Saturday, 20 October 2018

October 20, 2018

450 years ago

Forces of the Spanish Duke of Alba defeated a Dutch rebel force under William the Silent in the Battle of Jodoigne in what is now Belgium.

200 years ago

The United Kingdom and the United States signed the Convention of 1818, aka the Treaty of Joint Occupation of Oregon, aka the Treaty of London, to improve relations in the wake of the War of 1812. They agreed that their mutual boundary should run westward from the Lake of Woods (in Minnesota), along the 49th parallel of north latitude to the Rocky Mountains. They also signed a North American Fishing Convention which restored U.S. fishing and curing rights around the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Article 3 provided for joint control of the Oregon country.

130 years ago

World Series
St. Louis Browns 4 @ New York Giants 6 (8 innings) (New York led best-of-ten series 4-1)

The Giants trailed 6-3 after 7 1/2 innings but rallied for 5 runs in the bottom of the 8th, after which the game was called because of darkness. Tim Keefe pitched his third complete game victory of the series, while Silver King pitched his third complete game loss. 9,124 fans were in attendance at the Polo Grounds.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Charley Chase
. U.S. actor, director, and screenwriter. Mr. Chase, born Charles Parrott, worked in short films during both the silent and early sound era, often playing businessmen or husbands caught in embarrassing situations. He worked with the Hal Roach studio from 1920-1936, and is perhaps best remembered today for his supporting performance in the Laurel and Hardy feature Sons of the Desert (1933), where he played a fun-loving conventioneer. Mr. Chase was a heavy drinker, which hastened his death from a heart attack on June 20, 1940 at the age of 46.

90 years ago

U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon visited inventor Thomas Edison at his laboratory in West Orange, New Jersey and presented him with a gold medal which Congress had awarded him. President Calvin Coolidge said to Mr. Edison over the radio: "Noble, kindly servant of the United States and benefactor of mankind, may you long be spared to continue your work and to inspire those who will carry forward your torch." The Charge d'Affaires of the British Embassy was on hand to return the first phonograph--a box with a horn and wax cylinder--which Mr. Edison had made 45 years earlier and then lent to the South Kensington Museum in London.

Charles Smith of New York, President of the American Association for the Advancement of Atheism, went on a hunger strike in the Little Rock, Arkansas City Jail, protesting the "injustice of refusing an American the right to testify in his own behalf." He went there to campaign against a proposed anti-evolution amendment, and refused to pay when fined for allegedly distributing circulars which proclaimed "The Bible is a lie" and "God is a ghost." Article 19:1 of the Arkansas Constitution reads: "No person who denies the being of a God shall hold any office in the civil departments of this State, nor be competent to testify as a witness in any court." Mr. Smith ended his hunger strike on November 1 after his fine was paid by an admirer.

Calgary (1-1) 1 @ University of Alberta (1-2) 18

Freddy Hess scored 11 points on a touchdown, field goal, and 3 singles to lead the U of A over the Tigers at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Gus Runge scored the game's first touchdown for the U of A in the 1st quarter.

Saskatchewan (1-2) 9 @ Manitoba (1-1) 14

75 years ago

U.S.A., U.K., and U.S.S.R. military representatives held conferences in Moscow, while Lord Mountbattten completed four days of talks in Chungking with Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, U.S. Lieutenant General Joseph Stilwell, and Lt. Gen. Brehon Somervell. Soviet units pushed 3-6 miles further in the salient at Kremenchug that threatened to cut off the Germans in Dnepropetrovsk to the east. In a 7-mile advance, British forces captured Busso and Oratino in central Italy. The Allies reported that the battle for crossings of the Volturno River was over and the Germans were forming a new 28-mile north-south defense line in high terrain between Mondragone and Venafro. Renewed Japanese efforts to reach the coast from Satelberg on the New Guinea coast were met with Australian resistance.

Politics and government
Viscount Archibald Wavell was took office in New Delhi as Viceroy and Governor General of India.

The Argentine government ordered the University of Cordoba closed until October 23 because of protests over President General Pedro Ramirez's dismissal of professors and employees who had signed a declaration for "effective democracy and fulfillment of international pledges."

The U.S. War Manpower Commission ordered a 48-hour week to take effect in 30 more areas by November 15.

Winnipeg RCAF (4-0) 6 Winnipeg United Services (1-4) 5

Don Durno scored a touchdown, converted by Ches McCance, as the Bombers edged United Services at Osborne Stadium. Lee Sherman kicked a field goal and single for United Services, with Danny Summers recording a rouge on a punt by Mr. Sherman.

70 years ago

Life with Mother by Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse, and co-starring Mr. Lindsay, opened at the Empire Theatre on Broadway in New York.

Roosevelt and Hopkins by Robert Sherwood, a history of the World War II years reconstructed from the private notes of U.S. presidential aide Harry Hopkins, was published in New York by Harper.

Died on this date
W. Marvin Smith, 53
. U.S. lawyer. Mr. Smith was an attorney with the U.S. Department of Justice who worked with accused Soviet spy Alger Hiss in the Justice Dept. in the mid-1930s, and notarized the sale of Mr. Hiss's car to William Rosen in 1936. Mr. Rosen, in testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities on August 26 and September 9, 1948, denied that the signature on the transfer of the car's title was his, contrary to Mr. Smith's earlier brief testimony; Mr. Smith had kept no formal record of the transaction. Mr. Smith reportedly became "unusually depressed" before being found dead at the bottom of a staircase in the Justice Building in Washington after a five-storey fall. His widow expressed the opinion that Mr. Smith's death had been an accident.

Communist forces in China took the Manchurian capital of Changchun after a year-long siege.

World events
Communist soldiers and civilians staged a revolt in the South Korean port of Yosu and nearby Sunchon, gaining control over the surrounding area.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (4th week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Topsy II--Cozy Cole (2nd week at #1)
2 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
3 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
4 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
5 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
6 The Day the Rains Came--Jane Morgan
--Raymond Lefevre and his Orchestra
7 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
8 The End--Earl Grant
9 For My Good Fortune/Gee, But it's Lonely--Pat Boone
10 Rockin' Robin--Bobby Day

Singles entering the chart were Gee, But it's Lonely; I'll Remember Tonight by Pat Boone (#51); Leave Me Alone by Dicky Do and the Dont's (#56); Mr. Success by Frank Sinatra (#57); Letter to an Angel/A Part of Me by Jimmy Clanton (#58); and I'll Wait for You by Frankie Avalon (#60).

World events
Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat reassumed power in Thailand in a bloodless coup carried out with the consent of Prime Minister Thanom Kittikachorn's cabinet.

Cuban guerrillas kidnapped two U.S. and seven Cuban employees of the Texas Oil Company refinery near Santiago de Cuba.

The first British troops to withdraw from Jordan left the Red Sea port of Aqaba.

Politics and government
S.A. Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd announced the formation of an enlarged Nationalist cabinet.

13 Negroes were arrested in Birmingham, Alabama for defying a week-old city ordinance giving bus drivers the right to assign passengers to seats.

Economics and finance
Six European Common Market nations proposed the establishment of a free trade zone by the end of 1958 to conform with the first tariff cuts scheduled by the Common Market treaty.

Saskatchewan (6-7-1) 15 @ Winnipeg (11-3) 21

Charlie Shepard rushed 1 yard for a touchdown--his second of the 2nd half--on a third-down gamble with 50 seconds remaining in the game to give the Blue Bombers their win over the Roughriders at Winnipeg Stadium, clinching first place for Winnipeg. Saskatchewan led 14-0 at halftime on a 34-yard touchdown pass from Frank Tripucka to Jack Hill and a 66-yard punt return for a touchdown by Mike Hagler after taking a lateral from Harry Lunn, both converted by Mr. Hill. Ron Latourelle rushed 7 yards for the first Winnipeg TD in the 3rd quarter. Winnipeg quarterback Jim Van Pelt completed 15 of 24 passes for 200 yards and converted all 3 touchdowns. The Blue Bombers rushed for 222 yards.

Nippon Series
Nishitetsu Lions 2 @ Yomiuri Giants 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

50 years ago

Married on this date
Former U.S. first lady Jacqueline Kennedy, 39, married Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis, 62, in a Greek Orthodox ceremony on his private island of Skorpios off the Greek coast.

In one of the grand showdowns of Olympic history, Kip Keino of Kenya defeated world record-holder Jim Ryun of the United States in the men's 1,500-metre final run at the Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City. Running at an altitude where he was comfortable, Mr. Keino blazed to an Olympic mark of 3:34.9, almost two seconds behind Mr. Ryun's record, but finished 20 metres ahead of him.

Dick Fosbury of the United States won the gold medal in the men's high jump competition with an Olympic record jump of 7 feet 4 1/4 inches in Mexico City.

Montreal (3-9) 25 @ Toronto (8-4) 29
Calgary (9-5) 13 @ Edmonton (7-6-1) 14

Wally Gabler completed a 24-yard touchdown pass to Al Irwin with 2 seconds remaining in the game to give the Argonauts their win over the Alouettes before 21,142 fans at CNE Stadium. Mr. Gabler, Mel Profit, and Bill Symons scored the other Toronto touchdowns. It was the Argonauts' seventh straight win, and eliminated the Alouettes from playoff contention.

Larry Robinson missed a convert on Bob McCarthy's touchdown with 4:29 remaining in the game, allowing the Eskimos to defeat the Stampeders before 19,231 fans at Clarke Stadium. The touchdown, on a 14-yard pass from Peter Liske, was Mr. McCarthy's second of the game; his first came on a 16-yard pass from Mr. Liske with 2:44 remaining in the 2nd quarter, with Mr. Robinson converting to give Calgary a 7-4 halftime lead. Jim Thomas scored the only Edmonton touchdown on a 59-yard rush at 4:35 of the 3rd quarter; Peter Kempf converted and kicked a 33-yard field goal in the 1st quarter and a 46-yard FG with 11:23 remaining in the game. Randy Kerbow punted 47 yards for a single on the last play of the 1st quarter for the other Edmonton point. Mr. Thomas rushed 9 times for 106 yards and caught 3 passes for 8 yards, while backfield mate Charlie Fulton added 71 yards on 7 carries and Thermus Butler rushed 12 times for 52 yards and caught 4 passes for 39 yards.

Nippon Series
Hankyu Braves 5 @ Yomiuri Giants 7 (Yomiuri won best-of-seven series 4-2)

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Substitute--Clout

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Gunnar Nilsson, 29
. Swedish auto racing driver. Mr. Nilsson entered 32 Formula One races from 1976-1977, winning the 1977 Belgian Grand Prix. He died after a year-long battle with cancer.

Soldiers from Saudi Arabia replaced Syrian soldiers at two key positions in Christian East Beirut. Through control of gun emplacements on hills surrounding Beirut, Syria retained the ability to shell Christian neighbourhoods if new fighting were to erupt. The replacement had been arranged at a meeting in Beirut of the foreign ministers of six Arab nations that provided men and money for the peacekeeping force in Lebanon.

Economics and government
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 838.01, a drop of 59.08 for the week.

A Japanese trade organization reported that China's foreign trade had increased 44% during the first six months of 1978 compared to the first six months of 1977.

Firestone Tire and Rubber Company agreed to replace 10 million of its "500" steel-belted radial tires; it was estimated that the recall would cost the company between $100 million-$200 million.

Birmingham (1-2) 2 @ Cincinnati (2-1-1) 5
Edmonton (2-1) 4 @ Indianapolis (2-1-1) 3

Indianapolis centre Wayne Gretzky scored his first 2 professional goals, 34 seconds apart in the 2nd period, against Edmonton goalie Dave Dryden as the Oilers edged the Racers before 6,386 fans at Market Square Arena. Clare Alexander, Dennis Sobchuk, and Al Hamilton scored for the Oilers in the last 12 minutes of the 3rd period as they came back from a 3-1 deficit. Edmonton's Bill Goldsworthy opened the scoring in the 1st period, and Rich Leduc tied it for Indianapolis later in the period. The Oilers outshot the Racers 47-17, as Indianapolis goalie Eddie Mio made 43 saves.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Domino Dancing--Pet Shop Boys (3rd week at #1)

The British government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher announced plans to change the law regarding a suspect's right to remain silent, allowing the prosecution to draw a jury's attention to the suspect's silence and inviting the jury to draw inferences from it.

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police ended the Lubicon Lake Indian blockade at Little Buffalo Reserve in Alberta, which had been set up to protest unresolved land claims.

World Series
Los Angeles Dodgers 5 @ Oakland Athletics 2 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Mickey Hatcher hit a 2-run home run in the 1st inning, Mike Davis added a 2-run homer in the 4th, and Orel Hershiser pitched a 4-hit complete game, recording 9 strikeouts, as the Dodgers completed their upset of the Athletics before 49,317 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Mr. Hershiser, who recorded his second win of the series, was named the series' Most Valuable Player. Storm Davis started on the mound for Oakland and gave up 6 hits and 4 earned runs in 4 2/3 innings in absorbing his second loss of the series.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Living on My Own '93--Freddie Mercury (4th week at #1)

A jury in Los Angeles acquitted Negro thug Henry Watson of attempted murder in the 1992 beating of white truck driver Reginald Denny, but guilty of a lesser charge. Judge John Ouderkirk declared a mistrial on one remaining assault charge against Mr. Watson after the jury became deadlocked. The beating took place in the aftermath of the acquittal of four white police officers in the beating of Negro criminal Rodney King.

The United States Senate Ethics Committee voted unanimously to subpoena the full diaries of Sen. Bob Packwood (Republican--Oregon). For a year, the committee had been investigating complaints from 26 women that Sen. Packwood had made unwanted sexual advances toward them. Mr. Packwood had allowed the committee to examine portions of his diaries, but objected that it was seeking to examine entries unrelated to the allegations.

World Series
Toronto Blue Jays 15 @ Philadelphia Phillies 14 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The Blue Jays trailed 14-9 after 7 innings but rallied for 6 runs in the top of the 8th to win the highest-scoring and longest (4 hours, 14 minutes) game in World Series history before 62,731 fans at Veterans Stadium. Luis Castillo, the third of five Toronto pitchers, gave up 3 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 2 earned runs in 2 1/3 innings, but was the winning pitcher. Duane Ward retired all 4 batters he faced to earn his second save of the Series. Mitch Williams, the fifth of six Philadelphia pitchers, gave up 3 hits, a base on balls, and 3 earned runs in 2/3 inning in taking the loss.

20 years ago

World Series
New York Yankees 5 @ San Diego Padres 4 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Scott Brosius hit a solo home run to begin a 2-run rally in the 7th inning and a 3-run homer in the 8th to lead the Yankees in a comeback from a 3-0 deficit to edge the Padres before 64,667 fans at Qualcomm Stadium.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Gene Hickerson, 73
. U.S. football player. Mr. Hickerson was a guard with the Cleveland Browns from 1958-1973, winning Second Team All-Pro honours in 1964 and 1965, followed by five straight seasons of First Team All-Pro selections. He helped the Browns win the National Football League championship in 1964, and was inducted into the Professional Football Hall of Fame in 2007. Mr. Hickerson died of the effects of Alzheimer's disease and dementia.

Politics and government
Stéphane Dion resigned as Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, to take effect on the selection of his successor at a convention in May, 2009. The announcement came six days after the Canadian federal election, which resulted in the Liberals dropping from 95 seats in the House of Commons to 76. Mr. Dion was only the second Liberal leader in Canadian history to fail to become Prime Minister, after Edward Blake, who led the party in the 1880s.

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