Tuesday, 30 October 2018

October 30, 2018

800 years ago
1218


Born on this date
Chūkyō
. Emperor of Japan, 1221. Chūkyō, born Kanenari-shinnō, acceded to the throne as the age of 2 following the deposition of his father Emperor Juntoku. Chūkyō was Emperor for only two months before being dethroned and replaced by his first cousin once removed Emperor Go-Horikawa. Chūkyō died at the age of 15 on June 18, 1234.

350 years ago
1668


Born on this date
Sophia Charlotte of Hanover
. Queen consort in Prussia, 1701-1705. Sophia Charlotte, the younger sister of King George I of Great Britain, married Frederick of Hohenzollern in 1684, and became Queen in Prussia, with Frederick I as King, when Brandenburg-Prussia was elevated to a kingdom in 1701. She preferred to live apart from her husband, and died of pneumonia on February 1, 1705 at the age of 36.

130 years ago
1888


Africana
The Rudd Concession was granted by Matabeleland to agents of Cecil Rhodes.

125 years ago
1893


Born on this date
Roland Freisler
. German lawyer and judge. Mr. Freisler, who joined the Nazi Party in 1925, was State Secretary of the Reich Ministry of Justice and President of the Volksgerichtshof (People's Court) from 1942-1945. The court operated outside constitutional authority and conducted show trials of those who were accused of political actions against the regime of Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. Mr. Freisler was conducting a session of the Volksgerichtshof when he was killed in an Allied bombing raid on Berlin on February 3, 1945 at the age of 51.

Died on this date
John Abbott, 72
. Prime Minister of Canada, 1891-1892. Sir John, a corporate lawyer from Montreal and a Conservative, was a member of Parliament from 1860-1874 and 1880-1887 and the government leader in the Senate from 1887 until his death. When Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald died in office on June 6, 1891, Mr. Abbott supported Justice Minister Sir John Thompson to succeed Mr. Macdonald, but Mr. Thompson was a Roman Catholic, and anti-Catholic sentiment led Mr. Abbott to reluctantly agree to assume the office of Prime Minister, becoming the first man to hold the position while sitting in the Senate. He resigned as Prime Minister because of ill health on December 5, 1892 and was replaced by Mr. Thompson.

100 years ago
1918


War
The Ottoman Empire signed the Armistice of Mudros with the Allies, ending the hostilities in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I, and paving the way for the occupation of Constantinople and the subsequent partitioning of the Ottoman Empire.

Europeana
The Republic of Czechoslovakia was proclaimed, with Tomas Masaryk as President, Eduard Benes as Foreign Minister, and Milan Stefanik as Minister of War.

Disasters
The patrol vessel HMCS Galiano foundered at Cape St. James, British Columbia, south of the Queen Charlotte Islands, due to leaks in a southwest gale, becoming the only Canadian naval vessel lost in World War I.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Robert Lansing, 64
. U.S. politician. Mr. Lansing, a Democrat, was U.S. Secretary of State in the administration of President Woodrow Wilson from 1915-1920. He replaced William Jennings Bryan, who was opposed to American entry into World War I. Mr. Lansing originally advocated a policy of "benevolent neutrality," but increasingly supported the Allied cause. He was the nominal head of the U.S. Commission to the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, but fell out of favour with Mr. Wilson because of differing views on the importance of the League of Nations. Mr. Lansing died of heart trouble.

Politics and government
The Cuyahoga County Board of Elections in Ohio was dismissed summarily from office in Cleveland for alleged malfeasance in office.

80 years ago
1938


On the radio
Mercury Theatre on the Air, starring Orson Welles
Tonight's episode: The War of the Worlds

Many listeners thought the program was an actual live news broadcast, and the ensuing panic made this the most famous fictional broadcast in radio history. For more information, see The War of the Worlds Invasion. For the reaction in Toronto, see The War of the Welles.









75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Pistol Packin' Mama--Al Dexter and his Troopers

Died on this date
Max Reinhardt, 70
. Austro-Hungarian born theatre and film director. Mr. Reinhardt, born Maximilian Goldmann, spent much of his life in Berlin as one of Germany's most innovative theatre directors, while also directing silent movies. He fled the country in 1938, moving first to the United Kingdom and then to the United States, where he continued working in theatre and cinema, and became an American citizen. Mr. Reinhardt's best-known film was A Midsummer Night's Dream (1935).

War
The Soviet Red Army reached the northeastern entrance to Crimea by capturing Genichesk in a rapid sweep through the Nogaisk Steppe that threatened to bottle up the German forces in Crimea. Allied forces advanced up to three miles at several points on the southwestern German line in Italy, taking Nocelleto.

Diplomacy
The U.S., U.K., and U.S.S.R. foreign ministers agreed secretly in Moscow that Germany would be stripped of all territory acquired since 1938.

Transportation
Guatemalan President Jorge Ubico ordered the seizure of the German-owned Verapaz Railway.

Hockey
NHL
New York 2 @ Toronto 5

Toronto Maple Leafs' rookie Gus Bodnar scored 15 seconds into his first NHL game, at Maple Leaf Gardens. Mr. Bodnar's goal remains the league record for the fastest goal from the start of a career.

Football
WCASRFL
Winnipeg RCAF (6-0) 11 Winnipeg United Services (1-5) 0

Dave Greenberg and Sammy Lavitt scored touchdowns and Ches McCance added a convert as the Bombers blanked United Services at Osborne Stadium to end the regular season.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting (5th week at #1)
2 It's Magic--Doris Day
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--Gordon MacRae
3 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
4 Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys
--The Dinning Sisters
5 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
6 My Happiness--The Pied Pipers
--Ella Fitzgerald
--Jon and Sondra Steele
7 Underneath the Arches--Primo Scala's Banjo and Accordion Orchestra with the Keynotes
--The Andrews Sisters
8 Cool Water--Vaughn Monroe and the Sons of the Pioneers
9 You Call Everybody Darlin'--Al Trace and the Revelers
--The Andrews Sisters
10 Until--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were the version of Buttons and Bows by the Dinning Sisters; Bella Bella Marie, with versions by Larry Green and his Orchestra; and the Andrews Sisters; P.S. I Love You by Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#34); One Has My Name (The Other Has My Heart) by Jimmy Wakely (#35); Bouquet of Roses by Eddy Arnold (#36); The Click Song by Tony Pastor and his Orchestra (#38); Green-Up Time by Buddy Clark (#39); and Kee-Mo Ky-Mo (The Magic Song) by the King Cole Trio (#40).

War
Israeli forces opened a drive to capture the Gallilee from Fawzi el-Kawukji's Palestinian Arab Army.

Chinese Nationalist forces reported the loss of Mukden to the Communists, leaving the government in control only of the southern coastal section of Manchuria.

Politics and government
General Manuel Odria became the head of a military junta in Peru, promising to retire after the election of a "truly democratic government."

Society
A U.S. Army transport ship landed in New York with 813 European refugees, the first to arrive in the United States under the Displaced Persons Admission Act of 1948.

Protest
Tennessee Governor Jim McCord called out the National Guard to protect Loudon Sheriff Henry McDonald from angry mountaineers., following the October 22 death of country singer Ray Brewster, 26, who had been killed in a car accident while fleeing Sheriff McDonald, who had a warrant for Mr. Brewster's arrest on a larceny charge.

Religion
The American Council of Christian Churches, representing 15 fundamentalist Protestant denominations, concluded a three-day convention in Philadelphia after denouncing the World Council of Churches as a "co-operating front for world socialism," and urging a "complete and frank showdown with Russia."

Business
RKO agreed to separate its film production and distribution from its theatre holdings in compliance with a Justice Department antitrust suit. Howard Hughes became a member of the company's board of directors.

A U.S. federal district court in Toledo approved an out-of-court antitrust settlement ordering the dissolution of the National Glass Distributors Association and banning restraint of trade practices by the Libby-Owens-Ford, Pittsburgh Plate Glass, American Window Glass plate Fourco Glass companies.

Labour
Non-Communist French coal miners resumed work after accepting government terms for settlement of the coal strike, including a 15%-25% pay raise and increased family benefits. Miners belonging to the Communist-led General Confederation of Labour remained on strike.

Football
IRFU
Toronto (5-5-1) 24 @ Montreal (6-5) 1
Hamilton (1-9-1) 5 @ Ottawa (9-2) 18

WIFU
Saskatchewan (3-9) 16 @ Winnipeg (3-9) 7

Sully Glasser, Ken Charlton, and Del Wardien scored touchdowns for the Roughriders and Gabe Patterson added a convert as they beat the Blue Bombers at Osborne Stadium to take the second and last playoff spot in the Western Interprovincial Football Union. Joe Turner scored the Winnipeg touchdown, converted by Don Hiney, with Bob Sandberg adding a single. Mr. Hiney's convert remains the most recent successful drop kick in Canadian senior-level football to date. The Rough Riders and Blue Bombers played each other 6 times in 1948, with each team winning 3 games; Saskatchewan outscored Winnipeg 94-59 in those games, breaking the tie for second place. The Blue Bombers ended the season with five straight losses.

60 years ago
1958


Defense
In a note to the U.K. and U.S.A., the U.S.S.R. agreed to join in Geneva discussions on the suspension of nuclear weapons tests. U.S. State Department spokesman Lincoln White confirmed that the United States was ready to permit European manufacture of U.S. tactical missiles, including the air-to-air Sidewinder and ground-to-air Hawk.

Protest
A court in Johannesburg withdrew charges against 900 African women arrested in recent demonstrations against the extension of racial pass requirements. South African police used clubs and tear gas to disperse 500 Africans demonstrating outside the courthouse.

Medicine
The 1958 Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to U.S. geneticists Joshua Lederberg, George Beadle, and Edward Tatum for research with bacteria in developing methods for the study of genetic mechanisms and the discovery that genes transmit hereditary characteristics by controlling chemical reactions.

Disasters
Rescue workers brought 12 more men out of the coal mine at Springhill, Nova Scotia.

Football
ORFU
Semi-Final
Kitchener-Waterloo 31 @ London 29

Royal Bailey, Bernie Custis, Dave West, and Tom Mooney scored touchdowns for the Dutchmen as they edged the Lords at Labatt Park. Mike Norcia added 2 converts, a single, a field goal, and a single, while Bob Celeri punted for a single. Gerry Thompkins scored 2 touchdowns for the Lords, with Tom Timbrell scoring a touchdown and Al Pfeifer scoring a touchdown and 3 converts in his last game. Mr. Van Kleek completed the London scoring with a safety touch.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (6th week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (4th week at #1)
2 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
4 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
5 Mary, Mary/What am I Doing Hangin' 'Round--The Monkees
6 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
7 I've Gotta Get a Message to You/Kitty Can--The Bee Gees
8 Help Yourself--Tom Jones
9 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
10 I Say a Little Prayer/The House that Jack Built--Aretha Franklin

Singles entering the chart were Les Bicyclettes de Belsize by Engelbert Humperdinck (#29); Elenore/Surfer Dan by the Turtles (#35); Sweet Blindness by the 5th Dimension (#39); and Little Arrows by the Dixie Bells (#40).

Died on this date
Rose Wilder Lane, 81
. U.S. writer and political theorist. Mrs. Lane, the daughter of authoress Laura Ingalls Wilder, wrote fiction and non-fiction, and collaborated with her mother on her Little House novels. Mrs. Lane spent her later years as a prominent supporter of libertarianism. She died in her sleep just before she was to begin a three-year world tour.

Conrad Richter, 78. U.S. author. Mr. Richter was mainly known for his novels about the American frontier. The Town (1951) won the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, while The Light in the Forest (1953) is probably his best-known work. Mr. Richter died 17 days after his 78th birthday.

Ramon Novarro, 69. Mexican-born U.S. actor. Mr. Novarro, born Jose Ramón Gil Samaniego, began his movie career in Hollywood in 1917, and became a star in the 1920s in films such as Scaramouche (1923) and Ben-Hur (1925). He was a drunkard and sodomite, and was murdered by homosexual prostitute brothers Paul Ferguson, 22, and Tom Ferguson, 17, who called him and offered their sexual services. Mr. Novarro invited them to his home; the brothers believed that he had a large amount of money hidden in his house, and beat and tortured him in an effort to make him say where it was. They had to settle for taking $20 from Mr. Novarro's bathrobe pocket, and he died of asphyxiation from choking on his vomit after being beaten.

Malcolm Hale, 27. U.S. musician. Mr. Hale played lead guitar and trombone with the pop music group Spanky and Our Gang, and arranged many of the group's recordings. He was found dead in his Chicago apartment; the cause of death was originally reported as bronchial pneumonia, but in later years it was said to be carbon monoxide poisoning from a bad heating system.

Music
Frank Sinatra recorded the song My Way in Los Angeles.

Space
The U.S.S.R. spacecraft Soyuz 3, with Georgy Beregovoy as Pilot, landed in snow near Karaganda, Kazakhstan to complete its four-day mission.

Europeana
A law signed in Bratislava created a two-state system in Czechoslovakia, with the state of Bohemia and Moravia in the west and a Slovak state in the southeastern part of the country.

Golf
Chi Chi Rodriguez won the Sahara Invitation Tournament in Las Vegas in a playoff after posting a 4-round score of 274. First prize money was $20,000.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (8-7-1) 20 @ Saskatchewan (11-3-1) 34

George Reed rushed for 140 yards and 4 touchdowns to lead the Roughriders over the Eskimos before 17,048 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Jim Thomas and Thermus Butler rushed for Edmonton touchdowns, with Peter Kempf adding 2 converts and 2 field goals.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Three Times a Lady--Commodores

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Tomei Ningen--Pink Lady (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)

Crime
Valdik Enger and Rudolf Chernayev, former Soviet employees of the United Nations who had been arrested in May 1978 and convicted of espionage for trying to buy U.S. military secrets, were sentenced by a U.S. court in Newark to 50 years each in prison.

Protest
Major demonstrations continued throughout Iran, as Muslim leaders protested Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi's modernization programs.

Economics and finance
The U.S. dollar concluded six days of decline by plunging to record lows against the Japanese yen and West German mark, with dollar purchases of over $2 billion by central banks in Tokyo, Europe, and New York succeeding only in keeping the dollar from falling further.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Desire--U2 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins

Died on this date
T. Hee, 77
. U.S. animator. Thornton Hee worked in film, and later, television from the 1930s through the 1960s. He was best known for directing the Dance of the Hours segment of the Walt Disney movie Fantasia (1940).

Business
Philip Morris purchased Kraft for $13.1 billion to create one of the largest corporate mergers ever. The combined company, marketing cigarettes, beer, coffee, spaghetti, cheese, ice cream, margarine, and other foods, would be the world's largest producer of consumer goods.

Football
CFL
Toronto (13-4) 22 @ Winnipeg (9-8) 16
Saskatchewan (10-7) 22 @ Calgary (6-11) 28

The Argonauts scored 2 early touchdowns on short drives and held on to defeat the Blue Bombers at Winnipeg Stadium. Lee Morris, playing his first CFL game, was impressive as a Toronto wide receiver.

Mark McLoughlin kicked 5 field goals and a convert to help the Stampeders beat the Roughriders before 18,863 fans at McMahon Stadium.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat

#1 single in Italy: Living on My Own--Freddie Mercury (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Living on My Own--Freddie Mercury (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Living on My Own (1993)--Freddie Mercury (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): The Key: The Secret--Urban Cookie Collective

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Dreamlover--Mariah Carey (8th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Just Kickin' It--Xscape
2 I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf
3 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey
4 All That She Wants--Ace of Base
5 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
6 Hey Mr. D.J.--Zhane
7 Anniversary--Tony Toni Tone
8 Again--Janet Jackson
9 What is Love--Haddaway
10 Two Steps Behind--Def Leppard

Singles entering the chart were Again; Gansta Lean by D.R.S. (#47); Hero by Mariah Carey (#49); Please Forgive Me by Bryan Adams (#53); Never Should've Let You Go by High-Five (#59); Jessie by Joshua Kadison (#63); Dreams by Gabrielle (#64); Indo Smoke by Mista Grimm (#67); Higher Ground by UB40 (#69); Both Sides of the Story by Phil Collins (#71); Paying the Price of Love by the Bee Gees (72); Push the Feeling On by the Nightcrawlers (#73); Fields of Gray by Bruce Hornsby (#75); Jimmy Olsen's Blues by Spin Doctors (#76); Method Man by Wu-Tang Clan (#77); I'm a Player by Too Short (#78); Never Keeping Secrets by Babyface (#79); (I Know I Got) Skillz by Shaquille O'Neal (#81); and Why Must We Wait Until Tonight? by Tina Turner (#83).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf
2 No Rain--Blind Melon
3 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey
4 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
5 Two Steps Behind--Def Leppard
6 Human Wheels--John Mellencamp
7 Reason to Believe--Rod Stewart
8 Hopelessly--Rick Astley
9 When There's Time (For Love)--Lawrence Gowan
10 Nothing 'Bout Me--Sting

Singles entering the chart were Both Sides of the Story by Phil Collins (#59); Serious by Sheree Jeacocke (#73); Baby Come on Home by Led Zeppelin (#74); The Gift by INXS (#80); and Go West by Pet Shop Boys (#86).

Terrorism
Three members of the Ulster Defence Association opened fire in a crowded pub in Greysteel, Northern Ireland during a Halloween party, killing eight civilians--six Roman Catholics and two Protestants--and wounding 19.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 5 Toronto 2

The Maple Leafs' loss to the Canadiens in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast was their first of the season after starting the season with 10 straight wins.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (13-4) 36 @ Ottawa (3-14) 16
Sacramento (5-12) 8 @ Calgary (15-2) 41

Sammy Garza, replacing injured Matt Dunigan at quarterback, threw touchdown passes to David Williams, Gerald Wilcox, and Michael Richardson as the Blue Bombers beat the Rough Riders before 19,240 fans at Frank Clair Stadium. Troy Westwood added 3 converts and 5 field goals to complete the Winnipeg scoring. Tom Burgess completed a 28-yard pass to Jock Climie in the 3rd quarter for the only Ottawa touchdown. Paul McCallum converted and added 3 field goals.

Doug Flutie threw touchdown passes to Will Moore and Dave Sapunjis, and Steve Taylor also completed a touchdown pass to Mr. Moore and rushed for a TD of his own as the Stampeders routed the Gold Miners before 26,015 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mr. Sapunjis became the first Canadian player to record 100 pass receptions in a single season. Mark McLoughlin converted all 4 Calgary touchdowns and added 4 field goals and a single on the opening kickoff. Mike Pringle scored the only Sacramento touchdown on a 1-yard pass from David Archer in the 2nd quarter. Jim Crouch converted, and Pete Gardere punted for a single for the Gold Miners' other point.

20 years ago
1998


Business
Loblaws announced that it would buy Provigo, Quebec's biggest grocery store chain, in a $1.62-billion deal.

Football
CFL
Toronto (9-9) 12 @ Winnipeg (3-15) 31

Jay Walker, playing what turned out to be his final CFL game, threw 2 touchdown passes to Milt Stegall, while Troy Westwood added 2 converts and 5 field goals to help the Blue Bombers beat the Argonauts before 16,205 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. It was the final game for Gary Hoffman as Winnipeg's head coach.

10 years ago
2008


Politics and government
Leona Aglukkaq was sworn in as Canadian Minister of Health in the cabinet of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, becoming the first Inuk to be appointed to the federal cabinet.

Transportation
Marcelo Da Luz set a world distance record in a solar-powered vehicle, completing a 15,000-kilometre journey across Canada and back in his single "Power of One" solar car in 140 days.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (12-6) 45 @ Toronto (4-14) 38

The Roughriders, trailing 31-17 after 3 quarters, outscored the Argonauts 28-7 in the 4th quarter, and Neal Hughes rushed 2 yards for a touchdown with 12 seconds remaining to give Saskatchewan the victory before 28,654 fans at Rogers Centre. The game marked the end of the Hall of Fame coaching career of Don Matthews, who was 0-8 in his third term as Toronto's head coach, and lost 14 of his last 15 games.

October 29, 2018

750 years ago
1268


Died on this date
Conradin, 16
. King of Jerusalem and Sicily; Duke of Swabia, 1254-1268. Conradin succeeded his father Conrad IV of Germany. He and his best friend, Frederick I, Margrave of Baden, 19, were captured by Charles I of Sicily and executed. Conradin's death marked the end of the legitimate house of Hohenstaufen.

400 years ago
1618


Died on this date
Walter Raleigh, 64-66 (?)
. English explorer, military officer, and politician. Sir Walter was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I in 1585 and led expeditions to South America--searching for El Dorado, the legendary "City of Gold"--while financing expeditions to North America. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London for several years after secretly marrying, without Queen Elizabeth's permission, one of her ladies-in-waiting. Sir Walter eventually returned to favour, serving as a rear admiral in fighting against the Spanish armada, leading further expeditions, and representing three counties in Parliament. He was convicted of treason in 1603 for participating in the Main Plot to remove King James I from the throne, but his death sentence was commuted, and he was imprisoned in the Tower of London until 1616. After he was freed, Sir Walter led another expedition to South America, but a ship under the command of his friend Lawrence Keymis disobeyed the orders of both Sir Walter and King James and fired on a Spanish outpost on the Orinoco River. To appease Spanish demands, Sir Walter's death sentence was reinstated and he was beheaded at the Palace of Westminster. His execution was regarded by many as unjust. Sir Walter has been credited with popularizing the use of tobacco in England, and was a noted poet.

360 years ago
1658


War
Naval forces of the Dutch Republic defeated Swedish forces in the Battle of the Sound.

130 years ago
1888


Diplomacy
The Convention of Constantinople was signed, guaranteeing free maritime passage through the Suez Canal during war and peace.

120 years ago
1898


Football
ORFU
Ottawa (4-0) 15 @ Hamilton (2-2) 8
Osgoode Hall (2-2) 17 @ Toronto (0-4) 8

110 years ago
1908


Olympics
Ulrich Salchow of Sweden won the first Olympic gold medal in figure skating at the Summer Olympic Games in London. The competition was part of the Summer Olympics because the Winter Olympics were not established until 1924.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Baby Peggy!
The last living star from the era of silent films, Peggy-Jean Montgomery, now known as Diana Serra Cary, made over 150 short films as a child in the early 1920s. Like most child stars of that time, she was poorly paid and found it difficult to find work in later years. Mrs. Cary eventually achieved success as a movie historian.

Bernard Gordon. U.S. screenwriter. Mr. Gordon wrote screenplays for movies such as Flesh and Fury (1952); Earth vs. the Flying Saucers (1955); and 55 Days at Peking (1963). He was blacklisted in the 1950s as a suspected Communist, but continued to write screenplays either under the pseudonym Raymond T. Marcus or using Philip Yordan as a front. Mr. Gordon died on May 11, 2007 at the age of 88.

War
The German High Seas Fleet was incapacitated when sailors mutinied on the night of October 29th-30th, an action which triggered the German Revolution of 1918–1919.

90 years ago
1928


Aviation
The German dirigible Graf Zeppelin, commanded by Hugo Eckener, took off from Lakehurst, New Jersey at 1:55 A.M. to begin her return flight to Friedrichshafen. The airship dodged squalls and rain, and was off Newfoundland by dusk. Clarence Terhune, 19, a golf caddy from St. Louis, was discovered as a stowaway.

80 years ago
1938


Football
IRFU
Hamilton (2-2) 13 @ Montreal (0-4) 9
Toronto (3-1) 13 @ Ottawa (3-1) 15

WIFU
Semi-Final
Regina 0 @ Winnipeg 13

ORFU
Sarnia (1-1-2) 6 @ Montreal (2-0-2) 6
Peterborough (1-3) 3 @ Toronto (2-2) 30

Greg Kabat kicked field goals of 45 and 25 yards and converted Fritz Hanson's 5-yard touchdown run in the 4th quarter as the Blue Bombers shut out the Roughriders before a capacity crowd of 6,200 at Osborne Stadium.

Canadian university
McGill (4-0) 9 @ Queen's (0-4) 1
Western Ontario (2-2) 7 @ Toronto (2-2) 8

WCIRU
Saskatchewan (2-3) 13 @ Alberta (0-3) 11

Ross Pinder threw touchdown passes to Neil McLeod in the 1st quarter and Skipper Hall in the 3rd quarter, and kicked a field goal in the 4th quarter to provide the winning margin as the Huskies held on to defeat the Golden Bears at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Dave McKay rushed for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter to tie the score 5-5; with Saskatchewan leading 13-5 in the 4th quarter, Mickey McMillan rushed for the second Alberta TD, converted by Lloyd Wilson.

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet forces driving northwest from Melitopol seized Bolshaya Belozerka, 25 miles southeast of the Dnieper River. Allied forces in Italy took Mandragone, the Tyrrhenian Sea anchor of the German defense line. Japanese troops in the Treasury Islands continued to withdraw northward toward Malsi on Mono Island.

Diplomacy
Chilean President Juan Antonio Rios accepted U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's invitation to visit the United States sometime in the future.

70 years ago
1948


War
Israeli soldiers captured the Palestinian village of Safsaf in the Galilee; afterward, 52-64 villagers were massacred by the Israeli Defense Forces.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman ordered U.S. representatives at the United Nations to oppose British and Chinese proposals for sanctions against Israel if the Jews refused to give up recent gains in the Negev desert.

World events
Peruvian President Jose Luis Bustmante y Rivero was overthrown by a military coup led by General Manuel Odria.

The Greek government imposed martial law on the entire country as government forces and guerrillas battled indecisively in the Vitsi mountain area.

Defense
U.S. Army Secretary Kenneth Royall announced a reorganization of the top command, creating the post of vice chief of staff, to be filled by General J. Lawton Collins. Generals Wade Haislip and Albert Wedemeyer became new deputy chiefs of staff.

Journalism
An Editor and Publisher survey reported that 65% of American daily newspapers supported Republican Party candidate Thomas Dewey and 15% supported President Harry Truman in the 1948 U.S. presidential election four days hence.

Economics and finance
The British government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee proposed a steel nationalization bill bringing 107 iron and steel firms under state control by mid-1950.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Maritime Engineers Beneficial Association signed an agreement with the Pacific American Shipowners Association calling for a 5.3% wage increase, the first break in the 57-day West Coast dockworkers strike.

Boxing
Sandy Saddler (87-6-2) knocked defending champion Willie Pep (134-2-1) down twice in the 3rd round and then out at 2:38 of the 4th round to win the world featherweight title at Madison Square Garden in New York. It was the first time Mr. Pep had ever been knocked out.

60 years ago
1958


Defense
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization Permanent Council abandoned efforts to arrange British-Greek-Turkish talks on the Cyprus dispute.

Withdrawal of 2,000 U.K. paratroops from Jordan was completed by a Royal Air Force airlift to Cyprus.

Politics and government
General Ne Win took office as Prime Minister of Burma, heading a 10-member cabinet.

Martin Pederson, a farmer from the Hawarden area, was elected leader of the Saskatchewan Progressive Conservative Party.

A U.S. district court in Montgomery, Alabama upheld state legislation putting all predominantly Negro areas outside the borders of Tuskegee, depriving most of the city's Negro voters of a voice in the city government.

Literature
Boris Pasternak wired the Swedish Academy that "in view of the meaning" given to his Nobel Prize in Literature "in the community to which I belong," he must convey his "voluntary refusal" to accept the prize. U.S.S.R. officials and propaganda agencies launched a campaign for expulsion of Mr. Pasternak from Russia.

Disasters
Rescue workers in Springhill, Nova Scotia found 12 more coal miners alive after an underground coal gas explosion and rock surge in the Number Two Cumberland mine; 7 more were brought out on November 1, but 74 died in the deepest coal mine in North America. The last body was recovered November 6, 1958 from the 3,960-metre depth.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Syrian President Nur al-Din-al-Atasi also took office as Prime Minister, replacing Yusuf Zuayan.

Dr. Gaston Tremblay quit the Union Nationale to sit as an independent member of the Québec National Assembly.

Boxing
Stanley Hayward (27-3-3) won a 10-round split decision over former world champion Emile Griffith (57-9) in a middleweight bout at the Spectrum in Philadelphia.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Kiss You All Over--Exile (3rd week at #1)

Hockey
NHL
New York Rangers 3 Pittsburgh 2
Vancouver 5 @ Philadelphia 2
Montreal 1 @ Chicago 4

Ivan Boldirev scored 2 goals to help the Black Hawks defeat the Canadiens at Chicago Stadium.

WHA
Quebec 6 @ Edmonton 2
Cincinnati 7 New England 4
Indianapolis 3 Winnipeg 3

Real Cloutier scored 2 goals and 3 assists, while Marc Tardif added 2 goals and Chris Bordeleau and Curt Brackenbury added 1 each to help the Nordiques beat the Oilers before 10,231 fans at Northlands Coliseum. Steve Carlson and Joe Micheletti scored the Edmonton goals.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (6-7-2) 31 @ Toronto (4-11) 15
Calgary (8-4-3) 28 @ Winnipeg (9-6) 24
Saskatchewan (4-11-1) 36 @ Edmonton (10-3-2) 26

Larry Key rushed 20 times for 89 yards and a touchdown to go over 1,000 yards for the season, helping the Lions defeat the Argonauts before 40,120 fans at Exhibition Stadium. Teammate John Henry White rushed 10 times for 85 yards and a touchdown, and caught 4 passes for 56 yards, while quarterback Gary Keithley rushed 1 yard for the other B.C. TD. Toronto quarterback Seth White rushed 1 yard for the first Argonaut touchdown and completed a 24-yard TD pass to M.L. Harris with 2:37 remaining in the game.

James Sykes rushed 20 times for 109 yards and 2 touchdowns and caught 1 pass for 44 yards, while Willie Burden carried 18 times for 92 yards and caught 2 passes for 16 yards to help the Stampeders defeat the Blue Bombers before 26,781 fans on a windy day at Winnipeg Stadium. Ken Johnson completed a 24-yard pass to Tom Forzani for the other Calgary touchdown. Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock completed 21 of 33 passes for 62 yards and 3 touchdowns--2 to Mike Holmes and the other to Gord Paterson, while Jim Washington rushed 18 times for 107 yards. A late Winnipeg drive ended at the Calgary 38-yard line. Mr. Sykes went over 1,000 yards rushing for the season.

Ron Lancaster, in the last game of his 19-year Hall of Fame Canadian Football League career and his only game at Commonwealth Stadium as a player, entered the game with 10 minutes remaining and the Roughriders trailing the Eskimos 26-20 before 42,673 fans. He passed 9 yards to Joey Walters for a touchdown with 7:11 remaining, and then rushed 1 yard for a TD of his own with 2:21 remaining. Starting Saskatchewan quarterback Larry Dick completed 2 touchdown passes in the last 2:10 of the 1st half--41 yards to Rod Parker, and 17 yards to Mr. Walters. Jim Germany rushed for the first 2 Edmonton touchdowns, while Warren Moon threw 22 yards to Stu Lang for the other Edmonton TD. Edmonton running back Pat McNeil rushed 8 times for 31 yards in his first CFL game. It was also the last game in the 11-year Hall of Fame career of Saskatchewan defensive end Bill Baker, and the last game for Walt Posadowski as head coach of the Roughriders. He was replaced by Mr. Lancaster several days later. The Eskimos honoured Jackie Parker at halftime for his achievement of being named the greatest player in the 25-year history of the Schenley Awards.

NFL
Baltimore (3-6) 8 @ Miami (6-3) 26
New York Jets (5-4) 21 @ New England (7-2) 55
San Francisco 20 @ Washington (7-2) 38
St. Louis (1-8) 16 @ Philadelphia (4-5) 10
Kansas City 24 @ Pittsburgh (8-1) 27
Detroit (3-6) 21 @ Chicago (3-6) 17
Cincinnati (1-8) 28 @ Houston (5-4) 13
Denver (6-3) 20 @ Seattle (4-5) 17 (OT)
San Diego (3-6) 27 @ Oakland (5-4) 23
Cleveland 41 Buffalo 20
New Orleans 28 New York Giants 17
Green Bay 9 Tampa Bay 7

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Desire--U2 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Teardrops--Womack & Womack (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Amor de mis amores--Paco

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Orinoco Flow--Enya (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Orinoco Flow--Enya

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 Wild, Wild West--Escape Club
3 Kokomo--The Beach Boys
4 What's on Your Mind (Pure Energy)--Information Society
5 Don't You Know What the Night Can Do?--Steve Winwood
6 Bad Medicine--Bon Jovi
7 The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue
8 One Moment in Time--Whitney Houston
9 Don't Be Cruel--Bobby Brown
10 Never Tear Us Apart--INXS

Singles entering the chart were Every Rose Has its Thorn by Poison (#60); Girls Ain't Nothing But Trouble by D.J. Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince (#78); Rock & Roll Strategy by Thirty Eight Special (#80); Hippy Hippy Shake by the Georgia Satellites (#82); The Lover in Me by Sheena Easton (#85); Wild World by Maxi Priest (#86); Got a New Love by Good Question (#88); Litte Liar by Joan Jett & the Blackhearts (#89); Thanks for My Child by Cheryl Pepsii Riley (#91); and Peek-A-Boo by Siouxsee and the Banshees (#94). Hippy Hippy Shake was from the movie Cocktail (1988).

Football
CFL
Hamilton (9-8) 23 @ Ottawa (2-15) 15
Edmonton (10-7) 16 @ British Columbia (9-8) 51

Martin Sartin rushed 1 yard for a touchdown and caught a 24-yard pass from Tom Porras for another TD to help the Tiger-Cats defeat the Rough Riders before 16,402 fans at Lansdowne Park. Ottawa running back Orville Lee went over 1,000 yards rushing for the season.

The Lions rolled up 543 yards in net offense, while forcing 5 turnovers and restricting the Edmonton offense to 179 yards as they embarrassed the Eskimos before 32,334 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Edmonton cornerback Steve Benjamin opened the scoring in the 1st quarter with an interception return for a touchdown. Former Calgary Stampeder quarterback Rick Worman, seeing his first game action in an Edmonton uniform, threw a pass to Jim Sandusky late in the game for the Eskimos' only offensive touchdown. It was the only CFL game for Edmonton defensive back Darryl Gaines.

CIAU
Alberta (1-7) 36 @ Manitoba (1-7) 33

Alberta running back Tom Houg reached 1,000 yards rushing for the season as the Golden Bears edged the Bisons at Pan-Am Stadium in Winnipeg to end the season. The Bisons' only win had been in Edmonton by a 21-17 score early in the season, so they were ahead on total points 54-53 and avoided finishing in last place in the WIFL.

25 years ago
1993


Football
CFL
Edmonton (11-6) 54 @ British Columbia (10-7) 14

Damon Allen threw touchdown passes to Eddie Brown and Jim Sandusky and rushed for 2 touchdowns of his own to lead the Eskimos to a rout of the Lions before 35,674 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Robert Holland scored the other Edmonton touchdown on a 34-yard interception return. Sean Fleming added 5 converts, 6 field goals, and a single. Cory Philpot rushed for both B.C. touchdowns, both converted by Lui Passaglia. The Eskimos led 30-7 at halftime.

20 years ago
1998


Space
The U.S. space shuttle Discovery blasted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin the 10-day mission STS-95. The seven-member crew was commanded by Curtis Brown and included John Glenn, who was making his first space flight since Mercury-Atlas 6 on February 20, 1962, and who, at 77, became the oldest person yet to go into space.

Television
ATSC HDTV broadcasting in the United States was inaugurated with the launch of the STS-95 space shuttle mission.

World events
The long-awaited report by South Africa's Truth and Reconciliation Commission was presented, accusing leading figures from across the political spectrum of human rights violations.

Terrorism
While en route from Adana to Ankara, a Turkish Airlines flight with a crew of 6 and 33 passengers was hijacked by a Kurdish militant, who ordered the pilot to fly to Switzerland. The plane instead landed in Ankara after the pilot tricked the hijacker into thinking that he was landing in the Bulgarian capital of Sofia to refuel.

Disasters
Hurricane Mitch, the second deadliest Atlantic hurricane in history, made landfall in Honduras.

A discothèque fire in Gothenburg, Sweden killed 63 people and injured 200.

10 years ago
2008


Business
Delta Air Lines merged with Northwest Airlines, creating the world's largest airline and reducing the number of U.S. legacy carriers to five.

Baseball
World Series
Tampa Bay Rays 3 @ Philadelphia Phillies 4 (completion of suspended game from October 27) (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Pedro Feliz singled home pinch runner Eric Bruntlett in the bottom of the 7th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Phillies edged the Rays before 45,940 fans at Citizens Bank Park to win the World Series for the first time since 1980. Mr. Bruntlett was running for Pat Burrell, who led off the inning with a double. The game was resumed at the beginning of the bottom of the 6th inning with the score tied 2-2, the point at which action had been suspended because of rain two nights earlier.

Sunday, 28 October 2018

October 28, 2018

325 years ago
1693


Born on this date
Šimon Brixi
. Czech composer. Mr. Brixi wrote music for church choirs; only 21 of his works survive. He died on November 2, 1735 at the age of 42.

250 years ago
1768


Died on this date
Michel Blavet, 68
. French musician and composer. Mr. Blavet was a flute and bassoon virtuoso, who composed mainly for flute. His surviving works include a concerto and three books of sonatas.

225 years ago
1793


Born on this date
Eliphalet Remington
. U.S. arms manufacturer. Mr. Remington founded E. Remington, now known as Remington Arms Company. He died on August 12, 1861 at the age of 67.

Technology
Eli Whitney applied for a patent for the cotton gin.

200 years ago
1818


Died on this date
Abigail Adams, 73
. U.S. First Lady, 1797-1801. Mrs. Adams, born Abigail Smith, married future President John Adams in 1764, and served as his closest adviser. She is best remembered for the 1,200 letters she and her husband exchanged, and is sometimes regarded as a founder of the United States. Mrs. Adams died of typhoid fever less than a month before her 74th birthday.

125 years ago
1893


Music
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky conducted the premiere performance of his 6th Symphony (Pathétique) in St. Petersburg.

Football
ORFU
Round 2
Queen's College 6 @ University of Toronto 15 (Queen's won 2-game total points series 33-22)
Osgoode Hall 13 @ Toronto 21 (Toronto won 2-game total points series 49-47)

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Arturo Frondizi
. 35th President of Argentina, 1958-1962. Mr. Frondizi joined the Radical Civic Union in 1932, and was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1946. He founded the Intransigent Radical Civic Union in 1956 and took office as President three years after a coup had deposed Juan Peron. Mr. Frondizi implemented economic and educational reforms, and cultivated good relations with both the United States and non-aligned nations. He lifted the ban on the Perónist Party early in 1962, and was deposed by a military coup on March 29, 1962. Mr. Frondizi founded the Integration and Development Movement (MID) in 1963, but his influence within government gradually declined until his death on April 18, 1995 at the age of 86.

100 years ago
1918


Europeana
Czechoslovakia declared her independence from Austria-Hungary, marking the beginning of an independent Czechoslovak state, after 300 years.

Politics and government
A new Polish government in western Galicia was established, triggering the Polish–Ukrainian War.

Economics and finance
The second Canadian Victory Loan for $300 million raised $660 million.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Francis J. Sears
. U.S. law enforcement agent; Hugh Duffy. U.S. mechanic. Mr. Sears, a federal prohibition agent, and Mr. Duffy were trapped in the cistern room of the government-supervised Publicker Commercial Alcohol Company in Philadelphia when explosions liberated flaming alcohol. The men were showered with the flaming liquid and burned to death. The explosions caused $2 million in damage.

Politics and government
Liberal Party candidates Vicente Mejía Colindres and Rafael Diaz Chávez were elected President and Vice President, respectively, of Honduras, in a rare peaceful transfer of power from one party to another. Mr. Mejia received 56.6% of the vote to 43.4% for National Party candidate Tiburcio Carías Andino. The National Party won 26 seats in Congress to 21 for the Liberals, with one seat vacant.

Protest
Just after French Minister of Public Instruction Eduard Herriot had completed the dedication of a monument at Pons in southwestern France to anti-clerical former Prime Minister Emile Combes, a riot occurred between Catholic enthusiasts and the Guard Republicaine. A young royalist belonging to Léon Daudet's organization Camelots du Roi smashed the statue's face with a hammer, and was shot to death by police.

80 years ago
1938


Boxing
John Henry Lewis (100-10-5) retained his world light heavyweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Al Gainer (73-18-5) before 2,200 fans at New Haven Arena in New Haven, Connecticut. It was Mr. Lewis's last title defense; he retired the following year because of vision problems, after being knocked out by world heavyweight champion Joe Louis.

75 years ago
1943


War
The western drive of Soviet forces reached a point 26 miles east of the lower Dnieper River. U.S.S.R. troops took Anastasyevka and Blagodatnoye on the northwestern front. Allied forces in Italy continued to advance despite heavy rains. U.S. paratroops landed on the south coast of Choiseul Island in the northern Solomons, with Japanese forces retreating northward. Chinese troops in eastern China captured Sioafeng, Chekiung Province, one of the main points seized in the Japanese effort to wipe out guerrillas.

Business
The government of Brazil liquidated 45 Axis-owned concerns, including 25 Japanese operations.

Labour
As a result of strikes by more than 10,000 workers, 45 Argentine labour leaders were arrested and sent to concentration camps.

70 years ago
1948


War
A U.S. tribunal in Nuremberg convicted 11 high German commanders of crimes against humanity during World War II after acquitting them of plotting a war of aggression. Among the convicted was General Walter Warlimont, Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's former general staff aide.

Protest
40,000 workers in Stuttgart demonstrating against high prices were dispersed by U.S. tanks and cavalry after some protesters began to attack shops.

Science
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences named Paul Müller of Switzerland the winner of the 1948 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his 1939 discovery of the insecticidal properties of DDT.

60 years ago
1958


Literature
The novella Breakfast at Tiffany's by Truman Capote was published in New York by Random House.

The Soviet Writers Union expelled 1958 Nobel Prize recipient Boris Pasternak.

Religion
The Sacred College of Cardinals elected Angelo Roncalli, Patriarch of Venice, to succeed the late Pope Pius XII, taking the name John XXIII.

Diplomacy
Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker began a seven-week tour of Commonwealth and North Atlantic Treaty Organization countries, stopping first in New York for a meeting with United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold and an address to the Pilgrims Society.

Science
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences named Pavel Cherenkov, Ilya Frank, and Igor Tamm of the U.S.S.R. as winners of the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect," an electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle (such as an electron) passes through a dielectric medium at a speed greater than the phase velocity of light in that medium. Frederick Sanger of the United Kingdom was named the winner of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for his work on the structure of proteins, especially that of insulin."

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi no Kisetsu--Pinky and the Killers (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Get on Your Knees--Los Canarios (5th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
2 Hey Jude--The Beatles
3 Fire--Arthur Brown
4 Hold Me Tight--Johnny Nash
5 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
6 Little Green Apples--O.C. Smith
7 Elenore--The Turtles
8 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
9 White Room--Cream
10 Piece of My Heart--Big Brother and the Holding Company

Singles entering the chart were You're All Around Me by Percy Sledge (#68); California Earthquake by Mama Cass (#70); Where Do I Go by Carla Thomas (#78); The Great Escape by Ray Stevens (#80); Abraham, Martin and John by Dion (#82); Bring it on Home to Me by Eddie Floyd (#84); I Love How You Love Me by Bobby Vinton (#85); Not Enough Indians by Dean Martin (#86); The Yard Went on Forever by Richard Harris (#90); Talking About My Baby by Gloria Walker (#92); You Got Me by Mandala (#95); Stormy by Classics IV (#97); Happy Feeling by the Happy Feeling (#99); and You Talk Sunshine, I Breathe Fire by the Amboy Dukes (#100).

On television tonight
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Peter Cushing and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Naval Treaty

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Una donna per amico--Lucio Battisti (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Mama Leone--Bino

#1 single in Ireland: Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)
2 Summer Nights--John Travolta, Olivia Newton-John & Cast
3 Dreadlock Holiday--10 cc
4 Hot Shot--Karen Young
5 It's Raining--Darts
6 Three Times a Lady--Commodores
7 Grease--Frankie Valli
8 Tell Me Your Plans--The Shirts
9 Guust Flater En De Marsupilami--Wij Zijn Twee Vrienden
10 Again and Again--Status Quo

Singles entering the chart were Get Off by Foxy (#20); Mexican Girl by Smokie (#24); Beach Boy Gold by Gidea Park (#29); Respectable by the Rolling Stones (#32); Sing for the Day by Styx (#34); and Realite by Next One (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder (2nd week at #1)
2 Kiss You All Over--Exile
3 MacArthur Park--Donna Summer
4 You Needed Me--Anne Murray
5 Whenever I Call You "Friend"--Kenny Loggins
6 Reminiscing--Little River Band
7 Beast of Burden--The Rolling Stones
8 Right Down the Line--Gerry Rafferty
9 Who are You--The Who
10 You Never Done it Like That--Captain & Tennille

Singles entering the chart were You Don't Bring Me Flowers by Barbra & Neil (#57); Le Freak by Chic (#87); My Best Friend's Girl by the Cars (#88); We've Got Tonite by Bob Seger & the Silver Bullet Band (#89); and Do You Feel All Right by K.C. & the Sunshine Band (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 You Needed Me--Anne Murray
2 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder
3 Reminiscing--Little River Band
4 Kiss You All Over--Exile
5 Whenever I Call You "Friend"--Kenny Loggins
6 Right Down the Line--Gerry Rafferty
7 Who are You--The Who
8 Back in the U.S.A.--Linda Ronstadt
9 Don't Look Back--Boston
10 Beast of Burden--The Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were Alive Again by Chicago (#74); Time Passages by Al Stewart (#80); Raining in My Heart by Leo Sayer (#84); One Nation Under a Groove by Funkadelic (#85); Like Sunday in Salem by Gene Cotton (#86); I'm Every Woman by Chaka Khan (#87); Promises by Eric Clapton and his Band (#88); (Our Love) Don't Throw it All Away by Andy Gibb (#89); Substitute by Clout (#90); Hot Summer Nights by Walter Egan (#91); The Dream Never Dies by the Cooper Brothers (#92); Fun Time by Joe Cocker (#93); Keep on Jumpin' by Musique (#94); Let Me Love You by Peter Pringle (#95); Instant Replay by Dan Hartman (#96); I Will Be in Love with You by Livingston Taylor (#97); New York Groove by Ace Frehley (#98); Y.M.C.A. by the Village People (#99); and When You Feel Love by Bob McGilpin (#100).

Died on this date
Clairette, 89
. French-born Canadian actress, singer, and impresario. Clairette, born Claire Oddera, performed on stage and in radio and films in France before emigrating to Quebec in 1956. She continued to perform, but was better known for operating the Chez Clairette nightclub in Montreal, which served as a venue for up-and-coming artists, including Robert Charlebois.

Rukmani Devi, 55. Sri Lankan singer and actress. Miss Devi, born Daisy Rasammah Daniels, was Sri Lanka's most popular female recording artist, and appeared in 99 movies before her death in a car accident.

Figure skating
Fumio Igarashi of Japan upset world champion Charles Tickner of the United States to win the men's singles competition at Skate Canada before 3,200 fans at Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver. Canadian champion Brian Pockar of Calgary won the bronze medal, with Vern Taylor of Toronto fourth. Lisa-Marie Allen won the women's singles title, followed by Claudia Kristofics-Binder of Austria, Kristina Wegelius of Finland, Sandy Lenz of the United States, and Janet Morrissey of Ottawa. Krisztina Regoczy and Andras Sallay of Hungary won the gold medal in ice dancing, followed by Lorna Wighton and John Dowding of Toronto and Marina Zueva and Andrei Vitman of the U.S.S.R.

Hockey
NHL
New York Rangers 2 @ Montreal 1
Boston 5 @ Toronto 3
Vancouver 2 @ New York Islanders 5
Atlanta 4 Pittsburgh 2
Detroit 7 Chicago 2
Colorado 1 Minnesota 0
St. Louis 7 Buffalo 7

WHA
Cincinnati 4 Quebec 3
Indianapolis 3 Winnipeg 1

Football
CFL
Hamilton (4-10-1) 9 @ Ottawa (11-4) 34

Wayne Tosh blocked a Bill Palmer punt and Ken Downing recovered in the Hamilton end zone just 1:17 into the game to open the scoring, and the Rough Riders recovered 2 more fumbles and intercepted 3 passes as they routed the Tiger-Cats before 20,775 fans at Lansdowne Park. Ottawa receiver Peter Stenerson caught a 35-yard pass from quarterback Condredge Holloway and passed 9 yards to Ross Clarkson for another TD, while Mr. Holloway rushed 1 yard for the last TD. backup quarterback Roy Henry, on his only CFL rush, ran 2 yards for the Hamilton touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and Jimmy Jones passed to Leif Pettersen for a 2-point convert.

CIAU
AUFC
Prince Edward Island (4-3) 42 Mount Allison (1-6) 3
St. Mary's (4-3) 37 Acadia (4-3) 32
St. Francis Xavier (6-1) 13 New Brunswick (2-5) 1

OQIFC
East Semi-Finals
McGill 45 Bishop's 20
Queen's 17 Carleton 13 (OT)

West Semi-Finals
Windsor 7 @ Western Ontario 38
Wilfrid Laurier 30 Waterloo 23

WIFL
Alberta (5-3) 2 @ British Columbia (6-2) 19

Al Chorney returned a punt 80 yards for a touchdown 2:42 into the game to provide all the necessary scoring for the Thunderbirds as they beat the Golden Bears at Thunderbird Stadium to clinch first place in the Western Intercollegiate Football League and eliminate Alberta from playoff contention. John MacKay rushed 1 yard for the other TD late in the 2nd quarter, following a B.C. recovery of an Alberta fumble at the U of A 30-yard line. Marco Cyncar, playing his final university game, scored the Alberta points on singles from wide field goal attempts. Among those playing their final game was Alberta quarterback Dan McDermid, who completed just 8 of 26 passes for 51 yards and 4 interceptions.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): One Moment in Time--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)

Abominations
The French government ordered the pharmaceutical firm Groupe Roussell Uclaf to resume distribution of RU-486, a pill designed to induce an abortion early in pregnancy. The firm had announced two days earlier that it was ceasing distribution of the drug because of opposition from opponents of abortion.

Economics and finance
The United States government reported that the federal budget deficit for the 1988 fiscal year ended September 30 had been $155.1 billion, an increase of $5.4 billion over the previous year.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): U Got 2 Let the Music--Cappella

Politics and government
Prime Minister Sylvie Kinigi announced that she had regained control of the government of Burundi, a week after a failed attempt at a coup that had resulted in the assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye.

Economics and finance
The United States government put the federal budget deficit for the 1993 fiscal year at $254.9 billion, far below estimates and also sharply lower than the 1992 deficit of $290.2 billion. During the fiscal year ended September 30, federal spending had risen 1.9% to $1.408 trillion, while revenues had increased 5.8% to $1.153 trillion. The U.S. Commerce Department reported that the gross domestic product had grown at an annual rate of 2.8% during the third quarter of 1993, compared with 1.9% for the second quarter.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed at an all-time high of 3,687.86.

Disasters
U.S. President Bill Clinton declared five counties of California to be disaster areas because of wildfires, believed to have been started by arsonists, and fanned by Santa Ana winds. The fires flourished in scrub forests and dense dry brush, and were burning in several places between Ventura County and the Mexican border.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Seibu Lions 7 @ Yakult Swallows 2 (Yakult led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Ted Hughes, 68
. U.K. poet and author. Mr. Hughes was Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom from 1984 until his death, and also wrote fiction for children. He was married to writer Sylvia Plath from 1956 until her suicide in 1963. Mr. Hughes died of a heart attack while undergoing treatment for colon cancer.

Politics and government
Glen Murray became the first openly-sodomite to be elected Mayor of a major Canadian city, defeating six other candidates in the Winnipeg municipal election.

October 27, 2018

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
William Gillies
. Australian politician. Mr. Gillies, a member of the Labour Party, represented Eacham in the Queensland Legislative Assembly from 1912-1925. He held several posts before serving as Premier and Treasurer of Queensland from February-October 1925. Mr. Gillies resigned from politics in October 1925 to become a member of the newly-established board of trade and arbitration, serving there until his sudden death on February 9, 1928 at the age of 59.

130 years ago
1888


Baseball
World Series
New York Giants 7 @ St. Louis Browns 18 (New York won best-of-ten series 6-4)

The Browns trailed 4-1 after 3 innings, but scored 5 runs in the top of the 4th, 5 in the 6th, and 4 in the 7th as they routed the Giants before just 412 fans at Sportsman's Park. Elton Chamberlain pitched a complete game for his second win of the series against three losses. Cannonball Titcomb made his first appearance of the series on the mound for New York and pitched 4 innings in taking the loss. He was relieved by Gilbert Hatfield, who pitched the last 5 innings. Bill George, who had been the losing pitcher in game 9, played in the outfield and hit the Giants' only home run of the series. Tip O'Neill and Tommy McCarthy homered for the Browns; for Mr. O'Neill, it was his second home run in as many games. The Giants made 8 errors and the Browns 3.

125 years ago
1893


Society
Lady Aberdeen, wife of the Governor General of Canada, chaired the first meeting of the National Council of Women of Canada, at a public session in the Horticultural Pavilion of the Allen Gardens in Toronto, attended by over 1,500 women; an advocacy group, linked to the International Council of Women, to improve the status of women. Lady Aberdeen served as the Council's first president until her resignation in 1899.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Teresa Wright
. U.S. actress. Miss Wright was one of the most appealing actresses of the 1940s, winning the Academy Award for her supporting performance in Mrs. Miniver (1942). Her other movies included The Little Foxes (1941); The Pride of the Yankees (1942); Shadow of a Doubt (1943); and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946). Miss Wright died on March 6, 2005 at the age of 86.

War
U.K. Royal Flying Corps Major Billy Barker, from Dauphin, Manitoba, stumbled into a single-handed battle with more than 60 Fokker aircraft, shooting down a German Rumpler two-seater and three Fokker D VII fighters though wounded three times and while fainting twice from the pain; he crash-landed his Sopwith Snipe behind British lines in the Mormal forest in France. According to Colonel Andrew MacNaughton, Maj. Barker's dogfight was seen by Canadian troops, who cheered loudly during the battle. Maj. Barker was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions this day.

90 years ago
1928


Football
IRFU
Ottawa 0 @ Montreal 21
Toronto 2 @ Hamilton 14

WCRFU
Semi-Final
Winnipeg St. John's 1 @ Regina 12

ARU
Edmonton (3-1) 4 @ Calgary (2-1) 1

Beano Wright scored 10 points in the 2nd quarter on a touchdown, convert, field goal, and rouge to give the Winged Wheelers an 11-0 halftime lead over the Senators at Molson Stadium. Red Moore and Clary Foran scored touchdowns in the 2nd half for Montreal. Ottawa's Yip Radley struck referee John De Gruchy after the game, and was banned for life as a result.

Mr. LaPointe scored a touchdown on a recovery of an onside kick in the 4th quarter to help the Roughriders defeat St. John's at Parc de Young.

With the score tied 0-0 in the 2nd quarter at Hillhurst Park, Calgary's Ken McCallum rushed 90 yards for an apparent touchdown. Under the rules then in place, the ball had to actually be touched down on the ground in order for it to be called a touchdown. Mr. McCallum neglected to do this, and tossed the ball to Mr. Eby of the Eskimos. The play was then ruled a rouge for Calgary, giving the Tigers a 1-0 halftime lead. In the 2nd half, Mr. Jones punted for 3 singles and Mr. Kinney scored a rouge to provide the Edmonton scoring.

Canadian university
Queen's 16 @ Toronto 4

WCIRU
Manitoba (1-2) 6 @ Alberta (2-0) 20

Mr. Carter scored 10 points on a touchdown, convert, field goal, and single to help the Tricolor to victory before 18,000 fans at Varsity Stadium. Mr. Durham scored the other Queen's touchdown on a 35-yard rush in the 3rd quarter. Warren Snider scored all the Toronto points in the 1st quarter.

Freddy Hess scored 15 points on 2 touchdowns, 2 converts, and 3 singles to lead Alberta over Manitoba at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Mr. MacDougall scored the other Alberta touchdown on a recovery of a blocked punt. Mr. MacDonald scored the Manitoba touchdown, converted by Mr. Robson.

80 years ago
1938


On the radio
Columbia Workshop, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Air Raid

This drama written by Archibald Macleish was described as a "play in verse," and contained slight similarities to the Mercury Theatre of the Air presentation of The War of the Worlds three days later.

Technology
Du Pont announced that its new synthetic yarn would be called nylon.

75 years ago
1943


War
Soviet forces gained up to 18 miles in a westward push from Melitopol into the Nogaisk Steppe. Germans closed the Norway-Sweden border after moving up additional troops. Yugoslavian partisans reported fierce battles at Brcko on the Sava River, 80 miles west of Belgrade, and along both the Hungarian and Albanian borders. British troops pushed a wedge within 11 miles of the strategic central Italian communications centre of Isernia. U.S. and N.Z. troops landed against light resistance on Mono and Stirling Islands in the northern Solomons.

Defense
The former French liner SS Normandie, now the U.S. transport USS Lafayette, was turned back to the Navy after salvage work costing $4.5 million placed her back on an even keel in the Hudson River.

Medicine
The Journal of the American Medical Association reported that a new sulfa drug, desoxyephedronium sulfathiazole, brought prompt relief from colds and seemed to shorten their duration.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Judah Leon Magnes, 71
. U.S. clergyman. Rabbi Magnes was one of the leading figures in Reform Judaism in the 20th century. He was a leader of the pacifist movement during World War I, and helped found the American Jewish Committee in 1906. Rabbi Magnes also helped in the founding of Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 1918, serving as its first chancellor (1925) and later, as its president (1935-1948). Rabbi Magnes believed that Israel should be a nation for both Jews and Arabs. He died of a heart attack.

War
Iraqi troops in Palestine opened a drive in the Nablus area southeast of Haifa.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Oil Workers Union and Shell Oil Company signed an agreement providing for a 12 1/2% wage increase, the first break in the 53-day strike of West Coast oil refinery workers.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (5th week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
2 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
3 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
4 The Day the Rains Came--Jane Morgan
--Raymond Lefevre and his Orchestra
5 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
6 The End--Earl Grant
7 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
8 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
9 For My Good Fortune/Gee, But it's Lonely--Pat Boone
10 Mexican Hat Rock--The Applejacks

Singles entering the chart were Tunnel of Love by Doris Day (#58); Scene of the Crime by Dinah Shore (#59); and Almost in Your Arms by Johnny Mathis (#60).

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. "categorically" rejected U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower's plea for a one-year nuclear test suspension, charging that the American proposal "does not actually mean the cessation of tests at all."

Defense
U.S. President Eisenhower issued the first nationwide plan for civil defense mobilization, a 32-page paper explaining government, industry, and public responsibilities.

West Germany objected to French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle's proposal for a U.S.-U.K.-French political directorate to coordinate North Atlantic Treaty Organization policies.

World events
Iskander Mirza, the first President of Pakistan, was deposed in a bloodless coup d'état by General Mohammed Ayub Khan, who had been appointed the enforcer of martial law by Mr. Mirza 20 days earlier.

Politics and government
Nigerian tribal and political chiefs approved the United Kingdom's offer of independence and plans for the creation of a Nigerian federal government and Parliament.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and Argentina signed an agreement in Moscow giving Argentina $100 million in credits to purchase Soviet oil machinery.

Disasters
A gas explosion at the Pocahantas Fuel Company's mine in Bishop, Virginia killed 22 miners.

Boxing
Donnie Fleeman (26-2) knocked out former world heavyweight champion Ezzard Charles (94-23-1) at 2:13 of the 6th round at Memorial Auditorium in Dallas. Mr. Charles was knocked down twice in the 5th round, and took the 10-count on one knee.

Football
CFL
WIFU
Calgary (6-9-1) 10 @ Winnipeg (12-3) 37

Leo Lewis scored 3 touchdowns to help the Blue Bombers rout the Stampeders before 15,612 fans at Winnipeg Stadium, eliminating Calgary from playoff contention and giving the Saskatchewan Roughriders the third and final playoff spot in the Western Interprovincial Football Union. Mr. Lewis scored his first touchdown on a 17-yard pass from quarterback Jim Van Pelt and rushed for his other TDs. Tony Kehrer rushed for a Winnipeg touchdown, and Mr. Van Pelt completed a WIFU record 107-yard touchdown pass to Ernie Pitts. Mr. Van Pelt kicked 5 converts and a single, and Charlie Shepard punted for a single. Nobby Wirkowksi completed a 9-yard pass to Barry Cyr for the Calgary touchdown at 1:08 of the 4th quarter. Doug Brown converted and added a field goal.

50 years ago
1968


Protest
An estimated 6,000 marchers demonstrating against the Vietnam War clashed with police outside the U.S. embassy in London.

Olympics
The Summer Olympic Games closed in Mexico City.

Football
CFL
Toronto (9-4) 12 @ Hamilton (6-7) 1
Winnipeg (2-13) 22 @ Edmonton (8-6-1) 32

The Argonauts amassed 547 yards in total offense to just 147 for the Tiger-Cats as they defeated the defending Grey Cup champions before 24,206 fans at Civic Stadium. Hamilton defensive back Garney Henley suffered a season-ending knee injury.

Thermus Butler rushed for a pair of 1-yard touchdowns in the 4th quarter to help the Eskimos defeat the Blue Bombers before 15,011 fans at Clarke Stadium for their fourth straight win. Garry Lefebvre scored the first Edmonton TD on a 59-yard pass from Frank Cosentino in the 1st quarter, and Randy Kerbow, holding on placekicks, rushed 17 yards on a fake field goal midway through the 2nd quarter for the other Edmonton TD. Winnipeg quarterback John Schneider completed touchdown passes of 18 yards to Dave Raimey, 6 yards to Butch Pressley, and 45 yards to Ken Nielsen in the 4th quarter. The Eskimos made 6 interceptions.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Substitute--Clout (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (7th week at #1)

Diplomacy
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin were awarded the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize, for signing the Camp David Accords.

Crime
Four people were killed and four others seriously wounded after a gunman went on a shooting spree in the West Midlands in England.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 4 @ Toronto 4
New York Rangers 6 Vancouver 2

Football
CIAU
Saskatchewan (3-5) 11 @ Calgary (6-2) 26

Harry Kruger recovered a fumbled punt in the Saskatchewan end zone for a touchdown and Paul Colborne passed 41 yards to Grant Newell for a touchdown with 33 seconds remaining as the Dinosaurs, who trailed 11-3 in the 3rd quarter and 11-9 after 3 quarters, scored 17 points in the 4th quarter to defeat the Huskies before 4,000 fans at McMahon Stadium to clinch a playoff spot. Randy Yano scored the Saskatchewan touchdown on a 66-yard punt return with 36 seconds remaining in the 1st quarter.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Domino Dancing--Pet Shop Boys (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Charles Hawtrey, 73
. U.K. actor and musician. Mr. Hawtrey, born George Frederick Joffre Hartree, was a singer and pianist, but was best known as a comic actor who had a long career on stage, screen, and television. He was best known as a regular cast member of the Carry On movies, appearing in more than 20 films in the series from 1958-1972. Mr. Hawtrey was a heavy drinker and smoker; he died shortly after falling and breaking his leg and refusing an operation to amputate his legs in order to save his life.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan suspended construction of the new U.S. embassy in Moscow because of Soviet listening devices in the building structure.

Economics and finance
The Soviet government revealed that the U.S.S.R. had experienced huge budget deficits for years, but they had not been publicly disclosed. The deficit for 1988 was estimated at the equivalent of $58 billion U.S.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Chunichi Dragons 6 @ Seibu Lions 7 (Seibu won best-of-seven series 4-1)

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Living on My Own '93--Freddie Mercury (5th week at #1)

Baseball
Nippon Series
Seibu Lions 0 @ Yakult Swallows 1 (Yakult led best-of-seven series 3-1)

20 years ago
1998


Journalism
The Toronto-based daily newspaper National Post published its first edition.

10 years ago
2008


Scandal
U.S. Senator Ted Stevens (Republican--Alaska) was convicted of seven corruption charges for lying about free home renovations and other gifts from a wealthy oil contractor. A judge later dismissed the case, saying prosecutors had withheld evidence.

Baseball
World Series
Tampa Bay Rays 2 @ Philadelphia Phillies 2 (suspended after 5 1/2 innings because of rain) (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The Rays tied the game with a run in the top of the 6th inning before play was called. Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig ruled that the game would be suspended rather than called, as would be the usual practice. The game was resumed two days later.

Friday, 26 October 2018

October 26, 2018

130 years ago
1888


Baseball
World Series
New York Giants 11 @ St. Louis Browns 14 (10 innings) (New York led best-of-ten series 6-3)

The Browns scored 3 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break an 11-11 tie before just 711 fans at Sportsman's Park. The poor attendance figure was probably the result of the Giants having clinched victory in the series in the previous game. The Browns led 5-0 after 1 1/2 innings, but the Giants scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 2nd and 5 in the 3rd to take an 8-5 lead. The Giants led 11-9 after 8 innings, but the Browns scored 2 in the top of the 9th to tie the game. St. Louis outfielder Tip O'Neill hit the game's only home run. Silver King started on the mound for St. Louis, but was relieved by Jim Devlin in the 4th inning, and Mr. Devlin pitched the remainder of the game to get the win in his first appearance in the series. Bill George of New York also made his first appearance of the series on the mound and pitched a complete game in taking the loss. The Giants made 5 errors and the Browns 4.

110 years ago
1908


Politics and government
Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier led his governing Liberal Party to a fourth consecutive majority government in the Canadian federal election. The Liberals won 133 of 221 seats in the House of Commons, down 4 from before the election; they took 54 of 65 seats in Quebec. The Conservative Party (82) and Liberal-Conservative (3) coalition, led by Robert Borden, won 85 seats, an increase of 10. 1 independent Conservative, 1 independent, and 1 Labour Party candidate were elected. Two future Prime Ministers were elected to the House of Commons for the first time: Mackenzie King (Liberal--York North); and Arthur Meighen (Conservative--Portage La Prairie). It was the first federal election since Alberta and Saskatchewan had become provinces.

100 years ago
1918


Died on this date
César Ritz, 68
. Swiss hotelier. Mr. Ritz began managing hotels in the 1870s, but was best known for the hotels he founded and owned, most notably the Hôtel Ritz in Paris and the Ritz and Carlton Hotels in London. The term "ritzy" has come to denote high-class cuisine and accommodation.

War
Erich Ludendorff, Quartermaster-General of the Imperial German Army, was dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm II for refusing to cooperate in peace negotiations.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Sally Maria Diggs, aka Rose Ward Hunt, 77
. Former U.S. slave. Miss Diggs was a 9-year-old slave girl known as "Pinky" who was "sold into freedom" by Rev. Henry Ward Beecher at Plymouth Church in Brooklyn, New York on February 5, 1860, with $900 raised to buy a gold ring up for auction. Miss Diggs became a well-educated woman, later known as Mrs. Hunt, and returned the ring to the church in 1927.

Radio
Radio transmissions were exchanged between Schenectady, New York and Sydney, Australia; they were heard in Lima, Peru, which also heard radios between Australia and Java.

Communications
Dr. Mansfield Robinson reportedly received a reply to a telegraphic message he had sent from St. Albans, England to Oomararu, the big-eared woman of Mars, with who he was allegedly in contact with by telepathy. The call was sent at 2:15 A.M. on October 23 and the engineers at St. Albans listened on a 30,000-metre wavelength, but received no reply, Dr. Robinson said, until October 26, when word came that Mars is a wicked planet, not fit to associate with Earth. It was Dr. Robinson's second attempt to communicate with Mars; his first attempt had taken place two years earlier, with no apparent result.

Economics and finance
With affection for Prime Minister Benito Mussolini and a desire to aid the Italian economy, common people in Italy offered up gilt-edged national securities worth more than $7 million to be publicly burned in Rome to reduce the public debt.

Disasters
31 people were killed and more than 50 injured as the result of a head-on collision between the Simpion Express train and a local express near the Romanian station of Slatina.

75 years ago
1943


War
Japanese Emperor Hirohito told a special session of the Diet that the war situation was "truly grave," while Prime Minister Hideki Tojo said that "the United States, defeated at the beginning, is overcoming many difficulties and the war is growing in intensity." The Royal Canadian Air Force sank its fourth German U-boat in seven weeks. Soviet troops captured Karnavatka, a railroad station within the limits of Krivoi Rog.

Defense
The prototype of the German Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil" fighter plane made its first flight, with Flugkapitän Hans Dieterle at the controls.

Religion
Two Jehovah's Witnesses children were expelled from school in Lethbridge, Alberta for refusing to salute the flag during patriotic exercises. Their parents believed in paying homage only to God, not to material objects. The children stood at attention during the salute, but this was not enough.

Economics and finance
The U.S. government established the Foreign Economic Administration, which included the Lend-Lease Administration, the Offices of Economic Warfare and Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation, and the foreign procurement division of the CCC and State Department agencies dealing with foreign economies.

70 years ago
1948


World events
The Paraguayan government announced the suppression of a military revolt in Asuncion.

Defense
Foreign ministers of the Western European nations, meeting in Paris, announced plans to form a North Atlantic defense alliance with United States and Canada.

Americana
The "Little White House" of the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt in Warm Springs, Georgia was dedicated as a national shrine.

Economics and finance
Dun & Bradstreet's wholesale food price index dropped to a 15-month low of $6.47.

60 years ago
1958


On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Crooked Road, starring Richard Kiley, Patricia Breslin, Walter Matthau, and Richard Erdman

Transportation
Pan American Airways inaugurated its Boeing 707 service from New York City to Paris.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Monia--Peter Holm

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Simon Says--1910 Fruitgum Company (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Help Yourself--Tom Jones (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hey Jude--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (7th week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
--Sandie Shaw
3 Only One Woman--Marbles
4 Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje
5 I Say a Little Prayer--Aretha Franklin
6 My Little Lady--The Tremeloes
7 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
8 Need Your Love So Bad--Fleetwood Mac
9 Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child
10 Window of My Eyes--Cuby + Blizzards

Singles entering the chart were Ik Ben Met Jou niet Getrouwd by Tony Bass (#28); Lovely Rita by Fats Domino (#32); Love in Copenhagen (Thema uit de NCRV TV Serie: "Glazen Stad") (#34); Mooier Dan Rode Rozen by De Heikrekels (#38); and I Found a True Love by Wilson Pickett (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (6th week at #1)
2 Fire--The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
3 Little Green Apples--O.C. Smith
4 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
5 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
6 Girl Watcher--The O'Kaysions
7 Elenore--The Turtles
8 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
9 Suzie Q (Part One)--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 Midnight Confessions--The Grass Roots

Singles entering the chart were I Love How You Love Me by Bobby Vinton (#74); Bring it on Home to Me by Eddie Floyd (#76); Goody Goody Gumdrops by the 1910 Fruitgum Company (#82); Let's Make a Promise by Peaches and Herb (#86); Not Enough Indians by Dean Martin (#89); Talking About My Baby by Gloria Walker (#92); Hooked on a Feeling by B.J. Thomas (#96); You Talk Sunshine, I Breathe Fire by the Amboy Dukes (#98); Today by Jimmie Rodgers (#99); and It's Crazy by Eddie Harris (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Revolution--The Beatles (6th week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
3 Fire--Arthur Brown
4 Milk Train--The Everly Brothers
5 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
6 San Francisco Girls (Return of the Native)--Fever Tree
7 Shoot 'em Up, Baby--Andy Kim
8 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
9 All Along the Watchtower--The Jimi Hendrix Experience
10 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
Pick hit of the week: Porpoise Song--The Monkees

Space
The U.S.S.R. launched Soyuz 3, with Georgy Beregovoy as Pilot; at 47, he was the oldest person yet to fly in space. Colonel Beregovoy rendezvoused with the unmanned Soyuz 2 spacecraft, launched a day earlier, but failed in an attempt to dock with it.

Politics and government
The Rassemblement pour l'indépendence nationale (RIN) held its last congress, in Montreal; most members joined the new Parti Québecois.

Torontonia
McLaughlin Planetarium opened to the public.

Vancouverana
The Centennial Museum and MacMillan Planetarium opened.

Disasters
21 female patients died in a fire that swept through a wing of the Shelton Mental Hospital near Shrewsbury, England.

Olympics
George Foreman of the United States scored a technical knockout of Ionas Chepulis of the U.S.S.R. in the 2nd round to win the gold medal in the boxing competition at the Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City. Mr. Foreman celebrated his victory by waving a small American flag, which served as a contrast to the Black Power salute of fellow American medalists Tommie Smith and John Carlos 10 days earlier.



Hockey
NHL
St. Louis 2 @ Pittsburgh 4
Boston 0 @ Toronto 2

Larry Mickey's goal with less than 3 minutes remaining in the 1st period held up as the winner and Dave Keon scored in the 3rd period as the Maple Leafs blanked the Bruins at Maple Leaf Gardens, with Johnny Bower getting the shutout to win the goaltending duel over Gerry Cheevers.



Football
CFL
Montreal (3-9-1) 19 @ Ottawa (8-3-2) 19
British Columbia (4-10-1) 23 @ Calgary (10-5) 42

David Ray kicked 3 field goals in the 2nd half to pull the Alouettes into a tie with the Rough Riders before 17,747 fans at Lansdowne Park.



Peter Liske passed for 4 touchdowns and rushed for a touchdown of his own to lead the Stampeders over the Lions at McMahon Stadium. Ted Gerela kicked 2 converts and 3 field goals for the Lions.

CIAU
New Brunswick 2 @ St. Francis Xavier 21

WCIAA
Manitoba (4-1) 42 @ Saskatchewan (0-5) 7
Calgary (1-4) 1 @ Alberta (5-0) 38

Bruce Gainer returned a fumble 58 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter to open the scoring as the Golden Bears routed the Dinosaurs before more than 4,000 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Hart Cantelon rushed 21 yards for the next touchdown, and set up another with a 60-yard gain on a screen pass. Terry Lampert passed 29 yards to John McManus for a touchdown and sneaked 1 yard for a TD of his own, with Dave Benbow adding 4 converts, as the Golden Bears scored 28 points in the 1st half. Mr. Cantelon scored the only touchdown of the 2nd half. Bill Newcombe's wind-aided 94-yard punt single was the only Calgary point.

40 years ago
1978


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sveta!

Diplomacy
Syrian President Hafez al-Assad and Iraqi President Ahmed Hassan Bakr concluded their three-day meeting in Iraq by issuing a joint communique, saying that they had agreed to work together toward a "full military union" against Israel. Diplomatic sources in Beirut indicated that Iraq would not send more than a token military force into Syria for fear of provoking Israel.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hand in Hand--Koreana (4th week at #1)

Society
Groupe Roussell Uclaf, manufacturer of RU-486, a pill designed to induce an abortion early in pregnancy, announced that it was suspending distribution of the drug because of opposition by opponents of abortion. The pill was currently available in France and China.

Protest
Students at 23 Québec CÉGEPs started a three-day strike.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had advanced at a 2.2% annual rate in the third quarter of 1988.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Chunichi Dragons 0 @ Seibu Lions 6 (Seibu led best-of-seven series 3-1)

25 years ago
1993


Scandal
Deborah Gore Dean, former executive assistant to then-U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development Samuel Pierce, was convicted in U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C. on 12 felony counts of defrauding the government, lying to Congress, and accepting a bribe. She was the eleventh person to be convicted in the HUD scandal, which had involved funneling construction and renovation contracts in the 1980s to consultants and developers with close ties to Republican party leaders.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Seibu Lions 7 @ Yakult Swallows 2 (Yakult led best-of-seven series 2-1)

20 years ago
1998


Baseball
Nippon Series
Seibu Lions 1 @ Yokohama BayStars 2 (Yokohama won best-of-seven series 4-2)

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Delmar Watson, 82
. U.S. actor and photographer. Mr. Watson was a child actor who appeared in bit parts in numerous films, often uncredited. He became a news photographer as an adult, editing and publishing five books. Mr. Watson died of prostate cancer.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (7-10) 24 @ Montreal (11-6) 23

Alexis Serna kicked a 32-yard field goal late in the game to give the Blue Bombers their win over the Alouettes before 20,202 fans at Molson Stadium. Terrence Edwards and Romby Bryant caught touchdown passes for Winnipeg.

Baseball
World Series
Tampa Bay Rays 2 @ Philadelphia Phillies 10 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Ryan Howard drove in 5 home runs with a pair of home runs, Jayson Werth hit a 2-run homer, and winning pitcher Joe Blanton also homered to help the Phillies rout the Rays before 45,903 fans at Citizens Bank Park. Mr. Blanton became the first pitcher since Ken Holtzman in 1974 to hit a home run in a World Series game.