Sunday, 13 June 2021

June 14, 2021

860 years ago

Died on this date
Qinzong, 61
. Emperor of China, 1126-1127. Qinzong, born Zhao Huan, acceded to the throne upon the forced abdication of his father Huizong, but was unsuccessful in attempting to resist an invasion by Jin forces, and was thus the last emperor of the Song dynasty. Qinzong was deposed and taken prisoner, although some restrictions were eased in later years. Qinzong died 22 days after his 61st birthday.

640 years ago

Died on this date
Simon Sudbury, 64-65 (?)
. English clergyman. Mr. Sudbury was a chaplain of Pope Innocent VI, and was Bishop of London (1361-1375) and Archbishop of Canterbury (1375-1381), as well as Lord Chancellor of England (1380-1381). In the latter position he was regarded by rebellious peasants as a major enemy, especially after introducing the third poll tax. The insurgents seized Mr. Sudbury from the Tower of London, dragged him to Tower Hill, and beheaded him after seven or eight blows to his neck. Mr. Sudbury's body was buried at Canterbury Cathedral, while his head is at the church of St Gregory at Sudbury, Suffolk. He was succeeded as Archbishop of Canterbury by William Courtenay, and as Lord Chancellor by Hugh Segrave.

King Richard II of England met leaders of the Peasants' Revolt at Mile End. The Tower of London was stormed by rebels who entered without resistance.

330 years ago

Born on this date
Jan Francisci
. Slovak musician and composer. Mr. Francisci was a church organist in Pressburg (now Bratislava) and Neusohl in what is now Slovakia. He wrote works for organ and harpsichord, most of which have been lost. Mr. Francisci died on April 27, 1758 at the age of 66.

220 years ago

Born on this date
Heber C. Kimball
. U.S. religious leader. Mr. Kimball was one of the early leaders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, serving as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles from 1835-1847 and First Counselor in the First Presidency from 1847 until his death on June 22, 1868 from the results of a carriage accident, eight days after his 67th birthday. He embraced the Mormon practice of polygamy, and had 43 wives, although many were said to be strictly caretaking arrangements. Mr. Kimball fathered 66 children by 17 of his wives.

Died on this date
Benedict Arnold, 60
. American-born military officer. Major General Arnold served with distinction in the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War from 1775-1780, earning the admiration of George Washington. Maj. Gen. Arnold resented that he was passed over for promotion by the Continental Congress; he married Peggy Shippen, who had Loyalist sympathies, in 1779, and began secretly communicating with British representatives. Gen. Washington placed Maj. Gen. Arnold in command of West Point, New York on August 3, 1780, and began preparations to hand the fort over to British forces. The plot was foiled on September 23 when British spy Major John André was captured by American militiamen. Maj. Gen. Arnold found out the next day and managed to escape to the British side, where he was commissioned as a brigadier general, serving in the war until the British surrendered in 1781. He went to England after the war, but was unsuccessful in advancing his career, and moved to Saint John, New Brunswick in 1785. Brig. Gen. Arnold specualted in land and established a business trading with the West Indies, but was involved in legal disputes with his neighbours in New Brunswick, and returned to London in December 1791. He suffered from gout and the lingering effects of wounds suffered in the Revolutionary War, and died in London.

210 years ago

Born on this date
Harriet Beecher Stowe
. U.S. authoress. Mrs. Stowe, the daughter of Presbyterian minister Lyman Beecher and brother of clergyman Henry Ward Beecher, wrote 30 books of fiction and non-fiction, and was best known for the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin (1851-1852), which also became a play, and helped to energize the anti-slavery movement in the northern United States. She moved to Jacksonville, Florida after the American Civil War, and died of what may have been Alzheimer's disease on July 1, 1896, 17 days after her 85th birthday.

200 years ago

Badi VII, King of Sennar, surrendered his throne and realm to the invading forces of Isma'il Pasha, general of the Ottoman Empire, ending the existence of the Sudanese kingdom.

180 years ago

Politics and government
Canadian Governor Lord Sydenham opened the first session of the first Parliament of the Province of Canada at Kingston. Robert Baldwin resigned from the Ministry over the lack of French Canadians and Reformers in the Councils of government; Reformers held the majority in the Assembly.

175 years ago

The Bear Flag Revolt began as Anglo settlers in Sonoma, California, started a rebellion against Mexico and proclaimed the California Republic.

170 years ago

The Canadian post office issued a 12-penny Queen Victoria stamp; it was part of a series with Sandford Fleming's 3-pence Beaver stamp and a 6-penny Prince Albert stamp as the first postage stamp issue of the Province of Canada.

110 years ago

Politics and government
Premier George Murray led his governing Liberal Party to its fourth consecutive victory in the Nova Scotia provincial election. The Liberals took 32 of 38 seats in the House of Assembly; the leaderless Conservatives won 4 seats, and 2 independent candidates were elected.

80 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): María Elena--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra with Bob Eberly

The City Council of Buenos Aires voted to permit the showing of Charlie Chaplin's film The Great Dictator (1940), after it had been banned for six months at the request of the Italian Ambassador to Argentina.

The Soviet news agency Tass belittled rumours in the Western press of a war between the U.S.S.R. and Germany as an "obvious absurdity...a clumsy propaganda maneuver of the forces arrayed against the Soviet Union and Germany." German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, in a meeting in Berlin, outlined to his generals the final secret plan for the invasion of Russia, and ordered them to use "brutal means" against the Communists.

The first major wave of Soviet mass deportations and murder of Estonians, Latvians and Lithuanians began.

A Gallup Poll reported that 55% of Americans questioned after U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's May 27 speech said that they approved of naval convoys for ships carrying war materials to the United Kingdom.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Roosevelt issued an executive order freezing U.S. assets of Germany and Italy.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Jorge Ubico Castañeda, 67
. 21st President of Guatemala, 1931-1944. General Ubico, the son of Liberal Party cabinet minister Arturo Ubico Urruela, received an army commission as a second lieutenant in 1897, probably through political connections. He rose through the ranks, led a campaign against El Salvador, and participated in the coup that installed General José Orellana as President in 1921. Gen. Ubico served as Secretary of War (1922-1923), and ran unsuccessfully for President in 1926 as candidate of the Political Progressive Party. After a period of political instability in 1930-1931, the Liberals allied with the Progressives, and Gen. Ubico was elected President in February 1931 as the only candidate on the ballot. He governed as an absolute dictator, militarizing political and social institutions, eliminating public corruption, and giving concessions to wealthy landowners and the American-owned United Fruit Company. Gen. Ubico resigned amidst nationwide protests against his rule on July 1, 1944, handing the government to a triumvirate of generals who continued his policies. However, the triumvirate was toppled by a revolution on October 19, 1944; Gen. Ubico went into exile in New Orleans, where he died of lung cancer.

John Logie Baird, 57. U.K. engineer. Mr. Baird was one of the inventors of mechanical television, invented the colour television picture tube, and achieved the first transatlantic television transmission. He died four months after suffering a stroke.

Iran announced a 10-point agreement ending its eight-month dispute with Azerbaijan, providing "home rule" for the province and integrating its troops into the national army.

Politics and government
The French Consituent Assembly elected Vincent Auriol, a Socialist, as its President.

The All-India Congress Party rejected the British cabinet mission's plan for an interim Indian government with equal Congress-Moslem League representation.

After losing his party's 1946 Senatorial nomination, U.S. Senator Charles La Follette (Republican--Indiana) said that he would leave the Republican Party when his congressional term ended.

In a report to Congress, U.S. President Harry Truman estimated Lend-Lease aid from March 11, 1941-December 31, 1945 at $30,753,304,000.

At the first meeting of the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, U.S. representative Bernard Baruch outlined the U.S. plan for international control, calling for an independent authority to supervise all nuclear projects.

The Canadian Library Association was founded in Ottawa.

A nationwide strike of U.S. maritime workers was averted when union leaders reached an agreement with the American Ship Owners Association and the Waterfront Employers Association, granting wage increases and a limitation of the work week for several categories of workers.

In Montreal, Mexico defeated Canada to eliminate the Canadian team from the Davis Cup, while Sweden beat Belgium to advance to the European finals.

60 years ago

At the movies
The Man with My Face, directed by Edward Montagne, and starring Barry Nelson, Carole Mathews, and Lynn Ainley, opened in theatres.

On television today
An American Medical Association meeting in Atlantic City witnessed the first televised human birth, presented on closed circuit.

Communist shore batteries hit the U.S. Navy minesweeper USS Thomson off the Korean east coast,killing three sailors.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy (Republican--Wisconsin), in a Senate speech, denounced Secretary of State George Marshall and Mr. Marshall's predecessor, Dean Acheson, indirectly accusing both men of plotting to weaken the United States for eventual conquest by the U.S.S.R.

UNIVAC I, the first commercial computer, was dedicated, after being delivered to the United States Census Bureau on March 31. UNIVAC was short for UNIVersal Automatic Computer.

An all-white jury in Trenton, New Jersey convicted Negroes Collis English and Ralph Cooper of killing a shopkeeper in a 1948 robbery, ending a four-month trial that had attracted national attention. Both were sentenced to life imprisonment.

Iranian government officials met with representatives of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company on implementation of Iran's oil nationalization program.

Economics and finance
Warning that "controls are absolutely necessary for the next two years no matter what happens in Korea," U.S. President Harry Truman told the nation in a broadcast that prices would "go through the roof" unless Congress passed new control laws.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Mata Au Hi Made--Kiyohiko Ozaki (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Qué Será (Che Sará)--José Feliciano (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
The governments of Canada and the provinces started a four-day federal-provincial conference in Victoria.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Morning Train (9 to 5)--Sheena Easton

#1 single in Switzerland: Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (4th week at #1)

30 years ago

Died on this date
Peggy Ashcroft, 83
. U.K. actress. Dame Peggy, born Edith Margaret Emily Ashcroft, had a career that spanned more than 60 years, mainly on stage. She appeared in television programs and movies in later years, and won an Academy Award for her supporting performance in A Passage to India (1984).

World events
More than 1,000 Kurds besieged a U.S. military base near the northern Iraqi city of Dohuk, pleading with American troops not to withdraw, fearing retaliation from the Iraqi army.

Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney said in Berlin that Canada would scale down her military forces in Europe. There were currently 8,000 troops at Lahr and Baden Baden, Germany; 1,400 were to be withdrawn by the end of 1991.

Economics and finance
Canadian Finance Minister Michael Wilson said that the free trade tribunal ruling in favour of Canadian pork exporters proved that the deal worked; the ruling called for the end of the U.S. countervail pork duty, and a $20-million refund to Canada.

A limited partnership made up of several Quebec partners bought the Montreal Expos baseball club from the hands of the team's first owner, Charles Bronfman and his minority partners, Hugh Hallward and Lorne Webster. The cost of the transaction was estimated at $ 100 million.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Lemon Tree--Fool's Garden

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

Chicago 78 @ Seattle 89 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Gary Payton scored 23 points and added 6 assists, while Shawn Kemp scored 22 points and grabbed 10 rebounds as the SuperSonics defeated the Bulls before 17,072 fans at KeyArena. Michael Jordan led the Bulls with 26 points, but scored only 2 points in the 4th quarter.

Edmonton (0-1) 18 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 23
Calgary (2-0) 33 @ British Columbia (1-1) 21

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