Friday, 19 October 2018

October 19, 2018

1,025 years ago

Died on this date
Conrad I, 68 (?)
. King of Burgundy, 937-993. Conrad I succeeded his father Rudolph II, and was succeeded by his son Rudolph III.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Bertha Knight Landes
. U.S. politician. Mrs. Landes was elected to Seattle City Council in 1922 and served briefly as acting Mayor in 1924. She defeated incumbent Mayor Edwin "Doc" Brown in the 1926 election, campaigning against corruption to become the first female mayor of a major American city. Mrs. Landes opposed bootleggers and enforced strict regulations for dance halls and cabarets, which may have led to her defeat in the 1928 election. Mrs. Landes died on November 29, 1943 at the age of 75.

130 years ago

World Series
New York Giants 6 St. Louis Browns 3 @ Brooklyn (New York led best-of-ten series 3-1)

The Giants scored a run in the top of the 1st inning and 4 in the 3rd to open up a 5-1 lead as they coasted to victory before 3,062 fans at Washington Park. Ed Crane won the pitching matchup over Elton Chamberlain.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Geirr Tveitt
. Norwegian composer. Mr. Tveitt was a pianist who wrote at least five piano concertos and other orchestral, instrumental, and choral works. He incorporated Norwegian folk music into his works, and was an apparent believer in Norse paganism. Four-fifths of Mr. Tveitt's scores were destroyed in a house fire in 1970, although a few have been reconstructed in recent years. The disaster contributed to his depression and inability to compose, and Mr. Tveitt eventually drank himself to death on February 1, 1981 at the age of 72.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Russell Kirk
. U.S. political theorist and author. Dr. Kirk was a traditionalist conservative who exerted tremendous influence over conservative thought in the United States in books such as The Conservative Mind (1953). He helped to found the magazines National Review and Modern Age. Dr. Kirk also wrote fiction, specializing in Gothic fiction and ghost stories. He died on April 29, 1994 at the age of 75.

Robert S. Strauss. U.S. political adviser and diplomat. Mr. Strauss held various positions with the Democratic Party, including Chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1972-1977. He served as United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union from August 24-December 26, 1991 and U.S. Ambassador to Russia from Dec. 26, 1991-November 19, 1992. Mr. Strauss died on March 19, 2014 at the age of 95.

Died on this date
Harold Lockwood, 31
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lockwood was a popular star of movies such as David Harum (1915); Intolerance (1916); and The Great Romance (1919). He was one of the victims of the influenza epidemic.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Edward Hickman, 20
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Hickman was hanged at San Quentin Prison in California for the December 1927 murder of 12-year-old Los Angeles schoolgirl Marian Parker. Acting physician Dr. Ralph Bleeker said that only an autopsy could determine whether Mr. Hickman's neck had been broken or whether he had strangled to death, as his collapse at the last moment shortened his drop. As relatives had requested that there be no autopsy, none was conducted.

Economics and finance
French Prime Minister and Finance Minister Raymond Poincaré, U.K. Chancellor of the Exchequer Winston Churchill, and Allied Reparations Commission Agent General for Reparations Payments S. Parker Gilbert, meeting in Paris, decided to turn over to an international committee of bankers and economists the task of fixing the total of Germany's reparation debt to the Allies.

U.S. President Calvin Coolidge spoke at the dedication of the Spottsylvania Battlefield Memorial in Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Dr. E.S. Schumaker, superintendent of the Indiana Anti-Saloon League, entered the State Penal Farm to begin serving a 60-day sentence for contempt of the Indiana Supreme Court, but a pardon from Governor Ed Jackson cut short his stay at the institution. The contempt charge was based on the allegation that Mr. Schumaker had caused the publication of statements imputing prejudice to certain members of the Supreme Court in their decisions on liquor cases.

75 years ago

Soviet troops captured Pyatikhatka, 60 miles west of Dnepropetrovsk, cutting the Germans' main escape route from that city. U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that American submarines had sunk 319 Japanese ships since the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The German-held cargo vessel MS Sinfra was attacked by Allied aircraft at Souda Bay, Crete, and sunk; as many as 2,098 Italian prisoners of war drowned.

The Moscow Foreign Ministers Conference opened with U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull , U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, and U.S.S.R. Vyacheslav Molotov discussing "frankly and freely what is one one another's minds."

Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, was isolated by researchers at Rutgers University.

70 years ago

Chinese Nationalist sources reported the loss of the Shantung port of Chefoo to the Communists.

Politics and government
Japan's first single-party cabinet since the end of World War II took office as Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida and his Liberal Democratic ministers were sworn in by Emperor Hirohito.

Thomas L. Kennedy was sworn in as Premier of Ontario, succeeding George Drew, who had resigned after winning the leadership of the federal Progressive Conservative Party. Mr. Kennedy took the office on an interim basis until the party's leadership convention on April 27, 1949.

Economics and finance
Western Allies agreed to lend the West Berlin city government 150 million West German marks during the next three months to meet expenses.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Jokester, starring Albert Salmi, Roscoe Ates, James Coburn, and Jay Jostyn

Expo 58 closed in Brussels, with attendance estimated at 42 million.

U.S. forces began their withdrawal from Lebanon with a 400-man daily airlift from the Beirut airport.

James McDermott, 34, a New York City policeman with a clean record during his 10 years on the force, was off duty when he burst into the Pic-a-Rib restaurant on Broadway at 1:45, took out two pistols, and opened fire on patrons, mortally wounding four. He then crashed through the restaurant's plate glass window and fled, but was critically wounded by five shots from police. There was speculation that his outburst might have been related to injuries suffered in a car accident a year earlier.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Simon Says--1910 Fruitgum Company (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Help Yourself--Tom Jones (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hey Jude--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (6th week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
--Sandie Shaw
3 Only One Woman--Marbles
4 I Say a Little Prayer--Aretha Franklin
5 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
6 Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child
7 Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje
8 Don't You Cry for a Girl--The Shoes
9 King Croesus--World of Oz
10 Need Your Love So Bad--Fleetwood Mac

Singles entering the chart were Heidschi Bumbeidschi; I've Got Dreams to Remember by Otis Redding (#26); With a Little Help from My Friends by Joe Cocker (#28); and Listen to Me/Do the Best You Can by the Hollies (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (5th week at #1)
2 Fire--The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
3 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
4 Little Green Apples--O.C. Smith
5 Girl Watcher--The O'Kaysions
6 My Special Angel--The Vogues
7 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
8 Midnight Confessions--The Grass Roots
9 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
10 Suzie Q (Part One)--Creedence Clearwater Revival

Singles entering the chart were Love Child by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#52); Cinderella Sunshine by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#61); The Straight Life by Bobby Goldsboro (#69); Always Together by the Dells (#72); Little Arrows by Leapy Lee (#76); You're All Around Me by Percy Sledge (#77); Shame, Shame by the Magic Lanterns (#81); From the Teacher to the Preacher by Gene Chandler and Barbara Acklin (#82); Chewy Chewy by Ohio Express (#84); Stormy by Classics IV (#87); Do Something to Me by Tommy James and the Shondells (#88); Shake by the Shadows of Knight (#89); Abraham, Martin and John by Dion (#90); Who's Making Love by Johnnie Taylor (#94); Harper Valley P.T.A. (Later that Same Day) by Ben Colder (#96); Kiss Her Now by Ed Ames (#97); and Aunt Dora's Love Soul Shack by Arthur Conley (#98).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Revolution--The Beatles (5th week at #1)
2 Milk Train--The Everly Brothers
3 San Francisco Girls (Return of the Native)--Fever Tree
4 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
5 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
6 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
7 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
8 All Along the Watchtower--The Jimi Hendrix Experience
9 The Snake--Al Wilson
10 Shoot 'em Up, Baby--Andy Kim
Pick hit of the week: White Room--Cream

40 people were missing after a boat capsized while crossing the Koel River near Rourkela, India.

Bill Toomey of the United States scored an Olympic record total of 8,193 points to win the decathlon at the Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City.

Hamilton (6-6) 24 @ Ottawa (8-3-1) 27
Winnipeg (2-11) 14 @ British Columbia (4-9-1) 16

Former Tiger-Cat Don Sutherin kicked 4 field goals, the last coming with 1:10 remaining in the game to give the Rough Riders their win over the Tiger-Cats before 25,421 fans at Lansdowne Park.

Jim Evenson rushed for 154 yards and a touchdown to help the Lions edge the Blue Bombers before 20,400 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Mr. Evenson reached 1,047 yards rushing for the season, becoming the first player in 1968 to reach 1,000 yards. Jim Young scored the other B.C. touchdown.

Saskatchewan (0-4) 13 @ Alberta (4-0) 37

Hart Cantelon rushed 9 times for 132 yards, including a 40-yard touchdown, and Ludwig Daubner rushed for 2 touchdowns--one of which covered 32 yards--as the Golden Bears took a 29-0 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Huskies at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Backup quarterback Dan McCaffery scored a touchdown and a 2-point convert. Defensive back Dale Schulha scored the other Alberta touchdown on an 84-yard fumble return in the 3rd quarter--his second such touchdown of the season. Barry Radcliffe scored the first Saskatchewan touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and Neil Garvie, who rushed 10 times for 100 yards, scored the Huskies' other major in the 4th.

40 years ago

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Magic

Died on this date
Gig Young, 64
. U.S. actor. Mr. Young, born Byron Barr, had small roles in movies under his real name, taking his stage name from the character he played in The Gay Sisters (1942). He was best known for supporting roles numerous films, and was nominated for Academy Awards for his performances in Come Fill the Cup (1951) and Teacher's Pet (1958). Mr. Young co-starred in the television series The Rogues (1964-1965), won an Academy Award for his supporting performance in They Shoot Horses, Don't They? (1969), and won an Emmy Award for his starring performance in the made-for-television movie The Neon Ceiling (1971). He was a heavy drinker, which led to a career and personal decline. In the summer of 1978, he appeared in a Stage West dinner theatre play at the Mayfield Inn in Edmonton, receiving poor reviews. On September 27, Mr. Young married his fifth wife, Kim Schmidt, 31, a German magazine editor. On the afternoon of October 19, 22 days after their marriage and 16 days before Mr. Young's 65th birthday, Mr. Young shot his wife to death and then fatally shot himself. There was no clear motive, and it has been speculated that Mr. Young shot his wife accidentally and then decided to kill himself after seeing what he'd done.

The U.S. National Cancer Institute reported that lung cancer in women had risen 30% from 1973-1976. Increases in the numbers of women smoking and working in formerly male occupations were given as likely causes for the increase.

Nippon Series
Yakult Swallows 7 @ Hankyu Braves 3 (Yakult led best-of-seven series 3-2)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hand in Hand--Koreana (3rd week at #1)

The British government imposed a broadcasting ban on television and radio interviews with members of Sinn Féin and 11 Irish republican and Ulster loyalist paramilitary groups.

At least 164 people were killed in two plane crashes in India; 130 of the deaths occurred when an airliner descending near Ahmadabad struck a tree.

World Series
Los Angeles Dodgers 4 @ Oakland Athletics 3 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-1)

The teams combined to score 3 unearned runs--2 by the Athletics--before 49,317 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. The deciding run was scored in the top of the 7th inning when Alfredo Griffin drew a base on balls with 1 out and moved to third base on a single by Steve Sax. Pinch hitter Tracy Woodson then hit a grounder to Oakland shortstop Walt Weiss for what would have been a double play, but Mr. Sax, who was running on the pitch, beat the throw to second baseman Glenn Hubbard, whose relay to first baseman Mark McGwire was only the second out, with Mr. Griffin scoring on the play to give the Dodgers a 4-2 lead. The Athletics scored a run in the bottom of the 7th and loaded the bases with 2 out, but Mr. McGwire popped out to Mr. Woodson, now playing first base, to end the threat. Tim Belcher started on the mound for Los Angeles and gave up 7 hits and 3 runs--2 earned--in 6 2/3 innings to get the win, while Jay Howell pitched 2 1/3 innings for the save. Oakland starter Dave Stewart gave up 6 hits and 4 runs--2 earned--in 6 1/3 innings in taking the loss.

25 years ago

Nine American and Canadian warships put into effect a United Nations naval blockade of Haiti, while a UN arms and oil embargo of Haiti, approved earlier, was instituted in an attempt to restore recently exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power.

Announcing that he was committed to pursuing negotiations aimed at finding a political solution to problems in Somalia, U.S. President Bill Clinton announced that 750 U.S. Army Rangers would be withdrawn from the country immediately.

Israel began a week-long period of freeing 600 Palestinians from Israeli jails.

Politics and government
Benazir Bhutto, who had been removed from power in 1990 for alleged corruption and incompetence, was elected Prime Minister of Pakistan again by a parliamentary vote of 121-72. Ms. Bhutto's Pakistan People's Party had led in voting in parliamentary elections earlier in the month, but no majority had resulted, necessitating a coalition.

Monique Gagnon-Tremblay was named as Quebec's first female Finance Minister, replacing Gérard D. Lévesque on an interim basis in the Liberal government of Premier Robert Bourassa. Mr. Lévesque, who had been a member of the National Assembly for 37 years, was terminally ill, and died on November 17.

The United States House of Representatives voted 242-143 to order to order Senate and House conferees working on the appropriations bill for energy projects to cancel the Superconducting Supercollider (SSC), four years after authorizing it, because the estimated total cost of the project had risen from $4.4 billion to $11 billion. THe SSC, which had been under construction near Waxahachie, Texas, would have permitted scientists to study collision of atomic particles at high speeds in an attempt to better understand the nature of matter.

World Series
Toronto Blue Jays 10 @ Philadelphia Phillies 3 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Paul Molitor hit a single, triple, and home run and batted in 3 runs, and Roberto Alomar made 4 hits to lead the Blue Jays over the Phillies before 62,689 fans at Veterans Stadium. Toronto starter Pat Hentgen pitched 6 innings to get the win, while Philadelphia starting pitcher Danny Jackson pitched 5 innings and took the loss.

20 years ago

Politics and government
Bill Smith was re-elected to a second three year term as Mayor of Edmonton, taking 50.62% of the vote to defeat seven other candidates in the municipal election.

Al Duerr took 73% of the vote to win re-election to a fourth term as Mayor of Calgary in the municipal election.

In a province-wide election across Alberta, Reform Party candidates Bert Brown and Ted Morton defeated independent candidates Guy Desrosiers and Vance Gough to become the province's nominees to fill vacancies in the Canadian Senate.

Nippon Series
Seibu Lions 0 @ Yokohama BayStars 4 (Yokohama led best-of-seven series 2-0)

10 years ago

Died on this date
Richard Blackwell, 86
. U.S. fashion designer and critic. Mr. Blackwell, born Richard Selzer, acted in bit parts in plays and movies, but became known for his company House of Blackwell, designing fashions for Hollywood actresses. Mr. Blackwell's "Ten Worst-Dressed Women" list, featuring his sarcastic comments, became an annual tradition from 1960 until Mr. Blackwell's death from an intestinal infection.

Politics and government
Retired General Colin Powell, a Republican who was U.S. President George W. Bush's first Secretary of State, broke with the party and endorsed Democrat Barack Obama for President.

Hamilton (3-13) 29 @ Saskatchewan (10-6) 30

Luca Congi kicked a 36-yard field goal with 51 seconds remaining in regulation time as the Roughriders edged the Tiger-Cats before 30,945 fans at Mosaic Stadium in Regina. The Tiger-Cats began the 4th quarter with a 29-20 lead after scoring 17 straight points.

American League Championship Series
Boston 1 @ Tampa Bay 3 (Tampa Bay won best-of-seven series 4-3)

After giving up a home run by Dustin Pedroia to lead off the game, Matt Garza, with relief help from David Price, shut down the Red Sox, scored single runs in the 4th and 5th innings, and Willy Aybar hit a solo home run in the 6th as the Rays won their first AL pennant, before 40,473 fans at Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg.

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