Monday, 30 August 2021

August 30, 2021

400 years ago
1621


Died on this date
Bahāʾ al-dīn al-ʿĀmilī, 74
. Persian scholar. Shaykh Baha' was one of the main founders of the Isfahan School of Islamic philosophy, and was one of the earliest astronomers in the Islamic world to suggest the possibility of the Earth's movement prior to the spread of the Copernican theory. He wrote over 100 treatises and books in different topics, in Arabic and Persian.

230 years ago
1791


Disasters
The British Royal Navy frigate HMS Pandora sank after having run aground on the outer Great Barrier Reef the previous day. 31 crew member and 4 prisoners perished, while 89 crewmen and 10 prisoners survived, and sailed for Timor in lifeboats. Pandora was on its way back to England after searching for HMS Bounty and its survivors.

150 years ago
1871


Born on this date
Ernest Rutherford
. N.Z.-born U.K. physicist and chemist. Lord Rutherford was regarded as the father of nuclear physics, and was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances." Element 104, rutherfordium (Rf), was named in his honour. Lord Rutherford died on October 19, 1937 at the age of 66.

125 years ago
1896


Born on this date
Raymond Massey
. Canadian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Massey, a native of Toronto, was perhaps best known for starring in the movie Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940). His other films included The Speckled Band (1931); Things to Come (1936); The Prisoner of Zenda (1937); Arsenic and Old Lace (1944); A Matter of Life and Death (1946); and East of Eden (1955). He co-starred as Dr. Gillespie in the television series Dr. Kildare (1961-1966). Mr. Massey died of pneumonia on July 29, 1983 at the age of 86.

Died on this date
Aleksey Lobanov-Rostovsky, 71
. Russian politician and diplomat. Prince Lobanov-Rostovsky held several diplomatic posts, including two terms as Russian minister to Constantinople. He was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs by Czar Nikolai II in March 1895, and attempted to establish a Russian hegemony among the nationalities of the Balkans, while supporting the integrity of the Ottoman Empire. Prince Lobanov-Rostovsky also supported China's interests against those of Japan. He died suddenly of heart disease while travelling with Czar Nikolai, and was succeeded as Foreign Minister by Mikhail Muraviev.

War
Spanish forces defeated rebel forces in the Battle of San Juan del Monte in the Philippines, after which eight provinces in the Philippines were declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor-General Ramón Blanco y Erenas.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
John Gunther
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Gunther was known for visiting foreign countries and describing them in his "Inside" books (Inside Europe (1936); Inside Latin America (1941); Inside U.S.A. (1947), etc.). He wrote seven novels, and in 1949 he published Death Be Not Proud, an account of his 17-year-old son's battle against the brain cancer that killed him. Mr. Gunther died of liver cancer on May 29, 1970 at the age of 68.

Roy Wilkins. U.S. civil rights activist. Mr. Wilkins was a leading figure in the Negro civil rights movement from the 1930s through the '70s, and led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peoples as Executive Secretary (1955-1963) and Executive Director (1964-1977). He supporte reform by legislative means, and opposed Communism. Mr. Wilkins died on September 8, 1981, nine days after his 80th birthday, from heart problems related to a pacemaker implanted in 1979.

80 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Green Eyes (Aquellos Ojos Verdes)--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra (vocal choruses by Bob Eberly and Helen O'Connell)

Green Eyes (Aquellos Ojos Verdes) was the B-side of Maria Elena.

War
Leningrad was besieged by German forces, the beginning of a siege that would last for two years. The Finnish command announced the capture of the Karelian capital of Viborg, which had been lost to the U.S.S.R. in the Winter War of 1939-40. The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company reported in Tehran that Soviet bombers had destroyed thousands of gallons of gasoline in Kazvin the previous day after the Iranian Army had ceased resistance.

Diplomacy
The U.K. embassy announced in Tokyo that a ship would be sent to Japan soon to remove all British subjects who wished to leave.

Politics and government
The Tighina Agreement, a treaty between Germany and Romania regarding administration issues of the Transnistria Governorate, went into effect.

Defense
Cuban President Fulgencio Batista issued a decree placing private shipyards and drydocks in Cuba under virtual control of the Navy to aid defense.

Journalism
Four Buenos Aires newspapers urged the Argentine administration to discard its policy of strict neutrality in the European war and crush the Nazi movement in Argentina that had been uncovered by the Chamber of Deputies investigation.

Crime
Hans Pagel and Frederick Edward Schlosser, ex-members of the German American Youth Movement, were held in New York in default of $25,000 bail each on charges of having used the mails in espionage activities.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Production Management gave truck manufacturers an A-3 priority rating to enable them to obtain supplies needed to turn out 1,189,000 units in the model year ending July 31, 1942.

Baseball
Lon Warneke pitched a no-hitter to lead the St. Louis Cardinals to a 2-0 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 9,859 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Mr. Warneke walked just 1 batter, and 2 others reached on errors, only to be erased on double plays. Losing pitcher Elmer Riddle allowed just 5 hits and 2 unearned runs, with the runs coming with 2 out in the top of the 7th inning on an error by center fielder Harry Craft.

Mel Ott led off the bottom of the 8th inning with a home run to tie the score and singled home Dick Bartell with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the New York Giants a 4-3 win over the Brooklyn Dodgers in the first game of a doubleheader at the Polo Grounds in New York. Lew Riggs had given Brooklyn a 3-0 lead in the 4th with a 3-run homer. The Giants won the second game 5-1 to complete the sweep.

The Boston Red Sox scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 2nd inning and coasted to a 12-3 win over the Philadelphia Athletics before 6,397 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Johnny Berardino batted 4 for 4 with a home run, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in as the St. Louis Browns beat the Chicago White Sox 10-1 before 1,053 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. George McQuinn and Chet Laabs also homered for the Browns, and every man in the St. Louis lineup had at least 1 hit.

70 years ago
1946


War
Nationalist Chinese sources reported that the Communists had taken Tatung, 100 miles southwest of Nanking on the Yangtze River, after a 25-day siege.

Diplomacy
Speaking at the Paris Peace Conference, U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov accused the U.S.A. and U.K. of interfering with Greek internal affairs and of supporting the present royalist government in an effort to influence the September 1 plebiscite.

In a note to the United States, the Yugoslavian government charged that since August 19, the United States had sent 11 bombers, 14 fighter planes, and 7 transport planes to deliberately fly over Yugoslav territory. Acting U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson announced that the United States would claim indemnity from Yugoslavia for damages and lives lost in the downing of U.S. planes on August 9 and 19, 1946.

The Argentine Chamber of Deputies followed the Senate in approving the Act of Chapultepec and the United Nations Charter.

Defense
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur's headquarters reported the destruction of the Japanese military machine after one year of occupation.

Aviation
Paul Mantz won the Bendix Trophy race, averaging 435.604 miles per hour in a P-51 for the 2,048 miles from California to Cleveland.

Economics and finance
The World Bank reported that 32 of its 38 members had made their first capital payments, but that Norway, China, Greece, Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Yugoslavia had requested postponements.

Brazil imposed an export embargo on grain, fertilizers, cotton and cottonseed, shoes, meat, scrap metal, leather, and vegetable and animal oils.

70 years ago
1951


Defense
U.S. President Harry Truman and Philippine President Elpido Quirino met in Washington to sign a U.S.-Philippines mutual defense treaty.

Politics and government
A Veterans of Foreign Wars convention in New York passed a resolution demanding the ouster of U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson, after hearing Senator Joseph McCarthy (Republican--Wisconsin) repeat his charges against Philip Jessup and other alleged Communists in the State Department.

Oil
The United States announced the termination of its efforts to mediate the Anglo-Iranian oil nationalization dispute.

Economics and finance
Argentine President Juan Peron urged the formation of an economic union of Brazil, Chile, and Argentina.

The West German government announced that reparations claims submitted by individuals totalled $1.3 billion.

Labour
U.S. President Truman appointed a three-man board to investigate the nationwide strike of copper, lead, and zinc workers and to report to him by September 4.

Football
CRU
WIFU
Saskatchewan (3-0) 33 @ Winnipeg (1-2) 1

Baseball
The New York Yankees released pitcher Jack Kramer, ending his 12-year major league career. He was 1-3 with an earned run average of 4.65 and batting .100 (1 for 10) in 19 games with the Yankees, three months after he signed with them following his release from the New York Giants.

The Brooklyn Dodgers sold pitcher Ross Grimsley, Sr. to the Chicago White Sox. He was 0-3 in 6 games with the Fort Worth Cats of the Texas League and then 4-1 with an earned run average of 4.37 in 26 games with the Montreal Royals of the International League.

Ralph Kiner's home run in the 9th inning--his 37th homer of the season--enabled the Pittsburgh Pirates to edge the New York Giants 10-9 after trailing 8-1, before 8,230 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Frank Thomas hit his first major league home run for the Pirates in the 6th, and Gus Bell added another in the 6th as a pinch hitter. Willie Mays homered twice for the Giants, driving in 3 runs, and Bill Rigney came to bat as a pinch hitter for New York and hit a home run to lead off the bottom of the 8th.

Preacher Roe (18-2) allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 6.2 innings before leaving with a sore arm, outduelling Ewell Blackwell (14-12) as the Brooklyn Dodgers defeated the Cincinnati Reds 3-1 before 20,314 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn, increasing their lead over the second-place Giants to 7 games in the National League pennant race.

The Boston Braves scored 6 runs in the 4th inning of a 16-2 rout of the Chicago Cubs before 5,941 fans at Braves Field. Jim Wilson (6-4) pitched an 11-hit complete game victory and batted 3 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

60 years ago
1961


Died on this date
Charles Coburn, 84
. U.S. actor. Mr. Coburn was a popular character actor who began his career in theatre in his native Macon, Georgia and appeared in almost 100 movies and television programs. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for The More the Merrier (1943), and received Academy Award nominations for his supporting performances in The Devil and Miss Jones (1941) and The Green Years (1946). Mr. Coburn died of a heart attack.

Space
The United States launched the satellite Discoverer 29, which carried biological experiments. Its capsule was recovered on September 1, while the satellite's mission ended on September 10.

Baseball
In their last game under manager Paul Richards, the Baltimore Orioles hit 5 home runs and beat the Los Angeles Angels 11-4 before 5,253 fans at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles. Jack Fisher (8-11) gave up 12 bases on balls, but still pitched a 7-hit complete game victory. Mr. Richards assumed the position of general manager of the expansion Houston Colt .45s on September 1, leaving the Orioles in third place in the American League with a record of 78-57-1.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool (10th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Watashi no Jōkamachi--Rumiko Koyanagi (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Help (Get Me Some Help)--Tony Ronald (2nd week at #1)

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michelle Kent!

Politics and government
The Progressive Conservative Party, led by Peter Lougheed, achieved a majority of seats in the Alberta provincial election, ending 36 years of government by the Social Credit Party. The PCs won 49 of 75 seats in the legislature, Social Credit took 25, and New Democratic Party leader Grant Notley became the first candidate of his party to win a seat, capturing the riding of Spirit River-Fairview. The PC total was an increase of 39 from their total going into the election, which was the first Alberta provincial election in which urban ridings outnumbered rural ridings. In the 1967 election, Premier Ernest Manning had led Social Credit to victory, winning 55 of 65 seats, but Mr. Manning retired late in 1968 after 25 years as Premier. Harry Strom replaced Mr. Manning as Premier and retained his seat in the 1971 election, but soon relinquished his leadership of the Social Credit Party. The election also included a plebisicte on daylight saving time, with 61.5% voting in favour of adopting it.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): See Me Go--Screaming Meemees

#1 single in Switzerland: Love What's Your Face--Ingrid Kup

Died on this date
Vera-Ellen, 60
. U.S. actress and dancer. Vera-Ellen Westmeier Rohe began as a dancer, and was one of the youngest Rockettes at Radio City Music Hall in New York. She was best known for appearing in musical films such as On the Town (1949); The Belle of New York (1952); and White Christmas (1954). Vera-Ellen appeared in various television programs until retiring from public life in the 1960s. She died of ovarian cancer.

Mohammad-Ali Rajai, 48. Prime Minister of Iran, 1980-1981; President of Iran, 1981. Mr. Rajai was a member of several groups opposed to Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi before joining the Freedom Movement of Iran in 1960. After the Islamic Revolution deposed the Shah in 1979, Mr. Rajai served as Minister of Education (1979-1980) before taking office as Prime Minister in August 1980. He was impeached in June 1981, but was elected President as a candidate of the Islamic Republican Party, taking office on August 2, 1981. Mr. Rajai was holding a meeting of Iran's Supreme Defence Council with Prime Minister Mohammad-Javad Bahonar and three others when Masoud Keshmiri, a member of the People's Mujahedin of Iran who was posing as a civil servant, brought a briefcase into the conference room and placed it between the President and Prime Minister. When one of the men opened the briefcase, it exploded, killing Messrs. Rajai and Bahonar along with several other officials, and injuring several others. Mr. Rajai was succeeded as Prime Minister by Ali Khamenei.

Mohammad-Javad Bahonar, 47. Prime Minister of Iran, 1981. Mr. Bahonar began publicly opposing the Shah of Iran in the early 1960s, and was imprisoned three times. After the Islamic Revolution that saw Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini take power, Mr. Bahonar held various offices, and succed Mr. Rajai as Minister of Education (1980-1981) and Prime Minister (1981). He was killed in the bombing at the Prime Minister's office, six days before his 48th birthday. Mr. Bahonar was succeeded as Prime Minister by Mohammad Reza Mahdavi Kani.

Auto racing
USAC
Gold Crown Series
Rich Vogler won the DuQuoin 100 on a dirt track at DuQuoin State Fairgrounds in DuQuoin, Illinois; it was his only win in an Indy car. Tom Bigelow finished second and George Snider third in the 24-car field.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (4-4) 34 @ Edmonton (7-1) 44

Baseball
Jay Loviglio's grand slam in the bottom of the 10th inning gave the Edmonton Trappers a 6-2 win over the Spokane Indians at Renfrew Park in Edmonton in the final game of the Trappers' first season in the Pacific Coast League. For some players, such as Edmonton right fielder John Poff, it was the final game of their professional careers. For this blogger, it was my final game working in the press box.

30 years ago
1991


Europeana
Azerbaijan declared its independence from the U.S.S.R.

Died on this date
Alan Wheatley, 84
. U.K. actor. Mr. Wheatley was best known for playing the Sheriff of Nottingham in the ATV series The Adventures of Robin Hood (1955-1959). Sherlockians recognize him as the first actor to play Sherlock Holmes in a television series, starring in a six-episode series on BBC in October-November 1951.

Track and field
Mike Powell of the United States, competing at the world championships in Tokyo, made a long jump of 29' 4¼", 2 inches better than the world record of Bob Beamon, which had stood since 1968.



25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Wannabe--Spice Girls

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Wannabe--Spice Girls (4th week at #1)

On the radio
Off the Record, hosted by Bob Kerr, on CBC Stereo

This was the last broadcast of the program, which Mr. Kerr had hosted from Vancouver since 1960.

Died on this date
Christine Pascal, 42
. French actress, director, and screenwriter. Miss Pascal appeared in more than 40 movies and television programs in a career spanning more than 20 years, writing seven films and directing five. She was nominated for César Awards for her supporting performance in Que la fête commence... (Let Joy Reign Supreme) (1975) and for Best Film and Best Director for Le Petit Prince a dit (1992). Miss Pascal had long talked of suicide, and while staying at a psychiatric hospital in the Paris suburb of Garches, she committed suicide by jumping out of a window.

Music
This blogger was in attendance as the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra's Symphony Under the Sky series continued at Hawrelak Park.

Football
CFL
Montreal (5-5) 6 @ Ottawa (2-8) 17

David Archer quarterbacked the Rough Riders to a 17-0 halftime lead and they held on to defeat the Alouettes before 28,451 fans at Frank Clair Stadium amid rumours that this may have been the team's final game. The CFL had given the Rough Riders a deadline of September 2 to come up with $1.6 million to make it through the season.



20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Govan Mbeki, 91
. S.A. politician and terrorist. Mr. Mbeki joined the African National Congress in 1935 and the South African Communist Party in the late 1930s. He was imprisoned for terrorist activity from 1964-1987. Mr. Mbeki was the father of Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa (1999-2008).

World events
Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic, appearing before the International War Crimes Tribunal in The Hague, was told that he was being charged with genocide.

August 29, 2021

760 years ago
1261


Religion
Three months after the death of Pope Alexander IV, the College of Cardinals elected and installed Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem Jacques Pantaléon as Pope Urban IV, head of the Roman Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States.

500 years ago
1521


War
Ottoman Turkish forces completed the capture of Nándorfehérvár (Belgrade).

480 years ago
1541


War
Ottoman Turkish forces captured the Hungarian capital of Buda.

190 years ago
1831


Science
Michael Faraday discovered electromagnetic induction.

160 years ago
1861


Born on this date
Byron G. Harlan
. U.S. singer. Mr. Harlan was a comic minstrel singer and balladeer who recorded on his own and in duets with others from the late 1890s through the early 1920s. He was best known for his duets with Arthur Collins--billed as Collins & Harlan--which included hits such as In My Merry Oldsmobile (1905); Alexander's Ragtime Band (1911); Aba Daba Honemoon (1914); and The Old Grey Mare (1918). Mr. Harlan died on September 11, 1936, 13 days after his 75th birthday.

War
The two-day Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries in North Carolina concluded with Union forces in control of Pamlico Sound.

150 years ago
1871


Born on this date
Albert François Lebrun
. President of France, 1932-1940. Mr. Lebrun, a member of the Left Republican Party, was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1900, and held various cabinet posts through 1919. He then joined the Democratic Republican Alliance, and was elected to the Senate in 1920, representing Meurthe-et-Moselle, serving as Vice President (1925-1929) and President (1931-1932) of the Senate. Mr. Lebrun was elected President of France following the assassination of Paul Doumer in May 1932, and was re-elected in 1939, although by then exercising little power. On July 10, 1940, he enacted the Constitutional Law of 10 July 1940 allowing Prime Minister Philippe Pétain to promulgate a new constitution. Mr. Pétain replaced Mr. Lebrun the next day, although Mr. Lebrun never formally resigned. He fled to Vizelle, but was captured by the Nazis in August 1943 and imprisoned in the Tyrol, but was allowed to return to Vizelle, under constant surveillance, six weeks later. When the Allies restored the French government in August 1944, Mr. Lebrun acknowledged the leadership of General Charles de Gaulle. Mr. Lebrun lived in retirement until his death from pneumonia after a long illness on March 6, 1950 at the age of 78.

Politics and government
Japanese Emperor Meiji ordered the abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centres of administration.

130 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Marquis James
. U.S. historian. Mr. James won Pulitzer Prizes for The Raven: A Biography of Sam Houston (1929) and the two-volume biography Andrew Jackson: The Border Captain (1934); Andrew Jackson: Portrait of a President (1937). He died of a cerebral hemorrhage on Novmber 19, 1955 at the age of 64.

Died on this date
Pierre Lallement, 47
. French inventor. Mr. Lallement has been credited inventing the pedal bicycle in 1862.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Aurèle Joliat
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Joliat played left wing with the Montreal Canadiens from 1922-1938, scoring 460 points on 270 goals and 190 assists in 655 regular season games and 14 goals and 14 assists in 28 playoff games. He was a member of Stanley Cup championship teams in 1924, 1930, and 1931, won the Hart Memorial Trophy in 1934 as the National Hockey League's Most Valuable Player. Mr. Joliat was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1947. Less than two years before his death on June 2, 1986 at the age of 84, he entertained the fans at the Montreal Forum by skating around the rink as part of a ceremony celebrating the Canadiens' 75th anniversary.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
John Charnley
. U.K. physician. Sir John was an orthopedic surgeon who pioneered hip replacement surgery at Wrightington Hospital in Lancashire in the 1960s. His textbook The Closed Treatment of Common Fractures (1950) influenced generations of orthopedic surgeons. Sir John died on August 5, 1982, 24 days before his 71st birthday.

Died on this date
Mahboob Ali Khan, 45
. Nizam of Hyderabad, 1869-1911. Mahboob Ali Khan was 2 when he succeeded his father Afzal-ud-Daulah as Nizam (ruler) of the princely Indian sate of Hyderabad. He spent his early years under a regency, but eventually took the reins of leadership, and was the first nizam to be exposed to Western education. Mahboob Ali Khan abolished the practice of sati (the traditional Hindu practice of widows throwing themselves on their husbands' funeral pyres) in 1876. He was succeeded by his son Mir Osman Ali Khan.

Defense
The Canadian Naval Service became the Royal Canadian Navy.

Anthropology
Ishi, considered the last Native American to make contact with European Americans, emerged from the wilderness of northeastern California.

90 years ago
1931


Died on this date
David T. Abercrombie, 64
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Abercrombie opened his first Abercrombie Co. clothing store in New York City in 1892; the company later became Abercrombie & Fitch.

80 years ago
1941


War
The Estonian capital of Tallinn was occupied by German forces, three days after they had entered the city. The German and Italian governments announced that German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and Italian Duce Benito Mussolini had concluded five days of talks at Mr. Hitler's headquarters on the Russian front, discussing military and political questions that affected the war. Despite an Iranian cease-fire order, U.K.-U.S.S.R. forces continued their advance in Iran. A Chinese government spokesman said that Chinese troops had begun a general offensive against Japanese forces in the provinces of Fukien, Chekiang, Kiangsi, Kiangsu, and Anhwei.

World events
Eight more people were executed in Paris, three on charges of espionage and five for "activity against the occupying power."

Diplomacy
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced that Averell Harriman would head the U.S. mission to the three-power conference in Moscow.

An Argentine Chamber of Deputies committee investigating anti-Argentine activities reported that there were 64,319 Germans in semi-military groups in the country, organized by the German embassy.

Defense
U.S. Maritime Commission Chairman Emory Land said that the United States would obtain the use of about 26 Axis tankers immobilized in Latin America.

The U.S. Veterans of Foreign Wars announced that Earl Southard, suspended commander of the Illinois department, had been found guilty of disloyalty by a court-martial for his activities in the Keep America Out of War Committee.

Politics and government
Lieutenant-Colonel W. C. Woodward was commissioned as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Republican Party candidate Lawrence H. Smith, an isolationist, was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in Wisconsin's 1st Congressional District, defeating Democratic candidate Thomas Amlie.

Labour
The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board announced that the Congress of Industrial Organizations Chemical Workers Union had agreed to end its strike in 17 plants of the U.S. Gypsum Company pending an investigation of union demands.

75 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Adolphus Busch III, 55
. U.S. brewer. Mr. Busch succeeded his father Augustus A. Busch as president of Anheuser-Busch Company upon Augustus Busch's death in 1934. Adolphus Busch III ran the company until his death from a cerebral hemorrhage, and was succeeded in turn by his brother August A. "Gussie" Busch, Jr.

John Steuart Curry, 48. U.S. artist. Mr. Curry was known for his paintings of rural life in his native Kansas, and with Thomas Hart Benton and Grant Wood, was hailed as one of the great figures of American Regionalism. He wasn't hailed in his native state, however, as many Kansans thought he portrayed the state in a negative light. Mr. Curry's most famous work is Tragic Prelude (1938-1940), one of two murals he completed for the Kansas State Capitol in Topeka. He died of a heart attack.

War
Documents were introduced at the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals to show that Japanese troops had killed 280,000 Chinese in the 1937 "rape of Nanking."

Nationalist Chinese forces reported the capture of Chengte, a key transport junction northeast of Peking.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 8 to admit Afghanistan, Iceland, and Sweden to UN membership, while a U.S.S.R. veto excluded Ireland, Portugal, and Transjordan.

The British government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee revealed that it had decided against inviting Jamal Amin el Husseini, Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, to a September 9 conference in London on Palestine.

Politics and government
Colonel C. A. Banks was commissioned as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Defense
U.S. Army intelligence authorities in Stuttgart announced that they had broken a pro-Soviet German spy ring.

The United States Navy dreadnought USS Nevada, launched in 1914, was decommissioned.

Crime
Pennsylvania Governor Edward Martin ordered state police to probe Ku Klux Klan activities, and asked the U.S. Justice Department for the assistance of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Labour
Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur banned strikes of Japanese workers "inimical to the objectives of the military occupation."

70 years ago
1951


On the radio
Pete Kelly's Blues, starring Jack Webb, on NBC

Diplomacy
Following a hostile interview with U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson, C.S.S.R. Ambassador to the U.S.A. Vladimir Prochazka told reporters that the case of imprisoned Associated Press correspondent William N. Oatis was "closed" and that Czechoslovakian courts "will not yield to any pressure."

Crime
A court in San Juan, Puerto Rico sentenced Puerto Rican nationalist leader Pedro Abizu Campos to 12-54 years in prison, following his conviction on subversion charges.

The Danish government released former SS-Obergruppenführer and civilian administrator of occupied Denmark (1942–1945) Werner Best as part of an amnesty for German war criminals. SS-Obergruppenführer Best had been sentenced to death in 1948, but the sentence was reduced to 12 years.

Politics and governments
Proponents of a constitutional monarchy failed to win a decisive majority in the Jordanian general election. Political parties were banned at the time, so all candidates ran as independents.

Disasters
Mukden radio reported 1,800 deaths and 3,000 people missing after severe flooding in Manchuria.

Boxing
Kid Gavilan (75-12-3) retained his National Boxing Association world lightweight title with a 15-round split decision over Billy Graham (91-7-6) at Madison Square Garden in New York.



Football
CRU
IRFU
Montreal (0-1) 6 @ Hamilton (1-0) 37

Two quarterbacks made their Canadian football debuts in this game at Civic Stadium: Bernie Custis, a graduate of Syracuse University, with the Tiger-Cats; and George Ratterman, who had led the National Football League in touchdown passes in 1950--22 with the New York Yanks--with the Alouettes.

Baseball
The Boston Braves traded pitcher Johnny Sain to the New York Yankees for pitcher Lou Burdette and $50,000. Mr. Sain was 5-13 with an earned run average of 4.21 and 1 save in 26 games with Boston in 1951, batting .212 with 1 home run and 4 runs batted in. Mr. Burdette was 14-12 with a 3.21 ERA in 30 games with the San Francisco Seals of the Pacific Coast League, batting .107 with 1 homer and 6 RBIs.

Gil Hodges drove in 7 runs with 2 home runs and a double, and Pee Wee Reese and Roy Campanella each drove in 3 runs, to help the Brooklyn Dodgers rout the Cincinnati Reds 13-1 before 9,488 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Don Newcombe (17-7) pitched a 9-hit complete game victory.

Jim Hearn (13-7) pitched a 3-hitter to outduel Murry Dickson (17-12), who pitched a 7-hitter, and Alvin Dark drove in 2 runs with a single and a home run to help the New York Giants defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-1 before 7,678 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York, remaining 6 games behind the National League-leading Dodgers.

Billy Johnson drew a base on balls with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning, stole second base and advanced to third on a throwing error by catcher Del Wilber, and scored on an outfield fly by Bill Sarni to break a 2-2 tie as the St. Louis Cardinals edged the Philadelphia Phillies 3-2 before 20,717 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Eddie Waitkus was on second base with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th, but relief pitcher Harry Brecheen struck out Dick Sisler and retired Bill Nicholson on a fly ball to right field to end the game. Gerry Staley (15-13) allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 8+ innings to get the win.

Gus Zernial hit a 2-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 4th inning to open the scoring and Alex Kellner (8-13) pitched a 5-hitter to outduel Mike Garcia (17-10) as the Phladelphia Athletics shut out the Cleveland Indians 3-0 before 12,019 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

Johnny Pesky batted 4 for 4 with a double and 4 runs, and Ted Williams hit a 3-run home run to help the Boston Red Sox defeat the Detroit Tigers 7-5 before 8,050 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit.

Mickey Vernon led off the top of the 13th inning with a single and eventually scored from third base on an error by second baseman Nellie Fox with 1 out to break a 1-1 tie as the Washington Nationals edged the Chicago White Sox 2-1 before 8,633 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Mickey Harris (6-8) pitched 1.2 scoreless innings to get the win in relief of Connie Marrero, who allowed 9 hits and 1 earned run in 11.1 innings.

The New York Yankees scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and 4 in the 9th as they routed the St. Louis Browns 15-2 before 5,554 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Mickey Mantle hit a 3-run home run off Satchel Paige to conclude the scoring. Winning pitcher Allie Reynolds (13-7) pitched a 2-hitter and batted 2 for 5 with a run and 3 runs batted in. St. Louis starter Ned Garver (15-9) retired just one batter, and allowed 4 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 5 runs--all earned.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Hello Mary Lou/Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson (8th week at #1)

50 years ago
1971


Died on this date
Nathan Leopold, 66
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Leopold was a child prodigy who reportedly studied 15 languages and spent 5, and was a noted amateur ornithologist who completed an undergraduate degree at the University of Chicago and was preparing to enter Harvard Law School when he and fellow prodigy Richard Loeb, with whom he had become friends and begun committing petty crimes at the U of C, decided to demonstrate their intellectual superiority by committing a "perfect murder" without consequences. On May 21, 1924, they kidnapped and murdered Bobby Franks, 14, Mr. Loeb's neighbour and second cousin. The pair were questioned and soon arrested, with each naming the other as the actual killer. Messrs. Leopold and Loeb were convicted of murder and kidnapping, but were both spared death sentences and handed life sentences for murder and 99 years for kisnapping as a result of the courtroom pleading of their attorney, the famed Clarence Darrow. Mr. Loeb was murdered in Stateville Penitentiary in Illinois by a fellow inmate on January 28, 1936 at the age of 30. Mr. Leopold became a model prisoner at Stateville, teaching other inmates in the prison's school, and volunteering as a guinea pig in the Stateville Penitentiary Malaria Study. He was paroled in March 1958, and eventually moved to Santirce, Puerto Rico, where he got married, obtained a master's degree at the University of Puerto Rico, and taught classes there. Mr. Leopold also worked as a civil servant, and resumed his hobby of ornithology. He died of a diabetes-related heart attack.

Football
CFL
Toronto (4-1) 24 @ British Columbia (3-3) 27

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Out Here on My Own--Nikka Costa (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): One Day in Your Life--Michael Jackson

#1 single in Ireland: Green Door--Shakin' Stevens (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Green Door--Shakin' Stevens (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Japanese Boy--Aneka

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 De Nederlandse Sterre Die Strale Overal!--Rubberen Robbie (2nd week at #1)
2 Wordy Rappinghood--Tom Tom Club
3 One Day in Your Life--Michael Jackson
4 No Me Hables--Juan Pardo
5 Hands Up (Give Me Your Heart)--Ottawan
6 Hold on Tight--Electric Light Orchestra
7 For Your Eyes Only--Sheena Easton
8 Ghost Town--The Specials
9 Caribbean Disco Show--Lobo
10 Happy Birthday--Stevie Wonder

Singles entering the chart were Why Tell Me, Why by Anita Meyer (#26); Green Door by Shakin' Stevens (#27); Japanese Boy by Aneka (#32); A Heart in New York by Art Garfunkel (#35); Magnetic Fields Part 2 by Jean Michel Jarre (#36); and Don't Say You Leave this Summer by Albert West (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Endless Love--Diana Ross and Lionel Richie (3rd week at #1)
2 Slow Hand--Pointer Sisters
3 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
4 Stop Draggin' My Heart Around--Stevie Nicks (with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers)
5 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
6 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton
7 (There's) No Gettin' Over Me--Ronnie Milsap
8 Urgent--Foreigner
9 Lady (You Bring Me Up)--Commodores
10 Who's Crying Now--Journey

Singles entering the chart were Private Eyes by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#68); Hard to Say by Dan Fogelberg (#72); Alien by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#88); Love All the Hurt Away by Aretha Franklin and George Benson (#89); and Our Lips are Sealed by the Go-Go's (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Endless Love--Diana Ross and Lionel Richie (3rd week at #1)
2 Slow Hand--Pointer Sisters
3 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
4 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
5 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton
6 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
7 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
8 Lady (You Bring Me Up)--Commodores
9 Urgent--Foreigner
10 Stop Draggin' My Heart Around--Stevie Nicks (with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers)

Singles entering the chart were Private Eyes by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#64); Hard to Say by Dan Fogelberg (#74); Alien by Atlanta Rhythm Section (#85); Love All the Hurt Away by Aretha Franklin and George Benson (#88); Our Lips are Sealed by the Go-Go's (#89); and Not Fade Away by Eric Hine (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Endless Love--Diana Ross and Lionel Richie (3rd week at #1)
2 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
3 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton
4 Slow Hand--Pointer Sisters
5 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
6 The Stroke--Billy Squier
7 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
8 Urgent--Foreigner
9 Lady (You Bring Me Up)--Commodores
10 (There's) No Gettin' Over Me--Ronnie Milsap

Singles entering the chart were Private Eyes by Daryl Hall and John Oates (#46); Hard to Say by Dan Fogelberg (#74); Love All the Hurt Away by Aretha Franklin and George Benson (#88); Our Lips are Sealed by the Go-Go's (#89); and Sweat (Till You Get Wet) by Brick (#98).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Gemini Dream--Moody Blues
2 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins
3 The One that You Love--Air Supply
4 Urgent--Foreigner
5 Sausalito Summernight--Diesel
6 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
7 The Stroke--Billy Squier
8 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton
9 Fire and Ice--Pat Benatar
10 Medley--Stars on 45

Since RPM was publishing its first charts since July 4 because of the nationwide postal strike, 20 of the 50 entries on the Top Singles chart were new, and too numerous to mention here.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 Fire and Ice--Pat Benatar
3 Urgent--Foreigner
4 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
5 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton
6 One Step Ahead--Split Enz
7 Tempted--Squeeze
8 Who's Crying Now--Journey
9 Don't Let Him Go--REO Speedwagon
10 Lady (You Bring Me Up)--Commodores

Singles entering the chart were Start Me Up by the Rolling Stones (#27); and Lonely Nights by Bryan Adams (#30).

Died on this date
Lowell Thomas, 89
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Thomas was a writer, broadcaster, and film producer who was known for his wide travels. He publicized T.E. Lawrence during World War I, making him famous as Lawrence of Arabia. Mr. Thomas presented the first televised newscast in 1939, and produced the first Cinerama movie in 1952, but was best known for his radio newscasts, which he presented on CBS and from 1930-1932 and 1947-1976 and on NBC from 1932-1947.

Football
CFL
Montreal (1-7) 11 @ Hamilton (6-2) 16
Calgary (4-4) 21 @ British Columbia (7-1) 31

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (9th week at #1)

Died on this date
Libero Grassi, 67
. Italian businessman. Mr. Grassi was a clothing manufacturer from Palermo who was murdered by the Mafia after taking a solitary stand against their pizzo (extortion) demands.

Music
Crowded House performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. This blogger arrived in time to hear them, but missed the opening act, Far Cry.

Politics and government
The Supreme Soviet of the U.S.S.R. suspended all activities of the Soviet Communist Party, officially bringing it to an end.

Law
Manitoba's aboriginal justice inquiry said that the legal system systematically discriminated against Canadian natives, and recommended universal self-government and a separate justice system run by natives.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (0-8) 14 @ Ottawa (4-4) 38

Damon Allen threw 3 touchdown passes and handed off to Reggie Barnes for another TD to lead the Rough Riders over the Tiger-Cats before 24,532 fans at Lansdowne Park for their fourth straight win.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Trash--Suede (2nd week at #1)

Music
This blogger was in attendance with enjoyable female company as the Edmonton Symphony Orchestra's Symphony Under the Sky series opened at Hawrelak Park.

Space
The Canadian UVAI (Ultra-Violet Auroral Imager) instrument was launched on board the Russian Interbol-2 spacecraft.

Scandal
The British Columbia Securities Commission found former British Columbia Premier Bill Bennett guilty of insider trading committed when he was in office. Mr. Bennett was Premier from 1975-1986.

Disasters
Vnukovo Airlines Flight 2801, a Tupolev Tu-154, crashed into a mountain on the Arctic island of Spitsbergen, killing all 141 aboard.

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Eric Tipton, 86
. U.S. baseball and football player and coach. Mr. Tipton was a running back and punter with the Duke University Blue Devils (1936-1938), rushing for 1,633 yards and 17 touchdowns, while also playing baseball with Duke as an outfielder. He was drafted in the 13th round by the Washington Redskins in 1939, but elected to play professional baseball instead. Mr. Tipton played left field with the Philadelphia Athletics (1939-1941) and Cincinnati Reds (1942-1945), batting .270 with 22 home runs and 151 runs batted in in 501 games. He batted .291 with 114 homers and at least 719 RBIs in 10 seasons in the minor leagues (1940-1942, 1946-1952). Mr. Tipton was an assistant football coach at the College of William and Mary (1939-1956) and lightweight (150 pounds and under) football coach at the United States Military Academy (1957-1976), compiling a record of 104-14-1 record and 13 league titles in the latter position. He was head baseball coach at William and Mary (1953-1957) and USMA (1958-1977), compiling a record of 234-201-5 and 3 league titles with Army. Mr. Tipton was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1965. He died of heart failure.

Sid Peterson, 83. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Peterson played with the St. Louis Browns (1943), posting a 2-0 record with an earned run average of 2.70 in 3 games, despite allowing 15 hits in 10 innings. He was 114-95 with a 3.61 ERA in 304 games in 10 seasons in the minor leagues (1940-1950), winning 19 games with the Wichita Falls Spudders of the Class B Big State League in 1948 and 20 with the Spudders in 1950. Mr. Peterson worked with the Wichita Falls, Texas police department after his baseball career ended.

Francisco Rabal, 75. Spanish actor. "Paco" Rabal appeared in more than 200 movies and television programs in a career spanning 60 years. He received numerous international awards and was flying back to Bordeaux after winning an award at the Montreal Film Festival, when he died of emphysema.

Dick Selma, 57. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Selma played with the New York Mets (1965-1968); San Diego Padres (1969); Chicago Cubs (1969); Philadelphia Phillies (1970-1973); California Angels (1974); and Milwaukee Brewers (1974), compiling a record of 42-54 with an earned run average of 3.62 and 31 saves in 307 games, batting .172 with no home runs and 7 runs batted in. He played just 4 games with the Padres, but recorded the club's first win. Mr. Selma was 58-45 in 10 seasons in the minor leagues (1963-1967, 1973-1977). He was known for his sense of humour, and died of liver cancer.

Graeme Strachan, 49. Australian musician and television host. "Shirl" Strachan was the lead singer of the rock group Skyhooks (1974-1978), and had several hit singles as a solo artist. He hosted the children's television program Shirl's Neighbourhood (1979–1983), and appeared as a co-host and carpenter on the home renovation program Our House (1993-2001), which was cancelled after he was killed in a crash of the helicopter he was flying.

Baseball
The Milwaukee Brewers scored 5 runs in the 4th inning and 4 in the 5th as they overcame a 4-0 deficit and defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates 9-8 before 24,551 fans at Miller Park in Milwaukee. Pittsburgh third baseman Aramis Ramirez batted 4 for 4 with a base on balls, 2 home runs, 3 runs, and 5 runs batted in. He led off the 9th with a homer, and the Pirates had runners on first and second bases with 2 out, but Abraham Nunez grounded out to pitcher Chad Fox to end the game.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 9 runs in the 2nd inning to over come a 4-0 deficit and withstood a 3-run 9th-inning rally as they held on to beat the San Diego Padres 16-14 before 31,362 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Ryan Klesko of the Padres batted 5 for 6 with 2 home runs, 2 doubles, 4 runs, and 5 runs batted in; one of his homers travelled 472 feet and was estimated to be the longest home run in the 36-year history of the stadium.

Luis Gonzalez hit his 50th home run of the season to lead off the bottom of the 5th inning, providing the insurance run for the Arizona Diamondbacks as they blanked the San Francisco Giants 2-0 before 31,990 fans at Bank One Ballpark in Phoenix. Bobby Witt (2-1) and 3 relief pitchers combined to pitch a 4-hit shutout, defeating Kirk Rueter (12-10).

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Honeyboy Edwards, 96
. U.S. musician. David Edwards was a Delta blues singer-songwriter and guitarist who performed and recorded on his own and with artists such as Robert Johnson, Charley Patton, Tommy Johnson, and Johnny Shines in a career spanning eight decades, and was given a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2010. He died of congestive heart failure, six weeks after announcing his retirement.

Sunday, 29 August 2021

August 28, 2021

680 years ago
1341


Died on this date
Leo IV, 31-32
. King of Armenia, 1320-1341. Leo IV, the last Hethumid King of Cilicia, acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Oshin, and like his father, eventually murdered close family members who may have been a threat to his power. King Leo was strongly pro-Western and favoured a union of the Armenian and Roman Churches. In 1337, Leo IV was forced to conclude a humiliating truce with Egyptian Sultan Al-Nasr Muhammad after an Egyptian invasion, and spent his last years in the citadel at Sis, hoping for Western aid, until he was murdered by his barons. King Leo IV was succeeded by his cousin Constantine II.

580 years ago
1481


Died on this date
Afonso V, 49
. King of Portugal, 1438-1481. Afonso V acceded to the throne upon the death of his father Duarte, and lived under a regency until he came of age in 1448. His army conquered Alcácer Ceguer and Arzila in what is now Morocco, earning him the nickname "The African." An unsuccessful campaign against Castile resulted in King Afonso retiring to a monastery, where he died. He was succeeded by his son João II.

500 years ago
1521


War
The Ottoman Turks occupied Nándorfehérvár (Belgrade).

330 years ago
1691


Born on this date
Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel
. Holy Roman Empress and German Queen, 1711-1740. Elisabeth Christine, the eldest daughter of Ludwig Rudolf, Herzog von Braunschweig-Wolfenbütte and his wife Princess Christine Luise von Oettingen-Oettingen, married the future Holy Roman Emperor Karl VI in 1708, and became Empress when he acceded to the throne upon the death of his brother Joseph I. The couple had four children, but the eldest child and only male, Archduke Leopold John, died at the age of 7 months. Karl VI died in 1740, and Elisabeth Christine lived as a dowager empress until her death on December 21, 1750 at the age of 59.

160 years ago
1861


War
Union forces attacked Cape Hatteras, North Carolina to begin the two-day Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries.

130 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Stanley Andrews
. U.S. actor. Mr. Andrews played Daddy Warbucks in the radio series Little Orphan Annie (1931-1936) and "The Old Ranger," the first host of the television Western series Death Valley Days (1952-1964). He died on June 23, 1969 at the age of 77.

120 years ago
1901


Academia
Silliman University in Dumaguete, Philippines was founded as the first American educational institution in Asia.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Joseph Luns
. Dutch politician and diplomat. Mr. Luns was a member of the Catholic People's Party (KVP) who was known as a negotiator and debater, and served as the Netherlands' Minister for Foreign Policy/Minister of Foreign Affairs (1952-1971). He was Secretary General of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1971-1984). Mr. Luns spent his last years in Brussels, where he died on July 17, 2002 at the age of 90.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Cliff Aberson
. U.S. football and baseball player. Mr. Aberson was a tailback and defensive back with the Green Bay Packers (1946), rushing 48 times for 161 yards (3.4 yards per carry) and completing 14 of 41 passes for 184 yards with no touchdowns and 5 interceptions in 10 games. He played left field with the Chicago Cubs (1947-1949), batting .251 with 5 home runs and 26 runs batted in in 63 games. Mr. Aberson played 7 seasons in the minor leagues (1941-1942, 1947-1950, 1954). He died on June 23, 1973 at the age of 51.

John Chapman. Canadian space scientist. Dr. Chapman, a native of London, Ontario, worked with the government of Canada's Defence Research Board and then with the Defense Research Telecommunications Establishment at Shirley's Bay, Ontario, where the projects he worked on included Alouette, Canada's first satellite. He compiled The Chapman Report, which influenced the direction of the Canadian Space Agency. Dr. Chapman died on September 28, 1979, a month after his 58th birthday.

Nancy Kulp. U.S. actress. Miss Kulp was best known for playing Jane Hathaway in the television comedy series The Beverly Hillbillies (1962-1971). She died of cancer on February 3, 1991 at the age of 69.

Bill Bradford. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Bradford played in 1 game with the Kansas City Athletics on April 24, 1956, posting a 0-0 record with an earned run average of 9.00 in 2 innings. He was 90-74 in 351 games in 10 seasons in the minor leagues (1949-1958). Mr. Bradford died on August 22, 2000, six days before his 79th birthday.

Fernando Fernán Gómez. Peruvian-born Spanish actor, director, and writer. Mr. Gómez appeared in more than 200 movies and television programs, directing 30, and writing more than 30 in a career spanning more than 60 years, winning more than 40 national and international awards. He also wrote more than a dozen plays and almost a dozen novels. Mr. Gómez died from heart failure aggravated by pneumonia and colon cancer on November 21, 2007 at the age of 86.

Lidia Gueiler Tejada. President of Bolivia, 1979-1980. Miss Guelier joined the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario (MNR) in 1948, and was a member of the Congress of Bolivia (1956-1964). She went into foreign exile after MNR was toppled by a military coup, joining the Revolutionary Party of the Nationalist Left (PRIN) and becoming vice-president of the Revolutionary Left Front. Miss Gueiler returned to Bolivia in 1979, and was elected President of the Chamber of Deputies. The 1979 Bolivian presidential election resulted in an impasse in Congress after no candidate received a majority of the popular vote. Miss Gueiler served as interim President, in charge of conducting new elections on June 29, 1980, but was herself overthrown in a coup led by her cousin, General Luis García Meza Tejada, on July 17, 1980, before the new parliamentarians could take their seats. She lived in France until Gen. Meza's dictatorship was overthrown in 1982. Miss Gueiler returned to Bolivia and held ambassadorial posts to Colombia, West Germany, and Venezuela before retiring from public life in the mid-1990s. She died on May 9, 2011 at the age of 89 after a long illness.

World events
The Soviet Red Army dissolved the Free Territory, after driving the Black Army out of Ukraine.

Baseball
The Boston Red Sox scored a run in the top of the 11th inning to break a 5-5 tie and defeat the Chicago White Sox 6-5 at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Winning pitcher Sad Sam Jones (20-11) pitched 3.1 hitless and scoreless innings in relief of Bullet Joe Bush. Boston right fielder Shano Collins batted 4 for 6 with a double, run, and run batted in. John Michaelson, the third of five Chicago pitchers, retired the only 2 batters he faced in his first major league game.

Smoky Joe Wood led off the bottom of the 6th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie as the Cleveland Indians edged the Washington Nationals 3-2 at Dunn Field in Cleveland. Stan Coveleski (21-9) pitched a 7-hitter to outduel George Mogridge (15-10), who allowed 9 hits and 3 earned runs in 7 innings.

Bobby Veach drove in 3 runs and Bert Cole (4-0) pitched a 13-hit complete game and had 2 hits of his own to help the Detroit Tigers defeat the New York Yankees 7-3 before 23,000 fans at Navin Field in Detroit. New York left fielder Babe Ruth had 3 doubles and a run. Waite Hoyt (15-11) took the loss as the second-place Yankees dropped 1½ games behind the American League-leading Indians.

Frank Ellerbe batted 3 for 5 with a double, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in, while George Sisler added a 3-run home run to help the St. Louis Browns beat the Philadelphia Athletics 12-4 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Ray Kolp (7-6) pitched an 11-hit complete game victory. Philadelphia first baseman Ivy Griffin batted 2 for 5, making 9 putouts and an assist, participating in 2 double plays in the 185th and last game of his 3-year major league career.

Johnny Morrison (6-4) pitched a 3-hitter, hit a triple, and scored the final run run to lead the Pittsburgh Pirates over the Brooklyn Robins 2-0 before 20,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Burleigh Grimes (19-8) allowed 8 hits and 2 earned runs in a complete game. The game was played in 1 hour 20 minutes.

Ross Youngs tripled home Dave Bancroft and Frankie Frisch and then scored on a single by Johnny Rawlings in the bottom of the 4th inning as the New York Giants scored 3 runs to offset 2 runs by the Chicago Cubs in the top of the 4th and defeated the Cubs 4-2 before 28,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Jesse Barnes (12-8) pitched a 5-hitter to outduel Pete Alexander (12-10) as the second-place Giants remained within 2½ games of the National League-leading Pirates.

80 years ago
1941


War
The U.S.S.R. confirmed that the Dnieper River power plant near Zaporozhe had been destroyed to cover the retreat of Soviet forces in Ukraine. Ali Furanghi, named by Shah Reza Pahlevi as Iran's new Prime Minister, ordered the Iranian Army to cease-fire, on the fourth day of the U.K.-U.S.S.R. invasion.

Diplomacy
Japanese Ambassador to the United States Kichisaburō Nomura presented U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt with a personal letter from Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fujimaro Konoye pleading for a meeting in order to avoid war. Mr. Nomura implored President Roosevelt to keep Prime Minister Konoye's offer secret, since his government could be in jeopardy if news leaked out about his offer to come to the United States to talk to an American president.

Politics and government
Robert Menzies, leader of the United Australia Party coalition, announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Australia. Former Prime Minister Billy Hughes, 78, was elected leader of the UAP, but was considered too old to lead the government, so Country Party leader Arthur Fadden was chosen to lead the coalition, taking office as Prime Minister the following day.

Society
Acting New York Governor Charles Poletti said that he had barred a proposed birth control exhibit at the state fair because state law described the dissemination of information on birth control as "detrimental to the state."

Economics and finance
The Inter-American Financial and Economic Committee announced that an agreement had been reached to use 80-100 Danish, German, and Italian ships immobilized in Latin American ports.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed a seven-man Supply Priorities and Allocations Board, headed by Vice President Henry Wallace, as the supreme agency for allocating the available supply of materials among military needs, defense-aid needs, economic warfare needs, and civilian needs.

A special U.S. Senate committee headed by Sen. Sheridan Downey (Democrat--California) recommended a minimum pension of $30 per month for all unemployed people over 60 years of age.

Football
NFL
College All-Star Game @ Soldier Field, Chicago
Chicago Bears 37 College All-Stars 13

University of Minnesota running back George Franck was voted the game's Most Valuable Player as the Bears beat the All-Stars before 98,203 fans.

75 years ago
1946


World events
Yugoslavian authorities delivered the bodies of five American soldiers killed on August 19 to the U.S. Army. The soldiers had died when their transport plane had been shot down by Yugoslavian fighters near the Italian border.

Diplomacy
U.S. representatives at the Paris Peace Conference defended Australia's right to present reparations demands against Yugoslavian charges that "big Western countries" sought to interfere in the "home affairs of small European nations." Acting U.S. delegate Herschel Johnson warned the United Nations Security Council that the United States would veto the U.S.S.R.-sponsored membership applications of Albania and Outer Mongolia.

Politics and government
Former U.S. Office of Strategic Services Chief General William Donovan was named to head the American Institute of International Information, a new non-profit organization that would seek information on world problems.

Communications
A long distance call between Milwaukee and an automobile 135 miles away inaugurated the world's first highway mobile radio-telephone system.

Economics and finance
U.S. Agriculture Secretary Clinton Anderson ordered an increase in meat prices over the objections of the Office of Price Administration.

The Jewish National Fund of America forwarded $5 million to Palestine, the largest single contribution yet made to the Zionist cause.

Labour
A joint meeting of American League and National League baseball owners in Chicago voted to give players representation in formulating rules and policies, and agreed to set a minimum salary and establish a pension fund.

Boxing
Johnny Greco (49-7-4) won a 10-round majority decision over defending champion Dave Castilloux (115-22-8) to win the Canadian welterweight title before a Montreal Forum crowd of 14,750, a Canadian record.

70 years ago
1951


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: This is Your Confession: Part 2, starring William Bishop, Sidney Blackmer, and Eva Gabor

Died on this date
Robert Walker, 32
. U.S. actor. Mr. Walker starred in such movies as See Here, Private Hargrove (1944), Since You Went Away (1944), and The Clock (1945). He had suffered from mental problems and heavy drinking--exacerbated by a marriage to and painful divorce from actress Jennifer Jones--but had recently made a strong comeback in Strangers on a Train (1951). Mr. Walker had just completed principal shooting on My Son John (1952) and was waiting for reshooting to begin when his housekeeper found him in an agitated state and called Mr. Walker's psychiatrist, Frederick Hacker. Dr. Hacker administered a dose of sodium amytal, but Mr. Walker suffered a severe reaction and stopped breathing. Attempts to revive him were unsuccessful.

World events
A special military court in Amman handed down death sentences for three followers of the exiled Mufti of Jerusalem, accused of plotting the assassination of Jordan's King Abdullah.

Diplomacy
New C.S.S.R. Ambassador to the U.S.A. Vladimir Prochazka received a hostile reception from U.S. President Harry Truman, who demanded the release of Associated Press correspondent William N. Oatis and revision of other anti-American policies in Czechoslovakia.

Politics and government
U.S. President Truman named General Services Administration chief Jess Larson as head of the newly-created Defense Materials Procurement Agency.

Former Mississippi Governor Hugh White defeated Paul Johnson in a runoff Democratic Party primary to win a second term as Governor.

Turkey announced the abolition of the State Seaways Administration and the return of merchant shipping to private operation.

Crime
The U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested seven Hawaiian Communist Party U.S.A. leaders in Honolulu, including International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union official Jack Wayne Hall.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A., U.K., and France announced a $50-million economic assistance program for Yugoslavia during the remainder of 1951. The U.S. Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives a bill to cut off U.S. economic and military aid to countries that shipped war supplies to the Soviet bloc.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tonight My Love, Tonight--Paul Anka (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Il faut savoir--Charles Aznavour

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Wooden Heart--Joe Dowell
2 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis
3 Michael--The Highwaymen
4 Last Night--Mar-Keys
5 You Don't Know What You've Got (Until You Lose It)--Ral Donner
6 I Like it Like That (Part 1)--Chris Kenner
7 School is Out--U.S. Bonds
8 Pretty Little Angel Eyes--Curtis Lee
9 Don't Bet Money Honey--Linda Scott
10 Hurt--Timi Yuro

Singles entering the chart were Kissin' on the Phone by Paul Anka (#60); (Marie's the Name) His Latest Flame by Elvis Presley (#66); One Track Mind by Bobby Lewis (#69); Sweet Little You by Neil Sedaka (#77); Look in My Eyes by the Chantels (#80); My Blue Heaven by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#88); Romeo by Janie Grant (#91); My Dream Come True by Jack Scott (#93); You're the Reason by Joe South (#94); You're the Reason by Bobby Edwards (#97); (Theme from) Silver City by the Ventures (#98); and I Can't Take It by Mary Ann Fisher (#99).

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-1) 29 @ Saskatchewan (2-3) 10
British Columbia (0-5-1) 20 @ Edmonton (5-0) 21

Russ Jackson played the entire game at quarterback for the Ottawa Rough Riders in their win over the Saskatchewan Roughriders. Ron Lancaster dressed as the backup quarterback for Ottawa in his first visit to Taylor Field in Regina.

Joe Kapp played his first game at quarterback for the Lions after being traded from the Calgary Stampeders, completing 10 of 14 passes for 225 yards in the Lions' loss to the Eskimos at Clarke Stadium.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Lally Stott (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Pensieri e parole--Lucio Battisti (13th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I'm Still Waiting--Diana Ross (2nd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool (8th week at #1)
2 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees
3 L.A. International Airport--Susan Raye
4 I Don't Know How to Love Him--Helen Reddy
5 I Did What I Did for Maria--Tony Christie
6 It's Too Late--Carole King
7 I'll Meet You Halfway--The Partridge Family
8 Love Her Madly--The Doors
9 Sweet, Sweet Love--Russell Morris
10 Daddy Cool--Drummond

No new singles entered the chart.

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Borriquito--Peret (3rd week at #1)
2 Manuela--Jacques Herb
3 One Way Wind--Cats
4 Pour un Flirt--Michel Delpech
5 Black and White--Greyhound
6 Sweet Hitch-Hiker--Creedence Clearwater Revival
7 Blossom Lady--Shocking Blue
8 Que Je T'aime--Sandra & Andres
9 We Shall Dance--Demis Roussos
10 Riders on the Storm--The Doors

Singles entering the chart were You've Got a Friend by James Taylor (#31); Soldiers Who Want to Be Heroes by Rod McKuen (#32); Eenmaal Kom Je Toch Weer Bij Mij by Gaby Dirne presenteert: Duo De Koning en de Notenzaaiers (#35); Mohikana Shalali by Heino (#38); Listening to Mozart by Walter Scott (#39); and Don't Let it Die by Hurricane Smith (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees (4th week at #1)
2 Take Me Home, Country Roads--John Denver with Fat City
3 Signs--Five Man Electrical Band
4 Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)--Marvin Gaye
5 Mr. Big Stuff--Jean Knight
6 Sweet Hitch-Hiker--Creedence Clearwater Revival
7 Liar--Three Dog Night
8 Smiling Faces Sometimes--The Undisputed Truth
9 Spanish Harlem--Aretha Franklin
10 Go Away Little Girl--Donny Osmond

Singles entering the chart were Make it Funky (Part 1) by James Brown (#65); So Far Away/Smackwater Jack by Carole King (#71); Annabella by Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds (#74); Call My Name, I'll Be There by Wilson Pickett (#75); Gimme Shelter by Grand Funk Railroad (#81); A Natural Man by Lou Rawls (#86); Is That the Way by Tin Tin (#87); All My Trials by Ray Stevens (#90); Think His Name by Johnny Rivers & the Guru Ram Das Ashram Singers (#93); Thin Line Between Love and Hate by the Persuaders (#96); Hijackin' Love by Johnnie Taylor (The Soul Philosopher) (#97); Feel So Bad by Ray Charles (#99); and A Part of You by Brenda and the Tabulations (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)
2 Take Me Home, Country Roads--John Denver with Fat City
3 Draggin' the Line--Tommy James
4 Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)--Marvin Gaye
5 Sweet Hitch-Hiker--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Mr. Big Stuff--Jean Knight
7 What the World Needs Now is Love/Abraham, Martin and John--Tom Clay
8 Signs--Five Man Electrical Band
9 Spanish Harlem--Aretha Franklin
10 Liar--Three Dog Night

Singles entering the chart were So Far Away by Carole King (#60); Superstar by the Carpenters (#68); Ko-Ko Joe by Jerry Reed (#81); Gimme Shelter by Grand Funk Railroad (#82); MacArthur Park (Part 1) by the Four Tops (#83); Get it While You Can by Janis Joplin (#85); Ghetto Woman by B.B. King (#88); All My Trials by Ray Stevens (#89); A Natural Man by Lou Rawls (#93); A Song for You by Andy Williams (#96); Easy Loving by Freddie Hart (#98); and Don't Try to Lay No Boogie-Woogie on the King of Rock and Roll by John Baldry (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Take Me Home, Country Roads--John Denver with Fat City
2 Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)--Marvin Gaye
3 Sweet Hitch-Hiker--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Spanish Harlem--Aretha Franklin
5 Draggin' the Line--Tommy James
6 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees
7 Beginnings/Colour My World--Chicago
8 Signs--Five Man Electrical Band
9 Liar--Three Dog Night
10 Smiling Faces Sometimes--The Undisputed Truth

Singles entering the chart were So Far Away by Carole King (#55); Ko-Ko Joe by Jerry Reed (#71); Loving Her was Easier (Than Anything I’ll Ever Do Again) by Kris Kristofferson (#72); Easy Loving by Freddie Hart (#74); Feel So Bad by Ray Charles (#78); The Love We Had by the Dells (#79); A Song for You by Andy Williams (#82); Get it While You Can by Janis Joplin (#85); Another Time, Another Place by Engelbert Humperdinck (#89); Roll On by the New Colony Six (#92); The Year that Clayton Delaney Died by Tom T. Hall (#93); A Natural Man by Lou Rawls (#95); Lucky Me by the Moments (#97); Trapped by a Thing Called Love by Denise LaSalle (#99); and Is That the Way by Tin Tin (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees
2 Draggin' the Line--Tommy James
3 Take Me Home, Country Roads--John Denver with Fat City
4 Sweet Hitch-Hiker--Creedence Clearwater Revival
5 Sweet City Woman--Stampeders
6 Never Ending Song of Love--Delaney & Bonnie & Friends
7 You've Got a Friend--James Taylor
8 Riders on the Storm--The Doors
9 Liar--Three Dog Night
10 Beginnings--Chicago

Singles entering the chart were Another Time, Another Place by Engelbert Humperdinck (#54); So Far Away by Carole King (#55); Stagger Lee by Tommy Roe (#58); How Can I Love You by Lynn Anderson (#70); Loving Her was Easier (Than Anything I’ll Ever Do Again) by Kris Kristofferson (#74); Stick-Up by the Honey Cone (#76); Annabella by Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds (#77); Surrender by Diana Ross (#84); Wedding Song (There is Love) by Paul Stookey (#87); Sweet Sounds of Music by the Bells (#89); Indian Summer by Audience (#90); Miss January by Russell Thornberry (#93); I'd Rather Be Sorry by Ray Price (#96); Tired of Being Alone by Al Greene (#98); and Bringing on Back the Good Times by Fast Eddy (#100)..

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music
1 Take Me Home, Country Roads--John Denver with Fat City (2nd week at #1)
2 Sweet Hitch-Hiker--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Rain Dance--The Guess Who
4 I Hear Those Church Bells--Dusk
5 Moon Shadow--Cat Stevens
6 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road
7 Mighty Clouds of Joy--B.J. Thomas
8 Draggin' the Line--Tommy James
9 Riders on the Storm--The Doors
10 We Got a Dream--Ocean
Pick hit of the week: Sweet Dreams and Sarah--Mac Davis

Baseball
Philadelphia Phillies' pitcher Rick Wise (14-10) hit 2 home runs in a game for the second time in just over 2 months as he defeated the San Francisco Giants 7-3 in the second game of a doubleheader before 33,012 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Wise's home runs--including a grand slam off Don McMahon--were his 5th and 6th of the season. Alan Gallagher drove in 2 runs and Willie Mays added a solo home run for the Giants as they won the first game 5-2.

The New York Mets scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and 2 in the 2nd as they coasted to a 9-2 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers in the first game of a twi-night doubleheader before 43,492 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Tom Seaver (15-8) pitched an 8-hit complete game victory, while Los Angeles starter Claude Osteen (12-9) faced 6 batters, allowing 5 hits and a base on balls, resulting in 6 earned runs. Cleon Jones hit a solo home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Mets a 2-1 win in the second game to complete the sweep. The Mets had tied the game in the 8th when Duffy Dyer doubled with 2 out and scored on a single by pinch hitter Tommie Agee. Tug McGraw (9-4) pitched a perfect 9th inning in relief of Gary Gentry to get the win over Jim Brewer (5-5), who entered the game in the 8th in relief of Don Sutton.

Marty Perez singled home Mike Lum from second base with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Atlanta Braves defeated the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 34,988 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Vada Pinson's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 6th inning enabled the Cleveland Indians to overcome an 8-6 deficit and defeat the Minnesota Twins 9-8 before 5,663 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

4 bases on balls and an error resulted in 2 runs for the Detroit Tigers in the bottom of the 7th inning, providing the winning margin as they defeated the Chicago White Sox 5-4 before 11,417 fans at Tiger Stadium. Les Cain (7-8) allowed 8 hits and 4 runs--2 earned--in 7 innings to get the win, and aided his own cause when he bunted for a single and scored the first Detroit run in the 3rd inning and led off the 5th with his only home run of the season and the second and last of his major league career.

Lou Piniella singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning and reached third base on a throwing error by third baseman Jerry Kenney, and scored on a single by Bob Oliver to break a 3-3 tie as the Kansas City Royals edged the New York Yankees 4-3 before 15,845 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Ron Blomberg drove in all the New York runs with a pair of home runs. Mike Hedlund (12-6) pitched a 10-hit complete game victory over Fritz Peterson (13-9), who pitched a 12-hit complete game.

The Oakland Athletics scored 2 runs in the 1st inning and 5 in the 2nd--4 coming on a grand slam by Sal Bando--as they defeated the Washington Senators 10-6 before 7,414 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Chuck Dobson (14-3) allowed 9 hits and 6 runs--5 earned--in 7 innings, with 9 strikeouts, to get the win over Mike Thompson (1-6).

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Vill ha dej--Freestyle (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (6th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (6th week at #1)
2 Chequered Love--Kim Wilde
3 Kids in America--Kim Wilde
4 More and More--Joe Dolan
5 Louise (We Get it Right)--Jona Lewie
6 Tequila Sheila--Mac Davis
7 Hak Hom Blokkies--David Kramer
8 For Your Eyes Only--Sheena Easton
9 Titles--Vangelis
10 Hands Up (Give Me Your Heart)--Ottawan

Singles entering the chart were You Drive Me Crazy by Shakin' Stevens (#18); and Blue Eyes Crying in the Rain by Maria Tyl (#20).

Crime
John W. Hinckley, Jr. pled not guilty to charges of attempting to kill President Ronald Reagan on March 30, 1981.

Health
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control announced that a medical task force had been formed to investigate the incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma and pneumocystis in homosexual men. Gay-Related Immune Deficiency (GRID), soon renamed AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) was later found to be the cause, and a new term entered the medical and popular lexicon.

Track and field
Sebastian Coe of Great Britain ran the mile in 3 minutes, 47.33 seconds at a meet in Brussels, marking the third time the record had been broken in 10 days.



Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-6) 8 @ Winnipeg (5-3) 31

Baseball
Catcher Tim Laudner became the second Minnesota Twins' player in 4 days to hit a home run in his first major league game, batting 2 for 3 with a base on balls and 2 runs batted in, making 3 putouts to help the Twins shut out the Detroit Tigers 6-0 before 5,415 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Fernando Arroyo (5-6) and Jerry Koosman combined to pitch a 6-hit shutout.

Otto Velez led off the bottom of the 8th inning with a double and pinch runner George Bell advanced to third base on a sacrifice bunt by Lloyd Moseby, and scored on a passed ball to break a 3-3 tie as the Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Kansas City Royals 4-3 before 13,230 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

Ron Hassey was hit by a pitch to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning, advanced to second base on a ground out by Toby Harrah, and scored from there on a 2-out single by Rick Manning to give the Cleveland Indians a 1-0 win over the Seattle Mariners before 7,785 fans at Cleveland Stadium. John Denny (5-4) pitched a 6-hit shutout to win over Shane Rawley (2-4), who began the 9th inning in relief of Jim Beattie, who allowed 6 hits in 8 scoreless innings.

Tony Scott doubled to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning and advanced to third base on an error by third baseman Mike Schmidt, and scored on a 1-out bases-loaded single by Craig Reynolds to give the Houston Astros a 3-2 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 29,482 fans at the Astrodome.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Alekos Sakellarios, 77
. Greek director, screenwriter, and songwriter. Mr. Sakellarios directed more than 60 movies and television programs, and wrote several dozen more, in a career spanning more than 40 years. He wrote lyrics for more than 2,000 songs.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-6) 44 @ Edmonton (5-3) 41

A controversial ruling on a fumble by Edmonton quarterback Tracy Ham went in favour of the Roughriders, resulting in a game-winning 35-yard field goal by Dave Ridgway with 9 seconds remaining in regulation time. It was the Roughriders' first game under head coach Don Matthews, who had replaced the fired John Gregory six days earlier.



Baseball
Jim Eppard of the Salinas Spurs of the California League played all nine positions as the Spurs edged the San Bernardino Spirit 2-1. Mr. Eppard, a lefthander, pitched a scoreless 5th inning and was credited with the win.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Wannabe--Spice Girls

Divorced on this date
Prince Charles and Diana, Princess of Wales were divorced after 15 years of marriage.

Radio
Veteran broadcaster Peter Gzowski announced his retirement after 15 years as host of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation weekday radio program Morningside.

Politics and government
The Democratic National Convention at United Center in Chicago nominated U.S. President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore for a second term in office.