Thursday, 31 May 2018

May 31, 2018

200 years ago
1818


Born on this date
John A. Andrew
. U.S. politician. Mr. Andrew, a Republican, was Governor of Massachusetts from 1861-1866, and was a prominent supporter of the abolition of slavery. He died of apoplexy on October 30, 1867 at the age of 49 after drinking a cup of tea at his home.

150 years ago
1868


Canadiana
In Portage La Prairie, Thomas Spence declared the Republic of Manitoba in with himself as President; his Republic stretched from Assiniboia in the east to the Rocky Mountains in the west, and down to the U.S. border. Some local citizens pledged loyalty with an oath of allegiance, but when the President tried to collect taxes, several people in Portage La Prairie objected, and ran him out of town.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
Charles Hibbert Tupper, son of future Canadian Prime Minister Sir Charles Tupper, was appointed to the Conservative cabinet of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald as Minister of Marine and Fisheries; Charles Hibbert Tupper served in that office until 1894.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Robert Osterloh
. U.S. actor. Mr. Osterloh was a character actor in movies and television from 1948-1968, playing minor roles in movies such as The Dark Past (1948) and White Heat (1949) and television series such as The Untouchables (1959). He died on April 16, 2001 at the age of 82.

War
The German army launched a sudden attack near the Forest of Retz near Ploisy in northeastern France. French units were joined by new weapons, 30 FT tanks.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Grant Briggs, 63
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Briggs, a catcher and outfielder, played in 110 major league games with the Syracuse Stars (1890); Louisville Colonels (1891, 1895) and St. Louis Browns, batting .164 with no home runs and 22 runs batted in.

Aviation
The monoplane Southern Cross left Golden Gate (Oakland) for Hawaii at 8:51 A.M. Pacific time, commanded by Captain Charles Kingsford-Smith of Australia. Also aboard were Captain C.T.P. Ulm of Australia, and two Americans: Lieutenant Harry Lyon, navigator, and James Warner, radio operator.

Politics and government
Nova Scotia abolished its Legislative Council, leaving Québec as the only Canadian province with an upper house of parliament.

U.S. Senator J. T. Heflin (Democrat--Alabama) was a witness before the Senate Campaign Fund Committee, but had no firsthand data as to expenditures on behalf of Democratic U.S. presidential candidate Al Smith of New York.

Journalism
The Chicago Journal, founded in 1844, was bought by S. E. Thomason and J. S. Bryan.

Crime
E. M. Fuller and M. F. McGee, convicted stock bucketeers, were paroled from Sing Sing Prison after both serving a year.

80 years ago
1938

Baseball

Boston Red Sox' first baseman Jimmie Foxx hit a grand slam off New York pitcher Joe Beggs‚ the first of three he hit off Mr. Beggs that season‚ to climax a 5-run 5th inning, but the Yankees prevailed 12-5 before 6,917 fans at Yankee Stadium. Lou Gehrig played his 2‚000th consecutive game and singled in a run in the 8th.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I Don't Want to Walk Without You--Harry James and his Music Makers (4th month at #1)

War
Nine French warships and several small auxiliary craft, commanded by Vice Admiral Rene-Emile Godfroy, which had been immobilized in Alexandria since the fall of France in 940, joined the Allied fleet. Chinese forces routed five Japanese divisions and drove them back to Changyang, 15 miles south of Ichang. Chinese forces in southwestern Shansi Province recaptured Tuochuochen, Fushui, and Laohuaishuling.

Diplomacy
The Egyptian cabinet voted to establish diplomatic relations with the U.S.S.R., provisional to an agreement not to interfere in each other's internal affairs.

Politics and government
Ernest Manning, 34, was sworn in as Premier of Alberta, eight days after the death of Social Credit Premier William Aberhart. Mr. Manning served as Premier until December 12, 1968.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Chi-Baba, Chi-Baba (My Bambino Go to Sleep)--Perry Como; Joe Loss and his Orchestra (1st month at #1)

Politics and government
Chinese Prime Minister Wong Wen-Hao formed the country's first constitutional cabinet, consisting of 18 Kuomintang, 4 Young China, and 2 non-party members.

South Korea's newly-elected National Assembly convened in Seoul and elected Syngman Rhee as Chairman.

Negotiators for the U.S.A., U.K., France, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg, meeting in London, agreed to allow, within the next year, the creation of a West German government with limited sovereignty.

Economics and finance
The British Overseas Development Corporation began a L100-million campaign to encourage the economic growth of British colonies, concentrating on power and agricultural industries.

Auto racing
Mauri Rose won the Indianapolis 500 for the second straight year and third time in his career, with an average speed of 119.814 miles per hour.





Baseball
At Wrigley Field‚ the Chicago Cubs set a club paid attendance record at home when 46‚965 passed through the turnstiles for a doubleheader with the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Cubs took the first game 4-3 behind relief pitcher Bob Rush‚ then dropped the second game 4-2 to Elmer Riddle. Andy Pafko was the hitting star‚ pounding out 5 hits‚ including a home run in each game, and singling home Eddie Waitkus with the winning run in the first game with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning.

Ralph Branca pitched an 8-hit complete game and singled home Dick Whitman with the winning run with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th inning as the Brooklyn Dodgers edged the New York Giants 4-3 before 22,753 fans in the first of 2 games at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Bill Rigney hit a home run to lead off the game. Johnny Mize hit 2 home runs and drove in 4 runs, and Sid Gordon batted 4 for 4 with a homer and a double to help the Giants win the second game 10-1 before 34,344 fans.

Winning pitcher Ken Heintzelman singled home 2 runs to climax a 3-run 4th inning as the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Boston Braves 6-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 17,400 fans at Braves Field. Winning pitcher Warren Spahn singled home 2 runs as part of a 6-run 5th inning as the Braves won the second game 10-4.

In Cincinnati‚ the Reds swept a Memorial Day doubleheader from the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 and 7-0 before 24,009 fans at Crosley Field. In the second game, Ken Raffensberger tossed a 1-hitter‚ allowing just an 8th inning single by Nippy Jones in a game that was played in 1 hour 44 minutes. Hank Sauer's home run with 1 out in the 7th inning broke a 3-3 tie in the first game. The Reds’ scoring in the second game was paced by homers from Augie Galan and Ted Kluszewski. The twin loss dropped the Cardinals to second place.

The Washington Nationals‚ fresh from four wins over the Boston Red Sox‚ dropped a doubleheader to the New York Yankees before 62‚626 fans at Yankee Stadium. Spec Shea allowed just 2 hits in coasting to a 10-0 win in the first game. The Yankees collected 16 hits‚ including home runs by Tommy Henrich and George McQuinn. The Yankees took the second game 5-4‚ as Red Embree was the winning pitcher in a rare start. Bobby Brown made 7 straight hits in the two games‚ making outs in his first and last at bats. Ramon Garcia mopped up on the mound for the Nationals in the first game, allowing 4 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 1 inning in the 4th and last game of his major league career.

Joe Dobson pitched a 4-hitter and Ted Williams hit a home run and drove in 3 runs to help the Boston Red Sox shut out the Philadelphia Athletics 7-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 24,838 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Joe Coleman pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Mickey Harris as the Athletics won the second game 2-1, scoring their runs in the 6th inning on a bases-loaded walk and a balk.

The Cleveland Indians beat the St. Louis Browns 8-3‚ then lost 6-0 before 48‚961 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland to stay in second place in the American League behind the Philadelphia Athletics. In the first game‚ Lou Boudreau hit a grand slam and Jim Hegan homered in the 5-run 6th inning. Gene Bearden was the winning pitcher. In the second game‚ Cliff Fannin allowed just 4 hits in getting the win for the Browns.

The last place Chicago White Sox and fourth-place Detroit Tigers split a doubleheader at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. The Tigers took the first game 5-4‚ with Dizzy Trout the winner over Orval Grove. The White Sox won the second game 9-3‚ with veteran Ike Pearson picking up the win. Mr. Pearson went on to finish the year at 2-3 to close out his career at 13-50; his .206 winning percentage is the worst in ML history for a pitcher with 50 losses.

Tom Lasorda, a left-handed pitcher with the Schenectady Blue Jays of the Class C Canadian-American League, struck out 25 batters in a 15-inning game against the Amsterdam Rugmakers, and singled in the winning run.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): He's Got the Whole World (In His Hands)--Laurie London

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): March from the River Kwai and Colonel Bogey--Mitch Miller and his Orchestra (8th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Hello, le soleil brille--Annie Cordy (12th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 All I Have to Do is Dream--The Everly Brothers (3rd week at #1)
2 Witch Doctor--David Seville
3 Twilight Time--The Platters
4 Return to Me--Dean Martin
5 Wear My Ring Around Your Neck--Elvis Presley
6 He's Got the Whole World (In His Hands)--Laurie London
7 Chanson d'Amour--Art and Dotty Todd
8 Big Man--The Four Preps
9 Sugar Moon--Pat Boone
10 Jennie Lee--Jan & Arnie

Singles entering the chart were The Purple People Eater by Sheb Wooley (#17); Yakety Yak by the Coasters (#36); High School Confidential by Jerry Lee Lewis (#41); You'd be Surprised by Kathy Linden (#49); One Summer Night by the Danleers (#53); Bikini by the Bikinis (#57); Judy by Frankie Vaughan (#60); and Ding Dong by the McGuire Sisters (also #60). High School Confidential was the title song of the movie.

War
Lebanese Army Commander Fuad Shehab received orders from Prime Minister Sami es-Solh's cabinet to force a showdown with armed Muslim forces.

Politics and government
French President Rene Coty named General Charles de Gaulle as Prime Minister-designate.

Jean Lesage was elected leader of the Quebec Liberal Party on the first ballot at its convention in Quebec City, succeeding Georges-Émile Lapalme.

Soccer
Benelux Cup
Final
SC Feijenoord 6 Anderlecht 0

SC Feijenoord were from Rotterdam; this was the first year for the friendship tournament.

Baseball
Hank Aaron‚ Eddie Mathews‚ and Wes Covington hit home runs in succession off Ron Kline with 1 out in the top of the 1st inning to help the Milwaukee Braves beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-3 before 17,596 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The same trio had hit successive home runs on June 26th, 1957. Warren Spahn coasted to his 8th win of the season.

Ken Boyer led off the bottom of the 12th inning with a home run to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 10-9 win over the San Francisco Giants before 12,652 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. The Giants led 8-1 after 4 1/2 innings, helped by an inside-the-park homer by Orlando Cepeda.

Enos Slaughter led off the top of the 9th inning with a single as a pinch hitter to begin a 3-run rally to tie the game, and hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 10th inning to provide the winning margin as the New York Yankees defeated the Boston Red Sox 5-4 before 27,455 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Dick Gernert homered to lead off the bottom of the 10th, but the next three Boston batters were retired to end the game. New York manager Casey Stengel was ejected in the top of the 4th inning when he disputed first base umpire Charlie Berry's ruling that New York's Tony Kubek had been picked off first. Mr. Stengel was ejected for throwing equipment onto the field.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Young Girl--The Union Gap

Edmonton’s top 10 (CJCA)
1 Master Jack--Four Jacks and a Jill
2 Mrs. Robinson--Simon and Garfunkel
3 Delilah--Tom Jones
4 I Wanna Live--Glen Campbell
5 A Beautiful Morning--The Rascals
6 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro
7 Mony, Mony--Tommy James and the Shondells
8 Me, the Peaceful Heart--Lulu
9 I Love You--People
10 Blue Bonnie Blue--49th Parallel
Pick hit of the week: Stoned Soul Picnic--The 5th Dimension
New this week: Step Inside Love--Cilla Black
Here’s to You--Hamilton Camp
Reach Out of the Darkness--Friend and Lover
We Played Games--John Fred and his Playboy Band
People Get Ready--Group Therapy

At the movies
Hang 'em High, directed by Ted Post and starring Clint Eastwood, Inger Stevens, and Ed Begley, opened in theatres in Japan.

War
U.S. Ambassador-at-Large Averell Harriman suggested that the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) be restored as a truly neutral buffer zone. North Vietnam rejected the idea.

Medicine
Pierre Grondin led a 27-member surgical team at the Montréal Heart Institute in performing Canada's first, and the world's 18th, heart transplant, on Albert Murphy, a 58-year-old retired butcher from Chomedy, Québec, who died 46 hours after start of operation.

Baseball
Los Angeles Dodgers' ace Don Drysdale's shutout streak apparently ended when Dick Dietz of the San Francisco Giants was hit by a pitch with the bases loaded and none out in the 9th inning‚ but umpire Harry Wendelstedt ruled that Mr. Dietz did not try to avoid the pitch. Giants’ manager Herman Franks argued the call so long he that he was ejected by Mr. Wendelstedt. Mr. Dietz then popped out‚ and the next two batters were retired. Los Angeles won 3-0 before 46,067 fans at Dodger Stadium‚ and Mr. Drysdale's fifth straight shutout tied the major league record set in 1904 by Doc White of the Chicago White Sox.

St. Louis Cardinals’ pitcher Larry Jaster retired the first 23 New York Mets before Greg Goosen singled. Mr. Jaster settled for a 2-hitter‚ beating Tom Seaver 2-0 before 41,075 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Willie Horton led off the bottom of the 7th inning with a home run to provide the only scoring as the Detroit Tigers edged the New York Yankees 1-0 before 31,155 fans at Tiger Stadium. Mickey Lolich pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Mel Stottlemyre, who also allowed 4 hits.

Luis Aparicio singled home Dick Kenworthy with 1 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 14th inning to give the Chicago White Sox a 2-1 win over the Minnesota Twins before 9,667 fans at White Sox Park.

Buck Rodgers hit a 3-run home run with 2 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 0-0 tie as the California Angels shut out the Oakland Athletics 3-0 before 6,415 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Losing pitcher Chuck Dobson pitched a complete game, allowing just 4 hits--2 in the 12th--and striking out 13 batters while walking 4.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

Diplomacy
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) leaders cautioned the U.S.S.R. that Soviet actions in the Zairian province of Shaba endangered detente. The Soviet Union said that the western rescue of Europeans in Shaba was a pretext for intervention in the internal affairs of African countries and was harmful to detente.

Politics and government
The United States House of Representatives voted 321-46 to adopt a resolution that aid to South Korea would be cut off unless the Koreans cooperated fully with the House investigation into Korean influence-buying in the U.S. Congress. South Korea responded that a House demand that former Ambassador to the United States Kim Dong Jo testify before the ethics committee was "unacceptable."

The Shah of Iran warned that pro-Soviet Communists would take over if his government were ever to fall.

Law
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-3 that police could obtain warrants to search the property of newspapers without prior warning, and that the papers had no right to contest such searches in court before they were conducted. The decision was condemned by reporters as an attack on First Amendment freedom of the press.

30 years ago
1988


Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev continued their summit in Moscow. After their morning meeting, the two men strolled through Red Square, and President Reagan lunched with Soviet cultural leaders and intellectuals. He then addressed the students of Moscow State University, calling on them to have faith that changes afoot in the Soviet Union would bring benefits to their society.

Environment
The Canadian House of Commons passed bills to phase out tobacco advertising, restrict smoking in workplaces under federal jurisdiction, and ensure smoke-free areas in passenger planes, trains, buses, and ships, effective January 1, 1989.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Dallas 102 @ Los Angeles Lakers 119 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Baseball
Jeff Pico threws a 4-hit, 4-0 shutout against the Cincinnati Reds before 19,038 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago to win his major league debut with the Chicago Cubs, becoming the first Cubs’ pitcher to debut with a shutout since Bill Lee in 1934. Andre Dawson provided the winning run with a solo home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 1st inning.

Kevin Elster's solo home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning gave the New York Mets a 5-4 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers before 35,564 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The Dodgers had scored 2 runs in the top of the 10th, only to have the Mets score 2 in the bottom of the inning.

Ozzie Smith's first home run of the season, a 3-run blast, highlighted a 5-run 4th inning for the St. Louis Cardinals as they beat the Houston Astros 9-7 before 19,666 fans at the Astrodome. Larry McWilliams improved his 1988 record to 4-0 despite allowing 7 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 5 innings, while losing pitcher Bob Knepper allowed 8 hits and 8 runs--only 2 earned--in 6+ innings to take the loss, dropping to 6-1.

A single by B.J. Surhoff with 1 out in the 4th inning was the only thing that prevented Dave Stieb from pitching a perfect game as the Toronto Blue Jays shut out the Milwaukee Brewers 9-0 before 28,446 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. The Blue Jays scored 6 runs in the 2nd.

The Chicago White Sox scored all their runs in the first 3 innings and coasted to a 10-1 win over the Detroit Tigers before 13,223 fans at Tiger Stadium. All but 1 of the Chicago runs came on home runs, with Gary Redus hitting a grand slam in the 2nd inning. Pat Sheridan broke up the shutout with a home run with 1 out in the 9th.

The Kansas City Royals scored 3 runs in the top of the 10th inning to break a 3-3 tie and defeat the Cleveland Indians 6-3 before 8,978 fans at Cleveland Stadium. The Indians had runners on first and second bases with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th, but Garry Allanson lined out to shortstop and Pat Tabler popped out to second base to end the game.

New York Yankees’ starting pitcher Al Leiter made one pitch before leaving the game against the Oakland Athletics before 28,147 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Leadoff hitter Carney Lansford hit the first pitch off Mr. Leiter for a single and advanced to second base on Mr. Leiter's throwing error, on which the pitcher apparently hurt his arm. He was relieved by Neil Allen, who gave up just 3 hits in 9 innings to record a 5-0 shutout for New York. Mike Pagliarulo hit a 2-run home run off Steve Ontiveros to supply Mr. Allen with all the runs he needed. Todd Burns made his major league debut on the mound for Oakland, allowing 2 hits and 1 run--earned--in 1 2/3 innings of relief, striking out 4 batters and walking none.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Informer--Snow (5th week at #1)

Economics and finance
The Canadian International Trade Tribunal ruled that Canada's steel producers were not being harmed by steel imports from the United States or any other countries named in the complaints filed. Temporary duties on the commodity were lifted as a result of the decision, although Canadian steel producers vowed to appeal the decision.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
New York 95 @ Chicago 105 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

20 years ago
1998


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference
Finals
Dallas 2 @ Detroit 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Indiana 83 @ Chicago 88 (Chicago won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Baseball
The Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Barons routed the Toledo Mud Hens 26-4 in an International League game at Ned Skeldon Stadium in Toledo. The Barons collected 7 home runs and 27 hits‚ led by designated hitter Bobby Estalella, who went 5-for-6 with 2 doubles and a home run.

10 years ago
2008


Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 2 @ Pittsburgh 1 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Wednesday, 30 May 2018

May 30, 2018

425 years ago
1593


Died on this date
Christopher Marlowe, 29
. English playwright. Born the same year as William Shakespeare, Mr. Marlowe wrote such plays as Tamburlaine (Parts 1 and 2) (c. 1587-1588); The Jew of Malta (c. 1589); The Tragicall History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus (c. 1589 or 1593); and Edward II (c. 1592). He was stabbed to death by Ingram Frizer, several days after being arrested, apparently for blasphemy. Conspiracy theories abound.

170 years ago
1848

Canadiana

Fredericton, New Brunswick was incorporated as a city.

150 years ago
1868


Americana
Memorial Day, then known as Decoration Day, was observed for the first time after Commander in Chief John A. Logan of the Grand Army of the Republic had issued General Order Number 11 on May 5, 1868, designating May 30 as a memorial day “for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of their country during the late rebellion, and whose bodies now lie in almost every city, village, and hamlet churchyard in the land.”

90 years ago
1928


Americana
President Calvin Coolidge, speaking at Memorial Day exercises on the Civil War battlefield at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, said: "The worldwide interests of the United States, aside from the dictates of humanity, make us view with peculiar disfavour, not only any danger of being in war ourselves, but any danger of war among other nations. Our investments and trade relations are such that it is almost impossible to conceive of any conflict anywhere on earth which would not affect us injuriously...Whether so intended or not, any nations engaging in war would thereby necessarily engage in a course prejudicial to us." Mr. Coolidge also spoke on behalf of a stronger Navy.

Protest
In Belgrade, one demonstrator was killed, and students and police were injured, when mounted guards attempted to break up fresh street demonstrations against the Treaty of Nettuno (signed on July 18, 1925 by the Italian and Yugoslav governments, regarding both nations' claims to Dalmatia and the Adriatic islands), following demonstrations during the weekend there and in Dalmatia.

Crime
Negroes in Slater, Missouri lynched one of their race who in a gambling game had slain a black fellow worker.

In Prague, journalist and politician John Michalko was sentenced to death by hanging for the murder of the naturalized American girl Margit Voerdesmart of New York.

Disasters
In Pittsburgh, the National Elimination Balloon Race began with several casualties. Lieutenant Paul Evert of Langley Field, Virginia was killed when the Army 3 was struck by lightning. Walter Morton, aide on the Goodyear V, was found dead near Youngwood, Pennsylvania, having made a free jump from the balloon when it was believed also to have been struck by lightning.

Auto racing
Louis Meyer won the Indianapolis 500 for the first time, with an average speed of 99.482 miles per hour.



80 years ago
1938


Died on this date
Raden Sutomo, 49
. Indonesian nationalist. Dr. Sutomo, a key founder of the nationalist movement Boedi Oetomo, espoused the radical idea that Islam detracted from nationalism. He became leader of the nationalists when Sukarno’s radical rhetoric led to his internment. Dr. Sutomo advocated a dual program of social welfare and political progress. Under his auspices, and despite police surveillance, his study clubs worked to increase literacy, and establish schools and cooperatives. In 1931, he established the Indonesian People’s Party (P.B.I.), a group looked upon with suspicion by the Dutch government. Four years later, the BO and the PBI merged to form Parindra with Dr. Sutomo as chairman.

Everett Spence, 33. U.S. accident victim. Mr. Spence was a spectator at the Indianapolis 500 auto race who died after being struck by the right front wheel of the car driven by Emil Andres, who had crashed into a wall on the 45th lap. The wheel travelled 100 feet through the air before hitting Mr. Spence.

Auto racing
Floyd Roberts started from the pole position and led 92 laps as he won the Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of 117.200 miles per hour, a record at the time. Defending champion Wilbur Shaw finished second.



Baseball
The largest crowd in Yankee Stadium history‚ 83‚533 (81,891 paid) saw Red Ruffing end Lefty Grove's 8-game winning streak in a 10-0 victory over the Boston Red Sox in the first game of a Memorial Day doubleheader. 6,000 fans were turned away‚ and 511 were given refunds because there was no place to sit. The game was made famous for a fight between Yankees’ outfielder Jake Powell and Boston player-manager Joe Cronin in the 4th inning. The brawl started when Boston pitcher Archie McKain hit Mr. Powell with a pitch in the stomach. Mr. Powell's charge to the mound was intercepted by Mr. Cronin and the two pummelled each other for 2-3 minutes. Mr. Cronin and Mr. Powell were ejected, but continued the fight in the area beneath the stands‚ until they were separated by Yankee players. Both players were fined and suspended for 10 days. The Yankees completed the sweep with a 5-4 win in the second game, scoring the winning run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning when Boston third baseman made an error on a ground ball by Frankie Crosetti, allowing Bill Knickerbocker to score.

Rudy York hit his third grand slam of the month and added a solo homer to help the Detroit Tigers beat the St. Louis Browns 10-9 in the first game of a Memorial Day doubleheader before 49,500 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Les Tietje pitched a 6-hit shutout as the Browns won the second game 3-0.

Bob Feller pitched a 6-hitter and Johnny Allen followed with a 5-hitter for the Cleveland Indians as they swept a doubleheader from the Chicago White Sox 5-2 and 8-1 at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

Jim Turner and Danny MacFayden pitched respective shutouts as the Boston Bees swept a doubleheader from the New York Giants 6-0 and 1-0 before 40,000 fans at National League Park in Boston.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 8 runs in the top of the 8th inning and withstood a 3-run 9th-inning rally to defeat the Brooklyn Dodgers 9-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 18,500 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. The Phillies scored 3 runs in the 9th and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to complete the sweep with a 7-4 win in the second game.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored a run with 1 out in the bottom of the 17th inning to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals 5-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 20,000 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Winning pitcher Bob Klinger allowed 10 hits and 1 run--earned--in 11 2/3 innings of relief. Enos Slaughter batted 4 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in to help the Cardinals win the second game 9-6. The Pirates rallied for 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th.

75 years ago
1943


War
Units of the British Mediterranean Fleet began shelling Pantelleria Island. More than 100 U.S. Flying Fortresses bombed Naples and an airplane factory in Pomigliano. Japan issued a communique stating that resistance on Attu Island had stopped after a final suicidal attack by Japanese soliders.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and Alfred Shirley, on MBS
Tonight's episode: A Case of Identity

War
United Nations mediator Folke Bernadotte arrived in the Middle East and began cease-fire negotiations with rival leaders in Egypt, Transjordan, and Palestine.

Politics and government
The Communist-dominated National Front captured 89.2% of the vote in the Czechoslovakian parliamentary election. The Czechoslovakian Communist Party, led by Prime Minister Klement Gottwald, won 164 of 300 seats, with the Slovakian Communist Party, led by Štefan Bašťovanský, next with 54.

Municipal elections in Bavaria resulted in the rightist Bavarian Party taking 15.6% of the vote, which gained most of its support from the previously dominant Christian Social Union.

Oil
The U.S. Federal Power Commission authorized construction of a 1,840-mile pipeline to carry natural gas from Texas to the Middle Atlantic states.

Science
Armenian physicists Abram and Artemy Alikhanov won the Stalin Prize for work in cosmic ray research.

Disasters
A dike holding the Columbia River broke, causing a flood that destroyed Vanport, Oregon within minutes, only five years after the city was built. 15 people died and tens of thousands were left homeless.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Who's Sorry Now--Connie Francis (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
Harbor Command, starring Wendell Corey
Tonight's episode: Lover's Lane Bandits

Died on this date
Pat O'Connor, 29
. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. O'Connor drove in the Indianapolis 500 from 1954-1958, finishing 8th in 1955 and 1957. He started 5th in 1958, but was killed in a 15-car crash on the first lap.

War
Unidentified American soldiers killed in World War II and the Korean War were buried in a Memorial Day ceremony at Arlington National Cemetery.

World events
An Argentine federal court in Buenos Aires ruled that former Argentine President Juan Peron, who had been deposed in 1955, was ineligible for amnesty because he was guilty of treason.

Protest
Leftists in Paris attacked rightist demonstrators in the Champs Elysees area, bringing intervention by French security police.

Aviation
The Douglas DC-8 jet, a rival to the Boeing 707, made its maiden flight, with a crew led by A.G. Heimerdinger flying it for 2 hours 7 minutes.

Auto racing
Jimmy Bryan won the Indianapolis 500, which was marred by the death of Pat O'Connor in a 15-car crash on the first lap.



Baseball
Chicago Cubs’ left fielder Walt Moryn hit 3 home runs in the second game of a Memorial Day doubleheader before 37,799 fans at Wrigley Field as the Cubs swept the Los Angeles Dodgers 3-2 and 10-8. Mr. Moryn hit a double in the 9th inning of the first game to drive in the tying run‚ and then scored the winning run on a single by pinch hitter Sammy Taylor. In the second game, Mr. Moryn hit back-to-back home runs with Ernie Banks in the 4th and Chuck Tanner in the 7th‚ and his 2-run homer in the 9th tagged Sandy Koufax with his first loss of the season.

Dick Schofield scored on a wild pitch by Ray Crone with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 7-6 win over the San Francisco Giants in the first game of a doubleheader before 30,461 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Ken Boyer hit a pair of 2-run home runs to help the Cardinals win the second game 8-1 to complete the sweep.

Frank Sullivan pitched a 2-hitter for the Boston Red Sox as they shut out the Baltimore Orioles 2-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 21,094 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Arnie Portocarrero pitched a 4-hitter for the Orioles as they won the second game 2-0.

Roy Sievers and Ken Aspromonte each hit 3-run home runs for the Washington Senators in the top of the 8th inning as they beat the New York Yankees 13-8 in the first game of a doubleheader before 39,742 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Sievers and Jim Lemon each hit 2 homers to help the Senators win the second game 7-2 to complete the sweep.

Nellie Fox, Walt Dropo, and Sherm Lollar hit consecutive singles with 2 out in the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie as the Chicago White Sox edged the Detroit Tigers 6-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 30,411 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Earl Torgeson hit 2 home runs for the White Sox. Billy Pierce pitched a 6-hitter for the White Sox as they won the second game 4-2 to complete the sweep.

50 years ago
1968


Died on this date
Chubby Power, 80
. Canadian politician. Charles Gavan Power, a Liberal, represented Quebec South in the House of Commons from 1917-1955 and held several cabinet posts, most notably during World War II, when, as Minister of National Defence for Air, he was responsible for expanding the Royal Canadian Air Force. He represented the Quebec riding of Gulf in the Senate from 1955 until his death.

World events
French President Charles De Gaulle returned to Paris from his country home and, assured of Army support, dissolved the National Assembly. He blamed Communists for the chaos involving mass demonstrations, and called for new parliamentary elections for June 23 and 30.

Auto racing
Bobby Unser won the Indianapolis 500 for the first time, at an average speed of 169.507 miles per hour. The purse was $809,627. This was the second and last Indianapolis 500 in which the turbine engine was allowed; it was subsequently outlawed by rule changes. One of the drivers using a turbine engine, Joe Leonard, was leading the race with 9 laps to go, when a broken fuel pump ended his race. The same problem knocked the other turbine driver, Art Pollard, out at the same time.



Baseball
The New York Yankees and Washington Senators split a Memorial Day doubleheader before 28,197 fans at Yankee Stadium, with the Yankees winning the first game 13-4 and the Senators the second game 6-2. In the first game‚ New York first baseman Mickey Mantle batted 5-for-5 with 2 home runs and 5 runs batted in; he sat out the second game. Mr. Mantle's last 5-for-5 game had been on May 24‚ 1956. Washington left fielder Ed Stroud homered in each game.

Dave Leonhard pitched a 2-hitter and singled in a run to lead the Baltimore Orioles over the Chicago White Sox 5-0 before 12,755 fans at White Sox Park.

40 years ago
1978


Law
The Supreme Court of the United States ruled in two separate cases that lawyers could not solicit cases for personal gain, but that they could do so when they represented non-profit organizations, or when they volunteered their services.

World events
U.S. President Jimmy Carter denounced Cuban and Soviet actions in Africa in his address to the two-day meeting of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) heads of government in Washington. Cuba continued to deny charges that Cuban forces had been involved in the recent rebel invasion of the Zairian province of Shaba. The Zairian Red Cross reported that 720 people, including 132 foreigners, had been killed in fighting between Zairian troops and secessionist guerrillas in the town of Kolwezi in Shaba earlier in the month. There were an estimated 40,000 Cuban soldiers and advisers in Africa, mainly in Angola and Ethiopia.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Washington 120 @ Seattle 116 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Charles Johnson scored 3 quick field goals in overtime to help the Bullets defeat the SuperSonics before a playoff record 39,457 fans at the Kingdome. Seattle guard Dennis Johnson led all scorers with 33 points.



Baseball
In his first major league start for the St. Louis Cardinals‚ Silvio Martinez hurled a 1-hitter and had a double of his own in an 8-2 victory over the New York Mets before 13,412 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Steve Henderson homered in the 7th inning for the lone New York hit.

The Montreal Expos outfield of Ellis Valentine, Andre Dawson, and Warren Cromartie all hit home runs to help the Expos defeat the Chicago Cubs 7-4 before 16,106 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. The Cubs scored 3 runs in the 9th inning.

Biff Pocoroba singled home Pat Rockett with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the game, and Gary Matthews led off the bottom of the 10th with a home run to give the Atlanta Braves a 4-3 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 10,103 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Bob Knepper pitched a 5-hitter and drove in the game's only run with a sacrifice fly in the 7th inning to win the pitchers' duel over J.R. Richard as the San Francisco Giants edged the Houston Astros 1-0 before 8,019 fans at the Astrodome. Mr. Richard allowed only 3 hits and struck out 7 batters, but walked 6 batters, and threw 3 wild pitches in the 7th inning, including one that put leadoff hitter Larry Herndon on base on a third strike. Mr. Herndon advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt and advanced to third on another wild pitch.

Rick Wise pitched a 4-hitter and pinch hitter Andre Thornton singled in the first 2 runs of a 3-run 8th inning as the Cleveland Indians beat the New York Yankees 5-1 before 6,069 fans at Cleveland Stadium. Larry Lintz entered the game as a pinch runner for the Indians in the 7th and was caught stealing second base in the 350th and last game of his 6-year major league career.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Flame--Cheap Trick

Died on this date
Ella Raines, 67
. U.S. actress. Miss Raines, born Ella Raubes, appeared in such movies as The Suspect (1944); Hail the Conquering Hero (1944); Phantom Lady (1944); Brute Force (1947); and Impact (1949). She retired from acting in 1957, and died of throat cancer.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan and U.S.S.R. leader Mikhail Gorbachev continued their summit in Moscow. Mr. Gorbachev proposed that the size of the NATO and Warsaw Pact forces be gradually reduced to about 500,000 on each side, or an approximate 50% cut. Progress was reported after the meeting on reducing long-range nuclear weapons. In a speech at a monastery and at a meeting with Soviet dissidents, President Reagan returned to the theme of human rights. The Reagans were guests of the Gorbachevs at a state dinner that evening.

World events
France’s Defense Minister said that several commandos who had rescued 23 French hostages from Melanesian separatist guerrillas on the island of New Caledonia on May 5 had committed "acts contrary to military duty."

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Boston 79 @ Detroit 78 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): What is Love?--Haddaway (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Informer--Snow (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): In Your Eyes--Niamh Kavanagh (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Sun Ra, 79
. U.S. musician. Born Herman Pole Blount, Sun Ra was known for composing and performing various genres of jazz. He was a pioneer of electronic music and was one of the first musicians to make extensive use of electronic keyboards. Sun Ra claimed to have been teleported to Saturn in 1936 or 1937, an experience that influenced the rest of his life.

Auto racing
Emerson Fittipaldi won the Indianapolis 500 for the second time, with an average speed of 157.207 miles per hour.



Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Phoenix 101 @ Seattle 120 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

20 years ago
1998


Defense
Pakistan conducted an underground test in the Kharan Desert; it was reported to be a plutonium device with yield of 20 kiloton TNT equivalent.

Disasters
A 6.5 Mw earthquake struck northern Afghanistan, killing at least 4,000 people, destroying more than 30 villages, and leaving 45,000 people homeless in the Afghan provinces of Takhar and Badakhshan.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Finals
Washington 2 @ Buffalo 0 (Washington led best-of-seven series 3-1)

10 years ago
2008


Defense
Canada joined 111 countries in Dublin in formally adopting the Convention on Cluster Munitions, banning cluster bombs. The U.S.A., Russia, and China did not participate.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Boston 89 @ Detroit 81 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Tuesday, 29 May 2018

May 29, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cathy Brown!

425 years ago
1593


Died on this date
John Penry, 34 (?)
. Welsh-born English Protestant martyr. Mr. Penry printed tracts that were distributed in Wales, but earned the enmity of Archbishop of Canterbury John Whitgift for not printing enough Bibles to supply the demand in Wales, and he was hanged eight days after being convicted of sedition.

180 years ago
1838


Terrorism
Pirate Bill Johnston and a band of rebels attacked and burned the Canadian steamer Sir Robert Peel off Wellesley Island near French Creek in the Thousand Islands in Upper Canada. Rewards were offered for Mr. Johnston, as well as for Daniel McLeod, Samuel Frey and Robert Smith from Upper Canada, regarded more as pirates than patriots.

Politics and government
John George Lambton, Lord Durham, landed at Quebec. He had been appointed Governor by British Prime Minister Lord Melbourne to investigate Canadian colonial grievances after the rebellions of 1837.

170 years ago
1848

Americana

Wisconsin was admitted to the Union as the 30th state.

130 years ago
1888


Politics and government
George E. Foster took office as Minister of Finance in the cabinet of Canadian Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald.

110 years ago
1908

Baseball

The New York Giants defeated the Brooklyn Superbas 1-0 before 3,000 fans at Washington Park in Brooklyn, as Christy Mathewson gave up 4 hits and struck out 8 to win the pitchers' duel over Nap Rucker, who allowed just 3 hits.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored a run in the bottom of the 11th inning to defeat the Chicago Cubs 4-3 before 4,500 fans at Robison Field in St. Louis.

The Washington Nationals scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie as they defeated the Boston Red Sox 7-5 to complete a sweep of their doubleheader before 6,690 fans at Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds in Boston. The Nationals won the first game 6-1, with Gavy Cravath's first major league home run accounting for the Boston run. Pat Donahue made his major league debut as a substitute catcher with the Red Sox in the first game, making 1 putout, but not coming to bat.

Biff Schlitzer pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Joe Lake, who pitched a 4-hitter, as the Philadelphia Athletics edged the New York Highlanders 1-0 to gain a split of their doubleheader before 10,000 fans at Hilltop Park in New York. The Highlanders scored 2 runs in the 1st inning and 4 in the 4th as they won the first game 6-5.

Jack Powell pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Charlie Chech, who allowed 5 hits, as the St. Louis Browns edged the Cleveland Naps 1-0 before 3,174 fans at League Park in Cleveland.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Jim Trimble
. U.S. football coach. Mr. Trimble played tackle at Indiana University from 1939-1941 before serving in World War II. He was an assistant coach at Wichita State University in 1946-1947 and head coach from 1948-1950, compiling a record of 13-14-3. Mr. Trimble was an assistant coach with the Philadelphia Eagles in 1951, and was head coach from 1952-1955, compiling a 25-20-3 record. After being fired in Philadelphia, Mr. Trimble served as head coach of the Hamilton Tiger-Cats from 1956-1962, leading them to five Eastern Canadian championships and the Grey Cup championship in 1957. In 1961, Mr. Trimble became the first winner of the Annis Stukus Trophy as the Coach of the Year in the Canadian Football League. He was head coach of the Montreal Alouettes from 1963-1965, but posted three losing seasons, all of them ending in semi-final defeats, and he was fired during Grey Cup week. When Montreal Star sportswriter Ian MacDonald kidded him about his firing, Mr. Trimble responded by giving Mr. MacDonald a severe beating; Mr. MacDonald refused to press charges, and Mr. Trimble apologized, but the incident ended his CFL career, after compiling a regular season, playoff, and Grey Cup record of 87-72-2. In 1966, while not coaching, Mr. Trimble and a friend marketed "goose neck" or "slingshot" goalposts; they were first used in the second game of the CFL's Eastern Finals in 1966, and were soon used throughout the Canadian, National, and American Football Leagues. Mr. Trimble was an assistant coach with the New York Giants from 1967 through the 1969 pre-season, after which he was moved to the scouting department, where he remained for 20 years. He died of emphysema on May 23, 2006, six days before his 88th birthday.

War
Armenian forces defeated Ottoman troops at the Battle of Sardarabad, not only stopping the Turkish invasion, but also preventing the complete destruction of the Armenian nation.

Environment
Point Pelee National Park, a major migratory bird refuge, was established on the southernmost point of mainland Ontario.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Alma S. Olmstead, 81
. U.S. woman. Mrs. Olmstead, a resident of Lincoln, Nebraska, was born in Erie County, New York. Her father, who was 95 when she was born, fought in the Revolutionary War.

A.G. Cooper. U.K. aviator. Mr. Cooper was piloting a stunting machine at Weymouth, England in front of a crowd of 20,000 who were waiting to see if a prophesied tidal wave would occur. The plane fell into the sea 20 minutes before the predicted time of the save, and Mr. Cooper drowned in the cockpit before he could be reached.

H.C. Smith. U.S. mining executive. Mr. Smith, superintendent of the Don Carlos mine in Pachuca, Mexico, was assassinated.

Dorothy Sielagowski, 7. U.S. crime victim. Miss Sielagowski, a resident of Toledo, Ohio, was kidnapped, attacked, strangled, and left on a relative’s porch.

Politics and government
The first session of the 70th Congress of the United States adjourned, having been in action since December 5, 1927. Of the 19,770 bills introduced, 923 became laws.

Religion
In Weymouth, England, 20,000 gathered at the sands to see whether the "Great Pyramid" prophecy of destruction by a tidal wave would come true; it didn’t.

Business
Chrysler Corporation announced their acquisition of control of Dodge Brothers, Inc., a rival automobile manufacturing concern.

Baseball
Bill Terry hit for the cycle, scoring 2 runs and driving in 6, to lead the New York Giants to a 12-5 win over the Brooklyn Robins at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn.

The New York Yankees swept a doubleheader from the Washington Nationals 3-2 and 12-3 before 25,000 fans at Yankee Stadium. Leo Durocher's bases-loaded triple in the opener gave George Pipgras (8-1) the win. Lou Gehrig and Babe Ruth both slugged a pair of home runs in the nightcap: Mr. Gehrig hit his 9th of the season in the 3rd inning off Washington starter Milt Gaston‚ then Messrs. Ruth and Gehrig hit back-to-back homers in the 4th off Lloyd Brown. Mr. Ruth added his 18th off Mr. Brown in the 7th. Earl Combs also homered for the Yankees.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That Old Black Magic--Glenn Miller and his Orchestra with Skip Nelson and the Modernaires

War
The largest U.S. air strike of World War II was made on three German bases in France: St. Nazaire, Renne, and La Pallice. Nearly 100 U.S. Flying Fortresses bombed the Italian port and oil refining centre of Livorno, 160 miles northwest of Rome, without a loss. Chinese troops recaptured Yuyangkwan--35 miles southwest of Ichang--and inflicted more than 2,000 casualties on the Japanese.

Science
The Spanish government reported that German scientists in Potsdam had discovered that North America was moving away from Europe at the rate of about one foot per year.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Nature Boy--King Cole (3rd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Nature Boy--King Cole
--Frank Sinatra
2 Little White Lies--Dick Haymes
--Dinah Shore
3 Sabre Dance--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
4 You Can't Be True, Dear--Ken Griffin
--Vera Lynn
--Dick Haymes with the Song Spinners
--The Sportsmen
5 Now is the Hour (Maori Farewell Song)--Bing Crosby
--Gracie Fields
--Margaret Whiting
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Charlie Spivak and his Orchestra
6 Toolie Oolie Doolie (The Yodel Polka)--The Andrews Sisters
--Vaughn Horton and the Polka Debs
--The Sportsmen
7 Because--Perry Como
8 Mañana (Is Soon Enough for Me)--Peggy Lee
9 Baby Face--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
10 The Dickey-Bird Song--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Put 'Em in a Box, Tie 'Em with a Ribbon (And Throw ’Em in the Deep Blue Sea) (#25)/It's the Sentimental Thing to Do (#35) by the King Cole Trio; Put 'Em in a Box, Tie 'Em with a Ribbon (And Throw ’Em in the Deep Blue Sea) by Doris Day (#25, charting with the version by the King Cole Trio); My Happiness, with versions by Jon and Sondra Steele; the Pied Pipers; and Ella Fitzgerald (#27); Run, Run, Run, with versions by the Charioteers; and Edmundo Ros and his Rumba Band (#39); and At a Sidewalk Penny Arcade by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra (#40). Doris Day's version of Put 'Em in a Box, Tie 'Em with a Ribbon (And Throw ’Em in the Deep Blue Sea) was the original version from the movie Romance on the High Seas (1948).

Theatre
The musical Oklahoma! closed at the St. James Theatre on Broadway in New York after a record 2,246 performances since March 31, 1943.

Died on this date
May Whitty, 82
. U.K. actress. After many years on English stages, Dame May went to Hollywood. She made her mark as a character actor in such movies as Night Must Fall (1937); The Lady Vanishes (1938); Suspicion (1941); Mrs. Miniver (1942); Gaslight (1944); and The Sign of the Ram (1948).

War
Arab and Jewish forces clashed near Latrun on the Tel Aviv-Jerusalem highway in the heaviest battle of the Palestine war, with indecisive results.

Defense
Bulgaria and Poland signed a 20-year mutual assistance pact in Warsaw.

Baseball
Richie Ashburn of the Philadelphia Phillies hit his first major league home run‚ a leadoff inside-the-park homer‚ off Thornton Lee's third pitch. The homer extended Mr. Ashburn's hitting streak to 18 games, but it was the Phillies’ only run as the New York Giants won 7-1 before 18,843 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Bill Rigney led off the 1st‚ 3rd‚ and 5th innings with hits‚ while Sid Gordon added a 3-run homer in the 5th. Mr. Lee was a complete-game winner over Walt Dubiel.

Sam Chapman scored all the way from first base on a single by Buddy Rosar with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 5-5 tie as the Philadelphia Athletics edged the New York Yankees 6-5 before 15,123 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

The Washington Nationals scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Boston Red Sox 5-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 14,052 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington, and withstood a 5-run 9th inning rally to win the second game 7-6. The Red Sox drew consecutive bases-loaded walks with 2 out in the 9th inning of the second game to draw within a run, but Stan Spence flied out to center field to end the game.

Bob Lemon pitched a 4-hitter and singled in the game's final run in the 9th inning as the Cleveland Indians shut out the Chicago White Sox 4-0 before 4,694 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

60 years ago
1958


At the movies
No Time for Sergeants, directed and co-produced by Mervyn LeRoy and starring Andy Griffith, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Juan Ramón Jiménez Mantecón, 76
. Spanish poet. Mr. Jiménez was awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Literature "for his lyrical poetry, which in the Spanish language constitutes an example of high spirit and artistical purity."

Defense
The French Army agreed to withdraw 5,000 men from eastern Morocco.

Politics and government
Following talks with French President Rene Coty, Charles de Gaulle indicated that he would assume the prime ministership on condition that the government receive full powers for a fixed time, with a mandate "to prepare and to submit to the country through a referendum...changes that must be made" in the constitution.

Louisiana Governor Earl Long (Democrat) signed election law changes despite complaints that the law disenfranchised Jews with a provision for holding primaries on Saturday.

Republican Party leaders in Harlem endorsed U.S. Representative Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (Democrat--New York) for the Republican congressional nomination.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Young Girl--The Union Gap (2nd week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Honey--Bobby Goldsboro (3rd week at #1)
2 Young Girl--The Union Gap
3 The Unicorn--The Irish Rovers
4 Lady Madonna/The Inner Light--The Beatles
5 Congratulations--Cliff Richard
6 If I Only Had Time--John Rowles
7 Valleri/Tapioca Tundra--The Monkees
8 The Legend of Xanadu--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
9 Delilah--Tom Jones
10 The Son of Hickory Holler's Tramp--O.C. Smith

Singles entering the chart were This Guy's in Love with You by Herb Alpert (#35); Cry Like a Baby by the Box Tops (#38); Lazy Sunday by Small Faces (#39); and Gee I'm Gonna Miss You by Graham Chapman (#40).

At the movies
Wild in the Streets, directed by Barry Shear and starring Christopher Jones, Shelley Winters, Hal Holbrook, and Richard Pryor, opened in theatres.

Personal
The Shrine Circus was in Edmonton, and this blogger went with his dad to see it at the Edmonton Gardens after school.

World events
Some 200,000 marchers, led by Communists, chanted "Adieu, de Gaulle" when French President Charles de Gaulle suddenly left Paris for his country home amid speculation that he was resigning. Former Prime Minister Pierre Mendes-France declared that he was ready to form a "popular government."

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council unanimously approved a resolution calling on all members to impose a total embargo on all trade with or travel to Rhodesia.

War
A spokesman for the North Vietnamese government berated U.S. President Lyndon Johnson for accusing North Vietnam of obstructing the Paris peace talks.

Abominations
The Presbyterian Church in Canada ordained its first female minister, Shirley Jeffery, in Appin, Ontario. The church's general assembly had approved the ordination of women two years before.

Disasters
The U.S. nuclear submarine Scorpion, with 99 men aboard, was reported missing. It was two days overdue at Norfolk, Virginia after a three-month training exercise with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean Sea.

A gas explosion at a nursery school in Hapeville, Georgia killed seven children and two adults.

Soccer
European Cup
Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Manchester United 4 Benfica 1 (ET)

Manchester United beat the Portuguese side Benfica to become the first English club to win the European Cup.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Wuthering Heights--Kate Bush (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Southpaw--Pink Lady (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Stayin' Alive--Bee Gees (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Carl Reynolds, 75
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Reynolds, an outfielder, played for five major league teams from 1927-1939, batting .302 with 80 home runs and 695 runs batted in in 1,222 games. Mr. Reynolds’ best season was 1930, when he hit .359 with 202 hits, 22 home runs, 100 runs batted in, and 103 runs scored with the Chicago White Sox. He hit .302 with the Chicago Cubs in 1938 when they won the National League pennant, but went 0 for 12 in the World Series.

Ali Soilih, 41. President of the Comoro Islands, 1976-1978. Mr. Soilih, whose full name was Ali Soilih M'tsashiwa, led a coup that deposed President Said Mohamed Jaffar in August 1975 and imposed a Maoist dictatorship, but was deposed himself in a coup on May 13, 1978, and was killed in a reported attempt to escape house arrest.

Diplomacy
Chinese Foreign Minister Huang Hua hinted to the United Nations General Assembly that China might join the special session on disarmament in Geneva if those talks were not controlled by the U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. He also called the Soviet Union the "most dangerous source of a new world war" and warned the United States against a policy of appeasement. The Soviet delegate walked out during Mr. Huang’s speech.

Terrorism
The West German government disclosed that Yugoslavia had arrested four of West Germany’s most-wanted terrorists. Their extradition to West Germany was being held up while Yugoslavia tried to extradite Croatian nationalists held in West Germany.

Golf
Nancy Lopez won her third straight tournament and fourth of the year, winning the LPGA Tournament in New Rochelle, New York with a score of 277. First prize money was $15,000.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Breakaway--Big Pig (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Heart--Pet Shop Boys (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Salem bin Laden, 42
. Saudi Arabian businessman. Mr. bin Laden, a half-brother of terrorist Osama bin Laden, succeeded his father Mohammed as patriarch of the Saudi Binladin Group. He was flying an ultralight aircraft in Texas when it hit power lines and dropped 115 feet; he wasn't wearing a helmet, and was killed.

Diplomacy
U.S. President Ronald Reagan arrived in Moscow for a summit meeting with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. At their first conversation, President Reagan reportedly pressed Mr. Gorbachev on human rights issues, while Soviet human rights activists demonstrated in the streets of Moscow and Leningrad. That evening, President and Mrs. Reagan strolled near Spasso House, the U.S. ambassador’s residence where they were staying, and were mobbed by Soviet citizens. U.S. and Soviet working groups met to discuss human rights, arms control, and regional conflicts.

Auto racing
Rick Mears won the Indianapolis 500 for the third time, with an average speed of 144.809 miles per hour. Emerson Fittipaldi finished second in the first Indianapolis 500 to have a $5 million purse. Mr. Mears’ previous wins were in 1979 and 1984. He went on to win it again in 1991. Roger Penske's team dominated the month, qualifying all three teammates Rick Mears, Danny Sullivan and Al Unser on the front row. Their cars had unique solid wheels instead of the conventional spoke designs used on most of the other cars. On race day the three teammates combined to lead 192 laps. Mr. Sullivan dominated the first half, but hit the south short-chute wall on lap 102 after his front wing adjusters slipped, robbing the car of steering capability. Mr. Mears, at one point more than a lap down, took the lead nine laps later, and outlasted Mr. Unser and Emerson Fittipaldi to take the checkered flag.



Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Los Angeles Lakers 104 @ Dallas 118 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson

#1 single in Italy: Sei un Mito--883 (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): All that She Wants--Ace of Base (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Informer--Snow

#1 single in France (SNEP): Your Latest Trick--Dire Straits

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What is Love?--Haddaway (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): All that She Wants--Ace of Base (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson (2nd week at #1)
2 Looking Through Patient Eyes--PM Dawn
3 Love Is--Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight
4 Freak Me--Silk
5 Who is It--Michael Jackson
6 I'm So Into You--SWV
7 Knockin' Da Boots--H-Town
8 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston
9 Livin' on the Edge--Aerosmith
10 Weak--SWV

Singles entering the chart were I Don't Wanna Fight by Tina Turner (#63); Fields of Gold by Sting (#66); Little Miracles (Happen Every Day) by Luther Vandross (#72); Love No Limit by Mary J. Blige (#75); and The Floor by Johnny Gill (#78).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Looking Through Patient Eyes--PM Dawn
2 The Crying Game--Boy George
3 That's the Way Love Goes--Janet Jackson
4 Come Undone--Duran Duran
5 I Have Nothing--Whitney Houston
6 Who is It--Michael Jackson
7 Love Is--Vanessa Williams and Brian McKnight
8 Lost in Your Eyes--The Jeff Healey Band
9 Can't Do a Thing (To Stop Me)--Chris Isaak
10 Are You Gonna Go My Way--Lenny Kravitz

Singles entering the chart were Almost Unreal by Roxette (#70); (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You by UB40 (#73); The Truth by Banned in the U.K. (#75); By the Time this Night is Over by Kenny G with Peabo Bryson (#83); Break it Down by Tears for Fears (#84); Everybody Lay Down by Pat Benatar (#85); No Apologies by Alanis (#89); Shake My Tree by Coverdale-Page (#90); One Tongue by Hothouse Flowers (#91); and Down with the King by Run DMC (#93). Almost Unreal was from the movie Super Mario Bros. (1993); (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You was from the movie Sliver (1993).

Died on this date
Billy Conn, 75
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Conn was world light heavyweight champion from 1939-1940, but is best remembered for relinquishing his belt in order to fight Joe Louis for the world heavyweight title on June 18, 1941. After 12 rounds, Mr. Conn was outboxing Mr. Louis and appeared to be on the way to winning the title, but he decided to go for a knockout in round 13, and was instead knocked out himself. Both men interrupted their boxing careers to serve in the U.S. Army in World War II, and fought a rematch on June 19, 1946. Mr. Louis won by knockout in the 8th round. Mr. Conn retired from the ring in 1948 with a record of 64-11-1.

Politics and government
The governments of Canada and Yukon Territory and Yukon's 14 First Nations signed the Umbrella Final Agreement in Whitehorse. 41,400 square kilometres of land and $280 million was to be divided among the 8,000 beneficiaries, and a joint-management board shared by the natives and the territorial government was established to oversee wildlife and land use. The agreement also paved the way for native self-government and the handing over of jurisdiction over such federal and territorial matters as education, justice, and environmental protection.

U.S. President Bill Clinton named veteran journalist David Gergen, a former adviser to President Ronald Reagan, to improve the White House communications operation.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Clarence S. Campbell Conference
Finals
Los Angeles 5 @ Toronto 4 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-3)

Mike Donnelly broke a 3-3 tie with 3:51 remaining in regulation time, and Wayne Gretzky scored his third goal of the game 37 seconds later as the Kings eliminated the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens, advancing to the Stanley Cup Finals for the first time in their 26-year history. Wendel Clark scored 2 goals for Toronto, and Dave Ellett scored with 1:07 remaining in regulation time to narrow the deficit to 5-4.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
New York 83 @ Chicago 103 (New York led best-of-seven series 2-1)

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Barry Goldwater, 89
. U.S. politician. Mr. Goldwater, a Republican, represented Arizona in the United States Senate from 1953-1965 and 1969-1987. He was the Republican Party’s presidential candidate in 1964, but lost in a landslide to incumbent Lyndon Johnson. Mr. Goldwater was known for many years as "Mr. Conservative," but he was really a libertarian, and spent the last 17 years of his life ranting against Christians.

Politics and government
The Supreme Court of Canada struck down a ban on pre-election opinion polls, calling the ban an "insult to the intelligence of voters."

Economics and finance
U.S. President Bill Clinton imposed economic penalties on Pakistan for conducting five underground nuclear tests.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Western Conference
Finals
Dallas 3 @ Detroit 5 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Chicago 89 @ Indiana 92 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
Harvey Korman, 81
. U.S. actor. Mr. Korman was a comic actor best known as part of the supporting cast of The Carol Burnett Show (1967-1978), for which he won four Emmy Awards. He died of the effects of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Luc Bourdon, 21. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Bourdon, a native of Shippagan, New Brunswick, overcame juvenile arthritis to become a defenceman with the Val-d'Or Foreurs and Moncton Wildcats of the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League, and was a member of the Canadian team that won consecutive World Junior Championships in 2006 and 2007. He was selected by the Vancouver Canucks in the 2005 National Hockey League entry draft in the first round as the 10th overall selection, and spent the 2006-08 seasons among the QMJHL, the Canucks, and the Manitoba Moose of the American Hockey League. Mr. Bourdon scored 2 goals and no assists in 36 NHL games, but his promising career ended when he was killed in a motorcycle accident near his hometown.

Disasters
A doublet earthquake, of combined magnitude 6.1, struck Iceland near the town of Selfoss, injuring 30 people.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
San Antonio 92 @ Los Angeles Lakers 100 (Los Angeles won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Monday, 28 May 2018

May 28, 2018

430 years ago
1588


War
The Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 men, set sail from Lisbon heading for the English Channel. It took until May 30 for all ships to leave port.

210 years ago
1808


Died on this date
Richard Hurd, 88
. U.K. clergyman and writer. The Bishop of Worcester from 1781-1808, Rev. Hurd’s books included Letters on Chivalry and Romance (1762) and An Introduction to the Study of the Prophecies concerning the Christian Church (1772).

Exploration
Simon Fraser left Fort George, British Columbia to travel down the river which is now named for him, on his way to the Pacific Ocean.

200 years ago
1818


Born on this date
P.G.T. Beauregard, 74
. U.S. and C.S. military officer. Mr. Beauregard achieved the rank of Brevet Major in the United States Army, and was named a Brigadier General in the army of the Confederate States of America in 1861. He led the C.S.A. to victory in the First Battle of Bull Run in Virginia in 1861, saved Charleston, South Carolina from Union attacks in 1863, and did the same for Petersburg and Richmond, Virginia in 1864. Mr. Beauregard died on February 20, 1893 at the age of 74.

175 years ago
1843


Died on this date
Noah Webster, 84
. U.S. writer and lexicographer. Mr. Webster was best known for An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828), which has been continued in the modern Merriam-Webster dictionaries. More than anyone else, Mr. Webster was responsible for the American spelling of words as distinct from the English spelling. His spelling books were standard school texts for several generations.

160 years ago
1858


Transportation
The Great Western Railway opened from Goderich to Fort Erie, Ontario.

130 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Kaarel Eenpalu
. Prime Minister of Estonia, 1938-1939. Born Karl August Einbund, Mr. Eenpalu was an editor of several newspapers, and held numerous political offices beginning in 1920. He was Stae Elder of Estonia' (head of state) from July 19-November 1, 1932, and became the country's first prime minister. When the U.S.S.R. occupied the Baltic republics in June 1940, Mr. Eenpalu was one of a number of polticians who were arrested and deported to Russia. He died in a Soviet prison camp in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast on January 27 or 28, 1942 at the age of 53.

120 years ago
1898


Transportation
Construction began on the 110-mile-long White Pass & Yukon Railway.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Johnny Wayne
. Canadian comedian. Mr. Wayne was half of the comedy team Wayne and Shuster, who initially achieved popularity performing for troops during World War II and then made several specials per year on CBC television. They appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show a record 67 times. Wayne and Shuster’s most popular skits included takeoffs on Julius Caesar (Rinse the Blood Off My Toga) and The Scarlet Pimpernel (The Brown Pumpernickel). They’d have a tough time succeeding in today’s culture of declining literacy. During the 1977-78 season, Mr. Wayne’s Confessions of a Hockey Nut appeared as a first period intermission feature on Hockey Night in Canada. He died on July 18, 1990 at the age of 72.

Bob Malloy. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Malloy played with the Cincinnati Reds (1943-1944, 1946-1947) and St. Louis Browns (1949), compiling a record of 4-7 with an earned run average of 3.26 and 2 saves in 48 games. He was 80-67 in 11 seasons in the minor leagues from 1941-1953, with his best season being 1948, when he was 21-7 with the Indianapolis Indians of the AA American Association. Mr. Malloy died on February 20, 2007 at the age of 88.

World events
The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic and the First Republic of Armenia declared their independence.

Baseball
Joe Bush pitched a 1-hitter and drove in the lone run for the Boston Red Sox to improve his record for the season to 7-2 as they edged the Chicago White Sox 1-0 at Fenway Park in Boston. The lone Chicago hit was a "flying single" (Harry Casey‚ in the Boston Evening Record) by Happy Felsch‚ which occurred when he threw his bat at the ball on a hit-and-run. Eddie Cicotte allowed 5 hits‚ 3 by Fred Thomas‚ in the loss, not allowing an earned run as his 1918 record fell to 0-7.

Smoky Joe Wood hit a 2-run home run and Steve O'Neill added a solo homer two batters later as the Cleveland Indians scored all their runs in the top of the 7th inning to overcome a 2-0 deficit and edge the New York Yankees 3-2 at the Polo Grounds in New York. Jim Bagby pitched a 7-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Allen Russell.

Joe Gedeon batted 2 for 2 with a double, base on balls, sacrifice, and 2 runs batted in to help the St. Louis Browns edge the Philadelpha Athletics 3-2 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Grover Lowdermilk pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Scott Perry.

90 years ago
1928

World events

Russian writer Maxim Gorky returned from Italy after an absence of many years, and was received in Moscow by a Nikolai Bukharin, a high Soviet government official, along with thousands of workmen, students, writers, and actors, Communist youth and units of the Red Army, bearing streamers and banners instead of arms.

Religion
The Presbyterian General Assembly at Tulsa, Oklahoma refused to consider union with the Christian, Universalist, and Congregational churches, but authorized a committee to meet the Methodists and consider a union with them.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Athletics bought pitcher George Earnshaw from the Baltimore Orioles of the International League for $50‚000 and 2 players. Mr. Earshaw was in his fifth season with the Orioles and had compiled a record of 78-48, with a 29-11 record in 1925, but was only 3-5 with an earned run average of 6.15 in 13 games with Baltimore in 1928.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Red-Headed League

War
German forces claimed to have repulsed U.S.S.R. forces attacking in the lower Kuban Valley. U.S. forces continued their advance along the ridges southeast and northwest of Chichagof Harbor on Attu Island and drove Japanese troops from the Lake Cories area. Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho marked the first anniversary of Mexico's declaration of war against the Axis by declaring that Mexico was ready to send troops abroad.

Politics and government
The Executive Committee of the British Labour Party announced in London that it would oppose affiliation with the British Communist Party at the annual convention on June 14 despite the Comintern's dissolution.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order naming James F. Byrnes director of the Office of War Mobilization, to unify the work of all war agencies.

70 years ago
1948


Died on this date
Lewis Allen, 75
. U.S. physician. Dr. Allen was a nationally-known radiologist.

War
The Arab Legion forced the surrender of 2,500 Jews in the Old City of Jerusalem after a 10-day siege. Surrender terms provided for the imprisonment of 500 Jewish fighters outside Palestine and the evacuation of other Jewish inhabitants. Jews remained in control of Jerusalem's New City.

Diplomacy
The International Court of Justice in The Hague ruled that the U.S.S.R. had acted illegally in vetoing the United Nations membership requests of five countries. The ruling was advisory and not binding on the UN.

Politics and government
Two days after the Herenigde Nasionale Party (Reunited National Party), led by Daniel François Malan, had combined with the Afrikaner Party to defeat the governing Union Party of Prime Minister Jan Smuts in the South African general election, Mr. Smuts resigned as Prime Minister and was succeeded by Mr. Malan.

24 exiled members of the Czechoslovakian parliament, meeting in London, denounced upcoming legislative elections in Czechoslovakia, and resolved to fight for the restoration of political freedom.

The U.S. President's Loyalty Review Board released a list of 32 organizations described as subversive, including the Young Communist League; Civil Rights Congress (Michigan and Milwaukee chapters); German-American Republican League; and United Harlem Tenants and Consumers Organization.

Economics and finance
Romania established state monopolies for oil exports and all imports, completing nationalization of the country's commerce.

The U.S. Treasury ended a seven-year freeze on $60 million in Spanish assets in the United States.

Labour
Chrysler Corporation workers ended their 17-day strike after accepting a 13c hourly wage increase in a contract with no cost-of-living escalator.

60 years ago
1958


War
Fidel Castro's 26th of July Movement, heavily reinforced by Frank Pais Militia, overwhelmed a Cuban Army post in El Uvero.

Morocco banned French troop movements in Algerian border areas.

World events
Schools were closed and censorship imposed in Ceylon.

Diplomacy
Theodor Heuss, President of the Federal Republic of Germany, started a one-week state visit to Canada, beoming the first German head of state to do so.

Politics and government
Pierre Pflimlin, faced with growing military and civilian insurrection, resigned as Prime Minister of France in a move seen as paving the way for the legal return to power of General Charles de Gaulle.

Americana
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and sent to the Senate a bill to admit Alaska to the Union as a state and to give the state 102 million acres of federally-owned land, much of it rich in mineral resources.

Religion
The merger of the United Presbyterian Church of North America and the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. was finalized in ceremonies in Pittsburgh, forming the three-million-member United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Delilah--Tom Jones (6th week at #1)

At the movies
The Detective, directed by Gordon Douglas, and starring Frank Sinatra, Lee Remick, Jacqueline Bisset, and Tony Musante, opened in theatres.

Boom!, directed by Joseph Losey and starring Elizabeth Taylor, Richard Burton, Noel Coward, Joanna Shimkus, and Michael Dunn, opened in theatres.

War
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson accused North Vietnam of obstructing the Paris peace talks.

Politics and government
In the contest for the U.S. presidential nominations, Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota won the Oregon Democratic Party primary. Sen. McCarthy took 45% of the vote, with Senator Robert F. Kennedy of New York receiving 39%. Sen. Kennedy had come out on top in a pre-primary poll by NBC. Former Vice President Richard Nixon won the Republican Party primary with 73% of the vote. California Governor Ronald Reagan received 23% and New York Governor Nelson Rockefeller took 4% on write-ins.

Boxing
Leotis Martin (26-4) scored a technical knockout of Thad Spencer (32-7) at 2:29 of the 9th round of a heavyweight bout at Royal Albert Hall in London.

Baseball
The American League owners agreed to divide the league into two divisions and reduce its schedule to 156 games. The following divisional alignment was set for the 1969 season: Eastern: Baltimore Orioles; Boston Red Sox; Cleveland Indians; Detroit Tigers; New York Yankees; Washington Senators. Western: California Angels; Chicago White Sox; Kansas City Royals; Minnesota Twins; Oakland Athletics; Seattle Pilots.

Suffering his fourth straight defeat‚ Bob Gibson of the St. Louis Cardinals (3-5) dropped a 3-1 decision to Gaylord Perry and the San Francisco Giants before 19,392 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis in a game that was called after 8 innings because of rain. The Cardinals scored a run in the 1st inning, but Dick Dietz hit a solo home run in the 6th inning to tie the game, and Willie Mays hit a 2-run homer in the 7th to give the Giants the lead.

Jim Maloney fired a 1-hitter to lead the Cincinnati Reds over the Los Angeles Dodgers 7-0 before 4,475 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. A single by Zoilo Versalles with 2 out in the 5th inning was the only Dodger hit. Pete Rose led the Cincinnati attack with 2 singles, a double, triple, base on balls, and 4 runs, while Alex Johnson had 3 singles and 4 runs batted in.

Paul Blair led off the top of the 10th inning with a home run to break a 2-2 tie as the Baltimore Orioles edged the Chicago White Sox 3-2 before 18,748 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

All the runs were scored in the 1st inning when the Minnesota Twins defeated the Cleveland Indians 3-1 before 10,109 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, with Jim Perry winning the pitchers' duel over Sonny Siebert.

Bill Freehan doubled home 2 runs with 1 out in the top of the 1st inning and Willie Horton followed with a 2-run home run as the Detroit Tigers beat the California Angels 4-1 before 19,601 fans at Anaheim Stadium in another game where all the scoring came in the 1st inning. Les Cain started on the mound for Detroit, but John Hiller relieved him in the 3rd and allowed 3 hits in 6 2/3 innings to get the win.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Wuthering Heights--Kate Bush (4th week at #1)

World events
The Vietnamese government denied that Chinese residents in that country had been mistreated.

Politics and government
U.S. National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski agreed that President Jimmy Carter faced too many limits from Congress on giving aid to friendly African nations.

Auto racing
Al Unser won the Indianapolis 500 for the third time, with an average speed of 161.363 miles per hour. His earlier wins came in 1970 and 1971.



Golf
Jerry Heard won the Atlanta Classic with a score of 269. First prize money was $40,000.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Seattle 93 @ Washington 92 (Seattle led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Dennis Johnson blocked 7 shots as part of a brilliant defensive performance for the SuperSonics as they edged the Bullets before 19,035 fans at Capital Center in Landover, Maryland. Elvin Hayes led the Bullets with 29 points and 20 rebounds.



30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I'm Not Scared--Eighth Wonder (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Yé ké yé ké--Mory Kante

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love for You--Glenn Medeiros

#1 single in France (SNEP): N'importe quoi--Florent Pagny (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): With a Little Help from My Friends--Wet Wet Wet/She's Leaving Home--Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): With a Little Help from My Friends--Wet Wet Wet/She's Leaving Home--Billy Bragg featuring Cara Tivey (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): One More Try--George Michael

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 One More Try--George Michael
2 Anything for You--Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine
3 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz
4 Naughty Girls (Need Love Too)--Samantha Fox
5 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
6 Angel--Aerosmith
7 Everything Your Heart Desires--Daryl Hall John Oates
8 I Don't Want to Live Without You--Foreigner
9 Together Forever--Rick Astley
10 Wait--White Lion

Singles entering the chart were Sign Your Name by Terence Trent D'Arby (#74); The Colour of Love by Billy Ocean (#80); Darlin' Danielle Don't by Henry Lee Summer (#84); You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart by Eurythmics (#85); Wishing I was Lucky by Wet Wet Wet (#86); Fat by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#89); and Little Walter by Tony! Toni! Tone! (#90). Fat was a spoof of Michael Jackson's 1987 hit Bad.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Always on My Mind--Pet Shop Boys (2nd week at #1)
2 Beds are Burning--Midnight Oil
3 I'm Still Searching--Glass Tiger
4 Wishing Well--Terence Trent D'Arby
5 Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car--Billy Ocean
6 One More Try--George Michael
7 Together Forever--Rick Astley
8 Pink Cadillac--Natalie Cole
9 Shattered Dreams--Johnny Hates Jazz
10 What a Wonderful World--Louis Armstrong

Singles entering the chart were The Flame by Cheap Trick (#71); Lost in You by Rod Stewart (#73); Foolish Beat by Debbie Gibson (#76); Black & Blue by Van Halen (#82); Send Me a Miracle by Paul Janz (#87); and New Sensation by INXS (#95).

Died on this date
Sy Oliver, 77
. U.S. musician, composer, and bandleader. Mr. Oliver was a trumpeter and arranger with the band of Jimmie Lunceford in the mid-1930s, and joined Tommy Dorsey's orchestra in 1939 as an arranger. He led his own band in later years. Mr. Oliver co-wrote the song T'ain't What You Do (It's the Way that You Do It).

Defense
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet unanimously approved the intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) treaty.

Environment
The Canadian aerosol industry said that it would ban ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) from spray cans.

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Boston 94 @ Detroit 98 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

25 years ago
1993


Diplomacy
Eritrea and Monaco joined the United Nations.

Crime
William Lozano, 33, a Miami police officer of Hispanic ethnicity, was acquitted by a jury in his second trial of the killings of two young Negro men. The case had aroused racial tensions in Florida.

Basketball
NBA
Western Conference
Finals
Phoenix 104 @ Seattle 97 (Phoenix led best-of-seven series 2-1)

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Phil Hartman, 49
. Canadian-born U.S. actor. A native of Brantford, Ontario, Mr. Hartman was a member of the cast of the NBC series Saturday Night Live from 1986-1994 (winning an Emmy Award in 1989 for writing), and provided the voices for a number of characters on The Simpsons from 1991-1998. At the time of his death, Mr. Hartman was a member of the cast of the NBC comedy series NewsRadio, and was posthumously nominated for an Emmy Award. He was asleep when he was shot to death by his wife Brynn, who fatally shot herself shortly after notifying a friend of the murder.

Defense
Pakistan conducted five underground nuclear tests, responding to India’s tests earlier in the month.

Protest
Students in Indonesia resumed demonstrations, opposing the government’s timetable for holding elections the following year.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Eastern Conference
Finals
Washington 4 @ Buffalo 3 (OT) (Washington led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Peter Bondra and Richard Zednik each scored 2 goals for the Capitals, with Mr. Bondra's second coming at 9:37 of the 1st overtime period as they edged the Sabres at Marine Midland Arena.

10 years ago
2008


Asiatica
The first meeting of the Constituent Assembly of Nepal formally declared Nepal a republic, ending the 240-year reign of the Shah dynasty.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 2 @ Pittsburgh 3 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Basketball
NBA
Eastern Conference
Finals
Detroit 102 @ Boston 106 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)