Monday, 15 October 2018

October 15, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Angela Nixon!

800 years ago

Born on this date
Hulagu Khan
. Ilkhan of Persia, 1256-1265. Hulagu Khan, a grandson of Genghis Khan, founded the Ilkhanate of Persia in 1256, and presided over a siege of Baghdad (1258) and the conquest of Syria (1260). He died on February 8, 1265 at the age of 46, and was succeeded by his son Abaqa Khan.

200 years ago

Born on this date
Alexander Dreyschock
. Czech musician and composer. Mr. Dreyschock was a popular concert pianist in the 1840s, and eventually moved to St. Petersburg, as a staff member of the St. Petersburg Conservatory and court pianist to the Czar. He wrote numerous pieces for solo piano before his death from tuberculosis on April 1, 1869 at the age of 50.

130 years ago

Born on this date
S.S. Van Dine
. U.S. author. Mr. Van Dine, whose real name was Willard Huntington Wright, was an art critic who became an author of crime fiction, writing under the name S.S. Van Dine in 12 novels featuring the detective Philo Vance, published from 1926-1939. He created another fictional detective, Dr. Crabtree, a character in 12 short films from 1931-1932. Mr. Van Dine died on April 11, 1939 at the age of 50 from a heart condition exacerbated by heavy drinking.

George Lusk, chairman of the Whitechapel Vigilance Committee in London, received a letter allegedly from Jack the Ripper.

120 years ago

Hamilton (1-1) 1 @ Ottawa (2-0) 9
Toronto (0-1) 0 @ Osgoode Hall (1-1) 19

100 years ago

Died on this date
Shirdi Sai Baba, 83 (?)
. Indian religious figure. Shirdi Sai Baba was a guru who was something of a syncretist, as he preached the importance of self-realization and promoted the reading of both Hindu and Muslim scriptures, while opposing religious orthodoxy, whether it be Christian, Muslim, or Hindu. Shirdi Sai Baba founded a movement that still has Hindu and Muslim devotees throughout the world who regard him as an avatar, an incarnation of the Hindu deities Shiva and Dattatreya. The later guru Saithya Sai Baba (1926-2011), who also founded a worldwide movement devoted to himself, claimed to be the reincarnation of Shirdi Sai Baba. Both Sai Babas were mistaken.

90 years ago

Four days after departing Friedrichshaven, Germany, the German dirigible Graf Zeppelin, commanded by Hugo Eckener, with 38 crew members, passed over Washington, Baltimore, and Philadelphia, and flew over New York City at 4 P.M. before going to Lakehurst, New Jersey, anchoring there at 5:38 P.M. and discharging her 19 passengers. The airship had been in flight for 111 hours 38 minutes and had travelled approximately 6,300 miles.

200,000 people went out in a general strike in Lodz, Poland; the strike ended a week later with a 5% wage increase.

80 years ago

Toronto (2-0) 25 @ Montreal (0-2) 2
Ottawa (2-0) 42 @ Hamilton (0-2) 6

Winnipeg (5-2) 14 @ Regina (4-3) 6
Edmonton (0-7) 3 @ Calgary (5-2) 6

Toronto (1-1) 18 @ Peterborough (0-2) 2
Montreal (1-0-1) 12 @ Sarnia (1-0-1) 12

The Rough Riders set an IRFU record for points in a quarter as they scored 30 points in the 3rd quarter of their rout of the Tigers at Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds.

Fritz Hanson scored 2 touchdowns as the Blue Bombers beat the Roughriders before 3,000 fans at Parc de Young. Leo Danaher rushed 85 yards for the Regina touchdown.

The Eskimos thought they'd scored the winning touchdown with 33 seconds remaining in the game against the Bronks at Mewata Stadium, but officials ruled that Edmonton running back Vince Yatchek had not crossed the goal line on third down. Edmonton coach Bob Fritz was so upset at the hometown officiating that he took his team off the field, ending the game. Jimmy Gilkes scored the Calgary touchdown in the 2nd quarter.

Bummer Stirling scored a touchdown, field goal and 4 singles, with his 70-yard punt going for the tying point in the last minute, to give the Imperials their tie with the Nationals. Johnny Ferraro rushed 55 yards for the first Montreal touchdown, and Mr. Burton intercepted a Sarnia lateral and ran 20 yards for the other Montreal TD.

Canadian university
McGill (2-0) 10 @ Toronto (1-1) 7
Queen's (0-2) 7 @ Western Ontario (1-1) 10

Alberta (0-2) 0 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 13

More than 18,000 fans at Varsity Stadium saw the Redmen defeat the Varsity Blues.

Mr. Hall rushed for a touchdown in the 1st quarter and Bert Border rushed for another with 6 minutes remaining in the game as the Huskies shut out the Golden Bears at Griffiths Stadium in Saskatoon.

75 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Old Russian Woman

The U.K. and U.S. governments announced the appointments of British Lieutenant General Sir Henry Pownall and U.S. Major General Albert Wedemeyer as chief of staff and deputy chief of staff, respectively, for Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, Allied Southeast Asia commander. Soviet forces pushed closer to Kiev in fierce fighting as German troops began to evacuate the city. Japanese troops in China captured Pienma and several nearby villages in Yunnan province.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt accepted the resignation of Monsignor Francis J. Haas as Chairman of the Fair Employment Practices Commission and named Deputy Chairman Malcolm Ross as his successor.

Argentina lifted its decree banning publication of Jewish newspapers with the proviso that editorials be printed in both Yiddish and Spanish.

10,000 employees of the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company's plant in Kearny, New Jersey, who had begun a wildcat strike two days earlier, returned to work at the urging of five discharged shop committeemen, whose dismissal had set off the walkout by members of the Congress of Industrial Organizations Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of America.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Edythe Chapman, 85
. U.S. actress. Miss Chapman was a stage actress who eventually appeared in silent films, often playing maternal characters. Her movies included The Ten Commandments (1923) and Navy Blues (1929). Miss Chapman died a week after her 85th birthday.

Siam announced an agreement with British Malaya allowing troops of either country to penetrate 10 miles beyond the border in pursuit of Communist guerrillas.

North Korea established relations with Poland and Mongolia. The U.S.S.R. named its former military commander in Korea, Terenti Shtikov, to serve as Ambassador to North Korea.

Norway, Sweden, and Denmark established a defense ministers' committee to coordinate defense plans.

Nicaraguan War Minister Anastasio Somoza charged that Cuba, Costa Rica, Guatemala, and Venezuela were providing arms to revolutionaries in Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.

The United Nations General Assembly's Legal Committee excluded a provision against the extermination of politcal groups from a draft convention against genocide, ruling that the provision would hamper action against domestic revolutionaries.

The U.S. Public Health Service announced that a five-minute test for diabetes will be used in a nationwide effort to find an estimated one million hidden diabetes cases.

60 years ago

The Girls in 509, written by Howard Teichmann, directed by Bretaigne Windust, and starring Imogene Coca, Laurinda Barrett, and Robert Emhardt, opened at the Belasco Theatre on Broadway in New York.

New York dealer Georges Keller paid $616,000, the highest known price yet paid for a painting, for Garcon au Gilet Rouge by Paul Cezanne, at an auction at Sotheby's in London.

Israeli Foreign Minister Golda Meir arrived in Ottawa to begin a state visit to Canada.

Tunisia severed all relations with the United Arab Republic following allegations that the U.A.R. had meddled in Tunisian affairs and was still attempting to dominate other Arab states.

Politics and government
Three days after returning from exile in the Canary Islands after being ousted in 1957, Gustavo Rojas Pinilla said that he still considered himself to be President of Colombia.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board, in a move to check a wave of heavy stock trading and record high prices, increased the margin requirement for stock market transactions from 70% to 90%, the highest since 1947.

Chinese Communist newspapers reaching Hong Kong disclosed the launching of a 10-year plan for industrialization and agricultural development of Sinkiang Province.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Hey Jude--The Beatles (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Virginia Burton, 59
. U.S. authoress. Miss Burton wrote and illustrated children's books, most notably The Little House (1943), which won the Caldecott Prize.

Atomic Energy of Canada signed a five-year agreement with the French Atomic Energy Commission.

Al Oerter of the United States became the first track and field athlete to win four Olympic gold medals in the same event when he won the men's discus throw with a mark of 216 feet 6 inches at the Mexico City Games. His streak started at the 1956 Melbourne Games in Australia, continuing in 1960 (Rome) and 1964 (Tokyo).

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Kiss You All Over--Exile

Died on this date
W. Eugene Smith, 59
. U.S. photojournalist. Mr. Smith has been described as the single most important individual in the development of the editorial photo essay. He was known for photo essays such as Country Doctor (1948); A Spanish Village (1951); and Minamata (1972-1975). Mr. Smith died of a stroke.

The U.S. Congress approved a package of energy legislation intended to make the United States self-sufficient in its energy use. The package included price increases for natural gas, leading to deregulation of newly-discovered natural gas in 1985; a tax on gas-guzzling cars; and measures to promote energy conservation.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Congress passed an $18.7-billion tax cut bill for 1979, giving 79% of its benefits to individuals making $15,000 or more per year. The Congress also passed the Humphrey-Hawkins bill, setting national goals of reducing unemployment from the 1978 level of 6% to 4% by 1983, and a bill providing a 7.3% cost-of-living increase in veterans' benefits.

The U.S. Congress voted to deregulate the airline industry in an effort to fight inflation and make the industry competitive.

Toronto 2 @ Boston 4

Montreal (6-7-1) 10 @ Ottawa (10-3) 13
Edmonton (10-2-2) 38 @ Winnipeg (8-5) 10
Saskatchewan (3-10-1) 13 @ Calgary (6-4-3) 32

33,976 fans at Lansdowne Park saw the Ottawa defense sack Montreal quarterback Joe Barnes late in the game to preserve the Rough Riders' victory over the Alouettes, clinching first place in the Eastern Football Conference.

Tom Wilkinson completed 3 touchdown passes to Tom Scott as the Eskimos beat the Blue Bombers before a record Winnipeg Stadium crowd of 28,080 to clinch first place in the Western Football Conference. The Blue Bombers failed to score a touchdown, and wide receiver Mike Holmes was ejected in the 2nd quarter after getting into a scuffle on the sidelines with an Edmonton defender. The game began a streak of 133 games, including post-season games, in which the Eskimos scored at least one touchdown.

Terry Irvin returned an interception 72 yards for a touchdown to help the Stampeders beat the Roughrieders at McMahon Stadium. In the final start of his 19-year CFL career, Saskatchewan quarterback Ron Lancaster, who had turned 40 the previous day, completed just 8 of 23 passes, with 3 interceptions.

World Series
Los Angeles Dodgers 2 @ New York Yankees 12 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Yankees overcame an early 2-0 deficit with 4 runs in the 3rd inning, 3 in the 4th, and 4 in the 7th as they routed the Dodgers before 56,449 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees set a World Series record for a single game with 16 singles. Jim Beattie pitched a 9-hit complete game victory.

Nippon Series
Hankyu Braves 6 @ Yakult Swallows 10 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Don't Want Your Love--Duran Duran (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): The Only Way is Up--Yazz and the Plastic Population

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins

#1 single in France (SNEP): Un Roman d'amitié (Friend You Give Me Reason)--Elsa and Glenn Medeiros (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Desire--U2 (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): One Moment in Time--Whitney Houston

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Red Red Wine--UB40

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Red Red Wine--UB40
2 Love Bites--Def Leppard
3 Don't Be Cruel--Cheap Trick
4 A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins
5 What's on Your Mind (Pure Energy)--Information Society
6 I'll Always Love You--Taylor Dayne
7 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin
8 Don't You Know What the Night Can Do?--Steve Winwood
9 Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses
10 I Hate Myself for Loving You--Joan Jett & the Blackhearts

Singles entering the chart were I Don't Want Your Love by Duran Duran (#46); In Your Room by the Bangles (#62); Jealous Guy by John Lennon and the Plastic Ono Band (#73); Didn't Know it was Love by Survivor (#78); Yeah, Yeah, Yeah by Judson Spence (#83); Dancing Under a Latin Moon by Candi (#86); Don't Break My Heart by Romeo's Daughter (#89); and Live it Up by Gardner Cole (#91). Jealous Guy had previously been released on the album Mind Games (1973), but hadn't been released as a single until it was included in the movie Imagine: John Lennon (1988).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin
2 True Love--Glenn Frey
3 One Good Woman--Peter Cetera
4 Don't You Know--Steve Winwood
5 Don't Be Cruel--Cheap Trick
6 Love Bites--Def Leppard
7 A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins
8 Forever Young--Rod Stewart
9 Never Tear Us Apart--INXS
10 It Would Take a Strong Man--Rick Astley

Singles entering the chart were Small World by Huey Lewis and the News (#76); Giving You the Best That I Got by Anita Baker (#83); Walk Away by Michael Bolton (#89); Another Lover by Giant Steps (#93); When Time Turns Around by the Spoons (#95); Look Away by Chicago (#97); and 1974 by Amy Grant (#99).

Died on this date
Kaikhosru Shapurji Sorabji, 96
. U.K, musician and composer. Mr. Sorabji, born Leon Dudley Sorabji, was a pianist who wrote numerous works for piano and performed them in public from 1920-1936, and then banned performances of his music for the next 40 years, concentrating on essays and music criticism.

Detroit 5 @ Toronto 3

British Columbia 22 @ Alberta (0-7) 20

The Thunderbirds needed a 22-yard field goal by Mike Bellefontaine with 11 seconds remaining in the game to beat the winless Golden Bears before 600 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton, as UBC quarterback Jordan Gagner passed for 345 yards, but also threw 5 interceptions against one of the worst teams in the country. Alberta running back Tom Houg rushed for 229 yards and a touchdown. UBC head coach Frank Smith and his assistants were most unhappy about the officiating, and weren't shy about showing their displeasure.

World Series
Oakland Athletics 4 @ Los Angeles Dodgers 5 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Kirk Gibson, suffering from a leg injury restricting him to pinch-hitting duties, came to bat with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and hit a 2-run home run off Oakland relief ace Dennis Eckersley to give the Dodgers the win before 55,983 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Dodgers opened the scoring in the bottom of the 1st when Mickey Hatcher hit a 2-run home run off Oakland starting pitcher Dave Stewart. The Athletics scored all their runs in the 2nd on a grand slam by Jose Canseco off Los Angeles starter Tim Belcher. The Dodgers scored a run in the 6th to make it 4-3, and were down to their last out when pinch hitter Mike Davis walked on four pitches and Mr. Gibson fouled off several pitches before hitting a slider on a full count into the right field bleachers. Alejandro Pena pitched the last 2 innings and was credited with the win.

20 years ago

Sacramento (4-11) 26 @ Winnipeg (12-4) 33

David Williams caught 3 touchdown passes as the Blue Bombers defeated the Gold Miners before 27,451 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. The first 2 of Mr. Williams' TDs came on passes from starting quarterback Matt Dunigan, and his third from backup Sammy Garza, who entered the game when Mr. Dunigan suffered a severed achilles tendon, putting him out of action for the rest of the season. Troy Westwood converted all the touchdowns and added 4 field goals. Joe Howard Johnson returned a punt 63 yards for the first Sacramento touchdown in the 2nd quarter. Wide receiver Titus Dixon scored the other Gold Miners touchdowns on passes from quarterback David Archer, the last coming with 32 seconds remaining in the game.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Jack Narz, 85
. U.S. television host. Mr. Narz hosted numerous television game shows, including Dotto (1958) and Concentration (1973-1978). His brother James changed his name to Tom Kennedy and also had a successful career as a game show host, and the two occasionally appeared together. Jack Narz died after two strokes.

Edie Adams, 81. U.S. actress. Miss Adams, born Edith Enke, was known for her impersonations of sexy actresses in television comedy shows, regularly working with her husband, television comedy pioneer Ernie Kovacs, until his death on January 13, 1962. She was nominated for an Emmy Award in 1957, and won a Tony Award for her starring role in Li'l Abner (1956). Miss Adams became a successful businesswoman in later years. She died of cancer and pneumonia.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed down 733.08 points, or 7.87%, the second-worst percentage drop in the Dow's history.

National League Championship Series
Philadelphia 5 @ Los Angeles 1 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-1)

Jimmy Rollins led off the game with a home run and the Phillies added 2 runs in each of the 3rd and 5th innings as they won the National League pennant before 56,800 fans at Dodger Stadium.

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