Sunday, 21 June 2020

June 22, 2020

1,110 years ago
910


War
Magyar forces defeated the East Frankish army near the Rednitz River in Bavaria, killing its leader Gebhard, Duke of Lotharingia (Lorraine), 41-50, and Gerhard I, Count of Metz, 35 (?).

175 years ago
1845


Born on this date
Tom Dula
. U.S. convicted criminal. Mr. Dula (pronounced "Dooley") was a private in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. He was convicted of the 1866 murder of his lover, Laura Foster, but maintained his innocence. Mr. Dula was hanged in Statesville, North Carolina on May 1, 1868 at the age of 22; his ordeal inspired the folk song Tom Dooley.

Richard Seddon. Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1893-1906. Mr. Seddon, a native of England, moved to Australia at the age of 16 in 1862, and to New Zealand four years later. He was first elected to the N.Z. House of Representatives in 1879 as an independent, joining the Liberal Party in December 1890. Mr. Seddon took over the leadership of the Liberal Party and became Prime Minister upon the death of Prime Minister John Ballance in 1893. Mr. Seddon held various cabinet posts in addition to the office of Prime Minister, and his autocratic style earned him the nickname "King Dick." He was still in office when he died of a heart attack aboard the ship Oswestry Grange while returning from a trip to Australia on June 10, 1906, 12 days before his 61st birthday. Mr. Seddon was succeeded as Prime Minister by William Hall-Jones. Mr. Seddon's son Thomas won a by-election for his father's seat in the House of Representatives. Richard Seddon remains the longest-serving N.Z. Prime Minister to date.

150 years ago
1870

Politics and government

The United States Justice Department was created by Congress.

Baseball
George Wright scored the winning run as the Cincinnati Red Stockings defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 27-25 before a large crowd in Philadelphia.

140 years ago
1880


Politics and government
The U.S. Democratic National Convention opened at the Music Hall in Cincinnati.

130 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Aleksander Warma
. Prime Minister of Estonia in exile, 1963-1970. Mr. Warma held several administrative positions in the Estonian government before and after the 1940 takeover of Estonia by the U.S.S.R. He died in Stockholm on December 23, 1970 at the age of 80.

110 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Oskar Fischinger
. German-born U.S. artist and filmmaker. Mr. Fischinger was an abstract painter who combined art with animation to produce more than 50 short films. He began his career in his native Germany, where he created special effects for Fritz Lang's film Frau im Mond (Woman in the Moon) (1929). Mr. Fischinger moved to Hollywood in 1936, but encountered difficulties with the restrictions of the movie studio system; his films included An Optical Poem (1938) and Motion Painting No. 1 (1947). He increasingly turned to abstract painting, producing about 800 canvases. In 1955, Mr. Fischinger patented the Lumigraph, an instrument that produced imagery by pressing against a rubberized screen so it could protrude into a narrow beam of coloured light. He died in Los Angeles on January 31, 1967 at the age of 66.

Baseball
The Brooklyn Superbas scored 7 runs in the top of the 11th inning to take a 20-13 lead over the Philadelphia Phillies at National League Park in Philadelphia. The Phillies attempted to let the Superbas prolong the inning, hoping that darkness would fall and the half-inning would be cancelled. Umpire Hank O’Day responded to the Phillies’ delaying tactics by stopping the game an awarding a forfeit to the Superbas.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
Konrad Zuse
. German computer scientist and engineer. Mr. Zuse invented the Z3 computer, the world's first working programmable, fully automatic digital computer, in 1941. He died of heart failure on December 18, 1995 at the age of 85.

Anne Ziegler. U.K. singer. Miss Ziegler, born Irené Eastwood, was a soprano who teamed with her husband Webster Booth as "Sweethearts in Song," a popular duet in England during the 1940s. The couple moved to South Africa in the 1950s after their music fell out of fashion in Britain, but they returned to the United Kingdom in 1978, settling in Wales. Miss Ziegler died on October 13, 2003 at the age of 93.

Religion
The Preparation of Missionaries was the theme of this day’s presentation to the World Missionary Conference in the Assembly Hall of United Free Church of Scotland in Edinburgh.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Jovito Salonga
. Filipino politician. Mr. Salonga, a member of the Liberal Party, represented Rizal's 2nd District in the Philippine House of Representatives (1961-1965), and then sat in the Senate (1965-1972). He was seriously injured, and narrowly escaped death, in the bombing of a Liberal Party campaign rally in 1971. Mr. Salonga opposed the rule of Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos, but was allowed to leave for the United States in 1981. He returned to the Philippines in January 1985; the Supreme Court dismissed all subversion charges against him a month later, and he was elected President of the Liberal Party. Mr. Salonga was elected to the Senate again in 1987 and was elected by his peers as President of the Senate; he was ousted from the Senate presidency on various charges in 1991, but was allowed to remain until the end of the year and the expiry of his five-year Senate term. Mr. Salonga ran for Presidnet of the Philippines in 1992, but finished sixth of seven candidates. He spent his remaining years advocating public involvement in politics, and died of cardiac arrest on March 10, 2016 at the age of 95.

90 years ago
1930


Died on this date
Bill Dam, 45
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Dam played 1 game in left field with the Boston Doves on August 23, 1909, batting .500 (1 for 2) with a base on balls, double, and run, making 1 putout. He played at least 3 seasons in the minor leagues (1907, 1909-1910).

Auto racing
AAA
Championship Car Series
Shorty Cantlon won a 100-mile race on the board track at Akron-Cleveland Speedway in Ohio. Russ Snowberger finished second and Chet Gardner third in the 10-car field.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



War
German officials read the terms of the proposed armistice with France to French representatives at Compiegne, in the same railroad car in which the Germans had signed the armistice ending hostilities in World War I in November 1918.

Diplomacy
Japan demanded that the French government close the Indochina frontier with China and permit a Japanese control commission to supervise the application of this regulation on the scene.

Defense
A Gallup Poll reported that 67% of Americans favoured universal military training.

Politics and government
Thomas Dewey, Robert Taft, and Wendell Willkie--all candidates for the 1940 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States--arrived at the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia and began meeting with delegates.

Track and field
The University of Southern California won the NCAA championship in Minneapolis for the sixth year in a row.

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals scored 7 runs in the 6th inning to defeat the Boston Bees 8-2 before 4,441 fans at National League Park in Boston. The Bees made 8 errors, 3 in the 6th inning.

Elbie Fletcher hit 2 home runs and Vince DiMaggio added another as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Brooklyn Dodgers 7-2 before 10,850 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

Harlond Clift hit a grand slam and Johnny Berardino hit 2 home runs, including a 3-run blast, but it wasn’t enough as the St. Louis Browns lost 11-10 to the Washington Nationals before 1,869 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

75 years ago
1945


War
Australian troops participating in the invasion of Borneo captured the oil refinery at Lutong on the island's west coast and Seria oil fields on the north coast. Chinese troops in the province of Kwangsi entered the city of Luchow, while other units attacked the nearby former U.S. airbase.

World events
The government of Czechoslovakia seized more than 270,000 farms and corporations of Germans, Hungarians, and "traitors and Nazi collaborationists."

Diplomacy
The British government of Prime Minister Winston Churchill issued a statement saying that its intervention in the Levant was only to halt events that threatened the Allied war effort.

Journalism
Argentine newspapers began printing news cabled from the United States, in line with the government's promise not to interfere with incoming or outgoing news.

70 years ago
1950


Diplomacy
Veteran U.S. diplomat Jack Service testified for seven hours before a Senate Foreign Relations subcommittee, denying any Communist affiliation and claiming that he had attempted to prevent a Communist victory in China.

Crime
A grand jury in Pasadena, California indicted physicist Sidney Weinbaum on perjury charges for allegedly concealing his Communist Party membership while working at the California Institute of Technology's secret Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

Defense
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives a bill extending the peacetime draft for three years.

Labour
The Pullman Division of the Order of Railway Conductors, dissatisfied with the recommendations of a presidential fact-finding board, called a strike for July 11.

Baseball
Larry Jansen (7-4) and Dave Koslo (7-5) pitched shutouts as the New York Giants swept a doubleheader from the St. Louis Cardinals 3-0 and 5-0 before 25,883 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Koslo allowed just 2 hits: singles by Eddie Miller and Tommy Glaviano in the 3rd inning.

Luke Easter and Jim Hegan each hit 2 home runs for the Cleveland Indians as they beat the New York Yankees 6-2 before 18,407 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Ray Boone also homered for the Indians, while Joe DiMaggio and Johnny Mize homered for the Yankees. All 7 home runs came with the bases empty. Bob Feller (7-5) pitched a 7-hit complete game win, while losing pitcher Joe Ostrowski (2-5) allowed 9 hits and 6 earned runs in a complete game.

60 years ago
1960


Space
The United States launched two satellites: Transit 2A, a navigational satellite; and Solar Radiation (SOLRAD) 1, whose purpose was to study solar ultraviolet and X-radiation.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party, led by Jean Lesage, defeated Premier Antonio Barrette's governing Union Nationale Party to win their first Quebec provincial election in 16 years. The Liberals took 51 of 95 seats in the Legislative Assembly, up from 20 in the most recent election in 1956. The UN dropped from 72 to 43, with one other candidate elected. The UN and the province had long been led by Maurice Duplessis, but he had died in October 1959 and was succeeded by Paul Sauvé, but Mr. Sauvé died on January 2, 1960, and was succeeded by Mr. Barrette. The election of the Liberals marked the beginning of Quebec's Quiet Revolution, a period of great social and political change. The new government was sworn in on July 5.

50 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Keiko no Yume wa--Yoru Hiraku (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Un Rayo De Sol--Los Diablos (4th week at #1)

On the radio
The Challenge of Space, on Springbok Radio
Tonight’s episode: This is His Cross and He Bears It

Politics and government
After a night of student riots and government confusion, Jose Maria Velasco Ibarra, 78, who had been President of Ecuador since 1968, assumed dictatorial powers in order to avoid "economic chaos, conspiracies, and subversion by university students."

U.S. President Richard Nixon signed an extension of the 1965 Voting Rights Act that contained an amendment lowering the voting age to 18. After signing, Mr. Nixon instructed the Justice Department to test the constitutionality of the provision. If it survived the challenge, the bill would enfranchise 11 million young people and apply to all elections--federal, state, and local.

Edward Heath was sworn in as Prime Minister of Great Britain, four days after his Conservative party had won a majority in the general election.

War
American military sources in Saigon said that the program of spraying chemical defoliants and herbicides to strip jungle cover from enemy areas and destroy food supplies had been halted nearly two months earlier.

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Stomp!--The Brothers Johnson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Funkytown--Lipps Inc. (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Leaders of the seven largest non-Communist industrial countries began a two-day summit in Venice. The main topics of discussion were dependence on oil imports and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. The U.S.S.R. issued a statement that some Soviet troops would be withdrawn from Afghanistan. The western leaders responded in a joint statement, saying the withdrawal would have to be permanent and continued until Soviet troops were completely withdrawn.

Politics and government
10 days after the death of Prime Minister Masayoshi Ōhira, Japan’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party won firm majorities in both houses of the Diet in the Japanese general election. The Liberal Democrats won 284 of 511 seats in the lower House of Representatives, an increase of 36 from the most recent election in 1979. The Socialist Party led by Ichio Asukata, was second in the House of Representatives with 107 seats. The Liberal Democrats took 135 of 252 seats in the upper House of Councilors. Representative Zenkō Suzuki succeeded Mr. Ōhira as Prime Minister after the election.

Golf
Bob Gilder won the Canadian Open at Royal Montreal Golf Club with a 6-under-par total score of 274, 2 strokes ahead of Jerry Pate and Leonard Thompson. First prize money was $63,000.

Auto racing
CRL
Bobby Unser won the Pocono 500 at Pocono International Raceway in Long Pond, Pennsylvania. It was the fifth and last race of the Championship Racing League, a short-lived partnership between the United States Auto Club (USAC) and Championship Auto Racing Teams (CART). Indianapolis 500 winner Johnny Rutherford finished second, and Tom Sneva third.



Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (3-0) 41 @ Saskatchewan (0-3) 7
Calgary (2-1) 28 @ British Columbia (1-1-1) 29

Baseball
The St. Louis Cardinals scored all their runs from the 4th through the 7th innings as they overcame a 2-0 deficit and routed the Cincinnati Reds 12-2 before 29,182 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Keith Hernandez drove in 4 St. Louis runs with a home run and a double, while Pete Vuckovich (7-5) pitched a 4-hit complete game and batted 1 for 3 with 2 sacrifices and 2 runs.

Claudell Washington hit his first 3 home runs in the National League, adding a single and driving in 5 runs to help the New York Mets end a 7-game losing streak with a 9-6 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 43,298 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Mike Schmidt tripled home Lonnie Smith and scored on a sacrifice fly by Greg Luzinski as the Philadelphia Phillies scored 2 runs in the top of the 7th inning to overcome a 3-2 deficit and defeat the San Francisco Giants 4-3 before 27,315 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Steve Carlton (13-2) pitched an 8-hit complete game, striking out 8, to win the pitchers' duel with Vida Blue (9-4).

Steve Rogers (9-5) pitched an 8-hitter to outduel Gary Lucas (3-4) as the Montreal Expos shut out the San Diego Padres 2-0 before 14,388 fans at San Diego Stadium. Tony Bernazard doubled with 1 out in the 6th inning and scored the winning run on a 2-out single by Warren Cromartie.

Roy Howell led off the top of the 10th inning with a single and eventually scored on a sacrifice fly by Lloyd Moseby to break a 5-5 tie as the Toronto Blue Jays came back from a 5-1 deficit to beat the Texas Rangers 6-5 before 13,650 fans at Arlington Stadium. Mike Hart entered the game as a pinch runner for Texas designated hitter Rusty Staub with 2 out in the 7th, and was stranded at first base in his fifth and last major league game.

30 years ago
1990


Died on this date
Ilya Frank, 81
. U.S.S.R. physicist. Dr. Frank shared the 1958 Nobel Prize in Physics with fellow Soviets Pavel Cherenkov and Igor Tamm "for the discovery and the interpretation of the Cherenkov effect," electromagnetic radiation emitted when a charged particle (such as an electron) passes through a dielectric medium at a speed greater than the phase velocity of light in that medium.

Ross Munro, 76. Canadian journalist. Mr. Munro was the lead correspondent for Canadian Press during World War II, and later served as publisher of the Vancouver Province, Winnipeg Tribune, and Edmonton Journal.

World events
Checkpoint Charlie, the best-known crossing point in the Berlin Wall between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War, was dismantled.

Politics and government
Canadian Intergovernmental Affairs Minister Lowell Murray announced that the federal government was prepared to extend the deadline for Manitoba to approve the Meech Lake constitutional accord, but only if Newfoundland approved the accord that day. Newfoundland Premier Clyde Wells reacted by indefinitely postponing a ratification vote, saying that Newfoundland would rather avoid a vote than submit to the federal government’s tactics. Mr. Wells told the Newfoundland House of Assembly, "That’s the final manipulation. We’re not prepared to be manipulated any longer." Mr. Murray then announced that Mr. Wells had "killed the last hope" for approval of the accord, and declared the deal dead. Prime Minister Brian Mulroney flew to St. John's to address the Newfoundland Assembly, with the Meech Lake vote scheduled for the next day, but he did not extend the deadline. In Winnipeg, New Democratic Party member of the Legislative Assembly Elijah Harper refused the unanimous agreement the Manitoba Legislature needed in order to extend its own debate.

Baseball
The Atlanta Braves, in last place in the National League West Division with a record of 25-40, fired Russ Nixon as manager and replaced him with former Toronto Blue Jays’ manager Bobby Cox.

25 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Hold Me, Thrill Me, Kiss Me, Kill Me--U2

Politics and government
British Prime Minister John Major, saying that he wanted to put an end to "phony threats" to his leadership, announced his resignation as leader of the Conservative Party, and set July 4 as the date for the election of a new party leader.

Two days of attempts to shut off debate in the United States Senate on the nomination of Dr. Henry Foster as Surgeon General of the United States failed, with the Senate voting 57-43 in favour of imposing cloture, 3 votes short of the number required. Dr. Foster, who had been nominated by President Bill Clinton, was opposed by opponents of abortion. As a result of his failure to gain Senate approval, Dr. Foster abandoned his candidacy.

California Governor Pete Wilson, appearing on the CNN interview show Larry King Live, formally announced that he was seeking the 1996 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed at 4,589.64, a record high.

Business
Country Music Television network acquired a minority stake in the Calgary-based cable channel New Country Network.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 2 @ New Jersey 5 (New Jersey led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Bruce Driver, Claude Lemieux, Neal Broten, Randy McKay and Bobby Holik scored for the Devils as they easily beat the Red Wings in the first Stanley Cup final game ever played at Brendan Byrne Arena in East Rutherford. Sergei Fedorov and Steve Yzerman scored powerplay goals for Detroit in the last 3:03 of regulation time to ruin Martin Brodeur's bid for a shutout.



20 years ago
2000

Died on this date
Shaka Sankofa, 36
. U.S. convicted criminal. Mr. Sankofa, who was known as Gary Graham until 1995, was sentenced to death at the age of 17 for the murder of 53-year-old Bobby Grant Lambert in Houston on May 13, 1981. Mr. Sankofa was executed in Texas despite protests from death penalty opponents that the only witness against Mr. Graham was unreliable. The U.S. Supreme Court voted 5-4 to reject Mr. Graham’s final appeal hours before the execution by lethal injection at Texas State Penitentiary in Huntsville.

Academia
The annual convention of the Canadian Library Association began at the Shaw Conference Centre in Edmonton. This blogger attended the alumni reception.

Scandal
It was reported that Robert Conrad, Jr., head of the U.S. Justice Department’s Campaign Financing Task Force, had recommended the appointment of an outside prosecutor to investigate the activities of Vice President Al Gore during the 1996 election cycle.

Business
The Nova Scotia government sold the financially crippled Sydney Steel Corporation to Switzerland's Duferco Group.

Baseball
The San Francisco Giants scored 8 runs in the 5th inning to take an 8-1 lead, but still lost 11-10 to the St. Louis Cardinals before 36,192 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. St. Louis leadoff hitter Shawon Dunston batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, a double, 2 runs, and 6 runs batted in.

Saturday, 20 June 2020

June 21, 2020

1,150 years ago
870


Died on this date
Al-Muhtadi
. Muslim caliph. Abū Isḥāq Muḥammad ibn al-Wāṯiq was Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate from July 869-June 870, during the "Anarchy at Samarra," a period of instability in which violence resulted in the succession of four caliphs. He acceded to the throne after the assassination of his cousin al-Mu'tazz, and led an austere and pious life, presiding in person over the courts of grievances. Caliph Al-Muhtadi attracted the enmity of Turkish military leader Musa ibn Bugha, who marched with his army to Samarra. Musa ibn Bugha's troops defeated troops loyal to Caliph Al-Muhtadi, and then murdered the Caliph, who was succeeded by his cousin al-Mu'tamid.

175 years ago
1845


Born on this date
Samuel Griffith
. Chief Justice of Australia, 1903-1919. Sir Samuel, a native of Wales, moved with his family to Queensland at the age of 8. He was a member of the Queensland Legislative Assembly (1872-1893), serving as Premier of Queensland (1883-1888, 1890-1893). Sir Samuel was known as a supporter of organized labour in his first term as Prime Minister, but in his second term, his government used the military to suppress a shearers' strike. Sir Samuel resigned from political office in order to serve as Chief Justice of Queenlsand (1893-1903), drafting the state's criminal code. He then became the first Chief Justice of Australia, sitting on about 950 reported cases, and retiring two years after suffering a stroke. Sir Samuel died on August 9, 1920 at the age of 75.

150 years ago
1870


Born on this date
Clara Immerwahr
. German chemist. Dr. Immerwahr became the fist woman in Germany to earn a doctorate in chemistry. She married future Nobel Laureate Fritz Haber in 1901, and often contributed to his work, without recognition. Dr. Immerwahr was a women's rights activist and a pacifist whose beliefs were very much at odds with those of her husband, who not only wanted her to be subservient, but who supported the German war effort to the extent of supervising the first deployment of poison gas on the battlefield. On April 22, 1915, Dr. Immerwahr spoke out against her husband's work; 10 days later, on May 2, 1915, she committed suicide by shooting herself at the age of 44. The day after her death, Dr. Haber left for the first gas attack against Russian troops on the Eastern Front.

Politics and government
Charles Tupper was appointed President of of the Privy Council of Canada.

140 years ago
1880


Born on this date
Arnold Gesell
. U.S. psychologist and pediatrician. Dr. Gesell was a major figure in the field of child development, emphasizing the importance of both nature and nurture. He was known for Gesell’s Maturational Theory and Gesell Developmental Schedules. Dr. Gesell died on May 29, 1961, 23 days before his 81st birthday.

130 years ago
1890


Born on this date
Frank S. Land
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Land was a restaurateur in Kansas City, Missouri who became known as the founder, in 1919, of the Masonic youth organization Order of DeMolay. He died on November 8, 1959 at the age of 69.

Baseball
Silver King of the Chicago Pirates pitched 8 innings of no-hit ball but gave up a run on an error, and the Pirates lost 1-0 to the Brooklyn Wonders at South Side Park in Chicago. The Pirates batted first, and the Wonders didn’t come to bat in the bottom of the 9th inning. It was the only no-hitter pitched in the Players League, and the only no-hitter in major league history pitched with the mound 51 feet 6 inches from home plate. In the other major leagues, the pitcher’s mound was then 50 feet from home plate; the distance is now 60 feet, 6 inches.

Harvard University defeated Yale University 4-3 before more than 10,000--the largest ever at a collegiate game--in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

120 years ago
1900


War
China formally declared war on the United States, Britain, Germany, France and Japan, as an edict issued from the Empress Dowager Cixi.

Politics and government
Canadian Governor General the Earl of Minto dismissed British Columbia Lieutenant Governor Thomas McInnes and replaced him with Quebec politician Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière. The party system hadn't yet taken hold in B.C., and Mr. McInnes had dismissed two premiers and replaced them with men who were unable to command the support of the Legislative Assembly.

The U.S. Republican National Convention concluded at Exposition Auditorium in Philadelphia with the unanimous renomination of President William McKinley and the nomination of New York Governor Theodore Roosevelt as the party's 1900 U.S. vice presidential candidate.

110 years ago
1910


Religion
Co-Operation and the Promotion of Unity was the theme of this day’s presentation to the World Missionary Conference in the Assembly Hall of United Free Church of Scotland in Edinburgh.

90 years ago
1930


Defense
One-year conscription went into force in France.

80 years ago
1940


On the radio



At the movies
Charlie Chan's Murder Cruise, starring Sidney Toler, Victor Sen Yung, Lionel Atwill, and Leo G. Carroll, opened in theatres.



Died on this date
Smedley Butler, 58
. U.S. military officer. Major General Butler served with the United States Marine Corps in the Spanish-American War, the Philippines, Mexico, Central America, Haiti, China, and in World War I. He won the Medal of Honor twice and was the most decorated Marine in history at the time of his death. Maj. Gen. Butler made headlines with accusations that prominent businessmen had tried to recruit him as part of a coup to topple U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933. In his later years, Maj. Gen. Butler became a prominent critic of American military actions, with a speech later published as the booklet War is a Racket (1935). He died of cancer.

War
Italy began an unsuccessful invasion of France. New York City District Attorney Thomas Dewey, a candidate for the 1940 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States, charged in a nationwide radio broadcast that President Franklin D. Roosevelt was plotting U.S. entry into the European war in order to hide his own failures.

Politics and government
Alexander Cambridge, 1st Earl of Athlone took office as Governor General of Canada; he succeeded John Buchan, Lord Tweedsmuir, who had died in office on February 11, 1940.

King Carol II of Romania assumed dictatorial powers.

For the Republican National Convention in Philadelphia, opening three days hence, the Republican National Committee rejected the seating of a South Carolina delegation headed by Joseph Tolbert, that supported U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Ohio) as the party's candidate for President of the United States in the November 1940 election.

Associated Press reported that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had 707½ pledged delegates to the Democratic National Convention, giving him a wide lead over Vice President John Nance "Cactus Jack" Garner and Postmaster General James Farley in the contest for the 1940 Democratic Party presidential nomination.

Americana
The United States Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives a bill granting American citizenship to residents of the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Exploration
Henry Larsen set sail from Vancouver, British Columbia on the Royal Canadian Mounted Police patrol vessel St. Roch, intending to reach Halifax via the Northwest Passage.

Defense
In separate statements, the U.S. National Editorial Association and the U.S. Junior Chamber of Commerce endorsed universal military training.

Disasters
Geologist Halbert Gillette told the American Association for the Advancement of Science convention in Seattle that the worst droughts in 2,000 years were about to start, based on his study of rock strata.

Baseball
Sid Hudson of the Washington Nationals came within 3 outs of a no-hitter, but gave up a bloop double to Rip Radcliff to begin the 9th inning. Mr. Hudson settled for a 1-hit 1-0 shutout over the St. Louis Browns before 12,804 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis in a game that was over in 1 hour and 47 minutes. Vern Kennedy pitched a complete game for the Browns, allowing 10 hits and 1 earned run.

Red Rolfe batted 5 for 6 and Charlie Keller was 4 for 6 as the New York Yankees beat the Detroit Tigers 12-7 before 11,717 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit.

The Brooklyn Dodgers allowed 5 runs in the last 3 innings, but held on to defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 10-8 before 6,106 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

75 years ago
1945


War
The Battle of Okinawa ended when the organized resistance of Imperial Japanese Army forces collapsed in the Mabuni area on the southern tip of the main island. Australian troops landed on the northern head of Brunei Bay, Borneo and gained control of both sides of the entrance to the bay.

World events
The United Kingdom stated that Moscow radio had reported that 12 of the 16 accused Polish underground leaders on trial in Moscow had been found guilty and given prison sentences ranging from 4 months-10 years.

The government of Guatemala exiled 19 people and held 30 under arrest without explanation.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco chose London as the interim location for the world organization.

The governments of Lebanon and Syria announced an agreement on policy for winning independence that included elimination of all French personnel.

Politics and government
Ferruccio Parri formed a new Italian cabinet and was sworn in as Prime Minister by Crown Prince Humbert in Rome.

The U.S. Senate confirmed Claude Rickard as Rural Electrification Administration Administrator.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department estimated that American businessmen planned to spend a record high of $4.5 billion for plants and equipment in the next fiscal year.

Labour
An equal pay bill to protect female workers from wage discrimination when World War II was over was introduced in the United States Senate.

An American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations jurisdictional dispute idles 21,000 workers at Packard Motors and 1,400 at Ford Motor Company's River Rouge plant.

U.S. motion picture producers and the Screen Actors Guild concluded contract talks, increasing salaries for day workers to $35; freelance players to $115 weekly; and stock contracts to $60 weekly.

70 years ago
1950


Defense
The Arab League promised not to use arms obtained from the West or other countries for purposes of aggression.

Politics and government
Australia's Labour Party-dominated Senate rejected a government bill to outlaw the Communist Party.

The Alabama legislature adopted resolutions denouncing the U.S. Supreme Court's rulings against racial segregation and refusing to integrate public schools.

The U.S. Senate passed a measure easing penalties and restrictions on political activities of federal employees contained in the Hatch Act.

Oil
Oil industry sources reported that the U.S.A. was using gasoline at a record rate of more than three million gallons per day.

Economics and finance
French economist Jean Monnet proposed the creation of a six-nation assembly to supervise the European coal and steel pool.

Both houses of the U.S. Congress passed and sent to President Harry Truman a compromise bill extending federal rent control for six months.

60 years ago
1960


On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Storm, starring Lee Bergere, Rebecca Welles, and Danny Bravo



This was the last episode of the season.

Diplomacy
In New York, Japanese Consul General in the United States presented, on behalf of Emperor Hirohito, the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers, the highest Japanese order which may be conferred on an individual who is not a head of state, to U.S. General of the Army (reitred) Douglas MacArthur.



Baseball
Mickey Mantle batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs, 3 runs, and 3 runs batter in as the New York Yankees blanked the Detroit Tigers 6-0 before 39,311 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Whitey Ford (3-5) pitched a 4-hitter to outduel Frank Lary (6-7).

Ted Williams drove in 4 runs on 2 home runs and a single, but his Boston Red Sox lost 11-7 to the Kansas City Athletics before 6,258 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Bill Tuttle singled to lead off the bottom of the 1st inning and Jerry Lumpe followed with a home run to begin a 5-run inning that gave the Athletics a 5-0 lead. Bud Daley (10-2) allowed 10 hits and 7 earned runs in 7.2 innings, but still got the win.

Jim Landis hit a solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Chicago White Sox a 4-3 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 22,881 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

Alvin Dark led off the bottom of the 13th inning with a single and scored from third base on a 2-out infield single by Tony Curry to give the Philadelphia Phillies a 7-6 win over the Chicago Cubs in the first game of a doubleheader before 26,233 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. Philadelphia right fielder Ken Walters batted 4 for 5 with 2 home runs, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in, and was hit by a pitch, while Chicago shortstop Ernie Banks was 2 for 3 with 2 homers, 3 runs, 3 RBIs, and 3 bases on balls. The second game was suspended by a curfew after 8 innings with the Phillies leading 7-5; the game was resumed the next day, and the Phillies held on to win 7-6 to complete the sweep. Former Philadelphia center fielder Richie Ashburn batted 3 for 5 for Chicago in the second game, with a double, triple, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

Del Crandall, Hank Aaron, and Joe Adcock all hit home runs for the Milwaukee Braves as they beat the San Francisco Giants 9-6 in the first game of a doubleheader before 23,502 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Pinch hitter Al Spangler bunted for a single with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning, advanced to second on a wild pitch, and scored from there on a single by Red Schoendienst to give the Braves a 2-1 win in the second game to complete the sweep. Bob Buhl (7-3) pitched 3 scoreless innings in relief of Juan Pizarro to get the win, while Sam Jones (9-6), who relieved Jack Sanford to begin the 12th, took the loss. Mr. Sanford allowed 5 hits and 1 earned run in 11 innings.

Steve Dalkowski of the Stockton Ports struck out 19 batters in an 8-3 win over the visiting Reno Silver Sox in a California League game.

50 years ago
1970


Died on this date
Sukarno, 69
. President of Indonesia, 1945-1967. After spending many years as Indonesia's best-known nationalist leader, Sukarno declared the country's independence from the Netherlands in August 1945, triggering a four-year guerrilla war from which he emerged triumphant. The high point of his reign was probably when he played host to the Afro-Asian Conference of emerging nations in Bandung in April 1955. Sukarno was toppled from power by the army, led by General Suharto, in March 1966 following an unsuccessful Communist coup and a military purge that resulted in the slaughter of 300,000 Indonesians. He died 15 days after his 69th birthday.

Piers Courage, 28. U.K. auto racing driver. Mr. Courage participated in 29 Formula One races from 1967-1970, with best finishes of second in the Monaco Grand Prix and U.S. Grand Prix in 1969. He was killed in a crash on lap 23 of the Dutch Grand Prix at Circuit Zandvoort when the suspension or steering on his car broke, the car went up an embankment and burst into flames, and a front wheel came off the car and hit him in the head, tearing away his helmet and presumably killing him instantly.



Terrorism
Quebec provincial police raided a cottage in Prévost, arresting four men and two women for conspiracy to kidnap. They found 150 leaflets, dated July 4, announcing that Harrison Burgess, the United States Consul-General in Montreal, had been kidnapped. The ransom notes were very similar to those that were demanded for British Trade Commissioner James Cross during the October Crisis four months later. Charges in the Prévost incident were still pending that October.

World events
A Leningrad newspaper and dissident sources in Moscow told of the arrest of 12 people in Leningrad the previous week in what was called an attempt to hijack an airliner. The group had apparently booked passage to Petrozavodsk, on the Finnish border. It was also reported that eight Jews had been arrested in Leningrad.

Crime
Two days of coordinated raids by U.S. federal agents in 10 cities, including New York, Chicago, and Miami, concluded with more than 130 people, mostly Cuban refugees, arrested for allegedly being members of a narcotics ring. The U.S. Justice Department estimated that the ring controlled 75% of the cocaine and 30% of the heroin in the United States.

A court martial in Danang, South Vietnam sentenced U.S. Army Private Michael A. Schwartz to life imprisonment for premeditated murder in the fatal shooting of 12 Vietnamese civilians in Sonthang in February. In rejecting defense arguments that Pvt. Schwartz had acted under orders to fire at the victims in the belief that his five-man Marine patrol was under Viet Cong attack, the court held that the order should have been disobeyed because it was "patently unlawful."

Protest
Delegates to the annual convention of the American Medical Association in Chicago were forced into a closed meeting guarded by police after demonstrations by groups of Negroes, consumers, a and the poor, who said that doctors had failed "to be responsive to the health needs of the nation."

Business
A U.S. federal judge in Philadelphia approved a reorganization bankruptcy petition for Penn Central Transportation Company, operator of Penn Central Railroad, the largest railroad system in the U.S.A. The action came two days after officials of the U.S. administration of President Richard Nixon had decided not to guarantee loans of up to $200 million to the company and the system. It was the largest corporate bankruptcy in the United States to date.

Disasters
Six liquid propane gas cars exploded in Crescent City, Illinois, wiping out 15 businesses, 25 houses, and damaging a church, a school, and 90 homes.

Soccer
FIFA
World Cup
Final @ Estadio Azteca, Mexico City
Brazil 4 Italy 1

Pele scored 1 goal and set up 3 others to lead Brazil over Italy for their third World Cup championship.



Golf
Tony Jacklin shot a 2-under-par 70 in the final round to win the U.S. Open at Hazeltine National Golf Club in Chaska, Minnesota with a 7-under-par total score of 281, 7 strokes ahead of Dave Hill. First prize money was $30,000.



Auto racing
Jochen Rindt of Austria won the Dutch Grand Prix at Circuit Zandvoort; Jackie Stewart of Scotland finished second, and Jacky Ickx of Belgium third in the 20-car field. It was Mr. Rindt’s second win of the year.





Baseball
Dick McAuliffe, Mickey Stanley, and Elliott Maddox each drove in 2 runs for the Detroit Tigers as they beat the Cleveland Indians 7-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 23,904 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. In the second game, Mr. Stanley hit a solo home run with 1 out in the 12th inning to break an 8-8 tie as the Tigers came back from an early 5-1 deficit to win 9-8 and complete the sweep. Mr. Stanley's homer was followed by a single by Cesar Gutierrez, who tied a major league record by batting 7 for 7--6 singles and a double--with 3 runs and a run batted in. Cleveland first baseman Tony Horton was 4 for 5 in the second game with a home run, double, sacrifice fly, and 5 runs batted in. Rick Austin made his major league debut as Cleveland's starting pitcher in the second game, allowing 5 hits and 5 runs--all earned--in 2.1 innings, walking 2 batters and striking out 3.

The New York Yankees scored 6 runs in the top of the 11th inning to break an 8-8 tie as they beat the Boston Red Sox 14-10 before 31,073 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Danny Cater led the New York attack, batting 5 for 6 with a sacrifice fly, double, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in. New York leadoff hitter Horace Clarke was 4 for 7 with a double, 3 runs and an RBI, while Boston leadoff hitter Mike Andrews was 4 for 6 with 3 doubles, a run, and 3 RBIs.

Jay Johnstone doubled home Jim Fregosi and Alex Johnson with none out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the California Angels a 6-5 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 14,450 fans at Anaheim Stadium. The Angels trailed 4-2 after 7 innings, but Mr. Fregosi led off the bottom of the 8th with a home run, and Jarvis Tatum scored on a 2-out single by Sandy Alomar to tie the score. Mike Hegan doubled with 1 out in the top of the 10th and scored on a single by pinch hitter Bob Burda to give the Brewers a 5-4 lead.

Adolfo Phillips led off the top of the 5th inning with a single and scored from second base on a 1-out single by John Bateman to break a 2-2 tie as the Montreal Expos edged the Pittsburgh Pirates 3-2 before 12,325 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The winning run was unearned, as an error by Pittsburgh shortstop Fred Patek on a ground ball by Coco Laboy preceded Mr. Bateman's hit. Rich Nye (1-0) pitched a 7-hit complete game for his first win since being acquired from the St. Louis Cardinals a month earlier. Losing pitcher Bob Veale (5-8) allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings.

Wes Parker and Jim Lefebvre each had 3 hits for the Los Angeles Dodgers as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 9-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 33,775 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Don Sutton (9-5) pitched an 11-hit complete game victory, with Jim Merritt (11-6) taking the loss. Johnny Bench batted 4 for 5 with a home run, 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in for the Reds as they won the second game 9-3. Pete Rose and Hal McRae also homered for Cincinnati. Wayne Simpson (10-1) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory, with Claude Osteen (9-7) taking the loss.

Steve Carlton (4-8) pitched a 6-hit shutout and Bob Gibson (9-3) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory as the St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the Chicago Cubs 3-0 and 3-2 before 36,583 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Joe Torre's solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 8th inning broke a 2-2 tie in the second game.

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): L'ape Maia--Katia Svizzero

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Funkytown--Lipps Inc. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Funkytown--Lipps Inc.

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Crying--Don McLean

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Cara Mia--Jay & the Americans
2 Funkytown--Lipps, Inc.
3 Working My Way Back to You--Spinners
4 Lost in Love--Demis Roussos
5 Sri-Lanka...My Shangri-La--Jack Jersey
6 Buzz Buzz a Diddle It--Matchbox
7 Pierrot--Bonnie St. Claire
8 Runnin' with the Devil--Van Halen
9 Relight My Fire--Dan Hartman
10 What's Another Year--Johnny Logan

Singles entering the chart were Xanadu by Olivia Newton-John/Electric Light Orchestra (#31); Sjooh Sjooh Sugar by Champagne (#34); Alles is Anders by Ben Cramer m.m.v. Trio Thessaloniki (#35); Un Sentimental by Julio Iglesias (#37); Let's Get Serious by Jermaine Jackson (#38); and Bedankt Piraten by Vader Abraham (#39). Xanadu was the title song of the movie.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Funkytown--Lipps Inc. (4th week at #1)
2 Coming Up (Live at Glasgow)--Paul McCartney & Wings
3 Biggest Part of Me--Ambrosia
4 The Rose--Bette Midler
5 Against the Wind--Bob Seger
6 It's Still Rock and Roll to Me--Billy Joel
7 Little Jeannie--Elton John
8 Steal Away--Robbie Dupree
9 Cars--Gary Numan
10 She's Out of My Life--Michael Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Love the World Away by Kenny Rogers (#44); Make a Little Magic by the Dirt Band (#71); Tulsa Time/Cocaine by Eric Clapton and his Band (#74); Let's Go 'round Again by Average White Band (#76); Stop Your Sobbing by the Pretenders (#83); Alabama Getaway by the Grateful Dead (#86); Someone that I Used to Love by Natalie Cole (#87); Shandi by Kiss (#88); Old-Fashion Love by the Commodores (#89); Drivin' My Life Away by Eddie Rabbitt (#90); and Dancing with the Mountains by John Denver (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Funkytown--Lipps Inc. (4th week at #1)
2 Coming Up (Live at Glasgow)--Paul McCartney & Wings
3 The Rose--Bette Midler
4 Cars--Gary Numan
5 Biggest Part of Me--Ambrosia
6 Little Jeannie--Elton John
7 Steal Away--Robbie Dupree
8 It's Still Rock and Roll to Me--Billy Joel
9 Against the Wind--Bob Seger
10 Call Me--Blondie

Singles entering the chart were Cocaine by Eric Clapton and his Band (#75, charting with it's A-side, Tulsa Time); Old-Fashion Love by the Commodores (#80); Shandi by Kiss (#85); That Lovin' You Feelin' Again by Roy Orbison & Emmylou Harris (#86); Drivin' My Life Away by Eddie Rabbitt (#87); The Blue Side by Crystal Gayle (#95); and On the Rebound by Russ Ballard (#96). That Lovin' You Feelin' Again was from the movie Roadie (1980).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Funkytown--Lipps Inc. (4th week at #1)
2 The Rose--Bette Midler
3 Coming Up (Live at Glasgow)--Paul McCartney & Wings
4 Little Jeannie--Elton John
5 Steal Away--Robbie Dupree
6 Cars--Gary Numan
7 She's Out of My Life--Michael Jackson
8 It's Still Rock and Roll to Me--Billy Joel
9 Against the Wind--Bob Seger
10 Don't Fall in Love with a Dreamer--Kenny Rogers with Kim Carnes

Singles entering the chart were Shandi by Kiss (#77); Let's Go 'round Again by Average White Band (#83); Drivin' My Life Away by Eddie Rabbitt (#85); One in a Million You by Larry Graham (#86); I Get Off on It by Tony Joe White (#87); Old-Fashion Love by the Commodores (#88); Dancin' in the Streets by Teri DeSario with KC (#89); We're Goin' Out Tonight by Cameo (#98); Beyond by Herb Alpert (#99); and On the Rebound by Russ Ballard (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Cars--Gary Numan
2 Call Me--Blondie
3 Pilot of the Airwaves-Charlie Dore
4 Lost in Love--Air Supply
5 Don't Fall in Love with a Dreamer--Kenny Rogers with Kim Carnes
6 Brass in Pocket (I'm Special)--Pretenders
7 Coming Up (Live at Glasgow)--Paul McCartney & Wings
8 Breakdown Dead Ahead--Boz Scaggs
9 With You I'm Born Again--Billy Preston & Syreeta
10 Funkytown--Lipps Inc.

Singles entering the chart were Should've Never Let You Go by Neil Sedaka and Dara Sedaka (#90); Gimme Some Lovin' by the Blues Brothers (#92); Answering Machine by Rupert Holmes (#94); Atomic by Blondie (#99); and More Love by Kim Carnes (#100).

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Put 'em Under Pressure--The Republic of Ireland Football Squad (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
June Christy, 64
. U.S. singer. Miss Christy, born Shirley Luster, achieved success with the Stan Kenton Orchestra from 1945 through the 1950s, and had success as a solo artist in the 1950s.

Abominations
South African Communist terrorist Nelson Mandela continued his visit to New York City as he was feted by rallies in Harlem and at Yankee Stadium.

Diplomacy
The Palestine Liberation Organization’s executive committee reacted against U.S. President’s decision to break off diplomatic dialogue with the PLO by complaining that the U.S. had not responded in a similar way to "Israeli crimes against Palestinians."

Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives voted 254-177 in favour of a constitutional amendment to ban desecration of the American flag, but this fell far short of the 2/3 required for the approval of an amendment.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the estimate of the growth of the gross national product, on an annual basis, for the first quarter of 1990 had been revised upward from 1.3% to 1.9%, the second-lowest growth rate reported in the last 30 months.

Disasters
An earthquake recorded as high as 7.7 on the Richter scale struck Iran, destroying or damaging more than 100 communities. Within six days an estimated 40,000 people had been killed and 60,000 injured.

25 years ago
1995


Politics and government
The Russian Duma voted 241-72 in favour of a motion of non-confidence in the government. There was considerable discontent with the Russian government's agreement to negotiate with rebels in Chechnya, who were holding 2,000 people hostage at a hospital in the town of Budyonnovsk.

The New Democratic Party, led by Premier Roy Romanow, won a reduced majority of seats in the legislature in the Saskatchewan provincial election. The NDP won 42 of 58 seats, down from 54 of 66 seats going into the election. The Liberals, led by Lynda Haverstock, increased their total from 2 seats to 11, and became the official opposition, while the Progressive Conservatives, led by Bill Boyd, dropped from 10 seats to 5.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the trade deficit had risen to $11.37 billion in April, the highest figure since the new way of computing it had begun in January 1992.

20 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Alan Hovhaness, 89
. U.S. composer. Mr. Hovhnaness, born Alan Vaness Chakmakjian, was of Armenian ancestry, and many of his compositions reflected that, but he also borrowed from other cultures. He was one of the 20th century's most prolific composers, with 67 numbered symphonies among more than 500 surviving works. Mr. Hovhaness destroyed 500-1,000 of his early works from the 1930s and '40s, mainly in response to criticism from fellow composer Roger Sessions.

Bud Stewart, 84. U.S. baseball player. Edward Perry Stewart was an outfielder with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1941-1942); New York Yankees (1948); Washington Nationals (1948-1950); and Chicago White Sox (1950-1954), batting .268 with 32 home runs and 260 runs batted in in 773 games. He played 760 games in 9 seasons in the minor leagues (1938-1941, 1945-1947, 1954). Mr. Stewart led the National League with 10 pinch hits in 1941, but enlisted in the U.S. Army in June 1942, remaining through the end of 1945. He was second in the American League in triples (13) in 1948. Mr. Stewart died five days after his 84th birthday.

War
U.S. President Bill Clinton awarded the Medal of Honor to 22 Asian Americans, mostly from the U.S. Army's 442nd Regimental Combat Team, for actions during World War II.

Abominations
Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988, outlawing the "promotion" of homosexuality in the United Kingdom, was repealed in Scotland with a 99 to 17 vote.

Politics and government
Kanesatake Mohawks in Quebec signed a tentative agreement with the government of Canada to give them control over hundreds of hectares.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (0-0-1) 27 @ Hamilton (0-0-1) 27
Saskatchewan (0-1) 14 @ Calgary (1-0) 28
British Columbia (1-0) 26 @ Edmonton (0-1) 21 (overtime demonstration: B.C. 0 Edmonton 7)

Willie Pless started at middle linebacker for the Eskimos, made the tackle on the game’s first play from scrimmage, and then walked off the Commonwealth Stadium field for good a few plays later. He had signed with the Eskimos the previous day in order to end his career with the team for whom he had starred from 1991-1998 before being released and joining the Saskatchewan Roughriders in 1999. Jason Hutchins, a local player from the University of Alberta, started at safety for the Eskimos despite already having been cut from the team. Edmonton head coach Don Matthews wanted Mr. Hutchins to get a chance to play for the Eskimos in front of his family and friends.

Baseball
Pat Burrell's grand slam climaxed a 5-run 9th inning as the Philadelphia Phillies broke a 5-5 tie and defeated the New York Mets 10-5 before 22,524 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Eric Chavez became the first member of the Athletics to hit for the cycle at home since the team’s move to Oakland in 1968 as they defeated the Baltimore Orioles 10-3 before 25,287 fans at Network Associates Coliseum in Oakland for their 8th straight win.

10 years ago
2010


Terrorism
Faisal Shahzad, a Pakistan-born U.S. citizen, pled guilty to charges of plotting a failed car bombing in New York's Times Square. He was later sentenced to life in prison.

Crime
An explosion in a house in northeast Edmonton killed four people; police ruled the incident a murder/suicide.

June 20, 2020

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Brian Wilson and Dale Hein!

1,180 years ago
840


Died on this date
Louis I, 61 or 62
. Holy Roman Emperor, 813-840; King of the Franks, 814-833; 834-840; King of Aquitaine, 781-814. Louis I, popularly known as Louis the Pious, was co-Emperor with his father Charles I (Charlemagne), and became sole ruler after his father's death. He was deposed as King of the Franks in 833, but regained power the following year. Louis I was succeeded as Holy Roman Emperor by his son Lothair I, whom Louis had made co-Emperor in 817. Louis I's Frankish kingdom was plunged into civil war after his death, and ended up being divided into three parts.

210 years ago
1810


Died on this date
Axel von Fersen the Younger, 54
. Swedish military officer and diplomat. Count Fersen, the eldest son of Field Marshal Axel von Fersen the Elder, was a General of Horse in the Royal Swedish Army who served as aide-de-camp to the comte de Rochambeau, commander-in-chief of the French Expeditionary Force that helped the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He was Minister to the King of France (1790-1793), and became close friends with Queen Marie Antoinette. Count Fersen returned to Sweden after the execution of the French royal couple, but was out of favour at court until King Gustav IV came of age in 1796. Count Fersen was Minister to the Second Congress of Rastatt (1797-1798), and was appointed Chancellor of Uppsala University in 1799. He was made a Lord of the Realm in 1799, and Marshal of the Realm in 1801. After King Gustav IV was overthrown and exiled in 1809, a dispute over the succession arose. Earl Marshal Fersen supported Gustav IV's son Gustav, but the late king's uncle Carl XIII was proclaimed King, with Danish Prince Carl August adopted by King Carl XIII in order to insure a succession. On May 28, 1810, Crown Prince Carl August, 41, fell from his horse while inspecting troops and died of apoplexy. There was widespread belief that he had been poisoned by supporters of Prince Gustav. Earl Marshal Fersen was riding in a coach in the public funeral procession when his carriage was attacked by a mob; he was seized and beaten, allegedly stomped to death by Otto Johan Tandefelt. Several months later, Earl Marshal Fersen was officially cleared of suspicion in the death of Crown Prince Carl August.

180 years ago
1840


Died on this date
Pierre Claude François Daunou, 78
. French historian and politician. Fr. Daunou was a Roman Catholic priest who took a moderate position during the French Revolution, supporting republicanism, but opposing the execution of King Louis XVI. He served as the nation's archivist during both the Empire and Revolution, publishing more than 20 volumes of lectures he delivered when he held the chair of history and ethics at the Collège de France. Fr. Daunou also prepared various national constitutions during the revolutionary era.

Technology
Samuel Morse received the patent for the telegraph.

130 years ago
1890


Born on this date
John Maulbetsch
. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Maulbetsch was a halfback with Adrian College (1911) and the University of Michigan (1914-1916), earning All-American honours in all three seasons at Michigan. He coached at Phillips University (1917-1920); Oklahoma A&M College (1921-1928); and Marshall College (1929-1930), compiling a record of 61-52-11. Mr. Maulbetsch also coached basketball at Oklahoma A&M--compiling a 75-75 record--and baseball, with a 61-59 record. He coached track as well as football at Marshall. Mr. Maulbetsch died of cancer on September 14, 1950 at the age of 60, and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1973.

120 years ago
1900


War
The Imperial Chinese Army began a 55-day siege of the Legation Quarter in Beijing, China.

Exploration
Baron Eduard Toll, leader of the Russian Polar Expedition of 1900, departed St. Petersburg on the explorer ship Zarya, never to return.

110 years ago
1910


Born on this date
Josephine Johnson
. U.S. authoress. Miss Johnson wrote several novels and numerous short stories. She won five O. Henry awards for her short stories, but is best known for being, at age 24, the youngest person to win the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, for her first novel, Now in November (1934). Miss Johnson died on February 27, 1990 at the age of 79.

Religion
Missions and Governments was the theme of this day’s presentation to the World Missionary Conference in the Assembly Hall of United Free Church of Scotland in Edinburgh.

Golf
Alex Smith won an 18-hole playoff against his brother Macdonald Smith and John McDermott to win the U.S. Open at Philadelphia Cricket Club in Chestnut Hill, Pennsylvania. Alex shot a 2-under par 71, while Mr. McDermott shot 75 and Macdonald Smith shot 77. First prize money was $300.

100 years ago
1920


Born on this date
Danny Cedrone
. U.S. musician. Mr. Cedrone was a guitarist who led a group called the Esquire Boys and occasionally played on recording sessions with Bill Haley and his Comets. He performed the electric guitar solo on the song Rock the Joint (1952), repeating the solo virtually identically in (We're Gonna) Rock Around the Clock, recorded in New York on April 12, 1954. He died from a heart attack and/or fall down a flight of stairs on June 17, 1954, three days before his 34th birthday and 10 days after performing with Mr. Haley and the Comets on the recording session for Shake, Rattle and Roll.

90 years ago
1930


Golf
Bobby Jones shot a 3-over-par 75 in the final round to win the British Open at Royal Liverpool Golf Club in Hoylake, England with a 3-over-par total score of 291, 2 strokes ahead of Leo Diegel and Macdonald Smith. It was Mr. Jones' third and last British Open win, and he remains the last amateur to win it.



80 years ago
1940


On the radio



War
German forces in France occupied Vichy, Nantes, and Lyons. The Japanese Navy massed off the Indochina coast near Haiphong. The Japanese Army blockade of Tientsin was lifted.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated Republicans Henry L. Stimson as Secretary of War and Frank Knox as Secretary of the Navy. Mr. Roosevelt also nominated Robert Hinckley to be an assistant Secretary of Commerce.

U.S. President Roosevelt signed a bill creating the Bureau of Ships, combining the Navy's Bureau of Construction and Repair with the Bureau of Engineering.

The U.S. Republican National Committee approved contested delegations to their national convention from Louisiana and Mississippi which favoured the nomination of U.S. Senator Robert Taft (Ohio) as the party's candidate for President of the United States in the November 1940 election.

Economics and finance
The Canadian Parliament passed a law authorizing conscription of the dominion's manpower for defense of economic and industrial resources.

The Connally war tax bill, providing for income and excess profits taxes as soon as war broke out, passed the United States Senate as a rider to the defense tax bill.

Boxing
World heavyweight champion Joe Louis (43-1) knocked down challenger Arturo Godoy (52-12-7) twice in the 8th round before referee Billy Cavanaugh stopped the fight 1:24 into the round, giving the "Brown Bomber" a technical knockout at Yankee Stadium in New York. It was the second victory for Mr. Louis over Mr. Godoy in just over two months.



75 years ago
1945


World events
A German policeman told U.S. authorities that he had seen the bodies of German Fuehrer and his wife Eva Braun burning at the Reich Chancellery in Berlin after their deaths on April 30.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco settled its last major controversy when the Big Five nations agreed to let the General Assembly have the right to discuss "any matters within the scope of the charter."

The U.K., U.S.A., and Yugoslavia signed an agreement partitioning the Venezia Giulia area of Italy, pending a final peace conference settlement.

United States Secretary of State Edward Stettinius approved the transfer of Wernher von Braun and his team of German Nazi rocket scientists to America.

Crime
Former Italian Army Chief of Staff Rudolfo Graziani, General Gastone Gamberra, and five other generals were indicted in Rome for high treason.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted to extend the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Law for three years, including the presidential power to reduce tariffs.

The U.S. War Production Board authorized production by 10 manufacturers of 691,018 passenger cars from July 1, 1945-March 31, 1946, to be used primarily for war or essential civilian transportation.

Business
A U.S. federal court jury in Newark, New Jersey acquitted E.I. du Pont Company and Rohm and Haas Company on charges of conspiracy under the Sherman Act to monopolize international production and fix prices for acrylic products.

Labour
A new U.S. federal labour relations bill was introduced into the U.S. Senate to replace the Wagner Act. It called for the creation of two boards: an unfair labour practices tribunal, and another to mediate labour disputes.

70 years ago
1950

On the radio

Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight's episode: The Prize Ring Murder Case

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman appointed David R. Heath as the first U.S. minister to the Associated States of Indochina.

Politics and government
The South African Parliament passed a bill outlawing the Communist Party, shortly after the party had announced its own dissolution.

Economics and finance
U.K. Leader of the Opposition Winston Churchill urged Britain to participate in the Schuman Plan talks in Paris without committing itself to join the European coal and steel community.

Leon Keyserling, chairman of the U.S. President's Council of Economic Advisers, said that the United States had reached the highest point of property in its history.

Labour
Harry Bridges, the Australian-born president of the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union, was stripped of his American citizenship, which he had held since 1945. Mr. Bridges had been convicted of perjury in 1948 for lying when he denied ever having been a member of the Communist Party.

Baseball
Joe DiMaggio made his 2,000th career major league hit when he batted 2 for 5 with a run and 3 runs batted in, helping the New York Yankees defeat the Cleveland Indians 8-2 before 57,733 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Joltin' Joe's milestone hit was a run-scoring single off Marino Pieretti in the 7th inning. Ed Lopat (8-4) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory, while losing pitcher Bob Lemon (8-4) allowed 5 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 2+ innings.

Dick Kokos drew a base on balls with 1 out in the bottom of the 1st inning and scored from second base on a 2-out single by Roy Sievers for the game's only run as the St. Louis Browns edged the Philadelphia Athletics 1-0 before 2,919 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Ned Garver (6-5) pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitcher's duel over Lou Brissie (2-10), who allowed just 3 hits in a complete game.

Hank Sauer batted 4 for 5 and singled home Bob Ramazzotti from second base with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Chicago Cubs came back from a 3-1 deficit to defeat the Boston Braves 4-3 before 12,334 fans at Braves Field. Mr. Sauer led off the 9th inning with a single and scored the tying run on a single by Ron Northey.

60 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tom Pillibi--Jacqueline Boyer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Mustapha--Bob Azzam (13th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Cathy's Clown--The Everly Brothers (5th week at #1)
2 Everybody's Somebody's Fool--Connie Francis
3 Burning Bridges--Jack Scott
4 Good Timin'--Jimmy Jones
5 Swingin' School--Bobby Rydell
6 Alley-Oop--The Hollywood Argyles
7 Paper Roses--Anita Bryant
8 Love You So--Ron Holden with the Thunderbirds
9 He'll Have to Stay--Jeanne Black
10 Stuck on You--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were Walking to New Orleans by Fats Domino (#57); I'm Gettin' Better by Jim Reeves (#60); Look for a Star by Deane Hawley (#85); Wake Me, Shake Me by the Coasters (#87); Look for a Star by Garry Miles (#88); This Bitter Earth by Dinah Washington (#89); Look for a Star by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#92); I Can't Help It by Adam Wade (#94); Bad Man Blunder by the Kingston Trio (#95); Is There Any Chance by Marty Robbins (#97); Feel So Fine by Johnny Preston (#98); and Look for a Star--Part I by Garry Mills (#99). Mr. Mills released the original version of Look for a Star in the United Kingdom it was from the movie Circus of Horrors (1960). The version by Mr.Mills released in the United States was slightly different from the version released in the U.K.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Alley-Oop--The Hollywood Argyles
--Dante and the Evergreens
2 My Old Man's a Dustman--Lonnie Donegan
3 Because They're Young--Duane Eddy and the Rebels
4 Everybody's Somebody's Fool/Jealous of You (Tango Della Gelosia)--Connie Francis
5 Paper Roses--Anita Bryant
6 I'm Sorry/That's All You Gotta Do--Brenda Lee
7 Mule Skinner Blues--The Fendermen
8 My Home Town/Something Happened--Paul Anka
9 Burning Bridges/Oh, Little One--Jack Scott
10 Train of Love--Annette with the Afterbeats

Singles entering the chart were Please Help Me, I'm Falling by Hank Locklin (#35); Walk--Don't Run by the Ventures (#41); I Can't Help It by Adam Wade (#43); Tell Laura I Love Her by Ray Peterson (#47); Tuxedo Junction/Where are You by Frankie Avalon (#48); Itsy Bitsy Teenie Weenie Yellow Polkadot Bikini by Brian Hyland (#52); Big Boy Pete, with versions by the Olympics; and Don and Dewey (#55); Bad Man Blunder by the Kingston Trio (#56); Dreamin' by Johnny Burnette (#57); Do You Mind, with versions by Andy Williams; and Anthony Newley (#58); This Bitter Earth by Dinah Washington (#59); Is a Bluebird Blue by Conway Twitty (#60); and Trouble in Paradise by the Crests (also #60).

Television
The Emmy Awards for the 1959-60 season were presented at NBC Studios in Burbank, California. Rod Serling was the winner for Outstanding Writing Achievement in Drama for his work on the first season of The Twilight Zone; it was his fourth Emmy. Other winners included Laurence Olivier (The Moon and Sixpence); Ingrid Bergman (The Turn of the Screw--a dramatization that appeared on Ford Startime); and Robert Stack (The Untouchables).



Africana
The Mali Federation gained independence from France; it dissolved into Mali and Senegal two months later.

Boxing
Floyd Patterson (36-2) became the first man to regain the world heavyweight title when he knocked out defending champion Ingemar Johansson (22-1) with a vicious left hook at 1:51 of the 5th round before 31,892 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Johansson had taken the title from Mr. Patterson with a 3-round knockout on June 26, 1959.



40 years ago
1970

Hit parade

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Carol OK--Chris Andrews (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: L'Amérique--Joe Dassin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): It's Five O'Clock--Aphrodite's Child (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry (2nd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Spirit in the Sky--Norman Greenbaum (3rd week at #1)
2 Tennessee Bird Walk--Jack Blanchard & Misty Morgan
3 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
4 Knock Knock Who's There--Mary Hopkin
5 Let it Be--The Beatles
6 Airport Love Theme--Vincent Bell
7 Cecilia--Simon & Garfunkel
8 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Simon & Garfunkel
9 Cottonfields--The Beach Boys
10 Turn Up Your Radio--Masters Apprentices

Singles entering the chart were High Sheriff/Groupie Girl by Tony Joe White (#17); Miss America by Mark Lindsay (#22); ABC by the Jackson 5 (#33); For the Love of Him by Bobbi Martin (#34); and All Kinds of Everything by Dana (#36).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Question--Moody Blues (2nd week at #1)
2 Never Marry a Railroad Man--Shocking Blue
3 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Kitsch--Barry Ryan
5 American Woman--The Guess Who
6 Yellow River--Christie
7 Cecilia--Simon and Garfunkel
8 The Green Manalishi (With the Two Prong Crown)--Fleetwood Mac
9 Real Cool World--The Greatest Show on Earth
10 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel (Instrumental track by Los Incas)

Singles entering the chart were In the Summertime by Mungo Jerry (#22); I Don't Believe in If Anymore by Roger Whittaker (#26); Let Us Pray Together by Sandra & Andress (#32); Teach Your Children by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (#33); Do the Funky Chicken by Rufus Thomas (#36); and Annemarie by Trio '67 (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 The Long and Winding Road/For You Blue--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 The Love You Save/I Found That Girl--The Jackson 5
3 Which Way You Goin' Billy?--The Poppy Family
4 Get Ready--Rare Earth
5 Mama Told Me (Not to Come)--Three Dog Night
6 Ball of Confusion (That's What the World is Today)--The Temptations
7 Love on a Two-Way Street--The Moments
8 The Letter--Joe Cocker with Leon Russell and the Shelter People
9 Hitchin' a Ride--Vanity Fare
10 Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)--Melanie with the Edwin Hawkins Singers

Singles entering the chart were (They Long to Be) Close to You by the Carpenters (#56); I Just Can't Help Believing by B.J. Thomas (#82); (If You Let Me Make Love to You Then) Why Can't I Touch You? by Ronnie Dyson (#89); When We Get Married by the Intruders (#90); Pearl by Tommy Roe (#91); Dear Ann by George Baker Selection (#93); Cinnamon Girl by Neil Young with Crazy Horse (#95); If My Heart Could Speak by the Manhattans (#98); This Bitter Earth by the Satisfactions (#99); and I Heard the Voice of Jesus by Turley Richards (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Which Way You Goin' Billy?--The Poppy Family
3 Get Ready--Rare Earth
4 The Love You Save--The Jackson 5
5 The Letter--Joe Cocker with Leon Russell and the Shelter People
6 Hitchin' a Ride--Vanity Fare
7 Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)--Melanie with the Edwin Hawkins Singers
8 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
9 Ride Captain Ride--Blues Image
10 Mama Told Me (Not to Come)--Three Dog Night

Singles entering the chart were I Just Can't Help Believing by B.J. Thomas (#73); Ohio by Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young (#76); Signed, Sealed, Delivered I'm Yours by Stevie Wonder (#79); Pearl by Tommy Roe (#82); I'll Be Right Here by Tyrone Davis (#85); Hand Clapping Song by the Meters (#89); Good Morning Freedom by Daybreak (#92); Roll Away the Stone by Leon Russell (#93); Passport to the Future by Jean Jacques Perrey (#94); Cinnamon Girl by Neil Young with Crazy Horse (#97); Melanie Makes Me Smile by Tony Burrows (#98); The Witch by the Rattles (#99); and When We Get Married by the Intruders (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 The Long and Winding Road/For You Blue--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Which Way You Goin' Billy?--The Poppy Family
3 Get Ready--Rare Earth
4 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
5 Hitchin' a Ride--Vanity Fare
6 The Love You Save--The Jackson 5
7 The Letter--Joe Cocker with Leon Russell and the Shelter People
8 Love on a Two-Way Street--The Moments
9 Lay Down (Candles in the Rain)--Melanie with the Edwin Hawkins Singers
10 Daughter of Darkness--Tom Jones

Singles entering the chart were Pearl by Tommy Roe (#69); Make it with You by Bread (#81); Overture from Tommy (A Rock Opera) by the Assembled Multitude (#85); Stealing in the Name of the Lord by Paul Kelly (#91); I Got Love by Melba Moore (#93); The Witch by the Rattles (#95); Good Morning Freedom by Daybreak (#97); and (If You Let Me Make Love to You Then) Why Can't I Touch You? by Ronnie Dyson (#99).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles
2 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
3 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Hitchin' a Ride--Vanity Fare
5 Cecilia--Simon & Garfunkel
6 My Baby Loves Lovin'--White Plains
7 The Letter--Joe Cocker with Leon Russell and the Shelter People
8 A Song of Joy (Himno a la Alegria)--Miguel Rios
9 Get Ready--Rare Earth
10 Question--The Moody Blues

Singles entering the chart were Mama Told Me (Not to Come) by Three Dog Night (#57); Silver Bird by Mark Lindsay (#66); Doctor Tom by Freedom (#79); (They Long to Be) Close to You by the Carpenters (#86); She Cried by the Lettermen (#93); Long and Lonesome Road by Shocking Blue (#96); Gimme Shelter by Merry Clayton (#98); Lay a Little Lovin' on Me by Robin McNamara (#99); and Good Morning Freedom by Blue Mink (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 The Long and Winding Road--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Up Around the Bend--Creedence Clearwater Revival
3 Everything is Beautiful--Ray Stevens
4 Gimme Dat Ding--The Pipkins
5 Little Green Bag--George Baker Selection
6 Cecilia--Simon & Garfunkel
7 Daughter of Darkness--Tom Jones
8 I'm Gonna Capture You--Terry Jacks
9 My Baby Loves Lovin'--White Plains
10 Hey, Mister Sun--Bobby Sherman
Pick hit of the week: Mr. Pride--The Pepper Tree

Mr. Pride was the B-side of Everywhere.

War
U.S. casualties for the week in Vietnam numbered 70 dead.

U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew accused eight prominent antiwar spokesmen of prescribing surrender in Vietnam.

Politics and government
Edward Heath, whose Conservative party had posted an upset victory in the British general election two days earlier, designated his cabinet, which included men who had served in previous Conservative administrations. Former Prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home resumed his old post of Foreign Secretary; Conservative Deputy Leader Reginald Maudling, former Chancellor of the Exchequer, became Home Secretary (and was frequently mentioned in Monty Python’s Flying Circus); Ian MacLeod became Chancellor of the Exchequer, the position he had held in the Conservative shadow cabinet. Anthony Barber, as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, was put in charge of European Common Market entry talks.

Baseball
Brooks Robinson’s 2,000th career major league hit was a 3-run home run off Joe Coleman in the 5th inning, breaking a 2-2 tie and allowing the Baltimore Orioles to defeat the Washington Senators 5-4 before 19,876 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Pinch hitter Lee Maye singled home 2 runs with 2 out in the 9th and advanced Tim Cullen to second base, but Ed Stroud grounded out to first baseman Boog Powell to end the game.

Roy Foster's second solo home run of the game, with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning, broke a 1-1 tie as the Cleveland Indians edged the Detroit Tigers 2-1 before 12,420 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Steve Dunning started on the mound for Cleveland, allowing 3 hits and 1 earned run in 6 innings; he was relieved by Dean Chance (4-5), who pitched 3 hitless innings to get the win. Losing pitcher Earl Wilson (4-4) allowed just 4 hits in a complete game, and opened the scoring when he homered to lead off the 3rd.

Tug McGraw walked pinch hitter Ron Stone with the bases loaded and 1 out in the top of the 9th inning to score pinch runner Grant Jackson, breaking a 1-1 tie as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the New York Mets 2-1 before 41,897 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Chris Short (4-7) pitched a 4-hitter, and didn't allow an earned run in his complete game victory. Jerry Koosman (8-6) allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 8+ innings in taking the loss.

The Houston Astros scored 5 runs in the top of the 5th inning to overcome a 1-0 deficit as they beat the Atlanta Braves 9-6 before 17,528 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Cesar Cedeno made his major league debut in center field and right field for the Astros, batting 2 for 5, with no fielding chances. With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th, the Braves rallied for 4 runs and had runners on first and second bases, but pinch hitter Bob Aspromonte struck out to end the game.

40 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): What's Another Year--Johnny Logan (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Il jouait du piano debout--France Gall

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Brass in Pocket--Pretenders
2 Sun of Jamaica--Goombay Dance Band
3 Computer Games--MS
4 Take that Look Off Your Face--Marti Webb
5 Together We are Beautiful--Fern Kinney
6 Fly Too High--Janis Ian
7 Please Don't Go--KC and the Sunshine Band
8 American Dream--The Dirt Band
9 Crying--Don McLean
10 Walking on the Moon--The Police

Singles entering the chart were Take Me Down by Exile (#16); and It Hurts Too Much by Eric Carmen (#19).

Crime
Leonard Smith, who had killed California Angels’ outfielder Lyman Bostock with a shotgun blast on September 23, 1978 but was acquitted on the ground of insanity, was released from Logansport State Hospital and allowed to return to his home in Gary, Indiana after he was judged to no longer be mentally ill.

Boxing
Former world lightweight champion Roberto Duran took the World Boxing Council welterweight title from Sugar Ray Leonard (27-1), winning a 15-round unanimous decision at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. On the undercard, Trevor Berbick (15-1-1) knocked out John Tate (20-2) at 20 seconds of the 9th round in a heavyweight bout.





Baseball
Fred Patek hit 3 home runs and a double, scoring 4 runs and driving in 7 to lead the California Angels to a 20-2 rout of the Boston Red Sox before 28,780 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Frank Tanana (3-7) pitched a 5-hit complete game victory. Jack Billingham, the third of four Boston pitchers, allowed 10 hits and 7 runs--all earned--in 3.1 innings, walking 1 batter and striking out 1, in the 476th and last game of his 13-year major league career.

Jim Spencer hit a home run and drove in 5 runs, Joe Lefebvre hit a homer and drove in 4 runs, and Reggie Jackson scored 4 runs for the New York Yankees as they beat the Oakland Athletics 15-7 before 45,935 fans at Yankee Stadium. Paul Blair entered the game as a pinch runner for Mr. Jackson in the 8th inning and scored on a single by Mr. Lefebvre, and played the 9th inning in right field without a fielding chance in the 1,947th and last game of his 17-year major league career.

John Wockenfuss doubled home Lance Parrish with 1 out in the top of the 11th inning and scored on a single by pinch hitter Champ Summers as the Detroit Tigers scored 2 runs to break a 3-3 tie and defeat the Chicago White Sox 5-3 before 27,241 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Al Cowens grounded out to lead off the 11th, and was ejected by home plate umpire Steve Palermo when he charged the mound and punched Chicago pitcher Ed Farmer. Mr. Cowens' action was in retaliation for an incident on May 8, 1979, when his jaw was broken by a pitch from Mr. Farmer.

Pinch hitter Gary Alexander led off the 15th inning with a base on balls and scored on a double by Toby Harrah to break a 3-3 tie as the Cleveland Indians edged the Minnesota Twins 4-3 before 7,668 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

With 2 out and none on base in the bottom of the 9th inning, Jay Johnstone and Steve Garvey singled, and Dusty Baker doubled them home to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 3-2 win over the New York Mets before 48,608 fans at Dodger Stadium.

30 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Om--Niklas Strömstedt

Space
Asteroid Eureka, a Mars trojan, was discovered by David H. Levy and Henry Holt.

Diplomacy
Recently-released South African Communist terrorist Nelson Mandela and his wife Winnie arrived in New York to begin a tour of the United States, and were given a ticker-tape parade up Broadway to City Hall, where a big rally was held. He delivered an address at Riverside Church.



Diplomacy
U.S. President George Bush announced that he was breaking off the diplomatic dialogue with the Palestine Liberation Organization that had begun in December 1988 after PLO leader Yasser Arafat had renounced terrorism. However, Mr. Arafat and the PLO had failed to condemn an unsuccessful speedboat raid on Israel on May 30 that had apparently been the work of a radical PLO faction. The PLO executive committee complained about Mr. Bush’s decision, while Israel hailed it.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney said that Manitoba had an "obligation to Canada" to approve the Meech Lake constitutional accord, and demanded that Manitoba Premier Gary Filmon and provincial opposition leaders "ensure that that be done." In other words, Mr. Mulroney threatened to hold his breath until he turned blue unless he got his way. Meanwhile, New Democratic Party MLA Elijah Harper delayed the Manitoba Legislature vote on the accord beyond the June 24 deadline in order to have it discussed in public hearings.

Health
At the 6th International AIDS Conference in San Francisco, Luc Montagnier of France, co-discoverer of the AIDS virus, said he believed that a second microbe was also responsible, and that patients would not become ill until they had become infected with it as well. It was reported that AIDS was continuing to spread in the United States, especially among teenagers, women whose sexual partners used intravenous drugs, and users of crack cocaine.

Economics and finance
British Chancellor of the Exchequer John Major proposed a new European currency which would circulate alongside existing national currencies.

25 years ago
1995


War
Negotiators in Grozny agreed to a three-day cease-fire between government troops and rebel forces in Chechnya.

A U.S. military court acquitted U.S. Air Force Captain James Wang of dereliction of duty in connection with the downing of two U.S. Army helicopters over Iraq in April 1994. Captain Wang had been the senior director of an AWACS plane flying in the vicinity of the helicopters. The crew of the radar plane railed to warn two U.S. jets that the helicopters were friendly. Missiles fired from the jets downed both helicopters, which the crews of the jets believed to be Iraqi aircraft in a no-fly zone, killing all 26 aboard. Capt. Wang said that he thought the helicopters had landed. Capt. Wang, the only person to be prosecuted, said after his acquittal that the Air Force should investigate the incident further.

Environment
Shell Oil caved in to international pressure and abandoned plans to dump the Brent Spar oil rig at sea.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
New Jersey 4 @ Detroit 2 (New Jersey led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Scott Niedermayer, Jim Dowd, and Stephane Richer scored in the 3rd period for the Devils as they overcame a 2-1 deficit to beat the Red Wings at Joe Louis Arena.



20 years ago
2000


Abominations
160 Christians were massacred by Muslims in eastern Indonesia.

Business
The French conglomerate Vivendi announced its intention to acquire Montreal-based Seagram for U.S. $33.6 billion.

Football
CFL
The Edmonton Eskimos signed linebacker Willie Pless, who had starred with them from 1991-1998 before being released and joining the Saskatchewan Roughriders in 1999.

Baseball
The Detroit Tigers hit a club-record 8 home runs as they defeated the Toronto Blue Jays 18-6 before 18,850 fans at SkyDome in Toronto. Tony Clark hit 2 home runs and drove in 4 runs for Detroit. Jeff Weaver (4-6) gave up 6 runs--all earned--in 6.1 innings but still ended up as the winning pitcher. Chris Carpenter (6-6) gave up 9 runs--all earned--in 2+ innings in taking the loss. The Blue Jays hit 2 home runs of their own. Matt DeWitt, the second of four Toronto pitchers, allowed 5 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 3 innings, walking 1 batter and striking out 1 in his first major league game.

Doug Glanville led off the 10th inning with a double and scored on a 2-out single by Mike Lieberthal to break a 2-2 tie as the Philadelphia Phillies edged the New York Mets 3-2 before 40,386 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The Phillies tied the score when Pat Burrell led off the 9th with a home run.

Gary Sheffield hit a 3-run home run to climax a 4-run 10th inning for the Los Angeles Dodgers as they broke a 5-5 tie and defeated the Houston Astros 9-6 before 36,354 fans at the Astrodome.

10 years ago
2010


Died on this date
Dwight Armstrong, 58
. U.S. terrorist. Mr. Armstrong, his brother Karl, and two other young men were opponents of the Vietnam War, and called themselves the "New Year's Gang." They were responsible for assembling and detonating a bomb at Sterling Hall on the Madison campus of the University of Wisconsin on August 24, 1970, which killed post-doctoral physics researcher Robert Fassnacht, injured three others, and caused much damage. The terrorists fled the United States, and Dwight Armstrong was finally arrested in Toronto in April 1977. He was sentenced to seven years in prison, served three, and later served four years in prison after being convicted of running a methamphetamine lab. In a 1992 interview Mr. Armstrong defended the Sterling Hall bombing. He died of lung cancer.

Golf
Graeme McDowell shot a 3-over-par 74 in the final round to win the U.S. Open at Pebble Beach Golf Links in Pebble Beach, California with a total score of even par 284, 1 stroke ahead of Grégory Havret. First prize money was $1,350,000.



Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-1) 20 @ Hamilton (1-1) 38
Saskatchewan (0-2) 17 @ Calgary (2-0) 41
Edmonton (1-1) 36 @ British Columbia (1-1) 32