Monday, 15 October 2018

October 14, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Waneta Cardinal!

700 years ago

Died on this date
Edward Bruce, 38
. High King of Ireland, 1315-1318. Edward Bruce, the younger brother of Scottish king Robert Bruce, supported his brother's claims in Scotland and then invaded Ireland and claimed the throne. He was killed in the Battle of Faughart.

Lordship of Ireland forces led by John de Bermingham defeated forces of High King of Ireland Edward Bruce in the Battle of Faughart in County Louth, Ireland.

375 years ago

Born on this date
Bahadur Shah I
. Emperor of India, 1707-1712. Bahadur Shah, born Mu'azzam, was the third son of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb, and was imprisoned for frequently attempting to usurp his father. After Aurangzeb's death, Bahadur Shah succeeded in deposing his older brother Muhammad Azam Shah. Emperor Bahadur Shah fought off several rebellions before dying, after a brief illness, on February 27, 1712 at the age of 68.

260 years ago

Austrian forces commanded by Lieutenant Field Marshal Leopold Josef Graf Daun defeated Prussian forces led by Frederick the Great in the Battle of Hochkirch in Saxony.

210 years ago

The Republic of Ragusa was annexed by France.

130 years ago

Louis Le Prince filmed the first motion picture: Roundhay Garden Scene.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Lillian Gish
. U.S. actress. Miss Gish began appearing in motion pictures in 1912, and was one of the biggest stars of the silent movie era. Her films included The Birth of a Nation (1915); Intolerance (1916); Hearts of the World (1918); Broken Blossoms (1919); Way Down East (1920); Orphans of the Storm (1921); The Scarlet Letter (1926); The Wind (1928); Duel in the Sun (1946); The Night of the Hunter (1955); and The Whales of August (1987). She died on February 27, 1993 at the age of 99.

Round 1
Toronto 12 @ Ottawa Rough Riders 14 (Toronto won 2-game total points series 44-15)
Queen's College 34 @ Ottawa College 3 (Queen's won 2-game total points series 47-26)
Royal Military College 10 @ Osgoode Hall 30 (Osgoode Hall won 2-game total points series 69-21)
Trinity College 0 @ Hamilton 10 (first game of 2-game total points series)
Bye: University of Toronto

120 years ago

The steamer ship SS Mohegan sank after impacting the Manacles near Cornwall, killing 106.

110 years ago

Politics and government
Liberal Party candidate Jean-Baptiste Carbonneau, a former Quebec immigration officer, won a provincial by-election in the riding of Lac Saint-Jean by acclamation.

World Series
Chicago Cubs 2 @ Detroit Tigers 0 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Orval Overall pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Wild Bill Donovan for his second win of the Series as the Cubs posted their second straight shutout in winning their second straight World Series. The attendance of 6,210 at Bennett Park remains a record low for a modern World Series game.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Marcel Chaput
. Canadian biochemist and political activist. Dr. Chaput spent many years with the National Research Council of Canada, but was eventually forced to resign because of his support for Quebec's independence from Canada. He was one of the founding members of the separatist organization Rassemblement pour l'indépendance nationale (RIN) in 1960, which merged into the Parti Québécois in 1968. Dr. Chaput practiced as a naturopath in later years; he died on January 19, 1991 at the age of 72.

Private Thomas Ricketts of the Royal Newfoundland Regiment braved heavy fire to capture a German machine-gun battery near Ledeghem, Belgium. He was awarded the Victoria Cross for valour; at 17, he became the youngest winner in the British Army, the only one from his regiment, and the youngest North American to win a VC.

90 years ago

A revival of the Chinese gang fights between the On Leong and Hip Sing orders resulted in one death in New York City; 1 in Washington; 1 in Philadelphia; and 3 in Chicago.

The U.S. molasses tanker SS David C. Reid, with a crew of 45 aboard, sank just west of the Azores.

80 years ago

The prototype of the Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter plane made its first flight, in Buffalo, New York.

75 years ago

King George VI approved the Canada Medal, the first distinctly Canadian decoration, on the recommendation of the Canadian cabinet; the medal was never awarded. After two days of fighting, Allied troops forced the main German defense line on the Volturno River and established bridgeheads on the north bank. U.S.S.R. units stormed and captured Zaporozhie, Ukraine, killing 3,000 Germans. The American Eighth Air Force lost 60 of 291 B-17 Flying Fortress during the Second Raid on Schweinfurt. The First Canadian Brigade pushed north to Potenza, Italy and occupied Campobasso, turning it into a Canada Town recreation centre. Allied planes raided airports and shipping at Cape Hoskins, Gasmata, and Cape Gloucester in New Britain.

Prisoners at the Sobibór extermination camp in Poland revolted against their German captors, killing 11 SS officers, including Rudolf Beckmann, 33; Johann Niemann, 30; and Siegfried Graetschus, 27.

The Second Philippine Republic, a puppet of the Empire of Japan, was inaugurated with Jose P. Laurel as its president.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives Banking and Currency Committee voted to bar food subsidies after December 31, 1943.

The American Federation of Labor re-elected William Green as its president at the closing convention session in Boston.

70 years ago

The memoir Eisenhower was My Boss by Kay Summersby was published by Prentice-Hall.

A U.S. grand jury in Brooklyn indicted former U.S. Air Force Lieutenant Martin Monti on 21 treason charges for making Nazi propaganda broadcasts during World War II after flying a stolen fighter plane into German-held territory.

World events
Indonesian Prime Minister Mohammed Hatta announced the suppression of the Communist revolt in central Java, blaming it on unrest caused by the Dutch blockade of Indonesia.

Politics and government
A Constituent Assembly meeting in Bonn voted to name the new West German state the Federal Republic of Germany.

The Japanese Diet named Liberal Democratic Party leader Shigeru Yoshida to succeed Hitoshi Ashida as Prime Minister.

The United Lutheran Church in America voted ended a nine-day convention in Philadelphia after voting to negotiate on unification with seven other groups in the National Lutheran Council.

A U.S. federal court in Indianapolis found the American Federation of Labour International Typographical Union guilty of contempt of court for insisting on closed shop clauses in union contracts despite a temporary injunction barring such provisions.

60 years ago

The U.S. Army opposed a NASA attempt to gain control over 2,100 space scientists and engineers at the Army's Redstone Arsenal, as well as all facilities and personnel at the Army's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

Nobody was injured in the bombing of a Reform Jewish synagogue in Peoria, Illinois, the latest in a series of synagogue bombings.

Politics and government
Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami announced the formation of a compromise cabinet, signalling an end to Muslim-Christian fighting and strikes which had gripped the country since May.

The District of Columbia Bar Association voted to accept Negroes as member attorneys.

Economics and finance
The United Nations General Assembly approved the creation of a UN Special Fund to assist the economic growth of backward nations.

Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 1 @ Nishitetsu Lions 0 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 3-0)

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Koi no Kisetsu--Pinky and the Killers (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Get on Your Knees--Los Canarios (3rd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
2 Fire--Arthur Brown
3 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
4 Midnight Confessions--The Grass Roots
5 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
6 My Special Angel--The Vogues
7 Little Green Apples--O.C. Smith
8 Girl Watcher--The O'Kaysions
9 Hush--Deep Purple
10 On the Road Again--Canned Heat

Singles entering the chart were Porpoise Song by the Monkees (#59); Magic Carpet Ride by Steppenwolf (#82); Take Me for a Little While by the Vanilla Fudge (#86); Hi-Heel Sneakers by Jose Feliciano (#91); Horse Fever by Cliff Nobles & Co. (#95); Les Bicyclettes de Belsize by Engelbert Humperdinck (#96); Peace of Mind by Nancy Wilson (#97); You Need Me Baby by Joe Tex (#98); Baroque-A-Nova by Mason Williams (#99); and Wait Til Tomorrow by the Banana Splits (#100).

On television tonight
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Peter Cushing and Nigel Stock, on BBC 1
Tonight's episode: The Boscombe Valley Mystery

The first live transmission from a manned spacecraft in Earth orbit took place when the Apollo 7 crew of Wally Schirra, Donn Eisele, and Walt Cunningham conducted the first of several broadcasts from their spacecraft.

At the movies
Paper Lion, directed by Alex March, and starring Alan Alda as George Plimpton, opened in theatres.

The United States Department of Defense announced that the U.S. Army and U.S. Marine Corps would send about 24,000 soldiers and Marines back to Vietnam for involuntary second tours of duty in the combat zone there.

FLQ terrorists exploded two bombs in Montréal.

Politics and government
The Parti Québecois concluded its founding conference in Quebec City by electing René Lévesque as leader.

27 soldiers were arrested at the Presidio of San Francisco for their peaceful protest of stockade conditions and the Vietnam War.

Air Canada presented CF-TCA No. 1112, the first aircraft owned by Trans-Canada Air Lines in 1937, to the National Aviation Museum in Ottawa.

The 6.5 Mw Meckering earthquake shook the southwest portion of Western Australia with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), causing $2.2 million in damage and leaving 20–28 people dead.

21 people were killed and 10 injured when a bus plunged into a ravine in northern Kashmir.

Jim Hines of the United States became the first man ever to break the so-called "ten-second barrier" in the 100-metre sprint in the Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City, with a time of 9.95 seconds.

Former world heavyweight champion Sonny Liston (43-3) scored a technical knockout of Sonny Moore (21-30-2) in the 3rd round of their bout at Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Phoenix.

British Columbia (3-9-1) 13 @ Montreal (3-8) 4
Calgary (9-4) 15 @ Saskatchewan (9-3-1) 19

Paul Brothers rushed for the game's only touchdown and Ted Gerela added a convert and 2 field goals for the Lions as they beat the Alouettes before 11,000 fans at Autostade to end a 7-game winless streak. John Baker scored a single for Montreal on the opening kickoff, and David Ray added a field goal. Mr. Brothers shared the B.C. quarterbacking duties with Jackie Parker, who rushed twice for 11 yards in the last game of his 13-year Hall of Fame CFL career.

Ron Lancaster completed an 11-yard touchdown pass to Gord Barwell with 1:56 remaining in the game to give the Roughriders their win over the Stampeders before 22,157 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. The Stampeders marched to the Roughriders' 25-yard line in the last 2 minutes, but were unable to score.

The Montreal Expos and San Diego Padres participated in the National League expansion draft. The Padres had the first choice and selected outfielder Ollie Brown from the San Francisco Giants, while the Expos selected outfielder Manny Mota from the Pittsburgh Pirates.

Nippon Series
Hankyu Braves 1 @ Yomiuri Giants 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Wuthering Heights--Kate Bush

#1 single in Switzerland: You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Kiss You All Over--Exile (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John
2 Grease--Frankie Valli
3 Three Times a Lady--Commodores
4 Summer Nights--John Travolta, Olivia Newton-John & Cast
5 Summer Night City--ABBA
6 You're the Greatest Lover--Luv'
7 It's Raining--Darts
8 The Eve of the War--Jeff Wayne
9 Rasputin/Painter Man--Boney M.
10 Follow Me--Amanda Lear

Singles entering the chart were Greased Lightnin' by John Travolta (#29); No Time for a Tango by Snoopy (#30); Kiss You All Over by Exile (#31); Let Me (Let Me Be Your Lover) by Jimmy "Bo" Horne (#34); Sun is Here by Sun (#35); Movin' Down Life by Golden Earring (#36); and Laat Me by Ramses Shaffy (#37). Greased Lightnin' was from the movie Grease (1978).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Kiss You All Over--Exile (2nd week at #1)
2 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder
3 Reminiscing--Little River Band
4 Boogie Oogie Oogie--A Taste of Honey
5 You Needed Me--Anne Murray
6 Whenever I Call You "Friend"--Kenny Loggins
7 Don't Look Back--Boston
8 Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
9 Right Down the Line--Gerry Rafferty
10 Who are You--The Who

Singles entering the chart were (Our Love) Don't Throw it All Away by Andy Gibb (#82); New York Groove by Ace Frehley (#85); Hot Summer Nights by Walter Egan (#86); Instant Replay by Dan Hartman (#87); Promises by Eric Clapton and his Band (#88); Fun Time by Joe Cocker (#89); In the Bush by Musique (#96); The Dream Never Dies by the Cooper Brothers (#99); and All I Wanna Do by Doucette (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Hot Child in the City--Nick Gilder
2 Kiss You All Over--Exile
3 Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John
4 Hopelessly Devoted to You--Olivia Newton-John
5 You Needed Me--Anne Murray
6 Don't Look Back--Boston
7 Reminiscing--Little River Band
8 Whenever I Call You "Friend"--Kenny Loggins
9 Boogie Oogie Oogie--A Taste of Honey
10 Break it to Them Gently--Burton Cummings

Singles entering the chart were How Much I Feel by Ambrosia (#77); Dance (Disco Heat) by Sylvester (#96); Wavelength by Van Morrison (#97); Flying High by the Commodores (#98); Strange Way by Firefall (#99); and You Should Do It by Peter Brown (#100).

Cathy Sherk of Canada won the women's world amateur golf championship in Fiji.

New York Islanders 7 @ Toronto 10

Toronto centre Darryl Sittler had no goals, but 7 assists in helping the Maple Leafs defeat the Islanders at Maple Leaf Gardens in the national Hockey Night in Canada telecast.

Hamilton (4-8-1) 7 @ Toronto (4-9) 21

The Argonauts outscored the Tiger-Cats 21-0 in the 2nd half before 41,250 fans at Exhibition Stadium to record their only win under head coach Bud Riley. The key play occurred when Toronto's Tim Allan recovered a Tiger-Cat fumble in the Hamilton end zone for his only CFL touchdown.

Prince Edward Island (2-3) 18 Mount Allison (1-4) 17
St. Francis Xavier (4-1) 16 Acadia (3-2) 10
St. Mary's (3-2) 20 New Brunswick (2-3) 7
Bishop's (4-1) 52 Concordia (0-5) 0
Queen's (5-0) 28 Carleton (3-2) 3
Waterloo (3-3) 19 York (4-2) 4
Wilfrid Laurier (5-1) 78 Windsor (3-3) 15
Guelph (2-4) 29 McMaster (1-5) 22
Western Ontario (5-1) 34 Toronto (1-5) 6
Saskatchewan (3-4) 36 @ Manitoba (0-7) 13
Calgary (4-2) 10 @ British Columbia (4-2) 34

World Series
Los Angeles Dodgers 3 @ New York Yankees 4 (10 innings) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Lou Piniella singled home Roy White with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Yankees their win over the Dodgers before 56,445 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Nippon Series
Hankyu Braves 6 @ Yakult Swallows 5 (Hankyu led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Hand in Hand--Koreana (3rd week at #1)

At the movies
Another Woman, written and directed by Woody Allen, and starring Gena Rowlands, Mia Farrow, and others, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Vic Raschi, 69
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Raschi pitched with the New York Yankees (1946-1953), St. Louis Cardinals (1954-1955), and Kansas City Athletics (1955), compiling a record of 132-66. He was one of the mainstays of the Yankees' pitching staff as they won five straight World Series from 1949-1953, winning 21 games in each season from 1949-1951. Mr. Raschi led the American League in winning percentage in 1950 (21-8, .724) games started in 1949 (37) and 1951 (34), and strikeouts in 1951 (164). He was 5-3 in World Series competition, with 2 of his wins occurring in 1952.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had risen 0.4% in September.

Ottawa (1-14) 7 @ Toronto (11-4) 49

Jeff Boyd, Ed Berry, Kevin Cummings and Ryan Hanson scored touchdowns for the Argonauts, while Lance Chomyc added 4 converts and tied a team record with 7 field goals in the rout of the Rough Riders before 21,713 fans at Exhibition Stadium.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Relax--Frankie Goes to Hollywood

Politics and government
With the Canadian federal election 11 days away, the governing Progressive Conservatives released a television ad that many saw as mocking Liberal Party leader Jean Chrétien's facial paralysis.

44 environmentalists were jailed for protests at Clayoquot Sound in British Columbia in defiance of court injunctions banning such activities.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Frankie Yankovic, 83
. U.S. musician. Mr. Yankovic was an accordionist and leader of the band Frankie Yankovic and his Yanks. He became known as America's "Polka King," winning the title in a battle of the bands in 1948. Mr. Yankovic released over 200 recordings in a career spanning 50 years.

Cleveland Amory, 81. U.K. author. Mr. Amory was known for books such as The Proper Bostonians (1947) and The Cat Who Came for Christmas (1987), but was better known as a prominent advocate of animal welfare.

Eric Rudolph was charged with six bombings, including the 1996 Centennial Olympic Park bombing in Atlanta, Georgia.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Paul Martin announced that the current fiscal year would result in a budget surplus.

Canada's first diamond mine opened in the Northwest Territories.

National League Championship Series
San Diego 5 @ Atlanta 0 San Diego 5 @ Atlanta 0 (San Diego won best-of-seven series 4-2)

The Padres scored all the runs in the 6th inning, while Sterling Hitchcock and four relief pitchers combined to pitch a 2-hitter to eliminate the Braves before 50,988 fans at Turner Field.

10 years ago

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper led his Conservative Party of Canada to a strengthened minority in the Canadian federal election, winning 143 of 308 seats in the House of Commons, up from 127 seats at the dissolution of Parliament. The Liberal Party, led by Stéphane Dion, were second with 76 seats, down from 95. The Bloc Québécois, led by Gilles Duceppe, took 49 seats, an increase of 1; the New Democratic Party, led by Jack Layton, won 37 seats, an increase of 7. Two independent candidates were elected, while Green Party MP Blair Wilson lost his seat in West Vancouver—Sunshine Coast—Sea to Sky Country. Voter turnout was just 58%, the lowest in Canadian history (compared to 79.4% in 1958).

American League Championship Series
Tampa Bay 13 @ Boston 4 (Tampa Bay led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Carlos Peña hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 1st and Evan Longoria followed with a solo homer as the Rays took a 3-0 lead, made it 5-0 in the 3rd, and scored 5 runs in the 6th as they coasted to victory over the Red Sox before 38,133 fans at Fenway Park.

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