Monday, 29 November 2010

November 30, 2010

310 years ago
1700


War
Swedish forces led by King Charles XII defeated the Russian army in the Battle of Narva.

200 years ago
1810


Born on this date
Oliver Winchester
. U.S. businessman and politician. Mr. Winchester bought the Volcanic Repeating Arms Company, a division of Smith and Wesson, in 1855. The repeating rifle's design was improved, and the company was named the Winchester Repeating Arms Company in 1866. The Winchester rifles were tremendously successful with pioneers in the western United States, making Mr. Winchester a wealthy man. A Republican, he was a City Commissioner in New Haven, Connecticut, and was Lieutenant Governor of Connecticut (1866-1867). Mr. Winchester died on December 10, 1880, 10 days after his 70th birthday.

175 years ago
1835

Born on this date
Samuel L. Clemens (Mark Twain)
. U.S. author. The author of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) was born in Florida, Missouri.

170 years ago
1840


Born on this date
Henry Birks
. Canadian businessman. Mr. Birks, a native of Montreal, founded the jewellery firm Henry Birks and Sons in Montreal in 1879. He died on April 16, 1928 at the age of 87.

125 years ago
1885


Born on this date
Albert Kesselring
. German military officer. Generalfeldmarschall Kesselring served with the Bavarian Army (1904-1918); Reichswehr (1918-1933); and Luftwaffe (1933-1945), serving in both world wars and becoming one of Germany's most decorated officers. He commanded air forces in the invasions of Poland, France, and the U.S.S.R., as well as the Battle of Britain. In 1947, Generalfeldmarschall Kesselring was convicted at Nuremburg of war crimes for ordering the murder of 335 Italian civilians in the Ardeatine massacre in 1944, and for inciting and ordering his troops to kill civilians in reprisals against the Italian resistance movement. He was sentenced to death by firing squad, but the sentence was soon commuted to life imprisonment. Generalfeldmarschall Kesselring was released from prison in 1952 on grounds of ill health because of a cancerous growth in his throat, but he lived until his death from a heart attack on July 16, 1960 at the age of 74.

110 years ago
1900

Died on this date
Oscar Wilde, 46
. Irish author. The author of The Picture of Dorian Gray (1890) died in Paris. His last words were reported as "I am dying beyond my means." Another account has it that his last words were, "Either that wallpaper goes or I do."

80 years ago
1930


Football
NFL
Brooklyn (7-3-1) 7 @ New York (11-4) 6
Green Bay (10-2) 37 @ Staten Island (5-5-2) 7
Portsmouth (4-6-2) 6 @ Chicago Bears (8-4-1) 14

75 years ago
1935


Football
CRU
Eastern Final
Hamilton Tigers 22 Sarnia Imperials 3 @ Toronto

70 years ago
1940


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Woodpecker Song--Kate Smith; Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (1st month at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Only Forever--Bing Crosby with John Scott Trotter and his Orchestra (7th week at #1)

Died on this date
George B. McClellan, Jr., 75
. U.S. politician. Mr. McClellan, son of U.S. Civil War Union Army General George McLellan, was a Democrat who represented New York's 12 District in the United States House of Representatives from 1895-1903, and served as Mayor of New York from 1904-1909. He later became a professorof economic history at Princeton University. Mr. McClellan died a week after his 75th birthday.

Married on this date
U.S. actress Lucille Ball married Cuban bandleader Desi Arnaz in Greenwich, Connecticut.

War
The Greek Army announced the capture of the Italian base of Pogradec in northeastern Albania. Italian Duce Benito Mussolini's newspaper Il Popole d'Italia stated that Italy would settle her quarrel with Greece alone and without the military help of Germany. Radio reports from Rome announced that the Axis powers had abandoned their plans for the defeat of Britain through actual invasion. Thailand announced the occupation of the French Indochinese districts of Banongkien, Bangkokekrabein, and Patruchai, as well as reprisal air raids on Thakhek and Savannakhet in the undeclared war.

Diplomacy
Japan officially recognized the Chinese government in Nanking in a treaty signed by Lieutenant General Noriyuki Abe and "President" Wang Ching-wei.

Politics and government
Paraguayan President Morinigo established a virtual dictatorship by signing a decree granting him full power to carry out the "Paraguayan revolution."

Economics and finance
The U.S. administration of President Harry Truman announced that a $50-million credit had been given to China and that an additional $50 million load would be made soon.

Society
The United States Census Bureau reported that the excess of males over females in the U.S.A. was being reduced by nearly 100,000 per year, and that in about five years there would be a female majority.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup
Ottawa Rough Riders 8 @ Toronto Balmy Beach 2 (First game of 2-game total points series)

Dave Sprague scored the game’s only touchdown, converted by Rick Perley, while Sammy Sward added 2 singles as the Rough Riders defeated Balmy Beach before 4,998 fans at Varsity Stadium. Bobby Porter’s 2 singles accounted for Balmy Beach’s scoring.

NCAA
Navy defeated Army 14-0 in the annual game between the two defense academies at Municipal Stadium in Philadelphia.

60 years ago
1950


War
United Nations forces on the west coast of Korea withdrew to a line midway between Pyongyang and the Yalu River to avoid encirclement by Chinese Communist forces. In a formal statement, U.S. President Harry Truman denied any intention of abandoning [the UN] mission in Korea," and threatened to use atomic weapons if necessary to prevent Chinese forces from overrunning the peninsula.

Education
The New York State Court of Appeals upheld a state law barring Communists from teaching in public schools.

Technology
The first concentrated milk, maunfactured by Sealtest, was sold in Wilmington, Delaware.

Economics and finance
Argentina's first automobile factory was opened in Buenos Aires in ceremonies attended by President Juan Peron.

Labour
U.S. Steel and the United Steel Workers of America agreed on a 10% wage raise averaging 16c-18c per hour, an agreement expected to set the pattern for the one million-worker steel industry.

Business
The same day that it reached its agreement with the USW, U.S. Steel raised prices by 5½% ($5.50 per ton).

50 years ago
1960


Business
The last DeSoto rolled off the assembly line in Detroit, 12 days after Chrysler Corporation had announced the discontinuation of the passenger car marque, after more than 32 years of production. Only 3,034 1961 DeSotos were sold.



40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kyōto no Koi--Yūko Nagisa (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): N'A Veiriña Do Mar--María Ostiz (3rd week at #1)

Religion

Pope Paul VI departed Manila and visited Western Samoa before arriving in Sydney, Australia.

Football
NFL
Miami (7-4) 20 @ Atlanta (3-6-2) 7



30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): He's So Shy--The Pointer Sisters

#1 single in Switzerland: Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
Edwin Meese, a senior adviser to U.S. President-elect Ronald Reagan, stated that the U.S. and U.S.S.R. would begin talks on a new arms limitation treaty within a few weeks of Mr. Reagan’s inauguration on Jaunuary 20.

25 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Election Day--Arcadia (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Only Love--Nana Mouskouri (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Take on Me--A-Ha

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A Good Heart--Feargal Sharkey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: I'm Your Man--Wham!

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
2 We Built This City--Starship
3 You Belong to the City--Glenn Frey
4 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
5 Miami Vice Theme--Jan Hammer
6 Head Over Heels--Tears for Fears
7 Never--Heart
8 Who’s Zoomin’ Who--Aretha Franklin
9 Lay Your Hands On Me--Thompson Twins
10 Be Near Me--ABC

Singles entering the chart were I’m Your Man by Wham! (#45); When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going by Billy Ocean (#55); Everything in My Heart by Corey Hart (#62); The Sweetest Taboo by Sade (#76); The Sun Always Shines on T.V. by A-Ha (#80); Leader of the Pack by Twisted Sister (#83); Can You Feel the Beat by Lisa Lisa & Cult Jam with Full Force (#86); Life in a Northern Town by The Dream Academy (#87); Love in a Vacuum by 'Til Tuesday (#89); and Silent Running (On Dangerous Ground) by Mike + the Mechanics (#90).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin (2nd week at #1)
2 We Built This City--Starship
3 Oh Sheila--Ready for the World
4 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
5 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
6 Cherish--Kool & The Gang
7 You Belong to the City--Glenn Frey
8 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
8 Lay Your Hands on Me--Thompson Twins
9 Situation Critical--Platinum Blonde
10 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora

Singles entering the chart were That's What Friends are For by Dionne and Friends (with Elton John, Gladys Knight, and Stevie Wonder) (#80); I'm Your Man by Wham! (#82); Emergency by Kool & The Gang (#87); Cosmetics by Gowan (#90); Burning Heart by Survivor (#96); Go by Asia (#97); and Goodbye by Night Ranger (#98).

Football
CIAU
Vanier Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Calgary 25 Western Ontario 6

Lew Lawrick threw touchdown passes to Mike Siroishka and Randy Guy and handed off to Elio Geremia for another touchdown to lead the Dinosaurs over the Mustangs before 16,321 fans for their second Canadian championship in three years. The Mustangs scored first on a touchdown pass from Steve Samways to Rick Wolkensperg, but Jeff Crews’ convert was blocked, and Western Ontario never scored again. Brent Matich converted all 3 Calgary touchdowns and added a field goal and a single. The game was played on a muddy field.



10 years ago
2000


Space
The U.S. space shuttle Endeavour, with a five-man crew comanded by Brent Jett, launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin mission STS-97, an 11-day mission aboard the International Space Station.



November 29, 2010

250 years ago
1760


War
Major Robert Rogers obtained the surrender of French forces to the British at Fort Detroit.

230 years ago
1780


Died on this date
Maria Theresa, 63
. Holy Roman Empress, 1745-1765. Maria Theresa, the daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI, married the future Emperor Francis I in 1736. She became Archduchess of Austria and Queen of Hungary and Croatia upon her father's death in 1740, and ruled as an absolute monarch rather then ceding power to he husband. Maria Theresa became Queen of Bohemia in 1743, and became Empress when Francis I was elected Holy Roman Emperor. She was a devout Roman Catholic, and was intolerant of Protestants and Jews. Empress Maria Theresa implemented military, bureaucratic, legal, and educational reforms. When Emperor Francis I died in 1765, their son Joseph acceded to the throne. Maria Theresa died three years after suffering an attack of smallpox, from which she apparently never recovered.

180 years ago
1830


War
An armed rebellion against Russia's rule in Poland began in Warsaw when the young Polish officers from the local Army of the Congress Poland's military academy, led by Lieutenant Piotr Wysocki, revolted.

160 years ago
1850


Diplomacy
The Punctation of Olmütz was signed, by which Prussia abandoned the Erfurt Union and accepted the revival of the German Confederation under Austrian leadership.

120 years ago
1890


Politics and government
The Meiji Constitution went into effect in Japan, and the first Diet convened.

Football
U.S. college
Charles "Red" Emerich scored 4 touchdowns--then worth 4 points each--to lead the United States Naval Academy Midshipmen to a 24-0 win over the United States Military Academy Cadets at West Point, New York, in the first annual Army-Navy game.

110 years ago
1900


Born on this date
Mildred Gillars
. U.S. broadcaster and traitor. Miss Gillars, born Mildred Sisk, failed in attempts at becoming an actress before moving to Germany in 1934 and obtaining work as a radio announcer. She married a German national, who was killed in action during World War II. Miss Gillars made propaganda broadcasts during the war, and was nicknamed "Axis Sally" by Allied soldiers. She was arrested and detained after the war, and was eventually returned to the United States and convicted of one count of treason in 1949. Miss Gillars was paroled after 12 years in prison, and lived in a convent in Columbus, Ohio until her death on June 25, 1988 at the age of 87.

80 years ago
1930


Football
CRU
Eastern Final
Hamilton Tigers 5 @ Toronto Balmy Beach 8

Balmy Beach, champions of the Ontario Rugby Football Union, advanced to the Grey Cup on December 7 against the western champion Regina Roughriders.

80 years ago
1940


At the movies
The Bank Dick, starring W.C. Fields, opened in theatres.

War
A Hungarian dispatch reported that fighting between the Romanian government of Prime Minister Ion Antonescu and the fascist Iron Guard was verging on civil war. Chinese guerrillas dynamited Shanghai-Nanking express train carrying Japanese and Chinese officials to Nanking for the signing of the "peace treaty" between Japan and the Japanese sponsored government led by Wang Ching-wei. Thailand ordered French nationals to evacuate frontier provinces within 24 hours, after Thai patrols clashed with Indochinese border guards at the Cambodian frontier.

Defense
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt reappointed Major General Thomas Holcomb as commandant of the Marine Corps for another four years.

Politics and government
U.S. President Roosevelt conferred with Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas) on coordination of the work of the State and Justice Departments with the House Committee on Un-American Activities, chaired by Mr. Dies.

Economics and finance
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles reported that understandings had been reached in principle on aid to Greece.

A seat on the New York Stock Exchange was sold for $33,000, the lowest price since 1899.

60 years ago
1950


War
Chinese Communist forces extended their penetration of United Nations lines to Sinchang, 30 miles northeast of Pyongyang.

Religion
The National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States was formally established in Cleveland by 600 church leaders, representing 25 Protestant denominations and 4 Eastern Orthodox Churches, with 31 million members. The NCC replaced the Federal Council of Churches.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Joe Louis (59-2) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Argentine champion Cesar Brion (29-4) at Chicago Stadium.



50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Frøken Johansen og jeg--Inger Jacobsen (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, hosted by John Newland, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Promise, starring William Shatner and Deirdre Owens



Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Money, starring Robert Loggia and Doris Dowling

Thriller, hosted by Boris Karloff, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Fatal Impulse, starring Robert Lansing, Elisha Cook, Jr., Whitney Blake, Conrad Nagel, and Mary Tyler Moore



40 years ago
1970


Religion
Pope Paul VI continued his tour of Asia with a final day in Manila, which included mass and a message to the poor.

Football
NFL
Boston (2-9) 14 @ Buffalo (3-7-1) 10
Minnesota (9-2) 10 @ New York Jets (4-7) 20
New York Giants (7-4) 27 @ Washington (4-7) 24
Chicago (4-7) 20 @ Baltimore (8-2-1) 21
Cleveland (5-6) 9 @ Pittsburgh (5-6) 28
New Orleans (2-8-1) 6 @ Cincinnati (5-6) 26
Philadelphia (2-8-1) 14 @ St. Louis (8-2-1) 23
San Diego (4-5-2) 14 @ Kansas City (6-3-2) 26
Denver (5-6) 21 @ Houston (3-7-1) 31
Los Angeles (7-3-1) 30 @ San Francisco (7-3-1) 13

30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): You and Me--Spargo

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: Super Trouper--ABBA

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): The Tide is High--Blondie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Super Trouper--ABBA

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Never Knew Love Like This Before--Stephanie Mills
2 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
3 Super Trouper--ABBA
4 Driver's Seat--Sniff 'n' the Tears
5 The Tide is High--Blondie
6 Release--Patti Labelle
7 Upside Down--Diana Ross
8 My Number One--Luv'
9 De Vogeltjesdans--De Electronica's
10 Aquarius--Gary Fane

Singles entering the chart were Lola (Live) by the Kinks (#28); Save the Whale by Kamahl (#31); Guilty by Barbra Streisand (#32); All Out of Love by Air Supply (#33); Baggy Trousers by Madness (#37); and Army Dreamers by Kate Bush (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Lady--Kenny Rogers (3rd week at #1)
2 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
3 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
4 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
5 I'm Coming Out--Diana Ross
6 More than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
7 Master Blaster (Jammin')--Stevie Wonder
8 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon
9 Love on the Rocks--Neil Diamond
10 Dreaming--Cliff Richard

Singles entering the chart were Hey Nineteen by Steely Dan (#65); 9 to 5 by Dolly Parton (#73); Need Your Loving Tonight by Queen (#76); Cold Love by Donna Summer (#81); Trickle Trickle by the Manhattan Transfer (#82); Smoky Mountain Rain by Ronnie Milsap (#83); Love T.K.O. by Teddy Pendergrass (#85); Miss Sun by Boz Scaggs (#87); Keep on Loving You by REO Speedwagon (#88); and Gypsy Spirit by Pendulum (#98). 9 to 5 was the title song of the movie.

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Lady--Kenny Rogers (3rd week at #1)
2 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
3 Master Blaster (Jammin’)--Stevie Wonder
4 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
5 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
6 More Than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
7 I’m Coming Out--Diana Ross
8 (Just Like) Starting Over--John Lennon
9 Dreaming--Cliff Richard
10 Lovely One--The Jacksons

Singles entering the chart were Hey Nineteen by Steely Dan (#41); Miss Sun by Boz Scaggs (#83); Love T.K.O. by Teddy Pendergrass (#84); Keep on Loving You by REO Speedwagon (#86); Need Your Loving Tonight by Queen (#87); Trickle Trickle by the Manhattan Transfer (#88); Easy Love by Dionne Warwick (#89); Smoky Mountain Rain by Ronnie Milsap (#90); and Teacher Teacher by Rockpile (#94).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Lady--Kenny Rogers (2nd week at #1)
2 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
3 More than I Can Say--Leo Sayer
4 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
5 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
6 He's So Shy--Pointer Sisters
7 Hit Me with Your Best Shot--Pat Benatar
8 Jesse--Carly Simon
9 I’m Coming Out--Diana Ross
10 Never Be the Same--Christopher Cross

Singles entering the chart were Hey Nineteen by Steely Dan (#49); Need Your Loving Tonight by Queen (#83); Cold Love by Donna Summer (#85); He Can't Love You by the Michael Stanley Band (#86); Shine On by LTD (#88); and Trickle Trickle by the Manhattan Transfer (#93).

#1 single in Canada (RPM): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Dorothy Day, 83
. U.S. social activist and journalist. Miss Day was a socialist who converted to Roman Catholicism and incorporated Catholic doctrine into her socialist and anarchist beliefs. She co-founded the Catholic Worker Movement in 1933, the same year she co-founded the newspaper Catholic Worker. Miss Day supported pacifism and most of the usual leftist causes until her death from a heart attack, three weeks after her 83rd birthday.
Football
CIAU
Canadian College Bowl @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Alberta 40 Ottawa 21

Forrest Kennerd completed 16 of 29 passes for a record 316 yards and 4 touchdowns to lead the Golden Bears over the Gee-Gees before 11,000 fans for their third Vanier Cup championship. Peter Eshenko caught 3 of Mr. Kennerd’s touchdown passes as Alberta built a 35-0 halftime lead. Rick Zmich started at quarterback for the Gee-Gees, but it was backup quarterback Yvon Granger who completed 20 passes and produced 3 touchdowns for Ottawa in the second half. Mr. Kennerd, playing his final game, won the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game’s outstanding player.



NCAA
Georgia Tech (1-9-1) 20 @ Georgia (11-0) 38

Herschel Walker rushed for 205 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Bulldogs to their first perfect regular season record since they went 4-0 in 1896.

Navy 33 Army 7 @ Veterans Stadium, Philadelphia

This was the first Army-Navy game to be played at Veterans Stadium.

20 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ooh Aah Paul McGrath--Watch Your House (2nd week at #1)

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council voted 12-2 to authorize military action if Iraq did not withdraw its troops from Kuwait and release all foreign hostages by January 15, 1991.

Politics and government
Andrei Lukanov resigned as Premier of Bulgaria, saying that he had been unable to create a consensus behind solutions for the country’s economic difficulties.

In his first speech in the House of Commons since becoming Prime Minister of Great Britain the previous day, John Major said that the U.K.’s policy toward the European Community and a review of the controversial local government poll tax would be at the top of his agenda.

Baseball
An investment group led by Montréal Expos' president Claude Brochu agreed to acquire the National League club from financier Charles Bronfman.

Sunday, 28 November 2010

November 28, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dede Hill!

840 years ago
1170


Died on this date
Owain Gwynedd, 69-70 (?)
. King of Gwynedd, 1137-1170. Owain Gwynedd, born Owain ap Gruffudd, acceded to the throne of the North Wales kingdom of Gwynedd upon the death of his father Gruffydd ap Cynan. Owain became, in 1165, the first Welsh monarch to use the title "Prince of Wales." He achieved some military successes, but was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church for his defiance of the pope regarding his marriage to his first cousin Cristin. King Owain was succeeded by his son Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd.

720 years ago
1290


Died on this date
Eleanor of Castile, 49
. Queen consort of England, 1272-1290. Eleanor, the daughter of King Ferdinand III of Castile, married the future King Edward III of England, her second cousin once removed, in 1254. She accompanied him to Palestine during the Third Crusade (1270-1272), and became Queen consort upon his accession to the throne. Queen Eleanor was a promoter of literature and culture, and was known for her shrewd land deals. She died after a period of ill health, perhaps resulting from a strain of malaria.

540 years ago
1470


War
Đại Việt emperor Lê Thánh Tông launched a military expedition against Champa, beginning the Cham–Vietnamese War.

490 years ago
1520

Exploration

Three ships under the command of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan entered "The Sea of the South," having sailed from the Atlantic Ocean through the passage that came to be known as the Straits of Magellan in the first westward crossing of the Pacific Ocean.

350 years ago
1660


Academia
At Gresham College in London, 12 men, including Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray decided to found what was later known as the Royal Society.

310 years ago
1700


Born on this date
Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
. Queen consort of Denmark and Norway, 1730-1746. Sophie Magdalene, the daughter of Christian Heinrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth-Kulmbach, married the future King Christian VI of Denmark and Norway in 1721, and was Queen consort from his accession to the throne until his death. She died on May 27, 1770 at the age of 69, after years of declining health.

190 years ago
1820


Born on this date
Friedrich Engels
. German-born U.K. philosopher. Mr. Engels was raised in a Christian Pietist family, but turned to atheism as a young man, and became a follower of the philosophy of G.W.F. Hegel. He moved to England at the age of 22, where he became known for his association with Karl Marx. Mr. Engels wrote The Condition of the Working Class in England (1845), and co-authored, with Mr. Marx, The Communist Manifesto (1848). After Mr. Marx's death in 1883, Mr. Engels edited the second and third volumes of Mr. Marx's work Das Kapital (1885; 1894). He died on August 5, 1895 at the age of 74.

90 years ago
1920


War
The Irish Republican Army ambushed a convoy of the Royal Irish Constabulary's Auxiliary Division near the village of Kilmichael in County Cork, killing 17.

FIDAC (The Interallied Federation of War Veterans Organisations), the first international organization of war veterans, was established in Paris.

Football
APFA
Cleveland (2-4-2) 0 @ Buffalo (8-1) 7
Akron (8-0-1) 14 @ Dayton (5-2-2) 0
Decatur (9-1-1) 6 @ Chicago Cardinals (6-1-1) 7
Rochester Scalpers 6 @ Rochester (6-3-1) 7
Lansing 0 @ Detroit (2-3-2) 0
Thorn 0 @ Chicago Tigers (2-5-1) 27
Washington & Jefferson College 7 @ Rock Island (6-2-2) 48

Wisconsin professional
(Milwaukee) Lapham Athletic Club 0 @ Green Bay (9-1-1) 26

The Packers' win over Lapham A.C. at Hagemeister Park was their last game as an independent club; they joined the Americn Professional Football Association in 1921.

80 years ago
1930


Died on this date
Constantine VI, 71
. Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, 1924-1925. Constantine VI held several bishoprics in the Eastern Orthodox Church from 1896 before succeeding Gregory VII as Ecumenical Patriarch on December 17, 1924. Constantine VI was exiled to Greece by the Turkish government on January 30, 1925, and resigned his office on May 22, 1925.

Music
Serge Koussevitsky conducted the Boston Symphony Orchestra in the premiere performance of Howard Hanson's Symphony No. 2 "Romantic" at Symphony Hall in Boston.



70 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Jesse Livermore, 63
. U.S. stock speculator. Mr. Livermore, known as the "Boy Plunger" and the "Great Bear of Wall Street," gained and lost several large fortunes. He sold stocks short just before the stock market crash in 1929, with his resulting worth being $100 million (the equivalent of $1.384 billion in 2014). He then began to lose money in investments, and instead of cutting his losses, he continued to invest, losing virtually his entire fortune. He shot himself to death in the cloakroom at the Sherry Netherland Hotel in New York City, leaving an eight-page suicide note in which he called himself a failure.

War
German soldiers in or near Bucharest were mobilized and ordered to stand ready for immediate action to intervene in the conflict between the Romanian government of Prime Minister Ion Antonescu and the fascist Iron Guardists. The United Kingdom reported a methodical and relentless bombing of Cologne by the Royal Air Force. Reports from Thailand announced the bombing of areas of Indochina after bombing by French planes of Thai positions around Nankorn Panom.

Defense
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau disclosed in Washington that the United Kingdom and the United States would make joint use of some of the Caribbean naval bases recently leased from the U.K.

Diplomacy
A hostile crowd marred the Mexico City welcome for U.S. Vice President-elect Henry Wallace.

John Cudahy resigned as U.S. Ambassador to Belgium to devote his time to writing.

Law
U.S. Representative Howard W. Smith (Democrat--Virginia) introduced a bill providing up to life imprisonment for persons convicted of sabotage. Rep. John Cochran (Democrat--Missouri) blocked House action on the Walter-Logan bill by refusing to agree to Senate amendments. The bill, if passed, would increase the authority of the courts to review and set aside decisions of government boards and agencies.

Scandal
The United States Justice Department denied parole to Martin Morton, former 10th-ranking federal judge, who had been sentenced on March 7 to two years in the Lewisburg, Pennsylvania prison for "conspiracy to obstruct justice and defraud the United States."

Medicine
The American Chemical Society reported that the wartime shortage of Indian monkeys may hamper research into human diseases.

Economics and finance
The United States signed a three-year contract with 14 Latin American nations to stabilize the coffee industry, with American import quotas being set for each country.

Labour
The American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans re-elected William Green as President.

U.S. Attorney General Robert Jackson received a 1,000-page secret report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation on Australian-born West coast Congress of Industrial Organizations leader Harry Bridges.

Football
NFL
Pittsburgh (2-7-2) 0 @ Philadelphia (1-9) 7

60 years ago
1950


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
The Hands of Mr. Ottermole, starring Robert Emhardt and Lawrence Fletcher

War
Chinese Communist forces advanced 25 miles southwest through the gap torn in South Korean lines at Tokchon. Commander-in-Chief of the United Nations Command General Douglas MacArthur, refuting the Chinese claim that only "volunteers" were fighting in Korea, claimed that United Nations forces now faced over 200,000 regular Chinese Army troops. U.S. President Harry Truman discussed the Korean situation with the National Security Council, Joint Chifs of Staff, and cabinet.

Crime
A U.S. federal court in New York sentenced Abraham Brothman to seven years in prison and fined him $15,000 for attempting to obstruct justice in atomic bomb spy cases. Miriam Moskowitz was setenced to two years in prison and fined $10,000.

Economics and finance
The United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Ceylon, India, New Zealand, and Pakistan announced the creation of the "Colombo Plan," a $5.2-billion aid fund for the economic development of South and Southeast Asia during the next six years, with the purpose of raising the living standards of 570 million Asians and counteracting the appeal of Communism.

Football
NCAA
An Associated Press poll of sportswriters named Oklahoma State University as the best college football team in the United States, followed by Army, University of Texas, University of Tennessee, and University of California.

Baseball
Chuck Dressen was named manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, replacing Burt Shotton.

Nippon Series
Shochiku Robins 7 @ Mainichi Orions 8 (11 innings) (Mainichi won best-of-seven series 4-2)

The Orions scored 6 runs in the bottom of the 3rd inning to take a 6-3 lead and led 7-3 after 4 innings, but the Robins came back to tie the score before the Orions scored the winning run in the bottom of the 11th before 22,035 fans at Osaka Stadium to win the first Nippon Series. Takeshi Nomura (3–0), who had pitched a complete game victory the day before, pitched 3.1 innings of relief to get the win over Nobuo Oshima (1–2). Yoshiyuki Iwamoto hit his 2nd and 3rd home runs of the Series, driving in 4 runs for Shochiku.

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Diavolo--Jimmy Fontana

#1 single in France (IFOP): Itsy Bitsy Petit Bikini--Dalida (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
2 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
3 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
4 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
5 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
6 New Orleans--U.S. Bonds
7 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
8 Alone at Last--Jackie Wilson
9 Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go--Hank Ballard and the Midnighters
10 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles

Singles entering the chart were Rubber Ball by Bobby Vee (#67); Blue Tango by Bill Black's Combo (#75); Wings of a Dove by Ferlin Husky (#79); Walk Slow by Little Willie John (#81); Doll House by Donnie Brooks (#86); Ramona by the Blue Diamonds (#87); Come Rain or Come Shine by Ray Charles (#95); and Have You Ever Been Lonely (Have You Ever Been Blue) by Teresa Brewer (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Music Vendor)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
2 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
--Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra
3 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
4 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
5 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
6 Wonderland by Night--Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra
--Louis Prima
7 Many Tears Ago--Connie Francis
8 New Orleans--U.S. Bonds
9 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
10 He Will Break Your Heart--Jerry Butler

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Chris Milner!

Died on this date
Dirk Jan de Geer, 89
. Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1926-1929, 1939-1940). Jonkheer De Geer was a member of the Christian Historical Party/Christian Historical Union in the House of Representatives (1907-1921, 1922, 1933-1939), holding various cabinet posts, including three terms as Minister of Finance. He was Prime Minister when German forces invaded the Netherlands in May 1940, and fled with the government to London. Jhr. De Geer advocated negotiating a separate peace with Germany, and insisted that the war could not be won, which prompted his dismissal as Prime Minister, at the instigation of Queen Wilhelmina. He returned home with the permission of the Germans, and wrote a leaflet instructing his people how to cooperate with the Germans. Jhr. De Geer was convicted of treason after the war, and served a year in prison. He died of a stroke, 11 days before his 90th birthday.

Richard Wright, 52. U.S. writer. Mr. Wright, a Negro, wrote fiction, poetry and non-fiction, much of it about racial themes. He was a Communist for many years and wrote articles for Communist Party publications, but left the party in 1942. Mr. Wright was best known for his novel Native Son (1940) and his memoir Black Boy (1945). He became a permanent American expatriate in 1946, and died in Paris from a heart attack.

Africana
Mauritania became a nation, gaining full independence from France.

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Deux amis pour un amour--Johnny Hallyday (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Anna--Lucio Battisti

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): A Song of Joy--Miguel Ríos (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): I Hear You Knocking--Dave Edmunds

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Lookin' Out My Back Door/Long as I Can See the Light--Creedence Clearwater Revival (2nd week at #1)
2 (They Long to Be) Close to You--Carpenters
3 Spill the Wine--Eric Burdon and War
4 Julie, Do Ya Love Me--Bobby Sherman
5 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry
--The Mixtures
6 Yellow River--Autumn
--Jigsaw
--Christie
--Leapy Lee
7 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
8 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
9 A Song of Joy--Miguel Rios
10 Candida--Dawn

Singles entering the chart were Fire and Rain by James Taylor (#45); Through the Eyes of Love by Bobby and Laurie (#51); Indiana Wants Me by R. Dean Taylor (#57); Goodbye Sam, Hello Samantha by Cliff Richard (#58); and The Lover's Song by Ned Miller (#60).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Where Have I Been Wrong--The Cats
2 To My Father's House--The Les Humphries Singers
3 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
4 She Likes Weeds--Tee-Set
5 Memo from Turner--Mick Jagger
6 Hello Darkness--Shocking Blue
7 Over and Over--George Baker Selection
8 Paranoid--Black Sabbath
9 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
10 Love is All Around--Sandra & Andres

Singles entering the chart were Only Love Can Break Your Heart by Neil Young (#21); Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#27); Woodstock by Matthews Southern Comfort (#31); Patches by Clarence Carter (#33); De Toreador (O, O, Signorita) by Jacques Herb (#35); and Cry Me a River by Joe Cocker (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
5 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
6 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
7 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
8 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
9 Heaven Help Us All--Stevie Wonder
10 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf

Singles entering the chart were River Deep - Mountain High by the Supremes & Four Tops (#51); My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity by George Harrison (#72); When the Party is Over by Robert John (#82); If I were Your Woman by Gladys Knight & the Pips (#86); Stealer by Free (#88); Your Song by Elton John (#89); Most of All by B.J. Thomas (#90); Silver Moon by Michael Nesmith & the First National Band (#92); Rose Garden by Lynn Anderson (#93); Paranoid by Black Sabbath (#94); and Can't Get Over Losing You by Donnie Elbert (#98).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
5 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
6 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
7 Share the Land--The Guess Who
8 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
9 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
10 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley

Singles entering the chart were My Sweet Lord (#37)/Isn't it a Pity (#62) by George Harrison; (Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below We're All Going to Go by Curtis Mayfield (#72); Most of All by B.J. Thomas (#76); Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#78); Silver Moon by Michael Nesmith & the First National Band (#80); Rose Garden by Lynn Anderson (#85); Help Me Find a Way (To Say I Love You) by Little Anthony and the Imperials (#92); Chestnut Mare by the Byrds (#95); Workin' Together by Ike & Tina Turner (#96); Thank God and Greyhound by Roy Clark (#99); and Amos Moses by Jerry Reed (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
3 Indiana Wants Me--R. Dean Taylor
4 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
5 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
6 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
7 5-10-15-20 (25-30 Years of Love)--The Presidents
8 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
9 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley
10 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom

Singles entering the chart were My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity by George Harrison (#48); River Deep - Mountain High by the Supremes & Four Tops (#59); Ruby Tuesday by Melanie (#65); Your Song by Elton John (#73); Most of All by B.J. Thomas (#74); Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#83); (Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below We're All Going to Go by Curtis Mayfield (#85); Timothy by the Buoys (#89); When the Party is Over by Robert John (#92); I Can't Get Next to You by Al Green (#95); For a Friend by the Bugaloos (#96); Think About Your Children by Mary Hopkin (#97); Burning Bridges by the Mike Curb Congregation (#99); and There T Goes Again by Barbara and the Uniques (#100).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
3 Share the Land--The Guess Who
4 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
5 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
6 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
7 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
8 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
9 Beautiful Second Hand Man--Ginette Reno
10 Fly Little White Dove, Fly--The Bells

Singles entering the chart were River Deep - Mountain High by the Supremes & Four Tops (#67); Chains and Things by B.B. King (#76); For the Good Times by Ray Price (#78); Sacroiliac Boop by the Happy Feeling (#98); Give Us One More Chance by Pagliaro (#99); and Will the Real Jesus Please Stand Up by Sweet Revival (#100). Sacroiliac Boop was the B-side of Lord Come, which was not on the chart.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 Fly Little White Dove, Fly--The Bells
3 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation
4 Share the Land--The Guess Who
5 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
6 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
7 I Believe in Sunshine--Madrigal
8 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
9 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley
10 Lola--The Kinks
Pick hit of the week: Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland

Terrorism
FLQ terrorists Jacques Cossette, Jacques Lanctôt, Marc Charbonneau, and Pierre Séguin were allowed to leave for Cuba after they handed over British Trade Commissioner James Cross, whom they had kidnapped from his Montreal residence on October 5.

War
U.S. casualties for the week in Vietnam were 32 dead and 178 wounded. South Vietnamese casualties numbered 430 dead and 934 wounded, while North Vietnamese and Viet Cong dead were an estimated 1,300.

Religion
Pope Paul VI continued his tour of Asia with a full day in Manila, which included a plea for peace in Vietnam.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
Montreal 23 Calgary 10

Montreal quarterback Sonny Wade produced points when he had to, while the Alouettes’ defense succeeded in stifling the Calgary offense as they won their first Grey Cup in 21 years. 32,771 fans at the last Grey Cup to be played on a Saturday saw the grass at CNE Stadium come apart in big chunks in what became known as the "Sod Bowl." The Stampeders scored first when Bob Storey of the Alouettes fumbled a Ron Stewart punt and Rudy Linterman recovered for Calgary on the Montreal 17-yard line. Calgary quarterback Jerry Keeling completed a pass to fullback Hugh McKinnis for 10 yards and then handed off to Mr. McKinnis for a 7-yard touchdown. Larry Robinson converted to give the Stampeders a 7-0 lead 4:27 into the game. Mr. Wade marched the Alouettes into scoring position, and they gambled on a third-down short-yardage play at the Calgary 10-yard line. Running back Moses Denson was trapped by Calgary defensive back Terry Wilson for an apparent loss, but Mr. Denson improvised and threw a pass to Ted Alflen for a touchdown. It was the only pass of Mr. Denson’s CFL career and the only reception in the 3-game CFL career of Mr. Alflen. George Springate missed the convert, leaving the Stampeders with a 7-6 lead at 9:17 of the 1st quarter. The Stampeders fumbled a punt in the 2nd quarter, recovered by Montreal centre Gene Ceppetelli at the Calgary 16-yard line. The Alouettes failed to move the ball from there, but Mr. Springate kicked a 21-yard field goal at 5:36, and the Alouettes held a 9-7 halftime lead. Mr. Wade, who also doubled as the Alouettes’ punter, failed to hold a high snap from Mr. Ceppetelli in the 3rd quarter, and Dick Suderman recovered for the Stampeders at the Montreal 34. Larry Robinson followed with a 33-yard field goal at 7:27, giving the Stampeders a 10-9 lead. The Stampeders then turned the ball over on two consecutive possessions as Mr. Keeling gave up interceptions--on passes intended for Uriel Johnson--to Montreal defensive back Al Phaneuf, which he returned a total of 32 yards. The second interception, which Mr. Phaneuf returned from the Calgary 38-yard line to the 27, proved fatal. Montreal running back Bruce Van Ness completed a pass to Terry Evanshen for a 20-yard gain, and then end Tom Pullen rushed 7 yards on a reverse for a touchdown on the last play of the quarter. Mr. Springate converted to give the Alouettes a 16-10 lead. In the 4t quarter, Mr. Wade directed a 65-yard march that ended when he passed 10 yards to Garry Lefebvre for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Springate, at 10:22. Mr. Wade, who was named the game’s most valuable player, completed 16 of 34 passes for 159 yards, although giving up 3 interceptions. He also punted 12 times for a 36.7-yard average. Mr. Van Ness rushed 8 times for 30 yards and was 2 for 2 in passing for 46 yards. Mr. Denson rushed for 66 yards on 16 carries. Mr. Evanshen led all receivers with 95 yards on 6 receptions. Mr. McKinnis led the Stampeders with 48 yards rushing on 12 carries, 15 yards on 3 pass receptions, and 18 yards on 1 kickoff return. Mr. Keeling completed 16 of 37 passes for just 119 yards, while backup Larry Lawrence, who relieved Mr. Keeling late in the game, was 0 for 2. Gerry Shaw led the Calgary receivers with 28 yards on 2 receptions; Mr. Linterman caught 3 for 23 yards and Herm Harrison caught 3 for 22. Mr. Johnson, who was covered so well by Mr. Phaneuf, caught 2 passes for just 11 yards. The Montreal defense did such a good job of smothering the Calgary offense that the Stampeders’ longest offensive play covered 15 yards. Calgary punter Ron Stewart, playing his final game, punted 15 times for a 37.6-yard average. Frank Andruski made 2 of the Calgary interceptions for 28 yards in returns, and Gig Perez made the other Calgary interception, for 0 yards. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, gaudily dressed in a cape and fedora, performed the ceremonial kickoff



NCAA
Navy (1-10) 11 Army (1-9-1) 7 @ John F. Kennedy Stadium, Philadelphia

30 years ago
1980


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand

#1 single in France (IFOP): Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Woman in Love--Barbra Streisand
2 Man on the Moon--Ballyhoo
3 Another One Bites the Dust--Queen
4 Upside Down--Diana Ross
5 The Drunken Sailor--Babe
6 Rock Hard--Suzi Quatro
7 The Winner Takes it All--ABBA
8 Fame--Irene Cara
9 The Wanderer--Donna Summer
10 Don't Stand So Close to Me--The Police

Singles entering the chart were Shine On by Spirits Rejoice (#16); Hidin' from Love by Bryan Adams (#18); and 9 to 5 by Sheena Easton (#20). 9 to 5 was released in North America several months later under the title Morning Train (Nine to Five) in order to avoid confusion with Dolly Parton's recent hit 9 to 5.

War
In Operation Morvarid, the bulk of the Iraqi Navy was destroyed by the Iranian Navy in the Persian Gulf.

Diplomacy
U.S. Senator Charles Percy (Republican--Illinois), who was expected to be named chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, met with Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko in Moscow. Sen. Percy reported that he had told Mr. Gromyko that the unratified SALT-II arms reduction agreement between the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. was "dead as a doornail." However, he suggested that a new start be made on an arms accord. In a visit with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, Mr. Percy warned Mr. Brezhnev that the use of troops in Poland would be a grave error.

25 years ago
1985


On television tonight
The Twilight Zone, on CITV
Tonight’s episode: The Shadow Man (starring Jeff Calhoun and Jonathan Ward); The Uncle Devil Show (starring Murphy Dunne and Gregory Mier); Opening Day (starring Jeffrey Jones)

20 years ago
1990


On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Sixth Man

Politics and government
John Major was sworn in as British Prime Minister, replacing fellow Conservative Margaret Thatcher. Mr. Major also named his cabinet.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had grown at an annual rate of 1.7% in the third quarter of 1990. U.S. Federal Reserve Board chairman Alan Greenspan said that the U.S. economy had entered a "meaningful downturn," but was unsure if a recession would result.

10 years ago
2000


Abominations
The lower house of the Dutch parliament voted 104-40 to legalize physician-assisted suicide. The law still needed approval of the upper house to become law. Under the bill, doctors operated under fixed guidelines, including a stipulation that any euthanasia procedure had to be approved by a commission including a medical expert and a lawyer.

Politics and government
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak, whose popularity was plummeting in the wake of renewed violence after his efforts at a peace settlement with the Palestinians, announced that he would dissolve the Knesset and call for new elections. Mr. Barak was just 17 months into a 4-year term.

Saturday, 27 November 2010

November 27, 2010

140 years ago
1870


Born on this date
Juho Paasikivi
. Prime Minister of Finland, 1918, 1944-1946; President of Finland, 1946-1956. Mr. Paasikivi, born Johan Gustaf Hellsten, was a member of the Finnish Party for many years before becoming chairman of the National Coalition Party in 1934. He held various positions in a career spanning five decades, and as Prime Minister and President was the architect of the Finnish foreign policy of peaceful relations with the U.S.S.R. Mr. Paasikivi died on December 14, 1956, 17 days after his 86th birthday.

100 years ago
1910


Transportation
New York’s Pennsylvania Station opened.

90 years ago
1920


Football
CRU
Grey Cup Semi-Final
Toronto Argonauts 5 Toronto Rugby & Athletic Association 2

The teams had played at Varsity Stadium on November 20, with the Argonauts winning 7-6. Toronto R&AA protested, and the Canadian Rugby Union upheld the protest on November 23, ruling that the 2nd half should be replayed on November 27, with the Argonauts leading 2-0 at halftime. The winner was to play the University of Toronto Varsity Blues on December 4 for the Grey Cup.

NCAA
Navy 7 Army 0 @ Franklin Field, Philadelphia

80 years ago
1930


Football
NFL
New York (11-3) 6 @ Staten Island (5-4-2) 7
Providence (6-4-1) 12 @ Brooklyn (6-3-1) 33
Green Bay (9-2) 25 @ Frankford (4-12-1) 7
Chicago Cardinals (5-6-2) 0 @ Chicago Bears (7-4-1) 6

70 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Nicolae Iorga, 69
. Prime Minister of Romania, 1931-1932. Mr. Iorga co-founded the Democratic Nationalist Party. He supported King Carol II and opposed the fascist Iron Guard, and was one of 64 of the arrested king's aides and other political dissidents executed by the Iron Guard in Jihlava military prison in Bucharest in reprisal for the killing of hundreds of Iron Guardists killed during the last years of King Carol's regime.

Jean Chiappe, 62. French civil servant and diplomat. Mr. Chiappe was director of the Sûreté générale in the 1920 and Préfet de police in the 1930s before being recalled in 1934. He was appointed France's High Commissioner in the Levant in the fall of 1940, and was killed when the plane taking him to Beirut was shot down by mistake by Italian planes taking part in the Battle of Taranto. Also killed were pilot Henri Guillaumet, 38, the other crew members, and the leader of the cabinet.

War
The British Royal Navy claimed victory over the Italian Regia Marina in the Battle of Cape Spartivento in the Mediterranean Sea. Greek reports claimed a steady advance against the southern Albanian bases of Argyrokastron and Tepeleni. The Australian Naval Ministry reported that two British freighters had been sunk in the Indian Ocean by a German surface raider during the last five days.

Defense
U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that President Franklin D. Roosevelt had allocated $50 million for construction of eight U.S. air and naval bases from Newfoundland to Trinidad on sited leased from the U.K.

The Uruguayan Chamber of Deputies voted 53-21 to approve an arrangment with the United States regarding construction of naval and air bases for mutual Western Hemisphere defense.

William Allen White, chairman of the Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies, received the fourth annual award of the National Association of Accredited Publicity Directors, Inc. for outstanding service in publicity.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Dr. Jose Miguel Gallardo as Governor of Puerto Rico.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities made public a "Red Paper" containing 281 instances in which violence to overthrow capitalism was advocated by Communist groups.

Economics and finance
The United States Treasury called on the 12 Federal Reserve banks for $107 million of Treasury deposits to replenish cash in the general fund.

The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee voted to defer consideration of legislation for financial aid to the United Kingdom until the next session of Congress.

Business
American Telephone & Telegraph annunced the largest single "private placement" deal ever negotiated: the sale to 14 insurance companies of $140 million of 2.75% debentures due in 30 years. The money was to pay for plant expansion.

Football
NCAA
University of Michigan halfback Tom Harmon was named the nation's outstanding college football player for 1940 in a national poll of sportswriters and broadcasters.

60 years ago
1950


Literature
The Hinge of Fate, the fourth volume of Winston Churchill's history of the Second World War, was published in Boston by Houghton Mifflin.

War
The Battle of Chosin Reservoir began as Chinese Communist forces attacked U.S. Marine units in North Korea.

Politics and government
German Suarez Flamerich, diplomat and jurist, took office as the first civilian President of the Venezuelan junta, succeeding Colonel Carlos Delgado Chalbaud.

Economics and finance
France promised economic autonomy for Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos.

Baseball
Nippon Series
Mainichi Orions 3 @ Shochiku Robins 2 (Mainichi led best-of-seven series 3-2)

The Orions scored a run in the top of the 9th inning to break a 2-2 tie as they edged the Robins before 12,630 fans at Nagoya Baseball Stadium. Winning pitcher Takeshi Nomura (2–0) and losing pitcher Shigeo Sanada (1–1) both pitched complete games.

50 years ago
1960


Died on this date
Jack Vainisi, 33
. U.S. football scout and executive. Mr. Vainisi played tackle at the University of Notre Dame (1945) and then served with the United States Army occupation forces in Japan, playing for a service team. While there, he contracted rheumatic fever, which seriously weakened his heart. Mr. Vainisi began working with the Green Bay Packers in 1950 as scout and director of personnel, and over the next decade recruited many of the players who helped the Packers win five National Football League championships from 1961-1967, and also persuaded Vince Lombardi to join the Packers as head coach and general manager in 1959. Mr. Vainisi died of a heart attack, several weeks before the Packers played in their first championship game during his time with team. He was inducted into the Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame in 1982.

Hockey
NHL
Gordie Howe scored his 1,000th career National Hockey League point with an assist as he helped the Detroit Red Wings beat the Toronto Maple Leafs.

Football
NFL
San Francisco (5-4) 30 @ Baltimore (6-3) 22
New York (5-3-1) 23 @ Philadelphia (8-1) 31
Washington (1-6-2) 10 @ Pittsburgh (4-5-1) 22
Cleveland (5-3-1) 17 @ St. Louis (5-4-1) 17
Dallas (0-10) 7 @ Chicago (5-3-1) 17

AFL
Buffalo (4-6-1) 38 @ Denver (4-6-1) 38
Oakland (5-6) 28 @ Los Angeles (7-4) 52

40 years ago
1970


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'll Forgive and I'll Try to Forget--Margo

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (2nd week at #1)
2 Cha-La-La, I Need You--Shuffles
3 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation
4 Looky Looky--Giorgio
5 All the Tears in the World--Dave Mills
6 Black Night--Deep Purple
7 Woodstock--Matthews Southern Comfort
8 Paranoid--Black Sabbath
9 Montego Bay--Bobby Bloom
10 Like I Do--Barbara Ray and the 5th Association

Singles entering the chart were Zanzibar by Wanda Arletti (#18); Green Mamba by Tidal Wave (#19); and Yo Yo by Chris Andrews (#20).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Fire and Rain--James Taylor (2nd week at #1)
2 Share the Land/Bus Rider--The Guess Who
3 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
4 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
5 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
6 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
7 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley
8 Be My Baby--Andy Kim
9 No Matter What--Badfinger
10 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul

Singles entering the chart were My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity by George Harrison (#17); and Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Share the Land/Bus Rider--The Guess Who (2nd week at #1)
2 The Tears of a Clown--Smokey Robinson & the Miracles
3 See Me, Feel Me--The Who
4 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
5 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
6 No Matter What--Badfinger
7 Heaven Help Us All--Stevie Wonder
8 Does Anybody Really Know What Time it Is?--Chicago
9 Let's Work Together--Canned Heat
10 He Ain't Heavy...He's My Brother--Neil Diamond

Singles entering the chart were My Sweet Lord/Isn't it a Pity by George Harrison (#20); Miss Ann by Delaney & Bonnie and Friends (#27); Lonely Days by the Bee Gees (#28); Your Song by Elton John (#29); and One Less Bell to Answer by the 5th Dimension (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family (2nd week at #1)
2 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
3 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
4 Heed the Call--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
5 He Ain't Heavy...He's My Brother--Neil Diamond
6 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
7 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
8 Share the Land--The Guess Who
9 You Don't Have to Say You Love Me--Elvis Presley
10 After Midnight--Eric Clapton

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Mondays Can Be Fatal

Died on this date
Helene Madison, 57
. U.S. swimmer. Miss Madison, a native of Madison, Wisconsin, set 16 world records at various distances in a 16-month period in 1930-1931, and won gold medals in the women's 100-metre freestyle, 400-metre freestyle, and 4 x 100-metre freestyle events at the 1932 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles. She was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1966, and died of throat cancer.

World events
Pope Paul VI continued his tour of Asia with a visit to Dacca, East Pakistan, followed by arrival in Manila, where he was attacked by a knife-wielding assailant in priest’s garb. The man, later identified as a Bolivian artist named Benjamin Mendoza y Amor Flores, was pushed back and could not hurt the pope. However, Stephen Cardinal Kim, Archbishop of Seoul, who was greeting the pope at the moment, was cut on the arm by the attacker, who was arrested and charged with attempted murder. The pope remained calm and composed, and continued his journey.



Terrorism
U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation Director J. Edgar Hoover told a Senate subcommittee that an antiwar group headed by Revs. Daniel and Philip Berrigan, brothers serving in jail for destroying draft records, were planning to kidnap a high U.S. government official and hold him for ransom to force a halt to U.S. air raids in Indochina, along with the release of "political prisoners" in the United States. The high government official was later identified as Henry Kissinger, an adviser to President Richard Nixon.

30 years ago
1980


Space
Soyuz T-3, with a crew of Leonid Kizim (Commander), Oleg Makarov (Flight Engineer), and Gennady Strekalov (Research Cosmonaut) aboard, lifted off from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to begin a 13-day mission aboard the Salyut 6 space station.



Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Arnaldo Forlani refused to accept the resignation of Interior Minister Virginio Rognoni, who had offered to resign from the cabinet over criticism of the slowness and inefficiency of rescue operations after a wave of earthquakes had struck southern Italy on November 23-24. Mr. Forlani feared that the resignation of Mr. Rognoni might bring down the entire government.

25 years ago
1985


Diplomacy
The British House of Commons voted 473-47 to approve the November 15 accord with Ireland giving the Republic of Ireland a formal consultative role in the governing of Northern Ireland.

Politics and government
The national leadership of the British Labour Party suspended the Liverpool district after allegations that the Communist group Militant Tendency was operating within it.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. merchandise trade deficit had declined to $11.45 billion in October from September’s record of $15.55 billion.

20 years ago
1990


Died on this date
David White, 74
. U.S. actor. Mr. White was best known for playing Larry Tate in the television comedy series Bewitched (1964-1972).

Politics and government
John Major was chosen leader of the British Conservative Party on the second ballot, and was designated to replace Margaret Thatcher as the country’s next Prime Minister.

Society
Soviet Defense Minister Dmitri Yazov sanctioned the use of force to combat a "breakdown" of order as the U.S.S.R. was moving toward implementing a treaty to create a Union of Sovereign Socialist Republics.

Journalism
National Football League Commissioner Paul Tagliabue levied $72,500 in fines against the New England Patriots and three of their players for harassing behaviour toward Boston Herald reporter Lisa Olson while she tried to interview one of the players, Maurice Hurst, after a game in September.

10 years ago
2000


Died on this date
Damilola Taylor, 10
. U.K. schoolboy. The Negro boy, a victim of steady bullying, died from loss of blood from a stab wound in the leg when he was attacked by several Negro youths wearing hoodies in Peckham, south London.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party, under Prime Minister Jean Chretien, won a majority government in the Canadian federal election. The Liberals, who had also obtained majority governments in the elections of 1993 and 1997, won 41% of the vote and 172 of 301 seats in the House of Commons, an increase of 11 seats from the time of the dissolution of Parliament. The Canadian Alliance, under the "leadership" of the hapless and hopeless Stockwell Day, won only 66 seats, although Mr. Day himself was successful in being elected to Parliament for the first time. All but 2 of the CA’s seats came from the four western provinces, while the Liberals took 100 of 103 seats in Ontario. The Bloq Quebecois won 38 seats, the New Democratic Party 13, and the Progressive Conservatives, led by former Prime Minister Joe Clark, won 12. The election marked a low point in the history of Canadian politics. The Liberals waged a vicious campaign of hatred against the professed Christian beliefs of Mr. Day. For instance, Liberal backroom boy Warren Kinsella, who claims to be opposed to bigotry, went on television waving a stuffed "Barney" toy to ridicule Mr. Day’s belief in the Biblical account of creation. The anti-Christian hatred expressed by the Liberals was so bad that the Evangelical Fellowship of Canada, a non-partisan organization (in contrast to the Christian Coalition in the United States, which tends to be the religious wing of the Republican party), publicly expressed concern over the campaign. Mr. Day, a former pastor, proved completely inept at defending the faith, and allowed the Liberals to define him and the campaign. David Kilgour, a former Progressive Conservative who joined the Liberals after the PCs got tired of him and kicked him out, was re-elected in Edmonton Mill Woods. He claims to be a Christian, but, in keeping with his career pattern of cowardice, refused to speak out against his party’s anti-Christian campaign.

Scandal
An inquest into the deaths of 12 babies at Winnipeg Health Sciences Centre blamed mismanagement, surgical error, and inexperienced doctors.

Thursday, 25 November 2010

November 26, 2010

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Joyce Malombe!

100 years ago
1910


Born on this date
Cyril Cusack
. S.A.-born Irish actor. Mr. Cusack appeared in numerous plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning more than 70 years. He died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis on October 7, 1993 at the age of 82.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Cricket Grounds, Hamilton
University of Toronto 16 Hamilton Tigers 7

Reddy Dixon scored a touchdown and 2 singles, while Jack Maynard scored a touchdown, convert, and single to lead the Varsity Blues to their second straight Grey Cup victory. Hugh Gall punted for 2 singles to complete the University of Toronto scoring. Kid Smith kicked a field goal and single for the Tigers, and Ben Simpson added 3 singles. It was the only game as Hamilton head coach for Seppi DuMoulin, who had played for the Tigers from 1894-1906 before moving west to Moose Jaw to pursue a banking career. The Tigers in 1910 had been led by captain Bob Isbister, and had hired Mr. DuMoulin, assisted by Chaucer Elliott of the Toronto Argonauts, to coach them in the Grey Cup game. Attendance was listed as 12,000, but this probably included several thousand fans who had come from Toronto and had crashed the fences. Postgame celebrations by the Toronto fans became so boisterous that the Hamilton police had to call for order.

NCAA
Navy 3 Army 0 @ Franklin Field, Philadelphia

90 years ago
1920


Died on this date
Eddie O'Donnell, 33
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. O'Donnell participated in 36 races in the American Automobile Association Championship Series (1914-1916, 1919-1920), with three victories, all in 1915. He finished 5th in the 1915 Indianapolis 500 and 4th in the championship standings. Mr. O'Donnell died the day after being injured in a crash with Gaston Chevrolet on lap 146 of the 200-lap Thanksgiving Day race at Los Angeles Motor Speedway in Beverly Hills; Mr. Chevrolet and Mr. O'Donnell's riding mechanics had been killed instantly in the crash.

80 years ago
1930


Died on this date
Ponnambalam Ramanathan, 79
. Ceylonese politician. Sir Ponnambalam was a lawyer who was an unofficial member (1879-1892, 1911-1924) and an official member (1924-1930) of the Legislative Council of Ceylon and Solicitor-General of Ceylon (1892-1906).

70 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Harold Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, 72
. U.K. newspaper magnate. Lord Rothermere and his brother Alfred, Lord Northcliffe, developed the Daily Mail and Daily Mirror, among other papers. Lord Rothermere was known for his support of the German Nazi regime.

Allan A. Ryan, 60. U.S. financier. Mr. Ryan cornered the stock of Stutz Motor Company in 1920, and went bankrupt as a result.

Divorced on this date
Actress Elaine Barrie divorced actor John Barrymore in Los Angeles on ground of cruelty.

War
Pierre Ryckmans, Governor-General of the Belgian Congo, announced that Italy had committed hostile acts against the Congo, and that he considered the Congo at war against Italy.

Abominations
Members of the Romanian Iron Guard massacred 64 political prisoners at Jilava Penitentiary, near Bucharest.

Diplomacy
Japanese Ambassador-designate to the United States Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura said, "the fate of the world hangs on American actions just now. If the United States becomes involved in conflict either in Europe or in the Pacific, civilization will go up in flames..." He stated that there was no issue between Japan and the United States that could not be solved peacefully.

Defense
The New York Times' correspondent in London reported that Japan was making new demands for bases in Indochina, asking for control of Saigon, Tonkin, and Indochina's South China Sea coast.

The Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies issued a statement calling for all-out aid for Britain; revision of American neutrality laws; and the use of American sea power to protect shipping in the Atlantic Ocean. Former Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Alf Landon told the Cooperative Club in Kansas City: "If we modify the Neutrality Act to permit our ships to enter the war, then it will be a case of 'Johnnie, get your gun'..."

Labour
The 12-day-old strike at the Vultee Aircraft plant in Downey, California ended when the company and the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Automobile Workers union negotiated a 16-month contract.

The American Federation of Labor convention in New Orleans adopted a resolution condemning racketeering in labour unions, and authorized the executive council to apply "all of its influence" to force action should unions evade their "responsibilities."

Politics and government
General Juan Almazan, self-styled President-elect of Mexico, returned by plane to Mexico City after a voluntary exile of four months in the United States.

Law
Panamanian President Arnulfo Arias decreed a referendum on December 15, 1940 to decide whether the new constitution approved recently by the National Assembly should become effective in 1941.

60 years ago
1950


Died on this date
Hedwig Courths-Mahler, 83
. German authoress. Mrs. Courths-Mahler wrote romantic novels under her own name and several pseudonyms. By the time of her death, 80 million copies of her books had been sold, making Mrs. Courths-Mahler the best-selling German female writer.

War
China entered the Korean War, launching a massive counterattack in North Korea against South Korean and United Nations forces, breaking through South Korean lines at Tokchon and threatening to isolate American and South Korean forces above Pyongyang.

Politics and government
The Partido Colorado (Colorado Party), with 52.3% of the vote, captured the Uruguayan presidential election. The ticket of Andrés Martínez Trueba and Alfeo Brum led among Colorado Party tickets with 19.3%, making Mr. Martínez President-elect and Mr. Brum Vice President-elect. The Partido Colorado also won 53 of 99 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, 17 of 30 seats in the Senate, and 12 of 19 departmental elections.

The National Lawyers Guild, responding to a U.S. House of Representatives Un-American Activities Committee report which labelled the Guild as a "legal bulwark" of the Communist Party USA, denied that it had consistently followed the Communist line, and charged that the committee had made no attempt to discuss the merits of the issues.

30 veteran members of Sweden's Communist Party broke away to establish their own organization, following a stormy two-day meeting in Stockholm. Criticizing Communist leader Fritlof Lager and other members for giving party jobs to relatives, the rebels charged that the party had "abandoned its purely revolutionary course and degenerated into a family clique for the purpose of self-admiration."

Football
NFL
Philadelphia (6-4) 3 @ New York Giants (8-2) 7
Baltimore (1-9) 28 @ Washington (2-8) 38
San Francisco (2-9) 21 @ Green Bay (3-7) 25
Los Angeles (8-3) 14 @ Chicago Bears (8-2) 24

Baseball
Nippon Series
Shochiku Robins 5 @ Mainichi Orions 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Yoshiyuki Iwamoto hit a home run and Nobuo Oshima (1–1) pitched a complete game victory over Tadashi Wakabayashi (1–1) as the Robins withstood a 2-run 9th inning rally and defeated the Orions before 35,518 fans at Hankyu Nishinomiya Stadium.

50 years ago
1960


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters

#1 single in Italy: Il cielo in una stanza--Mina (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Ein Schiff wird kommen--Lale Andersen (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): It’s Now or Never--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
2 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
3 You Talk Too Much--Joe Jones
4 Save the Last Dance for Me--The Drifters
5 Stay--Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs
6 Georgia on My Mind--Ray Charles
7 Last Date--Floyd Cramer
8 New Orleans--U.S. Bonds
9 He Will Break Your Heart--Jerry Butler
10 Let's Go, Let's Go, Let's Go--Hank Ballard and the Midnighters

Singles entering the chart were Main Theme from Exodus (Ari's Theme) by Mantovani & his Orchestra (#41, charting with the version by Ferrante and Teicher); I Gotta Know by Elvis Presley (#78); Come Rain or Come Shine by Ray Charles (#83); Doll House by Donnie Brooks (#85); Bumble Bee by LaVern Baker (#90); Hardhearted Hannah by Ray Charles (#92); The Bells by James Brown & the Famous Flames (#97); Jaguar and Thunderbird by Chuck Berry (#99); and Sweet Dreams by Don Gibson (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley
2 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
3 The Hucklebuck--Chubby Checker
4 Billy, Billy Went a Walking--The Beau Marks
5 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette
6 Doll House--Donnie Brooks
7 And the Heavens Cried--Ronnie Savoy
8 The Sock--The Valentines
9 Like Strangers--The Everly Brothers
10 Perfidia--The Ventures

Singles entering the chart were Rubber Ball by Bobby Vee (#30); Lonely Teenager by Dion (#32); Happy, Happy Birthday Baby by Wanda Jackson (#37); Flamingo Express by the Royaltones (#40); My Southern Belle by Frankie Ford (#44); Gee by Jan & Dean (#46); He Will Break Your Heart by Jerry Butler (#47); Angel on My Shoulder by Shelby Flint (#48); Always, Always by Johnny Cymbal (#49); and The Mansion You Stole by Johnny Horton (#50). The Mansion You Stole was the B-side of North to Alaska, charting at #14.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Are You Lonesome To-night?--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 North to Alaska--Johnny Horton
3 You're Sixteen--Johnny Burnette
4 A Thousand Stars--Kathy Young with the Innocents
5 And the Heavens Cried--Ronnie Savoy
6 Poetry in Motion--Johnny Tillotson
7 Perfidia--The Ventures
8 Dear John/Alabam--Pat Boone
9 The Sock--The Valentines
10 Am I Losing You--Jim Reeves

Singles entering the chart were Wonderland by Night, with versions by Louis Prima; Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra; and Anita Bryant (#19); Doll House by Donnie Brooks (#27); Sweet Molly Malone by Evan Kemp (#28); Rubber Ball by Bobby Vee (#32); Happy, Happy Birthday Baby by Wanda Jackson (#37); The Magnificent Seven by Al Caiola and his Orchestra (#39); and Lonely Teenager by Dion (#40).

On television tonight
The Roaring 20's, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Judge Seward's Secret

Died on this date
Ralph Anderson, 23-25
. U.S. football player. Mr. Anderson played split end at California State University, Los Angeles before beginning his professional career with the Chicago Bears of the National Football League in 1958, playing all 12 games and catching 11 passes for 177 yards and 1 touchdown. He played 1 game with the Winnipeg Blue Bombers of the Canadian Football League in 1959, but lost out in a competition with Farrell Funston and Dave Kocourek for an import receiver position. Mr. Anderson joined the Los Angeles Chargers of the new American Football League, and led them with 44 pass receptions for 614 yards and 5 touchdowns in 10 games despite missing a game on November 4 because of diabetes. He went to a movie with his girlfriend Virginia Hunt and teammate Ron Botchan, and decided to spend the night in a spare bedroom of Miss Hunt's apartment. When she went to wake him up in the morning, Mr. Anderson was dead of an apparent diabetes attack.

Radio
CHAK began broadcasting in Inuvik, Northwest Territories at 860 on the AM dial as part of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's northern service.

Boxing
Mike DeJohn (41-7-1) knocked out Billy Hunter (18-8-3) at 2:51 of the 9th round of a heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Ottawa 16 Edmonton 6

The Eskimos were the first western team to go into a Grey Cup game as favourites, but they had been beaten up in the course of playing 5 playoff games, and a flu bug was affecting a number of players, resulting in a poor showing. The Rough Riders recovered a fumble by Edmonton punt returner Rollie Miles early in the game inside the Eskimos’ 10-yard line, and Gary Schreider kicked a 15-yard field goal to give Ottawa a 3-0 lead. The Eskimos’ only scoring play came in the 2nd quarter on a 65-yard pass from Jackie Parker to Jim Letcavits. Tommy-Joe Coffey missed the convert and the Eskimos led 6-3. Ottawa promptly replied when Russ Jackson, who split the quarterbacking with Ron Lancaster, moved the team downfield and completed a 31-yard touchdown pass to Bill Sowalski. Mr. Schreider missed the convert, leaving the Rough Riders with a 9-6 lead. Mr. Parker returned the ensuing kickoff 74 yards--then a Grey Cup record--to the Ottawa 40-yard line, but were unable to capitalize on the opportunity. After a scoreless third quarter, the Eskimos mounted a couple of threats, but Joe Poirier and Doug Daigneault made interceptions. The Rough Riders put the game away when Joe-Bob Smith fumbled a punt on the Edmonton goal line, and Kaye Vaughan recovered in the end zone for the only touchdown of his Hall of Fame career. Mr. Schreider converted to give Ottawa a 10-point lead. The Rough Riders were in possession of the ball at their own 33 with a second down and 7 yards to go for a first down with 41 seconds remaining in regulation time when fans began invading the field. A youth ran off with the ball, and the Vancouver police did nothing as the mob swelled to 5,000. CFL Commissioner Sydney Halter finally ordered the game to be called. The Ottawa defense did such a good job of smothering the Edmonton attack that Johnny Bright was held to 15 yards on 5 rushing attempts, and Normie Kwong, playing the final game of a 13-year Hall of Fame career, gained just 7 yards on 7 carries. Backup Jim Shipka led the Eskimos with 5 carries for 22 yards. Mr. Parker completed 10 of 22 passes for 179 yards and an interception, and Don Getty was 2 for 3 for 18 yards and an interception. Mr. Letcavits was the only Eskimo to catch more than one pass, with 6 receptions for 132 yards. Mr. Coffey, playing in his first Grey Cup, caught 1 pass for 7 yards. Vic Chapman of the Eskimos was forced to punt 13 times for an average of 42.8 yards per punt. Official attendance at Empire Stadium was 38,102.





NCAA
Navy (9-1) 17 Army (6-3-1) 12 @ Municipal Stadium, Philadelphia





40 years ago
1970


Weather
In Basse-Terre, Guadeloupe, 1.5 inches (38.1 millimetres) of rain fell in a minute, the heaviest rainfall ever recorded.

Religion
Pope Paul VI began a 10-day, 30,000-mile tour of Asia with a visit to Tehran.

Football
The Canadian Football Hall of Fame added Ken Montgomery, Johnny Bright, and Gordon Perry. Mr. Montgomery was president of the Edmonton Eskimos for several years in the 1950s, and also served as president of the Canadian Rugby Union and Western Interprovincial Football Union. Mr. Bright was a fullback with the Calgary Stampeders and Edmonton Eskimos from 1952-1964, and was the CFL's career leader in yards rushing at the time of his selection. Mr. Perry played for the Montreal Winged Wheelers, and was a member of their unbeaten Grey Cup championship team of 1931.

NFL
Oakland (6-3-2) 14 @ Detroit (7-4) 28
Green Bay (5-6) 3 @ Dallas (7-4) 16

30 years ago
1980


Economics and finance
A new Bank Act went into effect in Canada, replacing the Bank Act 1967. The new act set up new operating rules for chartered banks, and let foreign banks open branches.

20 years ago
1990


Politics and government
Polish Premier Tadeusz Mazowiecki announced his resignation after finishing third in a field of six candidates in the previous day’s election for the office of president. He said that he and his cabinet would remain in office until a new premier was appointed by the next president.

Lee Kuan Yew announced that he would be stepping down after 31 years as Prime Minister of Singapore, to be replaced by Deputy Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong. Under Mr. Lee, Singapore had become economically powerful, but at the cost of freedom.

10 years ago
2000


Politics and government
Florida Secretary of State Katherine Harris certified Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate George W. Bush as the winner of the November 7 election in her state by 537 votes, including over 100 votes from military absentee ballots that had previously been rejected. Palm Beach County failed to completed its manual recount by the 5 P.M. deadline. The result in Florida would determine whether Mr. Bush or Vice President and Democratic Party nominee Al Gore would be the next president of the United States.

Fanmi Lavalas candidate Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who had previously been elected President before being removed from office, regained the presidency with 92% of the vote in a national election that was boycotted by political opponents.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ McMahon Stadium, Calgary
British Columbia 28 Montreal 26

Lui Passaglia, playing the final game of a brilliant 25-year CFL career, kicked a 29-yard field goal with 1:35 remaining in regulation time that proved to be the winning margin as the Lions withstood a late Montreal rally to win their first Grey Cup in 6 years before 43,822 fans at McMahon Stadium. The Lions led 12-3 after an uneventful first half. Mr. Passaglia, who missed 3 of his first 4 field goal attempts, missed from 47 yards early in the 1st quarter, but managed to get a single point for the game’s first score. B.C. quarterback Damon Allen scored on a 1-yard rush and Mr. Passaglia converted to give the Lions an 8-0 lead. Terry Baker responded with a 19-yard field goal to cut the lead to 8-3 after the 1st quarter. Mr. Passaglia missed a 39-yard field goal on the first play of the 2nd quarter, but the resulting single made the score 9-3 in favour of B.C. He finally succeeded on a 23-yard field goal attempt with 3:50 remaining in the 2nd quarter to complete scoring in the 1st half. The Alouettes scored the only points of the 3rd quarter on a 1-yard pass from Anthony Calvillo to Jock Climie, converted by Mr. Baker, to make the score 12-10 in favour of the Lions. B.C. running back Robert Drummond then broke a 44-yard touchdown run, converted by Mr. Passaglia, to increase the Lions’ lead to 19-10 just 55 seconds into the 4th quarter. Mr. Baker connected on a 51-yard field goal at 4:30 to make the score 19-13, but Mr. Allen rushed 1 yard for his second touchdown of the game at 8:38. A 2-point convert attempt was unsuccessful, but the Lions had an apparently-secure 25-13 lead. Mr. Calvillo brought the Alouettes back, and Mike Pringle rushed 5 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mr. Baker, to cut the B.C. lead to 25-20 with 3:49 remaining. Mr. Allen then drove the Lions downfield for Mr. Passaglia’s second field goal to make the score 28-20. However, the Alouettes weren’t finished, and Mr. Calvillo connected with Ben Cahoon for a 59-yard touchdown with 44 seconds remaining. Mr. Calvillo looked for Mr. Cahoon in the B.C. end zone for a 2-point convert that would have tied the game, but B.C. defensive back Chuck Levy was covering Mr. Cahoon closely in a way that many thought should have been ruled pass interference, but no penalty was called, and the pass was incomplete. The Alouettes were unsuccessful in attempting to recover a short kickoff, and the Lions ran out the clock. Mr. Allen, who had quarterbacked the Edmonton Eskimos to Grey Cup wins in 1987 and 1993, completed 18 of 31 passes for 234 yards, and rushed 9 times for 39. Mr. Drummond, who was named the game’s most valuable player, rushed 10 times for 122 yards and added 41 yards on 3 pass receptions. His backfield mate Sean Millington rushed for 99 yards on 17 carries, caught 3 passes for 38, and was named the game’s outstanding Canadian player. Don Blair led the Lions’ receivers with 87 yards on 6 receptions. Mr. Pringle rushed for 115 yards on 20 carries and caught 1 pass for 7 yards. Jock Climie, playing in the only Grey Cup of his 12-year CFL career, led all receivers with 97 yards on 6 receptions. Mr. Cahoon caught 2 for 73. Mr. Calvillo completed 13 of 26 passes for 242 yards and 2 interceptions. Steve Buratto, who had assumed the position of head coach in mid-season, was the winning head coach over Charlie Taaffe, who departed the Montreal organization after this game for a U.S. university position.