Saturday, 20 September 2008

September 21, 2008

450 years ago
1558


Died on this date
Charles V, 58
. Holy Roman Emperor, 1519-1556. Charles V, the son of King Philip I of Castile and grandson of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, held various other titles, and succeeded his grandfather as Holy Roman Emperor. He defended the Holy Roman Empire against the Protestant Reformation and expansion of the Ottoman Empire, and waged war for about 35 years. Facing the prospect of an alliance of all his enemies, Charles V abdicated some of his titles, and finally abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor in favour of his younger brother Ferdinand I. Charles V retired to a monastery, and died of malaria.

210 years ago
1798


Died on this date
George Read, 65
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. Read, a Federalist, represented Delaware in the Continental Congress (1774-1777); was President of Delaware (1777-1778); represented Delaware in the United States Senate (1789-1793); and was Chief Justice of Delaware from 1793 until his death, three days after his 65th birthday.

110 years ago
1898


World events
Empress Dowager Cixi seized power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China.

90 years ago
1918


Journalism
Blinded war veteran Harris Turner of Saskatoon published the first issue of Turner's Weekly.

Communications
Canada's Post Office introduced the first government airmail stamp, a five penny brown.

80 years ago
1928


Politics and government
Voting in the Swedish general election concluded. The Social Democratic Party, led by Per Albin Hansson, remained the party with the largest representation in the Second Chamber of the Riksdag, winning 90 of 230 seats, a decline of 14 from the most recent election in 1924. The Electoral League, led by Arvid Lindman, increased from 65 to 73 seats, and Mr. Lindman became Prime Minister, replacing Free-minded National Association leader Carl Gustaf Ekman, whose party had dropped from 29 to 28 seats.

Scandal
Testifying in the U.S. federal court in Albany, New York in the baseball pool case, an employee swore that he had inserted 1,200 "dummy plays" per week along with the regular plays of customers in the pool.

75 years ago
1933


World events
The trial of Marinus van der Lubbe, Ernst Torgler, Georgi Dimitrov, Blagoi Popov, and Vasil Tanev--charged with setting the fire that had burned down the German Reichstag in Berlin on February 27, 1933, and of attempting to overthrow the government--began in Leipzig.

70 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Ormond Beach, 27
. U.S.-born Canadian football player. Mr. Beach, a native of Oklahoma, played at the University of Kansas and then joined the Sarnia Imperials of the Ontario Rugby Football Union, playing flying wing and linebacker from 1934-1937. He was an ORFU All-Star in all four seasons, won the Imperial Oil Trophy as the ORFU's Most Valuable Player in 1937, and helped the Imperials win ORFU championships in all four years and Grey Cup championships in 1934 and 1936. Mr. Beach worked for Imperial Oil in Sarnia during the off-season, and was killed in an explosion shortly before the start of the football season. He was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1963.

Disasters
The Great Hurricane of 1938 made landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll was estimated at 500-700 people.

60 years ago
1948


Diplomacy
The United Nations General Assembly began its third annual session at Palais de Chaillot in Paris, electing Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Herbert Evatt as president.

Arab League leaders rejected the Bernadotte plan for Palestine, claiming that they would never recognize the country's partition. U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall announced U.S. support for the plan.

Defense
The United Kingdom suspended commercial work in the royal dockyards in order to begin refitting 100 warships for service by April 1949.

Technology
Stanford University announced the development of an X-ray microscope able to penetrate hard body structures and examine live specimens.

Boxing
European champion Marcel Cerdan (108-3) won the National Boxing Association world middleweight title when defending champion Tony Zale (67-18-2) didn't come out for the 12th round at Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City, New Jersey.



50 years ago
1958


Defense
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru met with the Maharajah of Bhutan in an effort to persuade Bhutan to join Nepal and Sikkim in a common defense network led by India.

World events
Beirut was placed under a 24-hour curfew in order to curtail renewed clashes between Christian and Muslim factions.

Politics and government
The Iraqi government announced the creation of a new military agency to censor all books and pamphlets published in the country.

Society
The New York City Commission on Intergroup Relations announced that 14 city and Long Island newspapers had voluntarily agreed to reject real estate advertisements identifying property as "interracial." The commission said that the term acutally meant "for Negroes only," and helped preserve and develop segregated housing.

40 years ago
1968

Hit parade

#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Help Yourself--Tom Jones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Azzurro--Adriano Celentano (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Help Yourself--Tom Jones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hey Jude--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
--Sandie Shaw
4 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
5 Dong-Dong-Di-Ki-Di-Gi-Dong--Golden Earrings
6 Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss--Heintje
7 Don't You Cry for a Girl--The Shoes
8 Times were When--The Cats
9 Fire--The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
10 I Say a Little Prayer--Aretha Franklin

Singles entering the chart were Street Fighting Man by the Rolling Stones (#13); Only One Woman by the Marbles (#37); This Rose in My Hand by the Tee Set (#39); and King Croesus by World of Oz (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles
2 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
3 People Got to Be Free--The Rascals
4 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
5 Hush--Deep Purple
6 Light My Fire--Jose Feliciano
7 You're All I Need to Get By--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell
8 The Fool on the Hill--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
9 The House that Jack Built--Aretha Franklin
10 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf

Singles entering the chart were I Found a True Love by Wilson Pickett (#58); Sweet Blindness by the 5th Dimension (#66); Elenore by the Turtles (#68); Sweet Young Thing Like You by Ray Charles (#72); Chained by Marvin Gaye (#73); I've Got Dreams to Remember by Otis Redding (#82); Suzie Q (Part One) by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#83); Cycles by Frank Sinatra (#91); I Ain't Got to Love Nobody Else by the Masqueraders (#92); Hole in My Pocket by the Barry Goldberg Reunion (#93); Hold Me Tight by Johnny Nash (#94); Those were the Days by Mary Hopkin (#98); and Smell of Incense by Southwest F.O.B. (#100). Cycles was the other side of My Way of Life, charting at #60.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Revolution--The Beatles
2 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
3 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
4 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
5 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
6 Magic Bus--The Who
7 Happy Feeling--The Happy Feeling
8 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
9 Sunshine of Your Love--Cream
10 Hello, I Love You--The Doors
Pick hit of the week: Let's Get Together--Bobby Gimby

Died on this date
Charles Jackson, 65
. U.S. author. Mr. Jackson was best known for his first novel, The Lost Weekend (1944), which was adapted into an Academy Award-winning movie a year later. He suffered from tuberculosis, was a heavy smoker, and struggled with drinking and drug use. Mr. Jackson had reportedly resumed drinking when he died of barbiturate poisoning in what was ruled a suicide.

Space
The U.S.S.R. lunar probe Zond 5 splashed down in the Indian Ocean and was recovered by U.S.S.R. recovery vessels Borovichy and Vasiliy Golovi, a week after launch.

Football
CFL
Calgary (7-3) 27 @ Ottawa (4-3-1) 24

CIAU-NAIA
Pre-season
British Columbia 0 @ Alberta (3-0) 22

Ludwig Daubner rushed 13 times for 93 yards and a touchdown, and Bill Jenner rushed 13 times for 77 yards and caught a 32-yard touchdown pass from backup quarterback Dan McCaffery to help the Golden Bears shut out the Thunderbirds at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Starting quarterback Terry Lampert scored the other touchdown. Dave Benbow converted all 3 TDs, and Gil Mather scored the other point when he fielded a UBC punt on the last play of the 1st half and kicked it back into the B.C. end zone for a single. The Thunderbirds appeared to have scored on the 2nd half kickoff when Mr. Smith returned it 92 yards for a touchdown, but it was called back on a clipping penalty. UBC's Dick Stein attempted a 42-yard field goal in the 1st quarter, but his kick was wide and run out of the Alberta end zone.

NCAA
Houston (1-0-1) 20 @ Texas (0-0-1) 20

Texas head coach Darrell Royal unveiled a new backfield formation called the wishbone against the Cougars at Memorial Stadium in Austin. Halfbacks lined up farther from the line of scrimmage than the fullback, creating the appearance of a wishbone. The Longhorns won two national titles with it in 1969 and 1970, and the formation permanently changed college football.

40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Starting Over

This was the first episode of the season.

25 years ago
1983


Protest
500,000 people attended a rally in Manila in support of Agapito Aquino, brother of recently slain political opposition leader Benigno Aquino. Speakers demanded the resignation of President Ferdinand Marcos. The rally became violent when one group, mainly composed of students, marched on the presidential residence. 11 people were killed and 200 wounded in an exchange of homemade bombs and gunfire. Mr. Marcos appeared on television in response to the fact that many business people had protested and outlined an economic program to "lighten the burden on the private sector."

Politics and government
U.S. Interior Secretary James G. Watt described a special advisory panel as consisting of "a black ... a woman, two Jews and a cripple." Mr. Watt later apologized and resigned.

Football
CFL
The Winnipeg Blue Bombers traded disgruntled quarterback Dieter Brock to the Hamilton Tiger-Cats for quarterback Tom Clements. Mr. Brock, who had won the Schenley Award as the league's Most Outstanding Player in 1980 and 1981, but had walked out on the Blue Bombers in a contract dispute during training camp and again during the regular season and was currently under suspension. In 6 games in 1983 Mr. Brock had completed 115 of 223 passes for 1,892 yards and 10 touchdowns, with 9 interceptions. In 10 games with the Tiger-Cats in 1983 Mr. Clements had completed 190 of 323 passes for 2,416 yards and 19 touchdowns, with 15 interceptions. Winnipeg was in second place in the Western Division with a 6-4 record, while Hamilton was second in the Eastern Division with a 4-6 record, but had lost at home to the Toronto Argonauts 50-16 three days earlier in an embarrassing performance.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): The Only Way Is Up--Yazz and the Plastic Population

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.4% in August.

10 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Florence Griffith-Joyner, 38
. U.S. athlete. "Flo-Jo" won silver medals in the women's 200-metre run in the Summer Olympic Games in 1984 in Los Angeles, and gold medals in the 100-metre, 200-metre, 4 x 100-metre events, and a silver medal in the 4 x 400-metre relay. Her best times in the 100-metre and 200-metre runs still stand as world records. She died in her sleep of an epileptic seizure.

Scandal
U.S. President Bill Clinton's testimony about his relationship with White House intern Monica Lewinsky was released to the public.

September 20, 2008

630 years ago
1378


Religion
Cardinal Robert of Geneva was elected as Pope Clement VII, beginning the Papal schism.

510 years ago
1498


Disasters
A tsunami caused by the Nankai earthquake washed away the building housing the statue of the Great Buddha at Kōtoku-in in Kamakura, Japan.

100 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Eddie Hurley
. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Hurley began his professional career in the Canadian-American League in 1942, and made it to the American League in 1947, working 2,826 games from 1947-1965, including four World Series and three All-Star Games. He worked in the 1965 World Series and then was forced into retirement because he was over the newly-adopted mandatory age limit of 55. Mr. Hurley was known for his frequent ejections and his strict enforcement of the rules. He died on November 12, 1969 at the age of 61.

Zeke Bonura, 78. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Bonura was a first baseman with the Chicago White Sox (1934-1937); Washington Nationals (1938, 1940); New York Giants (1939); and Chicago Cubs (1940), batting .307 with 119 home runs and 704 runs batted in in 917 games. He led American League first basemen in fielding percentage three times, but was considered a poor fielder because of his "ole" plays, where he would reportedly just wave at balls going by instead of fielding them. Mr. Bonura organized baseball activity while posted to Algeria with the U.S. Army during World War II. He died on March 9, 1987 at the age of 78.

Died on this date
Pablo de Sarasate, 64
. Spanish musician and composer. Mr. Sarasate began performing as a violinist as a child, and continued for the rest of his life, becoming world famous. He also composed numerous pieces for violin until his death from chronic bronchitis.

Baseball
Frank Smith pitched a no-hitter for the Chicago White Sox as they edged the Philadelphia Athletics 1-0 at South Side Park in Chicago. It was Mr. Smith's second career major league no-hitter--his first having come in 1905--and came just two days after Dusty Rhoades of the Cleveland Naps had no-hit the Boston Red Sox. Freddy Parent drove in Frank Isbell with the game's only run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning. Losing pitcher Eddie Plank allowed just 4 hits.

Sam Crawford and Ty Cobb scored in the 6th inning for the Detroit Tigers as they edged the New York Highlanders 2-1 at Bennett Park in Detroit, with Ed Summers winning the pitchers' duel over Pete Wilson.

The St. Louis Browns scored a run with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to defeat the Washington Nationals 2-1 at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Rube Waddell pitched a 5-hit complete game, with 17 strikeouts, to win the pitchers' duel over Walter Johnson.

80 years ago
1928


Business
The alleged efforts of the Kina Bureau to continue a monopoly in the manufacture and sale of quinine in the United States came to an end in New York when Federal Judge Winslow signed a consent decree which gave to those handling the drug in the U.S.A. the freedom to conduct their business without trust restrictions. The Kina Bureau, which was made up of a number of concerns in Holland, and all its allies and agents in six other countries, including the United States, were bound by the decree.

75 years ago
1933


Died on this date
Annie Besant, 85
. U.K. political and social activist. Mrs. Besant, the estranged wife of an Anglican clergyman, was a leading speaker for the socialist Fabian Society and the Marxist Social Democratic Federation. A New Ager long before the term had been invented, she became president of the Theosophical Society and helped to establish Central Hindu College in India and Le Droit Humain, the first overseas Lodge of the International Order of Co-Freemasonry, in England. Mrs. Besant supported a wide range of worthless causes, from feminism and socialism to home rule for India.

60 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

Diplomacy
The United Nations issued in Paris the Palestine peace plan of mediator Folke Bernadotte, which he had drawn up shortly before his September 17 assassination. It called for admission of Israel to the United Nations; territorial readjustments in the western Galilee and Negev desert; and internationalization of Jerusalem, Haifa, and the Lydda airport.

U.S. State Secretary George Marshall, U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin, and French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman met in Paris to plan Berlin strategy after failure to reach agreement with the U.S.S.R. in talks in Moscow.

Defense
General Curtis LeMay was named chief of the U.S. Air Force Strategic Air Command, succeeding Gen. George Kenney.

Crime
A Danish court handed down a death sentence for Werner Best, Gestapo official and head of the German occupation of Denmark.

Politics and government
The Arab League in Amman announced the formation of an Arab government for Palestine in Gaza. King Abdullah of Transjordan denounced the plan as de facto recognition of the partition of Palestine.

The Indonesian Parliament voted to give President Ahmed Sukarno emergency powers for the suppression of the Communist revolt in central Java.

Terrorism
Israel enacted an "emergency regulation" banning terrorist organizations and imposing fines and prison sentences on members. Irgun Zvai Leumi began surrendering its arms to the Israeli Army.

Labour
Armed thugs attacked the New York headquarters of the International Ladies Garment Workers Union and an ILGWU picket line in the city's garment district, injuring three union organizers and seven members. Union officials blamed the violence on attempts of underworld elements to enter the garment shipping business.

Baseball
The Mexican League was disbanded after taking losses reported at $362,000 in the past three years.

50 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): When--The Kalin Twins

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Der Legionär--Freddy Quinn

#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): When--The Kalin Twins (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno (5th week at #1)
--Dean Martin
2 Little Star--The Elegants
3 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
4 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
5 Patricia--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
6 Rock-in Robin--Bobby Day
7 Just a Dream--Jimmy Clanton and the Rockets
8 Tears on My Pillow--Little Anthony and the Imperials
9 Everybody Loves a Lover--Doris Day
10 Susie Darlin'--Robin Luke

Singles entering the chart were Pussy Cat (#72)/No One But You (In My Heart) (#80) by the Ames Brothers; You're the Nearest Thing to Heaven by Johnny Cash and the Tennessee Two (#82); Big Daddy by Jill Corey (#83); Just Young by Andy Rose (#88); Hideaway by the Four Esquires (#91); Baby Face by Little Richard (#92); Little Brass Band by David Seville (#93); For My Good Fortune by Pat Boone (#95); Prisoner's Song by Warren Storm (#96); and The Secret by Gordon MacRae (#99). You're the Nearest Thing to Heaven was the other side of The Ways of a Woman in Love, charting at #51.

Diplomacy
In an unusual rebuff, U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower returned as "unacceptable under established international practice" a letter to him from U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev.

Crime
A Negro woman described by police as suffering from a "perecution complex" stabbed civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. in the chest with a letter opener in a Harlem department store.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Hamilton (5-0-1) 21 @ Montreal (2-3-1) 21
Ottawa (3-3) 17 @ Toronto (1-5) 14

WIFU
Edmonton (5-3) 26 @ Saskatchewan (4-3) 13
Calgary (4-4) 9 @ Winnipeg (7-2) 36

ORFU
Detroit (0-4) 20 @ Kitchener-Waterloo (3-2) 33
Sarnia (5-0) 33 @ London (1-3) 14

Sam Etcheverry threw touchdown passes to Hal Patterson, Tom Moran, and Red O'Quinn to lead the Alouettes back from a two-touchdown deficit to tie the Tiger-Cats before a Molson Stadium record crowd of 23,641.

Russ Jackson rushed for a touchdown and Tom Dimitroff passed to George Brancato for another to help the Rough Riders defeat the Argonauts at Varsity Stadium in a game that featured 13 fumbles--7 by Ottawa--and 2 interceptions by Toronto. Bobby Kuntz and Dave Mann scored Toronto touchdowns. The Argonauts had the ball on the Ottawa 22-yard line on the last game and unsuccessfully tried for a game-winning touchdown instead of a tying field goal. Gary Schreider kicked 2 converts and 2 singles for Ottawa, and Ron Quillian scored the other Ottawa point when he fumbled into the Toronto end zone and the Argonauts recovered.

Johnny Bright and Jackie Parker scored touchdowns, with Joe Mobra kicking a convert, 4 field goals, and 2 singles to help the Eskimos defeat the Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina.

Jim Van Pelt threw 3 touchdown passes to Ernie Pitts, rushed for a TD of his own, and kicked 2 converts and a field goal to lead the Blue Bombers over the Stampeders before 20,099 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Charlie Shepard rushed 70 yards for the other Winnipeg TD and punted for a single. Chuck Holloway scored the Calgary touchdown on a 90-yard pass from Nobby Wirkowski, converted by Doug Brown.

Dave West scored 2 touchdowns and Mike Norcia, Ed Mitchell, and Bernie Custis also scored TDs for the Dutchmen as they beat the Raiders at Kitchener Stadium. Mr. Norcia converted 3 of the touchdowns. Tom Hunter scored 2 touchdowns for the Raiders, with Elbie Richmond scoring the other Detroit TD, and Ed Bagdon adding 2 converts.

Chuck Stanley scored 3 touchdowns and J.B. Smith added another to help the Golden Bears defeat the Lords at Labatt Park. Gino Cappelletti added 4 converts, a field goal, and a single, and Ross Dowswell also scored a single for Sarnia. Jim Thompson and Leroy Thompson scored London touchdowns, with Del Thachuk and Gene Lakenta kicking the converts.

Baseball
Hoyt Wilhelm pitched a no-hitter for the Baltimore Orioles as they edged the New York Yankees 1-0 before 10,941 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore in a nationally-televised game. It was the first major league no-hitter to be pitched at Memorial Stadium and the last no-hitter pitched against the Yankees in the 20th century, and was Mr. Wilhelm's eighth game and fourth start for the Orioles since they had acquired him on waivers from the Cleveland Indians on August 23. The only run came when Gus Triandos led off the bottom of the 7th inning with a home run off Bobby Shantz that travelled 415 feet.

Jackie Jensen singled home Don Buddin and Pete Runnels with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 0-0 tie as the Boston Red Sox shut out the Washington Senators 2-0 before 7,400 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Frank Sullivan pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Vito Valentinetti, who allowed only 3 hits--2 in the 8th.

Vic Wertz drove in a run wit a ground out and pinch hitter Randy Jackson followed with a run-scoring single as the Cleveland Indians scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning and held on to defeat the Detroit Tigers 2-1 in the first game of a doubleheader before 11,779 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. The Tigers had the bases loaded with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, but Mudcat Grant struck out pinch hitter Billy Martin to end the game. The Tigers scored all their runs in the 3rd inning as they won the second game 4-1, with Billy Hoeft pitching a 5-hitter.

Bill Tuttle hit a solo home run in the bottom of the 7th inning and Bob Cerv led off the bottom of the 8th with a homer to enable the Kansas City Athletics to edge the Chicago White Sox 3-2 before 8,652 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City, with Bob Grim winning the pitchers' duel over Billy Pierce. The White Sox had runners on first and third bases with 2 out in the 9th, but pinch hitter Billy Goodman grounded out to second base to end the game.

Dick Groat led off the top of the 9th with a double and scored on a double play for the eventual deciding run as the Pittsburgh Pirates held on to edge the Philadelphia Phillies 4-3 before 4,217 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. The Phillies scored a run in the bottom of the 9th and had the bases loaded with 1 out, but Bobby Young flied out to right field and Ed Bouchee struck out to end the game.

Bill Bruton batted 2 for 3 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in as the Milwaukee Braves beat the Cincinnati Redlegs 6-1 before 5,295 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati in a game that was called because of rain after 6 innings. Lou Burdette pitched a 6-hit complete game victory.

Don Demeter hit a 2-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to tie the score, but Bobby Thomson homered with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the Chicago Cubs a 3-2 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 10,732 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Winning pitcher John Buzhardt pitched a 5-hit complete game. Los Angeles left fielder Don Miles batted 0 for 4 and made 7 putouts in the field in the eighth and last game of his major league career.

Willie Mays batted 3 for 5 with a double, run, and run batted in to help the San Francisco Giants defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 5-1 before 7,983 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Winnng pitcher Ruben Gomez pitched a complete game and allowed just 3 hits, all by center fielder Bobby Gene Smith, who hit a double and a solo home run.

40 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Indian Lake--The Cowsills (3rd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles
2 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Ricki Page
--Jeannie C. Riley
3 Hush--Deep Purple
4 Fire--Arthur Brown
5 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
6 Morning Dew--Lulu
7 And Suddenly--The Cherry People
8 Time Has Come Today--The Chambers Brothers
9 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
10 Cinnamon--Derek

Singles entering the chart were Baby, Come Back by the Equals (#25); I Met Her in Church by the Box Tops (#27); Who is Gonna Love Me? by Dionne Warwick (#28); Midnight Confessions by the Grass Roots (#29); and Naturally Stoned by Avant-Garde (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Revolution/Hey Jude--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
3 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
4 People Got to Be Free--The Rascals
5 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf
6 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
7 Sunshine of Your Love--Cream
8 Tell Someone You Love Them--Dino, Desi and Billy
9 Street Fighting Man--The Rolling Stones
10 On the Road Again--Canned Heat

Protest
Thousands of people in Malaysia marched in protest against the law signed two days earlier by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos claiming Malaysia's Borneo state of Sabah for the Philippine Repubic. Meanwhile, Philippne legislators criticized the American proclamation of neutrality in the matter.

Energy
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau cancelled the development of a $150-million intense neutron generator (ING).

Disasters
30 people were killed and 150 injured in a head-on collision of two trains near Depok, Indonesia.

Baseball
Steve Blass pitched a 2-hitter to win the pitching matchup over Ferguson Jenkins as the Pittsburgh Pirates shut out the Chicago Cubs 5-0 before 4,478 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Pirates scored 4 runs in the 2nd inning. It was the first major league game for first base umpire Dick Stello.

Jerry Grote singled home Cleon Jones with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the New York Mets edged the Philadelphia Phillies 3-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 4,443 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. The Mets came back from a 4-0 1st-inning deficit to win the second game 5-4 to complete the sweep.

Rusty Staub singled home Rusty Torres with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to climax a 2-run rally, giving the Houston Astros a 7-6 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 7,175 fans at the Astrodome. The Reds scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th to take a 6-5 lead. Houston center fielder Norm Miller hit a solo home run in the 1st inning to open the scoring, but was injured running into the wall in the 3rd inning, enabling Leo Cardenas to hit an inside-the-park home run.

Willie Davis drove in Bill Singer with a sacrifice fly in the bottom of the 6th inning to break a 4-4 tie, and the Los Angeles Dodgers held on to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 5-4 before 17,888 fans at Dodger Stadium. St. Louis first baseman Joe Hague, playing his second major league game, hit his first home run, leading off the 6th to tie the score 4-4.

Carl Yastrzemski's solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 8th proved to be the deciding run as the Boston Red Sox edged the New York Yankees 4-3 before 15,737 fans at Yankee Stadium. New York first baseman Mickey Mantle doubled in the 1st inning and got the Yankees on the scoreboard with a solo homer off winning pitcher Jim Lonborg with 2 out in the 3rd. The home run was Mr. Mantle's 18th of the season, and the 536th and last of his 18-year Hall of Fame major league career. Bill Robinson homered to lead off the bottom of the 9th, drawing the Yankees to within a run.

Al Kaline, Jim Northrup, and Jimmie Price hit home runs for the Detroit Tigers in the top of the 8th inning to enable them to come from behind and beat the Washington Senators 6-3 before 5,929 fans at District of Columbia Stadium. Mr. Northrup's homer was his second of the game. Mr. Kaline batted 4 for 4 with a double and 2 runs.

2 runs in the top of the 1st inning proved to be all the scoring the Oakland Athletics needed as they beat the Minnesota Twins 7-1 before 1,710 fans at Metropolitan Stadium. Catfish Hunter pitched an 8-hit complete game to get the win over Buzz Stephen, who allowed 8 hits and 5 runs--4 earned--with 5 bases and balls and 1 strikeout in 6 1/3 innings, batting 0 for 2 in his first major league game.

Ken Berry singled in runs in the 2nd and 4th innings to help the Chicago White Sox defeat the Baltimore Orioles 2-1 before 6,822 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. All the game's runs were unearned.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Dreadlock Holiday--10cc

Politics and government
S.A. Prime Minister John Vorster announced his resignation; no reason was given, but it was known that he was ill. South Africa rejected the United Nations plan for the independence of Namibia (South-West Africa) and announced that it would hold its own elections for a Namibian constituent assembly from November 20-24 in preparation for Namibian independence on December 31.

Crime
Gary Thomas Rowe, Jr., who had been a U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation informer in the Ku Klux Klan in the mid-1960s, was indicted by a grand jury in Alabama for the 1965 murder of civil rights worker Viola Liuzzo.

25 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Moonlight Shadow--Mike Oldfield

War
U.S. Marines were in Suk al Gharb, Lebanon, reportedly to gather intelligence. In Washington, the administration of U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Congressional leaders agreed to a compromise, based on the War Powers Resolution, that would allow the administration to keep U.S. troops in the multinational force in Lebanon for 18 months from the date that Congress approved the resolution.

Oil
The Canadian and Alberta governments and Esso Resources Canada agreed to a scaled-down Cold Lake oil sands project.

10 years ago
1998


Football
CFL
Montreal (8-3-1) 31 @ Hamilton (9-2-1) 31

Baseball
Cal Ripken, Jr. removed himself from the Baltimore Orioles' lineup for the final home game of the season, ending his major league record streak of consecutive games at 2,632. It was the 38-year-old Mr. Ripken's first game off in 16 years. The Yankees edged the Orioles 5-4 before 48,013 fans at Oriole Park at Camden Yards. Jimmy Key, the fourth Baltimore pitcher of the game, pitched the 9th inning, allowing 2 hits and the eventual deciding run--earned--with 1 strikeout in the 471st and last game of his 15-year major league career.

Benito Santiago singled home 2 runs with 2 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 5-5 tie as the Toronto Blue Jays beat the Tampa Bay Devil Rays 7-5 before 32,183 fans at Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg. Roy Halladay made his major league debut starting on the mound for Toronto, allowing 8 hits and 3 runs--2 earned--in 5 innings, with 2 bases on balls and 5 strikeouts.

Richard Hidalgo hit solo home runs in the 1st and 3rd innings to account for all the scoring as the Houston Astros shut out the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-0 before 23,657 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Winning pitcher Shane Reynolds allowed 10 hits in 7 innings, but the Pirates left 9 runners on base.

Bruce Chen allowed 3 hits in 7 innings to get the win, hit a single, and drove in a run with a sacrifice bunt as the Atlanta Braves blanked the Arizona Diamondbacks 10-0 before 44,876 fans at Bank One Ballpark in Phoenix.

Trent Hubbard hit a solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 1st inning for the only run as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the San Francisco Giants 1-0 before 40,184 fans at 3Com Park at Candlestick Point in San Francisco. Carlos Perez pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Shawn Estes, who allowed just 2 hits in 8 innings.

Pinch hitter Larry Walker led off the top of the 11th inning with a double and Darryl Hamilton followed with a single to score Mr. Walker with the only run as the Colorado Rockies edged the San Diego Padres 1-0 before 37,939 fans at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego. Winning pitcher Darryl Kile allowed 3 hits in 10 innings.

September 19, 2008

230 years ago
1778


Economics and finance
The Continental Congress passed the first United States federal budget.

140 years ago
1868


World events
La Gloriosa (The Glorious Revolution) began in Spain.

90 years ago
1918


Academia
The Canadian YMCA invited Dr. Henry Marshall Tory to set up the Khaki University of Canada in London to give vocational training to Canadian troops stationed in Britain and on the continent, and to help soldiers prepare for postwar life. On December 1, 1918, the first classes began at Ripon Military Camp in Yorkshire, and spread to France and Germany; over 500,000 soldiers had attended lectures by the time the university closed in the summer of 1919. Credits earned by soldiers were accepted by Canadian universities upon their return.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Tommy Burns (46-3-9), fighting for the first time in almost five years, knocked out Bob "Tex" Bracken (2-6-1) in the 4th round of a bout in Prince Rupert, British Columbia.

80 years ago
1928


Protest
A riot of 250 felons at Maryland State Penitentiary in Baltimore was subdued with the use of tear gas, which rendered the criminals unconscious.

70 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Pauline Frederick, 55
. U.S. actress. Miss Frederick, born Beatrice Pauline Libbey, was a stage actress in the early 20th century who also acted in films. Most of her movies were silent and are now lost, but she can still be seen in movies such as This Modern Age (1931) and Thank You, Mr. Moto (1937). Miss Frederick died of an asthma attack.

60 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Ian Martin, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Black Guardsman of Braddock Castle

Escape on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Man Who Could Work Miracles

Defense
The U.S.S.R. announced its plans to withdraw its troops from Korea by the start of 1949 at the request of the North Korean government.

Terrorism
The Stern Gang disbanded as a military force, ordering its members to join the regular Israeli Army. The group continued to disclaim responsibility for the assassination two days earlier of United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte.

Politics and government
The Swedish general election resulted in gains for the People's Party against the ruling Social Democrats, who lost their absolute majority in parliament. The Social Democrats, led by Prime Minister Tage Erlander, won 112 of 230 seats in the Riksdag, down from 115 in the most recent election in 1944. The People's Party, led by Bertil Ohlin, won 57 seats, an increase of 31 from 1944. The next three parties--Farmers' League, National Organization of the Right, and Communist Party--combined to win 28 fewer seats than in 1944.

U.S. Attorney General Tom Clark attacked congressional investigators for betraying confidential information on the loyalty of government and spreading "incorrect and misleading statements."

Tennis
Pancho Gonzales won the men's singles title and Margaret Osborne duPont won the women's singles title at the U.S. amateur championships in Forest Hills, New York.

50 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): When--The Kalin Twins (5th week at #1)

At the movies
Damn Yankees, the screen version of the hit Broadway musical, received its premiere screening in Denver. The film starred Tab Hunter, Gwen Verdon, and Ray Walston.



Politics and government
Algerian FLN leader Ferhat Abbas established a nationalist "Republic of Algeria" government in Cairo; it was immediately recognized by the United Arab Republic, Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Tunisia, and Morocco.

Health
Argonne National Laboratory asserted that a study of mice showed that current nuclear fallout levels could not produce leukemia or bone cancer.

Economics and finance
In an effort to combat losses following a disastrous decline in international tin prices, the Bolivian government halted foreign currency transactions.

Track and field
Don Waern of Sweden ran 1,000 metres in a world record time of 2 minutes 18.1 seconds in Turku, Finland.

40 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Public Affairs: DR-07

This was the first episode of the season.



Died on this date
Red Foley, 57
. U.S. musician. Clyde Julian Foley was one of the biggest stars in country music in person, and on records, radio, and television in a career spanning almost 40 years. He had 10 singles which reached #1 on the Billboard Country chart, including Shame on You (1945); Birmingham Bounce (1950); and Mississippi (1950). Mr. Foley died of respiratory failure in his sleep shortly after performing two shows in Fort Wayne, Indiana, and after praying with fellow country singer Billy Walker and reportedly trusting in Jesus Christ as his saviour.

Space
The Intelsat III F-1 communications satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida, but a gyroscope failure caused loss of control of the rocket, and it was destroyed by range safety 1 minute 48 seconds into the flight.

Diplomacy
Malaysia suspended relations with the Philippines in response to the previous day's action by Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos is signing a bill claiming Malaysia's Borneo state of Sabah for the Philippine Republic.

Politics and government
Jiri Hajek was ousted as Czechoslovakian Foreign Minister; he had been in Yugoslavia at the time of the Soviet invasion of his country a month earlier, and had put Czechoslovakia's case against the occupation before the United Nations.

30 years ago
1978


On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Man Who Would Be King



Died on this date
Carl Bridgewater, 13
. U.K. crime victim. Master Bridgewater was shot in the head at close range in the afternoon at an isolated farmhouse near Stourbridge in Staffordshire, England. It was believed that he had disturbed burglars at the house and they carried out the shooting. Four men were convicted of the crime in 1979, but their convictions were overturned years later on the basis that police had fabricated evidence.

Diplomacy
The Solomon Islands joined the United Nations.

Politics and government
John Buchanan led his Progressive Conservatives to victory in the Nova Scotia provincial election, defeating the Liberal government of Premier Gerald Regan. The PCs took 31 of 52 seats in the House of Assembly, up from 12 seats in the most recent election in 1974. The Liberals dropped from 31 seats to 17; and the New Democratic Party, led by Jeremy Akerman, increased from 3 seats to 4. Mr. Regan and the Liberals had been in power since 1970.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate voted 83-9 to ratify the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, marking the last step in congressional approval. The FTA, aimed at slashing trade barriers between the two countries, went into effect on January 1, 1989.

Disasters
The Mexican government estimated the damages caused by Hurricane Gilbert at $880 million. The U.S.A. escaped major damage, but three deaths were reported in Texas.

10 years ago
1998


At the movies
Antz, an animated film directed by Eric Darnell and Tim Johnson, and featuring the voices of Woody Allen, Dan Aykroyd, Anne Bancroft, Gene Hackman, and many others, received its premiere screening at the Toronto International Film Festival.

Died on this date
Patricia Hayes, 88
. U.K. actress. Miss Hayes appeared in numerous radio and television comedy programs, and won a BAFTA Award in 1971 for starring in the title role of the Play for Today drama Edna, the Inebriate Woman.

Americana
Nicole Johnson, representing Virginia, was named Miss America 1999 in the annual pageant at Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey.



Football
CFL
Winnipeg (1-11) 22 @ Toronto (7-5) 46
Edmonton (7-5) 27 @ British Columbia (3-9) 21

Safety Trent Brown returned a fumble 49 yards for his only Canadian Football League touchdown midway through the 3rd quarter, which proved decisive as the Eskimos defeated the Lions at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver. Edmonton quarterback David Archer completed 22 of 36 passes for 291 yards and 3 interceptions, and touchdowns of 22 yards to Myron Wise and 3 yards to Don Blair in the 1st half.

CIAU
British Columbia (3-0) 33 @ Manitoba (0-2) 15
Saskatchewan (2-0) 39 @ Calgary (1-2) 24

September 18, 2008

170 years ago
1838


Economics and finance
The Anti-Corn Law League was established in by Richard Cobden. The league was dedicated to abolishing British trade laws that imposed steep import duties on grain, making it impossible to import grain into the United Kingdom from other countries, even in times of famine.

120 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Grey Owl
. U.K.-born Canadian conservationist. Born Archibald Belaney near Hastings, England, he emigrated to Canada as a teenager, and ended up in northern Ontario, where he adopted an Indian identity, including the name Grey Owl. Grey Owl married a Native Canadian girl, who led him to abandon trapping and become a conservationist. Books such as The Men of the Last Frontier (1931) and magazine articles that he wrote while he was working with the Dominion Parks Service were influential in leading Canadians to view their land and animals as resources to be protected rather than exploited. Grey Owl, who was a heavy drinker, died in his cabin near Prince Albert, Saskatchewan on April 13, 1938 at the age of 49. The day after his death, the North Bay Nugget, which had been sitting on the story for three years, became the first newspaper to expose the fact that Canada's leading "Native" conservationist was a white Englishman.

110 years ago
1898


Diplomacy
A flotilla of five British gunboats, carrying 1,500 British and Egyptian/Sudanese soldiers led by Sir Herbert Kitchener and including Lieutenant-Colonel (later General) Horace Smith-Dorrien, arrived at Fashoda on the White Nile River, triggering the last war scare between Britain and France. The situation was resolved diplomatically.

100 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Dickey Pearce, 72
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Pearce pioneered the position of shortstop, playing with the Brooklyn Atlantics (1856-1870, 1873-1874); Excelsior of Brooklyn (1866); New York Mutuals (1871-1872); and St. Louis Brown Stockings (1875-1877), batting .256 with 2 home runs and 120 runs batted in in 258 games in the National Association (1871-1875) and .198 with no homers and 14 RBIs in 33 games in the National League (1875-1877). Mr. Pearce has been credited with inventing the bunt. After his playing career ended, Mr. Pearce was an umpire into the mid-1880s.

Baseball
Dusty Rhoads pitched a no-hitter for the Cleveland Naps as they edged the Boston Red Sox 2-1 at League Park in Cleveland.

Ed Walsh pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Walter Johnson and improve his 1908 record to 35-13 as the Chicago White Sox scored a run in the bottom of the 8th inning and edged the Washington Nationals 1-0 at South Side Park in Chicago.

Jack Powell pitched a 3-hitter for the St. Louis Browns as they scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and held on for a 2-1 win over the Philadelphia Athletics in the first game of a doubleheader at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Losing pitcher Jack Flater allowed 10 hits, with 1 base on balls and 1 strikeout, in his first major league game. Bill Dinneen won the pitching matchup over Jack Coombs as the Browns won the second game 5-4 to complete the sweep.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 11 runs in the 4th inning and coasted to a 13-6 win over the Boston Doves before 1,700 fans at South End Grounds in Boston. Boston shortstop Walt Thomas batted 1 for 4 with a run and run batted in, with 1 putout and 1 assist in his first major league game.

Christy Mathewson pitched a 5-hitter to improve his record for the season to 33-8 and Mike Donlin hit a 3-run home run as the New York Giants shut out the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-0 before 30,000 fans in the first of 2 games at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Giants scored 3 runs in the 6th inning and 6 in the 7th as they won the second game 12-7 before 35,000 fans to complete the sweep. Bob Vail, the third Pittsburgh pitcher, allowed 5 hits and 6 runs, with 2 walks and no strikeouts in 2 innings, taking the loss to fall to 1-2 for the season, and striking out in his only plate appearance, in his fourth and last major league game.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored a run with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to defeat the Chicago Cubs 2-1 before 3,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia.

90 years ago
1918


War
The Central Powers' defeat in the Battle of Dobro Pole played a role in the Bulgarian withdrawal from the war, and opened the way for the subsequent liberation of Vardar Macedonia.

80 years ago
1928




Died on this date
Gil Jamison, 10
. U.S. crime victim. Master Jamison, the son of a banker in Honolulu, was kidnapped and strangled to death after payment of a $4,000 ransom; his body was discovered on September 20.

Aviation
Juan de la Cierva made the first autogyro crossing of the English Channel, from London to Paris.

60 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It's Magic--Doris Day
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--Gordon MacRae
2 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
3 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting
4 You Call Everybody Darlin'--Al Trace and the Revelers
--Anne Vincent
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
--The Andrews Sisters
5 My Happiness--The Pied Pipers
--Jon and Sondra Steele
--Ella Fitzgerald
6 Love Somebody--Doris Day and Buddy Clark
7 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
8 You Can't Be True, Dear--Ken Griffin
9 Cool Water--Vaughn Monroe and the Sons of the Pioneers
10 Hair of Gold, Eyes of Blue--Gordon MacRae and the Starlighters
--Jerry Murad's Harmonicats
--Jack Emerson

Singles entering the chart were Until by Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra (#25) and You were Only Fooling (While I was Falling in Love) by Blue Barron and his Orchestra (#36).

War
Operation Polo was terminated after the Indian Army accepted the surrender of the army of Hyderabad.

World events
Communist guerrillas seized the town of Madiun in central Java and proclaimed a "Soviet" government for Indonesia.

Diplomacy
Former U.S. State Department official Ralph Bunche, chief United Nations aide to slain mediator Folke Bernadotte, succeeded him as UN mediator in Palestine.

Defense
The United States Air Force celebrated its first anniversary as an independent force by conducting mock bombing raids on 25 U.S. cities with B-29s based in Japan, Germany, and Alaska. Air Force spokesmen stressed the ease with which such attacks could be made, and urged the strengthening of air defenses. U.S. President Harry Truman appointed a seven-man Commission on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Services to recommend means of ending military racial discrimination.

Politics and government
Margaret Chase Smith (Republican--Maine) became the first woman elected to the United States Senate without completing another senator's term.

Radio
A U.S. House of Representatives investigating the Federal Communications Commission denounced an agency decision granting atheists radio time to answer religious programs.

Football
IRFU
Ottawa (3-1) 32 @ Toronto (3-1) 12

WIFU
Saskatchewan (1-5) 9 @ Winnipeg (3-4) 15

ORFU
Sarnia (0-2) 7 @ Hamilton (2-0) 22
Toronto (2-0) 14 @ Windsor (0-2) 8

19,000 fans at Varsity Stadium saw the Rough Riders defeat the Argonauts.

Mr. Smith and Bob Sandberg scored touchdowns for the Blue Bombers as they beat the Roughriders at Osborne Stadium. Don Hiney added a convert, field goal and single. Del Wardien scored the Saskatchewan touchdown, converted by Gabe Patterson, while Ken Charlton added 2 singles.

Garry Smith scored 2 touchdowns for the Beaches Indians as they defeated the Rockets before 2,000 fans in Windsor.

Baseball
The Sporting News named St. Louis Cardinals' left fielder Stan Musial and Cleveland Indians' shortstop Lou Boudreau as the outstanding major league players of 1948.

50 years ago
1958


World events
The Lebanese Army disclosed the suppression of a coup attempt . by Colonel Fuad Lahoud, a backer of outgoing President Camille Chamoun and commander of Lebanon's southern frontier defense forces.

Defense
Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, 70, retired as NATO deputy Allied commander in Europe after a 50-year military career.

Protest
Peking radio reported that 302 million Chinese had staged "the biggest protest campaign in world history" against U.S. involvement in Taiwan.

Economics and finance
A group of British companies extended $140 million in credit to Argentina for purchase of oil, industrial machinery, and power plant equipment.

40 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Hey Jude--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Help Yourself--Tom Jones
2 Dream a Little Dream of Me--Mama Cass
3 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
4 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
5 The Orange and the Green/(The Puppet Song) Whiskey on a Sunday--The Irish Rovers
6 Indian Lake--The Cowsills
7 Classical Gas--Mason Williams
8 I've Gotta Get a Message to You/Kitty Can--The Bee Gees
9 You Keep Me Hangin' On--The Vanilla Fudge
10 Angel of the Morning--Merrilee Rush

Singles entering the chart were Harper Valley P.T.A. by Jeannie C. Riley (#15); I Say a Little Prayer/The House that Jack Built by Aretha Franklin (#23); Magic Bus by the Who (#27); The Fool on the Hill by Sergio Mendes and Brasil '66 (#34); Adam and Eve by Buzz Cason (#37); and Down at Lulu's by Ohio Express (#39).

Died on this date
Rip Wheeler, 70
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Floyd Clark Wheeler played with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1921-1922) and Chicago Cubs (1923-1924), compiling a record of 4-8 with an earned run average of 4.18 in 34 games, and batting .190 with no home runs and 4 runs batted in. He had three seasons in the minor leagues from 1921-1923 in which he won 22 or 23 games.

Franchot Tone, 63. U.S. actor. Mr. Tone appeared in plays, films, and television programs, but was best known for his supporting roles in movies such as The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935) and Mutiny on the Bounty (1935). He was a heavy smoker, and died of lung cancer.

Diplomacy
Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos signed a law claiming Malaysia's Borneo state of Sabah for the Philippine Republic, prompting the rupture of diplomatic relations with Malaysia.

Protest
In a move to end seven weeks of student agitation in Mexico City, an army force of 1,300 seized the National University, precipitating new clashes between students and police.

Football
CFL
Calgary (6-3) 35 @ Hamilton (3-4) 14

Baseball
The day after Gaylord Perry of the San Francisco Giants had pitched a no-hitter against the St. Louis Cardinals, Ray Washburn of the Cardinals responded with a no-hitter as the Cardinals shut out the Giants 2-0 before 4,703 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. This remains the only time that teams have pitched no-hitters against each other in consecutive games in major league history. Mike Shannon doubled home Orlando Cepeda with 2 out in the 7th inning for the eventual winning run.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning and held on to edge the Pittsburgh Pirates 2-1 before 2,463 fans at Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia. With 2 out in the 9th and Matty Alou on first base, he beat the throw to second base on a ground ball by Donn Clendenon and saw third base uncovered. Mr. Alou then sprinted for third, but was thrown out by pitcher Gary Wagner, with shortstop Roberto Pena applying the tag to end the game. Jerry Johnson allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Bob Veale.

The Chicago Cubs scored 6 runs in the last 3 innings to defeat the New York Mets 7-2 before 9,212 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Chicago shortstop Don Kessinger batted 4 for 5 with a double and 2 runs. Losing pitcher Jerry Koosman threw 135 pitches in 8 innings, allowing 11 hits and 5 runs--4 earned. He led off the bottom of the 3rd inning with his first major league home run.

Phil Niekro pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Denny Lemaster as the Atlanta Braves blanked the Houston Astros 2-0 before 6,392 fans at the Astrodome. The Braves scored their run in the 1st inning when Hank Aaron doubled home Felix Millan and scored on a double by his brother Tommie Aaron.

Gerry Arrigo allowed 4 hits in 8 1/3 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Don Sutton as the Cincinnati Reds shut out the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 before 11,325 fans at Dodger Stadium. Every man in the Cincinnati starting lineup had at least 1 hit.

The Boston Red Sox scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 7th inning to break a 0-0 tie as they defeated the Baltimore Orioles 4-0 before 8,918 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Dick Ellsworth allowed 6 hits in 7 1/3 innings to get the win. Bobby Floyd made his major league debut with the Orioles, entering the game as a pinch runner in the 8th inning and getting erased on the front end of a double play. Teammate Fred Beene mad his major league debut, pitching the 9th inning and allowing 2 hits and 1 earned run, with 1 base on balls and 1 strikeout.

The Minnesota Twins, aided by 3 bases on balls and a balk, scored 3 runs in the 4th inning and held on to defeat the California Angels 4-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 5,104 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota. Losing pitcher Bill Harrelson allowed 2 hits and 3 runs--all earned-- in 2/3 inning, with 3 walks and a strikeout in the 10th and last game of his major league career, dropping his record to 1-6. Jim Fregosi tripled home 2 runs in the 1st inning to help the Angels win the second game 4-3.

30 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kimi no Hitomi wa 10,000 Volt--Takao Horiuchi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
WKRP in Cincinnati, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Pilot: Part 1

This was the first episode of the series.

Diplomacy
Egyptian Foreign Minister Ibrahim Kamel and Ambassador to the United States Ashraf Ghorbal resigned to protest the previous day's concluded with Israel.

Politics and government
Bennett Campbell was sworn in as Premier of Prince Edward Island, succeeding Alex Campbell as leader of the province's Liberal government.

25 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland: I Like Chopin--Gazebo

On the radio
The Stories of Sherlock Holmes, starring Graham Armitage and Kerry Jordan, on Springbok Radio
Tonight's episode: The Shrunken Head

Football
CFL
Toronto (8-2) 50 @ Hamilton (4-6) 16
Edmonton (6-4) 46 @ Saskatchewan (3-7) 21

Condredge Holloway threw touchdown passes of 66 and 80 yards to Emanuel Tolbert and another of 21 yards to Cedric Minter, and rushed 6 yards for a TD of his own--all in the 1st half--as the Argonauts built a 33-2 halftime lead and routed the Tiger-Cats before 25,128 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Carl Brazley intercepted a Tom Clements pass and returned it 62 yards for a Toronto touchdown, and Joe Barnes completed an 87-yard TD pass to Greg Holmes with 1:06 remaining in the game for the final Toronto touchdown. Keith Baker caught an 11-yard touchdown pass from Mr. Clements in the 4th quarter and caught a pass from Jeff Tedford for a 2-point convert on Rufus Crawford's 2-yard touchdown run later in the 4th quarter. Mr. Holloway completed 17 of 28 passes for 381 yards, while Mr. Clements, playing his last game in a Hamilton uniform, was 16 of 31 for 166 yards. Mr. Tolbert caught 4 passes for 180 yards, while teammate Terry Greer caught 6 for 100. Mr. Clement was traded several days later to the Winnipeg Blue Bombers for quarterback Dieter Brock, then under suspension for walking out on the team in a contract dispute.

Warren Moon completed 23 of 33 passes for 296 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Eskimos over the Roughriders before 28,377 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Tom Scott, Brian Kelly, and Marco Cyncar caught Mr. Moon's touchdown passes, while Scott Stauch and Neil Lumsden rushed for Edmonton TDs. Rookie quarterback Matt Dunigan finished the game in relief of Mr. Moon and rushed twice for 20 yards and completed all 3 of his passes for 35 yards, including his first CFL touchdown pass, 19 yards to Mr. Kelly on a third-down gamble with 38 seconds remaining. Homer Jordan, who relieved starting quarterback John Hufnagel in the 2nd half, threw touchdown passes to Chris DeFrance and Ron Robinson. It was the first appearance in an Edmonton uniform for defensive back Jerry Philip, running back Milson Jones, and defensive lineman James Hunter. Mr. Hunter, who knocked Mr. Hufnagel out of the game with a sack, was chosen the defensive star of the game, while Mr. Jones, who had been acquired from the Winnipeg Blue Bombers several days earlier in a trade for offensive linemen Ken Walter and Pieter Vanden Bos, didn't touch the ball. One of the game's key plays was a 55-yard quick kick by Neil Lumsden with a 40-miles-per-hour wind behind him on a second down and 15 yards to go play from the Edmonton 31-yard line in the 2nd quarter.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Cecilia--Times Two

#1 single in Switzerland: Hand in Hand--Koreana

Died on this date
Alan Watt, 87
. Australian diplomat. Sir Alan served in the Department of External Affairs from 1937-1962, holding numerous ambassadorial posts, including that of the first Australian Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. (1948-1950).

World events
A bloody military coup in Burma by the State Law and Order Restoration Council under the leadership of General Saw Maung toppled President Maung Maung from power after just one month in office. Gen. Saw Maung was reported to be an ally of former President Ne Win, who had resigned in July after 26 years in power. The coup sparked several days of clashes between civilians and the army, resulting in the deaths of a large number of civilians--263, according to the government. Others put the death toll at thousands, mostly monks and civilians (primarily students) killed by the Tatmadaw.

Henri Namphy, deposed the day before as President of Haiti by a coup of noncommissioned military officers, flew into exile in the Dominican Republic. It wasn't clear if the new President, Lieutenant General Prosper Avril, could control the military, and it was reported that four people had died in fighting within the ranks of the military.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (1-10) 25 @ Hamilton (7-4) 35
Toronto (7-4) 21 @ Edmonton (8-3) 38

Backup quarterback Greg Vavra completed a touchdown pass to defensive end Brett Williams on a fake field goal attempt in the 4th quarter to help the Eskimos defeat the Argonauts at Commonwealth Stadium. Ron Ingram, playing his second and last game as an Eskimo, entered the game in place of Henry "Gizmo" Williams and caught a 61-yard touchdown pass from Tracy Ham on the ensuing play.



10 years ago
1998


Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (3-9) 18 @ Calgary (9-3) 35

Wednesday, 17 September 2008

September 17, 2008

350 years ago
1658


War
Spanish forces commanded by the Marquis of Viana defeated Portuguese forces led by the Count of Castelo Melhor in the Battle of Vila Nova, during the Portuguese Restoration War.

230 years ago
1778


Diplomacy
The Treaty of Fort Pitt was signed between the U.S. government and the Delaware Indians. It was the first formal treaty between the United States and a Native American tribe.

200 years ago
1808


Died on this date
Benjamin Bourne, 53
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. Bourne, a Federalist, represented Rhode Island in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1790-1796 before sitting on the U.S. District Court for Rhode Island from 1796-1801 and on the U.S. Circuit Court for the First Circuit from 1801-1802. He died eight days after his 53rd birthday.

140 years ago
1868


Died on this date
Roman Nose, aka Hook Nose, 45 (?)
. U.S. Indian warrior. Roman Nose was a leading Northern Cheyenne warrior during the Plains Indian wars of the 1860s. He was killed on the first day of the Battle of Beecher Island.

War
The Battle of Beecher Island between U.S. Army forces and those of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, and Sioux nations began in Colorado.

Disasters
The town of Barkerville, British Columbia burned to the ground after a miner tried to kiss a dance hall girl; in their struggle, they dislodged a stovepipe and set the canvas ceiling of the saloon on fire. Residents were forced to take refuge in Williams Creek.

130 years ago
1878


Politics and government
Former Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald led his Conservative/Liberal-Conservative coalition back to power in the Canadian federal election, defeating the governing Liberals of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie. The Conservatives (85) and Liberal-Conservatives (49) combined to win 134 of 206 seats in the House of Commons, to 63 Liberals and 9 seats for others. The Liberals had won 126 of 197 seats in the most recent election in 1874. Mr. Macdonald, who had served as Prime Minister from 1867-1873, had campaigned on his "National Policy" of protective tariffs.

The Conservative Party, led by Simon Holmes, defeated the ruling Liberal Party, led by Premier Philip Hill, in the Nova Scotia provincial election. The Conservatives won 32 of 38 seats in the House of Assembly, with the Liberals winning the remaining 6 seats. The most recent election in 1874 had resulted in the Liberals leading 22-12, with 4 independents.

100 years ago
1908


Died on this date
Henri Julien, 56
. Canadian cartoonist. Mr. Julien, a native of Quebec City, was Canada's first full-time editorial cartoonist, known for his work in Canadian Illustrated News and the Montreal Daily Star. He died of a stroke.

Thomas Selfridge, 26. U.S. military aviator. First Lieutenant Selfridge was with the United States Army, and in May 1908 became the first U.S. military officer to pilot a modern aircraft. He was a passenger in the 1908 Wright Military Flyer, which Orville Wright was demonstrating for the Army Signal Corps at Fort Myer, Virginia. On the fifth circuit, the right propeller broke, leading to further complications, and the plane crashed. Mr. Wright suffered severe injuries and was hospitalized, while Lt. Selfridge suffered a fractured skull and died three hours later, becoming the first person to die in the crash of a powered airplane.

80 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Richard Pelky
. U.S. suspected criminal. Mr. Pelky was shot to death by Malone, New York by two Federal Immigration officers who said that he had tried to escape when they halted his automobile in a search for liquor.

Religion
The Mexican government issued orders to the governors of all states to open to the public all churches that were closed.

70 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Bruno Jasieński, 37
. Polish poet. Mr. Jasieński, born Wiktor Zysman, was one of the founders of the Polish Futurist movement. He joined the Communist Party and moved to the U.S.S.R. in 1929, but was caught up in the purges of the late 1930s, and was executed at Butyrka prison in Moscow.

Football
WIFU
Edmonton (0-3) 3 @ Calgary (1-2) 16

Paul Rowe, Johnny Sullivan, and Buzz Buzzard scored touchdowns for the Bronks as they defeated the Eskimos at Mewata Stadium.

60 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Emil Ludwig, 67
. German-born Swiss writer. Mr. Ludwig, born Emil Cohn, was a journalist and also wrote fiction, but was best known for his popular biographies of noted historical figures.

Ruth Benedict, 61. U.S. anthropologist and folklorist. Dr. Benedict was best known for her book Patterns of Culture (1934), in which she proposed that "A culture, like an individual, is a more or less consistent pattern of thought and action," and that a culture chooses only a few characteristics that then become the traits of the people in that culture. She also wrote The Chrysanthemum and the Sword (1946), a study of the culture of Japan. Dr. Benedict was President of the American Anthropological Association, and was a prominent member of the American Folklore Society until her death from a heart attack.

Folke Bernadotte, 53. Swedish diplomat. Count Bernadotte negotiated the release of 31,000 prisoners--including at least 450 Jews--from German concentration camps during World War II. He was unanimously chosen as the United Nations Security Council mediator in the Middle East during the Arab-Israeli conflict in 1947-1948. The day after leaving Rhodes to return to Jerusalem to preserve the city's cease-fire, Count Bernadotte and French Army Colonel André Sérot were shot to death in their car by members of the Jewish terrorist organization Lehi, better known as the Stern Gang.

André Sérot, 52. French military officer. Colonel Sérot served with the French Army during both World Wars, and was commanding French troops as part of the United Nations peacekeeping effort in the Middle East when he and Folke Bernadotte were on their way to Jerusalem when they were shot to death in their car by members of the Stern Gang.

War
Indian forces completed their invasion of Hyderabad as Mir Osman Ali Khan, the Nizam of Hyderabad, surrendered sovereignty over the Hyderabad State and joined the Indian Union, promising not to press his case in the United Nations.

Chinese Communist forces captured Suichung in southern Manchuria, severing Nationalist connections to the rich Hulatao agricultural area.

Diplomacy
Czechoslovakia demanded the recall of five members of the Yugoslavian embassy in Prague for "disturbing public order."

Labour
The Catholic Association of Italian Workers was formed in Rome as a rival to the Communist-led General Confederation of Labour.

50 years ago
1958


Literature
Stride Toward Freedom by Martin Luther King, Jr. was published in New York by Harper.

War
Cuban guerrillas announced the start of an offensive from the Oriente Mountains into Camaguey Province.

Education
Little Rock Private School Corporation was chartered in an attempt to reopen the city's four high schools on the basis of racial segregation.

Labour
94,000 members of the United Auto Workers of America struck 86 Ford Motor Company plants in 24 states for six hours before union and company negotiators in Detroit reached agreement on a three-year contract providing benefits estimated at 30c per hour.

40 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Hey Jude--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Elmer Pence, 68
. Mr. Pence was a right fielder who played 1 game with the Chicago White Sox on August 23, 1922, with no plate appearances, and 1 putout in the field.

War
2,000 U.S. Marines were airlifted to the southern half of the demilitarized zone of Vietnam to prevent an expected drive south by two North Vietnamese divisions, and to neutralize enemy pressure on Allied outposts along the 40-mile stretch.

Disasters
11 people were killed and 19 injured when their truck plunged into a ravine near Bursa, Turkey.

Boxing
George Chuvalo (51-14-2) scored a technical knockout of Vic Brown (15-14) at 1:37 of the 3rd round of their heavyweight bout at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto. On the same card, Al Sparks (19-9-1) regained the Canadian light heavyweight title with a 12-round unanimous decision over Rene Durelle (10-4), who had taken the title from Mr. Sparks with a decision two months earlier. World middleweight champion Nino Benvenuti (77-2) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Art Hernandez (35-11-2) in a non-title bout, and Clyde Gray (5-0) scored a technical knockout over Jason Smith (0-1) in a middleweight bout.

Baseball
Gaylord Perry pitched a no-hitter for the San Francisco Giants as they edged the St. Louis Cardinals 1-0 before 9,546 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Losing pitcher Bob Gibson, who dropped to 21-8 for the season, pitched a complete game and allowed only 4 hits, including a home run by Ron Hunt, the second batter of the game, for the only run.

Jim McAndrew pitched a 2-hitter for the New York Mets as they edged the Chicago Cubs 3-2 before 9,117 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored 4 runs in the 3rd inning and 2 in the 4th to take a 6-0 lead, and held on to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 7-5 before 10,106 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Reds rallied for 4 runs in the 8th and Leo Cardenas hit a home run to lead off the 9th, but Jim Brewer struck out Chico Ruiz, Pete Rose, and Vada Pinson to end the game.

Ray Culp pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Dave McNally as the Boston Red Sox shut out the Baltimore Orioles 2-0 before 17,523 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Orioles' loss clinched the American League pennant for the Detroit Tigers, whose game against the New York Yankees was still in progress.

Don Wert singled home Al Kaline with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Detroit Tigers a 2-1 win over the New York Yankees before 46,512 fans at Tiger Stadium. Joe Sparma, a last-minute starter in place of injured Earl Wilson, pitched a 5-hit complete game victory, and singled home Bill Freehan in the 5th inning with the game's first run. The Tigers had already clinched their first American League pennant in 23 years when the Baltimore Orioles lost to the Boston Red Sox.

30 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (11th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The Middle East peace summit at Camp David, Maryland concluded with the signing of a framework for peace by Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin, with U.S. President Jimmy Carter as a witness.

Golf
Ron Streck won the Texas Open in San Antonio with a total score of 265. First prize money was $40,000.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (2-7-1) 4 @ Montreal (6-4) 14
Edmonton (8-1-1) 25 @ Saskatchewan (2-8) 20
British Columbia (3-5-2) 4 @ Calgary (4-3-2) 14

Gerry Dattilio started at quarterback for the Alouettes in their win over the Tiger-Cats at Olympic Stadium, but was relieved by Tom Shuman, who had recently been cut by the Tiger-Cats.

James Sykes rushed 2 yards for the game's only touchdown early in the 4th quarter as the Stampeders beat the Lions at McMahon Stadium. The Lions lost star receiver and kick returner Leon Bright early in the first quarter, when he was thrown into the Stampeders' bench by Calgary defensive back Terry Irvin at the end of a play. Mr. Irvin received a 15-yard penalty for unnecessary roughness; Mr. Bright was knocked woozy and was unable to return.

With the Roughriders leading the Eskimos 11-7 with 2 minutes left in the 2nd quarter at Taylor Field in Regina, Freeman Johns lost a fumble at the Eskimo 20, which was recovered by Eskimo linebacker Dale Potter. It took rookie quarterback Warren Moon just four plays to march the Eskimos for a touchdown: Larry Washington rushed for 25 yards to the Eskimo 45; Moon completed a pass to Stu Lang for a 15-yard gain to the Roughrider 50; Moon threw long for Tom Scott, complete at the Roughrider 4 for a 46-yard gain; and Mr. Washington ran 4 yards for a touchdown. In the third quarter, Eskimo defensive back Joe Hollimon intercepted a Ron Lancaster pass and returned it 72 yards for a touchdown; it was Mr. Hollimon's 4th such touchdown of the season, a CFL record that stood for 26 years. For the Roughriders, Mr. Johns, playing his first game in the CFL, caught 12 passes for 191 yards; both totals were season highs for the league for 1978. The Roughrider wide receiver also scored a touchdown, making a spectacular catch in the end zone after Mr. Hollimon had deflected a pass from Mr. Lancaster. Another highlight for the Roughriders, who dropped to 2-8, was an 82-yard punt by Bob Macoritti against a wind that was very strong even by the usual standards of Taylor Field.

25 years ago
1983


Hit parade
#1 single in France: Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)--Eurythmics (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Codo--DÖF

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Red Red Wine--UB40 (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Red Red Wine--UB40 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Maniac--Michael Sembello (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Puttin' on the Ritz--Taco
2 Every Breath You Take--The Police
3 The Safety Dance--Men Without Hats
4 Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)--Eurythmics
5 Maniac--Michael Sembello
6 Tell Her About It--Billy Joel
7 Total Eclipse of the Heart--Bonnie Tyler
8 She Works Hard for the Money--Donna Summer
9 Don't Cry--Asia
10 (She’s) Sexy + 17--Stray Cats

Singles entering the chart were All Night Long (All Night) by Lionel Richie (#50); Dr. Heckyll & Mr. Jive by Men at Work (#63); Modern Love by David Bowie (#70); Break My Stride by Matthew Wilder (#80); Trouble in Paradise by Jarreau (#81); Fight Fire with Fire by Kansas (#83); Queen of the Broken Hearts by Loverboy (#84); and Cum on Feel the Noize by Quiet Riot (#89).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)--Eurythmics (2nd week at #1)
2 Maniac--Michael Sembello
3 Total Eclipse of the Heart--Bonnie Tyler
4 She Works Hard for the Money--Donna Summer
5 Every Breath You Take--The Police
6 Rock 'N' Roll is King--Electric Light Orchestra
7 Our House--Madness
8 I'll Tumble 4 Ya--Culture Club
9 (She’s) Sexy + 17--Stray Cats
10 Don't Cry--Asia

Singles entering the chart were Islands in the Stream by Kenny Rogers and Dolly Parton (#44); Can't Shake Loose by Agnetha Faltskog (#46); Twenty Questions by TICTOC (#48); and What am I Gonna Do by Rod Stewart (#50).

War
Syria, whose forces occupying part of Lebanon had been bombarded from U.S. ships the day before, said that it would attack anyone who attacked Syria.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. announced that Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko would not attend the session of the United Nations General Assembly and that the United States had violated its obligations as host of the UN by allowing New York Governor Mario Cuomo and New Jersey Governor Thomas Kean to bar Soviet diplomats from landing at John F. Kennedy or Newark airports in reprisal for the September 1 downing of Korean Air Lines Flight 007 over Soviet air space with the loss of all 269 people aboard.

Americana
Vanessa Williams was chosen Miss America 1984, becoming the first Negro woman to win the tiara.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (7-3) 42 @ Montreal (2-8) 26

Roy Dewalt completed 22 of 30 passes for 404 yards and 3 touchdowns to Merv Fernandez as the Lions beat the Concordes before 17,161 fans at Olympic Stadium. Mr. Fernandez caught 4 passes for 188 yards, and his touchdowns, covering 41, 70, and 74 yards, came in the 1st half, as the Lions rolled up a 32-3 lead before a Don Sweet single with 57 seconds remaining and a 28-yard touchdown pass from Johnny Evans to Todd Brown reduced the halftime deficit to 32-10. B.C. defensive back Jo Jo Heath scored 2 touchdowns, the first on a 34-yard interception return in the 2nd quarter, and a 30-yard fumble return with 1 second remaining in the game. Mr. Heath was awarded his second touchdown by the referee when a Montreal player on the sidelines reached into the field of play and interfered with Mr. Heath. Mr. Evans, who completed 35 of 43 passes for 304 yards but surrendered 4 interceptions, rushed for two 1-yard touchdowns. Mr. Brown led Montreal receivers with 171 yards on 12 receptions.

20 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gimme Five 2--Jovanotti (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Stop--Sam Brown

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Stop--Sam Brown (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Un Roman d'amitié (Friend You Give Me Reason)--Elsa and Glenn Medeiros

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses (2nd week at #1)

Weather
Hurricane Gilbert, which had reached 179 miles per hour three days earlier, was now reduced to 35 miles per hour as it passed over the mainland of Mexico.

Politics and government
Henri Namphy was ousted as President of Haiti after three months in office when he was arrested by noncommissioned military officers at the presidential palace.

Football
CFL
Calgary (4-7) 20 @ Winnipeg (5-6) 14

10 years ago
1998


At the movies
Rushmore, directed by Wes Anderson, and starring Jason Schwartzman, Olivia Williams, and Bill Murray, received its premiere screening at the Toronto International Film Festival.