Friday, 12 October 2018

October 11, 2018

880 years ago

A massive earthquake struck Aleppo, Syria.

280 years ago

Born on this date
Arthur Phillip, 75
. U.K. military officer and politician. Mr. Phillip, an admiral in the Royal Navy, was the first Governor of the penal colony of New South Wales from 1788-1795. He died on August 31, 1814 at the age of 75.

130 years ago

Ottawa Rough Riders (0-1) 0 @ Ottawa College (1-0) 39

110 years ago

World Series
Detroit Tigers 1 @ Chicago Cubs 6 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Joe Tinker's 2-run home run broke a 0-0 tie as the Cubs erupted for 6 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning and defeated the Tigers before 17,760 fans at West Side Park in a game that was played in 1 hour 30 minutes. Orval Overall pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Wild Bill Donovan.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Jerome Robbins
. American director, producer, and choreographer. Mr. Robbins, born Jerome Rabinowitz, worked in theatre, film, and television. He won five Tony Awards and two Academy Awards, both for West Side Story (1961), for co-direction of the film with Robert Wise, and for his choreography. Mr. Robbins died on July 29, 1998 at the age of 79, shortly after suffering a stroke.

Fred Bodsworth. Canadian writer and naturalist. Mr. Bodsworth, a native of Port Burwell, Ontario, wrote fiction and non-fiction about nature. His best-known book was the novel Last of the Curlews (1955). Mr. Bodsworth died on September 15, 2012 at the age of 93.

Died on this date
Wallace Algie
. Canadian military officer. Lieutenant Algie, of the 20th Battalion, 1st Central Ontario Regiment, was killed in a battle north east of Cambrai, France after taking two machine gun nests and capturing a German officer and 10 men. He was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously on January 21, 1919.

New Brunswick Health Minister Dr. William Roberts outlawed the gathering of more than five people, and closed schools and churches for five weeks to combat the spread of influenza.

The 7.1 Mw San Fermín earthquake shook Puerto Rico with a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent), killing between 76-116 people. A tsunami contributed to the damage and loss of life.

90 years ago

The German dirigible Graf Zeppelin, commanded by Hugo Eckener, with 40 crew members and 20 passengers, left Friederichshaven, Germany at 8 A.M. local time and flew south to avoid strong winds, passing over Tarragona, on the Mediterranean coast of Spain, at 9:15 P.M. German time.

Politics and government
Dr. Isidro Ayora, provisional President of Ecuador since 1926, received the support by vote of the new Constitutional Assembly, which was elected on August 30, to continue in office for an indefinite period. He received all votes cast, although two members abstained from voting. The Assembly decided to keep in force the Constitution adopted in 1906 until the expiration of the dictatorship upon the election by popular vote of a regular President.

A student revolt in Caracas against the Venezuelan government resulted in the killing of a student and one other person. 60 people were arrested and put to work on the streets, breaking stone.

Patrolman George Denker of the Holland Tunnel police was convicted in General Sessions in New York of felonious assault after a trial on a charge that he had blackjacked James Bernard, a janitor from Newark, in the tunnel on the morning of August 12. Patrolman Thomas Finnen of the same force, who was jointly tried with Patrolman Denker, was acquitted. On October 23, Mr. Denker was sentenced to not more than 3 years in prison.

75 years ago

Yugoslavian partisans reported that they were within 23 miles of Belgrade and were in the suburbs of the Croatian capital of Zagreb. Australian Prime Minister John Curtin revealed that the Allied flier beheaded by Japanese forces in New Guinea was an Australian. Mr. Curtin said that such atrocities were being examined "with a view of full retribution against responsible persons." The deceased was later revealed to be Royal Australian Air Force Flight Lieutenant Bill Newton, 23, who was still listed as missing when he was awarded the Victoria Cross, but who had in fact been executed on March 29, 1943.

Venezuelan President Isaias Medina Angarita accepted an invitation from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to visit the United States.

U.S. President Roosevelt sent a message to Congress asking for "prompt repeal" of the Chinese Exclusion Act "as important in the cause of winning the war and of establishing a secure peace."

The U.S. Office of Censorship lifted restrictions on publication and broadcasting of weather forecasts because of improved defense and other "war conditions."

Regina (1-3) 0 @ Winnipeg United Services (1-2) 12

Hymie Marder and Paul Gates scored touchdowns, both converted by Lee Sherman, as United Services blanked the All-Services Roughriders at Osborne Stadium.

World Series
New York Yankees 2 @ St. Louis Cardinals 0 (New York won best-of-seven series 4-1)

The Cardinals amassed 10 hits against New York pitcher Spud Chandler but left 11 runners on base and hit into a double play, and Mr. Chandler picked up his second win of the series, winning the pitchers' duel over Mort Cooper before 33,872 fans at Sportsman's Park. The Yankees scored their runs with 2 out in the top of the 5th inning when left fielder Charlie Keller and catcher Bill Dickey followed with a 2-run home run.

70 years ago

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

The Grumman G-22 Gulfhawk II, the last U.S. biplane fighter plane in operation, was retired to the National Air Museum in Washington, D.C. after a final exhibition flight.

The Los Angeles Mirror, owned by Norman Chandler, publisher of the morning Times, began publication.

Toronto (4-3-1) 8 @ Hamilton (1-6-1) 8

Winnipeg (3-7) 1 @ Saskatchewan (2-6) 26

Del Wardien scored 3 touchdowns and Gabe Patterson added a touchdown and 4 converts for the Roughriders as they routed the Blue Bombers at Taylor Field in Regina.

World Series
Cleveland Indians 4 @ Boston Braves 3 (Cleveland won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Joe Gordon led off the 6th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie as the Indians held on to edge the Braves before 40,103 fans in the last World Series game ever played at Braves Field. The Braves, trailing 4-1, rallied for 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning, but rookie pitcher Gene Bearden retired the Braves in the 9th inning to save the win for Bob Lemon as the Indians won their first World Series since 1920, and their most recent to date.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Hula Baby--Peter Kraus

#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Carolina Moon/Stupid Cupid--Connie Francis (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (2nd week at #1)
2 Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno
--Dean Martin
3 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
4 Tea for Two Cha Cha--The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington
5 Rock-in Robin--Bobby Day
6 Susie Darlin'--Robin Luke
7 Tears on My Pillow--Little Anthony and the Imperials
8 Little Star--The Elegants
9 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
10 Topsy II--Cozy Cole

Singles entering the chart were The Secret by the Gainors (#57, charting with the version by Gordon MacRae); Non Dimenticar (Don't Forget) by Nat "King" Cole (#62); To Know Him, is to Love Him by the Teddy Bears (#66); I Got a Feeling by Ricky Nelson (#67); Forget Me Not by the Kalin Twins (#75); Walking Along by the Diamonds (#80); What Do I Care by Johnny Cash (#81); Fallin' (#82)/Happy Days and Lonely Nights (#91) by Connie Francis; Leave Me Alone (Let Me Cry) by Dickie Doo and the Don'ts (#87); Scene of the Crime by Dinah Shore (#92); Blue Moon by Jimmy Bowen (#93); Tic Toc by Lee Allen and his Band (#97); and Come Back My Love by the Impressions featuring Jerry Butler (#100).

Died on this date
Ira Thomas, 77
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Thomas was a catcher with the New York Highlanders (1906-1907); Detroit Tigers (1908); and Philadelphia Athletics (1909-1915), batting .242 with 3 home runs and 155 runs batted in in 484 regular season games and .214 with no home runs and 3 runs batted in in 10 World Series games. He played on five teams that won American League pennants, and was with the Athletics when they won World Series in 1910, 1911, and 1913. In 1908, Mr. Thomas singled for the first pinch hit in World Series play. He was a scout with the Athletics for many years after his playing career ended.

Ernest Bertrand, 69. Canadian politician. Mr. Bertrand, a Liberal, represented the Quebec riding of Laurier in the House of Commons from 1935-1949. He served as Minister of Fisheries (1942-1945) and Postmaster General (1945-1949) in the cabinets of Prime Ministers Mackenzie King and Louis St. Laurent. Mr. Bertrand left politics shortly after winning his last election in order to accept an appointment as a Puisne Judge of the Court of King's Bench of Quebec.

Johannes R. Becher, 67. German writer and politician. Mr. Becher was a novelist and poet who joined the Communist Party of Germany before World War II, escaped to Paris shortly after the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, and emigrated to the U.S.S.R. in 1935. He settled in East Berlin after World War II, and was a member of the Volkskammer.

The United States launched the lunar probe Pioneer 1, but it prematurely shut down and burned up in the atmosphere 43 hours later. It was the first such launch to take place since the National Aeronautics and Space Administration had been established.

World events
Ali Yata, leader of the outlawed Moroccan Communist Party, was arrested in Tangier.

Politics and government
In a new guideline interpreting the "equal time clause," the U.S. Federal Communications Commission said that radio and television stations that gave air time to a political candidate must give equal time to any legally qualified rival candidate.

Leslie Arnold, 16, admitted to Omaha police that he had killed his parents on September 27 in a quarrel over use of the family car.

Montreal (3-5-1) 7 @ Ottawa (5-4) 41
Toronto (1-8) 15 @ Hamilton (8-0-1) 28

British Columbia (2-10) 10 @ Winnipeg (10-3) 8
Calgary (5-7) 10 @ Edmonton (6-5-1) 17

Detroit (0-6) 10 @ London (3-4) 17
Sarnia (8-0) 30 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (3-4) 7

Don Flynn and Normie Kwong scored touchdowns, while Joe Mobra added a convert, field goal, and single for the Eskimos in their win over the Stampeders at Clarke Stadium.

Al Pfeifer scored a touchdown, field goal, and 2 converts to help the Lords defeat the Raiders at Labatt Park. Marv Frankel scored the Detroit touchdown, with Ed Bagdon converting and adding a field goal.

Ernie White, J.B. Smith, Mr. Sturm, and Ray Ash scored touchdowns for the Golden Bears as they beat the Dutchmen at Kitchener Stadium. Gino Cappelletti converted all the Sarnia TDs and added 2 singles. Chico Mendoza scored the K-W touchdown, converted by Mike Norcia.

McGill (1-2) 0 @ Queen's (1-2) 21
Western Ontario (1-2) 14 @ Toronto (3-0) 38

Nippon Series
Nishitetsu Lions 2 @ Yomiuri Giants 9 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Giants scored 6 runs in the 7th inning to break open a close game before 35,217 fans at Korakuen Stadium in Tokyo.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Hey Jude--The Beatles

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Fire--Arthur Brown (2nd week at #1)
2 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles
3 Cinnamon--Derek
4 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
5 Suzie Q--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon
7 My Special Angel--The Vogues
8 Baby, Come Back--The Equals
9 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
10 Beyond the Clouds--The Poppy Family

Singles entering the chart were Hitchcock Railway by Jose Feliciano (#27); Sweet Blindness by the 5th Dimension (#28); Take Me for a Little While by the Vanilla Fudge (#29); and Magic Carpet Ride by Steppenwolf. Hitchcock Railway was the B-side of Hi-Heel Sneakers.

Apollo 7, with the crew of Commander Walter Schirra, Command Module Pilot Donn Eisele, and Lunar Module Pilot Walter Cunningham, lifted off from Cape Kennedy, Florida atop a Saturn 1-B rocket to begin an 11-day Earth-orbiting mission. It was the first American three-man mission; the first manned Apollo mission; and the first manned Apollo mission since the deaths of the crew of Apollo 1 in a fire on the launch pad during a systems test on January 27, 1967.

World events
Arnulfo Arias, inaugurated as President of Panama on October 1, was ousted by the National Guard in a coup.

Politics and government
Two Quebec separatist groups, the Mouvement Souverainete-Association and Ralliement National, began a four-day conference in Quebec City with the intention of forming one party. 809 delegates attended.

11 people were killed in the crash of a Czechoslovak Airlines plane shortly after takeoff.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Summer Nights--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

Colorado 2 @ Vancouver 8

World Series
New York Yankees 3 @ Los Angeles Dodgers 4 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Ron Cey drove in all the Dodgers' runs with a single in the 4th inning and a 3-run home run in the 6th as they held on to win before 55,982 fans at Dodger Stadium. Reggie Jackson drove in all the Yankees' runs with a 2-run double in the 3rd and a groundout in the 7th, and came to bat for the last time with runners on first and second bases and 2 out in the 9th, with rookie relief pitcher Bob Welch on the mound. Mr. Jackson fouled off several pitches, working the count to 3 balls and 2 strikes before Mr. Welch struck him out on the ninth pitch.

30 years ago

Died on this date
Bonita Granville, 65
. U.S. actress. Miss Granville was nominated for an Academy Award for her supporting performance in These Three (1936); her other movies included Now, Voyager (1942); Hitler's Children (1943); and four films in which she played Nancy Drew. She died of lung cancer.

Politics and government
Pope John Paul II addressed the European Parliament in Strasbourg, France, but was interrupted by Rev. Ian Paisley, MEP from Northern Ireland, who shouted, "I renounce you as Christ's enemy and antichrist, with all your false doctrine..." Mr. Paisley was physically attacked and ejected from the House, despite the fact that according to the rules of the Parliament, he had every right to protest as he did and Lord Plumb, President of the European Parliament, had no right to silence him.

National League Championship Series
New York 5 @ Los Angeles 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

David Cone pitched a 5-hit complete game victory and Kevin McReynolds drove in 3 runs with a sacrifice fly in the 1st inning and a 2-run home run in the 5th as the Mets evened the Series before 55,885 fans at Dodger Stadium.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Andy Stewart, 59
. U.K. entertainer. Mr. Stewart was a singer, actor, comedian, and impressionist who achieved tremendous popularity in his native Scotland and internationally from the 1950s through the '70s until his health declined. He died of a heart attack the day after giving a gala performance for Children's Hospice Association Scotland in Edinburgh.

Toronto (3-11) 20 @ Hamilton (6-9) 28

The Tiger-Cats scored touchdowns in the 2nd quarter on a 10-yard pass from Lee Saltz to Lonzell Hill and a 1-yard rush by Paul Bushey, and cornerback Gary Wilkerson returned an interception 20 yards for a touchdown in the last minute to preserve their victory over the Argonauts before 18,425 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Paul Osbaldiston added 3 converts, 2 field goals, and a single to complete the Hamilton scoring. Manny Hazard scored the Argonauts' only touchdown on a 48-yard pass from Reggie Slack in the 3rd quarter. Lance Chomyc converted and added 4 field goals, while Hank Ilesic punted for a single.

National League Championship Series
Philadelphia 4 @ Atlanta 3 (10 innings) (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Braves trailed 3-0 and rallied for 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the score, but Lenny Dykstra hit a solo home run in the top of the 10th to put the Phillies ahead again, and Larry Andersen retired the Braves in order in the bottom of the inning to preserve the win before 52,032 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Richard Denning, 84
. U.S. actor. Mr. Denning, born Louis Albert Heindrich Denninger, Jr., co-starred with Lucille Ball in the radio comedy series My Favorite Husband (1948-1951), and appeared in science fiction and horror films in the 1950s, including Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954). He appeared in various television programs before moving to Hawaii, and came out of retirement to play the governor in the television series Hawaii Five-O (1968-1980). Mr. Denning died of a heart attack while visiting relatives in southern California.

Pope John Paul II canonized the first Jewish-born Roman Catholic saint of the modern era: Edith Stein, a nun killed at Auschwitz during World War II.

Calgary (10-5) 35 @ Hamilton (10-4-1) 18

Kelvin Anderson rushed for 167 yards and 2 touchdowns, while quarterback Jeff Garcia also scored 2 touchdowns in leading the Stampeders over the Tiger-Cats before 17,854 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

American League Championship Series
New York 5 @ Cleveland 3 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Chili Davis singled in 2 runs in the 1st inning and hit a solo home run in the 4th for the eventual deciding run as the Yankees defeated the Indians before 44,966 fans at Jacobs Field. Jim Thome hit a solo homer for Cleveland in the bottom of the 6th, his third home run of the series.

National League Championship Series
Atlanta 8 @ San Diego 3 (San Diego led best-of-seven series 3--1)

Andres Galarraga's grand slam climaxed a 6-run 7th inning for the Braves as they averted elimination by the Padres before 65,042 fans at Qualcomm Stadium.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Neal Hefti, 85
. U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Hefti was a jazz trumpeter who played with several bands, most notably that of Woody Herman. He achieved success as an arranger and composer for various bands in the 1940s, and led his own band in the '50s, while working as an arranger for singers such as Roy Hamilton and Frank Sinatra. Mr. Hefti composed scores for movies such as Duel at Diablo (1966) and The Odd Couple (1968), but is probably best remembered for writing Batman Theme (1966), which became a hit single for him and won a Grammy Award in 1967 for Best Instrumental Theme.

Jörg Haider, 58. Austrian politician. Mr. Haider, whose parents were Nazis, was Chairman of the Austrian Freedom Party (FPÖ) (1986-2000), and later of the Bündnis Zukunft Österreich (BZÖ)(Alliance for the Future of Austria) (2005-2006, 2008). He was Governor of Carinthia (1989-1991, 1999-2008), where most of his popularity was centred. Mr. Haider criticized immigration and Islam, and was frequently criticized as xenophobic and anti-Semitic. He was also accused of bisexuality. Mr. Haider was still in office as party leader and Governor when he was killed in a car accident. He was succeeded as Governor of Carinthia by Gerhard Dörfler, while his alleged lover Stefan Petzner became acting leader of the BZÖ.

Saskatchewan (4-2) 17 @ Manitoba (3-3) 20

American League Championship Series
Boston 8 @ Tampa Bay 9 (11 innings) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Melvin Upton scored Fernando Perez with a sacrifice fly in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Rays their win over the Red Sox before 34,904 fans at Tropicana Field in a game that dragged on for 5 hours 27 minutes. The teams combined for an ALCS record 7 home runs.

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