Wednesday, 30 June 2021

June 30, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lucia Rios!

1,725 years ago
296


Religion
Marcellinus succeeded Caius as Christian Bishop of Rome.

370 years ago
1651


War
The Battle of Berestechko between forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Ukrainian Cossacks in what is now part of Ukraine concluded with a Polish victory.

160 years ago
1861


Canadiana
Prince Alfred continued his tour, returning to Quebec after a visit to Niagara Falls, Hamilton, Toronto, and Montreal.

150 years ago
1871


Business
The Sun Mutual Life Insurance Company of Montreal, incorporated in 1865, started operations.

130 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Man Mountain Dean
. U.S. wrestler. Mr. Dean, born Frank Simmons Leavitt, wrestled professionally in the 1920s and '30s, eventually growing a long, full beard and adopting his ring name. He was one of the first professional wrestlers to emphasize showmanship as part of his persona. Mr. Dean died of a heart attack at the age of 61 on May 29, 1953.

Ed "Strangler" Lewis. U.S. wrestler. Mr. Lewis, born Robert Herman Julius Friedrich, won the world heavyweight championship six times in a professional career that spanned 40 years. He died on August 8, 1966 at the age of 75.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Czesław Miłosz
. Polish writer. Mr. Miłosz wrote poetry and prose, and was awarded the 1980 Nobel Prize in Literature. He died on August 14, 2004 at the age of 93.

100 years ago
1921


Law
William Howard Taft, 27th President of the United States (1909-1913), was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States by President Warren G. Harding.

80 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square--Vera Lynn; West End Players (2nd month at #1)

At the movies
Panggilan Darah (Call of Blood), starring Dhalia and Soerip, received its premiere screening at the Orion Theatre in Batavia, Dutch East Indies.

Died on this date
Aleksander Tõnisson, 66
. Estonian military commander. Kindralmajor (Major General) Tõnisson was a commander of Estonian forces during Estonia's war of independence against the U.S.S.R. in 1940. He was arrested by Soviet authorities and eventually executed.

Yefim Fomin, 32. U.S.S.R. politician. Mr. Fomin was a Communist commissar who participated in the defense of Brest Fortress against the invasion of German forces from June 22-30, 1941. When the Germans finally overcame the resistance, Mr. Fomin was identified as a Jew and a Communist, and was immediately shot.

War
The German command announced the capture of Lwow--capital of western Ukraine--and Libau on the Latvian coast. German columns were reportedly encircling Minsk. U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin was named chairman of a Russian Defense Council "to accelerate mobilization." The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King government introduced Bill 80 in the House of Commons, sanctioning his promise not to bring in conscription for overseas service; it passed on July 23, 1941 by a vote of 141-45. U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox told the conference of U.S. state governors in Boston that "the time to use our navy to clear the Atlantic of the German menace is at hand...Now is the time to strike." Chinese Foreign Minister Dr. Kuo Tai-Chi stated in Chungking that China would not consider any "specious offer of peace terms or a negotiated peace" which would involve the sacrifice of her "essential rights and interests."

Americana
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicated a library in Hyde Park, New York, containing six million items bearing his name, and housing his private papers.

Diplomacy
The Vichy French government severed diplomatic relations with the U.S.S.R.

Mexican Ambassador to the U.S.A. Francisco Catillo Najera presented U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles with a cheque for $1 million as partial payment of the claims of American citizens whose property in Mexico had been expropriated since 1927.

Argentina rejected Uruguay's proposal that any American republic engaged in a foreign war be regarded as a non-belligerent.

Politics and government
The New York City Board of Higher Education voted unanimously to dismiss John Kenneth Ackley, suspended City College of New York registrar, who, five days earlier, had been convicted of Communist activity and interference with the state's Rapp-Coudert Committee. The trial committee of the Board had recommended Mr. Ackley's dismissal.

Crime
Two American Federation of Labor Teamsters union officials and five alleged racketeers were arrested in New York on charges of extorting $2.5 million from trucking concerns and wholesale milk dealers.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Friend of Yours--Bing Crosby; Frank Sinatra (2nd month at #1)

War
As the truce in Manchuria expired, Nationalist forces in China were ordered to retaliate against Communist moves.

Politics and government
In state assembly elections in U.S.-occupied Bavaria, Baden-Wuerttemberg, and Hesse, the Christian Social Union won over the German Social Democratic Party. In U.S.S.R.-occupied Saxony, 77% of voters approved a referendum for the nationalization of large industrial plants.

The U.S. State Department revealed that it was transferring control of cultural affairs in Germany, Japan, Austria, and Korea to the War Department.

In elections in Ecuador for a national constituent assembly, conservatives won 33 seats; dissident liberals 20; independents 6; dissident leftists 2; and democrats 1.

Lord Woolton succeeded Ralph Assheton as chairman of the British Conservative Party.

Economics and finance
Chief of United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration German operations Sir Frederick Morgan announced that 714,187 refugees in the western occupation zone would be rescreened to eliminate those ineligible for aid.

The day after U.S. President Harry Truman vetoed the bill that would have extended the Office of Price Administration for one year, the OPA expired, and food subsidies ended at midnight.

The Mexican Supreme Court ruled that no U.S. company could sue directly for reimbursement for the expropriation of oil properties.

70 years ago
1951


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Aba Daba Honeymoon--Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Too Young--Nat "King" Cole (Best Seller--2nd week at #1; Disc Jockey--1st week at #1); How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford (Jukebox--9th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Too Young--Nat "King" Cole (2nd week at #1)
2 How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford
3 On Top of Old Smoky--The Weavers and Terry Gilkyson
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
4 Jezebel--Frankie Laine
5 Sound Off (The Duckworth Chant)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
6 My Truly, Truly Fair--Guy Mitchell
--Vic Damone
7 Mockin’ Bird Hill--Les Paul and Mary Ford
8 Mister and Mississippi--Patti Page
–-Dennis Day
9 Rose, Rose, I Love You--Frankie Laine
10 The Loveliest Night of the Year--Mario Lanza

Singles entering the chart were What is a Boy by Jan Peerce (#25); My Life's Desire, with versions by Vic Damone and Doris Day (#30); Lonely Little Robin by the Pinetoppers (#37); There's a Big Blue Cloud (Next to Heaven) by Perry Como (#38); and I'm a Fool to Want You by Frank Sinatra (#40). Vic Damone's version of My Life's Desire was the B-side of My Truly, Truly Fair.

At the movies
Strangers on a Train, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, and starring Robert Walker and Farley Granger, opened in theatres.



Theatre
The Playhouse in the Park, the first municipally owned and operated summer theatre-in-the round, opened in Philadelphia.

War
On instruction from the U.S. National Security Council, General Matthew Ridgway broadcast a message stting his readiness to begin truce negotiations with North Korean and Chinese Communist representatives.

World events
Argentina announced the arrest of two retired Army officers and 11 civilians for an alleged plot to overthrow the government of President Juan Peron.

Refugees from Romania reported the deportation of all members of Yugoslavian ethnic groups from villages within 30 miles of the Yugoslavian border.

Politics and government
Socialists from 21 countries meeting in Frankfurt, West Germany established a new Socialist International.

The Young Republican National Federation ended a three-day meeting in Boston after rejecting a proposal by U.S. Senator Karl Mundt (Republican--South Dakota) for a coalition of Republicans and Southern Democrats opposed to President Harry Truman.

Economics and finance
The U.S. dollar ceased to be legal tender in Cuba as the Cuban peso, valued at par with the dollar, became the country's sole monetary unit.

Labour
U.S. President Truman signed a bill extending wage, price, and rent controls for one month but banning price rollbacks.

The U.S. Congress completed work on a compsomise bill authorizing the Labor Department to recruit Mexicans for work on U.S. farms.

Disasters
A United Air Lines DC-6 crashed in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, killing 50 passengers.

Baseball
The Cleveland Indians released pitcher Johnny Vander Meer, ending his 13-year major league career. He spent his first 11 seasons with the Cincinnati Reds, and was best known for pitching two consecutive no-hitters in 1938. Mr. Vander Meer's final major league game was on May 7, 1951 with the Indians, when he allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 3 innings in his only appearance in a Cleveland uniform, taking a loss.

The Boston Braves scored 8 runs in the 7th inning and 7 in the 8th to beat the New York Giants 19-7 at Braves Field before 10,812 fans at Braves Field. Earl Torgeson led the Boston attack, hitting a grand slam in the 7th inning and a 3-run home run in the 8th. Vern Bickford (9-7) was the winning pitcher over Sal Maglie (12-4). Spider Jorgensen flied out as a pinch hitter for New York in the 8th in the 267th and last game of his 5-year major league career.

The Brooklyn Dodgers scored 3 innings in each of the 2nd and 3rd innings and 7 in the 4th as they beat the Philadelphia Phillies 14-8 before 8,096 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Runaway--Del Shannon (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Miles Miller Story

Died on this date
Lee de Forest, 87
. U.S. inventor. Mr. de Forest held over 180 patents, but was best known for his 1906 invention of the audion vacuum tube, the first practical amplification device. He was involved in several patent lawsuits, and spent much of his income and time in litigation. Mr. de Forest died several years after suffering a severe heart attack. For more on him, see Ken Burns' television documentary Empire of the Air: The Men who Made Radio (1992), and read the companion book of the same title by Tom Lewis.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (2nd week at #1)

At the movies
Carnal Knowledge, directed by Mike Nichols, and starring Jack Nicholson, Candice Bergen, Art Garfunkel, Ann-Margret, and Rita Moreno, opened in theatres in the U.S.A.



Died on this date
Herbert Biberman, 71. U.S. director and screenwriter. Mr. Biberman directed movies such as Meet Nero Wolfe (1936); When Tomorrow Comes (1939); and The Master Race (1954), writing the screenplay for the latter. He was one of the Hollywood Ten directors and screenwriters who were cited for contempt of Congress in 1947 for their refusal to answer questions regarding their involvement with the Communist Party, and were blacklisted by Hollywood as a result. Mr. Biberman directed Salt of the Earth (1954), which was filmed independently in Mexico, employing other blacklistees. He died of bone cancer.

Georgy Dobrovolsky, 43; Victor Patsayev, 38; Vladislav Volkov, 35. U.S.S.R. cosmonauts. The crew of Soyuz 11, Mr. Dobrovolsky (Commander), Mr. Volkov (Flight Engineer), and Mr. Patsayev (Test Engineer) were returning from a 23-day flight, which had set a record for endurance in space. The mission had been a success, and the re-entry and landing appeared to be uneventful, but the crew were dead when the recovery team arrived and opened the capsule at 1:35 A.M. Moscow time. A breathing ventilation valve had been jolted open as the descent module had separated from the service module, causing a loss of air pressure that had proved fatal within seconds. The cosmonauts had not been wearing pressure suits. It was the Soviet Union's greatest space disaster involving cosmonauts.



Politics and government
Allan Blakeney was sworn in as Premier of Saskatchewan, eight days after leading his New Democratic Party to victory over the incumbent Liberal government of Premier Ross Thatcher in the provincial election.

The ratification process for the Twenty-sixth Amendment to the United States Constitution was completed as North Carolina became the 38th state to ratify the amendment, which reads:

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation
.

Journalism
The U.S. Supreme Court voted 6-3 to uphold The New York Times' right to publish the "Pentagon Papers," a classified study of U.S. military involvement in Vietnam from 1945-1967.

40 years ago
1981


Labour
Canada Post workers started a 42-day strike.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Are You Ready?--AC/DC

#1 single in Switzerland: Ring Ring Ring (Ha Ha Hey)--De La Soul (2nd week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher (3rd week at #1)
2 Wind of Change--Scorpions
3 The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes
4 Bobby Brown--Frank Zappa
5 Jesus Loves You--Bow Down Mister
6 Gypsy Woman (La Da Dee La Da Da)--Crystal Waters
7 Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave)--Roxette
8 Secret Love--Bee Gees
9 Last Train to Trancentral--The KLF
10 How to Dance--Bingoboys featuring Princessa

Singles entering the chart were Gypsy Woman (La Da Dee La Da Da); Just a Groove by Nomad (#29); and Touch Me (All Night Long) by Cathy Dennis (#30).

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Scotland (OCC): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

Music
Neil Young premiered his album Broken Arrow with Crazy Horse via the internet; the CD was slated for release on July 2, 1996, two days after its internet debut.

Ronnie Hawkins hosted a schizophrenia fund-raiser in Peterborough, Ontario, with a surprise appearance by Willie Nelson and Ringo Starr (in actual fact two impersonators). No one in the crowd of 400 questioned the pair's authenticity; Mr. Hawkins revealed the hoax the following day.

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Chet Atkins, 77
. U.S. musician. Mr. Atkins was a country singer-songwriter who played several instruments, but was primarily known for his guitar skills in a career spanning more than 50 years. He was a producer with RCA Records from the late 1940s through the early '70s, and helped to create the "Nashville sound," a smoother-sounding country music that broadened the appeal of country music. Mr. Atkins became frustrated with RCA's reluctance to let him branch into jazz as a performer, and left the label for Columbia Records in 1982. He won 14 Grammy Awards, including a Lifetime Achievement Award in 1993. Mr. Atkins died after a long bout with colon cancer.

Joe Henderson, 64. U.S. musician. Mr. Henderson was a jazz tenor saxophonist and composer who performed on his own and with numerous other musicians in a career spanning more than 40 years. He was a heavy smoker, and died of emphysema.

Politics and government
The government of Quebec agreed to a multi-million dollar compensation deal for about 1,500 "Duplessis orphans" who had suffered physical and psychological abuse in church-run institutions in the 1940s and '50s; each received about $25,000 in compensation.

10 years ago
2011


Canadiana
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and his wife Kate, Duchess of Cambridge arrived in Ottawa to start their first official overseas tour since marrying in April; the newlyweds' nine-day Canadian tour saw them stop in Quebec, Prince Edward Island, the Northwest Territories, and Alberta.

Energy
Labrador Innu agreed to a land and hydro deal needed to develop the Lower Churchill hydroelectric project.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (0-1) 26 @ Montreal (1-0) 30

June 29, 2021

220 years ago
1801


Born on this date
Frédéric Bastiat
. French economist and politician. Mr. Bastiat didn't become an economic theorist until the mid-1840s, but was a classical economist responsible for the concept of opportunity cost and the parable of the broken window. His best-known book was The Law (1850), which was written shortly before his death from tuerculosis on December 24, 1850 at the age of 49. Mr. Bastiat was a member of the French National Assembly from 1848 until his death.

160 years ago
1861


Born on this date
William James Mayo
. U.S. physician and surgeon. Dr. Mayo and his brother Charles were sons of William Worrall Mayo, a physician in Rochester, Minnesota. The brothers joined their father's practice, and all three worked together at Saint Mary's Hospital when it was established in 1889. They were among seven founders of the Mayo Clinic in Rochester in 1919. Dr. W.J. Mayo died of stomach cancer on July 28, 1939, 29 days after his 78th birthday.

Died on this date
Elizabeth Barrett Browning, 55
. U.K. poetess. Mrs. Browning achieved popularity from the 1820s through the 1840s; her collection Poems (1844) attracted the attention of writer Robert Browning. The pair met and married in 1845, and moved to Italy in 1846. Mrs. Browning suffered from poor health for most of her life, and in later years suffered from lung problems, which eventually proved fatal. Emily Dickinson and Edgar Allan Poe were among those influenced by Mrs. Browning's works, the best-known of which include Sonnet 43 ("How Do I Love Thee?") (1845) and Aurora Leigh (1856).

150 years ago
1871


Canadiana
The British Parliament granted assent to An Act respecting the establishment of Provinces in the Dominion of Canada (The British North America Act, 1871), under which Canada was permitted to establish new provinces.

Economics and finance
The Bank Act gained royal assent; it provided for a uniform banking code throughout Canada.

140 years ago
1881


World events
In Sudan, Muhammad Ahmad declared himself to be the Mahdi, the messianic redeemer of Islam.

130 years ago
1891


Transportation
Thomas Ahearn and Warren Soper (Ahearn & Soper) started operating their Ottawa Street Railway Company with four electric tram cars; it was the first streetcar service in Ottawa, and the origin of OC Transpo.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Ed Gardner
. U.S. actor, director, and writer. Mr. Gardner wrote and directed several plays and radio programs in the 1930s and early '40s before achieving lasting success with the radio comedy series Duffy's Tavern (1941-1951), in which he starred as Archie, the tavern's manager. He died of liver disease on August 17, 1963 at the age of 62.

Nelson Eddy. U.S. actor and singer. Mr. Eddy appeared in 19 musical films during the 1930s and '40s, and was best known for eight in which he co-starred with Jeanette MacDonald, including Naughty Marietta (1935); Maytime (1937); and Sweethearts (1938). He had a recording career from the 1930s through the 1960s, and was performing at the Sans Souci Hotel in Palm Beach, Florida when he was stricken on stage with a cerebral hemorrhage, and died several hours later on March 6, 1967 at the age of 65.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Bernard Herrmann
. U.S. composer and conductor. Mr. Herrmann, the greatest composer of music for movies was born Max Herman in New York City. A successful conductor on radio broadcasts, he composed music for Orson Welles' Mercury Theater on the Air and accompanied Mr. Welles to Hollywood. Mr. Herrmann's first film score, Citizen Kane (1941), as was his score for The Devil and Daniel Webster (1941), for which he won his only Academy Award. He was nominated for Oscars for Anna and the King of Siam (1946), and for his last two films, Obsession and Taxi Driver (both 1976). He wrote all the music for Alfred Hitchcock's films from 1955-1964; his scores for Vertigo (1958), North by Northwest (1959), and Psycho (1960) are among the most famous and influential ever written, but none were nominated for Oscars. My favourite film score is the one that Mr. Herrmann wrote for Fahrenheit 451 (1966), which was also ignored in Oscar nominations. Mr. Herrmann also wrote music for television, including a number of episodes of The Twilight Zone. He composed the opening and closing themes for the first season (1959/60) of that series, and his score for the episode titled Walking Distance (1959) is probably the best score ever written for a single episode of a television series. He died in his sleep on December 24, 1975 at the age of 64, just after completing work on Taxi Driver.

Katherine DeMille. Canadian-born U.S. actress. Miss DeMille, born Katherine Lester in Vancouver, was orphaned in childhood and adopted by movie producer and director Cecil B. DeMille. She appeared, often uncredited, in 30 movies from 1930-1956, including Madame Satan (1930); Charlie Chan at the Olympics (1937); and Unconquered (1947). Miss DeMille was married to actor Anthony Quinn from 1937-1965, and died on April 27, 1995 at the age of 83.

Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld. Prince consort of the Netherlands, 1948-1980. Prince Bernhard, a member of the princely House of Lippe, married the future Queen Juliana in 1937, and becams prince consort when she acceded to the throne in 1948. The couple had four children, and he fathered two illegitimate children with other women. Prince Bernhard was a member of the Nazi Party before World War II, but fought against German occupation of the Netherlands, and fled to England, serving as a Wing Commander in the Royal Air Force. He co-founded the globalist Biderberg Group in 1954, and helped found the World Wildlife Fund, serving as its first president in 1961. Prince Bernhard accepted more than $1 million in bribes from the U.S. aircraft firm Lockheed Corporation in the 1970s, but escaped prosecution. Queen Juliana abdicated in 1980 in favour of their daughter Beatrix, and died on March 20, 2004. Prince Bernhard died of lung cancer just over eight months later, on December 1, 2004 at the age of 93.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Frédéric Dard
. French writer. Mr. Dard was an author of crime fiction, writing more than 300 novels under his own name and various pseudonyms. 175 of his works were about Detective Superintendent Antoine San-Antonio. Mr. Dard died on June 6, 2000, 23 days before his 79th birthday.

Jean Kent. U.K. actress. Miss Kent, born Joan Summerfield, appeared in movies such as The Rake's Progress (1945); Caravan (1946); and The Browning Version (1951). She appeared in numerous television programs from the late 1940s through the early 1990s. Miss Kent died on November 30, 2013 at the age of 92 after a fall at her home.

80 years ago
1941


Died on this date
Ignace Jan Paderewski, 80
. Prime Minister of Poland, January-November 1919; Chief of the National Council of Poland, 1939-1941. Mr. Paderewski was one of the world's most famous concert pianists, and was also a noted composer in the late 19th-early 20th century. He was a leading Polish nationalist, and served as the country's Prime Minister and Foreign Minister for most of 1919, but resigned and left Poland after losing political support. He moved to Switzerland, and eventually became leader of the Polish government-in-exile in London during the first two years of World War II.

Abominations
Romanian authorities launched one of the most violent pogroms in Jewish history in the city of Iași, resulting in the murder of at least 13,266 Jews.

Defense
Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fumimaro Konoye said in an interview in Tokyo that he "can see no reason why the Japanese and American people cannot remain friendly," and asserted that the Tripartite Pact was purely defensive. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the induction of 90,000 new men into the Army in the year beginning July 1, 1941. Former U.S. President Herbert Hoover declared that he was opposed to helping the U.S.S.R., which he described as "one of the bloodiest tyrannies...in human history."

Protest
Two people were killed and eight wounded when armed Italian Fascists clashed with opponents in Durazno, Uruguay.

Politics and government
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill named Canadian-born newspaper magnate Lord Beaverbrook as Minister of Supply in his war cabinet.

Law
A bill to permit wiretapping in order to trap spies and saboteurs was defeated in the U.S. House of Representatives 154-146.

Crime
U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover announced that 26 men and 3 women had been arrested in the past 48 hours on charges of espionage.

Disasters
36 passengers and crew members of the cabin cruiser Don were missing after the ship exploded; it was the worst sea disaster off the coast of Maine in 50 years.

Baseball
Singling against knuckleballer Dutch Leonard and Walt Masterson of the Washington Nationals in each game of a doubleheader, Joe DiMaggio of the Yankees hit safely in his 41st and 42nd consecutive games, breaking the American League record set by George Sisler of the St. Louis Browns in 1922. The Yankees swept the twinbill 9-4 and 7-5 at Griffith Stadium in Washington.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (Best Seller--6th week at #1; Juke Box--5th week at #1 ); The Gypsy--Dinah Shore (Airplay--4th week at #1); The Gypsy--The Ink Spots; Dinah Shore (Honor Roll of Hits--6th week at #1)

Theatre
I Remember Mama closed after 713 performances at the Music Box Theatre on Broadway in New York.

War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, the defense said it could not prove the death of Nazi Party deputy leader Martin Bormann, who was being tried in absentia.

World events
The unrecognized government of Indonesia announced that President Sukarno had declared martial law and assumed all executive powers, following the kidnapping of Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir and other government officials by an armed band at Surakarta.

Terrorism
British authorities raided Jewish communities throughout Palestine, searching for the leaders of the Jewish underground group Haganah.

Politics and government
U.K. Viceroy Archibald Wavell named an executive council consisting of six Britons, one Hindu, and one Muslim to serve as a "caretaker" government in India until a Constituent Assembly was elected.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Harry Truman vetoed the bill extending the Office of Price Administration for another year, saying that it would only contribute to inflation; the House of Representatives sustained his veto.

Labour
The International Labor Organization maritime conference in Seattle adopted an international convention setting a minimum monthly wage for seamen of $64.

60 years ago
1951


On the radio
The Life of Riley, starring William Bendix, on NBC Tonight's episode: The Rileys Leave for a Vacation in Brooklyn

This was the last episode of the series after a run of more than seven years. A television series starring Jackie Gleason aired in the 1949-50 season, and it was revived in 1953 with Mr. Bendix in the starring role.

Died on this date
Dick Conway, 19
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Conway was a catcher with the Twin Falls Cowboys of the Class C Pioneer League, batting .277 with 11 home runs in 55 games in his first year as a professional. He became the third minor league player to die within the month when he was struck above the heart by a ball thrown during a pre-game practice at John Affleck Park in Ogden, Utah.

War
The South Korean National Assembly adopted a resolution against a cease-fire at the 38th Parallel, demanding the withdrawal of Chinese Communist troops to Manchuria and the unification of all Korea under the South Korean government.

Defense
Warning against an "ominous" buildup of Soviet-bloc military power, U.S. Defense Secretary George Marshall urged the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee to support President Harry Truman's administration's $8.5-million Mutual Security program.

Diplomacy
U.S. Ambassador to Iran Henry Grady met with Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh in an attempt to find some basis for the resumption of Iran's oil flow to world markets.

Labour
900 United Air Lines pilots ended a 10-day strike over flying time under a "truce agreement" following a government threat to seize the airline.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Running Scared--Roy Orbison

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Runaway--Del Shannon

Space
The United States launched three satellites--Transit 4A; Solrad 3; and Injun 1 for purposes of obtaining data for a navigational gathering satellite system, solar x-rays, and cosmic rays. Solrad 3 and Injun 1 were launched together, but failed to separate.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Butterfly--Danyel Gérard

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (4th week at #1)

Football
CFL
Pre-season
All-Star Game
CFL All-Stars 30 @ Montreal (0-1) 13

Fewer than 9,000 fans were in attendance at Autostade to see the first CFL game to be played in June. Tommy-Joe Coffey, Gary Wood, and Hugh McKinnis scored touchdowns for the All-Stars; Jack Abendschan converted all 3 and added 2 field goals and 3 singles. Sonny Wade rushed 3 yards for the Alouettes' touchdown in the 4th quarter. George Springate converted and added 2 field goals. Toronto Argonauts' running back Bill Symons was voted the game's most valuable player, earning a $500 Canada Savings Bond. Ottawa Rough Riders' receiver Hugh Oldham won a race at halftime to earn the title of the league's fastest man. The marked the end of the career for Saskatchewan Roughriders' centre Ted Urness, who had come out of retirement to replace injured teammate Ken Frith on the All-Stars' roster.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Blue Jeans Memory--Masahiko Kondō (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Medley--Stars on 45 (6th week at #1)

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Grease Megamix--Olivia Newton-John and John Travolta (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Senza una donna--Zucchero & Paul Young (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--Les Inconnus

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): Any Dream Will Do--Jason Donovan

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Gypsy Woman (La Da Dee La Da Da)--Crystal Waters (2nd week at #1)
2 More than Words--Extreme
3 Senza Una Donna (Without a Woman)--Zucchero & Paul Young
4 Anasthasia--T99
5 Wind of Change--Scorpions
6 The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher
7 I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
8 No Coke--Dr. Alban
9 It Ain’t Over ‘Til it’s Over--Lenny Kravitz
10 Mooi Man--Mannenkoor Karrespoor

Singles entering the chart were Burbujas De Amor by Juan Luis Guerra y 4;40 (#23); Kozmik by Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers (#29); Safe from Harm by Massive Attack (#32); Morgen Wordt Alles Anders by Bonnie St Claire (#34); and Baby Baby by Amy Grant (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul (3rd week at #1)
2 I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
3 Unbelievable--EMF
4 Power of Love/Love Power--Luther Vandross
5 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
6 More than Words--Extreme
7 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
8 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
9 Strike it Up--Black Box
9 Playground--Another Bad Creation

Singles entering the chart were (Everything I Do) I Do it for You by Bryan Adams (#53); Love of a Lifetime by Firehouse (#81); With You by Tony Terry (#84); Learning to Fly by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#87); Now that We Found Love by Heavy D & the Boyz (#93); Borrowed Love by Bingo Boys (#95); and Blind Faith by Warrant (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul (2nd week at #1)
2 I Wanna Sex You Up—Color Me Badd
3 Unbelievable—EMF
4 More than Words—Extreme
5 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
7 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
6 Power of Love/Love Power—Luther Vandross
8 Couple Days Off—Huey Lewis and the News
9 I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey
10 Here I Am (Come and Take Me)--UB40

Singles entering the chart were (Everything I Do) I Do it for You by Bryan Adams (#53); Love on a Rooftop by Desmond Child (#65); Summertime by D.J. Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince (#77); Sunrise by the Triplets (#80); Perfect World by Alias (#85); Too Many Walls by Cathy Dennis (#86); Just Like You by Robbie Nevil (#87); Monster by Fred Schneider (#88); and 3 A.M. Eternal by the KLF (#89).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 More than Words—Extreme (4th week at #1)
2 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
3 Rush Rush—Paula Abdul
4 Couple Days Off—Huey Lewis and the News
5 I Don’t Wanna Cry--Mariah Carey
6 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
7 Walking in Memphis—Marc Cohn
8 Unbelievable--EMF
9 Part of You, Part of Me—Glenn Frey
10 A Better Love--Londonbeat

Singles entering the chart were Something to Talk About by Bonnie Raitt (#31); Learning to Fly by Tom Petty (#39); Every Heartbeat by Amy Grant (#59); (Everything I Do) I Do it for You by Bryan Adams (#79); Set Me in Motion by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#83); Unforgettable by Natalie Cole with Nat King Cole (#85); Never Gonna Let You Down by Surface (#87); Heat of the Night by Worrall (#88); Lay Down and Dirty by Foreigner (#91); Everybody Plays the Fool by Aaron Neville (#92); Twist My Arm by the Tragically Hip (#94); The Sound of Your Voice by 38 Special (#95); and Looking for Summer by Chris Rea (#96).

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Fable--Robert Miles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Macarena--Los Del Rio (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Macarena--Los Del Rio (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Macarena--Los del Río (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (7th week at #1)
2 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
3 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
4 How Do U Want It/California Love--2Pac featuring K-Ci and JoJo/2 Pac featuring Dr. Dre & Roger Troutman
5 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
6 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
7 Theme from Mission: Impossible--Adam Clayton & Larry Mullen, Jr.
8 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
9 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
10 Ironic--Alanis Morissette

Singles entering the chart were I Like by Montell Jordan featuring Slick Rick (#44); Tonight, Tonight by the Smashing Pumpkins (#51); Someday by All-4-One (#67); Where it's At by Beck (#75); That Girl by Maxi Priest featuring Shaggy (#83); Redneck Games by Jeff Foxworthy with Alan Jackson (#92); and Blackberry Molasses by Mista (#96). I Like was from the movie The Nutty Professor (1996). Someday was from the movie The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1996).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (6th week at #1)
2 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
3 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
4 How Do You Want It/California Love--2Pac (featuring KC and JoJo)/(featuring Dr. Dre and Roger Troutman)
5 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
6 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
7 Theme from Mission: Impossible--Adam Clayton & Larry Mullen, Jr.
8 Why I Love You So Much--Monica
9 Sweet Dreams--La Bouche
10 Insensitive--Jann Arden

Singles entering the chart were I Like by Montell Jordan featuring Slick Rick (#38); If I Ruled the World by Nas (#56); and You Said by Mona Lisa (#86).

Music
Eric Clapton, Ron Woods, Bob Dylan, The Who, and Alanis Morrissette were among those who performed before 150,000 people in London's Hyde Park in an all-day event that raises about £750,000 for Prince Charles' Prince's Trust charity.

Space
Canadian Space Agency astronaut and NASA Payload Specialist Dr. Robert Thirsk, on U.S. space shuttle Columbia mission STS-78, talked with students at Maple Grove Education Center in Nova Scotia via the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment. He also participated in a series of arm tests measuring the turning effect on muscles when force is applied, using the Torque Velocity Dynamometer, and tested in thinking skills and in determining how the head and eyes track visual and motion targets in microgravity.

Politics and government
Radovan Karadzic, self-styled President of Serb-controlled Bosnia, was re-elected President of the Serbian Democratic Party.

Disasters
12 people were killed and 25 were missing as flash floods swept through Tuscany.

Football
CFL
Winnipeg (0-1) 12 @ Calgary (2-0) 39

20 years ago
2001


Diplomacy
Kofi Annan was elected to a second term as Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Britannica
The British government announced that a fountain honouring the memory of Diana, Princess of Wales, would be built in London's Hyde Park.

10 years ago
2011


Economics and finance
The Toronto and London stock exchanges cancelled their proposed $3.7-billion merger because there was not enough shareholder support to go ahead.

Monday, 28 June 2021

June 28, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, James Remnant and Minnie de Ramos!

560 years ago
1461


Britannica
Edward IV was crowned King of England at Westminster.

530 years ago
1491


Born on this date
Henry VIII
. King of England, 1509-1547; Lord of Ireland, 1509-1542; King of Ireland, 1542-1547. Henry VIII, the son of Henry VII, was the second monarch of the Tudor dynasty. He was known for his six marriages; his attempt to obtain an annulment of his first marriage, to Catherine of Aragon, led to a dispute with Pope Clement VII, and ultimately led to the founding of the Church of England as a body separate from the Roman Catholic Church. King Henry VIII was a man of letters, and a talented musician. He has been credited--perhaps erroneously--as the composer of the folk ballad Greensleeves, but did not write the music hall song I'm Henry VIII, I Am. King Henry was athletic in his younger years, but a wound suffered in a jousting match led to further health problems, perhaps including the gross obesity that characterized him in his later years. King Henry VIII died on January 28, 1547 at the age of 55, and was succeeded on the throne by his son Edward VI.

370 years ago
1651


War
The Battle of Berestechko between forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Ukrainian Cossacks began in what is now part of Ukraine.

190 years ago
1831


Born on this date
Joseph Joachim
. Hungarian musician and composer. Mr. Joachim was one of the most renowned classical violinists of the 19th century, and was associated with Johannes Brahms and Robert and Clara Schumann. Mr. Joachim composed more than two dozen works, many for violin. His best-known work was Violin Concerto No. 2 in D Minor, the "Hungarian concerto." Mr. Joachim died on August 15, 1907 at the age of 76.

180 years ago
1841


Ballet
Giselle by Adolphe Adam received its premiere performance by the Paris Opera Ballet in the Salle Le Peletier, with Carlotta Grisi in the title role.

175 years ago
1846


Music
Adolphe Sax patented the saxophone.

150 years ago
1871


Economics and finance
The Dominion Bank opened its first branch on King Street in Toronto.

140 years ago
1881


Died on this date
Jules Armand Dufaure, 82
. Prime Minister of France, 1871-1873, 1876, 1877-1879. Mr. Dufaure was a moderate republican who was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1834, and held several cabinet posts before leaving public life during the Second French Empire (1852-1870). He became a member of the National Assembly in 1871, and served three short terms as Prime Minister. Mr. Dufaure was worn out by opposition, leading to his retirement from politics in February 1879.

Diplomacy
The Austro–Serbian Alliance of 1881 was secretly signed in Belgrade. The convention effectively turned Serbia into a vassal state of Austria-Hungary and meant her accession by proxy to the subsequent Triple Alliance (1882).

Medicine
Elizabeth Robinson of Christchurch became the first registered female pharmacist in New Zealand.

130 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Esther Forbes
. U.S. authoress. Miss Forbes wrote historical and children's novels; her best-known work was the novel Johnny Tremain (1943), for which she received the Newbery Award. Her few works of non-fiction included the biography Paul Revere and the World He Lived In (1942), for which she received the Pulitzer Prize for History. Miss Forbes died of rheumatic heart disease on August 12, 1967 at the age of 76.

125 years ago
1896


Disasters
An explosion in the Newton Coal Company's Twin Shaft Mine in Pittston, Pennsylvania resulted in a massive cave-in that killed 58 miners.

120 years ago
1901


Canadiana
Patagonian Welsh settlers from Argentina arrived in Saskatchewan.

110 years ago
1911


Space
The Nakhla meteorite, the first one to suggest signs of aqueous processes on Mars, fell to Earth, landing in Egypt.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
P. V. Narasimha Rao
. Prime Minister of India, 1991-1996. Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao, a member of the Indian National Congress Party, was Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (1971-1973) and sat in the Lok Sabha (1977-1997), holding several cabinet posts, including Minister of External Affairs (1980-1984, 1988-1989, 1992-1994) and Minister of Defence (1984-1985, 1993-1996). He was the first Prime Minister from South India, and became known as the "Father of Indian Economic Reform," adopting free-market policies in contrast to the mixed economic policies of his predecessors. The Indian National Congress Party was defeated in the 1996 general election; Mr. Rao was forced to resign as party president. He was convicted of corruption in 2000, but was acquitted on appeal in 2002. Mr. Rao died on December 23, 2004 at the age of 83, two weeks after suffering a heart attack.

Died on this date
Charles Bonaparte, 70
. U.S. politician. Mr. Bonaparte, a great-nephew of French Emperor Napoleon, was a lawyer in Baltimore and an activist for progressive causes, founding the Reform League of Baltimore in 1885 and co-founding the National Municipal League in 1894. A Republican, Mr. Bonaparte served in the cabinet of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt as Secretary of the Navy (1905-1906) and Attorney General (1906-1909). In the latter post, he battled the tobacco monopoly, and in 1908 founded the Bureau of Investigation, which in 1935 was renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Mr. Bonaparte died 19 days after his 70th birthday.

Politics and government
Serbian King Alexander I proclaimed the new constitution of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, known thereafter as the Vidovdan Constitution.

80 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): My Sister and I--Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra with Bob Eberly (2nd week at #1)

War
The U.S.S.R. claimed that 4,000 Soviet and German tanks were engaged in a great battle in western Ukraine.

Defense
The U.S. War Department disclosed that the Army had developed a secret radio beam device, similar to a British device already in use, for spotting approaching enemy aircraft. The U.S. Senate and House of Representatives passed and sent to President Franklin D. Roosevelt the $10,384,821,624 Army appropriation bill for 1942, the largest single appropriations measure in history.

Diplomacy
The Peruvian government banned the dissemination of propaganda by foreign diplomatic and consular officials in favour of any belligerent country.

Politics and government
U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Walter George (Democrat--Georgia) criticized the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt for its "totalitarian methods" in its defense policies.

Texas Governor W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel (Democrat) defeated U.S. Representative Lyndon Johnson (Democrat--Texas) by 1,311 votes in a special election for a seat in the United States Senate.

The Chinese government named American Asia expert Owen Lattimore as a special political adviser.

City College of New York faculty member Morris Schappes was convicted in New York of perjury during his testimony on the Communist movement before the Rapp-Coudert committee.

Energy
The U.S. Federal Power Commission declared an electric power emergency in the southeastern United States, and ordered that the use of electricity for all non-essential and non-defense purposes be curtailed.

Religion
The first revision of the 1891 Baltimore Catechism of the Roman Catholic Church was published with simplifications and modernized answers.

75 years ago
1946


Politics and government
The Italian Constituent Assembly elected former Liberal Party member Enrico de Nicola as provisional President of the Italian Republic.

The U.S. House of Representatives defeated President Harry Truman's plan for reorganization of federal agencies and reform of the welfare and housing programs.

Diplomacy
The Allied Council of Foreign Ministers removed zonal restrictions on the movement of Austrian citizens and goods.

Acting U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson restated American policy barring foreign interference in China's internal affairs and helping the nation to recover its strength.

Medicine
Dr. Bertram Lou-Beer of the University of California reported the successful use of radioactive phosphorus--a byproduct of atomic research--in the treatment of superficial skin cancers.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister J.L. Ilsley announced new proposals to solve the taxation dispute between the federal and provincial governments. Quebec Premier Maurice Duplessis opposed Mr. Ilsley's proposals.

The United States Senate completed action on the Office of Price Administration bill, extending the agency for one year, but weakening its powers. Chester Bowles resigned as U.S. Office of Economic Stabilization Director, charging that the price control measures favoured by Congress made stabilization "flatly impossible."

70 years ago
1951


Died on this date
Leroy Wilson, 50
. U.S. corporate executive. Mr. Wilson, President of American Telephone and Telegraph Company since 1948, died in New York.

World events
Archbishop Josef Groesz, who succeeded Josef Cardinal Mindszenty as head of the Roman Catholic Church in Hungary, was convicted in Budapest of plotting to overthrow the government with U.S. aid, and was sentenced to 15 years in jail.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Harry Truman named Navy Secretary Francis P. Matthews to succeed George Garrett as U.S. Ambassador to Ireland.

Oil
Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh appealed in a letter to U.S. President Truman for American support against Britain in the oil nationalization dispute. The U.S. government approved a plan by 18 oil companies to supply Western Europe with oil if Iranian supplies were cut off.

Business
The U.S. Federal Trade Commission ordered the American Tobacco Company to stop false advertising claims that Lucky Strike cigarettes were less irritating to the throat than other brands or were preferred "two to one" by tobacco experts.

60 years ago
1961


Politics and government
U.S. President John F. Kennedy addressed Berlin and other issues at a news conference in Washington.



50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Mata Au Hi Made--Kiyohiko Ozaki (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Qué Será (Che Sará)--José Feliciano (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
Franz Stangl, 63
. Austrian war criminal. SS-Hauptsturmführer Stangl was a federal policeman who joined the Austrian Nazi Party in 1931 and joined the Schutzstaffel (SS) in May 1938. He was involved with the Nazis' T-4 euthanasia program during Wolrd War II, and was commandant of the extermination camps of Sobibor (April-August 1942) and Treblinka (September 1942-August 1943) in Nazi-occupied Poland. SS-Hauptsturmführer Stangl helped to organize the campaign against Yugoslav partisans and Jews in Trieste from August 1943 until early 1945, when he returned to Vienna because of illness. He was imprisoned by U.S. authorities after the war because of his suspected involvement with T-4, but escaped through a "ratline" to Syria, and then to Brazil, where he lived with his wife and children and worked with Volkswagen do Brasil, under his own name. SS-Hauptsturmführer Stangl was tracked down by Nazi hunter Simon Wiesenthal and was finally arrested in 1967; he was extradited to West Germany, and convicted in December 1970 of the mass murder of a million people. He was six months into the maximum sentence of life imprisonment in Düsseldorf when he died of heart failure, 19 hours after completing 70 hours of interviews with journalist Gitta Sereni, which concluded with him finally admitting his guilt.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Stars on 45--Stars on 45

#1 single in Switzerland: Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Terry Fox, 22
. Canadian hero. Mr. Fox, a native of Winnipeg who later moved with his family to Port Coquitlam, British Columbia, was a runner and basketball player in high school before enrolling at Simon Fraser University as a kinesiology student. He lost his right leg to cancer in 1977, but continued to run with a prosthesis, and played wheelchair basketball, helping the Vancouver Cable Cars win three straight national championships and earning all-star recognition. Mr. Fox departed St. John's, Newfoundland on April 12, 1980 to begin the Marathon of Hope across Canada to raise money for cancer research. Unfortunately, the cancer returned after a few months, and he was forced to give up his effort on September 1, 1980 in Thunder Bay, Ontario, long before reaching his goal. Mr. Fox returned to British Columbia, where he died, a month before his 23rd birthday. On September 13, 1981, the first annual Terry Fox Run was held, and the event continues throughout Canada to this day.

Music
Roy Orbison was in concert at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton, and this blogger and his brother were in attendance. Roy was great, but the opening act was an untalented comedian whose name I've long forgotten. Tickets cost $12.50 each.

Terrorism
73 leading members of Iran's Islamic Republic Party were killed when a bomb exploded at the party's headquarters in Tehran.

30 years ago
1991


Politics and government
Former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher announced that she would resign her seat in the House of Commons and would not run in the next general election.

The governments of Canada, British Columbia, and B.C. first nations set up a commission to coordinate treaty negotiations.

Business
The Canadian Radio-Television and Telecommunications Commission supported the right of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation to close and cut back operations at 11 stations.

Scandal
Patricia Starr, a former political fundraiser for the Liberal Party of Ontario, was sentenced to six months in jail for fraud and breach of trust in dealing with the provincial government.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Islamic Welfare Party managed to create a coalition with the secular True Path Party and form a government in Turkey. Islamic Party leader Necmettin Erkeban became the first Muslim to hold the office of Prime Minister.

The Constitution of Ukraine was signed into law.

Terrorism
A suicide bomber in Turkey killed 9 people and wounded 20 as Kurdish rebels targeted a military parade.

World events
A new guerrilla group calling itself the Popular Revolutionary Army appeared at a memorial service for slain peasants in the state of Guerrero and pledged to overthrow the government.

Crime
André Dallaire, who had broken into Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien's official residence on November 5, 1995, was ruled to be not criminally responsible for his act because of his history of schizophrenia.

Academia
Under the threat of having U.S. federal funding withdrawn, The Citadel, the Military College of South Carolina, voted to admit women.

Economics and finance
The German government of Chancellor Helmut Kohl passed a plan for austerity and deregulation, targeting sick benefits and pension contributions in particular.

Football
CFL
Ottawa (0-1) 23 @ Hamilton (1-0) 35

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Mortimer Adler, 98
. U.S. philosopher. Mr. Adler, one of the best-known American philosophers of the 20th century, wrote such books as How to Read a Book (1940); Great Ideas from the Great Books (1961); and How to Think About the Great Ideas (2000).

World events
Former Yugoslavian President Slobodan Milosevic was handed over to the United Nations war crimes tribunal.

Politics and government
Former federal cabinet minister Iona Campagnolo was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Environment
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that municipalities could ban the use of lawn pesticides and herbicides.

Sunday, 27 June 2021

June 27, 2021

450 years ago
1571


Academia
Queen Elizabeth I issued a royal charter establishing Jesus College, the first Protestant college at the University of Oxford.

175 years ago
1846


Born on this date
Charles Stewart Parnell
. U.K. politician. Mr. Parnell was an Irish nationalist who transformed the Home Rule League into the Irish Parliamentary Party, which he led from 1882 until his death. He represented Meath in the House of Commons from 1875-1880 and Cork City from 1880 until his death. Mr. Parnell was regarded as one of the most brilliant politicians of his time, but revelations of a lengthy adulterous affair created in a major scandal, resulting in a splintering of the Irish Parliamentary Party into several factions. Mr. Parnell's health broke, and he died of pneumonia on October 6, 1891 at the age of 45.

160 years ago
1861


Canadiana
Prince Alfred continued his tour, returning to Montreal after a visit to Niagara Falls, Hamilton, and Toronto.

125 years ago
1896


At the movies
Motion pictures were shown in Canada for the first time at the Palace Theatre at 972 St-Laurent at Viger in Montréal, where viewers saw films from the Lumière Brothers Cinematograph.

Died on this date
John Berryman, 70
. U.K. military officer. Troop Sergeant-Major Berryman was serving with the 17th Lancers (Duke of Cambridge's Own) during the Crimean War, and earned the Victoria Cross for his actions during the Charge of the Light Brigade on October 25, 1854, when he stopped on the field with a wounded officer amidst a storm of shot and shell, and with the assistance of two sergeants, carried the wounded officer out of the range of guns. Troop Sergeant-Major Berryman died three weeks before his 71st birthday.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Muriel Pavlow
. U.K. actress. Miss Pavlow appeared in plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 65 years; her movies included Doctor in the House (1954) and Reach for the Sky (1956). She died after a short illness on January 19, 2019 at the age of 97.

Politics and government
Members of the Slavey, Dogrib, Hare, Loucheux, and other Indian bands in the Mackenzie River region signed Treaty Eleven at Fort Providence, Northwest Territories. According to historian Rene Fumoleau, they agreed to enter treaty "only after complete freedom to hunt, to trap, and to fish had been promised."

80 years ago
1941


War
An act was passed creating the Canadian Women’s Army Corps; the CWAC was officially established on August 13, 1941. German troops captured the Polish city of Białystok during Operation Barbarossa. The U.S.S.R. admitted major defeats in White Russia. U.K. Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Sir Stafford Cripps arrived in Moscow with a British military mission. Hungarian Prime Minister Ladislaus de Bardossy announced that a state of war existed between Hungary and the U.S.S.R.

Law
The United States Senate confirmed the appointment of Harlan Fiske Stone as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.

Politics and government
U.S. federal agents raided the offices of the Trotskyite Socialist Workers Party in Minneapolis and St. Paul, seizing records and other materials. Acting U.S. Attorney General Francis Biddle accused party leaders of seditious conspiracy, and said they had gained control of a Teamsters Union local "to use it for illegitimate purposes."

Economics and finance
The Japanese trade mission headed by Kenkichi Yoshizawa, which failed to reach a trade agreement with the Netherlands East Indies, sailed from Batavia to Japan.

Labour
The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ruled that Weirton Steel Company had violated the Wagner Act by discouraging membership in the Congress of Industrial Organizations Steel Workers Organizing Committee through intimidation, beatings, and labour espionage.

The American Newspaper Guild convention gave executive vice president Milton Kaufman a vote of confidence by a narrow majority after he denied being a Communist.

75 years ago
1946


Died on this date
William Stone, 79
. U.S. physician. Dr. Stone was a pioneer in the use of radium to treat cancer.

Yosuke Matsuoka, 66. Japanese diplomat and politician. Mr. Matsuoka held various positions, but was probably best known for his brief period as Foreign Minister from 1940-1941, when he supported friendly relations with Germany and Italy, while exhibiting hostility toward the United States. He was arrested by the Allies at the end of World War II, but died of natural causes in Sugamo Prison in Tokyo while awaiting trial on war crimes charges.

Juan Antonio Rios, 57. President of Chile, 1942-1946. Mr. Rios, a member of the conservative wing of the Radical Party, was first elected to Congress in 1924. He was elected President in 1942 following the death in office of President Aguirre Cerda. Mr. Rios opposed some of the policies of his own party as well as those of some other parties, leaving him with little political support. He died of cancer five months after transferring his presidential powers to Vice President Alfredo Duhalde.

War
At the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals, Ken Inukai, son of murdered Prime Minister Tsuyoshi Inukai, testified that Emperor Hirohito opposed, but could not halt, the Japanese invasion of Manchuria.

Diplomacy
Supreme Court of Canada Justices Robert Taschereau and R.L. Kellock concluded a five-month study of espionage in Canada, charging that several parallel spy networks had been operating under members of the Soviet embassy.

At the Paris conference of Foreign Ministers, U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov agreed to the awarding of the Dodecanese Islands to Greece and the cession of Mont Cenis and the Tenda and Briga regions of northern Italy to France.

Law
The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946, recognized the definition of a Canadian citizen, received royal assent. It came into effect on January 1, 1947.

Terrorism
30 members of the Zionist organization Irgun Zvai Leumi were sentenced by a British court in Jerusalem to 15 years in prison for unlawfully carrying firearms.

Science
Russian Professor Aleksandr Zhdanov received the 100,000-ruble Stalin Praize for discovering "new ways of splitting atomic nuclei with cosmic rays."

Economics and finance
U.K. Food Minister John Strachey announced that bread, flour, and cake would be rationed for the first time in British history, starting July 21, 1946.

The U.S. House of Representatives Ways and Means Committee voted to increase federal aid to the needy, aged, and blind to $60 per month, and to increase old age and survivors' insurance by 50%. U.S. President Harry Truman signed a $7-million bill to make up teacher salary deficits in "war-impacted" communities.

70 years ago
1951


War
North Korean radio dropped its "drive the enemy into the sea" slogan, and adopted a new one: "Drive the enemy to the 38th Parallel."

Politics and government
The U.S. State Department announced the suspension of high-ranking China experts Oliver Edmund Clubb and John Paton Davies, Jr. pending hearings on security charges.

Crime
The U.S. Senate Crime Investigating Committee heard testimony that racketeers Charles "Lucky" Luciano and Nicolo Gentile largely controlled the American illegal narcotics trade despite their deportation to Italy.

Economics and finance
The U.S. auto industry began laying off workers preparatory to cutting output on July 1 as ordered by the National Production Authority.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Greenfields--The Brothers Four (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Nightmare, starring Peter Wyngarde and Mary Peach



Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Make My Death Bed, starring Diana Van der Vlis, James Best, Jocelyn Brando, and Biff Elliot

Boxing
World flyweight champion Pone Kingpetch (23-3) retained his title with a 15-round split decision over Mitsunori Seki (21-3-1) at Kokugikan in Tokyo. The one official who voted in favour of the challenger was (surprise!) Japanese judge Hiroyuki Tezaki.





40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Amoureux Solitaires--Lio (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I've Seen That Face Before (Libertango)--Grace Jones

#1 single in Ireland: You Drive Me Crazy--Shakin' Stevens (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): One Day In Your Life--Michael Jackson

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): One Day In Your Life--Michael Jackson

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 How 'bout Us--Champaign (5th week at #1)
2 I've Seen That Face Before--Grace Jones
3 Ma Quale Idea--Pino D'Angiò
4 Rain in May--Max Werner
5 Klap Maar In Je Handen (Live)--Peter Koelewijn en Zijn Rockets
6 Dance On--Doris D and the Pins
7 Kids in America--Kim Wilde
8 Attention to Me--The Nolans
9 Don't Stop--K.i.D.
10 Only Crying--Keith Marshall

Singles entering the chart were You Drive Me Crazy by Shakin' Stevens (#24); Shanah by Jack Jersey (#31); Achterhoek Boogie by Normaal (#32); and Hit 'n Run Lover by Carol Jiani (#33).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (6th week at #1)
2 Medley--Stars on 45
3 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
4 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio
5 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
6 The One that You Love--Air Supply
7 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 America--Neil Diamond
9 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
10 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys

Singles entering the chart were (There's) No Gettin' Over Me by Ronnie Milsap (#75); Everlasting Love by Rex Smith/Rachel Sweet (#80); The Real Thing by the Brothers Johnson (#81); Walk Right Now by the Jacksons (#83); It Hurts to Be in Love by Dan Hartman (#84); Don't Let Go the Coat by the Who (#87); Nicole by Point Blank (#88); Someday, Someway by Robert Gordon (#90); and On and on and On by ABBA (#92).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Medley--Stars on 45 (2nd week at #1)
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 All Those Years Ago—George Harrison
4 The One That You Love—Air Supply
5 A Woman Needs Love--Ray Parker, Jr. and Raydio
6 Sukiyaki--A Taste of Honey
7 This Little Girl—Gary U.S. Bonds
8 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
9 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
10 America—Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were Everlasting Love by Rex Smith/Rachel Sweet (#78); Tom Sawyer by Rush (#83); Don't Let Go the Coat by the Who (#84); Nicole by Point Blank (#85); Walk Higher Now by the Jacksons (#86); Someday, Someway by Robert Gordon (#87); It Hurts to Be in Love by Dan Hartman (#88); Nightwalker by Gino Vannelli (#89); and Fly Away by Blackfoot (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (4th week at #1)
2 Medley--Stars on 45
3 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
4 The One that You Love--Air Supply
5 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
6 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio
7 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
8 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
9 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
10 I Love You--Climax Blues Band

Singles entering the chart were (There's) No Gettin' Over Me by Ronnie Milsap (#57); Lady (You Bring Me Up) by the Commodores (#60); Everlasting Love by Rex Smith/Rachel Sweet (#79); Don't Want to Wait Anymore by the Tubes (#86); Nightwalker by Gino Vannelli (#88); Feels So Right by Alabama (#89); It Hurts to Be in Love by Dan Hartman (#93); Nicole by Point Blank (#96); Fly Away by Blackfoot (#97); and Running Away by Maze featuring Frankie Beverly (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Medley--Stars on 45 (4th week at #1)
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 All Those Years Ago—George Harrison
4 Sukiyaki—A Taste of Honey
5 Too Much Time on My Hands--Styx
6 Being with You--Smokey Robinson
7 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
8 A Woman Needs Love--Ray Parker, Jr. and Raydio
9 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
10 The Waiting--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers

Singles entering the chart were Don't Let Him Go by REO Speedwagon (#41); Coldest Night of the Year by Bruce Cockburn (#44); Theme from "Greatest American Hero" by Joey Scarbury (#48); Boy from New York City by the Manhattan Transfer (#49); and Modern Girl by Sheena Easton (#50).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
2 Beatles Medley--Stars on 45
3 The Waiting--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
4 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
5 This Little Girl--Gary U.S. Bonds
6 Sukiyaki—A Taste of Honey
7 America--Neil Diamond
8 Nobody Wins--Elton John
9 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
10 Winning--Santana

Singles entering the chart were Slow Hand by the Pointer Sisters (#26); Hearts by Marty Balin (#27); You're Not the Same Girl by Blue Northern (#28); and Boy from New York City by the Manhattan Transfer (#30).

Politics and government
The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued its Resolution on Certain Questions in the History of Our Party Since the Founding of the People's Republic of China, laying the blame for the Cultural Revolution on Mao Zedong.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (2-2) 38 @ Hamilton (2-2) 24

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Any Dream Will Do--Jason Donovan

Died on this date
Milton Subotsky, 69
. U.S.-born movie producer. Mr. Subotsky worked in television in the 1950s before moving to England, where he and fellow American expatriate Max Rosenberg formed Amicus Productions in 1964, producing movies such as Dr. Who & the Daleks (1965); Tales from the Crypt (1972); and Asylum (1972). Mr. Subotsky died of heart disease.

War
Yugoslav troops moved into Slovenia 48 hours after Slovenia had declared is independence.

Politics and government
Keith Spicer released his final report of the Citizens' Forum on Canada's Future, then returned to his post as Chairman of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC). The Spicer Commission Report said that Canadians were frustrated with politicians; called for rethinking of Canada's structures and a national referendum on constitutional change; recommended that Québec be recognized as a unique province; that there be a prompt settlement of Native land claims; and that the Senate be reformed or abolished.

Robert Nixon resigned as interim Leader of the Liberal Party of Ontario, and replaced Tom Wells as Ontario Agent-General in London, England.

Long-time Progressive Conservative Party hack Hugh Segal was appointed as senior adviser to Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.

In Oka, Québec, Jerry Peltier, former head of the Kahnesatake Mohawk Coalition, was elected interim Grand Chief of Kahnesatake, urging the end of traditional selection by the democratic system.

Protest
Manitoba and Ontario natives supported Great Whale Crees in fighting new hydro projects in Québec.

Labour
The Supreme Court of Canada unanimously ruled that unions could collect dues from non-union members in a bargaining unit and use the money for political contributions and other purposes not related to collective bargaining.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (0-1) 14 @ Ottawa (1-0) 40
British Columbia (0-1) 10 @ Edmonton (1-0) 31

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Macarena--Los Del Rio

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Macarena--Los Del Rio (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Albert R. Broccoli, 87
. U.S. film producer. "Cubby" Broccoli was best known for producing or co-producing most of the James Bond movies from 1962-1989.

Space
Canadian Space Agency astronaut and NASA Payload Specialist Dr. Robert Thirsk, on U.S. space shuttle Columbia mission STS-78, took part in the Astronaut Lung Function Experiment, to get a better understanding of how gravity affects the pulmonary system during rest and heavy exercise. He also continued to enter responses to a battery of problem-solving tasks on the laptop computer Performance Assessment Work Station. Information from tests of the crew's mental function abilities was used to create future crew schedules, taking advantage of peak mental performance periods.

Football
CFL
Toronto (1-0) 27 @ Montreal (0-1) 24
Edmonton (1-0) 28 @ British Columbia (0-1) 14

Doug Flutie's 6-yard touchdown pass to Paul Masotti with 14 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Argonauts their win over the Alouettes before 24,653 fans at Olympic Stadium in the first Canadian Football League game in Montreal since November 9, 1986. Tracy Ham started at quarterback for Montreal, but suffered a back injury early in the game, and was replaced by Jimmy Kemp for the rest of the game. It was the first game for Bob Price as Montreal's head coach; he replaced Don Matthews, who was returning as head coach of the Argonauts.



Danny McManus, playing his first regular season game in an Edmonton uniform, handed off to Tony Burse for 2 touchdowns and rushed for another himself as the Eskimos defeated the Lions at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver to win their season opener for the 19th straight season. Frank Jagas kicked 3 converts and 2 field goals for the Eskimos in his first CFL game, while it was the last CFL game for Edmonton receiver C.J. Davis. It was the first game as a CFL head coach for B.C.'s Joe Paopao.

20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Tove Jansson, 86
. Finnish authoress and artist. Miss Jansson was a painter and illustrator, but was best known for writing the Moomin series of books and a comic strip for children (1945-1993), for which she was awarded the Hans Christian Andersen Medal in 1966. Miss Jansson died of cancer.

Jack Lemmon, 76. U.S. actor. Mr. Lemmon won Academy Awards for his supporting performance in Mister Roberts (1955) and his starring performance in Save the Tiger (1973), and was nominated for his starring performances in Some Like it Hot (1959); The Apartment (1960); Days of Wine and Roses (1962); The China Syndrome (1979); Tribute (1980); and Missing (1982). He was nominated for six Emmy Awards, winning in the category of Outstanding Single Program – Variety or Musical for 'S Wonderful, 'S Marvelous, 'S Gershwin (1972) and for his starring performance in the made-for-television movie Tuesdays with Morrie (1999). Mr. Lemmon and Walter Matthau appeared together in nine movies from 1966-1998, including The Fortune Cookie (1966) and The Odd Couple (1968). Mr. Lemmon died after a two-year battle with bladder cancer.

Joan Sims, 71. U.K. actress. Miss Sims appeared in more than 50 movies in a career spanning more than 40 years, including 23 Carry On films (1957-1978). She died from a number of health conditions.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (0-2) 10 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 38
Saskatchewan (2-0) 24 @ Edmonton (0-2) 9

10 years ago
2011


Scandal
Former Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich (Democrat) was convicted by a federal jury in Chicago of corruption. He was later sentenced to 14 years in prison.

Saturday, 26 June 2021

June 26, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Stover and Sidora!

1,800 years ago
221


Politics and government
Roman Emperor Elagabalus adopted his cousin Alexander Severus, 15, as his heir and gave him the title of Caesar.

480 years ago
1541


Died on this date
Francisco Pizarro, 62-70 (?)
. Spanish conquistador. Mr. Pizarro led three expeditions to Peru, the third of which was successful in toppling the Inca Empire in 1532. Mr. Pizarro claimed the land for Spain, and had Incan Emperor Atahualpa executed in 1533. Mr. Pizarro and his comrade-in-arms Diego Almagro eventually had a falling-out, and Mr. Pizarro had Mr. Almagro executed. Mr. Almagro's son sought revenge, and assassinated Mr. Pizarro.

200 years ago
1821


Born on this date
Bartolomé Mitre
. 6th President of Argentina, 1862-1868. Mr. Mitre, a Liberal, opposed Buenos Aires Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas, and spent years in exile in various countries. Mr. Mitre returned to Argentina after Mr. Rosas' defeat in battle in 1852; he took office as President 10 years later, and helped to achieve national unity after years of civil war. Mr. Mitre was a historian in later years, but his writing has been criticized for being selective in the use of sources. He died on January 19, 1906 at the age of 84.

160 years ago
1861


Canadiana
Over 130 Scottish immigrants arrived at Partridge Island, New Brunswick on board the Irvine. They had left the port of Greenock on May 9, destined for the new settlement of Glassville.

120 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Stuart Symington
. U.S. politician. Mr. Symington, a Democrat, was president of Emerson Electric before entering politics. He served as the first United States Secretary of the Air Force (1947-1950), and held several other positions in the administration of President and fellow Missourian Harry Truman. Mr. Symington represented Missouri in the U.S. Senate (1953-1976), and was a member of the Armed Services and Foreign Relations committees. He was known for his opposition to Senator Joseph McCarthy's attempts to expose Communists in government in the 1950s. When the Kansas City Athletics moved to Oakland after the 1967 season, Sen. Symington threatened to revoke Major League Baseball's anti-trust exemption; as a result, the American League expanded in 1969 to include the Kansas City Royals. Sen. Symington unsuccessfully campaigned for the Democratic Party U.S. presidential nomination in 1960, but lost to John F. Kennedy. Mr. Kennedy wanted to invite Sen. Symington to be his vice presidential running mate, but offered the position to Sen. Lyndon Johnson (Texas)--also a candidate for the presidential nomination--as a courtesy, and was surprised when Sen. Johnson accepted. Mr. Symington died on December 14, 1988 at the age of 87.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Babe Didrikson Zaharias
. U.S. athlete. Mildred Ella Didrikson Zaharias was probably the greatest female athlete in history. Her accomplishments included two gold medals and a silver medal in track and field at the 1932 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles. She didn't take up golf until 1935, but she won 48 professional tournaments, including 10 major championships. Miss Didrikson married professional wrestler George Zaharias in 1938. She was still a top-ranked golfer when she died on September 27, 1956 at the age of 45 after a long battle with colon cancer.

Golf
John McDermott of Atlantic City became the first American-born player to win the U.S. Open when he won an 18-hole, 3-way playoff with Mike Brady of Boston and George Simpson of Scotland at Chicago Golf Club in Wheaton, Illinois. Mr. McDermott shot a 4-over-par 80, Mr. Brady 82, and Mr. Simpson 85. The tournament had been won by British players for the previous 16 years.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
Violette Szabo
. French-born U.K. spy. Mrs. Szabo, the daughter of a British Army driver and French dressmaker, married French Foreign Legion officer Étienne Szabo in 1940. After he was killed in combat in the Second Battle of El Alamein in 1942, she trained as a field agent with the Special Operations Executive (SOE). Mrs. Szabo was sent to France as part of a mission with a team in June 1944, just after D-Day, but was captured and tortured by the SS, and eventually interned at Ravensbrück concentration camp in August 1944. She was treated harshly, and finally executed with a bullet in the back of the head on or before February 5, 1945 at the age of 23. Mrs. Szabo was posthumously awarded the George Cross in 1946.

80 years ago
1941


War
Finland formally entered the Continuation War against the U.S.S.R., although fighting between the two nations had proceeded for several days. German motorized units were reported within 50 miles of Minsk. Spanish Falangists began recruiting volunteers for a legion to fight against the U.S.S.R. U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes, speaking in Hartford, Connecticut, declared that it was the right moment for the United States "to strike hard and harder, fast and faster" against German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. He denounced famed aviator and America First supporter Charles Lindbergh as a "Hitler stooge."

Defense
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles informed U.S.S.R. Ambassador Constantine Oumansky that any Soviet request for material assistance in her defense against Germany would receive favourable consideration. The U.S. Senate Defense Investigating Committee warned of an aluminum shortage, and placed responsibility on the Office of Production Management and the Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa).

Transportation
U.S. airlines said that they would have to restrict service because of President Roosevelt's request that domestic airlines surrender 24 more transport planes for British use, bringing the total to 115 of the 358 planes available.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll reported that 76% of Americans questioned said that they approved of the policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Religion
Pope Pius XII, speaking in English from the Vatican, declared in a radio address to the Eighth National Eucharistic Congress in St. Paul, Minnesota that a current of "black paganism" was sweeping the world.

Labour
Congress of Industrial Organizations machinists voted to end their strike and return to work at shipyards in San Francisco.

Disasters
A two-hour earthquake described as one of the most violent in years struck Morocco.

75 years ago
1946


Died on this date
Yōsuke Matsuoka, 66
. Japanese diplomat and politician. Mr. Matsuoka spent some time in the United States as a youth, but returned to Japan, joining the Foreign Service in 1904, holding various positions through the early 1930s. He led the Japanese delegation to the League of Nations, delivering a speech condemning the League, announcing Japan's withdrawal, and leading the Japanese delegation out of the League's assembly hall. Mr. Matsuoka attempted to form a political party modelled on the National Fascist Party in Italy, but failed to attract much support. He was appointed Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe in 1940, and was one of the major architects of the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy. During 1941, Mr. Matsuoka advocated an invasion of the U.S.S.R., and believed the U.S.A. was trying to provoke war with Japan. Prime Minister Konoe wanted to avoid war with the United States, and maneuvered Mr. Matsuoka's resignation in July 1941. Mr. Matsuoka spent World War II in retirement, but was arrested by Allied authorities after the Japanese surrender in 1945 and charged with war crimes. He died of natural causes in prison before he could come to trial.

Max Kögel, 50. German war criminal. SS-Obersturmbannführer Kögel joined the Nazi Party in May 1932 and the Schutzstaffel (SS) a month later. He was deputy director of Lichtenburg concentration camp (1938-1939) and commandant of the concentration camps of Ravensbrück (1939-1942); Majdanek (August-November 1942); and Flossenbürg (1943-1945). SS-Obersturmbannführer Kögel escaped arrest by Allied authorities until June 1946; he committed suicide by hanging himself in his prison cell in Schwabach the day after his arrest.

War
At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, former German Foreign Minister Constantin von Neurath said that he had opposed some of Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's policies and did not know why he had not been liquidated.

Defense
The Canadian Air Cadets officially became known as the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.

Politics and government
The three-man British negotiating team in India announced that it would suspend further negotiations on an interim government and return to England.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted to cite National Council of American-Soviet Friendship chairman Corliss Lamont for contempt for refusing to produce records demanded by the House Committee on Un-American Activities.

Scandal
The Soviet State Control Ministry announced widespread dismissals and firing of factory directors, engineers, and accountants for falsifying production figures, distributing bonuses illegally, and misappropriating funds.

70 years ago
1951


On television today
The World is Yours, hosted by Ivan Sanderson, on CBS

This daily hour-long nature program was broadcast on stations in New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington. It was the first series broadcast in colour, using the CBS field-sequential colour system that was incompatible with existing black and white television sets, on which no picture was visible. Only a few dozen sets existed on which the colour images could be seen.

Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Greatest Crime, starring Walter Slezak

War
U.S. Air Force Secretary Thomas Finletter, returning from a tour of Korea, reported in Washington that the Chinese Communists had now built up their air force to 1,000 planes, "primarily Russian-built" jets which could be used in Korea. U.S. Secretary of State Acheson stated before the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee that U.S. objectives in Korea would be satisfied by permanent Communist withdrawal behind the 38th Parallel, leaving unification of the country to later discussions.

Politics and government
The West German government outlawed the Communist-sponsored Free German Youth movement.

Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson (Democrat) vetoed the Broyles-Young bill, which would outlaw the Communist Party in Illinois.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations Marine Engineers Association, the last union still involved in the East Coast and Gulf Coast dock workers' strike, signed a contract on the same terms as those gained by the National Maritime Union and American Radio Association.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poesía En Movimiento (Poetry in Motion)--Dúo Dinámico (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Non, je ne regrette rien--Édith Piaf (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
2 Raindrops--Dee Clark
3 Moody River--Pat Boone
4 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis
5 Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson
6 The Writing on the Wall--Adam Wade
7 The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton
8 Every Beat of My Heart--The Pips
9 Those Oldies But Goodies (Remind Me of You)--Little Caesar and the Romans
10 Stand by Me--Ben E. King

Singles entering the chart were Together by Connie Francis (#48); The Graduation Song...Pomp and Circumstance by Adrian Kimberly (#63); You'll Answer to Me by Patti Page (#67); Dream by Etta James (#72); The Switch-A-Roo by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#77); That's What Girls are Made For by the Spinners (#82); Quite a Party by the Fireballs (#83); Heart and Soul by Jan and Dean (#87); Te-Ta-Te-Ta-Ta by Ernie K-Doe (#90); Wooden Heart by Joe Dowell (#98); and Take a Fool's Advice by Nat King Cole (#100).

Boxing
Cassius Clay (7-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Duke Sabedong (15-12-1) in a heavyweight bout at the Las Vegas Convention Center.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Pensieri e parole--Lucio Battisti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): O'Brien Has No Place to Go--Brendan Shine (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (2nd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies (2nd week at #1)
2 Hot Love--T. Rex
3 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road
--Lally Stott
4 Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool
5 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
6 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Allison Durbin
--Ocean
7 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
8 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
9 She's a Lady--Tom Jones
10 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin

Singles entering the chart were Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It) by Daddy Dewdrop (#47); Me and You and a Dog Named Boo by Lobo (#56); Acapulco Sun by Johnny Farnham (#58); and Wheat in the Field by Harry Young & Sabbath (#60).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Double Barrel--Dave & Ansil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 Che Sará--José Feliciano
3 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
4 Rosetta--Georgie Fame & Alan Price
5 Zou Het Erg Zijn Lieve Opa--Wilma met Vader Abraham
6 My Darling Helena!--The Walkers
7 Soldiers Prayer--Oscar Harris and the Twinkle Stars
8 Tweedle Dee Tweedle Dum--Middle of the Road
9 Ein Mädchen für Immer--Peter Orloff
10 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo

Singles entering the chart were Past Present and Future by the Shangri-Las (#27); Change Partners by Stephen Stills (#29); Manuela by Jacques Herb (#33); Low Down by Chicago (#35); and Can You Get It by Ashton, Gardner, Dyke & Co. (#36). Past Present and Future had been a minor hit in North America in 1966.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 It's Too Late/I Feel the Earth Move--Carole King (2nd week at #1)
2 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
3 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
4 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
5 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
6 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
7 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
8 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
9 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
10 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond

Singles entering the chart were Moon Shadow by Cat Stevens (#70); How Can You Mend a Broken Heart by the Bee Gees (#73); He's So Fine by Jody Miller (#75); I Love You Lady Dawn by the Bells (#76); Watching the River Flow by Bob Dylan (#78); Smiling Faces Sometimes by the Undisputed Truth (#80); She Didn't Do Magic/I'm the Only One by Lobo (#81); Beginnings/Colour My World by Chicago (#83); When My Little Girl is Smiling by Steve Alaimo (#88); Deep Enough for Me by Ocean (#89); The Last Time I Saw Her by Glen Campbell (#90); Suspicious Minds by Dee Dee Warwick (#91); Mother Nature's Wine by Sugarloaf (#92); Take My Hand by Kenny Rogers and the First Edition (#93); We're All Goin' Home by Bobby Bloom (#95); Puff of Smoke by Roy Head (#96); I'm a Believer by Neil Diamond (#98); Love Me by the Rascals (#99); and The Sound of Silence by Peaches & Herb (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It’s Too Late—Carole King
2 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
3 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
4 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
5 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
6 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
7 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
8 Don’t Knock My Love - Pt. I—Wilson Pickett
9 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
10 Nathan Jones--The Supremes

Singles entering the chart were Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology) by Marvin Gaye (#67); Watching the River Flow by Bob Dylan (#71); Beginnings by Chicago (#74); Resurrection Shuffle by Ashton, Gardner & Dyke (#80); The Last Time I Saw Her by Glen Campbell (#82); Talking in Your Sleep by Gordon Lightfoot (#84); Resurrection Shuffle by Tom Jones (#85); Mighty Clouds of Joy by B.J. Thomas (#86); Smiling Faces Sometimes by the Undisputed Truth (#91); Suspicious Minds by Dee Dee Warwick (#92); I Need Someone (To Love Me) by Z.Z. Hill (#94); Day by Day (Every Minute of the Hour) by the Continental 4 (#95); The Language of Love by the Intrigues (#97); One-Way Ticket by Tyrone Davis (#99); and Follow Me by Mary Travers (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
2 It’s Too Late—Carole King
3 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
4 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
5 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
6 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
7 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
8 Nathan Jones--The Supremes
9 Don't Knock My Love--Wilson Pickett
10 Double Lovin'--The Osmonds

Singles entering the chart were Rainy Jane by Davy Jones (#57); Beginnings/Colour My World by Chicago (#70); I'm a Believer by Neil Diamond (#78); How Can You Mend a Broken Heart by the Bee Gees (#80); Talking in Your Sleep by Gordon Lightfoot (#83); Deep Enough for Me by Ocean (#85); Watching the River Flow by Bob Dylan (#90); Love the One You're With by the Isley Brothers (#91); In These Changing Times by the Four Tops (#92); Resurrection Shuffle by Ashton, Gardner & Dyke (#93); and Never Dreamed You'd Leave in Summer by Stevie Wonder (#99).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr (2nd week at #1)
2 Brown Sugar--Rolling Stones
3 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
4 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
5 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
6 It’s Too Late—Carole King
7 Signs--Five Man Electrical Band
8 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
9 Where Evil Grows--The Poppy Family
10 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed

Singles entering the chart were Change Partners by Stephen Stills (#89); There are Things by Kurt & Noah (#94); Rainy Jane by Davy Jones (#95); Make it Better by Jericho (#96); I'm the Only One by Lobo (#97); Moon Shadow by Cat Stevens (#98); Double Barrel by Dave & Ansil Collins (#99); and I'm a Believer by Neil Diamond (#100).

Calgary’s Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
2 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
3 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
4 I'll Meet You Halfway--The Partridge Family
5 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
6 Never Ending Song of Love--Delaney & Bonnie & Friends
7 It's Too Late--Carole King
8 Sweet City Woman--Stampeders
9 The Drum—Bobby Sherman
10 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
Pick hit of the week: I Love You Lady Dawn--The Bells

Baseball
Alex Johnson, the 1970 American League batting champion, was suspended by the California Angels "for failing to give his best." He had been benched 5 times and fined 29 times so far during the 1971 season.

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hubba Hubba Zoot-Zoot--Caramba (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Pour le plaisir--Herbert Léonard (5th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 More and More--Joe Dolan
2 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins
3 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens
4 Antmusic--Adam & the Ants
5 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
6 Turn Me Loose--Loverboy
7 Santa Maria--Alan Garrity
8 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
9 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
10 Gypsy Girl--David Scobie

Singles entering the chart were Nightmare by Peach (#15); and When I'm Gone by Albert Hammond (#20).

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (1-3) 25 @ Ottawa (3-1) 35
Winnipeg (1-3) 16 @ Calgary (0-4) 14
British Columbia (3-1) 2 @ Edmonton (4-0) 26

The Eskimos took a 22-1 lead at halftime and coasted to victory over the Lions at Commonwealth Stadium.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Senza una donna--Zucchero featuring Paul Young (2nd week at #1)

Society
Canadian Minister of Indian Affairs Tom Siddon started talks with native leaders on responding to long-term effects of residential schools.

Environment
Canadian Environment Minister Jean Corbeil proposed a $100-million project to protect waters from oil and chemical spills, with more aerial surveillance, ship inspections, and fines.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Winnipeg (1-0) 29 @ Toronto (0-1) 15
Calgary (1-0) 49 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 14

25 years ago
1996


Died on this date
Veronica Guerin, 36
. Irish journalist. Miss Guerin ran a public relations firm from 1983-1990 and then turned to journalism, working for the Sunday Business Post and Sunday Tribune. She became a crime reporter with the Sunday Independent in 1994; she received death threats while covering the activities of drug dealers, and was followed and shot to death by drug gang members while stopped at a traffic light on the outskirts of Dublin, nine days before her 37th birthday. Her murder helped to prompt the creation of Ireland's Criminal Assets Bureau.

Academia
The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the Virginia Military Institute to admit women or forego state support.

20 years ago
2001


Football
CFL
Pre-season
Montreal (1-1) 18 @ Hamilton (2-0) 20
Calgary (2-0) 35 @ British Columbia (0-2) 28

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Edith Fellows, 88
. U.S. actress. Miss Fellows appeared in more than 50 movies from 1929-1942, often playing an orphan or street urchin. She appeared in plays and television programs in the 1950s, but suffered a sudden attack of stage fright in 1958 and became addicted to Librium when it was prescribed, as well as valium and alcohol. Miss Fellows made a small comeback in later years, appearing in several plays and television programs from 1979-1995.

Music
This blogger, with enjoyable female company, enjoyed the performance of Brian Wilson at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. The first half of the concert consisted of Mr. Wilson performing songs from his album Brian Wilson Reimagines Gershwin, and the second half consisted of old Beach Boys songs.

Horse racing
Inglorious, with Luis Contreras up, won the 152nd running of the Queen's Plate at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto in a time of 2:02.63, 2½ lengths ahead of Hippolytus.