Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Sylvia Smith and Grace Padaca!
250 years ago
Port La Joie, the major town in Prince Edward Island, founded by the French, was renamed Charlottetown in honour of Queen Charlotte, consort of King George III.
220 years ago
An International Boundary Commission, set up under the terms of the Jay Treaty, established the St. Croix River as the southwestern border between New Brunswick and Maine.
150 years ago
Born on this date
Dan Burke. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Burke was a catcher, outfielder, and first baseman with the Rochester Broncos (1890); Syracuse Stars (1890); and Boston Beaneaters (1892), batting .175 with no home runs and 9 runs batted in in 42 games. He played in the minor leagues--mainly in the New England League--from 1886-1897. Mr. Burke died on March 20, 1933 at the age of 64.
130 years ago
Born on this date
Richard E. Byrd. U.S. explorer. Mr. Byrd, who rose to the rank of Rear Admiral in the United States Navy, was an aviator (as a navigator) and leader of expeditions to both the North Pole (1926) and South Pole (five expeditions from 1928-1956). He also led a four-man crew in a flight across the Atlantic Ocean, shortly after Charles Lindbergh's solo flight in 1927. Among his many honours was the Medal of Honor, which he was awarded in 1926 after his attempt to fly over the North Pole (controversy continues as to whether he actually reached the Pole). Rear Admiral Byrd died on March 11, 1957 at the age of 68.
Toronto (1-1) 4 University of Toronto (0-1) 1
New York Giants 11 @ St. Louis Browns 3 (New York led best-of-ten series 6-2)
The Giants scored 6 runs in the top of the 9th inning to clinch victory in the series before 4,865 fans at Sportsman's Park. Buck Ewing and Mike Tiernan of the Giants hit the first 2 home runs in the series. Tim Keefe pitched his fourth complete game victory in the series, while Elton Chamberlain pitched a complete game in absorbing his third loss. The Browns made 6 errors and the Giants 2.
100 years ago
The Canadian Pacific steamer SS Princess Sophia, en route from Skagway, Alaska to Vancouver, British Columbia with several stops between, sank with the loss of all aboard, the day after grounding on Vanderbilt Reef in Lynn Canal near Juneau. At least 343 people perished in the worst maritime accident in the history of British Columbia and Alaska.
George Church, President of the Ottawa Senators, announced that the Canadian Patriotic Football Season had been cancelled. The season, which was to consist of 2 games between the Senators and McGill University, was being cancelled because of the flu epidemic. Most of the McGill players were either suffering from the flu or helping those in Montreal who were. The first game, originally scheduled to have been played in Ottawa on October 12, had been rescheduled for October 26. The second game was to have been the first game ever played at Percival Molson Memorial Stadium on the McGill University campus in Montreal.
90 years ago
Captain C.B.D. Collyer and Harry Tucker arrived in Los Angeles at 5:08 P.M. to conclude a record non-stop trip across the United States. Their flight of 24 hours 51 minutes had begun from Roosevelt Field, New York. The men were killed making the return trip to New York.
Bodies of minor members of the Royal Family were removed from Windsor Castle and St. George's Chapel, to rest in grounds specially consecrated for them at Frogmore in Windsor Park, London, the burial place of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
75 years ago
On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Ricoletti of the Club Foot
Soviet troops captured Dnepropetrovsk--Ukraine's third-largest city--the nearby industrial centre of Dneprodzerzhinsk, and 40 other towns in the area. U.K. troops took Baranello, Spineto, and Bojano in a vital sector of central Italy.
U.S. State Secretary Cordell Hull and Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Averell Harriman conferred in Moscow with U.S.S.R. Premier Josef Stalin and Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov.
The U.S. Navy disclosed that the new Grumman "Hellcat" fighter plane had a speed of 400 miles per hour, a range of 1,500 miles, and a ceiling of more than 35,000 feet.
Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill invited Canada to join the Combined Food Board. Mr. Roosevelt nominated Chester Bowles to be director of the Office of Price Administration.
About 3,000 of the 22,000 striking coal miners returned to work in Alabama, but wildcat strikes spread to six other states.
70 years ago
On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS
The late Italian Duce Benito Mussolini's memoirs were published by Farar, Straus under the title The Fall of Mussolini: His Own Story.
The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a New York ban of Memoirs of Hecate County on grounds of obscenity.
Chinese Communist forces reported capturing Kaifeng, the capital of Honan Province.
United Nations mediator Ralph Bunche ordered Israel to give up all territory gained in the Negev desert over the past 10 days.
The U.S.S.R. vetoed the Berlin compromise proposed by neutral Security Council members. A subcommittee of the UN General Assembly's Political and Security Committee rejected a Soviet proposal for gradual reduction of conventional arms and a ban on nuclear weapons.
Former Panamanian President Hermodio Arias was among 27 suspects arrested for allegedly plotting to overthrow President Domingo Diaz Arosemena.
A U.S. federal court in Trenton, New Jersey issued a consent judgment against 18 stainless steel manufacturers representing 90% of the industry, ordering the defendants to desist from price fixing and restraint of trade.
60 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno; Dean Martin
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Patricia--Pérez Prado and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (7th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Carolina Moon/Stupid Cupid--Connie Francis (4th week at #1)
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (4th week at #1)
2 Tea for Two Cha Cha--The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington
3 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
4 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
5 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
6 Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno
7 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
8 Rock-in Robin--Bobby Day
9 Susie Darlin'--Robin Luke
10 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
Singles entering the chart were I'll Remember Tonight by Pat Boone (#56); Mr. Success by Frank Sinatra (#65); I'll Wait for You by Frankie Avalon (#68); Tunnel of Love by Doris Day (#69); A Part of Me by Jimmy Clanton (#80); Calla Calla (The Bride the Bride) by the Paulette Sisters (#91); and Love is All We Need by Tommy Edwards (#99). A Part of Me was the other side of A Letter to an Angel, charting at #66.
Died on this date
José Gustavo Guerrero, 82. Salvadoran diplomat and jurist. Mr. Guerrero was President of the Assembly of the League of Nations (1929-1930); the last President of the Permanent Court of International Justice (1937-1945); and the first President of the International Court of Justice ("World Court") (1946-1949), serving as a regular judge on the Court until his death.
Communist Chinese Defense Minister Peng Teh-huai declared that Communist shore batteries would halt their bombardment of major Nationalist positions on Quemoy and nearby offshore islands on even-numbered days of the month.
U.S. troops completed their withdrawal from Lebanese territory.
Communist Chinese forces completed their withdrawal from North Korea.
Former Colombian President Gustavo Rojas Pinilla was taken under armed guard to testify before a Senate subcommittee looking into charges that he had abused his power and used his office for personal enrichment.
Several buildings, including a nine-storey federal government building, were destroyed by an explosion in the area of Bank and Slater Streets in downtown Ottawa. No one was killed, but dozens were injured.
Hamilton (9-2-1) 12 @ Montreal (5-6-1) 28
Ottawa (5-7) 24 @ Toronto (4-8) 42
Saskatchewan (6-7-2) 29 @ Calgary (6-8-1) 29
British Columbia (3-12) 3 @ Edmonton (9-5-1) 25
London (5-5) 21 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (4-6) 22
Sam Etcheverry completed a 47-yard touchdown pass to Dick Hunter and handed off to Pat Abbruzzi and Joel Wells for TDs as the Alouettes beat the Tiger-Cats at Molson Stadium. Bill Bewley scored the other Montreal touchdown on a 15-yard interception return and added a convert and field goal. Ron Howell scored the only Hamilton touchdown on a 19-yard pass from Bernie Faloney. Steve Oneschuk converted and added a single, while Don Sutherin kicked a field goal and Cam Fraser punted for a single.
Ronnie Knox completed 20 of 29 passes for 522 yards and 4 touchdowns as the Argonauts overcame an early 12-0 deficit to defeat the Rough Riders before 23,334 fans at Varsity Stadium. Mr. Knox's TD passes went to Dave Mann, Dick Shatto, Boyd Carter, and Pete O'Garro. Mr. Shatto also rushed for a pair of 1-yard touchdowns, and Mr. Mann scored a single when he fumbled into the Ottawa end zone and Ottawa's Bob Simpson kicked the ball into the stands. Vic Kristopaitis converted 5 of the 6 Toronto touchdowns. Russ Jackson played the complete game at quarterback for the Rough Riders, rushing for 2 touchdowns and passing for touchdowns to Don Pinhey and Bob Simpson.
Jack Hill scored 23 points on 3 touchdowns, 4 converts, and a single as he led the Roughriders back from a 22-0 2nd-quarter deficit in their tie against the Stampeders before 13,500 fans at Mewata Stadium. Jim Bakhtiar, Chuck Holloway, and Gene Filipski scored Calgary touchdowns in the 1st half, with Doug Brown kicking 3 converts and a single. Mr. Hill got the Roughriders onto the scoreboard before halftime, and the teams were tied at 22 late in the 4th quarter when Saskatchewan's Harry Lunn returned a punt 67 yards for a touchdown with 3:27 remaining, and Mr. Hill's convert gave the Roughriders a 29-22 lead. The Stampeders quickly replied, as Ron Clinkscale completed a 70-yard touchdown pass to Jack Gotta with 2:20 remaining, converted by Mr. Brown. It was the final CFL game for Mr. Bakhtiar, who missed the next game with an injury and retired from football to pursue a medical degree.
Johnny Bright rushed 22 times for 115 yards and 2 touchdowns and caught 3 passes for 56 yards to lead the Eskimos over the Lions at Clarke Stadium. Normie Kwong scored the other Edmonton touchdown, with Jackie Parker kicking 2 converts, a field goal, and 2 singles. Edmonton defensive back Rollie Miles made his 9th and 10th interceptions of the season to set a Western Interprovincial Football Union record.
Royal Bailey, Bernie Custis, and Chico Mendoza scored touchdowns scored touchdowns for the Dutchmen as they edged the Lords at Kitchener Stadium. Mike Norcia converted all 3 touchdowns, and Bob Celeri punted for a single, which turned out to be the difference in the game. Ed Simms scored 2 touchdowns for the Lords, and Jim Greer scored the other London TD. Al Pfeifer kicked a convert, and Mr. Legge added 2 singles.
Toronto (5-0) 32 @ Queen's (1-4) 3
McGill (1-4) 8 @ Western Ontario (3-2) 26
Pete Joyce and Tim Reid each scored 2 touchdowns for the Varsity Blues as they routed the Golden Gaels at Richardson Stadium in Kingston.
Bob Miller, Meco Poliziani, Frank Cosentino, and Bob Pearson scored touchdowns for the Mustangs in their win over the Redmen at J.W. Little Memorial Stadium in London. Dick Carr passed to Joe Irvin for the McGill touchdown.
50 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Hey Jude--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Suzie Q--Creedence Clearwater Revival
2 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
3 Fire--Arthur Brown
4 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles
5 Beyond the Clouds--The Poppy Family
6 All Along the Watchtower--The Jimi Hendrix Experience
7 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
8 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
9 White Room--Cream
10 Elenore--The Turtles
Singles entering the chart were Love Child by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#27); Little Arrows by Leapy Lee (#29); and Abraham, Martin and John by Dion (#30).
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (7th week at #1)
2 Fire--Arthur Brown
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
4 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon
5 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
6 Time Has Come Today--The Chambers Brothers
7 Slip Away--Clarence Carter
8 The Snake--Al Wilson
9 Hold Me Tight--Johnny Nash
10 White Room--Cream
The U.S.S.R. launched the unmanned spacecraft Soyuz 2, which was intended to be the docking target of the manned spacecraft Soyuz 3, launched the following day.
The city of Chicago recognized French Canadian fur trader Jean-Baptiste Pointe de Sable as its first settler and founder; the name of the city came from the Indian name for a species of wild onion that grew on the site.
The new terminal at Vancouver International Airport opened.
Elaine Tanner, Angela Coughlan, Marilyn Corson, and Marion Lay, won the bronze medal in the women's 400-metre freestyle relay swimming event at the Summer Olympics in Mexico City, becoming the first Canadian women's relay team ever to win an Olympic medal in swimming.
Former world light heavyweight champion Dick Tiger (58-18-3) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Frank DePaula (19-6-3) in a light heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Tiger was knocked down twice in the 2nd round, and Mr. DePaula was knocked down twice in the 3rd round.
40 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)
At the movies
Halloween, directed and co-written by John Carpenter, and starring Donald Pleasence and Jamie Lee Curtis, received its premiere screening at the AMC Empire Theatre in Kansas City.
Comes a Horseman, directed by Alan J. Pakula, and starring Jane Fonda, James Caan, Jason Robards, and Richard Farnsworth, opened in theatres.
Selma Barkham and a team of Public Archives of Canada researchers found a Spanish galleon, sunk in 1525, at Red Bay, Newfoundland, off the coast of Labrador.
Economics and finance
U.S. President Jimmy Carter appointed Civil Aeronautics Board Chairman Alfred E. Kahn to head his anti-inflation program.
The government of Canada and postal workers came to an agreement, ending the national postal strike that had begun on October 12 when postal workers in Charlottetown and Montreal walked off the job.
30 years ago
Died on this date
Boobie Clark, 39. U.S. football player. Charles Lee Clark was an offensive lineman at Bethune-Cookman University in the early 1970s, but played fullback with the Cincinnati Bengals (1973-1978) and Houston Oilers (1979-1980), rushing 802 times for 3,032 yards and 25 touchdowns, and catching 157 passes for 1,197 yards and 2 touchdowns. He was the American Football Conference Rookie of the Year in 1973 when he rushed 254 times for 988 yards and 8 touchdowns, and caught 45 passes for 347 yards. In his rookie year, Mr. Clark struck Denver Broncos' defensive back Dale Hackbart with a forearm to the back of the neck; Mr. Hackbart didn't appear seriously injured at the time, but turned out to have a broken neck. He sued the Bengals, and the 10th circuit Court of Appeals ruled that a tort--in this case, battery--may have been committed. The parties reached an out-of-court settlement. Mr. Clark died of a blood clot in his lung, two weeks before his 40th birthday.
Politics and government
The leaders of Canada's three major political parties--Prime Minister Brian Mulroney (Progressive Conservative), John Turner (Liberal), and Ed Broadbent (New Democratic Party) took part in the English-language debate during the federal election campaign.
Chunichi Dragons 3 @ Seibu Lions 4 (Seibu led best-of-seven series 2-1)
25 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (10th week at #1)
Died on this date
Vincent Price, 82. U.S. actor. Mr. Price had a career of more than 50 years on stage, screen, radio, and television; he appeared in more than 100 movies, and was primarily known as a star of horror films. Mr. Price was associated with the stories of Edgar Allan Poe, appearing in seven movies based on Mr. Poe's stories that were directed by Roger Corman in the early 1960s, and using his distinctive voice to make spoken word recordings of Mr. Poe's stories. Mr. Price had a degree in art history, and was an art collector and expert who lectured and wrote on the subject. He died of lung cancer after suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and Parkinson's disease in later years.
Politics and government
The Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister Kim Campbell, who had replaced Brian Mulroney as Prime Minister five months earlier, was ousted from power in the Canadian federal election. The Liberals, led by Jean Chretien, won a majority government, winning 177 of 295 seats in the House of Commons. The Bloc Quebecois earned official opposition status, winning 54 seats. The western-based Reform Party, which held 1 seat at the beginning of the campaign, won 52 seats, all but one in the west. The New Democratic Party was reduced from 45 to 9 seats, and the PCs were reduced to 2 seats, while independent John Nunziata was re-elected in Toronto. Ms. Campbell was among the incumbent PC members who lost their seats, as she was defeated in her riding of Vancouver Centre. Reform Party candidate Hugh Hanrahan was elected in Edmonton Strathcona, contributing to the celebratory atmosphere in Alberta.
20 years ago
Winnipeg (2-15) 44 @ Montreal (11-5-1) 58
British Columbia (8-9) 42 @ Saskatchewan (5-12) 37
Edmonton (8-9) 19 @ Calgary (12-5) 31
Mike Pringle increased his rushing yardage for the season to a league record 2,064 as he helped the Alouettes defeat the Blue Bombers before 16,205 fans at Molson Stadium. Quarterbacks Tracy Ham of Montreal and Jay Walker of Winnipeg had outstanding games.
Robert Drummond rushed for 114 yards and 2 touchdowns, and Lui Passaglia added 7 field goals to help the Lions defeat the Roughriders before 26,537 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.
Kelvin Anderson rushed 29 times for 175 yards and Jeff Garcia passed for 2 touchdowns to help the Stampeders beat the Eskimos before 27,984 fans at McMahon Stadium.
10 years ago
Heavy winds swept across Alberta and Saskatchewan on one of the windiest days this blogger has ever seen. A man in Sherwood Park, Alberta was sitting in his car waiting out a red light when a tree blew over, crashed through his windshield, and killed him, as his wife was sitting in the passenger seat next to him.
Edmonton (9-8) 9 @ Saskatchewan (11-6) 55
Toronto (4-13) 32 @ British Columbia (11-6) 55
Kitwana Jones returned a fumble 54 yards for a touchdown 3:01 into the game; Wes Cates rushed for a pair of touchdowns; Renauld Williams returned an interception 42 yards for a TD; and Corey Grant, Weston Dressler, and Andy Fantuz each caught a touchdown pass to help the Roughriders hand the Eskimos one of the most lopsided losses in their history, before 30,945 fans who endured a strong wind at Mosaic Stadium in Regina. The Roughriders outscored the Eskimos 41-0 in the 2nd and 3rd quarters with the wind at their back.
Jarious Jackson replaced the injured Buck Pierce in the 2nd quarter and threw 3 touchdown passes to help the Lions defeat the Argonauts before 35,994 fans at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.
Calgary (5-3) 9 @ Alberta (2-6) 20
The Golden Bears took advantage of a strong favouring wind in the 4th quarter to punt for 4 singles as they beat the Dinos at Foote Field in Edmonton and ended their 6-game losing streak. The game was to be televised on Shaw Cable, but the wind knocked the transmission out only about 10 minutes into the telecast.
Tampa Bay Rays 4 @ Philadelphia Phillies 5 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Carlos Ruiz's infield single scored Eric Bruntlett from third base with none out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 9th to give the Phillies the win before 45,900 fans in the first World Series game ever played at Citizens Bank Park.
The Visionary World of Maritime New Lights - By David Bell Some years ago a Vermont family kindly allowed access to the Maritime portions of the journal of their ancestor, Ziba Pope. Pope (1779-1852) ...
11 hours ago