Tuesday, 8 June 2021

June 7, 2021

1,600 years ago

Married on this date
Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II married Aelia Eudocia at Constantinople.

680 years ago

Died on this date
Al-Nasir Muhammad, 55-56
. Sultan of Egypt and Syria, 1293-1294, 1299-1309, 1310-1341. Al-Nasir Muhammad first acceded to the throne upon the assassination of his brother al-Ashraf Khalil, but was under a regency and was deposed by Kitbugha. Al-Nasir Muhammad was restored to power in 1299, but was replaced while in Al Kark and after failing to remove Baibars al-Jashnakir and Salar, whom he feared would attempt to assassinate ore depose him. Baibars al-Jashnakir was forced to abdicate a year later, and Al-Nasir Muhammad was restored to the throne again. He increased his power, cracked down on corruption, and initiated public works. Al-Nasir Muhammad was succeeded by his son Saif ad-Din Abu-Bakr.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Imre Nagy
. Chairman of the Council of Ministers (Prime Minister) of Hungary, 1953-1955, 1956. Mr. Nagy, a Communist, held various cabinet posts before serving as Prime Minister. He became Prime Minister for the second time during the Hungarian Revolution in October 1956, assuming the position on October 24. Mr. Nagy was deposed on November 4 when the revolution was crushed by invading Soviet force and was initially sheltered in the Yugoslavian embassy, but was arrested by Soviet forces on November 22, 1956 as he was leaving the embassy, and was sent to Romania, and eventually back to Budapest, where he was imprisoned and finally hanged for treason on June 16, 1958, nine days after his 62nd birthday.

Robert Mulliken. U.S. physicist and chemist. Dr. Mulliken was awarded the 1966 Nobel Prize in chemistry "for his fundamental work concerning chemical bonds and the electronic structure of molecules by the molecular orbital method." He died on October 31, 1986 at the age of 90.

Douglas Campbell. U.S. military aviator. Captain Campbell served with the U.S. Army Air Service during World War I, recording six combat victories and becoming the first American flier to earn the title of ace. He suffered severe shrapnel wounds to his back in 1918, and the war ended before he could return to combat. Mr. Campbell became Vice-President of Pan American Airways in 1939, and general manager in 1948. He died on October 16, 1990 at the age of 94.

Died on this date
Pavlos Carrer, 67
. Greek composer. Mr. Carrer was the first Greek composer to write national operas and national songs based on Greek plots, libretti, verses, and folk music.

110 years ago

Died on this date
Maurice Rouvier, 69
. Prime Minister of France, 1887, 1905-1906. Mr. Rouvier was a member of the Republican Union who was first elected to the Chamber of Deputies in 1871, and held several cabinet posts, including Minister of Finance, in various governments, while serving as Prime Minister of two short-lived governments. His second government was noted for passing a law on the separation of the churches and the state in December 1905.

100 years ago

The body of a slain girl was found at the baseball park in Kingsport, Tennessee. To prevent the trail being confused for bloodhounds, police closed the ballpark, forcing the cancellation of that day’s Class D Appalachian League game between the Kingsport Indians and Knoxville Pioneers in what reportedly was the only game in professional baseball history cancelled because of a murder at the park.

80 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): My Sister and I--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra with Bob Eberly

The American Writers Congress chose Native Son by Richard Wright as the best American novel published since 1939.

British press dispatches from Cairo stated that large German troop-carrying and supply planes were landing in Syria. The Vichy French government was reported to have decided not to fight the French colonies held by the Free French forces of General Charles de Gaulle.

Uruguayan President Alfredo Baldomir told a Chilean journalist in Montevideo that Uruguay was prepared to offer bases for the defense of the Western Hemisphere.

Former Democratic Party boss of Kansas City boss Tom Pendergast and former Missouri insurance superintendent R. Ernest O'Malley were sentenced to two-year prison terms for contempt of court growing out of a bribe case.

The White House revealed that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt was ready to commandeer the strike-bound North American Aviation plant in Inglewood, Califonria and use the Army to run it until the strike of 11,000 workers ended. The United Auto Workers of America's aviation division chief Richard Frankensteen said in a radio address that the walkout was a "wildcat strike" caused by Communists.

The Prince Edward Island ferry Charlottetown sank off Liverpool, Nova Scotia after running aground in the fog.

Horse racing
Whirlaway, with Eddie Arcaro aboard, won the 73rd running of the Belmont Stakes at Belmont Park, New York in a time of 2:31 to become the fifth horse, and the fourth in the past 12 years, to win the Triple Crown. First prize money was $39,770. Robert Morris placed second.

Craig Wood won the U.S. Open at Colonial Country Club in Fort Worth, Texas with a 4-over-par score of 284, 3 strokes ahead of Denny Shute. First prize money was $1,000.

75 years ago

The British Broadcasting Corporation resumed broadcasting after being off the air for seven years because of World War II.

50,000 people in Rangoon demanded Burmese independence, in demonstrations staged by General Aung Sang's Anti-Fascist League.

Politics and government
Soviet authorities in Berlin arrested Franz Neumann, chairman of the German Social Democratic Party and three of his aides for attempting to reorganize the party in the eastern sector of Berlin.

U.S. Army Lieutenant Hoyt Vandenberg was appointed by President Harry Truman to succeed Admiral Sidney Souers as director of the Central Intelligence Agency.

The U.S. House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee issued a report assailing the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee and the Army's wartime indoctrination course.

An eight-day strike of hard coal miners in the United States ended with an hourly wage increase of 18.5c and the creation of a health and welfare find for the miners, to be administered by one union and one management trustee.

The International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union rejected a 22c hourly wage increase offered by a government fact-finding board in San Francisco.

A majority of players with the Pittsburgh Pirates voted to strike for recognition of the American Baseball Guild, but the vote in favour was less than the two-thirds required for strike authorization.

New York State Athletic Commission world featherweight champion Willie Pep (100-1-1) knocked out National Boxing Association world champion Sal Bartolo (72-18-6) at 2:41 of the 12th round at Madison Square Garden in New York to unify the world featherweight title.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Oswald Pohl, 58
. German war criminal. Obergruppenführer Pohl was head of the SS Wirtschafts- und Verwaltungshauptamt (Main Economic and Administrative Office) and the head administrator of the Nazi concentration camps, and thus a key figure in the genocide of European Jews during World War II. He was one of 18 SS members convicted in 1948 of war crimes and crimes against humanity, and was one of seven war criminals hanged on this day at Landsberg Prison in Landsberg am Lech, Bavaria, 23 days before his 59th birthday.

Paul Blobel, 56; Erich Naumann, 46; Otto Ohlendorf, 44; Werner Braune, 42. German war criminals. Standartenführer Blobel, SS-Brigadeführer Naumann, SS-Gruppenführer Ohlendorf, and SS-Obersturmbannführer Braune were members of the Einsatzgruppen (mobile death squads) during World War II, and were convicted in 1948 of crimes against humanity. They were hanged at Landsberg Prison.

U.S. forces in Korea approached Chorwon and Kumhwa, the southernmost points of the "iron triangle" above the 38th Parallel.

The U.S.A. recognized Bolivia's new military regime.

Politics and government
Abdullah Yafi took office as Prime Minister of Lebanon following the resignation of Hussein Oueni.

Economics and finance
The West German government announced economic sanctions against Communist China in compliance with the United Nations embargo resolution.

60 years ago

The Baltimore Orioles traded outfielder Gene Stephens to the Kansas City Athletics for first baseman Marv Throneberry. Mr. Stephens was batting .190 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 28 games with the Orioles in 1961, while Mr. Throneberry was batting .238 with 6 home runs and 24 RBIs in 40 games with the Athletics.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Chirpy, Chirpy, Cheep, Cheep--Lally Stott

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Mata Au Hi Made--Kiyohiko Ozaki (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Qué Será (Che Sará)--José Feliciano (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Bruce Gardner, 32
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Gardner was a star pitcher at Fairfax High School in Los Angeles who followed advice to turn down a reported offer of $66,000 to sign with the Chicago White Sox immediately after high school in favour of attending the University of Southern California. He played in the Western Canada Baseball League in 1958 (Edmonton) and 1959 (Regina), and set a record at USC by compiling a won-lost record of 50-5 for his career. The Los Angeles Dodgers signed Mr. Gardner for $12,000 in 1960 and assigned him to the Montreal Royals of the AAA International League for the last few weeks of the season, where he was 0-1 with an earned run average in 16 games. In 1961 Mr. Gardner was sent down to the Reno Silver Sox of the Class A California League, where he was 20-4 with a 2.82 ERA with what may have been the best minor league team of the 1960s. He was drafted into the U.S. Army shortly after, and injured his pitching arm when he fell off a truck. His baseball career never recovered, and he struggled for several more years in the minor leagues, finishing his five-year professional career with a record of 34-18 and a 4.01 ERA in 103 games, batting .248 with 1 home run and 21 runs batted in in 118 games. Despite being talented and apparently successful in many areas, Mr. Gardner remained bitter about not having signed with the White Sox after high school and losing out on his chance to pitch in the major leagues. He coached the Dorsey High junior varsity team to their league championship in 1971, and then, on the night of June 7, hopped the fence of his old playing field at USC and shot himself in the head near the pitcher's mound. His USC diploma was in his right hand, and his All-America plaque was nearby.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa agreed to send Social Affairs Minister Claude Castonguay to a conference of Ministers of Social Welfare taking place in Ottawa.

The United States Supreme Court, in Cohen v. California, overturned the conviction of Paul Cohen for disturbing the peace, setting the precedent that vulgar writing was protected under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

The Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms Division of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service raided the Silver Springs, Maryland home of Ken Ballew for illegal possession of hand grenades.

The World Health Organization reported that an epidemic of cholera had broken out among the estimated 4.7 million East Pakistani war refugees who had sought asylum in India.

The Milwaukee Brewers traded outfielder Danny Walton to the New York Yankees for outfielder Bobby Mitchell and first baseman-outfielder Frank Tepedino. Mr. Walton was batting .203 with 2 home runs and 9 runs batted in in 30 games with the Brewers in 1971. Mr. Tepedino was hitless in 6 at bats in 6 games with the Yankees, while Mr. Mitchell was in the minor leagues to begin the season.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Being with You--Smokey Robinson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (3rd week at #1)

World events
Israeli planes bombed a French-made nuclear reactor near Baghdad. The Israeli government of Prime Minister Menachem Begin believed the reactor was being used to build bombs for the purpose of attacking Israel. The strike was the first air strike against a nuclear plant.

Hamilton (1-0) 27 @ Montreal (0-1) 21
British Columbia (1-0) 20 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 12

Former Los Angeles Ram quarterback Vince Ferragamo made his Canadian Football League debut with the Alouettes in their loss to the Tiger-Cats at Olympic Stadium. Also making his CFL debut was Montreal defensive end Grover Covington. Montreal fullback Mike Murphy, in his first appearance with the Alouettes after four years with the Ottawa Rough Riders, suffered a career-ending severed achilles tendon.

25 years ago

The Philippine volcano Mount Pinatubo erupted, generating an ash column 7 kilometres (4.3 miles) high.

Chicago 104 @ Los Angeles Lakers 96 (OT) (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Michael Jordan scored 29 points--6 in overtime--as the Bulls overcame a 13-point 4th-quarter deficit to defeat the Lakers before 17,506 fans at Great Western Forum in Inglewood, California.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Until it Sleeps--Metallica (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project

Died on this date
Max Factor, Jr., 91
. U.S. businessman. Mr. Factor, born Francis Factor, began working in the family cosmetics firm in 1908, and became president of the company and legally changed his name after his father's death in 1938. Max Factor Cosmetics achieved initial success in providing make-up for motion picture actors, but eventually manufactured make-up for the public.

Oscar De La Hoya (22-0) scored a technical knockout of Julio Cesar Chavez (97-2-1) at 2:37 of the 4th round to win the World Boxing Council super lightweight (junior welterweight) title at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas.

Seattle 88 @ Chicago 92 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Michael Jordan scored 29 points and Dennis Rodman grabbed 20 rebounds--including a finals record 11 offensive rebounds--as the Bulls beat the SuperSonics before 24,544 fans at United Center. Shawn Kemp led Seattle with 29 points and 13 rebounds.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Víctor Paz Estenssoro, 93
. President of Bolivia, 1952-1956, 1960-1964, 1985-1989. Mr. Paz, an independent socialist before co-founding the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario (Revolutionary Nationalist Movement) in 1941, ran for President eight times and was elected four times. His 1951 victory was annulled by a military junta led by Hugo Ballivián, and his 1964 victory was interrupted by the 1964 Bolivian coup d'état. Mr. Paz went into a long exile after being deposed in 1964, and controversially supported the military dictatorship of Hugo Banzer (1971-1978), but was elected for the final time in 1985, and retired after serving another term as President.

Betty Neels, 91. U.K. authoress. Miss Neels was a nurse before embarking on a literary career at the age of 60, publishing at least 134 romantic novels from 1969 until her death.

Politics and government
The Labour Party, led by Prime Minister Tony Blair, captured its second straight majority in the U.K. general election, taking 412 of 659 seats in the House of Commons. The Labour majority was 167 seats, down slightly from the previous 179-seat majority in 1997. The Conservatives, led by William Hague, won 166 seats, and the Liberal Democrats, led by Charles Kennedy, were third with 52 seats.

Stanley Cup
Colorado 4 @ New Jersey 0 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

Adam Foote opened the scoring with 1:58 remaining in the 1st period and added 2 assists in the 2nd period as the Avalanche evened the series before 19,0404 fans at Meadowlands Arena in East Rutherford. Patrick Roy made 24 saves for his second shutout of the series, while Martin Brodeur made just 14 saves in the Colorado goal.

10 years ago

On television tonight
Injustice, starring James Purefoy, on ITV
Tonight's episode: Episode 2

Miami 83 @ Dallas 86 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

The Mavericks outscored the Heat 21-14 in the 4th quarter as they overcame a 9-point deficit before 20,430 fans at American Airlines Center. Dirk Nowitzki led Dallas with 21 points and 11 rebounds, while Miami's Dwyane Wade led all scorers with 32 points and Chris Bosh added 24.

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