corruption, and he resigned in 1948. He launched abortive attempts at re-election in 1954 and 1958, but withdrew just before election day both times, accusing President Fulgencio Batista of electoral fraud. Dr. Grau withdrew from public life after Fidel Castro came to power in 1959.

Frank Loesser, 59. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Loesser wrote lyrics for popular songs such as Two Sleepy People and Heart and Soul, and wrote music and lyrics to musicals, including Guys and Dolls (1950) and How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying (1961). He won an Academy Award for Best Original Song for Baby, It's Cold Outside, which was used in the movie Neptune's Daughter (1949). Mr. Loesser was a heavy smoker who died of lung cancer, 29 days after his 59th birthday.

Crime
The National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence recommended that the United States federal and state governments act to confiscate 90% of the estimated 24 million handguns owned by private citizens.

Health
The United States government released a report with new evidence that cigarette smoking was detrimental to the heart, lungs, mouth, and unborn infant of women who smoked.

30 years ago
1979

Hit parade

#1 single in Zimbabwe Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): I Want to See the Bright Lights Tonight--Julie Covington

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tu Sei l'Unica Donna Per Me--Alan Sorrenti (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Do You Want Your Oul Lobby Washed Down--Brendan Shine (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Don't Like Mondays--The Boomtown Rats

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Theme from 'The Deer Hunter' (Cavatina)--The Shadows (3rd week at #1)
2 I was Made for Lovin' You--Kiss
3 Weekend Love--Golden Earring
4 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward
5 Lavender Blue--Mac Kissoon
6 Just When I Needed You Most--Randy Vanwarmer
7 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
8 Aan de Grens Van de Duitse Heuvelen--The Sunstreams
9 Tell it All About Boys--Dolly Dots
10 Cheek to Cheek--Lowell George

Singles entering the chart were Quiereme Mucho by Julio Iglesias (#23); This is My Life (La Vita) by Shirley Bassey (#24); Lady Writer by Dire Straits (#33); Chuck E's in Love by Rickie Lee Jones (#36); and How Could this Go Wrong by Exile (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Bad Girls--Donna Summer (3rd week at #1)
2 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward
3 Good Times--Chic
4 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
5 Makin' It--David Naughton
6 Gold--John Stewart
6 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions
7 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick
8 Shine a Little Love--Electric Light Orchestra
9 When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook
10 The Main Event/Fight--Barbra Streisand

Singles entering the chart were Young Blood by Rickie Lee Jones (#74); Lady Writer by Dire Straits (#78); Totally Hot by Olivia Newton-John (#79); Got to Give in to Love by Bonnie Boyer (#80); Where were You When I was Falling in Love by Lobo (#81); Cruel to Be Kind by Nick Lowe (#82); Rise by Herb Alpert (#83); Why Leave Us Alone by Five Special (#84); Hey, St. Peter by Flash and the Pan (#85); Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough by Michael Jackson (#87); Rock and Roll Dancin' by the Beckmeier Brothers (#88); Children of the Sun by Billy Thorpe (#89); and In the Midnight Hour by Samantha Sang (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bad Girls--Donna Summer (2nd week at #1)
2 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward
3 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick
4 We are Family--Sister Sledge
5 Makin' It--David Naughton
6 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
7 Gold--John Stewart
8 Good Times--Chic
9 When You're in Love with a Beautiful Woman--Dr. Hook
10 Boogie Wonderland--Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions

Singles entering the chart were Don't Bring Me Down by Electric Light Orchestra (#48); Young Blood by Rickie Lee Jones (#75); Rise by Herb Alpert (#84); Where were You When I was Falling in Love by Lobo (#85); Lady Writer by Dire Straits (#86); Got to Give in to Love by Bonnie Boyer (#87); Gone, Gone, Gone by Bad Company (#88); Totally Hot by Olivia Newton-John (#90); and Why Leave Us Alone by Five Special (#97).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Ring My Bell--Anita Ward
2 Bad Girls--Donna Summer
3 You Take My Breath Away--Rex Smith
4 We are Family--Sister Sledge
5 The Logical Song--Supertramp
6 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick
7 Shine a Little Love--Electric Light Orchestra
8 Chuck E.'s in Love--Rickie Lee Jones
9 She Believes in Me--Kenny Rogers
10 Shadows in the Moonlight--Anne Murray

Singles entering the chart were The Devil Went Down to Georgia by the Charlie Daniels Band (#85); Going Through the Motions by Hot Chocolate (#87); H.A.P.P.Y. Radio by Edwin Starr (#93); You Angel You by Manfred Mann's Earth Band (#94); Hot Summer Nights by Night (#96); Lonesome Loser by Little River Band (#97); Get Up and Boogie by Freddie James (#98); Lovin', Touchin', Squeezin' by Journey (#99); and Girl of My Dreams by Bram Tchaikovsky (#100).

Died on this date
Charles Shadwell, 81
. U.K. orchestra conductor. Mr. Shadwell conducted the BBC Variety Orchestra from 1936-1954.

Don Miller, 77. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Miller played halfback at the University of Notre Dame from 1922-1924, averaging 6.8 yards per rush, 19.0 yards per pass reception, and scoring 22 touchdowns and 132 points. He was one of the "Four Horsemen" of the 1924 backfield, and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1970. He played professionally with the Hartford Blues (1925) and was backfield coach at Georgia Tech (1925-1928) and Ohio State (1929-1932) before becoming a lawyer in Cleveland.

Frederick Stafford, 51. Czechoslovakian-born actor. Mr. Stafford, born Friedrich Strobel von Stein, fled Czechoslovakia for Australia in 1949, and worked in the pharmaceutical industry before beginning his acting career in 1964. He appeared mainly in European movies such as The Battle of El Alamein (1969) and Eagles Over London (1969), but was best known for his starring role in Topaz (1969), directed by Alfred Hitchcock. Mr. Stafford returned to Australia in 1977 after 15 years in Europe, and was killed in a midair collision between two small planes over Switzerland.

Politics and government
Charan Singh, 77, having gained the support of a majority in Parliament, was sworn in as Prime Minister of India. He said that his government would "continue to follow the policy of nonalignment which will not lean on any superpower." Mr. Singh announced the formation of a 15-member cabinet that included members of his own Janata Party, the Congress Party, and the Socialist Party.

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein ordered the arrest of five members of the ruling Revolutionary Council on charges of conspiring against his regime.

Oddities
A Grade A egg dropped from the CN Tower observation deck in Toronto landed unbroken in a net cushioned by shaving cream and cotton.

Baseball
Dave Kingman hit a single followed by 3 consecutive solo home runs, but his Chicago Cubs still lost 6-4 to the New York Mets before 11,359 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The blows gave Mr. Kingman 35 home runs for the season and 5 homers in the last 2 games, tying a major league record.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored all their runs in the first 6 innings to take a 5-0 lead, and held on to defeat the Montreal Expos 5-3 before 36,661 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal, taking a 1/2-game lead over the Expos in the National League East Division pennant race.



Mike Phillips led off the top of the 9th inning with a triple and scored on a 1-out single by Lou Brock to break a 4-4 tie as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Philadelphia Phillies 5-4 before 40,063 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

Kurt Bevacqua singled home Paul Dade with the bases loaded and 2 out to climax a 2-run rally for the San Diego Padres as they edged the San Francisco Giants 4-3 before 22,815 fans at San Diego Stadium.

Dave Lemanczyk pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Bruce Robbins as the Toronto Blue Jays shut out the Detroit Tigers 3-0 before 30,131 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Mr. Robbins allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 6 innings, striking out 3 batters and walking none in his major league debut.

Dennis Eckersley (12-5) pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Ferguson Jenkins (10-8), who allowed 6 hits, as the Boston Red Sox edged the Texas Rangers 1-0 before 35,207 fans at Arlington Stadium. Butch Hobson doubled with 1 out in the 3rd inning and scored on a 2-out double by Jim Dwyer. The Rangers started the bottom of the 1st inning with singles by Johnny Grubb and Buddy Bell, but Al Oliver lined out to second baseman Jack Brohamer, who threw to first baseman Bob Watson to double off Mr. Bell; Mr. Watson then threw to Mr. Hobson at third base to retire Mr. Grubb to complete the Red Sox' third triple play of the season. Mr. Hobson made a bonehead play in the bottom of the 4th: with Richie Zisk on second base with 1 out, Larvell Blanks grounded to Mr. Hobson, who stepped on third base and flipped the ball to the Rangers' third base coach. However, there was no force play in effect, and with Mr. Zisk staying at second base, Mr. Blanks was safe at first base on the error by Mr. Hobson. Jim Sundberg flied out to center field to end the inning.

The Cleveland Indians scored 7 runs in the top of the 8th inning and withstood a 3-run rally in the bottom of the inning as they defeated the Chicago White Sox 10-5 before 14,466 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

25 years ago
1984

Diplomacy

The U.S.A. sent a new draft for a joint statement on proposed talks with the U.S.S.R. on banning space weapons to Moscow.

Olympics
U.S. President Ronald Reagan officially opened the Games of the XXIII Olympiad at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Gina Hemphill, granddaughter of 1936 Olympics star Jesse Owens, circled the track with the torch, and Rafer Johnson, the 1960 decathlon champion, lit the flame.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (3-1) 42 @ Hamilton (1-3-1) 20
Montreal (1-3) 7 @ British Columbia (3-1) 22

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Das Omen (Teil I)--Mysterious Art (5th week at #1)

World events
Israeli commandos abducted Sheik Abdul Karim Obeid, a spiritual leader of the Party of God, a Shiite Muslim group in southern Lebanon. An Israeli army statement said that Sheik Obeid had been "arrested" for planning attacks against Israel.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-0) 34 @ Saskatchewan (2-1) 17

The game at Taylor Field in Regina was interrupted by a thunderstorm which knocked out power and caused a lengthy delay.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Trygve Haavelmo, 87
. Norwegian econometrician. Dr. Haavelmo was awarded the 1989 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his clarification of the probability theory foundations of econometrics and his analyses of simultaneous economic structures."

Economics and finance
Nearly 100 countries and international organizations and agencies pledged $2.1 billion ($500 million from the U.S.A.) to assist the breakaway Yugoslavian province of Kosovo.

Football
NFL
Barry Sanders announced his retirement after a brilliant 10-year career as a running back with the Detroit Lions. He was only 1,457 yards short of breaking Walter Payton’s NFL career rushing record of 16,726 yards. Mr. Sanders won the Heisman Trophy as the outstanding player in U.S. college football in 1988 while playing for Oklahoma State, and was the National Football League’s Most Valuable Player in 1997.