Saturday, 26 June 2021

June 26, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Beth Stover and Sidora!

1,800 years ago

Politics and government
Roman Emperor Elagabalus adopted his cousin Alexander Severus, 15, as his heir and gave him the title of Caesar.

480 years ago

Died on this date
Francisco Pizarro, 62-70 (?)
. Spanish conquistador. Mr. Pizarro led three expeditions to Peru, the third of which was successful in toppling the Inca Empire in 1532. Mr. Pizarro claimed the land for Spain, and had Incan Emperor Atahualpa executed in 1533. Mr. Pizarro and his comrade-in-arms Diego Almagro eventually had a falling-out, and Mr. Pizarro had Mr. Almagro executed. Mr. Almagro's son sought revenge, and assassinated Mr. Pizarro.

200 years ago

Born on this date
Bartolomé Mitre
. 6th President of Argentina, 1862-1868. Mr. Mitre, a Liberal, opposed Buenos Aires Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas, and spent years in exile in various countries. Mr. Mitre returned to Argentina after Mr. Rosas' defeat in battle in 1852; he took office as President 10 years later, and helped to achieve national unity after years of civil war. Mr. Mitre was a historian in later years, but his writing has been criticized for being selective in the use of sources. He died on January 19, 1906 at the age of 84.

160 years ago

Over 130 Scottish immigrants arrived at Partridge Island, New Brunswick on board the Irvine. They had left the port of Greenock on May 9, destined for the new settlement of Glassville.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Stuart Symington
. U.S. politician. Mr. Symington, a Democrat, was president of Emerson Electric before entering politics. He served as the first United States Secretary of the Air Force (1947-1950), and held several other positions in the administration of President and fellow Missourian Harry Truman. Mr. Symington represented Missouri in the U.S. Senate (1953-1976), and was a member of the Armed Services and Foreign Relations committees. He was known for his opposition to Senator Joseph McCarthy's attempts to expose Communists in government in the 1950s. When the Kansas City Athletics moved to Oakland after the 1967 season, Sen. Symington threatened to revoke Major League Baseball's anti-trust exemption; as a result, the American League expanded in 1969 to include the Kansas City Royals. Sen. Symington unsuccessfully campaigned for the Democratic Party U.S. presidential nomination in 1960, but lost to John F. Kennedy. Mr. Kennedy wanted to invite Sen. Symington to be his vice presidential running mate, but offered the position to Sen. Lyndon Johnson (Texas)--also a candidate for the presidential nomination--as a courtesy, and was surprised when Sen. Johnson accepted. Mr. Symington died on December 14, 1988 at the age of 87.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Babe Didrikson Zaharias
. U.S. athlete. Mildred Ella Didrikson Zaharias was probably the greatest female athlete in history. Her accomplishments included two gold medals and a silver medal in track and field at the 1932 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles. She didn't take up golf until 1935, but she won 48 professional tournaments, including 10 major championships. Miss Didrikson married professional wrestler George Zaharias in 1938. She was still a top-ranked golfer when she died on September 27, 1956 at the age of 45 after a long battle with colon cancer.

John McDermott of Atlantic City became the first American-born player to win the U.S. Open when he won an 18-hole, 3-way playoff with Mike Brady of Boston and George Simpson of Scotland at Chicago Golf Club in Wheaton, Illinois. Mr. McDermott shot a 4-over-par 80, Mr. Brady 82, and Mr. Simpson 85. The tournament had been won by British players for the previous 16 years.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Violette Szabo
. French-born U.K. spy. Mrs. Szabo, the daughter of a British Army driver and French dressmaker, married French Foreign Legion officer Étienne Szabo in 1940. After he was killed in combat in the Second Battle of El Alamein in 1942, she trained as a field agent with the Special Operations Executive (SOE). Mrs. Szabo was sent to France as part of a mission with a team in June 1944, just after D-Day, but was captured and tortured by the SS, and eventually interned at Ravensbrück concentration camp in August 1944. She was treated harshly, and finally executed with a bullet in the back of the head on or before February 5, 1945 at the age of 23. Mrs. Szabo was posthumously awarded the George Cross in 1946.

80 years ago

Finland formally entered the Continuation War against the U.S.S.R., although fighting between the two nations had proceeded for several days. German motorized units were reported within 50 miles of Minsk. Spanish Falangists began recruiting volunteers for a legion to fight against the U.S.S.R. U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes, speaking in Hartford, Connecticut, declared that it was the right moment for the United States "to strike hard and harder, fast and faster" against German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. He denounced famed aviator and America First supporter Charles Lindbergh as a "Hitler stooge."

U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles informed U.S.S.R. Ambassador Constantine Oumansky that any Soviet request for material assistance in her defense against Germany would receive favourable consideration. The U.S. Senate Defense Investigating Committee warned of an aluminum shortage, and placed responsibility on the Office of Production Management and the Aluminum Company of America (Alcoa).

U.S. airlines said that they would have to restrict service because of President Roosevelt's request that domestic airlines surrender 24 more transport planes for British use, bringing the total to 115 of the 358 planes available.

Politics and government
A Gallup Poll reported that 76% of Americans questioned said that they approved of the policies of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.

Pope Pius XII, speaking in English from the Vatican, declared in a radio address to the Eighth National Eucharistic Congress in St. Paul, Minnesota that a current of "black paganism" was sweeping the world.

Congress of Industrial Organizations machinists voted to end their strike and return to work at shipyards in San Francisco.

A two-hour earthquake described as one of the most violent in years struck Morocco.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Yōsuke Matsuoka, 66
. Japanese diplomat and politician. Mr. Matsuoka spent some time in the United States as a youth, but returned to Japan, joining the Foreign Service in 1904, holding various positions through the early 1930s. He led the Japanese delegation to the League of Nations, delivering a speech condemning the League, announcing Japan's withdrawal, and leading the Japanese delegation out of the League's assembly hall. Mr. Matsuoka attempted to form a political party modelled on the National Fascist Party in Italy, but failed to attract much support. He was appointed Japanese Minister of Foreign Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe in 1940, and was one of the major architects of the Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy. During 1941, Mr. Matsuoka advocated an invasion of the U.S.S.R., and believed the U.S.A. was trying to provoke war with Japan. Prime Minister Konoe wanted to avoid war with the United States, and maneuvered Mr. Matsuoka's resignation in July 1941. Mr. Matsuoka spent World War II in retirement, but was arrested by Allied authorities after the Japanese surrender in 1945 and charged with war crimes. He died of natural causes in prison before he could come to trial.

Max Kögel, 50. German war criminal. SS-Obersturmbannführer Kögel joined the Nazi Party in May 1932 and the Schutzstaffel (SS) a month later. He was deputy director of Lichtenburg concentration camp (1938-1939) and commandant of the concentration camps of Ravensbrück (1939-1942); Majdanek (August-November 1942); and Flossenbürg (1943-1945). SS-Obersturmbannführer Kögel escaped arrest by Allied authorities until June 1946; he committed suicide by hanging himself in his prison cell in Schwabach the day after his arrest.

At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, former German Foreign Minister Constantin von Neurath said that he had opposed some of Fuehrer Adolf Hitler's policies and did not know why he had not been liquidated.

The Canadian Air Cadets officially became known as the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.

Politics and government
The three-man British negotiating team in India announced that it would suspend further negotiations on an interim government and return to England.

The U.S. House of Representatives voted to cite National Council of American-Soviet Friendship chairman Corliss Lamont for contempt for refusing to produce records demanded by the House Committee on Un-American Activities.

The Soviet State Control Ministry announced widespread dismissals and firing of factory directors, engineers, and accountants for falsifying production figures, distributing bonuses illegally, and misappropriating funds.

70 years ago

On television today
The World is Yours, hosted by Ivan Sanderson, on CBS

This daily hour-long nature program was broadcast on stations in New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington. It was the first series broadcast in colour, using the CBS field-sequential colour system that was incompatible with existing black and white television sets, on which no picture was visible. Only a few dozen sets existed on which the colour images could be seen.

Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Greatest Crime, starring Walter Slezak

U.S. Air Force Secretary Thomas Finletter, returning from a tour of Korea, reported in Washington that the Chinese Communists had now built up their air force to 1,000 planes, "primarily Russian-built" jets which could be used in Korea. U.S. Secretary of State Acheson stated before the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Committee that U.S. objectives in Korea would be satisfied by permanent Communist withdrawal behind the 38th Parallel, leaving unification of the country to later discussions.

Politics and government
The West German government outlawed the Communist-sponsored Free German Youth movement.

Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson (Democrat) vetoed the Broyles-Young bill, which would outlaw the Communist Party in Illinois.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations Marine Engineers Association, the last union still involved in the East Coast and Gulf Coast dock workers' strike, signed a contract on the same terms as those gained by the National Maritime Union and American Radio Association.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Poesía En Movimiento (Poetry in Motion)--Dúo Dinámico (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Non, je ne regrette rien--Édith Piaf (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
2 Raindrops--Dee Clark
3 Moody River--Pat Boone
4 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis
5 Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson
6 The Writing on the Wall--Adam Wade
7 The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton
8 Every Beat of My Heart--The Pips
9 Those Oldies But Goodies (Remind Me of You)--Little Caesar and the Romans
10 Stand by Me--Ben E. King

Singles entering the chart were Together by Connie Francis (#48); The Graduation Song...Pomp and Circumstance by Adrian Kimberly (#63); You'll Answer to Me by Patti Page (#67); Dream by Etta James (#72); The Switch-A-Roo by Hank Ballard and the Midnighters (#77); That's What Girls are Made For by the Spinners (#82); Quite a Party by the Fireballs (#83); Heart and Soul by Jan and Dean (#87); Te-Ta-Te-Ta-Ta by Ernie K-Doe (#90); Wooden Heart by Joe Dowell (#98); and Take a Fool's Advice by Nat King Cole (#100).

Cassius Clay (7-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Duke Sabedong (15-12-1) in a heavyweight bout at the Las Vegas Convention Center.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Pensieri e parole--Lucio Battisti (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): O'Brien Has No Place to Go--Brendan Shine (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (2nd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies (2nd week at #1)
2 Hot Love--T. Rex
3 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road
--Lally Stott
4 Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool
5 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
6 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Allison Durbin
7 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
8 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
9 She's a Lady--Tom Jones
10 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin

Singles entering the chart were Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It) by Daddy Dewdrop (#47); Me and You and a Dog Named Boo by Lobo (#56); Acapulco Sun by Johnny Farnham (#58); and Wheat in the Field by Harry Young & Sabbath (#60).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Double Barrel--Dave & Ansil Collins (2nd week at #1)
2 Che Sará--José Feliciano
3 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
4 Rosetta--Georgie Fame & Alan Price
5 Zou Het Erg Zijn Lieve Opa--Wilma met Vader Abraham
6 My Darling Helena!--The Walkers
7 Soldiers Prayer--Oscar Harris and the Twinkle Stars
8 Tweedle Dee Tweedle Dum--Middle of the Road
9 Ein Mädchen für Immer--Peter Orloff
10 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo

Singles entering the chart were Past Present and Future by the Shangri-Las (#27); Change Partners by Stephen Stills (#29); Manuela by Jacques Herb (#33); Low Down by Chicago (#35); and Can You Get It by Ashton, Gardner, Dyke & Co. (#36). Past Present and Future had been a minor hit in North America in 1966.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 It's Too Late/I Feel the Earth Move--Carole King (2nd week at #1)
2 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
3 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
4 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
5 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
6 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
7 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
8 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
9 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
10 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond

Singles entering the chart were Moon Shadow by Cat Stevens (#70); How Can You Mend a Broken Heart by the Bee Gees (#73); He's So Fine by Jody Miller (#75); I Love You Lady Dawn by the Bells (#76); Watching the River Flow by Bob Dylan (#78); Smiling Faces Sometimes by the Undisputed Truth (#80); She Didn't Do Magic/I'm the Only One by Lobo (#81); Beginnings/Colour My World by Chicago (#83); When My Little Girl is Smiling by Steve Alaimo (#88); Deep Enough for Me by Ocean (#89); The Last Time I Saw Her by Glen Campbell (#90); Suspicious Minds by Dee Dee Warwick (#91); Mother Nature's Wine by Sugarloaf (#92); Take My Hand by Kenny Rogers and the First Edition (#93); We're All Goin' Home by Bobby Bloom (#95); Puff of Smoke by Roy Head (#96); I'm a Believer by Neil Diamond (#98); Love Me by the Rascals (#99); and The Sound of Silence by Peaches & Herb (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It’s Too Late—Carole King
2 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
3 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
4 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
5 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
6 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
7 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
8 Don’t Knock My Love - Pt. I—Wilson Pickett
9 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
10 Nathan Jones--The Supremes

Singles entering the chart were Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology) by Marvin Gaye (#67); Watching the River Flow by Bob Dylan (#71); Beginnings by Chicago (#74); Resurrection Shuffle by Ashton, Gardner & Dyke (#80); The Last Time I Saw Her by Glen Campbell (#82); Talking in Your Sleep by Gordon Lightfoot (#84); Resurrection Shuffle by Tom Jones (#85); Mighty Clouds of Joy by B.J. Thomas (#86); Smiling Faces Sometimes by the Undisputed Truth (#91); Suspicious Minds by Dee Dee Warwick (#92); I Need Someone (To Love Me) by Z.Z. Hill (#94); Day by Day (Every Minute of the Hour) by the Continental 4 (#95); The Language of Love by the Intrigues (#97); One-Way Ticket by Tyrone Davis (#99); and Follow Me by Mary Travers (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
2 It’s Too Late—Carole King
3 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
4 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
5 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
6 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
7 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
8 Nathan Jones--The Supremes
9 Don't Knock My Love--Wilson Pickett
10 Double Lovin'--The Osmonds

Singles entering the chart were Rainy Jane by Davy Jones (#57); Beginnings/Colour My World by Chicago (#70); I'm a Believer by Neil Diamond (#78); How Can You Mend a Broken Heart by the Bee Gees (#80); Talking in Your Sleep by Gordon Lightfoot (#83); Deep Enough for Me by Ocean (#85); Watching the River Flow by Bob Dylan (#90); Love the One You're With by the Isley Brothers (#91); In These Changing Times by the Four Tops (#92); Resurrection Shuffle by Ashton, Gardner & Dyke (#93); and Never Dreamed You'd Leave in Summer by Stevie Wonder (#99).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr (2nd week at #1)
2 Brown Sugar--Rolling Stones
3 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
4 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
5 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
6 It’s Too Late—Carole King
7 Signs--Five Man Electrical Band
8 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
9 Where Evil Grows--The Poppy Family
10 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed

Singles entering the chart were Change Partners by Stephen Stills (#89); There are Things by Kurt & Noah (#94); Rainy Jane by Davy Jones (#95); Make it Better by Jericho (#96); I'm the Only One by Lobo (#97); Moon Shadow by Cat Stevens (#98); Double Barrel by Dave & Ansil Collins (#99); and I'm a Believer by Neil Diamond (#100).

Calgary’s Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
2 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
3 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
4 I'll Meet You Halfway--The Partridge Family
5 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
6 Never Ending Song of Love--Delaney & Bonnie & Friends
7 It's Too Late--Carole King
8 Sweet City Woman--Stampeders
9 The Drum—Bobby Sherman
10 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
Pick hit of the week: I Love You Lady Dawn--The Bells

Alex Johnson, the 1970 American League batting champion, was suspended by the California Angels "for failing to give his best." He had been benched 5 times and fined 29 times so far during the 1971 season.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hubba Hubba Zoot-Zoot--Caramba (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Pour le plaisir--Herbert Léonard (5th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 More and More--Joe Dolan
2 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins
3 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens
4 Antmusic--Adam & the Ants
5 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
6 Turn Me Loose--Loverboy
7 Santa Maria--Alan Garrity
8 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon
9 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
10 Gypsy Girl--David Scobie

Singles entering the chart were Nightmare by Peach (#15); and When I'm Gone by Albert Hammond (#20).

Toronto (1-3) 25 @ Ottawa (3-1) 35
Winnipeg (1-3) 16 @ Calgary (0-4) 14
British Columbia (3-1) 2 @ Edmonton (4-0) 26

The Eskimos took a 22-1 lead at halftime and coasted to victory over the Lions at Commonwealth Stadium.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Senza una donna--Zucchero featuring Paul Young (2nd week at #1)

Canadian Minister of Indian Affairs Tom Siddon started talks with native leaders on responding to long-term effects of residential schools.

Canadian Environment Minister Jean Corbeil proposed a $100-million project to protect waters from oil and chemical spills, with more aerial surveillance, ship inspections, and fines.

Winnipeg (1-0) 29 @ Toronto (0-1) 15
Calgary (1-0) 49 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 14

25 years ago

Died on this date
Veronica Guerin, 36
. Irish journalist. Miss Guerin ran a public relations firm from 1983-1990 and then turned to journalism, working for the Sunday Business Post and Sunday Tribune. She became a crime reporter with the Sunday Independent in 1994; she received death threats while covering the activities of drug dealers, and was followed and shot to death by drug gang members while stopped at a traffic light on the outskirts of Dublin, nine days before her 37th birthday. Her murder helped to prompt the creation of Ireland's Criminal Assets Bureau.

The U.S. Supreme Court ordered the Virginia Military Institute to admit women or forego state support.

20 years ago

Montreal (1-1) 18 @ Hamilton (2-0) 20
Calgary (2-0) 35 @ British Columbia (0-2) 28

10 years ago

Died on this date
Edith Fellows, 88
. U.S. actress. Miss Fellows appeared in more than 50 movies from 1929-1942, often playing an orphan or street urchin. She appeared in plays and television programs in the 1950s, but suffered a sudden attack of stage fright in 1958 and became addicted to Librium when it was prescribed, as well as valium and alcohol. Miss Fellows made a small comeback in later years, appearing in several plays and television programs from 1979-1995.

This blogger, with enjoyable female company, enjoyed the performance of Brian Wilson at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton. The first half of the concert consisted of Mr. Wilson performing songs from his album Brian Wilson Reimagines Gershwin, and the second half consisted of old Beach Boys songs.

Horse racing
Inglorious, with Luis Contreras up, won the 152nd running of the Queen's Plate at Woodbine Racetrack in Toronto in a time of 2:02.63, 2½ lengths ahead of Hippolytus.

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