Sunday, 19 September 2021

September 17, 2021

910 years ago
1111


Europeana
Highest Galician nobility led by Pedro Frَilaz de Traba and Bishop Diego Gelmírez crowned Alfonso VII as "King of Galicia."

400 years ago
1621


Died on this date
Roberto Bellarmino, 78
. Italian clergyman. Cardinal Bellarmino, anglicized as Robert Bellarmine, joined the Jesuit order in 1560, and was a professor of theology before becoming a Cardinal Inquisitor in 1599 and Archbishop of Capua in 1602. He was one of the judges in the trial of Giordano Bruno, and concurred in the decision to order Mr. Bruno burned at the stake as a heretic. Cardinal Bellarmino notified Galileo Galilei in 1616 of a forthcoming decree of the Congregation of the Index condemning the Copernican doctrine of the mobility of the Earth and the immobility of the Sun, and ordered him to abandon it. Cardinal Bellarmino was canonized by Pope Pius XI in 1930, and was made a Doctor of the Church in 1931.

390 years ago
1631


War
Swedish forces led by Gustavus Adolphus won a major victory against the Holy Roman Empire in the Battle of Breitenfeld in Saxony.

300 years ago
1721


Died on this date
Marguerite Louise d'Orléans, 76
. French royal family member. Princess Marguerite Louise, the eldest child of Gaston, Duke of Orléans and grandaughter of King Henri IV, married Cosimo de' Medici in 1661 and became Grand Duchess of Tuscany when he acceded to the title of Grad Duke in 1670. Her behaviour contributed to an unhappy marriage, and the couple separated in 1675. Princess Marguerite Louise retired with a pension to a convent on the outskirts of Paris, and eventually settled down, spending her later years doing charitable works.

160 years ago
1861


War
In the Argentine Civil Wars, State of Buenos Aires forces defeated the Argentine Confederation in the Battle of Pavón.

140 years ago
1881


Born on this date
Alfred Carpenter
. U.K. military officer. Vice- Admiral Carpenter served with the Royal Navy from 1898-1934. He earned the Victoria Cross with his actions on April 22-23, 1918 with his display of courage as commanding officer of HMS Vindictive during the landing of a force of 200 Royal Marines on the mole at Zeebrugge, Belgium at the start of the Zeebrugge Raid. Vice- Admiral Carpenter commanded the Wye Valley section of the Gloucestershire Home Guard during World War II, and died on December 27, 1855 at the age of 74.

120 years ago
1901

Born on this date
Francis Chichester
. U.K. aviator and sailor. Mr. Chichester, an aviator and yachtsman, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II after circumnavigating the globe in his yawl Gipsy Moth IV, becoming the first person to complete a circumnavigation solo from west to east via the great capes. He departed Plymouth, England on August 27, 1966; his return to Plymouth on May 28, 1967 after 226 days of sailing was televised live in the U.K. Sir Francis' book about the voyage, Gipsy Moth Circles the World (1967), was a bestseller. He died on August 26, 1972, 22 days before his 71st birthday.

War
A Boer column defeated a British force in the Battle of Blood River Poort, while Boers captured a squadron of the 17th Lancers in the Battle of Elands River.

90 years ago
1931


Baseball
Bill Dickey hit a grand slam to climax a 6-run 5th inning and added a 3-run homer in a 7-run 7th as the New York Yankees routed the St. Louis Browns 17-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 7,000 fans at Yankee Stadium. Red Ruffing (15-13) pitched a 9-hitter and batted 2 for 5 with 2 runs and a run batted in. Babe Ruth hit his 41st and 42nd home runs of the season to help the Yankees win the second game 6-1 to complete the sweep. Mr. Ruth's homers meant that he had homered in every American League park during the season. Lefty Gomez (20-8) pitched a 3-hit complete game victory.

Danny Taylor singled home Woody English with 2 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 4-3 win over the Brooklyn Robins before 5,000 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Robins had tied the game with 2 unearned runs in the top of the 9th, resulting from a pair of Chicago errors. Bob Smith (15-11) pitched a 6-hit complete game victory, allowing 1 earned run in outduelling Sloppy Thurston (9-9), who allowed 11 hits and 4 earned runs.

80 years ago
1941


War
Soviet and British forces entered Tehran, marking the end of the Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran. German authorities in Paris warned that if attacks on German soldiers continued, they would shoot "increasing numbers of hostages." U.S. representative Myron Taylor denied that President Franklin D. Roosevelt had asked Pope Pius XII to declare the war against Germany a "just war." A decree of the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch (universal military training) in the face of the Great Patriotic War, was issued.

World events
Chilean police announced that 28 alleged Nazis had been arrested so far as a result of an investigation of subversive activities in southern Chile.

Defense
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to the White House the House of Representatives-approved $3,553,400,000 defense tax bill, the largest in the nation's history. U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox told a press conference that the escort of convoys by war vessels was "being used in all our defensive areas." The American Legion convention in Milwaukee adopted a resolution backing President Roosevelt's foreign policy, urging repeal of the Neutrality Act and the removal of restrictions on sending troops abroad.

Abominations
The Crimes Amendment Act 1941 went into effect in New Zealand; as well as (temporarily) doing away with capital punishment for murder, the Act abolished judicial provision for flogging and whipping. These punishments had been introduced--initially for juveniles--from 1867, and by 1893 applied to a number of (mainly sexual) offences by adult men.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Roosevelt issued an executive order authorizing the Economic Defense Board, headed by Vice President Henry Wallace, to absorb the Office of Export Control.

Labour
Canadian Labour Minister Norman McLarty announced that the cabinet had outlawed all strikes in war industries unless a majority of the workers voted to strike in a government-supervised poll.

Baseball
The Brooklyn Dodgers scored 5 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 6-4 before 6,206 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

Johnny Vander Meer (15-12) pitched a 3-hitter and struck out 11 batters to win the pitchers' duel over Rube Melton (1-3) as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Philadelphia Phillies 1-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 2,199 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Ernie Lombardi scored the only run when he doubled to lead off the 4th inning, advanced to third base on a single by Harry Craft, and scored when Bobby Mattick grounded into a force play at second. In the second game, pinch hitter Billy Werber was hit by a pitch with the bases loaded and none out in the bottom of the 9th, forcing Junior Thompson home with the winning run as the Reds won 3-2 to complete the sweep. Mr. Thompson (6-6) pitched a 6-hit complete game victory while batting 3 for 4 with a run batted in, and a double to lead off the 9th. Boom Boom Beck (1-9) pitched 8+ innings and allowed 3 earned runs to take the loss; he was relieved by Ike Pearson, who promptly hit Mr. Werber. Cincinnati center fielder Harry Craft left the game in the 6th when he was beaned by Mr. Beck just below the left ear.

The St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the Boston Braves 6-1 and 3-2 before 7,713 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Howie Pollet (4-1) pitched the Cardinals to victory in the first game, while Stan Musial batted 2 for 4 and drove in 2 runs with a double in his major league debut in the second game. Estel Crabtree hit a home run in each game for the Cardinals; he ended the second game by leading off the bottom of the 9th inning with a homer off losing pitcher Jim Tobin (12-10). Max Lanier (9-8) pitched a 5-hit complete game victory in a game that was played in 1 hour 37 minutes. Al Montgomery came to bat as a pinch hitter in the 9th inning of the first game and reached first base on a fielder's choice; it was his 42nd and last major league game.

Dom DiMaggio singled home Skeeter Newsome and Frankie Pytlak with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Boston Red Sox a 3-2 win over the Cleveland Indians before 6,858 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. DiMaggio also singled home Mr. Pytlak with the first Boston run in the 3rd inning. Joe Dobson (12-5) pitched a 6-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Jim Bagby, Jr. (9-14), who allowed 10 hits and 2 earned runs.

Frank Crosetti doubled home Spud Chandler and Tommy Henrich followed with a 3-run home run as the New York Yankees scored 4 runs in the 5th inning and defeated the Chicago White Sox 5-3 before 3,604 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Chandler (9-4) pitched a 5-hit complete game, winning the pitchers' duel over Eddie Smith (13-16).

The Washington Nationals scored a run in the bottom of the 10th inning to defeat the St. Louis Browns 9-8 before 1,500 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Washington first baseman Mickey Vernon had 4 singles in 5 at bats, with 3 runs and 2 runs batted in. St. Louis center fielder Walt Judnich was 2 for 5 with a 3-run home run and 5 RBIs. St. Louis relief pitcher Maury Newlin faced 2 batters in the 7th inning; both made hits, and 1 scored--earned--in the 15th and last game of Mr. Newlin's 2-year major league career. The Nationals outhit the Browns 20-11.

75 years ago
1946


War
Reports from Greece indicated the presence of widespread fighting between royalist forces and Communists in the mountains of Thessaly and Macedonia. Royalists were charged with using "brutal and inhumane" methods against insurgents and manipulating the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration to gain support for the monarchy.

Nationalist Chinese forces claimed the capture of Tsing Kiang, the main Communist base in the northern area of the province of Kiangsu near Nanking.

Defense
U.S. Commerce Secretary Henry Wallace released a letter to President Harry Truman charging that "there is a school of military thinking [which] advocates a 'preventive war'" on the U.S.S.R. before the Soviets acquire the atomic bomb.

Politics and government
Brazil's National Assembly approved a new constitution to replace the charter adopted under former President Getulio Vargas in 1937.

Democrats in Connecticut nominated Lieutenant Governor Wilbur Snow for Governor over Chester Bowles.

Economics and finance
A revised U.K.-France debt settlement was signed in Paris, allowing France to repay its £110-million debt to Britain at ½% interest starting in 1950.

Argentina and Britain concluded a trade and investment agreement.

Labour
Teamsters union members ended their 2½-week New York trucking strike by ratifying an agreement for a 31¢ hourly wage increase and a 40-hour week with vacation and overtime adjustments.

A 15-day strike by the American Federation of Musicians against 41 New York hotels ended with agreement on a 20% wage increase.

Following an American Federation of Labor threat to cross waterfront picket lines, Congress of Industrial Organizations unions withdrew pickets from East coast and Gulf coast ships under contract to the AFL.

Boxing
British, British Empire, and European heavyweight champion Bruce Woodcock (28-1) knocked out world light heavyweight champion Gus Lesnevich (55-11-5) at 1:40 of the 8th round in a heavyweight bout at Harringay Arena in London. It was the only time in his career that Mr. Lesnevich was counted out.



70 years ago
1951


Died on this date
Jimmy Yancey, 56 (?)
. U.S. musician. Mr. Yancey was a boogie-woogie blues pianist, composer, and lyricist who performed for several decades in his native Chicago, but didn't make any recordings until 1939. He played baseball with the Chicago All Americans during World War I, and was a groundskeeper for the Chicago White Sox from 1925-1950. Mr. Yancey died from a diabetes-related stroke; he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1986.

Defense
The U.S. Defense Department announced plans for the participation of about 5,000 servicemen in upcoming tests of tactical nuclear weapons to determine how soon troops could enter an atom-blasted area.

The Alaska Air Command disclosed that all of its planes had been grounded and checked as a result of recent crashes that had taken nearly 100 lives since mid-July.

Politics and government
Robert Lovett took office as U.S. Secretary of Defense, succeeding George C. Marshall.

Law
The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee blocked two presidential nominations to federal judgeships in Illinois after Senator Paul Douglas (Democrat--Illinois) and the state bar association expressed preference for other candidates.

Literature
The Boston publishing firm Little, Brown & Co. issued a four-page denial of charges that the company had become a "Communist-front publishing house."

Oil
The U.S.A. refused to transmit to the U.K. an Iranian note threatening to expel British technicians if oil negotiations weren't resumed within 15 days.

Economics and finance
Iran indicated interest in negotiating a barter agreement with the U.S.S.R. to obtain goods cut off by Britain in the oil dispute.

Disasters
The People's Republic of China reported severe flooding along the upper Liao River in Manchuria, leaving 130,000 residents homeless.

Baseball
Tommy Brown led off the 10th inning with a home run and Robin Roberts (20-12) pitched an 8-hit complete game for the Philadelphia Phillies as they edged the St. Louis Cardinals 2-1 in 10 innings at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Al Brazle (6-4) pitched a 5-hit complete game loss.

Hank Sauer and pinch hitter Gene Hermanski each hit 2-run home runs with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th inning for the Chicago Cubs as they overcame a 3-0 deficit and defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers 5-3 before 9,352 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago, reducing the Dodgers' lead over the second-place New York Giants to 4 games in the National League pennant race. Turk Lown (4-8) pitched a 9-hit complete game victory.

Phil Rizzuto executed a squeeze bunt with the bases loaded and 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to drive in Joe DiMaggio with the winning run as the New York Yankees edged the Cleveland Indians 2-1 before 42,072 fans at Yankee Stadium. Ed Lopat (20-8) pitched a 3-hitter to outuel Bob Lemon (17-13), who pitched a 7-hit complete game for the Indians, who dropped 1 game behind American league-leading New York.

Ted Williams batted 4 for 4 with a base on balls, home run, double, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in, while Clyde Vollmer was 3 for 5 with a homer, 2 runs, and 5 RBIs to help the Boston Red Sox defeat the Chicago White Sox 12-5 before 8,709 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Ray Scarborough (12-8) pitched a 10-hit complete game victory despite allowing 5 hits and 5 earned runs in the 9th inning.

60 years ago
1961


Died on this date
Adnan Menderes, 61-62
. Prime Minister of Turkey, 1950-1960. Mr. Menderes joined the Republican People's Party in 1931, and represented Aydin (1931-1946); Kütahya (1946-1950); and Istanbul (1950-1960) in the Grand National Assembly. He was expelled from the party in 1945 due to intraparty opposition to the nationalization policies of President İsmet İnönü, and co-founded the Democratic Party in 1946. Mr. Menderes became Prime Minister when the Democratic Party won the 1950 general election, and assumed the office of Foreign Minister in 1955. His time in office was marked by economic growth and modernization of agriculture, but a sudden economic contraction in 1954 and continuing tensions with Greece over control of Cyprus have been cited as one of the reasons for the Istanbul pogrom, an outbreak of violence against the city's ethnic Greek minority in September 1955, resulting in the deaths of 57 Greeks. Mr. Menderes' government was toppled by a military coup in May 1960; Mr. Menderes and all the leading party members were charged with violating the constitution, ordering the Istanbul pogrom, and embezzling money from state funds. He was convicted and sentenced to death, but delayed the execution with an overdose of sleeping pills. Mr. Menderes survived his suicide attempt, but was hanged on the island of İmralı, following the hangings of Fatin Rüştü Zorlu and Hasan Polatkan, two of his cabinet ministers, despite international pleas for clemency.

Space
The United States launched the satellite Discoverer 31 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. The satellite's mission, expected to last several months, was to test orbital controls. The second stage of the rocket and the capsule failed to separate.

Technology
The world's first retractable roof stadium, the Civic Arena, opened in Pittsburgh, hosting the Ice Capades as its first event.

Disasters
Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 706, a Lockheed Electra en route from Chicago to Tampa, crashed during takeoff from O'Hare International Airport in Chicago, killing all 37 people on board.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): I Did What I Did for Maria (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Co-Co--The Sweet (4th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Co-Co--The Sweet (6th week at #1)
2 You--Peter Maffay
3 I Did What I Did for Maria--Tony Christie
4 He's Gonna Step on You Again--John Kongos
5 Hold On (To What You Got)--Peanutbutter Conspiracy
6 Daar's Niks Soos Ware Liefde--Groep Twee
7 Me and Bobby McGee--Gordon Lightfoot
8 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees
9 Tweedle Dee, Tweedle Dum--Middle of the Road
10 Tom Tom Turnaround--New World

Singles entering the chart were Silver Threads and Golden Needles by Barbara Ray (#19); and Hey by Hedgehoppers Anonymous (#20).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Reason to Believe/Maggie May--Rod Stewart
2 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Mac and Katie Kissoon
3 The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down--Joan Baez
4 Saturday Morning Confusion--Bobby Russell
5 Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey--Paul & Linda McCartney
6 Rain Dance--The Guess Who
7 Ain't No Sunshine--Bill Withers
8 Won't Get Fooled Again--The Who
9 Do You Know What I Mean--Lee Michaels
10 Talk it Over in the Morning--Anne Murray

Singles entering the chart were One More Mountain to Climb by Dr. Music (#24); Marianne by Stephen Stills (#27); Birds of a Feather by the Raiders (#29); and I've Found Someone of My Own by the Free Movement (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Maggie May--Rod Stewart (3rd week at #1)
2 Go Away Little Girl--Donny Osmond
3 Smiling Faces Sometimes--The Undisputed Truth
4 Bangla-Desh--George Harrison
5 Do You Know What I Mean--Lee Michaels
6 The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down--Joan Baez
7 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Mac & Katie Kissoon
8 The Story in Your Eyes--The Moody Blues
9 So Far Away--Carole King
10 Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey--Paul & Linda McCartney

Singles entering the chart were Peace Train by Cat Stevens (#35); and Saturday Morning Confusion by Bobby Russell (#39).

Died on this date
Hack Miller, 77
. U.S. baseball player. Lawrence H. Miller, nicknamed for his resemblance to wrestler Georg Hackenschmidt, played left field with the Brooklyn Robins (1916); Boston Red Sox (1918); and Chicago Cubs (1922-1925), batting .323 with 38 home runs and 205 runs batted in in 349 games, and was 0 for 1 in 1 game with the Red Sox as they won the World Series. He hit .326 with 85 homers in 1,288 games in 12 seasons in the minor leagues (1914-1929). Mr. Miller was known for his incredible feats of strength, but he had trouble controlling his weight and using his strength to full advantage on the diamond. He worked as a longshoreman for 25 years after his playing career ended.

Carlos Lamarca, 33. Brazilian military officer. Captain Lamarca joined the Brazilian Army in 1960 and served with United Nations peacekeeping forces in Gaza before returning to Brazil, where he supported the coup d'état in 1964 that put the country under a militry dictatorship. He deserted the Army in 1969 to join the Vanguarda Popular Revolucionária (Popular Revolutionary Vanguard) (VPR), stealing in the process a truck full of military equipment. Captain Lamarca participated in several terrorist acts over the next two years, including murder, before leaving the VPR and joining the Movimento Revolucionário 8 de Outubro (8th October Revolutionary Movement) (MR8). He was sent to the state of Bahia to foment revolution in the countryside, but he was found by the Army in the small town of Pintada and was killed with VPR member José Campos Barreto while resisting arrest.

Law
Associate Justice Hugo Black resigned for health reasons after 34 years on the Supreme Court of the United States.

40 years ago
1981


Weather
The temperature hit 90 F. in Edmonton.

Baseball
Fernando Valenzuela (13-4) pitched a 3-hitter for his 8th shutout of the season as the Los Angeles Dodgers blanked the Atlanta Braves 2-0 before 46,168 fans at Dodger Stadium. His shutout set a National League record for rookies and tied the major league record held by Russ Ford (1910) and Reb Russell (1913). Rick Mahler (5-6) took the loss.

Paul Householder led off the 10th inning with a double, advanced to third base on a single by Ken Griffey, and scored on a single by Dave Concepcion to break a 0-0 tie as the Cincinnati Reds edged the San Francisco Giants 1-0 before fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Tom Seaver (12-2) allowed 5 hits in 9 innings and was the winning pitcher, while San Francisco starter Ed Whitson allowed 9 hits in 8 scoreless innings before being relieved by Al Holland (6-5), who took the loss.

30 years ago
1991


Died on this date
Zino Francescatti, 89
. French musician. René-Charles Francescatti was a classical violinist who was a child prodigy and performed and recorded internationally in a career spanning almost 70 years until his retirement in 1976.

Diplomacy
Estonia, North Korea, South Korea, Latvia, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands, and Micronesia joined the United Nations.

Defense
Canadian Defence Minister Marcel Masse cited the end of the Cold War as he announced that Canada would cut her military in Europe from 6,600 to 1,100 over 15 years saving $11 billion; Baden-Solingen base to close in 1994 and Lahr in 1995.

Technology
The first version of the Linux kernel (0.01) was released to the Internet.

Baseball
Bret Barberie batted 3 for 3 with a double, run, and 3 runs batted in to help the Montreal Expos defeat the New York Mets 5-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 4,355 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Keith Miller led off the bottom of the 5th inning of the second game with a home run to break a 2-2 tie, and it held up for a 3-2 win for the Mets. The games had been scheduled to have been played in Montreal, but were moved to New York after a concrete beam fell from Olympic Stadium on September 13, forcing the Expos to play the remainder of the season on the road.

Barry Bonds hit a home run and reached 100 runs batted in for the second straight season as the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Chicago Cubs 9-2 before 18,152 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.

Pinch hitter Mike Felder singled, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt by Darren Lewis, stole third base, and scored on a ground out by Willie McGee to break a 2-2 tie in the bottom of the 8th inning and give the San Francisco Giants a 3-2 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 8,481 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

The Houston Astros scored 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning, and there was no further scoring, as the Astros blanked the San Diego Padres 3-0 before 6,695 fans at Jack Murphy-San Diego Stadium. Pete Harnisch allowed 4 hits in 6 innings for the win.

George Canale's first home run of the season, a solo homer in the top of the 2nd inning, proved to be the winning run as the Milwaukee Brewers blanked the New York Yankees 2-0 before 12,575 fans at Yankee Stadium. Chris Bosio (12-10) allowed just 2 hits and 1 base on balls to win the pitchers' duel over Pascual Perez (1-4).

Bo Jackson's home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 7th inning provided the game's only run as the Chicago White Sox edged the Oakland Athletics 1-0 before 35,677 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Greg Hibbard (10-10) allowed 3 hits in 7.2 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Ron Darling (3-4).

David Weathers walked Jay Buhner with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to force Harold Reynolds home with the winning run as the Seattle Mariners edged the Toronto Blue Jays 5-4 before 29,115 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. Mr. Weathers had been brought in to face Mr. Buhner after Bob Macdonald had walked Pete O'Brien to load the bases and struck out Alvin Davis.

25 years ago
1996


On television tonight
Spin City, starring Michael J. Fox, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Prototype

Ths was the first episode of the series (see video).

Died on this date
Spiro Agnew, 77
. 39th Vice President of the United States, 1969-1973. Mr. Agnew, a Republican, was a labour lawyer who was Baltimore County Executive (1962-1966) and Governor of Maryland (1967-1969). He served as Vice President under President Richard Nixon until he faced charges of accepting more than $100,000 in bribes in his various offices, and was forced to resign on October 10, 1973, the day that he pled no contest to a single charge that he had failed to report $29,500 of income in 1967. Mr. Agnew was popular with many Americans because of his politically incorrect views. His resignation led to the selection of House of Representatives Minority Leader Gerald Ford as Vice President; Mr. Ford succeeded to the presidency when Mr. Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974.

Baseball
Hideo Nomo (16-10) pitched a no-hitter and singled in a run as the Los Dodgers shut out the Colorado Rockies 9-0 before 50,066 fans at Coors Field in Denver.



Barry Bonds batted 3 for 4 with a home run, double, base on balls, run, and 3 runs batted in as the San Francisco Giants came back from an early 6-0 deficit to defeat the San Diego Padres 9-7 before 12,737 fans at 3Com Park in San Francisco. Steve Soderstrom made his major league debut as the Giants' starting pitcher, but was pulled after allowing 3 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 5 runs--2 earned--in 2/3 inning. Ken Caminiti hit 2 home runs and a single for the Padres and drove in 4 runs.

Ben McDonald (12-10) allowed just 3 hits in 8 innings as he led the Milwaukee Brewers to a 4-0 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 10,184 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

20 years ago
2001


Economics and finance
Wall Street trading resumed in New York for the first time since the September 11 terrorist attacks, its longest shutdown since the Depression. The Dow Jones industrial average lost 684.81 points, its worst one-day point drop to date.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-8) 18 @ Montreal (9-2) 24
Edmonton (4-7-0-1) 22 @ Winnipeg (9-2) 23
Saskatchewan (3-8) 14 @ Calgary (5-6) 21

All three games had been postponed to Monday night because of the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The Alouettes' win over the Argonauts at Percival Molson Stadium turned out to be their last of the season, and their last under head coach Rod Rust. Edmonton linebacker A.J. Gass suffered a season-ending injury in the Eskimos' loss to the Blue Bombers at Winnipeg Stadium.

10 years ago
2011


Protest
The Occupy Wall Street movement began in Zuccotti Park, New York City.

Football
CFL
Toronto (2-9) 20 @ Saskatchewan (4-7) 30



British Columbia (5-6) 32 @ Calgary (7-4) 19

Saturday, 18 September 2021

September 16, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cheryl Eli and Loli!

1,340 years ago
681


Religion
Honorius I, Roman Catholic Pope from 625-638, was posthumously excommunicated by the Sixth Ecumenical Council for subscribing to monothelitism, the teaching that Christ has only one energy and one will.

320 years ago
1701


Died on this date
James II/VII, 67
. King of England, Scotland, and Ireland, 1685-1688. King James II (England and Ireland)/James VII (Scotland) acceded to the throne upon the death of his elder brother Charles II. King James was a Roman Catholic who attempted to impose his measures by decree when the English and Scottish Parliaments refused to pass them. Leading members of the English political class invited William, Prince of Orange, a Protestant, to assume the throne, and King James was deposed in the Glorious Revolution. James II/VII attempted to regain the throne, but was finally defeated in the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. He lived in exile in France, where he died from a brain hemorrhage. His eldest son James Francis Edward Stuart became the Jacobite claimant to the thrones.

170 years ago
1846


Politics and government
Lord Elgin was installed in Montreal as Governor of the Province of Canada.

130 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Karl Dönitz
. President of Germany, 1945. Großadmiral Dönitz began his career in the Imperial German Navy before World War I, and eventually became Commander-in-Chief of the Navy from 1943-1945. He was perhaps best known for commanding the U-boat fleet during World War II. When German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler committed suicide on April 30, 1945 and Josef Goebbels did likewise the following day, Großadmiral Dönitz became President, and he held the office until the government was dissolved by the Allies on May 23, 1945. Großadmiral Dönitz was convicted at Nuremberg of war crimes and spent 10 years in Spandau Prison. He lived in obscurity after his release, and died on December 24, 1980 at the age of 89.

Albertana
The first trainloads of Ukrainian and Austro-Hungarian settlers from the provinces of Galicia and Bukovyna, forced to leave because of over-population and crop failures, arrived in Alberta. They were attracted to western Canada by the Homestead Act, which provided 160 acres for $10.00.

125 years ago
1896


Died on this date
Pavlos Kalligas, 81
. Greek politician. Professor Kalligas taught law and was later dean of law at the University of Athens. He represented university professors (1844-1845), and Attica (1862-1864) in the Greek Parliament, and was Foreign Minister (1864) and Justice Minister (1865). Prof. Kalligas retired from academic life in 1879 and joined the New Party, representing Attica in the Hellenic Parliament (1879-1885) and serving as Finance Minister (1882-1883) and Speaker of the Hellenic Parliament (1883-1885). He died 12 days before his 82nd birthday.

Carlos Gomes, 60. Brazilian composer. Mr. Gomes wrote eight operas, as well as choruses and piano works, and has been regarded as the first New World composer whose works were accepted in Europe. He died after a period of declining health.

120 years ago
1901


Canadiana
Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier and Quebec Premier Simon-Napoléon Parent welcomed the Duke and Duchess of York--the future King George V and Queen Mary--to Quebec City.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Wilfred Burchett
. Australian journalist. Mr. Burchett reported on Asian wars such as those in Korea and Vietnam, and his reporting was coloured by his Communist sympathies. Recent evidence has been unearthed to support the accusation that Mr. Burchett was on the payroll of the KGB, the Soviet secret police. He was the first foreign journalist to enter Hiroshima after the dropping of the atomic bomb on that city in 1945. Mr. Burchett died on September 27, 1983, 11 days after his 72nd birthday.

Paul Henning. U.S. screenwriter and producer. Mr. Henning was best known for creating the television comedy series The Bob Cummings Show (1955-1959); The Beverly Hillbillies (1962-1971); and Petticoat Junction (1963-1970). He died on March 25, 2005 at the age of 93.

Died on this date
Edward Whymper, 71
. U.K. mountaineer and explorer. Mr. Whymper was best known for leading the first ascent of the Matterhorn in 1865. He also made first ascents of the Mont Blanc massif and peaks in South America and the Canadian Rockies, and explored Greenland in 1867. Mr. Whymper took ill shortly after completing a climb in the Alps and died in Chamonix, France.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Korla Pandit
. U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Pandit, whose real name was John Roland Redd, was a light-skinned Negro born in St. Louis who was a child prodigy. He became popular in the 1940s after moving to Los Angeles and taking the name Kora Pandit, claiming to be from India, adopting Indian dress. Mr. Pandit became one of the early stars of television as a solo performer on piano and organ, while staring silently at the camera on Korla Pandit's Adventures In Music, which began broadcasting locally on Los Angeles station KTLA in 1949. He moved to San Francisco in 1956 and began performing on local television station KGO, but began speaking, often expressing Indian philosophy. Mr. Pandit moved to Vancouver, British Columbia in 1967, eventually returning to California. His popularity had dimmed by the early 1970s, but experienced a revival in the '90s. Mr. Pandit died on October 2, 1998, 16 days after his 77th birthday; his true identity wasn't widely known until it was revealed in an article in Los Angeles magazine two years later.

Jon Hendricks. U.S. singer-songwriter. Mr. Hendricks was a jazz singer and lyricist who became famous as a member of the vocal group Lambert, Hendricks & Ross, who achieved popularity and won numerous awards before Mr. Lambert's death in a car accident in 1966. Mr. Hendricks was one of the originators of vocalese, which adds lyrics to existing instrumental songs and replaces many instruments with vocalists. He performed as a solo and guest artist for many years, and contributed all the lyrics to the Manhattan Transfer's album Vocalese (1985). Mr. Hendricks died on November 22, 2017 at the age of 96.

80 years ago
1941


War
German troops sealed off Kiev, trapping four Soviet armies. German authorities in Paris executed 10 French hostages in reprisal for attacks on German officers. Dispatches fromRome reported that Pope Pius XII had politely rejected an alleged request from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, delivered by Myron C. Taylor, to declare the war against Nazism a "just war." Former U.S. President Herbert Hoover predicted that German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler would "be crushed by the vicious forces within his own regime," and urged that "no warlike step be taken and no agreement be made that is not submitted to Congress."

World events
Shah Reza Pahlevi of Iran abdicated in favour of his 21-year-old son Crown Prince Mohammed Reza Pahlevi and left Tehran after Soviet and British troops began moving on the capital. The Allies were said to have forced the resignation.

Asiatica
General George Catroux, Free French commander in Syria, proclaimed the independence of the former French mandate, and Sheik Tajeddine Hassani was named the first President of the republic.

Defense
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate the conference-approved $3.553-billion defense tax bill. The U.S. Navy announced that all contracts for the 2,381 ships authorized under its $7,234,262,178 two-ocean program had been awarded.

Academia
City College of New York acting President Harry N. Wright suspended instructor Francis J. Thompson, accused by the Rapp-Coudert committee of Communist activity.

Boxing
Abe J. Green was elected president of the National Boxing Association.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 To Each His Own--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra with Eddy Howard and Trio (6th week at #1)
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra with Stuart Wade
--Tony Martin
--The Modernaires with Paula Kelly
--The Ink Spots
2 Five Minutes More--Frank Sinatra
--The Three Suns
--Tex Beneke and the Glenn Miller Orchestra
3 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
4 South America, Take it Away--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
--Xavier Cugat and the Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra
5 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
6 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
8 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
9 I Don't Know Enough About You--The Mills Brothers
--Peggy Lee
10 Blue Skies--Count Basie and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Ugly Chile (You're Some Pretty Doll) by Johnny Mercer (#28); You're the Cause of it All by Kay Kyser and his Orchestra (#30); and Begin the Beguine, with versions by Bing Crosby and Frank Sinatra (#31).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Howard McNear, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Missing Memoirs

Died on this date
James Jeans, 69
. U.K. physicist, astronomer, and mathematician. Sir James was perhaps best known as a cosmologist, advocating a steady state cosmology. His books included The Mysterious Universe (1930).

Diplomacy
Responding to U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes' September 6 statement on the Polish-German border, U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov stated at the Paris Peace Conference that the Oder-Neisse line was final and awaited only formal confirmation.

U.K. Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin attempted to convince Arab delegates at the Palestine conference in London of the viability of a binational state in Palestine.

Defense
The Arab Party in Jerusalem announced that it was organizing a militia to defend Arabs against Zionist terrorism.

Politics and government
Future Créditiste leader Réal Caouette was elected to the Canadian House of Commons for the Quebec riding of Pontiac.

Responding to criticism of his September 12 speech in New York, U.S. Commerce Secretary Henry Wallace reiterated his support for friendship with Russia.

Labour
A baseball policy committee adjourned in New York after setting a major league minimum salary of $5,000 and limiting pay cuts to 25%.

Football
CRU
WIFU
Winnipeg (2-1) 13 @ Calgary (3-1) 5

70 years ago
1951


On the radio
Mr. Moto, starring James Monks, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Blue Cigarettes

Died on this date
Bill Klem, 77
. U.S. baseball umpire. Mr. Klem, "The Old Arbitrator," worked in three minor leagues before joining the National League in 1905. He remained in the NL until 1941, umpiring 5,375 games, a record until broken in 2021 by Joe West. Mr. Klem worked in 103 games in 18 World Series, which remains a record. He died of a heart attack after suffering from heart problems for several years. Mr. Klem and Tom Connolly became the first umpires inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953.

Maurice Petsche, 55. French politician. Mr. Petsche was a member of five different parties in a political career spanning more than 25 years. He represented Briançon in the Chamber of Deputies (1925-1940, 1946-1951), and held numerous cabinet posts. Mr. Petsche's career was interrupted by the Nazi occupation of France in 1940; he joined the French Resistance in July 1940. Mr. Petsche died just 36 days after taking office as France's Minister of State.

War
United Nations commander General James Van Fleet said that the Communists were still "suffering badly" from the UN's hill-by-hill "killer" campaign in central and eastern Korea.

Politics and government
Parliamentary elections in Colombia, boycotted by the Liberals, resulted in the Colombian Conservative Party taking all 40 Senate seats and all 71 Chamber of Representatives seats up for election, while the Liberals lost all 34 of their Senate seats and all 69 of their Chamber seats. Some Liberals from the Populares faction stood for election. The number of seats reserved for the minority party were left vacant as a result of the boycott: 22 in the Senate, 61 in the Chamber.

Academia
19 private colleges in Ohio formed the Ohio Foundation of Independent Colleges in order to solicit contributions from industry for operating expenses.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Senate Small Business Committee urged government action against "gray marketeers" who cornered supplies and drove up prices of nickel and other critical defense materials.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I'm Gonna Knock on Your Door--Eddie Hodges (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: La novia--Tony Dallara

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): La Paloma--Freddy Quinn (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Johnny Remember Me--John Leyton (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Take Good Care of My Baby--Bobby Vee
2 Michael--The Highwaymen
3 The Mountain's High--Dick and Deedee
4 Wooden Heart--Joe Dowell
5 Little Sister--Elvis Presley
6 Does Your Chewing Gum Lose its Flavour (On the Bedpost Overnight)--Lonnie Donegan and his Skiffle Group
7 Crying--Roy Orbison
8 Who Put the Bomp--Barry Mann
9 My True Story--The Jive Five with Joe Rene and Orchestra
10 You Don't Know What You've Got (Until You Lose It)--Ral Donner

Singles entering the chart were Bristol Stomp by the Dovells (#71); Riders in the Sky by Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra (#88); Don't Get Around Much Anymore by the Belmonts (#90); So Long Baby by Del Shannon (#91); Movin' by Bill Black's Combo (#93); Berlin Melody by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#95); I Understand (Just How You Feel) by the G-Clefs (#98); Back to the Hop by Danny and the Juniors (#100); Bright Lights Big City by Jimmy Reed (also #100); and Please Mr. Postman by the Marvelettes (also #100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Let's Get Together--Hayley Mills and Hayley Mills
2 You Mostest Girl--Bob Lee
3 (Marie's the Name) His Latest Flame--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
4 Crying--Roy Orbison
5 You're the Reason--Bobby Edwards
6 Little Sister--Elvis Presley
7 Black Land Farmer--Wink Martindale
8 I Love How You Love Me--The Paris Sisters
9 This Time--Troy Shondell
10 Candy Man--Roy Orbison

Singles entering the chart were So Long Baby by Del Shannon (#31); Hit the Road Jack by Ray Charles and his Orchestra (#35); Three Eyed Man by Buddy Knox (#38); Sad Movies (Make Me Cry) by Sue Thompson (#40); (He's) The Great Impostor by the Fleetwoods (#43); Mean Old Woman by the Hi-Fives (#45); A Little Bit of Soap by the Jarmels (#46); Look in My Eyes by the Chantels (#49); and A Very True Story by Chris Kenner (#50).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 (Marie's the Name) His Latest Flame/Little Sister--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)
2 You Mostest Girl--Bob Lee
3 Mexico--Bob Moore and his Orchestra
4 Black Land Farmer--Wink Martindale
5 Let's Get Together--Hayley Mills and Hayley Mills
6 This Time--Troy Shondell
7 Crying/Candy Man--Roy Orbison
8 Jeremiah Peabody's Poly Unsaturated Quick Dissolving Fast Acting Pleasant Tasting Green and Purple Pills--Ray Stevens
9 Cinderella/Kissin' on the Phone--Paul Anka
10 You Must Have Been a Beautiful Baby--Bobby Darin

Singles entering the chart were Mr. Cricket by Del Erickson (#25, charting with its other side, Rockin' Band); Roll Over Beethoven by the Velaires (#31); Hello Fool by Ralph Emery (#33); Bristol Stomp by the Dovells (#34); Three Eyed Man/All by Myself by Buddy Knox (#37); He's My Dreamboat by Connie Francis (#38); Hit the Road Jack by Ray Charles and his Orchestra (#39); and So Long Baby by Del Shannon (#40).

Died on this date
Fatin Rüştü Zorlu, 51
. Turkish diplomat and politician. Mr. Zorlu was a career diplomat in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, holding various ambassadorial posts, including Ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1952-1954). As a member of the Democratic Party he was elected to the Grand National Assembly, representing Çanakkale, in 1954. Mr. Zorlu served as Deputy Prime Minister (1954-1955) and Foreign Minister (1957-1960), but was arrested with other members of the government of Prime Minister Adnan Menderes when the Armed Forces staged a coup on May 27, 1960. Mr. Zorlu and others were charged with violating the constitution; he was sentenced to death and hanged with Mr. Menderes and former cabinet minister Hasan Polatkan, on the island of İmralı.

Hasan Polatkan, 45-46. Turkish politician. Mr. Polatkan, a member of the Democratic Party, represented Eskişehir in the Grand National Assembly (1946-1960), serving as Minister of Labour (1950) and Minister of Finance (1950-1955, 1956-1960). After the 1960 military coup that ousted the government, he was arrested with Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and charged with corruption and violating the constitution. Mr. Polatkan was convicted, sentenced to death, and hanged on the island of İmralı.

Space
Pakistan established its Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission, with Abdus Salam as its head.

Weather
The United States National Hurricane Research Project dropped eight cylinders of silver iodide into the eyewall of Hurricane Esther. Wind speed reduced by 10%, giving rise to Project Stormfury.

Disasters
Typhoon Nancy, with possibly the strongest winds ever measured in a tropical cyclone, made landfall in Osaka, Japan, killing 173 people.

Boxing
Eddie Machen (38-4-1) knocked Mike DeJohn (41-9-1) down 3 times in the 9th round, forcing an automatic technical knockout at 1:09 of the round in a heavyweight bout at War Memorial Auditorium in Syracuse, New York.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (4-3) 12 @ Montreal (1-5-1) 26
Hamilton (6-0) 37 @ Calgary (2-5) 36
Toronto (2-3-1) 8 @ Edmonton (7-1-1) 8

Baseball
Norm Cash hit his 37th home run of the season and Al Kaline batted 4 for 4 with a double, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in to help the Detroit Tigers beat the New York Yankees 10-4 before 35,820 fans at Tiger Stadium. Roger Maris hit his 57th home run of the season for the Yankees. Frank Lary (21-9) pitched an 8-hit complete game victory over Ralph Terry (14-3).

Jerry Lynch doubled home Eddie Kasko and Vada Pinson and scored on a single by pinch hitter Wally Post as the Cincinnati Reds scored all their runs in the bottom of the 7th inning to overcome a 2-0 deficit and defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 3-2 before 8,376 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Jim O'Toole (16-9), the fourth of five Cincinnati pitchers, pitched a perfect 7th inning and was credited with the win over Jim Owens (4-10), who allowed 8 hits and 1 earned run in a complete game.

Willie McCovey led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a home run to give the San Francisco Giants a 4-3 win over the Chicago Cubs before 8,564 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The Cubs had tied the score with 3 runs in the top of the 9th.

Gil Hodges led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a single, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt by Maury Wills, and scored from there on a 2-out single by Ron Fairly to give the Los Angeles Dodgers an 8-7 win over the Milwaukee Braves before 20,763 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Mr. Fairly batted 4 for 5 with 2 doubles and 4 runs batted in. The win enabled the second-place Dodgers to remain 4½ games behind the National League-leading Reds.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Le jour se lève--Esther Galil (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'm Still Waiting--Diana Ross

Baseball
Juan Pizarro (7-5) hit a home run with 1 out in the top of the 8th inning to provide the only scoring as he pitched a 6-hit 1-0 shutout for the Chicago Cubs over the New York Mets before 5,174 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Tom Seaver (18-9) pitched a 7-hitter in taking the loss.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Endless Love--Diana Ross and Lionel Richie (2nd week at #1)
2 For Your Eyes Only--Sheena Easton
3 Hold on Tight--Electric Light Orchestra
4 Stop Draggin' My Heart Around--Stevie Nicks (with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers)
5 The Voice--The Moody Blues
6 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton
7 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
8 Lady (You Bring Me Up)--Commodores
9 The Beach Boys Medley--The Beach Boys
10 In the Mood--Wildroot Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were The Night Owls by Little River Band (#19); and My Girl (Gone, Gone, Gone) by Chilliwack (#20).

Personal
This blogger won the DPDDTC (Don Percy Date That Tune Contest) on Mr. Percy's morning show on CFRN radio in Edmonton by correctly identifying Rebel Rouser by Duane Eddy and the Rebels from 1958. The prize was a pair of jeans from Work Wearhouse.

Boxing
Sugar Ray Leonard (31-1) rallied to score a technical knockout over Thomas Hearns (32-1) at 1:45 of the 14th round at Caesar's Palace in Las Vegas to win the WBC and WBA world welterweight titles.



30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Say Yes--Chage and Aska (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Don't Cry--Guns N' Roses

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Bacardi Feeling (Summer Dreamin')--Kate Yanai (5th week at #1)

On television today
The daytime talk show The Jenny Jones Show began airing in syndication.

Died on this date
Carol White, 48
. U.K. actress. Miss White appeared in movies such as Poor Cow (1967) and I'll Never Forget What's'isname (1967), but alcohol and drug abuse destroyed her career and led to her death.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): A comer a casa--Los DelTonos (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Wannabe--Spice Girls (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wannabe--Spice Girls

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)--John Mellencamp (2nd week at #1)
2 Walls--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
3 Change the World--Eric Clapton
4 That Girl--Maxi Priest
5 Standing Outside a Broken Phone Booth with Money in My Hand--Primitive Radio Gods
6 Gift Shop--The Tragically Hip
7 Tucker's Town--Hootie & the Blowfish
8 Jerk--Kim Stockwood
9 You're Makin' Me High--Toni Braxton
10 Good Friday--The Black Crowes

Singles entering the chart were Spiderwebs by No Doubt (#76); He Liked to Feel It by Crash Test Dummies (#83); Leave it Alone by Moist (#85); All I Know by Screaming Trees (#90); Where Do We Go from Here by Deborah Cox (#93); The One by Tracy Bonham (#94); She's the Devil by The Pursuit of Happiness (#95); Goin' Up by Great Big Sea (#96); and Before by Pet Shop Boys (#97).

Died on this date
McGeorge Bundy, 77
. U.S. political adviser. Mr. Bundy was an egghead who served in the administrations of U.S. Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson as National Security Advisor from 1961-1966, where he was one of the people responsible for the escalation of the Vietnam War.

Gene Nelson, 76. U.S. actor and director. Mr. Nelson, born Leander Eugene Berg, was nominated for a Tony Award for his feature performance in the musical Follies (1971). He appeared in small roles in movies from 1939-1987, including Oklahoma! (1955). He directed television programs and several made-for-television movies, as well as movies such as Your Cheatin' Heart (1964); Kissin' Cousins (1964); and Harum Scarum (1965).

Politics and government
Canadian Heritage Minister Sheila Copps opened the Canadian Information Office, a new $20 million-a-year national unity agency in Ottawa.

Education
The Ontario College of Teachers, a self-regulatory professional body was founded; it was to begin operation the following spring, with authority to license teachers, accredit training programs and coordinate and monitor professional training.

Business
Carole Lafrance of Montreal became the first woman to chair the Canadian Chamber of Commerce.

Sport
India played Pakistan in the first one day cricket international match in Canada, held in Toronto.

Hockey
Former Toronto Maple Leafs' and Detroit Red Wings' defenceman Borje Salming; former Boston Bruins' right wing Bobby Bauer; former defenceman and New York Islanders' coach Al Arbour; and longtime Hockey Night in Canada broadcaster Bob Cole were inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto. Mr. Arbour had a distinguished career as a player, but was inducted as a builder, having led the Islanders to four consecutive Stanley Cup championships from 1980-83.

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Samuel Z. Arkoff, 83
. U.S. film producer. Mr. Arkoff was known as "King of the Quickies" for his low-budget movies that he produced in the 1950s and '60s as head of American Releasing Corporation, later known as American International Pictures.

Protest
An estimated 50 non-Native fishing boats terrorized Native fishers and cut Native lobster pots, after Burnt Church Natives were issued a food fishery license providing unrestricted fishing rights within a specified fishing zone.

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Willie "Big Eyes" Smith, 75
. U.S. musician. Mr. Smith was a blues singer-songwriter, harmonicist, and drummer who had several stints with Muddy Waters' band, beginning in 1961. Mr. Smith also performed as a solo artist, and won a Grammy Award for his album Joined at the Hip, several months before his death after a stroke.

Enamul Haque Chowdhury, 62-63. Bangladeshi politician. Mr. Chowdhury, a member of the Jatiya Party, represented Sylhet-2 in the Jatiya Sangsad (1979-1982, 1986-1988).

Football
CFL
Edmonton (7-4) 38 @ Hamilton (5-6) 23

Thursday, 16 September 2021

September 15, 2021

200 years ago
1821


Central Americana
Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua all gained their independence from Spain.

180 years ago
1841


Died on this date
Alessandro Rolla, 84
. Italian musician and composer. Mr. Rolla was a violist and violinist who was an innovator in technique on both instruments, which he played as leader of the Ducale Orchestra in Parma (1782-1802) and leader and orchestra director of the La Scala Orchestra in Milan (1802-1833). He wrote 12 symphonies, 20 violin concertos, 15 viola concertos, eight ballets, and numerous chamber works. Mr. Rolla is known today mainly as the teacher of legendary violinist Niccolò Paganini.

140 years ago
1881


Born on this date
Ettore Bugatti
. Italian-born French automobile executive. Mr. Bugatti designed his first automobile in 1898, and founded Automobiles E. Bugatti in 1909 in Molsheim, Alsace, now part of France. He died on August 21, 1947, 25 days before his 66th birthday.

120 years ago
1901


Baseball
The Detroit Tigers pounded rookie pitcher Jack Bracken (3-7) for 24 hits as they routed the Cleveland Blues 21-0 before 5,000 fans at Bennett Park in Detroit. The game was stopped after 7½ innings in order to allow the Blues to catch a train. Sport McAllister led the Detroit attack with a home run, 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 7 runs batted in. Ed Siever (17-13) pitched a 6-hit shutout.

The Chicago White Sox scored a run in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 4-4 tie as they edged the Milwaukee Brewers 5-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 18,000 fans at South Side Park in Chicago. Davy Jones batted 1 for 5 with a home run and 2 runs batted in as Milwaukee's leadoff hitter, making 2 putouts in left field in his first major league game. Lou Gertenrich made his major league debut as Milwaukee's right fielder, batting 1 for 2 with a run, with no fielding chances. The White Sox scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning of the second game as they overcame a 4-2 deficit to win 9-4 and complete the sweep. Chicago catcher Billy Sullivan batted 4 for 4 with a triple, run, and run batted in in the second game. Nixey Callahan (14-7) and Wiley Piatt (8-13) were the respective winning pitchers, with Bert Husting (9-11) and Bill Reidy the respective losers.

Jesse Tannehill (16-9) pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Noodles Hahn (19-18), who pitched a 5-hitter, as the Pittsburgh Pirates shut out the Cincinnati Reds 3-0 before 1,500 fans at League Park in Cincinnati. The Pirates scored twice in the 1st inning. Pittsburgh third baseman Jud Smith batted 0 for 4, making 1 putout and 1 assist in the 103rd and last game of his 4-year major league career.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 10 runs in the last 3 innings as they overcame a 6-1 deficit to defeat the Chicago Orphans 13-6 before 6,800 fans at West Side Grounds in Chicago. Every man in the St. Louis lineup had at least one hit. Jack Harper (22-11) pitched a 9-hit complete game to win over Tom Hughes (10-18), who allowed 15 hits and 12 earned runs.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Luther Terry
. U.S. physician. Dr. Terry was Surgeon General of the United States from 1961-1965. He was best known for Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the United States, released on January 11, 1964, which concluded that lung cancer and chronic bronchitis were causally related to cigarette smoking. Dr. Terry died of heart failure on March 29, 1985 at the age of 73.

Baseball
Jimmy McAleer announced his resignation as manager of the Washington Nationals, effective the end of the season. The Nationals were in seventh place in the American League.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Gene Roland
. U.S. musician. Mr. Roland was a jazz musician who played many instruments--notably piano and trumpet--and also wrote music, but was mainly known for spending four decades as the arranger for Stan Kenton's band. Mr. Roland died on August 11, 1982 at the age of 60.

Richard Gordon. U.K. physician and author. Dr. Gordon, whose real name was Gordon Stanley Benton, was a ship's surgeon and anaesthetist who wrote non-fiction medical books under his own name, but was best known for writing the Doctor series of 18 comic novels (1952-1986), several of which were adapted into movies and television series. Dr. Benton died on August 11, 2017 at the age of 95.

90 years ago
1931


Baseball
Dib Williams batted 5 for 5 with 3 runs and a run batted in to help the Philadelphia Athletics rout the Cleveland Indians 14-3 before 1,500 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia to clinch the American League pennant for the third straight season. Every man in the Philadelphia lineup had at least 1 hit. Eddie Rommel (6-5) pitched a 9-hit complete game victory over Mel Harder (13-13).

Jim Levey led off the 9th inning with a single and eventually scored from third base when Jack Burns grounded into a force play and second base and beat the throw to first on an attempted double play, breaking a 4-4 tie as the St. Louis Browns edged the Washington Nationals 5-4 before 1,100 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Sam Gray (10-22) pitched 2 scoreless innings in relief of Bob Cooney to get the win over Lloyd Brown (14-13), who allowed 9 hits and only 1 earned run in a complete game. A pair of Washington errors contributed to 4 unearned St. Louis runs.

Tom Oliver singled home Danny MacFayden with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Boston Red Sox a 3-2 win over the Chicago White Sox before 2,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. MacFayden (15-12) pitched a 10-hit complete game to outduel Ted Lyons (3-5), who allowed 9 hits, but made a throwing error on a ground ball by Jack Rothrock in the 9th inning, allowing Mr. MacFayden, who had singled to lead off the inning, to reach third base.

Lou Gehrig batted 2 for 4 with a home run and 4 runs batted in to help the New York Yankees beat the Detroit Tigers 9-2 before 2,500 fans at Yankee Stadium. Bill Dickey and Sammy Byrd also homered for the Yankees. Gordon Rhodes (4-3) pitched a 7-hit complete game to win over Tommy Bridges (8-15).

Pie Traynor batted 3 for 4 with a double and 3 runs batted in to help the Pittsburgh Pirates beat the Brooklyn Robins 5-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 4,000 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Heinie Meine (17-12) pitched a 6-hit complete game to win over Watty Clark (11-10). Tony Piet batted 3 for 4 with 2 runs, and scored on a throwing error by shortstop Glenn Wright to break a 1-1 tie in the bottom of the 7th inning as the Pirates won the second game 2-1 to complete the sweep. Mr. Wright's error came on a ground ball by Larry French, which was ruled a single. Mr. French (15-11) pitched a 7-hitter to outduel Dazzy Vance (11-12), who allowed 8 hits and 1 earned run in 7 innings.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 4 runs--3 unearned--in the 2nd inning and coasted to a 5-0 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 3,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Joe Lindsey (6-4) pitched a 5-hit shutout, and singled and scored the fourth St. Louis run. Clise Dudley (7-14) pitched a 9-hit complete game loss, allowing 2 earned runs. The game was played in 1 hour 32 minutes.

80 years ago
1941


War
Chinese authorities in Chungking claimed that 30,000 Chinese troops of the Japanese-sponsored government in Nanking had mutinied during an inspection the previous week, proclaiming their allegiance to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Peruvian planes bombed and machine-gunned the Ecuadorian settlements of Tendales, Pagua, and Tenguel.

Defense
U.K. Supply Minister Lord Beaverbrook wired all tank factories urging them to speed up output the following week, when every tank produced in Britain would be sent directly to the Russian frontlines. U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox told the American Legion convention in Milwaukee that beginning the next day, the United States Navy would provide protection for ships of every flag carrying Lend-Lease supplies between U.S. waters and Iceland.

World events
German authorities in Oslo announced that the state of emergency proclaimed on September 10 would be lifted at 5 A.M. the next day.

Diplomacy
Averell Harriman, head of the U.S. mission to Moscow, arrived in London and conferred with U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The Argentine Chamber of Deputies voted 78-1 in favour of a resolution censuring German Ambassador Baron Edmund von Thurmann for directing Nazi activities in Argentina.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Solon J. Buck as national archivist, succeeding Dr. R.D.W. Connor, who had resigned.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of Production Management ordered a cut of 48.4% in the December 1941 output of passenger automobiles, limiting production to 204,848 units.

Labour
40,000 Congress of Industrial Organizations coal miners in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee went on strike for a union shop.

Football
CRU
WIFU
Regina (1-2) 6 @ Vancouver (1-1) 7

Only 1,500 fans were in attendance to see the Grizzlies record their only win.

Baseball
Pete Reiser's home run off a tired Paul Derringer broke a 0-0 tie and the Brooklyn Dodgers scored 5 runs in the top of the 17th inning and beat the Cincinnati Reds 5-1 before 5,961 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Johnny Allen pitched the first 15 innings for the Dodgers, and Hugh Casey (14-9) picked up the win in relief. Mr. Derringer (11-14) pitched 16+ innings, allowing 14 hits and 3 runs--2 earned--in taking the loss.

Lefty Gomez (15-4) allowed 9 hits and 2 earned runs in 8.1 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Al Smith (10-13) as the New York Yankees defeated the Cleveland Indians 4-2 before 2,775 fans at Yankee Stadium. It was the second and last major league game for 17-year-old Cleveland first baseman Vern Freiburger, who singled in a run with his only major league hit, and made 6 putouts and 3 assists in the field, and participated in a double play. It was the fifth and final major league game for Cleveland right fielder Buck Frierson, who batted 2 for 3 with a base on balls and a run, and made 1 putout.

Harlond Clift singled home Joe Grace with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 3-3 tie and give the St. Louis Browns a 4-3 win over the Philadelphia Athletics before 700 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Winning pitcher Bob Harris (11-13) and losing pitcher Fred Caligiuri (1-1) both pitched complete games.

The Washington Nationals scored 5 runs--all earned off Hal Newhouser in 1 2/3 innings and held on to defeat the Detroit Tigers 8-5 before 1,500 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Winning pitcher Dutch Leonard (17-12) allowed 8 hits and 5 earned runs in a complete game.

75 years ago
1946


Television
CBS demonstrated a colour television which was "suitable for commercial manufacture."

Politics and government
The German Socialist Unity Party won large victories in communal elections in the Soviet-occupied provinces of Mecklenburg and Brandenburg, but Social Democrats carried elections in the British zone.

Bulgaria was officially proclaimed a People's Republic.

The U.S.S.R.'s secret police organization, the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD), was renamed Ministry of Internal Affairs (MGB).

Society
The U.S. Federal Security Agency reported that the U.S. divorce rate in 1945 had risen to one-third the total number of marriages that had taken place that year.

Disasters
A Royal Canadian Air Force Dakota transport plane crashed near Estevan, Saskatchewan while returning the lend-lease Cornell aircraft to the United States, killing 21 RCAF pilots from 124 Squadron.

70 years ago
1951


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Too Young--Nat "King" Cole; Toni Arden (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Because of You--Tony Bennett (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); Come On-A My House--Rosemary Clooney (Disc Jockey--8th week at #1; Jukebox--7th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Because of You--Tony Bennett (2nd week at #1)
--Les Baxter and his Orchestra
2 Come On-A My House--Rosemary Clooney
--Kay Starr
3 Sweet Violets--Dinah Shore
4 Too Young--Nat "King" Cole
5 The Loveliest Night of the Year--Mario Lanza
6 I Get Ideas--Tony Martin
--Louis Armstrong
7 My Truly, Truly Fair--Guy Mitchell
--Vic Damone
8 Jezebel--Frankie Laine
9 Cold, Cold Heart--Tony Bennett
10 The World is Waiting for the Sunrise--Les Paul and Mary Ford

Singles entering the chart were Wonder Why by Vic Damone (#28); Castle Rock by Frank Sinatra and Harry James (#33); Dimples and Cherry Cheeks by the Andrews Sisters and Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#36); Mary Rose by Dennis Day (#37); and Sweetheart of Yesterday by Guy Mitchell (#39). Sweetheart of Yesterday was the B-side of Belle, Belle, My Liberty Belle, charting at #12.

War
The South Korean government estimated that one million South Korean civilians had died and eisht million had been wounded or had lost personal property in the war against the Communists.

Diplomacy
The United Nations Special Committee on the Balkans charged in its annual report to the General Assembly that six Communist countries were training guerrillas and waging a propaganda campaign to prepare for the forcible overthrow of the Greek government.

Guatemala and Nicaragua restored diplomatic relations, broken off four years earlier during a period of civil unrest in Guatemala.

France protested to the United States against a Tunisian freedom appeal broadcast over Voice of America by nationalist leader Habib Bourguiba.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Karl Mundt (Republican--Republican--South Dakota) announced the formation of a bipartisan committee to work for cooperation between Republicans and southern Democrats in the next presidential election.

Football
CRU
IRFU
Montreal (1-3) 8 @ Toronto (1-3) 6
Ottawa (2-2) 6 @ Hamilton (4-0) 11

WIFU
Winnipeg (3-4) 21 @ Saskatchewan (3-4) 12
Edmonton (6-1) 30 @ Calgary (2-5) 15

Baseball
Behind the pitching of Marion "Sugar" Caine, Licey defeated Escogido 8-0 in Santiago in the first game ever played in Los Grandes Finales, Dominican Republic's national championship series.

Jack Merson, playing his second major league game, batted 5 for 6 with a double, triple, run, and 6 runs batted in to help the Pittsburgh Pirates upset the Brooklyn Dodgers 11-4 before 11,098 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Mel Queen (6-9) was the winning pitcher over Ralph Branca (13-8).

Bobby Thomson, Willie Mays, and Don Mueller hit solo home runs to help the New York Giants defeat the Chicago Cubs 5-2 before 10,051 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago, reducing the Dodgers' lead over the Giants in the National League to 5 games. Sheldon Jones (6-10) pitched an 11-hit complete game victory over Paul Minner (6-16). Fred Richards made his major league debut with the Cubs, flying out to center field as a pinch hitter in the 7th inning.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 5-2 before 1,795 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Niles Jordan (2-3) allowed 5 hits and 2 earned runs in 8+ innings to get the win over Herm Wehmeier (5-10).

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 6 runs in the first 3 innings as they coasted to a 10-1 win over the Boston Braves before 5,258 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Cliff Chambers (14-11) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory.

The St. Louis Browns scored 3 runs in the top of the 8th inning as they overcame a 2-0 deficit and defeated the Boston Red Sox 3-2 before 14,872 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Duane Pillette (6-14) allowed 6 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings to get the win over Chuck Stobbs (10-7), who allowed 4 hits and 3 earned runs in 7.2 innings.

Vic Wertz batted 3 for 4 with 2 home runs, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in to help the Detroit Tigers defeat the New York Yankees 7-4 before 18,643 fans at Yankee Stadium. Marlin Stuart started on the mound for Detroit and hit his only major league home run in the top of the 5th inning to give the Tigers a 5-2 lead, but he walked 4 batters and made a wild pitch in the bottom of the 5th, and was relieved by Dizzy Trout with 2 out, falling one out short of pitching the necessary number of innings for a starting pitcher in order to get credit for a win. Mr. Trout (9-13) allowed 2 hits and 1 run--unearned--to get the win, singling in his only plate appearance. Johnny Sain (2-1) allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 6 innings to take the loss.

Joe Tipton doubled with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th inning, and pinch runner Bobby Shantz scored from second base on a single by Eddie Joost to give the Philadelphia Athletics a 5-4 win over the Chicago White Sox before 1,921 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. The Athletics tied the game when Dave Philley hit a home run to lead off the bottom of the 9th. Johnny Kucab (4-3) allowed 4 hits in 7 innings of scoreless relief to get the win.

Early Wynn (19-12) allowed 2 runs in the 1st inning and then pitched 8 shutout innings for the Cleveland Indians as they beat the Washington Nationals 4-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 20,056 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. The Indians scored 5 runs in the 5th to take a 6-3 lead in the second game, but the Nationals scored 3 in the 7th, and Al Rosen made an error on a ground ball by Gil Coan that allowed Mike Guerra to score from third base with 1 out in the 8th as the Nationals won 7-6, leaving the American League-leading Indians 1 game ahead of the Yankees.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Johnny Remember Me--John Leyton (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Romeo and Rose

The Twilight Zone, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Two, starring Charles Bronson and Elizabeth Montgomery

This was the first episode of The Twilight Zone's third season. Nathan Van Cleave composed the music for this episode, and part of it served as the theme for the radio series CBS Radio Mystery Theater, which aired from 1974-1982. A recording of the score was released on the album The Twilight Zone: The Original Scores, Volume Four.



50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hey Girl Don't Bother Me--The Tams

On television tonight
Rod Serling's Night Gallery, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Boy who Predicted Earthquakes, starring Clint Howard, Michael Constantine, and Bernie Kopell; Miss Lovecraft Sent Me, starring Joseph Campanella and Sue Lyon; The Hand of Borgus Weems, starring George Maharis and Ray Milland; Phantom of What Opera?, starring Leslie Nielsen

This was the first episode of the series' second season.

Died on this date
Roberto Ortiz, 56
. Cuban-born baseball player. Mr. Ortiz was an outfielder with the Washington Nationals (1941-1944, 1949-1950) and Philadelphia Athletics (1950), batting .255 with 8 home runs and 78 runs batted in in 213 games. He hit .296 with 50 homers in 732 games in 8 seasons in the minor leagues (1939-1942, 1951-1954), and hit at least 7 home runs in at least 120 games in 7 seasons in the Mexican League (1945-1948, 1952-1956). Mr. Ortiz had a 35-game hitting streak in 1948, which stood as the Mexican League record until 2000. He died in Miami.

Protest
The first Greenpeace ship departed Vancouver, British Columbia to protest against the upcoming Cannikin nuclear weapon test in Alaska.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (4-6) 7 @ Calgary (8-1) 20

Calgary quarterback Jerry Keeling left the game with a shoulder separation and was replaced by rookie Jim Lindsey.

Baseball
The New York Mets traded first baseman Ron Allen to the St. Louis Cardinals for third baseman Bobby Etheridge. Mr. Allen, the younger brother of major leaguers Hank and Dick Allen, hit .281 with 20 home runs and 58 runs batted in in 128 games for the Tidewater Tides of the AAA International League. Mr. Etheridge hit .277 with 12 homers and 46 RBIs in 114 games for the Tulsa Oilers of the AAA American Association.

John Boccabella reached third base on an error by second baseman Denny Doyle to lead off the 8th inning and Bobby Wine followed with a sacrifice fly to score pinch runner Clyde Mashore with the game's only run as the Montreal Expos edged the Philadelphia Phillies 1-0 before 7,734 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Ernie McAnally (10-10) pitched a 4-hitter, striking out 9 batters, to win the pitchers' duel over Woodie Fryman (10-7), who allowed 6 hits in 8 innings. There were no bases on balls in the game, which was played in 1 hour 50 minutes.

The Chicago Cubs swept a doubleheader from the New York Mets 6-2 and 3-2 before 21,302 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. In the first game, winning pitcher Bill Hands (11-18) drove in 2 runs with a single in the 3rd inning as he outduelled Jerry Koosman (6-10). In the second game, Chicago rookie pitcher Burt Hooton had a no-hitter and a 2-0 lead with 2 out in the 7th inning before Mike Jorgensen singled and Ken Singleton followed with a 2-run home run. Billy Williams came to bat for the Cubs in the top of the 9th inning as a pinch hitter and homered off Danny Frisella (7-5) to give Mr. Hooton (1-0), who struck out 15 batters, his first major league win.

Hank Aaron hit his 44th home run of the season to help the Atlanta Braves to a 4-2 win over the Houston Astros before 6,513 fans at the Astrodome, with Phil Niekro (14-12) pitching a 4-hit complete game victory over Jack Billingham (8-15). In what may stand as the shortest major league career on record, Larry Yount was announced as the pitcher for the Astros to start the top of the 9th inning. He popped a ligament in his elbow while warming up on the mound, and was removed from the game before facing a batter, and never appeared in the major leagues again. His brother Robin began his Hall of Fame career with the Milwaukee Brewers in 1974.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 9th inning, Harmon Killebrew drew a base on balls and Steve Braun followed with a triple to score Mr. Killebrew with the game's only run as the Minnesota Twins edged the Milwaukee Brewers 1-0 before 3,960 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Bert Blyleven (13-15) pitched a 6-hitter, with 9 strikeouts, to win the pitchers' duel over Skip Lockwood (9-14), who allowed just 2 hits, but walked 6 batters.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Strada del sole--Rainhard Fendrich (7th week at #1)
2 Hold on Tight--Electric Light Orchestra
3 For Your Eyes Only--Sheena Easton
4 The Stroke--Billy Squier
5 Stars on 45 Vol. 2--Stars on 45
6 Eisbär--Grauzone
7 Love What's Your Face--Ingrid Kup
8 Hello Man--Cosmetics
9 Stars on 45--Stars on 45
10 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes

Singles entering the chart were For Your Eyes Only; Eisbär; Love What's Your Face; Twist Medley by Rolling 60s (#14); and Ai no corrida by Quincy Jones (#20).

Died on this date
Rafael Méndez Arceo, 75
. Mexican-born U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Méndez, who emigrated to the United States at the age of 20, was a trumpeter who performed and composed classical, jazz, folk, and popular music in a career spanning more than 50 years. He led the brass section of M-G-M's studio orchestra in the 1940s, and performed as a soloist from 1950 until his retirement in 1975, with a peak of about 120 concerts per year. Mr. Méndez began experiencing problems with asthma in the 1950s that negatively affected his skill, but he continued to compose and arrange after his retirement as a performer. His Scherzo in D minor is often heard in recitals, and he's credited with popularizing La Virgen de la Macarena, commonly known as "the bullfighter's song," to American audiences.

Law
The U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee unanimously approved Sandra Day O'Connor as the first female justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Transportation
The 150-year-old John Bull became the oldest operable steam locomotive in the world when the Smithsonian Institution operated it under its own power outside Washington, D.C.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (7th week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Do the Limbo Dance--David Hasselhoff
2 Wind of Change--Scorpions
3 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
4 Bacardi Feeling (Summer Dreamin')--Kate Yanai
5 Sailing on the Seven Seas--OMD (Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark)
6 Any Dream Will Do--Jason Donovan
7 Bobby Brown--Frank Zappa
8 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
9 Gypsy Woman (La Da Dee La Da Da)--Crystal Waters
10 Bow Down Mister--Jesus Loves You

Singles entering the chart were Come with Me to Paradise by Tony Christie (#29); and Pandora's Box by OMD (Orchestral Manoeuvres In The Dark) (#30).

Died on this date
John Hoyt, 85
. U.S. actor. Mr. Hoyt, born John Hoysradt, was one of this blogger's favourite character actors in numerous radio and television programs, and in movies such as When Worlds Collide (1951). and Attack of the Puppet People (1958).

Smoky Burgess, 64. U.S. baseball player. Forrest Harrill Burgess was a catcher with the Chicago Cubs (1949, 1951); Philadelphia Phillies (1952-1955); Cincinnati Reds (1955-1958); Pittsburgh Pirates (1959-1964); and Chicago White Sox (1964-1967), batting .295 with 126 home runs and 673 runs batted in 1,691 games. He was with the Pirates when they won the 1960 World Series. In his later years, Mr. Burgess played primarily as a pinch hitter, and in his final season, he didn't play in the field at all. Mr. Burgess had 145 pinch hits, which was the major league career record until it was broken by Manny Mota in 1979.

Warner Troyer, 59. Canadian journalist. Mr. Troyer, a native of Cochrane, Ontario, worked at various radio stations in western Canada, and was a newscaster with CHED when the Edmonton station began broadcasting in 1954. Mr. Troyer appeared on the CBC television news program This Hour has Seven Days in the mid-1960s, and was one of the original co-hosts of the CBC television news program The Fifth Estate (1975-1976). He devoted his later years to environmental causes, and wrote books such as No Safe Place (1977). Mr. Troyer died of throat cancer.

Space
Astronauts on board the U.S. space shuttle Discovery with mission STS-48 deployed the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite, containing the Canadian Wind Imaging Interferometer (WINDII).

Football
CFL
Edmonton (7-4) 41 @ Saskatchewan (3-8) 36
Toronto (7-4) 24 @ Calgary (8-3) 36

Warren Jones made his first CFL start at quarterback for the Eskimos before 24,166 fans at Taylor Field in Regina, replacing the injured Tracy Ham, and produced a win despite completing just 12 passes. It was the first CFL game for Edmonton slotback Chris Armstrong--whose 2 receptions were both called back on penalties--and the last Eskimo appearance for wide receiver David Williams, who caught 3 passes for 30 yards. Jerry Kauric, wearing #9 instead of his previous #4, returned as the Eskimos' kicker after spending 1990 with the NFL's Cleveland Browns and kicked 2 big field goals, including one from 51 yards. Craig Ellis and Blake Marshall each scored 2 touchdowns for the Eskimos. Former Winnipeg Blue Bomber Tom Muecke made his first appearance in an Edmonton uniform, dressing as the backup to Mr. Jones.

The Calgary defense knocked Toronto quarterback Matt Dunigan with an injury, and Calgary linebacker Dan Wicklum sent Toronto running back/receiver Rocket Ismail to hospital with a concussion as the Stampeders beat the Argonauts before 26,122 fans at McMahon Stadium.

Baseball
Pinch hitter Mike Fitzgerald drew a base on balls with the bases loaded and 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to force home Tom Foley with the winning run as the Montreal Expos edged the Chicago Cubs 6-5 before 25,601 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Chico Walker hit 2 home runs for Chicago, while Larry Walker homered for Montreal.

Sid Bream's grand slam was the big blow of a 5-run 1st inning as the Atlanta Braves routed the Los Angeles Dodgers 9-1 before 45,541 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium. Steve Avery (16-8) pitched a 4-hit complete game and also singled in a run.

Rookie Ray Lankford hit for the cycle to lead the St. Louis Cardinals to a 7-2 win over the New York Mets before 26,379 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Winning pitcher Rheal Cormier (3-3) pitched a 9-hit complete game.

Jose Canseco hit 2 home runs, scored 3 runs, and drove in 6 as the Oakland Athletics beat the Toronto Blue Jays 10-5 before 50,315 fans at SkyDome in Toronto.

Luis Rivera drew a base on balls with the bases loaded and 2 out in the top of the 8th inning to force Mike Greenwell home with the winning run as the Boston Red Sox edged the New York Yankees 5-4 before 22,303 fans at Yankee Stadium. Boston second baseman Jody Reed batted 4 for 5 with a home run, double, run, and 3 runs batted in.

Alvin Davis batted 4 for 4 with a home run, double, run, and 4 runs batted in to help the Seattle Mariners defeat the Kansas City Royals 14-7 before 20,019 fans at Royals Stadium. Pat Lennon made his major league debut with the Mariners in the 8th inning when he pinch hit for Mr. Davis, doubling in a run and coming around to score. Chris Howard made his major league debut in the 6th when he replaced Dave Valle as the Mariners' catcher; he doubled in his first major league plate appearance in the 8th and scored. Warren Cromartie came to bat as a pinch hitter for Kansas City in the 9th and grounded into a game-ending double play; for Mr. Cromartie, it was the 1,107th and last game of his 10-year major league career.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Twisted--Keith Sweat (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Wannabe--Spice Girls

#1 single in Scotland (OCC): Breakfast at Tiffany's--Deep Blue Something

Died on this date
Andy Pilney, 83
. U.S. football coach and baseball player. Mr. Pilney was head coach at Tulane University from 1954-1961, compiling a record of 25-49-6. He played football and baseball at the University of Notre Dame and was drafted by the Detroit Lions in the 1936 National Football Leage draft, but chose to pursue a professional baseball career. Mr. Pilney played in the minor leagues from 1936-1939, and played in 3 games with the Boston Bees in 1936, batting 0 for 2.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (3-8) 18 @ Saskatchewan (3-9) 16

The Rough Riders scored 2 touchdowns late in the 4th quarter as a result of interceptions to defeat the Roughriders before 19,567 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. It turned out to be the Rough Riders' last win ever.



Edmonton (7-5) 14 @ Hamilton (5-7) 20

Mike Kerrigan passed for 286 yards and a touchdown and Paul Osbaldiston kicked 4 field goals as the Tiger-Cats defeated the Eskimos before 17,301 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium. Mr. Kerrigan's performance gave him 17,581 career yards passing, breaking Bernie Faloney's club record. The Eskimos were without Danny McManus at quarterback because of injury, so rookie backup Cody Ledbetter made his first start and completed a 5-yard pass to Tony Burse for the only Edmonton touchdown. Henry "Gizmo" Williams, who had been out all season because of injury, played his first game of the season for the Eskimos, returning 4 punts for 118 yards, 3 kickoffs for 106 yards, and 2 missed field goals for 56 yards for a total of 280 yards. He lost a sure touchdown when Don Blair was penalized for an illegal block on a punt return when Mr. Williams was at the Hamilton 5-yard line and would have scored anyway. Warren Jones played briefly at quarterback for the Eskimos in the final game of his 8-year CFL career.

Baseball
Joe Carter singled in the go-ahead run in the 3rd inning and hit a solo home run in the 5th inning as the Toronto Blue Jays beat the New York Yankees 3-1 before 36,268 fans at SkyDome in Toronto. Winning pitcher Woody Williams allowed 5 hits in 8 innings, with Derek Jeter's home run leading off the 3rd inning being the only run against him. Toronto first baseman John Olerud was hit by pitches twice, giving the Blue Jays a total of 81 for the season, a major league club record.

Troy O'Leary singled home Lee Tinsley with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Boston Red Sox a 9-8 win over the Chicago White Sox before 32,452 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mo Vaughn hit 2 home runs and drove in 5 runs for Boston, while Chicago first baseman Frank Thomas hit 3 homers. Danny Tartabull and Robin Ventura also homered for Chicago; all of the White Sox' home runs were hit off Boston strting pitcher Tim Wakefield, but were all hit with the bases empty.

Brady Anderson led off the game with the first of five Baltimore home runs as the Orioles beat the Detroit Tigers 16-6 before 13,764 fans at Tiger Stadium. Cal Ripken hit 2 homers for the Orioles, and Bobby Bonilla hit a grand slam for Baltimore in the 8th inning. Tony Clark homered twice for Detroit.

Geronimo Berroa scored on an error by center fielder Kenny Lofton after a single by Terry Steinbach to break a 9-9 tie and give the Oakland Athletics a 10-9 win over the Cleveland Indians before 42,226 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored a run in the bottom of the 7th inning and 4 in the 8th to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 6-5 before 35,803 fans at Dodger Stadium.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 6 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 5-5 tie and defeat the San Francisco Giants 11-9 to complete the sweep of a doubleheader before 21,998 fans at 3Com Park in San Francisco. The Pirates led 5-1 going into the 9th, but the Giants rallied for 4 runs to send the game into extra innings. The Giants scored 4 runs in the bottom of the 10th and had runners on first and third bases with 2 out, but pinch hitter Kim Batiste struck out to end the game. Pittsburgh left fielder Mike Kingery batted 2 for 4 with a double, 2 runs, and was hit by a pitch, reaching base in his last 3 plate appearances and scoring after the last 2 while making 3 putouts in 9 innings in the field, in the 819th and last game of his 11-year major league career. The Pirates won the first game 4-1, with Jon Lieber (8-5) winning the pitchers' duel over Kirk Rueter (5-8).

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
June Salter, 69
. Australian actress. Miss Salter was a character actress on stage, screen, radio, and television in a career spanning almost 50 years. She was a heavy smoker, and died of esophageal cancer.

Terrorism
U.S. President George W. Bush identified Osama bin Laden as the prime suspect in the September 11 attacks on the United States, and told Americans to prepare for a long, difficult war against terrorism.

Auto racing
CART
Kenny Brack won the American Memorial at EuroSpeedway Lausitz in Klettwitz, Germany. Max Papis finished second and Patrick Carpentier third in the race, which was marred by a crash involving Alex Zanardi, resulting in the loss of his legs. He was leading the race on lap 142 of 154 when he pitted, and then spun coming onto the track. He was hit by Alex Tagliani, who moved just enough to avoid hitting Mr. Zanardi in a way that would have killed him.



Football
CIS
British Columbia 18 Alberta 14

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Frances Bay, 92
. Canadian-born U.S. actress. Mrs. Bay, born Frances Goffman in Mannville, Alberta and raised in Dauphin, Manitoba, appeared in plays and radio programs in the 1930s and '40s, but was known for her later work as a character actress, appearing in bit parts in numerous movies and television programs from the mid-1970s until her death.