Saturday, 31 August 2019

August 31, 2019

Married on this date
Happy Anniversary, Lois & Lee Morrow!

140 years ago
1879


Born on this date
Taishō. Emperor of Japan, 1912-1926. Taishō, whose personal name was Yoshihito, succeeded his father Meiji. Emperor Taishō died of a heart attack on December 25, 1926 at the age of 47, and was succeeded as Emperor by his son Hirohito.

Alma Mahler,85. Austrian-born U.S. composer. Mrs. Mahler, born Alma Schindler in Vienna, was married to composer Gustav Mahler from 1902 until his death in 1911. She was married to novelist Franz Werfel from 1929 until his death 1945, and fled Austria after the Anschluss in 1938, eventually moving to the United States. Mrs. Mahler-Werfel composed piano and chamber works, and 17 of her songs survive. She died on December 11, 1964 at the age of 85.

110 years ago
1909

Baseball

The A. J. Reach Company was granted a patent for its cork-centred baseball‚ which would replace the hard rubber-cored one. This change would be particularly apparent in the National League in 1910 and 1911.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Jack Wallaesa
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Wallaesa was a shortstop with the Philadelphia Athletics (1940, 1942, 1946) and Chicago White Sox (1947-1948), batting .205 with 15 home runs and 61 runs batted in in 219 games. He played 1,175 games in 12 seasons in the minor leagues from 1939-1955, mostly in the International League. Mr. Wallaesa died on December 27, 1986 at the age of 67.

Died on this date
William Nixon
. Canadian policeman. Mr. Nixon died the day after being shot in the stomach in front of the Twin City Transfer shipping office in downtown Edmonton. A search immediately began for the only suspect, J.G. Larsen. Mr. Nixon was the second Edmonton policeman to be gunned down on duty, and the last until 1990.

Baseball
Jesse Barnes pitched an 11-hit complete game victory to improve his 1919 record to 22-6, and singled and scored the go-ahead run in a 3-run 7th inning, as the New York Giants defeated the Brooklyn Robins 4-3 before 15,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. After Mr. Barnes' 7th-inning single, home plate umpire Bill Klem, tired of verbal abuse, cleared the entire Brooklyn bench except for manager Wilbert Robinson and the batboy. Losing pitcher Burleigh Grimes (10-11) allowed 6 hits and 4 runs--3 earned--in 7 1/3 innings, and left the game after being spiked on a play at first base.

Fred Merkle singled home Buck Herzog with the game's only run in the bottom of the 1st inning as the Chicago Cubs edged the St.Louis Cardinals 1-0 before 10,000 fans at Cubs Park. Grover Cleveland Alexander (12-8) pitched a 3-hitter to win over Frank Woodward (8-12), who pitched an 8-hitter.

80 years ago
1939


Died on this date
Franciszek Honiok, 43
. Polish farmer. Mr. Honiok was arrested by the SS on August 30 in the Polish village of Polomia, dressed in a Polish army uniform, shot through the head, and left on the steps of the entrance to the radio station in Gleiwitz (then in Germany, just inside the border with Poland--now Gliwice, in Poland) as part of a fabrication by the Nazis of Polish aggression in order to justify their impending invasion of Poland. Mr. Honiok may accurately be referred to as the first person killed in World War II.

Baseball
The Cincinnati Reds purchased Al Simmons from the Boston Bees. The 37-year old outfielder was hitting .282 in 93 games with the Bees in 1939.

75 years ago
1944


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Happy in Love--Dinah Shore; Glenn Miller and his Orchestra (1st month at #1)

War
British forces in France seized Amiens and crossed the Somme River, as U.S. units bridged the Meuse River and stormed Mezieres, Charleville, and Sedan. British humourist P.G. Wodehouse, who had made a series of radio broadcasts from Berlin urging British capitulation, was discovered in Paris, and said he had "made a terrible mistake." Canadian troops in Italy broke through the Gothic Line south of Rimini, entering the Po Valley, while Polish troops captured Pesaro on the Adriatic Sea.

Diplomacy
Polish Prime Minister Stanislaw Mikolajczyk said that the Polish government in exile in London had forwarded to Mosco proposals for a settlement of the Polish problems.

Politics and government
U.S. Senator Harry Truman (Democrat--Missouri) accepted his party's nomination in a speech in Lamar, Missouri, saying that the voters "should trust experienced leaders."

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives passed and returned to the Senate a revised version of the George reconversion bill, calling for an Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion to replace the present OWM.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the takeover of 10 Pennsylvania coal mines that had been closed by strikes.

70 years ago
1949


War
The retreat of the Democratic Army of Greece in Albania after its defeat on Gramos mountain marked the end of the Greek Civil War.

The Grand Army of the Republic concluded its 83rd and last meeting in Indianapolis, attended by six Union veterans of the American Civil War.

Scandal
U.S. presidential aide Harry Vaughan concluded two days of testimony before the U.S. Senate subcommittee investigating influence-peddling in Washington, admitting to numerous interventions with government procurement authorities on behalf of friends, but denied that any of his activities were illegal.

Economics and finance
Italy signed an economic pact with Greece, agreeing to pay $101 million in World War II reparations over the next five years.

Labour
The General Council of Britain's Trades Union Congress issued a special report urging workers to accept continuation of the government's wage freeze policy.

Disasters
A typhoon struck Tokyo and Yokohama, killing 111 people.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Luna De Miel--Gloria Lasso (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 The Three Bells--The Browns (2nd week at #1)
2 Sea of Love--Phil Phillips with the Twilights
3 Sleep Walk--Santo & Johnny
4 Lavender-Blue--Sammy Turner
5 I'm Gonna Get Married--Lloyd Price
6 What'd I Say (Parts I and II)--Ray Charles and his Orchestra
7 A Big Hunk o' Love--Elvis Presley
8 There Goes My Baby--The Drifters
9 Red River Rock--Johnny and the Hurricanes
10 I Want to Walk You Home--Fats Domino

Singles entering the chart were Just Ask Your Heart by Frankie Avalon (#65); Put Your Head on My Shoulder by Paul Anka (#67); Somethin' Else by Eddie Cochran (#68); You're Gonna Miss Me by Connie Francis (#69); The Three Bells (The Jimmy Brown Story) by Dick Flood (#84); Suzie Baby by Bobby Vee and the Shadows (#87); Betty My Angel by Jerry Fuller (#90); I Cried by Joe Damiano (#92); Sweet Bird of Youth by Nat "King" Cole (#96); and The Caterpillar Crawl by the Strangers (#100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 The Three Bells--The Browns (2nd week at #1)
2 Caribbean--Mitchell Torok
3 Mona Lisa--Conway Twitty
4 Robbin' the Cradle--Tony Bellus
5 Lonely Boy--Paul Anka
6 Broken-Hearted Melody--Sarah Vaughan
7 Here Comes Summer--Jerry Keller
8 Red River Rock--Johnny and the Hurricanes
9 Velvet Waters--The Megatrons
10 ('Til) I Kissed You--The Everly Brothers

Singles entering the chart were Poison Ivy by the Coasters (#34); Hey Little Girl by Dee Clark (#45); The Shape I'm In by Johnny Restivo (#47); Okefenokee by Freddy Cannon (#51); Just Ask Your Heart/Two Fools by Frankie Avalon (#52); True True Happiness by Johnny Tillotson (#53); Darling I Love You by Al Martino (#55); Twice as Nice by Clyde McPhatter (#56); and I Love You, Porgy by Nina Simone (#57).

On television tonight
U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, in London during a nine-day tour of Europe, visited British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan, and the two leaders took part in a historic broadcast from 10 Downing Street, attracting the largest television audience in the United Kingdom since the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953.



Died on this date
Norodom Vakrivan
. Cambodian government official. Prince Norodom Vakrivan was Cambodia's chief of protocol. A small packaged lacquer gift fitted with a parcel bomb was delivered to the royal palace in Phnom Penh, and he was killed instantly when he opened the package, which was intended for the head of state, Prince Norodom Sihanouk. The bomb had been sent by Ngô Đình Nhu, younger brother and chief adviser of South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm.

Diplomacy
Israel protested the United Arab Republic's detention of the Danish freighter Inge Toft as "piracy," but did not request specific United Nations action to prevent the stoppage of Israeli cargoes carried by neutral ships passing through the Suez Canal.

The Committee for Freedom of All Peoples issued a call for Americans to observe U.S.S.R. Premier Nikita Khrushchev's upcoming visit to the United States with a period of mourning for the victims of Communism.

Politics and government
A U.S. House of Representatives Elections subcommittee unanimously adopted a resolution stating that Rep. Dale Alford (Democrat--Arkansas) had been "duly elected" to the House in his November 1958 contest against former Rep. Brooks Hays. Mr. Alford, a member of the Little Rock school board, had launched a write-in campaign just a week before the election, and had defeated Mr. Hays by 1,200 votes.

Crime
75,000 shots of Salk polio vaccine were stolen from a laboratory in suburban Montreal.

Tennis
Davis Cup
Challenge Round @ West Side Tennis Club, Forest Hills, New York
Australia 3 U.S.A. 2

The Australian team of Rod Laver, Neale Fraser, and Roy Emerson defeated the American team of Alex Olmedo, Butch Buccholz, and Barry MacKay.

Football
CFL
WIFU
Saskatchewan (0-5) 10 @ Calgary (4-1) 28
Edmonton (2-2) 7 @ British Columbia (3-2) 8

Jackie Parker was missing from the Edmonton lineup because of injury, and the Eskimos missed him; Don Getty went the distance at quarterback. Johnny Bright scored the Eskimo touchdown. Tommy-Joe Coffey missed the convert and scored a single off a missed field goal attempt, and those misses affected the outcome of the game. The Lions welcomed the 1,000,000th fan to go through the Empire Stadium turnstiles since the beginning of the team in 1954.

Baseball
Wally Moon's 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning gave the Los Angeles Dodgers a 5-2 win over the San Francisco Giants before 60,194 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, moving the Dodgers to within 1 game of the National League-leading Giants. Los Angeles pitcher Sandy Koufax tied Bob Feller’s major league record of 18 strikeouts in a 9-inning game, striking out 15 of the last 17 Giants to face him. His total of 31 over two consecutive games was a major league record. Mr. Koufax, who improved his 1959 record to 8-4, followed Jim Gilliam's single with one of his own immediately prior to Mr. Moon's game-winning homer against Al Worthington, who had entered the game in relief of Jack Sanford just to face him. Mr. Moon, whose fly ball home runs over the short left field fence had become known as "Moon shots," led off the bottom of the 8th with a base on balls and scored on a wild pitch to tie the score 2-2.

Pete Runnels hit a solo home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Boston Red Sox a 4-3 win over the Washington Senators before 21,907 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

50 years ago
1969

Died on this date
Rocky Marciano, 45
. U.S. boxer. World heavyweight champion from 1952-1956, Mr. Marciano retired after winning all 49 of his professional fights (with 43 knockouts). He was killed in a plane crash in Newton, Iowa, on the way to his 46th birthday party, scheduled for the next day. Born Rocco Marchegiano, the Brockton Blockbuster (he was from Brockton, Massachusetts) ended the career of Joe Louis with an 8-round knockout on October 26, 1951. On September 23, 1952 he fought Jersey Joe Walcott for the world heavyweight championship in Philadelphia. Mr. Walcott seemed to be winning on points, but Mr. Marciano knocked him out with a devastating right hand in the 13th round. Mr. Marciano’s first title defense was a rematch with Mr. Walcott in Chicago on May 15, 1953, which ended with a first-round knockout in favour of the champion. Five more successful defenses followed, the toughest of which was a 15-round decision over former champion Ezzard Charles at Yankee Stadium in New York on June 17, 1954. Mr. Marciano’s last fight was also at Yankee Stadium, a 9-round knockout of light heavyweight champion Archie Moore on September 21, 1955. Rocky Marciano announced his retirement from boxing on April 27, 1956.





Music
On the final day of the Isle of Wight Festival, an event attended by approximately 150,000 people over three days, Bob Dylan appeared in his first live performance since 1966.

Politics and government
Three of the top military commanders in Brazil--the ministers of the army, navy, and air force-- announced that they--and not the civilian vice-president, as mandated by the constitution--had assumed control of the country while President Arthur da Costa e Silva recovered from a stroke.

Disasters
37 were reported dead after a bus plunged into a mountain ravine east of Lima, Peru.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): El Lute--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Honesty--Billy Joel (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
Sally Rand, 75
. Miss Rand, born Helen Beck, was a dancer who performed from the 1920s through the 1970s, and was mainly popular in the 1920s and '30s. Her fan dance, offering glimpses of her body and hints of nudity, made her famous, resulting in occasional arrests, but no serious consequences.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department disclosed that a brigade of 2,000-3,000 Soviet combat troops was currently stationed in Cuba. The State Department asserted that the troops did not pose any threat to the U.S., and violated no previous Soviet-American understanding banning offensive weapons from Cuba. The U.S. asked for an explanation from the U.S.S.R.

Politics and government
U.S. President Jimmy Carter designated Donald McHenry the next United States Ambassador to the United Nations, replacing the departed Andrew Young.

Football
CIAU
Alberta (1-0) 40 @ Calgary (0-1) 27

Forrest Kennerd, in his first university game, threw 4 touchdown passes to lead the Golden Bears to an upset win over the Dinosaurs at McMahon Stadium. Sean Kehoe, Dave Brown, Kerry O'Connor, and Rick Paulitsch were on the receiving end of Mr. Kennerd's touchdown passes, and Mr. Paulitsch added another touchdown on the ground. Forrest's twin brother Trevor converted all 5 touchdowns and added a 44-yard field goal and a 31-yard single. Paul Colborne and Greg Vavra split the Calgary quarterbacking, with Mr. Vavra, in his first university game, rushing 4 yards for the Dinosaurs' first touchdown in the third quarter. Darcy Krogh and Vic Stevenson caught touchdown passes for Calgary, while Tony Kuchera converted all 3 and added 35- and 45-yard field goals. Tim Petros led the Dinosaurs' rushing attack with 18 carries for 75 yards.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies, mired in fourth place in the National League East Division, fired manager Danny Ozark and replaced him with Dallas Green. The Phillies had finished first under Mr. Ozark for the previous three years, but had a record of 65-67 in 1979 when the change was made.

Craig Kusick's solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning gave the Toronto Blue Jays a 5-4 win over the Seattle Mariners before 11,254 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Tom Buskey pitched 3 perfect innings of relief to get the win, improving his 1979 record to 6-5.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 9th inning, Don Baylor singled, Willie Aikens drew a base on balls, and Brian Downing singled home Mr. Baylor to break an 8-8 tie as the California Angels edged the Cleveland Indians 9-8 before 10,501 fans at Cleveland Stadium to regain first place in the American League East Division, ½ game ahead of the Kansas City Royals. The Angels had scored 5 runs in the 8th inning on 3 home runs, only to have the Indians rally with 4 to tie after blowing an early 4-0 lead.

Larry Parrish doubled to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning and scored from second base on a 1-out single by pinch hitter Rodney Scott to give the Montreal Expos an 8-7 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 34,820 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. The Expos had scored 2 runs in the 9th to send the game into extra innings.

With 1 out and nobody on base in the top of the 15th inning, Jerry Mumphrey singled and Keith Hernandez followed with a double, scoring Mr. Mumphrey to break a 7-7 tie as the St. Louis Cardinals defeated the San Diego Padres 8-7 before 11,414 fans at San Diego Stadium.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Finnish Singles Chart): London Nights--London Boys (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Lion in a Cage--Dolores Keane (2nd week at #1)

Personal
This blogger put in his final day as librarian at the University of Alberta School of Native Studies.

Britannica
Buckingham Palace confirmed that Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips were separating.

Labour
Arbitrator Thomas Roberts ordered the major league baseball owners to pay $10.5 million in damages as a result of their collusion against free agents after the 1985 season.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (3-5) 39 @ Ottawa (0-8) 30

The first defensive convert in Canadian Football League history proved to be the deciding play as the Lions won their third straight game. Rookie Tony Kimbrough’s third touchdown pass of the game, to Don Johnston, had pulled the Rough Riders into a 30-30 tie with 5:30 remaining in the fourth quarter. On the convert attempt, holder Tom Schimmer fumbled the snap, B.C. defensive back Keith Gooch recovered, and lateralled to linebacker Alondra Johnson, who raced the length of the field to score 2 points for the Lions to give them a 32-30 lead. It was the first such score since a rule change in 1988 had made a fumbled or missed convert attempt a live ball. The Lions put the game away 4 minutes later with a 20-yard touchdown run by Anthony Parker, who finished with 124 yards on 12 carries. B.C. quarterback Matt Dunigan threw 3 touchdown passes, 2 of them to David Williams. Gerald Alphin caught 2 of Mr. Kimbrough’s scoring passes. 18,576 witnessed an entertaining game at Lansdowne Park.

25 years ago
1994


War
The Provisional Irish Republican Army declared a ceasefire, saying it was now time to seek a political solution to its desire to see an end to British rule in Northern Ireland. U.K. Prime Minister John Major said that his government had made no concessions to the IRA.

Defense
Russia officially ended its military presence in the former East Germany and the Baltic states after nearly 50 years.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators was unchanged in July.

20 years ago
1999

Protest

Pro-Indonesian militias inside East Timor resumed attacks against those in the province who desired autonomy or independence from Indonesia. The result of the previous day’s referendum on the subject hadn’t yet been announced.

Terrorism
An explosion in a Moscow shopping centre, the first in a series of bombings, killed one person and injured about 40.

Baseball
Down 12-4, the Cleveland Indians rallied for 10 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to defeat the Anaheim Angels 14-12 before 43,284 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland. First baseman Richie Sexson, who batted 4 for 5, hit a 3-run home run to climax Cleveland's big inning, which followed a 5-run inning by Anaheim in the top of the 8th. Sean DePaula made his major league debut as the fourth of six Cleveland pitchers, entering the game to begin the 8th inning with the Angels leading 7-4. He allowed 1 hit and 4 runs--all earned--in just 1/3 inning, with 3 bases on balls and no strikeouts.

The Minnesota Twins scored 7 runs in the top of the 4th inning to take a 12-0 lead as they amassed 20 hits and coasted to a 14-3 rout of the Toronto Blue Jays before 23,136 fans at SkyDome in Toronto.

John Jaha scored from second base on a single by pinch hitter Rich Becker with 2 out in the top of the 11th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the Oakland Athletics edged the New York Yankees 3-2 before 33,746 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Mike Benjamin singled home Keith Osik with 1 out in the top of the 10th inning to break an 8-8 tie as the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the Colorado Rockies 9-8 before 41,729 fans at Coors Field in Denver. The teams were tied 4-4 after 8 innings, but pinch hitter Kevin Young hit a grand slam in the top of the 9th to give Pittsburgh an 8-4 lead. Colorado rallied with 4 runs in the bottom of the 9th to send the game to extra innings.

10 years ago
2009


Business
Walt Disney Company announced that it was acquiring comic book publisher Marvel Entertainment for $4 billion.

August 30, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Michelle Kent!

410 years ago
1609


Born on this date
Alexander Carew, 2nd Baronet
. English politician. Sir Alexander was elected to the Long Parliament in 1640 and sided with Parliament against Royalists during the English Civil War. He was arrested, prevented from taking his seat, and imprisoned in the Tower of London until being convicted of treason in November 1644 and beheaded on December 23, 1644 at the age of 35.

220 years ago
1799


War
In the Vlieter incident, a squadron of the Batavian Navy, commanded by Rear-Admiral Samuel Story, surrendered without a fight to British forces under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell, near Wieringen, Netherlands.

130 years ago
1889


Literature
Joseph Marshall Stoddardt, managing editor of the U.S. publication Lippincott's Monthly Magazine, which published full-length novels, was in London trying to set up a British version of his magazine. He had dinner that night at the Langham Hotel in Portland Place, where his guests were Irish journalist and Member of Parliament Thomas Patrick Gill, Arthur Conan Doyle, and Oscar Wilde. Mr. Stoddardt commissioned works from Messrs. Doyle and Wilde, which resulted in The Sign of Four--the second Sherlock Holmes novel--by Arthur Conan Doyle, and The Picture of Dorian Gray by Oscar Wilde.

110 years ago
1909


Science
Burgess Shale fossils were discovered in British Columbia by paleontologist Charles Doolittle Walcott.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Wolfgang Wagner
. German opera director. Mr. Wagner, a grandson of composer Richard Wagner, began directing the Bayreuth Festival with his brother Wieland in 1951; after Wieland's death in 1966, Wolfgang assumed total control until 2008. He enjoyed friendly relations with Adolf Hitler, and unfriendly relations with some of his own relatives. Wolfgang Wagner died on March 21, 2010 at the age of 90.

Kitty Wells. U.S. singer. Miss Wells, born Ellen Deason, was the first woman to achieve stardom as a country singer. Beginning with It Wasn't God Who Made Honky Tonk Angels (1952), which reached #1, she placed 29 singles in the Billboard country chart's top 10 through 1965, with Heartbreak U.S.A. (1961) also reaching #1. Miss Wells was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1976, and received a Lifetime Achievement award from the Grammy Awards in 1991. She died on July 16, 2012 at the age of 92.

90 years ago
1929


Baseball
The Pittsburgh Pirates amassed 21 hits as they routed the Chicago Cubs 15-0 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Pie Traynor led the attack, batting 5 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in. Heinie Meine pitched a 3-hitter to improve his 1929 record to 6-4, while losing pitcher Guy Bush dropped to 18-4.

Wally Gilbert reached first base on an error by shortstop Travis Jackson to lead off the bottom of the 10th inning advanced to second on a sacrifice bunt, and scored on a double by Hank DeBerry to give the Brooklyn Robins a 2-1 win over the New York Giants at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Dazzy Vance (10-11) pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Carl Hubbell (14-8), who allowed 8 hits.

75 years ago
1944


War
Two brigades of the First Canadian Corps crossed the Foglia River in Italy and fought their way through the German Gothic Line toward Rimini. Soviet troops captured the Romanian oil centre of Ploesti, cutting off Germany's last major source of natural oil. Moving from the Chinese city of Hengyang, two Japanese columns advanced 11 miles toward the airbase of Kwellin in the province of Kwangsi.

World events
Argentine General Arturo Rawson was put under house arrest in Buenos Aires for participating in demonstrations following the Allies' liberation of Paris from Nazi occupation five days earlier.

Politics and government
A provisional French government was set up in Paris under General Charles de Gaulle.

The national convention of the America First Party nominated Gerald L.K. Smith as its candidate for President of the United States in the November 1944 election, with Harry Romer as the party's vice-presidential candidate.

Defense
The United States Navy reported that 65,000 ships had been built since September 1, 1939, with nearly 36% of the total 9 million tons being combat ships.

Football
NFL
College All-Star Game @ Dyche Stadium, Evanston, Illinois
Chicago Bears 24 College All-Stars 21

The defending NFL champion Bears defeated the College All-Stars before 49,246 fans in the 11th annual Chicago Charities College All-Star Game. It was the second straight--and last--such game to be played on the campus of Northwestern University. In 1945, the game returned to its usual venue of Soldier Field in Chicago.

70 years ago
1949

On the radio

Philo Vance, starring Jackson Beck
Tonight’s episode: The Brotherly Murder Case

Agriculture
U.S. Interior Secretary Julius Krug submitted a $2-billion irrigation development bill for California's Central Valley to Congress. The project would supply water for three million uncultivated acres and provide 8.1 billion kilowatt hours of electricity per year.

Labour
Finnish metal workers ended their strike in order to resume work on ships due to the U.S.S.R. as part of Finland's World War II reparations.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Oui, oui, oui, oui--Jean Phillipe (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
John Corbin, 89
. U.S. drama critic and author. Mr. Corbin was drama critic for Harper's Weekly; The New York Times; and the New York Sun from 1897-1907, and served as literary manager of the New Theatre in New York (1908-1910) and secretary of the Drama Society of New York until 1916. He returned to The New York Times as drama critic (1917-1919) and then as an editorialist. Mr. Corbin wrote several books on drama and other subjects.

Ed Elisian, 32. U.S. auto racing driver. Mr. Elisian competed in the United States Auto Club Championship Series from 1954-1959. He finished 18th in the 1954 Indianapolis 500, which turned out to be his best finish in the race. In the 1955 Indianapolis 500, he stopped his car on the 54th lap in a futile attempt to help Bill Vukovich, who had crashed, and won a sportsmanship award, although incurring the wrath of his car's owner. Mr. Elisian incurred the wrath of fellow drivers when he attempted to take the lead on the first lap of the 1958 Indianapolis 500, and was widely blamed for a 15-car crash that took the life of driver Pat O'Connor. Mr. Elisian was suspended by USAC, reinstated a few days later, but was then suspended for a full year, for among other things, being charged with attempting to pass fraudulent cheques. He was reinstated after the 1959 Indianapolis 500, and was killed in a 200-mile race at the Wisconsin State Fair Grounds, better known as the "Milwaukee Mile," when his car hit an oil slick on the 28th lap, hit a retaining wall, turned over, and caught fire. Mr. Elisian waved his arms and attempted to get out, but was trapped, and it took seven minutes for the fire to be put out.

Asiatica
The title of National Hero of Indonesia was awarded for the first time, to writer-cum-politician Abdul Muis.

Crime
The New York City Police Department shifted 1,400 detectives and other officers to patrol duty to combat rising youth crime.

Transportation
Mayor Sarto Fournier was among those at a ceremony marking the end of streetcar service in Montreal. On November 26, 1861, the first streetcar line was inaugurated in Montreal. The disappearance of these vehicles in 1959 was accompanied by a marked improvement in Montreal's bus network; seven years later, the city inaugurated its first metro (subway).

Auto racing
Rodger Ward won the 200-mile USAC Championship Series race at Wisconsin State Fair Grounds in which Ed Elisian was killed.

Baseball
Early Wynn allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 7 innings to improve his 1959 record to 17-9 and hit a home run to begin the scoring in a 5-run 6th inning for the Chicago White Sox as they beat the Cleveland Indians 6-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 66,586 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Losing pitcher Cal McLish dropped to 16-9. Billy Goodman had 3 hits and 2 runs batted in and Al Smith added 2 hits and 3 RBIs to help the White Sox win the second game 9-4 to complete the sweep, extending their lead over the second-place Indians in the American League pennant race to 5½ games. Barry Latman (8-5) allowed 4 hits and 4 earned runs in 5 innings, but was the winning pitcher over Gary Bell (14-11). Mr. Latman also batted in 2 runs. Cleveland shortstop Woodie Held hit a home run in each game, and right fielder Rocky Colavito hit his 39th homer of the season, a 3-run shot in the second game.

Frank Sullivan (8-8) pitched a 4-hitter, while Gene Stephens singled home a run in the 1st inning and hit a solo home run in the 3rd to help the Boston Red Sox shut out the Baltimore Orioles 3-0 before 11,134 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Don Mossi (12-9) pitched a 3-hitter, singled and scored the winning run in the 7th inning, and hit his first major league home run, a solo blast in the 9th to lead the Detroit Tigers over the Kansas City Athletics 4-0 before 9,500 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. Losing pitcher Bud Daley (15-10) allowed 8 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 8 innings.

Bob Skinner singled home Don Hoak with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 2-1 win over the Philadelphia Phillies in the first game of a doubleheader before 20,015 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Dick Stuart doubled home Mr. Hoak and Bill Virdon with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th to give the Pirates a 7-6 win in the second game to complete the sweep. Philadelphia manager Eddie Sawyer was ejected by home plate umpire Al Barlick during the pre-game meeting before the second game, claiming that the amount of time between games was less than regulation. The Phillies responded by scoring 5 runs in the top of the 1st, and held a 5-0 lead until the Pirates scored a run in the 7th, 2 in the 8th, and 1 in the 9th to send the game to extra innings. Ed Bouchee led off the 10th with a home run to give Philadelphia the lead, but Mr. Hoak singled to lead off the bottom of the inning, and Mr. Virdon drew a base on balls with 1 out.

Errors by third baseman Jackie Brandt and first baseman Willie McCovey allowed the Los Angeles Dodgers to score 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning and defeat the San Francisco Giants 7-6 before 44,391 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, moving to within . Mr. Brandt singled home Daryl Spencer in the top of the 9th to give the Giants a 6-5 lead, but he made an error on a ground ball by Charlie Neal with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th, and Wally Moon followed with a run-scoring triple. Mr. McCovey made an error on a ground ball by pinch hitter Norm Larker, allowing Mr. Moon to score the winning run.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Bad Moon Rising--Creedence Clearwater Revival

#1 single in France: Alors je chante--Rika Zaraï (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Lisa dagli occhi blu--Mario Tessuto (8th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): When the Fields are White with Daisies--Sean Dunphy

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)--Zager & Evans

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)
2 In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)--Zager & Evans
3 Honky Tonk Women/You Can't Always Get What You Want--The Rolling Stones
4 The Ballad of John and Yoko/Old Brown Shoe--The Beatles
5 Give Peace a Chance--Plastic Ono Band
6 Spinning Wheel--Blood, Sweat & Tears
7 My Sentimental Friend--Herman's Hermits
8 Ruby, Don't Take Your Love to Town--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
9 Dear Prudence--Doug Parkinson in Focus
10 Along Came Jones--Ray Stevens

Singles entering the chart were A Boy Named Sue by Johnny Cash (#20); Part Three Into Paper Walls/The Girl that I Love by Russell Morris (#25); Something in the Air by Thunderclap Newman (#37); and Love Theme from "Romeo and Juliet" by Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus (#40).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)--Zager & Evans (3rd week at #1)
2 Saved by the Bell--Robin Gibb
3 Venus--Shocking Blue
4 Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones
5 Ruby Don't Take Your Love to Town--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
6 Don't Forget to Remember--The Bee Gees
7 Scarlet Ribbons--The Cats
8 Ma Belle Amie--Tee-Set
9 In the Ghetto--Elvis Presley
10 Je t'aime...mon non plus--Jane Birkin avec Serge Gainsbourg

Singles entering the chart were Bloody Mary by Tom & Dick (#22); Pinch Me by Ohio Express (#35); A Boy Named Sue by Johnny Cash (#38); and I Can't See Nobody by Marbles (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)
2 A Boy Named Sue--Johnny Cash
3 Sugar, Sugar--The Archies
4 Put a Little Love in Your Heart--Jackie DeShannon
5 Sweet Caroline (Good Times Never Seemed So Good)--Neil Diamond
6 Get Together--The Youngbloods
7 Green River--Creedence Clearwater Revival
8 In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)--Zager & Evans
9 Lay Lady Lay--Bob Dylan
10 Crystal Blue Persuasion--Tommy James and the Shondells

Singles entering the chart were What's the Use of Breaking Up by Jerry Butler (#64); Sugar on Sunday by the Clique (#78); Daddy's Little Man by O.C. Smith (#83); By the Time I Get to Phoenix by Isaac Hayes (#88); No One for Me to Turn To by the Spiral Starecase (#89); I Want You to Know by the New Colony Six (#90); Sad Girl by the Intruders (#91); The Ways to Love a Man by Tammy Wynette (#96); Black Berries (Part 1) by the Isley Brothers (#99); and Get Off My Back Woman by B.B. King (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones (3rd week at #1)
2 A Boy Named Sue--Johnny Cash
3 Sweet Caroline (Good Times Never Seemed So Good)--Neil Diamond
4 Put a Little Love in Your Heart--Jackie DeShannon
5 Sugar, Sugar--The Archies
6 Green River--Creedence Clearwater Revival
7 Get Together--The Youngbloods
8 Lay Lady Lay--Bob Dylan
9 Laughing--The Guess Who
10 Polk Salad Annie--Tony Joe White

Singles entering the chart were Rain by Jose Feliciano (#75); Don't Forget to Remember by the Bee Gees (#76); Carry Me Back by the Rascals (#77); Don't it Make You Want to Go Home by Joe South and the Believers (#79); Hook and Sling (Part 1) by Eddie Bo (#81); Black Berries (Part 1) by the Isley Brothers (#85); Máh-Ná-Mah-Ná (#87); We Gotta All Get Together by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#88); Runnin' Blue by the Doors (#90); Oh How Happy by Blinky & Edwin Starr (#93); Armstrong by John Stewart (#95); MacArthur Park by Waylon Jennings and the Kimberlys (#96); Sausalito (Is the Place to Go) by Ohio Express (#97); and Tracy by the Cuff Links (#99). Máh-Ná-Mah-Ná was taken from the soundtrack of the movie Sweden Heaven and Hell (1968).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 When I Die--Motherlode (2nd week at #1)
2 Laughing--The Guess Who
3 A Boy Named Sue--Johnny Cash
4 Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones
5 Sweet Caroline (Good Times Never Seemed So Good)--Neil Diamond
6 Sugar, Sugar--The Archies
7 Get Together--The Youngbloods
8 Give Peace a Chance--Plastic Ono Band
9 Canadian Pacific--George Hamilton IV
10 Lay Lady Lay--Bob Dylan

Singles entering the chart were Don't Forget to Remember by the Bee Gees (#78); Carry Me Back by the Rascals (#79); What's the Use of Breaking Up by Jerry Butler (#83); Black Berries (Part 1) by the Isley Brothers (#85); We Gotta All Get Together by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#86); Runnin' Blue by the Doors (#94); Máh-Ná-Mah-Ná (#97); Sad Girl by the Intruders (#99); and Tracy by the Cuff Links (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones
2 Sugar, Sugar--The Archies
3 Lay Lady Lay--Bob Dylan
4 The Ballad of John and Yoko--The Beatles
5 Give Peace a Chance--Plastic Ono Band
6 Ruby, Don't Take Your Love to Town--Kenny Rogers and the First Edition
7 Get Together--The Youngbloods
8 Polk Salad Annie--Tony Joe White
9 Soul Deep--The Box Tops
10 In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)--Zager and Evans
Pick hit of the week: Change of Heart--Dennis Yost and the Classics IV

Died on this date
Stew Bolen, 66
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Bolen played with the St. Louis Browns (1926-1927) and Philadelphia Phillies (1931-1932), compiling a record of 3-13 with an earned run average of 6.09 in 41 games. He played 15 seasons in the minor leagues from 1924-1939, winning at least 190 games. His best years were with the Baltimore Orioles of the Class AA International League (1928-1930), posting respective records of 21-16, 19-14, and 19-9.

Tim McKeithan, 62. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. McKeithan played with the Philadelphia Athletics (1932-1934), compiling a record of 1-1 with an earned run average of 7.36 in 10 games. He was 13-16 with a 5.08 ERA in 75 games in the minor leagues from 1933-1935. Mr. McKeithan was fatally shot in the stomach; Britt Teseniar, 53, was charged with murder.

Baseball
The Seattle Pilots traded outfielder Tommy Davis to the Houston Astros for outfielders Danny Walton and Sandy Valdespino. Mr. Davis was batting .271 with 6 home runs and 80 runs batted in in 123 games with Seattle in 1969. Mr. Walton batted .332 with 25 home runs and 119 runs batted in in 132 games with the Oklahoma City 89ers of the AAA American Association in 1969, and was named Minor League Player of the Year by The Sporting News. Mr. Valdespino was batting .244 with no home runs and 12 RBIs in 41 games with Houston and .275 with no homers and 16 RBIs in 43 games with Oklahoma City in 1969.

The Washington Senators overcame second baseman Tim Cullen’s errors on 3 consecutive ground balls to beat the Oakland Athletics 11-3 before 10,553 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. Frank Howard led the attack with 4 hits (including his 41st home run of the season) and his first stolen base in 3 years as the Senators took an 11-0 lead, before Mr. Cullen's errors allowed the Athletics to score 3 unearned runs in the 8th inning. Dick Bosman started on the mound for Washington and allowed 4 hits in 6 innings to get the win, improving his 1969 record to 11-5.

Dick Drago (7-11) pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Stan Bahnsen (7-13), who allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 7 innings as the Kansas City Royals scored both runs in the 6th inning and shut out the New York Yankees 2-0 before 10,121 fans at Yankee Stadium.

Luis Aparicio doubled home Walt Williams and scored on a single by Woodie Held with 1 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Chicago White Sox a 6-5 win over the Cleveland Indians before 3,573 fans at White Sox Park. The Indians led 5-1 after 6½ innings, but the White Sox scored 3 in the 7th to make the score 5-4. Mr. Williams batted 4 for 5 with 3 runs and a run batted in, while Mr. Aparicio was 3 for 5 with 3 RBIs. Lou Klimchock played the first 6 innings at first base for Cleveland, batting 3 for 3 with a double and 2 RBIs.

The Boston Red Sox took a 7-0 lead and withstood a 5-run 7th-inning rally to defeat the Minnesota Twins 7-5 before 19,917 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Boston second baseman Mike Andrews batted 3 for 4 with a base on balls, home run, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in, with Tony Conigliaro and Syd O'Brien also homering for Boston, allowing Jim Nash to improve his 1969 record to 10-2 despite allowing 5 earned runs in the 7th.

The Chicago Cubs scored 4 runs in the first 2 innings and held on to defeat the Atlanta Braves 5-4 before 26,630 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Larry Maxie, the third of four Atlanta pitchers, allowed 1 hit, 1 run--earned--with 1 base on balls and 1 strikeout in 2 innings in his first major league game.

Donn Clendenon hit a solo home run with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the New York Mets edged the San Francisco Giants 3-2 before 14,436 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, remaining 3½ games behind the first-place Cubs in the National League East Division pennant race. San Francisco first baseman Willie McCovey doubled into an inning-ending double play in the 9th inning. Bob Burda singled with 1 out, and Mr. McCovey doubled down the left field line. New York catcher Jerry Grote waited casually at home plate as though no throw was coming, but left fielder Rod Gaspar threw to him, and Mr. Grote tagged out Mr. Burda. Mr. Grote, apparently thinking there were 3 out, rolled the ball back to the mound; Mr. Clendenon, the first baseman, picked up the ball and threw to third baseman Bobby Pfeil, who tagged out Mr. McCovey at third base.

Claude Osteen (18-11) allowed 4 hits in 7 2/3 innings before leaving with a pulled groin muscle winning the pitchers' duel over Jerry Johnson (6-11) as the Los Angeles Dodgers shut out the Philadelphia Phillies 2-0 before 35,753 fans at Dodger Stadium. Mr. Osteen batted 2 for 3, and singled as part of a 2-run 5th inning.

40 years ago
1979


Died on this date
Jean Seberg, 40
. U.S. actress. Miss Seberg began her movie career by playing the title role in Saint Joan (1957) after being chosen as the winner of a nationwide talent search. The film bombed, with Miss Seberg's performance being heavily criticized. She moved to France and became a star of French New Wave Films such as À bout de souffle (Breathless) (1960). Miss Seberg primarily made movies in Europe in the 1960s and '70s, making the occasional Hollywood film such as Paint Your Wagon (1969). She supported fashionable liberal causes, and her support for the Black Panthers led the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation to conduct a campaign of surveillance and disinformation about her as part of their CONTELPRO program. A false story created by the FBI claimed that Miss Seberg was pregnant with the child of a black panther, and she blamed the lie for her premature labour and death of her daughter at the age of two days. Miss Seberg reportedly never recovered from the FBI's harassment, which continued through the 1970s, and she was found dead on the back seat of her car in Paris on September 8, 1979, nine days after disappearing from her home. Paris police ruled her death a probable suicide from an overdose of barbiturates, but conspiracy theories abound. Miss Seberg's second husband, French writer Romain Gary, blamed the FBI for Miss Seberg's death.

Terrorism
Two suspected members of the Irish Republican Army were charged with the murder on August 27 of Lord Louis Mountbatten.

Scandal
U.S. presidential aide Richard Harden was alleged to have perjured himself in testimony to the grand jury investigating a supposed plan to fix the legal problems of fugitive financier Robert Vesco.

Oil
The chief of Iran’s national oil company in Tehran said that the shipment of two million gallons of diesel oil and kerosene bought from the United States wasn’t needed, and would instead be sold at a higher price on the world market.

Business
Chrysler Corporation’s two top executives, president Lee Iacocca and chairman John Riccardo, announced that they would reduce their salaries to $1 a year for two years unless the company returned to profitability before then.

Labour
The United Auto Workers picked General Motors as a "target company" in negotiations for a new contract that would set the pace for other auto industry agreements in the fall.

Disasters
A Peruvian cargo ship travelling down the Mississippi River veered out of control and rammed a butane tank barge, setting off a huge fireball and killing four people.

Tennis
In a classic, tumultuous second-round United States Open match, notorious Ilie Nastase lost to infamous John McEnroe in four sets after Nastase had been held in default by the umpire only to be reinstated by the referee. Both players hurled invectives at each other in the televised night match and play was delayed some 20 minutes while fans erupted, tossing beer cans and other trash on the court.



30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Licence to Kill--Gladys Knight (6th week at #1)

At the movies
Les noces de papier (The Paper Wedding), directed by Michel Brault and starring Geneviève Bujold, Manuel Aranguiz, and Dorothée Berryman, received its premiere screening.

Died on this date
Seymour Krim, 67
. U.S. writer. Mr. Krim was a writer of the "Beat Generation" in the 1950s and '60s, writing reviews and essays for various newspapers and magazines. He committed suicide with an overdose of barbiturates after years of declining health.

World events
The U. S. State Department advised American citizens in Colombia to consider leaving that country. 11,000 people had been arrested since the August 18 assassination by hitmen of presidential candidate Luis Carlos Galan.

Scandal
A U.S. federal jury in New York found "hotel queen" Leona Helmsley guilty of income tax evasion but acquitted her of extortion.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (4-4) 19 @ Edmonton (7-1) 45

31,667 fans at Commonwealth Stadium saw the Eskimos score 31 points in the 4th quarter to beat the Roughriders. Tracy Ham threw touchdown passes to Craig Ellis and Keith Wright, ran for another touchdown, and handed off to Michael Soles for another touchdown on the game’s last play. The Eskimos rolled up 228 yards rushing, led by Reggie Taylor’s 79 yards on 12 carries. Jeff Fairholm scored both Saskatchewan touchdowns, one on a 58-yard pass from Tom Burgess in the 2nd quarter, and the other on a 42-yard pass from Kent Austin in the 4th quarter, finishing with 5 receptions for 129 yards. The Eskimos amassed 32 first downs and 435 yards in net offense. The Edmonton defense snagged 4 interceptions off the Roughrider quarterbacks; 3 of the picks were by Enis Jackson, and the other was by Larry Wruck.

CIAU
Alberta (0-1) 9 @ British Columbia (1-0) 18

Jim Stewart rushed 28 times for 180 yards as the Thunderbirds rolled up 26 first downs and 427 yards net offense at Thunderbird Stadium in Vancouver. The only UBC touchdown came on a 1-yard run by Scott Findlay with 1:22 left in the game. Roger Hennig converted and added 3 field goals and 2 singles. The Golden Bears, who picked up just 7 first downs, scored on a 58-yard pass from Jeff Steinberg to Jason Whaley, converted by Steve Kasowski.

25 years ago
1994


Died on this date
Lindsay Anderson, 71
. Indian-born U.K. film director. Mr. Anderson was theatre producer and film critic who directed such movies as This Sporting Life (1963); If... (1968); O Lucky Man! (1973); Britannia Hospital (1982); and The Whales of August (1987).

Diplomacy
The United Nations Security Council condemned the violations of international law and human rights by the Haitian government, which was being controlled by Haiti's military.

Business
The Lockheed and Martin Marietta corporations agreed to a merger that would create the largest U.S. defense contractor, to be called Lockheed Martin. The two existing companies had annual sales of nearly $23 billion.

20 years ago
1999


Died on this date
Warren Huston, 85
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Huston was an infielder with the Philadelphia Athletics (1937) and Boston Braves (1944), batting .165 with no home runs and 4 runs batted in in 71 games. He played at least 4 seasons in the minor leagues from 1938-1945.

World events
Residents of East Timor voted to secede from Indonesia in a referendum sponsored by the United Nations.

Baseball
Second baseman Edgardo Alfonzo batted 6 for 6 with 3 home runs and a double, 6 runs, and 5 runs batted in to lead the New York Mets to a 17-1 rout of the Houston Astros before 28,032 fans at the Astrodome.

Barry Bonds' second home run of the game, a 2-run blow with none out in the bottom of the 11th inning, gave the San Francisco Giants a 6-4 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 13,193 fans at 3Com Park at Candlestick Point in San Francisco.

Thursday, 29 August 2019

August 29, 2019

1,080 years ago
939


Died on this date
Kangzong
. Emperor of China, 935-939; Li Chunyan. Empress of China, 935-939. Kangzong, born Wang Jipeng, aka Wang Chang, succeeded his father Emperor Huizong on the throne of the Min dynasty. He came out on the losing end of a power struggle, and he and Empress Li, their sons, and Wang Jigong were executed. Kangzong was succeeded as Emperor by Jingzong.

1,010 years ago
1009


Disasters
Mainz Cathedral suffered extensive damage from a fire, which destroyed the building on the day of its inauguration.

250 years ago
1769


Died on this date
Edmond Hoyle, 96 or 97
. U.K. author. Mr. Hoyle published various books of rules of card games and other games, inspiring the phrase "according to Hoyle."

220 years ago
1799


Died on this date
Pius VI, 81
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1775-1799. Pius VI, born Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi, succeeded Clement XIV. Pius VI was Pope during and after the French Revolution; he condemned the revolution and the resulting suppression of the Gallican Church. Pius VI refused to renounce papal authority in the face of invading French troops in 1798, and was taken prisoner and eventually taken into exile in France, where he died six weeks after his arrival. He was succeeded as Pope by Pius VII.

210 years ago
1809


Born on this date
Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr.
U.S. physician and writer. Dr. Holmes advocated medical reforms such as the improvement of hygiene and the use of the stethoscope, but became better known as one of New England's Fireside Poets. He also wrote prose, including collections of essays such as The Autocrat at the Breakfast-Table (1858). Dr. Holmes died on October 7, 1894 at the age of 85. His son Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1902-1932.

175 years ago
1844


Died on this date
Edmund Ignatius Rice, 82
. Irish missionary. Mr. Rice founded the Roman Catholic orders the Christian Brothers and the Presentation Brothers in 1802; the two orders eventually split into separate organizations. Mr. Rice died after years of declining health.

150 years ago
1869


Transportation
The Mount Washington Cog Railway opened in Coos County, New Hampshire, making it the world's first mountain-climbing rack railway.

120 years ago
1899


Born on this date
George Denny
. U.S. broadcaster. Mr. Denny was the moderator and producer of the radio program America's Town Meeting of the Air (1935-1952) and was executive director of the League for Political Education (1937-1951). He died of a cerebral hemorrhage on November 11, 1959, at the age of 60.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Baz Bastien
. Canadian-born hockey goaltender, coach, and executive. Mr. Bastien, a native of Timmins, Ontario, played 5 games with the Toronto Maple Leafs in 1945-46, posting a 0-4-1 record with a goals against average of 4.00. He was more successful in the American Hockey League, playing with the Pittsburgh Hornets from 1945-49, winning First Team All-Star honours in his last three seasons and winning the Hap Holmes Memorial Trophy in his last two seasons for having the best goals against average. Mr. Bastien's playing career ended on September 20, 1949 when he lost his right eye after being struck by a screen shot during the Toronto Maple Leafs' training camp. Three months later, he was named the Hornets' coach, succeeding Bob Davidson, who had moved to the Maple Leafs' front office. Mr. Bastien served several tours of duty as coach or general manager of the Hornets, coaching them to the Calder Cup championship in 1966. He later moved to the NHL as assistant general manager of the Detroit Red Wings and Kansas City Scouts before becoming general manager of the Pittsburgh Penguins in 1976. Despite limited success, Mr. Bastien remained in his position until his death on March 15, 1983 at the age of 63, when he was driving home after attending a Professional Hockey Writers Association Dinner in Pittsburgh, and collided with a motorcycle, suffering a fractured skull and then a heart attack.

90 years ago
1929


At the movies
Gold Diggers of Broadway, directed by Roy Del Ruth, and starring Winnie Lightner, Nick Lucas, and others, received its premiere screening in New York City.



80 years ago
1939

Baseball

The Detroit Tigers scored a run in the bottom of the 9th inning off Johnny Murphy to beat the New York Yankees 7-6 before 11,397 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit, ending the Yankees’ winning streak at 10. Joe DiMaggio, hitting .403, had tied the game with a 3-run home run in the top of the 9th.

75 years ago
1944


Died on this date
Attik, 59
. Greek songwriter. Attik, whose real name was Kleon Triantafyllou, was a pianist who wrote love songs in a career spanning at least 35 years until he committed suicide by taking an overdose of his sedative medicine, after a long bout with depression.

War
The Slovak National Uprising began when 60,000 Slovak troops turned against occupying German troops. U.S. forces in France closed in on Rheims, north of Pons, and captured Cuvergnon and Soissons. Soviet forces combined a 65-mile overland drive with an 82-mile amphibious operation to capture the Romanian Black Sea port of Constanta.

Abominations
Polish and Soviet authorities reported that about 1.5 million people had been systematically murdered at the Maidanek concentration camp at Lublin.

Diplomacy
The Dumbarton Oaks Conference in Washington reached agreement on an assembly of sovereign nations; a smaller council of "principal states" supplemented by rotating representation of other states; and an international court of justice and "other means" to maintain world order.

Politics and government
The Republican Party opened its 1944 U.S. presidential campaign with national radio broadcasts by Governors Earl Warren (California); Dwight Green (Illinois); and Raymond Baldwin (Connecticut).

70 years ago
1949


On the radio
Murder By Experts, hosted by John Dickson Carr, on MBS
Today’s episode: It’s Luck that Counts

Literature
The novel Call it Treason by George Howe was published in New York by Viking Press.

Abominations
The U.S.S.R. successfully conducted its first nuclear weapons test, detonating the 22-kiloton RDS-1.

Defense
Military leaders from the U.S.S.R. and other Eastern European countries met in Sofia during sessions of the Council for Economic Mutual Assistance, giving rise to rumours of an impending invasion of Yugoslavia.

Medicine
In the first application of a nuclear device in cancer therapy, a 22-volt belatron was used to treat two cancer patients at the University of Illinois at Chicago hospital.

Agriculture
U.S. President Harry Truman signed a bill authorizing limitation of 1950 cotton acreage to 21 million acres.

Labour
A U.S. federal district court in Honolulu upheld the legality of the government's seizure of Hawaiian docks for the duration of the 121-day-old longshoremen's strike.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): The Battle of New Orleans--Johnny Horton (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Arrivederci--Don Marino Barreto Jr. (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Am Tag, als der Regen kam--Dalida (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Only Sixteen--Craig Douglas

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Three Bells--The Browns
2 There Goes My Baby--The Drifters
3 Sea of Love--Phil Phillips with the Twilights
4 Lavender-Blue--Sammy Turner
5 A Big Hunk o' Love--Elvis Presley
6 Sleep Walk--Santo & Johnny
7 What'd I Say (Part I)--Ray Charles and his Orchestra
8 I'm Gonna Get Married--Lloyd Price
9 My Heart is an Open Book--Carl Dobkins, Jr.
10 Broken-Hearted Melody--Sarah Vaughan

Singles entering the chart were Mack the Knife by Bobby Darin (#65); Mary Lou by Ronnie Hawkins and the Hawks (#70); Sal's Got a Sugar Lip by Johnny Horton (#77); Somethin' Else by Eddie Cochran (#83); Don't Tell Me Your Troubles by Don Gibson (#85); True True Happiness by Johnny Tillotson (#89); No Wheels by the Chordettes (#92); Okefenokee by Freddy Cannon (#93); I'm a Hog for You by the Coasters (#95); The Rockin' Lady (From New Orleans) by Penny Candy (#98); Tres Chic by Geoff Gilmore and the Sheiks (#99); and Billy Boy's Tune (Billy Boy’s Funeral March) by the Three Graces (#100).

Died on this date
Charles Fama, 70
. Italian-born U.S. physician. Dr. Fama, a native of Sicily, moved to New York with his family at the age of 10. He was a medical examiner for New York City's employee pension system, but was best known as a leader of the city's anti-Fascist Italian-American community during World War II. Dr. Fama was a Protestant who wrote and spoke against the Roman Catholic Church, incurring the wrath of Catholics in New York. His works included the booklet, co-written with Augustine Burle, Mussolini's Persecution of Freemasons (1938).

Diplomacy
Japan established diplomatic relations with Hungary for the first time since World War II.

Detailed "continuing cases of aggression" by Communist China in the Northeast Frontier Agency and the Ladakh region of Jammu-Kashmir, Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru told Parliament that China refused to recognize the 1914 McMahon Line.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Ottawa (0-3) 1 @ Hamilton (3-0) 34

WIFU
Winnipeg (3-2) 61 @ Saskatchewan (0-4) 8

ORFU
Kitchener-Waterloo (1-2) 13 @ Sarnia (3-0) 14
Detroit (0-3) 20 @ London (2-1) 30

Winnipeg quarterback Jim Van Pelt set a Canadian Football League single-game record (since broken) with 7 touchdown passes as the Blue Bombers routed the Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina. He was pulled from the game in favour of Kenny Ploen after his sixth touchdown pass, but when it was brought to Bud Grant’s attention that Mr. Van Pelt had a shot at a record, the Blue Bomber head coach put his starter back in. Mr. Ploen threw a touchdown pass of his own during his time at quarterback. Ernie Pitts caught 5 of the touchdown passes (4 from Mr. Van Pelt, 1 from Mr. Ploen), a record yet unequalled.

Joe Reaves and Fran Rogel scored touchdowns, both converted by Ernie White, as the Golden Bears edged the Dutchmen at Norm Perry Park. Bill McCoy and Ted Meyer scored K-W touchdowns, with Mike Norcia adding a convert.

Don Beattie, Earl Kaiser, Larry Aldrich, and Al Bruno scored touchdowns for the Lords in their win over the Raiders at Labatt Park. Coach Bruno added a field goal, convert, and single. Richard Neeley, Mr. Richmond, and Bob Barrett scored Detroit touchdowns, with Mario Pisonelli kicking 2 converts.

50 years ago
1969


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Bad Moon Rising--Creedence Clearwater Revival (2nd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones (4th week at #1)
2 Sugar, Sugar--The Archies
3 A Boy Named Sue--Johnny Cash
4 Give Peace a Chance--Plastic Ono Band
5 Commotion/Green River--Creedence Clearwater Revival
6 Simple Song of Freedom--Tim Hardin
7 Which Way You Goin' Billy?--The Poppy Family
8 Put a Little Love in Your Heart--Jackie DeShannon
9 My Cherie Amour--Stevie Wonder
10 Goo Goo Barabajagal (Love is Hot)--Donovan with the Jeff Beck Group

Singles entering the chart were Maybe the Rain Will Fall by the Cascades (#23); What Kind of Fool Do You Think I Am by Bill Deal & the Rhondels (#27); I'm a Better Man by Engelbert Humperdinck (#28); Lodi by Al Wilson (#29); and This Girl is a Woman Now by Gary Puckett and the Union Gap (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Sugar, Sugar--The Archies
2 Honky Tonk Women--The Rolling Stones
3 A Boy Named Sue--Johnny Cash
4 Give Peace a Chance--Plastic Ono Band
5 That's the Way God Planned It--Billy Preston
6 Lay Lady Lay--Bob Dylan
7 True Grit--Glen Campbell
8 Get Together--The Youngbloods
9 In the Year 2525 (Exordium & Terminus)--Zager and Evans
10 Goo Goo Barabajagal (Love is Hot)--Donovan with the Jeff Beck Group

Music
Steppenwolf performed at the Edmonton Gardens.

Terrorism
An Arab man and woman with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine hijacked a TWA jet over southern Italy, diverting the Boeing 707, bound for Athens and Tel Aviv, to Damascus. The 113 passengers and crew, including several Israelis and Americans, were reported safe. The hijacking was described as a counterblow against the U.S. sale of Phantom jet fighters to Israel. It was the 42nd hijacking of an American plane since 1961 and the first outside the western hemisphere.

Politics and government
The Progress Party, led by Kofi Abrefa Busia, won 105 of 140 seats in the Ghanaian parliamentary election. The election was Ghana's first since the 1966 coup which had toppled President Kwame Nkrumah. The National Alliance of Liberals was second with 29 seats, with no other party winning more than 2.

The British and Northern Irish governments announced agreement on a series of civil rights reforms designed to ease the causes of religious strife by ending discrimination against the Roman Catholic minority in Northern Ireland.

Baseball
First baseman Joe Pepitone quit the New York Yankees after being fined $500 for leaving the bench during a game. He returned to the team on September 1.

The Oakland Athletics scored 2 runs in the 8th inning and 3 in the 9th to break a 0-0 tie and defeat the Washington Senators 5-0 before 16,780 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington. Jim Nash allowed 2 hits in 7 innings and was credited with the win, evening his 1969 record at 7-7. Washington starter Jim Hannan was removed after giving up 6 hits and 6 bases on balls, but no runs in 6 2/3 innings; he was relieved by Barry Moore, who took the loss, dropping to 8-7.

Andy Messersmith (13-8) and Jim McGlothlin (7-12) were the respective winning pitchers as the California Angels swept a doubleheader from the Baltimore Orioles 6-2 and 2-1 before 13,350 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore, with Dave McNally (17-5) and Jim Hardin (5-5) taking the losses.

Two sensational catches by rookie outfielder Oscar Gamble in the 9th inning preserved a 2-1 win for the Chicago Cubs over the Atlanta Braves before 36,413 fans at Atlanta Stadium, increasing the Cubs’ lead over the New York Mets in the National League East Division to 3½ games. Bill Hands (16-11) pitched a 6-hitter to win the pitcher's duel over Pat Jarvis (10-9).

Al Oliver doubled home Matty Alou and Roberto Clemente with 2 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the Houston Astros 4-2 before 20,405 fans at the Astrodome. The runs in the 10th inning were unearned, as Mr. Alou had struck out, but reached first base on a passed ball by catcher Johnny Edwards. Bob Moose (9-2) pitched 3 perfect innings in relief of Bob Veale to get the win, while Jim Bouton, in his first start in a Houston uniform since being acquired from the Seattle Pilots, pitched a 9-hit complete game defeat, striking out 11 batters.

Juan Marichal (16-9) pitched a 4-hitter and Bobby Bonds hit a 3-run home run to climax a 4-run 1st inning as the San Francisco Giants shut out the New York Mets 4-0 before 13,843 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

Al Santorini (6-12) pitched a 2-hitter and the San Diego Padres scored all their runs in the 3rd inning as they shut out the Montreal Expos 3-0 before 3,822 fans at San Diego Stadium.

40 years ago
1979


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): I Don't Like Mondays--The Boomtown Rats (4th week at #1)

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. called on Israel to halt its pre-emptive strikes against southern Lebanon, and called on the Palestine Liberation Organization to end its attacks on Israel and withdraw from the border area.

Crime
Dr. Jeffrey MacDonald, 35, was convicted of the 1970 killing of his pregnant wife and two young daughters when he was a Green Beret captain at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. According to the prosecution, Dr. MacDonald had a fight with his wife on February 17, 1970, and became so enraged that he killed her in a "brief, tragic moment," killed his older daughter while in the rage, and later decided that he would have to kill the younger daughter in order to establish a defense. Dr. MacDonald had claimed that his apartment had been invaded by at least four young people who chanted, "Acid is groovy, kill the pigs." He said he was wakened by screams and was beaten and stabbed by two young men. The prosecution contended that Dr. MacDonald inflicted wounds upon himself to support his story, and introduced a blood-stained issue of Esquire magazine found in the living room that contained an article about the Charles Manson "family," who had murdered actress Sharon Tate and others in August 1969.

Football
CFL
Montreal (4-3) 29 @ Ottawa (3-3-1) 31

Martin Cox, playing his first game in the Canadian Football League, caught 7 passes for 180 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Rough Riders’ attack as they edged the Alouettes at Lansdowne Park. Defensive back Dickie Harris returned a Gerry Organ punt 59 yards for one of the Montreal touchdowns.

Baseball
Rick Manning singled home Mike Hargrove from second base with 2 out to climax a 5-run 9th-inning rally as the Cleveland Indians beat the Seattle Mariners 5-4 in the first game of a doubleheader before 6,598 fans at Cleveland Stadium. A 2-run home run by Toby Harrah in the 3rd inning held up for a 2-1 win for the Indians in the second game to complete the sweep, as Rick Waits allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 7 1/3 innings to win the pitcher's duel over Wayne Twitchell, who allowed 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 6 innings.

The Kansas City Royals scored 5 runs in the 1st inning, 4 in the 3rd, and 8 in the 4th as they blasted the Milwaukee Brewers 18-8 before 22,761 fans at Royals Stadium. Each team hit 3 home runs. Milwaukee third baseman Sal Bando moved to the mound as a relief pitcher for the 4th through 6th innings, followed by second baseman Jim Gantner for an inning, and catcher Buck Martinez for an inning. Mr. Bando, who finished the game at second base, allowed 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 3 innings, while Mr. Gantner allowed 2 hits in a scoreless 7th inning and Mr. Martinez allowed 1 hit, 1 base on balls, and 1 run--earned--in the 8th.

Scott McGregor pitched an 8-hitter for the Baltimore Orioles as they shut out the Minnesota Twins 4-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 11,470 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. Eddie Murray hit 3 consecutive home runs and drove in all the Baltimore runs in the second game as the Orioles won 7-5 to complete the sweep.

George Scott's 3-run home run opened the scoring in a 5-run 2nd inning for the New York Yankees as they overcame a 3-0 deficit and defeated the Texas Rangers 7-5 before 18,117 fans at Arlington Stadium. Mr. Scott's homer was his first since being acquired from the Kansas City Royals three days earlier, and was the 271st and last of his 14-year major league career.

30 years ago
1989


Politics and government
The Iranian parliament approved all 22 cabinet nominees of new President Hojatolislam Hashemi Rafsanjani. The move was seen as a strong endorsement of a shift toward less radical policies.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. economy grew at a 2.7% annual rate in the second quarter of 1989, much higher than the previous 1.7% estimate.

Football
CFL
Toronto (4-4) 6 @ Winnipeg (4-4) 34

Winnipeg quarterback Sean Salisbury threw 2 touchdown passes to Ken Winey and 1 to Jeff Smith, and backup quarterback Lee Saltz completed a touchdown pass to Perry Tuttle. Argo quarterback Gilbert Renfroe completed just 13 of 34 passes, and threw 4 interceptions; John Congemi was no better in relief, completing 2 of 6 passes with 2 interceptions. Two of the Blue Bomber interceptions were by Rod Hill, giving him 6 for the season. The Blue Bomber defense held Gill Fenerty to 7 yards rushing on 4 carries.

CIAU
Calgary (1-0) 22 @ Manitoba (0-1) 10

Baseball
The Chicago Cubs, trailing 9-0 after 5 innings, came back to beat the Houston Astros 10-9 in 10 innings before 25,829 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Outfielder Dwight Smith, who had entered the game as a defensive replacement, drove in 3 runs, including the tying and winning runs, and threw out a runner at home plate.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I Swear--All-4-One (6th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Can You Feel the Love Tonight--Elton John (4th week at #1)
2 Stay (I Missed You)--Lisa Loeb & Nine Stories
3 Prayer for the Dying--Seal
4 Love is Strong--Rolling Stones
5 Black Hole Sun--Soundgarden
6 Wild Night--John Mellencamp with Me’shell Ndegeocello
7 You Better Wait--Steve Perry
8 Sun's Gonna Rise--Sass Jordan
9 Could I Be Your Girl--Jann Arden
10 Afternoons and Coffeespoons--Crash Test Dummies

Singles entering the chart were Fire on Babylon by Sinead O'Connor (#84); Good Enough by Sarah Mclauchlan (#88); Good Times by Edie Brickell (#89); Sweet Sensual Love by Big Mountain (#90); Nowhere is There Freedom by Traffic (#91); Basket Case by Green Day (#93); Let it Go by The Artist Formerly Known as Prince (Love Symbol) (#94); and You Gotta Be by Des'ree (#97).

Politics and government
Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization signed an agreement under which Israel agreed to shift administrative functions throughout the West Bank to the Palestinian National Authority. The PNA, which would assume responsibilities in the areas of health, welfare, education, tourism, and taxation, promised to establish an effective means of collecting taxes.

Swimming
21-year-old Carlos Costa of Toronto, who had been born with no bones below his knees, swam across the 60-kilometre-wide Straits of Messina in 23.5 hours, becoming the first disabled athlete to complete a double-crossing of the Strait.

20 years ago
1999

Baseball

Albert Belle batted 4 for 5 with 4 doubles, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in to help the Baltimore Orioles defeat the Detroit Tigers 11-4 before 37,911 fans in the Orioles' last game at Tiger Stadium.

The Montreal Expos scored 5 runs in the 5th inning and 3 in the 6th as they came back from a 5-0 deficit to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 8-6 before 10,291 fans at Olympic Stadium.

Chipper Jones hit a solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Atlanta Braves defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 4-3 before 45,559 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

Phil Nevin led off the bottom of the 10th inning with a single and scored on a sacrifice fly by Dave Magadan to give the San Diego Padres a 5-4 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 22,997 fans at Qualcomm Stadium in San Diego. The Padres scored single runs in each of the last 3 innings. Buddy Carlyle made his major league debut as the Padres' starting pitcher, allowing 2 hits and 4 runs--1 earned--in 7 innings, with 2 bases on balls and 5 strikeouts, and batting 1 for 1 with a base on balls and a run.

10 years ago
2009


Football
CFL
Hamilton (4-4) 30 @ Edmonton (5-3) 31

Noel Prefontaine's third field goal of the game, a 49-yard kick with 54 seconds remaining in regulation time, gave the Eskimos their only lead of the game and the victory over the Tiger-Cats before 35,036 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Hamilton quarterback Kevin Glenn completed touchdown passes of 45 and 29 yards to Arland Bruce as the Tiger-Cats took a 14-0 lead 9:12 into the game. Arkee Whitlock rushed 14 yards for an Edmonton touchdown before the quarter was over, but the Tiger-Cats took a 21-10 lead in the 2nd quarter before Mr. Whitlock caught a 14-yard TD pass from Ricky Ray with 1:18 remaining, and Mr. Prefontaine's convert reduced the deficit to 21-17 at halftime. Mr. Glenn passed 34 yards to Prechae Rodriguez for a touchdown in the 3rd quarter, and the Tiger-Cats led 30-21 until Mr. Whitlock rushed 9 yards for a touchdown, with Mr. Prefontaine's convert making the score 30-28 with 6:35 remaining in the 4th quarter. Mr. Whitlock rushed 13 times for 65 yards and caught 6 passes for 62. Mr. Ray completed 25 of 33 passes for 347 yards; Fred Stamps led Edmonton receivers with 119 yards on 5 receptions. Mr. Glenn completed 22 of 40 passes for 326 yards.



CIS
Simon Fraser (1-0) 26 @ British Columbia (0-1) 7

The Clan, trailing 7-3 late in the 2nd quarter, scored a converted touchdown to take a 10-7 halftime lead and outscored the Thunderbirds 16-0 in the 2nd half before 1,100 fans at Thunderbird Stadium in Vancouver. Billy Greene completed a 10-yard touchdown pass to Jordan Grieve to give UBC the lead, but Gabriel Ephard rushed 27 yards for a TD to give SFU the lead they would never relinquish. Dave Boyd led the UBC ground game with 11 carries for 100 yards. In October, it was ruled that SFU had used an ineligible player, and the game was ruled a forfeit in favour of UBC by a score of 1-0.

Wednesday, 28 August 2019

August 28, 2019

1,530 years ago
489


War
Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths, defeated Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.

830 years ago
1189


War
Crusaders under Guy of Lusignan began the Siege of Acre in Israel.

410 years ago
1609

Exploration

Henry Hudson discovered Delaware Bay, the estuary outlet of the Delaware River.

400 years ago
1619


Politics and government
Ferdinand II, the King of Bohemia and Hungary, was unanimously elected Holy Roman Emperor.

310 years ago
1709


Indianica
Meidingnu Pamheiba was crowned King of Manipur.

280 years ago
1739


Died on this date
Agostino Accorimboni, 78
. Italian composer. Mr. Accorimboni wrote 13 operas between 1768-1785, and composed other choral works. He died on August 13, 1818, 15 days before his 79th birthday.

270 years ago
1749


Born on this date
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
. German writer and statesman. Mr. Goethe wrote fiction and non-fiction, including scientific treatises. He was best known for his two-part play Faust (1808/1832). Mr. Goethe was ennobled by Karl August, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, in 1782, and sat on the Duke's privy council, overseeing commissions and administrative reforms. Mr. Goethe died on March 22, 1832 at the age of 82.

230 years ago
1789


Space
William Herschel discovered Enceladus, a moon of Saturn.

200 years ago
1819


Died on this date
Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond, 64
. U.K. politician. Mr. Lennox was a lieutenant-colonel in the British Army and Member of Parliament for Sussex before succeeding his father as Duke of Richmond in 1806. He was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland from 1807-1813, and participated in the Napoleonic Wars. The Duke of Richmond was appointed Governor of British North America in 1818, but served for just 13 months. He had set off on a summer tour of Canada, but was bitten in the hand by a pet fox at Sorel, Lower Canada; a few weeks later, the symptoms of rabies appeared, with pains in the throat and shoulders, and a fear of water. The Duke of Richmond died of rabies in a settler's cabin, on Chapman's farm, near Perth, Upper Canada, near the military settlement of Richmond, named in his honour. He was succeeded as Governor General by the Earl of Dalhousie.

170 years ago
1849


War
After a month-long siege, Venice, which had declared itself independent as the Republic of San Marco, surrendered to Austrian forces.

160 years ago
1859


Born on this date
Matilda Howell
. U.S. archeress. Mrs. Howell won the Ohio state championship in 1881, and competed until 1907. She won gold medals in double national round, double Columbia round, and team round at the Summer Olympic Games in St. Louis in 1904. Mrs. Howell died on December 20, 1938 at the age of 79.

140 years ago
1879


War
Cetshwayo, last king of the Zulus, was captured by the British.

120 years ago
1899


Born on this date
James Wong Howe
. Chinese-born U.S. cinematographer. Mr. Howe, born Wong Tung Jim, moved to the United States with his family at the age of 5. He began his career in Hollywood as a still photographer during the silent film era, and eventually became a cinematographer, working on more than 130 films from 1923-1975, acquiring the nickname "Low-Key Howe" for his use of dramatic lighting and deep shadows. Mr. Howe was nominated for 10 Academy Awards, winning for The Rose Tattoo (1955) and Hud (1963). He died on July 12, 1976 at the age of 76 after several years of declining health.

Charles Boyer. French-born U.S. actor. Mr. Boyer began his career in France, but achieved his greatest success after moving to Hollywood in the 1930s, usually playing romantic leads. He was nominated for Academy Awards for his starring performances in Conquest (1937); Algiers (1938); Gaslight (1944); and Fanny (1961). Mr. Boyer committed suicide with an overdose of Seconal on August 26, 1978, two days after the death of his wife, and two days before his 79th birthday.

Baseball
Jesse Burkett hit 2 inside-the-park home runs for the St. Louis Perfectos in a 14-12 loss to the Washington Senators at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

110 years ago
1909


World events
A group of mid-level Greek Army officers launched the Goudi coup, seeking wide-ranging reforms. The coup resulted in the appointment of Eleftherios Venizelos as Prime Minister.

Baseball
In the first game of a doubleheader at South Side Park in Chicago, Washington Nationals' pitcher Dolly Gray walked 8 White Sox in the 2nd inning, including 7 in a row. The resulting 6 runs were enough for a 6-4 victory for the White Sox, who managed just 1 hit against Mr. Gray, whose 1909 record fell to 3-13. Jim Scott pitched a 9-hit complete game victory to improve to 10-8. The White Sox scored single runs in the 8th and 9th innings to win the second game 2-1 to complete the sweep, with Frank Smith (22-15) pitching a 5-hitter to win over Doc Reisling (0-2), who pitched a 6-hitter.

Howie Camnitz (22-5) and Babe Adams (9-1) were the respective winning pitchers as the Pittsburg Pirates swept a doubleheader from the Brooklyn Superbas 7-3 and 3-0 at Washington Park in Brooklyn.

100 years ago
1919


Born on this date
Godfrey Hounsfield
. U.K. electrical engineer. Sir Godfrey shared the 1979 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Allan McLeod Cormack for his part in developing the diagnostic technique of X-ray computed tomography (CT). The Hounsfield scale, a quantitative measure of radiodensity used in evaluating CT scans, is named in his honour. Sir Godfrey died on August 12, 2004, 16 days before his 85th birthday.

Chip Marshall. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Marshall, born Charles Anthony Marchlewicz, was a catcher who played in 1 game with the St. Louis Cardinals on June 14, 1941, entering the game against the Brooklyn Dodgers as a pinch runner in the bottom of the 8th inning and catching the 9th, with 1 putout. He played 1,057 games in 13 seasons in the minor leagues from 1937-1952. Mr. Marshall died on April 15, 2007 at the age of 87; he was one of the players profiled in the book Once Around the Bases by Richard Tellis (1998).

Baseball
Fighting a cold, Washington Nationals’ ace Walter Johnson (17-13) gave up 19 hits and lost 5-4 to the New York Yankees when second baseman Bucky Harris, playing his first major league game, allowed a pop fly by Duffy Lewis to fall among three players in the bottom of the 14th inning, and Wally Pipp scored the game-ending run before 8,000 fans in the first of 2 games at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Harris batted 1 for 5 with a base on balls and 2 runs batted in, while making 4 putouts and 4 assists, and participating in a double play. Carl Mays (9-12) pitched an 11-hit complete game victory. George Mogridge (6-8) pitched a 6-hitter for the Yankees as they won the second game 5-3 before 10,000 fans at the Polo Grounds to complete the sweep. Washington shortstop Frank Ellerbe was made his major league debut in the second game, batting 1 for 3 with a base on balls, run, with 3 putouts and 5 assists.

Every man in the Philadelphia Phillies' lineup had at least 1 hit as they routed the New York Giants 14-2 at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Center fielder Cy Williams was the only Philadelphia player without a run, but he had a single and double and 4 runs batted in. Brad Hogg pitched a 6-hitter to improve his 1919 record to 2-8, batting 2 for 4 with 2 doubles, a run, and an RBI.

90 years ago
1929

Baseball

Donie Bush resigned as manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates and was replaced by coach Jewel Ens. The Pirates were second in the National League at the time with a record of 67-51.

80 years ago
1939

Baseball

Joe DiMaggio hit a grand slam, a 3-run home run, and a single, driving in 8 runs, to help the New York Yankees rout the Detroit Tigers 18-2 before 14,281 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit, a day after the Yankees had beaten the Tigers 13-3.

75 years ago
1944


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The African Leopard Men

War
Marseilles and Toulon were liberated by Allied forces, while American troops crossed the Marne River at Meaux and drove into Chateau-Thierry. Soviet forces drove 10 miles into Transylvania.

Politics and Government
The U.S. Congress of Industrial Organizations Political Action Committee and National PAC Chairman Sidney Hillman told the U.S. House of Representatives Campaign Expenditures Committee that both groups were functioning legally, that he contemplated no third-party movement, and "have no plans to capture any political party."

Labour
Most of 8,000 workers at the Ford Motor Company plant in Highland Park, Michigan returned to work after being on strike since August 24 over wages and seniority rights. Congress of Industrial Organizations and United Auto Workers said the strike was unauthorized.

Golf
Byron Nelson won the All-American tournament at the Tam O'Shanter Club in Chicago, winning a record $13,462 in U.S. war bonds.

70 years ago
1949


War
Communists took the Kansu Province capital of Lanchow in northwestern China.

Greek government forces completed the conquest of the Mount Grammos guerrilla stronghold, claiming 847 Communist casualties and an equal number of prisoners.

Politics and Government
A People's Congress in Mukden approved the creation of a "People's Government for the Northeast" to rule Manchuria.

The first Communist-sponsored World Youth Festival ended in Budapest as 10,000 delegates passed resolutions opposing the North Atlantic Treaty and promising to work for peace.

Religion
The Albanian government removed Orthodox Archbishop Christopher Kissi from office for "activity in favour of "Fascism" during the Italian occupation of Albania in World War II.

Baseball
The New York Yankees scored 6 runs in the 9th inning to defeat the Chicago White Sox 8-7 in the first game of a doubleheader before 38,135 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. It was a costly win for the Yankees, as outfielder Tommy Henrich fractured two vertebrae when he crashed into the wall going after a fly ball in the 1st inning. New York manager Casey Stengel rushed out to Mr. Henrich and told him to stay down; Mr. Henrich thought this was an indication that Mr. Stengel cared about the welfare of his players, until Mr. Stengel told him that he wanted time to warm up a pitcher to relieve starter Fred Sanford, who had faced just 2 batters, giving up a single and a double. Allie Reynolds improved his 1949 record to 13-4 as the Yankees completed the sweep with a 7-5 win in the second game, which was called after 8 innings. The Yankees lost first baseman Johnny Mize with a dislocated shoulder after he dove to make a putout in the 1st inning of the second game.

Larry Doby doubled with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning and scored when shortstop Vern Stephens dropped second baseman Joe Gordon's throw to second base on a ground ball by Lou Boudreau, giving the Cleveland Indians a 2-1 win over the Boston Red Sox before 73,982 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Bob Lemon (16-9) pitched a 5-hitter to win over Jack Kramer (4-7), who allowed 8 hits and 1 earned run in a complete game.

Nippy Jones hit 2 home runs in the first game and another in the second game to help the St. Louis Cardinals sweep a doubleheader from the Boston Braves 9-7 and 7-1 before 24,971 fans at Braves Field. Ted Wilks (10-3) and Max Lanier (1-3) were the respective winning pitchers; it was Mr. Lanier's first win since returning to the Cardinals after jumping to the Mexican League in 1946.

60 years ago
1959


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Living Doll--Cliff Richard and the Drifters (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
George W. Meyer, 75
. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Meyer was a Tin Pan Alley songwriter who wrote the music to For Me and My Gal (1917), numerous patriotic songs during World War I, and many others.

Bohuslav Martinů, 68. Czech-born composer. Mr. Martinů was a violinist with the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra who moved to Paris in 1923 to study composition. He moved to the United States in 1941, and back to Europe in 1953, dying in Switzerland. Mr. Martinů wrote 6 symphonies, 15 operas, 14 ballet scores, and numerous other orchestral, chamber, instrumental, and vocal works.

Raphael Lemkin, 59. Russian-born human rights activist. Mr. Lemkin practiced law in Poland in the 1920s and '30s, and barely escaped the country at the beginning of World War II. He made his way to Stockholm, and emigrated to the United States in 1941, joining the faculty of Duke University. Mr. Lemkin originated the term "genocide," and was responsible for the U.S.A. placing the draft resolution of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide before the General Assembly in 1948; the convention went into effect in 1951. Mr. Lemkin died of a heart attack.

Economics and finance
The Romanian government issued decrees for wage raises of 8%-25%, and reducing prices of more than 2,600 consumer goods.

U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower vetoed a $1.2-billion public works appropriation bill.

Football
CFL
IRFU
Toronto (1-2) 6 @ Montreal (2-1) 24

Baseball
Art Ditmar pitched a 2-hitter to improve his 1959 record to 10-8 and helped his own cause by batting 2 for 4 with a home run and 3 runs batted in to lead the New York Yankees over the Washington Senators 4-0 before 15,202 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Billy Consolo and losing pitcher Camilo Pascual (12-10) had consecutive singles in the 2nd inning for the Washington hits.

Pete Runnels singled with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning and Dick Gernert followed with a home run to give the Boston Red Sox a 6-4 win over the Baltimore Orioles before 18,071 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Mr. Runnels batted 4 for 5 with a double and a run batted in, while Baltimore third baseman Brooks Robinson was 4 for 4 with a base on balls and an RBI.

The Chicago White Sox extended their lead over the Cleveland Indians in the American League to 2½ games with a 7-3 win over the Indians before 70,398 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Sherm Lollar’s 20th home run of the season, a 3-run blow in the 7th inning, put the game away. Bob Shaw (14-4) pitched a 7-hit complete game victory.

Eddie Yost led off the top of the 10th inning with a home run to break a 5-5 tie as the Detroit Tigers edged the Kansas City Athletics 6-5 before 10,459 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City.

Joe Cunningham doubled home Gino Cimoli and Don Blasingame with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the St. Louis Cardinals a 3-2 win over the Cincinnati Reds before 13,606 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Don Newcombe (12-7) pitched an 8-hit complete game in taking the loss.

66,068 fans were in attendance at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum to see Willie Mays bat 3 for 4 with a home run, double, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in, leading the San Francisco Giants to a 5-0 win over the Los Angeles Dodgers. Sam Jones (17-12) pitched an 8-hitter, while the Giants scored all their runs in the first 2 innings against Don Drysdale (15-10).

50 years ago
1969


Literature
At a press conference in New York, baseball commissioner Bowie Kuhn announced the publication of The Baseball Encyclopedia, and held up a copy of the 6½-pound book.

War
A North Korean spokesman in Panmunjom said that all three crew members of the U.S. helicopter shot down over North Korea on August 17 were alive. Two men were reported to be seriously injured.

Politics and government
Jean Lesage announced his resignation as leader of the Québec Liberal Party; he had led the party since 1958, serving as Premier of Québec from 1960-1966. He remained Leader of the Opposition until he was succeeded as Liberal Party leader by Robert Bourassa in January 1970.

Society
A United States federal appeals court in New Orleans granted the administration of President Richard Nixon a delay of court-ordered desegregation of school districts in Mississippi in a case that civil rights lawyers warned could initiate a wave of requests for similar delays throughout the south. The court ruled, however, that districts must proceed toward integration before the end of the school year.

Law
The New Jersey chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union filed suit in a United States federal court charging that marijuana smoke was dangerous neither to the user nor society, and further, that marijuana should not be classed with heroin and other dangerous drugs.

Protest
A city-arranged truce in Pittsburgh that suspended work on several major construction projects after Negroes protested what they saw as discriminatory hiring practices led to demonstrations by white construction workers, who chanted "We want work!" and "Wallace in ‘72!"

Baseball
Tony Conigliaro's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning enabled the Boston Red Sox to defeat the Kansas City Royals 9-8 before 23,359 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Kansas City second baseman Jerry Adair hit a single, triple, and home run in 4 at bats, driving in 4 runs.

Pinch hitter Curt Motton led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a single and scored on a 2-out bunt single by Chico Salmon to give the Baltimore Orioles a 4-3 win over the Seattle Pilots before 8,118 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore.

Jim Northrup batted 6 for 6 with 2 home runs, and his second homer, a 2-run shot onto the Tiger Stadium roof following a walk to Norm Cash with 2 out in the bottom of the 13th inning, gave the Detroit Tigers a 5-3 win over the Oakland Athletics before 11,638 fans.

Ferguson Jenkins pitched a 5-hitter to improve his 1969 record to 18-11 and batted 1 for 3 with a run, while Billy Williams and Jim Hickman hit home runs to help the Chicago Cubs defeat the Cincinnati Reds 3-1 before 29,092 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago, increasing their lead in the National League East Division pennant race to 2½ games over the idle New York Mets.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored a run in the bottom of the 9th inning to tie the score, and Steve Huntz led off the bottom of the 10th with his first major league home run to give the Cardinals a 2-1 win over the Houston Astros before 13,754 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. Mudcat Grant (7-10) pitched a scoreless 10th inning to get the win, while St. Louis starter Steve Carlton allowed 6 hits and no earned runs in 8 innings, with 10 strikeouts. Don Wilson (16-9) pitched a 5-hitter in taking the loss.

Frank Linzy (12-6) pitched 2 scoreless innings of relief to get the win and scored the winning run when he led off the bottom of the 8th inning with a single and scored on a 1-out double by Ron Hunt to break a 3-3 tie as the San Francisco Giants edged the Philadelphia Phillies 4-3 before 5,555 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Dick Allen and Deron Johnson hit home runs off San Francisco starter Ray Sadecki, while Billy Champion (4-7) pitched a 10-hit complete game defeat. The Giants remained ½ game ahead of the Atlanta Braves in the National League West Division pennant race.

Hank Aaron drove in 6 runs with a 2-run home run in the 1st inning and a grand slam in the 7th to lead the Atlanta Braves over the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-2 before 10,767 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Pirates had 14 hits against Atlanta pitchers George Stone (11-8) and Paul Doyle, but left 10 runners on base.

The Montreal Expos scored 4 runs in the 7th inning and 2 in the 8th as they came from a 5-3 deficit to defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 9-5 before 16,557 fans at Dodger Stadium. Claude Raymond (3-3), the Expos' first Canadian player, pitched 4 innings of 2-hit scoreless relief to get his first win since joining the team recently from the Atlanta Braves. Ty Cline led off the game with a home run, the 6th and last of his major league career. Former Dodger Ron Fairly hit a 2-run homer in the 8th.

40 years ago
1979


Terrorism
The day after the murders of Lord Louis Mountbatten and 18 British soldiers in separate events by Irish Republican Army terrorists in separate events, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher made a quick trip to Northern Ireland "to demonstrate that we care." She visited several army and police bases.

Diplomacy
After two days of talks in China with Chinese Deputy Prime Minister Deng Xiaoping, U.S. Vice President Walter Mondale told a news conference that the friendship between the United States and China was "not directed against anyone," and that the U.S.A. sought improved relations with both China and the U.S.S.R.

War
A temporary cease-fire went into effect between Iranian government troops and Kurdish rebels.

Energy
U.S. Energy Secretary Charles Duncan told the governors of nine northeastern states that he would establish a 10-million-barrel reserve of home heating oil in the region to help insure adequate supplies for the follwoing winter.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (0-7) 1 @ Winnipeg (2-5) 30
Toronto (4-3) 13 @ Edmonton (5-0-2) 28
Calgary (5-2) 17 @ British Columbia (6-1-1) 18

Winnipeg quarterback Dieter Brock threw 2 touchdown passes to Mike Holmes and another to rookie Walt Passaglia before 25,159 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Saskatchewan quarterback Tom Clements, playing what turned out to be his last game with the Roughriders, was pulled at halftime in favour of Larry Dick.

Edmonton quarterbacks Tom Wilkinson (4) and Warren Moon (2) combined to throw 6 interceptions, but Mr. Wilkinson threw touchdown passes to Waddell Smith, John Konihowski, and Tom Scott as the Eskimos finally prevailed over the Argonauts before 42,778 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Scott’s touchdown came when he took a short swing pass, hurdled a diving Argonaut tackler, and had a clear path to the end zone. Peter Muller scored the lone AToronto touchdown on a pass from Tony Adams.

30,018 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver saw backup quarterback Joe Paopao move the Lions 81 yards in the last 33 seconds, ending the game with a 12-yard touchdown pass to veteran Jim Young on the last play of the game. The other B.C. touchdown came on a pass from Jerry Tagge to Terry Bailey. Willie Burden ran 5 yards for a Stampeder touchdown in the first quarter, and John Hufnagel threw a 75-yard touchdown pass to Willie Armstead in the fourth quarter to give Calgary a 17-12 lead, just 27 seconds after a Lui Passaglia field goal had given the Lions a 12-10 lead. So many fans went onto the field after the winning touchdown that the convert wasn’t attempted.

Baseball
The Los Angeles Dodgers released pitcher Andy Messersmith, ending his 12-year major league career with a record of 130-99 and an earned run average of 2.86 in 344 games.

30 years ago
1989


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): If You Don't Know Me by Now--Simply Red (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Lambada--Kaoma (2nd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx
2 So Alive--Love and Rockets
3 Batdance--Prince
4 The End of the Innocence--Don Henley
5 Cold Hearted--Paula Abdul
6 On Our Own--Bobby Brown
7 Toy Soldiers--Martika
8 Don't Wanna Lose You--Gloria Estefan
9 Rock 'N' Roll Duty--Kim Mitchell
10 Hangin' Tough--New Kids on the Block

Singles entering the chart were Mixed Emotions by the Rolling Stones (#43); What am I Gonna Do with These Hands by Andrew Cash (#79); Just Wanna Hold by Mick Jones (#82); Love in an Elevator by Aerosmith (#84); Miss You by 54-40 (#86); Miss You Much by Janet Jackson (#87); This One by Paul McCartney (#89); Listen to Your Heart by Roxette (#91); and Still Cruisin' by the Beach Boys (#93).

Music
The Beach Boys’ album Still Cruisin' was released on Capitol Records. The album contained some new songs--including the title track, a current single--as well as being padded with several old songs. Brian Wilson contributed one new track, In My Car. It was the last new Beach Boys album to be widely issued on vinyl as well as cassette and compact disc.

Died on this date
Joseph Alsop, 78
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Alsop was a reporter with the New York Herald Tribune in the mid-1930s before moving to Washington and writing a daily nationally-syndicated column with Robert E. Kintner. The partnership was ended when both men entered service in World War II. Mr. Alsop and his younger brother Stewart combined to write the thrice-weekly column Matter of Fact for the Herald Tribune from 1945-1958, with Joseph travelling around the world to report on foreign affairs, and Stewart remaining in Washington. After the brothers ended their journalistic partnership, Joseph remained the sole author of Matter of Fact, and moved to The Washington Post until his retirement in 1974. He was known as a conservative Republican, although he had ties to U.S. Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy, both Democrats. Joseph Alsop was a closeted sodomite whose activities in a Moscow hotel room in 1957 had been photographed by the Soviet secret police KGB, and became known to the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Football
CFL
Calgary (5-3) 34 @ Hamilton (5-3) 22

Baseball
The New York Mets edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 1-0 before 38,820 fans at Dodger Stadium as Frank Viola outduelled Orel Hershiser in the first matchup of defending Cy Young Award winners in major league history.

25 years ago
1994


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I Swear--All-4-One (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I Swear--All-4-One (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Love is All Around--Wet Wet Wet (14th week at #1)

War
Two days of voting in Bosnia concluded with a reported 90% of Bosnian Serbs voting to reject a peace plan put forward by the United States and European nations.

World events
A supporter of exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide was shot to death in Port-au-Prince.

Society
Thousands of shops throughout England and Wales opened legally on Sunday for the first time following a change in the Sunday trading laws.

Sport
The Commonwealth Games closed in Victoria, British Columbia, with Canada placing second after Australia, with 128 medals.

Golf
Martha Nause won the du Maurier Golf Classic.

20 years ago
1999


Space
The Russian mission Soyuz TM-29 ended as the space station Mir was vacated by its last crew--Russian cosmonauts Viktor Afanasyev and Sergei Avdeyev, and French spacionaut Jean-Pierre Haigneré--after the Russian government decided to abandon the aging station because of funding problems.

Football
CIS
Pre-season
Alberta (0-1) 0 Saskatchewan (1-0) 21 @ Lloydminster

10 years ago
2009


Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper appointed Gary Doer, who had resigned as Premier of Manitoba the previous day, as Canada’s ambassador to the U.S.A.

Football
CFL
Calgary (4-4) 23 @ Toronto (2-6) 20

CIS
Pre-season
Alberta (0-1) 21 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 26