Friday, 4 June 2021

June 3, 2021

400 years ago

The Dutch West India Company received a charter for New Netherlands (present-day New York City).

240 years ago

Virginia militia Mjaor Jack Jouett began his midnight ride from Louisa County to Charlottesville, Virginia to warn Thomas Jefferson and the Virginia legislature of an impending raid by British forces commanded by Colonel Banastre Tarleton.

160 years ago

Died on this date
Stephen A. Douglas, 48
. U.S. politician. A member of the Democratic party, Mr. Douglas was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Illinois from 1843-1847 and the U.S. Senate from 1847 until his death. He defeated Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln in 1858 after a campaign that featured several long and memorable debates between the two over the issue of slavery. A split developed between Democrats in the northern and southern states over slavery, and two Democratic candidates were nominated for President of the United States in 1860: Mr. Douglas by the Northern Democratic Party and Vice President John C. Breckinridge by the Southern Democratic Party. Mr. Lincoln was the Republican candidate, and this time he won. Mr. Douglas held Mr. Lincoln's hat while he took the oath of office as President on March 4, 1861. Three months later, Mr. Douglas was dead of typhoid fever.

Union forces routed Confederate troops in the Battle of Philippi in Barbour County, Virginia (now West Virginia).

130 years ago

Born on this date
Bill McTigue
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. McTigue played with the Boston Rustlers/Braves (1911-1912) and Detroit Tigers (1916), compiling a record of 2-5 with an earned run average of 6.19 in 27 games, batting .077 wit no home runs and 1 run batted in in 28 games. He played at least 111 games in at least 6 seasons in the minor leagues from 1911-1918, winning at least 48 and losing at least 37. Mr. McTigue fell ill with a lung disease in 1918, and died on May 6, 1920, four weeks before his 29th birthday.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Maurice Evans
. U.K. actor. Mr. Evans was known for his starring roles in plays by William Shakespeare on stage in the U.K. and U.S.A. from the 1930s through the 1950s, and on television in the United States in the 1950s. He died on March 12, 1989 at the age of 87.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Ellen Corby
. U.S. actress. Mrs. Corby was a character actress in various movies and television programs, and was nominated for an Academy Award for her supporting performance in I Remember Mama (1948). She was best known for playing Grandma in the television series The Waltons (1972-1981), for which she won three Emmy Awards. Mrs. Corby suffered a stroke in November 1976; she recovered, but appeared only occasionally on the program after that, including several reunion made-for-television movies through 1997. She died on April 14, 1999 at the age of 87.

100 years ago

At his trial for the March 15, 1921 assassination of former Ottoman grand vizier Talat Pasha, viewed as the main orchestrator of the Armenian genocide, Soghomon Tehlirian was acquitted after arguing: "I have killed a man, but I am not a murderer."
Disasters An afternoon cloudburst in Pueblo, Colorado resulted in a flood that killed as many as 1,500 people, destroyed more than 600 homes as well as the city's downtown, and caused $25 million in damage.

Playing under the name Lou Lewis, 17-year-old Lou Gehrig made his professional debut, batting 0 for 3 as a first baseman for the Hartford Senators as they lost 2-1 to the Pittsfield Hillies in an Eastern League game.

80 years ago

The German Wehrmacht razed the Cretan village of Kandanos to the ground, killing 180 of its inhabitants.

Reports from Ankara stated that General Henri Dentz, French High Commissioner for Syria, had declared a state of siege in the eastern part of the territory.

Politics and government
Iraqi Regent Emir Abdul Illah appointed former Prime Minister Jamil al-Midfai as the new Prime Minister.

New Zealand began training women for police work, with 10 recruits.

75 years ago

Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (3rd week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
3 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
4 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
5 Cement Mixer (Put-ti Put-ti)--Alvino Rey and his Orchestra
--Charlie Barnet and his Orchestra
6 Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--Frank Sinatra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
7 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
8 All Through the Day--Frank Sinatra
--Perry Como
9 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
10 Sioux City Sue--Bing Crosby and the Jesters

New singles entering the chart were the version of Cement Mixer (Put-ti Put-ti) by Charlie Barnet and his Orchestra; Love on a Greyhound Bus, with versions by Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra; and Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians (#22); The House of Blue Lights, with versions by Freddie Slack and his Orchestra; and the Andrews Sisters and the Eddie Heywood Orchestra (#24); and As If I Didn't Have Enough on My Mind by Harry James and his Orchestra (#30).

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Bill Johnstone, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Three Silver Pesos

This was the first episode of the series, which aired as a summer replacement for The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes; both series were written by Denis Green and Anthony Boucher. When The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes moved to ABC for the 1946-47 season, The Casebook of Gregory Hood remained on MBS as a permanent series.

Died on this date
Mikhail Kalinin, 70
. Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, 1938-1946. Mr. Kalinin joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party (RSDLP) in 1898, and became an early member of the Bolshevik faction. He was Mayor of Petrograd after the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution, and was Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets--the titular head of Soviet Russia (1919-1938), becoming a candidate member of the Politburo in 1919 and a full member in 1926. Mr. Kalinin actually held little real power, and retired on March 19, 1946, about 2½ months before his death from cancer.

U.S. President Harry Truman received newly-appointed Soviet Ambassador Nikolai V. Novikov, who said that U.S.-U.S.S.R. relations were essential for world peace.

Communist Party U.S.A. leader William Z. Foster agreed to leave Canada at the request of the Canadian government after a one-day stay during which he addressed a Labour-Progressive Party convention.

The U.S. Army arrested Colonel Jack Durant and his wife Captain Kathleen Nash Durant on charges of stealing the crown jewels of the House of Hesse from Kronberg Castle near Frankfurt.

Terunori Arai, arrested in connection with the Japanese May Day plot to assassinate General Douglas MacArthur, admitted to planning to kill Gen. MacArthur, but denied contact with other plotters.

Politics and government
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the dismissal of Robert Lovett, Goodwin Watson, and William Dodd, Jr. from government service for alleged subversive actions was punishment by administrative act without judicial trial and therefore unconstitutional.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation of passengers on interstate buses was unconstitutional.

The U.S. Supreme Court reversed a contempt of court conviction against the Miami Herald and its associate editor, John Pennekamp, for publishing articles and cartoons critical of Florida's state judicial system.

50 years ago

On the radio
Mr. Moto, starring James Monks, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: Blackmail

Died on this date
Émile-Auguste Chartier, 83
. French philosopher and journalist. Mr. Chartier, who wrote under the name Alain and was the author of more than 50 books, was a leading theorist of radicalism who stressed the rights of individuals against the state, and warned against all forms of power. Privately, Mr. Chartier expressed right-wing views in his diary during World War II.

Pope Pius X was beatified in Rome after Roman Catholic Church investigators concluded that two recoveries from tumours were miraculous.

Economics and finance
Brazil suspended a two-year-old ban on the export and import of many goods, imposed to build up the country's dollar reserves.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Runaway--Del Shannon (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Where the Boys Are--Connie Francis (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wheels (Vier Schimmel, ein Wagen)--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Surrender--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Running Scared--Roy Orbison
2 Travelin’ Man--Ricky Nelson
3 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
4 Daddy’s Home--Shep and the Limelites
5 Breakin’ in a Brand New Broken Heart--Connie Francis
6 Mother-in-Law--Ernie K-Doe
7 Mama Said--The Shirelles
8 I Feel So Bad--Elvis Presley
9 Hello Mary Lou--Ricky Nelson
10 Runaway--Del Shannon

Singles entering the chart were Temptation by the Everly Brothers (#64); Tell Me Why by the Belmonts (#79); Dream (#88)/Fool that I Am (#95) by Etta James; I Like it Like That (Part 1) by Chris Kenner (#89); Better Tell Him No by the Starlets (#93); Jimmy Martinez (#94)/Ghost Train (#100) by Marty Robbins; Tonight (Could Be the Night) by the Velvets (#96); Jura (I Swear I Love You) by Les Paul and Mary Ford (#97); Blue Tomorrow by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#99); and I Fall to Pieces by Patsy Cline (also #100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 I'm Gonna Knock on Your Door--Eddie Hodges
2 Moody River--Pat Boone
3 Barbara-Ann--The Regents
4 Little Devil--Neil Sedaka
5 Everyday--Bobby Lee
6 What a Surprise--Johnny Maestro
7 Raindrops--Dee Clark
8 Hello Walls--Faron Young
9 Indian Giver--Annette
10 Ring of Fire--Duane Eddy

Singles entering the chart were Heart and Soul by Jan and Dean (#32); Sea of Heartbreak by Don Gibson (#36); Jimmy Love by Cathy Carroll (#42); Nature Boy by Bobby Rydell (#44); Fallen Idol by Ken Lyon (#45); I Like it Like That (Part 1) by Chris Kenner (#46); Exodus by Eddie Harris (#48); The Writing on the Wall by Adam Wade (#49); and That's the Way with Love by Pierro Soffici (#50).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Moody River--Pat Boone (2nd week at #1)
2 Barbara-Ann--The Regents
3 Everyday--Bobby Lee
4 Travelin' Man/Hello Mary Lou--Ricky Nelson
5 Little Devil--Neil Sedaka
6 Louisiana Mama--Gene Pitney
7 Ring of Fire--Duane Eddy
8 Raindrops--Dee Clark
9 Hello Walls--Faron Young
10 Indian Giver--Annette

Singles entering the chart were Wishbone by Donnie Brooks (#34); Fallen Idol by Ken Lyon (#35); Time by Jerry Jackson (#36); You Always Hurt the One You Love by Clarence Henry (#37); and Nature Boy by Bobby Rydell (#38).

On television tonight
The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Royal Tour

This was the last episode of the season.

Temperatures soared above 90 degrees Fahrenheit in Regina to start a 10-day Prairie heat wave.

Emile Griffith (24-2) retained his world welterweight title with a technical knockout 48 seconds into the 12th round over Gaspar Ortega (58-22-2) at Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Pour un flirt--Michel Delpech

Died on this date
Vern Spencer, 77
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Spencer was an outfielder with the New York Giants (1920), batting .200 with no home runs and 19 runs batted in in 45 games. He played at least 1,154 games in at least 13 seasons in the minor leagues (1913-1927), hitting at least 25 home runs.

Politics and government
A controversial bill that could eliminate opposition to South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu in the presidential election scheduled for October 3 was approved by the lower chamber of the S.V. National Assembly.

The Ontario government stopped work on the controversial Spadina Expressway in Toronto, after strong civic opposition; construction had started in 1964.

James Hoffa, President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters since 1957, announced from prison--where he was serving a sentence for jury tampering--that he was not a candidate for re-election.

Ken Holtzman (4-6) pitched his second career major league no-hitter and scored the game's only run as the Chicago Cubs edged the Cincinnati Reds 1-0 before 11,751 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Mr. Holtzman's run, which was unearned, was scored against losing pitcher Gary Nolan (3-6). Mr. Holtzman reached first base on an error by third baseman Tony Perez to lead off the 3rd inning, advanced to second base on a ground out by Don Kessinger, and scored on a single by Glenn Beckert. Mr. Nolan allowed just 5 hits in 8 innings.

40 years ago

Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Medley--Stars on 45
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 I Love You--Climax Blues Band
4 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
5 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
6 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
7 Watching the Wheels--John Lennon
8 Sweetheart--Franke & the Knockouts
9 This Little Girl--Gary U.S. Bonds
10 Nobody Wins--Elton John

Singles entering the chart were All Those Years Ago; Nobody Wins; I Missed Again by Phil Collins (#16); and Winning by Santana (#20).

Died on this date
Joe Santollo, 37
. U.S. singer. Mr. Santollo was a founding member of the Duprees, a doo-wop vocal group who had several hit singles in the early 1960s, and were still performing at the time of his death from a heart attack. The Duprees, including Mr. Santollo, were inducted into the Vocal Group Hall of Fame in 2006.

Saskatchewan (1-0) 19 @ Winnipeg (0-1) 10

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Love Train--TMN

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Sweet Soul Music--London Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wind of Change--Scorpions

Irish Republican Army terrorists Peter Ryan, Lawrence McNally, and Anthony Dorris were ambushed by British soldiers in Coagh in County Tyrone.

Mount Unzen erupted in Kyūshū, Japan, killing 43 people, all of them either researchers or journalists.

Lefthanded pitcher Brien Taylor of East Carteret High School in Beaufort, North Carolina was selected by the New York Yankees as the first pick in the major league amateur draft.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La danza de los 40 limones--Juan Antonio Canta (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Lemon Tree--Fools Garden (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Macarena--Los Del Rio

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Old Man & Me (When I Get to Heaven)--Hootie & the Blowfish (2nd week at #1)
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
4 Dreamer's Dream--Tom Cochrane
5 Everything Falls Apart--Dog's Eye View
6 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
7 Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
8 You Learn--Alanis Morissette
9 Closer to Free--BoDeans
10 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip

Singles entering the chart were Wrong by Everything But the Girl (#87); Jealousy by Natalie Merchant (#93); Children by Robert Miles (#94); Like a Woman by Tony Rich (#95); Tonight Tonight by the Smashing Pumpkins (#96); Street Spirit (Fade Out) by Radiohead (#97); God Only Knows by the Nylons (#98); and These Arms by All-4-One (#99).

Died on this date
Edmund Trzcinski, 75
. U.S. playwright. Mr. Trzcinski was with the U.S. Army Air Forces in World War II, and was shot down and interned in Luft Stalag 17B in Austria. He and fellow prisoner Donald Bevan used their experiences as the basis for their play Stalag 17 (1951). Mr. Trzcinski appeared in the 1953 movie Stalag 17 as a prisoner.

20 years ago

The Tony Awards for 2000-2001 were presented at Radio City Music Hall in New York City. The Producers won a record 12 Tonys, including Best Musical. Proof by David Auburn was named Best Play.

Died on this date
Anthony Quinn, 86
. Mexican-born U.S. actor. Mr. Quinn, born Antonio Rodolfo Quinn Oaxaca, was an actor known for playing "ethnic" characters. He won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Viva Zapata! (1952) and Lust for Life (1956).

10 years ago

Died on this date
James Arness, 88
. U.S. actor. Mr. Arness, born James Aurness, appeared in numerous films, mainly Westerns, but also played the title character in The Thing from Another World (1951). He was best known for starring as Marshal Matt Dillon the Western television series Gunsmoke (1955-1975). Mr. Arness was the older brother of actor Peter Graves.

Jack Kevorkian, 83. U.S. mad scientist. "Dr." Kevorkian was a pathologist in Michigan who began advocating euthanasia in the late 1950s, began assisting in suicides by the late 1980s, and had his medical license revoked in 1991. He claimed to have assisted in at least 130 suicides, and in 1998 was convicted of second-degree murder of one of his patients and was given a prison sentence of 10-25 years. "Dr." Kevorkian was paroled in 2007 on condition that he not participate in, advise, or promote assisted suicide. He died from a thrombosis after suffering from kidney problems, eight days after his 83rd birthday.

Bhajan Lal, 80. Indian politician. Mr. Lal was a member of several political parties in a career of 40 years, most of which was spent in state politics in Haryana, where he was Chief Minister (1979-1986, 1991-1996). He also participated in federal politics, representing Karnal (1998-1999) and Hisar (2009-2011) in the Lok Sabha. Mr. Lal died after a heart attack.

Andrew Gold, 59. U.S. musician. Mr. Gold, the son of composer Ernest Gold and singer Marni Nixon, sang and played various instruments on the recording sessions of numerous artists, and achieved commercial success under his own name with the singles Lonely Boy (1977) and Thank You for Being a Friend (1978). He was being treated for kidney cancer when he died of heart failure.

World events
Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh was wounded when rebel rockets barraged his palace; he later went to Saudi Arabia for treatment.

Politics and government
Canadian Senate Page Brigette DePape was fired for walking to the centre of the chamber in the middle of the 41st Canadian Parliament Speech from the Throne, and holding up a stop sign reading "Stop Harper."

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