Sunday, 29 March 2009

April 1, 2009

220 years ago
1789


Politics and government
In New York City, the United States House of Representatives held its first quorum and elected Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first Speaker.

190 years ago
1819


Born on this date
Vikramatji Khimojiraj
. Indian ruler. RanaShri Vikramatji Khimojiraj Sahib succeeded his father Khimojiraj Haloji as Maharaja of Porbandar in 1831, and ruled the princely state until his death on April 21, 1900, 20 days after his 81st birthday. He was succeeded by his grandson Bhavsinhji Madhavsinhji.

170 years ago
1839


Died on this date
Benjamin Pierce, 81
. U.S. politician. Mr. Pierce, a member of the Democratic-Republican Party, was Governor of New Hampshire from 1827-1828 and 1829-1830.

120 years ago
1889


Academia
The University of Northern Colorado was established, as the Colorado State Normal School.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Eddy Duchin
. U.S. musician. Mr. Duchin was a jazz pianist who performed with Leo Reisman's band before leading a band of his own, achieving commercial success in the 1930s and '40s as a "sweet" band. He served with the U.S. Navy during World War II, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Commander, but was unable to regain his musical popularity after the war. Mr. Duchin died of leukemia on February 9, 1951 at the age of 41.

Abner Biberman. U.S. actor and director. Mr. Biberman played small roles in movies such as Gunga Din (1939) and The Roaring Twenties (1939). He directed several films, but was more active in television, where his work included four episodes of The Twilight Zone (1962-1964). Mr. Biberman died on June 20, 1977 at the age of 68.

70 years ago
1939


War
Generalíssimo Francisco Franco of the Spanish State announced the end of the Spanish Civil War, as the last of the Republican forces surrendered.

Transportation
Trans-Canada Airlines began scheduled transnational passenger service between Vancouver and Montréal, with stops in Ottawa, North Bay, Kapuskasing, Winnipeg, Regina and Lethbridge. The flight took 15 hours.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 1 @ New York Rangers 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Detroit 4 @ Toronto 5 (OT) (Toronto won best-of-three series 2-1)

Gordie Drillon scored his second goal of the game at 5:42 of the 1st overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Red Wings at Maple Leaf Gardens.

60 years ago
1949


On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Tenor, starring Julie Adams, Carol Brannon, Hugo Haas, and Lee Patrick

War
The Chinese Communist Party held unsuccessful peace talks with the Nationalist Party in Peking (Beijing), after three years of fighting in the Chinese Civil War.

Politics and government
Joey Smallwood, leader of the pro-Confederation movement, was sworn in as the first Premier of Newfoundland as a Canadian province, by Albert J. Walsh, Newfoundland's first Lieutenant Governor. In Ottawa, Prime Minister Louis St. Laurent gave a speech welcoming Newfoundland to Confederation, and introduced Gordon Bradley, the first federal cabinet minister from Newfoundland, who was sworn in to the Privy Council and became Secretary of State of Canada. Mr. Bradley and St. Laurent also cut the first ceremonial chisel strokes onto a blank stone in Parliament that featured the Newfoundland Coat of arms.

The U.S. Hoover Commission on Reorganization of the Executive Branch issued its final report, attacking inefficiency in the administration of government business enterprises and urging the elimination of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation, the Farmers Home Administration, and other agencies.

Society
The Government of Canada repealed Japanese-Canadian internment after seven years.

Education
New York Governor Thomas Dewey signed a bill ordering the State Board of Regents to eliminate "subversive" employees from public schools.

Economics and finance
Argentina revoked its agreement to supply most of the United Kingdom's meat imports, demanding higher prices.

The U.S. Senate passed a House of Representatives-approved bill providing $45.6 million in loans to farmers and ranchers in storm-stricken Western states.

50 years ago
1959


Diplomacy
The Western foreign ministers meeting in Washington issued a final communique reiterating their refusal to accept the U.S.S.R.'s unilateral repudiation of its Berlin obligations or the substitution of East Germans for Soviet representatives in carrying out these obligations.

Defense
The Syrian Army partially mobilized and the Jordanian Army's general staff met in emergency session, following orders for a test mobilization of three Israeli Army reserve units.

U.S.S.R. authorities in East Berlin claimed that the 10,000-foot ceiling on Western flights to Berlin had the force of a "prescriptive right," warning that "there may be incidents if the Americans fly above the altitude again without negotiating."

Abominations
Dispatches from India reported that Communist Chinese troops had deported up to 15,000 Tibetans from Lhasa for forced labour.

Politics and government
Meade Alcorn resigned as U.S. Republican National Committee Chairman to return to his law practice in Connecticut.

Transportation
The St. Lawrence Seaway opened for business; it was officially dedicated on June 26 by Queen Elizabeth II and U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower.

Law
Charles Edward Rivett-Carnac was appointed Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police; he served until March 31, 1960.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Atlantis--Donovan (2nd week at #1)

Defense
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, the first operational fighter aircraft with Vertical/Short Takeoff and Landing capabilities, entered service with the U.K. Royal Air Force.

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau created the Department of Regional Economic Expansion, with Jean Marchand as its first minister. The department was created in order to contribute to the revival of regions that were facing economic difficulties.

The ninth congress of the Chinese Communist Party opened in Peking, and immediately named party Chairman Mao Tse-Tung and defense Minister Lin Piao as leaders of the 176-member presidium that would direct its work. Premier Chou En-lai was elected secretary-general. Others elected to the presidium included Mao's wife, Chiang Ching; Lin's wife, Yeh Chun; Army chief of staff Huang Yung-sheng; foreign minister Chen Yi; and five army marshals, all of whom had been denounced at one time during the cultural revolution. The congress opened eight years later than scheduled.

Law
A United States Court in Boston declared unconstitutional a section of the Selective Service Act of 1967 under which religion was the only basis for conscientious objection. The court ruled that Congress discriminated against those who were atheists, agnostics, or had deep moral objections as the basis of their beliefs.

Society
Québec legalized civil marriages.

Hockey
CHL
Adams Cup
Quarter-Finals
Kansas City 0 @ Omaha 7 (Omaha won best-of-five series 3-1)

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tragedy--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Heart of Glass--Blondie

Diplomacy
The Israeli cabinet formally ratified the peace treaty with Egypt.

Abominations
In the cruelest April Fool's joke ever played on the people of Iran, Ayatollah Khomeini declared Iran to be an Islamic republic, officially overthrowing the Shah, after a referendum resulted in a vote of 99% in favour of the move.

Scandal
Former Congressman Otto Passman was found not guilty by a jury in Monroe, Louisiana of accepting bribes from South Korean rice dealer Tongsun Park.

Environment
U.S. President Jimmy Carter visited the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania. Mr. Carter and his advisers stressed that the situation was stable, but evacuation remained a possibility.

Communications
The cost of mailing a letter in Canada increased from 14c to 17c.

Oil
The Canadian National Energy Board raised the export tax on light crude oil $1.00 per barrel to $8.00.

Labour
The trucking industry in the United States locked out 300,000 Teamsters as the union called for selective nationwide strikes after rejecting a tentative three-year contract.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 3 @ Boston 3
Toronto 6 @ Buffalo 3

25 years ago
1984


Died on this date
Elizabeth Goudge, 83
. U.K. authoress. Miss Goudge wrote novels, short stories, children's books, and non-fiction, and won the Carnegie Medal for British children's books for The Little White Horse (1946). She died 24 days before her 84th birthday.

Marvin Gaye, 44. U.S. musician. Mr. Gaye was one of Motown Corporation's major stars in the 1960s and '70s. He began as a session drummer and then achieved success as a singer and songwriter from 1962 through the late 1970s. His biggest hit was I Heard it Through the Grapevine, which spent seven weeks at #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in late 1968-early 1969. Mr. Gaye's 1971 album What's Going On is regarded as one of the best albums ever recorded. Mr. Gaye also had success in performing duets with Tammi Terrell, Mary Wells, Kim Weston, and Diana Ross. He officially left Motown in 1982 and recorded for Columbia Records; Sexual Healing was a major comeback hit for Mr. Gaye in late 1982-early 1983, and earned him a Grammy Award. Drug use contributed to his personal decline and years of family conflict culminated in Mr. Gaye being fatally shot by his father; he died the day before his 45th birthday.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Esatto--Francesco Salvi (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I Only Wanna Be with You--Samantha Fox (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Alles kan een mens gelukkig maken--René Froger (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Pour toi Arménie--Charles Aznavour and various artists (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

Austria's top 10 (Ö3)
1 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals (3rd week at #1)
2 Das Phantom der Oper--Alexander Goebel & Luzia Nistler
3 Something's Gotten Hold of My Heart--Marc Almond featuring Gene Pitney
4 Twist in My Sobriety--Tanita Tikaram
5 In the Air Tonight ('88 Remix)--Phil Collins
6 Listen to the Voices--Labi Siffre
7 Buffalo Stance--Neneh Cherry
8 You Got It--Roy Orbison
9 Like a Prayer--Madonna
10 First Time--Robin Beck

Singles entering the chart were Like a Prayer; Leave Me Alone by Michael Jackson (#24); and Ballad of the Streets by Simple Minds (#28).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Eternal Flame--Bangles
2 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
3 The Look--Roxette
4 My Heart Can't Tell You No--Rod Stewart
5 The Living Years--Mike + the Mechanics
6 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
7 Walk the Dinosaur--Was (Not Was)
8 Stand--R.E.M.
9 Dreamin'--Vanessa Williams
10 Lost in Your Eyes--Debbie Gibson

Singles entering the chart were Electric Youth by Debbie Gibson (#62); I'll Be Loving You (Forever) by New Kids on the Block (#68); Buffalo Stance by Neneh Cherry (#83); When Love Comes to Town by U2 with B.B. King (#89); Come Out Fighting by Easterhouse (#91); Baby Baby by Eighth Wonder (#93); and Repetition by Information Society (#94).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Eternal Flame--Bangles
2 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
3 The Look--Roxette
4 My Heart Can't Tell You No--Rod Stewart
5 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
6 The Living Years--Mike + the Mechanics
7 Walk the Dinosaur--Was (Not Was)
8 Paradise City--Guns 'N' Roses
9 You're Not Alone--Chicago
10 Dreamin'--Vanessa Williams

Singles entering the chart were Electric Youth by Debbie Gibson (#60); I'll Be Loving You (Forever) by New Kids on the Block (#65); Downtown by One 2 Many (#74); Walking Through Walls by Escape Club (#80); The Different Story (World Of Lust And Crime) by Peter Schilling (#82); Come Out Fighting by Easterhouse (#85); When Love Comes to Town by U2 with B.B. King (#87); and Every Little Step by Bobby Brown (#89).

Economics and finance
The British government of Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher introduced a new local government tax, the Community Charge (commonly known as the "poll tax"), in Scotland.

Hockey
NHL
Philadelphia 2 @ Montreal 2

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Jesse Stone, 97
. U.S. musician. Mr. Stone was a rhythm and blues pianist, songwriter, producer, and arranger, who was active from the late 1920s through the 1950s, and has been credited with helping to create the sound of rock and roll. He wrote songs such as Shake, Rattle and Roll, Flip, Flop and Fly, and Don't Let Go under his own name or using the pseudonym Charles Calhoun.

Abominations
Nunavut, formerly part of the Northwest Territories, came into existence as a separate Canadian territory. Prime Minister Jean Chretien was among those on hand to observe the event in the territorial capital of Iqaluit. The territory, whose population of 25,000 (spread throughout 820,000 square miles) was mostly Inuit, was created ostensibly for the purpose of granting the Inuit more autonomy in exchange for the Inuit dropping land claims against the federal government. In reality, the creation of Nunavut just added another layer of bureaucracy, and the social problems that existed before were, and are, still around. Nunavut has been a disaster, which is exactly what knowledgeable people, including this blogger, predicted. The late Justice Jack Sissons criticized the first attempt at the creation of a third territory in the early 1960s as a move by the "bright boys" in Ottawa to increase their power.

Politics and government
Paul Okalik was sworn in as the first Premier of Nunavut.

War
The Serbian news agency reported that three captured American soldiers would be tried by a military court. Another report concluded that the Serbs had killed 800 ethnic Albanians in the past week.

Crime
New Jersey resident David L. Smith was arrested and charged with originating the "Melissa" email virus, which infected more than a million computers worldwide.

Business
The merger of British Petroleum PLC and the Amoco Corporation was announced, to be known as BP Amoco PLC, with annual revenues expected to approach $100 billion. The new company said that it now planned to acquire the American firm Atlantic Richfield Coompany. The merger was expected to cost 2,000 employees, most of them Americans, their jobs. The new company would rank first in oil and gas production in Great Britain and the United States.

Labour
A legally-binding minimum wage was introduced in Britain for the first time. Effective immediately, all adults were to be paid at least £3.60 per hour, and workers under the age of 22 were to get no less than £3 per hour.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 5 Edmonton 1

March 31, 2009

510 years ago
1499


Born on this date
Pius IV
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1560-1565. Pius IV, born Giovanni Angelo Medici, was distantly related to the Medicis of Florence. He became a cardinal in 1549, and succeeded Paul IV as Pope. He convened the final session of the Council of Trent in January 1562, and achieved a successful conclusion of the Council two years later. A plot against Pope Pius IV was discovered and crushed in 1565, but he died on December 9 of that year at the age of 66, and was succeeded as Pope by Pius V.

490 years ago
1519


Born on this date
Henri II
. King of France, 1547-1559. Henry II, the second son of King François I, spent four years in captivity in Spain as a hostage in exchange for his father, and became the heir upon the death of his older brother François in 1536. Henri II acceded to the throne upon the death of his father, on Henri's 28th birthday. King Henri's reign was characterized by war against Italy and persecution of Protestants. On June 30, 1559, Henri II was participating in a jousting tournament, and suffered a freak injury when fragments from his opponent's splintered lance penetrated his eye; an infection set in that proved untreatable, and King Henri II died on July 10, 1559 at the age of 40.

200 years ago
1809


Born on this date
Nikolai Gogol
. Ukrainian-born Russian author and playwright. Mr. Gogol was regarded as a satirist of political corruption in the Russian Empire. His works included the novel Taras Bulba (1835); the play Marriage (1842); and the short stories Diary of a Madman (1835) and The Overcoat (1842). Mr. Gogol suffered from depression in later years, and after a period of refusing all food, died on March 4, 1852, 27 days before his 43rd birthday.

Otto Lindblad. Swedish composer. Mr. Lindblad was best known for writing Kungssången, the Swedish royal anthem. He died after a long illness on January 26, 1864 at the age of 55.

190 years ago
1819


Born on this date
Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
. Chancellor of Germany, 1894-1900. Prince Chlodwig was one of the most prominent liberal politicians of his time. He was Minister President of Bavaria from 1866-1870, influencing the union of Bavaria with the North German Confederation. Prince Chlodwig was Governor of Alsace-Lorraine from 1885-1894, and then succeeded Leo von Caprivi as Chancellor. As Chancellor, Prince Chlodwig seldom appeared in Parliament, granting great independence to his secretaries of state. He resigned on October 17, 1900, and died on July 6, 1901 at the age of 82.

120 years ago
1889


Franciana
The Eiffel Tower was officially opened in Paris, as French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel unfurled the French flag from atop the tower to mark its completion.

110 years ago
1899


War
Malolos, capital of the First Philippine Republic, was captured by American forces.

100 years ago
1909


Europeana
Serbia accepted Austrian control over Bosnia and Herzegovina.

70 years ago
1939


At the movies
The Hound of the Baskervilles, directed by Sidney Lanfield, and starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Doctor Watson, opened in theatres. It was the first of 14 movies featuring the two actors in their respective roles.

60 years ago
1949


Theatre
The Traitor by Herman Wouk, a dramatic treatment of a college professor's decision to give atomic secrets to Soviet spies, opened at the 48th Street Theatre on Broadway in New York to favourable reviews. It was directed by Jed Harris, and starred Wesley Addy, Jean Hagen, Lee Tracy, and Richard Derr.

Died on this date
Willard Dow
. U.S. chemical executive. Mr. Dow was president of the Dow Chemical Company.

Canadiana
Newfoundland and its dependency of Labrador joined Confederation as Canada's 10th province, called Newfoundland, as the British North America Act 1949 was proclaimed.

Defense
Speaking in Boston at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Mid-Century Convocation, former U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill praised the United States for preventing Soviet conquest of Western Europe, and called for expansion of the North Atlantic security pact into a "world instrument capable of...giving security against aggression." In identical notes to the seven sponsoring nations of the North Atlantic pact, the U.S.S.R.charged them with forming an "openly aggressive" alliance in violation of the United Nations Charter.

Politics and government
The U.S.S.R. government announced the appointment of Pravda editor D.T. Shepilov to replace Mikhail Suslov as head of the Communist Party Central Committee's Propaganda and Agitation Section.

Labour
An agreement to merge the 110,000 members of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen with the 80,000-member Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers was signed in Cleveland by representatives of both unions.

The Canadian Seamen's Union struck against East Coast seagoing shippers after the latter signed contracts with the rival American Federation of Labor Seafarers' International Union.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Montreal 1 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-2)

50 years ago
1959


On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Devil's Laughter, starring Alfred Ryder, Patrick Westwood, and Ben Wright



War
French Army headquarters in Algiers reported that 1,172 rebels had been killed, wounded, or captured in sharply increased fighting in Algeria during the past week.

World events
The Dalai Lama, evading pursuing Communist Chinese troops, reached sanctuary in India after a 15-day, 300-mile trek through mountainous country south of Lhasa.

Diplomacy
The British, French, and West German foreign ministers met in Washington with acting U.S. Secretary of State Christian Herter to discuss the report of a Western working group on German reunification.

The Mexican government ordered two U.S.S.R. embassy officials to leave Mexico for alleged involvement in the nationwide railroad strike.

Defense
U.S. military authorities in Germany charged that agreements establishing air access routes to Berlin contained no reference to a ceiling for flights on those routes.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 2 @Toronto 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Montreal 1 @ Chicago 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Frank Mahovlich scored on a powerplay at 11:21 of the 1st overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Bruins at Maple Leaf Gardens.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Blue Light Yokohama--Ayumi Ishida (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Las Flechas Del Amor (Little Arrows)--Karina (3rd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Time of the Season--The Zombies
2 Traces--Classics IV
3 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
4 Galveston--Glen Campbell
5 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
6 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
7 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
8 My Whole World Ended (The Moment You Left Me)--David Ruffin
9 Mr. Sun, Mr. Moon--Paul Revere and the Raiders
10 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears

Singles entering the chart were Wishful Sinful by the Doors (#81); In the Bad, Bad Old Days (Before You Loved Me) by the Foundations (#92); My Way by Frank Sinatra (#93); To Know You is to Love You by Bobby Vinton (#94); Tricia Tell Your Daddy by Andy Kim (#95); When You Dance by Jay and the Americans (#96); I Love My Baby by Archie Bell & the Drells (#97); With Pen in Hand by Vikki Carr (#98); You Came, You Saw, You Conquered! by the Ronettes (#99); and Rhythm of the Rain by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#100).

Americana
The United States observed a national day of mourning for Dwight D. Eisenhower, the nation's 34th President, who had died three days earlier. A funeral service was held in Washington National Cathedral, where Rev. Edward Elson, Gen. Eisenhower's pastor and minister of National Presbyterian Church, offered a pastoral prayer. Episcopal Dean Francis Sayre, a close friend, opened the services, and Rt. Rev. William Creighton, Episcopal Bishop of Washington, closed them. President Richard Nixon, who had served as General Eisenhower's Vice President, commented, "It was the character of the man; not what he did, but what he was, that so captured the trust and faith and affection of his own people and of the people of the world."



Diplomacy
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson concluded his five-day visit to Nigeria. He had met with Nigeria's military leader, Major General Yakubu Gowon, but their talks resulted in no change in the strategy of Nigeria's war against its rebellious province of Biafra, or the United Kingdom's support for the Nigerian regime.

Britain and the Caribbean island of Anguilla signed a truce ending two weeks of turmoil, invasion, and protest.

The U.S.S.R. sharply criticized the leaders of Czechoslovakia for allowing liberal forces to spread "nationalist and anti-Soviet slander" in demonstrations that followed a Czechoslovak hockey victory three days earlier.

Disasters
34 bodies were recovered in the explosion of a coal mine near Musquiz, Mexico. 134 were still missing and presumed dead.

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Le Freak--Chic

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Tragedy--Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Fire!--Pointer Sisters (4th week at #1)
2 Lay Your Love on Me--Racey
3 Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)--The Jacksons
4 Tragedy--Bee Gees
5 The Runner--The Three Degrees
6 Ruthless Queen--Kayak
7 The Wild Places--Duncan Browne
8 Chiquitita--ABBA
9 Mama Leone--Bino
10 In the Navy--Village People

Singles entering the chart were The Logical Song by Supertramp (#26); Opzij by De Wonderlijke Avonturen Van Herman Van Veen (#28); Equinoxe by Jean Michel Jarre (#29); The Story of Buddy Holly by Familee (#32); Sarah Smiles by Bram Tchaikovsky (#33); and Switch by Benelux & Nancy Dee (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Tragedy--Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)
2 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor
3 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
4 Heaven Knows--Donna Summer with Brooklyn Dreams
5 Shake Your Groove Thing--Peaches & Herb
6 Sultans of Swing--Dire Straits
7 Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart
8 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
9 What You Won't Do for Love--Bobby Caldwell
10 Don't Cry Out Loud--Melissa Manchester

Singles entering the chart were Goodnight Tonight by Wings (#38); Rhumba Girl by Nicolette Larson (#84); Heart to Heart by Errol Sober (#85); I Don't Want Nobody Else (To Dance with You) by Narada Michael Walden (#86); I'll Come Running by Livingston Taylor (#87); You Says it All by Randy Brown (#88); Makin' It by David Naughton (#89); I Need You by the Euclid Beach Band (#90); I Never Said I Love You by Orsa Lia (#92); and Hot Number by Foxy (#93).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tragedy--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)
2 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
3 Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart
4 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor
5 Shake Your Groove Thing--Peaches & Herb
6 Sultans of Swing--Dire Straits
7 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
8 Every Time I Think of You--The Babys
9 Music Box Dancer--Frank Mills
10 Lady--Little River Band

Singles entering the chart were Goodnight Tonight by Wings (#41); Rhumba Girl by Nicolette Larson (#84); Give Me an Inch by Ian Matthews (#85); Who Do You Love? by George Thorogood and the Destroyers (#86); Diamonds by Chris Rea (#87); I'll Come Running by Livingston Taylor (#89); and I Need You by the Euclid Beach Band (#99).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Tragedy--Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)
2 Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart
3 I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor
4 Heaven Knows--Donna Summer with Brooklyn Dreams
5 I Just Fall in Love Again--Anne Murray
6 A Little More Love--Olivia Newton-John
7 Rasputin--Boney M.
8 (Boogie Woogie) Dancin' Shoes--Claudja Barry
9 Don't Cry Out Loud--Melissa Manchester
10 Shake Your Groove Thing--Peaches & Herb

Singles entering the chart were Here Comes the Night by Streetheart (#84); In the Navy by Village People (#90); Goodnight Tonight by Wings (#95); Renegade by Styx (#96); Stay the Night by the Faragher Brothers (#97); Here Comes the Night by the Beach Boys (#98); Dancer by Gino Soccio (#99); and Our Love is Insane by Desmond Child and Rouge (#100).

Diplomacy
Foreign ministers of 18 Arab nations plus the Palestine Liberation Organization announced the severing of relations with Egypt and the imposition of a total economic boycott against Egypt as a result of Egypt's peace treaty with Israel.

Politics and government
Initial returns of a nationwide referendum showed overwhelming support by Iranian voters for the Islamic republic favoured by Ayatollah Khomeini.

Environment
Federal inspectors at the Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania said that the damaged reactor was cooling down, but that a "crisis" and the possibility of a non-nuclear pressure explosion still existed. Leading Congressional figures demanded tighter federal controls over the nuclear industry.

Curling
Air Canada Silver Broom
Final @ Berne, Switzerland
Norway (Kristian Sørum) 5 Switzerland (Peter Attinger, Jr.) 4

Hockey
NHL
Pittsburgh 3 @ Montreal 5
Minnesota 2 @ Toronto 6

Guy Lafleur scored his 50th goal of the season to help the Canadiens defeat the Penguins at the Montreal Forum.

The Maple Leafs clinched a berth in the Stanley Cup playoffs with their win over the North Stars at Maple Leaf Gardens.

25 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Ci Sarà--Albano Carrisi; Romina Power (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT Top 30): Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Love Is a Battlefield--Pat Benatar (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Hello--Lionel Richie

#1 single in the U.K.: Hello--Lionel Richie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Footloose--Kenny Loggins

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
2 Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
3 Girls Just Want to Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper
4 Jump--Van Halen
5 I Want a New Drug--Huey Lewis and the News
6 Here Comes the Rain Again--Eurythmics
7 99 Luftballons--Nena
8 Automatic--Pointer Sisters
9 Eat It--"Weird Al" Yankovic
10 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins

Singles entering the chart were Rock You Like a Hurricane by the Scorpions (#84); I'm Stepping Out by John Lennon (#86); Give Me Tonight by Shannon (#89); and Love Has Finally Come at Last by Bobby Womack and Patti LaBelle (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Girls Just Want to Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper
2 Jump--Van Halen
3 99 Red Balloons--Nena
4 Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
5 Thriller--Michael Jackson
6 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
7 I Want a New Drug--Huey Lewis and the News
8 Here Comes the Rain Again--Eurythmics
9 Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)--Phil Collins
10 Karma Chameleon--Culture Club

Singles entering the chart were Automatic by the Pointer Sisters (#44); Black Stations/White Stations by M + M (#45); and Rockit by Herbie Hancock (#50).

Died on this date
Joe L. Evins, 73
. U.S. politician. Mr. Evins, a Democrat, represented Tennessee's 4th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1953-1977.

Canadiana
One-legged runner Steve Fonyo dipped his artificial leg in St. John's Harbour to start a run across Canada to raise money for cancer research, and to honour the memory of his friend Terry Fox, whose cross-Canada run in 1980 was cut short when his cancer returned and took his life.

Defense
General Gustavo Alvarez Martinez, a key ally of the United States in Central America, resigned as commander of the Honduran armed forces, a move apparently related to corruption and his threat to the regime of President Roberto Suazo Cordova.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff

10 years ago
1999

War

Three American soldiers, members of a peacekeeping force in Macedonia that was in the process of withdrawing, were captured by Serb forces near the Yugoslav-Macedonian border.

Crime
Four New York City police officers were charged with murder for killing Amadou Diallo, an unarmed African immigrant, in a hail of bullets. They were acquitted in 2000.

Business
The Ford Motor Company completed the purchase of Volvo Cars, a unit of Sweden's Volvo A.B., for $6.45 billion. The Volvo Cars division specialized in medium-priced luxury cars and station wagons.

Wednesday, 25 March 2009

March 30, 2009

310 years ago
1699


Religion
Guru Gobind Singh established the Sikh warrior group Khalsa in Anandpur Sahib, Punjab.

200 years ago
1809


Britannica
The Labrador Act gave Labrador to Newfoundland, with all the watersheds flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. The boundaries were later disputed by Quebec; the Privy Council made the final decision in 1927 in favour of Newfoundland.

175 years ago
1834


Politics and government
William Lyon Mackenzie was appointed the first mayor of Toronto by city council, defeating John Rolph.

130 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Coen de Koning
. Dutch speed skater and cyclist. Mr. de Koning won the world allround championship in 1905, and the Dutch allround championship in 1903, 1905, and 1912; he won the silver medal in the European Championships in 1904, and the bronze medal in 1906. Mr. de Koning died on July 29, 1954 at the age of 75.

120 years ago
1889


Soccer
English FA Cup
Final @ Kennington Oval, London
Preston North End 3 Wolverhampton Wanderers 0

110 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay
. Indian author. Mr. Bandyopadhyay wrote short stories, novels, and screenplays. He was best known for creating the fictional detective Byomkesh Bakshi, who appeared in 32 stories from 1932-1970. Mr. Bandyopadhyay died on September 22, 1970 at the age of 71.

Science
The German Society of Chemistry issued an invitation to other national scientific organizations to appoint delegates to the International Committee on Atomic Weights.

70 years ago
1939


War
Prime Minister Mackenzie King said that Canada would not conscript men for foreign service.

Defense
The German Heinkel He 100 fighter set a world airspeed record of 463 miles per hour (745 kilometres per hour).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
New York Rangers 2 @ Boston 1 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Toronto 1 @ Detroit 3 (Best-of-three series tied 1-1)

Clint "Snuffy" Smith scored at 17:19 of the 1st overtime period to give the Rangers their win over the Bruins at Boston Garden.

60 years ago
1949


Died on this date
Friedrich Bergius, 64
. German chemist. German chemist. Dr. Bergius shared the 1931 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Carl Bosch "[for] their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high pressure methods." He was best known for the Bergius process for producing synthetic fuel from coal. Dr. Bergius worked with the notorious chemical company IG Farben during World War II, and fled Germany after the war, eventually settling in Buenos Aires, where he worked as an adviser to the Ministry of Industry.

World events
The Syrian Army seized power in the country, following a wave of demonstrations protesting armistice negotiations with Israel. Army Chief of Staff Husni Zayim was named temporary head of state, and promised to continue armistice talks.

Defense
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a bill authorizing the construction of a U.S.-Canadian radar system to protect North America from air attack.

Portugal and Iceland agreed to participate in the North Atlantic security system, the last of 12 member states to give their formal consent.

Protest
A riot broke out in Austurvöllur square in Reykjavík after the announcement that Iceland was joining NATO. Thousands participated, rocks were thrown, windows of the House of the Althing were smashed, and arrests were made.

Politics and government
U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities Chairman John Wood introduced a bill barring federal employees and defense workers from belonging or contributing to the Communist Party or front groups.

Crime
Former Communist Louis Budenz completed eight days of testimony as the first prosecution witness in the New York trial of 11 U.S. Communist Party leaders. He charged that American Communists were directed from Moscow and were dedicated to overthrowing the U.S. government.

Indianica
15 princely states merged to form the Union of Greater Rajastan, a new state in the Indian Dominion.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Toronto 3 @ Boston 2 (Toronto won best-of-seven series 4-1)

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mariquilla--José Luís y su Guitarra (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Venus--Frankie Avalon (4th week at #1)
2 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods
3 Charlie Brown--The Coasters
4 It's Just a Matter of Time--Brook Benton
5 Tragedy--Thomas Wayne with the DeLons
6 Alvin's Harmonica--David Seville and the Chipmunks
7 Never Be Anyone Else But You--Ricky Nelson
8 Pink Shoe Laces--Dodie Stevens
9 I've Had It--The Bell Notes
10 It's Late--Ricky Nelson

Singles entering the chart were I Need Your Love Tonight by Elvis Presley (#33); Take a Message to Mary (#61)/Poor Jenny (#69) by the Everly Brothers; Guess Who by Jesse Belvin (#70); Turn Me Loose by Fabian (#79); Three Stars by Tommy Dee with Carol Kay and the Teen-Aires (#82); Rockin' Crickets by the Hot-Toddys featuring Bill Pennell (#87); Who's That Knocking by the Genies (#88); Hawaiian War Chant by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#89); French Foreign Legion by Frank Sinatra (#90); A House of Love by Scott Garrett (#92); Star Love by the Playmates (#93); Raining in My Heart by Buddy Holly (#95); Almost Grown by Chuck Berry (#96); I Miss You So by Paul Anka (#97); Boom-A-Dip-Dip by Stan Robinson (#98); "Yep!" by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#99); and The Chick by Lee and Paul (#100). Three Stars was a tribute to Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and the Big Bopper, who had been killed in a plane crash on February 3, 1959.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 It's Late/Never Be Anyone Else But You--Ricky Nelson
2 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods
3 Venus--Frankie Avalon
4 I Need Your Love Tonight/(Now and Then There's) A Fool Such as I--Elvis Presley
5 Sea Cruise--Frankie Ford
6 I've Had It--The Bell Notes
7 Charlie Brown--The Coasters
8 Guitar Boogie Shuffle--The Virtues
9 Stagger Lee--Lloyd Price
10 It Doesn't Matter Anymore--Buddy Holly

Singles entering the chart were Enchanted by the Platters (#33); I Miss You So by Paul Anka (#37); "Yep!" by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#43); Someone by Johnny Mathis (#48); Guess Who by Jesse Belvin (#49); Yeah Yeah (Class Cutter) by Dale Hawkins (#50); Being True to One Another by Tony Bennett (#53); Boom-a-Dip-Dip by Stan Robinson (#54); Three Stars by Tommy Dee with Carol Kay and the Teen-Aires (#57); Lovey Dovey by Clyde McPhatter (#58); Secret Love by Jimmy Ricks (#59); and I Never Felt Like This by Jack Scott (#60).

Died on this date
Byron Quimby, 70
. U.S. military aviator. Colonel Quimby originated aerobatics and stunt flying.

Diplomacy
The U.S.S.R. agreed to participate in a foreign ministers meeting in Geneva, with an agenda suggested by the West.

Japan offered to submit the recurrent Soviet-Japanese dispute over northern Pacific fishing rights to the World Court.

Defense
A Japanese District Court in Tokyo ruled that the presence of U.S. military forces in Japan was contrary to Japanese law and that the U.S.-Japanese security treaty violated the anti-war preamble of the Japanese constitution.

The U.S. House of Representatives Defense Appropriations subcommittee released testimony by two Joint Chiefs of Staff members that the United States had considerably more atomic retaliatory strength than it needed to destroy the U.S.S.R.

Protest
6,000 members of the U.K.'s Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament ended a 53-mile march with a rally in Trafalgar Square in London demanding the banning of nuclear weapons and U.S. military bases in Britain.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in two separate cases that defendants could could be tried for the same offense in both federal and state courts.

40 years ago
1969


Yellowknifiana
The annual Caribou Carnival ended, the first one attended by this blogger.

Crime
One Detroit policeman was killed and a second policeman and four civilians were wounded in an apparent shootout between the police and members of a Negro separatist group. The firing erupted inside and outside a church in the heart of the area where the 1967 riots took place. In the subsequent arrest of 135 people, all but two were later released.

Americana
After a three-hour military procession along Constitution Avenue, the body of former President Dwight D. Eisenhower lay in state at the Capitol. At least 55,000 people filed past the bier in 24 hours, including French President Charles de Gaulle, who saluted the coffin twice.

Hockey
IIHF World Championships
Group A @ Stockholm
Finland (2-8) 7 U.S.A. (0-10) 3
Sweden (8-2) 1 Czechoslovakia (8-2) 0
U.S.S.R. (8-2) 4 Canada (4-6) 2

Juha Rantasila and Jorma Peltonen each scored 2 goals to help the Finns defeat the Americans, who were dropped to Group B in 1970.

Roger Olsson scored the game's only goal in the 1st period as the Swedes edged the Czechoslovakians.

Boris Mikhailov scored 2 goals, and Igor Romishevsky and Aleksandr Maltsev each scored 1 as the Soviets defeated the Canadians. Ab Demarco and Bill Heindl scored for Canada in what turned out to be Canada's last game in world championship competition until 1977. Canada withdrew from international competition in 1970 because of the International Ice Hockey Federation's refusal to allow Canada to use professional players.

The U.S.S.R. finished first, Sweden second, and Czechoslovakia third on the basis of goal differential. The Soviets scored 59 goals and allowed 23 for a differential of +36; Sweden scored 45 and allowed 19 (+26); and Czechoslovakia scored 40 and allowed 20 (+20).

CHL
Adams Cup
Quarter-Finals
Omaha 3 @ Kansas City 1 (Omaha led best-of-five series 2-1)
Houston 1 @ Dallas 3 (Dallas won best-of-five series 3-0)

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Y.M.C.A.--Village People (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heart of Glass--Blondie (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez (5th week at #1)

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: An Apple for the Teacher

Airey Neave, 63. U.K. politician. Mr. Neave was a Lieutenant Colonel in World War II, and became the first British prisoner to escape from Colditz Castle. A Conservative, he represented Abingdon in the House of Commons from 1953 until his death. Mr. Neary began serving as shadow secretary for Northern Ireland in 1974, and was a close adviser to party leader Margaret Thatcher. He was assassinated by a car bomb as he left the Palace of Westminster car park. The Irish National Liberation Army claimed responsibility.

Environment
Pennsylvania Governor Dick Thornburgh issued an emergency warning that children and pregnant women should be evacuated from the vicinity of the Three Mile Island nuclear power accident. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission warned Congress that a core meltdown was still possible at the reactor.

Labour
The Teamsters union reached a tentative accord with the trucking industry on wage issues in a proposed three-year master freight contract, covering 300,000 union members. The present contract expired on April 1, 1979.

25 years ago
1984


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Poi E--Patea Maori Club (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Relax--Frankie Goes to Hollywood (6th week at #1)

At the movies
Romancing the Stone, starring Kathleen Turner, Michael Douglas, and Danny DeVito, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Lorne Anderson, 52
. Canadian hockey goaltender. Mr. Anderson spent many years in the minor leagues, but played 3 games with the New York Rangers in the 1951-52 season, averaging 6.00 goals against while posting a 1-2 record. In his final NHL game on March 23, 1952, Mr. Anderson gave up 3 goals to Billy Mosienko of the Chicago Black Hawks in a 21-second span, a record for the fastest 3 goals by a single player that still stands.

War
U.S. President Ronald Reagan formally ended U.S. participation in the multinational peacekeeping force in Beirut.

Defense
The United States restricted the sale to Iraq of five chemical compounds that could be used to make poison gases.

Economics and finance
The United States, Brazil, Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, and a group of commercial banks agreed on a package of assistance that would permit Argentina to make a long-overdue interest payment to American banks. The sum of $500 million included $100 million of Argentina's own reserves.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): Like a Prayer--Madonna

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Paradise City--Guns N' Roses

10 years ago
1999


Politics and government
Nunavut's new legislature and mace were unveiled in Iqaluit.

Health
A jury in Multnomah County (Oregon) Circuit Court awarded $81 million to the family of a cigarette smoker who died of lung cancer. Attorneys for the plaintiffs presented documents from cigarette maker Philip Morris showing an apparent effort by the company to conceal the health threats and addictiveness of smoking. The jury's award, including $79.5 million in punitive damages, was the highest ever awarded against a tobacco company. Philip Morris said that the award would be appealed.

Tuesday, 24 March 2009

March 29, 2009

460 years ago
1549


Braziliana
The city of Salvador da Bahia, the first capital of Brazil, was founded.

210 years ago
1799


Born on this date
Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1852, 1858-1859, 1866-1868. The Earl of Derby led the Conservative Party from 1846-1868, and remains the party's longest-serving leader. He held several cabinet posts before becoming Conservative Party leader, including Secretary of State for War and the Colonies (1833-1834, 1841-1845). Lord Derby has been credited by creating the modern Conservative Party, derived from the Whig Party, which dissolved in 1859. He retired from politics on the advice of his doctor, and was succeeded as Prime Minister by Benjamin Disraeli. Lord Derby died on October 23, 1869 at the age of 70.

200 years ago
1809


World events
King Gustav IV of Sweden abdicated after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledged allegiance to Czar Aleksandr I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.

160 years ago
1849


Britannica
The United Kingdom annexed the Punjab.

130 years ago
1879


War
British forces defeated 20,000 Zulus in the Battle of Kambula in South Africa.

Soccer
English FA Cup
Final @ Kennington Oval, London
Old Etonians 1 Clapham Rovers 0

Charles Clerke scored in the 59th minute.

120 years ago
1889


Born on this date
Warner Baxter
. U.S. actor and inventor. Mr. Baxter won the 1928-29 Academy Award for Best Actor for playing the Cisco Kid in In Old Arizona (1928), becoming the first to win the award for a sound film. He starred in the Crime Doctor series of 10 detective movies from 1943-1948. Mr. Baxter co-invented a revolving searchlight for use in law enforcement, and helped to develop a radio device to allow emergency vehicles to alter traffic signals from two blocks away. He died of pneumonia on May 7, 1951 at the age of 62.

110 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Lavrentiy Beria
. U.S.S.R. politician. Mr. Beria was chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus (NKVD) under dictator Josef Stalin during World War II, serving as Minister of Internal Affairs (1938-1945), and Deputy Premier from 1941. He was responsible for organizing the Katyn Forest massacre of Polish military officers in 1940, and was known as a sexual predator, getting away with numerous rapes and perhaps murders of women. Upon the death of Mr. Stalin in March 1953, Mr. Beria resumed the office of Minister of Internal Affairs, and was also First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers. He soon lost a power struggle with Nikita Khrushchev, and was arrested for treason in June. He and six co-defendants were convicted in a secret trial, and on December 23, 1953, at the age of 54, Mr. Beria was executed by General Pavel Batitsky, who shot him through the forehead after stuffing a rag in Mr. Beria's mouth to stifle the pleas for his life.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Moon Mullican
. U.S. musician. Aubrey Wilson Mullican was a country singer whose hillbilly boogie piano playing influenced rockabilly artists such as Jerry Lee Lewis. Mr. Mullican's popularity was centred in the southeastern United States, although he had eight top 10 hits on the Billboard country chart, with I'll Sail My Ship Alone reaching #1 in 1950. He died at the age of 57 on January 1, 1967, the day after suffering a heart attack.

Defense
George Foster, M.P. (Conservative--Toronto North) introduced a resolution in the House of Commons to establish a Canadian Naval Service.

90 years ago
1919


Labour
The Legislative Assembly of Manitoba passed the Industrial Conditions Act, setting up a joint council to settle labour disputes.

Hockey
Stanley Cup
Finals
Montreal 4 @ Seattle 3 (OT) (Best-of-five series tied 2-2-1)

In a game played under National Hockey League rules, Frank Foyston and Jack Walker scored in the 1st period and Mr. Walker scored in the 2nd to give the Metropolitans a 3-0 lead, but Odie Cleghorn and Newsy Lalonde scored for the Canadiens, and Mr. Lalonde scored again with 2:55 remaining in regulation time to tie the score. Jack McDonald scored in overtime to enable the Canadiens to avoid elimination, necessitating a sixth and deciding game at Seattle Ice Arena. The influenza epidemic was having such an effect on the teams that some players had to be hospitalized after the game, and others carried home. It was the last game for Montreal defenceman Joe Hall, who died from influenza-related pneumonia a week later.

80 years ago
1929


On the radio
Musician Don Messer made his first radio appearance, with the New Brunswick Lumberjacks, on CFBO in Saint John.

Died on this date
Hugh John Macdonald, 79
. Canadian politician and magistrate. Sir Hugh John, a native of Kingston and the only surviving son of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald, moved to Winnipeg in 1872 to set up a law practice. A Conservative, he represented Winnipeg in the Canadian House of Commons from 1891-1893, serving with his father until Sir John A.'s death on June 6, 1891. Sir Hugh John resigned from politics in 1893, but was appointed Minister of the Interior and Superintendent-General of Indian Affairs by Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper in 1896. Sir Hugh John was elected to the House of Commons for Winnipeg again in 1896, but his election was voided in 1897, and he didn't contest the subsequent by-election. He led the Conservative Party of Manitoba to an upset victory in the 1899 Manitoba provincial election, serving as Premier of Manitoba from December 1899-October 1900, when he resigned to again enter federal politics. Sir Hugh John was defeated by Interior Minister Clifford Sifton in Brandon in the 1900 federal election, and never ran for office again. He was appointed Police Magistrate of Winnipeg in 1911, and was in office during the Winnipeg General Strike of 1919, ordering the internment of immigrants who'd been arrested. Sir Hugh John died 16 days after his 79th birthday.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 2 @ New York Rangers 1 (Boston won best-of-three series 2-0)

Bill Carson scored with 1:58 remaining in regulation time to break a 1-1 tie as the Bruins edged the defending champion Rangers to win their first Stanley Cup championship and became the first American team in the National Hockey League to win the Stanley Cup.

60 years ago
1949


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Cabin B-13, starring Charles Korvin and Eleanor Lynn

Literature
Their Finest Hour, the second volume of Winston Churchill's history of the Second World War, was published by Houghton Mifflin.

World events
The Czechoslovakian government announced the conviction of U.S. soldiers George Jones and Clarence Hill on espionage charges, following a secret trial. Mr. Jones was sentenced to 10 years in prison, and Mr. Hill received a 12-year sentence.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department denied permission for a tour of the United States to 18 Soviet and Eastern European delegates to the Cultural and Scientific Conference for World Peace in New York, directing them to leave the U.S.A. within a "reasonable time."

Defense
Marshal Vasili Sokolovsky, head of the Soviet military administration in Germany, was named First Deputy Armed Forces Minister; he was succeeded in his German position by General Vasili Chuikov, leader of the defense of Stalingrad during World War II and Soviet military governor in Thuringia.

U.S. Defense Secretary Louis Johnson named General Joseph McCartney as his chief assistant in supervising armed forces unification.

Energy
The University of Rochester dedicated the world's second-largest cyclotron, costing $1.5 million and capable of accelerating protons to speeds of 250 million volts.

Business
Westinghouse announced a 20%-50% decrease in radio prices, while Jones & Laughlin and Inland Steel dropped prices of several semi-finished products.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Detroit 3 @ Montreal 1 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Boston 1 @ Toronto 3 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-1)

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): La marche des gosses--Annie Cordy (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Kind Waitress, starring Rick Jason, Olive Deering, and Celia Lovsky

At the movies
Some Like it Hot, written, directed, and produced by Billy Wilder, and starring Marilyn Monroe, Tony Curtis, and Jack Lemmon , opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Johnny Allen, 54
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Allen pitched in 352 games for five teams during a 13-year major league career from 1932-1944. His winning percentage of .654 (142 wins, 75 losses) included a 17-4 record for an American League-leading .810 in his rookie season with the World Series champion New Yankees; 13-6, .684 with the Yankees in 1935; 20-10, .667 with the Cleveland Indians in 1936; and 15-1, .938 with the Indians in 1937. Mr. Allen was known for his hot temper, and opposition players enjoyed taunting him. His only loss of 1937 came in his last game of the season, and he attempted to slug teammate Odell "Bad News" Hale after the game, blaming Mr. Hale's error for the loss. An injury suffered during the 1938 All-Star Game break shortened Mr. Allen's career. He became a minor league umpire after his playing days, eventually becoming umpire-in-chief of the Carolina League, retiring in 1953. Mr. Allen died of a heart ailment.

Barthélemy Boganda, 48. Prime Minister of the Central African Republic, 1958-1959. Rev. Boganda, a Roman Catholic priest, was first elected to the French National Assembly in 1946, opposing the French colonial regime in what was then known as Oubangui-Chari. He left the priesthood to get married, remaining active in politics. On December 1, 1958, the Central African Republic was declared as an autonomous region within the French Community, and Mr. Boganda took office as Prime Minister a week later, with the intention of becoming the C.A.R.'s first President. He and everyone else aboard a plane en route from Berbérati to Bangui were killed when it exploded in mid-air; sabotage was widely suspected, and traces of explosives were reportedly discovered in the wreckage. Suspects included the French secret service and Mrs. Boganda, from whom Mr. Boganda had become estranged. Mr. Boganda, who was killed six days before his 49th birthday, was succeeded as Prime Minister by his cousin, Interior Minister David Dacko.

Politics and government
The Panchen Lama informed Communist Chinese leaders that he would serve as Tibetan ruler only until the return to Lhasa of the Dalai Lama.

The U.S. government reported that at least 22 relatives of 17 Senators were on the Senate payroll and that two other Senators had employed relatives within the past year.

Health
Chemist Linus Pauling charged that new fallout data multiplied by five his estimate that each 20 megatons of nuclear fission detonations would cause 15,000 defective births and 15,000 cases of leukemia and bone cancer in people now living.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ob-La-Di, Ob-La-Da/While My Guitar Gently Weeps--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Casatchok--Rika Zaraï

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Ma che freddo fa--Nada (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Atlantis--Donovan

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Wages of Love--Muriel Day

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)?--Peter Sarstedt (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Why--The Cats (2nd week at #1)
2 First of May--The Bee Gees
3 Don Juan--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
4 Sorry Suzanne--The Hollies
5 Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)--Peter Sarstedt
6 Atlantis--Donovan
7 Spooky's Day Off--Swinging Soul Machine
8 Love is Love--Barry Ryan
9 Baby Won't You Leave Me Alone--The Web (with John L. Watson)
10 To Love Somebody--Nina Simone

Singles entering the chart were The Walls Fell Down by the Marbles (#20); Azzurro by Adriano Celentano (#34); Daydream by the Wallace Collection (#36); Ensemble by Mireille Mathieu (#39); and The Last Seven Days by Gloria (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Dizzy--Tommy Roe (3rd week at #1)
2 Traces--Classics IV
3 Time of the Season--The Zombies
4 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
5 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Run Away Child, Running Wild--The Temptations
7 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
8 Galveston--Glen Campbell
9 My Whole World Ended (The Moment You Left Me)--David Ruffin
10 Only the Strong Survive--Jerry Butler

Singles entering the chart were My Way by Frank Sinatra (#69); Mini-Skirt Minnie by Wilson Pickett (#76); Mercy by Ohio Express (#77); Wishful Sinful by the Doors (#79); There Never was a Time by Jeannie C. Riley (#86); Good Times Bad Times by Led Zeppelin (#94); One Eye Open by Maskman and the Agents (#95); Zazueira by Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass (#96); Something's on Her Mind by the 4 Seasons (#98); and I Love My Baby by Archie Bell & the Drells (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Time of the Season--The Zombies
2 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
3 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
4 Traces--Classics IV
5 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
7 Galveston--Glen Campbell
8 Run Away Child, Running Wild--The Temptations
9 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
10 My Whole World Ended (The Moment You Left Me)--David Ruffin

Singles entering the chart were Wishful Sinful by the Doors (#60); In the Bad, Bad Old Days (Before You Loved Me) by the Foundations (#63); To Know You is to Love You by Bobby Vinton (#72); When You Dance by Jay and the Americans (#78); I Love My Baby by Archie Bell & the Drells (#85); I Don't Want Nobody to Give Me Nothing (Open Up the Door, I’ll Get it Myself) by James Brown (#88); Tricia Tell Your Daddy by Andy Kim (#92); It's a Groovy World! by the Unifics (#93); With Pen in Hand by Vikki Carr (#94); Rhythm of the Rain by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#95); Emmaretta by Deep Purple (#97); More Today than Yesterday by the Spiral Starecase (#98); and A Million to One by Brian Hyland (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
2 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
3 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
4 Build Me Up Buttercup--The Foundations
5 Proud Mary--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
7 Galveston--Glen Campbell
8 Rock Me--Steppenwolf
9 Something's Happening--Herman's Hermits
10 Johnny One Time--Brenda Lee
Pick hit of the week: In the Bad, Bad Old Days (Before You Loved Me)--The Foundations

Defense
The New People's Army, the armed wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines, was formed.

Americana
The body of former President Dwight Eisenhower was put on public view in Washington National Cathedral after a brief service for the immediate family and close friends.

Disasters
Two earthquakes hit the Danakil depression of Ethiopia, killing 20 and injuring more than 150.

Hockey
IIHF World Championships
Group A @ Stockholm
Canada (4-5) 6 Finland (1-8) 1
Sweden (7-2) 10 U.S.A. (0-9) 4

Steve King, Ken Stephanson, Bill Heindl, Gary Begg, Morris Mott, and Fran Huck scored for Canada, while Lauri Mononen scored for Finland in what turned out to be Canada's last win in world championship competition until 1977.

Kjell-Rune Milton and Lars-Göran Nilsson each scored 3 goals for the Swedes as they beat the Americans. Sweden led 6-2 after the 1st period.

CHL
Adams Cup
Quarter-Finals
Kansas City 4 @ Omaha 1 (Best-of-five series tied 1-1)
Dallas 3 @ Houston 1 (Dallas led best-of-five series 2-0)

Semi-Finals
Tulsa 1 @ Oklahoma City 6 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

30 years ago
1979


Died on this date
Ray Ventura, 70. French musician. Mr. Ventura was a jazz pianist who began performing with the Collegiate Five combo in 1925, later known as the Collegians on recordings from 1928 through the 1930s. Mr. Ventura eventually led the band, and led a big band in South America and France in the 1940s. He was the uncle of singer Sacha Distel, and died 18 days before his 71st birthday.

Luke Easter, 63. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Easter, a first baseman, stood 6'4½" and weighed 240 pounds. He played in the Negro leagues in the late 1940s; with the Homestead Grays in 1948, he hit .363 in 58 games, helping the Grays win the last Negro World Series. The Cleveland Indians signed him in 1949 and assigned him to the San Diego Padres of the Pacific Coast League. He hit .363 with the Padres, with 25 home runs and 92 runs batted in in just 80 games. Mr. Easter was called up to the Indians later in the season, hitting just .222 with no home runs in 21 games. From 1950-1952 Mr. Easter averaged just under 29 home runs and just over 102 RBIs per season; his 31 home runs in 1952 were just one behind teammate Larry Doby for the American League lead, and his ratio of home runs per at bats was the AL's best. An ankle injury that slowed him down ended his major league career, but he spent many productive years in the International League, leading the IL in home runs and RBIs with the Buffalo Bisons in 1955 and 1956, when he was over 40 years of age. With the Rochester Red Wings, he hit 15 home runs and drove in 60 runs in 249 at bats at the age of 46. In 1957, Mr. Easter became the first batter to hit a home run over the scoreboard in center field at Buffalo's Offermann Stadium, doing it twice that year. He played 491 games with the Indians from 1949-1954, batting .274 with 93 home runs and 340 runs batted in; he batted .270 with 5 homers and 26 RBIs in the Negro National League (1947-1948), and .299 with 247 home runs and 843 RBIs in 1,327 games in the minors (1949-1964). Mr. Easter was carrying the payroll for a construction company that he worked for in Euclid, Ohio, when he was shot to death by two robbers after refusing to hand over the money. He was elected to the International League Hall of Fame in 2008.

World events
Argentina's military regime allowed the Inter-American Human Rights Commission to investigate charges that it had violently repressed suspected "subversives,' indicating a letup in the general crackdown against leftists.

Environment
The radiation leak continued at Three Mile Island nuclear power plant in Pennsylvania, releasing unspecified levels of radiation over a four-county area, and prompting anti-nuclear protests and demands by public officials that emergency steps be taken to safeguard the public.

25 years ago
1984

Hit parade

Edmonton's top 24 (CHED)
1 Footloose--Kenny Loggins
2 Somebody's Watching Me--Rockwell
3 Miss Me Blind--Culture Club
4 I Want a New Drug--Huey Lewis and the News
5 Against All Odds--Phil Collins
6 Jump--Van Halen
7 Radio Ga Ga--Queen
8 Hold Me Now--Thompson Twins
9 Hello--Lionel Richie
10 Runner--Manfred Mann's Earth Band
11 Come Back and Stay--Paul Young
12 Adult Education--Daryl Hall and John Oates
13 Hyperactive--Thomas Dolby
14 Thriller--Michael Jackson
15 Don't Bite--Pretty Rough
16 Got a Hold on Me--Christine McVie
17 This Could Be the Right One--April Wine
18 Girls Just Want to Have Fun--Cyndi Lauper
19 Girls--Dwight Twilley
20 Joanna--Kool & The Gang
21 Leave It--Yes
22 You Might Think--The Cars
23 Don't Answer Me--Alan Parsons Project
24 Love Somebody--Rick Springfield

Labour
Lynn Williams of Toronto became the first Canadian to be elected president of the United Steelworkers of America.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the Index of Leading Economic Indicators had risen 0.7% in February.

Football
NFL
The Baltimore Colts moved all of their belongings from Owings Mills, Maryland to Indianapolis in a convoy of 12 moving vans that left in the middle of the night.

20 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Did I Tell You--Jerry Williams (6th week at #1)

Movies
The Academy Awards for 1988 were presented at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. Rain Man won for Best Picture (Mark Johnson, Producer); Director (Barry Levinson); Actor (Dustin Hoffman); and Original Screenplay (Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow). Other awards included: Actress--Jodie Foster (The Accused); Supporting Actor--Kevin Kline (A Fish Called Wanda); Supporting Actress--Geena Davis (The Accidental Tourist); Original Song--Let the River Run (Working Girl); Original Score--Dave Grusin (The Milagro Beanfield War); and Foreign Language Film--Pelle the Conqueror.

Music
The New Zealand/Australian pop group Crowded House played a gig for 80 people in the basement of Grant Harvey's home in Calgary. The 23-year-old film student won a MuchMusic contest that asked contestants what their house would look like if Crowded House paid a visit; his 4-minute, $87 video production won out over hundreds of other contestants.

Terrorism
The leader of Belgium's Muslim community and a colleague were shot to death in Brussels. Two days later, a pro-Iranian terrorist group claimed that it had killed the leader because he had criticized the fatwa (legal judgment) of Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini against British author Salman Rushdie, whose novel The Satanic Verses (1988) was regarded as disrespectful toward the prophet Muhammad.

Environment
Five days after the U.S. tanker Exxon Valdez had spilled 240,000 barrels of oil into Prince William Sound in Alaska, the spill had extended to 45 miles.

Scandal
Michael Milken, head of the so-called "junk bond" division of the Wall Street investment firm Drexel Burnham Lambert, was indicted along with his brother and a third DBL employee on 98 counts of racketeering, mail fraud, securities fraud, and other criminal charges. The indictment charged that Mr. Milken had led a conspiracy to defraud DBL clients, shareholders, and the investing public. Mr. Milken, who had received $550 million in compensation from the firm in 1987, said that he would plead not guilty to all charges.

Former U.S. Attorney General Edwin Meese concluded two days of testimony at the trial of former National Security Council member Oliver North, who was facing 12 charges in relation to his involvement with the mid-1980s Iran-Contra arms-for-hostages scandal. Mr. Meese testified that as the scandal unfolded, the administration of President Ronald Reagan had feared the possibility that Mr. Reagan would be impeached.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the Index of Leading Economic Indicators had declined 0.3% in February.

Hockey
NHL
Sergei Priakin, the first Soviet player allowed to play in North America by the U.S.S.R. Ice Hockey Federation, signed with the Calgary Flames.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Joe Williams, 80
. U.S. musician. Mr. Williams, born Joseph Goreed, was a jazz pianist and singer who performed as a soloist and with bands such as those of Count Basie and Lionel Hampton in a performing career that spanned more than 60 years until his death. His best-know recording was Every Day I Have the Blues (1955), during his seven-year period (1954-1961) as lead singer with the Count Basie Orchestra.

World events
Former Paraguayan President Raul Cubas Grau went to Brazil, where he was granted political asylum. Luis Angel Gonzalez Macchi, President of the Senate, was sworn in as his successor.

Crime
United States Marine Captain Joseph Schweitzer, navigator on a plane that had snapped a ski-lift cable above a valley in Italy in 1998, causing 20 deaths, pleaded guilty to obstruction and conspiracy for destroying a videotape that had recorded part of the flight.

The case of James Hanratty was sent back to the U.K. Court of Appeal, 37 years after he had been hanged for the notorious A6 murder in Bedfordshire. Mr. Hanratty was hanged in Bedford Prison in April 1962 after being convicted of the murder of government scientist Michael Gregsten, 36, and assaulting Valerie Storie, 22, his laboratory assistant and mistress. DNA evidence subsequently indicated that Mr. Hanratty was the killer, and the Court of Appeal upheld his conviction in 2002.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 10,000 for the first time. The final charge saw the Dow jump 184.54 points to rise slightly above the barrier at 10,006.78. The average of 30 large companies had been advancing steeply over the past several years, although it had skidded badly, almost 20% at one point in 1998 because of fears about the Asian financial crisis. The rebound left many smaller companies behind, and they were still showing declines in 1999.

Disasters
The strongest earthquake to hit the foothills of the Himalayas in more than 90 years killed at least 100 people in the Chamoli district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh (now in Uttarakhand).

Hockey
NHL
Wayne Gretzky of the New York Rangers scored his 894th and last career National Hockey League goal, in a game against the New York Islanders.

Basketball
NCAA
Men's Championship
Final
Connecticut 77 Duke 74

The Huskies upset the Blue Devils to win their first National Collegiate Athletic Association men's title. Heavily-favoured Duke carried a 32-game winning streak into the game. Richard Hamilton, named the most valuable player in the finals, scored 27 points for Connecticut.

March 28, 2009

770 years ago
1239


Died on this date
Go-Toba, 58
. Emperor of Japan, 1183-1198. Go-Toba, born Takahira-shinnō, was the fourth son of Emperor Takakura, and acceded to the throne at the age of 3 upon the abdication of his brother Antoku. The first shogunate was established in 1192, and Emperor Go-Toba was forced to abdicate, living as a cloistered Emperor until 1221, when he staged a rebellion in an attempt to regain the throne. The rebellion was unsuccessful, and Go-Toba was forced to live the rest of his life in exile.

200 years ago
1809


War
French forces defeated Spanish forces in the Battle of Medellín.

175 years ago
1834


Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted to censure President Andrew Jackson for the removal of federal deposits from the Bank of the United States.

120 years ago
1889


Died on this date
Hanna Johansdotter, 21, or 22. Swedish murder victim. Miss Johansdotter was murdered by her husband Per Nilsson and his mother Anna Månsdotter in Yngsjö, Sweden.

110 years ago
1899


Born on this date
Harold B. Lee
. U.S. religious leader. Mr. Lee joined the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1941, eventually serving as President from July 7, 1972 until his death from a pulmonary hemorrhage on December 26, 1973 at the age of 74. He was succeeded as Mormon Church President by Spencer W. Kimball.

Buck Shaw. U.S. football player and coach. Lawrence Timothy Shaw was a tackle and kicker at Creighton University (1918) and the University of Notre Dame (1919-1921), making the All-American team in his final season. He was an assistant coach at North Carolina State University (1924); University of Nevada (1925-1928); and Santa Clara University (1929-1935), taking over as head coach at Santa Clara (1936-1942)--leading the team to Sugar Bowl victories in each of his first two seasons--and the University of California (1945). Mr. Shaw was the first head coach of the San Francisco 49ers of the All-America Football Conference, leading the team through 1954, four years after the team joined the National Football League. His teams were high-scoring and entertaining, but finished second to the Cleveland Browns in all four AAFC seasons. Mr. Shaw was head coach at the United States Air Force Academy from 1956-1957, and took over as head coach of the Philadelphia Eagles from 1958-1960. He retired from football after leading the Eagles to the 1960 NFL championship. The new football stadium at Santa Clara Stadium was named in Mr. Shaw's honour in 1962, and he was inducted into the College Football Hall of fame in 1972. Mr. Shaw died of cancer on March 19, 1977, nine days before his 78th birthday.

August Anheuser Busch, Jr. U.S. brewer and baseball executive. "Gussie" Busch inherited the family business and served as chairman of Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. from 1946-1975, an era during which it became the largest brewery in the world. The company purchased the St. Louis Cardinals baseball team in 1953, and the Cardinals won World Series championships in 1964, 1967, and 1982, and a National League pennant in 1968. Mr. Busch died on September 29, 1989 at the age of 90.

100 years ago
1909


Born on this date
Nelson Algren
. U.S. author. Mr. Algren, born Nelson Ahlgren Abraham, was a Chicago-based writer who wrote about "down and out" people in novels such as The Man with the Golden Arm (1949) and A Walk on the Wild Side (1956). He died on May 9, 1981 at the age of 72.

80 years ago
1929


Died on this date
Katharine Lee Bates, 69
. U.S. writer. Miss Bates wrote poetry and non-fiction, and taught at Wellesley College for more than 30 years. She's best known for writing the poem that became the lyrics to the song America the Beautiful.

Lomer Gouin, 68. Canadian politician. Sir Lomer, a native of Grondine, Quebec and a Liberal, sat in the Legislative Assembly of Quebec from 1897-1920, and was Premier of Quebec from 1905-1920. He represented Laurier—Outremont in the Canadian House of Commons from 1921-1925, and took office as Lieutenant Governor of Quebec on January 10, 1929, but died nine days after his 68th birthday, less than three months into his term. Sir Lomer was succeeded as Lieutenant Governor of Quebec by Henry George Carroll.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
New York Rangers 0 @ Boston 2 (Boston led best-of-three series 1-0)

70 years ago
1939


War
Nationalist forces commanded by Generalissimo Francisco Franco conquered Madrid after a three-year siege, effectively ending the Spanish Civil War.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 1 @ New York Rangers 2 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Detroit 1 @ Toronto 4 (Toronto led best-of-three series 1-0)

60 years ago
1949

On the radio

The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Adventure of the Elusive Agent, Part 2

Died on this date
Grigoraș Dinicu, 59
. Romanian musician and composer. Mr. Dinicu was a violin virtuoso of Roma ancestry, whose career spanned more than 40 years. He wrote mainly for violin and piano, with his violin piece Hora Staccato (1906) being his most popular work. Mr. Dinicu died of laryngeal cancer, six days before his 60th birthday.

Diplomacy
Switzerland joined the International Refugee Organization, increasing its membership to 18.

Politics and government
The U.S. Supreme Court invalidated the Boswell Amendment to the Alabama constitution, aimed at preventing Negroes from registering to vote.

Crime
Betty Gannett, Polish-born director of Communist youth activities in the United States, was arrested in New York for the purpose of deportation.

Science
The American Chemical Society awarded the 1949 Priestly Medal to Arthur Lamb of Harvard University.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee approved a measure granting Nationalist China $56 million in economic aid for the coming year with funds left over from the last China aid appropriation.

The U.S. Federal Reserve Board cut stock margin market requirements from 75% to 50% due to the decline in inflationary pressures.

Business
Kaiser-Frazer Corporation announced the biggest cuts n auto prices to date, ranging from $196-$300. The Kaiser family assumed complete control over the firm, as Edgar Kaiser succeeded Joseph Frazer as president.

Labour
463,000 coal miners in the eastern United States returned to work at the order of United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis, ending a two-week "memorial" walkout.

Golf
Sam Snead defeated Lloyd Mangrum to win the Greensboro Open in Greensboro, North Carolina.

50 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Smoke Gets in Your Eyes--The Platters (5th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Venus--Frankie Avalon (4th week at #1)
2 It's Just a Matter of Time--Brook Benton
3 Charlie Brown--The Coasters
4 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods
5 Alvin's Harmonica--David Seville and the Chipmunks
6 It's Late--Ricky Nelson
7 Tragedy--Thomas Wayne with the DeLons
8 I've Had It--The Bell Notes
9 Never Be Anyone Else But You--Ricky Nelson
10 The Hawaiian Wedding Song (Ke Kali Nei Au)--Andy Williams

Singles entering the chart were I Need Your Love Tonight (#36)/(Now and Then There's) A Fool Such as I (#62) by Elvis Presley; Turn Me Loose by Fabian (#53); Guess Who by Jesse Belvin (#74); The Wang Dang Taffy-Apple Tango (Mambo Cha Cha Cha) (#76)/For a Penny (#98) by Pat Boone; Being True to One Another by Tony Bennett (#87); Six Nights a Week by the Crests (#88); Lovey Dovey by Clyde McPhatter (#93); I Miss You So by Paul Anka (#94); and I Never Felt Like This by Jack Scott (#99). I Never Felt Like This was the other side of Bella, charting at #84.

Canada's Top 16
1 Venus--Frankie Avalon
2 Alvin's Harmonica--David Seville and the Chipmunks
3 It's Just a Matter of Time--Brook Benton
4 Charlie Brown--The Coasters
5 Come Softly to Me--The Fleetwoods
6 Never Be Anyone Else But You--Ricky Nelson
7 Tragedy--Thomas Wayne with the DeLons
8 The Hawaiian Wedding Song (Ke Kali Nei Au)--Andy Williams
9 Tomboy--Perry Como
10 Pink Shoe Laces--Dodie Stevens
11 If I Didn't Care--Connie Francis
12 I've Had It--The Bell Notes
13 Petite Fleur (Little Flower)--Chris Barber's Jazz Band
14 No Other Arms, No Other Lips--The Chordettes
15 Peter Gunn--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
16 Please Mr. Sun--Tommy Edwards

Montreal's Top 10
1 Venus--Frankie Avalon
2 Alvin's Harmonica--David Seville and the Chipmunks
3 Charlie Brown--The Coasters
4 The Hawaiian Wedding Song (Ke Kali Nei Au)--Andy Williams
5 Tragedy--Thomas Wayne with the DeLons
6 It's Just a Matter of Time--Brook Benton
7 Pink Shoe Laces--Dodie Stevens
8 Peter Gunn--Ray Anthony and his Orchestra
9 It's Late--Ricky Nelson
10 Stagger Lee--Lloyd Price

Politics and government
Communist Chinese Premier Chou En-lai ordered the dissolution of the rebelling Tibetan local government, headed by the Dalai Lama, and installed a pro-Communist Preparatory Committee under the leadership of the Panchen Lama.

Protest
A Belgian parliamentary inquiry into recent rioting in Leopoldville blamed Congolese unrest on the failure of white residents to show "understanding of the rapid evolution of part of the African population."

Science
The National Science Foundation established the U.S. Antarctic Research Program, with Albert Crary as chief scientist, to supervise and coordinate federal and non-government Antarctic research.

Labour
The Mexican government arrested 500 leaders of a nationwide railroad strike, including Demetrio Vallejo, head of the Railroad Workers Union.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Semi-Finals
Boston 2 @Toronto 3 (OT) (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Montreal 2 @ Chicago 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Gerry Ehman scored with 2:52 remaining in regulation time to tie the score, and scored at 5:02 of the 1st overtime period to give the Maple Leafs their win over the Bruins at Maple Leaf Gardens. Bob Pulford opened the scoring for Toronto in the 1st period, but the Bruins took the lead on 2 goals by Vic Stasiuk.

40 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Started a Joke--The Bee Gees (2nd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Games People Play--Joe South (2nd week at #1)
2 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
3 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
4 Galveston--Glen Campbell
5 Mr. Sun, Mr. Moon--Paul Revere and the Raiders
6 You Gave Me a Mountain--Frankie Laine
7 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
8 Traces--Classics IV
9 Nothing But a Heartache--The Flirtations
10 Hot Smoke & Sasafrass--The Bubble Puppy

Singles entering the chart were What Can the Matter Be by the Poppy Family (#25); Wishful Sinful by the Doors (#27); Don't Give in to Him by Gary Puckett and the Union Gap (#28); No, Not Much by the Vogues (#29); and Gitarzan by Ray Stevens (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Time of the Season--The Zombies
2 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
3 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
4 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
5 Games People Play--Joe South
6 To Susan on the West Coast Waiting--Donovan
7 Condition Red--The Goodees
8 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
9 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
10 Galveston--Glen Campbell

Died on this date
Dwight David Eisenhower, 78
. 34th President of the United States of America, 1953-1961. General of the Army Eisenhower was Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during World War II, playing a major role in the Allied victory. His memoir Crusade in Europe (1948) was a bestseller. Gen. Eisenhower served as President of Columbia University before accepting the Republican Party presidential nomination in 1952, easily winning the election against Democratic Party candidate Adlai Stevenson. Within six months of taking office, President Eisenhower achieved a cease-fire in the Korean War. He suffered a heart attack in 1955, but recovered, and easily defeated Mr. Stevenson again in 1956. President Eisenhower presided over an era of domestic prosperity amid Cold War international tension. He Eisenhower died at Walter Reed Hospital in Washington with his wife Mamie and son John at his side. Doctors attributed the immediate cause of death to an episode of congestive heart failure on March 15, although Mr. Eisenhower had been hospitalized since May 14, 1968, two weeks after suffering his fourth heart attack. He suffered three more heart attacks in the hospital, and had surgery for a gastrointestinal obstruction on February 23.

Academia
Held at the initiative of the Movement for Inclusive Schools (MIS) and led by Professor Stanley Gray, more than 10,000 people marched in Montreal, criticizing the position of the French language at McGill University and demanding the creation of a second French-language university, after the Université de Montréal, in the city. Insults were exchanged, slogans such as "French McGill" and "McGill to the people" were shouted , and about 40 arrests were reported. A few months later, the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) opened its doors for the first time.

Religion
Pope Paul VI named 33 new members to the College of Cardinals, raising the total number of cardinals to a record 134. The new American cardinals were John Joseph Wright, Bishop of Pittsburgh (who was called to join the Curia); Terence Cooke, Archbishop of New York; John Deardon, Archbishop of Detroit and president of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops; and John Carberry, Archbishop of St. Louis.

Disasters
At least 53 were killed and 350 injured in an earthquake that hit western Turkey.

Hockey
CHL
Adams Cup
Quarter-Finals
Omaha 7 @ Kansas City 2 (Omaha led best-of-five series 1-0)
Dallas 4 @ Houston 1 (Dallas led best-of-five series 1-0)

Semi-Finals
Tulsa 3 @ Oklahoma City 2 (Tulsa led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Will Survive--Gloria Gaynor (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
A two-day conference of the Arab League in Baghdad concluded with an agreement to a limited political boycott of Egypt. Libya and the Palestine Liberation Organization walked out after moderates, led by Saudi Arabia, refused to go beyond minimum sanctions.

Politics and government
Great Britain's Labour Party government, under Prime Minister James Callaghan, lost 311-310 on a non-confidence vote in Parliament; a general election was called for May 3.

Environment
An accident caused the release of radiation (also here) from the three-month-old Three Mile Island nuclear power plant, 11 miles south of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission initially minimized the danger from the radiation leak.

25 years ago
1984


Died on this date
Carmen Dragon, 69
. U.S. conductor and composer. Mr. Dragon conducted the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra for many years. He and Morris Stoloff shared the Academy Award for Best Music, Scoring of a Musical Picture for Cover Girl (1944). Mr. Dragon was the father of Daryl Dragon, the Captain of the duo Captain and Tennille, who had a string of hits on the pop charts from 1975-1980.

Labour
An Eaton's store in Brampton, Ontario granted union certification, the first in the company's 115-year history.

Disasters
A series of 24 tornadoes killed 61 people in North and South Carolina. 1,000 people were injured and 3,000 left homeless.

20 years ago
1989


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Fate

Music
Crowded House performed at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. A highlight was their recent hit Into Temptation. Richard Thompson was the opening act, and put in a fine performance of his own. My main floor, centre F ticket cost $20.75.

10 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Franco Gasparri, 50
. Italian actor. Mr. Gasparri achieved success as a star of action movies, most notably Mark il poliziotto (Mark of the Cop) (1975) and two sequels. He used a wheelchair and gave up his career after a near-fatal motorcycle accident, and died of respiratory failure.

War
Serbian police and special forces killed about 93 Kosovo Albanians in the village of Izbica, in the Drenica region of central Kosovo.

Hockey
CIAU
Men's Championship
Final
Alberta 6 Moncton 2

Basketball
NCAA
Women's Championship
Final
Purdue 62 Duke 45

Purdue head coach Carolyn Peck became the first Negro woman to coach a national championship team.